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Police Treat Movement of Boundary Items as Civil Matter

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I live at 1 Eastmoor Farm Cottages and 2 Eastmoor Farm Cottages was recently sold.

When I returned home at about 17:00 on Friday 6th December I found that my boundary metal posts had been moved out of the way.

The 2 scaffolding structures were spaced apart and a piece of reinforcing rod was inserted between them to fix the space between them so the middle did not move. There had been 2 wooden posts in the ground put there by the owners of 2 Eastmoor Farm Cottages between 1984 and 1986 when we moved into 1 Eastmoor Farm Cottages. One of those posts had snapped off when a previous owner of 2 Eastmoor Farm Cottages had allowed their workmen to run over the post. Alongside both post positions I had hammered into the ground 2 lengths of aluminium shelf support posts and tied the scaffolding sections to it.

I phoned the police to be told that this was a civil matter.

When my wife returned she wrote and delivered the following letter:-

 

 

 

1 Eastmooor Farm Cottages

Moor Street

Rainham

Our new neighbours Kent ME8 8QE

2 Eastmoor Farm Cottages

Moor Street

Rainham

Kent ME8 8QE

 

6th December 2019

 

 

Hello and welcome to Moor Street.

 

We hope that your house move has been smooth.

 

When we came home, we noticed that you have moved the metal posts at the end of our turning area. We appreciate that neither of us were about to speak to in the day, but we just want to be clear that they mark the boundary between our drive and your land. The occupiers prior to the Rutters called this into question, which was why the metal posts were in place. We mention it because we don’t want our relationship to start with a misunderstanding and trust that they will be reinstated tomorrow.

 

We look forward to meeting you when you are settled in.

 

Yours sincerely,

 

 

 

Chris and Garnons-Williams

janet@ivydenegardens.co.uk

 

The new neighbours continued moving into their property without doing anything about replacing our drive turnround boundary marker. They have a right of access over our drive to get to their property, but not a right to park on our drive.

I discovered this morning that the wooden post and the 2 aluminium shelf support posts were missing and here is the photograhic evidence.

I wrote a note to the neighbours and put it under one of the vehicles back window wiper which stated that parts of our boundary marker were missing and that is stealing and told them to put the boundary marker back.

I wonder if the police would still not be interested in somebody performing theft, but it seems pointless to find out

 

 


Text for Photo 1, 2, 3 and 4
 


Photo taken by Chris Garnons-Williams from our driveway.

This photo shows their 4 vehicles parked on their land. The 2 scaffolding structures are on the left hand side. You will notice that beyond the scaffolding structure facing you that there a small strip of grass and earth/compost behind it and that is where our boundary marker was positioned. The new neighbours had a lorry and big van from his firm that he works for in the building trade and they were parked from Friday over the the weekend in their parking area jutting out into our drive turnround and those are the tracks in the mud that you can see, since over the weekend that scaffolding structure had been stacked with the other against their garage with the mising items.

IMG0001

 

Part of our Boundary Area

IMG0002

 

IMG0007

 

Sad isn't it when you live somewhere in our retirement and neighbours can just step all over you and its a civil matter costing thousands of pounds when a neighbour has removed your property onto theirs and it is nothing to with the police. Their advice talk to Citizens Advice Bureau and your lawyer since it was a civil matter - not quite sure that if something is removed from your property and placed onto somebody elses used to be theft in my book which apparently the police are not interested in.

IMG0011

 

This website is being created by Chris Garnons-Williams of Ivydene Horticultural Services from it's start in 2005.

I am requesting free colour photographs of any plants grown in or sold in the United Kingdom to add to the plants in the Plant Photographic Galleries and Butterfly photographs for the Butterfly on Plant Photographic Galleries.

 

Site design and content copyright ©A9 December 2019. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

It should be remembered that nothing is sold from this educational site, it simply tries to give you the best advice on what to use and where to get it (About Chris Garnons-Williams page details that no payment or commision to or from any donor of photos or adverts I place on the site in the Useful Data or other sections is made to Chris Garnons-Williams or Ivydene Horticultural Services). This website is a hobby and not for direct commercial gain for Ivydene Horticultural Services. There is no Google Adscenes or Search Facility in this website.

The information on this site is usually Verdana 14pt text and all is in tabular form. This can be downloaded and sorted using WORD or other word-processing software into the order that you personally require, especially for soil subsidence, the Companion Planting Tables and the pages in the Plants section. This would be suitable for use in education as well.

I put jokes in at various places to give you a smile.

It can be very difficult for van drivers to find a required address for delivery.
The following is my plan of Moor Street Conservation Area in Rainham, Kent, England, produced in May 2011, which I then gave a copy to each of the houses with a request that they had a house sign erected close to the pavement of the A2 to indicate to van drivers where they were. Number 8 is not visible from the A2, so how does someone find it?

 

Moorstreethouseplan

 

When Number 22 decided to build Numbers 18, 20 and 21 with planning notification perhaps affixed to a telegraph pole in South Bush Lane at what would be where the drive to numbers 20 and 21 would be built, Medway Council Planning Authority stated that only 3 houses could have drive access to the main road A2 to Newington. Therefore, Number 22 had to build a new drive to South Bush Lane instead of their old drive to the A2.

 

Number 14 decided to change a wooden shed into a habitable dwelling by installing a kitchen and bathroom as well as a bedroom etc. Thus Number 16 came into use by his daughter. Number 14 put Number 14 and Number 16 up for sale. The Land Register sent information about this to Medway Council to the Rates Department and the Planning Department. Having had no planning permission, the planning department put an enforcement notice on Number 16 in May. It was sold as an independent property in December of the same year. Before the new owners moved in the previous owner trashed it. The new owners who also bought Number 14 were upset and applied for planning permission and got it despite the rule that a drive to the A2 could not have more than 3 properties using it as now it was 4, despite my protest about Numbers 15, 17 and 18 having 1 rule and 12, 13, 14 and 16 having another.

Number 12 has had a new owner during the last 2 years and is being sold, with the following in its Estate Agent Description - "Another big benefit to this property is a separate parking area which houses a garage and a barn, which to the right person and necessary consents could easily become a useful outbuilding of some sorts."
 

Number 12 is split between 1 side of Number 13 (my property) and the other side where they own a garage and a building with a corrugated asbestos roof and what was a pigsty building alongside the Drive of Number 14 and property of Number 16 respectively, together with some land between them.
 

Some prospective buyers have thought that the building with its asbestos roof could easily be converted into another habitable dwelling.

If Medway Council then ignored it's own ruling of only 3 properties having access from 1 drive onto the main road because this would make it 5, then they could also ignore the facts that they allowed

 

  • an unplanned building to be built, enforced against, sold and approved as Number 16 - Property 4 with permission to use my drive without my authority.
  • as well as the condition put on Number 22 that before they built a riding area, that the baum of earth removed from a large area by their U-shaped stables in preparation to be used as a car park for new houses as a repeat of the same idea carried out by the previous owner of Number 22; be replaced from the edge of 1 of their fields, was ignored, even when I informed the planning authority.

 

The existing water supply and electricity supply is insufficient for a household, so where is the access? Under the drive? In which case, the water pipe and electricity cable would need to be in accordance with the Pipe Bedding and Trench Backfill Details in Standard Drawing No. HE/12 under the 450mm (18 inch) road construction for this 192 inch (480 cms) wide drive, which is in excess of 1200 inches (3000 cms) of length. The existing water supply to Number 12 would need to be relocated into the same pipe bedding. I would have thought they they would also require my permission to do that on my land.

It would need a cesspit - A cesspit is a sealed underground tank that simply collects wastewater and sewage. There is no processing or treatment involved. A septic tank could not be used because "installing a soakaway can be a challenge due to regulations on where they can be placed. They must not be too close to buildings, boundaries or watercourses, be away from electrical cables or pipework and not be part of a road, driveway or other area where vehicles could pass over it and cause damage." The same reasons would stop them either using my septic tank or the one at Number 15. The main public sewage drain for Rainham ends at Number 10. From that top of hill towards the Newington direction, all the remaining properties of Moor Street Conservation Area have to have a cesspit. Numbers 28 to 37 have sealed tanks above ground with a drive strong enough to take 2000 gallon wastewater tankers on a regular basis.
My existing drive would need to be replaced by the proposed owners of new Number 38 by a
minor access road in order to take the extra weight on a regular basis including the depth of winter, before any building work was carried out. This would require excavating for the new wearing course - 80mm, base course - 30mm, roadbase - 50mm, sub-base - 290mm and capping layer for this minor access road in Standard Drawing No. HE/03 of about 270-320 cubic yards. My drive includes greater dimensions than required to provide car turning within site curtilage with my garage being the same top position as in the right hand diagram of Standard Drawing No. HED/03. The other users of my drive can only use the drive for access and not for parking or leaving any item on it for any time and this would include any pipe from a Waste-tanker. That would mean that that waste-tanker would have to drive over the drive and park on their land before extracting the waste from their cesspit.
 

The following comes from an article "Septic tank regulations - the whats, whys and wherefores " by UKDP - The UK Drainage Professionals:-

  • Building Regulations 2010 – Drainage and waste disposal.
    This Building regulations document, produced by the Government, outlines the requirements for septic tanks, drainage fields, cesspits (or cesspools – it’s the same thing) and sewage treatment plants. The main aim is to make sure that they are:
    • Located in the right place
    • Sufficient in size for the property (or properties) connected to them
    • Not going to pollute local water courses
    • Appropriate for the local ground conditions – this is particularly important for drainage fields (or soakaway systems)
    • Emptied and maintained regularly to ensure that they can function properly
  • If you are installing a new septic tank, sewage treatment plant or cesspool, you will need to contact your local Council to apply for Building Control approval. Similarly, undertaking works to your existing drainage system, particularly if you are looking to change the system somehow, also needs approval. This is because drainage is classed as a 'controlled service or function' which is why Building Control need to be involved.
     
  • Cesspools (or cesspits)
    Generally speaking, a cesspool (which is just a holding tank for the waste from your property, providing no treatment) is seen as a last resort as far as a drainage system for your property goes.
    The basics from this document relating to cesspools are:
    • They should be located at least 7 metres from any habitable parts of buildings
    • They should be sited within 30 metres of a vehicle access point
    • The capacity below the level of the inlet should be at least 18,000 litres for 2 users. This should be increased by 6,800 litres for each additional user.
    • They should have no openings apart from the pipe coming in, access for emptying and ventilation
       
  • Environment Agency PPG4 (Pollution Prevention Guidelines)
    In short, the PPG4 helps you to work out which type of drainage system is suitable for your property. There are lots of considerations as to what would work – and also what the Environment Agency (EA) will or will not allow. It also lets you know when you need to gain consent from the EA, as you often need to get permission before installing or changing an off mains drainage system.
    • The document goes into some detail about percolation tests and drainage field size. Percolation tests assess the porosity of the soil at your property, and it is this that tells you if a drainage field or soakaway is suitable, and if it is suitable it tells you what size it needs to be.
    • There is a very detailed and excruciatingly long British Standard document relating to exactly how percolation tests should be undertaken. Even the name of the document will put you off reading it – BS6297:2007+A1:2008.
      This document outlines the size that any septic tank, sewage treatment plant or cesspit needs to be in order to adequately serve the property (or properties) that will connect to it.
    • Each type of tank comes in various different sizes, and the correct tank size is determined by the number of bedrooms the property has.


The opening between my boundary hedge and their garage is about 6 metres. My turn round area extends past their garage. The distance from their barn to my boundary hedge opposite is about 14 metres. Currently their car is parked parallel to the barn beyond 7 metres from it. The remaining distance to my boundary hedges is used to turn their car round to drive out, since they do not have a right of access to the remainder of my drive and so have to use their own land to turn round in. The cesspit needs to be at least 7 metres away from the habitable dwellings at property numbers 13, 15 and 16, while still allowing for a waste-tanker to park within their land whilst emptying it or for other 2 x 4 metre vehicles (cars) to park and turn round. This could be very difficult to achieve within their land area.

A soakaway has to be created on their land to take up to a 2 inch (5 cm) downpour falling on the roofs (Building Regulations) of their buildings, since it unwise to direct that same rainwater into their cesspit.
 

When the new owner of Number 22 put forward plans to start the same process of moving stables, creating new buildings and following this by changing them to houses; he included a new external building for his children to play in with a toilet. Due to this extra toilet for his 3 children, his proposed planning application included a replacement cesspit, which according to the dimensions on the plan would take 90,000 gallons assuming it was only 2 metres deep - enough for 90 houses (Only 2 households use my septic tank, which is emptied once a year). I pointed out to Medway Council that this would require 45 tankers to empty and therefore those tankers would require a minor access road in the middle of their field to empty it. I also pointed out that since the cesspit was close to South Bush Lane and that the field sloped down to it, that car drivers might object to driving through the liquid sewage if the cesspit overflowed. The surrounding fields owned by Number 22 would be sufficient land for an extra 90 houses, if they kept on repeating the planning trick of building buildings and then changing them and the old stables to houses and new stables on a regular basis. I objected to the plan and provided a copy of my objections to all the other houses in the Conservation Area. This created enough other objectors for the approval of the proposed plan to be moved from the proposed plan's Planning Officer to the full Council Planning Committe. The proposed cesspit had by then disappeared and the revised plan was rejected by the Council.
New owners have continued to build more wooden buildings and extensions.

The corrugated asbestos roof would need to be carefully removed by experts.
It is in the existing
curtilage of a Listed Building in a Conservation Area. This would mean Listed Building approval without any changes; to the external appearance of the building to the date when it was listed, not when it was built.
It is possible that this time, Number 13 would be informed about the planning application, instead of them being placed on a lampost or telegraph pole away from Number 13, and the first one knows about the approved plans of first changing 2 barns to holiday flats, then those and the stables to houses, then to larger houses and new stables was the builders moving in and building 18, 20 and 21, despite being next door. For some years I then paid to have a listing of every planning application made to Medway Council each week - I believe that is now online and further payments are not required to protect one's own property.

Although, when the Land Register digitised my paper-based Land Register, it donated one of my bedrooms to 2 Eastmoor Farm Cottages and it took £100 cost to my lawyer to get it back again, despite the fact that it was the Land Register who could not do their job.
The current position is that the independant Local Authority Medway can accept a shed converted into a habitable dwelling without planning permission, with illegal sewage drainage linkage to an existing cesspit tank and sold as a separate property, despite their enforcement orders. Then, they approved a planning aplication by the new owners to have the trashed kitchen and bathroom re-installed and so restored to being a separate habitable dwelling. Did they check that the cesspit next door was of a sufficient size to take the waste from the inhabitants in the 3 properties instead of the original 2?
This would mean that anybody could repeat that same trick in any property within Medway despite the following consequences:-

 

  • A minor detail is shown by the article Drinking Water deprivation in Medway, England in the table to the extreme left. This indicates that with all the proposed new buildings in Medway between now and 2035, that about 30,000 people in them would have no access to water by 2035 according to the plans set out by Southern Water. Adding illegal ones to that would reduce the time period before Medway runs out of water for its new inhabitants. Replacing land with buildings and roads reduces the volume of rainwater that can be collected for use by humans as the rainwater falling on them goes into storm drains leading to rivers and thence the sea.
    This program of new buildings in excess of the infrastructure required to service them is continuing throughout the remainder of the area serviced by Southern Water.
    Each new building/road also reduces the area for plants to give us oxygen to keep us alive.
  • My next door neighbours may not have been able to transfer from their original doctor at the other end of Medway to a local one. At the Health Centre that I frequent, it had 4 surgeries, yellow, blue, red and green. The green one closed in January and the other surgeries could not accept all those patients and my neighbours had to then go on a waiting list. Those surgeries are technically out of our Conservation Area locality and so do not have to accept us. There are no other surgeries which are suitably located to service Moor Street Conservation Area. My red surgery had some doctors retire in March 2019, they have not been able to replace all of them yet.
  • There was a proposal to build 200 houses in the field opposite our house. We did point out at the time that there was only 1 primary school place left in the area. I have not seen any plans for new schools to service this increase in population.
    We also pointed out that since all waste sewage would have to be pumped up to the main sewage drain in the adjoining road, that it would be sensible to install a second pump with its own generator, so that this would prevent the sewage from overflowing into the railway cutting for trains from London to Canterbury and Dover; if the only 1 pump failed due to mechanical fault or loss of electric supply. The 200 house proposal was rejected. A revised one for 300 instead of 200 houses has now appeared.
  • Being old and decrepid, I am no longer able to walk all that fast and so would shuffle along the A2 into Rainham. During rush-hours, I can beat the traffic to the second set of traffic lights - 500 yards from my house?
    Despite all the new building works, there does not seem to be a plan to convert the Lower Rainham Road into a dual carriageway, since the A2 and the M2 are the only other routes that take traffic East-West in Medway. When I worked in City Way in Rochester, it was quicker for me to drive up to the M2, along to Chatham junction and back down to City Way, 10 years ago, than it was to drive the direct route along the A2. Lower Rainham Road currently has both a speed limit of 20 mph, chicanes and traffic lights in order to slow the traffic down with the resulting tailbacks at rush-hours. Fairly soon with the breeding of traffic lights on the A2 running through Medway, Medway will be gridlocked for much of the day, as it is when there are problems on the M2 running alongside.

     

I have now worked out why Medway Council requires more houses to be built - maybe because some of the concrete used in the Medway Tunnel was the incorrect temperature, when it was laid. Within a few weeks after it had been laid, it formed hairline cracks and now massive pumps pump the fresh water in the ground coming through that damaged concrete; out into the river. If the pumps stop, then the tunnel would be flooded within a few minutes. I wonder if enough emergency manuals have been distributed to the various departments who would deal with this problem for the commuters within the tunnel. I wonder whether this fresh water might become available for Southern Water to use for the local population.

Topic - Over 1060 links in this table to a topic in a topic folder or page within that folder of this website
Case Studies
...Drive Foundations
Ryegrass and turf kills plants within Roadstone and in Topsoil due to it starving and dehydrating them.
CEDAdrive creates stable drive surface and drains rain into your ground, rather than onto the public road.
8 problems caused by building house on clay or with house-wall attached to clay.
Pre-building work on polluted soil.

Companion Planting
..A, B , C , D , E ,
..F , G , H , I , J , K ,
..L, M , N , O , P , Q ,
..R, S , T , U , V , W ,
..X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants
to provide a Companion Plant to aid your selected plant or deter its pests

Garden
Construction

with ground drains
Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed
Borders

......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
......Camera photos of Plant supports
Garden
Maintenance

Glossary with a tomato teaching cauliflowers
Home
Library of over 1000 books
Offbeat Glossary with DuLally Bird in its flower clock.

Plants
...in Chalk
(Alkaline) Soil
......A-F1, A-F2,
......A-F3, G-L, M-R,
......M-R Roses, S-Z
...in Heavy
Clay Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Lime-Free
(Acid) Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Light
Sand Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z.
...Poisonous Plants.
...Extra Plant Pages
with its 6 Plant Selection Levels

Soil
...
Interaction between 2 Quartz Sand Grains to make soil
...
How roots of plants are in control in the soil
...
Without replacing Soil Nutrients, the soil will break up to only clay, sand or silt
...
Subsidence caused by water in Clay
...
Use water ring for trees/shrubs for first 2 years.

Tool Shed with 3 kneeling pads
Useful Data with benefits of Seaweed

Topic -
Plant Photo Galleries
with Plant Botanical Index

...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z

If the plant type below has flowers, then the first gallery will include the flower thumbnail in each month of 1 of 6 or 7 flower colour comparison pages of each plant in its subsidiary galleries, as a low-level Plant Selection Process
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
...by Flower Shape


Bulb Index
A1, 2, 3, B, C1, 2,
D, E, F, G, Glad,
H, I, J, K, L1, 2,
M, N, O, P, Q, R,
S, T, U, V, W, XYZ
...Allium/ Anemone
...Autumn
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Dahlia
...Gladiolus with its 40 Flower Colours
......European A-E
......European F-M
......European N-Z
......Eur Non-classified
......American A
......American B
......American C
......American D
......American E
......American F
......American G
......American H
......American I
......American J
......American K
......American L
......American M
......American N
......American O
......American P
......American Q
......American R
......American S
......American T
......American U
......American V
......American W
......American XYZ
......Ame Non-classified
......Australia - empty
......India
......Lithuania
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Narcissus
...Spring
...Tulip
...Winter
...Each of the above ...Bulb Galleries has its own set of Flower Colour Pages
...Flower Shape
...Bulb Form

...Bulb Use

...Bulb in Soil


Further details on bulbs from the Infill Galleries:-
Hardy Bulbs
...Aconitum
...Allium
...Alstroemeria
...Anemone

...Amaryllis
...Anthericum
...Antholyzas
...Apios
...Arisaema
...Arum
...Asphodeline

...Asphodelus
...Belamcanda
...Bloomeria
...Brodiaea
...Bulbocodium

...Calochorti
...Cyclobothrias
...Camassia
...Colchicum
...Convallaria 
...Forcing Lily of the Valley
...Corydalis
...Crinum
...Crosmia
...Montbretia
...Crocus

...Cyclamen
...Dicentra
...Dierama
...Eranthis
...Eremurus
...Erythrnium
...Eucomis

...Fritillaria
...Funkia
...Galanthus
...Galtonia
...Gladiolus
...Hemerocallis

...Hyacinth
...Hyacinths in Pots
...Scilla
...Puschkinia
...Chionodoxa
...Chionoscilla
...Muscari

...Iris
...Kniphofia
...Lapeyrousia
...Leucojum

...Lilium
...Lilium in Pots
...Malvastrum
...Merendera
...Milla
...Narcissus
...Narcissi in Pots

...Ornithogalum
...Oxalis
...Paeonia
...Ranunculus
...Romulea
...Sanguinaria
...Sternbergia
...Schizostylis
...Tecophilaea
...Trillium

...Tulip
...Zephyranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs
...Acidanthera
...Albuca
...Alstroemeri
...Andro-stephium
...Bassers
...Boussing-aultias
...Bravoas
...Cypellas
...Dahlias
...Galaxis,
...Geissorhizas
...Hesperanthas

...Gladioli
...Ixias
...Sparaxises
...Babianas
...Morphixias
...Tritonias

...Ixiolirions
...Moraeas
...Ornithogalums
...Oxalises
...Phaedra-nassas
...Pancratiums
...Tigridias
...Zephyranthes
...Cooperias

Uses of Bulbs:-
...for Bedding
...in Windowboxes
...in Border
...naturalized in Grass
...in Bulb Frame
...in Woodland Garden
...in Rock Garden
...in Bowls
...in Alpine House
...Bulbs in Greenhouse or Stove:-
...Achimenes
...Alocasias
...Amorpho-phalluses
...Arisaemas
...Arums
...Begonias
...Bomareas
...Caladiums

...Clivias
...Colocasias
...Crinums
...Cyclamens
...Cyrtanthuses
...Eucharises
...Urceocharis
...Eurycles

...Freesias
...Gloxinias
...Haemanthus
...Hippeastrums

...Lachenalias
...Nerines
...Lycorises
...Pencratiums
...Hymenocallises
...Richardias
...Sprekelias
...Tuberoses
...Vallotas
...Watsonias
...Zephyranthes

...Plant Bedding in
......Spring

......Summer
...Bulb houseplants flowering inside House during:-
......January
......February
......March
......April
......May
......June
......July
......August
......September
......October
......November
......December
...Bulbs and other types of plant flowering during:-
......Dec-Jan
......Feb-Mar
......Apr-May
......Jun-Aug
......Sep-Oct
......Nov-Dec
...Selection of the smaller and choicer plants for the Smallest of Gardens with plant flowering during the same 6 periods as in the previous selection


Climber in
3 Sector Vertical Plant System
...Clematis
...Climbers
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...A,B,C,D,E,F,G,
...H,I,J,K,L,M,N,
...O,P,Q,R,S,T,U,
...V,W,X,Y,Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evergreen
...Heather Shrub
...Heather Index
......Andromeda
......Bruckenthalia
......Calluna
......Daboecia
......Erica: Carnea
......Erica: Cinerea
......Erica: Others
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evergreen
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous
Perennial

...A1,2,B,C,D,E,F,G,
...H,I,J,K,L,M,N,
...O,P1,2,Q,R,S,T,U,
...V,W,XYZ,
...Diascia Photo Album,
...UK Peony Index

...P -Herbaceous
...Peony
...Flower Shape
...RHS Wisley
......Mixed Border
......Other Borders
Herb
Odds and Sods
Rhododendron

Rose
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use - page links in row 6. Rose, RHS Wisley and Other Roses rose indices on each Rose Use page
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Pruning Methods
Photo Index
R 1, 2, 3
Peter Beales Roses
RV Roger
Roses

Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
...Apple

...Cherry
...Pear
Vegetable
Wild Flower and
Butterfly page links are in next row


Topic -
Butterflies in the UK mostly use native UK wildflowers.

Butterfly Species.

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly Usage
of Plants.

Plant Usage by
Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly.

Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
space,
Site Map page in its flower colour NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
....Scented Flower, Foliage, Root
....Story of their Common Names
....Use of Plant with Flowers
....Use for Non-Flowering Plants
....Edible Plant Parts
....Flower Legend
....
Flowering plants of Chalk and Limestone Page 1, Page 2
....
Flowering plants of Acid Soil Page 1
...Brown Botanical Names
....Food for
Butterfly/Moth

...Cream Common Names
....Coastal and Dunes
....Sandy Shores and Dunes
...Green Note
....Broad-leaved
Woods

...Mauve Note
....Grassland - Acid, Neutral, Chalk
...Multi-Cols Note
....Heaths and Moors
...Orange Note
....Hedgerows and Verges
...Pink A-G Note
....Lakes, Canals and Rivers
...Pink H-Z Note
....Marshes, Fens,
Bogs

...Purple Note
....Old Buildings and Walls
...Red Note
....Pinewoods
...White A-D Note
....Saltmarshes
....Shingle Beaches, Rocks and Cliff Tops
...White E-P Note
....Other
...White Q-Z Note
....Number of Petals
...Yellow A-G Note
....Pollinator
...Yellow H-Z Note
....Poisonous Parts
...Shrub/Tree Note
....River Banks and
other Freshwater Margins


Poisonous
Wildflower Plants.


You know its name, use
Wild Flower Plant Index a-h, i-p, q-z.
You know which habitat it lives in, use
on
Acid Soil,
on
Calcareous
(Chalk) Soil
,
on
Marine Soil,
on
Neutral Soil,
is a
Fern,
is a
Grass,
is a
Rush, or
is a
Sedge.
You have seen its flower, use Comparison Pages containing Wild Flower Plants and Cultivated Plants in the
Colour Wheel Gallery.

Each plant named in each of the 180 Wildflower Family Pages within their 23 Galleries may have a link to:-
1) its Plant Description Page in its Common Name column in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries and will have links,
2) to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name column,
3) to see photos in its Flowering Months column and
4) to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.

WILD FLOWER FAMILY PAGE MENU
(o)Adder's Tongue
Amaranth
(o)Arrow-Grass
(o)Arum
(o)Balsam
Bamboo
(o)Barberry
(o)Bedstraw
(o)Beech
(o)Bellflower
(o)Bindweed
(o)Birch
(o)Birds-Nest
(o)Birthwort
(o)Bogbean
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Borage
(o)Box
(o)Broomrape
(o)Buckthorn
(o)Buddleia
(o)Bur-reed
(o)Buttercup
(o)Butterwort
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crowberry
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
Cypress
(o)Daffodil
(o)Daisy
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Daphne
(o)Diapensia
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels
(o)Clubmoss
(o)Duckweed
(o)Eel-Grass
(o)Elm
(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Horsetail
(o)Polypody
Quillwort
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Flax
(o)Flowering-Rush
(o)Frog-bit
(o)Fumitory
(o)Gentian
(o)Geranium
(o)Glassworts
(o)Gooseberry
(o)Goosefoot
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft
Bromes 1

(o)Grass Soft
Bromes 2

(o)Grass Soft
Bromes 3

(o)Hazel
(o)Heath
(o)Hemp
(o)Herb-Paris
(o)Holly
(o)Honeysuckle
(o)Horned-Pondweed
(o)Hornwort
(o)Iris
(o)Ivy
(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Lime
(o)Lobelia
(o)Loosestrife
(o)Mallow
(o)Maple
(o)Mares-tail
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)
(o)Mesem-bryanthemum
(o)Mignonette
(o)Milkwort
(o)Mistletoe
(o)Moschatel
Naiad
(o)Nettle
(o)Nightshade
(o)Oleaster
(o)Olive
(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
(o)Parnassus-Grass
(o)Peaflower
(o)Peaflower
Clover 1

(o)Peaflower
Clover 2

(o)Peaflower
Clover 3

(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
Peony
(o)Periwinkle
Pillwort
Pine
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Pipewort
(o)Pitcher-Plant
(o)Plantain
(o)Pondweed
(o)Poppy
(o)Primrose
(o)Purslane
Rannock Rush
(o)Reedmace
(o)Rockrose
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
(o)Sandalwood
(o)Saxifrage
Seaheath
(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
(o)Spindle-Tree
(o)Spurge
(o)Stonecrop
(o)Sundew
(o)Tamarisk
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Teasel
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Valerian
(o)Verbena
(o)Violet
(o)Water Fern
(o)Waterlily
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort
Waterwort
(o)Willow
(o)Willow-Herb
(o)Wintergreen
(o)Wood-Sorrel
(o)Yam
(o)Yew


Topic -
The following is a complete hierarchical Plant Selection Process

dependent on the Garden Style chosen
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index

 


Topic -
Flower/Foliage Colour Wheel Galleries with number of colours as a high-level Plant Selection Process

All Flowers 53 with
...Use of Plant and
Flower Shape
- page links in bottom row

All Foliage 53
instead of redundant
...(All Foliage 212)


All Flowers
per Month 12


Bee instead of wind pollinated plants for hay-fever sufferers
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers
per Month
12
...Index

Rock Garden and Alpine Flowers
Rock Plant Flowers 53
INDEX
A, B, C, D, E, F,
G, H, I, J, K, L,
M, NO, PQ, R, S,
T, UVWXYZ
...Rock Plant Photos

Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours
per Month Index

...All Plants Index


Topic -
Use of Plant in your Plant Selection Process

Plant Colour Wheel Uses
with
1. Perfect general use soil is composed of 8.3% lime, 16.6% humus, 25% clay and 50% sand, and
2. Why you are continually losing the SOIL STRUCTURE so your soil - will revert to clay, chalk, sand or silt.
Uses of Plant and Flower Shape:-
...Foliage Only
...Other than Green Foliage
...Trees in Lawn
...Trees in Small Gardens
...Wildflower Garden
...Attract Bird
...Attract Butterfly
1
, 2
...Climber on House Wall
...Climber not on House Wall
...Climber in Tree
...Rabbit-Resistant
...Woodland
...Pollution Barrier
...Part Shade
...Full Shade
...Single Flower provides Pollen for Bees
1
, 2, 3
...Ground-Cover
<60
cm
60-180cm
>180cm
...Hedge
...Wind-swept
...Covering Banks
...Patio Pot
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border
...Poisonous
...Adjacent to Water
...Bog Garden
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Winter-Flowering
...Fragrant
...Not Fragrant
...Exhibition
...Standard Plant is 'Ball on Stick'
...Upright Branches or Sword-shaped leaves
...Plant to Prevent Entry to Human or Animal
...Coastal Conditions
...Tolerant on North-facing Wall
...Cut Flower
...Potted Veg Outdoors
...Potted Veg Indoors
...Thornless
...Raised Bed Outdoors Veg
...Grow in Alkaline Soil A-F, G-L, M-R,
S-Z
...Grow in Acidic Soil
...Grow in Any Soil
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Grow Bulbs Indoors

Uses of Bedding
...Bedding Out
...Filling In
...Screen-ing
...Pots and Troughs
...Window Boxes
...Hanging Baskets
...Spring Bedding
...Summer Bedding
...Winter Bedding
...Foliage instead of Flower
...Coleus Bedding Photos for use in Public Domain 1

Uses of Bulb
...Other than Only Green Foliage
...Bedding or Mass Planting
...Ground-Cover
...Cut-Flower
...Tolerant of Shade
...In Woodland Areas
...Under-plant
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Covering Banks
...In Water
...Beside Stream or Water Garden
...Coastal Conditions
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border or Back-ground Plant
...Fragrant Flowers
...Not Fragrant Flowers
...Indoor
House-plant

...Grow in a Patio Pot
...Grow in an Alpine Trough
...Grow in an Alpine House
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Speciman Plant
...Into Native Plant Garden
...Naturalize in Grass
...Grow in Hanging Basket
...Grow in Window-box
...Grow in Green-house
...Grow in Scree
...Naturalized Plant Area
...Grow in Cottage Garden
...Attracts Butterflies
...Attracts Bees
...Resistant to Wildlife
...Bulb in Soil:-
......Chalk
......Clay
......Sand
......Lime-Free (Acid)
......Peat

Uses of Rose
Rose Index

...Bedding 1, 2
...Climber /Pillar
...Cut-Flower 1, 2
...Exhibition, Speciman
...Ground-Cover
...Grow In A Container 1, 2
...Hedge 1, 2
...Climber in Tree
...Woodland
...Edging Borders
...Tolerant of Poor Soil 1, 2
...Tolerant of Shade
...Back of Border
...Adjacent to Water
...Page for rose use as ARCH ROSE, PERGOLA ROSE, COASTAL CONDITIONS ROSE, WALL ROSE, STANDARD ROSE, COVERING BANKS or THORNLESS ROSES.
...FRAGRANT ROSES
...NOT FRAGRANT ROSES


Topic -
Camera Photo Galleries showing all 4000 x 3000 pixels of each photo on your screen that you can then click and drag it to your desktop as part of a Plant Selection Process:-

RHS Garden at Wisley

Plant Supports -
When supporting plants in a bed, it is found that not only do those plants grow upwards, but also they expand their roots and footpad sideways each year. Pages
1
, 2, 3, 8, 11,
12, 13,
Plants 4, 7, 10,
Bedding Plants 5,
Plant Supports for Unknown Plants 5
,
Clematis Climbers 6,
the RHS does not appear to either follow it's own pruning advice or advice from The Pruning of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers by George E. Brown.
ISBN 0-571-11084-3 with the plants in Pages 1-7 of this folder. You can see from looking at both these resources as to whether the pruning carried out on the remainder of the plants in Pages 7-15 was correct.

Narcissus (Daffodil) 9,
Phlox Plant Supports 14, 15

Coleus Bedding Foliage Trial - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, Index

National Trust Garden at Sissinghurst Castle
Plant Supports -
Pages for Gallery 1

with Plant Supports
1, 5, 10
Plants
2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9,
11, 12
Recommended Rose Pruning Methods 13
Pages for Gallery 2
with Plant Supports
2
,
Plants 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Dry Garden of
RHS Garden at
Hyde Hall

Plants - Pages
without Plant Supports
Plants 1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Nursery of
Peter Beales Roses
Display Garden

Roses Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Nursery of
RV Roger

Roses - Pages
A1,A2,A3,A4,A5,
A6,A7,A8,A9,A10,
A11,A12,A13,A14,
B15,
B16,B17,B18,B19,
B20,
B21,B22,B23,B24,
B25,
B26,B27,B28,B29,
B30,
C31,C32,C33,C34,
C35,
C36,C37,C38,C39,
C40,
C41,CD2,D43,D44,
D45,
D46,D47,D48,D49,
E50,
E51,E52,F53,F54,
F55,
F56,F57,G58,G59,
H60,
H61,I62,K63,L64,
M65,
M66,N67,P68,P69,
P70,
R71,R72,S73,S74,
T75,
V76,Z77, 78,

Damage by Plants in Chilham Village - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4

Pavements of Funchal, Madeira
Damage to Trees - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13
for trees 1-54,
14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
for trees 55-95,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, 33, 34, 35,
36, 37,
for trees 95-133,
38, 39, 40,
41, 42, 43, 44, 45,
for trees 133-166

Chris Garnons-Williams
Work Done - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Identity of Plants
Label Problems - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11

Ron and Christine Foord - 1036 photos only inserted so far - Garden Flowers - Start Page of each Gallery
AB1 ,AN14,BA27,
CH40,CR52,DR63,
FR74,GE85,HE96,

Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens - 1187
A 1, 2, Photos - 43
B 1, Photos - 13
C 1, Photos - 35
D 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7,
Photos - 411
with Plants causing damage to buildings in Chilham Village and Damage to Trees in Pavements of Funchal
E 1, Photos - 21
F 1, Photos - 1
G 1, Photos - 5
H 1, Photos - 21
I 1, Photos - 8
J 1, Photos - 1
K 1, Photos - 1
L 1, Photos - 85
with Label Problems
M 1, Photos - 9
N 1, Photos - 12
O 1, Photos - 5
P 1, Photos - 54
Q 1, Photos -
R 1, 2, 3,
Photos - 229
S 1, Photos - 111
T 1, Photos - 13
U 1, Photos - 5
V 1, Photos - 4
W 1, Photos - 100
with Work Done by Chris Garnons-Williams
X 1 Photos -
Y 1, Photos -
Z 1 Photos -
Articles/Items in Ivydene Gardens - 88
Flower Colour, Num of Petals, Shape and
Plant Use of:-
Rock Garden
within linked page


 

 

Topic -
Fragrant Plants as a Plant Selection Process for your sense of smell:-

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an Acid Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
1
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
1
, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
1
, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants
1
, 2
 


Topic -
Website User Guidelines


My Gas Service Engineer found Flow and Return pipes incorrectly positioned on gas boilers and customers had refused to have positioning corrected in 2020.
 

More Details

Cultural Needs of Plants
from Chapter 4 in Fern Grower's Manual by Barbara Joe Hoshizaki & Robbin C. Moran. Revised and Expanded Edition. Published in 2001 by Timber Press, Inc. Reprinted 2002, 2006. ISBN-13:978-0-
88192-495-4.

"Understanding Fern Needs
Ferns have the same basic growing requirements as other plants and will thrive when these are met. There is nothing mysterious about the requirements - they are not something known only to people with green thumbs - but the best gardeners are those who understand plant requirements and are careful about satisfying them.
What, then, does a fern need?

All plants need water.
Water in the soil prevents roots from drying, and all mineral nutrients taken up by the roots must be dissolved in the soil water. Besides water in the soil, most plants need water in the air. Adequate humidity keeps the plant from drying out. Leaves need water for photosynthesis and to keep from wilting.
All green plants need light to manufacture food (sugars) by photosynthesis. Some plants need more light than others, and some can flourish in sun or shade. Most ferns, however, prefer some amount of shade.
For photosynthesis, plants require carbon dioxide, a gas that is exhaled by animals as waste. Carbon dioxide diffuses into plants through tiny pores, called stomata, that abound on the lower surface of the leaves. In the leaf, carbon dioxide is combined with the hydrogen from water to form carbohydrates, the plant's food. This process takes place only in the presence of light and chlorophyll, a green pigment found in plant cells. To enhance growth, some commercial growers increase the carbon dioxide level in their greenhouses to 600ppm (parts per million), or twice the amount typically found in the air.
Plants need oxygen. The green plants of a plant do not require much oxygen from the air because plants produce more oxygen by photosynthesis than they use. The excess oxygen liberated from the plants is used by all animals, including humans. What do plants do with oxygen? They use it just as we do, to release the energy stored in food. We use energy to move about, to talk, to grow, to think - in fact, for all our life processes. Although plants don't talk or move much, they do grow and metabolize and must carry on all their life processes using oxygen to release the stored energy in their food.
Roots need air all the time. They get it from the air spaces between the soil particles. Overwatering displaces the air between soil particles with water, thereby removing the oxygen needed by the roots. This reduces the root's ability to absorb mineral nutrients and can foster root-rot.
Plants need minerals to grow properly. The minerals are mined from the soil by the plant's root system. If a certain mineral is missing, such as calcium needed for developing cell walls, then the plant will be stunted, discoloured, or deformed.
Some plants tolerate a wide range of temperatures, whereas others are fussy. If the temperature is too high or low, the machinery of the plant will not operate satisfactorily or will cease entirely.

The basic needs of plants are not hard to supply, but growing success depends on attending to these needs with care and exactitude. The remainder of this chapter is devoted to a discussion of these requirements, with the exception of mineral needs, which are discussed in Chapter 5."

 

It is worth remembering that especially with roses that the colour of the petals of the flower may change - The following photos are of Rosa 'Lincolnshire Poacher' which I took on the same day in R.V. Roger's Nursery Field:-

apoacher1

Closed Bud

apoacher2

Opening Bud

apoacher3

Juvenile Flower

apoacher4

Older Juvenile Flower

apoacher5

Middle-aged Flower - Flower Colour in Season in its
Rose Description Page is
"Buff Yellow, with a very slight pink tint at the edges in May-October."

apoacher6

Mature Flower

apoacher7

Juvenile Flower and Dying Flower

apoacher8

Form of Rose Bush

There are 720 roses in the Rose Galleries; many of which have the above series of pictures in their respective Rose Description Page.

So one might avoid the disappointment that the 2 elephants had when their trunks were entwined instead of them each carrying their trunk using their own trunk, and your disappointment of buying a rose to discover that the colour you bought it for is only the case when it has its juvenile flowers; if you look at all the photos of the roses in the respective Rose Description Page!!!!

 

There are 180 families in the Wildflowers of the UK and they have been split up into 22 Galleries to allow space for up to 100 plants per gallery.

Each plant named in each of the Wildflower Family Pages may have a link to:-

its Plant Description Page in its Common Name in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries

and it does have links:-

to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name,

to see photos in its Flowering Months and

to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.

 

Links to external websites like the link to "the Man walking in front of car to warn pedestrians of a horseless vehicle approaching" would be correct when I inserted it after March 2007, but it is possible that those horseless vehicles may now exceed the walking pace of that man and thus that link will currently be br
ok en .... .....

My advice is Google the name on the link and see if you can find the new link. If you sent me an email after clicking Ivydene Horticultural Services text under the Worm Logo on any page, then; as the first after March 2010 you would be the third emailer since 2007, I could then change that link in that 1 of the 15,743 pages. Currently (August 2016).

Other websites provide you with cookies - I am sorry but I am too poor to afford them. If I save the pennies from my pension for the next visitor, I am almost certain in March 2023, that I could afford to make that 4th visitor to this website a Never Fail Cake. I would then be able to save for more years for the postage.