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Medway Proposed New School Comments

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Medway Proposed New School Comments in September 2019

 

On the 19th September 2019, I sent the following 2 emails:-

 

Dear Ms H Burden, thank you for your email. My further comments are on my Welcome page of www.ivydenegardens.co.uk . Would you me a favour and go to Otterham Quay Lane junction with More Street with its traffic lights and sit down so that you can see towards Rainham, Sittingbourne and Otterham Quay Lane between 08:30 and 09:00 on a school day when pupils are going to school? You will see the current gridlock situation and what is currently proposed is going to totally gridlock those streets for over an hour each morning. Please get Medway to rethink where the drive to the school comes from instead of Otterham Quay Lane, it should be Seymour Road. Except for the buffer of shrubs round the site, it would appear that all other recommendations of mine have been totally ignored.

 

Kind Regards,

 

Chris Garnons-Williams

 

On 29 Aug 2019, at 15:37, Community Consultation Team <info@leighacademyrainhamplans.co.uk> wrote:

Dear Mr Garnons-Williams, thank you for your response, I would like to welcome you to our preview exhibition on Thursday 5th so you can discuss these points further with members of the project team. If you are unable to attend, information will be available at www.leighacademyrainhamplans.co.uk after the public event. You will be able to provide feedback and comments as part of the community consultation and planning process, details of which will be on the website.

Kind regards

Helen Burden

Community Engagement Team

From: chris@ivydenegardens.co.uk [mailto:chris@ivydenegardens.co.uk]

Sent: 28 July 2019 13:16

To: info@leighacademyrainhamplans.co.uk

Subject: Errors on Leigh Academy Rainham Plans

Dear Sir/Madam,

From where you intend to build a school for over 1100 girls/boys between 11-18, you will need to pump the main waste and the storm waste up to the drains in Otterham Quay Lane. This is what would have had to happen to the 200 house scheme for this field. Will that old drainage take it, will the pumps by the river take the extra volume and will there be the water to do it with for incoming fresh water? If so, I would suggest that you a secondary pump system with its own generator for the event where the primary pump fails. The effluent from 1100 pupils and their staff combined with a rainfall exceeding 2 inches in an hour could be a problem if it overflows into the railway cutting alongside the rail line from London to Dover.

From the photo on your website indicating the land for the school, it would appear that you will have the school building near Otterham Quay Lane with its car park. It would appear that the road access would be close to the railway bridge of Otterham Quay Lane. I am almost 71, with many health issues requiring 11 different medications per day and so my walking speed is slow. During the rush hour when children are being taken to school, I can walk from my house 1 Eastmoor Farm Cottages, which is about 100 yards from South Bush Lane into Rainham and beat the traffic to Mierscourt Road between 7:45 and 9:00. The road outside is getting more gridlocked. If you add 500 cars delivering kids to school and trying to get out twice a day, then it will be a total mess.

In order to sort that out you need to switch the school car park, school building and plying grounds at 180 degrees and have the road access from Seymour Road alongside the railway line. Seymour road needs to be widened so that it is 2 lane instead of a lane. Where it joins Canterbury Lane, then that Canterbury Lane needs to be widened from that junction to past the refuse tip to join the 2 lane section to Otterham Quay Lane. That would stop any further congestion on Otterham Quay Lane.

There are 3 roads going East-West in the Medway Area. The M2, the A2 and Lower Rainham Road. If there is a problem on the M2 then Medway becomes gridlocked because the A2 is a series of traffic lights and if you wish to get to Rochester from More Street it is faster to go up to the M2 along it and down the other side of Rochester airport than to use the 4th side of the A2. If you want to use the Lower Rainham Road, then there is a long section of 20MPH, chicanes and speed ramps to destroy your suspension, so that also becomes a series of queues. Either that Lower Rainham Road becomes one way from 7 Sisters Roundabout to a new Roundabout at the junction with Pump Lane and the other part of the dual carriageway goes from there back to the 7 Sisters roundabout, or a new dual carriageway is build north of the Lower Rainham Road between those roundabouts, which would also be capable of taking lorries; there is a 300 yard section closest to the 7 Sisters which is not suitable for heavy lorry access. Then, there is a possibility of reducing congestion in the Medway towns. A new dual carriageway would be better, since there are all those new houses built where the Old Brick Factory was opposite the 7 Sisters and the new houses from the 7 sisters along Otterham Quay Lane and the effect of this school.

If the school is to be community based, will a new Health Centre be built on the grounds next to the school plot of land, together with a small shop/supermarket and cafe for kids lunches/parents waiting to pick up kids. The Health Centre opposite St Margarets Church in the middle of Rainham had 4 surgeries, red, yellow, blue and green. The green one closed in January and it was difficult for the others to absorb their patients. My next door neighbours when they moved in 2 years ago tried to join one of those surgeries from another one where they lived before in Medway, they were unable to and are now selling their house. My wife and I are with one of those surgeries, but a) we are outside their area for accepting patients, b) they have no vacancies and c) some of their doctors had the audacity to retire since they were over 70 in March this year, they have not yet been able to replace them. So if you build the facility, will you able to staff it.

There is a section on my Welcome page of www.ivydenegardens.co.uk which does explain why we in the South East are not just running out of water

1) because of climate change dropping less rain in the South East as the years roll on, and

2) not just because during 2 months of 2017 Southern Water over abstracted water from the aquifers under the town of Medway lowering the water table yet again,

3) and not just because the 129 litres of water normally used by each resident within the Southern Water area is now being reduced to 110 litres of water engineered into new built house/school by building regulations approved by local councils without people realising it,

4) But Southern Water is only building one new reservoir in Havant and being told by the government to regulate the supply using management techniques - increase price of water to persuade people to use less. If we dropped average consumption to 100 litres a day, then 20 million extra people could get water and the water companies would get more money for the same amount of product, since their record of reducing loss of water in their pipe system is not working very well.

I would make suggestions a) concerning a 10 feet wide vegetation buffer which includes a path within it round the site, that could be used for running and studying nature and horticulture, b) replacing car park surface with reinforced grass system etc, but I doubt whether anyone is interested, since the design has now been settled and the builders will be in there before the end of September, so everything will already have been tendered for.

What is the other half of the field going to be used for? Annex it to the school and use it to grow the fruit and vegetables for the school? Split off some parts of it for classes to try out ideas of how they could plant their own gardens of their homes?

Yours sincerely,

Chris Garnons-Williams

1 Eastmoor Farm Cottages

Moor Street

Rainham

Kent ME8 8QE

 

Begin forwarded message:

From: "chris@ivydenegardens.co.uk" <chris@ivydenegardens.co.uk>

Subject: Re: Patient engagement event on digital support for people living with asthma

Date: 23 September 2019 at 07:58:32 BST

To: Victoria Bean <no-reply@emailengage.info>

Reply-To: Christopher Garnons-Williams <chris@ivydenegardens.co.uk>

 

Dear Ms Bean,

 

A new school is to built on Otterham Quay Lane for over 1100 pupils. The average air pollution is above the safety limit within Medway and the location with its proposed roundabout on the the lane with the drive into the school is to be the termination of 4 new bus routes and 4 new school buses as well as parents bringing the pupils to school. I have tried to get the school drive moved to Seymour Road to reduce the likelihood of asthma being induced in the pupils and staff, but in one year’s time the illness will start to occur.

I have stated my comments on the Welcome Page (Home Page) of my educational website https://www.ivydenegardens.co.uk.

I have seen today excavations in the field, so the building work has already started. Medway seems to like to find ways to make its population ill.

 

Not only the school but the surrounding 200 yards of housing will also be affected from the railway line in Otterham Quay Lane to Mierscourt Road and Seymour Road, due to stationary traffic releasing its nitrous dioxide between 07:45 and 09:00 and then in the afternoon of each school workday.

 

Kind regards,

 

Chris Garnons-Williams

 

 

On 20 Sep 2019, at 14:26, Victoria Bean <no-reply@emailengage.info> wrote:

 

Dear Member

The Academic Health Science Network and the Design and Learning Centre are organising a patient engagement event on digital support for people living with asthma, which you might be interested in attending

This takes place on 26th September 2019, 10:00 am - 12:00 pm at The Kings Studio, Aylesford Village Community Centre, 25 Forstal Road, Aylesford, Kent. Details of how to book a place are included in the flyer below or attached link

 

Kind regards

Victoria Bean

Governor and Membership Officer

Medway NHS Foundation Trust

To unsubscribe click here.

 

 

 

 

 

The following comments - for the proposed new school in Medway - are responses to the published material from the September 2019 issue of Landscape & Amenity Product Update (LAPU) www.landscapeandamenity.com, who kindly sent me a printed copy of their publication:-

  1. Childhood obesity, poor mental health and sleep problems linked to playground decline. I could see no sign of a playground near this proposed school. If it is to be community based, then some of the pupils and the younger pupils with their mothers could use a playground before and after school.
  2. Green pollution barrier breaks ground. In placing the car park for the school next to Otterham Quay Lane, Rainham on the South Side of the main railway, it is going to receive a great deal of pollution from cars and this barrier could help to reduce this if the school car park is not moved to Seymour Road end of the existing field.
  3. John Chambers Wildflower seed makes a B-Line to help pollinators in Skipton. A metre-wide strip of Wildflower would help reverse the decline of wild pollinators for the Green Pollution Barrier, with a SuDS-compliant grass reinforcement mesh path alongside the wildflower meadow and green pollution barrier.
  4. Terrain Aeration relieves waterlogging. The field has been used for circuses and Boot Fairs for years. It is likely that the ground is very compacted. If the sport's Field area is treated with this system before its first use, then the current grass will benefit.
     

 

1. Childhood obesity, poor mental health and sleep problems linked to playground decline.

 

"New research with parents shows the devastating impact that the sharp decline in outdoor play facilities is having on their children's physical and mental health.

The survey was carried out by Mumsnet - the UK's biggest website for parents - and commissioned by the Association of Play Industries (API). It asked parents about their children's outdoor play and indoor screen time habits and revealed their growing concerns over children's activity levels and the shift from outdoor play to indoor screen time. It follows previous API research which uncovered an alarming decline in public playground provision due to local authority budget cuts.

The survey of 1,111 parents with children aged between 2 and 12 has revealed:

  • 72% of parents of children with health issues such as obesity said that the lack of outdoor play facilities in their area has played a role in their children's problems.
  • Over a quarter of parents surveyed with children experiencing mental health problems said that the lack of outdoor play facilities in their area has played a role in their children's difficulties.
  • 26% of parents with children who have sleep problems say that a lack of outdoor play facilities in their area has played a role in their children's sleep difficulties."

If a playground was installed close to the car park, then parents could park their cars, play with their younger children having delivered the older ones to school, have a drink in the community cafe, then go home. Come back later in the day for all their kids to play before returning home. If there is room in the car then a rota of mums can bring each other's kids to school and take them home again, instead of each mum delivering and collecting her own children only.

 

2. Green pollution barrier breaks ground.

 

"Work has begun to install a pioneering barrier of plants and shrubs, designed using the research of a Department of Landscape Architecture PhD student, around the playground of Hunter's Bar Infant School. The barrier will filter air pollution from passing traffic and improve air quality for the school's 270 pupils. Top Sheffield businesses have joined forces to support the installation of the barrier which has been designed using data collected from the Breathe project; researching inner-city school air quality and the impact of living green barriers in playgrounds. The 4-year-long study, which is funded by the Grantham Centre for Sustainable Futures, is being conducted by PhD candidate Maria del Carmen Redondo Bermudez.

The Gogogreen campaign was launched in March this year, by Hunter's Bar Infant School and the Department of Landscape Architecture to raise awareness, funds and support for the 60m barrier."

If this barrier was installed round the 3 sides that roads running parralel to them then that would reduce the air pollution caused by the surrounding traffic of cars. This could be combined with a reinforced grass system path and a metre wide wildflower meadow to provide help for pollination of the green belt barrier and any other growing area like, a school vegetable garden, community garden or allotments in the other half of the field.

 

3. John Chambers Wildflower seed makes a B-Line to help pollinators in Skipton.

 

"John Chambers Wildflower Seed has donated a custom mix of native wildflower seed to create an exciting new wildflower meadow at Middletown Recreation Ground in Skipton.

Yorkshire Dales Millenium Trust (YDMT) worked with Skipton Town Council to create the new meadow. The project will see an area of the green space transformed into a wildflower habitat benefitting bees, butterflies, hoverflies, beetles and moths, creating a beautiful area of flowers for residents.

Part of Bee Together, a programme supported by the National Lottery Heritage Fund which works with local communities to create habitats that could help reverse the decline of wild pollinators. Declining pollinator populations are bad news for wildlife and people - a third of the food we eat depends on pollinating insects. If bees are in trouble, so are we with the loss of 95% of the UK's wildflower meadows."

4. Terrain Aeration relieves waterlogging.

"Terrain Aeration have treated all kinds of turf surface for waterlogging, compaction and panning, from sports fields, golf courses and bowling greens, to trees in London parks, green speces and the gardens of new house builds.

The machine hammers a hollow probe one metre into the soil and a blast of compressed air is released to fracture and fissure the soil. On the tail end of the air blast, dried milled seaweed is incorporated and this expands and contracts with the moisture content in the soil, keeping the fractures open.

The result is relief from waterlogging and healthier turf, with minimum disruption during the treatment."

 

 

 

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The information on this site is usually Verdana 14pt text and all is in tabular form. This can be downloaded and sorted using WORD or other word-processing software into the order that you personally require, especially for soil subsidence, the Companion Planting Tables and the pages in the Plants section. This would be suitable for use in education as well.

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............

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Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery

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57(o)58 Crucifer (Cabbage/ Mustard) 1
indicates 57 Plant Description Pages with photos and 58 plants with photos in that Crucifer Family Page 1:-

Wild Flower

ad borage gallery
...(o)2 Adder's Tongue
...Amaranth
...(o)3 Arrow-Grass
...(o)4 Arum
...1(o)1 Balsam
...Bamboo
...2(o)2 Barberry
...(o)10 Bedstraw
...(o)7 Beech
...(o)12 Bellflower
...(o)5 Bindweed
...(o)4 Birch
...(o)1 Birds-Nest
...(o)1 Birthwort
...(o)2 Bogbean
...(o)1 Bog Myrtle
...(o)23 Borage

box crowberry gallery
...1(o)1 Box
...(o)11 Broomrape
...2(o)2 Buckthorn
...(o)1 Buddleia
...(o)1 Bur-reed
...29(o)30 Buttercup
...(o)6 Butterwort
...6(o)6 Clubmoss
...(o)2 Cornel (Dogwood)
...(o)1 Crowberry

cabbages gallery
...57(o)58 Crucifer (Cabbage/ Mustard) 1
...(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2

cypress cud gallery
...Cypress
...(o)4 Daffodil
...(o)23 Daisy
...(o)21 Daisy Cudweeds
...(o)16 Daisy Chamomiles
...3(o)22 Daisy Thistle
...(o)17 Daisy Catsears

hawk dock gallery
...(o)5 Daisy Hawkweeds
...(o)5 Daisy Hawksbeards
...(o)2 Daphne
...(o)1 Diapensia
...(o)10 Dock Bistorts
...(o)7 Dock Sorrels

duckw fern gallery
...(o)4 Duckweed
...(o)1 Eel-Grass
...(o)2 Elm

figwort fum gallery
...(o)24 Figwort - Mulleins
...(o)21 Figwort - Speedwells
...2(o)2 Filmy Fern
...(o)4 Flax
...(o)1 Flowering-Rush
...(o)3 Frog-bit
...7(o)7 Fumitory

g goosefoot gallery
...1(o)10 Gentian
...(o)16 Geranium
...(o)4 Glassworts
...(o)2 Gooseberry
...(o)13 Goosefoot

grasses123 gallery
...(o)8 Grass 1
...(o)8 Grass 2
...(o)8 Grass 3

g brome gallery
...(o)8 Soft Bromes 1
...(o)8 Soft Bromes 2
...(o)9 Soft Bromes 3

h lobelia gallery
...(o)2 Hazel
...(o)15 Heath
...(o)1 Hemp
...(o)1 Herb-Paris
...(o)1 Holly
...(o)7 Honeysuckle
...(o)1 Horned-Pondweed
...2(o)2 Hornwort
...5(o)5 Horsetail
...(o)9 Iris
...(o)1 Ivy
...(o)1 Jacobs Ladder
...(o)17 Lily
...(o)7 Lily Garlic
...(o)2 Lime
...(o)2 Lobelia

l olive gallery
...(o)1 Loosestrife
...(o)5 Mallow
...(o)4 Maple
...(o)1 Mares-tail
...(o)1 Marsh Pennywort
...1(o)1 Melon (Gourd/ Cucumber)
...(o)2 Mesembry-anthemum
...3(o)3 Mignonette
...3(o)3 Milkwort
...(o)1 Mistletoe
...(o)1 Moschatel
...Naiad
...4(o)4 Nettle
...(o)7 Nightshade
...(o)1 Oleaster
...(o)3 Olive

orchid parn gallery
...(o)22 Orchid 1
...(o)22 Orchid 2

peaflowers gallery
...(o)20 Peaflower
...(o)31 Peaflower Clover
...(o)18 Peaflower Vetches/Peas
...(o)1 Parnassus-Grass

peony pink gallery
...Peony
...(o)1 Periwinkle
...Pillwort
...Pine
...7(o)23 Pink 1
...7(o)24 Pink 2

p rockrose gallery
...Pipewort
...(o)1 Pitcher-Plant
...(o)6 Plantain
...26(o)27 Polypody
...(o)4 Pondweed
...8(o)8 Poppy
...16(o)16 Primrose
...3(o)3 Purslane
...Quillwort
...Rannock Rush
...2(o)2 Reedmace
...4(o)4 Rockrose

rose12 gallery
...(o)30 Rose 1
...(o)23 Rose 2
...1(o)1 Royal Fern

rush saxi gallery
...(o)1 Rush
...(o)1 Rush Woodrushes
...9(o)9 Saint Johns Wort
...Saltmarsh Grasses
...(o)1 Sandalwood
...(o)1 Saxifrage

sea sedge2 gallery
...Seaheath
...1(o)3 Sea Lavender
...(o)2 Sedge Rush-like
...(o)1 Sedges Carex 1
...1(o)1 Sedges Carex 2

sedge3 crop gallery
...(o)1 Sedges Carex 3
...(o)1 Sedges Carex 4
...(o)1 Spindle-Tree
...(o)13 Spurge
...(o)1 Stonecrop

sun thyme gallery
...(o)1 Sundew
...1(o)1 Tamarisk
...Tassel Pondweed
...(o)4 Teasel
...(o)20 Thyme 1
...(o)21 Thyme 2

umb violet gallery
...15(o)15 Umbellifer 1
...15(o)15 Umbellifer 2
...(o)5 Valerian
...(o)1 Verbena
...11(o)11 Violet

water yew gallery
...1(o)1 Water Fern
...2(o)2 Waterlily
...1(o)1 Water Milfoil
...1(o)1 Water Plantain
...2(o)2 Water Starwort
...Waterwort
...(o)9 Willow
...(o)1 Willow-Herb
...(o)5 Wintergreen
...(o)1 Wood-Sorrel
...Yam
...Yew

The Site Map Page that you link to from the Menu in the above row for the Wildflower Gallery contains all the native UK plants which have their Plant Description Pages in the other 22 Wildflower Galleries. It also has Wildflower Index Pages, Flower Colour Comparison Pages and links to the 180 Wildflower Family Pages as shown in the menu above.


 

 

Links to external websites like the link to "the Man walking in front of car to warn pedestrians of a horseless vehicle approaching" would be correct when I inserted it after March 2007, but it is possible that those horseless vehicles may now exceed the walking pace of that man and thus that link will currently be br
ok en .... .....

My advice is Google the name on the link and see if you can find the new link. If you sent me an email after clicking Ivydene Horticultural Services text under the Worm Logo on any page, then; as the first after March 2010 you would be the third emailer since 2007, I could then change that link in that 1 of the 15,743 pages. Currently (August 2016).

 


Other websites provide you with cookies - I am sorry but I am too poor to afford them. If I save the pennies from my pension for the next visitor, I am almost certain in March 2023, that I could afford to make that 4th visitor to this website a Never Fail Cake. I would then be able to save for more years for the postage.

 

It is worth remembering that especially with roses that the colour of the petals of the flower may change - The following photos are of Rosa 'Lincolnshire Poacher' which I took on the same day in R.V. Roger's Nursery Field:-

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot91a1a

Closed Bud

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot92a1a

Opening Bud

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot93a1a

Juvenile Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot94a1a

Older Juvenile Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot95a1a

Middle-aged Flower - Flower Colour in Season in its
Rose Description Page is
"Buff Yellow, with a very slight pink tint at the edges in May-October."

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot96a1a

Mature Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot97a1a

Juvenile Flower and Dying Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot98a1a

Form of Rose Bush

There are 720 roses in the Rose Galleries; many of which have the above series of pictures in their respective Rose Description Page.

So one might avoid the disappointment that the 2 elephants had when their trunks were entwined instead of them each carrying their trunk using their own trunk, and your disappointment of buying a rose to discover that the colour you bought it for is only the case when it has its juvenile flowers; if you look at all the photos of the roses in the respective Rose Description Page!!!!

 

Fragrant Plants adds the use of another of your 5 senses in your garden:-

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves.

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark.

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil
.

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soi
l.

Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
.

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers.

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves.

Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves.

Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers.

Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit.

Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers.

Night-scented Flowering Plants.

Scented Aquatic Plants.

Plants with Scented Fruits.

Plants with Scented Roots.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums.

Scented Cacti and Succulents.

Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell.

 

 

 


This row gives a very clear overall description of the
Cultural Needs of Plants

from Chapter 4 in Fern Grower's Manual by Barbara Joe Hoshizaki & Robbin C. Moran. Revised and Expanded Edition. Published in 2001 by Timber Press, Inc. Reprinted 2002, 2006. ISBN-13:978-0-
88192-495-4.

"Understanding Fern Needs
Ferns have the same basic growing requirements as other plants and will thrive when these are met. There is nothing mysterious about the requirements - they are not something known only to people with green thumbs - but the best gardeners are those who understand plant requirements and are careful about satisfying them.
What, then, does a fern need?

All plants need water.
Water in the soil prevents roots from drying, and all mineral nutrients taken up by the roots must be dissolved in the soil water. Besides water in the soil, most plants need water in the air. Adequate humidity keeps the plant from drying out. Leaves need water for photosynthesis and to keep from wilting.
All green plants need light to manufacture food (sugars) by photosynthesis. Some plants need more light than others, and some can flourish in sun or shade. Most ferns, however, prefer some amount of shade.
For photosynthesis, plants require carbon dioxide, a gas that is exhaled by animals as waste. Carbon dioxide diffuses into plants through tiny pores, called stomata, that abound on the lower surface of the leaves. In the leaf, carbon dioxide is combined with the hydrogen from water to form carbohydrates, the plant's food. This process takes place only in the presence of light and chlorophyll, a green pigment found in plant cells. To enhance growth, some commercial growers increase the carbon dioxide level in their greenhouses to 600ppm (parts per million), or twice the amount typically found in the air.
Plants need oxygen. The green plants of a plant do not require much oxygen from the air because plants produce more oxygen by photosynthesis than they use. The excess oxygen liberated from the plants is used by all animals, including humans. What do plants do with oxygen? They use it just as we do, to release the energy stored in food. We use energy to move about, to talk, to grow, to think - in fact, for all our life processes. Although plants don't talk or move much, they do grow and metabolize and must carry on all their life processes using oxygen to release the stored energy in their food.
Roots need air all the time. They get it from the air spaces between the soil particles. Overwatering displaces the air between soil particles with water, thereby removing the oxygen needed by the roots. This reduces the root's ability to absorb mineral nutrients and can foster root-rot.
Plants need minerals to grow properly. The minerals are mined from the soil by the plant's root system. If a certain mineral is missing, such as calcium needed for developing cell walls, then the plant will be stunted, discoloured, or deformed.
Some plants tolerate a wide range of temperatures, whereas others are fussy. If the temperature is too high or low, the machinery of the plant will not operate satisfactorily or will cease entirely.

The basic needs of plants are not hard to supply, but growing success depends on attending to these needs with care and exactitude. The remainder of this chapter is devoted to a discussion of these requirements, with the exception of mineral needs, which are discussed in Chapter 5.

"