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Current Permeable Pavement Surface round trees in pavements in Funchal, Madeira

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Problems with trees in pavements in Funchal, Madeira in January/February 2018
PROBLEMS WITH TREES IN PAVEMENTS IN FUNCHAL, MADEIRA IN JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2019

Death of tree roots and
Death of tree trunks/branches caused by people.
Solution to problems for trees caused by people using irrigation -
Growth of Pollarded Tree in Hotel Garden in 1 year provides a water solution to this destruction.

Damage to Tree Trunks 1, 2, 3, 4 caused by people,
Damage to Tree Roots caused by people,
Area of Open Ground round trees,
New Trees in pavements 1, 2,
Irrigation of current trees,
Watersprouts on trees,
Crossing Branches in trees,
Utility Equipment with tree Foliage,
Lights on trees,
Bycycle Lane in Pavement,
Public Gardens alongside pavements,
Hotel/Private Gardens alongside pavements,
Current Permeable Pavement Surface round trees and
Irrigation and Fertilising of trees.

 

In an attempt to provide irrigation and gaseous exchange to the trees in the paved roadway from the harbour to the Golden Gate Restaurant, their has been unfortunate results:-

  • Since people regularly stand on it and walk over it, it has become broken up and the shoes of people are then walking directly onto the roots of those trees.
  • Perhaps some of this permeable pavement was laid on top of loose grey shale, and that is why it broke up.
  • With people walking on top of this loose grey shale, it would keep injuring the roots either below the loose grey shale or the below the white geotextile with its grey shale on top
  • I failed to locate the irrigation system, except on one side of the closest tree to the cathedral.

 

In Photo 1 you will note the following:-

  • The pavement slopes down from the road to the shops/restaurants/banks.
  • There are grey concrete seats
  • There are Green painted either wooden slatted or metal seats by the taxis
  • there are trees in 3 rows from very near the road to within 3 metres of the shops/restaurants/ banks
  • There is a pavement of white and black marble blocks cemented together. Some years ago the marble blocks were simply arranged and earth put between them, which allowed for water and gaseous exchange for and by the tree roots.
  • Rows 1 and 2 have lines of light bulbs drapped round the trunks and some of the branches to be lit up after dark.

A possible solution to this is as follows:-

  1. Grade the pavement between the shops/restaurants/ banks down to the first black marble row into a drain like in photo 2. This row then leads to each tree in that row. When it reaches the metre square of metal grid encircling a tree it is put through a U bend trap (or the rainwater can flow near the edge of a bowl making the water flow round the inside of the bowl as a vortex flow and deposit the heavier solids into a neat pile in the center of that bowl) with a manhole above it for access to clear out detritus from the streets and from there to a 10 metre length of french pipe surrounded by geotextile to prevent roots from getting into the french drain. Coarse sand will then fill up the free space to be level with the top of the metal grid, so that thrown away cigarettes do not burn the geotextile.
  2. Repeat this for the middle row of trees and
  3. Use the same system for the row of trees closest to the road.
  4. Install pop-up sprinklers in the middle row to spray up to the road and down to the bottom row of trees. Irrigate at 01:00 on Tuesday morning for an hour or two, if there has been no rain the previous week.
  5. Move the green painted either wooden slatted or metal seats by the taxis to straddle the metal grids of each tree along the current axis from the Golden Gate to the Cathedral. You could then remove the metal grid and plant GREEN MANURE in the sand to create nitrogen for the tree roots - only the geotextile surrounding the 10 metre length of french drain which has been wound round the area of open ground between the tree trunk and the surrounding concrete/marble pavement. These legumes would be protected from being trampled on by the transferred seats. The excess water could overflow a weir-type arrangement into a stormdrain.
  6. The same system as for 1-5 could be used for the trees from the Golden Gate to the roundabout at the other end by the hill towards the new Savoy.
  7. The same system could be used for the trees in the area between the Golden Gate and the harbour. This time the seats would still straddle 2 sides of each tree, but this time they still stay in the same axis as for Golden Gate to the Cathedral so that each seat would be horizontal. Its seat length would prevent people from walking close to the tree trunk and the legumes would provide the fertiliser. The pavement would slope away from the buildings on the left by 1-2 metres and the same on the right using a slope of 1:40 to guarantee rainwater or irrigation water flow. The same drain as before would collect the water in a 45 degree slope from the end of the sloped pavement from the buildings to the middle where it would turn 270 degrees back to the next tree down that side of the slope and the same french drain system employed with legume cover above. The same pop-up irrigation system would then supplement this rainwater irrigation system. The excess water could be allowed to either go into a stormdrain or flow over the roadway to either the next crossdrain or to the stormdrain at the bottom of the hill.
  8. The same system as number 7 could be used for the trees from the roundabout to the top of the hill.
  9. 3 litres of crushed seaweed/composted cow manure in water solution can be supplied per week on Monday to the ground round each tree to provide the trace elements and fertiliser (Seaweed is used in Jersey to produce Jersey Royals potatoes). This area is then irrigated that night. The legumes and roots of the tree benefit as well as the soil life of worms etc.
    This could be replaced with a 4 inch diameter (10 cm) french drain to go past the tree on the opposite side of the tree to the road, 12 inches away from the Green Manure area and under the pavement surface. Surround the french drain with a triple layer of geotextile to stop the tree roots getting into the drain. A tanker could then expell its load of crushed seaweed/composted cow manure into this french drain on a regular basis.
    Using the clear liquid layer in a septic tank to fill a French Drain surrounded by peashingle in an envelope of geotextile, and this liquid waste was led to big and happy birch trees and a bay tree.


Text for Photo 1, 2, 3 and 4
 


Photo 1 taken by Chris Garnons-Williams In Madeira.
Photo 2 taken by Chris Garnons-Williams In Madeira.
 


Photo 3 taken by Chris Garnons-Williams In Madeira.


Photo 4 taken by Chris Garnons-Williams In Madeira.

Photo 1 - tree 154 from funchal roundabout to cathedral by golden gate view to cathedral IMG_0130.JPG

permeablepavement1garnonswilliams

Photo 2 - tree 155 from funchal roundabout to cathedral by golden gate drainage channel IMG_0138.JPG

 

Photo 3 - tree 155 from funchal roundabout to cathedral by golden gate drainage channel IMG_0137.JPG

permeablepavement2garnonswilliams

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Photo 4 - tree 157 from golden gate to harbour permeable base IMG_0146.JPG

You can see that someone is standing on the permeable pavement.

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Photo 5 - tree 158 from golden gate to harbour permeable base damaged roots IMG_0149.JPG

You can see the wear in the permeable pavement and the damaged tree root.

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Photo 6 - tree 158 from golden gate to harbour permeable base damaged roots IMG_0150.JPG

Other damaged roots of this tree

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Photo 7 - tree 159 from golden gate to harbour permeable base damaged rootsIMG_0152.JPG

You can see the damage done by shoes on a different tree

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Photo 8 - tree 160 from golden gate to harbour permeable base IMG_0158.JPG

I picked up this loose piece of permeable pavement to see peashingle either side of a black layer with no vibility through it - so how the water gets through it I do not know. The grey shales is sharp and cuts any root it comes in contact with as the pedestrians walk over it.

permeablepavement8garnonswilliams

Photo 9 - tree 161 from golden gate to harbour permeable base view up road IMG_0159.JPG

The tree in the pavement above the lowest one unfortunately is going to get not only the shhots of the clients , but the tables and the chair legs being forced onto its roots. I wonder if we could persuade the restaurant to leave a 150 centimetres (60 inches for the seat and access to it) from the outer pavement circle before allowing chairs or tables by putting 4 sections of circular seating round the outside of the paver circle of that tree. Legumes could be planted instead of the permeable pavement and the separation between each seat section would provide enough space for the maintenance of that GREEN MANURE.

permeablepavement9garnonswilliams

 

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This website is being created by Chris Garnons-Williams of Ivydene Horticultural Services from it's start in 2005.

I am requesting free colour photographs of any plants grown in or sold in the United Kingdom to add to the plants in the Plant Photographic Galleries and Butterfly photographs for the Butterfly on Plant Photographic Galleries.

 

Site design and content copyright ©April 2007. Page structure amended October 2012. Page structure changed February 2019 for pages concerning Trees in pavements alongside roads in Madeira. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

It should be remembered that nothing is sold from this educational site, it simply tries to give you the best advice on what to use and where to get it (About Chris Garnons-Williams page details that no payment or commision to or from any donor of photos or adverts I place on the site in the Useful Data or other sections is made to Chris Garnons-Williams or Ivydene Horticultural Services). This website is a hobby and not for direct commercial gain for Ivydene Horticultural Services. There is no Google Adscenes or Search Facility in this website.

The information on this site is usually Verdana 14pt text and all is in tabular form. This can be downloaded and sorted using WORD or other word-processing software into the order that you personally require, especially for soil subsidence, the Companion Planting Tables and the pages in the Plants section. This would be suitable for use in education as well.

I put jokes in at various places to give you a smile.

 

Main Menu to Site Map of each of the Topics, with a * after Topic you are viewing.
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...A
, B, C, D, E,
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............

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Following your choice using Garden Style then that changes your Plant Selection Process
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Index

or
you could use these Flower Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53
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with its
Explanation of
Structure of this Website with

...User Guidelines
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or
these Foliage Colour Wheels structures, which I have done but until I can take the photos and I am certain of the plant label's validity, these may not progress much further
All Foliage 212
All Spring Foliage 212
All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212

or
Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index

............


 

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery

Butterfly
Usage of Plants
by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly usage of
Plant A-C
Plant C-M
Plant N-W
Butterfly usage of Plant

followed by all the Wild Flower Family Pages:-

There are 180 families in the Wildflowers of the UK and they have been split up into 22 Galleries to allow space for up to 100 plants per gallery.

Each plant named in each of the Wildflower Family Pages may have a link to its Plant Description Page in its Common Name in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries and will have links to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name, to see photos in its Flowering Months and to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.


57(o)58 Crucifer (Cabbage/ Mustard) 1
indicates 57 Plant Description Pages with photos and 58 plants with photos in that Crucifer Family Page 1:-

Wild Flower

ad borage gallery
...(o)2 Adder's Tongue
...Amaranth
...(o)3 Arrow-Grass
...(o)4 Arum
...1(o)1 Balsam
...Bamboo
...2(o)2 Barberry
...(o)10 Bedstraw
...(o)7 Beech
...(o)12 Bellflower
...(o)5 Bindweed
...(o)4 Birch
...(o)1 Birds-Nest
...(o)1 Birthwort
...(o)2 Bogbean
...(o)1 Bog Myrtle
...(o)23 Borage

box crowberry gallery
...1(o)1 Box
...(o)11 Broomrape
...2(o)2 Buckthorn
...(o)1 Buddleia
...(o)1 Bur-reed
...29(o)30 Buttercup
...(o)6 Butterwort
...6(o)6 Clubmoss
...(o)2 Cornel (Dogwood)
...(o)1 Crowberry

cabbages gallery
...57(o)58 Crucifer (Cabbage/ Mustard) 1
...(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2

cypress cud gallery
...Cypress
...(o)4 Daffodil
...(o)23 Daisy
...(o)21 Daisy Cudweeds
...(o)16 Daisy Chamomiles
...3(o)22 Daisy Thistle
...(o)17 Daisy Catsears

hawk dock gallery
...(o)5 Daisy Hawkweeds
...(o)5 Daisy Hawksbeards
...(o)2 Daphne
...(o)1 Diapensia
...(o)10 Dock Bistorts
...(o)7 Dock Sorrels

duckw fern gallery
...(o)4 Duckweed
...(o)1 Eel-Grass
...(o)2 Elm

figwort fum gallery
...(o)24 Figwort - Mulleins
...(o)21 Figwort - Speedwells
...2(o)2 Filmy Fern
...(o)4 Flax
...(o)1 Flowering-Rush
...(o)3 Frog-bit
...7(o)7 Fumitory

g goosefoot gallery
...1(o)10 Gentian
...(o)16 Geranium
...(o)4 Glassworts
...(o)2 Gooseberry
...(o)13 Goosefoot

grasses123 gallery
...(o)8 Grass 1
...(o)8 Grass 2
...(o)8 Grass 3

g brome gallery
...(o)8 Soft Bromes 1
...(o)8 Soft Bromes 2
...(o)9 Soft Bromes 3

h lobelia gallery
...(o)2 Hazel
...(o)15 Heath
...(o)1 Hemp
...(o)1 Herb-Paris
...(o)1 Holly
...(o)7 Honeysuckle
...(o)1 Horned-Pondweed
...2(o)2 Hornwort
...5(o)5 Horsetail
...(o)9 Iris
...(o)1 Ivy
...(o)1 Jacobs Ladder
...(o)17 Lily
...(o)7 Lily Garlic
...(o)2 Lime
...(o)2 Lobelia

l olive gallery
...(o)1 Loosestrife
...(o)5 Mallow
...(o)4 Maple
...(o)1 Mares-tail
...(o)1 Marsh Pennywort
...1(o)1 Melon (Gourd/ Cucumber)
...(o)2 Mesembry-anthemum
...3(o)3 Mignonette
...3(o)3 Milkwort
...(o)1 Mistletoe
...(o)1 Moschatel
...Naiad
...4(o)4 Nettle
...(o)7 Nightshade
...(o)1 Oleaster
...(o)3 Olive

orchid parn gallery
...(o)22 Orchid 1
...(o)22 Orchid 2

peaflowers gallery
...(o)20 Peaflower
...(o)31 Peaflower Clover
...(o)18 Peaflower Vetches/Peas
...(o)1 Parnassus-Grass

peony pink gallery
...Peony
...(o)1 Periwinkle
...Pillwort
...Pine
...7(o)23 Pink 1
...7(o)24 Pink 2

p rockrose gallery
...Pipewort
...(o)1 Pitcher-Plant
...(o)6 Plantain
...26(o)27 Polypody
...(o)4 Pondweed
...8(o)8 Poppy
...16(o)16 Primrose
...3(o)3 Purslane
...Quillwort
...Rannock Rush
...2(o)2 Reedmace
...4(o)4 Rockrose

rose12 gallery
...(o)30 Rose 1
...(o)23 Rose 2
...1(o)1 Royal Fern

rush saxi gallery
...(o)1 Rush
...(o)1 Rush Woodrushes
...9(o)9 Saint Johns Wort
...Saltmarsh Grasses
...(o)1 Sandalwood
...(o)1 Saxifrage

sea sedge2 gallery
...Seaheath
...1(o)3 Sea Lavender
...(o)2 Sedge Rush-like
...(o)1 Sedges Carex 1
...1(o)1 Sedges Carex 2

sedge3 crop gallery
...(o)1 Sedges Carex 3
...(o)1 Sedges Carex 4
...(o)1 Spindle-Tree
...(o)13 Spurge
...(o)1 Stonecrop

sun thyme gallery
...(o)1 Sundew
...1(o)1 Tamarisk
...Tassel Pondweed
...(o)4 Teasel
...(o)20 Thyme 1
...(o)21 Thyme 2

umb violet gallery
...15(o)15 Umbellifer 1
...15(o)15 Umbellifer 2
...(o)5 Valerian
...(o)1 Verbena
...11(o)11 Violet

water yew gallery
...1(o)1 Water Fern
...2(o)2 Waterlily
...1(o)1 Water Milfoil
...1(o)1 Water Plantain
...2(o)2 Water Starwort
...Waterwort
...(o)9 Willow
...(o)1 Willow-Herb
...(o)5 Wintergreen
...(o)1 Wood-Sorrel
...Yam
...Yew

The Site Map Page that you link to from the Menu in the above row for the Wildflower Gallery contains all the native UK plants which have their Plant Description Pages in the other 22 Wildflower Galleries. It also has Wildflower Index Pages, Flower Colour Comparison Pages and links to the 180 Wildflower Family Pages as shown in the menu above.


 

 

Links to external websites like the link to "the Man walking in front of car to warn pedestrians of a horseless vehicle approaching" would be correct when I inserted it after March 2007, but it is possible that those horseless vehicles may now exceed the walking pace of that man and thus that link will currently be br
ok en .... .....

My advice is Google the name on the link and see if you can find the new link. If you sent me an email after clicking Ivydene Horticultural Services text under the Worm Logo on any page, then; as the first after March 2010 you would be the third emailer since 2007, I could then change that link in that 1 of the 15,743 pages. Currently (August 2016), I can receive but not send emails, so please provide phone number/country or full postal address if reply required.

 


Other websites provide you with cookies - I am sorry but I am too poor to afford them. If I save the pennies from my pension for the next visitor, I am almost certain in March 2023, that I could afford to make that 4th visitor to this website a Never Fail Cake. I would then be able to save for more years for the postage.

 

It is worth remembering that especially with roses that the colour of the petals of the flower may change - The following photos are of Rosa 'Lincolnshire Poacher' which I took on the same day in R.V. Roger's Nursery Field:-

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot91a1a1a

Closed Bud

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Opening Bud

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Juvenile Flower

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Older Juvenile Flower

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Middle-aged Flower - Flower Colour in Season in its
Rose Description Page is
"Buff Yellow, with a very slight pink tint at the edges in May-October."

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Mature Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot97a1a1a

Juvenile Flower and Dying Flower

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Form of Rose Bush

There are 720 roses in the Rose Galleries; many of which have the above series of pictures in their respective Rose Description Page.

So one might avoid the disappointment that the 2 elephants had when their trunks were entwined instead of them each carrying their trunk using their own trunk, and your disappointment of buying a rose to discover that the colour you bought it for is only the case when it has its juvenile flowers; if you look at all the photos of the roses in the respective Rose Description Page!!!!

 

Fragrant Plants adds the use of another of your 5 senses in your garden:-

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves.

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark.

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil
.

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soi
l.

Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
.

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers.

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves.

Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves.

Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers.

Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit.

Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers.

Night-scented Flowering Plants.

Scented Aquatic Plants.

Plants with Scented Fruits.

Plants with Scented Roots.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums.

Scented Cacti and Succulents.

Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell.