Ivydene Gardens Home:
Hotel/Private Gardens alongside pavements in Funchal, Madeira

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Problems with trees in pavements in Funchal, Madeira in January/February 2018
PROBLEMS WITH TREES IN PAVEMENTS IN FUNCHAL, MADEIRA IN JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2019

Death of tree roots and
Death of tree trunks/branches caused by people.
Solution to problems for trees caused by people using irrigation -
Growth of Pollarded Tree in Hotel Garden in 1 year provides a water solution to this destruction.

Damage to Tree Trunks 1, 2, 3, 4 caused by people,
Damage to Tree Roots caused by people,
Area of Open Ground round trees,
New Trees in pavements 1, 2,
Irrigation of current trees,
Watersprouts on trees,
Crossing Branches in trees,
Utility Equipment with tree Foliage,
Lights on trees,
Bycycle Lane in Pavement,
Public Gardens alongside pavements,
Hotel/Private Gardens alongside pavements,
Current Permeable Pavement Surface round trees and
Irrigation and Fertilising of trees.

 

Row details:-

  • Row 1 - Grass is shown growing round the base of trees.
  • Row 2 - This shows the amount of root on 1 ryegrass plant. University of Nebraska - Lincoln - DigitalCommons@University of Nebraska - Lincoln Historical Research Bulletins of the Nebraska Agricultural Experiment Station (1913-1993) 4-1949 Agricultural Research Division of IANR "Effect of Grass on Intake of Water" bulleting indicates that meadow grass can absorb 2 inches (5 cms) of water over 90 minutes, which would indicate that for most rainfall that the tree roots would receive little water.


Text for Photo 1, 2, 3 and 4
 


Photo 1 taken by Chris Garnons-Williams In Madeira.
Photo 2 taken by Chris Garnons-Williams In Madeira.
 


Photo 3 taken by Chris Garnons-Williams In Madeira.


Photo 4 taken by Chris Garnons-Williams In Madeira.

Photo 1 - man strimming grass IMG_6110.JPG

I am assuming that since this garden is opposite the Pestane Promenade Hotel that that Hotel created this garden and maintain it. A man is using a strimmer to mow the grass.
See Photo 8a in Area of Open Ground round tree in Madeira to show you why grass should never be planted round trees and shrubs. See the tree and shrub with 30/01/2019 13:15 it to further demonstrate that this tree's trunk and branches are thinner than they should be due to the grass surrounding it in Photo 3 in the right hand bottom corner. Photo 4 below show how much root ONE RYEGRASS PLANT has and therefore why it can absorb so much water.

Photo 2 - man strimming grass IMG_6112.JPG

 

Photo 3 - tree 14 forum end of 2 road junction grass opposite promenade IMG_6177.JPG

The grass on a steep slope will absorb most of the irrigation leaving the roots of the trees on the same slope without most of it. These tree trunks look thin for the age of the trees compared to width of the palm trunk planted in the bed next to the main road below.

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Photo 4 - grass roots.jpg

This shows the roots of 1 ryegrass plant, which had been removed from foundation bed of Type I Roadstone in a client's garden. You can see that this plant tens of yards or metres of root to absorb water.

Most turf grass roots are concentrated in the first 6-8 inches (15-20 cms) of soil. Try to irrigate only one or two inches of water per week during the turf growing season. You could irrigate the whole amount of water at one time, however most folks have better results splitting the amount into two separate applications.  Please note however in sandy soils where the water percolates more rapidly it may benefit you to split the applications into three separate irrigation cycles.  You do not want to irrigate more than three times a week because you would be applying so little water the outcome would be shallow roots.

Native Grass Meadow
MARSHALL SILTY CLAY LOAM (HEAVY SUBSOIL PHASE) These plots (18-20) were located in an area that is in native grasses and has never been plowed, but being within a cemetery area has had frequent mowing. It adjoins the Agronomy Farm at Lincoln, Nebraska. T ests on these native grass plots (Table 1) showed that they absorbed over 2 inches of water during the first 1.5 hours with an absorption rate of about 1.4 inches per hour at the end of this time. Following a delay of 10 days during which there was no rain-fall, water was again applied to the test areas with practically the same results as for the previous test. It will be shown later that if the second test is made only 1 day after the first, the rate of intake will be materially reduced. This seems to be due to the settling of soil immediately after wetting. Upon longer standing the soil seems to resume its original condition.

Photo 5 - tree 23 from end of 2 road junction tree in garden IMG_6222.JPG

The roots of this tree are at ground level where they compete with the grass and other plants. Replace the grass with GREEN MANURE such as everlasting spinach to provide nitrogen to the tree roots as a legume rather than the grass which takes away the water and any application of fertiliser or nutrients in an organic mulch. The roots of the tree can then migrate below ground.

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Photo 6 - tree 28 from end of 2 road junction garden alongside IMG_6249.JPG

Looking down on this hotel which maintains this garden above it.

Photo 7 - tree 29 from end of 2 road junction garden alongside irrigation pipe IMG_6252.JPG

This garden opposite this hotel is irrigated on a regular basis.

Photo 8 - tree 28 from end of 2 road junction garden alongside IMG_6248.JPG

This tree looks like a normal tree and is quite healthy since it is irrigated along with the other trees and shrubs in this bed. There is bare earth, which it is possible could have a GREEN MANURE on it to give nutrients to the shrubs/trees, shade their roots from the earth heating up under the rays of the sun and reduce evaporation from the earth, as well as reduce the amount of irrigation water. A mulch of the shreddings of the prunings of the shrubs/trees under this hotel's care combined with its grass mowings would also return nutrients back to the soil. When the leaves from the deciduous trees fall then the shreddings can be placed on top of them to provide replacement of the mulch used by the organisms in the soil. during the last year. The deciduous leaves dropped on the pavements could be gathered using a rotary mower set to its highest setting and the mowings could be used either in the bicycle lane flower beds or in these hotel flower beds rather than being taken to a dump.

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Photo 9 - tree 29 from end of 2 road junction garden alongside IMG_6254.JPG

Tree 28 is this flower bed opposite the hotel to the right in this photo. Note that not only have the trees within the hotel ground have a good crown of foliage, but so does the tree in its own walled area at the end of the parked cars by the same hotel. I suspect that the hotel also irrigates this tree. This tree is also shown in Photo 8 of Public Gardens alongside pavements in Funchal, Madeira Page.

You could say that the planted area maintained by the hotel on the left and opposite between these 2 main roads makes a more pleasant view that that of coloured concrete of the hotels, commercial buildings and grey concrete paver pavements. It is sad that it is likely that the 2 trees that you can view in the top right hand corner will disappear due to the existing maintenance program carried out in Madeira.

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Photo 10 - tree 5 forum end of 2 road junction IMG_6140.JPG

This is a view of damage in a tree on the same bicycle track section of the upper main road with the focus on the tree. The flower colours in this field - which is one side of the forum that is going to be replaced with a hotel - are good to look at. At present most of the land between Funchal Cathedral and the Forum has been converted to commercial dwellings and for the use by people who disregard the requirement for a balance so that in combination with vehicular transport, aeroplanes and animals breathing including humans that the carbon dioxide is climbing to the point when climate change will melt the poles and flood this view, since we keep on removing the foliage of plants that convert the carbon dioxide we breathe out to oxygen, so that we can breathe that same oxygen.

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Photo 11 - tree 35 and 36 from pestana promenade drive IMG_6277.JPG

This hotel garden of Pestana Promenade Hotel is irrigated and the plants are growing well.

Photo 12 - tree 36 from pestana promenade drive garden view further along road IMG_6282.JPG

This could be a hotel garden or a public garden. The grass is easy to mow but detrimental to the trees growing in it.

Here's hoping that the trees in the pavement in the road above with their brown foliage are not ones that have trunk problems and might fall down towards this road. I wonder if that is a Propane Gas Tank which gas to the surrounding restaurants and hotel. A tree falling on that could cause a minor explosion. But do not worry, the maintenance program on trees in pavements will prevent this occurring. Mind you there is probably the same problem with the large trees in the first road to the right immediately after the bridge after the Pestana Mirimar Hotel. It could be gas tanks below those trees.

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Photo 13 - tree 64 from pestana mirimar large tree view of these trees IMG_6382.JPG

I think that they are gas tanks and they are between the bridge and the hotel in front and use the access road below to possibly have them refilled. There are some problems not just with damage to the trunks/branches, but at least one of its braces is slack. The Cruise Ships in the harbour would have first row seats as the gas explosion ripped out past the hotel to the harbour end.

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Photo 14 - tree 36 from pestana promenade drive IMG_6276.JPG

I wonder if this well-proportioned tree is part of the hotel grounds or is simply irrigated by the hotel using its 3 black water pipes in the bed alongside, since it seems to be growing quite well.

Photo 15 - tree 36 from pestana promenade drive garden view further along road mature trees next to pavement IMG_6285.JPG

Now are these trees in the Hotel Garden or part of the Public Highway? They appear to have been allowed to grow in their natural state without being pollarded, so why this latest desecration to juvenile trees grown in pipes from rain gutters? The pipe length is increased as the trunk appears above the top and the wall space of this tree nursery in Madeira producing juvenile pollarded trees for planting in pavements as replacements is very narrow and only a few metres long, since nursery space in Madeira is at a premium. see Photo 9 in New trees in pavements in Funchal, Madeira as an example of an older planted juvenile.

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Photo 16 - tree 38 from pestana promenade outside porto mare hotel IMG_6290.JPG

Irrigated beds do not have to be all that deep from wall to edge as shown outside Porto Mare Hotel.

Photo 17 - tree 38 from pestana promenade outside porto mare hotel IMG_6292.JPG

and they label their plants as do Pestana Mirimar Hotel.

Photo 18 - tree 38 from pestana promenade outside porto mare hotel IMG_6291.JPG

Porto Mare Hotel even has a banana plantation because of irrigation.

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Photo 19 - tree 38 from pestana promenade outside porto mare hotel IMG_6297.JPG

This garden opposite Porto Mare Hotel is mantained and irrigated by that hotel. Maybe the hotel has used plants native or naturalised to Madeira to stabilse the cliff- face giving bright flower colours in January.

Photo 20 - tree 38 from pestana promenade outside porto mare hotel IMG_6297.JPG

Some of the plants in the above photo

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This website is being created by Chris Garnons-Williams of Ivydene Horticultural Services from it's start in 2005.

I am requesting free colour photographs of any plants grown in or sold in the United Kingdom to add to the plants in the Plant Photographic Galleries and Butterfly photographs for the Butterfly on Plant Photographic Galleries.

 

Site design and content copyright ©April 2007. Page structure amended October 2012. Page structure changed February 2019 for pages concerning Trees in pavements alongside roads in Madeira. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

It should be remembered that nothing is sold from this educational site, it simply tries to give you the best advice on what to use and where to get it (About Chris Garnons-Williams page details that no payment or commision to or from any donor of photos or adverts I place on the site in the Useful Data or other sections is made to Chris Garnons-Williams or Ivydene Horticultural Services). This website is a hobby and not for direct commercial gain for Ivydene Horticultural Services. There is no Google Adscenes or Search Facility in this website.

The information on this site is usually Verdana 14pt text and all is in tabular form. This can be downloaded and sorted using WORD or other word-processing software into the order that you personally require, especially for soil subsidence, the Companion Planting Tables and the pages in the Plants section. This would be suitable for use in education as well.

I put jokes in at various places to give you a smile.

 

Main Menu to Site Map of each of the Topics, with a * after Topic you are viewing.
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Topic - Flower/Foliage Colour
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Following your choice using Garden Style then that changes your Plant Selection Process
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or
you could use these Flower Colour Wheels with number of colours
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with its
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Structure of this Website with

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or
these Foliage Colour Wheels structures, which I have done but until I can take the photos and I am certain of the plant label's validity, these may not progress much further
All Foliage 212
All Spring Foliage 212
All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212

or
Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index

............


 

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery

Butterfly
Usage of Plants
by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly usage of
Plant A-C
Plant C-M
Plant N-W
Butterfly usage of Plant

followed by all the Wild Flower Family Pages:-

There are 180 families in the Wildflowers of the UK and they have been split up into 22 Galleries to allow space for up to 100 plants per gallery.

Each plant named in each of the Wildflower Family Pages may have a link to its Plant Description Page in its Common Name in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries and will have links to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name, to see photos in its Flowering Months and to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.


57(o)58 Crucifer (Cabbage/ Mustard) 1
indicates 57 Plant Description Pages with photos and 58 plants with photos in that Crucifer Family Page 1:-

Wild Flower

ad borage gallery
...(o)2 Adder's Tongue
...Amaranth
...(o)3 Arrow-Grass
...(o)4 Arum
...1(o)1 Balsam
...Bamboo
...2(o)2 Barberry
...(o)10 Bedstraw
...(o)7 Beech
...(o)12 Bellflower
...(o)5 Bindweed
...(o)4 Birch
...(o)1 Birds-Nest
...(o)1 Birthwort
...(o)2 Bogbean
...(o)1 Bog Myrtle
...(o)23 Borage

box crowberry gallery
...1(o)1 Box
...(o)11 Broomrape
...2(o)2 Buckthorn
...(o)1 Buddleia
...(o)1 Bur-reed
...29(o)30 Buttercup
...(o)6 Butterwort
...6(o)6 Clubmoss
...(o)2 Cornel (Dogwood)
...(o)1 Crowberry

cabbages gallery
...57(o)58 Crucifer (Cabbage/ Mustard) 1
...(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2

cypress cud gallery
...Cypress
...(o)4 Daffodil
...(o)23 Daisy
...(o)21 Daisy Cudweeds
...(o)16 Daisy Chamomiles
...3(o)22 Daisy Thistle
...(o)17 Daisy Catsears

hawk dock gallery
...(o)5 Daisy Hawkweeds
...(o)5 Daisy Hawksbeards
...(o)2 Daphne
...(o)1 Diapensia
...(o)10 Dock Bistorts
...(o)7 Dock Sorrels

duckw fern gallery
...(o)4 Duckweed
...(o)1 Eel-Grass
...(o)2 Elm

figwort fum gallery
...(o)24 Figwort - Mulleins
...(o)21 Figwort - Speedwells
...2(o)2 Filmy Fern
...(o)4 Flax
...(o)1 Flowering-Rush
...(o)3 Frog-bit
...7(o)7 Fumitory

g goosefoot gallery
...1(o)10 Gentian
...(o)16 Geranium
...(o)4 Glassworts
...(o)2 Gooseberry
...(o)13 Goosefoot

grasses123 gallery
...(o)8 Grass 1
...(o)8 Grass 2
...(o)8 Grass 3

g brome gallery
...(o)8 Soft Bromes 1
...(o)8 Soft Bromes 2
...(o)9 Soft Bromes 3

h lobelia gallery
...(o)2 Hazel
...(o)15 Heath
...(o)1 Hemp
...(o)1 Herb-Paris
...(o)1 Holly
...(o)7 Honeysuckle
...(o)1 Horned-Pondweed
...2(o)2 Hornwort
...5(o)5 Horsetail
...(o)9 Iris
...(o)1 Ivy
...(o)1 Jacobs Ladder
...(o)17 Lily
...(o)7 Lily Garlic
...(o)2 Lime
...(o)2 Lobelia

l olive gallery
...(o)1 Loosestrife
...(o)5 Mallow
...(o)4 Maple
...(o)1 Mares-tail
...(o)1 Marsh Pennywort
...1(o)1 Melon (Gourd/ Cucumber)
...(o)2 Mesembry-anthemum
...3(o)3 Mignonette
...3(o)3 Milkwort
...(o)1 Mistletoe
...(o)1 Moschatel
...Naiad
...4(o)4 Nettle
...(o)7 Nightshade
...(o)1 Oleaster
...(o)3 Olive

orchid parn gallery
...(o)22 Orchid 1
...(o)22 Orchid 2

peaflowers gallery
...(o)20 Peaflower
...(o)31 Peaflower Clover
...(o)18 Peaflower Vetches/Peas
...(o)1 Parnassus-Grass

peony pink gallery
...Peony
...(o)1 Periwinkle
...Pillwort
...Pine
...7(o)23 Pink 1
...7(o)24 Pink 2

p rockrose gallery
...Pipewort
...(o)1 Pitcher-Plant
...(o)6 Plantain
...26(o)27 Polypody
...(o)4 Pondweed
...8(o)8 Poppy
...16(o)16 Primrose
...3(o)3 Purslane
...Quillwort
...Rannock Rush
...2(o)2 Reedmace
...4(o)4 Rockrose

rose12 gallery
...(o)30 Rose 1
...(o)23 Rose 2
...1(o)1 Royal Fern

rush saxi gallery
...(o)1 Rush
...(o)1 Rush Woodrushes
...9(o)9 Saint Johns Wort
...Saltmarsh Grasses
...(o)1 Sandalwood
...(o)1 Saxifrage

sea sedge2 gallery
...Seaheath
...1(o)3 Sea Lavender
...(o)2 Sedge Rush-like
...(o)1 Sedges Carex 1
...1(o)1 Sedges Carex 2

sedge3 crop gallery
...(o)1 Sedges Carex 3
...(o)1 Sedges Carex 4
...(o)1 Spindle-Tree
...(o)13 Spurge
...(o)1 Stonecrop

sun thyme gallery
...(o)1 Sundew
...1(o)1 Tamarisk
...Tassel Pondweed
...(o)4 Teasel
...(o)20 Thyme 1
...(o)21 Thyme 2

umb violet gallery
...15(o)15 Umbellifer 1
...15(o)15 Umbellifer 2
...(o)5 Valerian
...(o)1 Verbena
...11(o)11 Violet

water yew gallery
...1(o)1 Water Fern
...2(o)2 Waterlily
...1(o)1 Water Milfoil
...1(o)1 Water Plantain
...2(o)2 Water Starwort
...Waterwort
...(o)9 Willow
...(o)1 Willow-Herb
...(o)5 Wintergreen
...(o)1 Wood-Sorrel
...Yam
...Yew

The Site Map Page that you link to from the Menu in the above row for the Wildflower Gallery contains all the native UK plants which have their Plant Description Pages in the other 22 Wildflower Galleries. It also has Wildflower Index Pages, Flower Colour Comparison Pages and links to the 180 Wildflower Family Pages as shown in the menu above.


 

 

Links to external websites like the link to "the Man walking in front of car to warn pedestrians of a horseless vehicle approaching" would be correct when I inserted it after March 2007, but it is possible that those horseless vehicles may now exceed the walking pace of that man and thus that link will currently be br
ok en .... .....

My advice is Google the name on the link and see if you can find the new link. If you sent me an email after clicking Ivydene Horticultural Services text under the Worm Logo on any page, then; as the first after March 2010 you would be the third emailer since 2007, I could then change that link in that 1 of the 15,743 pages. Currently (August 2016), I can receive but not send emails, so please provide phone number/country or full postal address if reply required.

 


Other websites provide you with cookies - I am sorry but I am too poor to afford them. If I save the pennies from my pension for the next visitor, I am almost certain in March 2023, that I could afford to make that 4th visitor to this website a Never Fail Cake. I would then be able to save for more years for the postage.

 

It is worth remembering that especially with roses that the colour of the petals of the flower may change - The following photos are of Rosa 'Lincolnshire Poacher' which I took on the same day in R.V. Roger's Nursery Field:-

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Closed Bud

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Opening Bud

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Juvenile Flower

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Older Juvenile Flower

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Middle-aged Flower - Flower Colour in Season in its
Rose Description Page is
"Buff Yellow, with a very slight pink tint at the edges in May-October."

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Mature Flower

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Juvenile Flower and Dying Flower

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Form of Rose Bush

There are 720 roses in the Rose Galleries; many of which have the above series of pictures in their respective Rose Description Page.

So one might avoid the disappointment that the 2 elephants had when their trunks were entwined instead of them each carrying their trunk using their own trunk, and your disappointment of buying a rose to discover that the colour you bought it for is only the case when it has its juvenile flowers; if you look at all the photos of the roses in the respective Rose Description Page!!!!

 

Fragrant Plants adds the use of another of your 5 senses in your garden:-

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves.

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark.

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil
.

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soi
l.

Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
.

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers.

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves.

Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves.

Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers.

Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit.

Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers.

Night-scented Flowering Plants.

Scented Aquatic Plants.

Plants with Scented Fruits.

Plants with Scented Roots.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums.

Scented Cacti and Succulents.

Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell.