Ivydene Gardens Plant Botanical Index Gallery:
Index: C

Plant Botanical Name:
CA, CB, CC, CD

 

Plant Botanical Name:
CE, CF, CG, CH

 

Plant Botanical Name:
CI, CJ, CK, Cl

CA

CE

CI

 

 

 

Calamagrostis brachytricha -
Gr-Clump-Arching Other Mid
Woo-Edg Spe Pot Bed-Mass

 

 

See Calluna in
Heather Shrub Gallery and
Calluna Evergreen Shrubs
in Botanical Index Q Page

See other Ceanothus below and from Alpine Garden Society.
Ceanothus - Es-Spreading Blue
Bee Walls-South-facing Bac
The top three darkest
ceanothus cultivars are 'Dark
Star', 'Puget Blue' and 'Concha'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Further details about the
Azaleas,
Camellias and
Rhododendrons in the Rhododendron Gallery are shown in the Botanical Index A Page
Camellia japonica - Es-Upight
Red Spe-in lawn Hed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

See Other Campanulas below

Campanula glomerata - Bu
Other Fra Sha-Woo Pot PotGr
Gra Inv-This plant must be
planted separate from
other plants.
lactiflora 'Loddon Anna
' -
Hp-Erect-Clump Other Sha
Cott Bac-with old roses Psup
persicifolia - Bu
Other Sha-Woo Bee Gra
Cott Cut Mid Pot

Centaurea atropurpurea -
Hp-Erect Red Bac Cut Bee
Wild-Biutterfly Psup
montana
- Bu Blue
Roc Bed-Edg Nat Wild Cut
Coast Gra Woo

Ceratostigma plumbagoides -
Bu Blue Gro Edg Roc Pot
Wild Und Walls

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Campsis radicans Cl-Ra Red
Psup-Walls-Arc-Tre It self-clings
to walls with Aerial Roots
Campsis radicans 'Flamenco' -
Cl-Ra Psup-Walls-Arc-Tre
It self-clings to walls with
Aerial Roots
Campsis radicans 'Flava' -
Cl-Ra Yellow
Psup-Walls-Arc-Tre It
self-clings to walls with
Aerial Roots
Campsis x tagliabuana
'Madame Galen'
- Cl-Ra
Red Psup-Walls-Arc-Tre
It self-clings to walls with
Aerial Roots Woo Gro

 

Cissus striata -
Cl-Moist Conservatory Tw
Other Nor PotGr Fru

Cistus x purpureus - Es-Erect
Other Edg Pot Bed-Ban

 

 

 

 

 

 


Carpinus betulus - Dt-Rounded
Green catkins from late spring
to autumn, turning to clusters
of winged fruit in autumn
providing food for wildlife. Hed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CB

CF

CJ

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CC

CG

CK

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CD

CH

CL

 

Chaenomeles japonica -
Ds-Spreading Red Walls
Hed-Tho Sha Fru-Edib
Chaenomeles x superba -
Ds-Rounded Other Fru Walls
Hed-Tho

 

 

Chamaecytisus purpureus
incarnatus
- Ds-Upright Other
Mid Edg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chelone glabra -
Hp-Erect-Clump Other Sha
Wet Woo Wild-Butterfly and
Deer, Grow in Bog Garden or
edge of Pond
obliqua - Hp-Erect Other Sha
Pot Wet, Grow in Bog Garden

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cherry - See Prunus

 

Choisya ternata - Es-Upright
White Bac Hed Sha

International Clematis Society has a Recommended Clematis List.
Planting Guide from Brushwood Nursery in USA mail-ordering over 300 Clematis.
Taylors Clematis have over 400 varieties for mail-order in the UK including ones for cutting and flower arranging.
Clematis - See below
Clematis armandii -
Cl-Twiner-Group 1 (see below
for details on Groups 1, 2, 3
and 4)
White Fra Pois-Toxic to dogs
Sha Arc
cirrhosa Balearica - Cl-Tw-1
2 Colours Fra Arc
crispa - Cl-Tw-3 Blue Arc Wat
x diversifolia 'Eriostemon' - Cl-4
and-3 Blue Arc
flammula Cl-Tw-3 White Fra
Arc
florida 'Sieboldii' Cl-Tw-3 White
Tre
macropetala - Cl-Tw-1 Blue Walls

Clematis Early Large-Flowered (Group 2)
'Asao' - Cl-Tw-2 Pink Fra Arc
'Barbara Dibley' - Cl-Tw-2 Red Arc
'Bees Jubilee' - Cl-Tw-2 Pink Pot
Cut Hip
'Belle of Woking' - Cl-Tw-2 Other
Psup Arc
'Duchesse of Edinburgh' - Cl-Tw-2
White Pot Arc
'Elsa Spath' - Cl-Tw-2 Blue
Clematis of the Month and
AGM from RHS
'Mrs Cholmondeley' - Cl-Tw-2
Blue Clematis of the Month
'Nelly Moser' - Cl-Tw-2 Other
Sha-Nor-Arc
'Niobe' - Cl-Tw-2 Red
AGM from RHS
'Piilu' - Cl-Tw-2 Pink-Blooms top
to bottom of plant

Clematis integrifolia
'Aljonushka' - Non-Climber-3 Pink
AGM from RHS and British
Clematis Society
Certificate
of Merit.
'Aphrodite' - Non-Climber-3 Blue
Arc
'Arabella' - Non-Climber-3 Blue
Pot Tre Arc Clematis of the
Month
for August 2003 which
details its companion plants.
'Blue Boy' -Cl-Tw-3 Blue Arc
x diversifolia - Cl-Tw-3 Other Walls
Arc Psup Grow between shrubs

'Durandii' - Cl-Tw-4 and 3 Blue
Shr Cut

Clematis Late Small-Flowered (Group 3)
x bonstedtii - Cl-Tw-3 Blue Fra
Wild-Butterfly Psup
'Fukuzono' - CL-Tw-3 Other Psup

Clematis Late Large-Flowered
(Group 3)
'Ascotiensis' - Cl-Tw-3 Blue
AGM from RHS Arc
'Bagatelle' - Cl-Tw-3 Other Arc
'Blue Angel' - Cl-Tw-3 Blue Arc
'Cardinal Wyszynski' - Cl-Tw-2
Red Shr Pot Clematis of the
Month
for September 2000.
'Charlie Brown' - Cl-Tw-3 Pink
Walls Arc
'Comtesse de Bouchard' -
Cl-Tw-3 Pink Clematis of the
Month.
Most popular pink
clematis.
'Eetika' - Cl-Tw-3 Pink
Pot Walls Arc
'Ernest Markham' - Cl-Tw-3
Other Pot Arc He was the
author of books on clematis.
'Jackmanii' - Cl-Tw-3 Other Arc
Shr-New Dawn Climbing Rose
Cott
'Viola' - CL-Tw-3 Other Psup
Shr-Grow on silvery-blue conifer
'Ville de Lyon' - Cl-Tw-3 Red Shr

Clematis montana - These varieties must be planted to climb a high tree or over a long veranda or a wall. They are not suitable for drastic 'shaping'.
montana - Cl-Tw-1 White Fra
Tre Walls
montana grandiflora 'Alba' -
Cl-Tw-1 White Fra Walls Tre Arc
montana 'Broughton Star' -
Cl-Tw-1 Pink Arc
montana 'Elizabeth' - Cl-Tw-1
Pink Fra Arc
montana var fasciculiflora - Cl-Tw-
Evergreen Subshrub-1 Fra

Clematis tangutica
tangutica - Cl-Tw-3 Yellow
Walls Shr Hip
tangutica 'Bill Mackenzie' -
Cl-Tw-3 Yellow Shr Sha Psup
tangutica 'Grace' - Cl-Tw-3
White Arc

Clematis viticella
'Abundance' - Cl-Tw-3 Pink Arc
'Alba Luxurians' - Cl-Tw-3 Arc
AGM from RHS
Clematis AVANT-GARDE
'Evipo033'
- Cl-Tw-3 Red Walls
Arc
'Bal Maiden' - Cl-Tw-3 Pink Shr
'Betty Corning - Cl-Tw-3 Other
Arc "If I could only have one
clematis in my garden this
would unhesitatingly be my
choice." from a grower
'Black Prince' - Cl-Tw-3 Other
Shr Tree Arc
'Blue Belle' - Cl-Tw-3 Other Arc
'Brocade' - Cl-Tw-3 Other Shr Sha
'Burford Princess' - Cl-Tw-3
Walls Arc
'Carmencita' - Cl-Tw-3 Red Walls
'Chacewater' - Cl-Tw-3 2 Colours
Arc
'Chatsworth' - Cl-Tw-3 Blue
Tre Shr Cli
'Cornish Spirit' - Cl-Tw-3 Other
Arc
'Danae' - Cl-Tw-3 Other Wall Arc
'Elvan' - Cl-Tw-3 Other Walls Arc
'Emilia Plater' - Cl-Tw-3 Other Shr
'Entel' - Cl-Tw-3 Other Arc
'Etoile Rose' - Cl-Tw-3 Pink
Arc-trellis for ventilation Shr
'Etoile Violette' - Cl-Tw-3 Other
Arc
'Hagelby White' - Cl-Tw-3 White
Arc Celebrates
Swedish Clematis Society
'Jenny Caddick' - Cl-Tw-3 Other
Shr-Goldheart Ivy
'Joan Baker' - Cl-Tw-3 Other Arc
'Ingrid Biedenkopf' - Cl-Tw-3
Other Arc
'Kaiu' - CL-Tw-3 White Sha-Full
Sun with Both Part and Full
Shade Pot Clematis of the Month
for June 2006
from the
International Clematis Society.
Psup
'Luxuriant Blue' - Cl-Tw-3 Other
Arc Shr Tre
'Madame Julia Correvon' - Cl-Tw-3
Red Arc 1 of the best and
most popular reds.
'Mikelite' - Cl-Tw-3 Red Arc Shr
'Morning Heaven' - Cl-Tw-3 Other
Walls Arc
'Pendragon' - Cl-Tw-3 Other Arc
Shr Tre
'Rosea' - Cl-Tw-3 Pink
Shr-Pieris japonica
'Royal Velours' - Cl-Tw-3 Other Pot
Shr-Grow through White or
Yellow Roses
subsp. campaniflora - Cl-Tw-3
Other Arc Shr Tre
'Venosa Violacea' - Cl-Tw-3 Other
AGM from RHS Arc
'Zephyr' - Cl-Tw-3 Pink Walls Arc

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Climber - See below

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Clytostoma callistegioides -
Cl-Tw-Conservatory Pink
Arc-Trellis Psup-Walls

 

 

 

Clematis
Growing Clematis Vines describes the different varieties of clematis cultivars and explains how to propagate, plant, prune and care for them.
The British Clematis Society exists to promote the cultivation and preservation of clematis. Use their site to find out where you can see clematis or perhaps use its advice to help you get the most from your garden plants.
The International Clematis Society was formed in 1984 by Raymond Evison. The membership now covers 27 countries, providing the world-wide interest and appeal for this fascinating genus. Members come from many different cultures - from China and Japan, from Poland, Latvia and Estonia, from Germany, Great Britain and Sweden, from Australia, USA and Canada, making the Society truly international.
A single species or one of the large-flowered varieties may be trained up wires fixed against the wall of the house; the semi-shady side is best. The supports must be thin, slender, wire-like, because Clematis are leaf-stalk tendril climbers. They cannot grasp thick branches. When the leaf-stalks make contact with a twig, they begin to curve round it like a ring. This movement is caused by the stimulus the stalks get, and they always curve towards the side which has touched or been pressed by the twig. Due to this requirement for thinness of support system, it might be easier for the Clematis to climb up Chain-link fencing rather than 1" square timber in 12" squares trellis.

Fragrant Flowers:-
Clematis armandii
Clematis crispa
Clematis Early Large-Flowered 'Asao'
Clematis flammula
Clematis montana 'Elizabeth'
Clematis montana var fasciculiflora
Clematis montana grandiflora 'Alba'
Clematis montana var montana
Clematis viticella 'Betty Corning'
Clematis viticella 'Pendragon'

The Viticella group have been especially designed to suit the new-comer to growing clematis. They normally grow very well with a modicum of assistance and are virtually pest and disease free. 
The original specie comes from Southern Europe and is a variable purple in colour, the flowers are wide hanging bells produced in profusion. This character has been retained by all the hybrids. All grow to about 4 metres and can be hard pruned over the winter as is normally recommended . You may - if you wish - leave the stems longer especially if grown into a shrub. Try cutting the stems to different lengths which will increase the flowering height. None are fussy about aspect and flower about July or August for many weeks.

The Viticellas Group, A to Z:-
'Abundance'
'Alba Luxurians'
AVANT-GARDE 'Evipo033'
'Bal Maiden'
'Betty Corning'
'Black Prince'
'Blue Belle'
'Brocade'
'Burford Princess'
'Caerulea Luxurians', 'Luxuriant Blue'
viticella subsp. campaniflora
'Carmencita'
'Chacewater'
'Chatsworth'
'Cornish Spirit'
'Danae'
'Elvan'
'Emilia Platter'
'Entel'
'Etoile Rose'
'Etoile Violette'
'Hagelby White'
'Ingrid Biedenkopf'
'Jenny Caddick'
'Joan Baker'
'Mikelite'
'Madame Julia Correvon'
'Morning Heaven'
'Pendragon'
'Rosea' (Viticella Group)
'Venosa Violacea'
'Zephyr'

Evergreen Clematis:-
Clematis armandii
Clematis cirrhosa Balearica
Clematis montana var fasciculiflora

Herbaceous Clematis:-
Clematis x diversifolia 'Eriostemon'
Clematis integrifolia 'Aljonushka'
Clematis integrifolia 'Arabella'
Clematis integrifolia 'Durandii'

Non-Climbing Clematis:-
Clematis integrifolia 'Aljonushka'
Clematis integrifolia 'Aphrodite'
Clematis integrifolia 'Arabella'
Clematis integrifolia 'Durandii'

Clematis with Good Cut-Flower:-
Clematis crispa

Clematis which are toxic to animals:-
Clematis armandii are toxic to dogs

Clematis for small spaces by Raymond J. Evison:-
The 150 clematis featured in this book are hand-picked for their longer flowering periods, large flowers and resistance to diseases. Internationally renowned clematis breeder Raymond Evison recommends the best clematis for particular situations, such as containers, mixed borders, patios, deck gardens, hanging baskets, and balconies. Clematis associate well with a variety of other plants and the author lists suitable companion plants and explains how to achieve a compatible mix of color, shape, and other characteristics.

or

An illustrated encyclopedia of clematis by Mary Toomey, Everett Leeds, British Clematis Society:-
"With more than 800 Clematis species and cultivated varieties from which to choose, gardeners and growers have been inundated with options. Even more frustrating for some has been the absence of a single comprehensive reference with which to identify the numerous cultivars. This new volume, written by distinguished clematis experts and backed by the authority of the British Clematis Society, is the first picture encyclopedia on the genus to encompass the garden-worthy species and hybrids.
This book is in two sections: the first is devoted to the care and cultivation of clematis, while the second provides an A — Z directory of more than 550 plants, from the acclaimed large-flowered forms to the less-familiar shrubby, subshrubby, and herbaceous forms that are beginning to be available. Using everyday language, the authors provide plant descriptions that include information on synonyms, origin, plant habit and height, flowers, pruning group, flowering period, cultural requirements, recommended uses in the garden, and hardiness zones. The text is accompanied by more than 650 magnificent color photos, making this encyclopedia an indispensable reference and guide."

Climbing Cultivation Group:-

  • Group 1 Early-flowering clematis. No Pruning - Prune after flowering to shorten stems to allotted space. This encourages new growth to flower in the following winter and early spring. Suitable for South, East or West facing on climbing trellis or wire support with well-drained soil.
  • Group 2 Early to Mid-Season, large-flowered Clematis. Light Prune - Remove dead and damaged stems before growth begins in early spring and trim all remaining stems back to where strong buds are visible. These buds provide a framework of second-year shoots which, in turn, produce sideshoots that flower in late spring and early summer. The flowers may then be removed. Young shoots bear more flowers in mid and late summer at their tips. Grow to clothe a wall, arbour, trellis or pergola.
  • Group 3 Late Season, large-flowered Clematis. This group includes cultivars that bear large flowers from summer to early autumn, cultivars that bear small flowers from summer to late autumn, and herbaceous midsummer to late autumn-blooming species and cultivars. Hard Prune - Cut back all the previous year's stems to a pair of strong buds, 0.5 feet (0.5 feet = 6 inches = 15 cms) above soil level before growth begins in early spring. Flowers from Summer to early Autumn. Grow to clothe a wall, arbour, trellis or pergola.

Climber
WHAT TYPE AND WHERE IN THE 3 SECTOR VERTICAL PLANT SYSTEM CLIMBER INDEX -
Further details of each use are available in:-

 

colormonthclimber9a1a1a

Flowering months range
(in the comparison page transferred to from the colour wheel above)
abreviates month to its first 3 letters (Apr-Jun is April, May and June).
Then, click on thumbnail to change page to the Climber Description Page of the Climber named in the Text box below that photo.
Finally, the Comments Row of that Climber Description Page details where that climber is available from.
 

Rock Garden (Alpines) suitable for Small Gardens. Alpine Garden Society has an Encyclopaedia on Alpines.

Ivydene Gardens Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery:
Rock Garden Plant Index: C with table detailing the abbreviations, which have been used in compiling the following list of Rock Plants for small gardens in order to make it possible to provide all the required information at a glance in a condensed form.

Botanical Plant Name

Suit-ability

Type

Height and Spread in Inches.

1 inch is appro-xima-tely 2.5cm

Soil

Position and Pro-tection

Flower Colour / Nearest Colour Wheel - Flowers Colour

Months of Flowering

Propa-gation

CALCEOLARIA

"These plants are known as Slipper flowers or Pouch flowers due to the rounded, inflated lower lip of the blooms. In the main the flowers in this genus are in shades of yellow or purple, but very often they are also spotted or splashed with contrasting colours." from Kevock Garden.

biflora

A

HE

4 X 6

B

PS

Yellow

 

June

S

darwinii

A

HE

4 x 6

B

PS

Gold and maroon

 

June

SD

fothergillii

A

HE

4 x 6

B

PS

Yellow and red

 

July

S

tenella

A

HE

2 x 6

B

S

Yellow

 

June

D

'Walter Shrimpton'

B

E

3 x 9

B

Sun

Gold and Maroon

 

June

GC

CAMPANULA

This is a genus that looks very attractive when confined to a trough; where its normal habit of spreading by runners is best controlled.
The Book "Dwarf Campanulas" by Graham Nicholls - "Campanulas have long been a gardeners' favourite, their spectacular summer performance earning them a place in the herbaceous border year after year. More than 200 Campanula species and hybrids are described, and color photographs enhance the text, encouraging gardeners to experiment with dwarf campanulas in a wide range of garden situations." from The Alpine Garden Society Bookshop.

allionii

B

HP

2 x 8

A

Sun

Purple

 

June

D

allionii alba

B

HP

2 x 6

A

Sun

White

 

June

D

allionii 'Frank Barker'

B

HP

2 x 8

A

Sun

Pink

 

June

D

allionii grandiflora

B

HP

2 x 8

A

Sun

Purple

 

June

D

argyrotricha

B

HP

2 x 6

A

Sun

Mauve

 

June

S

arvatica

B

HE

1 x 6

A

Sun

Violet

 

June

D

arvatica alba

B

HE

1 x 6

A

Sun

White

 

June

D

aucheri

B

HE

4 x 6

A

Sun

Purple

 

June

S

carpatha

A

E

3 x 9

A

Sun

Pale violet-blue

 

June

S

cenisia

B

HP

3 x 6

D

Sun

Steel blue

 

June

S

cespitosa

B

HP

4 x 6

A

Sun

Pale blue

 

June

D

elatines

B

HE

3 x 8

A

Sun W

Violet

 

July

S

excisa

B

HP

3 x 6

A

Sun W

Blue

 

June

D

formanekiana

A

E

12 x 12

AN

Sun

White

 

June

S

hercegovina

B

HP

3 x 6

A

Sun W

Lilac-blue

 

July

SGC

isophylla

A

E

6 x 12

AN

Sun

Blue

 

July

GC

isophylla alba

A

E

6 x 12

AN

Sun

White

 

July

GC

kewensis

B

HP

4 x 6

A

Sun W

Pale mauve

 

July

D

lasiocarpa

B

HE

4 x 6

A

Sun W

Pale blue

 

July

S

morettiana

B

HP

2 x 6

D

Sun C

Violet-blue

 

July

S

patula abietina

B

HP

6 x 6

A

Sun

Violet

 

June

S

petrophila

B

HP

3 x 6

A

Sun W

Pale blue

 

July

S

pilosa

B

HE

4 x 6

A

Sun C

Pale blue

 

June

S

pilosa alba

A

HE

4 x 6

AN

Sun C

White

 

June

S

piperi

B

HE

6 x 6

D

Sun C

Lilac-blue

 

June

S

planiflora

A

E

6 x 8

B

Sun

Light blue

 

June

GCS

planiflora alba

A

E

6 x 8

B

Sun

White

 

June

GC

raineri

B

HP

3 x 6

A

Sun

China blue

 

July

S

raineri alba

B

HP

3 x 6

A

Sun

White

 

July

S

saxifraga

B

HE

4 x 6

A

Sun C P

Violet

 

June

S

zoysii

B

HE

2 x 4

DL

Sun

Pale blue

 

June

S

CARMICHAELIA

 

enysii

A

SE

6 x 6

B

Sun

Deep violet

 

June

SC

CASSIOPE

"This a genus of heather-like plants, from northern hemisphere moors. They are distinguished by the stems closely packed with tiny, adpressed leaves, and mases of pretty little white, hanging bell flowers. They like a combination of sunshine and moisture to grow and flower well." from Kevock Garden.

'Badenoch'

C

SE

7 x 8

CN

S

White

 

May

GC

'Bearsden'

C

SE

6 x 8

CN

S

White

 

May

GC

'Edinburgh'

C

SE

8 x 10

CN

S

White

 

May

GC

fastigiata

C

SE

5 x 4

CN

S

White

 

May

GC

lycopodiodes

C

SE

1 x 8

CN

S

White

 

April

GC

lycopodiodes major

C

SE

2 x 8

CN

S

White

 

May

GC

mertensiana

C

SE

9 x 6

CN

S

White

 

May

GC

'Muirhead'

C

SE

8 x 12

CN

S

White

 

May

GC

'Randle Cooke'

C

SE

8 x 10

CN

S

White

 

May

GC

selaginoides

C

SE

3 x 6

CN

S

White

 

May

GC

stelleriana

C

SE

3 x 6

CN

S

White tinged pink

 

May

GC

tetragona

C

SE

9 x 6

CN

S

White

 

May

GC

wardii

C

SE

6 x 6

CN

S

White

 

April

GCS

CEANOTHUS

 

prostratus

A

SE

2 x 8

B

Sun

Blue

 

May

GC

CELMISIA

"Celmisias (New Zealand Daisies) are perhaps the best known of New Zealand's alpine flora. They range from robust clumps of strap-shaped leaves to dwarf alpines. Most have softly hairy, grey foliage, and all have white, yellow-centred daisy flowers." from Kevock Garden.

argentea

A

HE

1 x 4

D

Sun

White

 

June

S

durietzii

A

HE

6 x 10

A

Sun

White

 

June

S

gracilenta

A

HE

6 x 10

A

Sun

White

 

June

S

incana

A

HE

5 x 10

A

Sun

White

 

June

S

sessiliflora

A

HE

3 x 6

D

Sun

White

 

June

S

CENTAUREA

"These are the cornflowers and knapweeds, with very characteristic composite heads of long-petalled outer, sterile, florets and a boss of shorter, fertile florets. This array is surrounded by neatly overlapping bracts, hairy at the upper edge. There are hundreds of species of Centaurea in Europe, so identification is often difficult." from Kevock Garden.

pindicola

B

HE

3 x 6

A

Sun

Pink

 

May

S

CENTAURIUM

 

scilloides

B

HE

3 x 6

A

Sun

Pink

 

April

S

CERASTIUM

 

alpinum lanatum

A

E

3 x 10

AC

Sun

White

 

May

S

CHAMAECYTISUS

 

hirsutus

A

SD

3 x 6

A

Sun

Yellow

 

April

GCS

CHIONODOXA

"They will thrive in any good garden soil, and in any position, even under trees. To obtain the full benefit of their beauty they should be planted in hundreds and thousands if possible. A very fine effect is obtained by carpeting the ground with Chionodoxas where bulbs such as Narcissi are naturalised in grass. September is the ideal month for planting these bulbs if an early display is the object in view; otherwise they may, of course, be planted right up to November and December without any detriment.
For indoor culture see Rock Garden Plant Index: C page." from The Culture of Bulbs - Bulbous Plants and Tubers Made Plain by Sir J.L. Cotter. Published by Hutchinson & Co in London in 1925.

luciliae

A

B

4 x 2

A

Sun

Blue

 

April

D

luciliae alba

A

B

4 x 2

A

Sun

White

 

April

D

sardensis ***

A

B

4 x 2

A

Sun

Deep blue

 

April

D

tmoli (siehei)

A

B

4 x 2

A

Sun

Light blue

 

April

D

CONANDRON

 

ramondioides

C

HP

3 x 8

CN

S

Violet

 

June

S

CONVOLVULUS

 

incanus

A

E

3 x 12

AN

Sun

Pink

 

June

D

mauritanicus

A

HP

6 x 15

AN

Sun

Lilac-blue

 

June

S

nitidus

A

SSE

1 x 8

A

Sun

Pink

 

July

GCH

CORYDALIS

"An exceptional if not long established species of Corydalis which we find fully hardy here on the nursery. Small pale green deeply dissected leaves have a ferny appearance and emerge in early spring. The flowers on this species are a true blue and the species is often a parent for hybridisation. These are tubular and held in clusters at the top of each flowering stem." from Edrom Nurseries.
The Book "Bleeding Hearts, Corydalis, and their Relatives" by Mark C Tebbitt, Magnus Liden & Henrick Zetterlund - "This thorough guide for gardeners and botanists covers all the cultivated species, hybrids and cultivars of Corydalis, Dicentra and allied genera in the bleeding heart family." from the Alpine Garden Society Bookshop.

cashmeriana

B

B

4 x 4

B

PS

Blue

 

May

D

CRASSULA

 

sarcocaulis

B

SD

8 x 6

B

Sun P

Pink

 

July

GC

sediformis

B

HE

3 x 4

B

Sun

Pink

 

June

GC

CROCUS

See Crocus Index in Bulb Colchicum Crocus Gallery for other Crocus cultivars.
The Book "Crocuses: A Complete Guide to the Genus" by Janis Ruksans - "Indeed, few flowers can rival crocuses for the cheer they bring to the barren, late-winter garden. There are also dozens of striking autumn-blooming species that appear just when summer’s flowers are winding down. A seasoned plant explorer, Rukšâns has observed many species in the wild and is able to offer valuable insights into how they may best be grown. He also discusses their use in the garden, their botanical characteristics and classification, and illustrated with 300 stunning photographs. " from The Alpine Garden Society Bookshop.

augustifolius ***

B

B

3 x 3

A

Sun

Gold

 

March

D

balansae

B

B

2 x 4

B

Sun

Orange

 

March

DS

biflorus (see
'Miss Vain')

B

B

3 x 4

B

Sun

Buff and purple

......

March

DS

chrysanthus (see 'Ard Schenk',
'Blue Pearl',
'Cream Beauty', 'Dorothy',
'Fusco-tinctus', 'Goldilocks',
'Prince Claus', 'Romance', 'Zwanenburg Bronze')

B

B

4 x 4

B

Sun

Golden-yellow

 

March

D

Crocus chrysanthus 'E.A. Bowles'

B

B

4 x 3

B

Sun

Golden

......

February-March

D

Crocus chrysanthus 'Saturnus'

B

B

 

B

Sun

 

......

January-February

D

Crocus chrysanthus
'Snow Bunting'

B

B

 

B

Sun

 

......

February-March

D

etruscus

B

B

3 x 4

B

Sun

Lilac

.....

March

D

flavus (see
'Golden Yellow')

A

B

3 x 3

A

Sun

Orange

 

March

SD

fleischeri

B

B

3 x 3

B

Sun

White

 

March

DS

imperati

B

B

3 x 3

B

Sun

Buff with purple

 

February

D

longiflorus

B

B

4 x 3

B

Sun

Violet

 

November

D

medius ***

B

B

2 x 3

B

Sun

Purple

.....

November

D

Crocus ochroleucus

B

B

3 x 3

B

Sun

White

......

October

D

pulchellus (See puchellus
'Albus',
'Inspiration',
'Michael Hoog' and 'Zephyr')

B

B

3 x 3

B

Sun

Lavender

......

October

D

sativus

B

B

4 x 4

B

Sun

Purple

......

October

D

serotinus subsp. salzmannii (See serotinus subsp. salzmanii 'Erectophyllus')

B

B

4 x 4

B

Sun

Lilac

......

November

D

sieberi (See
'Firefly',
'Violet Queen', 'Tricolor')

B

B

3 x 4

A

Sun

Purple-blue

 

March

D

speciosus (See speciosus,
'Aino',
'Aitchisonii',
'Albus',
'Atabir',
'Cassiope', 'Conqueror', 'Oxonian')

B

B

3 x 3

A

Sun

Blue

.....

October

D

stellaris

B

B

3 x 3

A

Sun

Orange

 

March

D

vernus

A

B

3 x 3

A

Sun

Orange-yellow

 

March

SD

versicolor

B

B

3 x 3

A

Sun

White and violet

 

March

D

zonatus

B

B

4 x 4

A

Sun

Lavender-blue

 

September

D

CYANANTHUS

 

delavayi

A

HP

3 x 6

B

Sun

Violet-blue

 

July

SGC

formosus

A

HP

3 x 6

B

Sun

Violet

 

August

SGC

lobatus

A

HP

3 x 8

B

Sun W

Blue

 

August

SGC

lobatus farreri

A

HP

1 x 5

B

Sun P

Blue

 

August

SGC

longiflorus

A

HP

3 X 6

B

Sun C

Purple-blue

 

August

SGC

microphyllus

A

HP

3 x 6

B

Sun

Blue

 

August

SGC

CYATHODES

 

colensoi - it is now Acrothamnus colensoi

C

SE

12 x 12

C

Sun

Cream

 

April

RC

CYCLAMEN

The Cyclamen Society combines scientific study with all the activities of a society for enthusiasts who cultivate the plants.
The Society was formed in England in January 1977.
The Book "Cyclamen, Genus : Science, Cultivation, Art and Culture" by Edited by Brian Mathew - "A lavish celebration of the genus Cyclamen in science, cultivation, art and culture. Published by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, and The Cyclamen Society. Large format, 574 pages. " from The Alpine Garden Society Bookshop.
See Index of Autumn Bulb Gallery for other Cyclamen cultivars.

africanum ***

B

B

4 x 4

AL

PS P

Pale pink

 

October

S

Cyclamen cilicium

B

B

3 x 4

AL

PS

 

......

Oct-Nov

S

Cyclamen coum

B

B

3 x 4

AL

PS

Magenta

 

February

S

Cyclamen coum 'Album'

B

B

3 x 4

AL

PS

 

......

March-April

S

coum roseum

B

B

3 x 4

AL

PS

Pink

 

February

S

graecum ***

B

B

4 x 4

AL

PS P

Pink

 

August

S

libanoticum ***

B

B

6 x 6

AL

PS P

Rose-pink

 

March

S

purpurascens ***

B

B

4 x 6

AL

PS

Crimson

 

August

S

repandum

B

B

6 x 6

AL

PS

Deep pink

 

April

S

repandum album

B

B

6 x 6

AL

PS

White

 

April

S

CYTISUS

 

ardoinii

A

SD

4 x 8

A

Sun

Yellow

 

April

GC

hirsutus demissus

A

SD

3 x 6

A

Sun

Yellow

 

April

GCS

procumbens

A

SD

6 x 18

A

Sun

Deep Yellow

 

May

C

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677

......

See growing guides from Hayloft. Hayloft specify the hardiness, best aspect, soil type, and soil pH with planting and care tips.

Alistair and Myra describe how their plants performed in their garden - over 40 years - in Scotland in Aberdeen Gardening.

Oak Leaf Gardening started in 2009 has detailed sections on Plants, How To, Problems and Blog.

All plant images (click and drag. If Archive Entry on page, click it to get his text information about that plant) created by John Jearrard are made available under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication.

The Hardy Plant Society has an image library, where the images are freely available for use, under certain conditions.

Plants for Small Gardens Nursery sell Dwarf Hardy, Rockery and Alpine Plants for today's miniature size gardens in the UK of 2021.

Plants to Plant sell plants in 3 inch (9cm) pots mail-order to the UK, from a wholesale company. Each website description includes photos with names of perfect companions.

There are over 650 National Plant Collections in the UK, Ireland and Channel Islands. Search the National Plant Collections.

See photos of 152 plants by S. R. Hinsley.

Green Retreats have designed and installed over 13,000 garden rooms for different uses.
......

Gardening Australia Guide - Everything You Need To Know About Gardening

Naturalize -
The practice of growing certain plants under as natural conditions as possible.
For example; daffodils are said to be naturalized when they are planted in grass and left to look after themselves.
The term is also used to describe plants from foreign countries which have established themselves so well in the country into which they have been introduced that they behave like native plants; and are able to maintain themselves without the aid of the gardener.

Companion Planting
...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants
to provide a Companion Plant to aid your selected plant or deter its pests

.....

In The Garden of Paghat the Ratgirl, data comes from her practical experience in USDA Zone 8. Use Garden Indexes.

Mr PGC travels the USA, Canada and Europe gathering information/ photos. Click on Alphabet letter of Plant Genus Index Pages.

White Flower Farm has Display Gardens open from Apr-Oct in USA and Garden Help.

Missouri Botanical Garden maps - of 79 acres - the plants. Use Plantfinder to see plant details of over 7,500 plants, with garden locations.

Plant Combination Ideas by Gardenia for winning design ideas.

Denver Botanic Gardens has gardens and collections on 24 acres. The plants are detailed in The Gardens Navigator website and show where you can see it in the 24 acres.

North Creek Nurseries sell Landscape Plugs of plants native to midatlantic states of USA.

Fall is for planting Wildflower seeds in USA.

American Horticultural Therapy Association advancing the practice of Horticultural Therapy
......

Country Farm Perennials Travel Pty Ltd conduct Australian and Overseas Gourmet Garden Holidays

Climber -
Grow Ramblers (Ra) or
Scramblers (Sc) on supports on House-Walls and elsewhere.
Grow Self-Clingers - like
Aerial Roots (Ar),
Sucker Pads (Sp),
Twining (Tw),
Twining Leaf-Stem (Twl) or
Twining Tendrils (TwT) - on garden walls, chainlink fences, trellis, pergolas or fedges, but not for House-Walls.

Clematis Cultivation Groups -
1 = Group 1,
2 = Group 2
3 = Group 3
4 = Herbaceous Climber

Initial Site design and content copyright ©Between August and October 2021.
Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

......

Great Plant Picks has plant lists for gardeners for the maritime Northwest of Washington, Oregon and British Columbia.

Did you know there are over 26,000 photos of pacific northwest native plants in our graphics library that you may use at no charge?

A Nature Observer's Journey in Singapore has a Plant Pictorial Database on his Plant Observatory Page with his conditions on use of Photos for non-commercial use.

The Useful Tropical Plants Database contains information on the edible, medicinal and many other uses of 1,000's of plants that can be grown in tropical regions.

South African Flora detailed by SANBI.

Real small-scale plants in a Garden Railway.
Trains4U is a Model Railway Specialist Firm with Scenic Materials including Trees, Bushes and Plants.
The Model Tree Shop for Model Railways, War Gaming and Landscaping Materials.

For a UK garden to truly thrive, it needs Bees, birds, butterflies and garden mammals.

Instaplant creates carpet bedding and 3D displays. Annual change of UK garden to Windmill or Dragon or mobile it to another garden

Topic - Over 1060 links in this table to a topic in a topic folder or page within that folder of this website
Case Studies
...Drive Foundations
Ryegrass and turf kills plants within Roadstone and in Topsoil due to it starving and dehydrating them.
CEDAdrive creates stable drive surface and drains rain into your ground, rather than onto the public road.
8 problems caused by building house on clay or with house-wall attached to clay.
Pre-building work on polluted soil.

Companion Planting
A ,B ,C ,D ,E ,
F ,G ,H ,I ,J ,K ,
L ,M ,N ,O ,P ,Q ,
R ,S ,T ,U ,V ,W ,
X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants
to provide a Companion Plant to aid your selected plant or deter its pests

Garden
Construction

with ground drains
Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed
Borders

......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
......Camera photos of Plant supports
Garden
Maintenance

Glossary with a tomato teaching cauliflowers
Home
Library of over 1000 books
Offbeat Glossary with DuLally Bird in its flower clock.

Plants
...in Chalk
(Alkaline) Soil
......A-F1, A-F2,
......A-F3, G-L, M-R,
......M-R Roses, S-Z
...in Heavy
Clay Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Lime-Free
(Acid) Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Light
Sand Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z.
...Poisonous Plants.
...Extra Plant Pages
with its 6 Plant Selection Levels

Soil
...
Interaction between 2 Quartz Sand Grains to make soil
...
How roots of plants are in control in the soil
...
Without replacing Soil Nutrients, the soil will break up to only clay, sand or silt
...
Subsidence caused by water in Clay
...
Use water ring for trees/shrubs for first 2 years.

Tool Shed with 3 kneeling pads
Useful Data with benefits of Seaweed

Topic -
Plant Photo Galleries
with Plant Botanical Index

...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z

If the plant type below has flowers, then the first gallery will include the flower thumbnail in each month of 1 of 6 or 7 flower colour comparison pages of each plant in its subsidiary galleries, as a low-level Plant Selection Process
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
...by Flower Shape


Bulb Index
A1, 2, 3, B, C1, 2,
D, E, F, G, Glad,
H, I, J, K, L1, 2,
M, N, O, P, Q, R,
S, T, U, V, W, XYZ
...Allium/ Anemone
...Autumn
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Dahlia
...Gladiolus with its 40 Flower Colours
......European A-E
......European F-M
......European N-Z
......Eur Non-classified
......American A
......American B
......American C
......American D
......American E
......American F
......American G
......American H
......American I
......American J
......American K
......American L
......American M
......American N
......American O
......American P
......American Q
......American R
......American S
......American T
......American U
......American V
......American W
......American XYZ
......Ame Non-classified
......Australia - empty
......India
......Lithuania
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Narcissus
...Spring
...Tulip
...Winter
...Each of the above ...Bulb Galleries has its own set of Flower Colour Pages
...Flower Shape
...Bulb Form

...Bulb Use

...Bulb in Soil


Further details on bulbs from the Infill Galleries:-
Hardy Bulbs
...Aconitum
...Allium
...Alstroemeria
...Anemone

...Amaryllis
...Anthericum
...Antholyzas
...Apios
...Arisaema
...Arum
...Asphodeline

...Asphodelus
...Belamcanda
...Bloomeria
...Brodiaea
...Bulbocodium

...Calochorti
...Cyclobothrias
...Camassia
...Colchicum
...Convallaria 
...Forcing Lily of the Valley
...Corydalis
...Crinum
...Crosmia
...Montbretia
...Crocus

...Cyclamen
...Dicentra
...Dierama
...Eranthis
...Eremurus
...Erythrnium
...Eucomis

...Fritillaria
...Funkia
...Galanthus
...Galtonia
...Gladiolus
...Hemerocallis

...Hyacinth
...Hyacinths in Pots
...Scilla
...Puschkinia
...Chionodoxa
...Chionoscilla
...Muscari

...Iris
...Kniphofia
...Lapeyrousia
...Leucojum

...Lilium
...Lilium in Pots
...Malvastrum
...Merendera
...Milla
...Narcissus
...Narcissi in Pots

...Ornithogalum
...Oxalis
...Paeonia
...Ranunculus
...Romulea
...Sanguinaria
...Sternbergia
...Schizostylis
...Tecophilaea
...Trillium

...Tulip
...Zephyranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs
...Acidanthera
...Albuca
...Alstroemeri
...Andro-stephium
...Bassers
...Boussing-aultias
...Bravoas
...Cypellas
...Dahlias
...Galaxis,
...Geissorhizas
...Hesperanthas

...Gladioli
...Ixias
...Sparaxises
...Babianas
...Morphixias
...Tritonias

...Ixiolirions
...Moraeas
...Ornithogalums
...Oxalises
...Phaedra-nassas
...Pancratiums
...Tigridias
...Zephyranthes
...Cooperias

Uses of Bulbs:-
...for Bedding
...in Windowboxes
...in Border
...naturalized in Grass
...in Bulb Frame
...in Woodland Garden
...in Rock Garden
...in Bowls
...in Alpine House
...Bulbs in Greenhouse or Stove:-
...Achimenes
...Alocasias
...Amorpho-phalluses
...Arisaemas
...Arums
...Begonias
...Bomareas
...Caladiums

...Clivias
...Colocasias
...Crinums
...Cyclamens
...Cyrtanthuses
...Eucharises
...Urceocharis
...Eurycles

...Freesias
...Gloxinias
...Haemanthus
...Hippeastrums

...Lachenalias
...Nerines
...Lycorises
...Pencratiums
...Hymenocallises
...Richardias
...Sprekelias
...Tuberoses
...Vallotas
...Watsonias
...Zephyranthes

...Plant Bedding in
......Spring

......Summer
...Bulb houseplants flowering inside House during:-
......January
......February
......March
......April
......May
......June
......July
......August
......September
......October
......November
......December
...Bulbs and other types of plant flowering during:-
......Dec-Jan
......Feb-Mar
......Apr-May
......Jun-Aug
......Sep-Oct
......Nov-Dec
...Selection of the smaller and choicer plants for the Smallest of Gardens with plant flowering during the same 6 periods as in the previous selection


Climber in
3 Sector Vertical Plant System
...Clematis
...Climbers
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...A,B,C,D,E,F,G,
...H,I,J,K,L,M,N,
...O,P,Q,R,S,T,U,
...V,W,X,Y,Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evergreen
...Heather Shrub
...Heather Index
......Andromeda
......Bruckenthalia
......Calluna
......Daboecia
......Erica: Carnea
......Erica: Cinerea
......Erica: Others
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evergreen
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous
Perennial

...A1,2,B,C,D,E,F,G,
...H,I,J,K,L,M,N,
...O,P1,2,Q,R,S,T,U,
...V,W,XYZ,
...Diascia Photo Album,
...UK Peony Index

...P -Herbaceous
...Peony
...Flower Shape
...RHS Wisley
......Mixed Border
......Other Borders
Herb
Odds and Sods
Rhododendron

Rose
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use - page links in row 6. Rose, RHS Wisley and Other Roses rose indices on each Rose Use page
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Pruning Methods
Photo Index
R 1, 2, 3
Peter Beales Roses
RV Roger
Roses

Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
...Apple

...Cherry
...Pear
Vegetable
Wild Flower and
Butterfly page links are in next row


Topic -
Butterflies in the UK mostly use native UK wildflowers.

Butterfly Species.

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly Usage
of Plants.

Plant Usage by
Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly.

Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
space,
Site Map page in its flower colour NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
...Brown Botanical Names
...Cream Common Names
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note

Poisonous
Wildflower Plants.


You know its name, use
Wild Flower Plant Index a-h, i-p, q-z.
You know which habitat it lives in, use
on
Acid Soil,
on
Calcareous
(Chalk) Soil
,
on
Marine Soil,
on
Neutral Soil,
is a
Fern,
is a
Grass,
is a
Rush, or
is a
Sedge.
You have seen its flower, use Comparison Pages containing Wild Flower Plants and Cultivated Plants in the
Colour Wheel Gallery.

Each plant named in each of the 180 Wildflower Family Pages within their 23 Galleries may have a link to:-
1) its Plant Description Page in its Common Name column in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries and will have links,
2) to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name column,
3) to see photos in its Flowering Months column and
4) to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.

WILD FLOWER FAMILY PAGE MENU
(o)Adder's Tongue
Amaranth
(o)Arrow-Grass
(o)Arum
(o)Balsam
Bamboo
(o)Barberry
(o)Bedstraw
(o)Beech
(o)Bellflower
(o)Bindweed
(o)Birch
(o)Birds-Nest
(o)Birthwort
(o)Bogbean
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Borage
(o)Box
(o)Broomrape
(o)Buckthorn
(o)Buddleia
(o)Bur-reed
(o)Buttercup
(o)Butterwort
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crowberry
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
Cypress
(o)Daffodil
(o)Daisy
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Daphne
(o)Diapensia
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels
(o)Clubmoss
(o)Duckweed
(o)Eel-Grass
(o)Elm
(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Horsetail
(o)Polypody
Quillwort
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Flax
(o)Flowering-Rush
(o)Frog-bit
(o)Fumitory
(o)Gentian
(o)Geranium
(o)Glassworts
(o)Gooseberry
(o)Goosefoot
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft
Bromes 1

(o)Grass Soft
Bromes 2

(o)Grass Soft
Bromes 3

(o)Hazel
(o)Heath
(o)Hemp
(o)Herb-Paris
(o)Holly
(o)Honeysuckle
(o)Horned-Pondweed
(o)Hornwort
(o)Iris
(o)Ivy
(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Lime
(o)Lobelia
(o)Loosestrife
(o)Mallow
(o)Maple
(o)Mares-tail
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)
(o)Mesem-bryanthemum
(o)Mignonette
(o)Milkwort
(o)Mistletoe
(o)Moschatel
Naiad
(o)Nettle
(o)Nightshade
(o)Oleaster
(o)Olive
(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
(o)Parnassus-Grass
(o)Peaflower
(o)Peaflower
Clover 1

(o)Peaflower
Clover 2

(o)Peaflower
Clover 3

(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
Peony
(o)Periwinkle
Pillwort
Pine
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Pipewort
(o)Pitcher-Plant
(o)Plantain
(o)Pondweed
(o)Poppy
(o)Primrose
(o)Purslane
Rannock Rush
(o)Reedmace
(o)Rockrose
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
(o)Sandalwood
(o)Saxifrage
Seaheath
(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
(o)Spindle-Tree
(o)Spurge
(o)Stonecrop
(o)Sundew
(o)Tamarisk
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Teasel
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Valerian
(o)Verbena
(o)Violet
(o)Water Fern
(o)Waterlily
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort
Waterwort
(o)Willow
(o)Willow-Herb
(o)Wintergreen
(o)Wood-Sorrel
(o)Yam
(o)Yew


Topic -
The following is a complete hierarchical Plant Selection Process

dependent on the Garden Style chosen
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index


Topic -
Flower/Foliage Colour Wheel Galleries with number of colours as a high-level Plant Selection Process

All Flowers 53 with
...Use of Plant and
Flower Shape
- page links in bottom row

All Foliage 53
instead of redundant
...(All Foliage 212)


All Flowers
per Month 12


Bee instead of wind pollinated plants for hay-fever sufferers
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers
per Month
12
...Index

Rock Garden and Alpine Flowers
Rock Plant Flowers 53
INDEX
A, B, C, D, E, F,
G, H, I, J, K, L,
M, NO, PQ, R, S,
T, UVWXYZ
...Rock Plant Photos

Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours
per Month Index

...All Plants Index


Topic -
Use of Plant in your Plant Selection Process

Plant Colour Wheel Uses
with
1. Perfect general use soil is composed of 8.3% lime, 16.6% humus, 25% clay and 50% sand, and
2. Why you are continually losing the SOIL STRUCTURE so your soil - will revert to clay, chalk, sand or silt.
Uses of Plant and Flower Shape:-
...Foliage Only
...Other than Green Foliage
...Trees in Lawn
...Trees in Small Gardens
...Wildflower Garden
...Attract Bird
...Attract Butterfly
1
, 2
...Climber on House Wall
...Climber not on House Wall
...Climber in Tree
...Rabbit-Resistant
...Woodland
...Pollution Barrier
...Part Shade
...Full Shade
...Single Flower provides Pollen for Bees
1
, 2, 3
...Ground-Cover
<60
cm
60-180cm
>180cm
...Hedge
...Wind-swept
...Covering Banks
...Patio Pot
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border
...Poisonous
...Adjacent to Water
...Bog Garden
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Winter-Flowering
...Fragrant
...Not Fragrant
...Exhibition
...Standard Plant is 'Ball on Stick'
...Upright Branches or Sword-shaped leaves
...Plant to Prevent Entry to Human or Animal
...Coastal Conditions
...Tolerant on North-facing Wall
...Cut Flower
...Potted Veg Outdoors
...Potted Veg Indoors
...Thornless
...Raised Bed Outdoors Veg
...Grow in Alkaline Soil A-F, G-L, M-R,
S-Z
...Grow in Acidic Soil
...Grow in Any Soil
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Grow Bulbs Indoors

Uses of Bedding
...Bedding Out
...Filling In
...Screen-ing
...Pots and Troughs
...Window Boxes
...Hanging Baskets
...Spring Bedding
...Summer Bedding
...Winter Bedding
...Foliage instead of Flower
...Coleus Bedding Photos for use in Public Domain 1

Uses of Bulb
...Other than Only Green Foliage
...Bedding or Mass Planting
...Ground-Cover
...Cut-Flower
...Tolerant of Shade
...In Woodland Areas
...Under-plant
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Covering Banks
...In Water
...Beside Stream or Water Garden
...Coastal Conditions
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border or Back-ground Plant
...Fragrant Flowers
...Not Fragrant Flowers
...Indoor
House-plant

...Grow in a Patio Pot
...Grow in an Alpine Trough
...Grow in an Alpine House
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Speciman Plant
...Into Native Plant Garden
...Naturalize in Grass
...Grow in Hanging Basket
...Grow in Window-box
...Grow in Green-house
...Grow in Scree
...Naturalized Plant Area
...Grow in Cottage Garden
...Attracts Butterflies
...Attracts Bees
...Resistant to Wildlife
...Bulb in Soil:-
......Chalk
......Clay
......Sand
......Lime-Free (Acid)
......Peat

Uses of Rose
Rose Index

...Bedding 1, 2
...Climber /Pillar
...Cut-Flower 1, 2
...Exhibition, Speciman
...Ground-Cover
...Grow In A Container 1, 2
...Hedge 1, 2
...Climber in Tree
...Woodland
...Edging Borders
...Tolerant of Poor Soil 1, 2
...Tolerant of Shade
...Back of Border
...Adjacent to Water
...Page for rose use as ARCH ROSE, PERGOLA ROSE, COASTAL CONDITIONS ROSE, WALL ROSE, STANDARD ROSE, COVERING BANKS or THORNLESS ROSES.
...FRAGRANT ROSES
...NOT FRAGRANT ROSES


Topic -
Camera Photo Galleries showing all 4000 x 3000 pixels of each photo on your screen that you can then click and drag it to your desktop as part of a Plant Selection Process:-

RHS Garden at Wisley

Plant Supports -
When supporting plants in a bed, it is found that not only do those plants grow upwards, but also they expand their roots and footpad sideways each year. Pages
1
, 2, 3, 8, 11,
12, 13,
Plants 4, 7, 10,
Bedding Plants 5,
Plant Supports for Unknown Plants 5
,
Clematis Climbers 6,
the RHS does not appear to either follow it's own pruning advice or advice from The Pruning of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers by George E. Brown.
ISBN 0-571-11084-3 with the plants in Pages 1-7 of this folder. You can see from looking at both these resources as to whether the pruning carried out on the remainder of the plants in Pages 7-15 was correct.

Narcissus (Daffodil) 9,
Phlox Plant Supports 14, 15

Coleus Bedding Foliage Trial - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, Index

National Trust Garden at Sissinghurst Castle
Plant Supports -
Pages for Gallery 1

with Plant Supports
1, 5, 10
Plants
2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9,
11, 12
Recommended Rose Pruning Methods 13
Pages for Gallery 2
with Plant Supports
2
,
Plants 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Dry Garden of
RHS Garden at
Hyde Hall

Plants - Pages
without Plant Supports
Plants 1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Nursery of
Peter Beales Roses
Display Garden

Roses Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Nursery of
RV Roger

Roses - Pages
A1,A2,A3,A4,A5,
A6,A7,A8,A9,A10,
A11,A12,A13,A14,
B15,
B16,B17,B18,B19,
B20,
B21,B22,B23,B24,
B25,
B26,B27,B28,B29,
B30,
C31,C32,C33,C34,
C35,
C36,C37,C38,C39,
C40,
C41,CD2,D43,D44,
D45,
D46,D47,D48,D49,
E50,
E51,E52,F53,F54,
F55,
F56,F57,G58,G59,
H60,
H61,I62,K63,L64,
M65,
M66,N67,P68,P69,
P70,
R71,R72,S73,S74,
T75,
V76,Z77, 78,

Damage by Plants in Chilham Village - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4

Pavements of Funchal, Madeira
Damage to Trees - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13
for trees 1-54,
14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
for trees 55-95,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, 33, 34, 35,
36, 37,
for trees 95-133,
38, 39, 40,
41, 42, 43, 44, 45,
for trees 133-166

Chris Garnons-Williams
Work Done - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Identity of Plants
Label Problems - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11

Ron and Christine Foord - 1036 photos only inserted so far - Garden Flowers - Start Page of each Gallery
AB1 ,AN14,BA27,
CH40,CR52,DR63,
FR74,GE85,HE96,

Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens - 1187
A 1, 2, Photos - 43
B 1, Photos - 13
C 1, Photos - 35
D 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7,
Photos - 411
with Plants causing damage to buildings in Chilham Village and Damage to Trees in Pavements of Funchal
E 1, Photos - 21
F 1, Photos - 1
G 1, Photos - 5
H 1, Photos - 21
I 1, Photos - 8
J 1, Photos - 1
K 1, Photos - 1
L 1, Photos - 85
with Label Problems
M 1, Photos - 9
N 1, Photos - 12
O 1, Photos - 5
P 1, Photos - 54
Q 1, Photos -
R 1, 2, 3,
Photos - 229
S 1, Photos - 111
T 1, Photos - 13
U 1, Photos - 5
V 1, Photos - 4
W 1, Photos - 100
with Work Done by Chris Garnons-Williams
X 1 Photos -
Y 1, Photos -
Z 1 Photos -
Articles/Items in Ivydene Gardens - 88
Flower Colour, Num of Petals, Shape and
Plant Use of:-
Rock Garden
within linked page

 

Topic -
Fragrant Plants as a Plant Selection Process for your sense of smell:-

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an Acid Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
1
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
1
, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
1
, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants
1
, 2


Topic -
Website User Guidelines


My Gas Service Engineer found Flow and Return pipes incorrectly positioned on gas boilers and customers had refused to have positioning corrected in 2020.
 

 

 

Plant Botanical Name:
CM, CN, CO, CP

 

Plant Botanical Name:
CQ, CR, CS, CT

 

Plant Botanical Name:
CU, CV, CW, CXYZ

CM

CQ

CU

 

 

 

ANY PLANT TYPE for
Cut Flowers in
January 1, 2
February
March 1, 2
April
May 1, 2
June 1, 2
July 1, 2
August
September
October
November
December

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CN

CR

CV

 

 

 

 

Crambe cordifolia - Hp-Erect White
Bac Fra Cott Bee
maritima - Hp-Clumpt White Fra
Coast-San Edible-for sheep
PotGr-Edible-Grow as vegetable

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Crocosmia x crocosmiiflora - Bu
2 Colours Mid Cott
x crocosmiiflora 'George Davison'
- Hp-Clump Yellow Sha Swo Pot-if
supplied with steady supply of
water Bee Wild-Hoverfly Old
leaves protect emerging shoots
from spring frosts. Edg
'Severn Sunrise' - Hp-Clump Other
Swo Sha Cut PotGr-wintered in
pots in colder regions of UK
x crocosmioides 'Vulcan' -
Hp-Clump Red Sha Mid Swo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Many Crocuses can be planted in:-
large clumps and drifts under shrubs,
on sunny border edges, at back of border with strong-growing herbaceous plants and naturalize them in grass in poor soil.
The entire national collection of crocus at RHS Garden Wisley is catalogued in the RHS Horticultural Database.
Autumn-flowering Crocus

Crocus banaticus
- Bu Other
Crocus asturicus var.
atripurpureus
- Bu Other
Crocus asumaniae - Bu 2 Colours
Crocus boryi - Bu White PotGr
Crocus cambessedesii - Bu Other
Pot
Crocus cancellatus
cancellatus
- Bu Blue PotGr
Crocus cancellatus
lycius
- Bu White PotGr
Crocus cancellatus
pamphylicus
- Bu White PotGr
Crocus cartwrightianus - Bu
Other PotGr
Crocus cartwrightianus
'Albus'
- Bu White PotGr
Crocus goulimyi
- Bu Other Fra
Crocus goulimyi 'Albus' - Bu White
Fra
Crocus hadriaticus - Bu 2 Colours
Nat
Crocus hadriaticus
'Indian Summer'
- Bu White
Fra Edg
Crocus kotschyanus
kotschyanus
- Bu Other Nat-Woo
Crocus kotschyanus
kotschyanus 'Albus'
- Bu White
Crocus kotschyanus
'Reliance'
- Bu Blue Nat-Woo
Crocus laevigatus
'Fontenayi'
- Bu Other
Crocus ligusticus - Bu Other
Crocus medius - Rg Other
PotGr-Tuft of leaves in
Alpine House

Crocus niveus - Bu
The Best White PotGr
Crocus nudiflorus - Bu Other Nat
Crocus ochroleucus - Bu White
Nat-Woo-Gra
Crocus oreocreticus - Bu Other
Pot Nat-Gra
Crocus pallasii
ssp. pallasii
- Bu Other
Crocus pulchellus - Bu Other
Nat
Crocus pulchellus 'Albus' - Bu
White Nat
Crocus pulchellus
'Inspiration'
- Bu Blue Pot
Crocus pulchellus
'Michael Hoog
' - Bu White
Crocus pulchellus
'Zephyr'
- Bu 2 Colours
Nat-Gra Bee
Crocus sativus - Bu Other
Crocus serotinus clusii - Bu
Other
Crocus serotinus
salzmanii
- Bu Other Nat-Gra
Crocus serotinus salzmanii 'Erectophyllus' - Bu Other PotGr
Crocus speciosus 'Aino' - Bu Blue
Nat-Bed
Crocus speciosus
'Aitchisonii'
- Bu Other PotGr
Crocus speciosus - Bu Other
Crocus speciosus 'Albus' - Bu
White Und
Crocus speciosus 'Atabir' - Bu
Other Und
Crocus speciosus 'Cassiope' - Bu
Blue
Crocus speciosus
'Conqueror'
- Bu Blue PotGr
Crocus speciosus 'Oxonian' - Bu
Other Und
Crocus veneris - Bu 2 Colours
Roc-Gra-Woo
Tender so PotGr in UK
Winter-flowering Crocus
Crocus ancyrensis
'Golden Bunch'
- Bu Yellow
Crocus biflorus
'Miss Vain
' - Bu Other
Und Pot Bed
Crocus chrysanthus
'Ard Schenk
' - Bu White
Crocus chrysanthus
'Blue Pearl
' - Bu 2 Colours Und
Crocus chrysanthus
'Cream Beauty
' - Bu Yellow
Nat-in drifts
Crocus chrysanthus
'Dorothy'
- Bu Yellow
Crocus chrysanthus
'E.A. Bowles'
- Bu 2 Colours
Pot
Crocus chrysanthus
'Fusco-tinctus'
- Bu Other Und
Crocus chrysanthus
'Goldilocks'
- Bu 2 Colours
Crocus chrysanthus
'Prince Claus
' - Bu 2 Colours Und
Crocus chrysanthus
'Princess Beatrix'
- Bu Blue
Crocus chrysanthus
'Romance'
- Bu Yellow
Crocus chrysanthus
'Saturnus'
- Bu 2 Colours
Crocus chrysanthus
'Snow Bunting'
- Bu 2 Colours
Nat-Gra
Crocus chrysanthus
'Warley'
- Bu Other
Crocus chrysanthus
'Zwanenburg Bronze'
- Bu
2 Colours Fra
Crocus sieberi
atticus 'Firefly'
- Bu Other
Crocus sieberi
atticus 'Violet Queen
' - Bu
Other
Crocus sieberi
'subsp. sublimis Tricolor
' - Bu
Other Pot
Crocus tommasinianus - Bu
Other
Crocus tommasinianus
'Barrs Purple
' - Bu Other
Woo Edg Pots
Crocus tommasinianus
'Ruby Giant
' - Bu Other
Crocus tommasinianus
'Whitewell Purple
' - Bu Other
Woo Bed-Edg
Nat-Gra- best for naturalizing
in grass
Winter and Spring-Flowering Crocus
Crocus angustifolius - Rg Orange
PotGr-Tuft of leaves in
Alpine House

Crocus etruscus - Bu Other
Woo
Crocus flavus ssp.
flavus 'Golden Yellow
' - Bu
Yellow
Crocus vernus 'Flower Record' - Bu
Other Bee Und Pot Bed
Crocus vernus 'Grand Maitre' - Bu
Other Bee
Crocus vernus 'Joan of Arc' - Bu
White Bed Nat-Gra
Crocus vernus 'Pickwick' - Bu
2 Colours Bee Bed Nat-Gra
Crocus vernus 'Yellow Mammoth' -
Bu Yellow Bee

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cryptomeria japonica -
Co-Narrow-Conical Hed
Spe with grasses and calluna
Pollen in February affects
hayfever sufferers
Cryptomeria japonica 'Elegans Compacta' - Co-Broad-Conical Hed
Spe in bed of heathers

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CO

CS

CW

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Autumn-flowering Colchicums
Colchicum autumnale
- Bu Pink
Edg
Colchicum autumnale
'Alboplenum'
- Bu White Edg
Colchicum autumnale
'Album'
- Bu White Edg
Colchicum autumnale
'Major'
- Bu Other Edg
Colchicum autumnale
'Nancy Lindsay'
- Bu Other Edg
Colchicum autumnale
'Pleniflorum'
- Bu Pink Edg
Colchicum
'Autumn Herald'
- Bu Other Edg
Colchicum baytopiorum - Bu Other
PotGr
Colchicum boissieri - Bu Other
Edg
Colchicum byzantinum - Bu Other
Edg
Colchicum cilicium - Bu Pink Edg
Colchicum cilicium
'Purpureum'
- Bu Other Edg
Colchicum cupanii - Bu Other Edg
Colchicum 'Dick Trotter' - Bu
2 Colours Edg
Colchicum 'Disraeli' - Bu Other Edg
Colchicum giganteum - Bu
Other Edg Nat
Colchicum 'Gracia' - Bu Other Edg
Colchicum graecum - Bu Pink
Pot PotGr-Alp
Colchicum 'Harlekijn' - Bu Other
Edg
Colchicum 'Jochem Hof' - Bu
Other Edg
Colchicum laetum - Bu Other
Sha Edg
Colchicum 'Lilac Bedder' - Bu
Other Edg
Colchicum 'Lilac Wonder' - Bu Pink
Edg
Colchicum luteum - Bu Yellow
Edg
Colchicum parlatoris - Bu Other
Edg
Colchicum 'Poseidon' - Bu Other
Edg
Colchicum 'Rosy Dawn' - Bu Other
Fra Edg
Colchicum speciosum - Bu Pink
Roc-Ban
Colchicum speciosum
'Album'
- Bu White Roc-Ban
Colchicum speciosum
bornmeulleri
- Bu Pink Roc-Ban
Colchicum speciosum
'Ordu'
- Bu Other Roc-Ban
Colchicum tenorei - Bu Other Edg
Colchicum 'The Giant' - Bu Other
Edg
Colchicum 'Violet Queen' - Bu
Other Edg Nat
Colchicum 'Water Lily' - Bu Other
Edg
Colchicum 'William Dykes' - Bu
Other Edg
Tessellated-flowering Colchicums
Colchicum agrippinum
- Bu Other
Edg
Colchicum 'Autumn Queen' - Bu
Other Edg
Colchicum bivonae 'Apollo' - Bu
Other Fra Edg
Colchicum bivonae
'Glory of Heemstede'
- Bu Other
Fra Edg
Colchicum bivonae 'Vesta' - Bu
Other Fra Edg
Colchicum macrophyllum - Bu
Other Pot
Colchicum sfikasianum - Bu
2 Colours Edg
Colchicum sibthorpi - Bu Other
Edg
Winter-flowering Colchicums
Colchicum crocifolium
- Bu White
Edg
Colchicum kesselringii - Bu
2 Colours Edg
Colchicum hungaricum
albiflorum
- Bu White Edg
Colchicum szovitisii
'Tivi'
- Bu White Edg
Colchicum szovitisii
'White Forms'
- Bu White Edg
Winter- and Spring-Flowering Colchicums
Colchicum hungaricum
- Bu
2 Colours Edg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Coleus
Coleus Bedding Trial Index
Photos taken by Chris Garnons-Williams using a digital camera in the original size and as a thumbnail in 32 Pages of the
Coleus Bedding Foliage Trial Folder
from Plant Trials Field in RHS Garden
at Wisley taken on 2 October 2013.

Each of those 32 pages also contains Tables of Annuals:-
1
, plus Tables of Annuals with/for:-
2, Blue to Purple Flowers
3, Red to Pink Flowers 1, 2
4, Green Flowers
5, Black or Brown Flowers
6, Yellow, and Orange Flowers
7, White Flowers
8,
9, Low-Growing
10,
11, Medium-Growing
12, Tall-Growing
13, Heat-Tolerant
14, Moist Soil
15, Shade
16, Indoors
17, Cutting
18, Naturalize
19, Decorative Foliage
20, Edging
21, Fragrance
22, Hanging Baskets
23, Vining
24, Wildflower Meadows
25, Coastal Gardens
26, Mounded Habit
27, Erect Habit
28, Clump-Forming Habit
29, Compact/Bushy Habit
30, Spreading/Sprawling Habit
31, To Cover Fences
32, Odds and Sods 1, 2

Range, Culture and Description Details of each of the above annuals are within
Essential Annuals The 100 best for Design and Cultivation.
Text by Elizabeth Murray. Photography by Derek Fell.
Published by Crescent Books in 1989. ISBN 0-517-66177-2

 

 

 

 

 

Convallaria majalis
'Albostriata'
- Bu White Gro-Und
Corydalis lutea
(Golden Corydalis,
yellow fumitory,
yellow corydalis,
Native UK plant) - Bu Yellow
Sha-Roc Edg Cott Nat Walls Woo
Pois-It is toxic to horses.

 

 

The National Plant Collection of Cornus is grown at RHS Garden Rosemoor
Cornus alba 'Aurea' - Ds-Rounded
White Yellow spring foliage. If
grown in a shady position the
foliage becomes Lime-green. In
autumn; new stems turn crimson.

 

 

Corokia cotoneaster - Ds-Rounded
Yellow Fru Coast Hed

Always wear stout gardening gloves when working with pampas grass to protect hands from cuts caused by the sharp leaf margins; the flowers may be used in fresh or dried flower arrangements.
Cortaderia selloana -
Gr-Clump-Arching White Edg Cut
Tho-Swo Wat-Roc-It can grow
in almost any habitat. Hip-Seeds
Hed-Boundary hedge because of
its sharp leaves and stiff stems.
Cortaderia selloana 'Pumila' -
Gr-Clump-Arching Yellow Mid Spe

 

 

Cotinus coggygria 'Royal Purple' -
Ds-Columnar Pink Spe
Red-Purple Summer foliage
becomes scarlet in the Autumn

 

 

Cotoneaster horizontalis -
Ds-Spreading White Fru Bee Hed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CP

CT

CXYZ

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cyclamen africanum - Rg Pink
PotGr-Mound of mature leaves post
flowering in Alpine House

Cyclamen cilicium
- Bu 2 Colours
Fra Sha Coast PotGr Woo Roc
Und
Cyclamen coum - Bu 2 Colours
Sha Und Coast Roc-Woo Pot
Gro PotGr
Cyclamen coum
'Album'
- Bu White Sha Psoil
Und-Woo Pot Gro
Cyclamen graecum - Rg Pink
PotGr-Cushion in Alpine House
Cyclamen hederifolium - Bu Pink
Fra Sha-Woo-Roc Coast Gro Pot
PotGr Bed
Cyclamen libanoticum - Rg Pink
PotGr-Cushion in Alpine House
Cyclamen purpurascens - Rg Pink
Fra PotGr-Cushion in Alpine
House

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cynara cardunculus - Hp-Erect
Other Bac Cut Edible Spe chosen
by the RHS as one of the top
plants of the last 200 years.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cytisus battandieri - ds Yellow Fra Coast Walls Bac
Has Silvery hairy foliage
Cytisus beanii - Ds-Mat Yellow Mid
Cytisus 'Lena' - Ds-Spreading
2 Colours Bee Bac
Cytisus scoparius andreanus -
Ds-Arching 2 Colours Psoil Bac

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Form of Perennials, Annuals, Bulbs, Climbers:-
Mat-forming.
Stems densely cover the ground and the flowers extend above.
Prostrate or Trailing.
Stems spread out on the ground and the flowers are borne close to the foliage.
Cushion or Mound-forming.
Tightly packed stems form a low clump and the flowers are close to the foliage.
Spreading or Creeping.
Stems extend horizontally then ascend, forming a densely packed mass.
Clump-forming.
Leaf-stalks and flower stems arise at ground level to form a dense mass.
Stemless.
Leaf-stalks and flower stems arise at ground level.
Erect or Upright.
Upright stems stand vertical, supporting leaves and the flowers.
Climbing and Scandent.
Long flexible stems are supported by other plants or structures.
Arching.
Long upright stems arch over from the upright towards the ground.

------

What to do about Subsidence caused by Clay? Page explains what to do about trees/shrubs/hedges that may damage the foundations of your property.
What happened to a new building, which was caused by the builder, 6 years after it was built. The new owner was then landed with a large bill. The Builder warranty is first 2 years, then years 3-10 can be covered by NHBC Buildmark.

Most modern houses cannot afford large shrubs, trees or hedges within 10 feet = 120 inches = 300cms of a house wall or a garden wall, so it is best to use:-
Growing Edibles in Containers inside your home,
and
Soft Fruit List with soft fruit bush (Blueberry, Gooseberry, Blackcurrant, Redcurrant, Whitecurrant or Jostaberry) instead of a shrub from the shrub lists provides you with the size of shrub suitable for most current gardens.
The Raspberry may be used as a mini-hedge in the garden to separate areas or against your boundary fences/walls.
The Blackberry, Boysenberry and Tayberry cane climbers can also be used as mini-hedges or to clothe walls/fences/pergolas.
They all provide you with edible fruit. The Soft Fruit Gallery compares colour photographs of some soft fruits,
and
Choosing a top fruit tree or remaining top fruit instead of a tree from the tree list provides you with a plant of a size that is suitable for most current gardens. These trees also produce edible fruit. Further details in these galleries -
Top Fruit Apple, Cherry, Pear
or
You could use 1 of the trees from the Deciduous and Evergreen Trees suitable for Small Gardens.

------

The overall amount of sunlight received depends on aspect, the direction your garden faces:-
North-facing gardens get the least light and can be damp.
South-facing gardens get the most light.
East-facing gardens get morning light.
West-facing gardens get afternoon and evening light.

-----

Acid Site - An acid soil has a pH value below 7.0. Clay soils are usually acid and retentive of moisture, requiring drainage. The addition of grit or coarse sand makes them more manageable. Peaty soil is acidic with fewer nutrients and also requires drainage.
Alkaline Soil - An alkaline soil has a pH value above 7.0. Soils that form a thin layer over chalk restrict plant selection to those tolerant of drought.
Bank / Slope problems include soil erosion, surface water, summer drought and poor access (create path using mattock to pull an earth section 180 degrees over down the slope). Then, stabilise the earth with 4 inches (10cms) depth of spent mushroom compost under the chicken wire; before planting climbers/plants through it.
Cold Exposed Inland Site is an area that is open to the elements and that includes cold, biting winds, the glare of full sun, frost and snow - These plants are able to withstand very low temperatures and those winds in the South of England.

Tree/Shrub Shape:-

columnarshape1a1a1aColumnar Tree/Shrub Form

A tree shape designed by nature to be a haven for nesting birds.

ovalshape1a1a1aOval Tree/Shrub Form

 

 

 

roundedshape1a1a1aRounded or Spherical Tree/Shrub Form

 

 

 

flattenedsphericalshape1a1a1aFlattened Spherical Tree/Shrub Form

 

 

 

narrowconicalshape1a1a1aNarrow Conical/ Narrow Pyramidal Tree/Shrub Form.
These are neat and shapely, thus being trees for the tidy gardener. The narrowness of the tree means that bands of dense shade sweep across the garden - never creating dense shade in one area all day.

broadconicalshape1a1a1aBroad Conical/ Broad Pyramidal Tree/Shrub Form.

These are neat and shapely, thus being trees for the tidy gardener.

eggshapedshape1a1a1aOvoid/ Egg-Shaped Tree/Shrub Shape

 

 

 

broadovoidshape1a1a1aBroad Ovoid Tree/Shrub Shape

Broad-headed trees usually cast a large area of light dappled shade and have broad spreading branches so loved by birds and animals.

-----

Surface soil moisture is the water that is in the upper 10 cm (4 inches) of soil, whereas root zone soil moisture is the water that is available to plants, which is generally considered to be in the upper 200 cm (80 inches) of soil:-
Wet Soil has Saturated water content of 20-50% water/soil and is Fully saturated soil.
Moist Soil has Field capacity of 10-35% water/soil and is Soil moisture 2–3 days after a rain or irrigation.
Dry Soil has Permanent wilting point of 1-25% water/soil and is Minimum soil moisture at which a plant wilts.
Residual water content of 0.1-10% water/soil and is Remaining water at high tension.
Available Water Capacity for plants is the difference between water content at field capacity and permanent wilting point.

-----

Dust and Pollution Barrier - Plants with large horizontal leaves are particularly effective in filtering dust from the environment, with mature trees being capable of filtering up to 70% of dust particles caused by traffic. Plants can also help offset the pollution effects of traffic. 20 trees are needed to absorb the carbon dioxide produced by 1 car driven for 60 miles.
Front of Border / Path Edges - Soften edges for large masses of paving or lawn with groundcover plants. Random areas Within Paths can be planted with flat-growing plants. Other groundcover plants are planted in the Rest of Border.

Tree/Shrub Shape:-

invertedovoidshape1a1a1aNarrow Vase-Shaped/ Inverted Ovoid Tree/Shrub Shape

 

 

fanshaped1a1a1a1Fan-Shaped/ Vase-Shaped Tree/Shrub Shape

 

 

 

broadfanshapedshape1a1a1aBroad Fan-Shaped/ Broad Vase-Shaped Tree/Shrub Shape

Broad-headed trees usually cast a large area of light dappled shade and have broad spreading branches so loved by birds and animals.

narrowweepingshape1a1a1aNarrow Weeping Tree/Shrub Shape

Very useful for children to use as a secret den. The narrowness of the tree means that bands of dense shade sweep across the garden - never creating dense shade in one area all day.

broadweepingshape1a1a1aBroad Weeping Tree/Shrub Shape

 

 

 

Single-stemmed Palm, Cycad, or similar tree Tree/Shrub Shape

Multi-stemmed Palm, Cycad, or similar Tree Tree/Shrub Shape

-----

Other uses of plants:-
Crevices Garden Use
Hanging Basket Use
Large Leaves Use
Pollution Barrier 1, 2 Use
Rock Garden Use
Thorny Hedge Use
Trees for Lawns Use
Windbreak Use
Non-Tree Plants in Woodland Use
Gardens by the Bay is the place to find perfect companions for all your bulbs, perennials and ornamental grasses.

-----

Sun Aspect:-
Full Sun: At least 6 full hours of direct sunlight. Many sun lovers enjoy more than 6 hours per day, but need regular water to endure the heat.
Part Shade: 3 - 6 hours of sun each day, preferably in the morning and early afternoon. The plant will need some relief from the intense late afternoon sun, either from shade provided by a nearby tree or planting it on the east side of a building.
Dappled Sun - DS in Part Shade Column: Dappled sunlight is similar to partial shade. It is the sun that makes its way through the branches of a deciduous tree. Woodland plants and underplantings prefer this type of sunlight over even the limited direct exposure they would get from partial shade.
Full Shade: Less than 3 hours of direct sunlight each day, with filtered sunlight during the rest of the day. Full shade does not mean no sun.

-----

Seaside Plants that deal with salt-carrying gales and blown sand; by you using copious amounts of compost and thick mulch to conserve soil moisture.
Sound Barrier - The sound waves passing through the plant interact with leaves and branches, some being deflected and some being turned into heat energy. A wide band of planting is necessary to achieve a large reduction in the decibel level.
Wind Barrier - By planting a natural windbreak you will create a permeable barrier that lets a degree of air movement pass through it and provide shelter by as far as 30 times their height downwind.
Woodland ground cover under the shade of tree canopies.

Conifer
Book preview by The Royal Horticultural Society:-
"Royal Horticultural Society Encyclopedia of Conifers: A Comprehensive Guide to Cultivars and Species by Aris G. Auders and Derek P. Spicer 2 volumes ISBN 9781907057151 Published in July 2012. The two volumes of this extensive and lavishly illustrated 1,500-page work feature about 8,000 cultivars, over 5,000 photographs and all of the world’s 615 conifer species, plus their subspecies and varieties."
A Tree a Day provides lists of trees ( click on name in each list to get details and photo ) suitable for:-

Dobbies provides the following in its Easy Guide to growing Conifers (cannot find their advice page in September 2018):-
"Conifers come in a vast range of colours and many change shade during the year. Careful choice can give you a great splash of colour in autumn and winter when most other plants are dormant. Size is determined by variety and not by size at planting. Most plant labels carry a 10-year height as part of the description.
Generally:

• [d] = dwarf, under 40cm in 10 years
• [s] = slow, under 1m in 10 years
• [m] = medium, up to 2m in 10 years
• [f] = fast, anything above that.

Growth rates vary: some grow quickly straight away (x Cupressocyparis leylandii) but then need to be kept in check; others are very slow for a time and then grow rapidly (Araucaria araucana – monkey puzzle); while some barely grow more than 2cm a year (Picea mariana ‘Nana’ – spruce).

Choosing & Planting

  • Conifers will tolerate most soils, but avoid planting in areas that waterlog regularly, except for Taxodium distichum (swamp cypress) and Metasequoia (dawn redwood). A very chalky soil will suit Taxus (yew), some junipers and pines. Local climate, such as areas of high or low rainfall, can affect height and spread.
  • Before planting, remove the tree from the pot and soak the rootball in a bucket of water for about 10 minutes. Clear the area of weeds.
  • Make the planting hole about twice the size of the rootball; the top of the rootball should be just 2.5cm below ground level.
  • Refill the planting hole with the original soil mixed with peat, coir or very well-rotted compost. Do not use nitrogenous fertilisers such as poultry or horse manure or bedding plant compost as this usually contains fast-release fertiliser, which can damage conifer roots.
  • One or two feeds with a slowrelease fertiliser will be quite enough to maintain growth.
  • Give enough water to keep the rootball moist but not waterlogged in the early years after planting.

Recommended Plants
There are well over 1,000 different conifer cultivars to choose from; if you cannot find a specific variety that you’re looking for, there will be alternatives. When choosing conifers for a certain position, it is easier to find them by height, colour and growth habit rather than trying to remember a long Latin name. New cultivars have much more user-friendly names! Below is a list of some of the more popular cultivars, although the choice is practically endless. For more varieties, take a trip to your local garden centre or nursery, or visit www.conifers.org.uk (this domain name is for sale in September 2018).

Hedging

  •   Green
    Chamaecyparis lawsoniana ‘Green Hedger’ [m], x Cupressocyparis leylandii [f], Taxus baccata [m], Thuja plicata ‘Atrovirens’[f], T. occidentalis Emerald [m] & ‘Brabant’ [f]
  •   Yellow/Gold
    Chamaecyparis lawsoniana ‘Stardust’ [m], x Cupressocyparis leylandii ‘Castlewellan’[ f] & ‘Gold Rider’ [f], Cupressus macro carpa ‘Goldcrest’ [f], Taxus baccata golden varieties [m], Thuja occidentalis ‘Sunkist’ [m]
  •   Blue/Gray
    Chamaecyparis lawsoniana ‘Chilworth Silver’ [m] & ‘Pembury Blue’ [m], Cupressus arizonica ‘Blue Ice’ [f] & var. glabra [f]
  •   Variegated / White Tipped
    Chamaecyparis lawsoniana ‘Summer Snow’ [m] & Argenteovariegata’[ m], x Cupressocyparis leylandii ‘Harlequin’ [f], Thuja plicata ‘Zebrina’ [m]
  •   Winter Color
    Cryptomeria japonica Elegans Group [f] & Elegans Compacta [m]
  • Column (fastigiate)
    •   Green
      hamaecyparis lawsoniana Ellwood’s Pillar [s], ‘Grayswood Feather’ [m], ‘Green Pillar’ [m], and ‘Little Spire’ [m], Cupressus sempervirens ‘Totem Pole’ [m], Taxus baccata ‘Fastigiata’ [m]
    •   Yellow/Gold
      Chamaecyparis lawsoniana ‘Ellwood’s Gold’ [m], Cupressus macrocarpa ‘Wilma’ [m], C. sempervirens ‘Swanes Gold’ [s], Juniperus communis ‘Gold Cone’ [s], Taxus baccata ‘Standishi’ [s]
    •   Blue/Gray
      Chamaecyparis lawsoniana ‘Pelt’s Blue’ [f], Juniperus communis ‘Compressa’ [d], J. scopulorum ‘Blue Arrow’ [m], Pinus sylvestris Fastigiata Group [m]
    •   Variegated / White TippedJuniperus scopulorum ‘Silver Star’[m], Taxus baccata ‘Fastigiata Aureomarginata’ [s], ‘Icicle’ [d] & ‘Ivory Tower’ [s]
  • Conal (pyramidal)
    •   Green
      Chamaecyparis lawsoniana ‘Ellwoodii’ m, x Cupressocyparis leylandii ‘Olive’s Green’ f, Picea glauca var. albertiana ‘Conica’ m & ‘Laurin’ d, Thuja occidentalis ‘Holmstrup’ m
    •   Yellow/Gold
      Chamaecyparis lawsoniana ‘Minima Aurea’ [s], ‘Springtime’ [s] & ‘Yvonne’ [m], Thuja occidentalis ‘Yellow Ribbon’ [m]
    •   Blue/Gray
      Abies lasiocarpa ‘Compacta’ [m], Cupressus arizonica ‘Pyramidalis’ [m], Juniperus chinensis ‘Pyramidalis’ [m], Picea glauca Alberta Blue s & ‘Sanders Blue’ s, P. pungens ‘Hoopsii’ [m] & Glauca Group [m]
    •   Variegated / White Tipped
      Chamaecyparis lawsoniana ‘Fleckellwood’ [m], ‘Snow White’ [m] & ‘Summer Snow’ [m], Juniperus chinensis ‘Variegata’ [m], Picea glauca ‘J. W. Daisy’s White’ [s]
    •   Bronze / Purple / Winter Color
      Chamaecyparis thyoides ‘Ericoides’ [s], ‘Rubicon’ [s] & ‘Top Point’ [s]

Trimming & Pruning
Correctly chosen, most conifers only require a light clip in late summer with secateurs or shears to keep the shape correct. Despite popular myth, x Cupressocyparis leylandii only need one trim a year, preferably in July. Untrimmed fast-growing hedging plants are a social menace, so be a good neighbour and keep them in check. Junipers benefit from occasional radical pruning and most will reshoot from the old wood. However, as with most conifers, don’t let them get too large before pruning otherwise you will have unsightly brown wood for a year or two.

Bushy

  •   Green
    Abies balsamea Hudsonia Group d, Chamaecyparis obtusa ‘Nana Gracilis’ s, Pinus mugo varieties s, Tsuga canadensis ‘Jeddeloh’ s
  •   Yellow/Gold
    Chamaecyparis obtusa ‘Fernspray Gold’ [m], ‘Nana’ [d], ‘Nana Aurea’ [s] & ‘Nana Lutea’ [s], C. pisifera ‘Filifera Nana’ [s] & ‘Sungold’ [s], Pinus densiflora ‘Alice Verkade’ [m], Thuja occidentalis ‘Rheingold’ [s], T. plicata ‘Whipcord’ [m]
  •   Blue/Gray
    Chamaecyparis pisifera ‘Boulevard’ [m] & ‘Squarrosa Lombarts’ [m], Juniperus ‘Grey Owl’ [m], J. squamata ‘Blue Star’ [d]
  •   Variegated / White Tipped
    Chamaecyparis lawsoniana ‘Nana Albospica’ [s], C. pisifera ‘Snowflake’ [d], Cryptomeria japonica ‘Sekkan-sugi’ [m], J. x pfitzeriana ‘Sulphur Spray’ [m]/[p]>
  •   Bronze / Purple / Winter Color
    Cryptomeria japonica ‘Elegans Compacta [s], Juniperus horizontalis ‘Andorra Compact’ [d], Podocarpus ‘Blaze’ [d] & ‘County Park Fire’ [d], Platycladus orientalis ‘Rosedalis’ [s]

Ball (glubose)

  •   Green
    Chamaecyparis lawsoniana ‘Gnome’ [d], ‘Green Globe’ [d] & ‘Minima Glauca’ [s], Picea abies ‘Little Gem’ [d], P. glauca ‘Alberta Globe’ [d], Thuja occidentalis ‘Danica’ [d]
  •   Yellow/Gold
    Platycladus orientalis ‘Aurea Nana’ [s], Thuja occidentalis ‘Amber Glow’ [d], ‘Golden Globe’ [s] & ‘Golden Tuffet’ [d]
  •   Blue/Gray
    Chamaecyparis pisifera ‘Curly Tops’ [s], Picea mariana ‘Nana’ [d], P. pungens ‘Globosa’ [s]
  •   Variegated / White Tipped
    Chamaecyparis lawsoniana ‘Pygmaea Argentea’ [d], C. pisifera ‘Nana Aureovariegata’ [d] & ‘Plumosa Compressa’ [d], Cryptomeria japonica ‘Golden Promise’ [d]
  •   Bronze / Purple / Winter Color
    Cryptomeria japonica ‘Compressa’ [d] & ‘Vilmoriniana’ [d], Thuja occidentalis ‘Teddy’ [d]

Ground Cover (prostrate / semi-prostrate) -- Growth rates differ to width

  •   Green
    Juniperus communis ‘Green Carpet’ [s], ‘Hornibrookii’ [m] & ‘Repanda’ [m], J. x pfitzeriana ‘Mint Julep’ [m], J. rigida subsp. conferta [m], J. sabina ‘Tamariscifolia’ [m]
  •   Yellow/Gold
    Juniperus horizontalis ‘Golden Carpet’ [d], J. x pfitzeriana ‘Carberry Gold’ [m], ‘Gold Coast’ [m] & Golden Joy’ [s]
  •   Blue/Gray
    Cedrus deo ‘Feelin’ Blue’ [m], Juniperus horizontalis ‘Blue Chip’ [m] & Glauca Group [m], J. squamata ‘Blue Carpet’ [m]
  •   Variegated / White Tipped
    Juniperus chinensis ‘Expansa Aureospicata’ [m], J. squamata ‘Holger’ [s], Taxus baccata ‘Repens Aurea’ [m]
  •   Bronze / Purple / Winter Color
    Juniperus horizontalis ‘Andorra Compact’ [s] & ‘Winter Blue’ [m], Microbiota decussata [m], Taxus baccata ‘Corleys Coppertip’ [m]

Trimming & Pruning
Few gardens rely solely on flowers for year-round interest; they also need a structure of different plant shapes, colours and textures to provide a background and maintain year-round appeal. Conifers are ideal because they are available in so many forms, are hardy, easy to care for and long-living.

• Hedges in a variety of growth rates and colour give privacy, provide habitats for wildlife, absorb traffic noise and pollution, screen unsightly objects and create a backdrop for the garden (see our leaflet Making Gardens Beneficial to Wildlife for advice on planting a hedge).
• Ground cover can be provided by fast- or slow-growing prostrate conifers used to edge ponds, paths or borders; cover unsightly areas; and suppress weeds. They can act as a foil for bulbs, flowers and grasses.
• Specimens planted in the centre of a lawn, in a corner, in a tub or in a border or rockery can add structural interest to a garden.
• Containers: miniature and dwarf conifers suit container planting and will last five years or more in the same pot with a minimum of attention. Just water in summer, give an occasional trim and an annual feed of slow-release fertiliser. Low troughs can be underplanted with miniature bulbs and bedding plants. Plant a single conifer in patio planters to give height or a combination of different shapes, textures and colours for an all-round display. Use prostrate junipers in place of trailing plants.
• Borders can benefit from the graceful, arching foliage of pendulous conifers or upright-growing specimens. Plant with other shrubs, phormiums, heathers or grasses for a long-lasting border.
• Water features: conifers are excellent planted beside water as their strong shapes make wonderful reflections. They also hide the edges of pond liners and break up fixed lines of vision.
• Mixed plantings: conifers can be used with other plants to give year-round interest and colour: dwarf conifers live happily alongside other plants in containers, or by themselves as specimens. Try them with winter bedding and early spring bulbs and flowers, which can then be swapped for summer bedding. Heathers and hardy cyclamen also make a great combination."

 

You can mix climbers with bulbs:-

3 Sector Vertical Plant System from Infill3 Gallery

The Gardener's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Climbers & Wall Shrubs - A guide to more than 2000 varieties including Roses, Clematis and Fruit Trees by Brian Davis. Published by Penguin Books Ltd. in 1990. ISBN 0-670-82929-3 is providing more climbers to add to the ones from Ramblers Scramblers & Twiners by Michael Jefferson-Brown (ISBN 0 - 7153 - 0942 - 0) which describes how to choose, plant and nurture over 500 high-performance climbing plants and wall shrubs, so that more can be made of your garden if you think not just laterally on the ground but use the vertical support structures including the house as well.
There are 3 sectors on a house wall or high wall:-

  • 0-3 feet in height - The Base. This gives the most sheltered conditions in the garden, with soil and air temperatures above those of the surrounding area. This area will suffer less buffeting from wind. Soil care will be ensuring a high humus content - to enrich the nutrient value and help to create reservoirs of moisture. Light intensity will depend on the aspect of the wall (North-facing will get very little sunlight) with the surrounding buildings and plants, including trees. The following pages in InFill3 gallery cover
    The Base:
  • 3-10 feet in height - The Prime Site. As the plant moves upwards to about 6 feet, conditions change: plants still benefit from the reflected heat and stored heat of walls warmed by the sun but have more light and air. Many climbers will have established a trunk below and now begin to spread themselves. This middle section is visually important, because it is at eye level and just below that that we should display those items to which we want to draw most attention. Most of the shrubs that are suitable for growing against walls are between 3 and 10 feet in height.The following pages in Infill3 gallery cover
    The Prime Site:
  • Above 10 feet in height - The Higher Reaches. This is only likely to occur on house walls and other tall buildings with climbers and trained trees/shrubs covering all the way up to 3 feet from the guttering at roof level ( to prevent ingress to the internal roof space or blockage of the guttering). The following pages in Infill3 gallery cover
    The Higher Reaches:

The climbers in the Climber gallery have been placed into one of these 3 heights with the Text Box Boundary in:-

  • Blue for 0-3 feet
  • Green for 3-10 feet
  • Red for above 10 feet.

The Climber Gallery splits the climbers into their following ways of climbing:-

  • Ramblers/Scramblers - These climbers lean on other plants or need artificial supports to climb - Roses, Jasmine, Espalier-trained Fruit Tree/Fruit Ramblers. These are suitable for house or building walls where vine-eye and wire or 1 inch square timber trellis support structures can be erected up to 3 feet below the gutter for the climbers to be tied to with natural twine (not plastic or metal wire - stems grow sideways but plastic and metal contrict this, whereas natural twine will eventually rot or be broken by the expanding stem), or they can be trained on chainlink fences, trellis, pergolas or arbours. Herbaceous Clematis has been added since the top growth dies off completely in the Autumn and Non-Climbing Clematis since it will require being tied to a support structure. In theInfill3 Plants Index Gallery, these climbers go into the
    3a
    House-Wall Ramblers
  • Self-Clingers: Aerial Roots - A series of roots are produced along the length of its stems. These attach themselves very strongly to the surfaces they find - Ivy (Hedera).
    Self-Clingers: Sucker Pads - Tendrils are produced along the young growing stems, opposite the leaves. The main tendril stem divides into a number of slender filaments, each of which has a scarcely perceivable pad at its tip. Once the tips have established contact, the tiny pad is much expanded and becomes a significant sucker, which fits so strongly to the surface that if the stem is pulled away the suckers are left behind- Virginia Creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia).
    Self-Clingers: Twining - Many climbers find support simply by twining their stems around any object they find - Wisteria and Honeysuckle.
    Self-Clingers: Twining Leaf-Stem - Some climbers make do with sensitive leaf stalks which wrap themselves around objects for support - Clematis. Others establish themselves with thorns, hooks, spines and prickles.
    Self-Clingers: Twining Tendrils - A group of climbers climb by producing a series of tendrils. These are touch sensitive and will curl round any small object they come into contact with and thus enable the plant to climb securely on itself or other plants or manmade support structures - Chinese Virginia Creeper (Parthenocissus henryana), Sweet Pea and the Pea Family (Leguminosae).
    These Self-Clingers are suitable for garden walls, chainlink fences, trellis, pergolas or fedges, but not for House-Walls. In the Infill3 Plants Index Gallery, these climbers go into the
    3b The Higher Reaches -
    Non-House-Wall Climbing Twiners 1, 2 Page or
    3c The Higher Reaches -
    Non-House-Wall Self-Clinging Climbers Page.

Warning - Just as it is a mistake to try to keep a tiger in a dog's kennel, it can be a disaster to plant a rampant grower in a site that it will very quickly outgrow. Strong climbers, especially self-supporting ones (Ivy, Ampelopsis, Parthenocissus and Vitis), can quickly get to the eaves, where they may sabotage gutters, and if allowed to get onto the roof, distort or even dislodge tiling (See photos in the pages of Photo Damage by Plants in Chilham 1, 2, 3, 4 Gallery). Climbing roses must be supported by humans tying them to structures since the roses cannot do it themselves ( keep the top of the structures 3 feet below the eaves so that annual pruning can reduce the risk of the odd stem reaching the guttering!!).

Climber 3 Sector Vertical Plant System Use Pages:-

 

Further details of each are available in Climber Gallery
Climber Ramblers and Scramblers for House Wall and other supports like garden walls, pergolas, tripods, shrubs, trees,
Climber Wall Shrub Index
for House Wall and other areas of the garden,
Climber Annuals Index
for all support areas except House Walls,
Climber Base of Wall Plants
for all support areas except House Walls,
Climber Self-Clinging Index
for all support areas except House Walls,
Climber Tender Plants Index
for all support areas except House Walls, or
Climber Twiners Index
for all support areas except House Walls

 

Ramblers Scramblers & Twiners by Michael Jefferson-Brown (ISBN 0 - 7153 - 0942 - 0) describes how to choose, plant and nurture over 500 high-performance climbing plants and wall shrubs, so that more can be made of your garden if you think not just laterally on the ground but use the vertical support structures including the house as well.

The Gardener's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Climbers & Wall Shrubs - A Guide to more than 2000 varieties including Roses, Clematis and Fruit Trees by Brian Davis. (ISBN 0-670-82929-3) provides the lists for 'Choosing the right Shrub or Climber' together with Average Height and Spread after 5 years, 10 years and 20 years.

Climber

CLIMBERS GALLERY PAGES


CLIMBER FLOWER COLOUR
(o)Blue

Orange

(o)Other Colours
(o)Pink

(o)Red

(o)White

(o)Yellow

CLIMBER FORM
(o)Climbing

CLIMBER FRUIT COLOUR
(o)Fruit

BED WITH CLIMBER PICTURES
(o)Garden

Climber Height from Text Border

Blue = 0-36 inches (0-90 cms)

Green=36-120 inches (90-300 cms)

Red = 120+ inches (300+ cms)

Climber Soil Moisture from Text Background

Wet Soil

Moist Soil

Dry Soil

Flowering months range abreviates month to its first 3 letters (Apr-Jun is April, May and June).
Click on thumbnail to change page to the Climber Description Page of the Climber named in the Text box below that photo.
The Comments Row of that Climber Description Page details where that climber is available from.

colormonthclimber9a1a1a1a1

CLIMBER FOLIAGE COLOUR
Black
Blue
Brown
(o)Bronze
(o)Green 1
(o)Green 2
Grey
(o)Purple
Red
Silver
(o)Variegated White
(o)Variegated Yellow
White
(o)Yellow
(o)Autumn Colour
(o)4 Season Colour

 

Climbing Clematis suitable for pot culture

Including these Clematis, which being in pots can provide a good mix for the bulbs in the beds or in pots.

Clematis which can be grown in a Pot:-
Clematis cirrhosa Balearica
Clematis x diversifolia 'Eriostemon'
Clematis Early Large-Flowered 'Asao'
Clematis Early Large-Flowered 'Bees Jubilee'
Clematis Early Large-Flowered 'Elsa Spath'
Clematis Early Large-Flowered 'Nelly Moser'
Clematis Early Large-Flowered 'Niobe'
Clematis Early Large-Flowered 'Piilu'
Clematis florida var sieboldiana
Clematis integrifolia 'Aljonushka'
Clematis integrifolia 'Arabella'
Clematis integrifolia 'Durandii'
Clematis Late Large-Flowered 'Cardinal Wyszynski'
Clematis Late Large-Flowered 'Comtesse de Bouchard'
Clematis Late Large-Flowered 'Eetika'
Clematis Late Large-Flowered 'Ernest Markham'
Clematis macropetala
Clematis viticella AVANT-GARDE 'Evipo033'
Clematis viticella 'Betty Corning'
Clematis viticella 'Etoile Rose'

Botanical Index Gallery Pages

Appended to Botanical Name is
'Plant Type' space 'Flower Colour' space 'Plant Use'

A, B, C, D, E,
F, G, H, I, J, K,
L, M, N, O, P, Q,
R, S, T, U, V, W,
X, Y, Z,
Bedding,
Fern,
Hedging,
Illiterate UK Workforce,
Plant Use and Flower Shape,
Wildflowers in UK used by Butterflies

Links to Indexed Plants in the galleries below are in addition to the ones above:-

Bee pollinated plants per flower colour per month in Bee-Pollinated


Rock Garden, Alpine Flowers appended to relevant pages in this gallery from

Rock Flowers
with
Rock Garden

Alpines, Aquatic, Annual, Beddi-ng, Biennial and Bulb with Clim-ber of 3 sector system are in Infill

Fragrant Plant Index pages in Right Hand Table

4000x3000 pixel Camera Photo Index in Right Hand Table

Plant Type:-
Al = Alpine
Aq = Aquatic
An = Annual from Photo Coleus Index for different uses, Biennial
Ba = Bamboo
Be = Bedding
Bu = Bulb
Cl = Climber
Co = Conifer
Ds = Deciduous Shrub
Dt = Deciduous Tree
Ep = Evergreen Perennial
Es = Evergreen Shrub
Et = Evergreen Tree
Fe = Fern
Gr = Grass
Hed = Hedging
Hp = Herbaceous Perennial
Her = Herb
Od = Odds and Sods
Rg = Plant for Rock
Garden (Alpines)
Rh = Rhododendron, Azalea, Camellia
Ro = Rose
So = Soft Fruit
To = Top Fruit
Ve = Links are in the Vegetable Gallery where Companion Planting is also used.
Wi = Links to UK Wildflower Botanical Names and Common Names are in the Right Hand Table
and
Wildflowers used by Butterflies

Gr = Grass
Link in Plant Type is to either Index A of that type or to the Index in the right hand table on each page of that folder
=
Link(s) in expansion is to another folder in this ivydenegardens.co.uk website

Flower Colour:-
Other
Orange
Pink
Red
White
Yellow
2 Colours

followed by
Plant Use:-
Alp = in Alpine Garden
Arc = Climb Arch, Pergola, Fence, Trellis
Bac = Back of Border
Ban = Cover Banks
Bed = Bedding, Mass Planting
Bee = Bee pollinated for Hay Fever Sufferers
Cli = Climber/Pillar
Coast = in Coastal Area
Cott = in Cottage Garden
Cut = Cut-Flower
Edib = Edible
Edg = Edging Border
Exh = Exhibition
Fra = Fragrant
Fru = Fruit, Berry, Nut
Fless = Free of Frost
Gra = in Grassland
Gro = Ground-Cover
Hed = Hedge,
Plant in Hedge,
Screen, Windbreak
Herb = in Herb Garden
Hip = Produces Hips, Seed-Head

Annual, Bulb, Climber,
Perennial Form & Shrub/Tree Shape details below

Parts of a Flower by American Museum of Natural History

Inv = Invasive; so pot the plant instead
Mid = Middle of Border
Nat = Naturalize
Nor = North-facing Wall
Pois = Poisonous
Pot = Grow in Pot
PotGr = Pot in Greenhouse, Conservatory, Houseplant, Alpine House
Pout = Plant Supportless
Psoil = Tolerates Poor Soil
Psup = Plant Supported
Sha = Tolerates Shade, Part Shade, Shade Part of Day
Roc = Rock Garden, Cliff, Scree, Gravel, Crevice
San = on Sand Dunes
Shr = Climber in Shrubs
Spe = Speciman
Sta = Grow as Standard
Swo = Sword-shaped leaf
Tho = Thorns repel
Tless = Thornless
Tre = Climber in Tree
Und = Underplant
Veg = in Vegetable Garden
Wal = Grow as Wall Rose
Walls = Grows on Walls
Wat = Grow next to Water
Wet = Grow in Wet Soil
Wild = Attracts Wildlife
Woo = Woodland

Garden Design
...Use the Colour Wheel Concepts to select Plants.
From viewing Lost Flowers with the Walkabout, Un-Labelled Bedding Plant, Permanent Herbaceous Plant and RHS Design Errors pages, I state: 'There is room for improvement in the RHS Mixed Border of Wisley' in 2013-14. The above pages are within:-
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
......Camera photos of Plant supports

Right Hand Table

Botanical Name with Common Name, Wild Flower Family, Flower Colour and Form Index of each of all the Wildflowers of the UK in 1965:- AC, AG,AL,AL,AN,
AR,AR,AS,BA,
BR,BR,CA,CA,
CA,CA,CA,CA,
CA,CE,CE,CH,
CI,CO,CR,DA,
DE,DR,EP,EP,
ER,EU,FE,FO,
GA,GA,GE,GL,
HE,HI,HI,HY,
IM,JU,KI,LA,
LE,LI,LL,LU,LY, ME,ME,MI,MY,
NA,OE,OR,OR,
PA,PH,PL,PO,
PO,PO,PO,PU,
RA,RH,RO,RO,
RU,SA,SA,SA,
SC,SC,SE,SI,
SI,SO,SP,ST,
TA,TH,TR,TR,
UR,VE,VE,VI

Extra Botanical Names have been added within a row for a different plant. Each Extra Botanical Name Plant will link to an Extras Page where it will be detailed in its own row.

EXTRAS 91,
 

 

Common Name with Botanical Name, Wild Flower Family, Flower Colour and Form Index of each of all the Wildflowers of the UK in 1965:- AC,AL,AS,BE,
BL,BO,BR,CA,
CL,CO,CO,CO,
CR,DA,DO,EA,
FE,FI,FR,GO,
GR,GU,HA,HO,
IR,KN,LE,LE,
LO,MA,ME,MO,
NA,NO,PE,PO,
PY,RE,RO,SA,
SE,SE,SK,SM,
SO,SP,ST,SW,
TO,TW,WA,WE,
WI,WO,WO,YE

Extra Common Names have been added within a row for a different plant. Each Extra Common Name Plant will link to an Extras Page where it will be detailed in its own row.

EXTRAS 57,58,
59,60,61,62,
63,64,

 

You have the wildflower plants of the UK details above, with their flower colours and habitats in these 5 rows, so WHY NOT USE THEM WITH THE CULTIVATED PLANTS IN YOUR OWN GARDEN?

BLUE WILD FLOWER GALLERY
PAGE MENU

 

FLOWER COLOUR Comparison Page,
space,
Site Map page in its flower colour
NOTE Gallery with Continuation Pages from Page 2

...Blue - its page links in next 4 rows.
Use of Plant with Flowers

...Brown Botanical Names

...Cream Common Names, Coastal and Dunes, Sandy Shores and Dunes

...Green Broad-leaved Woods

...Mauve Grassland - Acid, Neutral, Chalk

...Multi-Cols Heaths and Moors

...Orange Hedgerows and Verges

...Pink A-G Lakes, Canals and Rivers

...Pink H-Z Marshes, Fens, Bogs

...Purple Old Buildings and Walls

...Red Pinewoods

...White A-D Saltmarshes. Shingle Beaches, Rocks and Cliff Tops

...White E-P Other

...White Q-Z Number of Petals


...Yellow A-G Pollinator

...Yellow H-Z Poisonous Parts

...Shrub/Tree River Banks and Other Freshwater Margins

BLUE WILD FLOWER GALLERY
PAGE MENU

 

Lists of:-

Edible Plant Parts.

Flower Legend.

Food for
Butterfly/Moth
.

Flowering plants of Chalk and Limestone Page 1
Page 2

Flowering plants of Acid Soil
Page 1

SEED COLOUR
Seed 1
Seed 2

BLUE WILD FLOWER GALLERY
PAGE MENU

 

Habitat Lists:-

Coastal and Dunes.

Broad-leaved
Woods
.

Grassland - Acid, Neutral, Chalk.

Heaths and Moors.

Hedgerows and Verges.

Lakes, Canals and Rivers.

Marshes, Fens,
Bogs
.

Old Buildings and Walls.

Pinewoods.

River Banks and
other Freshwater Margins
.

Saltmarshes.

Sandy Shores and Dunes.

Shingle Beaches, Rocks and
Cliff Tops
.

Other.
 

BLUE WILD FLOWER GALLERY
PAGE MENU

 

Number of Petals List:-
Without Petals. Other plants
without flowers.
1 Petal or
Composite of
many 1 Petal Flowers as Disc
or Ray Floret .
2 Petals.
3 Petals.
4 Petals.
5 Petals.
6 Petals.
Over 6 Petals.

BLUE WILD FLOWER GALLERY
PAGE MENU

 

Lists of:-

Pollinator.

Poisonous Parts.

Scented Flower, Foliage, Root.

Story of their Common Names.

Use of Plant with Flowers

Use for Non-Flowering Plants

 


The following is a complete hierarchical Plant Selection Process
dependent on the Garden Style chosen
Garden Style
...
Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...
12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...
All Plants Index
...
Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...
Shape, Form
Index

 


Fragrant Plants as a Plant Selection Process for your sense of smell:-
Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an Acid Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
1
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
1
, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
1
, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants
1
, 2

 


Camera Photo Galleries showing all 4000 x 3000 pixels of each photo on your screen that you can then click and drag it to your desktop as part of a Plant Selection Process:-

RHS Garden at Wisley
Plant Supports -
When supporting plants in a bed, it is found that not only do those plants grow upwards, but also they expand their roots and footpad sideways each year.
Pages
1
, 2, 3, 8, 11,
12, 13,
Plants 4, 7, 10,
Bedding Plants 5,
Plant Supports for Unknown Plants 5
,
Clematis Climbers 6,
the RHS does not appear to either follow it's own pruning advice or advice from The Pruning of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers by George E. Brown.
ISBN 0-571-11084-3 with the plants in Pages 1-7 of this folder. You can see from looking at both these resources as to whether the pruning carried out on the remainder of the plants in Pages 7-15 was correct.
Narcissus (Daffodil) 9,
Phlox Plant Supports 14, 15

Coleus Bedding Foliage Trial - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, Index

National Trust Garden at Sissinghurst Castle
Plant Supports -
Pages for Gallery 1
with Plant Supports
1, 5, 10
Plants
2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9,
11, 12
Recommended Rose Pruning Methods 13
Pages for Gallery 2
with Plant Supports
2
,
Plants 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Dry Garden of
RHS Garden at
Hyde Hall
Plants - Pages
without Plant Supports
Plants 1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Nursery of
Peter Beales Roses
Display Garden
Roses Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Nursery of
RV Roger
Roses - Pages
A1,A2,A3,A4,A5,
A6,A7,A8,A9,A10,
A11,A12,A13,A14,
B15,
B16,B17,B18,B19,
B20,
B21,B22,B23,B24,
B25,
B26,B27,B28,B29,
B30,
C31,C32,C33,C34,
C35,
C36,C37,C38,C39,
C40,
C41,CD2,D43,D44,
D45,
D46,D47,D48,D49,
E50,
E51,E52,F53,F54,
F55,
F56,F57,G58,G59,
H60,
H61,I62,K63,L64,
M65,
M66,N67,P68,P69,
P70,
R71,R72,S73,S74,
T75,
V76,Z77, 78,

Damage by Plants in Chilham Village - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4

Pavements of Funchal, Madeira
Damage to Trees - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13
for trees 1-54,
14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
for trees 55-95,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, 33, 34, 35,
36, 37,
for trees 95-133,
38, 39, 40,
41, 42, 43, 44, 45,
for trees 133-166

Chris Garnons-Williams
Work Done - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Identity of Plants
Label Problems - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11

Ron and Christine Foord - 1036 photos only inserted so far - Garden Flowers - Start Page of each Gallery
AB1 ,AN14,BA27,
CH40,CR52,DR63,
FR74,GE85,HE96,

Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens - 1187
A 1, 2, Photos - 43
B 1, Photos - 13
C 1, Photos - 35
D 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7,
Photos - 411
with Plants causing damage to buildings in Chilham Village and Damage to Trees in Pavements of Funchal
E 1, Photos - 21
F 1, Photos - 1
G 1, Photos - 5
H 1, Photos - 21
I 1, Photos - 8
J 1, Photos - 1
K 1, Photos - 1
L 1, Photos - 85
with Label Problems
M 1, Photos - 9
N 1, Photos - 12
O 1, Photos - 5
P 1, Photos - 54
Q 1, Photos -
R 1, 2, 3,
Photos - 229
S 1, Photos - 111
T 1, Photos - 13
U 1, Photos - 5
V 1, Photos - 4
W 1, Photos - 100
with Work Done by Chris Garnons-Williams
X 1 Photos -
Y 1, Photos -
Z 1 Photos -
Articles/Items in Ivydene Gardens - 88
Flower Colour, Num of Petals, Shape and
Plant Use of:-
Rock Garden
within linked page


The Center for Water Efficient Landscaping (CWEL)
mission is to promote water conservation through environmentally, socially, and economically sound landscape management practices in Utah, USA. Same principles apply wherever water is in short supply.
 

Why not gift a Container Garden Veg Patch Experience to your friend or your school?
From our farm in Cornwall, England we sow and grow thousands of organic vegetable plug plants, herbs and potted fruits ready to be delivered to your garden gate at just the right time for planting out.

Why not grow them inside your home using Amberol self-watering rectangular containers and the potting mix from my Vegetable Gallery?


Carbon Life Cycle uses Miscanthus for Power Stations leading to carbon neutral green renewable electricity and 7 other markets by Terravesta in the UK.
 

Connon Nurseries. - "is one of Canada's largest wholesale nurseries serving customers throughout Canada and several Northeastern U.S. states. We offer more than 4,000 varieties of high-quality trees, shrubs, perennials, green-roof plants, and more. We rely on more than 100 specialty nurseries from across Canada, the U.S. and Europe to grow specific stock to round out our own inventory. See its library and its plants for Green Roofs with Sempergreen Vegetation Mats for any type of roof, roundabout, central reservation or roof terrace."

Cultural Needs of Plants
from Chapter 4 in Fern Grower's Manual by Barbara Joe Hoshizaki & Robbin C. Moran. Revised and Expanded Edition. Published in 2001 by Timber Press, Inc. Reprinted 2002, 2006. ISBN-13:978-0-
88192-495-4.

"Understanding Fern Needs
Ferns have the same basic growing requirements as other plants and will thrive when these are met. There is nothing mysterious about the requirements - they are not something known only to people with green thumbs - but the best gardeners are those who understand plant requirements and are careful about satisfying them.
What, then, does a fern need?

All plants need water.
Water in the soil prevents roots from drying, and all mineral nutrients taken up by the roots must be dissolved in the soil water. Besides water in the soil, most plants need water in the air. Adequate humidity keeps the plant from drying out. Leaves need water for photosynthesis and to keep from wilting.
All green plants need light to manufacture food (sugars) by photosynthesis. Some plants need more light than others, and some can flourish in sun or shade. Most ferns, however, prefer some amount of shade.
For photosynthesis, plants require carbon dioxide, a gas that is exhaled by animals as waste. Carbon dioxide diffuses into plants through tiny pores, called stomata, that abound on the lower surface of the leaves. In the leaf, carbon dioxide is combined with the hydrogen from water to form carbohydrates, the plant's food. This process takes place only in the presence of light and chlorophyll, a green pigment found in plant cells. To enhance growth, some commercial growers increase the carbon dioxide level in their greenhouses to 600ppm (parts per million), or twice the amount typically found in the air.
Plants need oxygen. The green plants of a plant do not require much oxygen from the air because plants produce more oxygen by photosynthesis than they use. The excess oxygen liberated from the plants is used by all animals, including humans. What do plants do with oxygen? They use it just as we do, to release the energy stored in food. We use energy to move about, to talk, to grow, to think - in fact, for all our life processes. Although plants don't talk or move much, they do grow and metabolize and must carry on all their life processes using oxygen to release the stored energy in their food.
Roots need air all the time. They get it from the air spaces between the soil particles. Overwatering displaces the air between soil particles with water, thereby removing the oxygen needed by the roots. This reduces the root's ability to absorb mineral nutrients and can foster root-rot.
Plants need minerals to grow properly. The minerals are mined from the soil by the plant's root system. If a certain mineral is missing, such as calcium needed for developing cell walls, then the plant will be stunted, discoloured, or deformed.
Some plants tolerate a wide range of temperatures, whereas others are fussy. If the temperature is too high or low, the machinery of the plant will not operate satisfactorily or will cease entirely.

The basic needs of plants are not hard to supply, but growing success depends on attending to these needs with care and exactitude. The remainder of this chapter is devoted to a discussion of these requirements, with the exception of mineral needs, which are discussed in Chapter 5."

 

It is worth remembering that especially with roses that the colour of the petals of the flower may change - The following photos are of Rosa 'Lincolnshire Poacher' which I took on the same day in R.V. Roger's Nursery Field:-

poacherrose1garnonswilliams

Closed Bud

poacherrose2garnonswilliams

Opening Bud

poacherrose3garnonswilliams

Juvenile Flower

poacherrose4garnonswilliams

Older Juvenile Flower

poacherrose5garnonswilliams

Middle-aged Flower - Flower Colour in Season in its
Rose Description Page is
"Buff Yellow, with a very slight pink tint at the edges in May-October."

poacherrose6garnonswilliams

Mature Flower

poacherrose7garnonswilliams

Juvenile Flower and Dying Flower

poacherrose8garnonswilliams

Form of Rose Bush

There are 720 roses in the Rose Galleries; many of which have the above series of pictures in their respective Rose Description Page.

So one might avoid the disappointment that the 2 elephants had when their trunks were entwined instead of them each carrying their trunk using their own trunk, and your disappointment of buying a rose to discover that the colour you bought it for is only the case when it has its juvenile flowers; if you look at all the photos of the roses in the respective Rose Description Page!!!!

item1c1a1a item31a1a1a2 item18a1a1a2 item5b1a1a2 item52a1a1a1a1 item53a1a1a1a item51a1a1a1a item50a1a1a1a item47a1a1a1a item46a1a1a1a item43a1a1a1a item39a1a1a1a item37a1a1a1a item36a1a1a1a item33a1a1a1a item32a1a1a1a item31a1a1a1a item29a1a1a1a item27a1a1a1a item23a1a1a1a item19a1a1a1a item18a1a1a1a item15a1a1a1a item12a1a1a1a item9a1a1a1a item7a1a1a1a item3a1a1a1a item2a1a1a1a item1c1a1a item31a1a1a2 item18a1a1a2 item5b1a1a2 item52a1a1a1a1 item53a1a1a1a item51a1a1a1a item50a1a1a1a item47a1a1a1a item46a1a1a1a item43a1a1a1a item39a1a1a1a item37a1a1a1a item36a1a1a1a item33a1a1a1a item32a1a1a1a item31a1a1a1a item29a1a1a1a item27a1a1a1a item23a1a1a1a item19a1a1a1a item18a1a1a1a item15a1a1a1a item12a1a1a1a item9a1a1a1a item7a1a1a1a item3a1a1a1a item2a1a1a1a item1c1a1a1a item31a1a1a2a1a item18a1a1a2a1a item5b1a1a2a1a item52a1a1a1a1a1a item53a1a1a1a1a1 item51a1a1a1a1a1 item50a1a1a1a1a1 item47a1a1a1a1a1 item46a1a1a1a1a1 item43a1a1a1a1a1 item39a1a1a1a1a1 item37a1a1a1a1a1 item36a1a1a1a1a1 item33a1a1a1a1a1 item32a1a1a1a1a1 item31a1a1a1a1a1 item29a1a1a1a1a1 item27a1a1a1a1a1 item23a1a1a1a1a1 item19a1a1a1a1a1 item18a1a1a1a1a1 item15a1a1a1a1a1 item12a1a1a1a1a1 item9a1a1a1a1a1 item7a1a1a1a1a1 item3a1a1a1a1a1 item2a1a1a1a1a1 item1c1a1a1a item31a1a1a2a1a item18a1a1a2a1a item5b1a1a2a1a item52a1a1a1a1a1a item53a1a1a1a1a1 item51a1a1a1a1a1 item50a1a1a1a1a1 item47a1a1a1a1a1 item46a1a1a1a1a1 item43a1a1a1a1a1 item39a1a1a1a1a1 item37a1a1a1a1a1 item36a1a1a1a1a1 item33a1a1a1a1a1 item32a1a1a1a1a1 item31a1a1a1a1a1 item29a1a1a1a1a1 item27a1a1a1a1a1 item23a1a1a1a1a1 item19a1a1a1a1a1 item18a1a1a1a1a1 item15a1a1a1a1a1 item12a1a1a1a1a1 item9a1a1a1a1a1 item7a1a1a1a1a1 item3a1a1a1a1a1 item2a1a1a1a1a1