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Monitoring of trees in pavements in Funchal, Madeira from September 2019 to February 2020

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Problems with trees in pavements in Funchal, Madeira in January/February 2018
PROBLEMS WITH TREES IN PAVEMENTS IN FUNCHAL, MADEIRA IN JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2019
Death of tree roots and
Death of tree trunks/branches caused by people.
Solution to problems for trees caused by people using irrigation -
Growth of Pollarded Tree in Hotel Garden in 1 year provides a water solution to this destruction.

Damage to Tree Trunks 1, 2, 3, 4 caused by people,
Damage to Tree Roots caused by people,
Area of Open Ground round trees,
New Trees in pavements 1, 2,
Irrigation of current trees,
Watersprouts on trees,
Crossing Branches in trees,
Utility Equipment with tree Foliage,
Lights on trees,
Bycycle Lane in Pavement,
Public Gardens alongside pavements,
Hotel/Private Gardens alongside pavements,
Current Permeable Pavement Surface round trees and
Irrigation and Fertilising of trees.

Camera Photo Galleries:-
Pavements of Funchal, Madeira
Damage to Trees
1
, 2, 3, 4.

Monitoring of Trees in pavements in Funchal, Madeira from September 2019 to February 2010
1, 2

PROBLEMS WITH TREES IN PAVEMENTS IN ST. PETER PORT, GUERNSEY IN SEPTEMBER 2019
Demise of trees in pavements in St. Peter Port, Guernsey caused by people to their Roots

Medway Proposed New School Comments in September 2019

 

 

 

 


Text for Photo
 


Photo taken by Chris Garnons-Williams In Madeira.

 

Photo 11 - Large cavity within tree in pavement walking back towards Funchal centre
IMG 0118 2020.JPG taken on 31 January 2020.

I wonder who put the dead leaves and small branches in this cavity.

This will have noted and monitored by this expert between September 2019 and January 2020.

IMG01182020

 

Photo 12 - Large cavity within tree in pavement walking back towards Funchal centre
IMG 0120 2020.JPG taken on 31 January 2020.

The evidence of burning and the rusted away metal mesh will have been noted and monitored by this tree expert between September 2019 and January 2020.

IMG01202020

 

Photo 13 - Missing Identity Disc on tree in pavement walking back towards Funchal centre
IMG 0120 2020.JPG taken on 31 January 2020.

There were other trees in this road that were missing identity discs. Some of the trees have no identity discs, so how are they being removed?

IMG01312020

 

Photo 14 - Metal grid round tree in pavement within Funchal centre close to cathedral
IMG 0011 feb 2020.JPG taken on 1 February 2020

It would appear that these grids may have changed so that a large area of open ground under them is exposed to the air and so the roots in that area can have gaseous exchange as well as water if theses trees are irrigated.

 

It is a pity that smokers tend to use these areas round trees to leave their still lit stub ends in. The tree roots do not appreciate being burnt and this is a case of biting the hand that feeds you, since these trees provide you with oxygen to breathe.

IMG0011feb2020

 

Photo 15 - Resin-coated pea-shingle round tree in pavement within Funchal centre close to Golden Gate
IMG 0017 feb 2020.JPG taken on 1 February 2020

Many of these trees in this road have had their resin-coated shingle replaced where it has worn away.

You note the white flimsy material is in fact a weed control fabric of the thinner kind to stop the resin-coated material mixing with the stones surrounding the tree roots underneath. This perpetuates the same sandpaper excercise as before and damages the tree roots.

I suggest you remove it, put down 2 inch (5cm) thick of black sand that has been washed with unsalted water. Then, plant legumes as a green manure in it. Cover with a lattice-shaped metal seat so that nobody walks on the green manure and put a notice on each tree that a fine of 1000 euros will be imposed on each person who uses the green manure as an ashtray or drops litter on it. You have the electrics on the trees to set up cameras to record the offences. Then, irrigate these trees each night so that each tree gets a total of 2 inches (5 cms) of water spread throughout the week on the green manure.

IMG0017feb2020

 

Photo 16 - Shredded tree branches round tree within public lawned area close to Pestana Mirimar Hotel
IMG 0059 feb 2020.JPG taken on 5 February 2020

Very useful to have replaced the lawn round this tree with a mulch of shredded branches. Unfortunately for these shreddings to be composted requires nitrogen which they take from the soil. They will leave the irrigation water or rainwater to get onto the soil and get to the roots. Green manure seeds planted under this mulch could sprout and then when the whole lot is is turned over by light forking, then the nitrogen in roots of the legumes will help to compost the shreddings and thus provide nutrients to the tree.

This type of mulch has also been spread round the base of other trees in the pavements. Being dry wood and smokers dropping still lit cigarette stubs onto it could cause a fire. I did have an American Chipper/Shredder, which I found if I loaded the entry hopper with 1 load of soft fibre herbaceous perennials, weeds, wet leaves, grass cuttings, or vegetable roots that I would end up with a thick green vegetation soup blocking the exit holes. I found that if I put 2 loads of bare branches in, then theses would clear the holes and get rid of the soup. The water and nitrogen in the vegetation soup would help to compost the resulting mulch. I used to put the shreddings through again to make them smaller and more uniform. If that is used as a mulch, it might reduce the fire risk.

The following comes from Lawsmith Lawn Care Experts on watering a lawn:-
"How much water
Water deeply each time you water – at least half an inch for clay soils and an inch (25mm) for sandy soils. You can work this out by placing a few straight sided containers (empty paint tins are ideal) in the sprinkler area to catch some water. If you time the process until there is the required amount of water in the container you’ll know how long to water for.
But I’m on a Water Meter!
As of 2014 a cubic metre of water costs £2. If you were to water at 25mm per square metre (an inch deep) on a 100m2 lawn this would be 2.5 cubic metres of water or £5. Doing this weekly during the driest one or two months is affordable for many.
When to Water
You must avoid having wet grass at night as this promotes disease. Therefore, water before the heat of the day so that the lawn has time to dry before nightfall. You can put the sprinkler on anytime from 4am to early afternoon on most days even sunny ones. If the temperature gets above 24C/75F turn the water off."
You can see that watering the lawn round this tree with 1 inch (2.5 cms) water every week is a total waste of time for the tree since the lawn will take all that water.
This article does point out that if you leave the grass clippings on the lawn, then fungal diseases can occur. It is not much effort to collect the clippings and then put them either round your own trees/shrubs or round the trees within the pavements in your area.


Applying grass/lawn mowings as a mulch on top of this type of mulch will also aid the composting - grass is over 84% water.
This is from The New York Times:-
"To the Editor:
Re ''Just Wishing for a Lawn Not to Water,'' by Clyde Haberman (NYC column, April 3):
While Manhattanites may not have lawns not to water, many residents in the outer boroughs do. They also have more than 78,000 tons a year of grass clippings not to put into plastic bags for collection and export at a cost to the city of $10 million.
Since grass is about 85 percent water (the balance being nutrients), not carrying out the beneficial practice of leaving clippings on the lawn to decompose naturally results in annual exportation of more than 16.5 million gallons of water. Countless jurisdictions across the United States have stopped collecting grass clippings. New York City should follow suit.

THOMAS OUTERBRIDGE

New York, April 3, 2002

The writer is president of City Green, an environmental consulting firm.".
As the grass clippings are removed from the hotel gardens and public spaces, use them to water the trees as a mulch under a grid cover round the tree. You already have the grids between the Golden Gate and the Cathedral, which would prevent pedestrians from kicking the grass mulch out from round the tree and the grid would provide a little shading.

IMG0059feb2020

 

Photo 17 - Small shrubs within irrigation troughs in a public flower area close to Pestana Mirimar Hotel
IMG 0065 feb 2020.JPG taken on 5 February 2020

Although these plants have had irrigation valleys made between them, they are not as happy as the ones suitable for dry conditions in the next photo. Also the area of ground between these plants is exposed to the sun and wind. Being a sandy volcanic soil, it tends to be quite free-draining and it would be kinder to cover the ground between these shrubs with green manure to prevent so much evaporation.

IMG0065feb2020

 

Photo 18 - Succulent plants in a public flower area close to Pestana Mirimar Hotel
IMG 0066 feb 2020.JPG taken on 5 February 2020

The succulent plants in this bed are growing well, so why not choose those type of plants for these public beds to make life a bit easier?

IMG0066feb2020

 

Photo 19 - Overwatering plants by Royal Savoy Hotel Madeira
IMG 0066 feb 2020.JPG taken on 5 February 2020

Unfortunately the irrigation system had been left on. Which floor bed was overflowing I was not sure, but I did inform the reception staff that they were drowing their plants.

Later I informed them about the tall cactus having its top interfered with by one of the trees in the pavement. I did request that they did not cut the cactus but either cut a small section off the tree or pull that branch away using a brace. They told me that the cactus belonged to them, but that the tree belonged to Funchal and therefore they could not touch it.
I did not like to tell them that it was good to see such a large cactus, except Cactus normally prefer full sun instead of shade (Although semi-desert cacti may be exposed to high light levels in the wild, they may still need some shading when subjected to the higher light levels and temperatures of a greenhouse in summer from Wikipedia). Then they also do not require as mch watering as bedding with the irrigation pipe system being fairly close together and so the amont grass requires is not the same as for cactus - (Semi-desert cacti need careful watering. General advice is hard to give, since the frequency of watering required depends on where the cacti are being grown, the nature of the growing medium, and the original habitat of the cacti.[92] Brown says that more cacti are lost through the "untimely application of water than for any other reason" and that even during the dormant winter season, cacti need some water.[93] Other sources say that water can be withheld during winter (November to March in the Northern Hemisphere) fom Wikipedia).

I did not like to inform them of the 3 ways that they were killing the tree in the next 2 photos:-

IMG0194feb2020

 

Photo 20 - Underwatering a tree and allowing the base of the tree to rot away by Royal Savoy Hotel Madeira
IMG 0202 feb 2020.JPG taken on 7 February 2020

Elsewhere in this website, I have american research indication how much water grass can absorb on a regular basis. To get any water to these tree roots would require more than at least a 1 inch (2.5cm) depth every day.

You see the black holes in the trunk. That is where this tree is rotting away in the trunk and at the root/trunk junction. When this tree was removed from its ground, then at least 90% of its roots were cut off - that is why this tree has been pollarded, but even so the lack of water reaching those roots together with the lack of nutrients since the grass would steal those as well if supplied in the irrigation water, which seems to be the prevalent method in Hotels as evidenced with the Pestana Grand.

IMG0202feb2020

 

Photo 20 - The metal support ring is cutting through the bark and the cambium layer of this tree by Royal Savoy Hotel Madeira
IMG 0206 feb 2020.JPG taken on 7 February 2020

If the rot within this trunk does not kill the tree first or the lack of water does not do it for the second, then this will kill the tree above the ring as the metal cuts through the bark and the cambium.

There are 178 photos taken in January 2020 and 228 photos taken in February 2020. Perhaps there is little point in showing you the rest, since as a municipality or the main government you cannot afford the materials, the manpower or the time to rectify these problems in the public spaces.

IMG0206feb2020

 

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...(o)1 Willow-Herb
...(o)5 Wintergreen
...(o)1 Wood-Sorrel
...Yam
...Yew

The Site Map Page that you link to from the Menu in the above row for the Wildflower Gallery contains all the native UK plants which have their Plant Description Pages in the other 22 Wildflower Galleries. It also has Wildflower Index Pages, Flower Colour Comparison Pages and links to the 180 Wildflower Family Pages as shown in the menu above.


 

 

Links to external websites like the link to "the Man walking in front of car to warn pedestrians of a horseless vehicle approaching" would be correct when I inserted it after March 2007, but it is possible that those horseless vehicles may now exceed the walking pace of that man and thus that link will currently be br
ok en .... .....

My advice is Google the name on the link and see if you can find the new link. If you sent me an email after clicking Ivydene Horticultural Services text under the Worm Logo on any page, then; as the first after March 2010 you would be the third emailer since 2007, I could then change that link in that 1 of the 15,743 pages. Currently (August 2016), I can receive but not send emails, so please provide phone number/country or full postal address if reply required.

 


Other websites provide you with cookies - I am sorry but I am too poor to afford them. If I save the pennies from my pension for the next visitor, I am almost certain in March 2023, that I could afford to make that 4th visitor to this website a Never Fail Cake. I would then be able to save for more years for the postage.

 

It is worth remembering that especially with roses that the colour of the petals of the flower may change - The following photos are of Rosa 'Lincolnshire Poacher' which I took on the same day in R.V. Roger's Nursery Field:-

x11rosalincolnshirepoacherflot9a

Closed Bud

x11rosalincolnshirepoacherflot92a

Opening Bud

x11rosalincolnshirepoacherflot93a

Juvenile Flower

x11rosalincolnshirepoacherflot94a

Older Juvenile Flower

x11rosalincolnshirepoacherflot95a

Middle-aged Flower - Flower Colour in Season in its
Rose Description Page is
"Buff Yellow, with a very slight pink tint at the edges in May-October."

x11rosalincolnshirepoacherflot96a

Mature Flower

x11rosalincolnshirepoacherflot97a

Juvenile Flower and Dying Flower

x11rosalincolnshirepoacherflot98a

Form of Rose Bush

There are 720 roses in the Rose Galleries; many of which have the above series of pictures in their respective Rose Description Page.

So one might avoid the disappointment that the 2 elephants had when their trunks were entwined instead of them each carrying their trunk using their own trunk, and your disappointment of buying a rose to discover that the colour you bought it for is only the case when it has its juvenile flowers; if you look at all the photos of the roses in the respective Rose Description Page!!!!

 

Fragrant Plants adds the use of another of your 5 senses in your garden:-

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves.

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark.

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil
.

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soi
l.

Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
.

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers.

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves.

Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves.

Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers.

Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit.

Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers.

Night-scented Flowering Plants.

Scented Aquatic Plants.

Plants with Scented Fruits.

Plants with Scented Roots.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums.

Scented Cacti and Succulents.

Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell.