Ivydene Gardens Home: Contact Chris Garnons-Williams

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You are very privileged in being able to view the ONLY page in this website with a PAGE NUMBER.


The contact information is in the next row, but I think you may find this more useful:-

Never Fail Cake. ( Recipe by A. Whybrow) amended by Chris Garnons-Williams

Ingredients to boil for 25 minutes:-

  • 3 mugs fruit (mixed) - I tend to use the Villier and Bosch Large Mugs, dried mixed fruit, chopped dates, chopped apricots, chopped prunes; with bought mixed peel and glace cherries added after the 3 mugs of the mixed fruit of the previous ones in this list
  • 1 mug sugar - I tend to use Dark Molasses in one third and two thirds light molasses
  • 1.5 mugs water
  • 4 oz margarine or butter - I tend to use unsalted butter

Remaining instructions:-

  • Whisk 4 large eggs and a pinch of salt in a mixing bowl, then
  • When boiled mixture is cool mix
    • the contents of that mixing bowl into it before
    • mixing 1 teaspoon of Bicarbonate of Soda to 2 mugs of sifted Self-Raising (S.R.) flour in that empty mixing bowl. Then fold that mixture over the cooled mixture in the boiled mixture pan, until the flour has been completely mixed in.
  • Spoon into a greased and lined cake tin (7-8 in. square or round)
  • You can leave it to rise for 30 minutes before baking in the oven to increase its lightness once cooked,
  • Bake at 160c or 325 - 350F or Mark 3.5-4 (fan 140c) for approx. 1.5 hours for 1 lb loaf tins or 1 hour 50 minutes for an 8 inch lined circular cake tin. The cake should rise at least 50% in size.
  • Remove from oven having tested for it being fully cooked with a skewer, empty out of tin onto a mesh tray and leave to cool.

Unfortunately humans do not seem to be able to keep their hands off it, so its shelf life is limited.

You can use 2pcs-Baking Silicone Bread and Loaf Rectangle Bakeware Non-Stick Loaf Pan instead of re-lining cake tins each time. Then after cooking the cake and it has cooled down, you can remove it from the silcone loaf pan quite easily without it sticking to it.


Chris Garnons-Williams is the Sole Trader of Ivydene Horticultural Services.

Email is a more certain method of communication at any time rather than mobile phone; since the mobile is normally switched off.
Email: Click on
Ivydene Horticultural Services to get an email set up to me.
Mail sent to mail@ivydenegardens.co.uk will not get to me.
This email link is in white text on a burgundy colour background in the Text Box under the Worm Logo in all the pages of all the topics.
I shall receive email number 6 - extrapolating from the days of the previous 5 - on 15 March 2025. The reply should be sent within a month after the shock has been recovered from.
Delicate flower with

  • too close a proximity to those of a female persuasion like a female dentist (even though I was only looking at one hair which had strayed from her coiffure during the time she was working on my teeth and nothing else) caused my warfarin levels to go haywire for 2 months
  • restricted comfortable air temperature of room between 18 and 20 degrees Centigrade,
  • noise level in the cinema or theatre is too high and
  • dancing / squash / gliding is not available - motorbicycle accident left one third of my brain detached from my skull and this stops me going gliding as well when the glider enters an air pocket and it drops.
  • exciting life I lead isn't it?


Ivydene Horticultural Services
1 Eastmoor Farm Cottages
Moor Street
Kent. ME8 8QE

There are no materials stored at the above address and no clients are seen at the above address.



Due to under-work and ill-health in March 2013, management have decided to retire:-
On 17 March 2013, I attended Medway Hospital whilst coughing up blood from my lungs. Tests were carried out and I left the following day with medication for:-

  • a) atrial fibrillation (Irregular Heart Rhythm),
  • b) impaired left ventricular function (The left ventricle is the thickest of the heart’s chambers and is responsible for pumping oxygenated blood to tissues all over the body. By contrast, the right ventricle solely pumps blood to the lungs),
  • c) lower respiratory tract infection (Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are any infection of the sinuses, throat, airways or lungs. Lower respiratory tract infections – which affect the airways and lungs) to add to
  • d) prolactin-secreting macroadenoma of the pituary (These pituitary tumors (also called adenomas) secrete excessive amounts of prolactin. Prolactin is the hormone that stimulates milk production by the breasts.) diagnosed in April 2001.

The following information was sent by a Locum Consultant Cardiologist from Medway Maritime Hospital on 17 January 2014:-

  • Diagnosis:-
    • 1. Moderate to poor left ventricular function with hypokinesia in the inferior and posterior walls.
    • 2. Permanent atrial fibrillation with three failed attempts of cardioversion.
    • 3. History of prolactin-screting macroadenoma of the pituary now Micro prolactinoma
    • 4. history of mild restrictive pulmonary function test.
  • Medications: Ramipril, Bisoprolol, Simvastatin, Spironolactin, Cabergoline, Warfarin, Salbutamol, Seretide.
  • I have reviewed tis gentleman in clinic today. Overall he is much better. We managed to bring down his atrial fibrillation from 120 to 84 (normal heart rate should be regular and between 60 and 100 beats a minute when you are resting - 120 is too high). His BP is 140/97 (BP is Blood Pressure , where ideal blood pressure is between 90/60 and 120/80. 140/97 is too high and above high blood pressure). His symptoms of heart failure are much better, less short of breath and less ankle swelling.

On 7 January 2016, my doctor stated that I also had Type 2 Diabetes (Diabetes is a lifelong condition that causes a person's blood sugar level to become too high. Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body doesn't produce enough insulin to function properly, or the body’s cells don't react to insulin. This means that glucose stays in the blood and isn't used as fuel for energy. Diabetes is also responsible for most cases of kidney failure and lower limb amputation (other than accidents).)

On 12 March 2020, my eye doctor stated that I had Glaucoma in both eyes, since the Field Test indicated a lack of peripheral vision, so now both eyes need the drops. Looking on the bright side, I have slowed down the rate of collecting imperfections in my body system.


As you can see from the above that I am "in the pink of health" and not yet "pushing up the daisies".
Although unable to physically work for a lengthy period, my mental facilities are still at my command to assist at problems:-

  • having my 27,000 Raw Camera Images and potential of 15,000 digitised slides from Ron and Christine Foord to create photo galleries with plant descriptions under the raw camera image. Then adding thumbnails of them to the respective Comparison Pages of the 6 colours per month in the relevant plant type photo gallery - after amending the index pages in those galleries to add plant use, soil, soil moisture and sun aspect to each plant. I am starting with the Alliums and Anemones from the Allium and Anemone Gallery, amending their index on Index Page A of the Bulb Plant Gallery and further comparing them in Bulb Shape Gallery in March 2020.
  • like the multiplicity of problems with the trees in the pavements in Funchal, where I have explained how these trees grow, what to do to save them, how to reduce climate change / flooding and improve the mental health of the native as well as the visiting population at the same time.
    See Pavements of Funchal, Madeira
    Damage to Trees
    , 2, 3, 4. and links to pages about this problem in the table on the right.
  • the errors at the Royal Horticultural Society Garden at Wisley, so that other gardens open to the public do not make the same mistakes.
    ...RHS Mixed Borders
    ......Bedding Plants
    .........Flower Shape
    ......Her Perennials
    ......Other Plants
    .........Flower Shape
  • create a ringbinder booklet of permanent planting and the other pages on bedding, so that that garden - accessible by the public - can inform the public how the gardeners designed the planting plan and the pupils in the schools/ horticutural colleges can then attend that garden in a practical sense to learn from it and the different ways of changing the planting each year to give a different effect, so that perhaps they can start to do that to their own gardens instead of accepting the bog standard of lawn surrounded by 18 inch (45 cm) borders with no more that 15 different types of plant mostly put there by the builder or the owner getting the plants from the supermarket or garden centre at Easter.
  • even if you live in a flat in a skyscraper, you can still have a garden in your home -
    see Garden Style .
  • there are thousands of comparison pages in my over 26,000 page website - 1 of which should provide you with some help with interacting with the natural plant world even if it is only growing your own herbs on your kitchen internal window ledge.
  • I can also teach you piggle-wigging.
    The full effect can be felt during an accident, but being fully cognisant that Health and Safety Regulation 15(t) subsection 12.a para 14 clause (A.a) means that I can tell you but cannot allow you to carry out the practical - otherwise I could lose my current non-existing teaching licence as bestowed on me by the University in Holland for Double-Dutch.


Heath Pearlwort


Site design and content copyright ©April 2007. Page structure amended October 2012. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

It should be remembered that links to external websites may no longer be valid after a time. If you would like to send me an email to that effect, then I may be able to correct that problem. Currently in February 2019, I have more than 1,000,000 links in this website - during 12 years many of them will now be invalid. If you google the main part of the address, you might still find that the domainstill exists and from there find the same information on a different page.


Despite the lack of interest from The Royal Horticultural Society - I am a member -, The National Trust - I am a member - and Mail-Order Nurseries throughout the World in providing photos or text concerning the plants that they sell and/or grow in their grounds, I will continue as an unqualified individual to add to this hobby of an educational website during my retirement. The Copyright Permissions Page detail who and what images have been allowed from those people to be shown on my website.

Nothing is bought or sold in this website - it costs me thousands of pounds a year to photograph the plants, create it, maintain it and publish it on the web. Links to external websites are produced and provided by me; to those who sell the services or plants - that I consider are good - free of commission from or to me.

Today is 29 October 2020.

Nearly 100,000 people are catching coronavirus every day in England, a major analysis suggests:-

  • Number of people infected has more than doubled since the last round, with one in every 78 people now testing positive.
  • Three times as many people aged 55-64 are infected, compared with the previous month's study, and twice as many over 65s.
  • Overall, the number of people infected is doubling every 9 days.
  • There are 96,000 people catching the virus every day.

I live in Medway and I am 72 with heart, lungs, a brain tumour and water retention (if I lie flat on my back to sleep, I could drown in my own phlegm) problems - see below.

I sometimes use the public bus to go into town -

  • when sat down in the bus, I have seen a young man get on with a mask and once he sat down, he took it off.
  • I have seen pupils from school get on as a group and all sit together behind me filling the rest of the single decker bus - some without any face covering. This is despite the fact that notices on the window determine where you should sit - noboby on the aisle seat and there must be a spare row of seats between you and the next person sitting down in front or behind you. This means that a single decker bus that used to take 47 people is now restricted to 8. Many people ignore this.
  • When in town, I have been into shops where adults come in wearing a face mask covering their mouths and chin but not their nose, together with children and adults coming in with no face mask.
  • When going into shops, many provide sanitising solution for the trolley/basket and hands. Both of these I use. Many others do not.

It is good to know that few children under 18 years old have died from Coronavirus - but 651 children were hospitalised with coronavirus in the UK. They can catch the disease, then go and see their grand parents for Christmas and pass it on to them without them realising that that is what they are doing. Especially since they can be in a group of 6 at school, a different group on the way and return from school, and a different one at home. They get the virus and then pass it on, so that the older the adults that they come into contact with; the more likely those adults will then die of the virus.

240 people in Medway have contracted coronavirus in the last 7 days. Medway has a death rate of 65.5 per 100,000 people living in the area. In 2019 Medway had a population of 280,894.
This is cheap way to get rid of the retired population by using the children to infect them; thus saving the government from paying the Old Age Pension for a long time and saving the NHS for the cost of medicine used to treat the illnesses suffered by those same OAPs.

Perhaps I should only get my shopping by it being delivered; and not use public transport or go to the shops, to hopefully live through this 2020-2021 winter, and do this for the rest of my life!!!

People have contracted the virus, recovered and a few months later got it again. Will a vaccine be any better or is the virus like the common cold, which we can get regularly and therefore you will in the end have to forget about being retired for all that long; before the lack of care by the youngsters will pass it on to you and kill you as you live onwards from 55?

Medway has currently more than 1,000 confirmed cases of coronavirus. Up to 29 October 2020

182 people in Medway

have died due to coronavirus.
Are the children in this town bringing the virus to those who died because they and some adults could not be bothered to keep

  • 2 metres apart,
  • obey instructions on public transport,
  • wear face coverings over the mouth and nose, and
  • sanitise themselves?

Until everyone in the UK has been vaccinated and it then is shown to work, there should be no mixing between people living in one house or flat and others outside. Food etc should be ordered on line or by telephone, delivered to the door and a member of the group photoed by the delivery person as proof of delivery. That would be the only way to stop the spread of this virus.

On the 14 November 2020; I collected some dry-cleaning from the dry-cleaners in Rainham, Kent, due to my wife being unable to carry it home by walking due to its weight. Having been open for 4 hours, I was his third customer and he admits that during the lockdown that he only has 3 customers a day. Although the rent may have been deferred, it still has to be paid, plus all the other bills. He will review the situation on the 2 December 2020 when this lockdown is meant to finish. His customers do not go to work wearing suits, etc as they work from home. His business will probably fold in December as will many others on the high street as people work on-line and shop-online (you can get the super-market to deliver your shopping order).
On Monday 16 November 2020 it was reported that 2 schools had been forced to close in Kent due to coronavirus. Children going to and from school congregate together on buses and at school; if their parents take them to school they congregate together. The children do not bother with face masks. I very rarely see any children with face masks in super-markets -
"Figure 3: 17- to 24-year-olds have higher positivity rates in both the higher and lower rate regions. Estimated percentage testing positive for the coronavirus (COVID-19) on nose and throat swabs, daily, by age and region, between 25 September and 08 October 2020, England.
Age 70+ is under 0.5% DAILY - Age 12-16 is 1.5% DAILY, Age 17-24 is over 4.75% DAILY. These statistics refer to infections reported in the community, by which we mean private households. These figures exclude infections reported in hospitals, care homes and/or other institutional settings."
So, at this rate all the children will get it before Christmas and then pass it on to parents and therefore at Christmas, either the parents or their children will also pass it on to their relatives. Therefore any contact with these infected children will tend to infect the older population after December 20th 2020.
The vaccine may not be available until spring 2021 and it is unlikely that the UK population can all be vaccinated before the autumn of 2021.
Meanwhile most of the UK population over the age of 65 will heve been wiped out because the children do not take the virus seriously (remember the blitz and gas-masks - in those days the population took it seriously and put on their gas-masks). Some people are now speaking against having vacccinations - the goverment will be overjoyed since during your working life you will be paying for Old-Age-Pension but you will be dead before you can collect it.
Not content with the coronavirus from China, we now have a different one from mink in Sweden/Norway/Denmark region to contend with.
I wonder if I will survive until I get a vaccine that works; and that is why I cannot use my free Bus Pass on buses, because of the lack of care by the younger generation, as shown above. We now get our super-market shopping delivered. You can see from the medication I am receiving for the illnesses that I am currently suffering from (as you can see below), that it would be foolish of me to go to places where the public congregate. Becoming a prisoner in own home, I will be alarmed at how many more people are going to get this virus and even when they do not die from it, they will become incapacitated in some way during the next 12 months with this segregation method devised by the UK government - interesting that the system set up by Australia has currently led to almost no new cases there.


Welcome - Ivydene Gardens informs you how to design, construct and maintain your private garden using organic methods and companion planting.

About Chris
Garnons-Williams - About Chris Garnons-Williams, with my

Mission Purpose - Mission Statement,

Contact Chris
Garnons-Williams * - Contact Information,

About Ivydene Horticultural Services - Work Details,

Website Design History - Website Design History and

Copyright Permissions - Copyright Permissions.

Site Map - Ivydene Gardens Site Map



Sub Menu to each Page of this Topic of the HOME PAGES, with normally a * after Page you are viewing.
Page Menu may also have an Index (Flower Colour, Flowering Months, Height and Width) of all plants of that type in that Topic - Plant Photo Gallery.


Problems with trees in pavements in Funchal, Madeira in January/February 2018
Death of tree roots and
Death of tree trunks/branches caused by people.
Solution to problems for trees caused by people using irrigation -
Growth of Pollarded Tree in Hotel Garden in 1 year provides a water solution to this destruction.

Damage to Tree Trunks 1, 2, 3, 4 caused by people,
Damage to Tree Roots caused by people,
Area of Open Ground round trees,
New Trees in pavements 1, 2,
Irrigation of current trees,
Watersprouts on trees,
Crossing Branches in trees,
Utility Equipment with tree Foliage,
Lights on trees,
Bycycle Lane in Pavement,
Public Gardens alongside pavements,
Hotel/Private Gardens alongside pavements,
Current Permeable Pavement Surface round trees and
Irrigation and Fertilising of trees.

Camera Photo Galleries:-
Pavements of Funchal, Madeira
Damage to Trees
, 2, 3, 4.
Will visitors to Madeira worry about having branches or trees in public places fall on them? No; according to Engineer Francisco Pedro Freitas Andrade of Est. Marmeleiros, No 1, Jardins & Espaces Verdes who is Chef de Diviso Câmara Municipal do Funchal; Departamento de Ciência e de Recursos Naturais; Divisão de Jardins e Espaços Verdes Urbanos in charge of the trees within the pavements within the area controlled by Funchal Municipality -
See Monitoring of Trees in pavements in Funchal, Madeira from September 2019 to February 2010 1, 2 pages by his department.

Demise of trees in pavements in St. Peter Port, Guernsey caused by people to their Roots

Medway Proposed New School Comments in September 2019



Problems with electrical re-wire in my home, with the knowledge after the event that the client can do nothing about it, since Napid requires you to re-use the same contractor to fix the problems. Would you after reading these pages?

We wrote the
concerns about the electrical work on 21.03.21;
Questions concerning electrics on 21.03.21 and
re-wire narrative on 19.04.2021
which had no effect on the credit card company or Napid. So we commisioned the following report to see if that will make any difference.
Pages 10, 11, 12, 13 contain information concerning the condition of the electrical installation of the complete rewiring of my home by Mr Manderson of Manderson Electrical Services Ltd, with the report by a qualified electrician and this statement about the work carried out:-
"The result of my observations and testing, I am recommending that all the fixed wiring be recovered and a complete new fixed wiring installation is installed. Unfortunately the work previously carried out is of such a poor standard I cannot re-use any of it."
Mr Manderson is a Part P Registered Electrician with Napit; Registered Competent Person Electrical; Approved Electrician from Napit; City & Guilds Qualified; Part P Electrical Safety; and Honest & Transparent. His firm was employed to replace all the wiring, power sockets, light switches and lights and make sure that rodents could not attack them to chew through the cables or cause an
electrical problem.
10 lists 18 electrical faults on the new wiring, re-use of the old wiring, and old wiring that was still either in use or had been cut at the old power socket, at the old light fitting, or old light switch (the plasterers filled an old power socket metal box and short-circuited the fuse - it will be fine in 30 minutes sir; 4 hours later it was still shorting, so presumably that would explain why they switched off one of the fuses in the old fuseboard - see photo on page 15 of the report. As clients; we do appreciate having the opportunity of electrocuting ourselves from their re-wire work) where

Main Menu to Site Map of each of the Topics, with a * after Topic you are viewing.

Case Studies

Companion Planting
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...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
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Garden Construction
Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
Flower Shape
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
.........Flower Shape
Garden Maintenance
Offbeat Glossary
...Poisonous Plants

...Soil Nutrients

Tool Shed
Useful Data

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Plant Botanical Index of any Botanical Named plant, with its
Plant Type,
Flower Colour, Flowering Months, Foliage Colour, Height,
Sun Aspect,
Soil Moisture,
and sometimes its
Culture and
in either its own Plant Description Page or
a row in a Table in any of the 100's of topic folders in this Ivydene Gardens website

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...X, Y, Z

Camera Photo Galleries:-

RHS Garden at

Plant Supports .

Coleus Bedding Foliage Trial 1, 2 .

National Trust Garden at Sissinghurst Castle
Plant Supports 1, 2 .

Dry Garden of
RHS Garden
at Hyde Hall

Plants .

Nursery of
Peter Beales Roses - Their
Display Garden

Roses .

Nursery of
RV Roger

Roses A1, A2 .

Damage by Plants in Chilham Village .

Pavements of Funchal, Madeira
Damage to Trees
, 2, 3, 4.

Chris Garnons-Williams
Work Done

Identity of Plants
Label Problems 1

Ron and Christine Foord
Garden Flowers 1

The plant with photo in the above Camera Photo Galleries

the plants with photos in the other Plant Photo Galleries below in

Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens - 1167

A 1
, Photos - 36
B 1, Photos - 13
C 1, Photos - 35
D 1, Photos - 411
Photos of
Plants causing damage to buildings in Chilham Village and
Photos of
Damage to Trees in Pavements of Funchal
are in the D pages

E 1, Photos - 21
F 1, Photos - 1
G 1, Photos - 5
H 1, Photos - 21
I 1, Photos - 8
J 1, Photos - 1
K 1, Photos - 1
L 1, Photos - 72
Photos of Label Problems are also in the L pages

M 1, Photos - 9
N 1, Photos - 12
O 1, Photos - 5
P 1, Photos - 54
Q 1, Photos -
R 1, Photos - 229
S 1, Photos - 111
T 1, Photos - 13
U 1, Photos - 5
V 1, Photos - 4
W 1, Photos - 100
Photos of
Work Done by Chris Garnons-Willams are also in the W pages
X 1, Photos -
Y 1, Photos -
Z 1, Photos -

Articles/Items in Ivydene Gard
ens - 88

and in
Flower Shape and Plant Use of

Evergreen Perennial
Herbaceous Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Deciduous Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Deciduous Tree

1. Why the perfect soil for general use is composed of 8.3% lime, 16.6% humus, 25% clay and 50% sand
within the SOIL TEXTURE, and
2. Why you are continually losing the SOIL STRUCTURE if you leave bare earth between plants so your soil - will revert to clay, chalk, sand or silt - unless you replace that lost humus with an organic mulch.


...by Flower Shape

...Allium/ Anemone
...Autumn Bulb
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer Bulb
...Spring Bulb
...Each of the above ...Bulb Galleries has its own set of Flower Colour Pages
...Flower Shape

Colour Wheels with number of Colours
Colour Wheel
...All Flowers 53
...All Flowers per Month 53
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...All Foliage 212
...Rock Plant Flowers 53

Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Deciduous
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Deciduous
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z

...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evergreen
...Heather Shrub
...Heather Index
......Erica: Carnea
......Erica: Cinerea
......Erica: Others
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evergreen

...Diascia Photo Album,
...UK Peony Index

...P -Herbaceous
...Flower Shape
...RHS Wisley
......Mixed Border
......Other Borders
Odds and Sods
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use
Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
...Apple Gallery Intro
...Cherry Gallery Intro
...Pear Gallery Intro
Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
Site Map page in its flower colour

NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
...Cream Note
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note
Wildflower Plants


Topic - Flower/Foliage Colour
Colour Wheel Galleries

Following your choice using Garden Style then that changes your Plant Selection Process
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form

you could use these Flower Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53
...Use of Plant and
...Flower Shape

All Flowers per Month 12
with its
Explanation of
Structure of this Website with

...User Guidelines
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
Rock Garden and Alpine Flower Colour Wheel with number of colours
Rock Plant Flowers 53
...Rock Plant Photos

A Foliage Colour Wheel using 212 web-safe colours instead of the best Colour Wheel of 2058 colours in the Pantone Goe System
All Foliage 212

Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index


Topic -
Butterflies in the UK mostly use native UK wildflowers.

Butterfly Species.

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly Usage

of Plants.

Plant Usage
Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly.

followed by all the Wild Flower Family Pages:-


There are 180 families in the Wildflowers of the UK and they have been split up into 22 Galleries to allow space for up to 100 plants per gallery.

Each plant named in each of the Wildflower Family Pages may have a link to:-

its Plant Description Page in its Common Name in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries

and it does have links:-

to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name,

to see photos in its Flowering Months and

to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.

57(o)58 Crucifer (Cabbage/ Mustard) 1
indicates 57 Plant Description Pages with photos and 58 plants with photos in that Crucifer Family Page 1:-

Wild Flower

ad borage gallery
...(o)2 Adder's Tongue
...(o)3 Arrow-Grass
...(o)4 Arum
...1(o)1 Balsam
...2(o)2 Barberry
...(o)10 Bedstraw
...(o)7 Beech
...(o)12 Bellflower
...(o)5 Bindweed
...(o)4 Birch
...(o)1 Birds-Nest
...(o)1 Birthwort
...(o)2 Bogbean
...(o)1 Bog Myrtle
...(o)23 Borage

box crowberry gallery
...1(o)1 Box
...(o)11 Broomrape
...2(o)2 Buckthorn
...(o)1 Buddleia
...(o)1 Bur-reed
...29(o)30 Buttercup
...(o)6 Butterwort
...6(o)6 Clubmoss
...(o)2 Cornel (Dogwood)
...(o)1 Crowberry

cabbages gallery
...57(o)58 Crucifer (Cabbage/ Mustard) 1
...(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2

cypress cud gallery
...(o)4 Daffodil
...(o)23 Daisy
...(o)21 Daisy Cudweeds
...(o)16 Daisy Chamomiles
...3(o)22 Daisy Thistle
...(o)17 Daisy Catsears

hawk dock gallery
...(o)5 Daisy Hawkweeds
...(o)5 Daisy Hawksbeards
...(o)2 Daphne
...(o)1 Diapensia
...(o)10 Dock Bistorts
...(o)7 Dock Sorrels

duckw fern gallery
...(o)4 Duckweed
...(o)1 Eel-Grass
...(o)2 Elm

figwort fum gallery
...(o)24 Figwort - Mulleins
...(o)21 Figwort - Speedwells
...2(o)2 Filmy Fern
...(o)4 Flax
...(o)1 Flowering-Rush
...(o)3 Frog-bit
...7(o)7 Fumitory

g goosefoot gallery
...1(o)10 Gentian
...(o)16 Geranium
...(o)4 Glassworts
...(o)2 Gooseberry
...(o)13 Goosefoot

grasses123 gallery
...(o)8 Grass 1
...(o)8 Grass 2
...(o)8 Grass 3

g brome gallery
...(o)8 Soft Bromes 1
...(o)8 Soft Bromes 2
...(o)9 Soft Bromes 3

h lobelia gallery
...(o)2 Hazel
...(o)15 Heath
...(o)1 Hemp
...(o)1 Herb-Paris
...(o)1 Holly
...(o)7 Honeysuckle
...(o)1 Horned-Pondweed
...2(o)2 Hornwort
...5(o)5 Horsetail
...(o)9 Iris
...(o)1 Ivy
...(o)1 Jacobs Ladder
...(o)17 Lily
...(o)7 Lily Garlic
...(o)2 Lime
...(o)2 Lobelia

l olive gallery
...(o)1 Loosestrife
...(o)5 Mallow
...(o)4 Maple
...(o)1 Mares-tail
...(o)1 Marsh Pennywort
...1(o)1 Melon (Gourd/ Cucumber)
...(o)2 Mesembry-anthemum
...3(o)3 Mignonette
...3(o)3 Milkwort
...(o)1 Mistletoe
...(o)1 Moschatel
...4(o)4 Nettle
...(o)7 Nightshade
...(o)1 Oleaster
...(o)3 Olive

orchid parn gallery
...(o)22 Orchid 1
...(o)22 Orchid 2

peaflowers gallery
...(o)20 Peaflower
...(o)31 Peaflower Clover
...(o)18 Peaflower Vetches/Peas
...(o)1 Parnassus-Grass

peony pink gallery
...(o)1 Periwinkle
...7(o)23 Pink 1
...7(o)24 Pink 2

p rockrose gallery
...(o)1 Pitcher-Plant
...(o)6 Plantain
...26(o)27 Polypody
...(o)4 Pondweed
...8(o)8 Poppy
...16(o)16 Primrose
...3(o)3 Purslane
...Rannock Rush
...2(o)2 Reedmace
...4(o)4 Rockrose

rose12 gallery
...(o)30 Rose 1
...(o)23 Rose 2
...1(o)1 Royal Fern

rush saxi gallery
...(o)1 Rush
...(o)1 Rush Woodrushes
...9(o)9 Saint Johns Wort
...Saltmarsh Grasses
...(o)1 Sandalwood
...(o)1 Saxifrage

sea sedge2 gallery
...1(o)3 Sea Lavender
...(o)2 Sedge Rush-like
...(o)1 Sedges Carex 1
...1(o)1 Sedges Carex 2

sedge3 crop gallery
...(o)1 Sedges Carex 3
...(o)1 Sedges Carex 4
...(o)1 Spindle-Tree
...(o)13 Spurge
...(o)1 Stonecrop

sun thyme gallery
...(o)1 Sundew
...1(o)1 Tamarisk
...Tassel Pondweed
...(o)4 Teasel
...(o)20 Thyme 1
...(o)21 Thyme 2

umb violet gallery
...15(o)15 Umbellifer 1
...15(o)15 Umbellifer 2
...(o)5 Valerian
...(o)1 Verbena
...11(o)11 Violet

water yew gallery
...1(o)1 Water Fern
...2(o)2 Waterlily
...1(o)1 Water Milfoil
...1(o)1 Water Plantain
...2(o)2 Water Starwort
...(o)9 Willow
...(o)1 Willow-Herb
...(o)5 Wintergreen
...(o)1 Wood-Sorrel

The Site Map Page that you link to from the Menu in the above row for the Wildflower Gallery contains all the native UK plants which have their Plant Description Pages in the other 22 Wildflower Galleries. It also has Wildflower Index Pages, Flower Colour Comparison Pages and links to the 180 Wildflower Family Pages as shown in the menu above.



Links to external websites like the link to "the Man walking in front of car to warn pedestrians of a horseless vehicle approaching" would be correct when I inserted it after March 2007, but it is possible that those horseless vehicles may now exceed the walking pace of that man and thus that link will currently be br
ok en .... .....

My advice is Google the name on the link and see if you can find the new link. If you sent me an email after clicking Ivydene Horticultural Services text under the Worm Logo on any page, then; as the first after March 2010 you would be the third emailer since 2007, I could then change that link in that 1 of the 15,743 pages. Currently (August 2016).


Other websites provide you with cookies - I am sorry but I am too poor to afford them. If I save the pennies from my pension for the next visitor, I am almost certain in March 2023, that I could afford to make that 4th visitor to this website a Never Fail Cake. I would then be able to save for more years for the postage.


It is worth remembering that especially with roses that the colour of the petals of the flower may change - The following photos are of Rosa 'Lincolnshire Poacher' which I took on the same day in R.V. Roger's Nursery Field:-


Closed Bud


Opening Bud


Juvenile Flower


Older Juvenile Flower


Middle-aged Flower - Flower Colour in Season in its
Rose Description Page is
"Buff Yellow, with a very slight pink tint at the edges in May-October."


Mature Flower


Juvenile Flower and Dying Flower


Form of Rose Bush

There are 720 roses in the Rose Galleries; many of which have the above series of pictures in their respective Rose Description Page.

So one might avoid the disappointment that the 2 elephants had when their trunks were entwined instead of them each carrying their trunk using their own trunk, and your disappointment of buying a rose to discover that the colour you bought it for is only the case when it has its juvenile flowers; if you look at all the photos of the roses in the respective Rose Description Page!!!!


Fragrant Plants adds the use of another of your 5 senses in your garden:-

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves.

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark.

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soi

Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers.

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves.

Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves.

Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers.

Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit.

Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers.

Night-scented Flowering Plants.

Scented Aquatic Plants.

Plants with Scented Fruits.

Plants with Scented Roots.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums.

Scented Cacti and Succulents.

Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell.




This row gives a very clear overall description of the
Cultural Needs of Plants

from Chapter 4 in Fern Grower's Manual by Barbara Joe Hoshizaki & Robbin C. Moran. Revised and Expanded Edition. Published in 2001 by Timber Press, Inc. Reprinted 2002, 2006. ISBN-13:978-0-

"Understanding Fern Needs
Ferns have the same basic growing requirements as other plants and will thrive when these are met. There is nothing mysterious about the requirements - they are not something known only to people with green thumbs - but the best gardeners are those who understand plant requirements and are careful about satisfying them.
What, then, does a fern need?

All plants need water.
Water in the soil prevents roots from drying, and all mineral nutrients taken up by the roots must be dissolved in the soil water. Besides water in the soil, most plants need water in the air. Adequate humidity keeps the plant from drying out. Leaves need water for photosynthesis and to keep from wilting.
All green plants need light to manufacture food (sugars) by photosynthesis. Some plants need more light than others, and some can flourish in sun or shade. Most ferns, however, prefer some amount of shade.
For photosynthesis, plants require carbon dioxide, a gas that is exhaled by animals as waste. Carbon dioxide diffuses into plants through tiny pores, called stomata, that abound on the lower surface of the leaves. In the leaf, carbon dioxide is combined with the hydrogen from water to form carbohydrates, the plant's food. This process takes place only in the presence of light and chlorophyll, a green pigment found in plant cells. To enhance growth, some commercial growers increase the carbon dioxide level in their greenhouses to 600ppm (parts per million), or twice the amount typically found in the air.
Plants need oxygen. The green plants of a plant do not require much oxygen from the air because plants produce more oxygen by photosynthesis than they use. The excess oxygen liberated from the plants is used by all animals, including humans. What do plants do with oxygen? They use it just as we do, to release the energy stored in food. We use energy to move about, to talk, to grow, to think - in fact, for all our life processes. Although plants don't talk or move much, they do grow and metabolize and must carry on all their life processes using oxygen to release the stored energy in their food.
Roots need air all the time. They get it from the air spaces between the soil particles. Overwatering displaces the air between soil particles with water, thereby removing the oxygen needed by the roots. This reduces the root's ability to absorb mineral nutrients and can foster root-rot.
Plants need minerals to grow properly. The minerals are mined from the soil by the plant's root system. If a certain mineral is missing, such as calcium needed for developing cell walls, then the plant will be stunted, discoloured, or deformed.
Some plants tolerate a wide range of temperatures, whereas others are fussy. If the temperature is too high or low, the machinery of the plant will not operate satisfactorily or will cease entirely.

The basic needs of plants are not hard to supply, but growing success depends on attending to these needs with care and exactitude. The remainder of this chapter is devoted to a discussion of these requirements, with the exception of mineral needs, which are discussed in Chapter 5.