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Medway Proposed New School Comments





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Problems with trees in pavements in Funchal, Madeira in January/February 2018
Death of tree roots and
Death of tree trunks/branches caused by people.
Solution to problems for trees caused by people using irrigation -
Growth of Pollarded Tree in Hotel Garden in 1 year provides a water solution to this destruction.

Damage to Tree Trunks 1, 2, 3, 4 caused by people,
Damage to Tree Roots caused by people,
Area of Open Ground round trees,
New Trees in pavements 1, 2,
Irrigation of current trees,
Watersprouts on trees,
Crossing Branches in trees,
Utility Equipment with tree Foliage,
Lights on trees,
Bycycle Lane in Pavement,
Public Gardens alongside pavements,
Hotel/Private Gardens alongside pavements,
Current Permeable Pavement Surface round trees and
Irrigation and Fertilising of trees.

Camera Photo Galleries:-
Pavements of Funchal, Madeira
Damage to Trees
, 2, 3, 4.

Will visitors to Madeira worry about having branches or trees in public places fall on them? No; according to Engineer Francisco Pedro Freitas Andrade of Est. Marmeleiros, No 1, Jardins & Espaces Verdes who is Chef de Diviso Câmara Municipal do Funchal; Departamento de Ciência e de Recursos Naturais; Divisão de Jardins e Espaços Verdes Urbanos in charge of the trees within the pavements within the area controlled by Funchal Municipality - See Monitoring of Trees in pavements in Funchal, Madeira from September 2019 to February 2010 1, 2 pages by his department.

Demise of trees in pavements in St. Peter Port, Guernsey caused by people to their Roots

Medway Proposed New School Comments in September 2019


On the 19th September 2019, I sent the following 2 emails:-


Dear Ms H Burden, thank you for your email. My further comments are on my Welcome page of
www.ivydenegardens.co.uk . Would you do me a favour and go to Otterham Quay Lane junction
with Moor Street with its traffic lights and sit down so that you can see towards Rainham, Sittingbourne
and Otterham Quay Lane between 08:30 and 09:00 on a school day when pupils are going to school?
You will see the current gridlock situation and what is currently proposed is going to totally gridlock
those streets for over an hour each morning. Please get Medway to rethink where the drive to the
school comes from instead of Otterham Quay Lane, it should be Seymour Road. Except for the buffer
of shrubs round the site, it would appear that all other recommendations of mine have been totally ignored.

Kind Regards,

Chris Garnons-Williams


On 29 Aug 2019, at 15:37, Community Consultation Team <info@leighacademyrainhamplans.co.uk> wrote:

Dear Mr Garnons-Williams, thank you for your response, I would like to welcome you to our preview
exhibition on Thursday 5
so you can discuss these points further with members of the project team.
If you are unable to attend, information will be available at
www.leighacademyrainhamplans.co.uk after
the public event. You will be able to provide feedback and comments as part of the community consultation
and planning process, details of which will be on the website.

Kind regards

Helen Burden

Community Engagement Team

From: chris@ivydenegardens.co.uk [mailto:chris@ivydenegardens.co.uk]

Sent: 28 July 2019 13:16

To: info@leighacademyrainhamplans.co.uk

Subject: Errors on Leigh Academy Rainham Plans

Dear Sir/Madam,

From where you intend to build a school for over 1100 girls/boys between 11-18, you will need to pump
the main waste and the storm waste up to the drains in Otterham Quay Lane. This is what would have
had to happen to the 200 house scheme for this field. Will that old drainage take it, will the pumps by the
river take the extra volume and will there be the water to do it with for incoming fresh water? If so, I
would suggest that you a secondary pump system with its own generator for the event where the primary
pump fails. The effluent from 1100 pupils and their staff combined with a rainfall exceeding 2 inches in an hour could
be a problem if it overflows into the railway cutting alongside the rail line from London to Dover.

From the photo on your website indicating the land for the school, it would appear that you will have the
school building near Otterham Quay Lane with its car park. It would appear that the road access would be
close to the railway bridge of Otterham Quay Lane. I am almost 71, with many health issues requiring 11 different
medications per day and so my walking speed is slow. During the rush hour when children are being taken
to school, I can walk from my house 1 Eastmoor Farm Cottages, which is about 100 yards from South Bush
Lane into Rainham and beat the traffic to Mierscourt Road between 7:45 and 9:00. The road outside is
getting more gridlocked. If you add 500 cars delivering kids to school and trying to get out twice a day,
then it will be a total mess.

In order to sort that out you need to switch the school car park, school building and plying grounds at
180 degrees and have the road access from Seymour Road alongside the railway line. Seymour road needs
to be widened so that it is 2 lane instead of a lane. Where it joins Canterbury Lane, then that Canterbury Lane
needs to be widened from that junction to past the refuse tip to join the 2 lane section to Otterham Quay Lane.
That would stop any further congestion on Otterham Quay Lane.

There are 3 roads going East-West in the Medway Area. The M2, the A2 and Lower Rainham Road. If there is a
problem on the M2 then Medway becomes gridlocked because the A2 is a series of traffic lights and if you wish to
get to Rochester from More Street it is faster to go up to the M2 along it and down the other side of Rochester airport
than to use the 4th side of the A2. If you want to use the Lower Rainham Road, then there is a long section of 20MPH,
chicanes and speed ramps to destroy your suspension, so that also becomes a series of queues. Either that
Lower Rainham Road becomes one way from 7 Sisters Roundabout to a new Roundabout at the junction with
Pump Lane and the other part of the dual carriageway goes from there back to the 3 Sisters roundabout, or a
new dual carriageway is build north of the Lower Rainham Road between those roundabouts, which would also be
capable of taking lorries; there is a 300 yard section closest to the 3 Sisters which is not suitable for heavy lorry access.
Then, there is a possibility of reducing congestion in the Medway towns. A new dual carriageway would be better,
since there are all those new houses built where the Old Brick Factory was opposite the 3 Sisters and the new houses
from the 3 sisters along Otterham Quay Lane and the effect of
this school.

If the school is to be community based, will a new Health Centre be built on the grounds next to the school plot of
land, together with a small shop/supermarket and cafe for kids lunches/parents waiting to pick up kids. The Health
Centre opposite St Margarets Church in the middle of Rainham had 4 surgeries, red, yellow, blue and green. The
green one closed in January and it was difficult for the others to absorb their patients. My next door neighbours
when they moved in 2 years ago tried to join one of those surgeries from another one where they lived before in
Medway, they were unable to and are now selling their house. My wife and I are with one of those surgeries,
but a) we are outside their area for accepting patients, b) they have no vacancies and c) some of their doctors
had the audacity to retire since they were over 70 in March this year, they have not yet been able to replace them.
So if you build the facility, will you able to staff it.

There is a section on my Welcome page of www.ivydenegardens.co.uk which does explain why we in the
South East are not just running out of water

1) because of climate change dropping less rain in the South East as the years roll on, and
2) not just because during 2 months of 2017 Southern Water over abstracted water from the aquifers
under the town of Medway lowering the water table yet again,
3) and not just because the 129 litres of water normally used by each resident within the Southern Water
area is now being reduced to 110 litres of water engineered into new built house/school by building
regulations approved by local councils without people realising it,
4) But Southern Water is only building one new reservoir in Havant and being told by the government
to regulate the supply using management techniques - increase price of water to persuade people to use less.
If we dropped average consumption to 100 litres a day, then 20 million extra people could get water and
the water companies would get more money for the same amount of product, since their record of reducing
loss of water in their pipe system is not working very well.

I would make suggestions a) concerning a 10 feet wide vegetation buffer which includes a path within it round the site,
that could be used for running and studying nature and horticulture, b) replacing car park surface with reinforced
grass system etc, but I doubt whether anyone is interested, since the design has now been settled and the builders
will be in there before the end of September, so everything will already have been tendered for.

What is the other half of the field going to be used for? Annex it to the school and use it to grow the fruit and
vegetables for the school? Split off some parts of it for classes to try out ideas of how they could plant their own
gardens of their homes?

Yours sincerely,

Chris Garnons-Williams
1 Eastmoor Farm Cottages
Moor Street
Kent ME8 8QE


Begin forwarded message:

From: "chris@ivydenegardens.co.uk" <chris@ivydenegardens.co.uk>

Subject: Re: Patient engagement event on digital support for people living with asthma

Date: 23 September 2019 at 07:58:32 BST

To: Victoria Bean <no-reply@emailengage.info>

Reply-To: Christopher Garnons-Williams <chris@ivydenegardens.co.uk>


Dear Ms Bean,

A new school is to built on Otterham Quay Lane for over 1100 pupils. The average air pollution is above the
safety limit within Medway and the location with its proposed roundabout on the the lane with the drive into the
school is to be the termination of 4 new bus routes and 4 new school buses as well as parents bringing
the pupils to school. I have tried to get the school drive moved to Seymour Road to reduce the likelihood of
asthma being induced in the pupils and staff, but in one year’s time the illness will start to occur.

I have stated my comments on the Welcome Page (Home Page) of my educational website https://www.ivydenegardens.co.uk.

I have seen today excavations in the field, so the building work has already started. Medway seems to like to
find ways to make its population ill.

Not only the school but the surrounding 200 yards of housing will also be affected from the railway line in
Otterham Quay Lane to Mierscourt Road and Seymour Road, due to stationary traffic releasing its nitrous dioxide
between 07:45 and 09:00 and then in the afternoon of each school workday.

Kind regards,

Chris Garnons-Williams


On 20 Sep 2019, at 14:26, Victoria Bean <no-reply@emailengage.info> wrote:

Dear Member

The Academic Health Science Network and the Design and Learning Centre are organising a patient engagement
event on digital support for people living with asthma, which you might be interested in attending

This takes place on 26th September 2019, 10:00 am - 12:00 pm at The Kings Studio, Aylesford Village Community
Centre, 25 Forstal Road, Aylesford, Kent.
Details of how to book a place are included in the flyer below or attached link

Kind regards

Victoria Bean
Governor and Membership Officer

Medway NHS Foundation Trust

To unsubscribe click here.






The following comments - for the proposed new school in Medway - are responses to the published material from the September 2019 issue of Landscape &
Amenity Product Update (LAPU) www.landscapeandamenity.com, who kindly sent me a printed copy of their publication:-

  1. Childhood obesity, poor mental health and sleep problems linked to playground decline. I could see no sign of a playground near this proposed
    school. If it is to be community based, then some of the pupils and the younger pupils with their mothers could use a playground before and after school.
  2. Green pollution barrier breaks ground. In placing the car park for the school next to Otterham Quay Lane, Rainham on the South Side of the main
    railway, it is going to receive a great deal of pollution from cars and this barrier could help to reduce this if the school car park is not moved to
    Seymour Road end of the existing field.
  3. John Chambers Wildflower seed makes a B-Line to help pollinators in Skipton. A metre-wide strip of Wildflower would help reverse the decline of
    wild pollinators for the Green Pollution Barrier, with a SuDS-compliant grass reinforcement mesh path alongside the wildflower meadow and green
    pollution barrier.
  4. Terrain Aeration relieves waterlogging. The field has been used for circuses and Boot Fairs for years. It is likely that the ground is very compacted.
    If the sport's Field area is treated with this system before its first use, then the current grass will benefit.


1. Childhood obesity, poor mental health and sleep problems linked to playground decline.


"New research with parents shows the devastating impact that the sharp decline in outdoor play facilities is having on their
children's physical and mental health.

The survey was carried out by Mumsnet - the UK's biggest website for parents - and commissioned by the Association of Play
(API). It asked parents about their children's outdoor play and indoor screen time habits and revealed their growing
concerns over children's activity levels and the shift from outdoor play to indoor screen time. It follows previous API research
which uncovered an alarming decline in public playground provision due to local authority budget cuts.

The survey of 1,111 parents with children aged between 2 and 12 has revealed:

  • 72% of parents of children with health issues such as obesity said that the lack of outdoor play facilities in their area
    has played a role in their children's problems.
  • Over a quarter of parents surveyed with children experiencing mental health problems said that the lack of outdoor play
    facilities in their area has played a role in their children's difficulties.
  • 26% of parents with children who have sleep problems say that a lack of outdoor play facilities in their area has played
    a role in their children's sleep difficulties."

If a playground was installed close to the car park, then parents could park their cars, play with their younger children having
delivered the older ones to school, have a drink in the community cafe, then go home. Come back later in the day for all their
kids to play before returning home. If there is room in the car then a rota of mums can bring each other's kids to school and
take them home again, instead of each mum delivering and collecting her own children only.


2. Green pollution barrier breaks ground.


"Work has begun to install a pioneering barrier of plants and shrubs, designed using the research of a Department of Landscape
PhD student, around the playground of Hunter's Bar Infant School. The barrier will filter air pollution from passing
traffic and improve air quality for the school's 270 pupils. Top Sheffield businesses have joined forces to support the installation
of the barrier which has been designed using data collected from the Breathe project; researching inner-city school air quality
and the impact of living green barriers in playgrounds. The 4-year-long study, which is funded by the Grantham Centre for
Sustainable Futures
, is being conducted by PhD candidate Maria del Carmen Redondo Bermudez.

The Gogogreen campaign was launched in March this year, by Hunter's Bar Infant School and the Department of Landscape
Architecture to raise awareness, funds and support for the 60m barrier."

If this barrier was installed round the 3 sides that roads running parralel to them then that would reduce the air pollution caused
by the surrounding traffic of cars. This could be combined with a reinforced grass system path and a metre wide wildflower
meadow to provide help for pollination of the green belt barrier and any other growing area like, a school vegetable garden,
community garden or allotments in the other half of the field.


3. John Chambers Wildflower seed makes a B-Line to help pollinators in Skipton.


"John Chambers Wildflower Seed has donated a custom mix of native wildflower seed to create an exciting new wildflower
meadow at Middletown Recreation Ground in Skipton.

Yorkshire Dales Millenium Trust (YDMT) worked with Skipton Town Council to create the new meadow. The project will see
an area of the green space transformed into a wildflower habitat benefitting bees, butterflies, hoverflies, beetles and moths,
creating a beautiful area of flowers for residents.

Part of Bee Together, a programme supported by the National Lottery Heritage Fund which works with local communities to
create habitats that could help reverse the decline of wild pollinators. Declining pollinator populations are bad news for
wildlife and people - a third of the food we eat depends on pollinating insects. If bees are in trouble, so are we with the loss
of 95% of the UK's wildflower meadows."

4. Terrain Aeration relieves waterlogging.

"Terrain Aeration have treated all kinds of turf surface for waterlogging, compaction and panning, from sports fields, golf
courses and bowling greens, to trees in London parks, green speces and the gardens of new house builds.

The machine hammers a hollow probe one metre into the soil and a blast of compressed air is released to fracture and fissure
the soil. On the tail end of the air blast, dried milled seaweed is incorporated and this expands and contracts with the moisture
content in the soil, keeping the fractures open.

The result is relief from waterlogging and healthier turf, with minimum disruption during the treatment."





This missive came this morning.


One of the issues raised was safe access:-

  • "speed mitigation and new footway on Otterham Quay Lane." Speed mitigation or Traffic calming is achieved by putting a new roundabout, 2 zebra crossings, 4 school buses arriving in the morning and leaving in the afternoon and 4 new bus routes ending at the roundabout will cause the traffic to slow down. When the pupils cross the road, it stops the traffic - this problem was cured for the Howard School, Kent and Rainham School for Girls by building a pedestrian bridge over the A2, so that school children would not stop the rush hour traffic.
  • "one main vehicular access point in the form of a roundabout". If this gets blocked by traffic, then how does the emergency services get through if there is only one access?
  • "2 new zebra crossings leading to segregated pedestrian access". Instead of the pupils being run over by walking up the drive, they can be run over on the zerbra crossing.
  • car park with sufficient capacity preventing overspill on local streets. The staff will probably take at least a third of them before the parents arrive. Parent arrives and parks in a bay to let their children out, then parent has to drive down drive to roundabout to get out. Fine for a few days until parent realises that the wait to get on the roundabout to go home or to work exceeds the time of stopping on Otterham Quay Lane and letting their children on or off. This will then lead to perhaps only the car parking being used in the afternoon to collect their kids. Great parking benefit for the community using the school in the evening and weekends.

In theory this may be a reasonabley safe mechanical access but it certainly is not a safe access ftrom the pont of stationary traffic belching out and adding to the excess air pollution already recorded in Medway. This will then lead to both the drivers and pupils probably getting asthma.



C is Dry Attenuation Basin - "Detention basins are surface storage basins or facilities that provide flow control through attenuation of stormwater runoff. They also facilitate some settling of particulate pollutants. Detention basins are normally dry and in certain situations the land may also function as a recreational facility. However, basins can also be mixed, including both a permanently wet area for wildlife or treatment of the runoff and an area that is usually dry to cater for flood attenuation." from The Community for sustainable drainage. In other words rainwater falling on the roof of this school, 3 Court MUGA or on the drive/car park will be drained into the Dry Attenuation Basin for it to be slowly absorbed into the soil below. So there will be no stormdrain which would have to be pumped up to the storm drain in Oterham Quay Lane which would normally be the drain to take away tis water. Normally you have to allow for 2 inches (5cm) of rain to be drained, but you can have more. These 2 Basins do not appear to be able to take that volume. If it overflows in the winter, then the deciduous tree roots will not absorb it and you will end up with an ice rink on the car park and drive. That is the reason why these 24 metre and 18 metre shrub/tree sections of 'native shrub planting buffer' were put into the plan.

B is Substation and electric isolation enclosure. No mention of pump and back-up pump to pump the main drain material from the school up to the drain in Otterham Quay Lane. Presumably instead the main drain from the school will enter a French Drain under the native shrub planting buffer between the school and the railway line leading to a tank at the other end. This tank can then be emptied by a Waste Tanker parked on Seymour Road. Most of the liquid will be absorbed by the roots of the vegetation above. If you aim to do this, I would suggest that you make the trees or shrubs evergreen so that they will absorb the fluid in the winter as well. Of course, when the pupils do their practical Chemistry, those plants in the 'native shrub planting buffer' are going to appreciate the sulphuric acid and other chemicals poured down the drain.
Unfortunately this idea of a French Drain by the railway leading to a cesspit to hold the solids by Seymour Road cannot now occur. A new building is going up during January 2020 on the land by the railway bridge and Seymour Road, so there will be no access for the Waste Tanker. Perhaps the rail commuters can be provided with face masks as they pass the effluent flowing down into the railway cutting.


It is good to see that the Department for Education is funding this entire school. It is a pity that that department has not done a risk assessment and discovered the health risks with allowing the access for vehicles, students and staff to be from Otterham Quay Lane. I have elsewhere in the Welcome Page detailed the health, transportation, lack of water and doctors for this scheme in this form.
The row below details more about the health effect guaranteeing some of these children and parents are going to end up ill because of this road access.



The following article was on the front page of The Times on Monday November 29 2019:-

Living within 50 metres of a busy road stunts children's lung growth by up to 14 per cent, a new report says.

The risk of having a stroke or developing lung cancer increases by up to to 10 per cent for those in
homes near an A-road compared with those on quieter streets, according to research by King's College
London. It shows that cutting air pollution by one fifth would result in almost 8,000 fewer children having
low lung function each year and prevent about 3,700 cases of children with asthma suffering symptoms of bronchitis.

The cleaner air would also reduce the number of coronary heart disease cases by 1,885 in London and
reduce cases across the country by between 5 and 8 per cent.

The report is one of the most comprehensive yet on the various ways in which air pollution damages health.
It draws together previous research on 13 health impacts, including heart disease, lung cancer, strokes and
bronchitis, across nine cities in Britain.

It compares air pollution levels on quiet roads with busy highways such as A-roads and others with high traffic levels,
and for each city works out the difference in health outcome.

Oxford had the greatest difference in terms of reduced lung growth in children, at 14 per cent. This is attributed
to pollution levels being lower on quiet roads in that city than in some other urban areas. The difference in London,
which has a much higher overall pollution level, was 12.5 per cent according to the report, which was
commissioned by the Clean Air Fund, a philanthropic initiative that aims to tackle air pollution around the world.

The report seeks to present the impacts in a more meaningful way than general statements previously issued,
such as a finding in 2016 by the Royal College of Physicians that air pollution caused about 40,000 deaths a
year in Britain. Heather Walton, one of the authors and senior lecturer in environmental health at King's, said
" This is the first time that health impact calculations for such a wide range of health conditions and cities have
been included in one report".

The Clean Air Parent's Network, a group of parents from across the country campaigning to improve air quality,
had issued a call to the parties in the general election to commit themselves to urgent action to protect children's
health. This newspaper's Clean Air for All campaign, launched in May, calls for clean air zones in cities, temporary
traffic bans outside schools and legally binding pollution limits set at the level recommended by the World
Health Organisation.

The Conservative manifesto, published yesteday, promised to set "strict new laws on air quality" but did not
include any detail. Labour has promsed to introduce clean air zones and adopt WHO limits but has not said
when this would be achieved.

Lucy Harbor, a mother in north London and founder of the campaign group Clean Air 4 Schools, said "These
findings are deeply worrying, as me and my family live by the A10 and my kids go to a school on a busy main
road. We are these statistics - one of my children was hospitalised with pneumonia and has had asthma."

Sandy Robertson, who works in A&E at Homerton University Hospital in east London and is a council member
of the UK Health Alliance on Climate Change, said: "It's clear to see the effect of air pollution on the demand
for emergency care in A&E waiting rooms. This study from King's College quantifies the staggering scale of that link."

Tom Pierce, a cardiac anaesthetist in Southampton, said " the figures published today show that air pollution
isn't just an issue in London. Living near a busy road in Southampton can increase your risk of coronary heart
disease by 5.6 per cent"."


The following article was on page 33 of The Times on Monday November 29 2019 as part of a Leading Article:-

That is why The Times is campaigning for a new Clean Air Act to give everyone a legal right to unpolluted air.
It is welcome that the Conservatives, Labour, the Green Party and the Liberal Democrats have all promised
legislation on clean air if they get into government.

New laws are on the way, and they must have teeth. They should ban sales of new diesel and petrol cars from
2030, matching the timetable in China, India and Ireland. To achieve that, the goverment will need to reverse
cuts to green car grants.

The legislation should impose traffic bans outside schools at drop-off and pick-up times, which will have the
added bonus of encouraging children to walk to school. It should also extend charges for the dirtiest cars to
cities across the UK, and ensure that there are pollution monitors in every postcode so that politicians
can be held to account and made to meet their promises. Until they act, Britain's cities will not be safe."


It is good to see that the Department for Education is funding this entire school and due to their new roundabout,
2 zebra crossings, 4 school buses and 4 new bus routes ending at the roundabout outside the school the children
will need to attend the doctor or Medway Hospital - the GPs are retiring due to overwork and taxing their pensions
so no doctor for the child and Medway Hospital cannot cope with that much extra A&E cases. Traffic will be banned
during certain times outside their school which will be good for their health but the parents will have to move out
of Medway, because if they cannot get to work, then they get no salary so cannot afford a mortgage and everything
else as well. and because they are outside Medway they will have to try and find another school possibly in Swale.
"The legislation should impose traffic bans outside schools at drop-off and pick-up times, which will have the
added bonus of encouraging children to walk to school."
If this was done:-

  • then this new school would stop all traffic coming up Otterham Quay Lane to go to the motorway or to
    Sittingbourne between 08:00 and 09:00 in the morning and another period in the afternoon.
    Getting the children to walk to school since '84% of students would be living less than 4km from the school'
    would ensure more illness as they walked past stationary traffic belching out noxious pollution. Of couse the
    children would have 'safe' access via the zebra crossings etc and the stationary traffic would not knock them over.
  • The traffic would be stopped at this primary school on Mierscourt Road where parents drop off there kids,
    which leads to one of the access points of the M2 Motorway.
  • The traffic would be stopped at The School for Girls is on the A2 between Rainham and Rainham Mark.
    This is the other east-west route through Medway besides the M2 Motorway and the Lower Rainham Road,
    which links to the Otterham Quay Lane and then to the road through Medway Tunnel and thence to
    the M2 Motorway.

the whole of Medway would be gridlocked and workers could not get to work in the morning by 09:00 in the
morning. At present the Gas Board is replacing the main gas pipe between Medway and Key Street until
September 2020 causing traffic hold ups on the A2. There is roadworks on the M2 Motorway which also has
vehicle crashes shutting it down.

Medway is building, building and building but not providing the infrastructure to go with it like GPs, roads, or
community areas with shops, doctors, dentists, opticians, restaurants, pubs, community hall with sports facilities
or parks for walking for relaxation and walking your dog . The town is just a dormitory with many taking the train/coach
to London for work.
Let us look at the road structure:-

  • The A2 breeds traffic lights and roundabouts, making it very slow and highly polluting to use. I doubt
    if you can improve it, but lets divert the through traffic away from it.
  • Not everybody can use the M2 Motorway.
  • I have pointed out how the Otterham Quay Lane, Moor Street hold up could be reduced by putting the
    vehicle access to the new school by Seymour Road and improving the roads round there to improve the
    access from the Lower Rainham Road to the A2. Also making a proper dual carriageway from the
    3 Sisters pub to the roundabout at the end of the Lower Rainham Road which links to a dual carriageway to
    Medway Tunnel and the A2, to take the strain off driving at 20 mph, through chicanes and over sleeping
    policemen humps to making a road for getting from a to b quickly and then you can enter the Medway
    street jungle at points to get to your home or other destination.
  • The M2 Junction for Rainham/Gillingham could have an exit to Bearsted via a dual carriageway parallel
    to the Motoway to join with the road parallel to the Motorway from Walderslade called Walderslade Woods.
    That would provide a way for people living in Parkwood to get there instead of causing a traffic jam at
    the next roundabout towards Rainham and the same for getting onto the Motorway. It would provide
    easier access for Bredhurst and be on the South side of the Motorway until it meets the road from the
    roundabout on the north side of the Motorway. These would use up field space and not many houses
    to build.
  • The other road from that roundabout could be made into a valid one for 2 lanes of traffic to get to
    join with Hempstead Valley Drive by Hempstead Valley Shopping Centre.
  • These 3 would provide east-west access through the Medway area north and south to improve its traffic
    flow for non-motorway traffic and decrease the traffic pollution levels for those who wish to get through
    Medway; and leave less traffic for those going within Medway to cause pollution.


The following article was on the page 15 of The Times on Saturday December 21 2019:-

"Practices in Thanet, Kent, are the most short-staffed in the country, with 2,723 patients per GP on average. Neighbouring Medway and Swale both have more than 2,500 patients per GP, among the worst 5 rates nationally. The avarage surgery has 1,721 patients per GP".


The following article was on the page 14 of The Times on Saturday December 21 2019:-

"Why is there a shortage of GPs?
The problem has built up over years in which the focus has been on hospitals. This has meant a declining share of the NHS budget going into local surgeries and fewer medical students wanting to become GPs.

Have things got worse?
Yes. The average family doctor is responsible for hundreds more patients than a decade ago, as the population rises and the workforce shrinks. The number of patients over 65, who typically require more appointments, increased by 25% between 2009 and 2017.

Why are doctors quitting?

As they become busier GPs are burning out, creating a vicious cycle for those who remain. A recent poll found that the average GP was seeing 41 patients a day, with some seeing more than 100 despite feeling that more than 30 was unsafe. Figures this week showed that 45% of GPs were now working less than full time.

What is the problem with pensions?
A cap of £1 million on the tax-free amount that can be accumulated in a pension pot is encouraging GPs to retire early: the average age at which GPs retire has fallen by 2 years since 2011 to 58. The NHS has promised to effectively pay doctors' tax bills this winter while a permanent solution is found.

What is the government doing?
In 2016, the NHS acknowledged that GPs' "backs were against the wall". An extra £4.5 billion has been promised by 2024 with an extra 20,000 health staff. However, there is little chance of solving the GP shortage over the next decade. A shortfall of 2,500 full-time GPs will worsen to 7,500 in 5 years, the Health Foundation estimated."

My comment: " I paid more than £50 towards the interest on the National Debt out of my tax bill of about £550 in one of my years of retirement. The National debt goes up by over £100 billion a year, so this 4.5 billion will simply be added to it and if the interest rate went from 0.5% to 5% then almost all my tax would go on paying interest on the National Debt each year.

Because the tax man wants his pound of flesh, then the doctors etc have to work less hours and retire early not to have pay very hefty tax bills, so we must thank the Inland Revenue for denying us doctors to keep us alive as the government also allow the water companies to reduce our water so that we become dehydrated - 129 litres per person per day reduced by law to 110 litres per person per day by insertion of a pressure reduction valve in your incoming water supply to all new houses in the South East counties. As the population increases with the new houses, then the water pressure will be further reduced with the GPs become even more overloaded and retire, until the GPs are no more and you must join the private health service or overload the A&E department of your local hospital, so that closes down due to overwork. I wonder where the 1100 pupils at this new school will find their GP - survival of the fittest?

All GP surgeries should get the manager, administrative staff and all supporting medical staff paid out by the main government, so that doctors do not have to do the management of all these extra jobs as well as look after patients. Their number of patients should be no more than 1600 each and if the doctors cannot be found for that geograhical area, then no new homes or businesses can be built until each doctor is only serving 1600 current population , until all that current population has a doctor, then a new doctor is installed before 1600 possible new patients can have their homes or businesses built. So get onto this tax situation and stop putting the native population through having to wait 9 weeks to see their doctor or have a doctor looking after 11,000 patients as at a practice in Maidstone, Kent. The consultants in the hospitals face the same tax invasion, so work less hours and retire earlier - must admit that if you do not have the doctors then it is a matter of survival of the fittest and tax man gains by levying further taxes on the children who have been given the house, but who have allowed their parents to live there rent free during the remainder of their parents lives.

Stop passing the buck to the Water Boards and put into place new reservoirs, desalination plants or other means to provide 129 litres of water per person per day in the South East Counties, including the new population for the new homes and new businesses.


WOULD AN MP BE CONCERNED AS HIS/HER CHILD OF 6 DIES OF A BLOCKAGE IN THE BOWEL AS SEBASTIAN HIBBERD DID WHEN HIS SURGERY WITH 6,876 PATIENTS AT THE PRACTICE AND THE EQUIVALENT OF 3 FULL-TIME GPs DID NOT SEE HIM AS THE DUTY DOCTOR AT THE SURGERY SAID THAT ON THE BASIS OF THE NOTES GIVEN TO HIM HE DID NOT REALISE THE CASE WAS "NEEDING IMMEDIATE ATTENTION" whereas the coroner said "It is more likely than not, had his condition been recognised and he had received treatment at 8.44, his life might have been preserved"?" Perhaps the MP prefers to play with BREXIT for the remainder of her/his term of office - minor point when Cypress owed money to the EU, it sent in its officials who took the money from the savings of the local population and their was nothing that the cypriots could do, so the politicians have realised that to get out of the EU, you have to do what the EU states, even if that cripples the country and then in a few years if we have not repented as the Irish did and gone back in, they might let us go - we did not read the contract which means that the EU can do anything it likes.


The Inside Story of Labour's 'NHS For Sale' Leak

We spoke to the campaigner whose digging eventually led to the leak of secret documents showing talks between the UK and US about trade.

"So what do these documents show us?
They basically give us an idea of what the US wants out of a trade deal, what the UK wants and where agreement is likely to be found. One of the most interesting things is how clearly these papers show where power lies in the room, and power lies with the US negotiators.

US officials were furious with Theresa May’s Chequers plan for Brexit because it kind of tied us into EU standards in the long-term, and for US business that was a complete disaster because they said, "No, no, no, we want to sell you the chlorine chicken and all the other food we can’t sell you under EU standards, and we wouldn’t be able to do that under the Chequers plan."

What we do know is that, on medicine pricing, the US government basically views the UK and every other government in the world as freeloading off US medical research, and that medicine prices in this country should be decided by the market. Introducing a market-based system for drug pricing would absolutely bankrupt the NHS, or would simply mean people would have to privately purchase medicines.

What else is in there?
Food standards are a big issue, and on standards and regulations more generally the Americans are keen on self-regulation and voluntary standards, rather than government taking action. On food, the words "chlorine chicken" are actually in this document. We know the British public are deeply sceptical about American food standards, and the Americans have actually offered to help the UK to sell chlorine chickens to a sceptical public.

The Americans see as hard a Brexit as possible as being best for them because it means they will be able to change British standards to the greatest degree possible, which means there is more scope for low standard American food products coming into our markets."



What do papers obtained by Labour say about NHS and drug pricing?

How does drug pricing in the UK work now?

The UK has some of the lowest drug prices in Europe. A key reason for that is the existence of the National Institute of Health and Care Excellence (Nice), which Tony Blair’s Labour government set up in 1999. It is an independent expert body that assesses evidence and issues guidance to the NHS and health professionals about which drugs, types of surgery and other forms of treatment benefit patients and are worth spending money on. As such it determines what drugs do and do not represent value for money for NHS bodies in England and Wales to buy to give to patients.

Nice has a ceiling of £30,000 per year of “good quality life” gained, rising to £50,000 for end-of-life drugs such as cancer drugs. Nice’s judgments help keep prices down by capping what the NHS can spend on them. So does the NHS’s status as a bulk buyer of drugs, and EU-wide rules on patents.

What do the Americans want to change?

The minutes of the trade talks show the Trump administration and US pharmaceutical interests want the British government to dismantle the safeguards that protect the NHS from paying high prices for drugs. (Drugs in America cost two and a half times what they cost in the UK.)


So there is no problem at all, since without the GPs who are being pension-taxed out of a job and then we go to the A&E Department of our local hospital where the consultants are also pension taxed out of the service - GP's are now retiring at 58 instead of 60 and not working full time due to taxation; you will be unable to get medical help for problems in eating "chlorine chicken". I wonder what what would happen if people sold their possessions for cash only and fled to a foreign country, where they never had any debit or credit cards and only used cash?

Now when we have become financial slaves of America after signing a trade deal with them after BREXIT, then the NHS will not be able to pay for the same drugs that as you get older you will require. You will have to pay for the drugs privately until you run out of money having sold your home to pay for them. So it does not matter if the GPs are no longer there, the taxman will then step in after you die and get another way of taxing your inheritance from the clothes that you died in.



Before this school was proposed for this field a proposal for houses was opposed by the residents surrounding it and it was rejected. Then, this came along for Land at Otterham Quay Lane, Rainham, Kent. Now I believe that this application is for the same land as for this proposed school. If it was the other side of the railway line cutting, then they would be building on top of a rubbish dump, which is still expelling gases. You might note that this application includes
"drainage (including a foul water pumping station),". This is because the land is below the main drain in Otterham Quay Lane. There is no mention of a foul water pumping station in the school proposal. Therefore, ALL PUPILS, STAFF AND VISITORS MUST BRING THEIR OWN CHEMICAL TOILETS, WITH ITS CHEMICALS, WATER FOR WASHING WITH AND EQUIPMENT TO TAKE AWAY THEIR WASTE, SINCE THIS SCHOOL WILL HAVE NO FOUL WATER DRAINAGE.


This shows most of the bus routes in Medway from Medway Bus and Rail Guide from 23 July 2017 and produced by Medway Council, Integrated Transport, Gun Wharf, Dock Road, Chatham ME4 4TR.

You can see that the M2 crosses into Medway area as a route from east to west.

The A2 goes through Medway from East to West.

Otterham Quy Lane exits Medway Council and rejoins onto Lower Rainham Road after the Three Sisters Pub, where it comes back into Medway Council. Lower Rainham Road continues to the roundabout, where it joins Pier Road dual carriageway to join the A289 which goes through Medway Tunnel onto Vanguard Way. At the roundabout you turn right onto Berwick Way. At the roundabout, you take the third left onto the A289 to the roundabout, where you take the second left onto a dual carriageway to get past Medway and back up to the A2 going to London. This is the third route from East to West.



28 years ago, I used to do gardening for a client in City Way, Rochester. If I went to work from almost Seymour Road along the A2 to City Way it would take me too long, so I went to the M2 along to Chatham junction and down. If I go via the Lower Rainham Road, the speed limit is reduced to 20 mph on much of the route, there are chicanes and sleeping policeman, together with traffic lights. The land outside Medway Council area on both sides of Otterham Quay Lane has had houses built on it by Swale Council.

If the road plan designed by Kent County Council for a road between Moor Street and Walderslade Woods road had been built, then a fourth East West route would have been created. Medway ignored the plan.
If the next road east of Seymour Road, which goes to the M2 Motorway Service Area was made into a dual carriageway which crossed the existing bridge by the M2 Motorway Service Area and then ran west parallel to the M2 to connect to Junction 4 on the Bredhurst side before using the existing M2 motoway underpass to Walderslade Woods to get back onto Medway Council land would provide the fourth East West route. Apparently there is a tiny strip of land that at the moment nobody is prepared to sell which stops the following bit of road from the Walderslade Woods roundabout from being extended and this would get over that problem, since all of the dual carriageway would be built on farmland and existing bridge and underpass could be used.



This website is being created by Chris Garnons-Williams of Ivydene Horticultural Services from it's start in 2005.

Site design and content copyright ©April 2007. Page structure amended October 2012. Page structure changed February 2019 for pages concerning Trees in pavements alongside roads in Madeira. This page created September 2019. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  


It should be remembered that nothing is sold from this educational site, it simply tries to give you the best advice on what to use and where to get it (About Chris Garnons-Williams page details that no payment or commision to or from any donor of photos or adverts I place on the site in the Useful Data or other sections is made to Chris Garnons-Williams or Ivydene Horticultural Services). This website is a hobby and not for direct commercial gain for Ivydene Horticultural Services. There is no Google Adscenes or Search Facility in this website.

The information on this site is usually Verdana 14pt text and all is in tabular form. This can be downloaded and sorted using WORD or other word-processing software into the order that you personally require, especially for soil subsidence, the Companion Planting Tables and the pages in the Plants section. This would be suitable for use in education as well.

I put jokes in at various places to give you a smile.

This is a detail of Rainham area of the above map. Seymour Road and the road it joins, which joins Otterham Quay Lane need to be made into 2 way roads. This would then give 3 roads including Otterham Quay Lane to get traffic past the stationary traffic queue from the Greens the Petrol Station to Mierscourt Road from 08:00 to 09:00 in the morning (where I can walk from my house which is almost at Seymour Road to Mierscourt Road faster than the traffic). There are plans to build more houses which would use the Lower Rainham Road around Pump Lane - The proposal is for a new village, comprising 1,250 homes (1, 2, 3, and 4 bed family houses) with much-needed affordable housing, new community facilities, extra care apartments for elderly people, an 80 bed care home and a village primary school. If a dual carriageway was built on the farmland between Otterham Quay Lane and the roundabout at the bottom of Church Street, then this would relieve the traffic hold-ups in that area.

There is a major regeneration project between Rochester and Chatham by the Medway River, where many unused buildings are being replaced with flats. What extra roads are planned in that area to take care of hundreds of new inhabitants, when all they can use is the high street to get to the A2 which then uses a bridge to get to Strood Town shopping centre before continuing West to get to the A2/M2 junction? That A2/M2 junction is going to change very soon to allow the M2 to continue by turning right, going for a little moling before rejoining the M25, north of the River Thames.


Main Menu to Site Map of each of the Topics, with a * after Topic you are viewing.

Case Studies

Companion Planting
, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
Flower Shape
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
.........Flower Shape
Garden Maintenance
Offbeat Glossary
...Poisonous Plants

...Soil Nutrients

Tool Shed
Useful Data

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries

Camera Photo Galleries:-

RHS Garden at

Plant Supports .

Coleus Bedding Foliage Trial 1, 2 .

National Trust Garden at Sissinghurst Castle
Plant Supports 1, 2 .

Dry Garden of
RHS Garden
at Hyde Hall

Plants .

Nursery of
Peter Beales Roses - Their
Display Garden

Roses .

Nursery of
RV Roger

Roses A1, A2 .

Damage by Plants in Chilham Village .

Pavements of Funchal, Madeira
Damage to Trees
, 2, 3, 4.

Chris Garnons-Williams
Work Done

Identity of Plants
Label Problems 1

Ron and Christine Foord
Garden Flowers 1

The plant with photo in the above Camera Photo Galleries

the plants with photos in the other Plant Photo Galleries below in

Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens - 1167

A 1
, Photos - 36
B 1, Photos - 13
C 1, Photos - 35
D 1, Photos - 411
Photos of
Plants causing damage to buildings in Chilham Village and
Photos of
Damage to Trees in Pavements of Funchal
are in the D pages

E 1, Photos - 21
F 1, Photos - 1
G 1, Photos - 5
H 1, Photos - 21
I 1, Photos - 8
J 1, Photos - 1
K 1, Photos - 1
L 1, Photos - 72
Photos of Label Problems are also in the L pages

M 1, Photos - 9
N 1, Photos - 12
O 1, Photos - 5
P 1, Photos - 54
Q 1, Photos -
R 1, Photos - 229
S 1, Photos - 111
T 1, Photos - 13
U 1, Photos - 5
V 1, Photos - 4
W 1, Photos - 100
Photos of
Work Done by Chris Garnons-Willams are also in the W pages
X 1, Photos -
Y 1, Photos -
Z 1, Photos -

Articles/Items in Ivydene Gard
ens - 88

and in
Flower Shape and Plant Use of

Evergreen Perennial
Herbaceous Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Deciduous Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Deciduous Tree

1. Why the perfect soil for general use is composed of 8.3% lime, 16.6% humus, 25% clay and 50% sand
within the SOIL TEXTURE, and
2. Why you are continually losing the SOIL STRUCTURE if you leave bare earth between plants so your soil - will revert to clay, chalk, sand or silt - unless you replace that lost humus with an organic mulch.


...by Flower Shape

...Allium/ Anemone
...Autumn Bulb
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer Bulb
...Spring Bulb
...Each of the above ...Bulb Galleries has its own set of Flower Colour Pages
...Flower Shape

Colour Wheels with number of Colours
Colour Wheel
...All Flowers 53
...All Flowers per Month 53
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...All Foliage 212
...Rock Plant Flowers 53

Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Deciduous
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Deciduous
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evergreen
...Heather Shrub
...Heather Index
......Erica: Carnea
......Erica: Cinerea
......Erica: Others
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evergreen

...P -Herbaceous
...Flower Shape
...RHS Wisley
......Mixed Border
......Other Borders
Odds and Sods
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use
Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
...Apple Gallery Intro
...Cherry Gallery Intro
...Pear Gallery Intro
Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
Site Map page in its flower colour

NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
...Cream Note
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note
Wildflower Plants


Topic - Flower/Foliage Colour
Colour Wheel Galleries

Following your choice using Garden Style then that changes your Plant Selection Process
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form

you could use these Flower Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53
...Use of Plant and
...Flower Shape

All Flowers per Month 12
with its
Explanation of
Structure of this Website with

...User Guidelines
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
Rock Garden and Alpine Flower Colour Wheel with number of colours
Rock Plant Flowers 53
...Rock Plant Photos

A Foliage Colour Wheel using 212 web-safe colours instead of the best Colour Wheel of 2058 colours in the Pantone Goe System
All Foliage 212

Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index



Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery

Usage of Plants
by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly usage of
Plant A-C
Plant C-M
Plant N-W
Butterfly usage of Plant

followed by all the Wild Flower Family Pages:-


There are 180 families in the Wildflowers of the UK and they have been split up into 22 Galleries to allow space for up to 100 plants per gallery.

Each plant named in each of the Wildflower Family Pages may have a link to:-

its Plant Description Page in its Common Name in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries

and it does have links:-

to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name,

to see photos in its Flowering Months and

to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.

57(o)58 Crucifer (Cabbage/ Mustard) 1
indicates 57 Plant Description Pages with photos and 58 plants with photos in that Crucifer Family Page 1:-

Wild Flower

ad borage gallery
...(o)2 Adder's Tongue
...(o)3 Arrow-Grass
...(o)4 Arum
...1(o)1 Balsam
...2(o)2 Barberry
...(o)10 Bedstraw
...(o)7 Beech
...(o)12 Bellflower
...(o)5 Bindweed
...(o)4 Birch
...(o)1 Birds-Nest
...(o)1 Birthwort
...(o)2 Bogbean
...(o)1 Bog Myrtle
...(o)23 Borage

box crowberry gallery
...1(o)1 Box
...(o)11 Broomrape
...2(o)2 Buckthorn
...(o)1 Buddleia
...(o)1 Bur-reed
...29(o)30 Buttercup
...(o)6 Butterwort
...6(o)6 Clubmoss
...(o)2 Cornel (Dogwood)
...(o)1 Crowberry

cabbages gallery
...57(o)58 Crucifer (Cabbage/ Mustard) 1
...(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2

cypress cud gallery
...(o)4 Daffodil
...(o)23 Daisy
...(o)21 Daisy Cudweeds
...(o)16 Daisy Chamomiles
...3(o)22 Daisy Thistle
...(o)17 Daisy Catsears

hawk dock gallery
...(o)5 Daisy Hawkweeds
...(o)5 Daisy Hawksbeards
...(o)2 Daphne
...(o)1 Diapensia
...(o)10 Dock Bistorts
...(o)7 Dock Sorrels

duckw fern gallery
...(o)4 Duckweed
...(o)1 Eel-Grass
...(o)2 Elm

figwort fum gallery
...(o)24 Figwort - Mulleins
...(o)21 Figwort - Speedwells
...2(o)2 Filmy Fern
...(o)4 Flax
...(o)1 Flowering-Rush
...(o)3 Frog-bit
...7(o)7 Fumitory

g goosefoot gallery
...1(o)10 Gentian
...(o)16 Geranium
...(o)4 Glassworts
...(o)2 Gooseberry
...(o)13 Goosefoot

grasses123 gallery
...(o)8 Grass 1
...(o)8 Grass 2
...(o)8 Grass 3

g brome gallery
...(o)8 Soft Bromes 1
...(o)8 Soft Bromes 2
...(o)9 Soft Bromes 3

h lobelia gallery
...(o)2 Hazel
...(o)15 Heath
...(o)1 Hemp
...(o)1 Herb-Paris
...(o)1 Holly
...(o)7 Honeysuckle
...(o)1 Horned-Pondweed
...2(o)2 Hornwort
...5(o)5 Horsetail
...(o)9 Iris
...(o)1 Ivy
...(o)1 Jacobs Ladder
...(o)17 Lily
...(o)7 Lily Garlic
...(o)2 Lime
...(o)2 Lobelia

l olive gallery
...(o)1 Loosestrife
...(o)5 Mallow
...(o)4 Maple
...(o)1 Mares-tail
...(o)1 Marsh Pennywort
...1(o)1 Melon (Gourd/ Cucumber)
...(o)2 Mesembry-anthemum
...3(o)3 Mignonette
...3(o)3 Milkwort
...(o)1 Mistletoe
...(o)1 Moschatel
...4(o)4 Nettle
...(o)7 Nightshade
...(o)1 Oleaster
...(o)3 Olive

orchid parn gallery
...(o)22 Orchid 1
...(o)22 Orchid 2

peaflowers gallery
...(o)20 Peaflower
...(o)31 Peaflower Clover
...(o)18 Peaflower Vetches/Peas
...(o)1 Parnassus-Grass

peony pink gallery
...(o)1 Periwinkle
...7(o)23 Pink 1
...7(o)24 Pink 2

p rockrose gallery
...(o)1 Pitcher-Plant
...(o)6 Plantain
...26(o)27 Polypody
...(o)4 Pondweed
...8(o)8 Poppy
...16(o)16 Primrose
...3(o)3 Purslane
...Rannock Rush
...2(o)2 Reedmace
...4(o)4 Rockrose

rose12 gallery
...(o)30 Rose 1
...(o)23 Rose 2
...1(o)1 Royal Fern

rush saxi gallery
...(o)1 Rush
...(o)1 Rush Woodrushes
...9(o)9 Saint Johns Wort
...Saltmarsh Grasses
...(o)1 Sandalwood
...(o)1 Saxifrage

sea sedge2 gallery
...1(o)3 Sea Lavender
...(o)2 Sedge Rush-like
...(o)1 Sedges Carex 1
...1(o)1 Sedges Carex 2

sedge3 crop gallery
...(o)1 Sedges Carex 3
...(o)1 Sedges Carex 4
...(o)1 Spindle-Tree
...(o)13 Spurge
...(o)1 Stonecrop

sun thyme gallery
...(o)1 Sundew
...1(o)1 Tamarisk
...Tassel Pondweed
...(o)4 Teasel
...(o)20 Thyme 1
...(o)21 Thyme 2

umb violet gallery
...15(o)15 Umbellifer 1
...15(o)15 Umbellifer 2
...(o)5 Valerian
...(o)1 Verbena
...11(o)11 Violet

water yew gallery
...1(o)1 Water Fern
...2(o)2 Waterlily
...1(o)1 Water Milfoil
...1(o)1 Water Plantain
...2(o)2 Water Starwort
...(o)9 Willow
...(o)1 Willow-Herb
...(o)5 Wintergreen
...(o)1 Wood-Sorrel

The Site Map Page that you link to from the Menu in the above row for the Wildflower Gallery contains all the native UK plants which have their Plant Description Pages in the other 22 Wildflower Galleries. It also has Wildflower Index Pages, Flower Colour Comparison Pages and links to the 180 Wildflower Family Pages as shown in the menu above.



Links to external websites like the link to "the Man walking in front of car to warn pedestrians of a horseless vehicle approaching" would be correct when I inserted it after March 2007, but it is possible that those horseless vehicles may now exceed the walking pace of that man and thus that link will currently be br
ok en .... .....

My advice is Google the name on the link and see if you can find the new link. If you sent me an email after clicking Ivydene Horticultural Services text under the Worm Logo on any page, then; as the first after March 2010 you would be the third emailer since 2007, I could then change that link in that 1 of the 15,743 pages. Currently (August 2016).


Other websites provide you with cookies - I am sorry but I am too poor to afford them. If I save the pennies from my pension for the next visitor, I am almost certain in March 2023, that I could afford to make that 4th visitor to this website a Never Fail Cake. I would then be able to save for more years for the postage.


It is worth remembering that especially with roses that the colour of the petals of the flower may change - The following photos are of Rosa 'Lincolnshire Poacher' which I took on the same day in R.V. Roger's Nursery Field:-


Closed Bud


Opening Bud


Juvenile Flower


Older Juvenile Flower


Middle-aged Flower - Flower Colour in Season in its
Rose Description Page is
"Buff Yellow, with a very slight pink tint at the edges in May-October."


Mature Flower


Juvenile Flower and Dying Flower


Form of Rose Bush

There are 720 roses in the Rose Galleries; many of which have the above series of pictures in their respective Rose Description Page.

So one might avoid the disappointment that the 2 elephants had when their trunks were entwined instead of them each carrying their trunk using their own trunk, and your disappointment of buying a rose to discover that the colour you bought it for is only the case when it has its juvenile flowers; if you look at all the photos of the roses in the respective Rose Description Page!!!!


Fragrant Plants adds the use of another of your 5 senses in your garden:-

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves.

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark.

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soi

Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers.

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves.

Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves.

Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers.

Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit.

Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers.

Night-scented Flowering Plants.

Scented Aquatic Plants.

Plants with Scented Fruits.

Plants with Scented Roots.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums.

Scented Cacti and Succulents.

Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell.




This row gives a very clear overall description of the
Cultural Needs of Plants

from Chapter 4 in Fern Grower's Manual by Barbara Joe Hoshizaki & Robbin C. Moran. Revised and Expanded Edition. Published in 2001 by Timber Press, Inc. Reprinted 2002, 2006. ISBN-13:978-0-

"Understanding Fern Needs
Ferns have the same basic growing requirements as other plants and will thrive when these are met. There is nothing mysterious about the requirements - they are not something known only to people with green thumbs - but the best gardeners are those who understand plant requirements and are careful about satisfying them.
What, then, does a fern need?

All plants need water.
Water in the soil prevents roots from drying, and all mineral nutrients taken up by the roots must be dissolved in the soil water. Besides water in the soil, most plants need water in the air. Adequate humidity keeps the plant from drying out. Leaves need water for photosynthesis and to keep from wilting.
All green plants need light to manufacture food (sugars) by photosynthesis. Some plants need more light than others, and some can flourish in sun or shade. Most ferns, however, prefer some amount of shade.
For photosynthesis, plants require carbon dioxide, a gas that is exhaled by animals as waste. Carbon dioxide diffuses into plants through tiny pores, called stomata, that abound on the lower surface of the leaves. In the leaf, carbon dioxide is combined with the hydrogen from water to form carbohydrates, the plant's food. This process takes place only in the presence of light and chlorophyll, a green pigment found in plant cells. To enhance growth, some commercial growers increase the carbon dioxide level in their greenhouses to 600ppm (parts per million), or twice the amount typically found in the air.
Plants need oxygen. The green plants of a plant do not require much oxygen from the air because plants produce more oxygen by photosynthesis than they use. The excess oxygen liberated from the plants is used by all animals, including humans. What do plants do with oxygen? They use it just as we do, to release the energy stored in food. We use energy to move about, to talk, to grow, to think - in fact, for all our life processes. Although plants don't talk or move much, they do grow and metabolize and must carry on all their life processes using oxygen to release the stored energy in their food.
Roots need air all the time. They get it from the air spaces between the soil particles. Overwatering displaces the air between soil particles with water, thereby removing the oxygen needed by the roots. This reduces the root's ability to absorb mineral nutrients and can foster root-rot.
Plants need minerals to grow properly. The minerals are mined from the soil by the plant's root system. If a certain mineral is missing, such as calcium needed for developing cell walls, then the plant will be stunted, discoloured, or deformed.
Some plants tolerate a wide range of temperatures, whereas others are fussy. If the temperature is too high or low, the machinery of the plant will not operate satisfactorily or will cease entirely.

The basic needs of plants are not hard to supply, but growing success depends on attending to these needs with care and exactitude. The remainder of this chapter is devoted to a discussion of these requirements, with the exception of mineral needs, which are discussed in Chapter 5.