Ivydene Gardens Infill3 Plants Index Gallery:
Climber - Vertical Plant System Plants flowering in September

Topic
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Useful Data

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
Bulb
Climber

 

Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12

All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index

All Foliage 212
All Spring Foliage 212

All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212
Rock Plant Flowers 53

 

Your chosen Garden Style then changes your Plant Selection Process

Garden Style
...Infill3 Plants *
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...
12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index

 

Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
Herb
Odds and Sods

Rhododendron
Rose
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Vegetable

Wild Flower

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly

 

Cultivation Requirements of Plant

Outdoor / Garden Cultivation

1

Indoor / House Cultivation

 

Cool Greenhouse (and Alpine House) Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter

1

Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year

1

Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

1

 

Sun Aspect

Full Sun

1

Part Shade

1

Full Shade

1

 

Soil Type

Any Soil

1

Chalky Soil

1

Clay Soil

1

Lime-Free Soil

 

Peaty Soil

1

Sandy Soil

1

Acid Soil

1

Alkaline Soil

1

Badly-drained Soil

 

 

Soil Moisture

Dry

1

Moist

1

Wet

1

 

Position for Plant

Back of Shady Border

 

Back of Shrub Border

1

Bedding

1

Bog Garden

 

Coastal Conditions / Seaside

1

Container in Garden

1

Front of Border

1

Ground Cover 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)

1

Ground Cover 24-72 inches (60-180 cms)

1

Ground Cover Over 72 inches (180 cms)

 

Hanging Basket

 

Hedge

1

Hedge - Thorny

 

Pollution Barrier

 

Pond

 

Pot in House, Greenhouse, Conservatory or Stovehouse

1

Raised Bed

 

Rest of Border

1

Rock Garden

1

Scree Bed

1

Speciman on Lawn

 

Sunny Border

1

Tree for Lawn

 

Tree for Small Garden

1

Wildflower

1

Windbreak

 

Woodland

1

 

Use of Plant

Pollen or nectar for Bees

1

Hosts to Butterflies

1

Encouraging birds / wildlife, providing food and shelter

1

Bee-Pollinated plants for Hay Fever Sufferers

1

Berries / Fruit

 

Dry Site in Full Sun

1

Dry Shade

 

Filtering noise

 

Flower Arrange-ments

 

Fragrant Flower

1

Language of Flowers

 

Low maintenance

1

Moist Shade

 

Moist and swampy Sites

 

Nitrogen fixing plants

 

Not Fragrant Flower

1

Rabbit-Resistant

 

Speciman Plant

1

Thornless

 

Tolerant of Poor Soil

1

 

Plant Foliage

Aromatic Foliage

 

Autumn Foliage

 

Finely Cut Leaves

1

Large Leaves

 

Yellow Variegated Foliage

1

White Variegated Foliage

1

Red / Purple Variegated Foliage

 

Silver, Grey and Glaucous Foliage

1

Sword-shaped Leaves

 

 

 

Flower Shape

Number of Flower Petals

Petal-less
 

1

1 Petal

 

2 Petals

 

3 Petals
 

1

4 Petals
 

1

5 Petals
 

1

Above 5
 

1

 

Flower Shape - Simple

Stars
 

1

Bowls
 

 

Cups and Saucers
 

1

Globes
 

 

Goblets and Chalices
 

 

Trumpets
 

1

Funnels
 

1

Bells
 

1

Thimbles
 

 

Urns
 

 

Salverform

 

 

Flower Shape - Elaborated

Tubes, Lips and Straps
 

 

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets
 

 

Hats, Hoods and Helmets
 

 

Standards, Wings and Keels
 

 

Discs and Florets
 

 

Pin-Cushions
 

 

Tufts
 

 

Cushion
 

 

Umbel
 

1

Buttons
 

 

Pompoms
 

 

 

Natural Arrangements

Bunches, Posies, Sprays
 

1

Columns, Spikes and Spires
 

 

Whorls, Tiers and Candelabra
 

1

Plumes and Tails
 

 

Chains and Tassels
 

1

Clouds, Garlands and Cascades
 

 

Spheres, Domes and Plates
 

 

 

Shrub, Tree Shape

Columnar
 

1

Oval
 

1

Rounded or Spherical
 

 

Flattened Spherical
 

1

Narrow Conical / Narrow Pyramidal
 

1

Broad Conical / Broad Pyramidal
 

1

Ovoid /
Egg-Shaped
 

 

Broad Ovoid
 

 

Narrow Vase-shaped / Inverted Ovoid
 

 

Fan-Shaped /Vase-Shaped
 

 

Broad Fan-Shaped / Broad Vase-Shaped
 

 

Narrow Weeping
 

 

Broad Weeping
 

 

Palm

 

 

Conifer Cone

1

 

Form

Arching

1

Climbing

 

Clump-Forming

1

Mat-Forming

 

Mound-Forming

1

Prostrate

1

Spreading

1

Stemless

 

Upright

1

 

Poisonous Plant

1

 

INFILL3 PLANTS INDEX GALLERY PAGES

Links in Table below are available in Shrub Tree Shape Index Gallery


Site Map

Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines

Click on number in cells below to jump to that page detailing those cultivated plants with that plant type and their botanical name starts with that letter.

Click on or underlined text to jump to page comparing flower thumbnails of that blue colour.
is Red, Pink, Purple and is Unusual or Other Flower Colour.

Plant Type
with links to Other Plant Photo Galleries

A
B
C

D
E
F

G
H
I

J
K
L

M
N
O

P
Q
R

S
T
U

V
W
X

Y
Z

Alpine in Evergreen Perennial, Herbaceous Perennial and Rock Garden

 

1

 

 

1

 

 

1

 

Aquatic

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Annual/ Biennial

1

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

Bamboo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bedding and RHS Mixed Border Beds



















Bicolour

Other Flower Colours

White / Colour Bicolour

Bulb and
Allium / Anemone, Colchicum / Crocus, Dahlia, Gladiolus, Narcissus, Tulip





 

 



 



 



1



Climber



 





 









Conifer

1

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deciduous Shrub

1

 

 

 



 







Deciduous Tree

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Evergreen Perennial

1

 

 

 



 







Evergreen Shrub , Semi-Evergreen Shrub and Heather

1

 

 

 



 







Evergreen Tree

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fern

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Grass

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

Herbaceous Perennial and RHS Mixed Border Beds



 

 

1



 







Herb

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Odds and Sods

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rhododendron, Azalea, Camellia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rose

 

 





 









Soft Fruit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sub-Shrub

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Top Fruit

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vegetable

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wildflower
with
Plants used by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterflies in the UK



















Shrub and Small Tree

Botanical Names Page

Common Names Page

Companion Planting

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Q

R

S

T

UV

W

XYZ

Pest Control by Companion Planting

The following 2 books (written by Louise Riotte 1909-1998 who was one of North America's most beloved gardeners) provide a wealth of extra information telling you what plants to put together for what purpose and how it does it (The only wasted information on each page is the page number!!!):-

Carrots love Tomatoes: Secrets of Companion Planting for Successful Gardening by Louise Riotte Second Edition (Storey Publishing 1998) ISBN-13: 978-1-58017-027-7

Roses love Garlic: Companion Planting and other Secrets of Flowers by Loiuse Riotte Second Edition (Storey Publishing 1998)
ISBN 1-58017-028-5

 

Click on text in cells below to jump to that page detailing those Infill2 Plants of that plant type for that Cultivation requirement.

Plant Type
 

 

Alpines for Rock Garden (See Rock Garden Plant Flowers)

Alpine Shrubs and Conifers

The Alpine Meadow
Page 1
Page 2
Page 3

The Alpine Border

Alpine Plants for a Purpose

The Alpines that Dislike Lime

Alpines and Walls
Page 1
Page 2
Page 3

Alpines and Paving

Sink and Trough gardens

Aquatic
(Water Plants) for

Anti-erosion Riverbank

Marginal Plants (Bog Garden Plants)

Oxy-genating Weeds

Water Lilies

Floating Plants

Waterside Plants
and Plants for Dry Margins next to a Pond

Wildlife Pond Plants

Annual for

----------------

Plants for Cut Flowers in
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

Exposed Sites

Sheltered Sites with Green-house Annuals from 1916

Extra Poor Soil with Half-Hardy Annuals from 1916

Very Rich Soil with Biennials from 1916

Gap-filling in Mixed Borders with Hardy Annuals from 1916

Patio Containers

Cut Flowers Page 1
Page 2 Everlasting Flowers with Red Flowers from 1916

Attracting beneficial insects

Scent / Fragrance with Annuals for Cool or Shady Places from 1916

Low-allergen Gardens for Hay Fever Sufferers

Annual Plant Pairing Ideas

Low-Growing Annuals

Medium-Growing Annuals

Tall-Growing Annuals with White Flowers from 1916

Black or Brown Flowers

Blue to Purple Flowers

Green Flowers with Annuals and Biennials from 1916

Red to Pink Flowers
Page 1
Page 2

White Flowers

Yellow or Orange Flowers

Decorative Foliage

Moist Soil

Shade

House-plants with Yellow Flowers from 1916

Edging Beds

Hanging Baskets

Vining Annuals

 

Bedding for

Spring Bedding

Summer Bedding

Autumn/ Winter Bedding

Bedding for Light Sandy Soil

Bedding for Acid Soil

Bedding for Chalky Soil

Bedding for Clay Soil

Black Flowers

Blue Flowers

Orange Flowers

Pink Flowers

Long Flowering

Coloured Leaves

Attractive to Wildlife including Bees, Butterflies and Moths

Purple Flowers

Red Flowers

White Flowers

Yellow Flowers

Multi-Coloured Flowers

Aromatic Foliage or Scented Flowers

Bedding Plant Use

Flowers with 2 Petals

Flowers with 3 Petals

Flowers with
4 Petals

Flowers with 5 Petals

Flowers with 6 Petals

Flowers with more than 6 Petals

Use in Hanging Baskets

Flower Simple Shape

Shape of
Stars

Shape of
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

Shape of
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

Shape of
Trumpets and Funnels

Shape of
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

Use in Pots and Troughs

Flower Elaborated Shape

Shape of
Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Shape of
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Shape of
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

 

Use in
Screening

Use in
Window Boxes

Shape of
Standards, Wings and Keels

Shape of
Discs and Florets

Shape of
Pin-Cushions and Tufts

Shape of
Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons

Cut Flowers

Use in Bedding Out

Use in
Filling In

Biennial for

Cottage and Other Gardens

Cut Flower with Biennials for Rock Work from 1916

Patio Containers with Biennials for Pots in Greenhouse / Conservatory

Beneficial to Wildlife with Purple and Blue Flowers from 1916

Scent with Biennials for Sunny Banks or Borders from 1916

 

 

Bulb for
--------------
Explanation Intro to Bulbs
--------------
725 Blue, White, Yellow, Unusual Colour, or Red-Purple-Pink flowering Bulbs in each month they flower.

Indoor Bulbs for
December
January
February

Indoor Bulbs for
March
April
May

Indoor
Bulbs for
June
July
August

Indoor Bulbs for September
October
November

Bulbs in Window-boxes

Bulbs in the Border

Bulbs naturalised in Grass

Plant Bloom Dec-Jan
Feb-Mar

Plant Bloom
Apr-May
Jun-Aug

Plant Bloom
Sep-Oct
Nov-Dec

Plant Bloom Smallest of Gardens

Bulbs for the Bulb Frame

Bulbs in the Woodland Garden

Bulbs in the Rock Garden

Bulbs in Green-house or Stove

Achimenes, Alocasias, Amorpho-phalluses, Arisaemas, Arums, Begonias, Bomareas, Caladiums

Clivias,
Colocasias, Crinums, Cyclamens, Cyrt-anthuses, Eucharises, Urceocharis, Eurycles

Freesias, Gloxinias, Hae-manthus, Hipp-eastrums

Lachenalias, Nerines, Lycorises, Pen-cratiums, Hymen-ocallises, Richardias, Sprekelias, Tuberoses, Vallotas, Watsonias, Zephy-ranthes

Bulbs in Bowls

Bulbs in the Alpine House

Hardy Bulbs

Aconitum, Allium, Alstroe-meria, Anemone

Amaryllis, Antheri-cum, Antholy-zas, Apios, Arisaema, Arum, Aspho-deline,

Aspho-delus, Belam-canda, Bloomeria, Brodiae, Bulbo-codium

Calochorti, Cyclo-bothras, Camassia, Colchicum, Con-vallaria,
Forcing Lily of the Valley, Corydalis, Crinum, Crosmia, Montbretia , Crocus

Cyclamen, Dicentra, Dierama, Eranthis, Eremurus, Erythrnium, Eucomis

Fritillaria, Funkia, Galanthus, Galtonia, Gladiolus, Hemero-callis

Hyacinth, Hyacinths in Pots,
Scilla, Puschkinia, Chionodoxa, Chionoscilla, Muscari

Iris,
Kniphofia, Lapeyrousia, Leucojum

Lilium,

Lilium in Pots, Malvastrum, Merendera, Milla, Narcissus, Narcissi in Pots

Orni-thogalum, Oxalis, Paeonia, Ran-unculus, Romulea, Sanguin-aria,
Stern-bergia,
Schi-zostylis, Teco-philaea, Trillium

Tulip,
Zephy-ranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs

Acidanthera, Albuca, Alstroemeri, Andro-stephium, Bassers, Boussing-aultias, Bravoas, Cypellas, Dahlias, Galaxis,
Geis-sorhizas, Hesper-anthas

Gladioli, Ixias,
Sparaxises, Babianas, Morphixias, Tritonias

Ixiolirions, Moraeas, Orni-thogalums, Oxalises, Phaedra-nassas,
Pan-cratiums, Tigridias, Zephyr-anthes, Cooperias

Bulbs for Bedding

Plant Bedding Spring
Summer

Climber
3 sector Vertical Plant System with flowers in
Jan,
Feb,
Mar,
Apr,
May 1,2
Jun,
Jul,
Aug,
Sep,
Oct,
Nov,
Dec

----------

Choosing the right Shrub or Climber

1a.
The Base -
Base of Wall Plants

1b.
Annuals

1c.
Herbs and Vegetables

1d.
Cut flowers, Cut Foliage

1e.
Scented flower or foliage

1f.
Foliage use only

 

2a. 1,2,3,4
The Prime - Wall Shrubs

2b.
Fruit trees

3a.
The Higher Reaches -
House-wall Ramblers

3b. 1,2
Non-House-Wall - Climbing Twiners

3c.
Non-House-Wall - Self-clinging Climbers

Raised Bed for Wheelchair Users

Plants for Wildlife-Use as well

Fastest Covering

Least protruding growth when fan-trained

1, 2
Evergreen

Use as
Hedge

Exposed Positions

Use as Groundcover

1, 2
Ornam-
ental Fruit

Scented Flowers

1, 2
Autumn Foliage Colour

Winter Bark

Winter and Early Spring Flowers

Summer Colour or Shape of Foliage

Edible Fruit

Needs Conservatory or Greenhouse

Large Pots and Containers

Cut Flowers

Attractive to Bees

Climber - Simple Flower Shape

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a
Stars

geraniumflocineremuballerina1a1
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14k1a1
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord2
Trumpets and Funnels

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming
Salverform

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14q1
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

 

Climber - Elaborated Flower Shape

prunellaflotgrandiflora
Tubes, Lips and Straps

aquilegiacfloformosafoord
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14u1a
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14v1a
Standards, Wings and Keels

brachyscomecflorigidulakevock
Disks and Florets

androsacecforyargongensiskevock
Pin-cushions, Tufts, Petal-less and Cushions

armeriaflomaritimakevock
Umbels, Buttons and Pompoms


Indoor Bulb Growing by Edward Pearson. Published by Purnell & Sons, Ltd in 1953. It provides the data about Indoor Bulbs and Bulbs in Window-boxes.

Colour All The Year In My Garden: A selection of choice varieties - annuals, biennials, perennials, bulbs, climbers and trees and shrubs - that will give a continuity of colour in the garden throughout the year. Edited by C.H. Middleton. Gardening Book from Ward, Lock & Co published in 1938, provides plant data for a calendar of plants in bloom throughout the year and for those in the smallest garden.

The Book of Bulbs by S. Arnott, F.R.H.S. Printed by Turnbull & Spears, Edinburgh in 1901. This provides data about Hardy Bulbs, Half-Hardy Bulbs, Greenhouse and Stove Bulbs.

Collins Guide to Bulbs by Patrick M. Synge. ISBN 0 00 214016-0 First Edition 1961, Second Edition 1971, Reprinted 1973. This provides data on bulbs for bedding, bulbs in the border, bulbs naturalised in grass, bulbs in the woodland garden, bulbs in the rock garden, bulbs in pans in the alpine house, bulbs in the greenhouse, bulbs in bowls and the bulb frame.

Ivydene Gardens Infill3 Plants Index Gallery:
Climber - Vertical Plant System Plants flowering in September

Botanical Plant Name

with link to
UK or
European Union
mail-order supplier for you to contact to buy this plant

Flower Colour
and Background Colour nearest to main petal colour from 212 foliage colours /

followed by
Sun Aspect:- Full Sun,
Part Shade, Full Shade

with link to external website for photo/data

Flowering Months in UK

with link to
USA or
Canada
mail-order supplier

Height with Spacings or Width (W) in inches (cms)

1 inch =
2.5 cms
12 inches = 30 cms
40 inches = 100 cms

Foliage Colour
and Background Colour nearest to middle-aged leaf colour from 212 foliage colours /

followed by
Soil Moisture:-
Dry,
Moist,
Wet

with link to Australia or New Zealand mail-order supplier

Plant Type is:-

A for Aquatic
Ann for Annual / Biennial
Ba for Bamboo
Bu for Bulb
Cl for Climber
Co for Conifer
F for Fern
G for Grass
H for Herb
P for Perennial
Rh for Rhodo-dendron, Azalea, Camellia
Ro for Rose
Sh for Shrub
So for Soft Fruit
To for Top Fruit
Tr for Tree
V for Vegetable
W for Wildflower

followed by:-
E for Evergreen,
D for Deciduous,
H for Herbaceous,
Alpine for being an Alpine as well as being 1 of above Plant Type /

 
Acid for Acidic,
Alk for Alkaline,
Any for AnySoil
 

with link to
ALL PLANTS Index Gallery page

Use

Description

Pruning

Training

Average Height and spread
5 years

10 years

20 years

Problems

Similar Forms of Interest

Ipomoea tricolor
'Heavenly Blue'
(Morning Glory Vine)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA - with Handheld Seed Spreader as a Suggested Companion Plant

'Heavenly Blue' is Azure-blue, trumpet-shaped flowers, each with a white eye, open in the morning and last just one day, but appear in a continuous stream throughout the summer.

Full Sun

Jun-Sep

120 x 80
(300 x 200)

Moderately fertile, well-drained soil

Annuals for The Base

Morning glory is a fast-growing, twining annual with heart-shaped light to mid-green leaves and vibrantly colored, funnel-shaped flowers to 3 inches across. Cultivars include

  • white-colored ‘Pearly Gates’;
  • ‘Heavenly Blue’;
  • crimson-colored, white-throated ‘Crimson Rambler’;
  • and ‘Flying Saucers’, a batik-looking blend of white and blue accented by a golden throat.

This is a spectacular annual or short-lived perennial climber, that is ideal for training over a pergola or arch in a sunny, sheltered site.

FOR POT PLANTS: Transplant in a soil-based compost to 20cm (8in) pots and grow in a cool, well ventilated position with shade from direct sun.

CAUTION: Seeds are poisonous.

ipomoeacflostricolorwikimediacommons1

Ipomoea tricolor heike 4. By Heike Loechel via Wikimedia Commons

Lathyrus odoratus 'Beaujolais'
(Spencer Sweet Pea)

Supplier in UK

 

 

72 x 18
(180 x 45)

 

Annuals for The Base

Flowers, which are so dark they almost look black, appear throughout the summer and gradually become a little paler, but still maintain a deep burgundy hue. The lower lip of the flower is a more distinct shade of purple, and these create a great contrast. Their bold colouring teams up well with lush purples and plums.

Summer Bedding,
Darkest Burgundy Flowers with
Long flowering
(June-September)
Scented Flowers
Acid Soil,
Clay Soil.
Chalky Soil.
Sandy Soil.
Bedding use in
Screening
and
Pots and Troughs

 

Flower Photo

Tropaeolum majus (Garden Nasturtium, Indian cress, monks cress)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA
Supplier of Red Wonder nasturtiums are flowering, structured, frost tender annuals with trailing growth habit. It has showy, large, dark red flowers and green foliage

Summer Bedding plant whose flower colour varies from yellow to orange to red, frilled and often darker at the base of the petals

Full Sun

Jun-Sep

18-30
(45-75)

Well-drained sandy soil

Annuals for The Base

Ann Cl H

 

It is listed as invasive in several areas, including Hawaii, Lord Howe Island, New Zealand.

68 results from Royal Horticultural Society. Das Elisabeth Linné-Phänomen, or the Elizabeth Linnæus Phenomenon, is the name given to the phenomenon of "Flashing Flowers". Especially at dusk, the orange flowers may appear to emit small "flashes". Once believed to be an electrical phenomenon, it is today thought to be an optical reaction in the human eye caused by the contrast between the orange flowers and the surrounding green. The phenomenon is named after Elisabeth Christina von Linné, one of Carl Linnaeus's daughters, who discovered it at age 19.

All its parts are edible. The flower has most often been consumed, making for an especially ornamental salad ingredient; it has a slightly peppery taste reminiscent of watercress, and is also used in stir fry. The flowers contain about 130 mg vitamin C per 100 grams (3.5 oz), about the same amount as is contained in parsley. Moreover, they contain up to 45 mg of lutein per 100 gr, which is the highest amount found in any edible plant. The unripe seed pods can be harvested and dropped into spiced vinegar to produce a condiment and garnish, sometimes used in place of capers.

tropaeolumcflomajuswikimediacommons1

Tropaeolum majus, in a wild garden in Belgium. By Jamain, via Wikimedia Commons.

Used by Hummingbirds and butterflies, as groundcover and in pots.

Amaryllis belladonna (Jersey lily, naked lady, March Lily)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Belladonna is a Latin epithet meaning beautiful lady.

Rose

Full Sun

Sep-Oct

24 x 20
(60 x 50)

Sheltered aspect. Well-drained sandy gritty soil. Keep dry in summer.

Base of Wall Plants for The Base

B

Pot. The bulbs should be potted in August, 1 in a 5 inch (12.5 cms) pot, and planted so that only 0.33 of the bulb shows above the soil-level. Until the flower stem appears they are best left outside (if possible, in a frame or else in a dark cupboard); at that time they can be brought into the house and a cool room. The leaves grow during the winter months and the flower stems appear when the leaves have died down.

Water moderately until leaves turn yellow, when water should be withheld. Freely when flower-buds appear. After flowering, water regularly.

Temperature. 50-60 degrees Fahrenheit (10-15.5 degrees Celsius) from the time that the flower stem shows.

Repot every 3 years.

Belladonna (Belladonna Lily)
Large fragrant flowers of delicate rose. September-October.
The bulbs are best planted just below the surface of the soil, with the neck of the bulb level with the surface. In colder climates mulching or lifting and overwintering is required. The bulbs may be propagated from offsets. Amaryllis bulbs require little watering and are drought tolerant.

Parkeri (Amarygia parkeri)
Rose flowers, yellow base, with 12-16 flowers carried on each stem. September.

amarylliscforbelladonnawikimediacommons

Photo of Amaryllis belladonna at the San Francisco Botanical Garden. By Stan Shebs via Wikimedia Commons.

Abelia chinensis is Chinese
Abelia
Abeliacflochinensiswikimediacommons
Abelia chinensis. By Kurt Stüber, via Wikimedia Commons

Produces fragrant funnel-shaped white, rose-tinted flowers in terminal panicles. Flowers are 5mm (¼in) long with 5-lobed calyces. Its pink sepals remain long after flowering.

Jul-Oct

60 x 96
(150 x 250)

It has reddish stems and oval, glossy, dark-green leaves to 4cm (1½in) long, that become reddish-brown before autumn.

Moist

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh D

Fertile, well-drained soil

Use - As a deciduous flowering, fan-trained wall shrub, in a Container, as a Cut Flower and use for Screening

Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters. May not withstand open/exposed sites or central/northern locations. Plant can withstand temperatures down to -15°C (5°F). Full Sun - shelter from cold drying winds.

Pruning - On established shrubs, remove one third pf the oldest shoots each year in early spring to encourage new flowering shoots.

Training - Requires wires or individual anchor points to secure and encourage the fan-trained shape.

Abelia chinensis - taller growing with fragrant, rose-tinted flowers, Jul-Oct.

Abelia floribunda is Mexican
Abelia
Abeliacflofloribundawikimediacommons
Abelia floribunda. By Kurt Stüber, via Wikimedia Commons

Produces pendent, tubular cherry-red flowers 3-5cm (1¼-2in) long with 5-lobed calyces in profuse terminal panicles.

Jul-Sep

120 x 144
(300 x 400)

Tall Shrub - arching shoots with evergreen oval, glossy, dark-green leaves to 5cm (2in) long.

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh E

Fertile, well-drained soil

Use - As a evergreen flowering, fan-trained wall shrub. Will grow taller if trained against a wall.

May suffer foliage damage and stem dieback in harsh winters in cold gardens. Plant can withstand temperatures down to -10°C (14°F). Full Sun - shelter from cold drying winds.

Pruning - On established shrubs, remove one third pf the oldest shoots each year in early spring to encourage new flowering shoots.

Training - Requires wires or individual anchor points to secure and encourage the fan-trained shape.

Abelia floribunda - cherry-red flowers 2 inches (5 cms) long, borne in Jul-Sep. Slightly tender in most areas so fan-train on a sun-facing wall.

Abelia x grandiflora is Glassy Abelia
abeliacfloxgrandifloragarnonswilliams1

Fragrant pink and white, small to medium-sized, hanging, bell-shaped flowers borne in small clusters on wood 2-3 years old or more.

Jul-Oct

84 x 84
(210 x 210)

Olive-green with red shading.

Moist

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh Semi-Evergreen

Any Soil, but new growth less vigorous on dry soils.

Use - As a semi-evergreen flowering, fan-trained wall shrub and grow in patio containers using soil based compost such as John Innes No.3.

Foliage - Leaves 1-2.5 inches (2.5-6 cms) long, ovate, pointed, olive-green with red shading. May fall from late autumn or be retained into early spring following mild winter.

Stem - Light green with brown shading. Upright when young, becoming more branching in second and third year and darker brown. New shoots grow from base up through the older framework. By pruning and tying-in a fan-shaped effect can be achieved. Medium rate of growth.

Fruit - Small, translucent seeds in clusters.

Plants in the Abelia genus are extremely attractive to bees.

Pruning - On established shrubs, remove one third pf the oldest shoots each year in early spring to encourage new flowering shoots.

Training - Requires wires or individual anchor points to secure and encourage the fan-trained shape.

Height/spread -
5 years - 60 x 60 (150 x 150)
10 years - 84 x 84 (210 x 210)
20 years - 108 x 108 (270 x 270)
Protrudes up to 36 inches (90 cms) from support.

Problems - May appear weak when purchased but once planted grows quickly. Wood can be extremely brittle so needs careful handling.

Abelia chinensis - taller growing with fragrant, rose-tinted flowers, Jul-Oct.

Abelia x 'Edward Goucher' - produces purple-pink trumpet flowers freely during Jul-Oct. Foliage grey/green.

Abelia floribunda - cherry-red flowers 2 inches (5 cms) long, borne in Jul-Sep. Slightly tender in most areas so fan-train on a sun-facing wall.

Abelia x grandiflora 'Francis Mason' - golden variegated leaf form, a shorter shrub and more tender than its parent, which can be used for informal hedging. Bears pale pink to white flowers with honey fragrance throughout Jul-Oct.

Abelia schumanii - a less vigorous and more tender form, bearing lilac-pink flowers throughout Aug-Dec.

Abelia triflora - scented pink-tinged white flowers borne in threes in June. Minimum winter temperature 23 degrees Fahrenheit (5 degrees Centigrade)

Abelia schumannii, Abelia longituba is Schumann Abelia
Abeliacfloschumanniiwikimediacommons
Abelia schumannii. By peganum from Small Dole, England, via Wikimedia Commons

Funnel-shaped lilac-pink flowers, with a reddish calyx

Aug-Dec

72 x 72
(180 x 180) after 10 years

The leaves emerge bronze, and turn to mid-green through the summer.

Moist, but well-drained chalky or sandy soil.

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh Semi-Evergreen

It will grow in just about any soil conditions but prefers a light, sandier soil.

Use - As a semi-evergreen flowering, fan-trained wall shrub, mass plant as a low hedge and in Containers.

Pruning - Abelias regularly produce new growth from low down and thus benefit from moderate replacement pruning. Spring prune by removing dead or damaged growth. After flowering, cut back up to one in four flowered stems to strong new shoots or to the ground.

Training - Requires wires or individual anchor points to secure and encourage the fan-trained shape.

Abelia schumanii - a less vigorous and more tender form, bearing lilac-pink flowers throughout Aug-Dec.

Abutilon mega-potamicum is Flowering maple, Chinese Lantern, Parlour maple, Trailing abutilon
abutilonmegapotamicumflot9

Medium-sized, hanging, bell-shaped flowers with yellow petals, red calyx and purple anthers.

"Flowers cooked. Used as a vegetable." from Useful Tropical Plants - The Useful Tropical Plants Database contians information on the edible, medicinal and many other uses of 11097 plants that can be grown in tropical regions)

Jul-Sep

84 x 84
(210 x 210) after 10 years

Olive-green with purple/red shading and veins.

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh D

Any soil but does best on moist, rich types

Use - As a deciduous wall shrub in warmer regions or for growing in conservatories. In Australia it is suitable for informal hedges and can be grown in containers.

Foliage - Leaves ovate, 2-4 inches (5-10 cms), with toothed edges. Olive-green with purple/red shading and veins.

Stem - Light to mid brown, upright, slightly arching. Medium rate of growth.

Fruit Insignificant.

Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK except in severe winters and a risk from sudden (early) frosts. May be hardy elsewhere with wall shelter or good micro-climate. Likely to be damaged or killed in cold winters. Plant can withstand temperatures down to -5°C (23°F).

Pruning - Remove one third of old flowering wood on established shrubs in early to mid spring.

Training - Requires wires or individual anchor points to achieve a fan-trained shape.

Height/spread
5 years - 72 x 72 (180 x 180)
10 years - 84 x 84 (210 x 210)
20 years 108 x 108 (270 x 270)
Protrudes up to 36 inches (91 cms) from support

Problems - A shrub of weak constitution and not fully hardy.

Not the sort of plants to be grown outside where there are likely to be frosts. These plants need to be grown in a conservatory or cool greenhouse or at least brought inside for the winter - use loam-based compost (John Innes No. 2) and provide plenty of light.

Abutilon megapotamicum 'Variegatum'. Golden variegated foliage, tender, tolerates no frost. Yellow flowers with red calyx and purple anthers.

Abutilon mega-potamicum (Large-leaved and Flowering Forms)

Hanging, large, bell-shaped flowers up to 1.5 inches (4 cms) long and 1.5 inches (4 cms) wide. Wide range of colours including red, pink, yellow and apricot.

 

 

 

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh D

Moderately alkaline to acid, with adequate moisture and food content for rapid growth.

Use - As a fan-trained wall shrub for walls and fences, or for growing in conservatories, both as a fan-shaped wall shrub or as a pillar.

Foliage - Leaves oval, up to 5 inches (12 cms) long with toothed edges. Mid to olive-green in colour. Some yellow tints. Some variegated forms.

Stem - Upright, becoming spreading. Vigorous, up to 60 inches (150 cms) of growth per year.

Fruit - Insignificant.

Pruning - Remove one third of old flowering wood on established shrubs to ground level in early to mid spring. Can be severely cut back to a stool in early spring if required and will quickly rejuvenate.

Training - Requires wires or individual anchor points to secure and encourage a fan-trained shape.

Height/spread
5 years 72 x 72 (180 x 180)
10 years 84 x 84 (210 x 210)
20 years 108 x 108 (270 x 270)
Protrudes up to 36 inches (91 cms) from support.

Problems - Always susceptible to damage by severe cold.

Abutilon x milleri. Orange petals and crimson stamens in Apr-Sep. Very large dark green leaves.

Abutilon x milleri 'Variegatum'. Orange petals, crimson stamens in Jul-Sep. Foliage splashed gold. Very tender.

Abutilon 'Ashford Red'. Foliage apple green. Flowers deep red/pink in Jul-Oct. Tender.

Abutilon 'Canary Bird'. Pure yellow flowers in Jul-Oct. Can flower all winter in a conservatory.

Abutilon 'Cerise Queen'. Cerise flowers in Apr-Oct. Less hardy.

Abutilon 'Hinton Seedling'. Vermilion flowers in Jul-Oct.

Abutilon 'Louise Marignac'. Good pink flowers in Apr-Oct. Less hardy.

Abutilon 'Nabob'. Crimson-red flowers in Jul-Oct. Less hardy.

Abutilon 'Souvenir de Bonn'. Soft Apricot flowers in Year-round if temperatures are warm enough.

Aristolochia macrophylla is Dutchman's Pipe
aristochiacflosmacrophyllawikimediacommons
Pipevine (Aristolochia macrophylla) in a garden in Rade (municipality of Tangstedt), near Hamburg, Germany, May 2011. By Olaf Studt (Hämbörger), via Wikimedia Commons.

1-1.5 inch (2.5-4 cm) long yellow-green siphon-shaped flowers with open mouth effect at top, coloured purple/brown around edges; produced in pairs at leaf axils and carried on tall shoots.

Requires a sheltered aspect. Best in very light shade but will tolerate degrees either side.

Aug-Sep

After 10 years - 120 x 120 (300 x 300)

Light Green

I think Australia would prefer it if this plant was not grown in Australia

Fastest covering Climbers and Wall Shrubs

Cl D

Moderately alkaline to acid, requires a good rich organic content to maintain adequate moisture to support the large leaf structure.

Use - As a deciduous climber for sheltered walls including house-walls, fences and pillars. Has been used for many years to screen front porches, and is capable of creating a deep shade.

Foliage - Large, kidney- or heart-shaped, sometimes blunt, sometimes pointed; 4-10 inches (10-25 cm) long and wide with downy undersides, light green upper surface; presented on stalks 1-3 inches (2.5-7.5 cm) long, yellow autumn colour.Very attractive for shape and size.

Stems - Long, light grey/green turning green/brown twining stems, not sel-supporting. Medium to fast rate of growth.

Fruit - None of interest.

Pruning - Shorten back previous season's growth in early spring to encourage good production of new foliage and flowers.

Training - Tie to wires in a fan-shape to show foliage off to best effect.

Height/spread
5 years - 72 x 48 (180 x 120)
10 years - 120 x 120 (300 x 300)
20 years - 240 x 240 (600 x 600)
Protrudes up to 24 inches (60 cm) from support.

Problems - May be difficult to find. Can take 2 years to establish before really good new growth is seen, in which time foliage will be small. Tolerates a minimum winter temperature of 4 degrees Fahrenheit (-15 degrees Centigrade).

Poisonous - Aristolochia macrophylla contains the natural substance aristolochic acid. Aristoclochic acid is found in all plants of the Aristolochiaceae family. Aristolochic acid is a very dangerous compound in that this acid is a potent mutagen and carcinogen that can cause urological cancers as well as permanent kidney failure.

Bougainvillea spectabilis is Great bougainvillea
bougainvilleacflospectabiliswikimediacommons
Bougainvillea spectabilis (flowers). Location: Midway Atoll, Cable Company buildings Sand Island. By Forest & Kim Starr, via Wikimedia Commons.

Tubular white flowers surrounded by large magenta bracts, up to 1.5 inches (4 cm) wide and long, carried in panicles 9-12 inches (23-30 cm) long.

Must be in a fully protected aspect. Best in full sun bt will tolerate light shade.

The plant shows a versatility to climates which allows it to flower continually throughout the year.

At Westdale Nurseries, we have been steadily collecting varieties of bougainvillea from all over the world for a number of years and we now have over 200 varieties.

After 10 years - 144 x 144 (370 x 370)

Grey/green to dull green.

Climbers and Wall Shrubs needing or responding
well to Con-servatory or Green-house

Cl D

If grown in large containers a good quality potting compost should be used. If grown in soil, the latter should be lightened with the addition of 25 per cent sand and 25 per cent sedge peat.

Use - Although in all but the mildest of areas in the Uk, bougainvillea is included in this gallery, for its use as a deciduous climber for conservatories and large greenhouse planted in large containers, or in greenhouse borders.

Foliage - Pointed, oval, grey/green to dull green, 1.5 inches (4 cm) long by 0.75 inches (2 cm) wide. Normally leathery in texture. The plant can support itself on other plants by means of thorns carried in the leaf axils. Bougainvillea likes a climate from subtropical to tropical, but prefers a tropical climate, growing in dense forests where it can cling and grab onto other plants to reach the sunlight.

Stem - Angular, branching, grey/green, stiff, vigorous. Medium to fast growth rate.

Pruning - Prune all previous season's shoots, other than those needed to form a structure, back to 1 inch 92.5 cm) from the base annually in early spring.

Training - Tie to wires or individual anchor points.

Heght/spread
5 years - 72 x 72 (180 x 180)
10 years - 144 x 144 (370 x 370)
20 years - 288 x 288 (730 x 730)
Protrudes up to 36 inches (91 cm) from support.

Problems - Foliage may be attacked by insects such as red spider or whitefly. Roots often attacked by mealy bug. Proprietary controls should be used. Keep ventilation as open as possible, particularly in winter, but do not allow temperature to drop below 50 degrees Fahrenheit (10 degrees Centigrade), since that is its mimimum winter temperature.

Bougainvillea spectabilis 'Lady Wilson'. Cerise flowers.

Bougainvillea spectabilis lateritia. Brick-red bracts.

Bougainvillea spectabilis lindleyana 'Mrs Loise Wathen' (syn. Bougainvillea spectabilis lindleyana 'Orange King'). Cinnamon-coloured bracts.

Bougainvillea spectabilis 'Mrs Butt'. Bright rose bracts.

All varieties are difficult to obtain outside very temperate areas.

tomatoketchup

Buddleia (Tender Forms)
buddlejacflosauriculatawikimediacommons
Buddleja auriculata in Jardín Botánico de Barcelona. By Consulta-plantas, via Wikimedia Commons.

Racemes 3-12 inches (7.5-30 cm) long in a range of colours through white, pink, blue and orange in mid summer to late autumn.

Very sheltered aspect. Full sun for preference but tolerates light shade.

 

 

The Buddleja Garden is a website about Buddlejas with original content and aims to provide useful information for both gardeners and plantsmen.

Aug-Nov

After 10 years - 144 x 144 (370 x 370)

Light green or grey-green

Climbers and Wall Shrubs needing or responding
well to Con-servatory or Green-hous
e

Sh D or E

Tolerates a wide soil range, ony disliking extremely dry conditions. Requires a high degree of organic material and plant nutrient for best results.

Use - As large fan-trained or freestanding shrubs for walls and fences.

Foliage - Lanceolate, 4-8 inches (10-20 cm) long, 1-3 inches (2.5-7.5 cm) wide, light green or grey/green, often downy depending on variety.

Stem - Grey/green, often downy when young, becoming grey/brown. Upright. Fast rate of growth.

Fruit - Most forms produce small brown seedheads which have some limited winter attraction.

List of Butterfly species that are attracted to Butterfly Bush flowers.

Pruning - Prune back all previous season's growth, other than that required for training the main framework, to within 2 inches (5 cm) of its origin in early to mid spring.

Training - Tie to wires or individual anchor points in a fan shape or allow to grow freestanding.

Height/spread
5 years - 72 x 72 (180 x 180)
10 years - 144 x 144 (370 x 370)
20 years - 216 x 216 (550 x 550)
Protrudes up to 48 inches (120 cm) from support if fan-trained, 96 inches (240 cm) untrained.

Problems - Often exceeds the allotted area. May suffer some winter die-back but normally regenerates. Tolerates a minimum winter temperature of 14 degrees Fahrenheit (-10 degrees Centigrade) but only with the protection of a large wall or fence.

Buddleia auriculata. Lax growth carries fragrant creamy white flowers with yellow throats in panicles up to 2 inches (5 cm) across and 8 inches (20 cm) long. Lanceolate foliage 4 inches (10 cm) long, 1 inch (2.5 cm) wide, white felted underside, grey/green upper side in late summer to late autumn.

Buddleia caryopteridifolia. Leaves oval to lanceolate, tooth-edged, up to 6 inches (15 cm) long, 1 inch (2.5 cm) wide. Attractive grey/green. Stems covered with white woolly down. Fragrant lavender-blue flowers in panicles up to 3 inches (7.5 cm) long in late spring/early summer.

Buddleia colvillei. Long racemes of deep rose, tubular flowers, borne at the ends of the branches. Foliage ovate, grey/green with some yellow autumn colour.

Buddleia colvillei 'Kewensis'. An attractive form with dark red flowers.

Buddleia crispa. Fragrant, tubular lilac flowers, grey/green foliage.

Buddleia fallowiana 'Alba'. Panicles of pure white flowers up to 15 inches (38 cm) long in early to mid summer. Attractive grey/green foliage, 10 inches (25 cm) long and up to 4 inches (10 cm) wide.

Buddleia madagascariensis. Bold orange flowers, very prolific. Tender even in mild areas against walls, so best in greenhouses or conservatories.

Buddleia salvifolia. Semi-evergreen lanceolate foliage up to 4 inches (10 cm) long and 2 inches (5 cm) wide, grey-green. Panicles of white to pale lilac flowers with orange markings in each tubular floret in mid to late summer.

Bupleurum fruticosum is Shrubby hare's ear
bupleurumcflosfruticosumwikimediacommons
Bupleurum fruticosum, flowers. By Aroche, via Wikimedia Commons

Bell-shaped clusters of green/cream to yellow/green flowers from mid summer to early autumn.

All but the most exposed walls. Best in full sun. Tolerates light shade but becomes looser in habit in deep shade.

Jul-Sep

After 10 years - 72 x 72 (180 x 180)

Dark, glossy, grey/green with silver undersides.

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh E

Any well-drained soil conditions.

Use - As a medium sized, evergreen wall shrub for shady walls with distinctively coloured flowers. Whether positioned as a specimen, massed as a screen or windbreak or utilized as a backdrop for a mixed planting, its quiet, yet handsome persona is sure to please.

Foliage - Elliptic, 0.5-2 inch (1-5 cm) long, dark, glossy, grey/green with silver undersides.

Stem - Light green to dark olive-green, forming a rounded shrub, somewhat loose in habit. Medium to slow growth rate.

Fruit - Brown seedheads, interesting in winter.

Pruning - None required. May be trimmed or cut back to maintain shape.

Training - Requires wires or individual anchor points to secure and encourage the fan-trained shape.

Height/spread
5 years - 36 x 36 (91 x 91)
10 years - 72 x 72 (180 x 180)
20 years - 96 x 96 (240 x 240)
Protrudes up to 36 inches (91 cm) from support.

Problems - Not easy to find. Established shrubs withstand winter temperatures down to 4 degrees Fahrenheit (-15 degrees Centigrade), but young plants are less hardy. Good in exposed coastal sites. Can be clipped to becoming a hedge.

Good companions

Choose a sunny, open position for this medium-sized shrub so it can glow and shimmer. Use it as a backdrop for brightly hued late-summer performers. Avoid pale pinks, they will make the lime-yellow flowers look insipid. B. fruticosum also makes a good shrub on a south-facing wall.

Campsis grandiflora (Campsis chinensis, Bignonia grandiflora, Tecoma grandiflora) is Chinese Trumpet Vine
campsiscflograndiflorawikimediacommons
Campsis grandiflora

日本語: ノウゼンカズラ

Place: Osaka, Japan. By I, KENPEI, via Wikimedia Commons.

Panicles of 6 to 12 deep orange/red, wide-mouthed, trumpet-shaped flowers up to 3 inches (7.5 cm) long. The mouth of each flower is attractively divided into 5 segments, resembling 5 lips. Late summer/early autumn.

Sheltered aspect. Must be in full sun to ripen previous season's growth and encourage production of subsequent flowers.

Jul-Sep

After 10 years - 192 x 192 (500 x 500)

Mid to dark green leaves. Good yellow autumn colour.

Self-Clinging Climber for Non-House Walls, Fences, Pergolas

Cl D

Moderately alkaline to acid. Requires a deep, well fed, well drained moist soil with a high organic content for best results.

Use - As a large rambling deciduous climbing vine for sunny locations on non-house walls and fences. Also good for covering large pergolas, gazebo's etc. and for climbing large, high-canopied trees where adequate sunshine is available. It requires considerable space and a warm wall location for maximum flower production.
Plants can be allowed to scramble on the ground and will form an effective ground cover, rooting at intervals along the branches. They should be planted about 2.5 metres apart each way.

Foliage - 7 to 9 light green oval leaflets up to 3 inches (7.5 cm) long with coarse-toothed edges make up a pinnate shaped leaf. Good yellow autumn colour.

Stem - Light green when young, becoming yellow/brown, finally brown, twining, not self-clinging. Fast rate of growth. It climbs by means of aerial rootlets, which, like English Ivy, can damage wood, stone, and brick.

Fruit - None of interest.

Pruning - Long, unwanted shoots produced in late spring and summer can be cut hard back after leaf fall in autumn, except those which are required for further training for the vine shape.

Training - Tie to wires or trellis on walls and fences. When grown up trees, will require some early support by tying in.

Height/spread
5 years - 96 x 96 (240 x 240)
10 years - 192 x 192 (500 x 500)
20 years - 384 x 384 (970 x 970)
Protrudes up to 36 inches (91 cm) from support.

Problems - Not quick to cover a required area. Cab shy to come into flower and may require several years before it produces any type of good display. Late to break leaf in spring - often as late as the end of early summer - especially in the year following planting. Tolerates a mimimum winter temperature of 14 degrees Fahrenheit (-10 degrees Centigrade).

 

Campsis radicans is Trumpet honeysuckle
campsiscflosradicanswikimediacommons
Campsis radicans. By Ciell, via Wikimedia Commons.

4 to 12 trumpet-shaped flowers 2-3 inches (5-7.5 cm) long and up to 1.5 inches (4 cm) wide at the mouth presented in clusters at the ends of shoots in late summer to early autumn. The mouth of the flower has an interesting five-lobed effect, giving it a lip-like appearance. Orange/red in colour, some red and yellow varieties.

Must be in full sun to ripen previous season's growth and encourage production of subsequent flowers.

Aug-Sep

After 10 years - 240 x 240 (600 x 600)

Light to mid green in colour. Good yellow autumn colour.

Self-Clinging Climber for Non-House Walls, Fences, Pergolas

Cl D

Moderately alkaline to acid; requires a deep, well fed, well drained soil with a high organic content for best results.

Use - For sunny non-house walls and fences, for covering large pergolas, gazebos or other similar structures and for climbing large, high-canopied trees where adequate sunshine is available.

Foliage - Up to 11 almost oval leaflets up to 4 inches (10 cm) long with toothed edges form pinnate leaves 8-12 inches (20-30 cm) long, light to mid green in colour. Good yellow autumn colour.
It's native to America and climbs by aerial roots, growing rapidly to the maximum height that its support allows.

Stem - Light grey/green when young ageing to creamy brown. Twining with retaining tendrils at leaf joints. Fast rate of growth.

Fruit - None of interest.

Pruning - Long, unwanted shoots produced in late spring and summer can be cut hard back after leaf fall in autumn except those that are required for further training.

Training - Support with trellis, individual anchor points or wires, there is a certain amount of self-cling by tendrils, but the weight of branches normally calls for secondary securing.
We have been shown pictures of this attractive vine where long cuttings had been taken, plaited together and rooted, making a stunning and exceptional standard tree.

Height/spread
5 years - 120 x 120 (300 x 300)
10 years - 240 x 240 (600 x 600)
20 years - 360 x 360 (900 x 900)
Protrudes up to 36 inches (91 cm) from support.

Problems - Can be slow to come into flower and sometimes late to break leaf in spring, often as late as early summer. Often planted in areas where it is unable to fulfil its full potential because of lack of space or an unsuitable aspect. Tolerates a minimum winter temperature of 4 degrees Fahrenheit (-15 degrees Centigrade).

Campsis radicans 'Atropurpurea'. Deep scarlet flowers.

Campsis radicans 'Flava'. Variety with all yellow flowers.

Campsis radicans 'Praecox'.

Campsis x tagliabuana 'Madam Galen'. A good free flowering variety with large salmon red flowers and good foliage.

Campsis radicans 'Yellow Trumpet'. vigorous climber for south-facing wall with Yellow petals at flower mouth and orange trumpet tube in Jul-Sep

The Home Of clematis site works in concert with one of the world’s most renowned clematis producers.
The site is designed to complement the many fine nurseries and garden centers located throughout North America.
Once you have determined your zone, its recommended that you choose a variety with a zone rating same or lower than your garden’s zone. Please keep in mind that that planting against a house or in an otherwise protected area can significantly improve cold tolerance.

Caryopteris x clandonensis 'Heavenly Blue' is Bluebeard, Blue-spirea, Blue-mist Shrub
caryopteriscflosclandonensisheavenlybluewikimediacommons
Caryopteris clandonensis 'Heavenly Blue'. By Wouter Hagens, via Wikimedia Commons

There is National Plant Collection of Caryopteris at Bristol Zoo.

Produces axillary or terminal cymes of deepest blue flowers to 1cm (½in) across.

Full Sun

Aug-Oct

40 x 60
(100 x 150)

Lance-shaped, slightly-toothed, grey-green leaves to 5cm (2in) long.

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh D

Medium to light, fertile, well-drained soil

These deciduous shrubs like a sunny, sheltered position, preferably against a wall in cold districts, and thrive in sandy loam with leaf-mould and peat, if available, added. Plant in March or April. Cut back the previous summer's shoots rather hard in February, leaving strong growths 9-12 inches (23-30 cms) from the base. Remove thin growths entirely or cut them back to 1 or 2 buds. After pruning apply a generous 5-7cm (2-3in) mulch of well-rotted garden compost around the base of the plant. In cold districts protect the stools from frost in winter with a heap of ashes. Where temperatures fall below -15°C it's best grown against a warm, south or west-facing wall.

Problems - Hardy through most of the UK apart from inland valleys, at altitude and central/northerly locations. May suffer foliage damage and stem dieback in harsh winters in cold gardens. Plant can withstand temperatures down to -10°C (14°F).

It is also a magnet for bees and butterflies and is drought-tolerant. The shrubs have the added bonus of aromatic leaves.

 

Partner Plants - Looks very becoming planted as a backdrop to low-growing architectural grasses or underplanted with summer bulbs such as galtonia and acidanthera.
Perhaps in a Ready-Made Border.
As a cottage garden display, Caryopteris comes into its own planted as a border edge to old English favourites such as hollyhocks, delphiniums, and lupins. This fine combination of structural planting can lift and enhance any cottage-style planting scheme.

Caryopteris x clandonensis 'Worcester Gold'. Golden foliage and Bright Blue flowers.

Caryopteris x clandonensis 'Dark Knight'. Violet-blue flowers.

Caryopteris × clandonensis 'Hint of Gold' ('Lisaura'). The lime foliage sets of the rich cobalt blue flowers.

Caryopteris × clandonensis 'Pink Perfection' ('Lisspin'). It has a bushy, upright habit, with leafy stems that are topped with tiered whorls of rose pink buds, which open to soft pink blooms towards the end of summer. It's a great plant for extending the season of interest in a mixed border, but also fits easily into a Mediterranean or gravel-style planting scheme.

Caryopteris incana 'Sunshine Blue'. Bright yellow leaves giving good colour all summer. Dark blue flowers.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ivydene Gardens Infill3 Plants Index Gallery:
Climber - Vertical Plant System Plants flowering in September

 

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677

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Ramblers Scramblers & Twiners by Michael Jefferson-Brown (ISBN 0 - 7153 - 0942 - 0) describes how to choose, plant and nurture over 500 high-performance climbing plants and wall shrubs, so that more can be made of your garden if you think not just laterally on the ground but use the vertical support structures including the house as well.

The Gardener's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Climbers & Wall Shrubs - A Guide to more than 2000 varieties including Roses, Clematis and Fruit Trees by Brian Davis. (ISBN 0-670-82929-3) provides the lists for 'Choosing the right Shrub or Climber' together with Average Height and Spread after 5 years, 10 years and 20 years.

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