Ivydene Gardens Gentian to Goosefoot Wild Flower Families Gallery:
Gentian Family

 

Click on Underlined Text in:-

Common Name to view that Plant Description Page
Botanical Name to link to Plant or Seed Supplier
Flowering Months to view photos
Habitat to view further Natural Habitat details and Botanical Society of the British Isles Distribution Map

Gentian Family:-

Gentian Family plant table with its Common Name - Botanical Name. Flowering Months Range. Habitat with link to that Gentian to Goosefoot Wild Flower Families Gallery:-

Common Name

Botanical Name

Flowering Months

Habitat

Alpine Gentian

(Schnee Enzian in Germany, Snow Gentian in USA)

Gentiana nivalis

July-August

This is an annual or biennial herb of calcareous soils, most populations occurring in grazed herb-rich grassland. It is found on rock ledges, vegetated screes and adjacent slopes. Montane, from 730 m to 1095 m on Ben Lawers (Mid Perth).

Channel Centaury

(Slender Centaury in UK)

Centaurium tenuiflorum

June-September

This annual occurs on open, poorly drained sandy or clayey soils on slumping coastal cliffs. It will not persist in a closed sward, tending to appear a few years after the habitat is opened up, and disappear after about ten years unless open conditions are re-created. Lowland.

Chiltern Gentian

Gentianella germanica

August-September

An annual or biennial herb of shallow chalk soils, occurring in chalk grassland (frequently near tracks) and chalk-pits, and sometimes in open scrub and on woodland margins. Lowland.

chilternfflogentian

chilternfflosgentian

chilternffolgentian

chilternfforgentian

Flower

Flowers from Chilterns on 20 August

Foliage from Chilterns on 20 August

Form

Common Centaury

(Echtes Tausendgü-ldenkraut in Germany, Centaura Menor Zantore in Spain, flockarun in Sweden, European centaury in USA, rohtosappi in Finland, Centuria zwyczajna in Poland, Dumpy Centaury)

Centaurium erythraea

(Erythraea centaurium, 
Centaurium umbellatum, 
Centaurium minus, Centaurium capitatum)

June onwards

A biennial, rarely annual, herb of mildly acidic to calcareous, well-drained, often disturbed, soils, occurring in a wide range of habitats including chalk and limestone grassland, heathland, woodland rides and open scrub, dune grassland, quarries, spoil-heaps and road verges. 0-330 m (Wauchope, Roxburghs.).

commonfflocentaury

commonffloscentaury

commonffolcentaury

commonfforcentaury

Flower on 2 July. Photo from BritishFlora

Flowers on 2 July. Photo from BritishFlora

Foliage on 2 July. Photo from BritishFlora

Form on 2 July. Photo from BritishFlora

Early Gentian

Gentianella anglica

May-June

An annual or biennial herb of shallow calcareous soils, especially on the chalk, in closely grazed calcareous grassland, quarries, on cliff-tops and sand dunes. Lowland. CORE MANAGEMENT PLAN INCLUDING CONSERVATION OBJECTIVES FOR LIMESTONE COAST OF SOUTH WEST WALES

Felwort

(angsgentiana in Swededn, Autumn Dwarfgentian in USA, Autumn Gentian)

Gentianella amarella

(Gentianella propinqua)

August-September

An annual or biennial herb of well-drained basic soils, typically occurring in grazed chalk and limestone grassland, on calcareous dunes and machair, on spoil-tips and in cuttings and quarries. Mainly lowland, ascending to 750 m (Knock Fell, Westmorland).

felwortfflo

felwortfflos

felwortffol

felwortffor

Flower from Queensdown Warren in Kent on 24 September

Flowers from Queensdown Warren on 24 September

Foliage from Detling on 9 August

Form from Detling in Kent on 9 August

Field Gentian

(Feld-Enzian in Germany, faltgentiana in Sweden)

Gentianella campestris

July onwards

A biennial, occasionally annual, herb of mildly acidic to neutral soils in a variety of open habitats, including pastures, hill grassland, grassy heaths, sand dunes, machair and road verges. On limestone it probably indicates surface leaching or the presence of non-calcareous superficial deposits. Generally lowland, but reaching 915 m at Cairnwell (E. Perth, S. Aberdeen).

fieldfflogentian

fieldfflosgentian

item3a

fieldfforgentian

Flower from Stoer in Sutherland on 31 July

Flowers from Stoer on 31 July

Foliage

Form from Stoer on 31 July

Guernsey Centaury

Exaculum pusillum

August

This tiny procumbent to ascending annual grows in moist, open, short turf in coastal dune-slacks. Winter-flooding and rabbit-grazing maintain the open conditions which this species requires. Lowland. It is very rare in damp seaside turf in North Guernsey.

Marsh Gentian

(Lungen-Enzian in Germany, klockgentiana in Sweden, Goryczka waskolistna in Poland)

Gentiana pneumonanthe

July-September

A long-lived perennial herb of damp acidic grassland and wet heaths, usually on relatively enriched soils, and often where there is seasonal movement of surface water. The opening up of the habitat by grazing or occasional light burning favours this species by promoting flowering. Lowland.

marshfflo1gentian

marshfflo2gentian

marshffolgentian

marshfforgentian

Flower from Isle of Purbeck in Dorset on 25 August

Flower from Frant on 12 September

Foliage from Frant

Form from Frant in Sussex on 21 September

Perennial Centaury

Centaurium scilloides

July-August

This perennial herb occurs on freely draining soils on the slopes of coastal cliffs. Most native populations are in grassland and maritime dwarf-shrub heath, often along eroded and trampled edges, with some extending into dune grassland. In S.E. England it occurs in lawns at both coastal and inland sites. Lowland.

perennialfflocentaury

perennialffloscentaury

perennialffolcentaury

perennialfforcentaury

Flower from Pembrokeshire on 15 July

Flowers from Pembrokeshire in Wales on 15 July

Foliage from Pembrokeshire on 14 July

Form

Seaside Centaury

(Strand Tausendgüldenkraut in Germany, kustarun in Sweden, 
Seaside Centaury in USA, Sea Centaury in UK)

Centaurium littorale

July-August

This biennial herb is confined to coastal dunes, the uppermost levels of saltmarshes and calcareous, humus-rich turf near the sea where competing vegetation is checked and the habitat kept open by grazing or trampling. Lowland.

Scottish Gentian

Gentianella septentrionalis

(Gentianella amarella ssp septentrionalis)

July-August

An annual or biennial herb growing on well-drained calcareous soils on machair and sand dunes, and in the Grampians on grassy mica-schist slopes and ledges and in limestone grassland. Generally lowland, but upper altitudinal limit unknown.

item1n1

scottishfflobudogentian

scottishffolgentian

scottishfforgentian

Flower

Flower Buds from Inchnadamph on 30 July

Foliage from Inchnadamph on 30 July

Form from Inchnadamph in Sutherland on 30 July

Slender Centaury

(Petite Centaurée in France, Tausend-güldenkraut in Germany, centaura in Spain, branched centaury in USA, Lesser Centaury in UK)

Centaurium pulchellum

June-September

An erect annual of mildly acidic to calcareous soils. Inland it is found in dry, open grasslands and heaths, in woodland rides, marl pits and other open, disturbed ground. On the coast it is a plant of open sandy and muddy grassy places, often by estuaries, sand dunes and in upper saltmarsh. Lowland.

slenderfflocentaury

slenderffloscentaury

slenderffolcentaury

slenderfforcentaury

Flower from Burham on 7 July

Flowers from Burham on 7 July

Foliage from Burham on 7 July

Form from Burham on 7 July

Slender Cicendia

Cicendia filiformis

July-August

An annual of open heathland habitats, growing on sandy and peaty soils of relatively high base-status which are damp in winter and spring; it is also found in damp pasture, woodland rides, dune-slacks and on cliffs. Reduced competition, caused by winter-flooding, grazing and disturbance, is essential. Lowland.

Spring Gentian

(Fruhlings-Enzian in Germany, Goryczka wiosenna in Poland)

Gentiana verna

April-June

A perennial herb of open, often stony, limestone grassland and calcareous glacial drift. It is also found on hummocks in calcareous flush communities, and in Ireland also on limestone pavement and fixed dunes. Upland in England, ascending from about 350 m to c. 730 m on Little Fell (Westmorland), but lowland in Ireland on the Burren (Co. Clare) down to near sea level.

springfflogentian

springfflosgentian

springffolgentian

springfforgentian

Flower

Flowers from Teesdale in June

Foliage from Teesdale in June

Form

Welsh Gentian

(Dune Gentian, Dune Felwort in UK, sumpgentiana in Sweden)

Gentianella uliginosa

May-June

An annual of coastal dunes, dune-slacks and machair, usually in open ground or short vegetation maintained by grazing, disturbance or winter flooding. Lowland.

Yellow-Wort

(Centaurée jaune in France, Bitterling in Germany, clora in Spain)

Blackstonia perfoliata

June onwards

An annual or biennial herb of open dry (but frequently winter-wet), often stony, shallow basic soils. Its main habitats are calcareous grasslands and fixed sand dunes, but it can be an abundant colonist of disturbed ground, including quarries and railway cuttings, and on road verges and pathsides. Lowland.

yellowfflowort

yellowffloswort

yellowffolwort

item4a3

Flower

Flowers

Foliage

Form

An old countryfarmer had a wife who nagged him mercilessly.

 

From morning till night she was always complaining about something.  The only time he got any relief was when he was out ploughing with his old mule.  He tried to plow a lot. 

 

One day, when he was out ploughing,  his wife brought him lunch in the field.  He drove the old mule into the shade, sat down on a stump, and began to eat his lunch. Immediately, his wife began nagging him again. Complain, nag, complain, nag  -  it just went on and on. 

 

All of a sudden, the old mule lashed out with both hind feet, caught her smack in the back of the head. Killed her dead on the spot. 

 

At the funeral several days later, the minister noticed something rather odd.  When a woman mourner would approach the old farmer, he would listen for a minute, then nod his head in agreement; but when a man mourner approached him, he would listen for a minute, then shake his head in disagreement.  This was so consistent, the minister decided to ask the old farmer about it. 

 

So after the funeral, the minister spoke to the old farmer, and asked him why he nodded his head and agreed with the women,  but always shook his head and disagreed with all the men. 

 

The old farmer said, 'Well, the women would come up and say  something about how nice my wife looked, or how pretty her dress was, so I'd nod my head in agreement.'  

 

'And what about the men?' the minister asked.  'They wanted to know if the mule was for sale.' 

British habitats: Maritime Sand-dunes

 

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WILD FLOWER FAMILY
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(o)Adder's Tongue
Amaranth
(o)Arrow-Grass
(o)Arum
(o)Balsam
Bamboo
(o)Barberry
(o)Bedstraw
(o)Beech
(o)Bellflower
(o)Bindweed
(o)Birch
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(o)Broomrape
(o)Buckthorn
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(o)Bur-reed
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(o)Butterwort
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crowberry
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
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(o)Daffodil
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(o)Daphne
(o)Diapensia
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(o)Dock Sorrels

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(o)Clubmoss
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(o)Filmy Fern
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(o)Royal Fern
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(o)Flowering-Rush
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(o)Grass Soft Bromes 1
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 2
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 3 (o)Hazel
(o)Heath
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(o)Loosestrife
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(o)Maple
(o)Mares-tail
(o)Marsh Pennywort
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(o)Mesem-bryanthemum
(o)Mignonette
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(o)Peaflower Clover 1
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(o)Peaflower Clover 3
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See current Wildflower Common Name Index link Table for more wildflower of the UK common names together with their names in languages from America, Finland, France, Germany, Holland, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Spain and Sweden.

See current Wildflower Botanical Name Index link table for wildflower of the United Kingdom (Great Britain) botanical names.

 

WILD FLOWER Common Name INDEX link to Wildflower Family Page; then

Click on Underlined Text in:-

Common Name to view that Plant Description Page
Botanical Name to link to Plant or Seed Supplier
Flowering Months to view photos
Habitat to view further Natural Habitat details and Botanical Society of the British Isles Distribution Map

 

A
Abraham, Isaac and Jacob
Adder's Tongue
Adder's-tongue Spearwort
Alder
Alder Buckthorn
Alpine Forget-me-not
Alpine Meadow-Rue
American Bellbine
Annual Delpinium
Arrow Bamboo
Asarabacca

G
Giant Bellflower
Giant Butterwort
Globe Flower
Goldilocks Buttercup
Goosegrass
Great Bindweed
Great Broomrape
Greater Bladderwort
Greater Dodder
Greater Spearwort
Green Alkanet
Green Amaranth
Green Hellebore
Green Houndstongue
Green Pigweed

M
Madwort
Marsh Arrow-Grass
Marsh Bedstraw
Marsh Marigold
Meadow Buttercup
Metake
Monkshood
Moonwort
Mountain Bamboo
Mousetail

S
Saint Martins Buttercup
Scilly Buttercup
Sea Arrow-Grass
Sea Bindweed
Sessile Oak
Sheepsbit
Silver Birch
Simon's Bamboo
Skunk Cabbage
Slender Bedstraw
Slender Marsh Bedstraw
Small Balsam
Small Bladderwort
Small Bugloss
Small Bur-Reed
Small-Flowered Buttercup
Small Goosegrass
Smooth Bedstraw
Soft Comfrey
Spanish Chestnut
Spiked Rampion
Spreading Bellflower
Squinancywort
Stinking Hellebore
Swamp Lantern
Sweet Chestnut
Sweet Flag

B
Baneberry
Barberry
Bedstraw Broomrape
Beech
Birthwort
Bloodtwig Dogwood
Blue Anemone
Blue-eyed-Mary
Bogbean
Bog Myrtle
Borage
Box
Branched Bur-Reed
Broad-leaved Bamboo
Bulbous Buttercup
Butterfly-Bush

H
Hairy Buttercup
Harebell
Hairy Bamboo
Heath Bedstraw
Hedge Bedstraw
Hedge Bindweed
Himalayan Balsam
Himalayan Bamboo
Holm Oak
Horse Chestnut
Houndstongue

N
Narihira Bamboo
Narihiradake
Narrow-leaved Lungwort
Nettle-leaved Bellflower
Northern Bedstraw
Northern Water Forgetmenot

T
Three-lobed Crowfoot
Thread-leaved Water-Crowfoot
Thyme Broomrape
Toothwort
Touch-Me-Not Balsam
Traveller's Joy
Tuberous Comfrey
Tufted Forget-me-not
Turkey Oak

C
Canterbury Bell
Carrot Broomrape
Celery-leaved Buttercup
Changing Forget-me-not
Chimakizasa
Cleavers
Clove-Scented Broomrape
Clustered Bellflower
Columbine
Common Amaranth
Common Buckthorn
Common Broomrape
Common Butterwort
Common Comfrey
Common Dodder
Common Foreget-me-not
Common Gromwell
Common Lungwort
Common Meadow-Rue
Common Moonwort
Common Water-crowfoot
Copper Beech
Corn Buttercup
Corn Cleavers
Corn Gromwell
Cornish Bellflower
Creeping Bellflower
Creeping Buttercup
Creeping Forget-me-not
Creeping Spearwort
Creeping Water Forgetmenot
Crosswort
Crowberry

I
Indian Balsam
Indian Fountain Bamboo
Irish Bladderwort
Italian Alder
Ivory Bells
Ivy Broomrape
Ivy-leaved Bellflower
Ivy-leaved Crowfoot
 

O
Orange Balsam
Oregon Grape
Oriental Borage
Oxtongue Broomrape
Oyster Plant

U
Unbranched Bur Reed
Upright Hedge Bedstraw

D
Dogberry
Dogwood
Downy Birch
Durmast Oak
Dwarf Birch
Dwarf Cornel

J
Jersey Buttercup
Jersey Forget-me-not
Jewel-Weed
Joseph and Mary

P
Pale Butterwort
Pale Forget-me-not
Pasque Flower
Pedunculate Oak
Pheasant's Eye
Pigweed
Plymouth Pear
Pond Water-crowfoot
Prickly Comfrey
Purple Beech
Purple Clematis
Purple Gromwell
Purple Toothwort
Purple Viper's Bugloss
Pyrenean Columbine

V
Variegated Monkshood
Various-leaved Crowfoot
Venus's Looking-Glass
Viper's Bugloss
Virgins Bower

E
Early Adder's Tongue
Early Forgetmenot
Evergreen Oak

K
Knapweed Broomrape

Q

W
Wall Bedstraw
Water Crowfoot
Water Forget-me-not
Water Hawthorn
Western Skunk Cabbage
White Amaranth
White Comfrey
White Pigweed
Wild Madder
Winter Aconite
Wood Anemone
Wood Forget-me-not
Wood Goldilocks
Woodruff

F
Fan-leaved Buttercup
Fen Bedstraw
Field Bindweed
Field Forget-me-not
Field Gromwell
Field Madder
Floating Bur-Reed
French Meadow-Rue
Fringed Water-Lily

L
Lady's Bedstraw
Large Bindweed
Large Cuckoo Pint
Larkspur
Least Adder's Tongue
Least Bur-Reed
Lesser Bladderwort
Lesser Celandine
Lesser Meadow-Rue
Lesser Spearwort
Lords and Ladies

R
Rampion Bellflower
River Water-Crowfoot
Rocket Larkspur
Rough Comfrey
Rough-fruited Buttercup
Round-Headed Rampion
Round-leaved Crowfoot
Russian Comfrey

XYZ
Yarrow Broomrape
Yellow Anemone
Yellow Birdsnest
Yellow Skunk Cabbage

 

 

 

 

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Page structure amended October 2012.
Feet changed to inches (cms) July 2015.
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Wildflower Family Page links added March 2016.
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