There are further details on roses in the Plants section. Peter Beales Roses - An illustrated encyclopedia and grower's handbook of species roses, old roses and modern roses, shrub roses and climbers by Peter Beales (ISBN 0-00-272178-3) is an excellent book concerning roses and what can be grown in different parts of the world.

Roses prefer acidic soil of pH 6.5 (sand) but will tolerate alkaline soils up to pH 7.5 (chalk). Mix 25 litres farmyard manure, or pulverized tree bark with bone meal, in soil before planting. Broadcast rose fertilizer in early Spring.

The following are roses which are excellent for Back of Border:-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

rosahelenstrustcflorogerltd1

rosachinatowncflomidgarnonswilliams

rosacrownprincessmargaretaflomidcgarnonswilliams

rosastrawberryhillflomidcgarnonswilliams1

rosahelenrobinsoncflomidgarnonswilliams

rosahydehallcflomidgarnonswilliams

 

HYBRID TEA 4 Rosa 'Helens Trust'

SUN

FLORI-BUNDA 5 Rosa 'China-town'

SUN

ENGLISH ROSE 19a
Rosa 'Crown Princess Marg-areta'

SUN

ENGLISH ROSE 19a
Rosa 'Straw-berry Hill'

SUN

HYBRID TEA 4 Rosa 'Helen Robin-son'

SUN

ENGLISH ROSE 19a
Rosa 'Hyde Hall'

SUN

 

rosaalexandercflo1b

rosacarmenettacflomidgarnonswilliams

 

 

 

 

 

MODERN SHRUB 1 Rosa 'Alex-ander'

SUN

MODERN SHRUB 10 Rosa 'Carmen-etta'
SUN and PART SHADE

 

 

 

 

 

The following are roses which are excellent to be Adjacent to Water:-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

rosanutkanaplenaflot2

rosavillosaflot2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

MODERN SHRUB 10 Rosa nutkana 'Plena'
 

SUN

MODERN SHRUB 10 Rosa villosa

SUN AND PART SHADE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

rosacaninadogroseflot3

rosaexcelsacflorogerltd3

rosagardeniaflomidcgarnonswilliams2

rosamargueritehillingCflorogerltd1

rosanevadacflorogerltd1

rosacerisebouquetflot2

rosapaulshimalayanmuskcflorogerltd3

rosasanderswhiteramblercflorogerltd3

rosathefieldroseflot2

rosakiftsgatecflorogerltd3

rosamulliganiiflot3

rosamoyesiiflot

MODERN SHRUB 10 Rosa canina 'Dog Rose' Sun and Part Shade

RAM-BLER 16 Rosa 'Excelsa' SUN AND PART SHADE

RAM-BLER 16 Rosa 'Gar-denia'

SUN

MODERN SHRUB 10 Rosa 'Marg-uerite Hilling' SUN

MODERN SHRUB 10 Rosa 'Nevada' SUN

MODERN SHRUB 10 Rosa 'Cerise Bouq-uet'

SUN

RAMB-LER 12 Rosa 'Paul's Himal-ayan Musk'
SUN

RAM-BLER 16 Rosa 'Sanders White Rambler' Sun and part shade

RAMB-LER 16 Rosa 'The Field Rose'

SUN AND PART SHADE

CLIM-BER 18 Rosa filipes 'Kifts-gate' SUN AND PART SHADE

CLIM-BER 18 Rosa mullig-anii


SUN AND PART SHADE

WILD 38 Rosa moyesii

SUN AND PART SHADE

rosaweddingdaycflorogerltd3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CLIM-BER 18 Rosa 'Wedding Day' Climbing

SUN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Site design and content copyright ©November 2009. Page structure amended in September 2012. Mail-order Nursery links updated June 2013. RHS Bowes-Lyon Rose Garden Rose Index added on right hand side in May 2014. Comparison tables for tolerant of poor soils, tolerant of shade and excellent for edging borders added May 2014. ©October 2014. Bloom Shapes and Petal Count Pages added. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services is not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

All Things Plants uses the following Bloom Shapes:-

and Petal Count:-

David Austin Roses uses the following Flower Shapes and Petal Count:-

  • Deep Cup
  • Open Cup
  • Rosette
  • Quartered Rosette - Quartered blooms contain many petals tucked into a cup shape, standing straight up and flattened against each other. The petals form a scalloped arrangement that seems to divide the flowers into four equal parts.
  • Pompon
  • Shallow Cup
  • Single
  • Semi-Double

Weeks Roses of America have lists of:-

 

ROSE USE GALLERY PAGES
Rose Use Site Map of pages with content (o)

Rose Use Introduction with Index

Other Rose Use Gallery Pages in Table on left



ROSE PLANT GALLERY PAGES:-
FOLIAGE COLOUR
(o)Green 1

(o)Green 2
(o)Green 3

MODERN SHRUB ROSE TYPE SHAPE
(o)1 Recur Large-Flo

(o)2 Recur Cluster-Flo
(o)3 Ground-Cover Recur
(o)4 Hybrid Tea
(o)5 Floribunda
6 Dwarf Cluster-Flo
(o)6a Dwarf Large-Flo
(o)7 Polyantha
(o)8 Miniature and Patio
9 Non-Recur Large-Flo
(o)10 Non-Recur Cluster-Flo
(o)11 Ground-Cover Non-Recur

MODERN CLIMBER ROSE TYPE SHAPE
(o)12 Rambler Recur

(o)13 Large-Flo Recur
(o)14 Cluster-Flo Recur
15 Miniature Recur
(o)16 Rambler Non-Recur
(o)17 Large-Flo Non-Recur
(o)18 Cluster-Flo Non-Recur
19 Miniature Non-Recur
(o)19a English Roses - Austin Roses

ROSE PLANT GALLERY PAGES

Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines

OLD GARDEN SHRUB ROSE TYPE SHAPE

(o)20 Alba

(o)21 Bourbon
22 Boursalt
(o)23 China
(o)24 Damask
(o)25 Gallica
26 Hybrid Perpetual
(o)27 Moss
(o)28 Portland
(o)29 Provence
(o)30 Sweet Briar
(o)31 Tea

OLD GARDEN CLIMBER ROSE TYPE SHAPE
32 Rambler Ayrshire

33 Bourbon
34 Boursalt
35 Tea
(o)36 Noisette
(o)37 Sempervirens

WILD ROSE TYPE SHAPE
(o)38 Non-Climbing
(
o)39 Climbing

HIP COLOUR
(o)Hip Colour

BED PICTURES
(o)Garden Pictures
 

 

BEDDING

From Peter Beales Roses An illustrated encyclopaedia and grower's handbook of species roses, old roses and modern roses, shrub roses and climbers by Peter Beales (ISBN 0-00-272178-3) Published 1992:-

" By far and away the best roses for bedding are Floribundas. They start flowering in late June and continue in flower until the first frost of November. As they come in all sizes, however, they are most effective when only one variety is grown en masse; and this applies not just in parks and large gardens but in small gardens too... because... it is very difficult to get an even height throughout any wide-ranging mixture.

See Bedding Page for 20 widely available HYBRID TEAs for Border Bedding.

 

CLIMBER / PILLAR

"For a formal structure, rough-sawn timber is the least expensive of the prepared materials and should likewise be ready-treated with preservative. Upright poles or posts should be a minimum thickness of 4" (10cm) and should always be sunk at least 2' (60cm) into the ground. Rails and cross-members can be thinner than this but not less than 2" (5cm). Since the principal purpose of such structures is to provide support for climbing roses which will eventually cover them almost completely, the pattern created by criss-crossing timber need not - unless so desired - be very elaborate. What is important, in order to ensure long life, is the quantity and quality of the upright poles placed in the ground. The spacing of these poles is therefore crucial. The best rustic trellis has uprights placed at about 6' (1.8m) intervals. Rustic arches should be well anchored in the soil at each corner."

Ordinary trellis should be 1" (2.5cm) x 1" (2.5cm) timber in 6" (15cm) squares to carry the weight of the roses.

A more simple form of support for climbers and ramblers is post and wire. 4" x 4" Posts can be set at 6' (1.8m) apart before attaching chainlink fencing from 2' (60cm) to 5' (1.5m) in height up the 6' above ground post. All end or corner posts should have additional straining posts to enable the chainlink to be stretched tightly.

See Climber / Pillar page for 10 Good old-fashioned Rambers for Trellis and Arch.

See Climber / Pillar page for 10 Good older Climbers for Trellises and Arches.

Climbing roses, if grown on walls, will need support. Starting at 18" (45cm) above ground drill holes in the centre of the brick to take screw-eyes in their plastic plugs. Vertically every 4th brick and then horizontally every second brick will provide the neccessary support structure. The top and bottom rows with each end column of short vine-eyes should have its screw thread fully screwed into the plug to provide a secure unbending vine-eye so that the wire can be stretched tightly between each end of each row. Then, the remaining 4" long screw-eyes with their 1" length of screw thread should have their screw thread fully screwed into the plug to give a 2" gap behind the wire stretched in the vine-eyes to allow air ventilation for the roses.

See Climber / Pillar page for 10 Good older Climbers and Rambers for colder shaded North-facing Walls.

 

CUT-FLOWER

" Flower arranging is an art, and is all about proportion and balance...... Some years ago, a very persuasive lady telephoned me to ask for help. 'I need a 1000 blooms,' she said, 'for a festival of Rossini Music and Song'. Until the day I arrived in Sunderland I cursed myself for not saying No; the logistics were ridiculous - cut 1000 blooms one day, up at the crack of dawn, travel for 7 hours the next. But when I arrived at Bishopswearmouth church I knew it was all worthwhile. I was beseiged, embraced and thoroughly spoilt by an army of 'Geordie' lady flower arrangers who produced some real works of art with my roses in that church. Later, when the soprano hit top C, petals fluttered to the floor to add an extra sense of unreality to my first encounter with the friendly Northeast. ...

Selecting roses for cutting is an acquired skill. Cut them too tight and they never open, too open and they last only fleetingly. The best stage is when the sepals have started to fold back and the furled petals are showing colour. Timing is important. Early morning or late evening is best, but at whatever time flowers are cut they should always be placed in water up to their necks and stood in a cool place for 2 or 3 hours before they are arranged. A couple of spoonfuls of sugar or even a pint of lemonade to about 1 gallon of water will help them to stay fresh for a few hours longer. Before placing the flowers in water it is best to remove the 2 bottom leaves - no more - and scrape the thorns from the bottom 3" (7.5cm). Some people crush the base of each stem but I usually make a cut about half-an-inch (1cm) long upwards into it. This exposes a bigger area of inner tissue and enables the flower to take up more water. Cut roses will wilt in warm, dry conditions, and lightly syringing the leaves with cold water will help to revive them. I am told by the experts that plunging the bottom inch of stem into boiling water for about 1 minute and then placing them quickly back into cold water will sometimes revive wilting blooms.

Some people believe that harm can be done to rose bushes by the cutting of blooms, and certainly if too many are taken with long stems the plants do suffer slightly, but they should come to no real harm. Try to cut to an eye though, so as not to leave an unsightly stump to die back on the bush. ...

2 or 3 carefully chosen bushes, growing in even the smallest garden, can usually provide enough flowers for taking indoors without any detriment to the outdoor display; and their scent will pervade the entire house, rivalling both sweet peas and ten-week stocks."

 

EXHIBITION / SPECIMAN

Speciman roses can be planted to create a focal point by themselves, at corners of flower beds or enmasse:-
Rosa Centifolia muscosa please follow Mildew recommendation.

 

GROUNDCOVER

 

GROW IN A POT

 

HEDGE

" Formal Hedges.

When planting a formal hedge, consideration should be given to any upright-growing variety capable of reaching the desired height. Bushes should either be in a single row, with 18" (45cm) between each plant or, for a really thick hedge, a double row of staggered bushes with 12" (30cm) between each row and 24" (60cm) between each plant. It is essential to prune the bushes very hard in the first year to encourage basal growth for later years, when such pruning will not be possible. If formality is desired from some of the old-fashioned and species roses, traditional methods of pruning have to be abandoned in favour of shears; and since not all types take kindly to such treatment, the choice of variety is particularly important. Clipped hedges can look very attractive, but these must be pruned very hard both their first and second year. Once the hedge is growing well, clipping can start, but if this is not timed correctly flowering may be affected. Clipping should be practised after flowering so that the hedge has time to make growth for the following year.Throughout the rest of the summer it should only be necessary to remove extra vigorous or 'awkward' shoots as they appear. Only the 'once-flowering' varieties are suitable for treatment this way. So, if you require more from your hedge, such as autumn flowers and/or hips, then informality must be accepted. Planting distances for old-fashioned and species roses will depend on the variety but few will need to be closer than 24" (60cm) and most make satisfactory hedges planted 36" (90cm) apart.

See Hedge Page for 10 Good Shrub Roses which can be kept trimmed for Ornamental Hedges.

Informal Hedges.

Some of the Hybrid Musks make quite neat plants as hedgerows, whereas the Centifolias will form wide, impenetrable, untidy jungles. The secret of good informal rose hedges, no matter what the type, is, as already stressed, hard pruning in the first year and light clipping or tidying when the hedge is matured. Feeding, too, is important to keep them at their best.

See Hedge Page for 10 Good Tall, Recurrent old and shrub Roses for use as Informal Hedges.

See Hedge Page for roses which are excellent for edging bed borders.

 

CLIMBER IN A TREE

Some gardens have old trees of dubious purpose and dead tree trunks which could be put to the " use of supporting a climbing rose. Also some rather boring stretches of hedgerow, atractive only for their bird population, could well be enhanced by the addition of a few well-chosen vigorous climbing rose species.

Nature does not provide for growing and flowering at the same time; thus without exception, all the vigorous tree-climbing roses flower only once each season. Some do have good autumn foliage and produce abundant hips to give colour later. As with the climbers for north walls, the most suitable, with 1 or 2 exceptions, are white, cream or yellow in colour. Size of tree should not present a problem since some of the very vigorous climbers can reach 30' (9m) with ease.

It is best to plant these roses a little distance, about 2' (60cm), from the trunk on the side of the tree with most light, giving them a helping hand initially with string or wire, until they can scamble their own way up through the branches. Bear in mind that, being vigorous, they need to make big roots. If soil is poor, as so often under trees, give them a good start by adding a pocket of good soil at planting time and apply plenty of water at the height of summer.

See Climber in a Tree Page for 11 older Roses suitable for growing up into Trees and Hedgerows.

Because the tree's roots will extend from the trunk to the drip-line from the end of the branches, Chris would suggest that the rose is planted outside that drip-line so that its roots do not compete with the roots of that tree.

 

WOODLAND AND COVERT PLANTING

 

TOLERANT OF POOR SOILS

Roses prefer acidic soil of pH 6.5 (sand) but will tolerate alkaline soils up to pH 7.5 (chalk). Mix 25 litres farmyard manure, or pulverized tree bark with bone meal, in soil before planting. Broadcast rose fertilizer in early Spring and in early summer as well.

"The Roses of Yesterday and Today Garden in California, which has developed with the help of four generations of the Wiley/Stemler family, has more than 230 rose varieties on display.  Picnic tables are available. It has compiled this following list:-

"Abraham Darby, Agnes,  Alchymist, Alfred de Dalmas, Altissimo, Austrian Copper, Ballerina, Baron Girod de l'Ain, Baronne Prevost, Belinda, Belle de Crecy, Blanc Double de Coubert,  Blush Damask, Blush Noisette, Cardinal de Richelieu, Cecile Brunner, Celestial, Celsiana, Charles de Mills, Chapeau de Napolean, Comte de Chambord, Cornelia, Dortmund, Dublin Bay, Eglantine, Erfurt, Felicite Parmentier,  Francis E. Lester, F. J. Grootendorst, Frau Dagmar Hastrup, Gipsy Boy, Golden Showers, Cli., Green Rose, Hansa, Harison's Yellow, Henri Martin, Honorine de Brabant, Jacques Cartier, Kathleen, Kathleen Harrop, Kazanlik, Konigen von Danemark, Lavender Lassie, Leverkusen, Madame Alfred Carriere, Madame Hardy, Madame Isaac Periere, Mrs. John Laing, Mutabilis, New Dawn, Old Blush, Paul's Lemon Pillar, Pax, Penelope, Persian Yellow, Pink Grootendorst, Quatre Saison, Queen of Denmark, Reine des Violettes, Rosa Mundi, Rosa Rugosa Alba and Rubra, Rosa Damascena Trigintipetala (Kazanlik), Rosa Gallica Officianalis (Apothecary Rose), Roserie de l'Hay, Sally Holmes, Shot Silk, Cli., The Fairy, Therese Bugnet, Topaz Jewell, Variegata di Bologna, Veilchenblau, Westerland, White Pet, York and Lancaster, Zephirine Drouhin."

 

TOLERANT OF SHADE
"The Roses of Yesterday and Today Garden in California, which has developed with the help of four generations of the Wiley/Stemler family, has more than 230 rose varieties on display.  Picnic tables are available. It has compiled this list:-

"Agnes, Alchymist, Alfred de Dalmas, Apothecary Rose (Rosa gallica officianalis), Ballerina, Belinda, Blanc Double de Coubert,  Blush Noisette, Buff Beauty, Cecile Brunner, cli./bush,  Celestial, Cornelia, Dortmund, Eglantine, Erfurt, Felicite Parmentier,  Francis E. Lester, Frau Dagmar Hastrup, Golden Showers, cli., Green Rose, Hansa, Honorine de Brabant,  Iceberg, bush and cli., Kathleen Harrop,  Kazanlik, Konigen von Danemark, Lavender Lassie, Leverkusen, Louise Odier, Madame Hardy, Madame Isaac Periere, New Dawn, Old Blush, Paul's Lemon Pillar,  Pax, Penelope, Queen of Denmark, Reine des Violettes,  Robin Hood, Rosa Damascena Trigintipetala (Kazanlik), Rosa Gallica Officianalis, Rosa Mundi,Rosa Rugosa Alba and Rubra, Sally Holmes, Seven Sisters,  Sombreuil,  Therese Bugnet, Topaz Jewell, Veilchenblau, Westerland, White Dawn, White Pet, York and Lancaster, Zephirine Drouhin."

 

BACK OF BORDER

 

EDGING BORDERS

 

PLANT ADJACENT TO WATER

 

USE ON NORTH FACING WALL

 

ROSES NOTED FOR FRAGRANCE

"The Roses of Yesterday and Today Garden in California, which has developed with the help of four generations of the Wiley/Stemler family, has more than 230 rose varieties on display.  Picnic tables are available. It has compiled this list:-

Abraham Darby, Aloha, cli., Alchymist, Aloha, Angel Face, America, cli. Belle de Crecy,  Blanc Double de Coubert,  Blush Noisette,  Buff Beauty, 
Cardinal de Richelieu, Celestial, Celsiana, Chapeau de Napolean (Crested Moss), Comte de Chambord, Cecile Brunner, cli. or reg., Cornelia, Coquette des Blanches, Country Dancer, Dainty Bess, Distant Drums,  Don Juan, cli., Dortmund, cli., Double Delight, Felicite Parmentier, Fragrant Cloud,  Francis E. Lester, Gloire de Dijon, Golden Showers, cli.,  Graham Thomas, Gruss an Aachen, Hansa,  Henri Martin, Heritage, Jacques Cartier, Just Joey, Kathleen Harrop, Konigen von Danemark, Lady Hillingdon, Lamarque, La Reine, Lavender Lassie, La Ville de Bruxelles, Louise Odier,  Madame Alfred Carreire, Madame De La Roche-Lambert, Madame Hardy, Madame Isaac Periere, Madame Pierre Oger,  Maman Cochet, cli., Mary Rose, Mister Lincoln, Mrs. John Laing, New Dawn, cli., Oskar Cordel, Othello, Paul Neyron, Paul's Lemon Pillar, Penelope, Quatre Saison, Queen of Denmark, Robin Hood, Rosa Damascena Trigintipetala (Kazanlik), Rosa Gallica Officianalis (Apothecary Rose),  Rosa Mundi, Rosa Alba Semi-plena, Rose a Parfum de l'Hay, Seven Sisters, Shot Silk, cl.,  Sombreuil, Souvenir de la Malmaison,,  Stainless Steel, Sterling Silver,  Tamora, The Prince, The Squire, White Dawn, cl., York and Lancaster, Zephirine Drouhin.

 

Spacing Between Roses in America - 
Hybrid Tea, Grandiflora, Floribunda, Compact and Average Varieties - 2 to 2 1/2 feet apart. 
Hybrid Tea, Grandiflora, Floribunda, Tall Varieties - 2 1/2 to 3 feet apart. 
Low-Growing Shrubs - 3-4 feet. 
Shrubs - 4 to 6 feet or half of expected height apart. 
Climbers and Ramblers, trained horizontally - 8-10 feet apart"

 

Mottisfont Rose Gardens It is still regarded as a masterclass in how to combine roses with other plants:-

Our walled garden is one of the most famous rose gardens in the world, forming a range of colouring, style and fragrance that has never been surpassed. Created by Graham Stuart Thomas in the 1970s - one of the most important figures in 20th century British horticulture - it is home to many varieties that may otherwise have become extinct.

If you’re inspired by the scented sights of our gardens and want to try growing roses yourself, here are some top tips from Assistant Head Gardener Jonny Bass:-

  • Healthy root system – Here at Mottisfont we use Mycorrhizal fungi religiously. It’s added into the soil around the roots when planting and will create a beneficial or symbiotic relationship with the plant to help produce new, fibrous roots.
  • Food – You can’t beat a good dose of well-rotted manure. Either dug into the soil or used as a mulch around the roses it will give excellent results and it’s 100 per cent organic and natural.
  • Pruning - When pruning your roses don’t be afraid to get stuck in. It’s important to have strong new growth coming up from the base and you should be looking to cut out some of the oldest wood every year."

 

Ivydene Gardens Rose Use Gallery:
Introduction with Rose Uses: USE FOR BACK OF BORDER and USE FOR ADJACENT TO WATER.

The following comparisons were moved to their own pages:-

TOLERANT OF POOR SOILS, TOLERANT OF SHADE, GROW ON NORTH FACING WALL and USE FOR EDGING BORDERS.

Flower Colour

Other Colours

Orange

Pink

Red

White

Yellow

2 or More Colours Page 1

2 or More Colours Page 2

Produces Hips

Rose Use

Bedding

Page 1
Page 2

Climber / Pillar

Cut-Flower
Page 1
Page 2

Exhibition
, Speciman

Ground-Cover

Grow in a Container Page 1
Page 2

Hedge

Page 1
Page 2

Climber in Tree

Woodland

Edging Borders

Tolerant of Poor Soil
Page 1
Page 2

Tolerant of Shade

Back of Border *

Adjacent to Water *

On North-Facing Wall

Page for rose use as ARCH ROSE, PERGOLA ROSE, COASTAL CONDITIONS ROSE, WALL ROSE, STANDARD ROSE, COVERING BANKS or THORNLESS ROSES.

FRAGRANT ROSES Page 1 and FRAGRANT ROSES Page 2 - The roses inserted into each page are described as Moderately Fragrant or Very Fragrant in the relevant Rose Plant Description Page.

NOT FRAGRANT ROSES - The roses inserted into this page are described as Slightly Fragrant or No Fragrance or nothing mentioned about fragrance in the relevant Rose Plant Description Page.

Rose Bloom Shape

rosaacapulcocflo1a
High Centred

rosaamberqueenflomidcgarnonswilliams1a1
Cupped

rosaballerinacflorogerltd1b
Flat

rosahenrimartincflorogerltd1
Globular

rosabuffbeautyCflorogerltd1b
Pompon

rosaprosperitycflorogerltd1b
Rosette

 

Click on CENTRE of thumbnail to change to Plant Description Page of the Rose Plant named in the text below that photo where its text border is Cyan, Green or Pink.
The Comments Row of that Rose Plant Description Page details where that Rose Plant is available from.

Rose Petal Count

rosacantabrigiensiscflorogerltd1a1
Single:


1-7
Petals

rosafragrantdelightcflo1a1a
Semi-double:

8-15 Petals

rosaarthurbellcflomid2garnonswilliams1a1a
Double Page 1
Page 2:

16-25
Petals

rosagoldenramblercflorogerltd1a
Full:


26-40
Petals

rosabobwoolleycflorogerltd1a
Very Full:


40+ Petals

 

Rose Plant Height from Text Border (1 inch = 2.5 cms, 12 inches = 1 foot = 30 cms, 24 inches = 2 feet)

Blue = 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)
Cyan = 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)

Green=24-72 inches (60-180 cms)
Green=24-72 inches (60-180 cms)

Red = 72+ inches (180+ cms)
Pink = 72+ inches (180+ cms)

Rose Plant Soil Moisture from Text Background

Wet Soil

Moist Soil

Dry Soil

Rose Classification Number

Rose Classification

1
1a
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
2
3
4
5
6
6a
...
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
19a
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39

Modern Roses: 1 Modern Shrub Recurrent Large-Flowered
Modern Roses: 1a Modern Shrub Roses. Peter Beales Roses are split into the following not officially recognised World Federation of Rose Societies Rose Classes: "There are four main groups of rose.
 

  • 1a Bush and Shrub roses tend to be about as wide as they are tall and are perfect for growing in borders or as large specimen plants.
  • 14a Climbing roses grow up to around 2m (6ft) to 3m (12ft), can repeat flower and tend to flower on the current years growth. They are great for growing up pergolas and arches.
  • 12a Rambling roses can grow up to 10m (40ft) and tend to flower on the previous years growth and their size and vigor lends themselves to covering large areas such as dead trees and unsightly buildings.
  • 3a Ground covering roses tend to "scramble" low and are perfect for covering low fences and for cascading along the ground."

Modern Roses: 2 Modern Shrub Recurrent Cluster-Flowered
Modern Roses: 3 Ground-Cover Recurrent
Modern Roses: 4 Large-Flowered (Hybrid Tea Shrub)
Modern Roses: 5 Cluster-Flowered (Floribunda Shrub)
Modern Roses: 6 Dwarf Cluster-Flowered
Modern Roses: 6a Dwarf Large-Flowered (Mini-flora in the
American Rose Society)
Modern Roses: 7 Polyantha (Shrub)
Modern Roses: 8 Miniature Bush
Modern Roses: 9 Modern Shrub Non-Recurrent Large-Flowered
Modern Roses: 10 Modern Shrub Non-Recurrent Cluster Flowered
Modern Roses: 11 Ground Cover Non-Recurrent
Modern Roses: 12 Rambler Recurrent
Modern Roses: 13 Large-Flowered Climber Recurrent
Modern Roses: 14 Cluster-Flowered Climber Recurrent
Modern Roses: 15 Climbing Miniature Recurrent
Modern Roses: 16 Rambler Non-Recurrent
Modern Roses: 17 Large-Flowered Climber Non-Recurrent
Modern Roses: 18 Cluster-Flowered Climber Non-Recurrent
Modern Roses: 19 Climbing Miniature Non-Recurrent
Modern Roses: 19a English Roses - David C.H. Austin OBE
(born 1926) is a rose breeder and writer who lives in Shropshire,
England. His emphasis is on breeding roses with the character and
fragrance of Old Garden Roses (Gallicas, Damasks, Alba roses, etc.)
but with the repeat-flowering ability and wide colour range of
modern roses such as Hybrid Teas and Floribundas. Though Austin's roses are not officially recognised as a separate class of roses by, for instance, the Royal National Rose Society or the American Rose Society, they are nonetheless commonly referred to by rosarians, at nurseries, and in horticultural literature as 'English Roses' (the term he uses) or 'Austin Roses'.
Modern Roses: 19b Patio Roses
"An excellent new group, somewhere between a miniature and a floribunda in character. They are larger and more robust than miniatures, frequently having charming rosette flowers and neat, bushy growth. They are hardy and repeat well." from David Austin Roses.
Modern Roses: 19c Miniature Roses
"Miniatures grow to a height of between 12 and 18 inches, sometimes more according to growing conditions. They have been greatly improved in recent years and the newer varieties include some excellent bushy plants with prettily-formed flowers. They are useful for window boxes and tubs as well as very small gardens." from David Austin Roses.
Modern Roses: 19d Dwarf Polyantha Roses
"These have small rambler-like flowers produced in large, closely-packed bunches. Polyanthas are extremely tough and flower continuously. They form short, compact bushes ideal for the front of borders. These pretty little roses have recently enjoyed a return to popularity." from David Austin Roses.
Old Garden Roses: 20 Alba (Shrub)
Old Garden Roses: 21 Bourbon (Shrub)
Old Garden Roses: 22 Boursalt (Shrub)
Old Garden Roses: 23 China (Shrub)
Old Garden Roses: 24 Damask (Shrub)
Old Garden Roses: 25 Gallica (Shrub)
Old Garden Roses: 26 Hybrid Perpetual (Shrubs)
Old Garden Roses: 27 Moss (Shrubs)
Old Garden Roses: 28 Portland (Shrubs)
Old Garden Roses: 29 Provence (Centifolia) (Shrubs)
Old Garden Roses: 30 Sweet Briar (Shrubs)
Old Garden Roses: 31 Tea (Shrubs)
Old Garden Roses: 32 Ayrshire
Old Garden Roses: 33 Climbing Bourbon (Climbers)
Old Garden Roses: 34 Climbing Boursalt (Climbers)
Old Garden Roses: 35 Climbing Tea (Climbers)
Old Garden Roses: 36 Noisette (Climbers)
Old Garden Roses: 37 Sempervirens (Climbers)
Wild Roses: 38 Wild Roses Non-Climbing
Wild Roses: 39 Wild Roses Climbing

Some of the Roses in the other borders of the Royal Horticultural Society Garden at Wisley are in the Bowes-Lyon Rose Garden (identified as 3 in the map below) or the Jubilee Rose Garden - which is below and to the left of the Bowes-Lyon Rose Garden:-

boweslyonmap1a1a1a1a1a

and this detailed map of the Bowes-Lyon Rose Garden from the RHS sign in the garden, which shows it upside down from the above map:-

boweslyonmap2b1a1a1a1

 

Above map with A-Z or 1-9 identifying each flowerbed location in the Bowes-Lyon Rose Garden:-

 

boweslyonmap2a1a1a1a1a1

Rose INDEX Page includes bloom colour thumbnail, rose use, height and width with link to its Rose Description Page.


Link Index to
343 roses from the Alphabetical List of All Roses in the Rose Gallery from the Roses
(318 Rose Description Pages in the Rose Gallery) and
25 Rose Description Pages of those 343 roses in the Rose Use Gallery

 

G.
Gay Gordons Not available to buy in June 2014

Gentle Touch Pot Hed

Gertrude Jekyll Hed

Giggles Cut Exh Pot

Gipsy Boy Cli

Glad Tidings Bed Cut Pot Hed

Glenfiddich Bed Pot Hed

Gloire de Dijon Pot

Glowing Amber Bed Cut Exh Pot

Golden Chersonese Bed

Golden Rambler Cli Tre

Golden Showers Cli

Golden Wedding Bed

Goldilocks Bed

Grace Abounding Bed Pot Hed

Grace de Monaco Bed Pot

Grace Donnelly Bed

Graham Thomas Pot Hed

Gwent Gro Pot
 

 

N.
Nevada Cli Hed Woo

New Dawn Cli

Nozomi Gro Pot
 

 

U.

 

Roses in this Gallery
Link Index contains the following:-

Rose Name Link followed by Rose Colour Link:-

Other
Orange
Pink
Red
White
Yellow
2 Colours 1
2 Colours 2

followed by Rose Use:-

Bed for Bedding
Cli for Climber/Pillar
Cut for Cut-Flower
Exh for Exhibition , Speciman
Gro for Ground-Cover
Pot for Grow in Container
Hed for Hedge
Tre for Climber in Tree
Woo for Woodland

 

A.
Acapulco Bed

Adelaide d' Orleans Cli Hed Tre

Admiral Rodney Exh Woo

Affirm Bed Exh

Alba Maxima Hed Woo

Alberic Barbier Cli Pot Tre

Albertine Cli Tre

Alchymist Cli

Alecs Red Bed

Alexander Hed Cut

Aloha Cli Cut

Amber Queen Bed Cut Pot

Amber Star Bed
Cut Exh Pot

Amber Sunset Bed
Cut Exh Pot

American Pillar Cli Gro Tre

Anabell Bed

Apricot Silk Bed Cut

Arizona Sunset Bed
Cut Exh Pot

Arthur Bell Bed Cut Pot Hed

Arthur Bell Climbing Cli Hed Tre

Arthur Merrill Bed

Autumn Bed
 

 

H.
Halle Bed Hed

Handel Cli

Hannah Hauxwell Pot

Hanne Bed

Harry Wheatcroft Bed

Heaven Scent Bed Cut Pot Hed

Helens Trust Bed Exh

Henri Martin Hed

Hermosa

Hilde Cut Exh

Honorine de Brabant Cli

Hot Chocolate Bed Pot

Hot Tamale Bed Cut Exh Pot
 

 

O.
Old Glory Cut Exh

Orangeade Bed Hed

Orange Sensation Bed Hed
 

 

V.
Veilchenblau Cli Tre

Vera Parker Exh

Voice of Thousands Bed
 

 

Roses in this Gallery
Link Index contains the following:-

Rose Name Link followed by Rose Colour Link:-

Other
Orange
Pink
Red
White
Yellow
2 Colours 1
2 Colours 2

followed by Rose Use:-

Bed for Bedding
Cli for Climber/Pillar
Cut for Cut-Flower
Exh for Exhibition , Speciman
Gro for Ground-Cover
Pot for Grow in Container
Hed for Hedge
Tre for Climber in Tree
Woo for Woodland

 

.......................

 

Rose INDEX Page includes bloom colour thumbnail, rose use, height and width with link to its Rose Description Page.

 

B.
Baby Bio Bed Pot Hed

Baby Boomer Bed

Baby Katie Bed
Cut Exh Pot

Baby Masquerade Bed
Cut Pot

Ballerina Bed

Baron Girod de L'Ain Hed

Barry Stephens Bed Cut Exh

Behold Bed Cut
Exh Pot

Berkshire Gro Pot

Betty's Smile Bed

Big Chief Cut Exh

Birthday Girl Bed Pot Hed

Black Jack Cli
Cut Exh

Blanc Double de Coubert Pot Hed

Blessings Bed Cut

Blossom Time Cli

Blue Moon Bed Cut Exh Pot

Blush Noisette Cli

Bob Woolley Cut Exh

Bobby Charlton Cut Exh Pot

Bonica Gro Pot Hed

Bonn Hed

Breath of Life Cli Cut

Buff Beauty Pot Hed

 

 

I.
Iceberg (Climber) Cli

Iceberg (Shrub) Bed Cut Pot Hed

Incognito Cut Exh

Ingrid Bergman Bed Cut Pot

Irenes Delight Bed Cut

Irresistible Cut Exh
 

 

P.
Paddy McGredy Bed Pot Hed

Party Girl Cut Exh

Pascali Bed Cut Pot

Paul Crampel Gro Pot Hed

Pauls Himalayan Musk Cli

Pauls Lemon Pillar Cli Cut

Pauls Scarlet Cli Tre

Pax Hed

Peace Cut Exh Hed

Pearl Drift Gro Pot

Peer Gynt Bed Cut Exh Pot Hed

Penelope Pot Hed

Peppermint Ice Bed Cut

Perle d'Or Exh

Picasso

Pierrine Cut Exh

Pink Grootendorst Pot Hed Woo

Pink Parfait Bed Cut Pot Hed

Pink Perpetue Cli

Prestige Exh Hed

Prima Ballerina Bed Cut

Prosperity Hed

 

 

W.
Warm Welcome Cli Pot

Wedding Day Climbing Cli Tre Woo

Wendy Cussons Cut Exh

Whisky Mac Bed
Cut Pot

White Bath Pot Hed

Wilhelm Hed

Winchester Cathedral Bed Pot Hed

Woburn Abbey Bed
Cut Pot Hed

 

 

 

 

Roses in this Gallery
Link Index contains the following:-

Rose Name Link followed by Rose Colour Link:-

Other
Orange
Pink
Red
White
Yellow
2 Colours 1
2 Colours 2

followed by Rose Use:-

Bed for Bedding
Cli for Climber/Pillar
Cut for Cut-Flower
Exh for Exhibition , Speciman
Gro for Ground-Cover
Pot for Grow in Container
Hed for Hedge
Tre for Climber in Tree
Woo for Woodland

 

.......................

 

Rose INDEX Page includes bloom colour thumbnail, rose use, height and width with link to its Rose Description Page.

 

C.
Cabbage Rose Woo

Caledonian Bed

Camaieux Cut
Pot Hed

Cantabrigiensis Woo

Castle of Mey Bed

Catherine Cookson Bed Cut Exh

Cecile Brunner White Bed Pot

Chanelle Bed Hed

Charlotte Bed

Chelsea Belle Cut Exh

Chicago Peace Bed Cut Hed

Childs Play Bed
Cut Exh

Chinatown Bed Hed

Chloe Star

City of Leeds Bed Hed

Columbian Climber Cli Cut Pot

Compassion Cli Cut

Complicata Cli Exh Hed

Copper Delight Bed

Cornelia Pot Hed

Crimson Glory Bed

Crimson Glory Climber Cli Cut

Crimson Rambler Tre

 

 

J.
James Mason Pot Hed

Jan Guest Bed

Jean Kenneally Cut Exh

Jean Mermoz Bed Gro Pot

Jemma Giblin Pot

Jilly Jewel Bed Cut Exh Pot

Jiminy Cricket Bed Pot Hed

Josephine Bruce Bed Pot

Just Jenny Pot

Just Joey Bed Pot
 

 

Q.
 

 

X.
X Rated
Cut Exh
 

 

 

 

Roses in this Gallery
Link Index contains the following:-

Rose Name Link followed by Rose Colour Link:-

Other
Orange
Pink
Red
White
Yellow
2 Colours 1
2 Colours 2

followed by Rose Use:-

Bed for Bedding
Cli for Climber/Pillar
Cut for Cut-Flower
Exh for Exhibition , Speciman
Gro for Ground-Cover
Pot for Grow in Container
Hed for Hedge
Tre for Climber in Tree
Woo for Woodland

 

.......................

 

Rose INDEX Page includes bloom colour thumbnail, rose use, height and width with link to its Rose Description Page.

 

D.
Daily Sketch Bed Hed

Dancing Flame Bed
Cut Exh Pot

Danse de Feu Cli

Darius

Darling Jenny Cut Exh

Dawn Chorus Bed

Daybreak Pot Hed

Dearest Bed Hed

Debbie Thomas Cut Exh

Deep Secret Bed Cut

Deidre Hall Bed Cut Exh

Die Welt Bed Cut

Dog Rose Hed Tre

Don Charlton Bed Cut Exh

Doreen Bed

Doris Morgan Bed Pot

Doris Tysterman Bed Cut Pot Hed

Dorothy Perkins Gro

Double Delight Cut Pot

Double Gold Cut Exh Pot

Dr Dick Bed
Cut Exh

Dr John Dickman Bed Cut
Exh Pot

Dublin Bay Cli Hed

Dutch Gold Bed Cut Exh
 

 

K.
Katharine Zeimet Gro Hed

Kathleen Exh

Kathleen Harrop Bed Cli

Kazanlik Woo

Kiftsgate Cli Gro Tre

Kim Bed Pot Hed

Kitty Hawk Cut Exh

Korona Bed Pot Hed

Korresia Bed Pot Hed

Kristin Bed Cut Exh

 

 


 

 

R.
Rachel Kathleen Bed Hed

Rambling Rector Hed Tre Woo

Red Coat Cli Hed Woo

Red Devil Cut Exh

Red Splendour Bed

Regensberg Bed Pot

Remember Me Bed

Rosa banksiae lutea Cli

Rosa x centifolia muscosa Exh

Rosa foetida bicolor Bed Cli Pot

Rosa gallica officinalis Cut Pot Hed

Rosa gallica versicolor Cut Pot Hed

Rosa glauca Cut Hed Woo

Rosa hugonis Woo

Rosa mulliganii Cli Gro Tre

Rosa multi-bracteata Cerise Bouquet Cli Exh Woo

Rosa moyesii Cli Woo

Rosa nutkana Plena Pot Woo

Rosa pimpinellifolia Pot Hed Woo

Rosa rugosa Hed Woo

Rosa rugosa alba Hed Woo

Rosa rugosa atropurpurea Hed Woo

Rosa villosa Exh

Rosemary Rose Bed Cut Pot Hed

Roseraie de l'Hay Hed Woo

Rosy Cushion Gro Pot

Royal Gold Cli Cut

Royal Highness Bed Cut Exh

Royal Salute Cut Exh

Royal William Bed Cut Pot

Ruby Baby Cut Exh

Ruby Pendant Cut Exh Hed

Ruby Wedding Bed Cut Pot
 

 

Y.

Yorkshire Lady
Cut Exh
 

 

 

 

Roses in this Gallery
Link Index contains the following:-

Rose Name Link followed by Rose Colour Link:-

Other
Orange
Pink
Red
White
Yellow
2 Colours 1
2 Colours 2

followed by Rose Use:-

Bed for Bedding
Cli for Climber/Pillar
Cut for Cut-Flower
Exh for Exhibition , Speciman
Gro for Ground-Cover
Pot for Grow in Container
Hed for Hedge
Tre for Climber in Tree
Woo for Woodland

 

.......................

 

Rose INDEX Page includes bloom colour thumbnail, rose use, height and width with link to its Rose Description Page.

 

E.

Elizabeth of Glamis Bed Cut Hed

Emily Gray Tre

Ena Harkness Bed

Ena Harkness Climbing Cli Cut

English Miss Bed Pot Hed

Escapade Bed Cut
Exh Pot Hed

Etoile de Hollande Climbing Cli

Evelyn Fison Bed Pot Hed

Excelsa Gro Tre
 

 

L.
Lady Sylvia Bed Cut Cut Pot

Lady Sylvia Climbing Cli Hed Tre

Lady Penzance Woo

Laura Ford Cli Pot

L.D. Braithwaite Cut Gro Pot

Leicester Abbey Bed

Liberty Bell Bed Cut Exh Pot

Lili Marlene Bed

Lincolnshire Poacher Bed

Linville Cut Exh

Little Amy Bed Cut Exh Pot

Little Dorrit Bed Pot

Little Jackie Cut Exh

Little Muff Cut Exh

Living Fire Bed Cut Hed

Lord Penzance Hed Woo

Luis Desamero Cut Exh

 

 

S.
Sanders White Rambler
Gro Tre

Sarah Van Fleet Pot Hed Woo

Scentsational Cut Exh

Schneelicht Hed Woo

Schoolgirl Cli

Seagull Tre

Selfridges Cut Exh

Shailer's White Moss Cli

Signature Bed Exh

Silver Anniversary Cut Exh

Silver Jubilee Bed Pot Hed

Silver Wedding Bed Cut Pot

Sir Neville Marriner Bed

Someday Soon Cut Exh

Southampton Bed Pot Hed

Souvenir de Claudius Denoyel Cli

St Cecilia Bed Cut Pot Hed

Starship Bed Cut Exh Pot

Sunblest Bed Cut Pot

Sunset Boulevard Bed

Super Star Bed Cut Pot Hed

Sweet Briar Pot Hed Woo

Sweet Caroline Cut Exh

Sweet Dream Bed Pot Hed

 

 

Z.
Zephirine Drouhin Cli Tre

 

 

 

 

Roses in this Gallery
Link Index contains the following:-

Rose Name Link followed by Rose Colour Link:-

Other
Orange
Pink
Red
White
Yellow
2 Colours 1
2 Colours 2

followed by Rose Use:-

Bed for Bedding
Cli for Climber/Pillar
Cut for Cut-Flower
Exh for Exhibition , Speciman
Gro for Ground-Cover
Pot for Grow in Container
Hed for Hedge
Tre for Climber in Tree
Woo for Woodland

 

.......................

 

Rose INDEX Page includes bloom colour thumbnail, rose use, height and width with link to its Rose Description Page.

 

F.
Fairhope Bed Cut Exh

Fancy Pants Bed
Cut Exh Pot

Fantin Latour Hed Woo

Felicia Exh Pot Hed

Fifi Bed
Cut Pot

Figurine Bed
Cut Exh Pot

Fimbriata Hed Woo
Hed

Fragrant Cloud Bed Pot

Fragrant Delight Bed Pot Hed

Francois Juranville Gro Tre

Frau Astrid Spath Bed Pot

Freddie Mercury Bed

Fred Loads Exh Hed

Freedom Bed Pot

Fru Dagmar Hartopp Gro Pot Woo

Fru Dagmar Hastrup

Fruhlingsduft Hed
Woo

Fruhlingsgold Hed Woo

Fruhlingsmorgen Hed Woo

 

 

M.
Madamme Alfred Carriere Cli Cut Tre

Madamme Caroline Testout Climbing
Cli

Madamme Gregoire Staechelin
Cli

Madamme Isaac Periere Cli

Maidens Blush Great Cli Cut Hed Woo

Maidens Blush Small Cut Pot Hed Woo

Maigold Cli Tre

Margaret Hall Bed Cut Exh

Margaret Merril Bed Cut Pot Hed

Margo Koster Bed Gro Pot Hed

Marguerite Hilling Cli Hed Woo

Marlena Bed Gro Pot Hed Hed

Masquerade Bed Pot Hed

Masquerade Climbing Cli

Matangi Bed Hed

Max Graf Gro

McGredy's Sunset Bed

McGredys Yellow Bed Cut

Merlot Bed Cut Exh

Mermaid Cli

Michel Cholet Cut Exh

Michele Meilland Bed Cut Pot

Mike Thompson Cut Exh

Minnie Pearl Cut Exh Pot

Miss Flippins Cut Exh

Moonlight Hed

Morning Jewel Cli

Mother's Love Cut Exh

Mrs Herbert Stevens Climbing Cli Cut

Mrs Sam McGredy Climbing Cli Cut

Muff's Pet Cut Exh

Myra Bed
 

 

T.
Tequila Sunrise Bed Pot Hed

Thats Jazz Cli Pot Tre

The Crested Provence Rose Woo

The Fairy Bed Gro Pot Hed

The Field Rose Gro Hed Woo

The Queen Elizabeth Rose Cut Pot Hed

Thinking of You Bed

This is The Day Bed Cut Exh Pot

Tickled Pink Bed Exh

Tina Turner Bed

Tip Top Bed Pot Hed

Tom Foster Bed

Tony Jacklin Bed Cut Exh Hed

Topsi Bed Pot Hed

Tropical Twist Cut Exh

Trumpeter Bed Pot Hed

Tuscany Superb Cut Pot Hed

Twice in a Blue Moon Bed Cut Pot

Typhoon
 

 

Roses in this Gallery
Link Index contains the following:-

Rose Name Link followed by Rose Colour Link:-

Other
Orange
Pink
Red
White
Yellow
2 Colours 1
2 Colours 2

followed by Rose Use:-

Bed for Bedding
Cli for Climber/Pillar
Cut for Cut-Flower
Exh for Exhibition , Speciman
Gro for Ground-Cover
Pot for Grow in Container
Hed for Hedge
Tre for Climber in Tree
Woo for Woodland

 

.......................

 

Rose INDEX Page includes bloom colour thumbnail, rose use, height and width with link to its Rose Description Page.

 

Topic
Case Studies
...Drive Foundations
Ryegrass and turf kills plants within Roadstone and in Topsoil due to it starving and dehydrating them.
CedarGravel creates stable drive surface and drains rain into your ground, rather than onto the public road.

8 problems caused by building house on clay or with house-wall attached to clay.
Pre-building work on polluted soil.

Companion Planting
...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden
Construction

with ground drains
Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed
Borders

......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
......Camera photos of Plant supports
Garden
Maintenance

Glossary with a tomato teaching cauliflowers
Home
Library of over 1000 books
Offbeat Glossary with DuLally Bird in its flower clock.
Plants
...in Chalk (Alkaline) Soil
......A-F1, A-F2,
......A-F3, G-L, M-R,
......M-R Roses, S-Z
...in Heavy Clay Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Lime-Free
(Acid) Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Light Sand Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...Poisonous Plants
...Extra Plant Pages

Soil
...
Interaction between 2 Quartz Sand Grains to make soil
...
How roots of plants are in control in the soil
...
Without replacing Soil Nutrients, the soil will break up to only clay, sand or silt
...
Subsidence caused by water in Clay
...Use water ring for trees/shrubs for first 2 years

Tool Shed with 3 kneeling pads
Useful Data with benefits of Seaweed

................

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries

Topic - Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens with
Camera Photo Galleries are in the last row


Bulb with its 7 Flower Colours per Month Comparison Pages
...Allium/ Anemone
...Autumn
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Dahlia
...Gladiolus
......European A-E
......European F-M
......European N-Z
......Eur Non-classified
......American A
......American B
......American C
......American D
......American E
......American F
......American G
......American H
......American I
......American J
......American K
......American L
......American M
......American N
......American O
......American P
......American Q
......American R
......American S
......American T
......American U
......American V
......American W
......American XYZ
......Ame Non-classified
......Australia - empty
......India

......Lithuania
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Narcissus
...Spring
...Tulip
...Winter
...Each of the above ...Bulb Galleries has its own set of Flower Colour Pages
...Flower Shape
...Bulb Form

...Bulb Use

...Bulb in Soil

Further details on bulbs from the Infill Galleries:-
Hardy Bulbs
...Aconitum
...Allium
...Alstroemeria
...Anemone

...Amaryllis
...Anthericum
...Antholyzas
...Apios
...Arisaema
...Arum
...Asphodeline

...Asphodelus
...Belamcanda
...Bloomeria
...Brodiaea
...Bulbocodium

...Calochorti
...Cyclobothrias
...Camassia
...Colchicum
...Convallaria 
...Forcing Lily of the Valley
...Corydalis
...Crinum
...Crosmia
...Montbretia
...Crocus

...Cyclamen
...Dicentra
...Dierama
...Eranthis
...Eremurus
...Erythrnium
...Eucomis

...Fritillaria
...Funkia
...Galanthus
...Galtonia
...Gladiolus
...Hemerocallis

...Hyacinth
...Hyacinths in Pots
...Scilla
...Puschkinia
...Chionodoxa
...Chionoscilla
...Muscari

...Iris
...Kniphofia
...Lapeyrousia
...Leucojum

...Lilium
...Lilium in Pots
...Malvastrum
...Merendera
...Milla
...Narcissus
...Narcissi in Pots

...Ornithogalum
...Oxalis
...Paeonia
...Ranunculus
...Romulea
...Sanguinaria
...Sternbergia
...Schizostylis
...Tecophilaea
...Trillium

...Tulip
...Zephyranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs
...Acidanthera
...Albuca
...Alstroemeri
...Andro-stephium
...Bassers
...Boussing-aultias
...Bravoas
...Cypellas
...Dahlias
...Galaxis,
...Geissorhizas
...Hesperanthas

...Gladioli
...Ixias
...Sparaxises
...Babianas
...Morphixias
...Tritonias

...Ixiolirions
...Moraeas
...Ornithogalums
...Oxalises
...Phaedra-nassas
...Pancratiums
...Tigridias
...Zephyranthes
...Cooperias


Uses of Bulbs:-
...for Bedding
...in Windowboxes
...in Border
...naturalized in Grass
...in Bulb Frame
...in Woodland Garden
...in Rock Garden
...in Bowls
...in Alpine House
...Bulbs in Greenhouse or Stove:-
...Achimenes
...Alocasias
...Amorpho-phalluses
...Arisaemas
...Arums
...Begonias
...Bomareas
...Caladiums

...Clivias
...Colocasias
...Crinums
...Cyclamens
...Cyrtanthuses
...Eucharises
...Urceocharis
...Eurycles

...Freesias
...Gloxinias
...Haemanthus
...Hippeastrums

...Lachenalias
...Nerines
...Lycorises
...Pencratiums
...Hymenocallises
...Richardias
...Sprekelias
...Tuberoses
...Vallotas
...Watsonias
...Zephyranthes

...Plant Bedding in
......Spring

......Summer
...Bulb houseplants flowering inside House during:-
......January
......February
......March
......April
......May
......June
......July
......August
......September
......October
......November
......December
...Bulbs and other types of plant flowering during:-
......Dec-Jan
......Feb-Mar
......Apr-May
......Jun-Aug
......Sep-Oct
......Nov-Dec
...Selection of the smaller and choicer plants for the Smallest of Gardens with plant flowering during the same 6 periods as in the previous selection


........

If the plant type below has flowers, then the first gallery will include the flower thumbnail in each month of 1 of 6 flower colour comparison pages of each plant in its subsidiary galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
...by Flower Shape

Climber in
3 Sector Vertical Plant System
...Clematis
...Climbers
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evgr
...Heather Shrub
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evgr
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous
Perennial

...P -Herbaceous
...Peony
...Flower Shape
...RHS Wisley
......Mixed Border
......Other Borders
Herb
Odds and Sods
Rhododendron
Rose
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use with 3 separate rose indices on each usage of rose page
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
...Apple

...Cherry
...Pear
Vegetable

Wild Flower is below

The following is a complete hierarchical Plant Selection Process
dependent on the Garden Style chosen

Garden Style
...
Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...
12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...
All Plants Index
...
Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...
Shape, Form
Index

or
use the choices in the following Flower/Foliage Colour
Colour Wheel Galleries

you could use these Flower Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12 - My Gas Service Engineer found Flow and Return pipes incorrectly positioned on gas boilers and customers had refused to have positioning corrected in 2020, followed by this Website
...User Guidelines
or
Bee instead of wind pollinated plants for hay-fever sufferers
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index
or
Rock Garden and Alpine Flower Colour Wheel with number of colours
Rock Plant Flowers 53

...Rock Plant Photos
or
A Foliage Colour Wheel using 212 web-safe colours instead of the best Colour Wheel of 2058 colours in the Pantone Goe System
All Foliage 212

or
Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index

Topic - Butterfly Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly
Usage of Plants
by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly usage of
Plant A-C
Plant C-M
Plant N-W
Butterfly usage of Plant

Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
space,
Site Map page in its flower colour
NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
...Brown Note
...Cream Note
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note

Poisonous
Wildflower Plants

You can find the wild flower in one of the 23 Wild Flower Galleries or the Colour Wheel
Gallery

If
you know its name, use
Wild Flower Plant Index a-h,
Wild Flower Plant Index i-p or
Wild Flower Plant Index q-z

you know which habitat it lives in,
use
Wild Flowers on
Acid Soil
Habitat Table,
on Calcareous
(Chalk) Soil
,
on Marine Soil,
on Neutral Soil,
is a Fern,
is a Grass,
is a Rush, or
is a Sedge

you know which family it belongs to, use
Wild Flower Family Pages menu above and right

you have seen its flower or seed, use
Comparison Pages
in Wild Flower
Gallery
to identify it or

you have seen its flower, use Comparison Pages containing Wild Flower Plants and Cultivated Plants in the Colour Wheel Gallery

followed by all the Wild Flower Family Pages:-

There are 180 families in the Wildflowers of the UK and they have been split up into 22 Galleries to allow space for up to 100 plants per gallery.

Each plant named in each of the Wildflower Family Pages may have a link to:-

its Plant Description Page in its Common Name in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries and will have links

to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name,

to see photos in its Flowering Months and

to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 1
(o)Adder's Tongue
Amaranth
(o)Arrow-Grass
(o)Arum
(o)Balsam
Bamboo
(o)Barberry
(o)Bedstraw
(o)Beech
(o)Bellflower
(o)Bindweed
(o)Birch
(o)Birds-Nest
(o)Birthwort
(o)Bogbean
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Borage
(o)Box
(o)Broomrape
(o)Buckthorn
(o)Buddleia
(o)Bur-reed
(o)Buttercup
(o)Butterwort
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crowberry
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
Cypress
(o)Daffodil
(o)Daisy
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Daphne
(o)Diapensia
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 2
(o)Clubmoss
(o)Duckweed
(o)Eel-Grass
(o)Elm
(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Horsetail
(o)Polypody
Quillwort
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Flax
(o)Flowering-Rush
(o)Frog-bit
(o)Fumitory
(o)Gentian
(o)Geranium
(o)Glassworts
(o)Gooseberry
(o)Goosefoot
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 1
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 2
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 3
(o)Hazel
(o)Heath
(o)Hemp
(o)Herb-Paris
(o)Holly
(o)Honeysuckle
(o)Horned-Pondweed
(o)Hornwort
(o)Iris
(o)Ivy
(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Lime
(o)Lobelia
(o)Loosestrife
(o)Mallow
(o)Maple
(o)Mares-tail
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 3
(o)Mesem-bryanthemum
(o)Mignonette
(o)Milkwort
(o)Mistletoe
(o)Moschatel
Naiad
(o)Nettle
(o)Nightshade
(o)Oleaster
(o)Olive
(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
(o)Parnassus-Grass
(o)Peaflower
(o)Peaflower Clover 1
(o)Peaflower Clover 2
(o)Peaflower Clover 3
(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
Peony
(o)Periwinkle
Pillwort
Pine
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Pipewort
(o)Pitcher-Plant
(o)Plantain
(o)Pondweed
(o)Poppy
(o)Primrose
(o)Purslane
Rannock Rush
(o)Reedmace
(o)Rockrose
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
(o)Sandalwood
(o)Saxifrage

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 4
Seaheath
(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
(o)Spindle-Tree
(o)Spurge
(o)Stonecrop
(o)Sundew
(o)Tamarisk
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Teasel
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Valerian
(o)Verbena
(o)Violet
(o)Water Fern
(o)Waterlily
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort
Waterwort
(o)Willow
(o)Willow-Herb
(o)Wintergreen
(o)Wood-Sorrel
(o)Yam
(o)Yew

Topic - Camera Photo Galleries showing all 4000 x 3000 pixels of each photo on your screen that you can then click and drag to your desktop:-

RHS Garden at Wisley
Plant Supports -
When supporting plants in a bed, it is found that not only do those plants grow upwards, but also they expand their roots and footpad sideways each year. Pages
1
, 2, 3, 8, 11,
12, 13,
Plants 4, 7, 10,
Bedding Plants 5,
Plant Supports for Unknown Plants 5
,
Clematis Climbers 6,
the RHS does not appear to either follow it's own pruning advice or advice from The Pruning of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers by George E. Brown.
ISBN 0-571-11084-3 with the plants in Pages 1-7 of this folder. You can see from looking at both these resources as to whether the pruning carried out on the remainder of the plants in Pages 7-15 was correct.
Narcissus (Daffodil) 9,
Phlox Plant Supports 14, 15

Coleus Bedding Foliage Trial - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32
,
Index

National Trust Garden at Sissinghurst Castle
Plant Supports -
Pages for Gallery 1
with Plant Supports
1
, 5, 10
Plants
2
, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9,
11, 12
Recommended Rose Pruning Methods 13
Pages for Gallery 2
with Plant Supports
2
,
Plants 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Dry Garden of
RHS Garden at
Hyde Hall
Plants - Pages
without Plant Supports
Plants 1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Nursery of
Peter Beales Roses
Display Garden
Roses Pages
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Nursery of
RV Roger
Roses - Pages
A1,A2,A3,A4,A5,
A6,A7,A8,A9,A10,
A11,A12,A13,A14,
B15,
B16,B17,B18,B19,
B20,
B21,B22,B23,B24,
B25,
B26,B27,B28,B29,
B30,
C31,C32,C33,C34,
C35,
C36,C37,C38,C39,
C40,
C41,CD2,D43,D44,
D45,
D46,D47,D48,D49,
E50,
E51,E52
,F53,F54,
F55,
F56,F57,G58,G59,
H60,
H61,I62,K63,L64,
M65,
M66,N67,P68,P69,
P70,

R71,R72,S73,S74,
T75,
V76,Z77, 78,

Damage by Plants in Chilham Village - Pages
1
, 2, 3, 4

Pavements of Funchal, Madeira
Damage to Trees - Pages
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13
for trees 1-54
,
14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
for trees 55-95,
26
, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, 33, 34, 35,
36, 37,
for trees 95-133,
38
, 39, 40,
41, 42, 43, 44, 45,
for trees 133-166


Chris Garnons-Williams
Work Done - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Identity of Plants
Label Problems - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11

Ron and Christine Foord
Garden Flowers - Pages
A1, 2, 3, 4,
5,
6, 7, 8, 9,
10,
11, 12, 13,

The plant with photo in the above Camera Photo Galleries
join

the plants with photos in the other Plant Photo Galleries below in

Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens
A 1, Photos
B 1, Photos
C 1, Photos
D 1, Photos
E 1, Photos
F 1, Photos
G 1, Photos
H 1, Photos
I 1, Photos
J 1, Photos
K 1, Photos
L 1, Photos
M 1, Photos
N 1, Photos
O 1, Photos
P 1, Photos
Q 1, Photos
R 1, Photos
S 1, Photos
T 1, Photos
U 1, Photos
V 1, Photos
W 1, Photos
X 1 Photos
Y 1, Photos
Z 1 Photos
Articles/Items in Ivydene Gardens

Flower Colour, Number of Petals, Shape and
Plant Use of:-

Rock Garden
...within linked page


Bedding

...Bedding Out
...Filling In
...Screen-ing
...Pots and Troughs
...Window Boxes
...Hanging Baskets
...Spring Bedding
...Summer Bedding
...Winter Bedding
...Foliage instead of Flower
...
Coleus Bedding Photos for use in Public Domain 1

Bulb
...Other than Only Green Foliage
...Bedding or Mass Planting
...Ground-Cover
...Cut-Flower
...Tolerant of Shade
...In Woodland Areas
...Under-plant
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Covering Banks
...In Water
...Beside Stream or Water Garden
...Coastal Conditions
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border or Back-ground Plant
...Fragrant Flowers
...Not Fragrant Flowers
...Indoor
House-plant

...Grow in a Patio Pot
...Grow in an Alpine Trough
...Grow in an Alpine House
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Speciman Plant
...Into Native Plant Garden
...Naturalize in Grass
...Grow in Hanging Basket
...Grow in Window-box
...Grow in Green-house
...Grow in Scree
...Naturalized Plant Area
...Grow in Cottage Garden
...Attracts Butterflies
...Attracts Bees
...Resistant to Wildlife
...Bulb in Soil:-
......Chalk
......Clay
......Sand
......Lime-Free (Acid)
......Peat

Rose
...
Bedding
...
Climber /Pillar
...
Cut-Flower
...
Exhibition, Speciman
...
Ground-Cover

...
Grow In A Container
...
Hedge
...
Climber in Tree
...
Woodland
...
Edging Borders
...
Tolerant of Poor Soil
...
Tolerant of Shade
...
Back of Border
...
Adjacent to Water
...
Page for rose use as ARCH ROSE, PERGOLA ROSE, COASTAL CONDITIONS ROSE, WALL ROSE, STANDARD ROSE, COVERING BANKS or THORNLESS ROSES.
...
FRAGRANT ROSES
...
NOT FRAGRANT ROSES

and

Plant Colour Wheel Uses
with
1. Perfect general use soil is composed of 8.3% lime, 16.6% humus, 25% clay and 50% sand, and
2. Why you are continually losing the SOIL STRUCTURE so your soil - will revert to clay, chalk, sand or silt.

Uses of Plant and Flower Shape:-
...Foliage Only
...Other than Green Foliage
...Trees in Lawn
...Trees in Small Gardens
...Wildflower Garden
...Attract Bi
rd
...Attract Butterfly
1
, 2
...Climber on House Wall

...
Climber not on House Wall
...Climber in Tree
...Rabbit-Resistant
...Woodland
...Pollution Barrier
...Part Shade
...Full Shade
...Single Flower provides Pollen for Bees
1
, 2, 3
...Ground-Cover
<60
cm
60-180cm
>
180cm
...Hedge
...Wind-swept
...Covering Banks
...Patio Pot
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border
...Poisonous

...Adjacent to Water
...Bog Garden
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Winter-Flowering
...Fragrant
...Not Fragrant
...Exhibition

...
Standard Plant
is 'Ball on Stick'
...
Upright Branches or Sword-shaped leaves
...
Plant to Prevent Entry to Human or Animal
...
Coastal Conditions
...
Tolerant on North-facing Wall
...
Cut Flower
...
Potted Veg Outdoors
...
Potted Veg Indoors
...
Thornless
...
Raised Bed Outdoors Veg
...
Grow in Alkaline Soil A-F
, G-L, M-R,
S-Z
...
Grow in Acidic Soil
...
Grow in Any Soil
...
Grow in Rock Garden
...
Grow Bulbs Indoors

Fragrant Plants:-
Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an Acid Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
1
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
1
, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
1
, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants
1
, 2

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