Ivydene Gardens Home:
Public Gardens alongside pavements in Funchal, Madeira

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Problems with trees in pavements in Funchal, Madeira in January/February 2018
PROBLEMS WITH TREES IN PAVEMENTS IN FUNCHAL, MADEIRA IN JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2019

Death of tree roots and
Death of tree trunks/branches caused by people.
Solution to problems for trees caused by people using irrigation -
Growth of Pollarded Tree in Hotel Garden in 1 year provides a water solution to this destruction.

Damage to Tree Trunks 1, 2, 3, 4 caused by people,
Damage to Tree Roots caused by people,
Area of Open Ground round trees,
New Trees in pavements 1, 2,
Irrigation of current trees,
Watersprouts on trees,
Crossing Branches in trees,
Utility Equipment with tree Foliage,
Lights on trees,
Bycycle Lane in Pavement,
Public Gardens alongside pavements,
Hotel/Private Gardens alongside pavements,
Current Permeable Pavement Surface round trees and
Irrigation and Fertilising of trees.

 

Row details:-

  • Row 1 - The new road, pavements, flower bed and new pavement trees in Photos 1-6 in row 1 below; used to be a spare field beyond the end of the road by the Pestana Promenade Hotel. This flower bed has flourished because of the irrigation and possible fertiliser applications per year. I suspect that tree in the pavement in the middle of Photo 2 has been irrigated; together with the other new trees in that new pavement. This is further expanded in Irrigation of cuurent Trees in Pavements in Funchal, Madeira Page. The field area behind the upper section of the main road is due to become another very large hotel as is the field on the other side of the Forum, turning this part of the coast into a series of concrete buildings from Funchal Cathedral to past the Forum Shopping Centre, which is mainly tourist hotels and then dwellings for the population above them on the hillside. This will leave very little area for public gardens or flower beds.
  •  


Text for Photo 1, 2, 3 and 4
 


Photo 1 taken by Chris Garnons-Williams In Madeira.
Photo 2 taken by Chris Garnons-Williams In Madeira.
 


Photo 3 taken by Chris Garnons-Williams In Madeira.


Photo 4 taken by Chris Garnons-Williams In Madeira.

Photo 1 - flower bed from low road by promenade IMG_6115.JPG

Public Flower Bed behind Bus Stop for Pestana Promenade Hotel with tall pavement trees up in the pavement of the other section of this main road behind.

Photo 2 - flower bed from low road by promenade IMG_6116.JPG

View towards the Forum from the same position as the above photo was taken.

Photo 3 - flower bed from low road by promenade IMG_6123.JPG

One of the pop-up sprinklers that irrigate this bed.

Photo 4 - flower bed from low road by promenade IMG_6124.JPG

The pop-up sprinkler in the above photo is used to sprinkle this part of the flower bed.

Photo 5 - flower bed from low road by promenade IMG_6125.JPG.

View down the road of this flower bed from the Forum end.

Photo 6 - flower bed from low road by promenade IMG_6121.JPG

Fair variety of plants irrigated in this bed including a tree.

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Photo 8 - tree 38 from pestana promenade drive mature unpollarded tree in pavement IMG_6287.JPG

This tree is also shown in Photo 9 of Hotel/Private Gardens alongside pavements in Funchal, Madeira Page. I suspect that this tree is irrigated by the hotel nearby. It is good that the walled enclosure is plant free except for some weeds and that the enclosing walls dissuade pedestrians from walking on the ground contained within. This means that most of the irrigation water will get to the roots of this tree. Perhaps a GREEN MANURE would also be useful. A good unpollarded tree.

Photo 9 - tree 37 from pestana promenade drive mature unpollarded tree in pavement IMG_6286.JPG

Is this tree irrigated or has it matured here when it was not surrounded by concrete? It also appears to have not been pruned or pollarded, but does appear to have tree forks. It still provides shade and its walled enclosure stops pedestrians from walking on the earth and therefore its feeder roots. This sort of enclosure would appear to be repeated down both sides of this road to the benefit of the trees in these pavements.

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Photo 10 - tree 113 from mirimar to funchal pavement flower bed IMG_0017.JPG

This sloping public bed is on side of the roundabout by the Pestana Mirimar Hotel. This is an interesting collection of succulent plants, bedding plants and shrubs. It is unfortunate that some ryegrass seeds seem to have sprouted between the succulents, and due to the fragility of the succculents it is very difficult to weed out this ryegrass from the mixed bed.
A possible solution is to plant rows of green manure seeds, plant the bed with the above plants between these rows and the green manure hopefully should cover bare earth as it grows and this would reduce the likelihood of weeds developing.

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Photo 11 - tree 113 from mirimar to funchal pavement flower bed IMG_0015.JPG

Shrub

Photo 12 - tree 113 from mirimar to funchal pavement flower bed IMG_0018.JPG

Succulent.

Photo 13 - tree 113 from mirimar to funchal pavement flower bed IMG_0022.JPG

Succulent.

Photo 14 - tree 113 from mirimar to funchal pavement rose bed IMG_0019.JPG

This rose garden is on the other side of the pavement from the flower bed by the roundabout above.

Photo 15 - tree 113 from mirimar to funchal pavement rose bed IMG_0020.JPG

Photo 16 - tree 113 from mirimar to funchal pavement rose bed IMG_0021.JPG

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Photo 17- tree 113 from mirimar to funchal pavement rose bed IMG_0021.JPG

It is unfortunate that this rose has consistently been cut down leaving stumps close to the ground.

Even the juvenile new growth has been pruned down. The rose has responded in the same fashion as happens with the Maderian Way of pollarding trees. It has produced a plethora of shoots from around the stumps, while leaving dead branches unremoved.

The main branch on the left now interferes with the top of the main branch on the right.

Due to the soil containing plenty of minerals and irrigation grows just about anything (you can get 4 crops of potatoes in the same year), this rose will grow and produce a congested mess.

I suggest tha these roses are grubbed up and burnt. The soil is replaced to a depth of 45 cms (18 inches) with soil that has not grown roses for at least 7 years and replanted with juvenile roses. When it is time to prune them down, then prune down to an open framework of between 8 and 16 inches (20-45 cms) in height leaving new growth facing out from the centre. Each year after that reduce one-third of the main branches to the rootstock. This means that every 3 years the topgrowth will be totally replaced with 1, 2 and 3 year old branches. Cut out crossing branches and juvenile shoots that are going to cause problems as they grow with what is in front of their tips. Apply green manure in the spring, dig that in in the autumn and that will with the dead leaves from the roses and the prunings from the hedge alongside will provide the organic matter for the soil organisms to use in the soil to feed these roses. A mulch of seaweed over the bed once the green manure has been dug in can be dug in in the spring before sowing next Spring/Summer green manure. The seaweed besides anything else contains the same proportion of trace elements as in human bodies and in plants - the rose growths are normally removed and the minerals that they used are replaced by the seaweed. Tonks rose formula may be used instead or what this individual states in his article on Feeding Roses for Garden Display.

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Photo 18 - tree 114 from mirimar to funchal pavement lawn IMG_0025.JPG

 

Photo 19 - tree 114 from mirimar to funchal pavement lawn IMG_0024.JPG

 

Photo 20 - tree 114 from mirimar to funchal pavement lawn IMG_0024.JPG

This tree within this lawn area is growing well despite the grass above its roots.

At least there is a little area round the tree that has been cleared of grass and you can see that it is growing a large amount of foliage.

By the way, the roots of this tree most likely cover the whole area under this island of grass, since tree roots can extend up to 3 times their height in their search for soil water, soil air, organic matter, minerals and soil organisms in order to grow.

 

 

Photo 143 - tree 114 from mirimar to funchal pavement lawn IMG_0026.JPG

Also shown on Damage to tree trunks in Madeira caused by People Page 4.
This is a deep hole which is slowly weakening this tree.

Photo 21 - tree 114 from mirimar to funchal pavement lawn irrigation spray IMG_0030.JPG

Irrigation sprayer in the lawn, which keeps this tree growing as well as the lawn to produce another example of this tree's foliage.

Photo 22 - tree 114 from mirimar to funchal pavement lawn pollarded tree IMG_0027.JPG

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Photo 23 - tree 152 from funchal roundabout to cathedral proper tree in lawn IMG_0120.JPG

This tree is right in the middle of the commercial area in Funchal. I am grateful to see that no one has pollarded it yet.

What a beuatiful sight even though it is dormant.

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Photo 24 - tree 156 from golden gate to harbour ferns and palm IMG_0143.JPG

Tree ferns and palm appear to survive well even though they are surrounded by grass and less than 100 metres from the sea in the harbour.
Since the grass is green, one assumes that this area is irrigated and has been for years.

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This website is being created by Chris Garnons-Williams of Ivydene Horticultural Services from it's start in 2005.

I am requesting free colour photographs of any plants grown in or sold in the United Kingdom to add to the plants in the Plant Photographic Galleries and Butterfly photographs for the Butterfly on Plant Photographic Galleries.

 

Site design and content copyright ©April 2007. Page structure amended October 2012. Page structure changed February 2019 for pages concerning Trees in pavements alongside roads in Madeira. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

It should be remembered that nothing is sold from this educational site, it simply tries to give you the best advice on what to use and where to get it (About Chris Garnons-Williams page details that no payment or commision to or from any donor of photos or adverts I place on the site in the Useful Data or other sections is made to Chris Garnons-Williams or Ivydene Horticultural Services). This website is a hobby and not for direct commercial gain for Ivydene Horticultural Services. There is no Google Adscenes or Search Facility in this website.

The information on this site is usually Verdana 14pt text and all is in tabular form. This can be downloaded and sorted using WORD or other word-processing software into the order that you personally require, especially for soil subsidence, the Companion Planting Tables and the pages in the Plants section. This would be suitable for use in education as well.

I put jokes in at various places to give you a smile.

 

Main Menu to Site Map of each of the Topics, with a * after Topic you are viewing.
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............

Topic - Flower/Foliage Colour
Colour Wheel Galleries

Following your choice using Garden Style then that changes your Plant Selection Process
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Index

or
you could use these Flower Colour Wheels with number of colours
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with its
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Structure of this Website with

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or
these Foliage Colour Wheels structures, which I have done but until I can take the photos and I am certain of the plant label's validity, these may not progress much further
All Foliage 212
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All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212

or
Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index

............


 

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery

Butterfly
Usage of Plants
by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly usage of
Plant A-C
Plant C-M
Plant N-W
Butterfly usage of Plant

followed by all the Wild Flower Family Pages:-

There are 180 families in the Wildflowers of the UK and they have been split up into 22 Galleries to allow space for up to 100 plants per gallery.

Each plant named in each of the Wildflower Family Pages may have a link to its Plant Description Page in its Common Name in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries and will have links to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name, to see photos in its Flowering Months and to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.


57(o)58 Crucifer (Cabbage/ Mustard) 1
indicates 57 Plant Description Pages with photos and 58 plants with photos in that Crucifer Family Page 1:-

Wild Flower

ad borage gallery
...(o)2 Adder's Tongue
...Amaranth
...(o)3 Arrow-Grass
...(o)4 Arum
...1(o)1 Balsam
...Bamboo
...2(o)2 Barberry
...(o)10 Bedstraw
...(o)7 Beech
...(o)12 Bellflower
...(o)5 Bindweed
...(o)4 Birch
...(o)1 Birds-Nest
...(o)1 Birthwort
...(o)2 Bogbean
...(o)1 Bog Myrtle
...(o)23 Borage

box crowberry gallery
...1(o)1 Box
...(o)11 Broomrape
...2(o)2 Buckthorn
...(o)1 Buddleia
...(o)1 Bur-reed
...29(o)30 Buttercup
...(o)6 Butterwort
...6(o)6 Clubmoss
...(o)2 Cornel (Dogwood)
...(o)1 Crowberry

cabbages gallery
...57(o)58 Crucifer (Cabbage/ Mustard) 1
...(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2

cypress cud gallery
...Cypress
...(o)4 Daffodil
...(o)23 Daisy
...(o)21 Daisy Cudweeds
...(o)16 Daisy Chamomiles
...3(o)22 Daisy Thistle
...(o)17 Daisy Catsears

hawk dock gallery
...(o)5 Daisy Hawkweeds
...(o)5 Daisy Hawksbeards
...(o)2 Daphne
...(o)1 Diapensia
...(o)10 Dock Bistorts
...(o)7 Dock Sorrels

duckw fern gallery
...(o)4 Duckweed
...(o)1 Eel-Grass
...(o)2 Elm

figwort fum gallery
...(o)24 Figwort - Mulleins
...(o)21 Figwort - Speedwells
...2(o)2 Filmy Fern
...(o)4 Flax
...(o)1 Flowering-Rush
...(o)3 Frog-bit
...7(o)7 Fumitory

g goosefoot gallery
...1(o)10 Gentian
...(o)16 Geranium
...(o)4 Glassworts
...(o)2 Gooseberry
...(o)13 Goosefoot

grasses123 gallery
...(o)8 Grass 1
...(o)8 Grass 2
...(o)8 Grass 3

g brome gallery
...(o)8 Soft Bromes 1
...(o)8 Soft Bromes 2
...(o)9 Soft Bromes 3

h lobelia gallery
...(o)2 Hazel
...(o)15 Heath
...(o)1 Hemp
...(o)1 Herb-Paris
...(o)1 Holly
...(o)7 Honeysuckle
...(o)1 Horned-Pondweed
...2(o)2 Hornwort
...5(o)5 Horsetail
...(o)9 Iris
...(o)1 Ivy
...(o)1 Jacobs Ladder
...(o)17 Lily
...(o)7 Lily Garlic
...(o)2 Lime
...(o)2 Lobelia

l olive gallery
...(o)1 Loosestrife
...(o)5 Mallow
...(o)4 Maple
...(o)1 Mares-tail
...(o)1 Marsh Pennywort
...1(o)1 Melon (Gourd/ Cucumber)
...(o)2 Mesembry-anthemum
...3(o)3 Mignonette
...3(o)3 Milkwort
...(o)1 Mistletoe
...(o)1 Moschatel
...Naiad
...4(o)4 Nettle
...(o)7 Nightshade
...(o)1 Oleaster
...(o)3 Olive

orchid parn gallery
...(o)22 Orchid 1
...(o)22 Orchid 2

peaflowers gallery
...(o)20 Peaflower
...(o)31 Peaflower Clover
...(o)18 Peaflower Vetches/Peas
...(o)1 Parnassus-Grass

peony pink gallery
...Peony
...(o)1 Periwinkle
...Pillwort
...Pine
...7(o)23 Pink 1
...7(o)24 Pink 2

p rockrose gallery
...Pipewort
...(o)1 Pitcher-Plant
...(o)6 Plantain
...26(o)27 Polypody
...(o)4 Pondweed
...8(o)8 Poppy
...16(o)16 Primrose
...3(o)3 Purslane
...Quillwort
...Rannock Rush
...2(o)2 Reedmace
...4(o)4 Rockrose

rose12 gallery
...(o)30 Rose 1
...(o)23 Rose 2
...1(o)1 Royal Fern

rush saxi gallery
...(o)1 Rush
...(o)1 Rush Woodrushes
...9(o)9 Saint Johns Wort
...Saltmarsh Grasses
...(o)1 Sandalwood
...(o)1 Saxifrage

sea sedge2 gallery
...Seaheath
...1(o)3 Sea Lavender
...(o)2 Sedge Rush-like
...(o)1 Sedges Carex 1
...1(o)1 Sedges Carex 2

sedge3 crop gallery
...(o)1 Sedges Carex 3
...(o)1 Sedges Carex 4
...(o)1 Spindle-Tree
...(o)13 Spurge
...(o)1 Stonecrop

sun thyme gallery
...(o)1 Sundew
...1(o)1 Tamarisk
...Tassel Pondweed
...(o)4 Teasel
...(o)20 Thyme 1
...(o)21 Thyme 2

umb violet gallery
...15(o)15 Umbellifer 1
...15(o)15 Umbellifer 2
...(o)5 Valerian
...(o)1 Verbena
...11(o)11 Violet

water yew gallery
...1(o)1 Water Fern
...2(o)2 Waterlily
...1(o)1 Water Milfoil
...1(o)1 Water Plantain
...2(o)2 Water Starwort
...Waterwort
...(o)9 Willow
...(o)1 Willow-Herb
...(o)5 Wintergreen
...(o)1 Wood-Sorrel
...Yam
...Yew

The Site Map Page that you link to from the Menu in the above row for the Wildflower Gallery contains all the native UK plants which have their Plant Description Pages in the other 22 Wildflower Galleries. It also has Wildflower Index Pages, Flower Colour Comparison Pages and links to the 180 Wildflower Family Pages as shown in the menu above.


 

 

Links to external websites like the link to "the Man walking in front of car to warn pedestrians of a horseless vehicle approaching" would be correct when I inserted it after March 2007, but it is possible that those horseless vehicles may now exceed the walking pace of that man and thus that link will currently be br
ok en .... .....

My advice is Google the name on the link and see if you can find the new link. If you sent me an email after clicking Ivydene Horticultural Services text under the Worm Logo on any page, then; as the first after March 2010 you would be the third emailer since 2007, I could then change that link in that 1 of the 15,743 pages. Currently (August 2016), I can receive but not send emails, so please provide phone number/country or full postal address if reply required.

 


Other websites provide you with cookies - I am sorry but I am too poor to afford them. If I save the pennies from my pension for the next visitor, I am almost certain in March 2023, that I could afford to make that 4th visitor to this website a Never Fail Cake. I would then be able to save for more years for the postage.

 

It is worth remembering that especially with roses that the colour of the petals of the flower may change - The following photos are of Rosa 'Lincolnshire Poacher' which I took on the same day in R.V. Roger's Nursery Field:-

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Closed Bud

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Opening Bud

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Juvenile Flower

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Older Juvenile Flower

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Middle-aged Flower - Flower Colour in Season in its
Rose Description Page is
"Buff Yellow, with a very slight pink tint at the edges in May-October."

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Mature Flower

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Juvenile Flower and Dying Flower

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Form of Rose Bush

There are 720 roses in the Rose Galleries; many of which have the above series of pictures in their respective Rose Description Page.

So one might avoid the disappointment that the 2 elephants had when their trunks were entwined instead of them each carrying their trunk using their own trunk, and your disappointment of buying a rose to discover that the colour you bought it for is only the case when it has its juvenile flowers; if you look at all the photos of the roses in the respective Rose Description Page!!!!

 

Fragrant Plants adds the use of another of your 5 senses in your garden:-

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves.

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark.

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil
.

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soi
l.

Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
.

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers.

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves.

Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves.

Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers.

Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit.

Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers.

Night-scented Flowering Plants.

Scented Aquatic Plants.

Plants with Scented Fruits.

Plants with Scented Roots.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums.

Scented Cacti and Succulents.

Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell.