PLANT USE AND FLOWER SHAPE GALLERY PAGES

 

This Gallery compares the use and flower shape of plants in this website combined with those already compared in
Bedding, Bulb, Evergreen Perennial, Herbaceous Perennial and Roses pages as linked to in the table at the end of this page.
 

PLANTS FLOWER SHAPE GALLERY PAGES

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alliumcflohaireasytogrowbulbs1a1a1a1

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14c2a1a1a1a1a

irisflotpseudacorus1a1a1a1a1a

aethionemacfloarmenumfoord1a2a1a1a1

anemonecflo1hybridafoord1a2a1a1a1

anemonecflo1blandafoord1a1a1a1a1

Number of Flower Petals

Petal-less

1

2

3

4

5

Above 5

 

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a1a1a1a1a1

alliumcflo1roseumrvroger1a1a1a

geraniumflocineremuballerina1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

paeoniamlokosewitschiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1

paeoniaveitchiiwoodwardiiflot1a1a1a1a1

acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord1a1a1a1a1a

stachysflotmacrantha1a1a1a1a1a

Flower Shape - Simple

Stars with Single Flowers

Bowls

Cups and Saucers

Globes

Goblets and Chalices

Trumpets

Funnels

 

digitalismertonensiscflorvroger1a2a1a1a1

fuchsiaflotcalicehoffman1a1a1a1a1a

ericacarneacflosspringwoodwhitedeeproot1a1a1a1a1a1

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming1a1a1a1a1a

Rose Petal Count from Rose Use Gallery
 

Single:
1-7 Petals

Semi-Double:
8-15 Petals
 

Flower Shape - Simple

Bells

Thimbles

Urns

Salver-form

Double:
Page 1
,
Page 2
16-25 Petals

Full:
26-40 Petals

Very Full:
40+ Petals

 

prunellaflotgrandiflora1a1a1a1a1

aquilegiacfloformosafoord1a2a1a1a

acanthusspinosuscflocoblands1a2a1a1a

lathyrusflotvernus1a2a1a1a

anemonecflo1coronariastbrigidgeetee1a1a1a

echinaceacflo1purpurealustrehybridsgarnonswilliams1a2a1a1a

centaureacfloatropurpureakavanagh1a1a1a1a

Flower Shape - Elabor-ated

Tubes, Lips and Straps

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Hats, Hoods and Helmets

Stan-dards, Wings and Keels

Discs and Florets

Pin-Cushions

Tufts and Petal-less Cluster

 

androsacecforyargongensiskevock1a1a1a1

androsacecflorigidakevock1a1a1a1

argyranthemumflotcmadeiracrestedyellow1a1b1a1

armeriacflomaritimakevock1a1a1a1

anemonecflonemerosaalbaplenarvroger1a1a1a1

Rose Bloom Shape from Rose Use Gallery

High-Centred,

Cupped,
 

Flower Shape - Elabor-ated

Cushion

Umbel

Buttons with Double Flowers

Pompoms

Stars with Semi-Double Flowers

Flat,

Globular,
 

Pompon,

Rosette

 

bergeniamorningredcforcoblands1a1a1a1a1

ajugacfloreptansatropurpurea1a1a1a1a

lamiumflotorvala2a1a1a1a1

astilbepurplelancecflokevock1a1a1a1a1

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a1433a1a1a1a1a1a1

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a1434a1a1a1a1a1a1

androsacecfor1albanakevock1a1a1a1a

Natural Arrange-ments

Bunches, Posies and Sprays (Group)

Columns, Spikes and Spires

Whorls, Tiers and Cande-labra

Plumes and Tails

Chains and Tassels

Clouds, Garlands and Cascades

Sphere, Dome (Clusters), Drumstick and Plate

Plant Use

BEDDING OUT and Bedding Out of Roses

BEDDING for Filling In

BEDDING for Screening

BEDDING for Pots and Troughs

BEDDING in Window Boxes

BEDDING in Hanging Baskets

BEDDING Foliage

BEDDING
Spring

Summer

Winter

Foliage Only

Other Than Green Foliage
 

Trees in Lawn

Trees in Small Gardens
 

Wildflower Garden

Attract Bird Attract Butterfly 1, 2
 

Climber on House Wall

Climber not on House Wall

Climber in Tree

Rabbit-Resistant

Wood-land

Pollution Barrier

Part Shade

Full Shade

Single Flower provides Pollen for Bees
1
, 2, 3

Ground-Cover
<60
cm
60-180cm
>180cm

Hedge

Wind-swept

Covering Banks

Patio Pot

Edging Borders

Back of Border

Poisonous

Adjacent to Water

Bog Garden

Tolerant of Poor Soil

Winter-Flowering
 

Fragrant

Not Fragrant

Exhibition

Standard Plant is 'Ball on Stick'

Upright Branches or Sword-shaped leaves

Plant to Prevent Entry to Human or Animal

Tolerant of Coastal Con-ditions

Tolerant on North-facing Wall

Cut Flower

Potted Veg Outdoors

Potted Veg Indoors
 

Thornless

Raised Bed Outdoors Veg
 

Grow in Alkaline Soil A-F, G-L, M-R, S-Z

Grow in Acidic Soil

Grow in Any Soil

Grow in Rock Garden

Grow Bulbs Indoors


Topic
Case Studies
...Drive
...Foundations

Companion Planting
...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants Garden Maintenance
Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary
Plants
...Poisonous Plants
Soil
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data

................

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
...by Flower Shape

Bulb
...Allium/ Anemone
...Autumn
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Dahlia
...Gladiolus
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Narcissus
...Spring
...Tulip
...Winter
Climber
...Clematis
...Climbers
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evgr
...Heather Shrub
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evgr
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous
Perennial

...P -Herbaceous
...Peony
...Flower Shape
...RHS Wisley
......Mixed Border
......Other Borders
Herb
Odds and Sods
Rhododendron
Rose
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
...Apple

...Cherry
...Pear
Vegetable

Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
space,
Site Map page in its flower colour
NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
...Brown Note
...Cream Note
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note
Poisonous
Wildflower Plants

............

Topic - Flower/Foliage Colour
Colour Wheel Galleries

Following your choice using Garden Style then that changes your Plant Selection Process
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index

or
you could use these Flower Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53
*
...Use of Plant and
...Flower Shape

All Flowers per Month 12
with its
Explanation of
Structure of this Website with

...User Guidelines
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index
Rock Garden and Alpine Flower Colour Wheel with number of colours
Rock Plant Flowers 53

...Rock Plant Index A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, NO, PQ, R, S, T, UVWXYZ
...Rock Plant Photos

or
these Foliage Colour Wheels structures, which I have done but until I can take the photos and I am certain of the plant label's validity, these may not progress much further
All Foliage 212

All Spring Foliage 212
All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212

or
Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index

............

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly
Usage of Plants
by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly usage of
Plant A-C
Plant C-M
Plant N-W
Butterfly usage of Plant

followed by all the Wild Flower Family Pages:-

There are 180 families in the Wildflowers of the UK and they have been split up into 22 Galleries to allow space for up to 100 plants per gallery.

Each plant named in each of the Wildflower Family Pages may have a link to:-

its Plant Description Page in its Common Name in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries

and does have links:-

to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name,

to see photos in its Flowering Months and

to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 1


(o)Adder's Tongue
Amaranth
(o)Arrow-Grass
(o)Arum
(o)Balsam
Bamboo
(o)Barberry
(o)Bedstraw
(o)Beech
(o)Bellflower
(o)Bindweed
(o)Birch
(o)Birds-Nest
(o)Birthwort
(o)Bogbean
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Borage
(o)Box
(o)Broomrape
(o)Buckthorn
(o)Buddleia
(o)Bur-reed
(o)Buttercup
(o)Butterwort
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crowberry
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
Cypress
(o)Daffodil
(o)Daisy
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Daphne
(o)Diapensia
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 2


(o)Clubmoss
(o)Duckweed
(o)Eel-Grass
(o)Elm
(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Horsetail
(o)Polypody
Quillwort
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Flax
(o)Flowering-Rush
(o)Frog-bit
(o)Fumitory
(o)Gentian
(o)Geranium
(o)Glassworts
(o)Gooseberry
(o)Goosefoot
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 1
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 2
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 3
(o)Hazel
(o)Heath
(o)Hemp
(o)Herb-Paris
(o)Holly
(o)Honeysuckle
(o)Horned-Pondweed
(o)Hornwort
(o)Iris
(o)Ivy
(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Lime
(o)Lobelia
(o)Loosestrife
(o)Mallow
(o)Maple
(o)Mares-tail
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)
 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 3


(o)Mesem-bryanthemum
(o)Mignonette
(o)Milkwort
(o)Mistletoe
(o)Moschatel
Naiad
(o)Nettle
(o)Nightshade
(o)Oleaster
(o)Olive
(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
(o)Parnassus-Grass
(o)Peaflower
(o)Peaflower Clover 1
(o)Peaflower Clover 2
(o)Peaflower Clover 3
(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
Peony
(o)Periwinkle
Pillwort
Pine
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Pipewort
(o)Pitcher-Plant
(o)Plantain
(o)Pondweed
(o)Poppy
(o)Primrose
(o)Purslane
Rannock Rush
(o)Reedmace
(o)Rockrose
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
(o)Sandalwood
(o)Saxifrage
 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 4


Seaheath
(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
(o)Spindle-Tree
(o)Spurge
(o)Stonecrop
(o)Sundew
(o)Tamarisk
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Teasel
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Valerian
(o)Verbena
(o)Violet
(o)Water Fern
(o)Waterlily
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort
Waterwort
(o)Willow
(o)Willow-Herb
(o)Wintergreen
(o)Wood-Sorrel
(o)Yam
(o)Yew

 

It is worth remembering that especially with roses that the colour of the petals of the flower may change - The following photos are of Rosa 'Lincolnshire Poacher' which I took on the same day in R.V. Roger's Nursery Field:-

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot91a1a1a

Closed Bud

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot92a1a1a

Opening Bud

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot93a1a1a

Juvenile Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot94a1a1a

Older Juvenile Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot95a1a1a

Middle-aged Flower - Flower Colour in Season in its
Rose Description Page is
"Buff Yellow, with a very slight pink tint at the edges in May-October."

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot96a1a1a

Mature Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot97a1a1a

Juvenile Flower and Dying Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot98a1a1a

Form of Rose Bush

There are 720 roses in the Rose Galleries; many of which have the above series of pictures in their respective Rose Description Page.

So one might avoid the disappointment that the 2 elephants had when their trunks were entwined instead of them each carrying their trunk using their own trunk, and your disappointment of buying a rose to discover that the colour you bought it for is only the case when it has its juvenile flowers; if you look at all the photos of the roses in the respective Rose Description Page!!!!

 

 

Fragrant Plants adds the use of another of your 5 senses in your garden:-
Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves.

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark.

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil
.

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
.

Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
.

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers.

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves.

Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves.

Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers.

Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit.

Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers.

Night-scented Flowering Plants.

Scented Aquatic Plants.

Plants with Scented Fruits.

Plants with Scented Roots.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums.

Scented Cacti and Succulents.

Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell.
 

Flower Perfume Group:-

Indoloid Group.

Aminoid Group with scent - Hawthorn.

Heavy Group with scents -
Jonquil and
Lily.

Aromatic Group with scents - Almond,
Aniseed, Balsamic,
Carnation, Cinnamon, Clove,
Spicy and
Vanilla.

Violet Group.

Rose Group.

Lemon Group with scent -
Verbena.

Fruit-scented Group with scents -
Apricot,
Fruity,
Green Apple,
Orange, Pineapple,
Ripe Apple , Ripe Banana and
Ripe Plum.

Animal-scented Group with scents -
Cat,
Dog,
Ferret,
Fox,
Goat,
Human Perspiration,
Musk,
Ripe Apple and
Tom Cat.

Honey Group.

Unpleasant Smell Group with scents -
Animal,
Fetid,
Fishy,
Foxy,
Fur-like,
Garlic,
Hemlock,
Manure,
Nauseating,
Perspiration,
Petrol,
Putrid,
Rancid,
Sickly,
Skunk,
Stale Lint,
Sulphur and
Urinous.

Miscellaneous Group with scents -
Balm,
Brandy,
Cedar,
Cloying,
Cowslip,
Cucumber,
Damask Rose, Daphne,
Exotic,
Freesia,
Fur-like,
Gardenia,
Hay-like,
Heliotrope, Honeysuckle,
Hops,
Hyacinth,
Incense-like, Jasmine,
Laburnham,
Lilac,
Lily of the Valley, Meadowsweet, Mignonette,
Mint,
Mossy,
Muscat,
Muscatel,
Myrtle-like,
Newly Mown Hay, Nutmeg,
Piercing,
Primrose,
Pungent,
Resinous, Sandalwood, Sassafras,
Seductive,
Slight,
Soft,
Stephanotis,
Sulphur,
Starch,
Sweet,
Sweet-briar,
Tea-rose,
Treacle and
Very Sweet.

 

Ivydene Gardens Colour Wheel - Flowers Gallery:
Neutral Flower Colour:
White 3 of Cultivated Flowers

Compare plants of all types with the same Flower Colour

 

White Page 3 of Cultivated Flowers

 

Flowering Months range abbreviates month
to its first 3 letters (Apr-Jun is April, May and June).

Click on centre of thumbnail to move from this page to the
Plant Description Page of the Plant named in the Text box below that photo.

The Comments Row of that Plant Description
links to where you personally can purchase that plant via mail-order.

Bulb and Perennial Height from Text Border Colour

Brown =
0-12
inches
(0-30
cms)

Blue = 12-24 inches (30-60 cms)

Green = 24-36 inches (60-90 cms)

Red = 36-72 inches (90-180 cms)

Black = 72+ inches (180+ cms)

Bulb and Perennial Soil Moisture from Text Background


Wet Soil


Moist Soil


Dry Soil

rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams1e1

 

 

 

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rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams9a

 

 

 

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rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams2e1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shrub
Height from Text Border Colour

Brown =
0-12
inches
(0-30
cms)

Blue = 12-36 inches (30-90 cms)

Green = 36-60 inches (90-150 cms)

Red = 60-120 inches (150-300 cms)

Black = 120+ inches (300+ cms)

Shrub
Soil Moisture from Text Background


Wet Soil


Moist Soil


Dry Soil

rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams1a1a

 

 

 

rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams3a1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams2a1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tree
Height from Text Border Colour

Brown =
0-240
inches
(0-600
cms)

Blue = 240-480 inches (600-1200 cms)

Green = 480+ inches (1200+ cms)

Red = Potted

Black = Use in Small Garden

Tree
Soil Moisture from Text Background


Wet Soil


Moist Soil


Dry Soil

rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams1b1a

 

 

 

rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams3b1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams4b1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams2b1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Climber
Height from Text Border Colour

 

Blue = 0-36 inches (0-90 cms)

Green = 36-120 inches (90-300 cms)

Red = 120+ inches (180+ cms)

 

Climber
Soil Moisture from Text Background


Wet Soil


Moist Soil


Dry Soil

rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams1c1a

 

 

 

rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams3c1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams2c1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aquatic, Bamboo, Bedding, Conifer, Fern, Grass, Herb, Rhododendron, Rose, Soft Fruit, Top Fruit, Vegetable and Wildflower
Height from Text Border Colour

 

Blue = 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)

Green = 24-72 inches (60-180 cms)

Red =
72+ inches (180+ cms)

 

Aquatic, Bamboo, Bedding, Conifer, Fern, Grass, Herb, Rhododendron, Rose, Soft Fruit, Top Fruit, Vegetable and Wildflower
Soil Moisture from Text Background


Wet Soil


Moist Soil


Dry Soil

argyranthemumcflogracilechelseagirlkavanagh

argyranthemumfloscmadeiracamara

 

 

rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams3d1a

 

 

 

LOAM, SAND, CLAY. Argyran-hemum 'Chelsea Girl'
SUN
Summer Bedding
Foliage Jan-Dec Yellow-centered White daisy flowers in
Apr-Oct

Acidic Sand or Erica-ceous Compost for Pots.
Argyra-nthemum 'Madeira Camara'
White flowers Jun-Aug

 

 

 

 

 

rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams8a1

 

 

 

rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams4d1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams2d1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The 2 EUREKA EFFECT pages for understanding soil and how plants interact with it:-


Explanation of Structure of this Website with User Guidelines Page for those photo galleries with Photos
(of either ones I have taken myself or others which have been loaned only for use on this website from external sources)

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Choose 1 of these different Plant selection Methods:-

1. Choose a plant from 1 of 53 flower colours in the Colour Wheel Gallery.

2. Choose a plant from 1 of 12 flower colours in each month of the year from

3. Choose a plant from 1 of 6 flower colours per month for each type of plant:-
Aquatic
Bedding
Bulb
Climber
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
Herb
Odds and Sods
Rhododendron
Rock Garden and Alpine

Rose
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Wild Flower

4. Choose a plant from its Flower Shape:-
Shape, Form
Index

Flower Shape

5. Choose a plant from its foliage:-
Bamboo
Conifer
Fern
Grass
Vegetable
Silver Foliage
Other than Green

6. There are 6 Plant Selection Levels including

or

7. When I do not have my own or ones from mail-order nursery photos , then from March 2016, if you want to start from the uppermost design levels through to your choice of cultivated and wildflower plants to change your Plant Selection Process then use the following galleries:-

  • Create and input all plants known by Amateur Gardening inserted into their Sanders' Encyclopaedia from their edition published in 1960 (originally published by them in 1895) into these
    • Stage 1 - Garden Style Index Gallery,
      then
    • Stage 2 - Infill Plants Index Gallery being the only gallery from these 7 with photos (from Wikimedia Commons) ,
      then
    • Stage 3 - All Plants Index Gallery with each plant species in its own Plant Type Page followed by choice from Stage 4a, 4b, 4c and/or 4d REMEMBERING THE CONSTRAINTS ON THE SELECTION FROM THE CHOICES MADE IN STAGES 1 AND 2
    • Stage 4a - 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery,
    • Stage 4b - 12 Foliage Colours per Month Index Gallery with
    • Stage 4c - Cultivation, Position, Use Index Gallery and
    • Stage 4d - Shape, Form Index Gallery
    • Unfortunately, if you want to have 100's of choices on selection of plants from 1000's of 1200 pixels wide by up to 16,300 pixels in length webpages, which you can jump to from almost any of the pages in these 7 galleries above, you have to put up with those links to those choices being on
      • the left topic menu table,
      • the header of the middle data table and on
      • the page/index menu table on the right of every page of those galleries.

 

I like reading and that is shown by the index in my Library, where I provide lists of books to take you between designing, maintaining or building a garden and the hierarchy of books on plants taking you from

Colour Wheel - All Flowers 53 Gallery

Site Map for Flower Petal Colour being nearest to Colour in this Colour Wheel Page

Introduction explains the 54 links to the 54 colour pages in the Colour Wheel links map below

After the changes to this Page have been completed, then this sentence will disappear.

Dark Tone
or Shades (Colours mixed with Black) is the outer circle of colours.

Mid-Tone
(Colours mixed with Grey) is the next circle of colours.

Pure Hue
(the Primary, Secondary or Tertiary Colour named) is the next circle of colours.

Pastel
(Colours mixed with White) is the innermost circle of colours.

 

These 12 colour spokes of Dark Tone, Mid-Tone, Pure Hue and Pastel are split into:-

Number

Primary Colour Name

Pure Hue Colour Name Used

1

Red

Red

2

Yellow

Yellow

3

Blue

Blue

Number

Secondary Colour Name

Pure Hue Colour Name Used

10

Orange

Vitamin C

11

Green

Lime

12

Violet

Magenta

Number

Tertiary Colour Name

Pure Hue Colour Name Used

100

Red Orange

Orange

101

Yellow Orange

Tangerine

102

Yellow Green

Lovely Lime

103

Blue Green

Light Teal

104

Blue Violet

Grape

105

Red Violet

Process Pagenta

There are other pages on Plants which bloom in each month of the year in this website:-

item76a1a1a1

 

item78a1a1a1

 

item80a1a1a1

 

 

 

Click on Flower Colour above Colour Name to compare flowers of same colour and different plant types or 1,
then 2, 3, or 4 for following pages

 

 

 

item81a1a1a1

 

item82a1a1a1

 

item83a1a1a1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

White 1, 2

 

White 3

 

White Wild-flower 1, 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gray

 

Silver
1
, 2

Black

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item87a1a1a1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

105

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

100

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item60a1a1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item95a1a1a1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Blood Red 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item89a1a1a1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dried Blood
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chocolate 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

item62a1a1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item97a1a1a1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10

 

item51b1a1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fuzzy Wuzzy 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item103a1a1a1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item91a1a1a1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Forbidden
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heatland 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Royal Purple
1

 

 

item53b1a1

 

 

item64a1a1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item99a1a1a1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item105a1a1a1

 

 

 

Rusty Pelican
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Red 1, 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item93a1a1a1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Calihoe
1

 

item55a1a1a

 

Process Pagenta
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Orange
1

 

item107a1a1a1

 

 

Tuscany
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item66a1a1a

 

 

item101a1a1a1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Flat Pink
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Magenta
1

item57a1a1a

 

 

 

 

item109a1a1a1

 

Vitamin C 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pink
1
, 2

 

Orangelin
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

104

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

101

item43b1a1

 

item45b1a1

 

item47b1a1

 

item49b1a1

 

Magenta Shift
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Atomic Tangerine
1

item117a1a1a1

 

item115a1a1a1

 

item113a1a1a1

 

item111a1a1a1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Violet
1

The Bands
1

 

Grape
1

 

Mauve
1

item41b1a1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item10b1a1

 

Sand
1

 

Tang-erine
1

Buddha Gold
1

Browser Caramel 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item39b1a1

 

Off-White Blue
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bone
1
, 2

 

item8b1a1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item33b1a1

 

 

 

 

 

item18b1a1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item37b1a1

 

 

Blue
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yellow
1
, 2

 

item5b1a2a1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Baby Blue
1

 

 

 

 

 

Lime-ade
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item31b1a2

 

item26b1a1

 

item16b1a1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

item35b1a1

 

 

 

Periwinkle 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pine Glade
1

 

 

 

item3a1a2a1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Light Teal
1

 

Offwhite Green 1

 

Lovely Lime
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Navy Blue
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item30b1a1

 

 

 

 

item24b1a1

 

 

 

 

item14b1a1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Grass Stain
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

103

 

Aqua
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lime 1

 

 

 

Slimer 2
1

 

102

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item28b1a1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item22b1a1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item12b1a1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Blue Stone
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weak Green 1

 

 

 

Verdun Green
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item20b1a1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pakistan Green 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

When you have reached the required Flower Colour Page, then click on Flowering Months of the required plant to compare this flower with others
from the same Plant Type - Bulbs, Climbers, Evergreen perennials - in that month
OR
with others from the plants at RHS Wisley in that month

Plant Selection by Flower Colour

Blue Flowers

Bedding.
Bulb.
Climber.
Evergr Per.
Evergr Shrub.
Wild Flower.
 

Orange Flowers

Bedding.

Wild Flower.

Other Colour Flowers

Bedding.

Bulb.
Climber.
Evergr Per.
Evergr Shrub.
Wild Flower.

Red Flowers

Bedding.

Bulb.
Climber.
Decid Shrub.
Evergr Per.
Evergr Shrub.
Herbac Per.
Rose.
Wild Flower.

White Flowers

Bedding.

Bulb.
Climber.
Decid Shrub.
Decid Tree.
Evergr Per.
Evergr Shrub.
Herbac Per.
Rose.
Wild Flower.
 

Yellow Flowers

Bedding.
Bulb.
Climber.
Decid Shrub.
Evergr Per.
Evergr Shrub.
Herbac Per.
Rose.
Wild Flower.
 

 

Plant Index to all compared thumbnails of this flower colour in this page:-

Click on Flowering Period Month to compare this flower EITHER with others from the same Plant Type - Bulbs, Climbers, Evergreen Perennials - in that month OR with others from the plants at RHS Wisley in that month

Plant Name

Flower Colour with
Flower Thumbnail

Flowering
Months
with Link to Flower Colour Comparison Page in that month

Form Thumbnail

Height x Width in inches (cms) -
1 inch = 2.5 cms,
12 inches = 1 foot,
36 inches = 3 feet = 1 yard,
40 inches = 100 cms

Foliage Colour with Foliage Thumbnail

Plant Use

Comments

Bulbs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Herbaceous Perennials

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Evergreen Perennials

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deciduous Shrub

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Evergreen Shrub

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deciduous Tree

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Evergreen Tree

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deciduous Climber

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Evergreen Climber

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aquatic, Bamboo, Bedding, Conifer,
Fern,
Grass,
Herb,
Rhodo-dendron,
Rose,
Soft Fruit,
Top Fruit, Vegetable and Wildflower

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Roses with Rose Class

 

 

 

 

 

Shrub Roses:-

Rosa 'Winchester
Cathedral'


rosawinchestercathedralcflo1a

May-October

 

 

 

1 Modern

Rosa 'Blanc Double de
Coubert'


rosablancdoubledecoubertcflorogerltd1

May-October

 

 

 

2 Modern

Rosa 'Daybreak'


rosadaybreakcflorogerltd1

May-October

 

 

 

2 Modern

Rosa 'Moonlight'


rosamoonlightcflorogerltd1

May-October

 

 

 

2 Modern

Rosa 'Prosperity'


rosaprosperitycflorogerltd1

May-October

 

 

 

2 Modern

Rosa 'Bob Woolley'


rosabobwoolleycflorogerltd1

May-October

 

 

 

4 Large-Flowered

Rosa 'Pascali'


rosapascalicflo1a

May-October

 

 

 

4 Large-Flowered

Rosa 'Iceberg'


rosaicebergcflo1a

May-October

 

 

 

5 Cluster-Flowered

Rosa 'Peppermint Ice'


rosapepperminticecflo1a

May-October

 

 

 

5 Cluster-Flowered

Rosa 'Katherine Zeimet'


rosakatherinezeimetcflorogerltd1

May-October

 

 

 

7 Polyantha

Rosa 'Nevada'


rosanevadacflorogerltd1

May-June

 

 

 

10 Non-Recurrent

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rambler Roses:-

Rosa 'Rambling Rector'


rosaramblingrectorcflorogerltd1

June-August

 

 

 

16 Non-Recurrent

Rosa 'Sanders White
Rambler'


rosasanderswhiteramblercflorogerltd1

June-August

 

 

 

16 Non-Recurrent

Rosa 'Seagull'


rosaseagullcflorogerltd1

June-August

 

 

 

16 Non-Recurrent

Rosa 'The Field Rose'


rosathefieldroseflot1

June-August

 

 

 

16 Non-Recurrent

 

 

 

 

 

 

Climber Roses:-

Rosa 'Mrs Herbert
Stevens' Climbing


rosamrsherbertstevensclimbingcflorogerltd1

May-October

 

 

 

17 Large-Flowered

Rosa 'Iceberg' Climbing


rosaicebergclimbingflot1

June-August

 

 

 

18 Cluster-Flowered

Rosa filipes 'Kiftsgate'


rosakiftsgatecflorogerltd1

July

 

 

 

18 Cluster-Flowered

Rosa mulliganii


rosamulliganiiflot1a

July

 

 

 

18 Cluster-Flowered

Rosa 'Wedding Day'
Climbing


rosaweddingdaycflorogerltd1a

June-August

 

 

 

18 Cluster-Flowered

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shrub Roses:-

Rosa 'Alba Maxima'


rosaalbamaximacflo1a1

June-August

 

 

 

20 Alba

Rosa 'Maiden's Blush
Great'


rosamaidensblushgreatflot1a

June-August

 

 

 

20 Alba

Rosa 'Shailer's White
Moss'


rosashailerswhitemosscflorogerltd2a

June-August

 

 

 

27 Moss

Rosa 'White Bath'


rosawhitebathflot2

June-August

 

 

 

27 Moss

Rosa pimpine-llifolia


rosapimpinellifoliaflot2

May

 

 

 

28 Portland

Rosa rugosa alba


rosarugosaalbaflot2

June-August

 

 

 

38 Wild Roses

Rosa 'Fimbriata'


rosafimbriatacflorogerltd2

June-August

 

 

 

2 Modern

Rosa 'Pax'


rosapaxcflorogerltd1

May-October

 

 

 

2 Modern

Rosa 'Schneelicht'


rosaschneelichtcflorogerltd1

May-October

 

 

 

2 Modern

Rosa 'Silver Anniversary'


rosasilveranniversarycflorogerltd1

July-September

 

 

 

4 Large-Flowered

Rosa 'Pearl Drift'


rosapearldriftcflorogerltd1

May-October

 

 

 

11 Ground Cover

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Multi-Coloured Cultivated Plant

 

 

 

 

 

 

Colchicum 'Harlekijn'


colchicumcfloharlekijnrvroger1a

September

 

 

 

Bulb

Colchicum hungaricum


colchicumcflohungaricumrvroger1a

December, January, February, March, April

 

 

 

Bulb

Crocus boryi


crocuscfloboryirvroger1a

September, October, November, December

 

 

 

Bulb

Crocus cambes-sedesii


crocuscflocambessedanusrvroger1a

September, October, November, December

 

 

 

Bulb

Crocus hadriaticus


crocuscflohadriaticusrvroger1a

October

 

 

 

Bulb

Crocus chrysanthus
'Warley'


crocuscforchrysanthuswarleyfoord1a

February, March

 

 

 

Bulb

Allium callimischon
callimischon


alliumcflocallimischoncallimischonrvroger1a

September, October,
November

 

 

 

Bulb

Freesia andersoniae


freesiacfloandersoniaervroger1a

April, May

 

 

 

Bulb

Ixia 'Blue Bird'


ixiacflobluebirdrvroger1a

June, July

 

 

 

Bulb

Ixia 'Giant'


ixiacflogiantrvroger1a

June, July

 

 

 

Bulb

Ixia 'Hogarth'


ixiacflohogarthrvroger1a

June, July

 

 

 

Bulb

Ixia 'Vulcan'


ixiacflovulcanrvroger1a

June, July

 

 

 

Bulb

Lachenalia contaminata


lachenaliacflocontaminatarvroger1a

April, May

 

 

 

Bulb

Lachenalia elegans


lachenaliacfloelegansrvroger1a

March, April, May

 

 

 

Bulb

Lachenalia juncifolia


lachenaliacflojuncifoliarvroger1a

March, April, May

 

 

 

Bulb

Lachenalia orthopetala


lachenaliacfloorthopetalarvroger1a

March, April, May

 

 

 

Bulb

Lachenalia unifolia


lachenaliacflounifoliarvroger1a

May

 

 

 

Bulb

Lachenalia zeyheri


lachenaliacflozeyherirvroger1a

March, April, May

 

 

 

Bulb

Gladiolus 'Mr Chris' 271 EM


gladioluscflomrchrisncoe1

August

 

 

 

Bulb

Gladiolus 'Assol' 301 LM


gladioluscfloassolnagc1a1

August

 

 

 

Bulb

Gladiolus 'Bold Heart' 201 M


gladioluscfloboldheartnagc1

July

 

 

 

Bulb

Gladiolus 'Warm White' 200 LM


gladioluscflowarmwhitenagc1

August

 

 

 

Bulb from USA

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shrub Roses:-

Rosa 'Cornelia'


rosacorneliacflorogerltd1

May-October

 

 

 

2 Modern

Rosa 'Kathleen'


rosakathleenflot1

May-October

 

 

 

2 Modern

Rosa 'Penelope'


rosapenelopecflorogerltd1

May-October

 

 

 

2 Modern

Rosa 'St Cecilia'


rosastceciliacflo1a

May-October

 

 

 

2 Modern

Rosa 'Caledonian'


Rosacaledoniancflorogerltd1

May-October

 

 

 

4 Large-Flowered

Rosa 'Catherine Cookson'


rosacatherinecooksoncflorogerltd1

May-October

 

 

 

4 Large-Flowered

Rosa 'Chicago Peace'


rosachicagopeacecflocoblands1

May-October

 

 

 

4 Large-Flowered

Rosa 'Silver Wedding'


rosasilverweddingcflorogerltd1

May-October

 

 

 

4 Large-Flowered

Rosa 'Yorkshire Lady'


rosayorkshireladycflorogerltd1

May-October

 

 

 

4 Large-Flowered

Rosa 'Chanelle'


rosachanellecflorogerltd1

May-October

 

 

 

5 Cluster-Flowered

Rosa 'Grace Abounding'


rosagraceaboundingcflorogerltd1

May-October

 

 

 

5 Cluster-Flowered

Rosa 'Margaret Merril'


rosamargaretmerrillcflorogerltd1

May-October

 

 

 

5 Cluster-Flowered

Rosa 'Fairhope'


rosafairhopecflorogerltd1

May-October

 

 

 

8 Miniature Bush

Rosa 'Irresistible'


rosairrisistiblecflorogerltd1

May-October

 

 

 

8 Miniature Bush

Rosa 'Linville'


rosalinvillecflorogerltd1

May-October

 

 

 

8 Miniature Bush

Rosa 'Party Girl'


rosapartygirlcflorogerltd1

May-October

 

 

 

8 Miniature Bush

Rosa 'X Rated'


rosaxratedcflorogerltd1

May-October

 

 

 

8 Miniature Bush

Rosa 'Canta-brigiensis'


rosacantabrigiensiscflorogerltd1

April-May

 

 

 

10 Non-Recurrent

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rambler Roses:-

Rosa 'Paul's Himalayan
Musk'


rosapaulshimalayanmuskcflorogerltd1

June-August

 

 

 

12 Recurrent

Rosa 'Alberic Barbier'


rosaalbericbarbiercflo1

June-August

 

 

 

14 Non-Recurrent

Rosa 'Paul's Lemon Pillar'


rosapaulslemonpillarcflorogerltd1

June-August

 

 

 

17 Large-Flowered

 

 

 

 

 

 

Climber Roses:-

Rosa 'Blush Noisette'


rosablushnoisettecflorogerltd1

May-October

 

 

 

36 Noisette

Rosa 'Madamme
Alfred Carriere'


rosamadammealfredcarrierecflorogerltd1

May-October

 

 

 

36 Noisette

 

 

 

 

 

 

Climbers:-

Dregea sinensis


dregeacflosinensisroseland1

June, July, August

 

 

 

 

Passiflora caerulea


passifloraflotcaerulea1

July, August, September

 

 

 

Blue Passion Flower

Solanum
jasminoides


solanumflotjasminoides1

July, August,
September, October

 

 

 

Potato Vine

Lonicera
peric-lymenum


loniceraflotpericlymenum1a

July, August

 

 

 

Common Honeysuckle, Woodbine

Clematis cirrhosa
Balearica


clematisbalearicacfloroseland1

December, January, February, March

 

 

 

 

Clematis 'Belle of Woking'


clematisbelleofwokingcfloroseland1

May, June, September

 

 

 

 

Clematis 'Luxuriant Blue'


clematiscaerulealuxurianscfloroseland1

July, August, September

 

 

 

 

Clematis
subsp. campaniflora


clematiscampanifloracfloroseland1

July, August,
September

 

 

 

 

Clematis
'Chatsworth'


clematischatsworthcfloroseland1

June, July, August,
September, October

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bulb

Crocus pulchellus
'Zephyr'


crocuscflopulchelluszephyrrvroger1

September, October,
November

 

 

 

 

Crocus chrysanthus
'Prince Claus
'


crocuscflochrysanthusprinsclaausgeetee1

January, February,
March

 

 

 

 

Anemone demissa


anemonecflo1demissakevock1

May, June, July

 

 

 

 

Anemone hupehensis


anemonepflo1hupehensiskevock1a

August, September

 

 

 

 

Anemone narcissiflora


anemonecflonarcissiflorakevock1

May, June, July

 

 

 

 

Anemone rupicola


anemonecflorupicolakevock1

June, July, August

 

 

 

 

Anemone trullifolia


anemonepfortrullifoliakevock1

April, May, June,
July, August

 

 

 

 

Dahlia 'Cobra'


dahliacflocobrarvroger1

August, September,
October, November

 

 

 

Dahlia from
Group 5(d)

Dahlia 'Smokey'


dahliacflosmokeyrvroger1a

July, August,
September

 

 

 

Dahlia from
Group 5(c)

Lilium 'Regale'


lilliumcfloregaleplantworld1

July

 

 

 

Lily - Trumpet

Lilium 'Arena'


lilliumcfloarenarvroger1a

July, August

 

 

 

Lily - Oriental

Lilium 'Garden Party'


lilliumcflogardenpartyrvroger1

July, August

 

 

 

Lily - Oriental

Lilium 'Conca d'Or'


lilliumcfloconcadorrvroger1a

July, August

 

 

 

Lily - Miscellaneous

Lilium 'Triump-hator'


lilliumcflotriumphatorrvroger1

July, August

 

 

 

Lily - Miscellaneous

Lilium auratum


lilliumcfloauratumrvroger1

August, September

 

 

 

Lily - Species

Lilium duchartrei


lilliumcfloduchartreirvroger1

June, July

 

 

 

Lily - Species

Gladiolus 'Whistle Stop'


gladioluscflowhistlestopncoe1

August

 

 

 

Gladiolus - 213 M

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bedding

 

 

 

 

 

 

Argyran-hemum 'Chelsea Girl'

/Argyran-hemum

argyranthemumcflogracilechelseagirlkavanagh1a1

April, May, June, July, August, September, October

24 x 24
(60 x 60)

Grey-Green leaves dissected into thread-like lobes
argyranthemumcfolgracilechelseagirlkavanagh

Filling In.
Pots and Troughs. Summer Bedding.
Full Sun.
Coastal Conditions.

Marguerite.
Stars.
Discs and Florets.
Single Flower.
Overwinter under cold glass.
Sand, Clay

Argyran-themum frutescens 'Madeira Camara'

argyranthemumfloscmadeiracamara2a1a

June, July, August

18 x 18
(45 x 45)

Green

Bedding Out.
Filling In.
Pots and Troughs.
Summer Bedding.
Full Sun, Part Shade.

Marguerite Daisy.
Stars.
Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons - Pompon.
Acidic Sand or Ericaceous Compost for Pots.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677

 

Site design and content copyright ©August 2009. Menus amended July 2015. Page changed to provide more comprehensive plant index June 2017. Plant Use and Flower Shape pages added July 2017. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the breakage of the link to the Safety Regulations for man walking with Red Flag before Automobile.  

 

 

The Daily Telegraph Best Flowers to Grow and Cut by David Joyce (ISBN 0 7112 2366 1) groups plants according to defined characteristics of flower simple shape, elaborated shape, flower details and flower textures. Using that system, this plant gallery has thumbnail pictures in:-

  • Number of Flower Petals
  • Flower Simple Shape, Flower Elaborated Shape and
  • Flower Natural Arrangement Pages

A thumbnail of a plant can be in each of the above 3.
The text menu above links to those pages and the thumbnails in the menu link to the Plant Description Page of that flower.
Explaination of each page is at its bottom.

BEDDING PLANT USE AND FLOWER SHAPE GALLERY PAGES

Flower Colour

Bicolour

Blue

Green

Orange

Other Colours

Pink

Purple

Red

White

White / Bicolour

Yellow

 

 

 

Flower Simple Shape

3 Petals

4 Petals

5 Petals

6 Petals

Stars

Bowls, Cups and Saucers

Globes, Goblets and Chalices

irisflotpseudacorus1a1

aethionemacfloarmenumfoord1a1a

anemonecflo1hybridafoord1a1a

 

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a1a1

geraniumflocineremuballerina1a1a1a1a1a1

paeoniamlokosewitschiiflot1a1a1

Trumpets and Funnels

Bells, Thimbles and Urns

 

Single Flower provides pollen for bees

 

2 Petals

 

acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord1a1a

digitalismertonensiscflorvroger1a1a

 

anagalisflotcskylover1a1a

 

cupheacflollaveakavanagh1a1

 

Flower Elabor-ated Shape

Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Hats, Hoods and Helmets

Standards, Wings and Keels

Discs and Florets

Pin-cushions and Tufts

Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons

prunellaflotgrandiflora1a1

aquilegiacfloformosafoord1a1a

acanthusspinosuscflocoblands1a1a

lathyrusflotvernus1a1a

brachyscomecflorigidulakevock1a1a

echinaceacflo1purpurealustrehybridsgarnonswilliams1a1a

argyranthemumflotcmadeiracrestedyellow1a1a

Bedding Plant Use

Bedding Out

Filling In

Screen-ing

Pots and Troughs

Window Boxes

Hanging Baskets

Spring Bedding

Summer Bedding

Winter Bedding

 

There are more Bedding Plants in Bedding Pages of Infill Plants Index Gallery like
Bedding for Chalky Soil and
Bedding for Clay Soil

 

 

 

BULB USE AND FLOWER SHAPE GALLERY PAGES
 

BULB FLOWER SHAPE GALLERY PAGES

lessershapemeadowrue2a1a1a1a

alliumcflohaireasytogrowbulbs1

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14c2a1a

irisflotpseudacorus1a1a

aethionemacfloarmenumfoord1a2

anemonecflo1hybridafoord1a2

anemonecflo1blandafoord1a1

Number of Flower Petals

Petal-less

1

2

3

4

5

Above 5

 

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a1a1a

alliumcflo1roseumrvroger1

geraniumflocineremuballerina1a1a1a1a1a1a

paeoniamlokosewitschiiflot1a1a1a

paeoniaveitchiiwoodwardiiflot1a1a

acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord1a1a1

stachysflotmacrantha1a1a1

Flower Shape - Simple

Stars with Single Flowers

Bowls

Cups and Saucers

Globes

Goblets and Chalices

Trumpets

Funnels

 

digitalismertonensiscflorvroger1a2

fuchsiaflotcalicehoffman1a1a

ericacarneacflosspringwoodwhitedeeproot1a1a1

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming1a1a

 

 

 

Flower Shape - Simple

Bells

Thimbles

Urns

Salverform

 

 

 

 

prunellaflotgrandiflora1a1a

aquilegiacfloformosafoord1a2

acanthusspinosuscflocoblands1a2

lathyrusflotvernus1a2

anemonecflo1coronariastbrigidgeetee1

echinaceacflo1purpurealustrehybridsgarnonswilliams1a2

centaureacfloatropurpureakavanagh1a1

Flower Shape - Elabor-ated

Tubes, Lips and Straps

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Hats, Hoods and Helmets

Stan-dards, Wings and Keels

Discs and Florets

Pin-Cushions

Tufts and Petal-less Cluster

 

androsacecforyargongensiskevock1

androsacecflorigidakevock1

argyranthemumflotcmadeiracrestedyellow1

armeriacflomaritimakevock1

anemonecflonemerosaalbaplenarvroger1

 

 

Flower Shape - Elabor-ated

Cushion

Umbel

Buttons with Double Flowers

Pompoms

Stars with Semi-Double Flowers

 

 

 

bergeniamorningredcforcoblands1a1a

ajugacfloreptansatropurpurea1a1

lamiumflotorvala2a1a

astilbepurplelancecflokevock1a1a

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a1433a1a1a1a

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a1434a1a1a1a

androsacecfor1albanakevock1a1

Natural Arrange-ments

Bunches, Posies and Sprays (Group)

Columns, Spikes and Spires

Whorls, Tiers and Cande-labra

Plumes and Tails

Chains and Tassels

Clouds, Garlands and Cascades

Sphere, Dome (Clusters), Drumstick and Plate

Bulb Use

Indoor Bulbs flowering in December
January
February

Bulbs in Window-boxes

Bulbs natural-ised in grass

 

 

 

 

 

 

EVERGREEN PERENNIAL FLOWER SHAPE GALLERY PAGES

 

lessershapemeadowrue1a

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14c1a1

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14c2a

ajugacflo1genevensisfoord

aethionemacfloarmenumfoord

anemonecflo1hybridafoord1a

anemonecflo1blandafoord1a

Number of Flower Petals

Petal-less

1

2

3

4

5

Above 5

 

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14k1c

geraniumflocineremuballerina1a1

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14k1a1

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14k1b1

acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord2

stachysflotmacrantha

Flower Shape - Simple

Stars

Bowls

Cups and Saucers

Globes

Goblets and Chalices

Trumpets

Funnels

 

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14q1

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14r1a

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14s1b

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming

 

 

 

Flower Shape - Simple

Bells

Thimbles

Urns

Salverform

 

 

 

 

prunellaflotgrandiflora

aquilegiacfloformosafoord

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14u1a

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14v1a

brachyscomecflorigidulakevock

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14x1a

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14y1a

Flower Shape - Elabor-ated

Tubes, Lips and Straps

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Hats, Hoods and Helmets

Stan-dards, Wings and Keels

Discs and Florets

Pin-Cushions

Tufts

 

androsacecforyargongensiskevock

androsaceflorigidakevock

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a1428a1

armeriaflomaritimakevock

 

 

 

Flower Shape - Elabor-ated

Cushion

Umbel

Buttons

Pompoms

 

 

 

 

bergeniamorningredcforcoblands

ajugacfloreptansatropurpurea1

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a1431a1

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a1432a1

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a1433a1

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a1434a1

androsacecfor1albanakevock

Natural Arrange-ments

Bunches, Posies and Sprays

Columns, Spikes and Spires

Whorls, Tiers and Cande-labra

Plumes and Tails

Chains and Tassels

Clouds, Garlands and Cascades

Spheres, Domes and Plates

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


HERBACEOUS PERENNIAL FLOWER SHAPE GALLERY PAGES

 

lessershapemeadowrue2a1a1

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14c1a

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14c2

irisflotpseudacorus

aethionemacfloarmenumfoord1

anemonecflo1hybridafoord

anemonecflo1blandafoord

Number of Flower Petals

Petal-less

1

2

3

4

5

Above 5

 

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14k1a

geraniumflocineremuballerina1a1a1a1

paeoniamlokosewitschiiflot1

paeoniaveitchiiwoodwardiiflot

acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord1a

stachysflotmacrantha1

Flower Shape - Simple

Stars

Bowls

Cups and Saucers

Globes

Goblets and Chalices

Trumpets

Funnels

 

digitalismertonensiscflorvroger

fuchsiaflotcalicehoffman1

ericacarneacflosspringwoodwhitedeeproot1a

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming1

 

 

 

Flower Shape - Simple

Bells

Thimbles

Urns

Salverform

 

 

 

 

prunellaflotgrandiflora1

aquilegiacfloformosafoord1

acanthusspinosuscflocoblands

lathyrusflotvernus

brachyscomecflorigidulakevock1

echinaceacflo1purpurealustrehybridsgarnonswilliams

centaureacfloatropurpureakavanagh

Flower Shape - Elabor-ated

Tubes, Lips and Straps

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Hats, Hoods and Helmets

Stan-dards, Wings and Keels

Discs and Florets

Pin-Cushions

Tufts

 

androsacecforyargongensiskevock2

androsacecflorigidakevock

argyranthemumflotcmadeiracrestedyellow

armeriacflomaritimakevock

 

 

 

Flower Shape - Elabor-ated

Cushion

Umbel

Buttons

Pompoms

 

 

 

 

bergeniamorningredcforcoblands1

ajugacfloreptansatropurpurea

lamiumflotorvala2

astilbepurplelancecflokevock1

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a1433a1a1

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a1434a1a1

androsacecfor1albanakevock1

Natural Arrange-ments

Bunches, Posies and Sprays

Columns, Spikes and Spires

Whorls, Tiers and Cande-labra

Plumes and Tails

Chains and Tassels

Clouds, Garlands and Cascades

Spheres, Domes and Plates

 

 

ROSE USE AND FLOWER SHAPE GALLERY PAGES

Flower Colour

Other Colours

Orange

Pink

Red

White

Yellow

2 or More Colours Page 1

2 or More Colours Page 2

Prod-uces Hips

Rose Use

Bedding

Page 1
Page 2

Climber / Pillar

Cut-Flower
Page 1
Page 2

Exhibition
, Speciman

Ground-Cover

Grow in a Container Page 1
Page 2

Hedge

Page 1
Page 2

Climber in Tree

Woodl-and

Edging Borders

Tolerant of Poor Soil Page 1
Page 2

Tolerant of Shade

Back of Border

Adjacent to Water

On North-Facing Wall

Page for rose use as ARCH ROSE, PERGOLA ROSE, COASTAL CONDITIONS ROSE, WALL ROSE, STANDARD ROSE, COVERING BANKS or THORNLESS ROSES.

FRAGRANT ROSES Page 1 and FRAGRANT ROSES Page 2 - The roses inserted into each page are described as Moderately Fragrant or Very Fragrant in the relevant Rose Plant Description Page.

NOT FRAGRANT ROSES - The roses inserted into this page are described as Slightly Fragrant or No Fragrance or nothing mentioned about fragrance in the relevant Rose Plant Description Page.

Rose Bloom Shape

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High Centred

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Cupped

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Flat

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Globular

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Pompon

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Rosette

 

Click on CENTRE of thumbnail to change to Plant Description Page of the Rose Plant named in the text below that photo where its text border is Cyan, Green or Pink.
The Comments Row of that Rose Plant Description Page details where that Rose Plant is available from.

Rose Petal Count

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Single: Only Single Roses can be pollinated by Bees

1-7
Petals

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Semi-double:

8-15 Petals

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Double Page 1 Page 2:
16-25 Petals

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Full:


26-40 Petals

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Very Full:


40+ Petals

 

Rose Plant Height from Text Border
(1 inch = 2.5 cms, 12 inches = 1 foot = 30 cms,
24 inches = 2 feet)

Blue = 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)
Cyan = 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)

Green=24-72 inches (60-180 cms)
Green=24-72 inches (60-180 cms)

Red = 72+ inches (180+ cms)
Pink = 72+ inches (180+ cms)

Rose Plant Soil Moisture from Text Background

Wet Soil

Moist Soil

Dry Soil

 

 

WILDFLOWER PLANT USE AND FLOWER SHAPE GALLERY PAGES

Lists of:-
Edible Plant Parts.
Flower Legend.
Food for
Butterfly/Moth
.

 


INDEX LINK TO WILDFLOWER PLANT DESCRIPTION PAGE
a-h
i-p
q-z

 

BUTTERFLY
Butterfly
Usage of Plants
by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly usage of
Plant A-C
Plant C-M
Plant N-W
Butterfly usage of Plant

Habitat Lists:-
Approaching the
Coast (Coastal)
.
Broad-leaved
Woods
.
Grassland - Acid, Neutral, Chalk.
Heaths and Moors.
Hedgerows and Verges.
Lakes, Canals and Rivers.
Marshes, Fens,
Bogs
.
Old Buildings and Walls.
Pinewoods.
River Banks and
other Freshwater Margins
.
Saltmarshes.
Sandy Shores and Dunes.
Shingle Beaches, Rocks and
Cliff Tops
.
Other.

Number of Petals List:-
Without Petals. Other plants
without flowers.
1 Petal or
Composite of
many 1 Petal Flowers as Disc
or Ray Floret .
2 Petals.
3 Petals.
4 Petals.
5 Petals.
6 Petals.
Over 6 Petals.

 


FLOWER COLOUR
(o)Blue
(o)Brown
(o)Cream
(o)Green
(o)Mauve
(o)Multi-Coloured
Orange
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
(o)Purple
(o)Red
(o)White1
(o)White2
(o)White3
(o)Yelow1
(o)Yelow2
(o)Shrub or Small Tree

Lists of:-
Pollinator.
Poisonous Parts.
Scented Flower, Foliage, Root.
Story of their Common Names.
Use

Non-Flowering Plants
Use for Non-Flowering Plants

 

 

HABITAT TABLES
Flowers in
Acid Soil

Flowers in
Chalk Soil

Flowers in
Marine Soil

Flowers in
Neutral Soil

Ferns
Grasses
Rushes
Sedges

 

To locate mail-order nursery for plants from the UK in this gallery try using search in RHS Find a Plant (Peter Reason of boundarynursery.co.uk sells plants, etc, to use for a small raised alpine rock garden bed).

To locate plants in the European Union (EU) try using Search Term in Gardens4You and Meilland Richardier in France.

To locate mail-order nursery for plants from America in this gallery try using search in Plant Lust.

To locate plant information in Australia try using Plant Finder in Gardening Australia.

 

The following details come from Cactus Art:-

"A flower is the the complex sexual reproductive structure of Angiosperms, typically consisting of an axis bearing perianth parts, androecium (male) and gynoecium (female).    

Bisexual flower show four distinctive parts arranged in rings inside each other which are technically modified leaves: Sepal, petal, stamen & pistil. This flower is referred to as complete (with all four parts) and perfect (with "male" stamens and "female" pistil). The ovary ripens into a fruit and the ovules inside develop into seeds.

Incomplete flowers are lacking one or more of the four main parts. Imperfect (unisexual) flowers contain a pistil or stamens, but not both. The colourful parts of a flower and its scent attract pollinators and guide them to the nectary, usually at the base of the flower tube.

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Androecium (male Parts or stamens)
It is made up of the filament and anther, it is the pollen producing part of the plant.
Anther This is the part of the stamen that produces and contains pollen. 
Filament This is the fine hair-like stalk that the anther sits on top of.
Pollen This is the dust-like male reproductive cell of flowering plants.

Gynoecium (female Parts or carpels or pistil)
 It is made up of the stigma, style, and ovary. Each pistil is constructed of one to many rolled leaflike structures.
Stigma
This is the part of the pistil  which receives the pollen grains and on which they germinate. 
Style
This is the long stalk that the stigma sits on top of ovary. 
Ovary
The part of the plant that contains the ovules. 
Ovule
The part of the ovary that becomes the seeds. 

Petal 
The colorful, often bright part of the flower (corolla). 
Sepal 
The parts that look like little green leaves that cover the outside of a flower bud (calix). 
(Undifferentiated "Perianth segment" that are not clearly differentiated into sepals and petals, take the names of tepals.)"

 

 

 

The following details come from Nectary Genomics:-

"NECTAR. Many flowering plants attract potential pollinators by offering a reward of floral nectar. The primary solutes found in most nectars are varying ratios of sucrose, glucose and fructose, which can range from as little a 8% (w/w) in some species to as high as 80% in others. This abundance of simple sugars has resulted in the general perception that nectar consists of little more than sugar-water; however, numerous studies indicate that it is actually a complex mixture of components. Additional compounds found in a variety of nectars include other sugars, all 20 standard amino acids, phenolics, alkaloids, flavonoids, terpenes, vitamins, organic acids, oils, free fatty acids, metal ions and proteins.

NECTARIES. An organ known as the floral nectary is responsible for producing the complex mixture of compounds found in nectar. Nectaries can occur in different areas of flowers, and often take on diverse forms in different species, even to the point of being used for taxonomic purposes. Nectaries undergo remarkable morphological and metabolic changes during the course of floral development. For example, it is known that pre-secretory nectaries in a number of species accumulate large amounts of starch, which is followed by a rapid degradation of amyloplast granules just prior to anthesis and nectar secretion. These sugars presumably serve as a source of nectar carbohydrate.

WHY STUDY NECTAR? Nearly one-third of all worldwide crops are dependent on animals to achieve efficient pollination. In addition, U.S. pollinator-dependent crops have been estimated to have an annual value of up to $15 billion. Many crop species are largely self-incompatible (not self-fertile) and almost entirely on animal pollinators to achieve full fecundity; poor pollinator visitation has been reported to reduce yields of certain species by up to 50%."

 

The following details about DOUBLE FLOWERS comes from Wikipedia:-

"Double-flowered" describes varieties of flowers with extra petals, often containing flowers within flowers. The double-flowered trait is often noted alongside the scientific name with the abbreviation fl. pl. (flore pleno, a Latin ablative form meaning "with full flower"). The first abnormality to be documented in flowers, double flowers are popular varieties of many commercial flower types, including roses, camellias and carnations. In some double-flowered varieties all of the reproductive organs are converted to petals — as a result, they are sexually sterile and must be propagated through cuttings. Many double-flowered plants have little wildlife value as access to the nectaries is typically blocked by the mutation.

 

There is further photographic, diagramatic and text about Double Flowers from an education department - dept.ca.uky.edu - in the University of Kentucky in America.

 

"Meet the plant hunter obsessed with double-flowering blooms" - an article from The Telegraph.

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