Ivydene Gardens Bedding Plant Gallery:
Use for Summer Bedding

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

argyranthemumfloscmadeiracamara

argyranthemumfloscmadeiramachio

argyranthemumfloscmadeirasantana

argyranthemumfloscmadeiramonte

bacopaflocabundablue5petal

Agastachecflobolerogarnonswilliams

Agastachecflorosemintgarnonswilliams

antirrhinumcflobronzedragongarnonswilliams

Acidic Sand or Erica-ceous Compost for Pots.
Argyra-nthemum 'Madeira Camara'
White flowers Jun-Aug

Acidic Sand or Erica-ceous Compost for Pots.
Argyra-nthemum 'Madeira Machio'
Pink flowers Jun-Aug

Acidic Sand or Erica-ceous Compost for Pots.
Argyra-nthemum 'Madeira Santana'
Red flowers Jun-Aug

Acidic Sand or Erica-ceous Compost for Pots.
Argyra-nthemum 'Madeira Monte'
White flowers Jun-Aug

ACIDIC SAND AND PEATY, ERICA-CEOUS COMP-OST FOR POTS. Sun, Part Shade Summer Bedding Bacopa 'Abunda Blue'
Sky-Blue flowers Jun-Sep

CHALK, LOAM, SAND. Agast-ache 'Bolero'
SUN
Summer Bedding Foliage May-Oct Rose-Purple flowers Jul-Sep

CHALK, LOAM, SAND. Agast-ache 'Rose Mint'
SUN
Summer Bedding Foliage May-Nov Laven-der flowers Jul-Oct

CHALK, LOAM, SAND. Antirr-hinum 'Bronze Dragon'
SUN
Summer Bedding
Foliage May-Oct
Purple and White Bi-coloured Flowers Jun-Sep

bacopaflocabundawhite

coleusfolsckongrose

coleusfolsckongscarlet

dianthusflosckiwiclassact

dianthussflotckiwidoublenorth2

item30a10i1a1a1c2

antirrhinumcflolavenderribbonkavanagh

argyranthemumcflogracilechelseagirlkavanagh

ACIDIC SAND AND PEATY, ERICA-CEOUS COMP-OST FOR POTS. Sun, Part Shade Summer Bedding Bacopa 'Abunda White'
White flowers Jun-Sep

SAND, CHALK.
Coleus 'Kong Rose'
PART SHADE, FULL SHADE
Summer Bedding Bright Green with Pink midrib and Burgundy veins Foliage
No flowers

Use as Foliage Plant

SAND, CHALK.
Coleus 'Kong Scarlet'
PART SHADE, FULL SHADE
Summer Bedding Stained glass effect of Scarlet, Burgundy and Green Foliage
No flowers

Use as Foliage Plant

CHALK, SAND.
Dianthus 'Kiwi Class Act'
SUN, PART SHADE Red Flowers Jun-Oct

CHALK, SAND.
Dianthus 'Kiwi Double North'
SUN, PART SHADE
White Flowers Jun-Oct

CHALK, LOAM, SAND. Antirr-hinum 'Peaches and Cream'
SUN
Summer Bedding Foliage May-Oct Cream and Peach bi-colour flowers Jun-Sep

CHALK, LOAM, SAND. Antirr-hinum 'Laven-der Ribbon' Summer Bedding
SUN, PART SHADE
Foliage May-Nov
Laven-der-Red Flowers Jun-Oct

LOAM, SAND, CLAY. Argyran-hemum 'Chelsea Girl'
SUN
Summer Bedding
Foliage Jan-Dec Yellow-centered White daisy flowers in
Apr-Oct

dianthussflotckiwiraspberryripple

diasciaflotcwhisperdarkcoral

diasciaflotcwhispertangerine1

phygeliusfloc1funfarewine1

argyranthemumsflotcmadeiracherryred

argyranthemumcflopetitepinkgirlgarnonswilliams

bidenscfloferulifoliagoldeneyegarnonswilliams

dahliacflo1moonfiregarnonswilliams

CHALK, SAND.
Dianthus 'Kiwi Rasp-berry Ripple'
SUN, PART SHADE
Rasp-berry Red and White Flowers Jun-Oct

CHALK, SAND.
Diascia 'Whisper Dark Coral' SUN
Coral Flowers Jun-Oct

CHALK, SAND.
Diascia 'Whisper Tang-erine'
SUN Tan-gerine Flowers Jun-Oct

CHALK, SAND.
Phygelius 'Funfare Wine'
SUN, PART SHADE Light Green Foliage Magenta Flowers May-Oct

Acidic Sand or Erica-ceous Compost for Pots.
Argyra-nthemum 'Madeira Cherry Red'
Red flowers Jun-Aug

CLAY, LOAM, SAND. Argyrant-hemum 'Petite Pink'
SUN
Summer Bedding Foliage Apr-Oct Light Pink flowers in Apr-Oct

LOAM, SAND, CLAY. Bidens 'Golden Eye'
SUN
Summer Bedding
Foliage Jun-Nov Bright Yellow flowers in
Jul-Oct

CHALK, SAND, SANDY-CLAY. Dahlia 'Moon-fire'
SUN
Summer Bedding
Bronze Foliage May-Oct Yellow with Orange-Red at base of petal flowers in
Jun-First Frost

argyranthemumflotcmadeiracrestedmerlot

argyranthemumsflotcmadeiracrestedpink

argyranthemumsflotcmadeiracrestedyellow

argyranthemumfloscmadeiradoublewhite

argyranthemumsflotcmadeiralightpink

anagalisflotcskylover2

dianthuscflo1barbatuskaleidoscopekavanagh

geraniumcflowlassovianumbluestargarnonswilliams

Acidic Sand or Erica-ceous Compost for Pots.
Argyra-nthemum 'Madeira Crested Merlot'
Red flowers Jun-Aug

Acidic Sand or Erica-ceous Compost for Pots.
Argyra-nthemum 'Madeira Crested Pink'
Pink flowers Jun-Aug

Acidic Sand or Erica-ceous Compost for Pots.
Argyra-nthemum 'Madeira Crested Yellow'
Yellow flowers Jun-Aug

Acidic Sand or Erica-ceous Compost for Pots.
Argyra-nthemum 'Madeira Double White'
White flowers Jun-Aug

Acidic Sand or Erica-ceous Compost for Pots.
Argyra-nthemum 'Madeira Light Pink'
Pink flowers Jun-Aug

SAND.
Anagalis 'Skylover' SUN Summer Bedding Light Green Foliage Blue Flowers Jun-Aug

CHALK, LOAM, SAND. Dianthus barbatus 'Kaleid-oscope Mixed'
SUN
Summer Bedding
Green Foliage Apr-Oct
Pink matures to White Flowers May-Sep

SAND, LOAM, CHALK. Geran-ium 'Blue Star'
SUN
Summer Bedding
Mid-Green Foliage May-Oct Laven-der-Blue flowers Jun-Sep

osteopspermumcflo1sunnycecilgarnonswilliams

pelargoniumcflo1mysterygarnonswilliams

penstemoncflofukiyamayayamakavanagh

penstemoncflosourgrapesgarnonswilliams

penstemoncflovesuviusyasiusgarnonswilliams

penstemoncflowhitebedderkavanagh

rudbeckiacflohirtacherrybrandygarnonswilliams

salviacflo1blepharophylladiablogarnonswilliams

LOAM, SAND, CLAY. Osteosp-ermum 'Sunny Cecil'
SUN
Summer Bedding
Green Foliage Jan-Dec Purple-centred White daisy flowers in
May-Aug

CHALK, LOAM, SAND. Pelar-gonium 'Mystery' Summer Bedding
SUN
Green
Foliage May-Nov
Wine-Red blotched Black Flowers Jun-Nov

CHALK, LOAM, SAND. Penste-mon Fujiyama
SUN
Summer Bedding Foliage Apr-Oct Shell-Pink flowers in May-Oct

CHALK, LOAM, SAND. Penste-mon 'Sour Grapes'
SUN, PART SHADE
Summer Bedding
Green Foliage Apr-Oct
Purple/Blue Flowers May-Oct

CHALK, LOAM, SAND. Penste-mon Vesuvius Yasius'
SUN, PART SHADE
Summer Bedding
Green Foliage Apr-Oct
Purple with White throat Flowers May-Oct

LOAM, SAND, CHALK. Penste-mon 'White Bedder'
SUN, PART SHADE
Summer Bedding
Green Foliage May-Nov White flowers in
Jul-Oct

CHALK, LOAM, SAND, CLAY. Rud-beckia hirta 'Cherry Brandy' Summer Bedding
SUN PART SHADE
Green
Foliage May-Nov
Cherry-Red Flowers Jul-Oct

CHALK, LOAM, SAND. Salvia 'Diablo' Summer Bedding
SUN, PART SHADE
Green
Foliage May-Nov
Scarlet-Red Flowers Jun-Oct

salviacflococcineaforestfiregarnonswilliams

salviacfloscoccineasummerjewelpinkgarnonswilliams

salviacflosummerjewelredgarnonswilliams

salviacfloeleganshoneymelongarnonswilliams

salviacflo1patenskavanagh

salviacflopurplequeengarnonswilliams

salviacflosplendenssalsapurplegarnonswilliams

tanacetumcflo1coccineumdurogarnonswilliams

CHALK, LOAM, SAND. Salvia 'Forest Fire' Summer Bedding
SUN, PART SHADE
Green
Foliage May-Nov
Fire-Red Flowers Jul-Oct

CHALK, LOAM, SAND. Salvia coccinea 'Summer Jewel Pink'
SUN
Summer Bedding
Green Foliage May-Oct
White overlaid with Pink Flowers Jun-Oct

CHALK, LOAM, SAND. Salvia 'Summer Jewel Red' Summer Bedding
SUN
Green
Foliage May-Nov
Scarlet Flowers Jun-Oct

CHALK, LOAM, SAND. Salvia elegans 'Honey Melon' Summer Bedding
SUN, PART SHADE
Green
Foliage May-Nov
Scarlet Flowers Jul-Oct

SAND, LOAM, CHALK. Salvia patens
SUN
Summer Bedding
Green Foliage May-Oct Moroccan Blue flowers Jul-Sep

CHALK, LOAM, SAND. Salvia greggii 'Purple Queen'
SUN
Summer Bedding
Green Foliage May-Nov
Purple Flowers Jun-Oct

CHALK, LOAM, SAND. Salvia splend-ens 'Salsa Purple'
SUN, PART SHADE
Summer Bedding
Green Foliage Apr-Oct
Purple Flowers May-Sep

CHALK, LOAM, SAND. Tana-cetum coccin-eum 'Duro' Summer Bedding
SUN
Ferny Green
Foliage May-Oct
Carmine-Purple Flowers Jun-Sep

verbenacflohomesteadpurplegarnonswilliams

verbenacflos1lafrancekavanagh

verbenacflos1seabrookslavendersealavgarnonswilliams

zinniacflozaharastarlightrosegarnonswilliams

cosmoscflosulphureusgarnonswilliams

achilleacflossummerberriessuttons

antirrhinumcfloilluminationmixsuttons

 

CHALK, LOAM, SAND. Verbena 'Home-stead Purple'
SUN
Summer Bedding
Green Foliage May-Oct
Purple Flowers Jun-Oct

CHALK, LOAM, SAND. Verbena 'La France'
SUN
Summer Bedding
Green Foliage May-Oct
Light Violet-Blue Flowers Jun-Sep

CHALK, LOAM, SAND. Verbena Sea-brook's Lavender
SUN
Summer Bedding
Green Foliage Apr-Oct
Lavender Flowers May-Sep

CHALK, LOAM, SAND. Zinnia 'Zahara Star-light Rose'
SUN
Summer Bedding
Green Foliage Apr-Oct
White flowers with Pink-Rose centre Jul-Oct

CHALK, LOAM, SAND. Cosmos sulph-ureus
SUN
Summer Bedding
Foliage May-Oct
Orange, Yellow, Red Flowers Jun-Oct

CHALK, SAND. Achillea 'Summer Berries'
SUN
Summer Bedding
Green Foliage Apr-Oct
Red, Purple, Pink Flowers Aug-Oct

EXTRA Plant from Bloom Calendar Gallery

CHALK, SAND. Antirr-hinum Illumin-ation Mix'
SUN
Summer Bedding
Green Foliage Apr-Oct
Red, Orange, Pink, Yellow Flowers Jun-Oct
EXTRA Plant from Bloom Calendar Gallery

 

fuchsiaflocalicehoffman1

 

cannacflophasiongarnonswilliams

cosmoscflobipinnatuspuritygarnonswilliams

cosmoscflobipinnatusrubenzakavanagh

cosmoscfloxdahliamexicanblackgarnonswilliams

cupheacflollaveakavanagh

dahliacfloabacussolgarnonswilliams1

ACIDIC SAND OR SANDY CLAY
Fuchsia 'Alice Hoffman' SUN, PART SHADE Bronze-Green Foliage Pink and White Flowers Jul-Oct

 

CHALK, LOAM, SAND. Canna 'Phasion'
SUN
Summer Bedding
Striped in Green, Purple, Orange and Pink Foliage May-Oct Orange flowers in Jun-Sep

CHALK, LOAM, SAND. Cosmos bipinn-atus 'Purity'
SUN
Summer Bedding
Mid-Green Foliage May-Nov White flowers in Jun-Nov

CHALK, LOAM, SAND. Cosmos bipinn-atus 'Ruben-za' Summer Bedding
SUN
Foliage May-Oct
Ruby-Red Flowers Jun-Sep

CHALK, LOAM, SAND. Cosmos x dahlia 'Mexican Black' Summer Bedding
SUN Green
Foliage May-Nov
Dark Red Flowers Jul-Nov

CHALK, LOAM, SAND. Cuphea llavea
SUN, PART SHADE
Summer Bedding Foliage May-Oct Purple calyx and Red ear-like Petals flowers Jun-Oct

CHALK, SAND, SANDY-CLAY. Dahlia 'Abacus Sol'
SUN
Summer Bedding Foliage Jun-Oct
Yellow flowers in Jul-Oct

dahliacflo1aarabiannightgarnonswilliams

dahliacflobluewishgarnonswilliams

dahliacflo1blytonroyalvelvetgarnonswilliams

dahliacflodavidhowardgarnonswilliams1

dahliacflofascinationgarnonswilliams

dahliacflojessicagarnonswilliams

dahliacflojosiegottgarnonswilliams

dahliacfloknockoutgarnonswilliams

CHALK, CLAY, SAND. Dahlia 'Arabian Night' Summer Bedding
SUN Green
Foliage May-Nov
Dark Red Flowers Jul-Nov

CHALK, SAND, SANDY-CLAY. Dahlia 'Blue Wish'
SUN
Summer Bedding Foliage May-Nov Purple-tipped, White petal flowers Jun-Oct

CHALK, SAND, SANDY-CLAY. Dahlia 'Blyton Royal Velvet'
SUN
Summer Bedding Foliage May-Nov Purple flowers Jul-Oct

CHALK, SAND, SANDY-CLAY. Dahlia 'David Howard'
SUN
Summer Bedding
Bronze-tinged, slightly Purplish Foliage May-Nov Bronze- Orange flowers in Jul-Oct

CHALK, SAND, SANDY-CLAY. Dahlia 'Fascin-ation'
SUN
Summer Bedding Foliage Apr-Oct Purplish- Pink flowers in May-Oct

CHALK, SAND, SANDY-CLAY. Dahlia 'Jessica'
SUN
Summer Bedding Foliage May-Oct Yellow petals with Rose-Red tipped flowers Jun-Oct

CHALK, SAND, SANDY-CLAY. Dahlia 'Josie Gott'
SUN
Summer Bedding
Green Foliage May-Oct White with Lilac flush flowers
Jul-Sep

CHALK, SAND, SANDY-CLAY. Dahlia 'Knock-out'
SUN
Summer Bedding Foliage Jun-Oct
Yellow flowers in Jul-Oct

dahliacfloteesbrookeaudreygarnonswilliams

dahliacflotiptoegarnonswilliams

dahliacflotwiningsaftereightgarnonswilliams

diasciacflopersonatakavanagh

lepechiniacflohastatagarnonswilliams

penstemoncflocountessofdalkeithgarnonswilliams

penstemoncflogeorgehomegarnonswilliams

penstemoncflopenningtongemgarnonswilliams

CHALK, SAND, SANDY-CLAY. Dahlia 'Tess-brooke Audrey'
SUN
Summer Bedding Foliage May-Oct Pink with Pink/White collar flowers Jul-Oct

CHALK, SAND, SANDY-CLAY. Dahlia 'Tiptoe'
SUN
Summer Bedding Foliage May-Oct Wine-Red petals tipped with White flowers Jul-Oct

CHALK, SAND, SANDY-CLAY. Dahlia Twyn-ing's After Eight'
SUN
Summer Bedding
Choco-late Foliage May-Oct White with Pink flush flowers
Jul-Sep

CHALK, SAND. Diascia person-ata
SUN
Summer Bedding Green Foliage Apr-Nov Dusky Pink flowers in May-Nov

CHALK, LOAM, SAND. Lepe-chinia hastata Summer Bedding
SUN, LIGHT SHADE Grey-Green
Foliage Jun-Nov
Red Flowers Aug-Nov

CHALK, SAND, LOAM. Penste-mon 'Count-ess of Dalkeith'
SUN, PART SHADE
Summer Bedding Foliage May-Nov Purple and White flowers Jun-Nov

CHALK, LOAM, SAND. Penste-mon 'George Home'
SUN, PART SHADE
Summer Bedding Foliage May-Oct Magenta flowers with White throat May-Oct

CHALK, LOAM, SAND. Penste-mon 'Penning-ton Gem'
SUN, PART SHADE
Summer Bedding Green Foliage Apr-Nov Pink flowers in May-Oct

penstemoncfloportwinegarnonswilliams

pyrethrumcflo1roseumdurogarnonswilliams

salviacfloinvolucrataboutingarnonswilliams

salviacfloinvolucratajoankavanagh

salviacflo1xjamensishotlipsgarnonswilliams

salviacflo1microphyllanewbyhallgarnonswilliams

salviacflosierrasanantoniogarnonswilliams

salviacflosilkesdreamgarnonswilliams

CHALK, LOAM, SAND. Penste-mon
'Port Wine'
SUN, PART SHADE
Summer Bedding Foliage May-Oct Wine-Red May-Oct

CHALK, LOAM, SAND. Pyre-thrum roseum 'Duro'
SUN, PART SHADE
Summer Bedding Foliage May-Sep Purple-Red
Jul-Aug

CHALK, LOAM, SAND. Salvia 'Boutin'
SUN
Summer Bedding Green Foliage Apr-Nov Deep Pink flowers in Jul-Nov

CHALK, LOAM, SAND. Salvia involu-crata 'Joan'
SUN
Summer Bedding Green Foliage May-Nov Purplish-Pink flowers in Jun-Oct

CHALK, SAND, LOAM. Salvia 'Hot Lips'
SUN
Summer Bedding Foliage May-Nov Bi-coloured Red and White flowers Jul-Oct

CHALK, LOAM, SAND. Salvia micro-phylla 'Newby Hall'
SUN
Summer Bedding Foliage May-Dec Scarlet-Red flowers in
Jun-Dec

CHALK, SAND, LOAM. Salvia 'Sierra San Antonio'
SUN
Summer Bedding Foliage May-Nov Yellow suffused with Pink and Orange flowers Jun-Oct

CHALK, LOAM, SAND. Salvia 'Silke's Dream'
SUN
Summer Bedding Foliage May-Dec Orange-Red flowers in
Jul-Nov

salviacflos1leucanthamidnightgarnonswilliams

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHALK, LOAM, SAND. Salvia 'Mid-night'
SUN, LIGHT SHADE
Summer Bedding Foliage Jan-Dec Purple calyx and Purple flowers May-Nov

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

salviacfloatrocyaneagarnonswilliams

salviacfloguaranticablackandbluegarnonswilliams

salviacflophyllisfancygarnonswilliams

 

 

 

 

 

CHALK, SAND, LOAM, CLAY.
Salvia atro-cyanea
SUN, PART SHADE
Summer Bedding
Foliage May-Nov Dark Blue flowers in
Jul-Oct

CHALK, SAND, LOAM.
Salvia 'Black and Blue'
SUN
Summer Bedding
Foliage May-Nov Dark Blue flowers in
Jul-Oct

CHALK, LOAM, SAND. Salvia 'Phyllis Fancy'
SUN, LIGHT SHADE
Her
Shrub
Foliage Jul-Dec
Lavender-blue and White Flowers Sep-Nov

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Summer Bedding Use.
Summer bedding display period is between June and October/November.

 

Single Flowers provide honeybees with pollen to collect for the protein in a bee's diet, whereas double flowers do not provide this pollen.

 

"The archetypal flower reads from outside in – sepals (often green), then petals, male stamen and finally the central female parts.

In the single dahlia stamens with their yellow pollen which is available for honeybees to collect, can be seen clearly.  Pollen provides most of the protein in a bee’s diet.

Double flowers, stamens have been transformed into extra petals for a fuller, showier bloom.  The lack of pollen means pollination cannot occur and the flower remains open for longer, waiting.  Both of these features have made double flowers attractive to horticulturists and much energy has been put into breeding double varieties.  Highly bred cultivars are much more likely to be doubles than their species (natural) counterparts.  Plants with the name ‘flore pleno’ should ring warning bells as it means ‘with a full flower’ and will almost certainly mean it is a double.

Nectaries (rarely visible) store nectar which provides the carbohydrate part of a bee’s diet.  They are easier to access in single flowers than in doubles.

Some plant species are good honey bee plants in their single form but not when bred as doubles:  Hawthorn (Crataegus ‘Paul’s Scarlet‘), Japanese anemones (Anemone x hybrida), Geums – semi-double cultivars ‘Miss Bradshaw’ and ‘Lady Stratheden’, Cinquefoil (Potentilla), Clematis (such as the strange ‘Viennetta’) and Hollyhock (Alcea rosea).

For rose fans you may want to learn that only the species roses (Dog rose Rosa canina and R. rugosa) offer food (pollen only) for honeybees. It is understandable that having as much colour, for as long as possible, has been a priority in British gardens prone as they are to the blanketing green of a wet summer.  The fact that plant breeding has followed the demand of gardeners makes simple economic sense.  It is nature that is beginning to suffer however.  Breeding away pollen serves neither the plant species, as it can’t reproduce itself, nor the insects whose main source of protein it is.

The question is, can designers influence public taste sufficiently for nurseries to change their ways or would it put the breeders out of a job?" from Beeginner Beekeeper.

 

Anagallis monellii 'Skylover Blue' has Single Flowers

anagalisflocskylover1

whereas Dahlia 'Blue Wish' has Double Flowers, which has many more petals:-

dahliaflobluewishgarnonswilliams1

 

Further details on other plants, which are bee-pollinated rather than wind-pollinated:-

Bee-Pollinated Bloom Plant Index.
The 264 bee-pollinated plants in Bee-Pollinated Bloom Plant Index are in addition to the bee-pollinated plants shown as thumbnails in the pages of Bee-Pollinated Bloom Plant Galleries of 12 Flower Colours per month FROM the Circular Colour Wheel below.

Click on the OOO in the Index below to link to those bee-pollinated plants of that flower colour in that month or any of

ACER (Deciduous/Evergreen Shrub/Tree) in March-April
CHAENOMELES SPECIOSA (Herbaceous Perennial) in March-May
CROCUS (Bulb) in September-April
CYDONIA OBLONGA (Deciduous Shrub) in April-June
DAFFODIL (Bulb) in December-May
DAHLIA (Bulb) in June-November
DUTCH HYACINTH (Bulb) in March-April
HEATHERS (Evergreen Shrub) in every month
HEDERA HELIX (Evergreen Climber) in September-November as last major source of nectar and pollen in the year
HELIANTHEMUM (Deciduous Shrub) in June-August - Pollen only collected when the flowers open during sunny weather
HELENIUM (Herbaceous Perennial) in June-October
HELLEBORUS (Herbaceous Perennial) in January-March
HEUCHERA (Evergreen Perennial) in May-September
HIBISCUS (Deciduous Shrub) in August-September
ILEX (Evergreen Tree) in May-June
LAVANDULA (Annual, Herbaceous Perennial or Shrub) in June-July
LAVATERA (Annual, Biennial, or Herbaceous Perennial) in May-August
LEPTOSIPHON (Annual) in June-August
MAGNOLIA GRANDIFLORA (Evergreen Tree) in August-September
MALVA SYLVESTRIS (Biennial) in June-September
MENTHA (Herb) in July-August
NEMOPHILA (Annual) in April-June
NIGELLA (Annual) in July-September
PHILADELPHUS species only with single flowers (Shrub) in June
POLEMONIUM (Herbaceous Perennial) in April-June
PRUNUS CERASIFERA (Deciduous Tree) in February-March
PRUNUS LAUROCERASUS (Evergreen Shrub) in April-June
PYRACANTHA COCCINEA (Evergreen Shrub) in May-June
ROSES (Deciduous Shrub/Climber) in June-October
RUBUS IDAEUS (Raspberry) (Soft Fruit) in May-June
SALVIA SUPERBA (Herbaceous Perennial) in June-September - no bee garden should be without this plant - for those plants.

Enumber indicates Empty Index Page.
Bottom row of Grey is Unusual or Multi-Coloured Flower Colour.

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

OOO E1.

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO
Blue

OOO

OOO
E11.

OOO
E12.

OOO E13.

OOO
E14.

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO
Mauve

OOO

OOO

OOO
E24.

OOO
E25.

OOO
E26.

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO
Purple

OOO
E34.

OOO
E35.

OOO
E36.

OOO
E37

OOO
E38

OOO

OOO
E40

OOO
E41

OOO
E42

OOO

OOO

OOO
Brown

OOO

OOO
E47

OOO
E48

OOO
E49

OOO
E50

OOO
E51

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO
Cream

OOO
E58

OOO
E59

OOO
E60

OOO
E61

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO
Green

OOO

OOO
E71

OOO
E72

OOO
E73

OOO
E74

OOO
E75

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO
E80

OOO
E81Orange

OOO
E82

OOO
E83

OOO
E84

OOO
E85

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO
Pink

OOO

OOO
E95

OOO
E96

OOO
E97

OOO
E98

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO
Red

OOO

OOO
E107

OOO
E108

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO
White

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO
Yellow

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO
E133

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO
Unusual

OOO

OOO
E143

OOO
E144

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bloomsmonth2a

Inner circle of Grey is 12 months of Unusual or Multi-Coloured Flower Colour

Bulb and Perennial Height from Text Border

Brown = 0-12 inches (0-30 cms)

Blue = 12-24 inches (30-60 cms)

Green = 24-36 inches (60-90 cms)

Red = 36-72 inches (90- 180 cms)

Black = 72+ inches (180+ cms)

Shrub Height from Text Border

Brown = 0-12 inches (0-30 cms)

Blue = 12-36 inches (30-90 cms)

Green = 36-60 inches (90- 150 cms)

Red = 60-120 inches (150- 300 cms)

Black = 120+ inches (300+ cms)

Tree Height from Text Border

Brown = 0-240 inches (0- 600 cms)

Blue = 240- 480 inches (600- 1200 cms)

Green = 480+ inches (1200 + cms)

Red = Potted

Black = Use in Small Garden

Climber Height from Text Border

 

Blue = 0-36 inches (0-90 cms)

Green = 36-120 inches (90-300 cms)

Red = 120+ inches (300+ cms)

 

Bamboo, Bedding, Conifer, Fern, Grass, Herb, Rhododendron, Rose, Soft Fruit, Top Fruit, Vegetable and Wildflower Height from Text Border

Blue = 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)

Green = 24-72 inches (60- 180 cms)

Red = 72+ inches (180+ cms)

 

Plant Soil Moisture from Text Background

Wet Soil

Moist Soil

 

Dry Soil

"Soils vary enormously in characteristics, but the size of the particles that make up a soil defines its gardening characteristics:

  • Clay: less than 0.002mm
  • Silt: 0.002-0.05mm
  • Sand: 0.05-2mm
  • Stones: bigger than 2mm in size
  • Chalky soils also contain calcium carbonate or lime

The dominating particle size gives soil its characteristics and because the tiny clay particles have a huge surface area for a given volume of clay they dominate the other particles:

Clay soils have over 25 percent clay. Also known as heavy soils, these are potentially fertile as they hold nutrients bound to the clay minerals in the soil. But they also hold a high proportion of water due to the capillary attraction of the tiny spaces between the numerous clay particles. They drain slowly and take longer to warm up in spring than sandy soils. Clay soils are easily compacted when trodden on while wet and they bake hard in summer, often cracking noticeably.

Sandy soils have high proportion of sand and little clay. Also known as light soils, these soils drain quickly after rain or watering, are easy to cultivate and work. They warm up more quickly in spring than clay soils. But on the downside, they dry out quickly and are low in plant nutrients, which are quickly washed out by rain. Sandy soils are often very acidic.

Silt soils, comprised mainly of intermediate sized particles, are fertile, fairly well drained and hold more moisture than sandy soils, but are easily compacted

Loams are comprised of a mixture of clay, sand and silt that avoid the extremes of clay or sandy soils and are fertile, well-drained and easily worked. They can be clay-loam or sandy-loam depending on their predominant composition and cultivation characteristics.

Peat soils are mainly organic matter and are usually very fertile and hold much moisture. They are seldom found in gardens.

Chalky or lime-rich soils may be light or heavy but are largely made up of calcium carbonate and are very alkaline." from Royal Horticultural Society

.

"From elaborate public garden designs and street planters to the smallest front garden, bedding plants provide a temporary decorative seasonal display for beds, borders, containers and hanging baskets. Bedding can be grown from seed, bought as young seedlings (plug plants) or purchased as pot-grown specimens, often in multi-packs and cellular trays, ready for planting." from Bedding plants and displays page by the Royal Horticultural Society.

Some of the Mail-order suppliers of bedding plants:-

  • Suttons Seeds with potted plants and plug plants for the Winter, Spring and Summer in the UK
  • Unwins with plug plants for the Spring and Summer in the UK
  • Van Meuwen with bulbs and plug plants for annual bedding plants in the UK

BEDDING PLANT GALLERY PAGES

Site Map of pages with content (o)

Introduction

FOLIAGE COLOUR
(o)Black
.Blue
(o)Brown
(o)Bronze
(o)Green
.Grey
(o)Purple
(o)Red
.Silver
(o)Variegated
.White
.Yellow

SEED COLOUR
Seed with EXTRA Plant INDEX of Extra Plants in Extra Pages of Bloom and Blooms Calendar Galleries.

BEDS WITH PICTURES
Garden

 


Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines

BEDDING PLANT GALLERY PAGES

Flower Colour

Bicolour

Blue

Green

Orange

Other Colours

Pink

Purple

Red

White

White / Bicolour

Yellow

 

 

 

Flower Simple Shape

3 Petals

4 Petals

5 Petals

6 Petals

Stars

Bowls, Cups and Saucers

Globes, Goblets and Chalices

irisflotpseudacorus1a

aethionemacfloarmenumfoord1a

anemonecflo1hybridafoord1a

 

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a1

geraniumflocineremuballerina1a1a1a1a1

paeoniamlokosewitschiiflot1a1

Trumpets and Funnels

Bells, Thimbles and Urns

 

Single Flower provides pollen for bees

 

2 Petals

 

acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord1a1

digitalismertonensiscflorvroger1a

 

anagalisflotcskylover1a1

 

cupheacflollaveakavanagh1a

 

Flower Elabor-ated Shape

Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Hats, Hoods and Helmets

Standards, Wings and Keels

Discs and Florets

Pin-cushions and Tufts

Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons

prunellaflotgrandiflora1a

aquilegiacfloformosafoord1a

acanthusspinosuscflocoblands1a

lathyrusflotvernus1a

brachyscomecflorigidulakevock1a

echinaceacflo1purpurealustrehybridsgarnonswilliams1a

argyranthemumflotcmadeiracrestedyellow1a

Bedding Plant Use

Bedding Out

Filling In

Screen-ing

Pots and Troughs

Window Boxes

Hanging Baskets

Spring Bedding

Summer Bedding

Winter Bedding

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bedding Plant Height from Text Border Gallery

Blue =
0-24 inches
(0-60 cms)

Green =
24-72 inches
(60-180 cms) or
Green =
24-72 inches
(60-180 cms)

Red =
72+ inches
(180+ cms)
 

Bedding Plant Soil Moisture from Text Background

 

Wet Soil

Moist Soil

Dry Soil

Click on thumbnail to add the Plant Description Page of the Bedding Plant named in the Text box below that photo.
The Comments Row of that Bedding Plant Description Page details where that Bedding Plant is available from.

 

 

Bedding Plant INDEX .

See also the Bedding Plant INDEX of the Bedding in the Mixed Borders of the Royal Horticultural Society Garden at Wisley in 2013. This gallery also compares the Flower Colours, Foliage Colours, Bedding Use and Flower Shape of the bedding plants in those Mixed Borders.

Bedding Plant Name.

/
Link to Genus Details
 

Flower Colour

Bicolour.
Blue.
Orange.
Other Colours of Flowers.
Pink.
Purple.
Red.
White.
White/Colour Bicolour Flowers.
Yellow.

Flowering Months

Foliage Colour

Black.
Brown.
Bronze.
Green.
Purple.
Red.
Varie-gated.
 

Height x Spread in inches (cms)
(1 inch = 2.5 cms,
12 inches = 1 foot
12 inches = 30 cms,
24 inches = 2 feet,
3 feet = 1 yard,
40 inches = 100 cms)

Bedding Use

Bedding Out.
Filling In.
Screening.
Pots and Troughs.
Window Boxes.
Hanging Baskets.
 

Number of Petals

2 Petals.
3 Petals.
4 Petals.
5 Petals
.
6 Petals.
Stars.
 

Simple Flower Shape

Bowls, Cups and Saucers.
Globes, Goblets and Chalices.
Trumpets and Funnels.
Bells, Thimbles and Urns.
Single Flower provides pollen for bees.

Elaborat-ed Flower Shape

Tubes, Lips and Lobes.
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets.
Discs and Florets.
Pin-cushions and Tufts.
Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons.

A

Agastache 'Bolero'

/Agastache

Agastachecflobolerogarnonswilliams1a

July, August, September

Agastachecfolbolerogarnonswilliams1

14 x 14 (35 x 35)

Bedding Out.
Filling In.
Pots and Troughs.

Stars

 

Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Agastache 'Rose Mint'

Agastachecflorosemintgarnonswilliams1a

July, August, September, October

Agastachecfolrosemintgarnonswilliams1

24 x 36 (60 x 90)

Bedding Out.
Filling In.
Pots and Troughs.

Stars

 

Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Anagalis monellii 'Skylover Blue'

/Anagalis

anagalisflotcskylover1

June, July, August

anagalisfoltcskylover1

12 x 12
(30 x 30)

Pots and Troughs.
Window Boxes.
Hanging Baskets.

5 Petals

Single Flower provides pollen for bees

 

Antirrhinum 'Bronze Dragon'

/Antir-
rhinum

antirrhinumcflobronzedragongarnonswilliams1a

June,
July, August, September

antirrhinumcfolbronzedragongarnonswilliams1

12 x 12 (30 x 30)

Filling In.
Pots and Troughs.
Window Boxes.
Hanging Baskets.

6 Petals

 

Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Antirrhinum 'Lavender Ribbon'

antirrhinumcflolavenderribbonkavanagh1a

June, July, August, Septem-ber, October

antirrhinumcfollavenderribbongarnonswilliams1

18 x 15 (45 x 38)

Bedding Out.
Filling In.
Pots and Troughs.

5 Petals

 

Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Argyran-hemum 'Chelsea Girl'

/Argyran-hemum

argyranthemumcflogracilechelseagirlkavanagh1a1

April, May, June, July, August, Septem-ber, October

argyranthemumcfolgracilechelseagirlkavanagh1

24 x 24 (60 x 60)

Filling In
Pots and Troughs

Stars

 

Discs and Florets

Argyran-themum frutescens 'Madeira Camara'

argyranthemumfloscmadeiracamara2a1a

June, July, August

Green

18 x 18
(45 x 45)

Bedding Out
Filling In
Pots and Troughs

Stars

 

Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons

Argyra-nthemum 'Madeira Cherry Red'

argyranthemumsflotcmadeiracherryred1a

June, July, August

Green

18 x 18
(45 x 45)

Bedding Out
Filling In
Pots and Troughs

Stars

 

Discs and Florets.

Argyran-themum frutescens 'Madeira Machio'

argyranthemumfloscmadeiramachio1a1

June, July, August

Green

18 x 18
(45 x 45)

Bedding Out
Filling In
Pots and Troughs

Stars

 

Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons

Argyran-themum frutescens 'Madeira Santana'

argyranthemumfloscmadeirasantana1a1

June, July, August

Green

18 x 18
(45 x 45)

Bedding Out
Filling In
Pots and Troughs

Stars

 

Discs and Florets.

Argyran-themum frutescens 'Madeira Monte'

argyranthemumfloscmadeiramonte1a1

June, July, August

Green

18 x 18
(45 x 45)

Bedding Out
Filling In
Pots and Troughs

Stars

 

Discs and Florets.

Argyran-themum frutescens 'Madeira Crested Merlot'

argyranthemumflotcmadeiracrestedmerlot1

June, July, August

Green

18 x 18
(45 x 45)

Bedding Out
Filling In
Pots and Troughs

Stars

 

Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons

Argyran-themum frutescens 'Madeira Crested Pink'

argyranthemumsflotcmadeiracrestedpink1

June, July, August

Green

18 x 18
(45 x 45)

Bedding Out
Filling In
Pots and Troughs

Stars

 

Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons

Argyran-themum frutescens 'Madeira Crested Yellow'

argyranthemumsflotcmadeiracrestedyellow1

June, July, August

Green

18 x 18
(45 x 45)

Bedding Out
Filling In
Pots and Troughs

Stars

 

Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons

Argyran-themum frutescens 'Madeira Double White'

argyranthemumfloscmadeiradoublewhite1

June, July, August

Green

18 x 18
(45 x 45)

Bedding Out
Filling In
Pots and Troughs

Stars

 

Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons

Argyran-themum frutescens Light Pink'

argyranthemumsflotcmadeiralightpink1

June, July, August

Green

18 x 18
(45 x 45)

Bedding Out
Filling In
Pots and Troughs

Stars

 

Discs and Florets.

Argyrant-hemum 'Petite Pink'

argyranthemumcflopetitepinkgirlgarnonswilliams1a1

April, May, June, July, August, Septem-ber, October

argyranthemumcfolpetitepinkgarnonswilliams1

20 x 20 (50 x 50)

Bedding Out
Filling In
Pots and Troughs
Window Boxes

Stars

 

Discs and Florets

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

B

Bacopa 'Abunda Blue' with 'Abunda White', 'Abunda Colossal Lavender' and 'Abunda Colossal White'

/Bacopa

bacopaflocabundablue5petal1a

June, July, August, September

Dark Green

5.5 x 16
(14 x 40)

Filling In.
Pots and Troughs.
Window Boxes.
Hanging Baskets.

5 Petals

Single Flower provides pollen for bees

 

Bidens ferulifolia 'Golden Eye'

/Bidens

bidenscfloferulifoliagoldeneyegarnonswilliams1a

July, August, Septem-ber, October

bidenscfolferulifoliagoldeneyegarnonswilliams1

7 x 18 (18 x 45)

Filling In.
Pots and Troughs.
Window Boxes.
Hanging Baskets.

5 Petals

Single Flower provides pollen for bees

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

C

Canna 'Phasion'

/Canna

cannacflophasiongarnonswilliams1a

June, July, August, Septem-ber

cannacfolphasiongarnonswilliams1

64 x 20 (160 x 50)

Bedding Out.
Filling In.
Screening.
Pots and Troughs.

5 Petals

Trumpets and Funnels.

 

Coleus
'Kong Rose
'

/Coleus

---

---

coleusfoltckongrose1a1

coleusfortcwithhandkongrose1a1

18 x 18
(45 x 45)

Bedding Out.
Filling In.
Pots and Troughs.
Window Boxes.

Used for its foliage.

---

---

---

Coleus
'Kong Scarlet
'

---

---

coleusfoltckongscarlet1a

coleussfoltckongscarlet1a1

18 x 20
(45 x 50)

Bedding Out.
Filling In.
Pots and Troughs.
Window Boxes.

Used for its foliage.

---

---

---

Cosmos bipinnatus 'Purity'

/Cosmos

cosmoscflobipinnatuspuritygarnonswilliams1a

June, July, August, Septem-ber, October, Novem-ber

cosmoscfolbipinnatuspuritygarnonswilliams1

40 x 16 (100 x 40)

Filling In.
Screening.
Pots and Troughs.

Stars

Single Flower provides pollen for bees.

Tubes, Lips and Lobes.

Cosmos bipinnatus 'Rubenza'

cosmoscflobipinnatusrubenzakavanagh1a

June, July, August, Septem-ber

cosmoscfolbipinnatusrubenzakavanagh1

30 x 16
(75 x 40)

Filling In.
Pots and Troughs.

Stars

Single Flower provides pollen for bees.

Tubes, Lips and Lobes.

Cosmos x dahlia 'Mexican Black'

/Cosmos x dahlia 'Mexican Black'

cosmoscfloxdahliamexicanblackgarnonswilliams1a

July, August, Septem-ber, October, Novem-ber

cosmoscfolxdahliamexicanblackgarnonswilliams1

36 x 24
(90 x 60)

Filling In.
Screening.
Pots and Troughs.

Stars

Bowls, Cups and Saucers.

Single Flower provides pollen for bees.

 

Cosmos sulphureus (Dwarf Ladybird)

cosmoscflosulphureusgarnonswilliams1a

June, July, August, Septem-ber, October

cosmoscfolsulphureusgarnonswilliams1

24-72 x 12 -36
(60-180 x 30-90)

Bedding Out.
Filling In.
Pots and Troughs.

Stars

 

Discs and Florets

Cuphea llavea

/Cuphea

cupheacflollaveakavanagh2a

May, June, July, August, Septem-ber, October

cupheacfolllaveagarnonswilliams1

30 x 36 (75 x 90)

Bedding Out.
Filling In.
Pots and Troughs. Hanging Baskets.

2 Petals.

 

Tubes, Lips and Lobes

D

Dahlia 'Abacus Sol'

/Dahlia

dahliacfloabacussolgarnonswilliams1a1

July, August, Septem-ber, October

dahliacfolabacussolgarnonswilliams1

36 x 12 (90 x 30)

Filling In.
Pots and Troughs.

Stars

Single Flower provides pollen for bees.

Discs and Florets

Dahlia
'Arabian Night
'

There are photos and text description on this Dahlia and more than 44 other Dahlias in the Dahlia Gallery of this website.

dahliacflo1aarabiannightgarnonswilliams1a

July, August, Septem-ber, October, November

dahliacfol1arabiannightgarnonswilliams1

20 x 48
(50 x 120)

Filling In.
Screening.
Pots and Troughs.

Stars

 

Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons.

Dahlia
'Blue Wish'

dahliacflobluewishgarnonswilliams1

June, July, August, Septem-ber, October

dahliacfolbluewishgarnonswilliams1

48 x 24
(120 x 60)

Filling In.
Screening.
Pots and Troughs.

Stars

 

Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons.

Dahlia
'Blyton Royal Velvet'

dahliacflo1blytonroyalvelvetgarnonswilliams1

June, July, August, Septem-ber, October

dahliacfolblytonroyalvelvetgarnonswilliams1

48 x 24
(120 x 60)

Bedding Out.
Filling In.
Pots and Troughs.

Stars

 

Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons.

Dahlia
'David Howard'

dahliacflodavidhowardgarnonswilliams1a

July, August, Septem-ber, October

dahliacfoldavidhowardgarnonswilliams1

36 x 30 (90 x 75)

Filling In.
Pots and Troughs.

Stars

 

Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons.

Dahlia 'Fascination'

dahliacflofascinationgarnonswilliams1

May, June, July, August, Septem-ber, October

dahliacfolfascinationgarnonswilliams1

30 x 20
(75 x 50)

Filling In.
Pots and Troughs.

Stars

 

Discs and Florets.

Dahlia 'Jessica'

dahliacflojessicagarnonswilliams1

June to First Frost

dahliacfoljessicagarnonswilliams1

56 x 20
(140 x 50)

Bedding Out.
Filling In.
Screening.
Pots and Troughs.

Stars

 

Pin-cushions and Tufts

Dahlia
'Josie Gott'

dahliacflojosiegottgarnonswilliams1

July, August, September

dahliacfoljosiegottgarnonswilliams1

48 x 24
(120 x 60)

Bedding Out.
Filling In.
Screening.
Pots and Troughs.

Stars

 

Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons.

Dahlia 'Knockout'

dahliacfloknockoutgarnonswilliams1

July, August, Septem-ber, October

dahliacfolknockoutgarnonswilliams1

27 x 24 (73 x 60)

Bedding Out.
Filling In.
Pots and Troughs.

Stars

Single Flower provides pollen for bees.

 

Dahlia
'Moonfire'

dahliacflo1moonfiregarnonswilliams1

June, July, August, Septem-ber, October

dahliacfolmoonfiregarnonswilliams1

24 x 20
(60 x 50)

Filling In.
Pots and Troughs.
Window Boxes.

Stars

Single Flower provides pollen for bees.

 

Dahlia
'Tessbrooke Audrey'

dahliacfloteesbrookeaudreygarnonswilliams1

July, August, Septem-ber, October

dahliacfolteesbrookeaudreygarnonswilliams1

48 x 24
(120 x 60)

Filling In.
Screening.
Pots and Troughs.

Stars

Single Flower provides pollen for bees.

Discs and Florets.

Dahlia 'Tiptoe'

dahliacflotiptoegarnonswilliams1

July, August, Septem-ber, October

dahliacfoltiptoegarnonswilliams1

40 x 12
(100 x 30)

Filling In.
Screening.
Pots and Troughs.

Stars

 

Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons.

Dahlia
'Twyning's After Eight'

dahliacflotwiningsaftereightgarnonswilliams1

July, August, Septem-ber

dahliacfol1twiningsaftereightgarnonswilliams1

30 x 18 (75 x 45)

Bedding Out.
Filling In.
Pots and Troughs.

Stars

Single Flower provides pollen for bees.

Discs and Florets.

Dianthus barbatus 'Kaleid-oscope Mixed'

/Sweet Williams

British National Carnation Society

dianthuscflo1barbatuskaleidoscopekavanagh1

May, June, July, August, Septem-ber

dianthuscfolbarbatuskaleidoscopekavanagh1

24 x 12
(60 x 30)

Bedding Out.
Filling In.
Pots and Troughs.
Window Boxes.
Hanging Baskets.

5 Petals

Single Flower provides pollen for bees.

Discs and Florets.

Dianthus
'Kiwi Class Act'

/The Great North Carnation Society

dianthusflosckiwiclassact1

June, July, August, September, October

Steel-Grey

6 x 6
(15 x 15)

Bedding Out.
Filling In.
Pots and Troughs.
Window Boxes.
Hanging Baskets.

Stars

Single Flower provides pollen for bees.

Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons.

Dianthus 'Kiwi Double North'

/North American Dianthus Society

dianthussflotckiwidoublenorth

June, July, August, September, October

Steel-Grey

6 x 6
(15 x 15)

Bedding Out.
Filling In.
Pots and Troughs.
Window Boxes.
Hanging Baskets.

Stars

 

Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons.

Dianthus 'Kiwi Raspberry Ripple'

/Under-planting Companion for Roses in Australia

dianthussflotckiwiraspberryripple1

June, July, August, September, October

Steel-Grey

6 x 6
(15 x 15)

Bedding Out.
Filling In.
Pots and Troughs.
Window Boxes.
Hanging Baskets.

Stars

 

Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons.

Diascia personata

/Diascia

diasciacflopersonatakavanagh1

May, June, July, August, Septem-ber, October, November

diasciacfolpersonatakavanagh1

36 x 18
(90 x 45)

Filling In.
Screening.
Pots and Troughs.

5 Petals

Single Flower provides pollen for bees.

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets.

Diascia 'Whisper Dark Coral'

diasciaflotcwhisperdarkcoral1

June, July, August, September, October

Mid Green

11 x 12
(27 x 30)

Screening.
Pots and Troughs.
Window Boxes.
Hanging Baskets.

5 Petals

Single Flower provides pollen for bees.

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets.

Diascia 'Whisper Tangerine'

diasciaflotcwhispertangerine

June, July, August, September, October

Mid Green

11 x 12
(27 x 30)

Screening.
Pots and Troughs.
Window Boxes.
Hanging Baskets.

5 Petals

Single Flower provides pollen for bees.

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

E

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

F

Fuchsia
'Alice Hoffman
'

/Fuchsia

Pink and White

fuchsiaflocalicehoffman

July, August, September, October

Bronze-Green

fuchsiafoltcalicehoffman

25 x 18
(63 x 45)

Bedding Out.
Filling In.
Pots and Troughs.
Window Boxes.

Stars

Bells, Thimbles and Urns

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

G

Geranium 'Blue Star'

/Geranium

geraniumcflowlassovianumbluestargarnonswilliams1a

June, July, August, September

geraniumcfolwlassovianumbluestargarnonswilliams1

16 x 28 (40 x 70)

Bedding Out.
Filling In.
Pots and Troughs.
Window Boxes.
Hanging Baskets.

5 Petals

Globes, Goblets and Chalices

Single Flower provides pollen for bees.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

H

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

I

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

J

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

K

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

L

Lepechinia hastata

/Lepechinia

lepechiniacflohastatagarnonswilliams1

August, Septemb-er, October, November

lepechiniacfolhastatagarnonswilliams1

48 x 36 (120 x 90)

Bedding Out.
Filling In.
Screening.
Pots and Troughs.

4 Petals

Trumpets and Funnels.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

N

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

O

Osteosp-ermum 'Sunny Cecil'
(Sunny Series)

See other varieties from the Sunny Series

osteopspermumcflo1sunnycecilgarnonswilliams1

May, June, July, August

osteospermumcfolsunnycecilgarnonswilliams1

10 x 10
(25 x 25)

Filling In.
Pots and Troughs.
Window Boxes.
Hanging Baskets.

Stars

 

Discs and Florets.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

P

Pelargonium 'Mystery'

/Pelargonium

pelargoniumcflo1mysterygarnonswilliams1

June, July, August, Septem-ber, October, November

pelargoniumcfolmysterygarnonswilliams1

16 x 12 (40 x 30)

Bedding Out.
Filling In.
Pots and Troughs.
Window Boxes.
Hanging Baskets, House-plant

6 Petals

Single Flower provides pollen for bees.

 

Penstemon 'Countess of Dalkeith'

also called Penstemon
'Purple and White'

penstemoncflocountessofdalkeithgarnonswilliams1

June, July, August, Septem-ber, October, November

penstemoncfolcountessofdalkeithgarnonswilliams1

30 x 18
(75 x 45)

Bedding Out.
Filling In.
Pots and Troughs.

5 Petals

Trumpets and Funnels.

 

Penstemon Fujiyama 'Yayama'

(Plant Breeders Rights apply = 'Yayama')

penstemoncflofukiyamayayamakavanagh1

May, June, July, August, Septem-ber, October

penstemoncfolfukiyamayayamakavanagh1

24 x 18
(60 x 45)

Filling In.
Pots and Troughs.

5 Petals

 

Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Penstemon 'George Home'

/Penstemon

penstemoncflogeorgehomegarnonswilliams1

May, June, July, August, Septem-ber, October

penstemoncfolgeorgehomegarnonswilliams1

30 x 18 (75 x 45)

Bedding Out.
Filling In.
Pots and Troughs.

5 Petals

Trumpets and Funnels.

 

Penstemon 'Pennington Gem'

penstemoncflopenningtongemgarnonswilliams1

May, June, July, August, Septem-ber, October

penstemoncfolpenningtongemgarnonswilliams1

40 x 20
(100 x 50)

Bedding Out.
Filling In.
Screening.
Pots and Troughs.

5 Petals

Trumpets and Funnels.

 

Penstemon
'Port Wine'

penstemoncfloportwinegarnonswilliams1

May, June, July, August, Septem-ber, October

penstemoncfolportwinegarnonswilliams1

28 x 20 (70 x 50)

Bedding Out.
Filling In.
Pots and Troughs.
Window Boxes.

5 Petals

Trumpets and Funnels.

 

Penstemon 'Sour Grapes'

penstemoncflosourgrapesgarnonswilliams1

May, June, July, August, Septem-ber, October

penstemonfolsourgrapesgarnonswilliams1

24 x 18
(60 x 45)

Filling In.
Pots and Troughs.
Window Boxes.
Hanging Baskets

5 Petals

Trumpets and Funnels.

 

Penstemon Vesuvius Yasius'
(Volcano Series)

penstemoncflovesuviusyasiusgarnonswilliams1

May, June, July, August, Septem-ber, October

penstemoncfolvesuviusyasiusgarnonswilliams1

24 x 14
(60 x 35)

Filling In.
Pots and Troughs.
Window Boxes.
Hanging Baskets

5 Petals

Trumpets and Funnels.

 

Penstemon 'White Bedder'

penstemoncflowhitebedderkavanagh1

July, August, Septem-ber, October

penstemoncfolwhitebedderkavanagh1

24 x 18
(60 x 45)

Filling In.
Pots and Troughs.
Window Boxes.

5 Petals

Trumpets and Funnels.

 

Pyrethrum roseum
'Duro'

/Pyrethrum

pyrethrumcflo1roseumdurogarnonswilliams1

July, August

pyrethrumcfolsumroseumdurogarnonswilliams1

30 x 18
(75 x 45)

Bedding Out.
Filling In.
Pots and Troughs.

Stars

 

Discs and Florets.

Phygelius 'Funfare Wine'

/Phygelius

Magenta

phygeliusfloc1funfarewine

May, June, July, August, September, October

Light Green

18 x 18
(45 X 45)

Bedding Out.
Filling In.
Pots and Troughs.
Window Boxes.
Hanging Baskets

5 Petals

 

Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Q

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

R

Rudbeckia hirta
'Cherry Brandy'

/Rudbeckia

rudbeckiacflohirtacherrybrandygarnonswilliams1

July, August, September, October

rudbeckiacfolhirtacherrybrandygarnonswilliams1

24 x 16
(60 x 40)

Bedding Out.
Filling In.
Pots and Troughs.

Stars

 

Discs and Florets.

S

Salvia
atrocyanea

/Salvia

salviacfloatrocyaneagarnonswilliams1

July, August, September, October

salviacfolatrocyaneagarnonswilliams1

80 x 80 (200 x 200)

Bedding Out.
Filling In.
Screening.
Pots and Troughs.

2 Petals.

 

Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Salvia involucrata 'Boutin'

salviacfloinvolucrataboutingarnonswilliams1

July, August, Septem-ber, October, November

salviacfolinvolucrataboutingarnonswilliams1

60 x 40
(150 x 40)

Filling In.
Screening.

2 Petals.

 

Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Salvia 'Diablo'

/Robin's Salvias website is made from 100% recycled pixels

salviacflo1blepharophylladiablogarnonswilliams1

June, July, August, September, October

salviacfolblepharophylladiablogarnonswilliams1

24 x 24
(60 x 60)

Bedding Out.
Filling In.
Pots and Troughs.

2 Petals.

 

Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Salvia elegans 'Honey Melon'

salviacfloeleganshoneymelongarnonswilliams1

July, August, September, October

salviacfoleleganshoneymelongarnonswilliams1

24 x 24
(60 x 60)

Filling In.
Pots and Troughs.
Window Boxes.
Hanging Baskets

2 Petals.

 

Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Salvia coccinea 'Summer Jewel Pink'

salviacfloscoccineasummerjewelpinkgarnonswilliams1

June, July, August, September, October

salviacfolcoccineasummerjewelpinkgarnonswilliams1

18 x 16 (45 x 40)

Bedding Out.
Filling In
.
Pots and Troughs.
Window Boxes.
Hanging Baskets

2 Petals.

 

Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Salvia coccinea 'Summer Jewel Red'

salviacflosummerjewelredgarnonswilliams1

June, July, August, September, October

salviacfolsummerjewelredgarnonswilliams1

18 x 12 (45 x 30)

Bedding Out.
Filling In
.
Pots and Troughs.
Window Boxes.
Hanging Baskets

2 Petals.

 

Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Salvia coccinea 'Forest Fire'

salviacflococcineaforestfiregarnonswilliams1

July, August, September, October

salviacfolcoccineaforestfiregarnonswilliams1

24 x 24
(60 x 60)

Filling In.
Pots and Troughs.
Hanging Baskets

2 Petals.

 

Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Salvia greggii 'Purple Queen'

salviacflopurplequeengarnonswilliams1

June, July, August, September, October

salviacfolpurplequeengarnonswilliams1

18 x 12
(45 x 30)

Filling In.
Pots and Troughs.

2 Petals.

 

Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Salvia guaranitica 'Black and Blue'

salviacfloguaranticablackandbluegarnonswilliams1

July, August, September, October

salviafoltcblackandblue1a1a1

100 x 36
(250 x 90)

Filling In.
Screening.
Pots and Troughs.

2 Petals.

 

Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Salvia x jamensis
'Hot Lips'

(Salvia microphylla 'Hot Lips')

salviacflo1xjamensishotlipsgarnonswilliams1

July, August, September, October

salviacfolxjamensishotlipsgarnonswilliams1

30 x 36
(75 x 90)

Bedding Out.
Filling In.
Pots and Troughs.

2 Petals.

 

Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Salvia
involucrata 'Joan'

salviacfloinvolucratajoankavanagh1

June, July, August, September, October

salviacfolinvolucratajoankavanagh1

60 x 60 (150 x 150)

Filling In.
Screening.

2 Petals.

 

Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Salvia microphylla var. microphylla 'Newby Hall'

salviacflo1microphyllanewbyhallgarnonswilliams1

June, July, August, September, October, Novem-ber, December

salviacfolmicrophyllanewbyhallgarnonswilliams1

56 x 24 (140 x 60)

Bedding Out.
Filling In.
Screening.
 

2 Petals.

 

Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Salvia leucantha 'Midnight'

salviacflos1leucanthamidnightgarnonswilliams1

May, June, July, August, September, October, Novem-ber

salviacfolleucanthamidnightgarnonswilliams1

48 x 48
(120 x 120)

Bedding Out.
Filling In.
Screening.
Pots and Troughs.

2 Petals.

 

Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Salvia patens

salviacflo1patenskavanagh1

July, August, September

salviacfolpatenskavanagh1

24 x 12
(60 x 30)

Filling In.
Pots and Troughs.
Window Boxes.
Hanging Baskets

2 Petals.

 

Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Salvia
'Phyllis Fancy
'

salviacflophyllisfancygarnonswilliams1

September, October, Novem-ber

salviacfolphyllisfancygarnonswilliams1

84 x 84
(210 x 210)

Filling In.
Screening.

2 Petals.

 

Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Salvia jamensis
'Sierra San Antonio'

salviacflosierrasanantoniogarnonswilliams1

June, July, August, September, October

salviacfolsierrasanantoniogarnonswilliams1

30 x 36 (75 x 90)

Bedding Out.
Filling In
.
Pots and Troughs.
Window Boxes.

2 Petals.

 

Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Salvia
'Silke's Dream'

salviacflosilkesdreamgarnonswilliams1

July, August, September, October, Novem-ber

salviacfolsilkesdreamgarnonswilliams1

36 x 36
(90 x 90)

Bedding Out.
Filling In.
Screening.
Pots and Troughs.

2 Petals.

 

Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Salvia splendens 'Salsa Purple'

salviacflosplendenssalsapurplegarnonswilliams1

May, June, July, August, September

salviacfolsplendenssalsapurplegarnonswilliams1

14 x 12
(35 x 30)

Filling In.
Pots and Troughs.
Window Boxes.
Hanging Baskets

2 Petals.

 

Tubes, Lips and Lobes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

T

Tanacetum coccineum 'Duro'

/Tanacetum (Tansy)

tanacetumcflo1coccineumdurogarnonswilliams1

June, July, August, September

tanacetumcfol1coccineumdurogarnonswilliams1

24 x 18
(60 x 45)

Bedding Out.
Filling In
.
Pots and Troughs.
Window Boxes.

Stars

 

Discs and Florets.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

U

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

V

Verbena 'Homestead Purple'

/Verbena

verbenacflohomesteadpurplegarnonswilliams1

June, July, August, September, October

verbenafolhomesteadpurplegarnonswilliams1

12 x 16
(30 x 40)

Filling In.
Pots and Troughs.
Window Boxes.
Hanging Baskets

5 Petals

Single Flower provides pollen for bees

Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons.

Verbena
'La France'

verbenacflos1lafrancekavanagh1

June, July, August, September

verbenacfol1lafrancekavanagh1

18 x 24
(45 x 60)

Filling In.
Pots and Troughs.
Window Boxes.
Hanging Baskets

5 Petals

Single Flower provides pollen for bees

Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons.

Verbena Seabrook's Lavender ('Sealav')

verbenacflos1seabrookslavendersealavgarnonswilliams1

May, June, July, August, September

verbenacfolseabrookslavendersealavgarnonswilliams1

18 x 20
(45 x 50)

Filling In.
Pots and Troughs.
Window Boxes.
Hanging Baskets

5 Petals

Single Flower provides pollen for bees

Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons.

Verbena 'Claret'

verbenacflo1claretgarnonswilliams

June, July, August, September

verbenacfolclaretgarnonswilliams

8 x 18 (20 x 45)

Bedding Out.
Filling In
.
Pots and Troughs.
Window Boxes.
Hanging Baskets

5 Petals

Single Flower provides pollen for bees

Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons.

Verbena
x hybrida
'St George'

verbenacflosxhybridasaintgeorgegarnonswilliams

June, July, August, September

verbenacfolxhybridasaintgeorgegarnonswilliams

10 x 16 (25 x 40)

Bedding Out.
Filling In
.
Pots and Troughs.
Window Boxes.
Hanging Baskets

5 Petals

Single Flower provides pollen for bees

Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons.

W

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Y

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Z

Zinnia marylandica 'Zahara Starlight Rose'

/Zinnia

zinniacflozaharastarlightrosegarnonswilliams1

July, August, September, October

zinniacfolzaharastarlightrosegarnonswilliams1

18 x 18
(45 x 45)

Bedding Out.
Filling In
.
Pots and Troughs.
Window Boxes.
Hanging Baskets

Stars

 

Discs and Florets

 

 

The following details about BEDDING comes from Wikipedia:-
"Bedding, in horticulture, refers to the temporary planting of fast-growing plants into flower beds to create colourful, temporary, seasonal displays, during spring, summer or winter. Plants used for bedding are generally annuals, biennials or tender perennials; succulents are gaining in popularity.

Some bedding plants are also referred to as "patio plants" because they are widely used in pots and other containers positioned on patios, terraces, decking and other areas around houses. Larger tender "conservatory plants" may also be moved out from greenhouses or conservatories and planted out in borders (or stood in their pots in sheltered positions) for the warmer months, then returned to shelter for the winter.

The modern bedding plant industry breeds and produces plants with a neat, dwarf habit, which flower uniformly and reliably. They are bred primarily for use in large-scale bedding schemes where uniformity and predictability is of paramount importance, but this is often achieved by losing the plants' individual character, and has been criticised by such notable plantsmen as the late Christopher Lloyd, who championed an informal style of bedding.

 

 

Bedding plants
There exists a huge range of plants specifically grown to produce a period of flower colour throughout the spring and summer, and (usually) discarded after flowering. They may conveniently be divided into four groups:-

  • Hardy annuals sown directly into the ground early in the season (poppy, stock, sunflower, clarkia, godetia, eschscholzia, nigella, dianthus)
  • Tender annual or perennial plants treated as half-hardy annuals - sown under glass in late winter in heat, or purchased as young plants, and hardened-off outdoors when all danger of frost has passed (begonia, lobelia, petunia, argyranthemum, chrysanthemum, pelargonium, nicotiana, cosmos, fuchsia)
  • Hardy biennial plants, or perennials treated as biennial, sown in one year to flower the next, and discarded after flowering (antirrhinum, polyanthus, wallflower, daisy, foxglove, some dianthus, some poppies, campanula, delphinium, aubrieta, aquilegia, cornflower, pansies)
  • Corms, rhizomes, bulbs and tubers, planted each year and lifted after the plant has died down and stored in winter, or discarded (tulip, narcissus, hyacinth, gladiolus, dahlia, canna)

Types of bedding
Formal bedding, as seen in parks and large gardens, where whole flower beds are replanted two or three times a year, is a costly and labour-intensive process. Towns and cities are encouraged to produce impressive displays by campaigns such as "Britain in Bloom".

Spring bedding
Plants used for spring bedding are often biennials (sown one year to flower the next), or hardy, but short-lived, perennials. Spring-flowering bulbs such as tulips are often used, typically with forget-me-nots, wallflowers, winter pansies and polyanthus.

Summer bedding
Plants used for summer bedding are generally annuals or tender perennials. They become available (often as what are referred to as "plug plants") in nurseries and garden centres during spring, to be gradually "hardened off" (acclimatised to outdoor conditions) by the purchaser and finally planted out around the time that the last frosts are expected. Experienced gardeners keep an eye on the weather forecasts at that time of year and are on standby to protect their bedding displays overnight with horticultural fleece (or the older alternatives of net curtains or newspaper) if frost threatens.

Carpet bedding
Carpet bedding employs two or more contrasting plant cultivars with a neat, dwarf habit and distinct colouring (of flower or foliage) to create geometric displays. It is often used to form such things as lettering, logos or trademarks, coats of arms, or floral clocks. Suitable plants are rosette-forming succulents such as Echeveria or fairly slow-growing or mat-forming foliage plants, such as coloured-leaved Alternanthera cultivars, which are tolerant of clipping; such plants may also be used in three-dimensional sculptural forms or pseudo-topiary.

Winter bedding
Planted in autumn to give a display until early spring, the plants used for winter bedding are mainly hardy perennials. As it has to be planted at the same time of year as spring bedding does, winter bedding tends to be less commonly seen, except in containers such as windowboxes. Some are short-lived and will be discarded after their first display; others may be used as a source of cuttings for the next year. Winter-hardy ornamental vegetables such as cultivars of kale and cabbage with coloured or variegated foliage are increasingly common. Primula cultivars (polyanthus and primroses) are commonly used, as are winter-flowering heathers and Viola × wittrockiana, winter pansies. Variegated evergreens such as cultivars of Vinca minor (lesser periwinkle), Euonymus fortunei and Hedera helix (ivies) are also popular."

 

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677

Site design and content copyright ©March 2008. Page structure amended December 2012. Added RHS Mixed Border Bedding Plants February-March 2014. Feet changed to inches (cms) July 2015. Bedding Index updated December 2015. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

 

Single Flowers provide honeybees with pollen to collect for the protein in a bee's diet, whereas double flowers do not provide this pollen.

 

"The archetypal flower reads from outside in – sepals (often green), then petals, male stamen and finally the central female parts.

In the single dahlia stamens with their yellow pollen which is available for honeybees to collect, can be seen clearly.  Pollen provides most of the protein in a bee’s diet.

Double flowers, stamens have been transformed into extra petals for a fuller, showier bloom.  The lack of pollen means pollination cannot occur and the flower remains open for longer, waiting.  Both of these features have made double flowers attractive to horticulturists and much energy has been put into breeding double varieties.  Highly bred cultivars are much more likely to be doubles than their species (natural) counterparts.  Plants with the name ‘flore pleno’ should ring warning bells as it means ‘with a full flower’ and will almost certainly mean it is a double.

Nectaries (rarely visible) store nectar which provides the carbohydrate part of a bee’s diet.  They are easier to access in single flowers than in doubles.

Some plant species are good honey bee plants in their single form but not when bred as doubles:  Hawthorn (Crataegus ‘Paul’s Scarlet‘), Japanese anemones (Anemone x hybrida), Geums – semi-double cultivars ‘Miss Bradshaw’ and ‘Lady Stratheden’, Cinquefoil (Potentilla), Clematis (such as the strange ‘Viennetta’) and Hollyhock (Alcea rosea).

For rose fans you may want to learn that only the species roses (Dog rose Rosa canina and R. rugosa) offer food (pollen only) for honeybees. It is understandable that having as much colour, for as long as possible, has been a priority in British gardens prone as they are to the blanketing green of a wet summer.  The fact that plant breeding has followed the demand of gardeners makes simple economic sense.  It is nature that is beginning to suffer however.  Breeding away pollen serves neither the plant species, as it can’t reproduce itself, nor the insects whose main source of protein it is.

The question is, can designers influence public taste sufficiently for nurseries to change their ways or would it put the breeders out of a job?" from Beeginner Beekeeper.

 

Anagallis monellii 'Skylover Blue' has Single Flowers

anagalisflocskylover1a

whereas Dahlia 'Blue Wish' has Double Flowers (details about Double Flowers in row further down), which has many more petals:-

dahliaflobluewishgarnonswilliams1a

 

The following details come Cactus Art:-

"A flower is the the complex sexual reproductive structure of Angiosperms, typically consisting of an axis bearing perianth parts, androecium (male) and gynoecium (female).    

Bisexual flower show four distinctive parts arranged in rings inside each other which are technically modified leaves: Sepal, petal, stamen & pistil. This flower is referred to as complete (with all four parts) and perfect (with "male" stamens and "female" pistil). The ovary ripens into a fruit and the ovules inside develop into seeds.

Incomplete flowers are lacking one or more of the four main parts. Imperfect (unisexual) flowers contain a pistil or stamens, but not both. The colourful parts of a flower and its scent attract pollinators and guide them to the nectary, usually at the base of the flower tube.

partsofaflower

Androecium (male Parts or stamens)
It is made up of the filament and anther, it is the pollen producing part of the plant.
Anther This is the part of the stamen that produces and contains pollen. 
Filament This is the fine hair-like stalk that the anther sits on top of.
Pollen This is the dust-like male reproductive cell of flowering plants.

Gynoecium (female Parts or carpels or pistil)
 It is made up of the stigma, style, and ovary. Each pistil is constructed of one to many rolled leaflike structures. Stigma This is the part of the pistil  which receives the pollen grains and on which they germinate. 
Style This is the long stalk that the stigma sits on top of. 
Ovary The part of the plant that contains the ovules. 
Ovule The part of the ovary that becomes the seeds. 

Petal 
The colorful, often bright part of the flower (corolla). 
Sepal 
The parts that look like little green leaves that cover the outside of a flower bud (calix). 
(Undifferentiated "Perianth segment" that are not clearly differentiated into sepals and petals, take the names of tepals.)"

 

 

 

The following details come from Nectary Genomics:-

"NECTAR. Many flowering plants attract potential pollinators by offering a reward of floral nectar. The primary solutes found in most nectars are varying ratios of sucrose, glucose and fructose, which can range from as little a 8% (w/w) in some species to as high as 80% in others. This abundance of simple sugars has resulted in the general perception that nectar consists of little more than sugar-water; however, numerous studies indicate that it is actually a complex mixture of components. Additional compounds found in a variety of nectars include other sugars, all 20 standard amino acids, phenolics, alkaloids, flavonoids, terpenes, vitamins, organic acids, oils, free fatty acids, metal ions and proteins.

NECTARIES. An organ known as the floral nectary is responsible for producing the complex mixture of compounds found in nectar. Nectaries can occur in different areas of flowers, and often take on diverse forms in different species, even to the point of being used for taxonomic purposes. Nectaries undergo remarkable morphological and metabolic changes during the course of floral development. For example, it is known that pre-secretory nectaries in a number of species accumulate large amounts of starch, which is followed by a rapid degradation of amyloplast granules just prior to anthesis and nectar secretion. These sugars presumably serve as a source of nectar carbohydrate.

WHY STUDY NECTAR? Nearly one-third of all worldwide crops are dependent on animals to achieve efficient pollination. In addition, U.S. pollinator-dependent crops have been estimated to have an annual value of up to $15 billion. Many crop species are largely self-incompatible (not self-fertile) and almost entirely on animal pollinators to achieve full fecundity; poor pollinator visitation has been reported to reduce yields of certain species by up to 50%."

 

Further details on other plants, which are bee-pollinated rather than wind-pollinated:-

Bee-Pollinated Bloom Plant Index.
The 264 bee-pollinated plants in Bee-Pollinated Bloom Plant Index are in addition to the bee-pollinated plants shown as thumbnails in the pages of Bee-Pollinated Bloom Plant Galleries of 12 Flower Colours per month FROM the Circular Colour Wheel below.

Click on the OOO in the Index below to link to those bee-pollinated plants of that flower colour in that month or any of

ACER (Deciduous/Evergreen Shrub/Tree) in March-April
CHAENOMELES SPECIOSA (Herbaceous Perennial) in March-May
CROCUS (Bulb) in September-April
CYDONIA OBLONGA (Deciduous Shrub) in April-June
DAFFODIL (Bulb) in December-May
DAHLIA (Bulb) in June-November
DUTCH HYACINTH (Bulb) in March-April
HEATHERS (Evergreen Shrub) in every month
HEDERA HELIX (Evergreen Climber) in September-November as last major source of nectar and pollen in the year
HELIANTHEMUM (Deciduous Shrub) in June-August - Pollen only collected when the flowers open during sunny weather
HELENIUM (Herbaceous Perennial) in June-October
HELLEBORUS (Herbaceous Perennial) in January-March
HEUCHERA (Evergreen Perennial) in May-September
HIBISCUS (Deciduous Shrub) in August-September
ILEX (Evergreen Tree) in May-June
LAVANDULA (Annual, Herbaceous Perennial or Shrub) in June-July
LAVATERA (Annual, Biennial, or Herbaceous Perennial) in May-August
LEPTOSIPHON (Annual) in June-August
MAGNOLIA GRANDIFLORA (Evergreen Tree) in August-September
MALVA SYLVESTRIS (Biennial) in June-September
MENTHA (Herb) in July-August
NEMOPHILA (Annual) in April-June
NIGELLA (Annual) in July-September
PHILADELPHUS species only with single flowers (Shrub) in June
POLEMONIUM (Herbaceous Perennial) in April-June
PRUNUS CERASIFERA (Deciduous Tree) in February-March
PRUNUS LAUROCERASUS (Evergreen Shrub) in April-June
PYRACANTHA COCCINEA (Evergreen Shrub) in May-June
ROSES (Deciduous Shrub/Climber) in June-October
RUBUS IDAEUS (Raspberry) (Soft Fruit) in May-June
SALVIA SUPERBA (Herbaceous Perennial) in June-September - no bee garden should be without this plant - for those plants.

Enumber indicates Empty Index Page.
Bottom row of Grey is Unusual or Multi-Coloured Flower Colour.

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

OOO E1.

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO
Blue

OOO

OOO
E11.

OOO
E12.

OOO E13.

OOO
E14.

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO
Mauve

OOO

OOO

OOO
E24.

OOO
E25.

OOO
E26.

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO
Purple

OOO
E34.

OOO
E35.

OOO
E36.

OOO
E37

OOO
E38

OOO

OOO
E40

OOO
E41

OOO
E42

OOO

OOO

OOO
Brown

OOO

OOO
E47

OOO
E48

OOO
E49

OOO
E50

OOO
E51

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO
Cream

OOO
E58

OOO
E59

OOO
E60

OOO
E61

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO
Green

OOO

OOO
E71

OOO
E72

OOO
E73

OOO
E74

OOO
E75

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO
E80

OOO
E81Orange

OOO
E82

OOO
E83

OOO
E84

OOO
E85

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO
Pink

OOO

OOO
E95

OOO
E96

OOO
E97

OOO
E98

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO
Red

OOO

OOO
E107

OOO
E108

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO
White

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO
Yellow

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO
E133

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO
Unusual

OOO

OOO
E143

OOO
E144

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

bloomsmonth2a1

Inner circle of Grey is 12 months of Unusual or Multi-Coloured Flower Colour

Bulb and Perennial Height from Text Border

Brown = 0-12 inches (0-30 cms)

Blue = 12-24 inches (30-60 cms)

Green = 24-36 inches (60-90 cms)

Red = 36-72 inches (90- 180 cms)

Black = 72+ inches (180+ cms)

Shrub Height from Text Border

Brown = 0-12 inches (0-30 cms)

Blue = 12-36 inches (30-90 cms)

Green = 36-60 inches (90- 150 cms)

Red = 60-120 inches (150- 300 cms)

Black = 120+ inches (300+ cms)

Tree Height from Text Border

Brown = 0-240 inches (0- 600 cms)

Blue = 240- 480 inches (600- 1200 cms)

Green = 480+ inches (1200 + cms)

Red = Potted

Black = Use in Small Garden

Climber Height from Text Border

 

Blue = 0-36 inches (0-90 cms)

Green = 36-120 inches (90-300 cms)

Red = 120+ inches (300+ cms)

 

Bamboo, Bedding, Conifer, Fern, Grass, Herb, Rhododendron, Rose, Soft Fruit, Top Fruit, Vegetable and Wildflower Height from Text Border

Blue = 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)

Green = 24-72 inches (60- 180 cms)

Red = 72+ inches (180+ cms)

 

Plant Soil Moisture from Text Background

Wet Soil

Moist Soil

 

Dry Soil

"Soils vary enormously in characteristics, but the size of the particles that make up a soil defines its gardening characteristics:

  • Clay: less than 0.002mm
  • Silt: 0.002-0.05mm
  • Sand: 0.05-2mm
  • Stones: bigger than 2mm in size
  • Chalky soils also contain calcium carbonate or lime

The dominating particle size gives soil its characteristics and because the tiny clay particles have a huge surface area for a given volume of clay they dominate the other particles:

Clay soils have over 25 percent clay. Also known as heavy soils, these are potentially fertile as they hold nutrients bound to the clay minerals in the soil. But they also hold a high proportion of water due to the capillary attraction of the tiny spaces between the numerous clay particles. They drain slowly and take longer to warm up in spring than sandy soils. Clay soils are easily compacted when trodden on while wet and they bake hard in summer, often cracking noticeably.

Sandy soils have high proportion of sand and little clay. Also known as light soils, these soils drain quickly after rain or watering, are easy to cultivate and work. They warm up more quickly in spring than clay soils. But on the downside, they dry out quickly and are low in plant nutrients, which are quickly washed out by rain. Sandy soils are often very acidic.

Silt soils, comprised mainly of intermediate sized particles, are fertile, fairly well drained and hold more moisture than sandy soils, but are easily compacted

Loams are comprised of a mixture of clay, sand and silt that avoid the extremes of clay or sandy soils and are fertile, well-drained and easily worked. They can be clay-loam or sandy-loam depending on their predominant composition and cultivation characteristics.

Peat soils are mainly organic matter and are usually very fertile and hold much moisture. They are seldom found in gardens.

Chalky or lime-rich soils may be light or heavy but are largely made up of calcium carbonate and are very alkaline." from Royal Horticultural Society

.

 

The following details about DOUBLE FLOWERS comes from Wikipedia:-

"Double-flowered" describes varieties of flowers with extra petals, often containing flowers within flowers. The double-flowered trait is often noted alongside the scientific name with the abbreviation fl. pl. (flore pleno, a Latin ablative form meaning "with full flower"). The first abnormality to be documented in flowers, double flowers are popular varieties of many commercial flower types, including roses, camellias and carnations. In some double-flowered varieties all of the reproductive organs are converted to petals — as a result, they are sexually sterile and must be propagated through cuttings. Many double-flowered plants have little wildlife value as access to the nectaries is typically blocked by the mutation.

 

There is further photographic, diagramatic and text about Double Flowers from an education department - dept.ca.uky.edu - in the University of Kentucky in America.

 

"Meet the plant hunter obsessed with double-flowering blooms" - an article from The Telegraph.

 

"From elaborate public garden designs and street planters to the smallest front garden, bedding plants provide a temporary decorative seasonal display for beds, borders, containers and hanging baskets. Bedding can be grown from seed, bought as young seedlings (plug plants) or purchased as pot-grown specimens, often in multi-packs and cellular trays, ready for planting." from Bedding plants and displays page by the Royal Horticultural Society.

Some of the Mail-order suppliers of bedding plants:-

  • Suttons Seeds with potted plants and plug plants for the Winter, Spring and Summer in the UK
  • Unwins with plug plants for the Spring and Summer in the UK
  • Van Meuwen with bulbs and plug plants for annual bedding plants in the UK

 


Topic
Case Studies
...Drive
...Foundations

Companion Planting
...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants Garden Maintenance
Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary
Plants
...Poisonous Plants
Soil
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data

................

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding *
...by Flower Shape
*
Bulb
...Allium/ Anemone
...Autumn
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Dahlia
...Gladiolus
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Narcissus
...Spring
...Tulip
...Winter
Climber
...Clematis
...Climbers
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evgr
...Heather Shrub
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evgr
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
...P -Herbaceous
...RHS Wisley
...Flower Shape
Herb
Odds and Sods
Rhododendron
Rose
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
...Apple

...Cherry
...Pear
Vegetable

Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
space,
Site Map page in its flower colour
NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
...Brown Note
...Cream Note
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note
Poisonous
Wildflower Plants

............

Topic - Flower/Foliage Colour
Colour Wheel Galleries

Following your choice using Garden Style then that changes your Plant Selection Process
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index

or
you could use these Flower Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12
with its
Explanation of
Structure of this Website with

...User Guidelines
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index
Rock Garden and Alpine Flower Colour Wheel with number of colours
Rock Plant Flowers 53

...Rock Plant Photos

or
these Foliage Colour Wheels structures, which I have done but until I can take the photos and I am certain of the plant label's validity, these may not progress much further
All Foliage 212

All Spring Foliage 212
All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212

or
Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index

............

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly
Usage of Plants
by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly usage of
Plant A-C
Plant C-M
Plant N-W
Butterfly usage of Plant

followed by all the Wild Flower Family Pages:-

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 1


(o)Adder's Tongue
Amaranth
(o)Arrow-Grass
(o)Arum
(o)Balsam
Bamboo
(o)Barberry
(o)Bedstraw
(o)Beech
(o)Bellflower
(o)Bindweed
(o)Birch
(o)Birds-Nest
(o)Birthwort
(o)Bogbean
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Borage
(o)Box
(o)Broomrape
(o)Buckthorn
(o)Buddleia
(o)Bur-reed
(o)Buttercup
(o)Butterwort
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crowberry
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
Cypress
(o)Daffodil
(o)Daisy
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Daphne
(o)Diapensia
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 2


(o)Clubmoss
(o)Duckweed
(o)Eel-Grass
(o)Elm
(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Horsetail
(o)Polypody
Quillwort
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Flax
(o)Flowering-Rush
(o)Frog-bit
(o)Fumitory
(o)Gentian
(o)Geranium
(o)Glassworts
(o)Gooseberry
(o)Goosefoot
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 1
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 2
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 3 (o)Hazel
(o)Heath
(o)Hemp
(o)Herb-Paris
(o)Holly
(o)Honeysuckle
(o)Horned-Pondweed
(o)Hornwort
(o)Iris
(o)Ivy
(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Lime
(o)Lobelia
(o)Loosestrife
(o)Mallow
(o)Maple
(o)Mares-tail
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)
 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 3


(o)Mesem-bryanthemum
(o)Mignonette
(o)Milkwort
(o)Mistletoe
(o)Moschatel
Naiad
(o)Nettle
(o)Nightshade
(o)Oleaster
(o)Olive
(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
(o)Parnassus-Grass
(o)Peaflower
(o)Peaflower Clover 1
(o)Peaflower Clover 2
(o)Peaflower Clover 3
(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
Peony
(o)Periwinkle
Pillwort
Pine
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Pipewort
(o)Pitcher-Plant
(o)Plantain
(o)Pondweed
(o)Poppy
(o)Primrose
(o)Purslane
Rannock Rush
(o)Reedmace
(o)Rockrose
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
(o)Sandalwood
(o)Saxifrage
 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 4


Seaheath
(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
(o)Spindle-Tree
(o)Spurge
(o)Stonecrop
(o)Sundew
(o)Tamarisk
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Teasel
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Valerian
(o)Verbena
(o)Violet
(o)Water Fern
(o)Waterlily
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort
Waterwort
(o)Willow
(o)Willow-Herb
(o)Wintergreen
(o)Wood-Sorrel
(o)Yam
(o)Yew

 

It is worth remembering that especially with roses that the colour of the petals of the flower may change - The following photos are of Rosa 'Lincolnshire Poacher' which I took on the same day in R.V. Roger's Nursery Field:-

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot91a1a1

Closed Bud

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot92a1a1

Opening Bud

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot93a1a1

Juvenile Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot94a1a1

Older Juvenile Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot95a1a1

Middle-aged Flower - Flower Colour in Season in its
Rose Description Page is
"Buff Yellow, with a very slight pink tint at the edges in May-October."

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot96a1a1

Mature Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot97a1a1

Juvenile Flower and Dying Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot98a1a1

Form of Rose Bush

There are 720 roses in the Rose Galleries; many of which have the above series of pictures in their respective Rose Description Page.

So one might avoid the disappointment that the 2 elephants had when their trunks were entwined instead of them each carrying their trunk using their own trunk, and your disappointment of buying a rose to discover that the colour you bought it for is only the case when it has its juvenile flowers; if you look at all the photos of the roses in the respective Rose Description Page!!!!

 

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