Ivydene Gardens Plants:
Groundcover Plant
Name - E

The plants normally selected by most landscapers and designers are by nature low-growing, rampant, spreading, creep-crawly things and yet the concept of ground cover demands no such thing. The ideal description of a groundcover plant includes:-

  • a bold dense mass of leaves completely covering the ground most of the year; evergreens gain gold stars.
  • They should require little or no maintenance - if you have to give the plant more than its share of attention, you might as well save your money and spend the time weeding.
  • use the plant on ground areas that are difficult to maintain, such as steep banks or boggy patches.
  • use the plant to cover areas where not much will grow, such as deep shade or sandy soils.

Ground Cover a thousand beautiful plants for difficult places by John Cushnie (ISBN 1 85626 326 6) provides details of plants that fulfill the above requirements.

Using these groundcover plants in your planting scheme (either between your trees/shrubs in the border or for the whole border) will - with mulching your beds to a 4 inch depth and an irrigation system - provide you with a planted garden with far less time required for border maintainance.

Plant Name

with link to page with photos and mail-order nursery in Comments Row

Type

with link to mail-order nursery in UK

Height x Spread in inches (cms)

Foliage

with link to mail-order nursery in USA

Flower Colour in Month(s)

Comments

Echinops bannaticus 'Blue Globe'

Herbaceous Perennial 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

36 x 24 (90 x 60)

Spiny, Hairy, Grey-Green.

Dark Blue in
August-September

"Globe Thistle". Globe-like spiky flower heads. Clump-forming

Echinops ritro
'Veitch's Blue'

Herbaceous Perennial 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

36 x 18 (90 x 45)

Spiny Dark Green above, White-downy below

Dark Blue in
September

Good for cutting. Clump-forming

Echinops sphaerocephalus

Herbaceous Perennial 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

72 x 36 (180 x 90)

Spiny Grey-Green

Silvery-Grey in
August-September

Clump-forming

Echium wildpretii

Evergreen Biennial 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

72 x 24 (180 x 60)

Silver hairy, Light Green

Red in
June-August

 

Eleagnus angustifolia

Deciduous Shrub above 72 inches (180 cms) in height

240 x 240 (600 x 600)

Silvery-Grey

Creamy-Yellow in
June

 

Eleagnus commutata

Deciduous Shrub above 72 inches (180 cms) in height

144 x 72 (360 x 180)

Intensely Silver

Yellow-White in
May

 

Eleagnus ebbingei
'Gilt Edge'

Evergreen Shrub above 72 inches (180 cms) in height

156 x 96 (390 x 240)

Green, Yellow margins

Silvery-White in October-November

 

Eleagnus ebbingei 'Limelight'

Deciduous Shrub above 72 inches (180 cms) in height

120 x 120 (300 x 300)

Silvery young leaves, become marked with Yellow and Pale Green in the centres

Creamy-White in
October-December

 

Enkianthus campanulatus

Deciduous Shrub above 72 inches (180 cms) in height

144 x 144 (360 x 360)

Dull Green in Spring and Summer, Bright Red in Autumn

Creamy-Yellow in
May

 

Epilobium angustifolium f. album

Deciduous Rhizome Perennial 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

60 x 36 (150 x 90)

Pale to Mid-Green

White in
August-October

 

Epimedium pubigerum

Evergreen Rhizome Perennial below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

18 x 18 (45 x 45)

Glossy Mid-Green

Creamy-White in
May-June

 

Epimedium rubrum

Deciduous Rhizome Perennial below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

12 x 12 (30 x 30)

Flushed Red when young, turning Red and Reddish Brown in Autumn, and remaining throughout Winter

Crimson and Pale Yellow in
May-June

 

Epimedium x versicolor 'Neo-sulphureum'

Evergreen Rhizome Perennial below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

12 x 12 (30 x 30)

Reddish-Purple in Spring, Dark Green in Summer and Autumn

Pale Yellow in
April-May

 

Eranthis cilicica

Herbaceous Tuber Perennial below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

2 x 3 (5 x 7)

Glossy, Bronze-tinged, Mid-Green

Bright Yellow in
April

Cup-shaped flowers

Eranthis hyemalis

Herbaceous Tuber Perennial below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

2 x 2 (5 x 5)

Bright Green

Bright Yellow in
March-April

"Winter aconite".

Eranthis x tubergenii 'Guinea Gold'

Herbaceous Tuber Perennial below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

4 x 2 (10 x 5)

Bronze-Green

Golden in
March

 

Erica arborea
'Albert's Gold'

Evergreen Shrub above 72 inches (180 cms) in height

78 x 32 (195 x 80)

Golden

White in
March-May

"Tree Heath". Seldom bears flowers.

Erica arborea
var. alpina

Evergreen Shrub above 72 inches (180 cms) in height

78 x 34 (195 x 85)

Mid-Green

White in
March-May

"Tree Heath".

Erica arborea
'Estrella Gold'

Evergreen Shrub 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

48 x 30 (120 x 75)

Lime Green tipped bright Yellow

White in
April-May

"Tree Heath".

Erica carnea
'Ann Sparkes'

Evergreen Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

6 x 10 (15 x 25)

Orange with bronze tips in Spring, Summer and Autumn, Crimson in Winter

Rose Pink in
February-May
Ericacarneaannsparkescflogarnonswilliams

"Alpine Heath, Winter Heath".

"Erica carnea is one of the hardiest of all heaths, and very easy to grow in almost any soil. Exceptionally hardy, they are able to flower through snow and ice, and are also tolerant of lime. Their dwarf hugging habit make them ideal weed smotherers, and trimming is only required every few years." from Ashwood Nurseries

Erica carnea
'Barry Sellers
'

Evergreen Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

6 x 12 (15 x 30)

Yellow in Spring, Summer and Autumn, Orange in Winter

Deep Pink in
January-April

"Alpine Heath, Winter Heath".

Erica carnea 'Challenger'

Evergreen Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

6 x 18 (15 x 45)

Dark Green

Magenta in
January-April
ericacarneacfloschallengerdeeproot1

"Alpine Heath, Winter Heath".

Erica carnea
'December Red'

Evergreen Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

6 x 18 (15 x 45)

Mid-Green

Pink in
December-February

"Alpine Heath, Winter Heath".

Erica carnea
'Eileen Porter'

Evergreen Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

8 x 8 (20 x 20)

Dark Green

Magenta with Cream sepals in
January-April

"Alpine Heath, Winter Heath".

Erica carnea 'Foxhollow'

Evergreen Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

6 x 16 (25 x 40)

Yellow with Bronze tips in Spring, Summer and Autumn, Orange/Red in Winter

Heliotrope in
January-April
Ericacarneafoxhollowcflo1garnonswilliams

"Alpine Heath, Winter Heath".

Erica carnea 'Heathwood'

Evergreen Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

6 x 14 (25 x 35)

Dark Bronze Green

Lilac Pink in
February-April
Ericacarneaheathwoodcflogarnonswilliams

"Alpine Heath, Winter Heath".

Erica carnea
'March Seedling'

Evergreen Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

6 x 12 (15 x 30).6

Mid-Green

Heliotrope in
February-May

"Alpine Heath, Winter Heath".

Erica carnea
'Myretoun Ruby'

Evergreen Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

6 x 18 (15 x 45)

Dark Green

Pink in
January-May
Ericacarneamyretounrubycflo1garnonswilliams

"Alpine Heath, Winter Heath".

Erica carnea
'Pink Spangles'

Evergreen Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

6 x 18 (15 x 45)

Mid-Green

Shell Pink in
January-May

"Alpine Heath, Winter Heath".

Erica carnea
'R.B. Cooke'

Evergreen Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

6 x 18 (15 x 45)

Mid-Green

Pink/Mauve in
December-May

"Alpine Heath, Winter Heath".

Erica carnea
'Springwood Pink'

Evergreen Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

6 x 16 (25 x 40)

Bronze in Spring, Mid-Green in Summer, Autumn and Winter

Pink in
December-May

"Alpine Heath, Winter Heath".

Erica carnea
'Springwood White'

Evergreen Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

6 x 6 (15 x 15)

Bright Green

White in
February-March
Ericacarneaspringwoodwhitecflogarnonswilliams

"Alpine Heath, Winter Heath".

Erica carnea
'Vivellii'

Evergreen Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

10 x 14 (25 x 35)

Bronze

Purplish-Pink in
January-April
Ericacarneavivelliicflogarnonswilliams

"Alpine Heath, Winter Heath".

Erica carnea
'Westwood Yellow'

Evergreen Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

6 x 12 (15 x 30)

Yellow

Shell Pink in
February-April

"Alpine Heath, Winter Heath".

Erica ciliaris
'Corfe Castle'

Deciduous Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

9 x 14 (23 x 35)

Mid-Green, turns Bronze-Green in Winter

Rose-Pink in
August-October

"Dorset Heath".

Erica ciliaris
'David McClintock'

Deciduous Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

16 x 18 (40 x 45)

Dark Green above, White beneath

White Base with Purplish-Pink mouths in
August-October

"Dorset Heath".

Erica cinerea
'C.D. Eason'

 

See others in
Erica cinerea Gallery

Evergreen Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

11 x 20 (27 x 50)

Dark Green

Magenta in
June-September

"Bell Heather". Good Ground Cover.

"Erica cinerea species are commonly found on drier moors and heathlands, well worth growing for the great richness and range of their flowers. They enjoy an open, sunny position, and should be planted with plenty of peat. Acid soil is essential to grow this species successfully. Only taller varieties require pruning." from Ashwood Nurseries

Erica cinerea
'Fiddler's Gold'

Evergreen Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

10 x 18 (25 x 45)

Golden Yellow that deepens to Red

Lilac Pink in
July-August

"Bell Heather".

Erica cinerea
'Golden Hue'

Evergreen Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

14 x 28 (35 x 70)

Pale Yellow in Spring, Summer and Autumn, Yellow with Orange tips in Winter

Amethyst in
July-October

"Bell Heather".

Erica cinerea
'Pink Ice'

Evergreen Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

6 x 14 (25 x 35)

Deep Green that is Bronze when young and in Winter

Rose Pink in
July-November

"Bell Heather".

Erica darleyensis
'Ada S. Collings'

Evergreen Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

8 x 18 (20 x 45)

Dark Green

White in
December-May

"Darley Dale Heath".

"Erica x darleyensis cultivars are exceptionally hardy plants and vigorous growers. Easy to grow, they are also ideal as weed smotherers. They are lime tolerant and will flower over a long period." from Ashwood Nurseries

Erica darleyensis
'Darley Dale'

Evergreen Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

12 x 22 (30 x 55)

Mid-Green with Cream tips in Spring, Mid-Green in Summer, Autumn and Winter

Shell Pink in
November-April

"Darley Dale Heath".

Erica darleyensis
'Furzey'

Evergreen Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

14 x 24 (35 x 60)

Dark Green with Pink tips in Spring, Dark Green in Summer, Autumn and Winter

Lilac Pink in
December-May

"Darley Dale Heath".

Erica darleyensis
'Ghost Hills'

Evergreen Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

12 x 25 (30 x 62)

Light Green with Cream tips in Spring, Light Green in Summer, Autumn and Winter

Pink in
November-May

"Darley Dale Heath".

Erica darleyensis
'J.W. Porter'

Evergreen Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

12 x 24 (30 x 60)

Mid-Green with Cream tips in Spring, Mid-Green in Summer, Autumn and Winter

Heliotrope in
January-May

"Darley Dale Heath".

Erica darleyensis
'Jack H. Brummage'

Evergreen Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

12 x 24 (30 x 60)

Yellow-Orange

Heliotrope in
January-May

"Darley Dale Heath".

Erica darleyensis
'Kramers Rote'

Evergreen Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

14 x 24 (35 x 60)

Dark Bronze-Green

Magenta in
January-April
Ericadarleyensiskramersrotecflogarnonswilliams

"Darley Dale Heath".

Erica darleyensis
'Margaret Porter'

Evergreen Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

8 x 18 (20 x 45)

Mid-Green with Cream tips in Spring, Mid-Green in Summer, Autumn and Winter

Lilac in
December-May

"Darley Dale Heath".

Erica darleyensis
'Silberschmeize'

Evergreen Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

14 x 32 (35 x 80)

Faintly Cream-tipped Deep-Green in Spring, later Deep Green, Tinged Red in Winter

Ashen White in
December-May
Ericadarleyensissilberschmeizecflogarnonswilliams

"Darley Dale Heath".

Erica darleyensis
'White Perfection'

Evergreen Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

16 x 28 (40 x 70)

Bright Green

White in
December-April

"Darley Dale Heath".

Erica erigena
'Golden Lady'

Evergreen Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

12 x 16 (30 x 40)

Bright Golden Yellow

White in
February-April

"Irish Heath, Mediterranean Heath".

"Erica erigena are a lime tolerant species, with a shapely habit making a good architectural inclusion in the heather garden. This group provides a valuable link between the main heather flowering seasons of winter and summer." from Ashwood Nurseries

Erica erigena
'Irish Dusk'

Evergreen Shrub 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

24 x 18 (60 x 45)

Dark Grey-Green

Rose Pink in
November-May

"Irish Heath, Mediterranean Heath".

Erica erigena
'W.T. Rackliff'

Evergreen Shrub 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

30 x 22 (75 x 55)

Rich Green

White in
February-June

"Irish Heath, Mediterranean Heath".

Erica stuartii
'Irish Lemon'

Evergreen Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

10 x 32 (25 x 80)

Lemon Yellow in Spring, Green in Summer, Autumn and Winter

Mauve in
May-September

 

Erica tetralix
'L.E. Underwood'

Deciduous Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

10 x 20 (25 x 50)

Grey-Green above, White beneath

Magenta in
August-October

"Cross-leaved Heath".

Erica tetralix
'Pink Star'

Deciduous Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

8 x 14 (20 x 35)

Grey-Green above, White beneath

Lilac-Pink in
August-October

"Cross-leaved Heath".

Erica vagans
'Cornish Cream'

Evergreen Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

14 x 26 (35 x 65)

Bright Green

Off White in
August-November

"Cornish Heath, Wandering Heath".

"The Cornish heath - Erica vagans - make a vigorous, spreading shrub with attractive flowers in late summer and early autumn. The faded flowers add colour in winter, with shades of brown and russet. It prefers an open sunny position in any well drained soil. It will require pruning each spring to keep plants in shape." from Ashwood Nurseries

Erica vagans
'Mrs D.F. Maxwell'

Evergreen Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

12 x 18 (30 x 45)

Dark Green

Rose Pink in
August-October

"Cornish Heath, Wandering Heath".

Erigeron 'Charity'

Herbaceous Perennial 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

24 x 18 (60 x 45)

Dark Green

Lilac-Pink in
July-August

 

Erigeron karvinskianus

Deciduous Rhizome Alpine below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

12 x 36 (30 x 90)

Hairy Grey- Green

Yellow centred flowers opening White and fading through Pink to Purple in
July-September

 

Erinacea anthyllis

Evergreen Sub-Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

12 x 36 (30 x 90)

Dark Grey-Green

Violet-Blue
in May-June

"Hedgehog Broom".

Eriobotrya japonica

Evergreen Tree above 72 inches (180 cms) in height

300 x 300 (750 x 750)

Dark Green

Fragrant White in
October-April

"Loquat".

Eriophyllum lanatum

Herbaceous Perennial below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

18 x 18 (45 x 45)

Silvery-Grey

Bright Yellow in
June-September

"Golden Yarrow, Woolly Sunflower".

Erodium manescavi

Herbaceous Perennial below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

18 x 8 (45 x 20)

Mid-Green

Magenta-Purple in
July-October

"Heron's bill, Stork's bill".

Eryngium alpinum

Herbaceous Perennial 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

28 x 18 (70 x 45)

Mid-Green

Steel-Blue or White in
August-October

"Sea Holly".

Eryngium planum

Evergreen Perennial 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

36 x 18 (90 x 45)

Dark Green

Light Blue in
August-September

"Sea Holly".

Erysimum
'Bowles' Mauve'

Evergreen Perennial 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

30 x 24 (75 x 60)

Grey-Green

Mauve in
March-September

 

Erysimum cheiri

Evergreen Perennial 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

23 x 12 (58 x 30)

Dark Green

Bright Yellow-Orange in
April-May

"Wallflower".

Erythronium
dens-canis

Herbaceous Bulb below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

6 x 5 (15 x 12)

Mid-Green marbled purplish-Brown

White, Pink or Lilac in
April-June

"European Dog's-Tooth Violet".

Escallonia
'Apple Blossom'

Evergreen Shrub above 72 inches (180 cms) in height

84 x 96 (210 x 240)

Glossy Dark Green

Pink in
June-July

 

Escallonia
'Donard Radiance'

Evergreen Shrub above 72 inches (180 cms) in height

84 x 96 (210 x 240)

Glossy Dark Green

Rose-Red in
June-July

 

Escallonia
'Edinensis'

Evergreen Shrub 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

72 x 120 (180 x 300)

Glossy Dark Green

Pinkish-Red in
July-August

 

Escallonia 'Langleyensis'

Evergreen Shrub 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

72 x 120 (180 x 300)

Glossy Dark Green

Bright Rose-Red in
July-August

 

Escallonia
'Pride of Donard'

Evergreen Shrub 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

60 x 96 (150 x 240)

Glossy Dark Green

Light Red in
July-August

 

Escallonia rubra
var. macrantha

Evergreen Shrub above 72 inches (180 cms) in height

120 x 120 (300 x 300)

Glossy Dark Green

Rose-Red in
June-August

 

Eucalyptus gunnii

Evergreen Tree above 72 inches (180 cms) in height

840 x 240 (2100 x 600)

Silver-Blue in Spring, Blue-Green in Summer, Autumn and Winter

White in
July

"Gum Tree".

Eucalyptus pauciflora subsp. niphophil

Evergreen Tree above 72 inches (180 cms) in height

240 x 360 (600 x 900)

Grey-Green

...

"Alpine Snow Gum".

Eucryphia x nymansensis 'Nymansay'

Evergreen Tree above 72 inches (180 cms) in height

480 x 300 (1200 x 750)

Dark Green above, paler beneath

White in
August-September

 

Euonymus fortunei 'Emerald and Gold'

Evergreen Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

18 x 24 (45 x 60)

Green edged Yellow in Spring, Summer and Autumn, Green edged Red in Winter

Greenish-White in
June-July

 

Euonymus fortunei
'Sarcoxie'

Evergreen Shrub 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

48 x 48 (120 x 120)

Glossy Dark Green

...

 

Euonymus alatus
'Compactus'

Deciduous Shrub 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

36 x 120 (90 x 300)

Dark Green in Spring and Summer, Brilliant Dark Red in Autumn

Greenish-White in
June-August

 

Euonymus fortunei
'Silver Queen'

Evergreen Shrub above 2 feet in height

96 x 60 (240 x 150)

Yellow in Spring, Green with White margins in Summer, Autumn and Winter

Greenish-White in
April-May

 

Eupatorium cannabinum

Herbaceous Perennial 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

60 x 48 (150 x 120)

Mid to Dark Green

Pink, Purple or White in
July-October

"Hemp Agrimony".

Euphorbia amygdaloides

Evergreen Perennial 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

30 x 12 (75 x 30)

Matt Dark Green above, Red beneath

Greenish-Yellow in
May-July

"Wood Spurge".

Euphorbia amygdaloides
var. robbiae

Evergreen Perennial below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

18 x 24 (45 x 60)

Shiny Dark Green

Lime-Green in
April-May

 

Euphorbia characias subsp. wulfenii

Evergreen Shrub 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

36 x 36 (90 x 90)

Grey-Green

Yellow-Green in
April-June

 

Euphorbia cyparissias

Herbaceous Perennial below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

12 x indefinite (30 x indefinite)

Bluish-Green, turn Yellow in Autumn

Yellow-Green in
June-August

"Cypress Spurge".

Euphorbia griffithii

Herbaceous Perennial 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

36 x 24 (90 x 60)

Dark Green, turn Red and Yellow in Autumn

Yellow and Red in
July

 

Euphorbia myrsinites

Evergreen Alpine below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

4 x 12 (10 x 30)

Blue-Grey

Greenish-Yellow
in April-June

 

Euphorbia polychroma

Evergreen Perennial below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

20 x 20 (50 x 50)

Mid-Green

Bright Yellow in
April-May

 

Euryops acraeus

Evergreen Alpine below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

12 x 12 (30 x 30)

Silvery-Grey

Deep Yellow
in June-July

 

Exochorda x macrantha
'The Bride'

Deciduous Shrub 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

72 x 96 (180 x 240)

Light to Mid-Green

White in
May-June

 

 

Height in inches (cms):-

25.4mm = 1 inch
304.8mm = 12 inches
12 inches = 1 foot
3 feet = 1 yard
914.4mm = 1 yard

I normally round this to
25mm = 1 inch
300mm = 30 cms = 12 inches =1 foot,
900 mm = 3 feet = 1 yard and
1000mm = 100 cms = 1 metre = 40 inches

Site design and content copyright ©December 2006. Page structure changed September 2012. Height x Spread in feet changed to Height x Spread in inches (cms) June 2015. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

 

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Trees for Small Garden
Wildflower
Photos - Wildflowers


Plant Selection by Plant Type
Level 2d
Alpine
Photos - Evergr Per
Photos - Herbac Per
Photos - RHS Herbac
Photos - Rock Garden
Annual
Bamboo
Photos - Bamboo
Biennial

Bulb
Photos - Bulb
Climber
Photos - Climber
Conifer
Deciduous Rhizome
Deciduous Shrub
Photos - Decid Shrub
Evergreen Perennial
Photos - Evergr Per
Evergreen Shrub
Photos - Evergr Shrub
Fern
Photos - Fern
Fruit Plant
Grass
Herb
Herbaceous Perennial
Photos - Herbac Per
Remaining Top Fruit
Soft Fruit
Sub-Shrub
Top Fruit
Tuber
Vegetable
Photos - Vegetable

 

 

 

 

Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines

PLANTS PAGE MENU

 


REFINING SELECTION
Plant Selection by
Flower Colour
Level 3a
Blue Flowers
Photos - Bedding
Photos - Bulb
Photos - Climber
Photos - Evergr Per
Photos - Evergr Shrub
Photos - Wild Flower

Orange Flowers
Photos - Bedding
Photos - Wild Flower

Other Colour Flowers
Photos - Bedding
Photos - Bulb
Photos - Climber
Photos - Evergr Per
Photos - Evergr Shrub
Photos - Wild Flower

Red Flowers
Photos - Bedding
Photos - Bulb
Photos - Climber
Photos - Decid Shrub
Photos - Evergr Per
Photos - Evergr Shrub
Photos - Herbac Per
Photos - Rose
Photos - Wild Flower

White Flowers
Photos - Bedding
Photos - Bulb
Photos - Climber
Photos - Decid Shrub
Photos - Decid Tree
Photos - Evergr Per
Photos - Evergr Shrub
Photos - Herbac Per
Photos - Rose
Photos - Wild Flower

Yellow Flowers
Photos - Bedding
Photos - Bulb
Photos - Climber
Photos - Decid Shrub
Photos - Evergr Per
Photos - Evergr Shrub
Photos - Herbac Per
Photos - Rose
Photos - Wild Flower


Photos - 53 Colours in its Colour Wheel Gallery

Photos - 12 Flower Colours per Month in its Bloom Colour Wheel Gallery


Plant Selection by Flower Shape
Level 3b
Photos - Bedding
Photos - Evergr Per
Photos - Herbac Per


Plant Selection by Foliage Colour
Level 3c
Aromatic Foliage
Finely Cut Leaves
Large Leaves
Other
Non-Green Foliage 1
Non-Green Foliage 2
Sword-shaped Leaves

 


PRUNING
Plant Selection by Pruning Requirements
Level 4
Pruning Plants

 


GROUNDCOVER PLANT DETAIL
Plant Selection Level 5
Plant Name - A
Plant Name - B
Plant Name - C
Plant Name - D
Plant Name - E
Plant Name - F
Plant Name - G
Plant Name - H
Plant Name - I
Plant Name - J
Plant Name - K
Plant Name - L
Plant Name - M
Plant Name - N
Plant Name - O
Plant Name - P
Plant Name - Q
Plant Name - R
Plant Name - S
Plant Name - T
Plant Name - U
Plant Name - V
Plant Name - W
Plant Name - XYZ

 


Then, finally use
COMPANION PLANTING to
aid your plant selected or to
deter Pests
Plant Selection Level 6

 

To locate mail-order nursery for plants from the UK in this gallery try using search in RHS Find a Plant.

To locate plants in the European Union (EU) try using Search Term in Gardens4You and Meilland Richardier in France.

To locate mail-order nursery for plants from America in this gallery try using search in Plant Lust.

To locate plant information in Australia try using Plant Finder in Gardening Australia.

 

The following details come from Cactus Art:-

"A flower is the the complex sexual reproductive structure of Angiosperms, typically consisting of an axis bearing perianth parts, androecium (male) and gynoecium (female).    

Bisexual flower show four distinctive parts arranged in rings inside each other which are technically modified leaves: Sepal, petal, stamen & pistil. This flower is referred to as complete (with all four parts) and perfect (with "male" stamens and "female" pistil). The ovary ripens into a fruit and the ovules inside develop into seeds.

Incomplete flowers are lacking one or more of the four main parts. Imperfect (unisexual) flowers contain a pistil or stamens, but not both. The colourful parts of a flower and its scent attract pollinators and guide them to the nectary, usually at the base of the flower tube.

partsofaflowersmallest

 

Androecium (male Parts or stamens)
It is made up of the filament and anther, it is the pollen producing part of the plant.
Anther This is the part of the stamen that produces and contains pollen. 
Filament This is the fine hair-like stalk that the anther sits on top of.
Pollen This is the dust-like male reproductive cell of flowering plants.

Gynoecium (female Parts or carpels or pistil)
 It is made up of the stigma, style, and ovary. Each pistil is constructed of one to many rolled leaflike structures.
Stigma
This is the part of the pistil  which receives the pollen grains and on which they germinate. 
Style
This is the long stalk that the stigma sits on top of ovary. 
Ovary
The part of the plant that contains the ovules. 
Ovule
The part of the ovary that becomes the seeds. 

Petal 
The colorful, often bright part of the flower (corolla). 
Sepal 
The parts that look like little green leaves that cover the outside of a flower bud (calix). 
(Undifferentiated "Perianth segment" that are not clearly differentiated into sepals and petals, take the names of tepals.)"

 

 

 

The following details come from Nectary Genomics:-

"NECTAR. Many flowering plants attract potential pollinators by offering a reward of floral nectar. The primary solutes found in most nectars are varying ratios of sucrose, glucose and fructose, which can range from as little a 8% (w/w) in some species to as high as 80% in others. This abundance of simple sugars has resulted in the general perception that nectar consists of little more than sugar-water; however, numerous studies indicate that it is actually a complex mixture of components. Additional compounds found in a variety of nectars include other sugars, all 20 standard amino acids, phenolics, alkaloids, flavonoids, terpenes, vitamins, organic acids, oils, free fatty acids, metal ions and proteins.

NECTARIES. An organ known as the floral nectary is responsible for producing the complex mixture of compounds found in nectar. Nectaries can occur in different areas of flowers, and often take on diverse forms in different species, even to the point of being used for taxonomic purposes. Nectaries undergo remarkable morphological and metabolic changes during the course of floral development. For example, it is known that pre-secretory nectaries in a number of species accumulate large amounts of starch, which is followed by a rapid degradation of amyloplast granules just prior to anthesis and nectar secretion. These sugars presumably serve as a source of nectar carbohydrate.

WHY STUDY NECTAR? Nearly one-third of all worldwide crops are dependent on animals to achieve efficient pollination. In addition, U.S. pollinator-dependent crops have been estimated to have an annual value of up to $15 billion. Many crop species are largely self-incompatible (not self-fertile) and almost entirely on animal pollinators to achieve full fecundity; poor pollinator visitation has been reported to reduce yields of certain species by up to 50%."

 

The following details about DOUBLE FLOWERS comes from Wikipedia:-

"Double-flowered" describes varieties of flowers with extra petals, often containing flowers within flowers. The double-flowered trait is often noted alongside the scientific name with the abbreviation fl. pl. (flore pleno, a Latin ablative form meaning "with full flower"). The first abnormality to be documented in flowers, double flowers are popular varieties of many commercial flower types, including roses, camellias and carnations. In some double-flowered varieties all of the reproductive organs are converted to petals — as a result, they are sexually sterile and must be propagated through cuttings. Many double-flowered plants have little wildlife value as access to the nectaries is typically blocked by the mutation.

 

There is further photographic, diagramatic and text about Double Flowers from an education department - dept.ca.uky.edu - in the University of Kentucky in America.

 

"Meet the plant hunter obsessed with double-flowering blooms" - an article from The Telegraph.

 

THE 2 EUREKA EFFECT PAGES FOR UNDERSTANDING SOIL AND HOW PLANTS INTERACT WITH IT OUT OF 15,000:-


Explanation of Structure of this Website with User Guidelines Page for those photo galleries with Photos
(of either ones I have taken myself or others which have been loaned only for use on this website from external sources)

Choose 1 of these different Plant selection Methods:-

 

1. Choose a plant from 1 of 53 flower colours in the Colour Wheel Gallery.

 

2. Choose a plant from 1 of 12 flower colours in each month of the year from 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery.

 

3. Choose a plant from 1 of 6 flower colours per month for each type of plant:-

Aquatic
Bedding
Bulb
Climber
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
Herb
Odds and Sods
Rhododendron
Rose
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Wild Flower

 

4. Choose a plant from its Flower Shape:-

Shape, Form
Index

Flower Shape

 

5. Choose a plant from its foliage:-

Bamboo
Conifer
Fern
Grass
Vegetable

 

6. There are 6 Plant Selection Levels including Bee Pollinated Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers in
Plants Topic.

 

or

 

7. when I do not have my own or ones from mail-order nursery photos , then from March 2016, if you want to start from the uppermost design levels through to your choice of cultivated and wildflower plants to change your Plant Selection Process then use the following galleries:-

  • Create and input all plants known by Amateur Gardening inserted into their Sanders' Encyclopaedia from their edition published in 1960 (originally published by them in 1895) into these
    • Stage 1 - Garden Style Index Gallery,
      then
    • Stage 2 - Infill Plants Index Gallery being the only gallery from these 7 with photos (from Wikimedia Commons) ,
      then
    • Stage 3 - All Plants Index Gallery with each plant species in its own Plant Type Page followed by choice from Stage 4a, 4b, 4c and/or 4d REMEMBERING THE CONSTRAINTS ON THE SELECTION FROM THE CHOICES MADE IN STAGES 1 AND 2
    • Stage 4a - 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery,
    • Stage 4b - 12 Foliage Colours per Month Index Gallery with
    • Stage 4c - Cultivation, Position, Use Index Gallery and
    • Stage 4d - Shape, Form Index Gallery
    • Unfortunately, if you want to have 100's of choices on selection of plants from 1000's of 1200 pixels wide by up to 16,300 pixels in length webpages, which you can jump to from almost any of the pages in these 7 galleries above, you have to put up with those links to those choices being on
      • the left topic menu table,
      • the header of the middle data table and on
      • the page/index menu table on the right of every page of those galleries.

There are other pages on Plants which bloom in each month of the year in this website:-

 

 


Topic
Case Studies
...Drive
...Foundations

Companion Planting
...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants Garden Maintenance
Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary
Plants *
...Poisonous Plants
Soil
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data

................

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
...by Flower Shape

Bulb
...Allium/ Anemone
...Autumn
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Dahlia
...Gladiolus
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Narcissus
...Spring
...Tulip
...Winter
Climber
...Clematis
...Climbers
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evgr
...Heather Shrub
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evgr
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
...P -Herbaceous
...RHS Wisley
...Flower Shape
Herb
Odds and Sods
Rhododendron
Rose
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
...Apple

...Cherry
...Pear
Vegetable

Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
space,
Site Map page in its flower colour
NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
...Brown Note
...Cream Note
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note
Poisonous
Wildflower Plants

............

Topic - Flower/Foliage Colour
Colour Wheel Galleries

Following your choice using Garden Style then that changes your Plant Selection Process
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index

or
you could use these Flower Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12
with its
Explanation of
Structure of this Website with

...User Guidelines
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index
Rock Garden and Alpine Flower Colour Wheel with number of colours
Rock Plant Flowers 53

...Rock Plant Photos

or
these Foliage Colour Wheels structures, which I have done but until I can take the photos and I am certain of the plant label's validity, these may not progress much further
All Foliage 212

All Spring Foliage 212
All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212

or
Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index

............

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly
Usage of Plants
by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly usage of
Plant A-C
Plant C-M
Plant N-W
Butterfly usage of Plant

followed by all the Wild Flower Family Pages:-

There are 180 families in the Wildflowers of the UK and they have been split up into 22 Galleries to allow space for up to 100 plants per gallery.

Each plant named in each of the Wildflower Family Pages may have a link to:-

its Plant Description Page in its Common Name in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries and will have links

to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name,

to see photos in its Flowering Months and

to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.

 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 1


(o)Adder's Tongue
Amaranth
(o)Arrow-Grass
(o)Arum
(o)Balsam
Bamboo
(o)Barberry
(o)Bedstraw
(o)Beech
(o)Bellflower
(o)Bindweed
(o)Birch
(o)Birds-Nest
(o)Birthwort
(o)Bogbean
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Borage
(o)Box
(o)Broomrape
(o)Buckthorn
(o)Buddleia
(o)Bur-reed
(o)Buttercup
(o)Butterwort
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crowberry
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
Cypress
(o)Daffodil
(o)Daisy
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Daphne
(o)Diapensia
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 2


(o)Clubmoss
(o)Duckweed
(o)Eel-Grass
(o)Elm
(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Horsetail
(o)Polypody
Quillwort
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Flax
(o)Flowering-Rush
(o)Frog-bit
(o)Fumitory
(o)Gentian
(o)Geranium
(o)Glassworts
(o)Gooseberry
(o)Goosefoot
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 1
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 2
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 3 (o)Hazel
(o)Heath
(o)Hemp
(o)Herb-Paris
(o)Holly
(o)Honeysuckle
(o)Horned-Pondweed
(o)Hornwort
(o)Iris
(o)Ivy
(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Lime
(o)Lobelia
(o)Loosestrife
(o)Mallow
(o)Maple
(o)Mares-tail
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)
 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 3


(o)Mesem-bryanthemum
(o)Mignonette
(o)Milkwort
(o)Mistletoe
(o)Moschatel
Naiad
(o)Nettle
(o)Nightshade
(o)Oleaster
(o)Olive
(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
(o)Parnassus-Grass
(o)Peaflower
(o)Peaflower Clover 1
(o)Peaflower Clover 2
(o)Peaflower Clover 3
(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
Peony
(o)Periwinkle
Pillwort
Pine
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Pipewort
(o)Pitcher-Plant
(o)Plantain
(o)Pondweed
(o)Poppy
(o)Primrose
(o)Purslane
Rannock Rush
(o)Reedmace
(o)Rockrose
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
(o)Sandalwood
(o)Saxifrage
 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 4


Seaheath
(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
(o)Spindle-Tree
(o)Spurge
(o)Stonecrop
(o)Sundew
(o)Tamarisk
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Teasel
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Valerian
(o)Verbena
(o)Violet
(o)Water Fern
(o)Waterlily
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort
Waterwort
(o)Willow
(o)Willow-Herb
(o)Wintergreen
(o)Wood-Sorrel
(o)Yam
(o)Yew

 

It is worth remembering that especially with roses that the colour of the petals of the flower may change - The following photos are of Rosa 'Lincolnshire Poacher' which I took on the same day in R.V. Roger's Nursery Field:-

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot91a1a1a1

Closed Bud

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot92a1a1a1

Opening Bud

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot93a1a1a1

Juvenile Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot94a1a1a1

Older Juvenile Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot95a1a1a1

Middle-aged Flower - Flower Colour in Season in its
Rose Description Page is
"Buff Yellow, with a very slight pink tint at the edges in May-October."

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot96a1a1a1

Mature Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot97a1a1a1

Juvenile Flower and Dying Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot98a1a1a1

Form of Rose Bush

There are 720 roses in the Rose Galleries; many of which have the above series of pictures in their respective Rose Description Page.

So one might avoid the disappointment that the 2 elephants had when their trunks were entwined instead of them each carrying their trunk using their own trunk, and your disappointment of buying a rose to discover that the colour you bought it for is only the case when it has its juvenile flowers; if you look at all the photos of the roses in the respective Rose Description Page!!!!

 

Plant Selection by Flower Colour

Blue Flowers

Bedding.
Bulb.
Climber.
Evergr Per.
Evergr Shrub.
Wild Flower.
 

Orange Flowers

Bedding.

Wild Flower.

Other Colour Flowers

Bedding.

Bulb.
Climber.
Evergr Per.
Evergr Shrub.
Wild Flower.

Red Flowers

Bedding.

Bulb.
Climber.
Decid Shrub.
Evergr Per.
Evergr Shrub.
Herbac Per.
Rose.
Wild Flower.

White Flowers

Bedding.

Bulb.
Climber.
Decid Shrub.
Decid Tree.
Evergr Per.
Evergr Shrub.
Herbac Per.
Rose.
Wild Flower.
 

Yellow Flowers

Bedding.
Bulb.
Climber.
Decid Shrub.
Evergr Per.
Evergr Shrub.
Herbac Per.
Rose.
Wild Flower.
 

 

 

Fragrant Plants adds the use of another of your 5 senses in your garden:-
Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves.

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark.

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil
.

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
.

Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
.

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers.

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves.

Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves.

Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers.

Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit.

Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers.

Night-scented Flowering Plants.

Scented Aquatic Plants.

Plants with Scented Fruits.

Plants with Scented Roots.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums.

Scented Cacti and Succulents.

Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell.
 

Flower Perfume Group:-

Indoloid Group.

Aminoid Group with scent - Hawthorn.

Heavy Group with scents -
Jonquil and
Lily.

Aromatic Group with scents - Almond,
Aniseed, Balsamic,
Carnation, Cinnamon, Clove,
Spicy and
Vanilla.

Violet Group.

Rose Group.

Lemon Group with scent -
Verbena.

Fruit-scented Group with scents -
Apricot,
Fruity,
Green Apple,
Orange, Pineapple,
Ripe Apple , Ripe Banana and
Ripe Plum.

Animal-scented Group with scents -
Cat,
Dog,
Ferret,
Fox,
Goat,
Human Perspiration,
Musk,
Ripe Apple and
Tom Cat.

Honey Group.

Unpleasant Smell Group with scents -
Animal,
Fetid,
Fishy,
Foxy,
Fur-like,
Garlic,
Hemlock,
Manure,
Nauseating,
Perspiration,
Petrol,
Putrid,
Rancid,
Sickly,
Skunk,
Stale Lint,
Sulphur and
Urinous.

Miscellaneous Group with scents -
Balm,
Brandy,
Cedar,
Cloying,
Cowslip,
Cucumber,
Damask Rose, Daphne,
Exotic,
Freesia,
Fur-like,
Gardenia,
Hay-like,
Heliotrope, Honeysuckle,
Hops,
Hyacinth,
Incense-like, Jasmine,
Laburnham,
Lilac,
Lily of the Valley, Meadowsweet, Mignonette,
Mint,
Mossy,
Muscat,
Muscatel,
Myrtle-like,
Newly Mown Hay, Nutmeg,
Piercing,
Primrose,
Pungent,
Resinous, Sandalwood, Sassafras,
Seductive,
Slight,
Soft,
Stephanotis,
Sulphur,
Starch,
Sweet,
Sweet-briar,
Tea-rose,
Treacle and
Very Sweet.

 

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