Topic
Case Studies
...Drive
...Foundations

Companion Planting
...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants Garden Maintenance
Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary
Plants *
...Poisonous Plants
...Subsidence by Clay
Soil
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data

................

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
...by Flower Shape

Bulb
...Allium/ Anemone
...Autumn
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Dahlia
...Gladiolus
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Narcissus
...Spring
...Tulip
...Winter
Climber
...Clematis
...Climbers
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evgr
...Heather Shrub
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evgr
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
...P -Herbaceous
...RHS Wisley
...Flower Shape
Herb
Odds and Sods
Rhododendron
Rose
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
...Apple

...Cherry
...Pear
Vegetable

Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
space,
Site Map page in its flower colour
NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
...Brown Note
...Cream Note
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note
Poisonous
Wildflower Plants

............

Topic - Flower/Foliage Colour
Colour Wheel Galleries

Following your choice using Garden Style then that changes your Plant Selection Process
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index

or
you could use these Flower Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12
with its
Explanation of
Structure of this Website with

...User Guidelines
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index
Rock Garden and Alpine Flower Colour Wheel with number of colours
Rock Plant Flowers 53

...Rock Plant Photos

or
these Foliage Colour Wheels structures, which I have done but until I can take the photos and I am certain of the plant label's validity, these may not progress much further
All Foliage 212

All Spring Foliage 212
All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212

or
Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index

............

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly
Usage of Plants
by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly usage of
Plant A-C
Plant C-M
Plant N-W
Butterfly usage of Plant

 

Ivydene Gardens Plants:
Plants for Any Soil A-F

 

Tree/Shrub Growth Shape with
Shrub/Perennial Growth Habit

 

The plants suitable for Any Soil list is sorted in the following pages under the following Name:-

 

Surface soil moisture is the water that is in the upper 10 cm (4 inches) of soil, whereas root zone soil moisture is the water that is available to plants, which is generally considered to be in the upper 200 cm (80 inches) of soil:-

  • Wet Soil has Saturated water content of 20-50% water/soil and is Fully saturated soil
  • Moist Soil has Field capacity of 10-35% water/soil and is Soil moisture 2–3 days after a rain or irrigation
  • Dry Soil has Permanent wilting point of 1-25% water/soil and is Minimum soil moisture at which a plant wilts
  • Residual water content of 0.1-10% water/soil and is Remaining water at high tension
  • Available Water Capacity for plants is the difference between water content at field capacity and permanent wilting point

Sun Aspect:-

  • Full Sun: At least 6 full hours of direct sunlight. Many sun lovers enjoy more than 6 hours per day, but need regular water to endure the heat.
  • Part Shade: 3 - 6 hours of sun each day, preferably in the morning and early afternoon. The plant will need some relief from the intense late afternoon sun, either from shade provided by a nearby tree or planting it on the east side of a building.
    Dappled Sun - DS in Part Shade Column: Dappled sunlight is similar to partial shade. It is the sun that makes its way through the branches of a deciduous tree. Woodland plants and underplantings prefer this type of sunlight over even the limited direct exposure they would get from partial shade.
  • Full Shade: Less than 3 hours of direct sunlight each day, with filtered sunlight during the rest of the day. Full shade does not mean no sun.

When selecting plants, you should start by using what you already have in the garden; especially mature trees and shrubs. Each tree or shrub will have one of the following growth shapes:-
Columnar
Oval
Rounded/ Spherical
Flattened Spherical
Narrow conical/ Narrow Pyramidal
Broad Conical/ Broad Pyramidal
Ovoid/ Egg-shaped
Broad Ovoid
Narrow Vase-shaped/ Inverted Ovoid
Fan-shaped/ Vase-shaped
Narrow Weeping
Broad Weeping
Single-stemmed palm, cyad, or similar tree
Multi-stemmed palm, cyad, or similar tree

 

 

When selecting plants, you should start by using what you already have in the garden; especially mature shrubs and some of your perennials.
Growth Habit - The way a plant grows is genetically determined. How well individual plants grow varies with:

  • availability of light,
  • exposure to wind,
  • and competition for food and space with other plants.

So, if you wish to see your plant at its best, rather than as a plant within a hedge effect, please give it room to grow to produce its natural growth habit. Mature shrubs and perennials will have one of the following growth habits:-
Mat-forming.
Stems densely cover the ground and the flowers extend above.
Prostrate or Trailing.
Stems spread out on the ground and the flowers are borne close to the foliage.
Cushion or Mound-forming.
Tightly packed stems form a low clump and
the flowers are close to the foliage.
Spreading or Creeping.
Stems extend horizontally then ascend, forming a densely packed mass.
Clump-forming.
Leaf-stalks and flower stems arise at ground level to form a dense mass.
Stemless.
Leaf-stalks and flower stems arise at ground level.
Erect or Upright.
Upright stems stand vertical, supporting leaves and the flowers.
Climbing and Scandent.
Long flexible stems are supported by other plants or structures.
Arching.
Long upright stems arch over from the upright towards the ground.

The overall amount of sunlight received depends on aspect, the direction your garden faces:-

North-facing gardens get the least light and can be damp

South-facing gardens get the most light

East-facing gardens get morning light

West-facing gardens get afternoon and evening light

Sun Aspect, Soil Type, Soil Moisture, Plant Type and Height of Plant are used in the Plant Photo Galleries in the comparison of thumbnail photos

Acid Site - An acid soil has a pH value below 7.0. Clay soils are usually acid and retentive of moisture, requiring drainage. The addition of grit or coarse sand makes them more manageable. Peaty soil is acidic with fewer nutrients and also requires drainage.

Alkaline Soil - An alkaline soil has a pH value above 7.0. Soils that form a thin layer over chalk restrict plant selection to those tolerant of drought.

Bank / Slope problems include soil erosion, surface water, summer drought and poor access (create path using mattock to pull an earth section 180 degrees over down the slope). Then, stabilise the earth with 4 inches (10cms) depth of spent mushroom compost under the chicken wire; before planting climbers/plants through it.

Cold Exposed Inland Site is an area that is open to the elements and that includes cold, biting winds, the glare of full sun, frost and snow - These plants are able to withstand very low temperatures and those winds in the South of England.

Dust and Pollution Barrier - Plants with large horizontal leaves are particularly effective in filtering dust from the environment, with mature trees being capable of filtering up to 70% of dust particles caused by traffic. Plants can also help offset the pollution effects of traffic. 20 trees are needed to absorb the carbon dioxide produced by 1 car driven for 60 miles.

Front of Border / Path Edges - Soften edges for large masses of paving or lawn with groundcover plants. Random areas Within Paths can be planted with flat-growing plants. Other groundcover plants are planted in the Rest of Border.

Seaside Plants that deal with salt-carrying gales and blown sand; by you using copious amounts of compost and thick mulch to conserve soil moisture.

Sound Barrier - The sound waves passing through the plant interact with leaves and branches, some being deflected and some being turned into heat energy. A wide band of planting is necessary to achieve a large reduction in the decibel level.

Wind Barrier - By planting a natural windbreak you will create a permeable barrier that lets a degree of air movement pass through it and provide shelter by as far as 30 times their height downwind.

Woodland ground cover under the shade of tree canopies.

In the case of some genera and species, at least two - and sometimes dozens of - varieties and hybrids are readily available, and it has been possible to give only a selection of the whole range. To indicate this, the abbreviation 'e.g.' appears before the selected examples ( for instance, Centaurea cyanus e.g. 'Jubilee Gem'). If an 'e.g.' is omitted in one list, although it appears beside the same plant in other lists, this means that that plant is the only suitable one - or the only readily available suitable one - in the context of that particular list.

Chalky alkaline soils are derived from chalk or limestone with a pH of 7.1 or above.
Clay soils swell and shrink as they wet and dry.
Lime-Free soils are acidic and without chalk.
In poorly drained soils (50 % solid materials and about 50 % pore space), most of the pore space is filled with water for long periods of time, leaving too little air.
Light sandy soils dry out quickly and are low in nutrients.

 

Clay soil will absorb 40% of its volume in water before it turns from a solid to a liquid. This fact can have a serious effect on your house as subsidence.
A mixture of clay, sand, humus and bacterium is required to make soil with a good soil structure for your plants.
The rain or your watering can provides the method for transportation of nutrients to the roots of your plants. Soil organisms link this recycling of nutrients from the humus to the plant.
Oxygen, Carbon Dioxide and Nitrogen as gas is used and expired by the roots of plants into a soil which has airspace in it in order for those plants to grow.
Understanding the above provides you with an action plan for you to do with your own soil.

Explaination of how soil works:-

"Plants are in Control

Most gardeners think of plants as only taking up nutrients through root systems and feeding the leaves. Few realize that a great deal of energy that results from photosynthesis in the leaves is actually used by plants to produce chemicals they secrete through their roots. These secretions are known as exudates. A good analogy is perspiration, a human's exudate.

Root exudates are in the form of carbohydrates (including sugars) and proteins. Amazingly, their presence wakes up, attracts, and grows specific beneficial bacteria and fungi living in the soil that subsist on these exudates and the cellular material sloughed off as the plant's root tips grow. All this secretion of exudates and sloughing off of cells takes place in the rhizosphere, a zone immediately round the roots, extending out about a tenth of an inch, or a couple of millimetres. The rhizosphere, which can look like a jelly or jam under the electron microscope, contains a constantly changing mix of soil organisms, including bacteria, fungi, nematodes, protozoa, and even larger organisms. All this "life" competes for the exudates in the rhizosphere, or its water or mineral content.

At the bottom of the soil food web are bacteria and fungi, which are attracted to and consume plant root exudates. In turn, they attract and are eaten by bigger microbes, specifically nematodes and protozoa who eat bacteria and fungi (primarily for carbon) to fuel their metabolic functions. Anything they don't need is excreted as wastes, which plant roots are readily able to absorb as nutrients. How convenient that this production of plant nutrients takes place right in the rhizosphere, the site of root-nutrient absorption.

At the centre of any viable soil food web are plants. Plants control the food web for their own benefit, an amazing fact that is too little understood and surely not appreciated by gardeners who are constantly interfereing with Nature's system. Studies indicate that individual plants can control the numbers and the different kinds of fungi and bacteria attracted to the rhizosphere by the exudates they produce.

Soil bacteria and fungi are like small bags of fertilizer, retaining in their bodies nitrogen and other nutrients they gain from root exudates and other organic matter. Carrying on the analogy, soil protozoa and nematodes act as "fertilizer spreaders" by releasng the nutrients locked up in the bacteria and fungi "fertilizer bags". The nematodes and protozoa in the soil come along and eat the bacteria and fungi in the rhizosphere. They digest what they need to survive and excrete excess carbon and other nutrients as waste.

The protozoa and nematodes that feasted on the fungi and bacteria attracted by plant exudates are in turn eaten by arthropods such as insects and spiders. Soil arthropods eat each other and themselves are the food of snakes, birds, moles and other animals. Simply put, the soil is one big fast-food restaurant.

Bacteria are so small they need to stick to things, or they will wash away; to attach themselves they produce a slime, the secondary result of which is that individual soil particles are bound together. Fungal hyphae, too, travel through soil particles, sticking to them and binding them together, thread-like, into aggregates.

Worms, together with insect larvae and moles move through the soil in search of food and protection, creating pathways that allow air and water to enter and leave the soil. The soil food web, then, in addition to providing nutrients to roots in the rhizosphere, also helps create soil structure: the activities of its members bind soil particles together even as they provide for the passage of air and water through the soil.

Without this system, most important nutrients would drain from soil. Instead, they are retained in the bodies of soil life. Here is the gardener's truth: when you apply a chemical fertilizer, a tiny bit hits the rhizosphere, where it is absorbed, but most of it continues to drain through soil until it hits the water table. Not so with the nutrients locked up inside soil organisms, a state known as immobilization; these nutrients are eventully released as wastes, or mineralized. And when the plants themselves die and are allowed to decay in situ, the nutrients they retained are again immobilized in the fungi and bacteria that consume them.

Just as important, every member of the soil food web has its place in the soil community. Each, be it on the surface or subsurface, plays a specific role. Elimination of just one group can drastically alter a soil community. Dung from mammals provides nutrients for beetles in the soil. Kill the mammals, or eliminate their habitat or food source, and you wont have so many beetles. It works in reverse as well. A healthy soil food web won't allow one set of members to get so strong as to destroy the web. If there are too many nematodes and protozoa, the bacteria and fungi on which they prey are in trouble and, ultimately, so are the plants in the area.

And there are other benefits. The nets or webs fungi form around roots act as physical barriers to invasion and protect plants from pathogenic fungi and bacteria. Bacteria coat surfaces so thoroughly, there is no room for others to attach themselves. If something impacts these fungi or bacteria and their numbers drop or disappear, the plant can easily be attacked."

Negative impacts on the soil food web -->

 

Negative impacts on the soil food web

"Chemical fertilizers, pesticides, insecticides, and fungicides affect the soil food web, toxic to some members, warding off others, and changing the environment. Important fungal and bacterial relationships don't form when a plant can get free nutrients. When chemically fed, plants bypass the microbial-assisted method of obtaining nutrients, and microbial populations adjust accordingly. Trouble is, you have to keep adding chemical fertilizers and using "-icides", because the right mix and diversity - the very foundation of the soil food web - has been altered.

It makes sense that once the bacteria, fungi, nematodes and protozoa are gone, other members of the soil food web disappear as well. Earthworms, for example, lacking food and irritated by the synthetic nitrates in soluble nitrogen fertilizers, move out. Since they are major shredders of organic material, their absence is a great loss. Soil structure deteriorates, watering can become problematic, pathogens and pests establish themselves and, worst of all, gardening becomes a lot more work than it needs to be.

If the salt-based chemical fertilizers don't kill portions of the soil food web, rototilling (rotovating) will. This gardening rite of spring breaks up fungal hyphae, decimates worms, and rips and crushes arthropods. It destroys soil structure and eventually saps soil of necessary air. Any chain is only as strong as its weakest link: if there is a gap in the soil food web, the system will break down and stop functioning properly.

Gardening with the soil food web is easy, but you must get the life back in your soils. First, however, you have to know something about the soil in which the soil food web operates; second, you need to know what each of the key members of the food web community does. Both these concerns are taken up in the rest of Part 1" of Teaming with Microbes - The Organic Gardener's Guide to the Soil Food Web by Jeff Lowenfels and Wayne Lewis ISBN-13:978-1-60469-113-9 Published 2010.

This book explains in non-technical language how soil works and how you can improve your garden soil to make it suitable for what you plant and hopefully stop you using chemicals to kill this or that, but use your grass cuttings and prunings to mulch your soil - the leaves fall off the trees, the branches fall on the ground, the animals shit and die on the land in old woodlands and that material is then recycled to provide the nutrients for those same trees, rather than being carefully removed and sent to the dump as most people do in their gardens leaving bare soil."

 

The following is from "A land of Soil, Milk and Honey" by Bernard Jarman in Star & Furrow Issue 122 January 2015 - Journal of the Biodynamic Association;_

"Soil is created in the first place through the activity of countlesss micro-organisms, earthworms and especially the garden worm (Lumbricus terrestris). This species is noticeably active in the period immediately before and immediately after mid-winter. In December we find it (in the UK) drawing large numbers of autumn leaves down into the soil. Worms consume all kinds of plant material along with sand and mineral substances. In form, they live as a pure digestive tract. The worm casts excreted from their bodies form the basis of a well-structured soil with an increased level of available plant nutrients:-

  • 5% more nitrogen,
  • 7% more phosphorous and
  • 11% more potasium than the surrounding topsoil.

Worms also burrow to great depths and open up the soil for air and water to penetrate, increasing the scope of a fertile soil.

After the earthworm, the most important helper of the biodynamic farmer is undoubetdly

  • the cow. A cow's digestive system is designed to make use of roughage such as grass and hay. Cow manure is arguably the most effective and long lasting of all the fertilizing agents at the farmer's disposal and has been found to have a carry over effect of at least 4 years. It is also one of the most balanced and it contains no grass seeds, since they have been completely digested.
  • Pig manure is rich in potassium, attractive to earthworms and beneficial on sandy soils.
  • Horse manure increases soil activity and stimulates strong healthy growth, but it does contain grass seed and other seeds."

To locate mail-order nursery for plants from the UK in this gallery try using search in RHS Find a Plant.

To locate plants in the European Union (EU) try using Search Term in Gardens4You and Meilland Richardier in France.

To locate mail-order nursery for plants from America in this gallery try using search in Plant Lust.

To locate plant information in Australia try using Plant Finder in Gardening Australia.

a

Columnar
Tree/Shrub Growth Shape

Soil:-

AN = Any Soil

Soil Moisture:-

Sun Aspect:-

Plant Location:-

Plant Name

with link to mail-order nursery in UK / Europe

Plant Names will probably not be in Alphabetical Order

Common Name

with link to mail-order nursery in USA

Flower-ing Months

Flower-ing Colour

Height x Spread in
inches (cms).
 

25.4mm = 1 inch


304.8mm = 12 inches


12 inches = 1 foot


3 feet = 1 yard


914.4mm = 1 yard

 

I normally round this to
30 cm = 1 foot,
90 cm = 3 feet and
100 cm = 40 inches

Plant Type
(Per = Perennial)
with link to
Plant Description Page,
Companion
Plants
to help this plant Page,
Alpine Plant for Rock Garden Index Page
and/or
Native to UK WildFlower
Plant in its
Family Page
in this website

Comment

b

Oval
Tree/Shrub Growth Shape

AC = Acid Soil

c

Rounded/ Spherical
Tree/Shrub Growth Shape

AL = Alkaline Soil
 

d

Flattened Spherical
Tree/Shrub Growth Shape

AN = Any for Acid, Neutral or Alkaline Soil

e

Narrow Conical/ Narrow Pyramidal
Tree/Shrub Growth Shape

FA = Grow for Flower Arrangers

f

Broad Conical/ Broad Pyramidal
Tree/Shrub Growth Shape

FB = Front of Border
/ Path Edges

RB = Rest of Border

SP = Speciman

RG = Rock Garden

WP = Within Path

CL = Climber or Shrub grown against a wall or fence

g

Ovoid/ Egg-shaped
Tree/Shrub Growth Shape

h

Broad Ovoid
Tree/Shrub Growth Shape

j

Narrow Vase-shaped/ Inverted Ovoid
Tree/Shrub Growth Shape

BE = Bedding

k

Fan-shaped/ Vase-shaped
Tree/Shrub Growth Shape

GP = Grow in Pot / Container

m

Narrow Weeping
Tree/Shrub Growth Shape

HB = Grow in Hanging Basket

n

Broad Weeping
Tree/Shrub Growth Shape

HE = Hedge
SC = Screening
GC = Ground Cover

TH =
Thorny Hedge

p

Single-stemmed palm
Tree/Shrub Growth Shape

q

Multi-stemmed palm
Tree/Shrub Growth Shape

BG = Grow in Bog Area

1

Mat-forming
Shrub/Perennial Growth Habit

BA = Grow on Bank / Slope

2

Prostrate or Trailing
Shrub/Perennial Growth Habit

SE = Seaside / Coastal Plants

3

Cushion or Mound-forming
Shrub/Perennial Growth Habit

CH = Chalk

EX = Cold Exposed Inland Site

4

Spreading or Creeping
Shrub/Perennial Growth Habit

CL = Clay

DP = Dust and Pollution Barrier

5

Clump-forming
Shrub/Perennial Growth Habit

LF = Lime-Free

D = Dry

S = Full Sun

SO = Sound Barrier

6

Stemless
Shrub/Perennial Growth Habit

PD = Poorly Drained
PE = Peaty

M = Moist

PS = Part Shade
DS = Dappled Sun

WI = Wind Barrier

7

Erect or Upright
Shrub/Perennial Growth Habit

LS = Light Sand

W = Wet

FS = Full Shade

WO = Woodland

8

Climbing and Scandent
Shrub/Perennial Growth Habit

AN

CH

CL

LF

PD

LS

D

M

W

S

PS

FS

AC

AL

AN

FA

FB
RB

BE

GP

HB

HE
SC
GC

BG

BA

SE

EX

DP

SO

WI

WO

9

Arching
Shrub/Perennial Growth Habit

SP
RG

Tree/Shrub Growth Shape

Shrub/Perennial Growth Habit

PE

DS

WP
CL

TH

a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

j

k

m

n

p

q

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

AN

 

 

 

 

LS

 

M

 

 

PS

 

AC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


GC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Abies koreana groundcover grows on any, clay, lime-free (Acid) or Peaty Soil.

Korean Fir

Mar-Apr

abiescfloskoreanawikimediacommons
From Commons-wikimedia

360 x 240 (900 x 600)

Evergreen Conifer

Compact korean tree of conical outline, with dark green needle-like leaves white beneath, and handsome blue or purple cones often borne on young trees. Grow on moist well-drained slightly acidic soil.

 

 

 

 

 

f

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

S

PS

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 


GC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Acer tataricum subsp. ginnala
(Acer ginnala) groundcover grows on any, clay, Lime-free (Acid) or Sandy Soil.

Amur maple. Locally Invasive Species Category A in America

Apr-May

Cream
acercfloginnalacommonswikimedia

from Commons-wikimedia

336 x 300 (840 x 750)

Deciduous Tree

3-lobed leaves which turn red in autumn; cream flowers are followed by red fruit

 

 

 

d

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

S

 

 

 

 

 

 


RG

 

 

 


GC

 

 

 

EX

 

 

 

 

Aciphylla aurea groundcover grows on any Soil.

Golden Spaniard, taramea, Golden Spear-
grass

Jun-Aug

Cream

aciphyllacforaureawikimediacommons
from Commons-wikimedia

36 x 36
(90 x 90)

Evergreen Per

Fierce spine-tipped leaves. Grows in well-drained gritty soil, preferring a generally cool but not too wet climate. Coloniser of arid windswept, cold dry grassland and tussock areas in New Zealand. Use in rock garden.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

PS

 

 

 

 

FA


RB

 

 

 


GC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WO

Aconitum anthora groundcover grows on any Soil.

Yellow monks-hood, healing wolfs-bane

Jul-Sep

Yellow
aconitumcflosanthorawikimediacommons
from Commons-wikimedia

24 x 12
(60 x 30)

Herbaceous Per

Aconitum grow in full sun or dappled shade in moist, humus-rich, well-drained soil. All aconitums are poisonous. The poison in any aconitum can be taken in through the skin, so always wear gloves and cover exposed skin when working with this plant.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

PS

 

 

 

 

FA


RB

 

 

 


GC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WO

Aconitum napellus
'Newry Blue' groundcover grows on any Soil.

Monks-hood

Jun-Jul

Dark Purple-blue
aconitumcfornapelluswikimediacommons
Aconitum napellus from Commons-wikimedia

60 x 12 (150 x 30)

Herbaceous Per

Companions for Aconitum are grasses, astrantia, astilbe, cimicifuga (actaea) and eupatorium.

Can grow in rough grass and in a flowery meadow. Use as accent plants among pastel shades, or as an alternative to Delphiniums. Rabbit-resistant plant. Poisonous. All Aconitum will suffer in full sun if too dry.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

PS

 

 

 

 

FA


RB

 

GP

 


GC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WO

Aconitum x cammarum 'Bressingham Spire' groundcover grows on any Soil.

Monks-hood

Jun-Aug

Violet-blue
aconitumcflosbressinghamspirehardyplantssociety
from
Hardy Plant Society

36 x 12
(90 x 30)

Herbaceous Per

Neat, compact habit. Useful in mixed plants within a container. Goes well with: Cirsium rivulare 'Atropurpureum', Geranium 'Rozanne', most kinds of woodland plants - nice in partial shade under a tree, Monarda. Experiment with grasses! Rabbit-resistant plant. Poisonous.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7

 

 

AN

 

CL

LF

 

LS

 

M

 

S

FS

 

 

 

 

FA

 

 

GP

 


GC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WO

Aegopodium podagraria 'Variegatum' groundcover grows on any, clay, Lime-free (Acid) or Sandy Soil.

Ash weed, bishop's weed, gout-weed, ground ash, varie-gated ground elder, herb gerard.
Ground Elder in Wild-flower

May-Jun

Compound umbels of numerous white, pink or cream flowers

24 x indefinite
(60 x indefinite)

Deciduous Rhizome


aegopodiumcfolpodagrariavariegatumwikimediacommons
from Commons-wikimedia

Frost hardy but drought tender, preferring moist well-drained soil in an open sunny position. It has off-white splotches on the edges and surface of its variegated leaves. Excellent weed-proof ground-cover. Invasive. Best in a pure, contained planting as a ground cover. Can be quite effective when grown in the shade of trees or large shrubs.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

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FA


RB

 

GP

 


GC

 

 

SE

 

 

 

 

 

Agapanthus campanulatus groundcover grows on any, Lime-free (Acid) or Sandy Soil.

Bell African lily

Aug-Oct

Pale to dark lavender-blue.
agapanthuscfloscampanulatushardyplantssociety

Agapanthus campan-ulatus P07282 from Hardy Plant Society.

36 x 18
(90 x 45)

Herbaceous Per
Blue flowered varities are perfect with dark red Dahlias, brown Heleniums, yellow or red Hemero-callis, and all manner of Kniphofias. White varieties with silver Artemesias.

Rounded umbels of trumpet-shaped blue flowers are borne on strong stems in summer, above narrow, greyish-green leaves, which make a perfect backdrop for Pelargoniums. Protect crowns in winter with ash or mulch. Plant in tubs or large pots for summer display and move them indoors during the winter. Requires well-drained soil. Seedheads look attractive during the winter. Attracts bees.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

7

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

S

 

 

 

 

 

FA


RB

 

GP

 


GC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Agapanthus campanulatus 'Albidus' groundcover grows on any, Lime-free (Acid) or Sandy Soil.

White Bell African Lily

Jun-Sep

agapanthuscflos1campanulatusalbidusgarnonswilliams
White

36 x 18
(90 x 45)

Herbaceous Per

Lasts well in water. Rounded umbel of funnel-shaped flowers. Excellent in containers. Agapanthus are best kept dry in the winter

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

7

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

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FA


RB

 

GP

 


GC

 

 

SE

 

 

 

 

 

Agapanthus 'Dorothy Palmer' groundcover grows on any, Lime-free (Acid) or Sandy Soil.

African Lily.
All Aga-panthus contrast well with yellow flowers. Easily comb-ined with knip-hofia, crocos-mia, phygel-ius, poten-tilla and iris.
 

Jul

Trumpet-shaped rich blue flowers fading to reddish-mauve
agapanthuscflodorothypalmerhardyplantsociety

Agapanthus 'Dorothy Palmer' P05300 from Hardy Plant Society.

36 x 24
(90 x 24)

Herbaceous Per

All Agapanthus contrast well with yellow flowers. Easily combined with kniphofia, crocosmia, phygelius, potentilla and iris.
 

Strap-shaped narrow greyish-green leaves. Apply a deep winter mulch in cold areas. Seedheads look attractive during the winter. Partner with bright pink nerines, red hot pokers (Kniphofia) or crocosmia.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

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DS

 

 

 

 

 


RG

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WO

Agapanthus dyeri (Agapanthus inapertus subsp. intermedius)

Dyer's agapan-thus

Aug-Sep

Mid to pale blue tubular flowers

36 x 12
(90 x 30)

Herbaceous Per

Plants grow in grassland and in between rocks in mountainous terrain, forming large clumps. They occur in summer rainfall areas and do not survive extreme cold. Attracts butterflies, bees and birds. Water moderately in spring and summer.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

PS

FS

 

 

 

 

FB
 

 

 

 


GC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WO

Ajuga reptans 'Atropurpurea'

Bugle

Apr-Jun

ajugacfloreptansatropurpurea
 

Deep blue

6 x 36
(15 x 90)

Evergreen Per

Bugle in Wildflower

Reddish-purple foliage. Mat-forming. Full sun brings out the richest leaf colour on this creeping plant, but, if the foliage is to form a dense, ground-covering carpet, the roots must be fairly moist. It will put up with the poorest of soils so is good for planting around the base of trees/shrubs as well.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

PS

FS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


GC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ajuga reptans 'Burgundy Glow'

Bugle, Carpen-ter's herb

Feb-May

Sky Blue

6 x 36
(15 x 90)

Evergreen Per, which inhibits weed growth, but will scorch in full sun.

This has leaves which are basically green and cream but which are overlaid with a suffusion of bright pink and clear wine-red. Cold weather intensifies the foliage colour. In soils that retain moisture easily, this plant makes excellent ground-cover.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

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PS

FS

 

 

 

 

FB
RG

 

GP

 


GC

 

BA

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ajuga reptans 'Catlins Giant'

Carpet Bugle

Apr-Aug

Blue

ajugareptanscatlinsgiantcflorvroger

6 x 24
(15 x 60)

Evergreen Per. Can be planted over spring bulbs such as snowdrops (Galanthus). Avoid planting adjacent to lawn areas since little islands of ajuga may start appearing in the grass.

Use at edge of shady border to make an evergreen carpet of large, glossy, bronze-purple leaves and under deciduous trees and shrubs. Does not like to dry out. Rabbit and deer resistant.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

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PS

FS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


GC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WO

Ajuga reptans 'Multicolor'

Bugle weed

Apr-May

Blue

6 x 24
(15 x 60)

Evergreen Per

Use at woodland edge, between trees or shrubs in mostly light shade. Variegated white with green midrib.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

PS

FS

 

 

 

 

FB
RG

 

GP

 


GC

 

BA

 

 

 

 

 

WO

Ajuga reptans 'Rainbow'

Bugle

Apr-Jul

Dark Blue
ajugareptansrainbowcflokevock

6 x 24
(15 x 60)

Semi- Evergreen Per

Glossy, purple-brown tinted, deep-green, crinkly-textured leaves that are irregularly margined with cream and pink. Grow in rock garden. Attracts bees. Can be used in the container through summer and planted into the border or possibly raised beds for winter.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

4

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

PS

FS

 

 

 

 

 

 

GP

 


GC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ajuga reptans 'Variegata'

Bugle

Apr-Jul

ajugacfloreptansvariegata

Dark blue

6 x 24
(15 x 60)

Evergreen Per

Perfect addition to an alpine container to highlight other plants, with glossy, grey-green and creamy variegated foliage. Plant with hostas and in pots.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

LS

D

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RB

 

GP

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alcea rosea (Althaea rosea)

 

 

Cannot be grown alongside foxgloves.

Holly-hock

Jun-Sep

Range of colours including pink, yellow and cream.
alceacflosroseahardyplantsociety

Alcea rosea P04580 from Hardy Plant Society.

Self-seeds.

60-72 x 24
(150-180 x 60)

Use in cottage gardens and against fences or walls , with the following companion plants.

Biennial
When preparing the soil, trench it 3 spits deep and work in plenty of decayed manure. If planted singly in April, they should be 36 inches 990 cms) apart each way, or they can be planted in groups of 3 with 12 inches (30 cms) from plant to plant.

Grown for their tall spikes of single flowers on rich, moist but well-drained soil. Stake plants on exposed sites and water copiously in dry spells. Renew each year due to possible rust problems. Soak with liquid manure occasionally when the flower spikes are developing. If not removing each year, then cut down to within 6 inches (15 cms) of soil after flowering. Will not tolerate wet winter soils.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

LS

D

M

 

 

DS

 

 

 

 

 

RB
RG
FB

 

GP

 


GC

 

BA

 

 

 

 

 

WO

Alchemilla alpina

Alpine Lady's mantle

Jun onwards

Pale green
alchemillacfloalpina

4 x 20
(10 x 50)

Herbaceous Per
Use with ground cover plants such as Phlox subulata, Geranium & Vinca.

On mountains in grassy and rocky places.The leaves condense moisture from the air. Plant in well-drained soil in autumn or spring.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

4

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

LF

 

LS

D

M

 

 

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RB
RG
FB

 

 

 


GC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alchemilla conjuncta

The colour of the Alchemilla flowers is derived from 2 rows of sepals, the flowers lack petals.

Lady's mantle

Jun-Sep

Greenish-yellow

alchemillacforconjunctafoord

16 x 12
(40 x 30)

Herbaceous Per
Alpine

Works well with most blue, purple, red, burgundy and red-violet flowers. Use with Grasses, White Foxgloves, Golden Marjoram, Geranium, Campanula, Dark Red Astilbe, 'Magic Carpet' Spiraea or use as groundcover under Roses. Star-shaped leaves with pale margins. Grows in all but boggy soils.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

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DS

 

 

 

 

FA

RB
RG
FB

 

GP

 


GC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WO

Alchemilla erythropoda

Dwarf Lady's Mantle

Jun-Sep

Pale greenish-yellow on some-times purple-red stems

10 x 8
(25 x 20)

Herbaceous Per

Planted as ground-cover in small niches in rock garden.

Prefers cool, moist, well-drained conditions with shade from the hottest sun. Use in small gardens, containers, alpine troughs and for cut flowers. Self-seeding. Leaves are water-repellent. Rabbit resistant.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Althaea armeniaca

 

 

 

48 x 12 (120 x 30)

Herbaceous Per

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amsonia illustris

 

 

 

48 x 18 (120 x 45)

Herbaceous Per

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

S

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Anaphalis margaritacea

 

 

 

24 x 24
(60 x 60)

Deciduous Rhizome

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Anchusa azurea

 

 

 

48 x 24 (120 x 60)

Herbaceous Per

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

S

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Antennaria dioica rosea

 

 

 

2 x 18
(5 x 45)

Evergreen Alpine

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Anthemis punctata cupaniana

 

 

 

12 x 36
(30 x 90)

Evergreen Per

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Anthyllis montana

 

 

 

12 x 24
(30 x 60)

Evergreen Alpine

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

PS

FS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aruncus dioicus 'Kneiffii'

 

 

 

48 x 18 (120 x 45)

Deciduous Rhizome

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Astilbe 'Fanal'

 

 

 

24 x 18
(60 x 45)

Deciduous Rhizome

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Astilbe 'Professor van der Wielen'

 

 

 

48 x 39 (120 x 98)

Deciduous Rhizome

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Astilbe 'Staussenfeder'

 

 

 

36 x 24
(90 x 60)

Deciduous Rhizome

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

S

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bergenia 'Abendglut'

 

 

 

9 x 12
(22 x 30)

Evergreen Per

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

S

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bergenia ciliata

 

 

 

12 x 18
(30 x 45)

Evergreen Per

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

S

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bergenia cordifolia 'Purpurea'

 

 

 

20 x 20
(50 x 50)

Evergreen Per

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

S

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bergenia 'Silberlicht'

 

 

 

12 x 20
(30 x 50)

Evergreen Per

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

S

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Betula utilis var jacquemontii

 

 

 

480 x 240 (1200 x 600)

Deciduous Tree

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

S

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Anemone blanda 'Atrocaerulea'

 

 

 

 

Deciduous Tuber

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

S

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Anemone blanda 'Radar'

 

 

 

 

Deciduous Tuber

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

S

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Anemone blanda 'Violet Star'

 

 

 

 

Deciduous Tuber

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

S

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Anemone coronaria

 

 

 

 

Deciduous Tuber

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

S

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Anemone hupehensis

 

 

 

 

Herbaceous Per

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

S

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Anemone sylvestris

 

 

 

 

Herbaceous Per

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

S

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aquilegia alpina

 

 

 

 

Herbaceous Per

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

S

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Arum creticum

 

 

 

 

Deciduous Tuber

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

S

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Arum italicum 'Marmoratum'

 

 

 

 

Deciduous Tuber

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

S

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Abelia schumannii

 

 

 

 

Deciduous Shrub

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

S

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Abeliophyllum distichum

 

 

 

 

Deciduous Shrub

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

S

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Acer palmatum
'Dissectum Atropurpureum'

 

 

 

 

Deciduous Shrub

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

S

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Anemone japonica
'Honorine Jobert'

 

 

 

 

Herbaceous Per

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

S

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Anemone rivularis

 

 

 

 

Herbaceous Per

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

S

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Antirrhinum majus

 

 

 

 

Herbaceous Per

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

S

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Abelia floribunda

 

 

 

 

Evergreen Shrub

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

S

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Acer campestre

 

 

 

 

Deciduous Tree

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

S

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alnus cordata (Italian Alder)

 

 

 

 

Deciduous Tree

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

S

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Araucaria araucana

 

 

 

 

Evergreen Conifer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adiantum pedatum

 

 

 

 

Deciduous Fern

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adiantum venustum

 

 

 

 

Evergreen Fern

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Anemone apennina

 

 

 

 

Deciduous Rhizome

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Anemone nemorosa

 

 

 

 

Deciduous Rhizome

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Anemone ranunculoides

 

 

 

 

Deciduous Rhizome

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Anemone sylvestris

 

 

 

 

Herbaceous Per

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aquilegia 'Crimson Star'

 

 

 

 

Herbaceous Per

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Arundinaria fortunei

 

 

 

 

Bamboo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Arundinaria pygmae

 

 

 

 

Bamboo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Asarina procumbens

 

 

 

 

Evergreen Alpine

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aquilegia chrysantha

 

 

 

 

Herbaceous Per

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aquilegia vulgaris 'Nora Barlow'

 

 

 

 

Herbaceous Per

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Arundinaria auricoma

 

 

 

 

Bamboo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aucuba japonica 'Crotonofolia'

 

 

 

 

Evergreen Shrub

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aucuba japonica 'Rozannie'

 

 

 

 

Deciduous Shrub

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aucuba japonica 'Variegata'

 

 

 

 

Deciduous Shrub

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Berberis 'Chenaultii'

 

 

 

 

Evergreen Shrub

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Berberis calliantha

 

 

 

 

Evergreen Shrub

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Berberis wilsoniae

 

 

 

 

Deciduous Shrub

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Berberis x bristolensis

 

 

 

 

Evergreen Shrub

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Berberis x frikartii 'Amstelveen'

 

 

 

 

Evergreen Shrub

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Berberis x frikartii 'Telstar'

 

 

 

 

Evergreen Shrub

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Berberis x interposita
'Wallich's Purple'

 

 

 

 

Evergreen Shrub

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Acer capillipes

 

 

 

 

Deciduous Tree

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Acer cappadocium 'Aureum'

 

 

 

 

Deciduous Tree

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Acer negundo 'Flamingo'

 

 

 

 

Deciduous Tree

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Actinidia kolomikta

 

 

 

 

Deciduous Climber

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Arundinaria japonica

 

 

 

 

Bamboo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Arundinaria murielae

 

 

 

 

Bamboo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Arundinaria nitida

 

 

 

 

Bamboo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Berberis darwinii

 

 

 

 

Evergreen Shrub

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Berberis julianae

 

 

 

 

Evergreen Shrub

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Berberis x ottawensis 'Superba'

 

 

 

 

Deciduous Shrub

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

PS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Berberis x stenophylla

 

 

 

 

Evergreen Shrub

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

 

FS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aucuba japonica

 

 

 

 

Evergreen Shrub

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

CH

 

 

 

LS

 

M

 

S

PS

 

 

AL

 

FA

RG

RB

FB

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Allium moly

Golden Garlic, Lily leek

Jun-Jul

alliumpflosmolygeetee1
Star-shaped

8 x 4
(20 x 10)

Bulb
Particularly effective when naturalized or grown in wide drifts.

Use in rock garden, under-planting roses and long-lasting cut flower on any well-drained soil

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ground Cover

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


GC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ajuga, all cultivars

 

 

 

 

 

Ground Cover

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


GC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Campsis radicans

 

 

 

 

 

Ground Cover

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


GC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Euonymus fortunei and cultivars

 

 

 

 

 

Ground Cover

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shrubs and Conifers

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Acantho-panax sieboldiana

 

 

 

 

 

Shrubs and Conifers
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Andromeda polifolia

 

 

 

 

 

Shrubs and Conifers
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aralia spinosa

 

 

 

 

 

Shrubs and Conifers
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Arcto-staphylos uva-ursi

 

 

 

 

 

Shrubs and Conifers
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aronia species

 

 

 

 

 

Shrubs and Conifers
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Berberis, most

 

 

 

 

 

Shrubs and Conifers
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Buxus sempervirens 'Vardar Valley'

 

 

 

 

 

Shrubs and Conifers
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Callicarpa dichotoma

 

 

 

 

 

Shrubs and Conifers
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Calluna vulgaris and cultivars

 

 

 

 

 

Shrubs and Conifers
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Caragana arborescens

 

 

 

 

 

Shrubs and Conifers
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Caryopteris species

 

 

 

 

 

Shrubs and Conifers
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chaenomeles japonica and cultivars

 

 

 

 

 

Shrubs and Conifers
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chaenomeles speciosa and cultivars

 

 

 

 

 

Shrubs and Conifers
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deutzia gracilis and cultivars

 

 

 

 

 

Shrubs and Conifers
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deutzia scabra and cultivars

 

 

 

 

 

Shrubs and Conifers
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diervilla lonicera

 

 

 

 

 

Shrubs and Conifers
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Elaeagnus angustifolia

 

 

 

 

 

Shrubs and Conifers
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Euonymus alata and cultivars

 

 

 

 

 

Shrubs and Conifers
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Euonymus fortunei and cultivars

 

 

 

 

 

Shrubs and Conifers
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Forsythia x intermedia and cultivars

 

 

 

 

 

Shrubs and Conifers
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Forsythia viridissima 'Bronxensis'

 

 

 

 

 

Shrubs and Conifers
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Selected Trees

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Acer campestre

 

 

 

 

 

Selected Trees

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Acer rubrum and cultivars

 

 

 

 

 

Selected Trees

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Acer saccharinum

 

 

 

 

 

Selected Trees

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Betula nigra

 

 

 

 

 

Selected Trees

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Crataegus species and cultivars

 

 

 

 

 

Selected Trees

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Elaeagnus angustifolia

 

 

 

 

 

Selected Trees

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eucommia ulmoides

 

 

 

 

 

Selected Trees

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fraxinus pennsylvanica and cultivars

 

 

 

 

 

Selected Trees

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Strulch ® from The Potted Garden is a light and easy to use garden mulch made from wheat straw for organic gardening. A patented process is used to ‘preserve’ the straw so that it lasts for up to two years and gives an earthy brown colour.

Strulch has a neutral pH and can be used throughout the garden on borders, raised beds, around cultivated fruit and on vegetable plots.

The benefits of using Strulch

Spend less time weeding – Strulch reduces weed growth by up to 95%

Save water – it helps retain moisture around plants

Improve your soil – it enriches soil and its structure

Use all around the garden – Strulch is suitable around flowers, shrubs, fruit and vegetables

Save time and money – the mineralised straw garden mulch, lasts up to two years, spreading the cost, saving water and fertiliser, making your plants grow healthier and stronger and giving you more time to relax.

Slug and Snail deterrent – The physical properties of Strulch together with the embedded minerals deters slugs and snails.

Available in 100L bags which will cover 3 square meters. They’re big bags but they’re really light!


Sources of further information:-

The Gardeners' Golden Treasury incorporating 1) Sanders' Encyclopaedia of Gardening, 2) The Encyclopaedia of Plant Portraits and 3) The Encyclopaedia of Garden Work & Terms. Revised by A.G.L. Hellyer (Editor of "Amateur Gardening". originall published in 1895. This twenty-second edition (thirty-first impression) was published in 1960 by Collingridge Limited. It is "A dictionary of cultivated plants, etc., giving in alphabetical sequence the culture and propagation of hardy and half-hardy plants, trees and shrubs, orchids, ferns, fruit, vegetables, hothouse and greenhouse plants, etc., including their specific and common names".

 

Just the Facts : Dozens of Garden Charts - Thousands of Garden Answers by the Editors of Garden Way Publishing (ISBN 0-88266-867-6). Copyright 1993 by Storey Communications, Inc., which is based in Vermont - a state in the northeastern United States. It does exactly what is written and here is most of the Index:-

  • PART I: Gardening Techniques
    Weather
    • USDA Hardiness Zone Map. Average Frost Dates in the U.S.
      Soil pH
    • The pH Scale. How to raise pH value 1 unit. How to lower pH value 1 unit. pH preferences of some common crops. Optimum pH range of Vegetable crops. pH preferences of Lawn Grasses.
      Fertilizers
    • Know your plant food elements. Organic Fertilizers. Approximate composition of natural fertiliser materials. Amount of fertiliser to use for each 2% of Nitrogen needed. Conversion rates of Fertilisers. Rates of application of different fertilizer formulas.
      Compost
    • Materials for your compost pile. Composting systems at a glance. Natural activators for compost piles. Compost trouble-shooting chart. Carbon to Nitrogen ratio of some compost ingredients.
      Green Manures and Mulch Materials
    • Green manures. Mulch Materials.
      Companion Planting
    • Insect-deterrent Plants. Companion Planting Guide. Companionable Herbs.
      Pruning
    • When to prune shrubs. Pruning guide for selected fruit trees and shrubs. Pruning ornamental trees.
       
  • Part II: Garden and Landscape Plants
    Vegetables
    • Customized chart for planning and planting. Natural controls for vegetable pests. Natural controls for vegetable diseases. Garden problem guide.
      Herbs
    • Herb growth and use chart. Specific herbs for special locations and individual interests. Varieties of Mint. Harvesting and preserving herbs.
      Annuals and Perennial Flowers
    • Annuals selection guide. Annuals planting guide. Perennial planning guide. Planting information for selected perennials.
      Bulbs
    • Types of fleshy-rooted plants. Bulbs for greenhouses and sunspaces. Spring-flowering bulbs. Summer-flowering bulbs.
      Ground Covers and Ornamental Grasses
    • Ground Covers (Plants in this list with soil type of All - which is Sand through Clay - are included in the table above under Ground Covers). Ground covers for small gardens. Ornamental grasses. Wildflower and Grass region map.
      Wildflowers
    • pH preferences of selected wildflowers. Plant height of selected wildflowers. Soil moisture conditions required for selected wildflowers. Light conditions required for selected wildflowers. Flowering progression of selected wildflowers. Flower colour of selected wildflowers.
      Poisonous Plants
    • Selected poisonous plants (Plants in this list are included in the table in the Poisonous Plants List Page).
      Lawns
    • Grass seed mixtures by percentage. Choosing the right lawn fertiliser. Common lawn problems and their solutions. Approximate cutting heights for lawns.
      Trees and Shrubs
    • Characteristics and growing information for selected shrubs and conifers (Plants in this list with soil type of All - which is Sand through Clay - are included in the table above under Shrubs and Conifers). Shrubs for small gardens. Fruiting shrubs for yard and kitchen. Plants that attract birds. Easy-maintenance deciduous hedges. Easy-maintenance evergreen hedges. Characteristics and growing information for selected trees (Plants in this list with soil type of All - which is Sand through Clay - are included in the table above under Selected Trees).
      Fruits
    • Dwarf fruit trees. Fruit tree pests. Diseases of fruit trees.
      Container Gardening
    • Growing edibles in containers.
       
  • Part III: Indoor Plants
    Houseplants
    • Growing popular houseplants. Indoor plant pests. Indoor plant diseases.

 

Height in inches (cms):-

25.4mm = 1 inch
304.8mm = 12 inches
12 inches = 1 foot
3 feet = 1 yard
914.4mm = 1 yard

I normally round this to
25mm = 1 inch
300mm = 30 cms = 12 inches =1 foot,
900 mm = 3 feet = 1 yard and
1000mm = 100 cms = 1 metre = 40 inches

To promote healthy growth of potted indoor and outdoor plants and to provide the trace elements (that other soil stimulants do not provide) ; you might consider using the following from Burncoose Nurseries:-

"All-purpose Seaweed Stimulant

All-purpose organic concentrated seaweed feed that is a ready to use, derived from sustainable harvested kelp, that can be used on all outdoor and indoor plants, except acid loving plants, use our Ericaceous seaweed stimulant instead.
The product contains very high levels of auxins and cytokins that are naturally plant growth promoters.
The natural hormones in Empathy All Purpose Seaweed are taken up by the plant and promote faster and stronger root and shoot growth. They will also promote the development of beneficial bacteria, microbes and the Mycorrhizal Fungi in the soil."

You can incorporate seaweed into your own diet to give you Iodine for proper thyroid function, if nothing else appeals.

Site design and content copyright ©December 2006. Page structure changed September 2012. Created New Page structure and Pages before information added to those new pages. May 2015. Data added to existing pages December 2017. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

Perryhill Nurseries sells Plants for a Purpose in these lists:-

Paghat writes:-
"I use antique wooden darning needles or Chinese chopsticks to mark the sites of perennials that die back entirely, so that I won't accidentally dig them up or plant something else on top of them before they reappear in spring. In winter, monkshood disappears utterly, but will grow back bigger than before."

The New Illustrated Garden Encyclopaedia, edited by Richard Sudell and Printed by Oldhams Press Limited (May 1935 and an address was written in ink on the front page of the book that I bought). "For many years Richard Sudell has worked amongst amateurs as a lecturer and judge. Literally 1000s of questions have been put to him at meetings and 1000s more he has answered through the columns of the press, so that he realises only too well how many are the problems that beset the beginner in gardening. The cream of this experience is included in these 1152 pages, and as far as possible all that is best in modern garden information has been expressed in simple form, so that the novice will find it a useful book of reference."

PLANTS PAGE
MENU
Introduction
Site Map
 

PLANT USE
Plant Selection
Level 1
Attracts Bird/Butterfly
Photos - Butterfly

Bee Pollinated Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers
0-24 inches
(0-60 cms)
24-72 inches
(60-180 cms)
Above 72 inches
(180 cms)
Photos - Bloom per Month
Blooms Nov-Feb
Blooms Mar-May
Blooms Jun-Aug 1, 2
Blooms Sep-Oct

Groundcover Height
0-24 inches
(0-60 cms)
1,2,3
24-72 inches
(60-180 cms)
4,5,6
Above 72 inches
(180 cms)
7
 

Poisonous Cultivated and UK Wildflower Plants with Photos
or
Cultivated Poisonous Plants

or
Wildflower Poisonous Plants


Rabbit-Resistant Plant
Flower Arranging
Wildflower
Photos - Wildflowers

 


PLANTS FOR SOIL
Plant Selection
Level 2
Info - Any Soil
Any Soil A-F
Any Soil G-L
Any Soil M-R
Any Soil S-Z

Info
- Chalky Soil
Chalky Soil A-F 1
Chalky Soil A-F 2
Chalky Soil A-F 3
Chalky Soil G-L
Chalky Soil M-R
Chalky Soil Roses
Chalky Soil S-Z
Chalky Soil Other

Info - Clay Soil
Clay Soil A-F
Clay Soil G-L
Clay Soil M-R
Clay Soil S-Z
Clay Soil Other

Info - Lime-Free (Acid) Soil
Lime-Free (Acid) A-F 1
Lime-Free (Acid) A-F 2
Lime-Free (Acid) A-F 3
Lime-Free (Acid) G-L
Lime-Free (Acid) M-R
Lime-Free (Acid) S-Z

Info - Sandy Soil
Sandy Soil A-F 1
Sandy Soil A-F 2
Sandy Soil A-F 3
Sandy Soil G-L
Sandy Soil M-R
Sandy Soil S-Z

Info - Peaty Soils
Peaty Soil A-F
Peaty Soil G-L
Peaty Soil M-R
Peaty Soil S-Z

Following parts of Level 2a,
Level 2b,
Level 2c and
Level 2d are included in separate columns
together with
Acid Soil,
Alkaline Soil,
Any Soil,
Height and Spread,
Flowering Months and
Flower Colour in their Columns,
and also
Companion Plants to aid this plant Page,
Alpine Plant for Rock Garden Index Page
Native to UK WildFlower Plant in its Family Page in this website

and/or
Level 2cc
in the Comment Column
within each
of the Soil Type Pages of
Level 2

Explanation of Structure of this Website with User Guidelines Page for those photo galleries with Photos (of either ones I have taken myself or others which have been loaned only for use on this website from external sources)

PLANTS PAGE MENU

Plant Selection by Plant Requirements
Level 2a
Sun aspect, Moisture


Plant Selection by Form
Level 2b
Tree Growth Shape
Columnar
Oval
Rounded / Spherical
Flattened Spherical
Narrow
Conical

Broad
Pyramidal

Ovoid / Egg
Broad Ovoid
Narrow Vase
Fan
Broad Fan
Narrow
Weeping

Broad
Weeping

Single-stem Palm
Multi-stem
Palm

Shrub/Perennial Growth Habit
Mat
Prostrate / Trailing
Cushion / Mound
Spreading / Creeping
Clump
Stemless
Erect or
Upright

Climbing
Arching


Plant Selection by Garden Use
Level 2c
Bedding
Photos - Bedding
Bog Garden
Coastal Conditions
Containers in Garden
Front of Border
Edibles in Containers
Hanging Basket
Hedge
Photos - Hedging
Pollution Barrier
Rest of Border
Rock Garden
Photos -
Rock Garden
Thorny Hedge
Windbreak
Woodland


Plant Selection by Garden Use
Level 2cc Others
Aquatic
Back of Shady Border
Crevice Garden
Desert Garden
Raised Bed
Scree Bed
Specimen Plant
Trees for Lawns
Trees for Small Garden
Wildflower
Photos -
Wildflowers


Plant Selection by Plant Type
Level 2d
Alpine
Photos - Evergr Per
Photos - Herbac Per
Photos - RHS Herbac
Photos - Rock Garden
Annual
Bamboo
Photos - Bamboo
Biennial

Bulb
Photos - Bulb
Climber
Photos - Climber
Conifer
Deciduous Rhizome
Deciduous Shrub
Photos - Decid Shrub
Evergreen Perennial
Photos - Evergr Per
Evergreen Shrub
0-24 inches 1,2,3
24-72 inches 1,2,3
Above 72 inches 1,2
Semi-Evergreen Shrub

Photos - Evergr Shrub
Fern
Photos - Fern
Fruit Plant
Grass
Herb
Herbaceous Perennial
Photos - Herbac Per
Remaining Top Fruit
Soft Fruit
Sub-Shrub
Top Fruit
Tuber
Vegetable
Photos - Vegetable

PLANTS PAGE MENU

REFINING SELECTION
Plant Selection by
Flower Colour
Level 3a
Blue Flowers
Photos -
Bedding

Bulb
Climber
Evergr Per
Evergr Shrub
Wild Flower

Orange Flowers
Photos -
Bedding

Wild Flower

Other Colour Flowers
Photos -
Bedding
Bulb
Climber
Evergr Per
Evergr Shrub
Wild Flower

Red Flowers
Photos -
Bedding

Bulb
Climber
Decid Shrub
Evergr Per
Evergr Shrub
Herbac Per
Rose
Wild Flower

White Flowers
Photos -
Bedding

Bulb
Climber
Decid Shrub
Decid Tree
Evergr Per
Evergr Shrub
Herbac Per
Rose
Wild Flower

Yellow Flowers
Photos -
Bedding

Bulb
Climber
Decid Shrub
Evergr Per
Evergr Shrub
Herbac Per
Rose
Wild Flower


Photos - 53 Colours in its Colour Wheel Gallery

Photos - 12 Flower Colours per Month in its Bloom Colour Wheel Gallery


Plant Selection by Flower Shape
Level 3b
Photos -
Bedding
Evergr Per
Herbac Per


Plant Selection by Foliage Colour
Level 3c
Aromatic Foliage
Finely Cut Leaves
Large Leaves
Other
Non-Green Foliage 1
Non-Green Foliage 2
Sword-shaped Leaves


PRUNING
Plant Selection by Pruning Requirements
Level 4
Pruning Plants


GROUNDCOVER PLANT DETAIL
Plant Selection Level 5
Plant Name - A
Plant Name - B
Plant Name - C
Plant Name - D
Plant Name - E
Plant Name - F
Plant Name - G
Plant Name - H
Plant Name - I
Plant Name - J
Plant Name - K
Plant Name - L
Plant Name - M
Plant Name - N
Plant Name - O
Plant Name - P
Plant Name - Q
Plant Name - R
Plant Name - S
Plant Name - T
Plant Name - U
Plant Name - V
Plant Name - W
Plant Name - XYZ


Then, finally use
COMPANION PLANTING to
aid your plant selected or to
deter Pests
Plant Selection Level 6

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