Ivydene Gardens Plants:
Bee Pollinated Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers List


See Wildflower Garden Use Page for other bee-pollinated or insect-pollinated list of plants.

If a plant is polinated by a bee, then it is not wind-pollinated. This means that the plants mentioned on this page and in the book "Garden Plants Valuable to Bees" (written by the International Bee Research Association) will be suitable for people who suffer from hay fever.

You can compare the flower colour of the bee-pollinated plants with all the other bee-pollinated plants (who have Plant Description Pages in this website) using the Bee-pollinated 12 colours of Bloom in each Month Gallery. There are also 218 additional bee-pollinated plants (who may not have any Plant Description Page in this website) in the 12 colours per month pages of the Bee-pollinated Index Gallery.

The importance of garden plants yielding nectar and pollen is that together they provide a continuous food supply - from willows and crocuses in early spring to ivy in late autumn. Colonies of bees need food through their active season , so that they can develop and rear new bees. This food supply used to be provided by pastures that came into flower before they were cut, by verges and hedgerows, and by abundant weeds. Nowadays the efficiency of agriculture has greatly reduced these resources for the bees.

The list for gardens exclude most crop plants, most fruits and all very invasive plants that are difficult to control.

It is designed for Britain, Ireland, Denmark, Belgium, France, Germany and the Netherlands.

"Ordinary garden soil" is pH 5-7 and contains some humus-forming material.

The report below details which plants in Greater San Francisco Bay Area Region of the USA were visited by each different bee family; and therefore will aid you in selection of plants that are bee-pollinated rather than wind-pollinated, besides the ones that I have listed in my table below:-

RECORD OF NATIVE BEES FOUND IN THE GREATER SAN FRANCISCO BAY AREA REGION, WITH SOME OF THEIR LIKELY PLANT HOSTS

Compiled by Laura Arneson

 

Landscape Noise Reduction

Road Noise, Airport Noise, Industrial Units and Railway Noise next to gardens is detrimental to humans living in those houses within those gardens.
Using these bee-pollinated plants between estates in the public ambling area between the houses/gardens and the noise will reduce that relevant noise level; and be suitable for everyone including Hay Fever sufferers:-

  • 1. Install chain link fence on strong supports with 12 inch (30 cms) gap at bottom (to allow local wildlife - hedgehogs, foxes, badgers, frogs and newts access) and 48 inch (120 cms) chainlink between 12 and 60 inch (30 and 150 cms) from ground on estate boundary. Add 4th Line Wire on top links to prevent that chainlink from sagging. Plant ivy, Rosa with it's 'Single Flowers' cultivars (see below) and thornless blackberries so that they can then climb onto that chainlink fencing within the inside of that public ambling area.
  • 2. Plant mixture of bulbs, evergreen perennials, herbaceous perennials, deciduous shrubs, evergreen shrubs, which grow between 18 and 96 inches (45 and 240 cms) high - add the eventual width of a pair and divide that by 2 as the planting distance between them. This combined with their different heights will produce a random effect in this minimumwidth of 96 inches (240 cms) area and 72 inch width (180 cms) of area 4. It is also most likely that viewing from one side to the estate boundary, you are unlikely to see the bottom of the chainlink. Use 30% evergreen and the rest is herbaceous/deciduous to provide a change throughout the year for the estate inhabitants to enjoy on their rambles. The blackberries on the estate boundary and the fruit from each of the 3 cherries, 3 apple and 3 pear for each estate can either be enjoyed by the humans or the wildlife. Mulch the area with 4 inch thick (10 cms) of Bark before planting and thoroughly soak the ground after planting. Then, sow White Clover (see Green Manure) over the whole of both areas 2 and 4 to provide Nitrogen to the other plants and reduce evaporation of the irrigated water in between the 2 soakings each year.
    Thoroughly soak the ground in August to provide the shrubs and fruit trees with the water to be stored in their roots and then be used during the spring foliage production. Thoroughly soak the ground again in April to provide their water supply during the later spring and summer.
  • 3. 48 inch wide (120 cms) path using Cedargravel. After the Cedargravel is installed, use different coloured pea-shingle to create games like snakes and ladders, hopscotch or noughts and crosses or a picture. This path allows the rain to drain through and be used by the plants on either side. If you wear women's high heels, you will have no problem walking on this path. You can also use it for remote-controlled model cars or landing remote-control model aircraft.
  • 4. A repeat of of 2. without the blackberries or fruit trees - If the fruit is only on the other side of the path, then the fruit pickers will not be tempted to try the home owners side.
  • 5. Install chain link fence on strong supports with 72 inch (180 cms) chainlink ontop of ground level on private garden boundary. Add 4th Line Wire on top links to prevent that chainlink from sagging. Plant ivy so that it can then climb onto that chainlink fencing from inside the public ambling area.

If the house owner has a noise problem from outside their property, then they can use the same solution as above using 1, 2, 3 and 4 only. Their sheds and storage facilities can be installed in area 4 with path 3. leading to them.

 

Single flowered cultivars (some are marked as 'Single Flowers') are more useful to bees than double flowered cultivars.
Bloom type depends on the number of petals for Roses:-

  • Single blooms are fully opened and almost flat, consisting of 1-7 petals per bloom.
  • Semi-double blooms consist of 8-15 petals in two rows.
  • Double blooms consist of 16-25 overlapping petals in three or more rows.
  • Full: 26-40 petals in three or more rows.
  • Very full: 40+ petals in three or more rows.

 

The list is sorted in the following table under the height of plant range:-

Below 2 feet - 24 inches (60 cms) - in height
Between 2 and 6 feet - 24 and 72 inches (60 and 180 cms) - in height
Above 6 feet - 72 inches (180 cms) - in height
 

The final column shows the value of the plant to bees (honeybees and hive bees):

  • N and P indicate that they collect Nectar and Pollen, respectively.
  • Plants especially used by Bumble Bees are marked B.
  • The absence of all 3 entries (N,P,B) for a few plants reflects insufficiency of observations as to what it is that bees collect from that plant.
     

Plant Name

with link to mail-order nursery in UK / Europe

Common Name

Flowering Months of Plant Named but not "and it's cultivars"

Flowering Colour of Plant Named but not "and it's cultivars"

Height x Spread in inches (cms).
Plants below 24 inches (60 cms) in Height

Plant Type
(Per = Perennial)
with link to
Plant Description Page,
Companion Planting Page, Rock Garden Index Page
and/or Wildlife Family Page in this website

N for Nectar
P for Pollen
B for Bumble Bee

Allium schoenoprasum

Chives

Jul-Aug

alliumcfloschoenoprasumrvroger1a

18 x 2 (45 x 6)

Bulb,
Companions

N P

Allium and it's cultivars

Garlic

 

Many colours

18 x24 (45 x 60)

Bulb ,
Companions

N P

Anemone blanda and it's cultivars

Grecian Windflower

Mar-Apr

Blue, Pink or White

6 x 6 (15 x 15)

Bulb ,
Companions

P B

Antirrhinum majus and it's cultivars

Article shows why only Bumblebees can pollinate this plant.

Common Snapdragon

Jul-Sep

Red, Pink, Yellow or White

12 x 12 (30 x30)

Bedding ,
Companions

B

Arabis caucasica and its cultivars

Mountain Rock Cress

Jan-May

 

6 x 19 (15 x 48)

Rock Garden

N P

Armeria and it's cultivars

 

 

 

12 x 12 (30 x 30)

Evergreen Per

N P B

Aster alpinus and its cultivars

 

 

 

10 x 18 (25 x 45)

Herbaceous Per

N P

Aster amellus and it's cultivars

 

 

 

18 x 18 (45 x 45)

Herbaceous Per

N P

Aubrieta x cultorum and its cultivars

 

 

 

3 x 24 (8 x 60)

Evergreen Per

N P B

Aurinia saxatilis and its cultivars

 

 

 

8 x 12 (20 x 30)

Evergreen Per

N P

Begonia semperflorens and it's cultivars

 

 

 

12 x 12 (30 x 30)

Bedding,
Companions

P

Calendula officinalis 'Single Flowers'

 

 

 

18 x 18 (45 x 45)

Bedding,
Companions

N P B

Calluna vulgaris 'Annemarie'

 

 

 

20 x 24 (50 x 60)

Heather

N P B

Calluna vulgaris 'Blazeaway'

 

 

 

14 x 24 (35 x 60)

Heather

N P B

Calluna vulgaris 'Boskoop'

 

 

 

12 x 20 (30 x 50)

Heather

N P B

Calluna vulgaris 'Con Brio'

 

 

 

14 x 18 (35 x 45)

Heather

N P B

Calluna vulgaris 'County Wicklow'

 

 

 

8 x 14 (20 x 35)

Heather

N P B

Calluna vulgaris 'Cuprea'

 

 

 

10 x 10 (25 x 25)

Heather

N P B

Calluna vulgaris 'Darkness'

 

 

 

10 x 14 (25 x 35)

Heather

N P B

Calluna vulgaris 'Firefly'

 

 

 

18 x 22 (45 x 55)

Heather

N P B

Calluna vulgaris 'Flamingo'

 

 

 

12 x 22 (30 x 55)

Heather

N P B

Calluna vulgaris 'Gold Haze'

 

 

 

12 x 18 (30 x 45)

Heather

N P B

Calluna vulgaris 'Golden Carpet'

 

 

 

4 x 12 (10 x 30)

Heather

N P B

Calluna vulgaris 'Grey Carpet'

 

 

 

4 x 14 (10 x 35)

Heather

N P B

Calluna vulgaris 'H.E. Beale'

 

 

 

12 x 22 (30 x 55)

Heather

N P B

Calluna vulgaris 'J.H. Hamilton'

 

 

 

4 x 10 (10 x 25)

Heather

N P B

Calluna vulgaris 'John F. Letts'

 

 

 

4 x 10 (10 x 25)

Heather

N P B

Calluna vulgaris 'Kinlochruel'

 

 

 

10 x 16 (25 x 40)

Heather

N P B

Calluna vulgaris 'Red Carpet'

 

 

 

10 x 18 (25 x 45)

Heather

N P B

Calluna vulgaris 'Red Haze'

 

 

 

18 x 28 (45 x 70)

Heather

N P B

Calluna vulgaris 'Robert Chapman'

 

 

 

10 x 14 (25 x 35)

Heather

N P B

Calluna vulgaris 'Ruby Slinger'

 

 

 

10 x 14 (25 x 35)

Heather

N P B

Calluna vulgaris 'Sir John Charrington'

 

 

 

10 x 16 (25 x 40)

Heather

N P B

Calluna vulgaris 'Spring Cream'

 

 

 

14 x 18 (35 x 45)

Heather

N P B

Calluna vulgaris 'Spring Torch'

 

 

 

16 x 24 (40 x 60)

Heather

N P B

Calluna vulgaris 'Sunset'

 

 

 

10 x 18 (25 x 45)

Heather

N P B

Calluna vulgaris 'Tricolorifolia'

 

 

 

10 x 16 (25 x 40)

Heather

N P B

Calluna vulgaris 'Velvet Fascination'

 

 

 

18 x 28 (45 x 70)

Heather

N P B

Calluna vulgaris 'White Lawn'

 

 

 

2 x 16 (5 x 40)

Heather

N P B

Calluna vulgaris 'Wickwar Flame'

 

 

 

18 x 26 (45 x 65)

Heather

N P B

Calluna vulgaris 'Winter Chocolate'

 

 

 

10 x 17 (25 x 42)

Heather

N P B

Caltha palustris and it's cultivars

 

 

 

12 x 18 (30 x 45)

Herbaceous Per

N P B

Campanula carpatica and its cultivars

 

 

 

12 x 24 (30 x 60)

Herbaceous Per

N P B

Carpobrotus edulis - It has been reported as a severe threat to native plant communities and ecosystems in the Mediterranean Basin.

 

 

 

6 x indefinite
(15 x indefinite)

Herbaceous Per

N P

Centaurea cyanus and it's cultivars

Cornflower

Jun-Aug

 

23 x 6 (57 x 15)

Wildflower

N P

Centaurea montana

 

 

 

18 x 24 (45 x 60)

Herbaceous Per

N B

Chionodoxa forbesii and it's cultivars

 

 

 

6 x 1 (15 x 3)

Bulb

N P

Chrysanthemum coccineum and it's single cultivars

 

 

 

18 x 18 (45 x 45)

Herbaceous Per

P

Colchicum autumnale and it's cultivars

 

 

 

6 x 3 (15 x 7)

Bulb

N P B

Convallaria majalis (highly poisonous) and it's cultivars

 

 

 

9 x12 (23 x 30)

Herbaceous Per,
Companions

P

Cotoneaster conspicuus

 

 

 

12 x 84 (34 x 210)

Evergreen Shrub

N P B

Cotoneaster damneri

 

 

 

8 x 72 (20 x 180)

Evergreen Shrub

N P B

Cotoneaster horizontalis 'Variegatus'

 

 

 

15 x 60 (38 x 150)

Evergreen Shrub

N P B

Crocus and it's cultivars

 

 

 

4 x 3 (10 x 8)

Bulb ,
Companions

N P

Crocus chrysanthus

 

 

 

2 x 1 (5 x 2)

Rock Garden ,
Companions

N P

Crocus tommasinianus and it's cultivars

 

 

 

4 x 1 (10 x 2)

Bulb

N P

Cytisus x beanii

 

 

 

12 x 24 (30 x 60)

Deciduous Shrub

N P B

Cytisus x kewensis

 

 

 

12 x 72 (30 x 180)

Deciduous Shrub

N P B

Dahlia 'Piccolo'

 

 

 

12 x 12 (30 x 30)

Bulb ,
Companions

N P B

Dahlia 'Preston Park' -
The National Dahlia Collection

 

 

 

18 x 18 (45 x 45)

Bedding Bulb,
Companions

N P B

Dahlia all 'Single Flowers' cultivars - Plants for Bees

 

 

 

18 x 18 (45 x 45)

Bulb ,
Companions

N P B

Daphne cneorum and its cultivars

 

 

 

6 x 72 (15 x 180)

Evergreen Shrub

N P

Eranthis hyemalis (Buy "in the Green")

Winter Aconite

Jan-Mar

 

2 x 2 (5 x 5)

Wildflower ,
Companions

N P

Erica carnea and its cultivars

 

 

 

9 x 23 (23 x 58)

Heather

N P B

Erica tetralix and its cultivars

 

 

 

12 x 20 (30 x 50)

Heather

N P B

Erica vagans 'Mrs D.F. Maxwell'

 

 

 

12 x 18 (30 x 45)

Heather

N P B

Erica vagans and its cultivars

 

 

 

18 x 32 (30 x 70)

Heather

N P B

Erigeron and its cultivars

Fleabane

May-Aug

 

18 x 18 (45 x 45)

Rock and Wildflower

N B

Erysimum cheiri and it's cultivars

Wallflower

Mar-Jun

Yellow, Orange, Red

23 x 12 (57 x 30)

Wildflower Bedding

N P B

Eschscholzia californica and Thai Silk Series cultivars

 

 

 

12 x 6 (30 x 15)

Bedding

N P B

Fritillaria meleagris

Fritillary

Apr-May

Purple to White

12 x 6 (30 x 15)

Wildflower ,
Companions

N P B

Fuchsia 'Tom Thumb'

 

 

 

12 x 2 (30 x 5)

,
Companions

N P

Galanthus nivalis and its cultivars (Buy "in the Green")

Snowdrop

Feb-Mar

 

20 x 20 (50 x 50)

Wildflower

N P B

Genista hispanica and its cultivars

 

 

 

18 x 60 (45 x 150)

 

B

Geranium ibericum

 

 

 

4 x 4 (10 x 10)

,
Companions

N P

Geranium versicolor

Pencilled Cranesbill

May-Jul

 

20 x 24 (50 x 60)

Wildflower ,
Companions

N

Geum and its cultivars

 

 

 

18 x 18 (45 x 45)

Wildflower

N P

Gilia capitata

 

 

 

18 x 8 (45 x 20)

 

N P

Gypsophila repens and its cultivars

 

 

 

22 x 24 (55 x 60)

 

P

Hebe 'Carl Teschner'

 

 

 

8 x 18 (20 x 45)

Rock Garden

N

Hebe pinguifolia 'Pagei'

 

 

 

8 x 30 (20 x 75)

 

N B

Helianthemum nummularium 'Amy Baring'

 

 

 

6 x 8 (15 x 20)

 

P B

Helleborus and its cultivars

 

 

 

18 x 18 (45 x 45)

 

N

Helleborus niger

 

 

 

12 x 12 (30 x 30)

 

N

Helleborus orientalis (Purple form)

 

 

 

18 x 18 (45 x 45)

 

N

Heuchera and its cultivars

 

 

 

20 x 16 (50 x 40)

 

N

Hyacinthus orientalis and its cultivars

 

 

 

8 x 3 (20 x 6)

,
Companions

N P

Hypericum calycinum

Rose of Sharon

Jun to first frosts

 

6 x 60 (15 x 150)

Wildflower

P B

Hypericum olympicum

 

 

 

12 x 8 (30 x 20)

 

N P

Iberis umbellata and it's cultivars

 

 

 

9 x 12 (22 x 30)

 

P B

Iris unguicluaris

 

 

 

12 x 4 (30 x 10)

,
Companions

N

Lavandula stoechas

 

 

 

18 x 18 (45 x 45)

,
Companions

N P B

Leucojum vernum

Snowflake

Feb-Mar

 

6 x 6 (15 x 15)

Wildflower ,
Companions

N P B

Limnanthes douglasii and it's cultivars

 

 

 

12 x 3 (30 x 8)

 

N P

Limonium and its cultivars

Sea-Lavender

 

 

12 x 12 (30 x 30)
 

Rock Garden and Wildflower

N

Linum and it's cultivars

Flax

 

 

18 x 12 (45 x 30)
 

Rock Garden , Wildflower ,
Companions

N P

Lithodora and its cultivars

 

 

 

12 x 16 (30 x 40)

 

N

Lobelia erinus and it's cultivars

 

 

 

6 x 6 (15 x 15)

 

N

Lobularia maritima and its cultivars

Sweet Alison

Jun-Sep

 

12 x 12 (30 x 30)

Wildflower

P

Marrubium vulgare

White Horehound

June to first frosts

 

12 x 24 (30 x 60)

Wildflower

N

Mentha and it's cultivars

Mint

 

 

18 x 48 (45 x 120)

Wildflower ,
Companions

N

Moltkia and its cultivars

 

 

 

18 x 18 (45 x 45)

 

N

Muscari azureum

 

 

 

4 x 3 (10 x 7)

Rock Garden

P

Muscari botryoides

 

 

 

6 x 3 (15 x 7)

Rock Garden

N P

Myosotis and it's cultivars

Forgetmenot

 

 

6 x 6 (15 x 15)
 

Rock Garden and Wildflower

N P B

Nemophila menziesii and it's cultivars

 

 

 

8 x 12 (20 x 30)

,
Companions

N

Nepeta faassenii

 

 

 

18 x 18 (45 x 45)

 

N

Ocimum basilicum

 

 

 

18 x 12 (45 x 30)

,
Companions

N

Papaver and it's cultivars

Poppy

 

 

12 x 12 (30 x 30)

Wildflower ,
Companions

P

Persicaria affinis and its cultivars

 

 

 

9 x 24 (23 x 60)

 

N

Phacelia campanularia

 

 

 

6 x 6 (15 x 15)

 

N P

Primula vulgaris and its cultivars

Primrose

Mar-May

 

8 x 14 (20 x 35)

Wildflower ,
Companions

B

Pulmonaria saccharata and its cultivars

 

 

 

12 x 24 (30 x 60)

 

B

Reseda odorata and it's cultivars

 

 

 

23 x 10 (57 x 25)

 

N P B

Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'

 

 

 

6 x 12 (15 x 30)

,
Companions

N P B

Salvia viridis and it's cultivars

 

 

 

18 x 10 (45 x 25)

 

B

Satureja and it's cultivars

 

 

 

12 x 12 (30 x 30)

 

N B

Saxifraga and its cultivars

Saxifrage

 

 

6 x 6 (15 x 15)
 

Rock Garden and Wildflower

N P

Scabiosa and its cultivars

Scabious

 

 

18 x 12 (45 x 30)

Wildflower

N

Scilla siberica and it's cultivars

 

 

 

8 x 2 (20 x 5)

Rock Garden ,
Companions

N P

Sedum maximum 'Atropurpureum'

 

 

 

18 x 18 (45 x 45)

 

N

Sedum spectabile and its cultivars

 

 

 

18 x 18 (45 x 45)

 

N

Sedum acre

Wall-Pepper

Jun-Jul

 

2 x 24 (5 x 60)

Wildflower

N P B

Sedum caeruleum

 

 

 

6 x 6 (15 x 15)

 

N P B

Sedum cauticola

 

 

 

3 x 12 (6 x 30)

 

N P B

Sedum ewersii

 

 

 

3 x 12 (6 x 30)

 

N P B

Sedum humifusum

 

 

 

0.5 x 4 (1 x 10)

 

N P B

Sedum kamtschaticum

 

 

 

4 x 10 (10 x 25)

 

N P B

Sedum lydium

 

 

 

2 x 10 (5 x 25)

Rock Garden

N P B

Sedum obtusatum

 

 

 

2 x 8 (5 x 20)

 

N P B

Sedum pilosum

 

 

 

3 x 6 (7 x 15)

Rock Garden

N P B

Sedum rupestre

 

 

 

4 x 24 (10 x 60)

 

N P B

Sedum sempervivoides

 

 

 

4 x 6 (10 x 15)

 

N P B

Sedum spathulifolium and its cultivars

 

 

 

4 x 24 (10 x 60)

Rock Garden

N P B

Sedum spurium

 

 

 

4 x 24 (10 x 60)

 

N

Stachys byzantina

 

 

 

12 x 24 (30 x 60)

 

N

Tanacetum parthenium (Chrysanthemum partenium) and it's cultivars

Feverfew

Jul to first frosts

 

22 x 12 (55 x 30)

Wildflower ,
Companions

B

Thymus and its cultivars

Thyme

 

 

6 x 12 (15 x 30)
 

Rock Garden , Wildflower ,
Companions

N B

Tulipa and it's cultivars followed by the deceitful information about
The Antagonistic Plant called
The Bacon Tree

Tulip

 

 

6 x 2 (15 x 5)
 

Rock Garden , Wildflower ,
Companions

P

Tulipa kaumanniana and it's cultivars

 

 

 

10 x 2 (25 x 5)

,
Companions

P B

Ursinia anethoides

 

 

 

18 x 14 (45 x 35)

 

P

Veronica spicata and its cultivars

Speedwell

 

 

18 x 18 (45 x 45)

Wildflower

N P

Plant Name

with link to mail-order nursery in UK / Europe

Common Name

Flowering Months of Plant Named but not "and it's cultivars"

Flowering Colour of Plant Named but not "and it's cultivars"

Height x Spread in inches (cms).
Plants between
24 and 72 inches (60 and 180 cms) in Height

Plant Type
(Per = Perennial)
with link to
Plant Description Page,
Companion Planting Page, Rock Garden Index Page
and/or Wildlife Family Page in this website

N for Nectar
P for Pollen
B for Bumble Bee

Agastache foeniculum

 

 

 

48 x 12 (120 x 30)

 

N

Acanthus hungaricus

 

 

 

36 x 24 (90 x 60)

 

B

Acer palmatum 'Dissectum Atropurpureum'

 

 

 

36 x 60 (90 x 150)

 

N P

Anchusa azurea

 

 

 

48 x 24 (120 x 60)

 

N

Alcea rosea and it's cultivars

 

 

 

72 x 24 (180 x 60)

 

N P B

Achillea clypeolata 'Coronation Gold'

 

 

 

36 x 18 (90 x 45)

 

N B

Achillea clypeolata 'Moonshine'

 

 

 

24 x 20 (60 x 50)

 

N B

Achillea and it's cultivars

 

 

 

48 x 24 (120 x 60)

 

N B

Anchusa azurea and it's cultivars

 

 

 

36 x 36 (90 x 90)

 

N B

Anthemis tinctoria and it's cultivars

Yellow Chamomile

Jul-Aug

 

36 x 24 (90 x 60)

Wildflower

N B

Antirrhinum majus and it's cultivars

Common Snapdragon

Jul-Sep

Many colours

60 x 24 (150 x 60)

Wildflower

B

Aster novae-angliae and it's cultivars

Michaelmas Daisy

Aug to first frosts

Many colours

48 x 36 (120 x 90)

Wildflower

N P

Aster novi-belgii and it's cultivars

Michaelmas Daisy

Aug to first frosts

Many colours

48 x 24 (120 x 60)

Wildflower

N P

Aster sedifolius and it's cultivars

 

 

 

48 x 30 (120 x 75)

 

N P

Berberis thunbergeii 'Helmond Pillar'

 

 

 

72 x 48 (180 x 120)

 

N P B

Berberis thunbergeii 'Red Chief'

 

 

 

24 x 30 (60 x 75)

 

N P B

Berberis thunbergeii 'Atropurpurea Nana'

 

 

 

36 x 60 (90 x 150)

 

N P B

Berberis wilsoniae

 

 

 

24 x 18 (60 x 45)

 

N P B

Borago officinalis and it's cultivars

Borage

Jun to first frosts

 

72 x 120 (180 x 300)

Wildflower

N P B

Brachyglottis greyi

 

 

 

30 x 12 (75 x 30)

 

P B

Camassia and it's cultivars

 

 

 

54 x 24 (135 x 60)

 

N P

Campanula lactiflora 'Pritchard's Variety' and other lactiflora cultivars

 

 

 

48 x 24 (120 x 60)

 

N P

Campanula medium and it's cultivars

Canterbury Bell

Jun

Many colours

36 x 12 (90 x 30)

Wildflower

N P

Campanula persicifolia 'Telham Beauty'

 

 

 

36 x 12 (90 x 30)

 

N P

and other Campanula persicifolia cultivars

 

 

 

60 x 60 (150 x 150)

 

N P

Ceanothus 'Gloire de Versaille'

 

 

 

60 x 60 (150 x 150)

 

N P B

Ceanothus 'Marie Simon'

 

 

 

36 x 96 (90 x 240)

 

N P B

Ceanothus thyrsiflorus repens

 

 

 

48 x 36 (120 x 90)

 

N P B

Chrysanthemum and its cultivars

 

 

 

36 x 24 (90 x 60)

 

P

Chrysanthem maximum and its cultivars

 

 

 

48 x 24 (120 x 60)

 

P

Cichorium intybus

Chicory

Jun to first frosts

 

24 x 36 (60 x 90)

Wildflower

N P B

Cistus 'Silver Pink'

 

 

 

36 x 60 (90 x 150)

 

N P B

Cistus x corbariensis

 

 

 

36 x 36 (90 x 90)

 

N P B

Cistus and it's cultivars

 

 

 

30 x 12 (75 x 30)

 

N P B

Clarkia amoena and it's cultivars

 

 

 

24 x 8 (60 x 20)

 

N P

Clarkia unguiculata 'Single flowers'

 

 

 

60 x 18 (150 x 45)

 

N P

Cleome hassleriana and it's cultivars

 

 

 

30 x 18 (75 x 45)

 

N

Coreopsis grandiflora and its cultivars

 

 

 

30 x 18 (75 x 45)

 

N P

Coreopsis verticillata and its cultivars

 

 

 

72 x 72 (180 x 180)

 

B

Cornus alba 'Elegantissima'

 

 

 

72 x 72 (180 x 180)

 

N P

Cornus alba 'Kesselringii'

 

 

 

60 x 60 (150 x 150)

 

N P

Cornus alba 'Siberica Variegata'

 

 

 

72 x 144 (180 x 360)

 

N P

Cornus stolonifera 'Flaviramea'

 

 

 

72 x 144 (180 x 360)

 

N

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cornus stolonifera and it's cultivars

 

 

 

60 x 18 (150 x 45)

 

N

Cosmos bipinnatus and it's cultivars

 

 

 

60 x 72 (150 x 180)

 

N

Cotoneaster conspicuus and it's cultivars

 

 

 

36 x 60 (90 x 150)

 

N P B

Cotoneaster horizontalis and its cultivars

Wallspray

May-Jun

 

72 x 60 (180 x 150)

Wildflower

N P B

Cotoneaster 'Hybridus Pendulus'

 

 

 

36 x 60 (90 x 150)

 

N P B

Cotoneaster integrifolius

 

 

 

72 x 48 (180 x 120)

 

N P B

Cynara scolymus

 

 

 

36 x 36 (90 x 90)

 

B

Cytisus scoparius f. andreanus

 

 

 

60 x 60 (150 x 150)

 

N P B

Cytisus and its cultivars

 

 

 

72 x 36 (180 x 90)

 

N P B

Dahlia merckii

 

 

 

24 x 18 (60 x 45)

 

N P B

Dahlia 'Yellow Hammer'

 

 

 

24 x 24 (60 x 60)

 

N P B

Dahlia all 'Single Flowers' cultivars

 

 

 

48 x 36 (120 x 90)

 

N P B

Daphne mezereum and its cultivars

Mezereon

Feb-Apr

 

48 x 48 (120 x 120)

Wildflower

N P

Deutzia x kalmiiflora

 

 

 

28 x 12 (70 x 30)

 

P

Dianthus barbatus and it's cultivars

 

 

 

36 x 24 (90 x 60)

 

N B

Dictamnus albus

 

 

 

36 x 60 (90 x 150)

 

N P

Diervilla sessilifolia

 

 

 

30 x 18 (75 x 45)

 

N

Doronicum plantagineum and its cultivars

 

 

 

...

 

N P B

Echinops ritro

 

 

 

24 x 18 (60 x 45)

 

N B

Echium vulgare and it's cultivars

Viper's Bugloss

Jun-Sep

 

36 x 12 (90 x 12)

Wildflower

N P

Erica erigena 'W.T. Rackliff'

 

 

 

30 x 22 (75 x 55)

 

N P B

Eryngium tripartitum

 

 

 

36 x 20 (90 x 50)

 

N B

Euonymus alatus

 

 

 

72 x 120 (180 x 300)

 

N

Eupatorium and its cultivars

 

 

 

48 x 36 (120 x 90)

 

N P

Fritallaria imperialis and its cultivars

 

 

 

60 x 12 (150 x 30)

 

N B

Fuchsia 'Mrs Popple'

 

 

 

60 x 30 (150 x 75)

,
Companions

N P B

Fuchsia and it's 'Single Flowers' cultivars

 

 

 

36 x 24 (90 x 60)

,
Companions

N P B

Gaillardia hybrids

 

 

 

30 x 24 (75 x 60)

 

N P

Galtonia candicans

 

 

 

36 x 4 (90 x 10)

 

N

Genista lydia

 

 

 

24 x 36 (60 x 90)

 

B

Genista tinctoria

Dyer's Greenweed

Jun-Aug

 

24 x 36 (60 x 90)

Wildflower

B

Geranium phaeum and its cultivars

Dusky Cranesbill

May-Jun

 

30 x 18 (75 x 45)

Wildflower ,
Companions

N

Geranium pratense and its cultivars

Meadow Cranesbill

Jun to first frost

 

24 x 24 (60 x 60)

Wildflower ,
Companions

N

Gypsophila elegans and it's cultivars

 

 

 

24 x 12 (60 x 30)

 

N

Hebe 'Autumn Glory'

 

 

 

24 x 36 (60 x 90)

 

N B

Hebe x franciscana 'Blue Gem'

 

 

 

24 x 48 (60 x 120)

 

N B

Hebe and its cultivars

 

 

 

24 x 48 (60 x 120)

 

N B

Hedera helix 'Ivalace'

Ivy

Sep to first frost

 

36 x 48 (90 x 120)

Wildflower

N P B

Helenium and its cultivars

 

 

 

48 x 24 (120 x 60)

 

N P B

Helianthus and its cultivars

 

 

 

60 x 24 (150 x 60)

 

N P

Heliotropium arborescens and it's cultivars

 

 

 

48 x 18 (120 x 45)

 

N B

Hydrangea quercifolia

 

 

 

60 x 84 (150 x 210)

 

N P

Hydrangea and its cultivars

 

 

 

36 x 60 (90 x 150)

 

N P

Hypericum 'Hidcote'

 

 

 

48 x 60 (120 x150)

 

P B

Hypericum calycinum

Rose of Sharon

June to first frost

 

24 x indefinite (
60 x indefinite)

Wildflower ,

P B

Impatiens and its cultivars

 

 

 

24 x 24 (60 x 60)

 

N P B

Lavandula angustifolia 'Hidcote'

 

 

 

24 x 24 (60 x 60)

 

B

Lavandula angustifolia 'Rosea'

 

 

 

24 x 24 (60 x 60)

 

N P B

Lavandula and its cultivars

 

 

 

36 x 60 (90 x 150)

 

N P B

Lavatera trimestris and it's cultivars

 

 

 

48 x 18 (120 x 45)

 

N P

Liatris spicata and its cultivars

 

 

 

60 x 18 (150 x 45)

 

N

Ligularia dentata and its cultivars

 

 

 

48 x 36 (120 x 90)

 

N P

Lobelia cardinalis and its cultivars

 

 

 

36 x 12 (90 x 30)

 

B

Lonicera x purpursii 'Winter Beauty'

 

 

 

72 x 96 (180 x 240)

 

N P

Lonicera standishii

 

 

 

72 x 72 (180 x 180)

 

N P

Lunaria annua and it's cultivars

 

 

 

36 x 12 (90 x 30)

 

N P

Lupinus and its cultivars

 

 

 

36 x 30 (90 x 75)

Wildflower ,

P B

Lysimachia vulgaris

Yellow Loosestrife

Jul-Aug

 

36 x 36 (90 x 90)

Wildflower ,

P B

Mahonia aquifolium and its cultivars

Oregon Grape

Mar-May

 

24 x 48 (60 x 120)

Wildflower ,

N P B

Monarda didyma

 

 

 

36 x 18 (90 x 45)

 

B

Nicotiana and it's cultivars

 

 

 

24 x 12 (60 x 30)

 

N P B

Nigella damascena and it's cultivars

 

 

 

20 x 10 (50 x 25)

 

N P

Oenothera and its cultivars

Evening Primrose

 

 

36 x 12 (90 x 30)

Wildflower ,

P

Oleria x haastii

 

 

 

60 x 72 (150 x 180)

 

N P B

Origanum marjorana

 

 

 

30 x 18 (75 x 45)

 

N

Origanum onites

 

 

 

24 x 12 (60 x 30)

 

N

Origanum vulgare and it's cultivars

Marjoram

Jul-Sep

 

30 x 24 (75 x 60)

Wildflower ,

N P B

Paeonia with its 'Single Flowers' cultivars

Peony

May

 

36 x 36 (90 x 90)

Wildflower ,

P B

Papaver orientale and its cultivars

Poppy

 

 

36 x 24 (90 x 60)

 

P B

Penstemon and its cultivars

 

 

 

24 x 12 (60 x 30)

 

N B

Perovskia atriplicifolia

 

 

 

48 x 36 (120 x 90)

 

N

Persicaria amplexicaule and its cultivars

 

 

 

48 x 48 (120 x 120)

 

N P

Persicaria campanulata and its cultivars

 

 

 

36 x 36 (90 x 90)

 

N

Phacelia tanacetifolia

 

 

 

48 x 18 (120 x 45)

 

N P

Philadelphus and its cultivars

 

 

 

60 x 60 (150 x 150)

 

N P B

Polemonium caeruleum

Jacob's Ladder

Jun-Jul

 

36 x 12 (90 x 30)

Wildflower ,

N P

Polygonatum x hybridum

 

 

 

60 x 12 (150 x 30)

 

N B

Potentilla fruticosa var. arbuscula

Shrubby Cinquefoil

 

 

36 x 60 (90 x 150)

Wildflower ,

N P B

Potentilla fruticosa 'Elizabeth'

 

 

 

36 x 60 (90 x 150)

 

N P B

Potentilla fruticosa 'Longacre'

 

 

 

24 x 24 (60 x 60)

 

N P B

Potentilla fruticosa 'Red Ace'

 

 

 

36 x 60 (90 x 150)

 

N P B

Potentilla fruticosa 'Sunset'

 

 

 

36 x 36 (90 x 90)

 

N P B

Prunus laurocerasus 'Otto Luyken'

 

 

 

72 x 72 (180 x 180)

 

N P

Ribes sanguineum and its cultivars

 

 

 

72 x 72 (180 x 180)

 

N P B

Ribes speciosum

 

 

 

72 x 72 (180 x 180)

 

N P B

Rosa with it's 'Single Flowers' cultivars

 

 

 

60 x 36 (150 x 90)

,
Companions

P B

Rosa rugosa and its cultivars

 

 

 

60 x 60 (150 x 150)

,
Companions

P B

Rosmarinus officinalis and its cultivars

 

 

 

60 x 60 (150 x 150)

,
Companions

N P B

Rudbeckia and its cultivars

 

 

 

48 x 24 (120 x 60)

 

N B

Rudbeckia laciniata

 

 

 

72 x 36 (180 x 90)

 

N

Salvia officinalis and it's cultivars

 

 

 

24 x 36 (60 x 90)

 

N

Salvia x superba and it's cultivars

 

 

 

24 x 24 (60 x 60)

 

N

Salix caprea 'Kilmarnock'

Pussy Willow

Mar-Apr

 

60 x 72 (150 x 180)

Wildflower ,

N P B

Salix repens and its cultivars

Creeping Willow

Apr-May

 

24 x 60 (60 x 150)

Wildflower ,

N P B

Sidalcea and its cultivars

 

 

 

48 x 18 (120 x 45)

 

N

Skimmia japonica and its cultivars

 

 

 

60 x 60 (150 x 150)

 

N P

Skimmia japonica 'Rubella'

 

 

 

60 x 48 (150 x 120)

 

N P

Solidago and its cultivars

Golden-Rod

Jul-Sep

 

36 x 18 (90 x 45)

Wildflower ,

N P

Stachys and its cultivars

Woundwort

 

 

24 x 12 (60 x 30)

Wildflower ,

N B

Syringa microphylla 'Superba'

 

 

 

72 x 72 (180 x 180)

 

P

Symphoricarpos and its cultivars

Snowberry

Jun-Sep

 

72 x 72 (180 x 180)

Wildflower ,

N P B

Thalictrum

Meadow-Rue

 

 

36 x 18 (90 x 45)

Wildflower ,

P B

Tigridia pavonia

 

 

 

60 x 4 (150 x 10)

 

N

Tulipa and it's cultivars

Tulip

 

 

30 x 2 (75 x 5)

Wildflower ,

P

Ulex eurapeus 'Flore Pleno'

Gorse

 

 

36 x 48 (90 x 120)

Wildflower ,

N P B

Verbascum 'Cotswold Beauty'

Mullein

 

 

48 x 18 (120 x 45)

Wildflower ,

N P B

Verbascum 'Gainsborough'

Mullein

 

 

36 x 18 (90 x 45)

Wildflower ,

N P B

Verbascum and its cultivars

Mullein

 

 

48 x 24 (120 x 60)

Wildflower ,

N P B

Veronica austriaca subsp.teucrium

 

 

 

36 x 24 (90 x 60)

 

N

Viburnum opulus 'Compactum'

Guelder Rose

Jun-Jul

 

60 x 60 (150 x 150)

Wildflower ,

N

Weigela florida 'Follis Purpureis'

 

 

 

30 x 54 (75 x 135)

 

N B

Weigela florida 'Variegata'

 

 

 

60 x 60 (150 x 150)

 

N B

Yucca filamentosa

 

 

 

30 x 60 (75 x 150)

 

P B

Zinnia elegans and it's cultivars

 

 

 

24 x 12 (60 x 30)

 

N P

Plant Name

with link to mail-order nursery in UK / Europe

Common Name

Flowering Months of Plant Named but not "and it's cultivars"

Flowering Colour of Plant Named but not "and it's cultivars"

Height x Spread in inches (cms).
Plants above 72 inches (180 cms) in Height

Plant Type
(Per = Perennial)
with link to
Plant Description Page,
Companion Planting Page, Rock Garden Index Page
and/or Wildlife Family Page in this website

N for Nectar
P for Pollen
B for Bumble Bee

Acer campestre

Maple

May-Jun

 

180 x 120 (450 x 300)

Wildflower ,

N P

Acer capillipes

 

 

 

360 x 300 (900 x 750)

 

N P

Acer griseum

 

 

 

360 x 360 (900 x 900)

 

N P

Acer negundo 'Flamingo'

 

 

 

300 x 300 (750 x 750)

 

N P

Acer palmatum 'Atropurpureum'

 

 

 

144 x 144 (360 x 360)

 

N P

Acer palmatum 'Senkaki'

 

 

 

240 x 180 (600 x 450)

 

N P

Acer platanoides and it's cultivars

 

 

 

960 x 600 (2400 x 1500)

 

N P

Acer pseudoplatanus

Sycamore

May-Jun

 

1200 x 960 (3000 x 2400)

Wildflower ,

N P B

Aesculus carnea and it's cultivars

 

 

 

840 x 600 (2100 x 1500)

 

N P

Aesculus hippocastanum

 

 

 

960 x 840 (2400 x 2100)

 

N P B

Aesculus indica and it's cultivars

 

 

 

600 x 600 (1500 x 1500)

 

N P

Aesculus pavia and it's cultivars

 

 

 

180 x 120 (450 x 300)

 

N P

Actinidia kolomikta

 

 

 

180 x indefinite
(450 x indefinite)

 

.

Ailanthus altissima

 

 

 

960 x 600 (2400 x 1500)

 

N P

Alnus cordata

 

 

 

960 x 240 (2400 x 600)

 

P

Alnus glutinosa and it's cultivars

Alder

Mar-Apr

 

960 x 360 (2400 x 900)

Wildflower ,

P B

Alnus incana and it's cultivars

 

 

 

840 x 360 (2100 x 900)

 

P

Amelanchier laevis

 

 

 

240 x 240 (600 x 600)

 

P

Amelianchier lamarckii

 

 

 

276 x 240 (690 x 600)

 

P

Aralia elata

 

 

 

360 x 360 (900 x 900)

 

N

Arbutus unedo and it's cultivars

Strawberry-Tree

Aug to first frosts

 

300 x 300 (750 x 750)

Wildflower ,

N P

Berberis darwinii and it's cultivars

 

 

 

144 x 144 (360 x 360)

 

N P B

Berberis julianae

 

 

 

96 x 120 (240 x300)

 

N P B

Berberis prattii

 

 

 

120 x 120 (300 x 300)

 

N P B

Berberis x stenophylla and it's cultivars

 

 

 

96 x 96 (240 x 240)

 

N P B

Berberis thunbergii and it's cultivars

 

 

 

24 x 96 (60 x 240)

 

N P B

Betula and it's cultivars

Birch

 

 

960 x 360 (2400 x 900)

Wildflower ,
Companions

P

Buddleia davidii 'Black Knight'

Buddleia

Jul to first frosts

 

180 x 180 (450 x 450)

Wildflower ,

N B

Buddleia davidii 'Royal Red'

Buddleia

Jul to first frosts

 

180 x 180 (450 x 450)

Wildflower ,

N B

Buddleia davidii 'White Profusion'

Buddleia

Jul to first frosts

 

180 x 180 (450 x 450)

Wildflower ,

N B

Buddleia globosa

 

 

 

180 x 180 (450 x 450)

 

N B

Buxus sempervirens and it's cultivars

Box

Mar-May

 

180 x 180 (450 x 450)

Wildflower ,

N P

Caragana arborescens and it's cultivars

 

 

 

240 x 144 (600 x 360)

 

N P B

Castanea sativa and it's cultivars

Sweet Chestnut or Spanish Chestnut

 

 

1200 x 600 (3000 x 1500)

Wildflower ,

N P

Catalpa bignonioides and it's cultivars

 

 

 

600 x 600 (1500 x 1500)

 

N P B

Ceanothus 'Autumnal Blue'

 

 

 

120 x 96 (300 x 240)

 

N P B

Ceanothus 'Spring flowering cultivars'

 

 

 

96 x 96 (240 x 240)

 

N P B

Cercis siliquastrum

 

 

 

360 x 324 (900 x 810)

 

N P

Chaenomeles speciosa 'Moerloosei'

 

 

 

96 x 180 (240 x 450)

 

N P B

Chaenomeles speciosa 'Nivalis'

 

 

 

96 x 180 (240 x 450)

 

N P B

Chaenomeles speciosa 'Port Eliot'

 

 

 

96 x 180 (240 x 450)

 

N P B

Chaenomeles speciosa 'Snow'

 

 

 

96 x 180 (240 x 450)

 

N P B

Chaenomeles speciosa 'Umbilicata'

 

 

 

96 x 180 (240 x 450)

 

N P B

Clematis armandii and it's cultivars

 

 

 

144 x 96 (360 x 240)

,
Companions

P

Clematis montana and it's cultivars

 

 

 

360 x 96 (900 x 240)

,
Companions

N P

Clematis montana 'Elizabeth'

 

 

 

360 x 96 (900 x 240)

,
Companions

N P

Clematis montana grandiflora 'Alba'

 

 

 

360 x 96 (900 x 240)

,
Companions

N P

Clematis montana var. rubens

 

 

 

360 x 96 (900 x 240)

,
Companions

N P

Colutea arborescens

Bladder Senna

Jun-Aug

 

120 x 120 (300 x 300)

Wildflower ,

N P B

Cornus alba and it's cultivars

 

 

 

120 x 120 (300 x 300)

 

N P

Cornus mas and it's cultivars

 

 

 

180 x 180 (450 x 450)

 

N P B

Cotoneaster x 'Cornubia'

 

 

 

240 x 240 (600 x 600)

 

N P B

Cotoneaster franchetii

 

 

 

120 x 120 (300 x 300)

 

N P B

Cotoneaster frigidus

 

 

 

360 x 360 (900 x 900)

 

N P B

Cotoneaster salicifolius and its cultivars

 

 

 

180 x 180 (450 x 450)

 

N P B

Cotoneaster simonsii

Khasia Berry

May-Jul

 

96 x 72 (240 x 180)

Wildflower ,

N P B

Cotinus coggygria 'Flame'

 

 

 

144 x 144 (360 x 360)

 

N

Cotinus coggygria 'Royal Purple'

 

 

 

144 x 144 (360 x 360)

 

N

Cotoneaster lacteus

 

 

 

120 x 96 (300 x 240)

 

N P B

Crataegus crus-galli

 

 

 

300 x 360 (750 x 900)

 

N P B

Crataegus laevigata and it's cultivars

 

 

 

300 x 300 (750 x 750)

 

N P

Crataegus monogyna and it's cultivars

Hawthorn

May-Jun

 

360 x 300 (900 x 750)

Wildflower ,

N P

Crataegus persimilis 'Prunifolia'

 

 

 

300 x 360 (750 x 900)

 

N P

Deutzia scabra

 

 

 

120 x 72 (300 x 180)

 

P

Eleagnus pungens and its cultivars

 

 

 

144 x 180 (360 x 450)

 

B

Erica erigena and its cultivars

Irish Heath, Mediterranean Heath

 

 

96 x 36 (240 x 90)

Heather

N P B

Escallonia 'Apple Blossom'

 

 

 

84 x 96 (210 x 240)

 

N B

Escallonia 'Donard Radiance'

 

 

 

84 x 96 (210 x 240)

 

N B

Escallonia 'Donard Seedling'

 

 

 

96 x 96 (240 x 240)

 

N B

Escallonia macrantha rubra

 

 

 

144 x 144 (360 x 360)

 

N B

Fagus sylvatica and it's cultivars

Beech

Apr-May

 

960 x 600 (2400 x 1500)

Wildflower ,
Companions

P

Fraxinus and it's cultivars

Ash

Apr-May

 

1200 x 840 (3000 x 2100)

Wildflower ,

P

Garrya eliptica and it's cultivars

 

 

 

144 x 144 (360 x 360)

 

P

Genista aetnensis

 

 

 

300 x 300 (750 x 750)

 

B

Hamamelis japonica and its cultivars

 

 

 

144 x 144 (360 x 360)

 

P

Hamamelis mollis 'Pallida'

 

 

 

144 x 120 (360 x 300)

 

P

Hamamelis mollis and its cultivars

 

 

 

144 x 144 (360 x 360)

 

P

Hebe salicifolia

 

 

 

96 x 96 (240 x 240)

 

N B

Hedera helix var. hibernica

Ivy

 

 

360 x 240 (900 x 600)

Wildflower ,

N P B

Hippophae rhamnoides

Sea-Buckthorn

Apr-May

 

240 x 240 (600 x 600)

Wildflower ,

B

Hydrangea anomala ssp. Petiolaris

 

 

 

600 x 240 (1500 x 600)

 

N

Ilex aquifolium 'Handsworth New Silver'

Holly

 

 

300 x 180 (750 x 450)

Wildflower ,

N P

Ilex aquifolium 'Pyramidalis'

Holly

 

 

240 x 180 (600 x 450)

Wildflower ,

N P

Ilex crenata 'Golden Gem'

 

 

 

180 x 120 (450 x 300)

 

N P

Ilex x altaclerensis 'Golden King'

 

 

 

240 x 180 (600 x 450)

 

N P

Koelreuteria paniculata and it's cultivars

 

 

 

360 x 360 (900 x 900)

 

N

Kolkwitzia amabilis and its cultivars

 

 

 

120 x 144 (300 x 360)

 

...

Laurus nobilis

 

 

 

480 x 360 (1200 x 900)

 

N B

Ligustrum ovalifolium

 

 

 

144 x 144 (360 x 360)

 

N P B

Liquidambar styraciflua and it's cultivars

 

 

 

960 x 480 (2400 x 1200)

 

N

Liriodendron tulipifera and it's cultivars

 

 

 

1200 x 600 (3000 x 1500)

 

N P

Magnolia denudata

 

 

 

360 x 360 (900 x 900)

 

P

Magnolia grandiflora and its cultivars

 

 

 

360 x 600 (900 x 1500)

 

P

Magnolia kobus

 

 

 

480 x 360 (1200 x 900)

 

P

Magnolia x soulangeana and its cultivars

 

 

 

240 x 240 (600 x 600)

 

P B

Magnolia stellata 'King Rose'

 

 

 

84 x 72 (210 x 180)

 

P B

Mahonia japonica and its cultivars

 

 

 

84 x 120 (210 x 300)

 

N P B

Malus 'John Downie'

 

 

 

312 x 240 (780 x 600)

,
Companions

N P B

Malus 'Royalty'

 

 

 

336 x 300 (840 x 750)

,
Companions

N P B

Malus toringoides

 

 

 

300 x 360 (750 x 900)

,
Companions

N P B

Malus x zumi 'Golden Hornet'

 

 

 

312 x 276 (780 x 690)

,
Companions

N P B

Malus and it's cultivars

 

 

 

300 x 300 (750 x 750)

,
Companions

N P B

Mespilus germanica and its cultivars

Medlar

May-Jun

 

240 x 300 (600 x 750)

Wildflower ,

N P B

Nothofagus procera

 

 

 

960 x 600 (2400 x 1500)

 

P

Osmanthus delavayi

 

 

 

144 x 144 (360 x 360)

 

...

Osmanthus heterophyllus 'Variegatus'

 

 

 

96 x 120 (240 x 300)

 

...

Parthenocissus quinquefolia

 

 

 

600 x 300 (1500 x 750)

 

N P B

Philadelphus coronarius 'Aureus'

 

 

 

96 x 60 (240 x 150)

 

N P B

Photinia villosa

 

 

 

180 x 180 (450 x 450)

 

...

Populus nigra and it's cultivars

Black Poplar

Mar-Apr

 

1440 x 840 (3600 x 2100)

Wildflower ,

P

Populus tremula and it's cultivars

Aspen

Mar

 

840 x 360 (2100 x 900)

Wildflower ,

P

Prunus avium

Wild Cherry

Apr-May

 

840 x 360 (2100 x 900)

Wildflower ,

N P B

Prunus cerasifera 'Pissardii'

Cherry-Plum

Mar

 

360 x 360 (900 x 900)

Wildflower ,

N P

Prunus dulcis

 

 

 

300 x 300 (750 x 750)

 

N P B

Prunus laurocerasus and its cultivars

 

 

 

300 x 360 (750 x 900)

 

N P

Prunus lusitanica and its cultivars

 

 

 

840 x 840 (2100 x 2100)

 

N P

Prunus padus and it's cultivars

Bird Cherry

May

 

600 x 360 (1500 x 900)

Wildflower ,

N P B

Prunus persica 'Single Flowers' varieties

Nectarine, Peach

 

 

300 x 300 (750 x 750)

,
Companions

N P B

Prunus sargentii and it's cultivars

 

 

 

840 x 600 (2100 x 1500)

 

N P B

Prunus serrulata

 

 

 

360 x 360 (900 x 900)

 

N P B

Prunus spinosa

Blackthorn

Apr-May

 

180 x 144 (450 x 360)

Wildflower ,

N P B

Prunus subhirtella 'Autumnalis'

 

 

 

300 x 300 (750 x 750)

 

N P

Prunus x yedoensis and it's cultivars

 

 

 

600 x 360 (1500 x 900)

 

N P B

Prunus x hillieri 'Spire'

 

 

 

360 x 180 (900 x 450)

 

N P

Pyracantha 'Orange Glow'

 

 

 

180 x 120 (450 x 300)

 

N P B

Pyracantha 'Red Column'

 

 

 

96 x 72 (240 x 180)

 

N P B

Pyracantha 'Teton'

 

 

 

144 x 144 (360 x 360)

 

N P B

Pyracantha rogersiana 'Flava'

 

 

 

120 x 120 (300 x 300)

 

N P B

Pyracantha and its cultivars

 

 

 

120 x 120 (300 x 300)

 

N P B

Quercus and it's cultivars

Oak

Apr-May

 

360 x 360 (900 x 900)

Wildflower ,
Companions

P

Rhamnus cathartica

Common Buckthorn

May-Jun

 

240 x 180 (600 x 450)

Wildflower ,

N P

Rhamnus frangula

 

 

 

180 x 180 (450 x 450)

 

N P

Rhus glabra

 

 

 

96 x 96 (240 x 240)

 

N P

Rhus typhina

 

 

 

180 x 240 (450 x 600)

 

N P

Robinia pseudoacacia and it's cultivars

 

 

 

960 x 600 (2400 x 1500)

 

N P B

Rubus odoratus

 

 

 

96 x 96 (240 x 240)

 

N P

Rubus x tridel 'Benenden'

 

 

 

120 x 120 (300 x 300)

 

N P

Salix aegyptiaca

 

 

 

144 x 180 (360 x 450)

 

N P B

Salix alba and it's cultivars

White Willow

Apr-May

 

960 x (2400 x )

Wildflower ,

N P B

Salix fragilis

Crack Willow

Apr

 

600 x 600 (1500 x 1500)

Wildflower ,

N P B

Salix purpurea

Purple Willow

Mar-Apr

 

180 x 180 (450 x 450)

Wildflower ,

N P B

Schrizophragma integrifolium

 

 

 

480 x 240 (1200 x 600)

 

N

Solanum crispum and it's cultivars

 

 

 

240 x 120 (600 x 300)

 

N

Sorbus aria and it's cultivars

White Beam

May-Jun

 

360 x 360 (900 x 900)

Wildflower ,

N P

Sorbus aucuparia and it's cultivars

Rowan

May-Jun

 

600 x 268 (1500 x 660)

Wildflower ,

N P B

Sorbus hupehensis and it's cultivars

 

 

 

300 x 300 (750 x 750)

 

N P

Sorbus intermedia

Cut-leaved White Beam

 

 

480 x 480 (1200 x 1200)

Wildflower ,

N

Staphylea and its cultivars

 

 

 

180 x 180 (450 x 450)

 

N P

Syringa and its cultivars

 

 

 

180 x 144 (450 x 360)

 

P

Tamarix ramosissima and its cultivars

 

 

 

180 x 180 (450 x 450)

 

N P

Tilia x euchlora

 

 

 

840 x 600 (2100 x 1500)

 

N P B

Ulmus and it's cultivars

Elm

 

 

840 x 480 (2100 x 1200)

Wildflower ,

P

Viburnum opulus and its cultivars

Guelder Rose

Jun-Jul

 

180 x 144 (450 x 360)

Wildflower ,

N

Viburnum plicatum f. tomentosum

 

 

 

120 x 144 (300 x 360)

 

N P

Viburnum tinus 'Eve Price'

 

 

 

96 x 84 (240 x 210)

 

P

Viburnum tinus

 

 

 

120 x 120 (300 x 300)

 

P

Vitis and it's cultivars

 

 

 

480 x 120 (1200 x 300)

,
Companions

N P

Weigela 'Bristol Ruby'

 

 

 

96 x 72 (240 x 180)

 

N B

Wisteria sinensis and it's cultivars

 

 

 

336 x 168 (840 x 420)

 

N P B

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The bee can pollinate the flower, which can then produce a seed. Hymn 881 then instructs the seed:-

Push, little seed,
push, push, little seed,
till your head pops out of the ground.
This is the air,
and now you are there
you can have a look round.
You'll see God's sky,
you'll see God's sun,
you'll feel his raindrops one by one,
as you grow, grow, grow, grow,
grow to be wheat for bread.
So push, little seed,
push, push, little seed,
that the world may be fed.

 

Height in inches (cms):-

25.4mm = 1 inch
304.8mm = 12 inches
12 inches = 1 foot
3 feet = 1 yard
914.4mm = 1 yard

I normally round this to
25mm = 1 inch
300mm = 30 cms = 12 inches =1 foot,
900 mm = 3 feet = 1 yard and
1000mm = 100 cms = 1 metre = 40 inches

Site design and content copyright ©December 2006. Page structure changed September 2012. External and Internal links added May 2015. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

plantsforbeesbook

"Plants For Bees BOOK

(By WDJ Kirk and FN Howes; Published by IBRA)

This is a ‘must-have’ book for anyone serious about gardening for bees

This would make an ideal gift for any budding gardener, with some emphasis on which plants are suitable for growing in the British Isles, though would be applicable to any country with a similar temperate climate, as honeybees around the world have pretty much the same tastes and tongue-length. Bumblebees will also forage on any plant which provides nectar, and pollen, to their liking within reach of their tongue, regardless of the origin of the plant. So bees are not prejudiced against non-native plants. Nor should we be, as long as their benefits outweigh any capacity to become invasive weeds, of course.

It is an extremely well researched work; though the author is quick to remind us that this volume by no means contains all the bees favourite plants; though it contains enough to keep us very busy and bees very happy (review by Sarah Holdsworth)" from Bee Happy Plants.

"Bee Happy Plants based at Lakehayes Organic Nursery, is a small family run business, established and put into Soil Association organic conversion in 2002. Now run by Sarah and daughter Joy, with help from other family members, various local part-time and seasonal workers; all have contributed to what has become an efficient production line of seed-raised, organic, wild species plugs, plants and more seeds.

Sarah (with experience on organic farms since the 1980’s and RHS Level 3 at Bicton Agricultural College), would say the inspiration behind Bee Happy Plants began way back on the isolated smallholding of her childhood, in countryside untouched by modern agriculture. Watching parents, Fitz and Brygid and salt-of-the-earth land-worker Fred Shire care for 25 acres: planting trees, wild and formal gardens, fruit and vegetable garden, and maintaining permanent pasture and orchard, with nothing much more than a few grazing animals, a fork, a scythe and a sense of humour. It was this idyllic, magical place brimming with wildlife in all its weird and wonderful forms, from the gentle and regular hoot of owls, to the humming and buzzing of insects.

The shock came later when it dawned that the place of her childhood was unique. Few other places like this jewel of unspoilt countryside still exist. Instead the ‘green deserts’ of monoculture expand; where weeds, insects and wildflowers are no longer welcome, birds no longer gather, and bees go hungry. Understanding that it is down to ordinary people like us, in our own gardens, to nurture something wild or heritage – we can all help to save bees’ favourite plants. Bee Happy Plants was conceived to help us do this. Sarah Holdsworth 2014  ".

For my recommendation on what to do with your prunings, kitchen scraps and grass mowings see Compost Bins in Companion Planting Page C, instead of composting them in a small 1 cubic yard domestic garden compost bin.

PLANTS PAGE
MENU
Introduction
Site Map
 

PLANT USE
Plant Selection
Level 1
Attracts Bird/Butterfly
Photos - Butterfly

Bee Pollinated Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers
Photos - Bloom per Month

Groundcover Height
0-24 inches
(0-60 cms)

24-72 inches
(60-180 cms)

Above 72 inches
(180 cms)

 

Poisonous Cultivated and UK Wildflower Plants with Photos
or
Cultivated Poisonous Plants

or
Wildflower Poisonous Plants


Rabbit-Resistant Plant
Flower Arranging
Wildflower
Photos - Wildflowers

 


PLANTS FOR SOIL
Plant Selection
Level 2
Info - Any Soil
Plants - Any Soil A-F
Plants - Any Soil G-L
Plants - Any Soil M-R
Plants - Any Soil S-Z

Info
- Chalky Soil
Plants - Chalky Soil A-F
Plants - Chalky Soil G-L
Plants - Chalky Soil M-R
Plants - Chalky Soil S-Z

Info - Clay Soil
Plants - Clay Soil A-F
Plants - Clay Soil G-L
Plants - Clay Soil M-R
Plants - Clay Soil S-Z

Info - Lime-Free Soil
Plants - Lime-Free Soil A-F
Plants - Lime-Free Soil G-L
Plants - Lime-Free Soil M-R
Plants - Lime-Free Soil S-Z

Info - Sandy Soil
Plants - Sandy Soil A-F
Plants - Sandy Soil G-L
Plants - Sandy Soil M-R
Plants - Sandy Soil S-Z

Info - Peaty Soils
Plants - Peaty Soil A-F
Plants - Peaty Soil G-L
Plants - Peaty Soil M-R
Plants - Peaty Soil S-Z

Following parts of Level 2a,
Level 2b,
Level 2c and
Level 2d are included in separate columns
together with
Acid Soil,
Alkaline Soil,
Any Soil,
Height and Spread,
Flowering Months and
Flower Colour in their Columns,
and also
Companion Plants to aid this plant Page,
Alpine Plant for Rock Garden Index Page
Native to UK WildFlower Plant in its Family Page in this website

and/or
Level 2cc
in the Comment Column
within each
of the Soil Type Pages of
Level 2

PLANTS PAGE MENU

 


Plant Selection by Plant Requirements
Level 2a
Sun aspect, Moisture


Plant Selection by Form
Level 2b
Tree Growth Shape
Shrub/Perennial Growth Habit


Plant Selection by Garden Use
Level 2c
Bedding
Photos - Bedding
Bog Garden
Coastal Conditions
Containers in Garden
Front of Border
Hanging Basket
Hedge
Photos - Hedging
Pollution Barrier
Rest of Border
Rock Garden
Photos - Rock Garden
Thorny Hedge
Windbreak
Woodland


Plant Selection by Garden Use
Level 2cc Others
Aquatic
Back of Shady Border
Crevice Garden
Desert Garden
Raised Bed
Scree Bed
Specimen Plant
Trees for Lawns
Trees for Small Garden
Wildflower
Photos - Wildflowers


Plant Selection by Plant Type
Level 2d
Alpine
Photos - Evergr Per
Photos - Herbac Per
Photos - RHS Herbac
Photos - Rock Garden
Annual
Bamboo
Photos - Bamboo
Biennial

Bulb
Photos - Bulb
Climber
Photos - Climber
Conifer
Deciduous Rhizome
Deciduous Shrub
Photos - Decid Shrub
Evergreen Perennial
Photos - Evergr Per
Evergreen Shrub
Photos - Evergr Shrub
Fern
Photos - Fern
Fruit Plant
Grass
Herb
Herbaceous Perennial
Photos - Herbac Per
Remaining Top Fruit
Soft Fruit
Sub-Shrub
Top Fruit
Tuber
Vegetable
Photos - Vegetable

 

 

 

 

Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines

PLANTS PAGE MENU

 


REFINING SELECTION
Plant Selection by
Flower Colour
Level 3a
Blue Flowers
Photos - Bedding
Photos - Bulb
Photos - Climber
Photos - Evergr Per
Photos - Evergr Shrub
Photos - Wild Flower

Orange Flowers
Photos - Bedding
Photos - Wild Flower

Other Colour Flowers
Photos - Bedding
Photos - Bulb
Photos - Climber
Photos - Evergr Per
Photos - Evergr Shrub
Photos - Wild Flower

Red Flowers
Photos - Bedding
Photos - Bulb
Photos - Climber
Photos - Decid Shrub
Photos - Evergr Per
Photos - Evergr Shrub
Photos - Herbac Per
Photos - Rose
Photos - Wild Flower

White Flowers
Photos - Bedding
Photos - Bulb
Photos - Climber
Photos - Decid Shrub
Photos - Decid Tree
Photos - Evergr Per
Photos - Evergr Shrub
Photos - Herbac Per
Photos - Rose
Photos - Wild Flower

Yellow Flowers
Photos - Bedding
Photos - Bulb
Photos - Climber
Photos - Decid Shrub
Photos - Evergr Per
Photos - Evergr Shrub
Photos - Herbac Per
Photos - Rose
Photos - Wild Flower


Photos - 53 Colours in its Colour Wheel Gallery

Photos - 12 Flower Colours per Month in its Bloom Colour Wheel Gallery


Plant Selection by Flower Shape
Level 3b
Photos - Bedding
Photos - Evergr Per
Photos - Herbac Per


Plant Selection by Foliage Colour
Level 3c
Aromatic Foliage
Finely Cut Leaves
Large Leaves
Other
Non-Green Foliage 1
Non-Green Foliage 2
Sword-shaped Leaves

 


PRUNING
Plant Selection by Pruning Requirements
Level 4
Pruning Plants

 


GROUNDCOVER PLANT DETAIL
Plant Selection Level 5
Plant Name - A
Plant Name - B
Plant Name - C
Plant Name - D
Plant Name - E
Plant Name - F
Plant Name - G
Plant Name - H
Plant Name - I
Plant Name - J
Plant Name - K
Plant Name - L
Plant Name - M
Plant Name - N
Plant Name - O
Plant Name - P
Plant Name - Q
Plant Name - R
Plant Name - S
Plant Name - T
Plant Name - U
Plant Name - V
Plant Name - W
Plant Name - XYZ

 


Then, finally use
COMPANION PLANTING to
aid your plant selected or to
deter Pests
Plant Selection Level 6

 

To locate mail-order nursery for plants from the UK in this gallery try using search in RHS Find a Plant.

To locate plants in the European Union (EU) try using Search Term in Gardens4You and Meilland Richardier in France.

To locate mail-order nursery for plants from America in this gallery try using search in Plant Lust.

To locate plant information in Australia try using Plant Finder in Gardening Australia.

 

The following details come from Cactus Art:-

"A flower is the the complex sexual reproductive structure of Angiosperms, typically consisting of an axis bearing perianth parts, androecium (male) and gynoecium (female).    

Bisexual flower show four distinctive parts arranged in rings inside each other which are technically modified leaves: Sepal, petal, stamen & pistil. This flower is referred to as complete (with all four parts) and perfect (with "male" stamens and "female" pistil). The ovary ripens into a fruit and the ovules inside develop into seeds.

Incomplete flowers are lacking one or more of the four main parts. Imperfect (unisexual) flowers contain a pistil or stamens, but not both. The colourful parts of a flower and its scent attract pollinators and guide them to the nectary, usually at the base of the flower tube.

partsofaflowersmallest

 

Androecium (male Parts or stamens)
It is made up of the filament and anther, it is the pollen producing part of the plant.
Anther This is the part of the stamen that produces and contains pollen. 
Filament This is the fine hair-like stalk that the anther sits on top of.
Pollen This is the dust-like male reproductive cell of flowering plants.

Gynoecium (female Parts or carpels or pistil)
 It is made up of the stigma, style, and ovary. Each pistil is constructed of one to many rolled leaflike structures.
Stigma
This is the part of the pistil  which receives the pollen grains and on which they germinate. 
Style
This is the long stalk that the stigma sits on top of ovary. 
Ovary
The part of the plant that contains the ovules. 
Ovule
The part of the ovary that becomes the seeds. 

Petal 
The colorful, often bright part of the flower (corolla). 
Sepal 
The parts that look like little green leaves that cover the outside of a flower bud (calix). 
(Undifferentiated "Perianth segment" that are not clearly differentiated into sepals and petals, take the names of tepals.)"

 

 

 

The following details come from Nectary Genomics:-

"NECTAR. Many flowering plants attract potential pollinators by offering a reward of floral nectar. The primary solutes found in most nectars are varying ratios of sucrose, glucose and fructose, which can range from as little a 8% (w/w) in some species to as high as 80% in others. This abundance of simple sugars has resulted in the general perception that nectar consists of little more than sugar-water; however, numerous studies indicate that it is actually a complex mixture of components. Additional compounds found in a variety of nectars include other sugars, all 20 standard amino acids, phenolics, alkaloids, flavonoids, terpenes, vitamins, organic acids, oils, free fatty acids, metal ions and proteins.

NECTARIES. An organ known as the floral nectary is responsible for producing the complex mixture of compounds found in nectar. Nectaries can occur in different areas of flowers, and often take on diverse forms in different species, even to the point of being used for taxonomic purposes. Nectaries undergo remarkable morphological and metabolic changes during the course of floral development. For example, it is known that pre-secretory nectaries in a number of species accumulate large amounts of starch, which is followed by a rapid degradation of amyloplast granules just prior to anthesis and nectar secretion. These sugars presumably serve as a source of nectar carbohydrate.

WHY STUDY NECTAR? Nearly one-third of all worldwide crops are dependent on animals to achieve efficient pollination. In addition, U.S. pollinator-dependent crops have been estimated to have an annual value of up to $15 billion. Many crop species are largely self-incompatible (not self-fertile) and almost entirely on animal pollinators to achieve full fecundity; poor pollinator visitation has been reported to reduce yields of certain species by up to 50%."

 

The following details about DOUBLE FLOWERS comes from Wikipedia:-

"Double-flowered" describes varieties of flowers with extra petals, often containing flowers within flowers. The double-flowered trait is often noted alongside the scientific name with the abbreviation fl. pl. (flore pleno, a Latin ablative form meaning "with full flower"). The first abnormality to be documented in flowers, double flowers are popular varieties of many commercial flower types, including roses, camellias and carnations. In some double-flowered varieties all of the reproductive organs are converted to petals — as a result, they are sexually sterile and must be propagated through cuttings. Many double-flowered plants have little wildlife value as access to the nectaries is typically blocked by the mutation.

 

There is further photographic, diagramatic and text about Double Flowers from an education department - dept.ca.uky.edu - in the University of Kentucky in America.

 

"Meet the plant hunter obsessed with double-flowering blooms" - an article from The Telegraph.

 

THE 2 EUREKA EFFECT PAGES FOR UNDERSTANDING SOIL AND HOW PLANTS INTERACT WITH IT OUT OF 15,000:-


Explanation of Structure of this Website with User Guidelines Page for those photo galleries with Photos
(of either ones I have taken myself or others which have been loaned only for use on this website from external sources)

Choose 1 of these different Plant selection Methods:-

 

1. Choose a plant from 1 of 53 flower colours in the Colour Wheel Gallery.

 

2. Choose a plant from 1 of 12 flower colours in each month of the year from 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery.

 

3. Choose a plant from 1 of 6 flower colours per month for each type of plant:-

Aquatic
Bedding
Bulb
Climber
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
Herb
Odds and Sods
Rhododendron
Rose
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Wild Flower

 

4. Choose a plant from its Flower Shape:-

Shape, Form
Index

Flower Shape

 

5. Choose a plant from its foliage:-

Bamboo
Conifer
Fern
Grass
Vegetable

 

6. There are 6 Plant Selection Levels including Bee Pollinated Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers in
Plants Topic.

 

or

 

7. when I do not have my own or ones from mail-order nursery photos , then from March 2016, if you want to start from the uppermost design levels through to your choice of cultivated and wildflower plants to change your Plant Selection Process then use the following galleries:-

  • Create and input all plants known by Amateur Gardening inserted into their Sanders' Encyclopaedia from their edition published in 1960 (originally published by them in 1895) into these
    • Stage 1 - Garden Style Index Gallery,
      then
    • Stage 2 - Infill Plants Index Gallery being the only gallery from these 7 with photos (from Wikimedia Commons) ,
      then
    • Stage 3 - All Plants Index Gallery with each plant species in its own Plant Type Page followed by choice from Stage 4a, 4b, 4c and/or 4d REMEMBERING THE CONSTRAINTS ON THE SELECTION FROM THE CHOICES MADE IN STAGES 1 AND 2
    • Stage 4a - 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery,
    • Stage 4b - 12 Foliage Colours per Month Index Gallery with
    • Stage 4c - Cultivation, Position, Use Index Gallery and
    • Stage 4d - Shape, Form Index Gallery
    • Unfortunately, if you want to have 100's of choices on selection of plants from 1000's of 1200 pixels wide by up to 16,300 pixels in length webpages, which you can jump to from almost any of the pages in these 7 galleries above, you have to put up with those links to those choices being on
      • the left topic menu table,
      • the header of the middle data table and on
      • the page/index menu table on the right of every page of those galleries.

There are other pages on Plants which bloom in each month of the year in this website:-

 

 


Topic
Case Studies
...Drive
...Foundations

Companion Planting
...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants Garden Maintenance
Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary
Plants *
...Poisonous Plants
Soil
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data

................

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
...by Flower Shape

Bulb
...Allium/ Anemone
...Autumn
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Dahlia
...Gladiolus
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Narcissus
...Spring
...Tulip
...Winter
Climber
...Clematis
...Climbers
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evgr
...Heather Shrub
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evgr
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
...P -Herbaceous
...RHS Wisley
...Flower Shape
Herb
Odds and Sods
Rhododendron
Rose
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
...Apple

...Cherry
...Pear
Vegetable

Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
space,
Site Map page in its flower colour
NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
...Brown Note
...Cream Note
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note
Poisonous
Wildflower Plants

............

Topic - Flower/Foliage Colour
Colour Wheel Galleries

Following your choice using Garden Style then that changes your Plant Selection Process
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index

or
you could use these Flower Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12
with its
Explanation of
Structure of this Website with

...User Guidelines
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index
Rock Garden and Alpine Flower Colour Wheel with number of colours
Rock Plant Flowers 53

...Rock Plant Photos

or
these Foliage Colour Wheels structures, which I have done but until I can take the photos and I am certain of the plant label's validity, these may not progress much further
All Foliage 212

All Spring Foliage 212
All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212

or
Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index

............

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly
Usage of Plants
by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly usage of
Plant A-C
Plant C-M
Plant N-W
Butterfly usage of Plant

followed by all the Wild Flower Family Pages:-

There are 180 families in the Wildflowers of the UK and they have been split up into 22 Galleries to allow space for up to 100 plants per gallery.

Each plant named in each of the Wildflower Family Pages may have a link to:-

its Plant Description Page in its Common Name in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries and will have links

to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name,

to see photos in its Flowering Months and

to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.

 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 1


(o)Adder's Tongue
Amaranth
(o)Arrow-Grass
(o)Arum
(o)Balsam
Bamboo
(o)Barberry
(o)Bedstraw
(o)Beech
(o)Bellflower
(o)Bindweed
(o)Birch
(o)Birds-Nest
(o)Birthwort
(o)Bogbean
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Borage
(o)Box
(o)Broomrape
(o)Buckthorn
(o)Buddleia
(o)Bur-reed
(o)Buttercup
(o)Butterwort
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crowberry
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
Cypress
(o)Daffodil
(o)Daisy
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Daphne
(o)Diapensia
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 2


(o)Clubmoss
(o)Duckweed
(o)Eel-Grass
(o)Elm
(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Horsetail
(o)Polypody
Quillwort
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Flax
(o)Flowering-Rush
(o)Frog-bit
(o)Fumitory
(o)Gentian
(o)Geranium
(o)Glassworts
(o)Gooseberry
(o)Goosefoot
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 1
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 2
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 3 (o)Hazel
(o)Heath
(o)Hemp
(o)Herb-Paris
(o)Holly
(o)Honeysuckle
(o)Horned-Pondweed
(o)Hornwort
(o)Iris
(o)Ivy
(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Lime
(o)Lobelia
(o)Loosestrife
(o)Mallow
(o)Maple
(o)Mares-tail
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)
 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 3


(o)Mesem-bryanthemum
(o)Mignonette
(o)Milkwort
(o)Mistletoe
(o)Moschatel
Naiad
(o)Nettle
(o)Nightshade
(o)Oleaster
(o)Olive
(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
(o)Parnassus-Grass
(o)Peaflower
(o)Peaflower Clover 1
(o)Peaflower Clover 2
(o)Peaflower Clover 3
(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
Peony
(o)Periwinkle
Pillwort
Pine
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Pipewort
(o)Pitcher-Plant
(o)Plantain
(o)Pondweed
(o)Poppy
(o)Primrose
(o)Purslane
Rannock Rush
(o)Reedmace
(o)Rockrose
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
(o)Sandalwood
(o)Saxifrage
 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 4


Seaheath
(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
(o)Spindle-Tree
(o)Spurge
(o)Stonecrop
(o)Sundew
(o)Tamarisk
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Teasel
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Valerian
(o)Verbena
(o)Violet
(o)Water Fern
(o)Waterlily
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort
Waterwort
(o)Willow
(o)Willow-Herb
(o)Wintergreen
(o)Wood-Sorrel
(o)Yam
(o)Yew

 

It is worth remembering that especially with roses that the colour of the petals of the flower may change - The following photos are of Rosa 'Lincolnshire Poacher' which I took on the same day in R.V. Roger's Nursery Field:-

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot91a1a1a1

Closed Bud

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot92a1a1a1

Opening Bud

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot93a1a1a1

Juvenile Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot94a1a1a1

Older Juvenile Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot95a1a1a1

Middle-aged Flower - Flower Colour in Season in its
Rose Description Page is
"Buff Yellow, with a very slight pink tint at the edges in May-October."

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot96a1a1a1

Mature Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot97a1a1a1

Juvenile Flower and Dying Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot98a1a1a1

Form of Rose Bush

There are 720 roses in the Rose Galleries; many of which have the above series of pictures in their respective Rose Description Page.

So one might avoid the disappointment that the 2 elephants had when their trunks were entwined instead of them each carrying their trunk using their own trunk, and your disappointment of buying a rose to discover that the colour you bought it for is only the case when it has its juvenile flowers; if you look at all the photos of the roses in the respective Rose Description Page!!!!

 

Plant Selection by Flower Colour

Blue Flowers

Bedding.
Bulb.
Climber.
Evergr Per.
Evergr Shrub.
Wild Flower.
 

Orange Flowers

Bedding.

Wild Flower.

Other Colour Flowers

Bedding.

Bulb.
Climber.
Evergr Per.
Evergr Shrub.
Wild Flower.

Red Flowers

Bedding.

Bulb.
Climber.
Decid Shrub.
Evergr Per.
Evergr Shrub.
Herbac Per.
Rose.
Wild Flower.

White Flowers

Bedding.

Bulb.
Climber.
Decid Shrub.
Decid Tree.
Evergr Per.
Evergr Shrub.
Herbac Per.
Rose.
Wild Flower.
 

Yellow Flowers

Bedding.
Bulb.
Climber.
Decid Shrub.
Evergr Per.
Evergr Shrub.
Herbac Per.
Rose.
Wild Flower.
 

 

 

Fragrant Plants adds the use of another of your 5 senses in your garden:-
Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves.

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark.

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil
.

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
.

Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
.

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers.

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves.

Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves.

Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers.

Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit.

Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers.

Night-scented Flowering Plants.

Scented Aquatic Plants.

Plants with Scented Fruits.

Plants with Scented Roots.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums.

Scented Cacti and Succulents.

Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell.
 

Flower Perfume Group:-

Indoloid Group.

Aminoid Group with scent - Hawthorn.

Heavy Group with scents -
Jonquil and
Lily.

Aromatic Group with scents - Almond,
Aniseed, Balsamic,
Carnation, Cinnamon, Clove,
Spicy and
Vanilla.

Violet Group.

Rose Group.

Lemon Group with scent -
Verbena.

Fruit-scented Group with scents -
Apricot,
Fruity,
Green Apple,
Orange, Pineapple,
Ripe Apple , Ripe Banana and
Ripe Plum.

Animal-scented Group with scents -
Cat,
Dog,
Ferret,
Fox,
Goat,
Human Perspiration,
Musk,
Ripe Apple and
Tom Cat.

Honey Group.

Unpleasant Smell Group with scents -
Animal,
Fetid,
Fishy,
Foxy,
Fur-like,
Garlic,
Hemlock,
Manure,
Nauseating,
Perspiration,
Petrol,
Putrid,
Rancid,
Sickly,
Skunk,
Stale Lint,
Sulphur and
Urinous.

Miscellaneous Group with scents -
Balm,
Brandy,
Cedar,
Cloying,
Cowslip,
Cucumber,
Damask Rose, Daphne,
Exotic,
Freesia,
Fur-like,
Gardenia,
Hay-like,
Heliotrope, Honeysuckle,
Hops,
Hyacinth,
Incense-like, Jasmine,
Laburnham,
Lilac,
Lily of the Valley, Meadowsweet, Mignonette,
Mint,
Mossy,
Muscat,
Muscatel,
Myrtle-like,
Newly Mown Hay, Nutmeg,
Piercing,
Primrose,
Pungent,
Resinous, Sandalwood, Sassafras,
Seductive,
Slight,
Soft,
Stephanotis,
Sulphur,
Starch,
Sweet,
Sweet-briar,
Tea-rose,
Treacle and
Very Sweet.

 

item10a1 item10a1