Ivydene Gardens Garden Construction:
Work Schedule for Hard and Soft Landscaping

Having got everything agreed on paper or the PC, the exciting part begins.


Hard Landscaping

If the garden is large, split the construction into garden sections. Then, execute the following hard landscaping for each section (books from the Practical Projects part of the Library may assist):

  • Remove all redundant items of hard landscaping and soft landscaping from the site .
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  • If access to the area permits, erect the boundaries (walls, fences or hedges). If your garden is very exposed, then Hortifence Windbreak will provide 58% shade and wind reduction instead of using either a solid fence or a wall. Remember to put up anti-rabbit fencing if required.
  • Excavate and lay base materials of paths, steps, patios and ground floors of garages, greenhouses, sheds or summerhouses.
  • Lay main electrical cables/irrigation water pipes along paths to junctions for beds, buildings etc.


This could be described as a dangerous way of connecting to an electrical supply.

Build each of the buildings such as garage, greenhouse, shed or summerhouse. You can use Porcupipe device which is designed to keep virtually any water gutter system clear and free from all kinds of debris including moss and leaves.



Perhaps this is not the safest support system for scaffolding.

Build rock gardens, ponds (See Case 8 Creation of Pond), patios, pergolas, trellis --- The Gripple System with wire and 100mm vine-eyes with 35x8 Screw Eyes at the ends top and bottom of system is the fastest way to trellis fruit and vines or use Green Wall Wire Trellis Kits to do the same job ---, or frames.


Do remember to check that Page 1 joins up in the correct place to Page 2 of your construction plan, before starting.

Complete the patios, steps and finally the paths.


Remember to either build the tunnel at the same time or put up signs that this road goes nowhere.


Soft Landscaping: Soil Conditioning

Before starting the planting, the soil must be conditioned. It is unlikely you will ever again have such a good opportunity to tackle a whole bed, and be able to make use of bulk deliveries of compost, if you have insufficient of your own. Spot treatments later on as you add plants will help, but if everything goes into a well prepared bed, it is more likely to thrive. Chemical fertilisers are no substitute for material which actually improves the structure of the growing medium. It’s a bit like taking vitamin tablets in substitution for eating fresh fruit and vegetables.

To convert a sand, silt or clay soil to a loam in order to provide the best condition for growing plants, together with improving its water-retentive properties, organic matter must be added to the soil (See Soil Texture), together with sand to a clay only soil or clay to a sand only soil.

After clearing the area of all perennial weeds and large stones, one of the following should be done.

  • In the ideal world, double dig the area with organic matter (garden compost, well-rotted farmyard manure, straw, hops, leaf mould or spent mushroom compost) which should be added at both levels of digging, in the autumn, (unfortunately, double digging is a very time-consuming procedure, so if you are paying someone, it will be expensive), or a more realistic option is to rotavate the area. Spread 10cm (4in) thick layer of organic matter and rotavate that in.
  • If time and money are very limited, then mulch the area with a 10cm (4in) thick layer of organic matter. Leave the ground to settle. If the manure is not well rotted, it is important to give it time to neutralise, or any plant you insert into it will get damaged. It takes about a month.


Plant the plants in the following order:-

Trees with their 0.61m (2ft) high stakes and ties,
Bulbs, and last


All plants need water to get established and so the designed submerged irrigation system is likely to be a worthwhile investment. Properly done, it means using water effectively, and not wasting it on bare earth or losing it by evaporation. Sprinklers and sprays are inefficient, and hoses or cans are hard work. If the ground is swampy or a bog then use Aquadyne to drain it for you before planting (example below).


Grateful when it rains, but there is too much air-conditioning.



Lay the irrigation system round the plants and place a 10cm (4in) thick mulch of Spent Mushroom Compost for Alkaline Soils (Chalk Soil) or Cow Manure for acidic soils on top, before watering the plants in.


Whilst this is about Cricket pitches, the benefits of Aquadyne are equally applicable to any surface that is prone to waterlogging:-


Livingston Cricket Club is bowled over by the Romans

 Cricketers playing at the Dresselrigg ground near Edinburgh no longer have to pack their wellies before taking to the field thanks to a revolutionary drainage system that can trace its roots back to the Roman occupation of Britain



The Aquadyne drainage system, installed at the Livingstone Cricket Club ground five years ago, has been designed to match a ground drying system found on a Yorkshire farm that was put down by the Romans.

Aquadyne’s James Arrowsmith explains: “The farmer and researchers from Newcastle University identified that the Romans had laid blackthorn briars in a trench and, to this day, it removes excess water by a wick and open cavity system.  The water trickles down along the surfaces of the ancientaquadyne3 briars without ever becoming clogged by sand and stones. 


“It was this discovery that led to the creation of Aquadyne.  It is produced from any plastic –  shopping bags and bread trays to flower pots and silage wrappers - and different types of plastic can be mixed together.   The Aquadyne panels sit just a few inches below the surface and the water trickles down through the cavities and, just like the Roman prototype, it never becomes clogged with sand or stone.”

Jim Wilson, the Head Groundsman at Livingstone Cricket Club, heard about the product and decided to use it to drain the outfield at the Dresselrigg ground.

“It was simple to install.  We used 3000 linear metres and didn’t damage the surface of the outfield.  Since it has been in place the ground has been transformed.  Regardless of what the weather throws at us, our ground dries out quickly, without surface cracking.  We are absolutely delighted with the result – in fact the ground has got better and better over the five years that it has been installed”.

aquadyne4The environment also benefits from this product because the panels are made from 100% post use recycled plastics which means that up to 2 tonnes of greenhouse gases are saved for every 200 panels produced.

Soccer and rugby pitches have also benefited from this unique drainage system and it is used extensively in golf clubs in the UK and the United States.

Individual panels measure 220mm x 45mm x 1 metre and have a proven flow rate of 18,000 millimetres of water per hour.  It can be quickly and easily installed without massive interference to the playing surface of sports pitches.





Glossary for Page

Trellis A latticework structure designed to support climbing plants.

Leaf mould Fibrous, flaky material derived from decomposed leaves, used as an ingredient in potting media and as a soil improver.

Mulch A material applied in a layer to the soil surface to suppress weeds, conserve moisture, and maintain a preferably cool even root temperature. In addition to organic materials such as manure, bark, and garden compost, polythene, foil and gravel may also be used (see also Floating Cloche)


No matter what situations life throws at you...
no matter how long and treacherous your journey may seem...
Remember, there is a light at the end of the tunnel....!





Garden Construction Pages

Work schedule for hard and soft landscaping *
Site Map



Explanation of Structure of this Website with User Guidelines Page for those photo galleries with Photos
(of either ones I have taken myself or others which have been loaned only for use on this website from external sources)


Choose 1 of these different Plant selection Methods:-

1. Choose a plant from 1 of 53 flower colours in the Colour Wheel Gallery.

2. Choose a plant from 1 of 12 flower colours in each month of the year from 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery.

3. Choose a plant from 1 of 6 flower colours per month for each type of plant:-
Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Herbaceous Perennial
Odds and Sods
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Wild Flower

4. Choose a plant from its Flower Shape:-
Shape, Form

Flower Shape

5. Choose a plant from its foliage:-

6. There are 6 Plant Selection Levels including Bee Pollinated Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers in
Plants Topic.


7. When I do not have my own or ones from mail-order nursery photos , then from March 2016, if you want to start from the uppermost design levels through to your choice of cultivated and wildflower plants to change your Plant Selection Process then use the following galleries:-

  • Create and input all plants known by Amateur Gardening inserted into their Sanders' Encyclopaedia from their edition published in 1960 (originally published by them in 1895) into these
    • Stage 1 - Garden Style Index Gallery,
    • Stage 2 - Infill Plants Index Gallery being the only gallery from these 7 with photos (from Wikimedia Commons) ,
    • Stage 3 - All Plants Index Gallery with each plant species in its own Plant Type Page followed by choice from Stage 4a, 4b, 4c and/or 4d REMEMBERING THE CONSTRAINTS ON THE SELECTION FROM THE CHOICES MADE IN STAGES 1 AND 2
    • Stage 4a - 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery,
    • Stage 4b - 12 Foliage Colours per Month Index Gallery with
    • Stage 4c - Cultivation, Position, Use Index Gallery and
    • Stage 4d - Shape, Form Index Gallery
    • Unfortunately, if you want to have 100's of choices on selection of plants from 1000's of 1200 pixels wide by up to 16,300 pixels in length webpages, which you can jump to from almost any of the pages in these 7 galleries above, you have to put up with those links to those choices being on
      • the left topic menu table,
      • the header of the middle data table and on
      • the page/index menu table on the right of every page of those galleries.


I like reading and that is shown by the index in my Library, where I provide lists of books to take you between designing, maintaining or building a garden and the hierarchy of books on plants taking you from

There are other pages on Plants which bloom in each month of the year in this website:-



Site design and content copyright ©December 2006. Page structure amended October 2012. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

Case Studies


...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction *
Garden Design
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants Garden Maintenance
Offbeat Glossary
...Poisonous Plants
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data


Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens
A 1, Photos
B 1, Photos
C 1, Photos
D 1, Photos
E 1, Photos
F 1, Photos
G 1, Photos
H 1, Photos
I 1, Photos
J 1, Photos
K 1, Photos
L 1, Photos
M 1, Photos
N 1, Photos
O 1, Photos
P 1, Photos
Q 1, Photos
R 1, Photos
S 1, Photos
T 1, Photos
U 1, Photos
V 1, Photos
W 1, Photos
X 1 Photos
Y 1, Photos
Z 1 Photos
Articles/Items in Ivydene Gardens
Flower Shape and Plant Use of
Evergreen Perennial
Herbaceous Perennial

...by Flower Shape

...Allium/ Anemone
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evgr
...Heather Shrub
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evgr
Herbaceous Perennial
...P -Herbaceous
...RHS Wisley
...Flower Shape
Odds and Sods
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit


Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
Site Map page in its flower colour
NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
...Brown Note
...Cream Note
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note
Wildflower Plants


Topic - Flower/Foliage Colour
Colour Wheel Galleries

Following your choice using Garden Style then that changes your Plant Selection Process
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form

you could use these Flower Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12
with its
Explanation of
Structure of this Website with

...User Guidelines
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
Rock Garden and Alpine Flower Colour Wheel with number of colours
Rock Plant Flowers 53

...Rock Plant Photos

these Foliage Colour Wheels structures, which I have done but until I can take the photos and I am certain of the plant label's validity, these may not progress much further
All Foliage 212

All Spring Foliage 212
All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212

Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index


Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Usage of Plants
by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly usage of
Plant A-C
Plant C-M
Plant N-W
Butterfly usage of Plant

followed by all the Wild Flower Family Pages:-


(o)Adder's Tongue
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels


(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 1
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 2
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 3 (o)Hazel
(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)


(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
(o)Peaflower Clover 1
(o)Peaflower Clover 2
(o)Peaflower Clover 3
(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Rannock Rush
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses


(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Water Fern
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort


It is worth remembering that especially with roses that the colour of the petals of the flower may change - The following photos are of Rosa 'Lincolnshire Poacher' which I took on the same day in R.V. Roger's Nursery Field:-


Closed Bud


Opening Bud


Juvenile Flower


Older Juvenile Flower


Middle-aged Flower - Flower Colour in Season in its
Rose Description Page is
"Buff Yellow, with a very slight pink tint at the edges in May-October."


Mature Flower


Juvenile Flower and Dying Flower


Form of Rose Bush

There are 720 roses in the Rose Galleries; many of which have the above series of pictures in their respective Rose Description Page.

So one might avoid the disappointment that the 2 elephants had when their trunks were entwined instead of them each carrying their trunk using their own trunk, and your disappointment of buying a rose to discover that the colour you bought it for is only the case when it has its juvenile flowers; if you look at all the photos of the roses in the respective Rose Description Page!!!!