Ivydene Gardens Blue Wildflowers Note Gallery:
Shrub and Small Tree Flowers with
Habitat of River Banks and Other Freshwater Margins Index

Plant Height from Text Border

Blue = 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)

Green=24-72 inches (60-180 cms)

Red = 72+ inches (180+ cms)

Plant Soil Moisture from Text Background

Wet Soil

Moist Soil

Dry Soil

Click on thumbnail to change this comparison page to the Plant Description Page of the plant named in the Text box below the photo.
Click on first Underlined Text in Text Box below Thumbnail to transfer to its Family page.

foregongrapefol

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BAR-BERRY. Oregon Grape HEDGE-ROWS, ROAD VERGES, WOOD-LAND

Mar-May

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

fbarberrycolflot

fspindleflottree

fboxcflo

 

 

 

 

 

BAR-BERRY. Barberry
HEDGE-ROWS, ON BANKS AND CLIFFS

May-Jun

SPINDLE TREE Spindle-Tree
HEDGES AND WOOD-LAND ON CHALK SOIL

May-Jun

BOX
Box
HEDGING IN GARDENS AND IS PLANTED IN WOOD-LANDS ON CHALK SOIL

Mar-May

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677

Site design and content copyright ©January 2016. Photos and other details added February 2017. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

Marjorie Blamey's Wild Flowers by Colour by Marjorie Blamey (ISBN 0-7136-7237-4. Published by A & C Black Publishers Ltd in 2005) has illustrations of each wild flower of Britain and Northern Europe split into the following 13 colours.

Instead of colour illustrations, this plant gallery has thumbnail pictures of wild flowers of Britain in the same colour split system:-

White A-D and Habitats of Saltmarshes, Beaches, Rocks and Cliff Tops
White E-P and Other Habitats
White Q-Z and Number of Petals
Cream and Coastal Sandy Shores and Dunes
Yellow A-G and Pollinator
Yellow H-Z and Poisonous Plants
Orange and Habitat of Hedgerows and Road Verges
Red and Habitat of Pinewoods
Pink A-G and Habitats of Lakes, Canals and Rivers
Pink H-Z and Habitats of Marshes, Fens and Bogs
Mauve and Habitat of Grassland - Acid, Neutral or Chalk
Purple and Habitats of Old Buildings and Walls
Blue and Flower Legend
Green and Habitat of Broad-leaved Woods
Brown and Food for Butterfly / Moth
Multi-Coloured and Habitats of Heaths and Moors
Shrub and Small Tree and Habitats of River Banks and Other Freshwater Margins
Seed 1 and Scented Flower, Foliage or Root
Seed 2 and Story of Their Common Names
Non-Flower Plants and Non-Flowering Plant Use
Introduction and Edible Plant Parts
Site Map and Use of Plant
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wildflowers with Shrub and Small Tree Flowers

Wildflower Common Plant Name

Click on Underlined Text
to view that Wildflower Plant Description Page

 

 

 

Scented

 

Scented Leaves

Flowering Months

Click on Underlined Text
to view photos

Habitat
 

Click on Underlined Text
to view further Natural Habitat details and Botanical Society of the British Isles Distri-bution Map

Number of Petals

Without Petals.

1 Petal or Comp-osite of many 1 Petal Flowers as Disc or Ray Floret .

2 Petals.
3 Petals.
4 Petals.
5 Petals.
6 Petals.
Over 6 Petals.

Foliage Colour

Height x Spread in inches (cms)

(1 inch = 2.5 cms,
12 inches = 1 foot = 30 cms,
24 inches = 2 feet,
3 feet = 1 yard,
40 inches = 100 cms)
Click on Underlined
text
to view its Wildflower FAMILY Page

Comment
and
Botanical Name

Click on Underlined Botanical Name
to link to Plant or Seed Supplier

 

Click on Underlined
/NOTE
to view Wildflower Plant NOTE Page

White Flowers

Amelanchier spicata

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bird Cherry

 

 

 

 

 

 

Blackthorn or Sloe

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bladdernut

 

 

 

 

 

 

Broad-leaved Whitebeam

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bullace

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cherry Laurel

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cherry Plum

 

 

 

 

 

 

Crab Apple

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dogwood

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dwarf Cherry

 

 

 

 

 

 

Elder

 

 

 

 

 

 

False Acacia

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gooseberry

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hawthorn or May Blossom

 

 

 

 

 

 

Holly

 

 

 

 

 

 

June Berry

 

 

 

 

 

 

Labrador Tree

 

 

 

 

 

 

Medlar

 

 

 

 

 

 

Midland Hawthorn

 

 

 

 

 

 

Oregon Grape is
Mahonia aquifolium
foregongrapefol2a

Barberry family

 

 

 

 

 

 

Plymouth Pear

Pink-tinged White

Apr-May

Hedges In Britain, this small deciduous tree is restricted to just a few hedgerows in Devon and Cornwall. Reproduction is by suckering; fruit-set varies greatly from year to year, and production of fertile seed is negligible.

5

Dark Green with purplish twigs (instead of the grey-brown twigs of the Common Wild Pear)

400 x
(1000 x )

Adder's Tongue

It produces very little viable seed due to an in-built control mechanism to stop inbreeding (called self-incompat-ibilty).
Pyrus cordata
 

NOTE

Portuguese Heather

 

 

 

 

 

 

Privet

 

 

 

 

 

 

Prunus fruticosa

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rowan or Mountain Ash

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rum Cherry

 

 

 

 

 

 

Saint Lucie's Cherry

 

 

 

 

 

 

Small-leaved Cotoneaster

 

 

 

 

 

 

Snowy Mespilus

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sorbus minima

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sorbus rupicola

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spindle-tree is
Euonymus europaeus
fspindleflottree1

Spindle tree family

 

 

 

 

 

 

Strawberry Tree

 

 

 

 

 

 

Swedish Whitebeam

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tree Heather

 

 

 

 

 

 

True Service Tree

 

 

 

 

 

 

Whitebeam

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wild Apple

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wild Cherry

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wild Cotoneaster

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wild Pear

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wild Plum

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wild Service Tree

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

White to Yellow Flowers

Alpine Elder

 

 

 

 

 

 

Barberry is
Berberis vulgaris
fbarberrycolflot1

Barberry family

May-Jun

A deciduous shrub found in hedgerows and coppices, and on banks, cliffs and waste ground. Generally lowland, but reaching 395 m on Wanthwaite Crags (Cumberland).

6

Dark Green

96 x 60 (240 x 150)

BARBERRY

Thorny hedge.
Berberis vulgaris

 

NOTE

Guelder-rose

 

 

 

 

 

 

Oregon Grape is
Mahonia aquifolium
foregongrapefol2

Barberry family

Mar-May

An evergreen shrub which spreads rapidly by stolons and can become well established in hedgerows, road verges and woodland.

6

Glossy Pinnate Green, turning Red in winter

48 x 36 (120 x 90)

BARBERRY

Spiny leaflets make it useful as thorny hedge. Black berries eaten by birds.
Mahonia aquifolium

NOTE

Wayfaring Tree

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yellow Flowers

Alpine Honeysuckle

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bladder Senna

 

 

 

 

 

 

Blue-berried Honeysuckle

 

 

 

 

 

 

Broom

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cornelian Cherry

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fly Honeysuckle

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gorse

 

 

 

 

 

 

Laburnum

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spanish Broom

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Red to Mauve Flowers

 

 

 

 

 

 

Black-berried Honeysuckle

 

 

 

 

 

 

China Teaplant

 

 

 

 

 

 

Duke of Argyll's Teaplant

 

 

 

 

 

 

False Medlar

 

 

 

 

 

 

Flowering Currant

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fuchsia

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rhododendron

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shallon

 

 

 

 

 

 

Snowberry

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tamarisk is
Tamarix gallica
ctamariskflo

Tamarix family

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mauve to Green Flowers

Black Currant

 

 

 

 

 

 

Butterfly Bush

 

 

 

 

 

 

Downy Currant

 

 

 

 

 

 

Juniper

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mezereon

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mountain Currant

 

 

 

 

 

 

Red Currant

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yew

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Green Flowers

Alder Buckthorn

 

 

 

 

 

 

Box ,
Common Box,
European Box,
Boxwood
is
Buxus sempervirens
fboxcflo1

Box family

Mar-May

An evergreen shrub or small tree, native to woodlands and thickets on steep slopes on chalk, and in scrub on chalk downland. It is popular for hedging in gardens and is often planted in woodlands, often becoming naturalised.

Without Petals

Dark Green

192 x 120 (480 x 300)
BOX

Topiary and hedges because of its small leaves, evergreen nature, tolerance of close shearing, and scented foliage

Buxus semper-virens

NOTE

Buckthorn

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rock Buckthorn

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sea Buckthorn

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spurge Laurel

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

grandmaphone

 

Common Name

Botanical Name

Habitat - River Banks and other Freshwater Margins

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BLUE WILD FLOWER GALLERY
PAGE MENU

Site Map of pages with content (o)

Introduction

 

FLOWER COLOUR Comparison Pages/Galleries under Wild Flower in the left hand Main Topic Menu Table

SEED COLOUR
(o)Seed 1
(o)Seed 2

Lists of:-
Edible Plant Parts.
Flower Legend.
Food for
Butterfly/Moth
.

Flowering plants of Chalk and Limestone
Page 1

Page 2

Flowering plants of Acid Soil
Page 1

Habitat Lists:-
Approaching the
Coast (Coastal)
.
Broad-leaved
Woods
.
Grassland - Acid, Neutral, Chalk.
Heaths and Moors.
Hedgerows and Verges.
Lakes, Canals and Rivers.
Marshes, Fens,
Bogs
.
Old Buildings and Walls.
Pinewoods.
River Banks and
other Freshwater Margins
.
Saltmarshes.
Sandy Shores and Dunes.
Shingle Beaches, Rocks and
Cliff Tops
.
Other.

Number of Petals List:-
Without Petals. Other plants
without flowers.
1 Petal or
Composite of
many 1 Petal Flowers as Disc
or Ray Floret .
2 Petals.
3 Petals.
4 Petals.
5 Petals.
6 Petals.
Over 6 Petals.

Lists of:-
Pollinator.
Poisonous Parts.
Scented Flower, Foliage, Root.
Story of their Common Names.
Use for Flowering Plants

Non-Flowering Plants
Use for Non-Flowering Plants

 

 

See Explanation of Structure of this Website with User Guidelines to aid your use of this website.

 

 

 

 

 

WILDFLOWER INDEX
Botanical Name
Common Name

 

 

WILD FLOWER GALLERY
PAGE MENU

Site Map of pages with content (o)

Introduction
Poisonous Plants


INDEX LINK TO WILDFLOWER PLANT DESCRIPTION PAGE
a-h
i-p
q-z

BED PICTURES
(o)Bed

HABITAT TABLES
Flowers in
Acid Soil

Flowers in
Chalk Soil

Flowers in
Marine Soil

Flowers in
Neutral Soil

Ferns
Grasses
Rushes
Sedges
 


WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 1


(o)Adder's Tongue
Amaranth
(o)Arrow-Grass
(o)Arum
(o)Balsam
Bamboo
(o)Barberry
(o)Bedstraw
(o)Beech
(o)Bellflower
(o)Bindweed
(o)Birch
(o)Birds-Nest
(o)Birthwort
(o)Bogbean
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Borage
(o)Box
(o)Broomrape
(o)Buckthorn
(o)Buddleia
(o)Bur-reed
(o)Buttercup
(o)Butterwort
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crowberry
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
Cypress
(o)Daffodil
(o)Daisy
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Daphne
(o)Diapensia
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 2


(o)Clubmoss
(o)Duckweed
(o)Eel-Grass
(o)Elm
(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Horsetail
(o)Polypody
Quillwort
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Flax
(o)Flowering-Rush
(o)Frog-bit
(o)Fumitory
(o)Gentian
(o)Geranium
(o)Glassworts
(o)Gooseberry
(o)Goosefoot
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 1
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 2
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 3 (o)Hazel
(o)Heath
(o)Hemp
(o)Herb-Paris
(o)Holly
(o)Honeysuckle
(o)Horned-Pondweed
(o)Hornwort
(o)Iris
(o)Ivy
(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Lime
(o)Lobelia
(o)Loosestrife
(o)Mallow
(o)Maple
(o)Mares-tail
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)
 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 3


(o)Mesem-bryanthemum
(o)Mignonette
(o)Milkwort
(o)Mistletoe
(o)Moschatel
Naiad
(o)Nettle
(o)Nightshade
(o)Oleaster
(o)Olive
(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
(o)Parnassus-Grass
(o)Peaflower
(o)Peaflower Clover 1
(o)Peaflower Clover 2
(o)Peaflower Clover 3
(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
Peony
(o)Periwinkle
Pillwort
Pine
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Pipewort
(o)Pitcher-Plant
(o)Plantain
(o)Pondweed
(o)Poppy
(o)Primrose
(o)Purslane
Rannock Rush
(o)Reedmace
(o)Rockrose
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
(o)Sandalwood
(o)Saxifrage
 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 4


Seaheath
(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
(o)Spindle-Tree
(o)Spurge
(o)Stonecrop
(o)Sundew
(o)Tamarisk
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Teasel
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Valerian
(o)Verbena
(o)Violet
(o)Water Fern
(o)Waterlily
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort
Waterwort
(o)Willow
(o)Willow-Herb
(o)Wintergreen
(o)Wood-Sorrel
(o)Yam
(o)Yew

 

 

See current Wildflower Common Name Index link Table for more wildflower of the UK common names together with their names in languages from America, Finland, France, Germany, Holland, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Spain and Sweden.

See current Wildflower Botanical Name Index link table for wildflower of the United Kingdom (Great Britain) botanical names.

 

After clicking on the WILD FLOWER Common Name INDEX link to Wildflower Family Page; locate that Common name on that Wildflower Family Page, then

Click on Underlined Text in:-

Common Name to view that Plant Description Page
Botanical Name to link to Plant or Seed Supplier
Flowering Months to view photos
Habitat to view further Natural Habitat details and Botanical Society of the British Isles Distribution Map

 

Common Name

Botanical Name

Habitat - River Banks and other Freshwater Margins

Branched Bur-reed

 

 

Brooklime

 

 

Celery-leaved Buttercup , Celery-leaved Crowfoot

Celery-leaved Buttercup is
Ranunculus sceleratus
fcelerycolfloleavedbuttercup1a

Buttercup family

Most Poisonous member of genus Ranunculus. The first symptoms of poisoning are digestive troubles; when the poison has entered the system it causes dizziness and convulsions and large doses can lead to arrested breathing and circulation. Buttercups taste bad to humans and cattle alike, so celery-leaved crowfoot can usually grow in peace.

An annual of shallow water or wet, disturbed, nutrient-rich mud, especially at the edges of ponds, ditches, streams or rivers which are poached by drinking livestock. It is salt-tolerant and frequent on grazed estuarine marshes. Its seeds are long-lived and plants can re-appear following disturbance after many years of absence.

Globe Flower

Globe Flower is
Trollius europaeus
fglobecolfloflower1a

Buttercup Family

Visited by various small insects.

Poisonous.

A perennial herb of cool, damp habitats, including hay meadows, stream and river banks, lake margins, open woodland and rock ledges. It prefers basic soils, and is often associated with limestone. It is sensitive to grazing, but can persist as small, non-flowering plants in the uplands.
Wet pastures, fens, scrub and woods.

Greater Spearwort

Greater Spearwort is
Ranunculus lingua
fgreatercolflospearwort1a

Buttercup Family

Visited by various flies.

A stoloniferous perennial herb which grows in fens and marshes, on ditch, canal and pond edges, around reservoirs and in flooded gravel-pits and quarries. It is normally found in base-rich, still or slowly flowing water.

Greater Willowherb

 

 

Himalayan Balsam

Himalayan Balsam is
Impatiens glandulifera
himalayanflotbalsam1

(Indian Balsam, Policeman's Helmet, Bobby Tops,
Copper Tops, Gnome's Hatstand,
Kiss-me-on-the-mountain,
Ornamental jewelweed)

Balsam family

This species is most frequent on the banks of waterways, where it often forms continuous stands, but is also established in damp woodland, flushes and mires.

Monkey Flower

 

 

Sweet Flag

 

 

Water Forget-me-not

 

 

Water Mint

 

 

Yellow Iris

 

 

Alpine Meadow-Rue

Thalictrum alpinum is
Alpine Meadow-rue
,
Arctic Meadow-rue
falpinecolflomeadowrue1a

Buttercup family

A small, rhizomatous perennial of mountain habitats. It is found on damp rock ledges, at the open edges of stony streams and flushes and in thin grassland. It is a good indicator of substrates which are at least slightly base-rich.

Columbine

Columbine is
aquilegia vulgaris
fcolumbinecolflo1

Buttercup family

Native populations of this perennial are found on calcareous soil over limestone rocks in England and Wales. It typically grows in woodland glades and open scrub, by woodland rides and streamsides, in damp grassland and fen, and on scree slopes. Garden escapes can be naturalised in quarries, on roadsides, railway banks and old walls.

Visited by long-tongued humble-bees for pollen and nectar. A local plant of woods and wet places on calcareous soil or fen peat.

Yellow Meadow-rue and
Common Meadow-rue

Yellow Meadow-rue and
Common Meadow-rue is
Thalictrum flavum
yellowcflomeadowruewikimediacommons
Flowers at Århus Botanical garden, Jutland. By Sten Porse, via Wikimedia Commons

Buttercup family

A rhizomatous perennial of fens, ditches and streamsides, and tall vegetation in wet meadows, always found where the substrate or water is base-rich. It is also recorded from open fen carr.

The plant is a good nectar source for bees and flies.

Creeping Buttercup

Creeping Buttercup
Ranunculus repens
fcreepingcolflobuttercup2a

Buttercup Family

Visited by small flies.
Long established, as a cornfield weed especially on calcareous soils.

A perennial herb with creeping stems, R. repens has a very wide ecological tolerance, but is most typical of disturbed habitats on damp or wet nutrient-rich soils, including woodland rides, ditch sides, farm gateways, gardens and waste ground. It also occurs in damp or periodically flooded grasslands, in dune-slacks and on lake shores. It is absent from very acidic soils.

Creeping Spearwort

Creeping Spearwort is Ranunculus reptans
fcreepingcflospearwortbritishflora

Buttercup Family

A stoloniferous perennial herb of lake shores, growing on gravel or silty sand. At the Loch of Strathbeg (N. Aberdeen), where it has been known since 1876, it grows in open vegetation in a zone of Eleocharis palustris which is intermittently exposed above the water level in summer.

Hairy Buttercup

Hairy Buttercup is Ranunculus sardous
item8a
Ranunculus sardous. By Kristian Peters, via Wikimedia Commons

Buttercup Family

Visited by flies and small bees

When eaten, it would cause the eater's face to contort in a look resembling scorn (generally followed by death).

An annual of damp coastal pastures, poached pond edges and wet hollows, road verges, farm tracks and gateways. It is generally restricted to thin turf or disturbed areas on damp, neutral, moderately fertile soils.

Ivy-leaved Crowfoot

Ivy-leaved Crowfoot and
Ivy-leaved Water Crowfoot is
Ranunculus hederaceus
fivyleavedcolflocrowfoot

Buttercup family

Rarely visited by insects.

A small annual or short-lived perennial, found at the edge of small water bodies and by the sheltered backwaters of rivers. It often grows on the cattle-poached edges of ponds, ditches and streams, in wet gateways and on paths and tracks.

Place in medium or large ponds margins in areas 15-60cm deep (zones 2 & 3). Can be grown in still or slow moving water.

Lesser Celandine , Pilewort

Lesser Celandine , Pilewort is
Ranunculus ficaria
flessercolflocelandine1

Buttercup Family

Visited by various flies and bees, but often setting little seed.

An aestivating perennial herb that grows in woods, hedge banks, meadows, roadsides, maritime grassland, the banks of rivers and streams and shaded waste ground. It prefers damp, loamy or clay soils, and avoids very dry, very acidic or permanently waterlogged sites.

Vigorous groundcover that forms large, dense patches on the forest floor, displacing and preventing other native plants from co-occuring.

Lesser Meadow-rue

Lesser Meadow-rue is
Thalictrum minus
flessercolflomeadowrue

Buttercup Family

Visited by various flies and bees, but often setting little seed.

A morphologically variable, perennial herb found in calcareous or other base-rich habitats where competition is low, including fixed dunes, scrubby banks, rocky lake and river edges, limestone and serpentine cliffs, limestone grassland and pavement and montane rock ledges. It also occurs in other habitats, including churchyards, hedge banks and roadsides, as a garden escape.

3 main habitats of

  • limestone rocks and grassland
  • dunes
  • streamsides or lakeside gravel and shingle

Lesser Spearwort

Lesser Spearwort is
Ranunculus flammula
flessercolflospearwort

Buttercup Family

Visited by various flies and small bees.

A perennial herb of wet habitats, particularly those with seasonal water level fluctuations. It is found in springs and flushes, around ponds, on lake shores, streamsides, in dune-slacks, marshes, water-meadows, flood pastures, bogs and in ditches and track ruts. It usually grows in oligotrophic or mesotrophic water over neutral to acid substrates.

In ditches, marshes, and alongside ponds and lakes.

Marsh Marigold
(Mary-gold, Mary's-gold, Mary-bud, Kingcup, May Blobs)

Marsh Marigold
(Mary-gold, Mary's-gold, Mary-bud, Kingcup, May Blobs) is
Caltha palustris
fmarshcolflomarigold1

Buttercup Family

Visited by a great variety of insects for pollen and nectar.

A perennial herb of various wet habitats, usually neutral to base-rich rather than very acidic, including Alnus carr, the edges of rivers, streams, canals, lakes and ponds, ditches and winter-wet meadows and pastures.

In marshes, fens, ditches and wet woods, becoming most luxuriant in part shade; rare on very base-poor peat.

Saint Martin's Buttercup

Saint Martin's Buttercup is Ranunculus marginatus, Ranunculus scandicinus
saintcflomartinsbuttercupwikimediacommons1
Ranunculus marginatus. By Eitan f, via Wikimedia Commons

Buttercup family

A small annual, found as a naturalised weed of bulb-fields in the Isles of Scilly, and as a rare grain, bird-seed and wild-flower mixture alien elsewhere.

Roadsides. Mediterr-anean woodlands and shrublands. Stream banks, ditches, marshes and other moist, shady places.

Scilly Buttercup (Rough-fruited Buttercup)

Scilly Buttercup (Rough-fruited Buttercup) is Ranunculus muricatus
scillycflobuttercupwikimediacommons1
Ranunculus muricatus flower3 DC. By Harry Rose from South West Rocks, Australia, via Wikimedia Commons

Buttercup family

The plant also has a strongly acrid juice that can cause blistering to the skin.

An erect annual found naturalised as a weed of cultivated ground in S.W. England, particularly in bulb-fields and gardens in the Isles of Scilly, and as a bird-seed, grain and wool alien elsewhere.

Agricultural and roadside weed. It grows in wet habitats, such as irrigation ditches.

Yellow Anemone (Yellow Wood Anemone, Buttercup Anemone)

Yellow Anemone (Yellow Wood Anemone, Buttercup Anemone) is
Anemone ranunculoides
yellowcflowoodanemonewikimediacommons1
Anemone ranunculoides, northern Baden-Württemberg, Germany. By Bernd Haynold, via Wikimedia Commons

Buttercup family

A spring-flowering rhizomatous perennial herb naturalised in shady places, such as in woodland and along paths.

Habitat: Rich waterside broad-leaved forests, coppices, stream banks, parks.

It needs a highly fertile, preferably clay-rich soil to thrive.

These yellow flowers can often last for two to three weeks if the weather conditions are cool.

Use in Rock Garden.

Wood Anemone or Wind Flower

Wood Anemone or Wind Flower is
Anemone nemorosa
fwoodcolfloanemone

Buttercup family

The 120 species of Anemone are sharp-tasting plants, poisonous owing to the presence of the narcotic anemonin and dangerous to cattle.

Visited for pollen by various bees and flies.

A rhizomatous perennial, found in woodland, on streamsides, under Pteridium, on hedge banks, in heathy grassland, on open moorland, in scree and on limestone pavement. It has a wide pH tolerance, but in woodlands it is most abundant where the vigour of more competitive species is reduced by acidity, waterlogging or regular coppicing.

Deciduous woodland, hedge-banks and mountains on all but highly acidic or water-logged soils in England Wales and Scotland

Bird-in-a-Bush , Fumewort

Bird-in-a-Bush , Fumewort is
Corydalis solida , Corydalis bulbosa
fbirdflotinabush1

Fumitory family

Further details on Corydalis from book "Bleeding Hearts, Corydalis, and their Relatives" in Plants suitable for small gardens.

Pollinated by long-tongued bees, sef-sterile.

Poisonous and in book CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants: Common Names... by Umberto Quattrocchi.

A tuberous perennial herb found in woodland, hedgerows, churchyards and rough grassland, and on roadsides, river banks and walls. It occurs as a garden escape or throw-out, and often becomes naturalised. Reproduction is by seed and tubers.

Grow in a rock garden. Corydalis are highly useful at the front of a woodland border, with crocus, in front of dicentra or with miniature bulbs such as muscari or scillas. They can also be grown in pots of gritty soil, but keep compost cool and moist in summer. Partnered with hostas or hardy geraniums, they break into leaf after the corydalis vanish.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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There are 180 families in the Wildflowers of the UK and they have been split up into 22 Galleries to allow space for up to 100 plants per gallery.

Each plant named in each of the Wildflower Family Pages may have a link to:-

its Plant Description Page in its Common Name in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries and will have links

to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name,

to see photos in its Flowering Months and

to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.

 

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly

.

 

Wild Flower Family Page

(the families within "The Pocket Guide to Wild Flowers" by David McClintock & R.S.R. Fitter, Published in 1956 are not in Common Name alphabetical order and neither are the common names of the plants detailed within each family. These families within that book will have their details described as shown in the next column starting from page 1 in February 2017 until all the families have been completed on page 307.

This may take a few months of my time before I get to the Adder's Tongue Family on page 307.

The information in the above book is back-referenced to the respective page in "Flora of the British Isles" by A.R. Clapham of University of Sheffield,
T.G. Tutin of University College, Leicester and
E.F. Warburg of University of Oxford printed by Cambridge at the University Press in 1952 for each plant in all the families)

followed by

No. of Plants of that Family

that have a row with their details in their flower colour in this central data table;

and then

the relevant entries in the Habitat Index Pages and other charact-eristics in other Index Pages in the Page Menu / Index Table on the right
(with over-flow in another table below the flower colour in the central data table and then onto
contin-uation pages)

within this gallery

Adder's Tongue

Amaranth

Arrow-Grass

Arum

Balsam

Bamboo

Barberry 2

Bedstraw

Beech

Bellflower

Bindweed

Birch

Birds-Nest

Birthwort

Bogbean

Bog Myrtle

Borage

Box

Broomrape

Buckthorn

Buddleia

Bur-reed

Buttercup 45

Butterwort

Cornel (Dogwood)

Crowberry

Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1

Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2

Cypress

Daffodil

Daisy

Daisy Cudweeds

Daisy Chamomiles

Daisy Thistle

Daisy Catsears

Daisy Hawkweeds

Daisy Hawksbeards

Daphne

Diapensia

Dock Bistorts

Dock Sorrels

Clubmoss

Duckweed

Eel-Grass

Elm

Filmy Fern

Horsetail

Polypody

Quillwort

Royal Fern

Figwort - Mulleins

Figwort - Speedwells

Flax

Flowering-Rush

Frog-bit

Fumitory 3

Gentian

Geranium

Glassworts

Gooseberry

Goosefoot

Grass 1

Grass 2

Grass 3

Grass Soft Bromes 1

Grass Soft Bromes 2

Grass Soft Bromes 3

Hazel

Heath

Hemp

Herb-Paris

Holly

Honeysuckle

Horned-Pondweed

Hornwort 2

Iris

Ivy

Jacobs Ladder

Lily

Lily Garlic

Lime

Lobelia

Loosestrife

Mallow

Maple

Mares-tail

Marsh Pennywort

Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)

Mesem-bryanthemum

Mignonette

Milkwort

Mistletoe

Moschatel

Naiad

Nettle

Nightshade

Oleaster

Olive

Orchid 1

Orchid 2

Orchid 3

Orchid 4

Parnassus-Grass

Peaflower

Peaflower Clover 1

Peaflower Clover 2

Peaflower Clover 3

Peaflower Vetches/Peas

Peony 1

Periwinkle

Pillwort

Pine

Pink 1

Pink 2

Pipewort

Pitcher-Plant

Plantain

Pondweed

Poppy 9

Primrose

Purslane

Rannock Rush

Reedmace

Rockrose

Rose 1

Rose 2

Rose 3

Rose 4

Rush

Rush Woodrushes

Saint Johns Wort

Saltmarsh Grasses

Sandalwood

Saxifrage

Seaheath

Sea Lavender

Sedge Rush-like

Sedges Carex 1

Sedges Carex 2

Sedges Carex 3

Sedges Carex 4

Spindle-Tree

Spurge

Stonecrop

Sundew

Tamarisk

Tassel Pondweed

Teasel

Thyme 1

Thyme 2

Umbellifer 1

Umbellifer 2

Valerian

Verbena

Violet

Water Fern

Waterlily 3

Water Milfoil

Water Plantain

Water Starwort

Waterwort

Willow

Willow-Herb

Wintergreen

Wood-Sorrel

Yam

Yew

Total 65

item1 item1 item2 item2 item3 item3 item4 item4 item1b1 item1b1 item3a item3a item2b item2b item1b item1b item21 item21 item3a2 item3a2 item4a1 item4a1 item27a1 item27a1 item19a item19a item6a1 item6a1 item9a item9a item30b item30b item1a item1a item28 item28 item7 item7 item7b item7b