Ivydene Gardens Plant Botanical Index Gallery:
Index: L

Plant Botanical Name:
LA, LB, LC, LD

 

Plant Botanical Name:
LE, LF, LG, LH

 

Plant Botanical Name:
LI, LJ, LK, Ll

LA

LE

LI

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Edging in frost-free gardens. Houseplant in Patio Pot within a sunny but unheated room. Patio Pot or Hanging Basket in cool Greenhouse. Enjoys Coastal conditions.
Lachenalia aloides
- Bu Other
Edg-Fless PotGr Coast
Lachenalia aloides aurea -
Bu Yellow Edg-Fless PotGr
Coast
Lachenalia aloides quadricolor
- Bu Other Edg-Fless PotGr
Coast
Lachenalia aloides pearsonii -
Bu Other Edg-Fless PotGr
Coast
Lachenalia aloides vanzyliae -
Bu White Edg-Fless PotGr Coast
Lachenalia bulbifera -
Bu Other Edg-Fless PotGr Coast
Lachenalia contaminata -
Bu Other Edg-Fless PotGr Coast
Lachenalia elegans var
suaveolens
- Bu Other
Edg-Fless PotGr Coast
Lachenalia 'Fransie' - Bu Other
Edg-Fless PotGr Coast
Lachenalia glaucina var. pallida
- Bu Other Edg-Fless
PotGr Coast
Lachenalia juncifolia - Bu Other
Edg-Fless PotGr Coast
Lachenalia 'Namakwa' - Bu
Other Edg-Fless PotGr Coast
Lachenalia namaquensis - Bu
Other Edg-Fless PotGr Coast
Lachenalia 'Nova' - Bu Green
Edg-Fless PotGr Coast
Lachenalia orthopetala - Bu
White Edg-Fless PotGr Coast
Lachenalia pustulata - Bu
Other Edg-Fless PotGr Coast
Lachenalia 'Robyn' - Bu Red
Edg-Fless PotGr Coast
Lachenalia 'Rolina' - Bu Yellow
Edg-Fless PotGr Coast
Lachenalia 'Romaud' - Bu
Other Edg-Fless PotGr Coast
Lachenalia 'Romelia' - Bu
Yellow Edg-Fless PotGr Coast
Lachenalia 'Ronina' - Bu
Yellow Edg-Fless PotGr Coast
Lachenalia 'Rosabeth' - Bu
Other Edg-Fless PotGr Coast
Lachenalia rosea - Bu Other
Edg-Fless PotGr Coast
Lachenalia 'Rupert' - Bu Other
Edg-Fless PotGr Coast
Lachenalia splendida - Bu
Other Edg-Fless PotGr Coast
Lachenalia unifolia - Bu
Other Edg-Fless PotGr Coast
Lachenalia viridiflora - Bu
Other Edg-Fless PotGr Coast
Lachenalia zeyheri - Bu
White Edg-Fless PotGr Coast

 

I Asiatic Hybrid Lilies
Lilium 'Apollo' - Bu Yellow
Sha Pot PotGr
Lilium 'Cancun' - Bu Other
Bed Cut Woo-Edg Pot PotGr
Lilium 'Citronella' - Bu Other
Fra Bed Cut Woo-Edg Pot PotGr
Lilium 'Claire' - Bu Red
Bed Cut Woo-Edg Pot PotGr
Lilium Cote 'd'Azur' - Bu Pink
Bed Cut Woo-Edg Pot PotGr
Lilium 'Fata Morgana' - Bu
Yellow Bed Cut Woo-Edg Pot
PotGr
Lilium 'Gironde' - Bu Yellow
Bed Cut Woo-Edg Pot PotGr
Lilium 'Gran Paradiso' - Bu Red
Bed Cut Woo-Edg Pot PotGr
Lilium 'Kingdom' - Bu White
Bed Cut Woo-Edg Pot PotGr
Lilium 'King Pete' - Bu Other
Bed Cut Woo-Edg Pot PotGr
Lilium 'Lennox' - Bu White
Bed Cut Woo-Edg Pot PotGr
Und-Gro with lower growing
perennials
Lilium 'Lollpop' - Bu Other
Bed Cut Woo-Edg Pot PotGr
Lilium 'Montreux' - Bu Pink
Bed Cut Woo-Edg Pot PotGr
Lilium 'Orange County' - Bu
Orange Bed Cut Woo-Edg
Pot PotGr
Lilium 'Prunotto' - Bu Red
Bed Cut Woo-Edg Pot PotGr
Lilium 'Rosella's Dream' - Bu
Other Bed Cut Woo-Edg
Pot PotGr

I Dwarf Asiatic Hybrid
Lilies

Lilium 'Buff Pixie' - Bu Other
Bed Cut Edg Pot PotGr Roc
Lilium 'Butter Pixie' - Bu Yellow
Bed Cut Edg Pot PotGr Roc
Lilium 'Ceb Crimson' - Bu Red
Bed Cut Edg Pot PotGr Roc Spe
Lilium 'Inuvik' - Bu White
Bed Cut Edg Pot PotGr Roc Spe
Lilium 'Pink Pixie' - Bu Other
Bed Cut Edg Pot PotGr Roc Spe
Lilium 'Tailor Made' - Bu Orange
Bed Cut Edg Pot PotGr Roc Spe

II Martagon Hybrid
Lilies

Lilium x marhan
'Mrs R.O. Backhouse'
- Bu Orange
Cott Woo-Edg Pot PotGr Spe

V Longiflorum Hybrid
Lilies

Lilium formosanum
var. pricei 'Snow Queen
' - Bu
White Fra Cut Pot PotGr Spe
Und-Gro with lower growing
perennials

VI Trumpet Hybrid
Lilies

Lilium 'African Queen' - Bu Other
Fra Pot PotGr Edg Cut Woo-Edg
Lilium 'Golden
Splendour
' - Bu Other
Pot PotGr Edg Cut Woo-Edg
Lilium 'Pink Perfection' - Bu
Pink Pot PotGr Mid Edg
Cut Woo-Edg
Lilium 'Regale' - Bu White
Fra Pot PotGr Edg Cut Woo-Edg

VII Oriental Hybrid
Lilies

Lilium 'Acapulco' - Bu Pink
Fra Pot PotGr Edg Cut Woo-Edg
Lilium 'Arena' - Bu Other
Fra Pot PotGr Edg Cut Woo-Edg
Lilium 'Barbaresco' - Bu Pink
Fra Pot PotGr Edg Cut Woo-Edg
Lilium 'Bergamo' - Bu Other
Fra Pot PotGr Edg Cut Woo-Edg
Lilium 'Black Beauty' - Bu Red
Fra Pot PotGr Edg Cut Woo-Edg
Lilium 'Casa Blanca' - Bu White
Fra Pot PotGr Edg Cut Woo-Edg
Lilium 'Cobra' - Bu Red
Fra Pot PotGr Edg Cut Woo-Edg
Lilium 'Con Amore' - Bu Pink
Fra Pot PotGr Edg Cut Woo-Edg
Lilium 'Garden Party' - Bu Other
Fra Pot PotGr Edg Cut Woo-Edg
Lilium 'La Reve' - Bu Other
Fra Pot PotGr Edg Cut Woo-Edg
Lilium 'Mona Lisa' - Bu Other
Pot PotGr Edg Cut Woo-Edg
Lilium 'Robert Swanson' - Bu
2 Colours Fra Pot PotGr
Edg Cut Woo-Edg
Lilium 'Siberia' - Bu White
Fra Pot PotGr Edg Cut Woo-Edg
Lilium 'Starfighter' - Bu 2 Colours
Fra Pot PotGr Edg Cut Woo-Edg
Lilium 'Star Gazer' - Bu Red
Fra Pot PotGr Edg Cut Woo-Edg
Lilium 'Visa Versa' - Bu Pink
Fra Pot PotGr Edg Cut Woo-Edg

VIII Miscellaneous
Lilies

Lilium 'Conca d'Or' - Bu Yellow
Fra Pot PotGr Edg Cut Woo-Edg
Lilium 'Red Dutch' - Bu Other
Fra Pot PotGr Edg Cut Woo-Edg
Lilium 'Triumphator' - Bu Other
Pot PotGr Edg Cut Woo-Edg

IX Species Lilies
Lilium auratum - Bu White
Fra Pot PotGr Edg Cut Woo-Edg
Lilium cernuum - Bu Pink Roc
Fra Pot PotGr Edg Cut Woo-Edg
Lilium duchartrei - Bu White
Fra Pot PotGr Edg Cut Woo-Edg
Lilium formosanum - Bu White
Fra Pot PotGr Edg Cut Woo-Edg
Coast-San Gra
Lilium formosanum pricei - Bu
White Fra Pot PotGr Edg
Cut Woo-Edg Roc
Lilium hansonii - Bu Other
Fra Pot PotGr Edg Cut Woo-Edg
Lilium henryi - Bu Orange
Fra Pot PotGr Edg Cut Woo-Edg
Lilium leichtilinii - Bu Yellow
Fra Pot PotGr Bac Cut Woo-Edg
Lilium martagon - Bu Other
Fra Pot PotGr Edg Cut Woo-Edg
Lilium nepalense - Bu Other
Fra Pot PotGr Edg Cut Woo-Edg
Lilium pardalinum - Bu Other
Fra Pot PotGr Edg Cut Woo-Edg
Lilium pumilum - Bu Red
Fra Pot PotGr Edg Cut Woo-Edg
Roc
Lilium superbum - Bu Other
Fra Pot PotGr Edg Cut Woo-Edg
Wat
Lilium wallichianum - Bu Other
Fra Pot PotGr Edg Cut Woo-Edg

Unspecified Lilies
Lilium lancifolium 'Splendens'
- Bu PotGr Cut Woo-Edg
Lilium speciosum 'Rubrum' - Bu
Fra Pot PotGr Edg Cut Woo-Edg
Pois-highly poisonous to
domestic cats.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Plant in sloping ground next to South-facing wall in Channel Islands; or in pot in greenhouse for the rest of frosty UK.
Leucocoryne 'Andes'
-
Bu Other
Leucocoryne 'Caravelle' -
Bu Other

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LB

LF

LJ

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LC

LG

LK

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LD

LH

LL

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lachenalia (Cape Cowslip, Leopard Lily)
"Pot in August, 6 bulbs in a 5 inch (12.5cm) pot or pan, placing the bulbs about 1.5 inches (3.75 cm) apart and 0.5 inches (1.125 cm) deep, using either John Innes compost or a mixture of 2 parts sandy loam, 0.5 part leaf-mould and 0.5 part decayed manure, with 1 part coarse sand. It is important that Lachenalias should be grown under cool conditions, for which reason, after potting up, the bulbs should be put outdoors, where will probably not be subjected to warm conditions, preferably in a cold frame until November or the first risk of frost.The bulbs should then be brought into a sunny but unheated room.
Water - Immediately after potting allow the soil to become thoroughly moist, but thereafter give water only when the compost appears dry. As soon as growth starts give water moderately. After flowering withold water and let the bulbs rest, allowing them to ripen outside in a sunny position.
Position - East, west or north windows. North only if it is well lighted and frost-free.
Flowering - Feb-Mar." from Indoor Bulb Growing by Edward Pearson. Published by Latimer House Limited in 1953.

Particularly well adapted for greenhouse decoration in the UK, either in pots or hanging baskets.

They can be grown as bed edging in only Southern England, Isle of Wight and Channel Islands within the UK. Plant 2-3 inches (5-7.5 cms) deep and 3-4 inches (7.5-10 cms) apart in sandy soil with good drainage and 1 inch (2.5 cms) deep coarse bark mulch if grown outside near a South-facing wall.


"Remove pots from cold frame in November and place on airy shelf in greenhouse. Temperature 45-55F (7-13C). Water moderately when growth begins, freely when well advanced. After flowering, gradually withold water, place pots in sunny position outdoors, and keep quite dry to ripen bulbs (perhaps in cold frame). Growing period, Sep-Jun, resting period, Jun-Sep.
Forcing: Lachenalia tricolor: Remove pot from cold frame in November and transfer to building whose inside temperature is between 55-65F (13-18C).
Propagation: By offsets, removed and placed in separate pots at potting time." from Sanders' Encyclopedia of Gardening. Revised by A.G.L. Hellyer Editor of Amateur Gardening. Published by W.H. and L. Collingridge Limited in 1952.

"The flowers grow in spikes, with as many as 20 per stem. The petals usually are joined into a bell shape or they are tubular, in effect forming 2 tubes. Some may be sweetly scented. In their native habitat they receive little or moisture during the summer (rest period is Jun-Sep).
Culture - The bulbs will not tolerate frost, and prefer to be grown in full sun in coastal areas. The bulbs can be left in the ground if they will remain dry. If such a location is not possible, lift and store in a barely moist peat moss/sand mix.
The flowers are long-lasting, often up to 6-8 weeks, each bulb producing as many as 3-4 spikes. The bulbs do not respond to being forced. Plants look their best when planted towards the front of a border, i.e.edge of bed." from Bulbs Volume II, I-Z with Appendixes and Indexes by John E. Bryan.Published by Christopher Helm (Publishers) Ltd in 1989. ISBN 0-88192-101-7.

Leucocoryne
"Outdoor Culture - Soil, light rich sand. Position, sunny well-drained border. Plant Sep-Jan, placing bulbs 4 inches (10cms) deep and 2 inches (5 cms) apart. Lift and replant annually.
Pot Culture - Compost, 2 parts sandy loam and 1 part leaf-mould. Place 5 bulbs 3 inches (7.5cm) deep in pot 4.5 inches (11.125 cm) in diameter. Plunge pots in peat in cold frame or under staging in cool greenhouse in sunny part of greenhouse or frame. Water moderately from time bulbs commence to grow until flowers fade, then gradually cease, keeping bulbs dry till growth recommences. Temperature, Sep-Mar 40-50F (5-10C), Mar-Sep 50-60F (10-15C). Pot, Sep-Oct.
Propagation - By seeds sown in February or March in sandy soil in temperature 55-60F (; by offsets detached when bulbs are lifted and grown on in same way." from Sanders' Encyclopedia of Gardening. Revised by A.G.L. Hellyer Editor of Amateur Gardening. Published by W.H. and L. Collingridge Limited in 1952.


"In their native habitats, they receive their rainfall during the winter months, with little moisture afterward. Although they will withstand mild frosts during their dormant state (late summer into autumn), the bulbs will not survive where winter temperatures fall into the mid 20sF, and, even at this temperature, will require the protection of a mulch or a wall facing the sun. The grasslike leaves, which are produced at or below ground level are just maturing or even have died down by the time the first flowers are seen. Strong stems support the several umbellate flowers.
Culture - In areas where there is little or no danger of frost from mid-January on, the bulbs can be grown outdoors, in full sun and in well-drained soil. In all other areas they should be grown in pots and protected, preferably in a cool greenhouse, where all cold is excluded. Moisture is necessary at the time of planting but keep barely moist until the foliage is observed. Then, additional amounts of water should be given, but never allow bulbs to sit in cold, wet soil. As soon as all danger of frost is past the containers can be moved outdoors into a sunny location. Repot only after the resting period is completed. Leave in the same container for 2-3 years. Each year, in late autumn, prior to the onset of growth, a few inches of soil should be removed from the top and replaced with a well-draining soil mix. Flowering generally occurs in the third year of growth from seed." from Bulbs Volume II, I-Z with Appendixes and Indexes by John E. Bryan. Published by Christopher Helm (Publishers) Ltd in 1989. ISBN 0-88192-101-7.

Lilies come mainly from the temperate woodlands of the Northern Hemisphere; therefore, they do not like dry heat.They are usually found growing near shrubs and other plants that shade their roots and keep the bulbs cool and moist. Lilies come in a huge variety of colors, shapes and sizes and can be grown both indoors and out. Some have strict soil requirements while others can be grown in ordinary garden soil. Lilies bloom from mid-spring to early fall depending upon the variety. Most Lilies are excellent cut flowers, each blossom often living for up to 8 days. However, when cutting for indoors, make sure to leave as much of the stem and leaves on the plant as possible in order to store food for the next year's flowers.
See Introduction for further planting and cultivation details in the ground and pots. Plant 3, 7 or 11 bulbs in clumps in the ground from December-April.

"The most important part of any bulb is the basal plate, upon which the scales are arranged.The scales themselves are modified leaves that are used for storage. Unlike a tulip or narcissus, the bulbs of Liliums must be handled with care. When lifting and dividing, for example, it pays to take extra care, especially with the species that produce stoloniferous roots. These roots are able to form new bulbs along their length, often developing at some distance from the original planting location.
Lilies should be planted to a depth that corresponds to twice the height of the bulb. Thus a bulb that is 4 inch (10cms) from top to bottom should be planted with 8 inches (20 cms) of soil on top.The only exception to this is Lilium candidum, which should always be planted close to soil level, burying it only 0.5 or 1 inch (1.25-25 cms) deep. This is because this species produces a rosette or tuft of leaves at soil level which remains green. It prefers to be planted where it will enjoy some shade during the hottest part of the day." from Bulbs Volume II, I-Z by John E. Bryan. Published by Timber Press in 1989. ISBN 0-88192-101-7.

How to Force Lilies to Bloom
While there are numerous flowers that share their wonderful aroma with the world, lilies (Lilium spp.) have a distinctive perfume that wafts through your garden or home. When summer comes and goes and you yearn for the smell and vibrancy of a container full of lilies, consider forcing the bulbs to bloom. Forcing is a gardener’s way of encouraging a bulb to bloom a time of year not typically known for bloom production.

  • 1. Remove any fruit or vegetables from one of your refrigerator’s crisper drawers so you can use it for cold storage of the bulbs. Place the lily bulbs in a brown paper bag, or several bags, and fold over the top to close. Store the bulbs in the refrigerator for about 12 weeks. Do not put vegetables or fruit in the same drawer with the bulbs.
  • 2. Line a shallow gardening pot with landscape fabric or newspaper.
  • 3. Fill a bucket with a mixture of 3 parts garden soil, 2 parts peat moss and 1 part sand.
  • 4. Add about 2 inches (5 cms) of the soil mixture to the container.
  • 5. Place the bulbs in the soil mixture, close together, so the sides almost touch. Position the bulbs so the pointed ends face upward. Bulb forcing is not the same method as planting, so you don’t need to follow the normal spacing considerations.
  • 6. Add more soil to the container so only the top 1/2 to 1 inch (1.25-2.5 cm) of the bulb's noses peek out of the soil.
  • 7. Place a saucer under the pot and water the bulbs and soil thoroughly. Keep the soil moist at all times, but do not allow the soil to become soggy or the bulbs will rot.
  • 8. Place the pot in a bright location in your home or in an enclosed patio that receives a good amount of sun. The optimum temperature for forcing planted bulbs is between 65 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit (18-21 degrees Celsius).
  • 9. Fertilize the bulbs with a water-soluble fertilizer every two to three weeks. You should see lily blooms within eight to 10 weeks.

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677

Naturalize -
The practice of growing certain plants under as natural conditions as possible.
For example; daffodils are said to be naturalized when they are planted in grass and left to look after themselves.
The term is also used to describe plants from foreign countries which have established themselves so well in the country into which they have been introduced that they behave like native plants; and are able to maintain themselves without the aid of the gardener.

Climber -
Grow Ramblers (Ra) or
Scramblers (Sc) on supports on House-Walls and elsewhere.
Grow Self-Clingers - like
Aerial Roots (Ar),
Sucker Pads (Sp),
Twining (Tw),
Twining Leaf-Stem (Twl) or
Twining Tendrils (TwT) - on garden walls, chainlink fences, trellis, pergolas or fedges, but not for House-Walls.

Clematis Cultivation Groups -
1 = Group 1,
2 = Group 2
3 = Group 3
4 = Herbaceous Climber

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Chris Garnons-Williams.

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Topic -
Case Studies
...Drive Foundations
Ryegrass and turf kills plants within Roadstone and in Topsoil due to it starving and dehydrating them.
CEDAdrive creates stable drive surface and drains rain into your ground, rather than onto the public road.
8 problems caused by building house on clay or with house-wall attached to clay.
Pre-building work on polluted soil.

Companion Planting
...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants
to provide a Companion Plant to aid your selected plant or deter its pests

Garden
Construction

with ground drains
Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed
Borders

......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
......Camera photos of Plant supports
Garden
Maintenance

Glossary with a tomato teaching cauliflowers
Home
Library of over 1000 books
Offbeat Glossary with DuLally Bird in its flower clock.

Plants
...in Chalk
(Alkaline) Soil
......A-F1, A-F2,
......A-F3, G-L, M-R,
......M-R Roses, S-Z
...in Heavy
Clay Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Lime-Free
(Acid) Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Light
Sand Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z.
...Poisonous Plants.
...Extra Plant Pages
with its 6 Plant Selection Levels

Soil
...
Interaction between 2 Quartz Sand Grains to make soil
...
How roots of plants are in control in the soil
...
Without replacing Soil Nutrients, the soil will break up to only clay, sand or silt
...
Subsidence caused by water in Clay
...
Use water ring for trees/shrubs for first 2 years.

Tool Shed with 3 kneeling pads
Useful Data with benefits of Seaweed

 

Topic -
Plant Photo Galleries with Plant Botanical Index

...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z

If the plant type below has flowers, then the first gallery will include the flower thumbnail in each month of 1 of 6 or 7 flower colour comparison pages of each plant in its subsidiary galleries, as a low-level Plant Selection Process
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
...by Flower Shape



Bulb with its 7 Flower Colours per Month Comparison Pages
...Allium/ Anemone
...Autumn
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Dahlia
...Gladiolus with its 40 Flower Colours
......European A-E
......European F-M
......European N-Z
......Eur Non-classified
......American A
......American B
......American C
......American D
......American E
......American F
......American G
......American H
......American I
......American J
......American K
......American L
......American M
......American N
......American O
......American P
......American Q
......American R
......American S
......American T
......American U
......American V
......American W
......American XYZ
......Ame Non-classified
......Australia - empty
......India
......Lithuania
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Narcissus
...Spring
...Tulip
...Winter
...Each of the above ...Bulb Galleries has its own set of Flower Colour Pages
...Flower Shape
...Bulb Form

...Bulb Use

...Bulb in Soil


Further details on bulbs from the Infill Galleries:-
Hardy Bulbs
...Aconitum
...Allium
...Alstroemeria
...Anemone

...Amaryllis
...Anthericum
...Antholyzas
...Apios
...Arisaema
...Arum
...Asphodeline

...Asphodelus
...Belamcanda
...Bloomeria
...Brodiaea
...Bulbocodium

...Calochorti
...Cyclobothrias
...Camassia
...Colchicum
...Convallaria 
...Forcing Lily of the Valley
...Corydalis
...Crinum
...Crosmia
...Montbretia
...Crocus

...Cyclamen
...Dicentra
...Dierama
...Eranthis
...Eremurus
...Erythrnium
...Eucomis

...Fritillaria
...Funkia
...Galanthus
...Galtonia
...Gladiolus
...Hemerocallis

...Hyacinth
...Hyacinths in Pots
...Scilla
...Puschkinia
...Chionodoxa
...Chionoscilla
...Muscari

...Iris
...Kniphofia
...Lapeyrousia
...Leucojum

...Lilium
...Lilium in Pots
...Malvastrum
...Merendera
...Milla
...Narcissus
...Narcissi in Pots

...Ornithogalum
...Oxalis
...Paeonia
...Ranunculus
...Romulea
...Sanguinaria
...Sternbergia
...Schizostylis
...Tecophilaea
...Trillium

...Tulip
...Zephyranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs
...Acidanthera
...Albuca
...Alstroemeri
...Andro-stephium
...Bassers
...Boussing-aultias
...Bravoas
...Cypellas
...Dahlias
...Galaxis,
...Geissorhizas
...Hesperanthas

...Gladioli
...Ixias
...Sparaxises
...Babianas
...Morphixias
...Tritonias

...Ixiolirions
...Moraeas
...Ornithogalums
...Oxalises
...Phaedra-nassas
...Pancratiums
...Tigridias
...Zephyranthes
...Cooperias

Uses of Bulbs:-
...for Bedding
...in Windowboxes
...in Border
...naturalized in Grass
...in Bulb Frame
...in Woodland Garden
...in Rock Garden
...in Bowls
...in Alpine House
...Bulbs in Greenhouse or Stove:-
...Achimenes
...Alocasias
...Amorpho-phalluses
...Arisaemas
...Arums
...Begonias
...Bomareas
...Caladiums

...Clivias
...Colocasias
...Crinums
...Cyclamens
...Cyrtanthuses
...Eucharises
...Urceocharis
...Eurycles

...Freesias
...Gloxinias
...Haemanthus
...Hippeastrums

...Lachenalias
...Nerines
...Lycorises
...Pencratiums
...Hymenocallises
...Richardias
...Sprekelias
...Tuberoses
...Vallotas
...Watsonias
...Zephyranthes

...Plant Bedding in
......Spring

......Summer
...Bulb houseplants flowering inside House during:-
......January
......February
......March
......April
......May
......June
......July
......August
......September
......October
......November
......December
...Bulbs and other types of plant flowering during:-
......Dec-Jan
......Feb-Mar
......Apr-May
......Jun-Aug
......Sep-Oct
......Nov-Dec
...Selection of the smaller and choicer plants for the Smallest of Gardens with plant flowering during the same 6 periods as in the previous selection


Climber in
3 Sector Vertical Plant System
...Clematis
...Climbers
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evgr
...Heather Shrub
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evgr
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous
Perennial

...P -Herbaceous
...Peony
...Flower Shape
...RHS Wisley
......Mixed Border
......Other Borders
Herb
Odds and Sods
Rhododendron

Rose
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use - page links in row 6. Rose, RHS Wisley and Other Roses rose indices on each Rose Use page
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Pruning Methods
Photo Index
R 1, 2, 3
Peter Beales Roses
RV Roger
Roses

Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
...Apple

...Cherry
...Pear
Vegetable
Wild Flower and
Butterfly page links are in next row


Topic -
Butterflies in the UK mostly use native UK wildflowers.

Butterfly Species.

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly Usage
of Plants.

Plant Usage by
Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly.

Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
space,
Site Map page in its flower colour NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
...Brown Botanical Names
...Cream Common Names
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note

Poisonous
Wildflower Plants.


You know its name, use
Wild Flower Plant Index a-h, i-p, q-z.
You know which habitat it lives in, use
on
Acid Soil,
on
Calcareous
(Chalk) Soil
,
on
Marine Soil,
on
Neutral Soil,
is a
Fern,
is a
Grass,
is a
Rush, or
is a
Sedge.
You have seen its flower, use Comparison Pages containing Wild Flower Plants and Cultivated Plants in the
Colour Wheel Gallery.

Each plant named in each of the 180 Wildflower Family Pages within their 23 Galleries may have a link to:-
1) its Plant Description Page in its Common Name column in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries and will have links,
2) to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name column,
3) to see photos in its Flowering Months column and
4) to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.

WILD FLOWER FAMILY PAGE MENU
(o)Adder's Tongue
Amaranth
(o)Arrow-Grass
(o)Arum
(o)Balsam
Bamboo
(o)Barberry
(o)Bedstraw
(o)Beech
(o)Bellflower
(o)Bindweed
(o)Birch
(o)Birds-Nest
(o)Birthwort
(o)Bogbean
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Borage
(o)Box
(o)Broomrape
(o)Buckthorn
(o)Buddleia
(o)Bur-reed
(o)Buttercup
(o)Butterwort
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crowberry
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
Cypress
(o)Daffodil
(o)Daisy
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Daphne
(o)Diapensia
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels
(o)Clubmoss
(o)Duckweed
(o)Eel-Grass
(o)Elm
(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Horsetail
(o)Polypody
Quillwort
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Flax
(o)Flowering-Rush
(o)Frog-bit
(o)Fumitory
(o)Gentian
(o)Geranium
(o)Glassworts
(o)Gooseberry
(o)Goosefoot
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft
Bromes 1

(o)Grass Soft
Bromes 2

(o)Grass Soft
Bromes 3

(o)Hazel
(o)Heath
(o)Hemp
(o)Herb-Paris
(o)Holly
(o)Honeysuckle
(o)Horned-Pondweed
(o)Hornwort
(o)Iris
(o)Ivy
(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Lime
(o)Lobelia
(o)Loosestrife
(o)Mallow
(o)Maple
(o)Mares-tail
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)
(o)Mesem-bryanthemum
(o)Mignonette
(o)Milkwort
(o)Mistletoe
(o)Moschatel
Naiad
(o)Nettle
(o)Nightshade
(o)Oleaster
(o)Olive
(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
(o)Parnassus-Grass
(o)Peaflower
(o)Peaflower
Clover 1

(o)Peaflower
Clover 2

(o)Peaflower
Clover 3

(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
Peony
(o)Periwinkle
Pillwort
Pine
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Pipewort
(o)Pitcher-Plant
(o)Plantain
(o)Pondweed
(o)Poppy
(o)Primrose
(o)Purslane
Rannock Rush
(o)Reedmace
(o)Rockrose
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
(o)Sandalwood
(o)Saxifrage
Seaheath
(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
(o)Spindle-Tree
(o)Spurge
(o)Stonecrop
(o)Sundew
(o)Tamarisk
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Teasel
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Valerian
(o)Verbena
(o)Violet
(o)Water Fern
(o)Waterlily
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort
Waterwort
(o)Willow
(o)Willow-Herb
(o)Wintergreen
(o)Wood-Sorrel
(o)Yam
(o)Yew


Topic -
The following is a complete hierarchical Plant Selection Process

dependent on the Garden Style chosen
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index


Topic -
Plant Selection Process comparing relevant plants of all types within each of the number of colours for each Flower or Foliage Colour Gallery.

All Flowers 53 with
...Use of Plant and
Flower Shape
- page links in next row

All Foliage 53
instead of redundant
...(All Foliage 212)


All Flowers
per Month 12


Bee instead of wind pollinated plants for hay-fever sufferers
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers
per Month
12
...Index

Rock Garden and Alpine Flowers
Rock Plant Flowers 53

...Rock Plant Photos

Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours
per Month Index

...All Plants Index


Topic -
Use of Plant in your Plant Selection Process

Plant Colour Wheel Uses
with
1. Perfect general use soil is composed of 8.3% lime, 16.6% humus, 25% clay and 50% sand, and
2. Why you are continually losing the SOIL STRUCTURE so your soil - will revert to clay, chalk, sand or silt.
Uses of Plant and Flower Shape:-
...Foliage Only
...Other than Green Foliage
...Trees in Lawn
...Trees in Small Gardens
...Wildflower Garden
...Attract Bird
...Attract Butterfly
1
, 2
...Climber on House Wall
...Climber not on House Wall
...Climber in Tree
...Rabbit-Resistant
...Woodland
...Pollution Barrier
...Part Shade
...Full Shade
...Single Flower provides Pollen for Bees
1
, 2, 3
...Ground-Cover
<60
cm
60-180cm
>180cm
...Hedge
...Wind-swept
...Covering Banks
...Patio Pot
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border
...Poisonous
...Adjacent to Water
...Bog Garden
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Winter-Flowering
...Fragrant
...Not Fragrant
...Exhibition
...Standard Plant is 'Ball on Stick'
...Upright Branches or Sword-shaped leaves
...Plant to Prevent Entry to Human or Animal
...Coastal Conditions
...Tolerant on North-facing Wall
...Cut Flower
...Potted Veg Outdoors
...Potted Veg Indoors
...Thornless
...Raised Bed Outdoors Veg
...Grow in Alkaline Soil A-F, G-L, M-R,
S-Z
...Grow in Acidic Soil
...Grow in Any Soil
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Grow Bulbs Indoors

Uses of Bedding
...Bedding Out
...Filling In
...Screen-ing
...Pots and Troughs
...Window Boxes
...Hanging Baskets
...Spring Bedding
...Summer Bedding
...Winter Bedding
...Foliage instead of Flower
...Coleus Bedding Photos for use in Public Domain 1

Uses of Bulb
...Other than Only Green Foliage
...Bedding or Mass Planting
...Ground-Cover
...Cut-Flower
...Tolerant of Shade
...In Woodland Areas
...Under-plant
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Covering Banks
...In Water
...Beside Stream or Water Garden
...Coastal Conditions
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border or Back-ground Plant
...Fragrant Flowers
...Not Fragrant Flowers
...Indoor
House-plant

...Grow in a Patio Pot
...Grow in an Alpine Trough
...Grow in an Alpine House
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Speciman Plant
...Into Native Plant Garden
...Naturalize in Grass
...Grow in Hanging Basket
...Grow in Window-box
...Grow in Green-house
...Grow in Scree
...Naturalized Plant Area
...Grow in Cottage Garden
...Attracts Butterflies
...Attracts Bees
...Resistant to Wildlife
...Bulb in Soil:-
......Chalk
......Clay
......Sand
......Lime-Free (Acid)
......Peat

Uses of Rose
...Bedding
...Climber /Pillar
...Cut-Flower
...Exhibition, Speciman
...Ground-Cover
...Grow In A Container
...Hedge
...Climber in Tree
...Woodland
...Edging Borders
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Tolerant of Shade
...Back of Border
...Adjacent to Water
...Page for rose use as ARCH ROSE, PERGOLA ROSE, COASTAL CONDITIONS ROSE, WALL ROSE, STANDARD ROSE, COVERING BANKS or THORNLESS ROSES.
...FRAGRANT ROSES
...NOT FRAGRANT ROSES


Topic -
Camera Photo Galleries showing all 4000 x 3000 pixels of each photo on your screen that you can then click and drag it to your desktop as part of a Plant Selection Process:-

RHS Garden at Wisley

Plant Supports -
When supporting plants in a bed, it is found that not only do those plants grow upwards, but also they expand their roots and footpad sideways each year. Pages
1
, 2, 3, 8, 11,
12, 13,
Plants 4, 7, 10,
Bedding Plants 5,
Plant Supports for Unknown Plants 5
,
Clematis Climbers 6,
the RHS does not appear to either follow it's own pruning advice or advice from The Pruning of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers by George E. Brown.
ISBN 0-571-11084-3 with the plants in Pages 1-7 of this folder. You can see from looking at both these resources as to whether the pruning carried out on the remainder of the plants in Pages 7-15 was correct.

Narcissus (Daffodil) 9,
Phlox Plant Supports 14, 15

Coleus Bedding Foliage Trial - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, Index

National Trust Garden at Sissinghurst Castle
Plant Supports -
Pages for Gallery 1

with Plant Supports
1, 5, 10
Plants
2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9,
11, 12
Recommended Rose Pruning Methods 13
Pages for Gallery 2
with Plant Supports
2
,
Plants 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Dry Garden of
RHS Garden at
Hyde Hall

Plants - Pages
without Plant Supports
Plants 1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Nursery of
Peter Beales Roses
Display Garden

Roses Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Nursery of
RV Roger

Roses - Pages
A1,A2,A3,A4,A5,
A6,A7,A8,A9,A10,
A11,A12,A13,A14,
B15,
B16,B17,B18,B19,
B20,
B21,B22,B23,B24,
B25,
B26,B27,B28,B29,
B30,
C31,C32,C33,C34,
C35,
C36,C37,C38,C39,
C40,
C41,CD2,D43,D44,
D45,
D46,D47,D48,D49,
E50,
E51,E52,F53,F54,
F55,
F56,F57,G58,G59,
H60,
H61,I62,K63,L64,
M65,
M66,N67,P68,P69,
P70,
R71,R72,S73,S74,
T75,
V76,Z77, 78,

Damage by Plants in Chilham Village - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4

Pavements of Funchal, Madeira
Damage to Trees - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13
for trees 1-54,
14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
for trees 55-95,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, 33, 34, 35,
36, 37,
for trees 95-133,
38, 39, 40,
41, 42, 43, 44, 45,
for trees 133-166

Chris Garnons-Williams
Work Done - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Identity of Plants
Label Problems - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11

Ron and Christine Foord - 1036 photos only inserted so far - Garden Flowers - Start Page of each Gallery
AB1 ,AN14,BA27,
CH40,CR52,DR63,
FR74,GE85,HE96,

Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens - 1187
A 1, 2, Photos - 43
B 1, Photos - 13
C 1, Photos - 35
D 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7,
Photos - 411
with Plants causing damage to buildings in Chilham Village and Damage to Trees in Pavements of Funchal
E 1, Photos - 21
F 1, Photos - 1
G 1, Photos - 5
H 1, Photos - 21
I 1, Photos - 8
J 1, Photos - 1
K 1, Photos - 1
L 1, Photos - 85
with Label Problems
M 1, Photos - 9
N 1, Photos - 12
O 1, Photos - 5
P 1, Photos - 54
Q 1, Photos -
R 1, 2, 3,
Photos - 229
S 1, Photos - 111
T 1, Photos - 13
U 1, Photos - 5
V 1, Photos - 4
W 1, Photos - 100
with Work Done by Chris Garnons-Williams
X 1 Photos -
Y 1, Photos -
Z 1 Photos -
Articles/Items in Ivydene Gardens - 88
Flower Colour, Num of Petals, Shape and
Plant Use of:-
Rock Garden
within linked page

 

Topic -
Fragrant Plants as a Plant Selection Process for your sense of smell:-

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an Acid Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
1
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
1
, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
1
, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants
1
, 2


Topic -
Website User Guidelines


My Gas Service Engineer found Flow and Return pipes incorrectly positioned on gas boilers and customers had refused to have positioning corrected in 2020.
 

 

 

Plant Botanical Name:
LM, LN, LO, LP

 

Plant Botanical Name:
LQ, LR, LS, LT

 

Plant Botanical Name:
LU, LV, LW, LXYZ

LM

LQ

LU

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LN

LR

LV

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LO

LS

LW

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lonicera japonica 'Halliana' - Cl-Tw
2 Colours Arc Walls Shr Tre
Lonicera periclymenum - Cl-Tw
Other Nor-Tre-Planted in Sha

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LP

LT

LXYZ

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lyschiton americanus - Aq Yellow
Wet

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Since I could not persuade any aquatic mail-order nursery in the world to send photos and details from 2007 to April 2017 I have created the following pages about Aquatic Plants of oxygenators, water lilies, marginal plants, moisture loving plants, bog plants, deep water and native aquatic plants.:-

Anti-erosion Riverbank
Marginal Plants (Bog Garden Plants)
Oxygenating Weeds
Water Lilies
Floating Plants
Waterside Plants and Plants for Dry Margins next to a Pond
Wildlife Pond Plants

Botanical Index Gallery Pages

Appended to Botanical Name is
'Plant Type' space 'Flower Colour' space 'Plant Use'

A, B, C, D, E,
F, G, H, I, J, K,
L, M, N, O, P, Q,
R, S, T, U, V, W,
X, Y, Z

Plants in the galleries below will also be added to above:-

Bee not wind pollinated plants against hay-fever
Bee-Pollinated
...
Index

Rock Garden, Alpine Flowers
Rock Flowers

...
Rock Photos

Alpines, Aquatic, Annual, Beddi-ng, Biennial and Bulb with Clim-ber of 3 sector system from
Infill Plants

4000x3000 pixel Camera Photo Index A 1, 2

Fragrant Plants

Plant Type:-
Aq = Aquatic
An = Annual from Photo Coleus Galleries for diffent uses
Ba = Bamboo
Be = Bedding
Bu = Bulb
Cl = Climber
Co = Conifer
Ds = Deciduous Shrub
Dt = Deciduous Tree
Ep = Evergreen Perennial
Es = Evergreen Shrub
Et = Evergreen Tree
Fe = Fern
Gr = Grass
Hed = Hedging
Hp = Herbaceous Perennial
Her = Herb
Od = Odds and Sods
Rg = Plant for Rock Garden
Rh = Rhododendron, Azalea, Camellia
Ro = Rose
So = Soft Fruit
To = Top Fruit
Ve = Vegetable
Wi = Wildflower

Gr = Grass
Link in Plant Type is to either Index A of that type or to the Index in the right hand table on each page of that folder
=
Link(s) in expansion is to another folder in this ivydenegardens.co.uk website

Flower Colour:-
Other
Orange
Pink
Red
White
Yellow
2 Colours

followed by
Plant Use:-
Alp = in Alpine Garden
Arc = Climb Arch, Pergola, Fence, Trellis
Bac = Back of Border
Ban = Cover Banks
Bed = Bedding, Mass Planting
Bee = Bee pollinated for Hay Fever Sufferers
Cli = Climber/Pillar
Coast = in Coastal Area
Cott = in Cottage Garden
Cut = Cut-Flower
Edib = Edible
Edg = Edging Border
Exh = Exhibition
Fra = Fragrant
Fru = Fruit, Berry, Nut
Fless = Free of Frost
Gra = in Grassland
Gro = Ground-Cover
Hed = Hedge, Plant in Hedge
Herb = in Herb Garden
Hip = Produces Hips, Seed-Head

Inv = Invasive; so pot the plant instead
Mid = Middle of Border
Nat = Naturalize
Nor = North-facing Wall
Pois = Poisonous
Pot = Grow in Pot
PotGr = Pot in Greenhouse, Conservatory, Houseplant
Pout = Plant Supportless
Psoil = Tolerates Poor Soil
Psup = Plant Supported
Sha = Tolerates Shade, Part Shade, Shade Part of Day
Roc = Rock Garden, Cliff, Scree, Gravel
San = on Sand Dunes
Shr = Climber in Shrubs
Spe = Speciman
Sta = Grow as Standard
Swo = Sword-shaped leaf
Tho = Thorns repel
Tless = Thornless
Tre = Climber in Tree
Und = Underplant
Veg = in Vegetable Garden
Wal = Grow as Wall Rose
Walls = Grows on Walls
Wat = Grow next to Water
Wet = Grow in Wet Soil
Wild = Attracts Wildlife
Woo = Woodland