Ivydene Gardens Plants:
Hedge Garden Use List

The Hedging Gallery shows colour photographs of some of the following plants to be used in hedges.

Hedge laying

The art of hedge laying developed as a way of making a stockproof barrier out of available material such as living woodland plants.

The process involves partially cutting through the living stems near ground level, and bending them over as 'pleachers'. They should lie close and depending on the style of laying, the pleachers are anchored by stakes and binding to form a type of living fence. This 'fence' has the following purposes:-

  • It forms an immediate barrier to stock or people.
  • It provides protection from browsing animals for the young shoots, which grow up from the base.
  • It improves the micro-climate by slowing the wind and raising the air humidity, so helping the growth of the young shoots.
  • Hedge laying retains sufficient of the pleachers to maintain some habitat for birds, small mammals and invertebrates.
  • New shoots also sprout along the pleachers, thickening the hedge for the first few years after laying, until most of the pleachers eventually die. By this time the new shoots from the base have grown up to form a thick hedge.
  • Laying keeps the trees of the hedgerow small and manageable. Laying every 10 to 20 years rejuvenates the hedge
  • .

Kent Wildlife Trust had a 2 day hedge laying course in September 2005, which 20 volunteers took part in at the Trust's Marden Meadow Nature Reserve, as part of their Wildlife Study Days. The Trust is the leading conservation organisation covering the whole of Kent and Medway, dedicated to protecting Kent's wildlife for everyone to enjoy. Over 800 volunteers support their work, managing 50 nature reserves (7,000 acres of land), carry out survey work, man visitor centres and general administration.

Hedges, Screens and Windbreaks from Notcutts information is below the Hedge Garden Use Table.

Thorny Hedges are described in the Thorny Hedge Garden Use Page.

Trees to provide a Windbreak are described in the Windbreak Garden Use Page.

Trees to put in Lawns are described in Trees for Lawns Garden Use Page.

Trees to reduce problems posed by salt-carrying gales and blown sand for gardening by the sea are in the Coastal Conditions Garden Use Page.

Plants to put with trees in Woodland are described in the Woodland Garden Use Page.

Plants to filter dust from the environment and offset the pollution from traffic can be found in the Pollution Barrier Garden Use Page.

The plants in the Hedge Garden Use will be split into the following Soil Types:-

Any,

Acid or

Alkaline

Then, the Hedge Garden Use list is sorted in the following table under the following height of plant range:-

below 24 inches (60 cms) in height
between 24 and 72 inches (60 - 180 cms) in height
above 72 inches (180 cms) in height

 

 

 

 

Height in inches (cms)

Garden Use:-
Hedge

Plant Name in Any Soil
Plant below 24 inches (60 cms) in Height

Plant Type

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Height in inches (cms)

Garden Use:-
Hedge

Plant Name in Any Soil
Plant between 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in Height

Plant Type

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Height in inches (cms)

Garden Use:-
Hedge

Plant Name in Any Soil
Plant above 72 inches (180 cms) in Height

Plant Type

138 x 30 (345 x 75)
120 x 36 (300 x 90)
96 x 36 (240 x 90)
 

 

Arundinaria japonica
Arundinaria murielae (Fargesia murieliae)
Bocconia cordata
 

Bamboo
Bamboo
Deciduous Rhizome
 

 

 

 

 

Height in inches (cms)

Garden Use:-
Hedge

Plant Name in Acid Soil
Plant below 24 inches (60 cms) in Height

Plant Type

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Height in inches (cms)

Garden Use:-
Hedge

Plant Name in Acid Soil
Plant between 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in Height

Plant Type

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Height in inches (cms)

Garden Use:-
Hedge

Plant Name in Acid Soil
Plant above 72 inches (180 cms) in Height

Plant Type

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Height in inches (cms)

Garden Use:-
Hedge

Plant Name in Alkaline Soil
Plant below 24 inches (60 cms) in Height

Plant Type

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Height in inches (cms)

Garden Use:-
Hedge

Plant Name in Alkaline Soil
Plant between 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in Height

Plant Type

60 x 60 (150 x 150)
60 x 48 (150 x 120)
36 x 120 (90 x 300)
60 x 48 (150 x 120)
30 x 60 (75 x 150)
60 x 60 (150 x 150)
36 x 60 (90 x 150)
 

 

Aucuba japonica
Aucuba japonica 'Crotonofolia'
Aucuba japonica 'Rozannie'
Aucuba japonica 'Variegata'
Buxus microphylla
Buxus sempervirens 'Elegantissima'
Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'
 

Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Shrub
Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Shrub
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Shrub
 

 

 

 

 

Height in inches (cms)

Garden Use:-
Hedge

Plant Name in Alkaline Soil
Plant above 72 inches (180 cms) in Height

Plant Type

180 x 120 (450 x 300)
144 x 144 (360 x 360)
96 x 120 (240 x 300)
96 x 96 (240 x 240)
96 x 96 (240 x 240)
 

 

Acer campestre
Berberis darwinii
Berberis julianae
Berberis x ottawensis 'Superba'
Berberis x stenophylla
 

Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Shrub
Deciduous Shrub
Evergreen Shrub
 

 

 

 

 

Hedges, Screens and Windbreaks from Notcutts

The following plants have been split into:-

  • those that make low informal hedges,
  • those informal hedges that are favoured for their flowers, and
  • those formal hedges that are used for their colourful foliage.

The informal hedges are trimmed closely using shears, while the flowering hedges are best pruned using secateurs. All hedges have a windbreak and shade effect. The height given are those that could be attained within 10 years of planting.

 

Low growing Hedges not normally exceeding 36 to 48 inches (90 to 120 cms), which are mainly informal and deciduous.

Hedge Height in inches (cms)

Planting Distance in inches (cms)

Plant Name

Foliage colour and Comments

24 (60 cms)
48 (120 cms)
.
8 (20 cms)
.
36 (90 cms)
24 (60 cms)
24 (60 cms)
36 (90 cms)
60 (150 cms)
.
48 (120 cms)
.
60 (150 cms)
24 (60 cms)
.
10 (25 cms)
.
18 (45 cms)
.
 

14 (35 cms)
24 (60 cms)
.
4 (10 cms)
.
18 (45 cms)
12 (30 cms)
14 (35 cms)
14 (35 cms)
24 (60 cms)
.
24 (60 cms)
.
24 (60 cms)
10 (25 cms)
.
8 (20 cms)
.
8 (20 cms)
.
 

Berberis thunbergeii 'Atropurpurea Nana'
Berberis verruculosa
.
Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa'
.
Lavandula angustifolia
Lavandula 'Hidcote'
Lavandula 'Munstead Dwarf'
Lavandula vera
Potentilla 'Goldfinger'
.
Potentilla 'Jackman's var.'
.
Prunus x cistena
Santolina chamaecyparissus
.
Santolina chamaecyparissus nana
.
Santolina virens
.
 

Reddish-purple.
Glossy Green.
Evergreen
Glossy Green.
Evergreen
Silvery-grey
Silvery-grey
Green
Silver
Green.
Yellow flowers.
Green.
Yellow flowers.
Deep crimson.
Grey-white.
Evergreen.
Grey-white.
Evergreen.
Bright Green.
Evergreen

 

Foliage, Flowering and Berrying Hedges. These are usually informal; and 36 inches (90 cms) wide is the minimum width that should be allowed.

Corylus avellana 'Aurea' (yellow foliage) and Corylus avellana 'Purpurea' (purple foliage) together make a beautiful hedge.

Hedge Height in inches (cms)

Planting Distance in inches (cms)

Plant Name

Foliage colour and Comments

72 (180 cms)
.
60 (150 cms)
.
96 (240 cms)
.
72 (180 cms)
60 (150 cms)
48 (120 cms)
48 (120 cms)
60 (150 cms)
6 (15 cms)
.
180 (450 cms)
180 (450 cms)
120 (300 cms)
.
72 (180 cms)
.
72 (180 cms)
.
72 (180 cms)
.
72 (180 cms)
.
96 (240 cms)
180 (450 cms)
180 (450 cms)
156 (390 cms)
.
96 (240 cms)
60 (150 cms)
.
60 (150 cms)
.
72 (180 cms)
.
72 (180 cms)
48 (120 cms)
.
96 (240 cms)
.
72 (180 cms)
.
48 (120 cms)
.
96 (240 cms)
.
120 (300 cms)
120 (300 cms)
.
120 (300 cms)
.
72 (180 cms)
.
96 (240 cms)
.
60 (150 cms)
.
48 (120 cms)
.
72 (180 cms)
.
72 (180 cms)
.
72 (180 cms)
.
60 (150 cms)
.
60 (150 cms)
.
72 (180 cms)
.
72 (180 cms)
.
60 (150 cms)
.
60 (150 cms)
.
60 (150 cms)
.
120 (300 cms)
.
120 (300 cms)
.
60 (150 cms)
.
60 (150 cms)
.
96 (240 cms)
.
96 (240 cms)
.
96 (240 cms)
.
96 (240 cms)
.

24 (60 cms)
.
24 (60 cms)
.
24 (60 cms)
.
24 (60 cms)
24 (60 cms)
18 (45 cms)
18 (45 cms)
18 (45 cms)
18 (45 cms)
.
36 (90 cms)
36 (90 cms)
36 (90 cms)
.
30 (75 cms)
.
30 (75 cms)
.
30 (75 cms)
.
30 (75 cms)
.
18 (45 cms)
18 (45 cms)
18 (45 cms)
24 (60 cms)
.
32 (80 cms)
18 (45 cms)
.
18 (45 cms)
.
12 (30 cms)
.
12 (30 cms)
36 (90 cms)
.
20 50 cms
.
24 (60 cms)
.
24 (60 cms)
.
18 (45 cms)
.
24 (60 cms)
24 (60 cms)
.
24 (60 cms)
.
18 (45 cms)
.
24 (60 cms)
.
36 (90 cms)
.
36 (90 cms)
.
48 (120 cms)
.
30 (75 cms)
.
36 (90 cms)
.
36 (90 cms)
.
36 (90 cms)
.
36 (90 cms)
.
24 (60 cms)
.
36 (90 cms)
.
30 (75 cms)
.
18 (45 cms)
.
48 (120 cms)
.
48 (120 cms)
.
48 (120 cms)
.
24 (60 cms)
.
24 (60 cms)
.
24 (60 cms)
.
24 (60 cms)
.
24 (60 cms)
.

Berberis darwinii
.
Berberis panlanensis
.
Berberis stenophylla
.
Berberis thunbergeii
Berberis thunbergeii 'Atropurpurea'
Berberis thunbergeii 'Erecta'
Berberis thunbergeii 'Helmond Pillar'
Berberis thunbergeii 'Red Chief'
Buxus sempervirens
.
Corylus avellana 'Aurea'
Corylus maxima 'Purpurea'
Cotoneaster lacteus
.
Escallonia 'Apple Blossom'
.
Escallonia 'Edinensis'
.
Escallonia rubra 'Crimson Spire'
.
Escallonia 'Slieve Donard'
.
Euonymus japonicus
Fagus sylvatica (Common Beech)
Fagus sylvatica purpurea (Copper Beech)
Griselinia littoralis
.
Hippophae rhamnoides
Ilex x altaclerensis 'Golden King'
.
Ilex aquifolium 'J. C. van Tol'
.
Ligustrum ovalifolium 'Aureum'
(Golden Privet)
Ligustrum vulgare (Common Privet)
Olearia haastii
.
Osmanthus burkwoodii
.
Photinia x fraseri 'Red Robin'
.
Physocarpus opulifolius 'Diabolo'
.
Pittosporum tenuifolium
.
Prunus cerasifera 'Nigra' (Cherry Plum)
Prunus lusitanica
(Portugal Laurel)
Prunus laurocerasus rotundifolia
(Cherry Laurel)
Pyracantha rogersiana
.
Rhododendrum luteum
.
Rosa 'The Queen Elizabeth'
.
Rosa 'The Compass Rose'
.
Rosa xanthina 'Canarybird'
.
Rosa eglanteria
(Sweet Briar)
Rosa glauca
.
Rosa rugosa 'Blanche Double de Coubert'
.
Rosa rugosa 'Rosarie de L'Hay'
.
Rosa 'Zephirine Drouhin'
(Thornless rose)
Rosmarinus 'Miss Jessop's Upright'
.
Symphoricarpos 'Magic Berry'
(Carmine berry)
Symphoricarpos 'Mother of Pearl'
(White berry)
Symphoricarpos 'White Hedge'
(White berry)
Syringa vulgaris 'Maud Notcutt'
.
Syringa vulgaris 'Primrose'
.
Syringa microphylla 'Superba'
.
Tamarix gallica
.
Tamarix ramosissima 'Pink Cascade'
.
Viburnum tinus
.
Viburnum tinus 'Eve Price'
.
Viburnum tinus 'Gwenllian'
.

Dark Green.
Evergreen
Sea-Green.
Evergreen
Dark Green.
Evergreen
Green.
Red-Purple
Green
Red-Purple
Wine-Red
Dark Green.
Evergreen
Yellow.
Dark Purple.
Olive-Green.
Evergreen
Dark Green.
Evergreen
Dark Green.
Evergreen
Dark Green.
Evergreen
Dark Green.
Evergreen
Dark Green
Dark Green
Purple
Apple-Green.
Evergreen
Grey-Green.
Green/Gold.
Evergreen
Dark Green.
Evergreen
Green/Yellow.
Evergreen
Dark Green.
Dark Green.
Evergreen
Dark Green.
Evergreen
Red to Green.
Evergreen
Dark Purple.
Acid soil
Mid-Green.
Evergreen
Dark Purple
Dark Green.
Evergreen
Dark Green.
Evergreen
Bright Green.
Evergreen
Mid-Green.
Acid soil
Dark Green.
Pink flower
Dark Green.
White flower
Grey-Green.
Yellowflower
Dark Green.
Pink flower
Grey-Purple.
Pink flower
Mid-Green.
White flower
Green.
Purple-red flower
Mid-Green.
Pink flower
Dark Green.
Evergreen
Dark Green.
White flower
Dark Green.
White flower
Dark Green.
White flower
Mid-Green.
White flower
Mid-Green.
Yellow flower
Dark Green.
Pink flower
Blue-Green.
Pink flower
Mid-Green.
Pink flower
Dark Green.
Evergreen
Dark Green.
Evergreen
Dark Green.
Evergreen

 

Coniferous Hedges and Screens.

The following trees will form dense evergreen formal hedges (Cupressocyparis x leylandii - Leyland Cypress -are fast growing and are not included, since they were designed as windbreak trees for agricultural not domestic use). Informal hedges can be formed by planting conifers in irregular lines and interplanting with shrubs. Screens can be composed of the following trees; which should be planted 60 inches (150 cms) apart in a row (when they touch, every other plant can be removed), or a staggered row is preferable.

Hedge Height in inches (cms)

Planting Distance in inches (cms)

Plant Name

Evergreen Foliage colour and Comments

120 (300 cms)
96 (240 cms)
144 (360 cms)
96 (240 cms)
96 (240 cms)
240 (600 cms)
 

24 (60 cms)
18 (45 cms)
18 (45 cms)
18 (45 cms)
24 (60 cms)
24 (60 cms)

Cupressus macrocarpa 'Goldcrest'
Pinus nigra (Austrian Pine)
Pinus radiata (Monterey Pine)
Pinus sylvestris (Scots Pine)
Taxus baccata (Yew)
Thuja plicata 'Atrovirens' (Western red cedar)
 

Yellow.
Dark Green.
Bright Green.
Blue-Green.
Dark Green.
Dark Green.
 

Hedge Shrub Height in inches (cms)

Planting Distance in inches (cms)

Hedge Shrub Plant Name

Evergreen Foliage colour and Comments

36 (90 cms)
30 (75 cms)
30 (75 cms)
48 (120 cms)
36 (90 cms)
36 (90 cms)
48 (120 cms)
48 (120 cms)

24 (60 cms)
24 (60 cms)
24 (60 cms)
36 (90 cms)
12 (30 cms)
24 (60 cms)
24 (60 cms)
36 (90 cms)

Cryptomeria japonica 'Compressa'
Juniperus x pfitzeriana 'Gold Coast'
Juniperus x pfitzeriana 'Mint Julep'
Juniperus squamata 'Meyeri'
Juniperus communis 'Gold Cone'
Pinus mugo (Dwarf Mountain Pine)
Thuja occidentalis 'Rheingold'
Thuja occidentails 'Sunkist'
 

Dark Green to Plum
Yellow
Mint-Green
Blue-Grey
Yellow
Bright Green
Yellow
Yellow

 

Foliage Hedges.

  • Field Maple foliage and wood is red in Spring, leaves turn orange-red in Autumn.
  • Hornbeam is easier to establish on clay soils than Beech, which it resembles. Stands exposed sites.
  • Quickthorn is excellent on its own or can be mixed with Beech, Hornbeam, Privet etc (plant sections of 5 of each tree rather than sections of 1, since hawthorn is very vigorous).
  • Beech make dense twiggy hedges; the dead leaves persisting throughout the winter. Avoid planting in permanently wet clay soils.
  • Privet berries well. The golden version is semi-evergreen and makes a bright hedge. The common version is semi-evergreen and rarely without leaves.
  • Plum has white flowers in March and is fast growing.
  • The Sloe has dense twiggy bushes with spiny branches crowded with white flowers in March/April. The "sloes" are used to flavour gin in the Autumn.

Hedge Height in inches (cms)

Planting Distance in inches (cms)

Plant Name

Foliage colour and Comments

108 (270 cms)
96 (240 cms)
96 (240 cms)
180 (450 cms)
180 (450 cms)
72 (180 cms)
.
72 (180 cms)
108 (270 cms)
144 (360 cms)
 

18 (45 cms)
18 (45 cms)
12 (30 cms)
18 (45 cms)
18 (45 cms)
12 (30 cms)
.
12 (30 cms)
12 (30 cms)
18 (45 cms)
 

Acer campestre (Field Maple)
Carpinus betulus (Common Hornbeam)
Crataegus monogyna (Quickthorn)
Fagus sylvatica (Common Beech)
Fagus sylvatica purpurea (Copper Beech)
Ligustrum ovalifolium 'Aureum' (Golden Privet)
Ligustrum vulgare (Common Privet)
Prunus cerasifera (Myrobalan Plum)
Prunus spinosa (Blackthorn, Sloe)
 

Red to Green
Mid-Green
Dark Green.
Dark Green
Light Red to Purple
Green/Yellow.
Evergreen
Dark Green.
Dark Green
Mid to Deep Green
 

Site design and content copyright ©December 2006. Page structure changed September 2012. Height x Spread in feet changed to Height x Spread in inches (cms) June 2015. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

 

Height in inches (cms):-

25.4mm = 1 inch
304.8mm = 12 inches
12 inches = 1 foot
3 feet = 1 yard
914.4mm = 1 yard

I normally round this to
25mm = 1 inch
300mm = 30 cms = 12 inches =1 foot,
900 mm = 3 feet = 1 yard and
1000mm = 100 cms = 1 metre = 40 inches

 

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Plant Name - P
Plant Name - Q
Plant Name - R
Plant Name - S
Plant Name - T
Plant Name - U
Plant Name - V
Plant Name - W
Plant Name - XYZ

 


Then, finally use
COMPANION PLANTING to
aid your plant selected or to
deter Pests
Plant Selection Level 6

 

To locate mail-order nursery for plants from the UK in this gallery try using search in RHS Find a Plant.

To locate plants in the European Union (EU) try using Search Term in Gardens4You and Meilland Richardier in France.

To locate mail-order nursery for plants from America in this gallery try using search in Plant Lust.

To locate plant information in Australia try using Plant Finder in Gardening Australia.

 

The following details come from Cactus Art:-

"A flower is the the complex sexual reproductive structure of Angiosperms, typically consisting of an axis bearing perianth parts, androecium (male) and gynoecium (female).    

Bisexual flower show four distinctive parts arranged in rings inside each other which are technically modified leaves: Sepal, petal, stamen & pistil. This flower is referred to as complete (with all four parts) and perfect (with "male" stamens and "female" pistil). The ovary ripens into a fruit and the ovules inside develop into seeds.

Incomplete flowers are lacking one or more of the four main parts. Imperfect (unisexual) flowers contain a pistil or stamens, but not both. The colourful parts of a flower and its scent attract pollinators and guide them to the nectary, usually at the base of the flower tube.

partsofaflowersmallest

 

Androecium (male Parts or stamens)
It is made up of the filament and anther, it is the pollen producing part of the plant.
Anther This is the part of the stamen that produces and contains pollen. 
Filament This is the fine hair-like stalk that the anther sits on top of.
Pollen This is the dust-like male reproductive cell of flowering plants.

Gynoecium (female Parts or carpels or pistil)
 It is made up of the stigma, style, and ovary. Each pistil is constructed of one to many rolled leaflike structures.
Stigma
This is the part of the pistil  which receives the pollen grains and on which they germinate. 
Style
This is the long stalk that the stigma sits on top of ovary. 
Ovary
The part of the plant that contains the ovules. 
Ovule
The part of the ovary that becomes the seeds. 

Petal 
The colorful, often bright part of the flower (corolla). 
Sepal 
The parts that look like little green leaves that cover the outside of a flower bud (calix). 
(Undifferentiated "Perianth segment" that are not clearly differentiated into sepals and petals, take the names of tepals.)"

 

 

 

The following details come from Nectary Genomics:-

"NECTAR. Many flowering plants attract potential pollinators by offering a reward of floral nectar. The primary solutes found in most nectars are varying ratios of sucrose, glucose and fructose, which can range from as little a 8% (w/w) in some species to as high as 80% in others. This abundance of simple sugars has resulted in the general perception that nectar consists of little more than sugar-water; however, numerous studies indicate that it is actually a complex mixture of components. Additional compounds found in a variety of nectars include other sugars, all 20 standard amino acids, phenolics, alkaloids, flavonoids, terpenes, vitamins, organic acids, oils, free fatty acids, metal ions and proteins.

NECTARIES. An organ known as the floral nectary is responsible for producing the complex mixture of compounds found in nectar. Nectaries can occur in different areas of flowers, and often take on diverse forms in different species, even to the point of being used for taxonomic purposes. Nectaries undergo remarkable morphological and metabolic changes during the course of floral development. For example, it is known that pre-secretory nectaries in a number of species accumulate large amounts of starch, which is followed by a rapid degradation of amyloplast granules just prior to anthesis and nectar secretion. These sugars presumably serve as a source of nectar carbohydrate.

WHY STUDY NECTAR? Nearly one-third of all worldwide crops are dependent on animals to achieve efficient pollination. In addition, U.S. pollinator-dependent crops have been estimated to have an annual value of up to $15 billion. Many crop species are largely self-incompatible (not self-fertile) and almost entirely on animal pollinators to achieve full fecundity; poor pollinator visitation has been reported to reduce yields of certain species by up to 50%."

 

The following details about DOUBLE FLOWERS comes from Wikipedia:-

"Double-flowered" describes varieties of flowers with extra petals, often containing flowers within flowers. The double-flowered trait is often noted alongside the scientific name with the abbreviation fl. pl. (flore pleno, a Latin ablative form meaning "with full flower"). The first abnormality to be documented in flowers, double flowers are popular varieties of many commercial flower types, including roses, camellias and carnations. In some double-flowered varieties all of the reproductive organs are converted to petals — as a result, they are sexually sterile and must be propagated through cuttings. Many double-flowered plants have little wildlife value as access to the nectaries is typically blocked by the mutation.

 

There is further photographic, diagramatic and text about Double Flowers from an education department - dept.ca.uky.edu - in the University of Kentucky in America.

 

"Meet the plant hunter obsessed with double-flowering blooms" - an article from The Telegraph.

 

THE 2 EUREKA EFFECT PAGES FOR UNDERSTANDING SOIL AND HOW PLANTS INTERACT WITH IT OUT OF 15,000:-


Explanation of Structure of this Website with User Guidelines Page for those photo galleries with Photos
(of either ones I have taken myself or others which have been loaned only for use on this website from external sources)

Choose 1 of these different Plant selection Methods:-

 

1. Choose a plant from 1 of 53 flower colours in the Colour Wheel Gallery.

 

2. Choose a plant from 1 of 12 flower colours in each month of the year from 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery.

 

3. Choose a plant from 1 of 6 flower colours per month for each type of plant:-

Aquatic
Bedding
Bulb
Climber
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
Herb
Odds and Sods
Rhododendron
Rose
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Wild Flower

 

4. Choose a plant from its Flower Shape:-

Shape, Form
Index

Flower Shape

 

5. Choose a plant from its foliage:-

Bamboo
Conifer
Fern
Grass
Vegetable

 

6. There are 6 Plant Selection Levels including Bee Pollinated Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers in
Plants Topic.

 

or

 

7. when I do not have my own or ones from mail-order nursery photos , then from March 2016, if you want to start from the uppermost design levels through to your choice of cultivated and wildflower plants to change your Plant Selection Process then use the following galleries:-

  • Create and input all plants known by Amateur Gardening inserted into their Sanders' Encyclopaedia from their edition published in 1960 (originally published by them in 1895) into these
    • Stage 1 - Garden Style Index Gallery,
      then
    • Stage 2 - Infill Plants Index Gallery being the only gallery from these 7 with photos (from Wikimedia Commons) ,
      then
    • Stage 3 - All Plants Index Gallery with each plant species in its own Plant Type Page followed by choice from Stage 4a, 4b, 4c and/or 4d REMEMBERING THE CONSTRAINTS ON THE SELECTION FROM THE CHOICES MADE IN STAGES 1 AND 2
    • Stage 4a - 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery,
    • Stage 4b - 12 Foliage Colours per Month Index Gallery with
    • Stage 4c - Cultivation, Position, Use Index Gallery and
    • Stage 4d - Shape, Form Index Gallery
    • Unfortunately, if you want to have 100's of choices on selection of plants from 1000's of 1200 pixels wide by up to 16,300 pixels in length webpages, which you can jump to from almost any of the pages in these 7 galleries above, you have to put up with those links to those choices being on
      • the left topic menu table,
      • the header of the middle data table and on
      • the page/index menu table on the right of every page of those galleries.

There are other pages on Plants which bloom in each month of the year in this website:-

 

 


Topic
Case Studies
...Drive
...Foundations

Companion Planting
...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants Garden Maintenance
Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary
Plants *
...Poisonous Plants
Soil
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data

................

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
...by Flower Shape

Bulb
...Allium/ Anemone
...Autumn
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Dahlia
...Gladiolus
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Narcissus
...Spring
...Tulip
...Winter
Climber
...Clematis
...Climbers
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evgr
...Heather Shrub
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evgr
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
...P -Herbaceous
...RHS Wisley
...Flower Shape
Herb
Odds and Sods
Rhododendron
Rose
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
...Apple

...Cherry
...Pear
Vegetable

Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
space,
Site Map page in its flower colour
NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
...Brown Note
...Cream Note
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note
Poisonous
Wildflower Plants

............

Topic - Flower/Foliage Colour
Colour Wheel Galleries

Following your choice using Garden Style then that changes your Plant Selection Process
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index

or
you could use these Flower Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12
with its
Explanation of
Structure of this Website with

...User Guidelines
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index
Rock Garden and Alpine Flower Colour Wheel with number of colours
Rock Plant Flowers 53

...Rock Plant Photos

or
these Foliage Colour Wheels structures, which I have done but until I can take the photos and I am certain of the plant label's validity, these may not progress much further
All Foliage 212

All Spring Foliage 212
All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212

or
Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index

............

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly
Usage of Plants
by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly usage of
Plant A-C
Plant C-M
Plant N-W
Butterfly usage of Plant

followed by all the Wild Flower Family Pages:-

There are 180 families in the Wildflowers of the UK and they have been split up into 22 Galleries to allow space for up to 100 plants per gallery.

Each plant named in each of the Wildflower Family Pages may have a link to:-

its Plant Description Page in its Common Name in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries and will have links

to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name,

to see photos in its Flowering Months and

to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.

 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 1


(o)Adder's Tongue
Amaranth
(o)Arrow-Grass
(o)Arum
(o)Balsam
Bamboo
(o)Barberry
(o)Bedstraw
(o)Beech
(o)Bellflower
(o)Bindweed
(o)Birch
(o)Birds-Nest
(o)Birthwort
(o)Bogbean
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Borage
(o)Box
(o)Broomrape
(o)Buckthorn
(o)Buddleia
(o)Bur-reed
(o)Buttercup
(o)Butterwort
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crowberry
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
Cypress
(o)Daffodil
(o)Daisy
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Daphne
(o)Diapensia
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 2


(o)Clubmoss
(o)Duckweed
(o)Eel-Grass
(o)Elm
(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Horsetail
(o)Polypody
Quillwort
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Flax
(o)Flowering-Rush
(o)Frog-bit
(o)Fumitory
(o)Gentian
(o)Geranium
(o)Glassworts
(o)Gooseberry
(o)Goosefoot
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 1
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 2
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 3 (o)Hazel
(o)Heath
(o)Hemp
(o)Herb-Paris
(o)Holly
(o)Honeysuckle
(o)Horned-Pondweed
(o)Hornwort
(o)Iris
(o)Ivy
(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Lime
(o)Lobelia
(o)Loosestrife
(o)Mallow
(o)Maple
(o)Mares-tail
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)
 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 3


(o)Mesem-bryanthemum
(o)Mignonette
(o)Milkwort
(o)Mistletoe
(o)Moschatel
Naiad
(o)Nettle
(o)Nightshade
(o)Oleaster
(o)Olive
(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
(o)Parnassus-Grass
(o)Peaflower
(o)Peaflower Clover 1
(o)Peaflower Clover 2
(o)Peaflower Clover 3
(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
Peony
(o)Periwinkle
Pillwort
Pine
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Pipewort
(o)Pitcher-Plant
(o)Plantain
(o)Pondweed
(o)Poppy
(o)Primrose
(o)Purslane
Rannock Rush
(o)Reedmace
(o)Rockrose
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
(o)Sandalwood
(o)Saxifrage
 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 4


Seaheath
(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
(o)Spindle-Tree
(o)Spurge
(o)Stonecrop
(o)Sundew
(o)Tamarisk
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Teasel
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Valerian
(o)Verbena
(o)Violet
(o)Water Fern
(o)Waterlily
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort
Waterwort
(o)Willow
(o)Willow-Herb
(o)Wintergreen
(o)Wood-Sorrel
(o)Yam
(o)Yew

 

It is worth remembering that especially with roses that the colour of the petals of the flower may change - The following photos are of Rosa 'Lincolnshire Poacher' which I took on the same day in R.V. Roger's Nursery Field:-

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot91a1a1a1

Closed Bud

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot92a1a1a1

Opening Bud

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot93a1a1a1

Juvenile Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot94a1a1a1

Older Juvenile Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot95a1a1a1

Middle-aged Flower - Flower Colour in Season in its
Rose Description Page is
"Buff Yellow, with a very slight pink tint at the edges in May-October."

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot96a1a1a1

Mature Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot97a1a1a1

Juvenile Flower and Dying Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot98a1a1a1

Form of Rose Bush

There are 720 roses in the Rose Galleries; many of which have the above series of pictures in their respective Rose Description Page.

So one might avoid the disappointment that the 2 elephants had when their trunks were entwined instead of them each carrying their trunk using their own trunk, and your disappointment of buying a rose to discover that the colour you bought it for is only the case when it has its juvenile flowers; if you look at all the photos of the roses in the respective Rose Description Page!!!!

 

Plant Selection by Flower Colour

Blue Flowers

Bedding.
Bulb.
Climber.
Evergr Per.
Evergr Shrub.
Wild Flower.
 

Orange Flowers

Bedding.

Wild Flower.

Other Colour Flowers

Bedding.

Bulb.
Climber.
Evergr Per.
Evergr Shrub.
Wild Flower.

Red Flowers

Bedding.

Bulb.
Climber.
Decid Shrub.
Evergr Per.
Evergr Shrub.
Herbac Per.
Rose.
Wild Flower.

White Flowers

Bedding.

Bulb.
Climber.
Decid Shrub.
Decid Tree.
Evergr Per.
Evergr Shrub.
Herbac Per.
Rose.
Wild Flower.
 

Yellow Flowers

Bedding.
Bulb.
Climber.
Decid Shrub.
Evergr Per.
Evergr Shrub.
Herbac Per.
Rose.
Wild Flower.
 

 

 

Fragrant Plants adds the use of another of your 5 senses in your garden:-
Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves.

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark.

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil
.

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
.

Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
.

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers.

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves.

Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves.

Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers.

Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit.

Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers.

Night-scented Flowering Plants.

Scented Aquatic Plants.

Plants with Scented Fruits.

Plants with Scented Roots.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums.

Scented Cacti and Succulents.

Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell.
 

Flower Perfume Group:-

Indoloid Group.

Aminoid Group with scent - Hawthorn.

Heavy Group with scents -
Jonquil and
Lily.

Aromatic Group with scents - Almond,
Aniseed, Balsamic,
Carnation, Cinnamon, Clove,
Spicy and
Vanilla.

Violet Group.

Rose Group.

Lemon Group with scent -
Verbena.

Fruit-scented Group with scents -
Apricot,
Fruity,
Green Apple,
Orange, Pineapple,
Ripe Apple , Ripe Banana and
Ripe Plum.

Animal-scented Group with scents -
Cat,
Dog,
Ferret,
Fox,
Goat,
Human Perspiration,
Musk,
Ripe Apple and
Tom Cat.

Honey Group.

Unpleasant Smell Group with scents -
Animal,
Fetid,
Fishy,
Foxy,
Fur-like,
Garlic,
Hemlock,
Manure,
Nauseating,
Perspiration,
Petrol,
Putrid,
Rancid,
Sickly,
Skunk,
Stale Lint,
Sulphur and
Urinous.

Miscellaneous Group with scents -
Balm,
Brandy,
Cedar,
Cloying,
Cowslip,
Cucumber,
Damask Rose, Daphne,
Exotic,
Freesia,
Fur-like,
Gardenia,
Hay-like,
Heliotrope, Honeysuckle,
Hops,
Hyacinth,
Incense-like, Jasmine,
Laburnham,
Lilac,
Lily of the Valley, Meadowsweet, Mignonette,
Mint,
Mossy,
Muscat,
Muscatel,
Myrtle-like,
Newly Mown Hay, Nutmeg,
Piercing,
Primrose,
Pungent,
Resinous, Sandalwood, Sassafras,
Seductive,
Slight,
Soft,
Stephanotis,
Sulphur,
Starch,
Sweet,
Sweet-briar,
Tea-rose,
Treacle and
Very Sweet.