Ivydene Gardens Plant Botanical Index Gallery:
Index: A

Plant Botanical Name:
AA, AB, AC, AD

 

Plant Botanical Name:
AE, AF, AG, AH

 

Plant Botanical Name:
AI, AJ, AK, Al

AA

AE

AI

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

See Other Aethionema in bottom row
Aethionema armenum
-
Ep-Cushion Other Roc Walls
PotGr-Alpine House
Aethionema grandiflorum -
Ep-Spreading Pink Roc Walls
PotGr-Alpine House
Aethionema schistosum - Rg
Pink Fra PotGr-Cushion in
Alpine House
Aethionema 'Warley Rose' -
Ep-Mat Roc Walls
PotGr-Alpine House

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AB

AF

AJ

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gardenia compares 6 Abelia. Seasonal Gardening states cultivation details
Abelia x grandiflora
- Es-Arching
White Fra Bac Cott
Abelia schumannii
- Ds
2 Colours Walls Hed Bac

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Abies koreana -
Co-Narrow-Conical Cone Spe

 

Combine Ajuga with pink, pale blue and mauve flowers. Use under fruit trees with bulbs. Also useful as a groundcover between larger perennials and shrubs.
Ajuga genevensis
- Ep-Mat Other
Woo-Edg Gra
Ajuga pyramidalis 'Arctic Fox' -
Ep-Mat Other Edg Sha Woo
Ajuga reptans - Ep-Mat Blue Edg
Sha Woo
Ajuga reptans 'Atropurpurea' -
Ep-Mat Blue Edg Sha Woo
Foliage is Reddish-Purple
Ajuga reptans 'Braunherz' -
Ep-Mat Blue Edg Sha Woo
Foliage is Purple with Bronze Tint
Ajuga reptans 'Burgundy Glow' -
Ep-Mat Blue Edg Sha Woo
Foliage is Silver-Green,
flushed Red
Ajuga reptans 'Catlin's Giant' -
Ep-Mat Blue Edg Gro
Foliage is Bronze-Purple
Ajuga reptans 'Rainbow' - Ep-Mat
Blue Edg Gro Foliage is Varie-
gated Bronze-Green and Pink
Ajuga reptans 'Valfredda' - Ep-Mat
Blue Edg Gro Foliage is
Chocolate-Brown
Ajuga reptans 'Variegata' -
Ep-Mat Blue Edg Gro Foliage is
Grey-green margined and
splashed Cream

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Abutilon mega-potamicum -
Es-Arching 2 Colours
Pot-Fless-move to frost free
in winter PotGr-Conservatory
Sha
Abutilon suntense
- Ds-Arching
Other Pot Bac Bee

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AC

AG

AK

Acacia karroo (Vachellia karroo)
- Dt-Rounded Yellow Bee Tho
Fra Walls-PotGr in Conservatory
Acaena buchananii
- Ep-Mat
Yellow Ban Gro
Rock Garden or Containers
Walls- and crevices of
paving stones
Acaena inermis 'Purpurea' -
Ep-Mat Other Gro Ban
Walls- and crevices of
paving stones
Acaena magellanica
georgia-australis
- Ep-Mat
Other Gro Ban
Walls- and crevices of
paving stones
Acaena microphylla - Ep-Mat
Other Ban Gro
Rock Garden or Containers
Walls- and crevices of
paving stones

Broadleigh Gardens and Hoyland Plant Centre offer Agapanthus plants. Keep plants moist until autumn after flowers start to fade.
Agapanthus africanus blue
-
Ep-Clump Blue Cut Pot
albus - Hp-Clump White Cut
Best in UK to PotGr in winter
and plunge pots in garden
beds during the summer
'Bressingham Blue' - Hp-Clump
Blue Cut In UK PotGr as above
'Buckingham Palace' - Hp-Erect
Blue Bac
campanulatus var. albidus -
Hp-Clump White Pot
'Headbourne Hybrids' -
Hp-Clump Blue Mid Bed-Mass
'Loch Hope' - Hp-Clump Blue
Bac Pot
'Midnight Blue' - Hp-Erect Blue
Cut Hip-Seedheads Edg
PotGr-in House during winter
in northern UK
praecox Maximus Albus -
Hp-Erect White Mid Coast
'Silver Mist' - Hp-Erect Blue
Mid PotGr-Fless-Greenhouse in
Autumn, Winter, Spring

 

 

 

 

See Other Acantholimon in bottom row
Acantholimon
armenum - Rg Pink
PotGr-Cushion in Alpine House
Acantholimon echinus (Prickly Thrift) - Rg 2 Colours
PotGr-Mound in Alpine House
Acantholimon glumaceum -
Ep-Mat Pink Roc-Walls-in
garden. Easier in UK in
PotGr-Alpine House
Acantholimon huetii (Prickly
Thrift) - Rg Pink
PotGr-Cushion in Alpine House
Acantholimon ulicinum var. creticum - Rg White
PotGr-Cushion in Alpine House
Acantholimon venustum -
Ep-Cushion Pink
Roc-Walls-in garden. Easier
in UK in PotGr-Alpine House

Agastache 'Black Adder' -
Hp-Erect Other Fra-licorice on
leaves for Butterfly Bac Bee
Und-with grasses Mid Pot Cut
Sha Psup
Agastache 'Blue Fortune' -
Hp-Erect Blue Bee Psoil
Roc-gravel Fless-Treat as annual
unless PotGr in House and only
put pot outside in Summer
in UK

 

Acanthus spinosus - Hp-Mound
Other Tho-spines on leaves
Gro-in Herbaceous bed
Hed-boundary

 

 

 

 

 

Acer palmatum 'Bloodgood' -
Ds-Mound Red Spe Edg Roc
Wild
Acer palmatum 'Burgundy Lace'
- Ds Red Pot Bac Roc
Acer palmatum 'Chitoseyama' -
Ds Red Sha Spe Hed
Acer palmatum 'Dissectum Atropurpureum' - Ds-Mound
Red Fru Hed Pot Grown for
Autumn Foliage colour

Some Eupatorium were reclassified as Ageratina
Ageratina altissima 'Braunlaub'

- Hp-Erect White Sha Bac Psup

 

 

 

 

See Other Achillea in bottom row.
Achilleas do not like wet soil. Stake using bamboo canes or brushwood before the flowers appear. Cut down to the ground in late winter. Lift and divide large clumps in late autumn or early spring.
Achillea 'Apfelblute' - Hp-Erect
Pink Cut Bed-Mass in bed,
wild garden or meadow
chrysocoma
- Ep-Clump
Yellow Cut Mid
'Credo' - Hp-Erect
Yellow Cut Bed-Mass in bed,
wild garden or meadow
'Fanal' - Hp-Erect Red
Bed-Mass as above
filipendulina 'Cloth of Gold' -
Hp-Erect Yellow Cut Bee Bac
Und-with grasses
filipendula 'Gold Plate' - Hp-Erect
Yellow Bac Cut Coast Spe
filipend-ulina 'Parker's Variety' -
Hp-Erect Yellow Wild-Butterfly
Bee Gro Bac
grandifolia - Hp-Erect White
Woo Bac Cut
millefolium 'Cerise Queen' -
Hp-Erect Red Mid
Und-with Lavandula 'Hidcote'
under pink roses
ptarmica 'Boule de Neige' -
Hp-Erect White Cut
Und-with Lavandula 'Hidcote'
under pink roses
ptarmica 'Perry's White' -
Hp-Clump White Bee Wild
Edg Pot Roc
'Summer-wine' - Hp-Erect Red
Mid AGM from RHS
'Terracotta' - Hp-Erect Other
Bed-Mass Cut One of the
most popular

 

 

 

 

 

Acis Flowers have a sweet perfume in an sunny or shady shrub beds, or indoor in windowboxes
Use is PotGr Roc Edg Cut
Woo Nat Fra Sha
Acis autumnalis
- Bu White
Acis autumnalis pulchellum -
Bu White
Acis autumnale
'September Snow'
- Bu White
Acis valentinum - Bu White

Aconitums are poisonous against humans and animals - not attacked by slugs. Use in a mixed border / woodland and Wild Garden. Wash your hands after handling it
Aconitum hemsleyanum -
Cl-Twiner Other Woo-Sha
cammarum - Bu
Other Cut Wild Bee Sha Pois
cammarum 'Stainless Steel' -
Hp-Clump Blue Cut Edg-Bed
Edg-Woo
carmichaelii 'Barker's Variety'
- Hp-Erect Blue Bac Sha
carmichaelii 'Kelmscott' -
Hp Blue Bac Sha
heterophyllum - Bu
2 Colours Sha Woo Bee Pois
japonicum - Bu
Blue Sha Woo Pois
lycoctonum - Bu
Yellow Sha Woo Bee Pois
lycoctonum subsp. vulparia -
Hp-Erect Yellow Sha Woo-Edg
Wild-Butterflies
Aconitium napellus - Bu Other
Cut Pot Sha Bac
napellus 'Bicolor' - Hp-Erect Blue
Sha Bac
piepunense - Hp-Erect Blue
Use in an island bed
surrounded by lawn in a light
woodland clearing on a
South-facing slope
'Spark's Variety
' - Hp Blue Bac
Sha
variegatum - Bu
2 Colours Sha Pois

 

Akebia quinata Cl-Tw Other
Fra Fru PotGr-Greenhouse Sha
Gro-Woo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Support using ring stakes well before the flowers appear. Cut spent flowers down to the ground in spring. Lift and divide congested colonies in late autumn or early spring.
Actaea simplex 'Brunette'
-
Hp-Erect White Bac-between
evergreens Fra Sha Woo Cott
Nat Bed-Mass Spe
simplex 'Pink Spike' - Hp-Erect
Pink Fra Wild-Butterfly
Bac- between evergreens
Rich Purple-Brown foliage
simplex 'Prichards Giant' -
Hp-Erect-Clump White Fra Bac

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Actinidia deliciosa - Cl-Tw
Other Fra Fru-Kiwi-Fruit Bee
Edib PotGr-Greenhouse

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AD

AH

AL

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hollyhocks are a cottage garden flower with their drought and heat tolerance.
Alcea rosea 'Chater's Double' -
salmon
- Hp-Erect Pink Bac Cott
Bed-Mass Bee Wild-Butterfly
See Pest Control in Companion
Planting against slugs
rosea 'Chater's Double' - scarlet -
Hp-Erect Red Bac Cott
Bed-Mass Bee Wild-Butterfly
rosea 'Chater's Double' - white -
Hp-Erect White Bac Cott
Bed-Mass Bee Wild-Butterfly
rosea 'Chater's Double' - yellow -
Hp-Erect Yellow Bac Cott
Bed-Mass Bee Wild-Butterfly
rosea 'Nigra' - Hp-Erect Red Bac
Bed-Mass Bee Wild-Butterfly
Cott

 

 

Botanic Garden of Cambridge University. has a collection of Alchemilla
Alchemilla alpina - Al-Mat Other
Cott Gra Roc Gro-under roses
conjuncta - Al-Mat Other Roc
Gro-under roses
mollis - Al-Clump Other Cott Gro

 

 

 

 

 

See further details in bottom row
Alectorurus yedoensis platypetala
- Rg White Woo Roc-Cliff
PotGr-Tuft of Leaves in
Alpine House

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

All Alliums have the smell that repels aphids and long-lasting cut flowers. Plant with other plants to hide dying foliage of alliums.
See pages on plant combinations of Alliums with other plants.
Alliums have further details in Allium/ Anemone Gallery and in bottom row
Allium acuminatum
- Bu Other
Roc Ban Sha PotGr Edib
Allium aflatunense
'Purple Sensation'
- Bu Other
Wild Fra Cut
Allium altissimum 'Goliath' - Bu
Other Fra Wild Swo Cut Sha
Allium ampeloprasum - Bu
Other
Allium amphibolum Bu Other Fra
Wild Cut
Allium amplectens - Bu Other
Roc Woo
Allium angulosum - Bu Other
Wild Woo Pot Edg Fra Wat Sha
Cut Edible-Plant
Allium azureum - Bu Blue Edg
Pot Wild Ban Cut Sha
Allium 'Beau Regard' - Bu
Other Roc Cut
Allium caeruleum - Bu Blue Cut
Allium caesium - Bu Blue Wild
Coast Psoil Bed Cut
Allium carinatum
pulchellum 'Album'
- Bu White
Bed Psoil Pot Roc Sha Cut
Allium callimischon
callimischon
- Bu Other
Roc PotGr
Allium cepa var viviparum - Bu
Other Mid Fru Herb Veg
Allium cernuum - Bu Pink Woo
Sha Roc Wild Edg Cut
Allium christophii - Bu Blue Ban
Pot Wild Cut
Allium cowanii - Bu White Roc
Pot Edg Sha Edible-Flowers
Cut
Allium crenulatum - Bu Other
Roc Pot
Allium cupanii - Bu Pink Wild
Pot Woo PotGr Roc Edible
Bee PotGr
Allium cyaneum - Bu Blue Wild
Roc Edg Bee Colour Rock Photos
Allium cyathophorum
var farreri
- Bu Other Sha Roc
Pot Edg Bee Gra Ban
Pois to cats and dogs
Allium falcifolium - Bu Other Roc
Ban PotGr Edg Bee Wild Coast
Cut Woo
Allium flavum - Bu Yellow
Edg Roc Bee Wild Cott
Allium flavum nanum - Bu Yellow
Roc Bee Cut Pot Edg Cott
Allium geyeri - Bu Pink Bee
Wat Nat
Allium giganteum - Bu Other
FraBee Wild Cut Bac
Allium 'Gladiator' - Bu Other
Fra Ban Wild Cut Pot Spe Roc
Allium 'Globemaster' - Bu Other
Cut Spe Bee
Allium 'Globus' - Bu Other Cut
Allium hirtifolium 'Album' - Bu
White Spe
Allium 'His Excellency' - Bu Other
Cut Bed Bee Wild Edg
Allium x hollandicum - Bu Other
Cut
Allium jesdianum
'Akbulak'
- Bu Other Cut Gra
Allium jesdianum ssp angustitepalum - Bu Other
Allium jesdianum
'Michael Hoog
' - Bu Other
Cut Bed
Allium jesdianum
'Purple King
' - Bu Other Cut Wet
Allium jesdianum
'Shing'
- Bu Other Edg
Allium kansuensis - Bu Blue
Sha Gra Woo Roc Und
Allium karataviense - Bu 2 Colours
Sha Gro Cut Bed Pot
Allium karataviense
'Ivory Queen
' - Bu White Edg Gro
Pot Wild Bee Roc Cott Bed
Allium lenkoranicum - Bu Other
Bed Cut
Allium 'Lucy Ball' - Bu Other Cut
Pot Mid Roc
Allium macleanii - Bu Other Ban
Cut Pot
Allium macranthum - Bu Other
Roc Wet
Allium mairon var. amabile - Rg
Pink PotGr-Tuft of Leaves in
Alpine House

Allium 'Mars' - Bu Other Sha Cut
Pot Bed Edg Mid Bee Wild
Allium maximowiczii - Bu Pink
Gra Wat Woo Wet
Allium moly - Bu Yellow Sha
Cut Roc Und
Allium moly 'Jeannine' - Bu
Yellow Sha Roc Mid Bee Wild
Nat Und Edg Pot Gro
Allium 'Mont Blanc' - Bu White
Fra Sha Cut Spe PotGr Bed
Roc Wild
Allium multibulbosum - Bu
2 Colours Fra Sha Nat Cut
Bee Pot
Allium neapolitanum - Bu White
Pot Gra Roc Edib Fra Nat Cut
Wild Cott Gro PotGr
Allium nevskianum - Bu Red
PotGr Bee Gro Coast
Allium nigrum - Bu 2 Colours
Cut
Allium nutans - Bu Pink Bee
Wild Pot Roc Ban Gra
Allium obliquum - Bu Other Cut
Nat Edib Gra Woo-Ban
Alium paradoxum normale - Bu
White Pot Woo
Allium plummerae - Bu 2 Colours
Wet Wat Roc
Allium oreophilum - Bu Pink
Roc Gro Fra Mid Edg Pot Cut
Allium pulchellum - Bu Red Cut
Bee Wild Pot Edg Mid
Allium ramosum - Bu White
Edible Bee Wild Pot Roc Edg
Allium rosenbachianum - Bu
Other Cut Wild
Allium roseum - Bu Pink Bee
Roc Hed Pot Bed Mid Cut
Gra Coast
Allium 'Round and Purple' - Bu
Other Sha Bee Wild Pot Cut Bac
Edg Mid
Allium saxatile - Bu 2 Colours
Alp Pot Roc Ban
Allium schoenoprasum - Bu
Other Woo Edg Hed Roc Bee
Bed Pot Edib Cott
Allium schoenoprasum
albiflorum
- Bu White Cut Edg
Cott Veg Pot Bee Wild Und
Allium schoenoprasum
'Forescate'
- Bu Pink Cut Pot
Herb Wild Bed Edg Edib Woo
Hed
Allium schubertii - Bu 2 Colours
Fra Edg Pot Bee Wild Cut
Allium scorodoprasum - Bu Other
Gra Coast Wat Woo Gra Hed
Allium sikkimense (beesianum) -
Rg Blue PotGr-Clump in
Alpine House

Allium sphaerocephalum - Bu
Other Sha Bed Roc Wild
Cott Woo Gra Nat Pot Cut
Allium sphaerocephalon - Bu
Red Sha Bed Roc
Allium stamineum - Bu Other
Roc Ban Woo
Allium stipitatum - Bu Other
Sha Cut Roc Ban Pot
Allium stipitatum 'Album' - Bu
White Sha Pot Cut Roc Pot
Mid Spe Edib
Allium stipitatum
'Mount Everest
' - Bu White Cut
Nat Wild Cott Bed Roc
Allium subvilosum - Bu White
Cut Coast San Gra
Allium triquetrum - Bu 2 Colours
Sha Gro Psoil Edib Hed Woo
Use only in pot in the UK
Allium unifolium - Bu Pink
Alp Edg Bee Wild Woo Coast
Gra Pot Pois to cat, dog, horse
Allium ursinum - Bu White Sha
Woo Gro Nat Edib
Allium vineale 'Hair' - Bu Other
Sha Cut Nat
Allium violaceum - Bu Other Gra
Coast Wet Woo
Allium wallichii - Bu Other Cut
Edg Mid Edib Woo Gra Wat
Allium zebdanense - Bu White
Sha Coast Roc

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ChileFlora.com details these Chilean plants and sells its seeds. For protection in the first winter - in the UK garden - against frost; apply a mulch of 8 inches (20cms) of bark. Viv Marsh Postal Plants sells them.
Alstroemeria aurantiaca
- Bu
Yellow Sha Cut
Alstroemeria brasiliensis -
Hp-Erect Other Gro-under
deciduous trees or shrubs Psup
Alstroemeria 'Friendship' -
Hp-Erect Other Bac Sha Cut
Alstroemeria'Tessa' - Hp-Erect Red
Sha Fless Mid Psup
Alstroemeria versicolor - Bu
Yellow Sha-Woo
Alstroemeria psittacina - Bu
2 Colours Sha PotGr in winter
Cut
Alstroemeria pelegrina - Bu
2 Colours Sha San-Coast Roc
PotGr
Alstroemeria diazii - Bu Other
Sha
Alstroemeria ligtu - Bu Other
Ban Coast Psoil
Alstroemeria haemantha - Bu
Red Sha-Woo Coast Cut

 

 

Althaea cannabina - Hp-Erect
Other Bac Roc Edg-Woo
Nat-Gra Psup

 

 

See Other Alyssum in bottom row
Alyssum montanum
- Ep-Mat
Yellow Roc Edg Walls-Crevices
PotGr-Alpine House
Alyssum saxatile - Ep-Mat Yellow
Roc Edg Walls-Crevices
PotGr-Alpine House

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


The Alpine Garden Society Encyclopedia of Alpines Volume One (A-K) (ISBN 0-900048-61-1) and Volume Two (L-Z) (ISBN 0-900048-62-X) superceeds The English Rock Garden (1919) by Reginald Farrer and its supplement The Present Day Rock Garden (1937) by Sampson Clay.

The above encyclopedias by the Alpine Garden Society describe 1000 genera of all alpine plants in cultivation, as well as many found in the wild but not yet in cultivation. All have rock garden or alpine house potential and the larger plants can be used in herbaceous borders. From page Viii of Volume One:-
"What is an alpine plant? Technically and from a botanical perspective alpine plants are those which grow above the tree line in mountain regions of the world in what are called subalpine and alpine zones; this includes species found at low altitudes in severe climates devoid of trees such as the Arctic and Antarctic. From a horticultural point of view, however, this definition is extended to include many other small flowering plants and ferns from low altitudes, whether from the seashore, marsh or woodland. 'Alpine' and 'rock garden' are frequently used to encompass this wide spectrum of different plants. In reality any small plant suitable for growing on the rock garden, scree, raised bed or in a trough in the open garden, as well as a great range of others more easily grown within the confines of an unheated glasshouse or cold frame, are included here within the definition of 'alpine'.

By general agreement, rock and alpine plants are thought to be small, often with a hummock, mat or tufted habit and often less than 12-15 inches (30-38 cms) tall. However, anyone who has visited a mountain region will know that not all the plants seen there necessarily fit into this handy definition; larger perennials and shrubs may sometimes be seen cheek by jowl with the hummocks and mats. A visit into any large rock garden, such as those of the well known botanic gardens at Kew and Edinburgh reveals a similar mixture and it is this larger concept that is used here. In general 24 inches (60 cms) in height and 39 inches (98 cms) spread has been taken as the maximum, but at the same time some potentially larger plants are included, for example the large yellow gentian found in the Alps and Pyrenees, Gentiana lutea, or the stately giant rhubarb of the Himalaya, Rheum nobile; both large plants but indisputably alpine."

Rock Garden (Alpines) suitable for Small Gardens in 53 Colours
These plants can be mixed with bulbs in your rock garden.
Click on number in flower colour required in that month.

colourwheelexported1a1a1a1

FLOWERING IN MONTH
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

Ivydene Gardens Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery:
Rock Garden Plant Index: A with table detailing the abbreviations, which have been used in compiling the following list of Rock Plants for small gardens in order to make it possible to provide all the required information at a glance in a condensed form.

Botanical Plant Name

Suit-ability

Type

Height and Spread in Inches.

1 inch is appro-xima-tely 2.5cm

Soil

Position and Pro-tection

Flower Colour / Nearest Colour Wheel - Flowers Colour

Months of Flowering

Propa-gation

ACANTHOLIMON

Acantholimon is a genus of dwarf perennial plants with hard, usually grey, spiny leaves and tufted cushion-like growth. Natives of hot dry countries from Asia Minor eastwards, they need a sunny, raised position, and very sharp drainage. They are attractive at all seasons because of their tufts of needle-like leaves, and habit of remaining neat after flowering, owing to the persistent calyces.

androsaceum (syn. A. echinus) ***

A

SSE

6 x 6

A

Sun

Pink

......

June

CH

armenum ***

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

creticum ***

A

SSE

3 x 4

A

Sun

White

 

June

CH

glumaceum

A

SSE

3 x 6

A

Sun

Pink and purple

......

July

CH

huetii ***

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

libanoticum

A

SSE

3 x 4

A

Sun

White

......

June

CH

oliveri

A

SSE

6 x 6

A

Sun

Pink

......

June

CH

venustum

A

SSE

6 x 6

A

Sun

Pink

......

June

CH

ACHILLEA

Yarrow or Milfoil species suitable for the rock garden owe much of their value to their finely cut foliage. Requires sunny positions in any good, well-drained soil. They may live longer and certainly flower more freely in soil which is poor rather than rich.

ageratifolia

A

E

4 x 6

A

Sun

White

 

June

C

chrysocoma

A

E

8 x 12

A

Sun

Yellow

......

July

D

clavennae

A

E

6 x 6

A

Sun

White

 

July

RC

umbellata

A

E

4 x 6

A

Sun

White

 

July

RC

ADONIS

These Adonis species have leaves divided in 3, with each segment much subdivided into linear divisions to the base. They are entirely herbaceous and the first sign of life in the New Year is the fat flower bud guarded by the under-developed leaves. The flower opens before the leaves are fully developed, and is a conspicuous feature in early spring with its ample yellow petals and boss of golden stamens. The following are both under 6" when the flowers first open, but later the leafy stems develop to their full height, forming a densely feathery clump. They can be increased by seeds or by division in the early spring as soon as growth begins.

"Habitat in gardens
If it can be arranged, matching up the natural habitat of Adonis with the same conditions in the garden works best, such as a location on the north or east side of a deciduous small tree or shrub in somewhat acidic soil. Avoid heavy clay soils. Adonis wants all light it can get without full afternoon sun until the tree or shrub leafs out, then a cool root run with an organic mulch.
Companions
Any tree or shrub that does well in acidic soil works well. My choices are witch-hazel, deciduous azalea, or rhododendrons. Since Adonis bloom in late winter, hellebore of color choice, primrose, snowdrops, and Eranthus or winter aconite." from Munchkin Nursery and Gardens.

amurensis

A

HP

9 x 9

AL

Sun

Golden

 

March

S

vernalis

A

HP

9 x 9

AL

Sun

Golden-Yellow

 

April

S

AETHIONEMA

These little sub-shrubs have a neat, bushy habit, the much-branched stems bearing many narrow, rather succulent little leaves, usually of a lovely blue-grey. The individual flowers, in shades of pink, are small, but they are borne in many headed clusters at the ends of the branches. They are easy to grow in any light, well-drained soil, in full sun. They are lime-lovers but will tolerate neutral soil. Propagate by seeds or by cuttings made from soft growth tips before flower buds are formed.

armenum

A

SSE

4 x 8

A

Sun

Pink

......

May-July

GC

coridifolium

A

E

6 x 8

AL

Sun

Bright Pink

 

May

GC

grandiflorum

A

E

10 x 12

AL

Sun

Deep Pink

......

June

GC

iberideum

A

E

6 x 12

AL

Sun

White

 

March

GC

kotschyi

B

SSE

3 x 4

A

Sun

Pink

 

June

GCS

pulchellum

A

E

8 x 9

AL

Sun

Pink

 

May

GC

schistosum ***

A

SSE

4 x 8

A

Sun

Pink

 

June

GC

warleyense 'Warley Rose'

A

E

4 x 20

A

Sun

Pink

......

May-August

GC

ALECTORURUS

A monotypic genus of 1 Japanese species from mountain woodlands. From the thick rootstock of Alectorurus yedoensis rises tufts of long and narrow leaves; and fairly tall stems bearing panicles of white bell-shaped flowers.

yedoensis
platypetala ***

"A plant of the local race (var. platypetala) of Alectorurus yedoensis, a liliaceous plant with flower stems 10cm tall bearing very small brown-tinged white flowers." from Plant Hunting in Yakushima in Barnes-Botany.

ALLIUM

The majority of the onions are too large for alpine house or frame culture. The smell of garlic is hardly ever noticeable unless the plant is bruised. They can bridge the flowering gap between the spring and autumn bulbs. Most have narrow, linear leaves, and have flowers in umbels held well above the leaves, which are visited by bees for the nectar.

anceps

A

B

5 x 4

A

Sun

Pale Pink

 

August

S

cernuum ***

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

cyaneum ***

A

B

6 x 3

A

Sun

Blue

......

July

S

mairon var. amabile
***

"Allium mairei  H. Léveillé.韭 Dian jiu (Chinese).  Dainty rose-pink flowers  bloom for weeks in July-August amid grassy foliage. This is a clump-former, both in moist areas and in the rock garden, as long as it gets sun. Introduced from NY Yunnan by George Forrest, who found it in high alpine meadows. Height 10-15 cm (4-6"). Zone 6." from Pacific Rim Native Plant Nursery in Canada.

narcissiflorum

A

B

6 x 3

A

Sun

Pink

 

August

S

platycaule

A

B

6 x 4

A

Sun

Pink

 

August

S

sikkimense (beesianum) ***

A

B

6 x 3

A

Sun

Blue

 

July

S

ALYSSUM

Leaves are small and often silvery hairy. The 4-petalled flowers are almost invariably yellow. They are avid sun-lovers and tolerant of any reasonably good soil as long as the drainage is good.

alpestre

A

SE

3 x 6

A

Sun

Yellow

 

June

C

idaeum

A

SE

2 x 6

A

Sun

Yellow

 

May

C

montanum

A

SE

3 x 6

A

Sun

Yellow

......

June

C

serpyllifolium

A

SE

2 x 9

A

Sun

Golden-Yellow

 

June

C

tortuosum

A

SE

6 x 4

A

Sun

Yellow

 

May

C

wulfenianum

A

SE

2 x 6

A

Sun

Yellow

 

May

C

ANACYCLUS

Anacyclus depressus makes prostrate, large rosettes of fine much cut, ferny light green foliage and radiating stems bearing the large single, white daisy-like flowers with bright red backs in May. The following plant should be Anacyclus pyrethrum var. depressus

depressus

A

E

3 x 9

A

Sun

White, red reverse

 

May

S

ANAGALLIS

"For each square inch (2.5 cms x 2.5 cms), I know of no plant which gives a greater display of colour." from Alpines in Colour and Cultivation by T.C. Mansfield. First published in 1942 and reprinted in 1947 by Ben Johnson Limited.

collina (Syn.
Anagallis monellii, Anagallis linifolia) ***

A

E

3 x 9

AN

Sun

Orange-scarlet

 

May

GC

tenella

A

HP

1 x 10

BN

Sun

Pale Pink

 

June

D

ANDROMEDA

Polifolia compacta and Polifolia minima have been introduced to the UK from Japan.

polifolia

C

SE

6 x 9

CN

S

Pink

 

May

GC

polifolia compacta

C

SE

6 x 9

CN

S

Pink

 

May

GC

polifolia minima

C

SE

2 x 6

CN

S

Pink

 

May

GC

ANDROSACE

A genus of over 100 species, extending throughout Europe, Asia and Pacific North America. The floral structure is that of a primrose in miniature and are attractive. The very high alpine species, mostly European, are strongly saxatile, and make dense cushions of tightly packed leafy stems, bearing in the centre of each terminal rosette a single white or pink flower, sessile or on a stem up to 0.5 inch. In the mountains, the cushions are firm and often so crowded with flowers that these cannot open fully. 3 cultivation hints in Rock Garden Plant Index: A Page.
"The book "Androsace - The Genus" by G.F.Smith & D.B. Lowe - This is the first modern comprehensive guide to the genus Androsace.  Each species is fully described and painstakingly illustrated. The cultivation of androsaces is described and each species has a map to show its distribution in the wild. In addition, there is a series of accurate keys to enable the species to be identified. " from the Alpine Garden Society Bookshop.
How to grow Androsace vandellii by Geoff Rollinson as an article in Page 295 of The Alpine Gardener Journal of the Alpine Garden Society Volume 81 No. 3 September 2013.

aizoon coccinea (Syn. A. bulleyana)

A

HE

6 x 6

A

Sun

Scarlet

......

June

S

alpina

B

E

1 x 4

D

PS

Pink

 

April

S

brevis (Syn. A charpentieri)

A

HE

1 x 3

A

Sun

Pink

 

May

S

carnea

A

HE

3 x 4

A

Sun

Pink

 

May

S

carnea brigantiaca

A

HE

3 x 6

A

Sun

Pink

 

May

S

carnea halleri

A

HE

3 x 6

A

Sun

Pink

 

May

S

carnea laggeri

A

HE

2 x 4

A

Sun

Pink

 

April

S

chamaejasme

A

HE

2 x 3

A

Sun

White

 

May

S

chumbyi

A

HE

2 x 6

A

Sun

Rose

 

May

S

ciliata

B

HE

0.5 x 3

D

Sun C P

Rose

 

April

S

cylindrica ***

B

HE

2 x 4

D

Sun C P

White

 

April

S

cylindrica x hirtella

B

HE

1 x 4

D

Sun C P

White

 

May

GC

geraniifolia

B

HE

6 x 8

D

H S P

Pink

 

June

SL

hedraeantha

B

HE

1 x 4

D

Sun

Rose

 

May

SL

helvetica

B

HE

2 x 3

D

Sun C P

White

 

April

SL

hirtella

B

HE

2 x 4

D

Sun C P

White

 

April

GC

lactea

A

HE

6 x 6

A

Sun

White

 

April

S

lanuginosa

A

E

3 x 9

AN

Sun

Lilac

......

June

GC

mathildae

B

HE

1 x 4

D

Sun C P

White

 

April

S

pyrenaica

B

HE

1 x 4

D

Sun C P

White

......

April

SGC

sarmentosa

A

E

3 x 9

AN

Sun

Bright Pink

......

July

GC

sempervivoides

A

HE

2 x 6

D

Sun

Pink

......

April

GC

spinulifera

B

HE

6 x 6

D

Sun C P

Lilac

......

June

S

vandellii

B

HE

1 x 3

D

HS

White

......

April

S

villosa taurica

B

E

1 x 6

D

Sun

White

 

April

S

villosa

A

HE

2 x 4

A

Sun

White

......

April

D

villosa arachnoidea

A

HE

2 x 6

A

Sun

White

 

April

D

ANEMONE

The Windflowers are mostly herbaceous, tuberous or rhizomatous perennials inhabiting the temperate regions of the world, also at higher altitudes in the warmer climates, their natural distribution being the Northern parts of South America, South Africa and Asia. Their cultural needs differ.

apennina

A

HP

4 x 8

A

Sun

Blue

 

April

DS

baldensis

A

HP

3 x 6

A

Sun

White

......

May

S

blanda
See
blanda,
'Blue Shades', 'Charmer',
'Pink Star',
'Radar',
blanda rosea,
'Violet Star',
'White Splendour'

A

HP

4 x 8

A

Sun

Blue, purple, white or pink

.....

April-May

DS

blanda atrocaerulea

A

HP

4 x 8

A

Sun

Blue

 

April

DS

magellanica

B

HP

6 x 6

BN

Sun

Cream

 

May

S

magellanica lesseri

B

HP

6 x 6

BN

Sun

Red

 

April

S

obtusiloba

C

HP

3 x 9

C

PS

Blue

 

June

S

ANTHYLLIS

A genus of sun-loving plants, natives of Central and Southern Europe. Well suited to any average garden soil.
"This is a genus of low legumes with good-sized heads of flowers, rather like a high-quality clover. It is most usually encountered as Anthyllis vulneraria, the kidney vetch, a widespread species in Europe, including Britain." from Kevock Garden.

montana

A

SE

3 x 8

A

Sun

Rose

 

May

C

montana rubra

A

SE

3 x 8

A

Sun

Red

 

May

C

AQUILEGIA

Seed is the only practical method of increasing the dwarf 'Columbine' but unfortunately all the species readily hybridise with each other so that where a number of different plants are grown together, steps must be taken at flowering time to isolate the flowers required for seed. The majority of the species vary in height and are best purchased as adult flowering plants so that plants of dwarf stature are obtained.
90 minute DVD/video demonstrates sowing and growing, pests and breeding with data on cultivars by Carrie Thomas - holder of 2 National Collections of Aquilegias - from Touchwood Plants and Seeds.

akitensis

A

HP

6 x 5

B

A

Deep Blue

 

May

S

bernardii

B

HP

4 x 4

B

Sun

Blue

 

May

S

bertolonii

B

HP

4 x 4

B

Sun

Blue

 

May

S

canadensis

A

HP

6 x 6

B

Sun

Scarlet sepals, yellow petals

......

June

S

discolor

A

HP

6 x 6

B

Sun

Blue sepals, white petals

 

May

S

flabellata

A

HP

6 x 6

B

Sun

Blue

 

May

S

flabellata alba

A

HP

4 x 6

B

Sun

White

 

May

S

flabellata nana

A

HP

4 x 6

B

Sun

Blue

 

May

S

flabellata pumila

A

HP

4 x 6

B

Sun

Blue

 

May

S

jonesii

B

HP

3 x 4

A

Sun

Blue

 

June

S

jonesii elatior

B

HP

4 x 6

A

Sun

Blue

 

June

S

laramiensis

B

HP

2 x 3

A

Sun

Cream

 

May

S

moorcroftiana

B

HP

6 x 6

B

Sun

Blue

 

May

S

pyrenaica

A

HP

6 x 6

A

PS

Blue

 

May

S

saximontana

B

HP

4 x 6

A

Sun

Blue sepals, white petals

 

June

S

scopulorum ***

B

HP

4 x 6

A

Sun

Flax blue

 

June

S

ARABIS

Useful in growing in sunny walls along with alyssums and aubretias.

"Arabis, or rock cress, is a large genus of mainly small plants, many of them very suitable for sunny, well-drained places in rock gardens. They have four petals, usually white but sometimes pink or other colours. They come from the northern hemisphere, and recent research has indicated that most species from America are genetically distinct, and the name Boechera is now recommended for these species." from Kevock Garden.

androsacea

B

HE

1 x 4

D

Sun

White

 

June

GC

bryoides ***

B

HE

2 x 4

D

Sun

White

 

April

GC

bryoides olympica

B

HE

1 x 3

D

Sun

White

 

May

GC

carduchorum

B

HE

2 x 5

A

Sun

White

 

April

GC

cypria

A

HE

6 x 6

A

Sun P

Pink

 

April

S

ARCTERICA

 

nana

C

SE

2 x 8

CN

S

White

 

April

GCL

ARCTOSTAPHYLOS

 

alpina (Syn. Arctous alpinus)

C

SD

2 x 9

BN

S

White
Black

 

May
September

GC

alpina ruber

C

SD

2 x 9

BN

S

White
Red

 

May
September

GC

nevadensis

C

SE

3 x 12

BN

S

Pink

 

May

GC

nummularia

C

SE

8 x 8

BN

S

Pink

 

May

GC

ARENARIA

From the latin arena, sand, an allusion to the fact that many of the family grow in sandy places, thus the common name of Sandwort.

grandiflora ***

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ledebouriana

A

HE

4 x 6

A

Sun

White

 

May

GC

montana ***

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

norvegica (Arenaria norvegica anglica is one of the globally threatened plant species which occurs in Britain from the 33,798 flowers, trees, grasses and ferns in the Red List of Threatened Plants published on April 8 1998 out of a world total of 270,000)

A

HE

2 x 4

A

Sun

White

 

May

GC

tetraquetra

A

HE

2 x 6

A

Sun C

White

 

June

GC

tetraquetra granatensis

A

HE

1 x 4

A

Sun

White

 

June

GC

ARMERIA

"A genus that includes our native sea pink or thrift, often seen on coastal rocks. They make mats of bright green grassy foliage, with lots of pink or white button flowers, usually on short stems." from Kevock Garden.

juniperifolia

A

HE

2 x 6

A

Sun

Pink

 

May

GC

juniperifolia 'Bevan's Variety'

A

HE

2 x 6

A

Sun

Deep Pink

 

May

GC

ARTEMESIA

 

glacialis

B

HE

1 x 6

D

Sun

Silver foliage

 

May

GC

schmidtiana nana

A

E

3 x 9

A

Sun

Silver foliage

 

May

GC

mutellina

A

SSE

2 x 6

A

Sun

Silver foliage

 

May

GC

ASPERULA

 

lilaciflora

B

HE

0.5 x 6

A

Sun P

Pink

 

June

GC

nitida puberula

B

E

1 x 6

A

Sun

Light Pink

 

May

GC

suberosa

B

HE

2 x 8

A

Sun P

Pink

 

June

GC

ASPHODELUS

 

acaulis

B

HE

2 x 4

A

Sun P

Pink

 

March

DS

ASTILBE

Further data about Astilbes.

"There are tall astilbes for herbaceous borders and small ones of rock garden stature, but all prefer cool and damp conditions. They are clump-forming perennials with branched spikes bearing a multitude of tiny flowers, usually pink or white, sometimes red, closely packed together into a fuzzy mass. The multiple divided leaves are also attractive, opening with bronze colouring, and the dried flowers stems can stand through the winter, adding structure for many extra months. " from Kevock Garden.

x crispa

A

HP

6 x 8

B

Sun

Rose

 

July

D

glaberrima saxatilis

A

HP

3 x 6

B

Sun

Rose-pink

 

July

D

 

Alpines, Aquatic and Annuals. Alpine Garden Society has an Encyclopaedia on Alpines.

Plant Type
 

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 with its Cultivation Requirements

Alpines for Rock Garden (See Rock Garden Plant Flowers and Alpine List)

Section 6 of Bulbs in this row can be associated with Herbaceous Perennials Row on
Botanical Index H Page

Alpine Shrubs and Conifers

The Alpine Meadow
Page 1
Page 2
Page 3

The Alpine Border
1
, 2

Alpine Plants for a Purpose

The Alpines that Dislike Lime 1, 2

Alpines and Walls
Dry Sunny Walls 1a, b
Tops of Walls 2a, b
Dry Shady and Conifers 3a, b

Alpines and
Paving
1
, 2

Sink and Trough gardens
1
, 2

Aquatic
(Water Plants. See Aquatic Garden Use) for

Anti-erosion River-bank

Marginal Plants (Bog Garden Plants)
1
, 2

Oxy-genating Weeds

Water Lilies

Floating Plants

Water-side Plants
and Plants for Dry Margins next to a Pond
1
, 2

Wildlife Pond Plants

Annual for

----------------



 

Exposed Sites

Sheltered Sites with Green-house Annuals from 1916

Extra Poor Soil with Half-Hardy Annuals from 1916

Very Rich Soil with Biennials from 1916

Gap-filling in Mixed Borders with Hardy Annuals from 1916

Patio Con-tainers

Cut Flowers
1
, 2, 3 Ever-lasting Flowers with Red Flowers from 1916

Attract-ing bene-ficial insects
1
, 2

Scent / Fra-grance with Annuals for Cool or Shady Places from 1916

Low-allergen Gardens for Hay Fever Sufferers

Annual Plant Pairing Ideas and Colour Schemes with Annuals
1
, 2

Low-Growing Annuals
1
, 2

Medium-Growing Annuals

Tall-Growing Annuals with White Flowers from 1916

Black or Brown Flowers

Blue to Purple Flowers

Green Flowers with Annuals and Biennials from 1916

Red to Pink Flowers and Cut Flowers
Page
1
, 2, 3

White Flowers
1
, 2

Yellow or Orange Flowers
1
, 2

Dec-orative Foliage

Moist Soil

Shade
1
, 2

House-plants with Yellow Flowers from 1916

Edging Beds

Hanging Baskets

Vining Annuals

 

The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950 by Faber and Faber Limited describes every method of propagation for 2,500 species. Unlike modern books published since 1980, this one states exactly what to do and is precisely what you require if you want to increase your alpines.

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677

......

See growing guides from Hayloft. Hayloft specify the hardiness, best aspect, soil type, and soil pH with planting and care tips.

Alistair and Myra describe how their plants performed in their garden - over 40 years - in Scotland in Aberdeen Gardening.

Oak Leaf Gardening started in 2009 has detailed sections on Plants, How To, Problems and Blog.

All plant images (click and drag. If Archive Entry on page, click it to get his text information about that plant) created by John Jearrard are made available under the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication.

The Hardy Plant Society has an image library, where the images are freely available for use, under certain conditions.

Plants for Small Gardens Nursery sell Dwarf Hardy, Rockery and Alpine Plants for today's miniature size gardens in the UK of 2021.

Plants to Plant sell plants in 3 inch (9cm) pots mail-order to the UK, from a wholesale company. Each website description includes photos with names of perfect companions.

There are over 650 National Plant Collections in the UK, Ireland and Channel Islands. Search the National Plant Collections.

See photos of 152 plants by S. R. Hinsley.

Green Retreats have designed and installed over 13,000 garden rooms for different uses.
......

Gardening Australia Guide - Everything You Need To Know About Gardening

Naturalize -
The practice of growing certain plants under as natural conditions as possible.
For example; daffodils are said to be naturalized when they are planted in grass and left to look after themselves.
The term is also used to describe plants from foreign countries which have established themselves so well in the country into which they have been introduced that they behave like native plants; and are able to maintain themselves without the aid of the gardener.

Companion Planting
...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants
to provide a Companion Plant to aid your selected plant or deter its pests

.....

In The Garden of Paghat the Ratgirl, data comes from her practical experience in USDA Zone 8. Use Garden Indexes.

Mr PGC travels the USA, Canada and Europe gathering information/ photos. Click on Alphabet letter of Plant Genus Index Pages.

White Flower Farm has Display Gardens open from Apr-Oct in USA and Garden Help.

Missouri Botanical Garden maps - of 79 acres - the plants. Use Plantfinder to see plant details of over 7,500 plants, with garden locations.

Plant Combination Ideas by Gardenia for winning design ideas.

Denver Botanic Gardens has gardens and collections on 24 acres. The plants are detailed in The Gardens Navigator website and show where you can see it in the 24 acres.

North Creek Nurseries sell Landscape Plugs of plants native to midatlantic states of USA.

Fall is for planting Wildflower seeds in USA.

American Horticultural Therapy Association advancing the practice of Horticultural Therapy
......

Country Farm Perennials Travel Pty Ltd conduct Australian and Overseas Gourmet Garden Holidays

Climber -
Grow Ramblers (Ra) or
Scramblers (Sc) on supports on House-Walls and elsewhere.
Grow Self-Clingers - like
Aerial Roots (Ar),
Sucker Pads (Sp),
Twining (Tw),
Twining Leaf-Stem (Twl) or
Twining Tendrils (TwT) - on garden walls, chainlink fences, trellis, pergolas or fedges, but not for House-Walls.

Clematis Cultivation Groups -
1 = Group 1,
2 = Group 2
3 = Group 3
4 = Herbaceous Climber

Initial Site design and content copyright ©Between August and October 2021.
Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

......

Great Plant Picks has plant lists for gardeners for the maritime Northwest of Washington, Oregon and British Columbia.

Did you know there are over 26,000 photos of pacific northwest native plants in our graphics library that you may use at no charge?

A Nature Observer's Journey in Singapore has a Plant Pictorial Database on his Plant Observatory Page with his conditions on use of Photos for non-commercial use.

The Useful Tropical Plants Database contains information on the edible, medicinal and many other uses of 1,000's of plants that can be grown in tropical regions.

South African Flora detailed by SANBI.

Real small-scale plants in a Garden Railway.
Trains4U is a Model Railway Specialist Firm with Scenic Materials including Trees, Bushes and Plants.
The Model Tree Shop for Model Railways, War Gaming and Landscaping Materials.

For a UK garden to truly thrive, it needs Bees, birds, butterflies and garden mammals.

Instaplant creates carpet bedding and 3D displays. Annual change of UK garden to Windmill or Dragon or mobile it to another garden

Topic - Over 1060 links in this table to a topic in a topic folder or page within that folder of this website
Case Studies
...Drive Foundations
Ryegrass and turf kills plants within Roadstone and in Topsoil due to it starving and dehydrating them.
CEDAdrive creates stable drive surface and drains rain into your ground, rather than onto the public road.
8 problems caused by building house on clay or with house-wall attached to clay.
Pre-building work on polluted soil.

Companion Planting
A ,B ,C ,D ,E ,
F ,G ,H ,I ,J ,K ,
L ,M ,N ,O ,P ,Q ,
R ,S ,T ,U ,V ,W ,
X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants
to provide a Companion Plant to aid your selected plant or deter its pests

Garden
Construction

with ground drains
Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed
Borders

......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
......Camera photos of Plant supports
Garden
Maintenance

Glossary with a tomato teaching cauliflowers
Home
Library of over 1000 books
Offbeat Glossary with DuLally Bird in its flower clock.

Plants
...in Chalk
(Alkaline) Soil
......A-F1, A-F2,
......A-F3, G-L, M-R,
......M-R Roses, S-Z
...in Heavy
Clay Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Lime-Free
(Acid) Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Light
Sand Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z.
...Poisonous Plants.
...Extra Plant Pages
with its 6 Plant Selection Levels

Soil
...
Interaction between 2 Quartz Sand Grains to make soil
...
How roots of plants are in control in the soil
...
Without replacing Soil Nutrients, the soil will break up to only clay, sand or silt
...
Subsidence caused by water in Clay
...
Use water ring for trees/shrubs for first 2 years.

Tool Shed with 3 kneeling pads
Useful Data with benefits of Seaweed

Topic -
Plant Photo Galleries
with Plant Botanical Index

...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z

If the plant type below has flowers, then the first gallery will include the flower thumbnail in each month of 1 of 6 or 7 flower colour comparison pages of each plant in its subsidiary galleries, as a low-level Plant Selection Process
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
...by Flower Shape


Bulb Index
A1, 2, 3, B, C1, 2,
D, E, F, G, Glad,
H, I, J, K, L1, 2,
M, N, O, P, Q, R,
S, T, U, V, W, XYZ
...Allium/ Anemone
...Autumn
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Dahlia
...Gladiolus with its 40 Flower Colours
......European A-E
......European F-M
......European N-Z
......Eur Non-classified
......American A
......American B
......American C
......American D
......American E
......American F
......American G
......American H
......American I
......American J
......American K
......American L
......American M
......American N
......American O
......American P
......American Q
......American R
......American S
......American T
......American U
......American V
......American W
......American XYZ
......Ame Non-classified
......Australia - empty
......India
......Lithuania
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Narcissus
...Spring
...Tulip
...Winter
...Each of the above ...Bulb Galleries has its own set of Flower Colour Pages
...Flower Shape
...Bulb Form

...Bulb Use

...Bulb in Soil


Further details on bulbs from the Infill Galleries:-
Hardy Bulbs
...Aconitum
...Allium
...Alstroemeria
...Anemone

...Amaryllis
...Anthericum
...Antholyzas
...Apios
...Arisaema
...Arum
...Asphodeline

...Asphodelus
...Belamcanda
...Bloomeria
...Brodiaea
...Bulbocodium

...Calochorti
...Cyclobothrias
...Camassia
...Colchicum
...Convallaria 
...Forcing Lily of the Valley
...Corydalis
...Crinum
...Crosmia
...Montbretia
...Crocus

...Cyclamen
...Dicentra
...Dierama
...Eranthis
...Eremurus
...Erythrnium
...Eucomis

...Fritillaria
...Funkia
...Galanthus
...Galtonia
...Gladiolus
...Hemerocallis

...Hyacinth
...Hyacinths in Pots
...Scilla
...Puschkinia
...Chionodoxa
...Chionoscilla
...Muscari

...Iris
...Kniphofia
...Lapeyrousia
...Leucojum

...Lilium
...Lilium in Pots
...Malvastrum
...Merendera
...Milla
...Narcissus
...Narcissi in Pots

...Ornithogalum
...Oxalis
...Paeonia
...Ranunculus
...Romulea
...Sanguinaria
...Sternbergia
...Schizostylis
...Tecophilaea
...Trillium

...Tulip
...Zephyranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs
...Acidanthera
...Albuca
...Alstroemeri
...Andro-stephium
...Bassers
...Boussing-aultias
...Bravoas
...Cypellas
...Dahlias
...Galaxis,
...Geissorhizas
...Hesperanthas

...Gladioli
...Ixias
...Sparaxises
...Babianas
...Morphixias
...Tritonias

...Ixiolirions
...Moraeas
...Ornithogalums
...Oxalises
...Phaedra-nassas
...Pancratiums
...Tigridias
...Zephyranthes
...Cooperias

Uses of Bulbs:-
...for Bedding
...in Windowboxes
...in Border
...naturalized in Grass
...in Bulb Frame
...in Woodland Garden
...in Rock Garden
...in Bowls
...in Alpine House
...Bulbs in Greenhouse or Stove:-
...Achimenes
...Alocasias
...Amorpho-phalluses
...Arisaemas
...Arums
...Begonias
...Bomareas
...Caladiums

...Clivias
...Colocasias
...Crinums
...Cyclamens
...Cyrtanthuses
...Eucharises
...Urceocharis
...Eurycles

...Freesias
...Gloxinias
...Haemanthus
...Hippeastrums

...Lachenalias
...Nerines
...Lycorises
...Pencratiums
...Hymenocallises
...Richardias
...Sprekelias
...Tuberoses
...Vallotas
...Watsonias
...Zephyranthes

...Plant Bedding in
......Spring

......Summer
...Bulb houseplants flowering inside House during:-
......January
......February
......March
......April
......May
......June
......July
......August
......September
......October
......November
......December
...Bulbs and other types of plant flowering during:-
......Dec-Jan
......Feb-Mar
......Apr-May
......Jun-Aug
......Sep-Oct
......Nov-Dec
...Selection of the smaller and choicer plants for the Smallest of Gardens with plant flowering during the same 6 periods as in the previous selection


Climber in
3 Sector Vertical Plant System
...Clematis
...Climbers
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...A,B,C,D,E,F,G,
...H,I,J,K,L,M,N,
...O,P,Q,R,S,T,U,
...V,W,X,Y,Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evergreen
...Heather Shrub
...Heather Index
......Andromeda
......Bruckenthalia
......Calluna
......Daboecia
......Erica: Carnea
......Erica: Cinerea
......Erica: Others
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evergreen
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous
Perennial

...A1,2,B,C,D,E,F,G,
...H,I,J,K,L,M,N,
...O,P1,2,Q,R,S,T,U,
...V,W,XYZ,
...Diascia Photo Album,
...UK Peony Index

...P -Herbaceous
...Peony
...Flower Shape
...RHS Wisley
......Mixed Border
......Other Borders
Herb
Odds and Sods
Rhododendron

Rose
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use - page links in row 6. Rose, RHS Wisley and Other Roses rose indices on each Rose Use page
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Pruning Methods
Photo Index
R 1, 2, 3
Peter Beales Roses
RV Roger
Roses

Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
...Apple

...Cherry
...Pear
Vegetable
Wild Flower and
Butterfly page links are in next row


Topic -
Butterflies in the UK mostly use native UK wildflowers.

Butterfly Species.

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly Usage
of Plants.

Plant Usage by
Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly.

Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
space,
Site Map page in its flower colour NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
...Brown Botanical Names
...Cream Common Names
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note

Poisonous
Wildflower Plants.


You know its name, use
Wild Flower Plant Index a-h, i-p, q-z.
You know which habitat it lives in, use
on
Acid Soil,
on
Calcareous
(Chalk) Soil
,
on
Marine Soil,
on
Neutral Soil,
is a
Fern,
is a
Grass,
is a
Rush, or
is a
Sedge.
You have seen its flower, use Comparison Pages containing Wild Flower Plants and Cultivated Plants in the
Colour Wheel Gallery.

Each plant named in each of the 180 Wildflower Family Pages within their 23 Galleries may have a link to:-
1) its Plant Description Page in its Common Name column in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries and will have links,
2) to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name column,
3) to see photos in its Flowering Months column and
4) to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.

WILD FLOWER FAMILY PAGE MENU
(o)Adder's Tongue
Amaranth
(o)Arrow-Grass
(o)Arum
(o)Balsam
Bamboo
(o)Barberry
(o)Bedstraw
(o)Beech
(o)Bellflower
(o)Bindweed
(o)Birch
(o)Birds-Nest
(o)Birthwort
(o)Bogbean
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Borage
(o)Box
(o)Broomrape
(o)Buckthorn
(o)Buddleia
(o)Bur-reed
(o)Buttercup
(o)Butterwort
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crowberry
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
Cypress
(o)Daffodil
(o)Daisy
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Daphne
(o)Diapensia
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels
(o)Clubmoss
(o)Duckweed
(o)Eel-Grass
(o)Elm
(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Horsetail
(o)Polypody
Quillwort
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Flax
(o)Flowering-Rush
(o)Frog-bit
(o)Fumitory
(o)Gentian
(o)Geranium
(o)Glassworts
(o)Gooseberry
(o)Goosefoot
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft
Bromes 1

(o)Grass Soft
Bromes 2

(o)Grass Soft
Bromes 3

(o)Hazel
(o)Heath
(o)Hemp
(o)Herb-Paris
(o)Holly
(o)Honeysuckle
(o)Horned-Pondweed
(o)Hornwort
(o)Iris
(o)Ivy
(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Lime
(o)Lobelia
(o)Loosestrife
(o)Mallow
(o)Maple
(o)Mares-tail
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)
(o)Mesem-bryanthemum
(o)Mignonette
(o)Milkwort
(o)Mistletoe
(o)Moschatel
Naiad
(o)Nettle
(o)Nightshade
(o)Oleaster
(o)Olive
(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
(o)Parnassus-Grass
(o)Peaflower
(o)Peaflower
Clover 1

(o)Peaflower
Clover 2

(o)Peaflower
Clover 3

(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
Peony
(o)Periwinkle
Pillwort
Pine
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Pipewort
(o)Pitcher-Plant
(o)Plantain
(o)Pondweed
(o)Poppy
(o)Primrose
(o)Purslane
Rannock Rush
(o)Reedmace
(o)Rockrose
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
(o)Sandalwood
(o)Saxifrage
Seaheath
(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
(o)Spindle-Tree
(o)Spurge
(o)Stonecrop
(o)Sundew
(o)Tamarisk
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Teasel
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Valerian
(o)Verbena
(o)Violet
(o)Water Fern
(o)Waterlily
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort
Waterwort
(o)Willow
(o)Willow-Herb
(o)Wintergreen
(o)Wood-Sorrel
(o)Yam
(o)Yew


Topic -
The following is a complete hierarchical Plant Selection Process

dependent on the Garden Style chosen
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index


Topic -
Flower/Foliage Colour Wheel Galleries with number of colours as a high-level Plant Selection Process

All Flowers 53 with
...Use of Plant and
Flower Shape
- page links in bottom row

All Foliage 53
instead of redundant
...(All Foliage 212)


All Flowers
per Month 12


Bee instead of wind pollinated plants for hay-fever sufferers
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers
per Month
12
...Index

Rock Garden and Alpine Flowers
Rock Plant Flowers 53
INDEX
A, B, C, D, E, F,
G, H, I, J, K, L,
M, NO, PQ, R, S,
T, UVWXYZ
...Rock Plant Photos

Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours
per Month Index

...All Plants Index


Topic -
Use of Plant in your Plant Selection Process

Plant Colour Wheel Uses
with
1. Perfect general use soil is composed of 8.3% lime, 16.6% humus, 25% clay and 50% sand, and
2. Why you are continually losing the SOIL STRUCTURE so your soil - will revert to clay, chalk, sand or silt.
Uses of Plant and Flower Shape:-
...Foliage Only
...Other than Green Foliage
...Trees in Lawn
...Trees in Small Gardens
...Wildflower Garden
...Attract Bird
...Attract Butterfly
1
, 2
...Climber on House Wall
...Climber not on House Wall
...Climber in Tree
...Rabbit-Resistant
...Woodland
...Pollution Barrier
...Part Shade
...Full Shade
...Single Flower provides Pollen for Bees
1
, 2, 3
...Ground-Cover
<60
cm
60-180cm
>180cm
...Hedge
...Wind-swept
...Covering Banks
...Patio Pot
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border
...Poisonous
...Adjacent to Water
...Bog Garden
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Winter-Flowering
...Fragrant
...Not Fragrant
...Exhibition
...Standard Plant is 'Ball on Stick'
...Upright Branches or Sword-shaped leaves
...Plant to Prevent Entry to Human or Animal
...Coastal Conditions
...Tolerant on North-facing Wall
...Cut Flower
...Potted Veg Outdoors
...Potted Veg Indoors
...Thornless
...Raised Bed Outdoors Veg
...Grow in Alkaline Soil A-F, G-L, M-R,
S-Z
...Grow in Acidic Soil
...Grow in Any Soil
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Grow Bulbs Indoors

Uses of Bedding
...Bedding Out
...Filling In
...Screen-ing
...Pots and Troughs
...Window Boxes
...Hanging Baskets
...Spring Bedding
...Summer Bedding
...Winter Bedding
...Foliage instead of Flower
...Coleus Bedding Photos for use in Public Domain 1

Uses of Bulb
...Other than Only Green Foliage
...Bedding or Mass Planting
...Ground-Cover
...Cut-Flower
...Tolerant of Shade
...In Woodland Areas
...Under-plant
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Covering Banks
...In Water
...Beside Stream or Water Garden
...Coastal Conditions
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border or Back-ground Plant
...Fragrant Flowers
...Not Fragrant Flowers
...Indoor
House-plant

...Grow in a Patio Pot
...Grow in an Alpine Trough
...Grow in an Alpine House
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Speciman Plant
...Into Native Plant Garden
...Naturalize in Grass
...Grow in Hanging Basket
...Grow in Window-box
...Grow in Green-house
...Grow in Scree
...Naturalized Plant Area
...Grow in Cottage Garden
...Attracts Butterflies
...Attracts Bees
...Resistant to Wildlife
...Bulb in Soil:-
......Chalk
......Clay
......Sand
......Lime-Free (Acid)
......Peat

Uses of Rose
Rose Index

...Bedding 1, 2
...Climber /Pillar
...Cut-Flower 1, 2
...Exhibition, Speciman
...Ground-Cover
...Grow In A Container 1, 2
...Hedge 1, 2
...Climber in Tree
...Woodland
...Edging Borders
...Tolerant of Poor Soil 1, 2
...Tolerant of Shade
...Back of Border
...Adjacent to Water
...Page for rose use as ARCH ROSE, PERGOLA ROSE, COASTAL CONDITIONS ROSE, WALL ROSE, STANDARD ROSE, COVERING BANKS or THORNLESS ROSES.
...FRAGRANT ROSES
...NOT FRAGRANT ROSES


Topic -
Camera Photo Galleries showing all 4000 x 3000 pixels of each photo on your screen that you can then click and drag it to your desktop as part of a Plant Selection Process:-

RHS Garden at Wisley

Plant Supports -
When supporting plants in a bed, it is found that not only do those plants grow upwards, but also they expand their roots and footpad sideways each year. Pages
1
, 2, 3, 8, 11,
12, 13,
Plants 4, 7, 10,
Bedding Plants 5,
Plant Supports for Unknown Plants 5
,
Clematis Climbers 6,
the RHS does not appear to either follow it's own pruning advice or advice from The Pruning of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers by George E. Brown.
ISBN 0-571-11084-3 with the plants in Pages 1-7 of this folder. You can see from looking at both these resources as to whether the pruning carried out on the remainder of the plants in Pages 7-15 was correct.

Narcissus (Daffodil) 9,
Phlox Plant Supports 14, 15

Coleus Bedding Foliage Trial - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, Index

National Trust Garden at Sissinghurst Castle
Plant Supports -
Pages for Gallery 1

with Plant Supports
1, 5, 10
Plants
2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9,
11, 12
Recommended Rose Pruning Methods 13
Pages for Gallery 2
with Plant Supports
2
,
Plants 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Dry Garden of
RHS Garden at
Hyde Hall

Plants - Pages
without Plant Supports
Plants 1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Nursery of
Peter Beales Roses
Display Garden

Roses Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Nursery of
RV Roger

Roses - Pages
A1,A2,A3,A4,A5,
A6,A7,A8,A9,A10,
A11,A12,A13,A14,
B15,
B16,B17,B18,B19,
B20,
B21,B22,B23,B24,
B25,
B26,B27,B28,B29,
B30,
C31,C32,C33,C34,
C35,
C36,C37,C38,C39,
C40,
C41,CD2,D43,D44,
D45,
D46,D47,D48,D49,
E50,
E51,E52,F53,F54,
F55,
F56,F57,G58,G59,
H60,
H61,I62,K63,L64,
M65,
M66,N67,P68,P69,
P70,
R71,R72,S73,S74,
T75,
V76,Z77, 78,

Damage by Plants in Chilham Village - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4

Pavements of Funchal, Madeira
Damage to Trees - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13
for trees 1-54,
14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
for trees 55-95,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, 33, 34, 35,
36, 37,
for trees 95-133,
38, 39, 40,
41, 42, 43, 44, 45,
for trees 133-166

Chris Garnons-Williams
Work Done - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Identity of Plants
Label Problems - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11

Ron and Christine Foord - 1036 photos only inserted so far - Garden Flowers - Start Page of each Gallery
AB1 ,AN14,BA27,
CH40,CR52,DR63,
FR74,GE85,HE96,

Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens - 1187
A 1, 2, Photos - 43
B 1, Photos - 13
C 1, Photos - 35
D 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7,
Photos - 411
with Plants causing damage to buildings in Chilham Village and Damage to Trees in Pavements of Funchal
E 1, Photos - 21
F 1, Photos - 1
G 1, Photos - 5
H 1, Photos - 21
I 1, Photos - 8
J 1, Photos - 1
K 1, Photos - 1
L 1, Photos - 85
with Label Problems
M 1, Photos - 9
N 1, Photos - 12
O 1, Photos - 5
P 1, Photos - 54
Q 1, Photos -
R 1, 2, 3,
Photos - 229
S 1, Photos - 111
T 1, Photos - 13
U 1, Photos - 5
V 1, Photos - 4
W 1, Photos - 100
with Work Done by Chris Garnons-Williams
X 1 Photos -
Y 1, Photos -
Z 1 Photos -
Articles/Items in Ivydene Gardens - 88
Flower Colour, Num of Petals, Shape and
Plant Use of:-
Rock Garden
within linked page

 

Topic -
Fragrant Plants as a Plant Selection Process for your sense of smell:-

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an Acid Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
1
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
1
, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
1
, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants
1
, 2


Topic -
Website User Guidelines


My Gas Service Engineer found Flow and Return pipes incorrectly positioned on gas boilers and customers had refused to have positioning corrected in 2020.
 

 

 

Plant Botanical Name:
AM, AN, AO, AP

 

Plant Botanical Name:
AQ, AR, AS, AT

 

Plant Botanical Name:
AU, AV, AW, AXYZ

AM

AQ

AU

 

 

 

Amaryllis belladonna - Bu
Pot Mid Fra Roc

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amelanchier canadensis -
Dt-Broad Ovoid White Bac Fru-Birds
Amelanchier lamarckii
-
Ds-Spreading White Fru-Edib
Spe Sha
Hed-Part of Uk native hedge

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amicia zygomeris - Hp-Clump Other
Bac Fless-mulch with mound of
straw or PotGr-Greenhouse

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ampelopsis brevipedunculata -
Cl-Tw White Inv Fru
PotGr-in Greenhouse only in UK
Ampelopsis brevipedunculata
'Elegans'
Cl-Tw White Fru
PotGr-in Greenhouse only in UK

See Other Aquilegias below.
All aquilegia seeds and roots are poisonous.
Aquilegia atrata - Ep-Mat
Other Und-Shrubs Pois Woo Roc
Aquilegia canadensis - Ep-Mat
2 Colours Roc Woo
Und-Small Shrubs Pois
PotGr-Alpine House Ban Sha
Plant any of the Allium family
nearby to ward off aphids.
Aquilegia flabellata 'Kurilensis' -
Ep-Mat Other Roc Pois
PotGr-Alpine House
Aquilegia formosa - Ep-Clump
Red Woo Und-Small Shrubs Wat
Aquilegia scopulorum - Rg Blue
PotGr-Mound in Alpine House
Pois
Aquilegia vulgaris
- Ep-Clump
Other Und-Roses and Small
Shrubs. Available as seed from
The Seed Site. Usually comes
true from seed.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AN

AR

AV

 

See Other Arabis below
Arabis bryoides - Rg White
PotGr-Cushion in Alpine House

Araujia sericifera
Cl-Tw
2 Colours Pois to Livestock, Pets
and Humans from Weeds of
Australia by Queensland
Government
. Fra Fru
PotGr-Cold Conservatory

 

 

 

 

Anagallis monellii (Anagallis
linifolia) - Rg Blue PotGr-
Semi-Trailing in Alpine House

See Other Arenaria below
Arenaria balearica - Ep-Mat White
Pot Roc-Ban Sha Gro Walls
Arenaria grandiflora - Rg White
PotGr-Mat in Alpine House
Arenaria montana - Rg White
PotGr-Mat in Alpine House
Arenaria tetraquetra - Ep-Mat
White Und-Bulbs Roc-Gro
Pot-with succulents

 

 

 

 

Anchusa azurea 'Loddon Royalist'
- Hp-Clump Blue Bee Bed-Mass
Anchusa cespitosa
- Ep-Cushion
Blue Roc PotGr-Alpine House

See Andromeda Evergreen Shrubs
in Heather Shrub Gallery,
other Andromeda below and
Andromeda Evergreen Shrub
in Botanical Index Q Page

 

 

The Androsace Group issues four Newsletters each year and two Androsace Notebooks. Androsace is a genus of a true alpine, annual or perennial plants of the Primrose Family, known as Rock-jasmines. They grow naturally in the rocky stretches above timber-line, and many of them require special treatment in the alpine or rock garden. Their leaves, which are often very woolly, are usually tufted or in rosettes. The small flowers-pink, red, or lavender – are usually borne in rather flattened rounded clusters.
See descriptions other Androsace in the Rock Garden Plants at the bottom of the table on the left.
Androsace albana - Ep-Cushion
Blue Roc PotGr-Alpine House in
UK
Androsace bulleyana - Ep-Mat Red
Roc-Cliff-Crevices Walls
Androsace delavayi - Ep-Cushion
Other Fra Roc
Androsace jacquemontii -
Ep-Clump Roc-Scree Bed
PotGr-Alpine House
Androsace laevigata 'Gothenburg'
- Ep-Mat Roc-Scree Bed
PotGr-Alpine House
Androsace lanuginosa - Ep Pink
Roc-Cliff PotGr-Alpine House
Androsace mucronifolia -
Ep-Cushion Roc Gra
Androsace pyrenaica - Ep-Cushion
White Roc-Cliff Alpine House
Cultivation
Androsace rigida - Ep-Mat Pink
Gra-Ban Roc Woo
Protect from frost
Androsace rotundifolia -
Ep-Spreading Other Ban
Sha-Roc Woo
Androsace sarmentosa - Ep-Mat
Red Roc-Cliff Psoil Sha
Androsace sempervivoides -
Ep-Mat Pink Roc-Cliff Walls
Androsace spinulifera - Ep-Clump
Other PotGr-Alpine House
Androsace strigillosa - Ep-Clump
White Roc
Androsace studiosorum 'Doksa' -
Ep-Mat White Roc-Cliff Walls
Androsace tapete - Ep-Cushion
White Gra Roc-Ban
Androsace vandellii - Ep-Cushion
White Roc-Cliff with winter
rain protection using a sheet
of glass
Androsace villosa - Ep-Mat
Other PotGr-Alpine House
Roc-Cliff with winter rain
protection using a sheet of glass
Androsace yargongensis -
Ep-Cushion Other Roc

 

 

 

 

 

Anemones have further details in Allium/ Anemone Gallery. Many are suitable for the Rock Garden.
See Other Anemones below
Anemone apennina
- Bu Blue
Sha Woo Nat
Anemone
baldensis - Bu White
Sha Roc Bed
Anemone blanda - Bu Blue Sha
Woo Und Bed PotGr Gro Roc Und
blanda 'Blue Shades' - Bu Blue
Sha Gro Bed Nat Woo Und
blanda 'Charmer' - Bu Pink Sha
Pot Cut Nat Und
blanda 'Pink Star' - Bu Other
Sha Pot Und Cut Nat
blanda 'Radar' - Bu Other Pot
Woo Alp PotGr Roc Nat Bed
blanda rosea - Bu Pink Sha Alp
PotGr Roc Bed Und
blanda 'Violet Star' - Bu Other
Sha Pot Alp PotGr Roc Nat Und
blanda 'White Splendour' - Bu
White Gro Sha Pot Cut Alp
PotGr Roc Nat Und
caroliniana - Bu Other Sha Roc
Woo
coronaria 'de Caen' - Bu Other
Alp PotGr Roc
coronaria 'St Brigid' - Bu Other
Sha PotGr-Alp Roc Woo
demissa - Bu Other
Sha Woo Wat Nat Gra
elegans - Hp-Erect Pink Sha Mid
fischeriana - Bu Blue
Pot PotGr-Alp Very tiny plant
Anemone hupehensis - Bu Other
Sha Gra Wat Inv
hupehensis japonica - Hp-Erect
White Mid Inv-throwing out suckers
hupehensis var. japonica 'Prinz Heinrich' - Hp-Clump Pink Mid Fless
Sha
hupehensis var. japonica
'Splendens'
- Hp-Clump Pink Sha
x hybrida - Ep-Upright
Pink Bac Bed
hybrida 'Honorine Jobert' - Hp-Erect
White Sha Bac Roc
Und-Narcissus or Helleborus
x hybrida 'Luise Uhink' - Hp-Erect
White Bac
x lipsiensis 'Pallida' - Bu Yellow
Sha Woo Roc
intermedia - Bu Yellow
Sha Woo Und
Anemone narcissiflora - Bu-Clump
Other Sha-Woo Coast Alp-Gra
Edib Roc-Scree slope
Anemone nemorosa - Bu White
Sha-Woo Bee
nemorosa 'Alba Plena' - Bu
White Sha-Woo
Alp-PotGr Roc Nat Gro Bee
nemorosa 'Allenii' - Bu Blue
Sha-Woo
Alp-PotGr Roc Nat Bee
nemorosa 'Bracteata Pleniflora' -
Bu 2 Colours Sha-Woo
Alp-PotGr Roc Nat Bee
Anemone nemorosa
'Lychette'
- Bu White Sha-Woo
Alp-PotGr Roc Nat Gro
nemorosa 'Robinsoniana' -
Bu Blue Sha-Woo Alp-PotGr Roc
Nat Bee
nemorosa 'Vestal' - Bu White
Sha-Woo Gro Alp-PotGr Roc
Nat Bee
ranunculoides - Bu Yellow
Sha-Woo Roc PotGr-Alp Gro
ranunculoides 'Pleniflora' - Bu
Yellow Sha-Woo Roc Alp Und
rivularis - Al-Clump Edg-Woo, Wat
Grassy slopes
rupicola - Bu Other
Roc Woo Wat Ban
trullifolia - Bu Other
Sha-Woo Wat Alp-Gra
thalictroides -
Ep-Clump White Woo
Sha-Und-Shrubs or Rock Garden
See Nursery of Perennials,
Ferns and Bulbs for Shade
for
Plants for Moist Shade, Ferns
suitable for Dry Shade, Easy
Spring Flowering Shade Plants,
Native Woodland Plants,
Evergreen Ferns and Easy
Summer Flowering Shade Plants

Arisaema ringens - Bu Other
Sha-Woo PotGr-Bring into
frost-free Conservatory
during Winter
Arisaema dracontium
- Bu White
Sha Pois Wat Woo
PotGr-Bring into frost-free
Conservatory during Winter

Arisarum proboscideum - Bu
Other Sha-Woo Cut Gro Inv
See this Mouse Plant in
"our 5-6 acre display gardens,
which contain over 17,000
different unusual perennials."

See other Armeria below
Armeria juniperifolia - Ep-Mat
Pink Roc Pot Edg Coast Bee
Wild
Armeria juniperifolia 'Bevan's Variety' - Ep-Cushion Pink PotGr
Rock-Cliff Walls Coast
Armeria maritima 'Alba' - Ep-Mat
White Roc Edg
PotGr-Alpine House

See other Artemesia below
Artemesia abrotanum - Deciduous
to Semi-Evergreen
Sub-Shrub-Rounded Other Fra
Coast Psoil Often grown in the
Herb garden
Artemisia lactiflora 'Elfenbein' -
Hp-Erect White Cut Bac
ludoviciana 'Valerie Finnis' -
Hp-Mound Other Cut Edg
Silver foliage provides contrast
to green foliage
pedemontana -
Ep-Cushion Yellow
Edg-with its silver foliage Roc
'Rosenschleier' - Hp-Erect Pink Bac
"Order the 2021 Catalog printed
on genuine paper" Wow: paper
can be genuine in America!!
stelleriana - Ep-Mat
Yellow Roc Coast Mid-Used
for its greyish-white foliage

Arum italicum - Bu White
Sha-Woo Gro Nat Und Inv
Arum italicum
'Marmoratum'
- Bu Other Sha
Cott Gro Nat Cut Pot Und
Arum maculatum - Bu Other
Sha-Woo Hed Pois Wat Edg
Arum orientale - Bu Other Sha
Arum palaestinum - Bu Other
Sha Pois Ban
Arum proboscideum - Bu Other
Sha-Woo Ban Edg

Aruncus dioicus - Bu White
Sha-Woo Cut Spe Wat Bed Mid

Urban Jungle sell Bamboo.
Arundo Donax - Ba-Erect Other Wet
San Hed-use it as a hedge
between you and fields used by
grazing animals including deer.
Fless-Cut plants to the ground
after frost; winter mulch will help
protect roots and then it will
regrow in the spring/summer.

 

 

 

 

Annuals

See links to other Annuals at bottom of table on left

Each of those 32 pages of the
Coleus Bedding Foliage Trial Folder also contains Tables of Annuals:-
1
, plus Tables of Annuals with/for:-
2, Blue to Purple Flowers
3, Red to Pink Flowers 1, 2
4, Green Flowers
5, Black or Brown Flowers
6, Yellow, and Orange Flowers
7, White Flowers
8,
9, Low-Growing
10,
11, Medium-Growing
12, Tall-Growing
13, Heat-Tolerant
14, Moist Soil
15, Shade
16, Indoors
17, Cutting
18, Naturalize
19, Decorative Foliage
20, Edging
21, Fragrance
22, Hanging Baskets
23, Vining
24, Wildflower Meadows
25, Coastal Gardens
26, Mounded Habit
27, Erect Habit
28, Clump-Forming Habit
29, Compact/Bushy Habit
30, Spreading/Sprawling Habit
31, To Cover Fences
32, Odds and Sods 1, 2

Range, Culture and Description Details of each of the above annuals are within
Essential Annuals The 100 best for Design and Cultivation.
Text by Elizabeth Murray. Photography by Derek Fell.
Published by Crescent Books in 1989. ISBN 0-517-66177-2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Anredera cordifolia - Cl-Tw
White Edib-See Eat The Weeds
Psup-fence in Southern England

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Anthericum liliago - Bu White Gra
Roc Woo Cut Nat
Anthericum liliastrum - Bu
2 Colours Sha Mid
Anthericum ramosum - Bu White
Nat Mid
Antholyza paniculata
- Bu Other
Sha Wat PotGr
Antholyza aethiopica
- Bu
Orange Swo Coast Woo Und
PotGr-Grow in Greenhouse in UK
Antholyza spicata
- Bu
2 Colours Swo Roc Ban
PotGr-Grow in Conservatory in UK

 

 

Antirrhinum majus - Hp-Erect Other
Bee Bed-Often grown as annual

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AO

AS

AW

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Asarum caudatum - Ep-Clump
Other Gro-Sha-Und-under
Shrubs, Trees, Hedges

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

See other Asperula below
Asperula nitida - Ep-Spreading
Pink Sha PotGr-Alpine House
Roc

 

 

 

 

 

Aster National collection at Picton Garden and over 50 Aster varieties in our Avondale Nursery display garden in September.
Aster frikartii 'Wunder Von Stafa'
-
Hp-Erect Blue Bed-Mass Cut
Bee Wild-Butterflies
lateriflorus 'Lady in Black' -
Hp-Clump White Psup Sha
Wild-Butterfly Hed-with its
dark purple foliage
lateriflorus var. horizontalis -
Hp-Clump 2 Colours Psup Produces
fluffy clouds of flowers that last
for many weeks

Illinois Wild Flowers describes the native USA New England Aster.
novae-angliae 'Barrs Pink' -
Hp-Clump Pink Sha Bac Psup
novae-angliae 'Mrs S T Wright' -
Hp-Erect Blue Psup Bac
novae-angliae 'Roter Stern' -
Hp-Erect Pink Wild-Butterfly Edg
Roc
novae-angliae 'Rubinschatz' -
Hp-Erect Pink Bac Psup
Completely mildew resistant
novae-angliae 'Septemberrubin' -
Hp-Erect Red-Fall Asters loved
for-Cut

novi-belgii 'Dandy' - Hp-Clump Red
Bed-Mass Edg Pot Cut
turbinellus - Hp-Clump Other Bac
Woo-Edg Roc-Cliff Psup
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

See other Astilbe below.
Astilbe used for shady gardens, where they require a rich, moist soil and regular watering. Also thrives in tubs and excellent for cutting. Seed heads may be removed, or left on the plant for winter interest.
Astilbe 'Bridal Veil' - Hp-Clump
Other Gra Woo Mid
'Deutschland' - Hp-Clump White Fra
Sha Hip-seedheads remain
throughout winter
'Fanal' - Hp-Clump Red
Bed-Mass Mid Sha-from woodland
'Fire' - Hp-Clump Red Bac Edg
'Purple Lance' - Hp-Clump Other
Sha Bac Hip-seedheads remain
throughout winter. Dark Bronzy
ferny foliage
'Rheinland' - Hp-Clump Pink Roc
Bed-Mass-Seriously damaged by
late spring frosts, so use
Frost Protection Fleece
rosea 'Peach Blossom' - Hp-Clump
Pink Sha Pot Mid
'Willie Buchanan' - Hp-Clump Pink
Woo Sha Edg
 

 

 

Astrantia major - Hp-Clump White
Cut Mid
'Roma' - Hp-Erect Pink Sha Edg Bee
Wild-Butterfly Cut Und-upright
silvery plants of
Artemesia ‘Lambrook Silver’ and
‘Powis Castle’ are lovely planted
behind ‘Roma'.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

AP

AT

AXYZ

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Apios tuberosa - Bu Other Wat
Edib Edg-Woo

 

Further details about the
Azaleas,
Camellias and
Rhododendrons
in the Rhododendron Gallery are shown below

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Form of Perennials, Annuals, Bulbs, Climbers:-
Mat-forming.
Stems densely cover the ground and the flowers extend above.
Prostrate or Trailing.
Stems spread out on the ground and the flowers are borne close to the foliage.
Cushion or Mound-forming.
Tightly packed stems form a low clump and the flowers are close to the foliage.
Spreading or Creeping.
Stems extend horizontally then ascend, forming a densely packed mass.
Clump-forming.
Leaf-stalks and flower stems arise at ground level to form a dense mass.
Stemless.
Leaf-stalks and flower stems arise at ground level.
Erect or Upright.
Upright stems stand vertical, supporting leaves and the flowers.
Climbing and Scandent.
Long flexible stems are supported by other plants or structures.
Arching.
Long upright stems arch over from the upright towards the ground.

------

What to do about Subsidence caused by Clay? Page explains what to do about trees/shrubs/hedges that may damage the foundations of your property.
What happened to a new building, which was caused by the builder, 6 years after it was built. The new owner was then landed with a large bill. The Builder warranty is first 2 years, then years 3-10 can be covered by NHBC Buildmark.

Most modern houses cannot afford large shrubs, trees or hedges within 10 feet = 120 inches = 300cms of a house wall or a garden wall, so it is best to use:-
Growing Edibles in Containers inside your home,
and
Soft Fruit List with soft fruit bush (Blueberry, Gooseberry, Blackcurrant, Redcurrant, Whitecurrant or Jostaberry) instead of a shrub from the shrub lists provides you with the size of shrub suitable for most current gardens.
The Raspberry may be used as a mini-hedge in the garden to separate areas or against your boundary fences/walls.
The Blackberry, Boysenberry and Tayberry cane climbers can also be used as mini-hedges or to clothe walls/fences/pergolas.
They all provide you with edible fruit. The Soft Fruit Gallery compares colour photographs of some soft fruits,
and
Choosing a top fruit tree or remaining top fruit instead of a tree from the tree list provides you with a plant of a size that is suitable for most current gardens. These trees also produce edible fruit. Further details in these galleries -
Top Fruit Apple, Cherry, Pear
or
You could use 1 of the trees from the Deciduous and Evergreen Trees suitable for Small Gardens.

------

The overall amount of sunlight received depends on aspect, the direction your garden faces:-
North-facing gardens get the least light and can be damp.
South-facing gardens get the most light.
East-facing gardens get morning light.
West-facing gardens get afternoon and evening light.

-----

Acid Site - An acid soil has a pH value below 7.0. Clay soils are usually acid and retentive of moisture, requiring drainage. The addition of grit or coarse sand makes them more manageable. Peaty soil is acidic with fewer nutrients and also requires drainage.
Alkaline Soil - An alkaline soil has a pH value above 7.0. Soils that form a thin layer over chalk restrict plant selection to those tolerant of drought.
Bank / Slope problems include soil erosion, surface water, summer drought and poor access (create path using mattock to pull an earth section 180 degrees over down the slope). Then, stabilise the earth with 4 inches (10cms) depth of spent mushroom compost under the chicken wire; before planting climbers/plants through it.
Cold Exposed Inland Site is an area that is open to the elements and that includes cold, biting winds, the glare of full sun, frost and snow - These plants are able to withstand very low temperatures and those winds in the South of England.

Tree/Shrub Shape:-

columnarshape1a1a1Columnar Tree/Shrub Form

A tree shape designed by nature to be a haven for nesting birds.

ovalshape1a1a1Oval Tree/Shrub Form

 

 

 

roundedshape1a1a1Rounded or Spherical Tree/Shrub Form

 

 

 

flattenedsphericalshape1a1a1Flattened Spherical Tree/Shrub Form

 

 

 

narrowconicalshape1a1a1Narrow Conical/ Narrow Pyramidal Tree/Shrub Form.
These are neat and shapely, thus being trees for the tidy gardener. The narrowness of the tree means that bands of dense shade sweep across the garden - never creating dense shade in one area all day.

broadconicalshape1a1a1Broad Conical/ Broad Pyramidal Tree/Shrub Form.

These are neat and shapely, thus being trees for the tidy gardener.

eggshapedshape1a1a1Ovoid/ Egg-Shaped Tree/Shrub Shape

 

 

 

broadovoidshape1a1a1Broad Ovoid Tree/Shrub Shape

Broad-headed trees usually cast a large area of light dappled shade and have broad spreading branches so loved by birds and animals.

-----

Surface soil moisture is the water that is in the upper 10 cm (4 inches) of soil, whereas root zone soil moisture is the water that is available to plants, which is generally considered to be in the upper 200 cm (80 inches) of soil:-
Wet Soil has Saturated water content of 20-50% water/soil and is Fully saturated soil.
Moist Soil has Field capacity of 10-35% water/soil and is Soil moisture 2–3 days after a rain or irrigation.
Dry Soil has Permanent wilting point of 1-25% water/soil and is Minimum soil moisture at which a plant wilts.
Residual water content of 0.1-10% water/soil and is Remaining water at high tension.
Available Water Capacity for plants is the difference between water content at field capacity and permanent wilting point.

-----

Dust and Pollution Barrier - Plants with large horizontal leaves are particularly effective in filtering dust from the environment, with mature trees being capable of filtering up to 70% of dust particles caused by traffic. Plants can also help offset the pollution effects of traffic. 20 trees are needed to absorb the carbon dioxide produced by 1 car driven for 60 miles.
Front of Border / Path Edges - Soften edges for large masses of paving or lawn with groundcover plants. Random areas Within Paths can be planted with flat-growing plants. Other groundcover plants are planted in the Rest of Border.

Tree/Shrub Shape:-

invertedovoidshape1a1a1Narrow Vase-Shaped/ Inverted Ovoid Tree/Shrub Shape

 

 

fanshaped1a1a1aFan-Shaped/ Vase-Shaped Tree/Shrub Shape

 

 

 

broadfanshapedshape1a1a1Broad Fan-Shaped/ Broad Vase-Shaped Tree/Shrub Shape

Broad-headed trees usually cast a large area of light dappled shade and have broad spreading branches so loved by birds and animals.

narrowweepingshape1a1a1Narrow Weeping Tree/Shrub Shape

Very useful for children to use as a secret den. The narrowness of the tree means that bands of dense shade sweep across the garden - never creating dense shade in one area all day.

broadweepingshape1a1a1Broad Weeping Tree/Shrub Shape

 

 

 

Single-stemmed Palm, Cycad, or similar tree Tree/Shrub Shape

Multi-stemmed Palm, Cycad, or similar Tree Tree/Shrub Shape

-----

Other uses of plants:-
Crevices Garden Use
Hanging Basket Use
Large Leaves Use
Pollution Barrier 1, 2 Use
Rock Garden Use
Thorny Hedge Use
Trees for Lawns Use
Windbreak Use
Non-Tree Plants in Woodland Use
Gardens by the Bay is the place to find perfect companions for all your bulbs, perennials and ornamental grasses.

-----

Sun Aspect:-
Full Sun: At least 6 full hours of direct sunlight. Many sun lovers enjoy more than 6 hours per day, but need regular water to endure the heat.
Part Shade: 3 - 6 hours of sun each day, preferably in the morning and early afternoon. The plant will need some relief from the intense late afternoon sun, either from shade provided by a nearby tree or planting it on the east side of a building.
Dappled Sun - DS in Part Shade Column: Dappled sunlight is similar to partial shade. It is the sun that makes its way through the branches of a deciduous tree. Woodland plants and underplantings prefer this type of sunlight over even the limited direct exposure they would get from partial shade.
Full Shade: Less than 3 hours of direct sunlight each day, with filtered sunlight during the rest of the day. Full shade does not mean no sun.

-----

Seaside Plants that deal with salt-carrying gales and blown sand; by you using copious amounts of compost and thick mulch to conserve soil moisture.
Sound Barrier - The sound waves passing through the plant interact with leaves and branches, some being deflected and some being turned into heat energy. A wide band of planting is necessary to achieve a large reduction in the decibel level.
Wind Barrier - By planting a natural windbreak you will create a permeable barrier that lets a degree of air movement pass through it and provide shelter by as far as 30 times their height downwind.
Woodland ground cover under the shade of tree canopies.

Azalea and Rhododendron Cultivation Requirements:

The Expert Advice page on the www.glendoick.com website provides a concise summary of the summary of the salient points about how and what Rhododendrons and Azaleas to grow.

The many Cox books are probably the best source of in depth information about how to grow Rhododendrons and azaleas. But the fundamentals are pretty straightforward and this is a concise summary of the salient points from Glendoick Nursery:-

  • SITE & SOIL. Soil pH (acidity of soil) is ideally pH 4.5-6. Almost all soil in Scotland is acidic. If it is not, it may have been limed for growing vegetables etc. This is easily remedied by adding a percentage of peat into the soil. One alternative is to use sulphate of ammonia. (you can’t use much of this when plants are in situ as it will burn lvs, so it is best done a few months before planting.)
  • SOIL PREPARATION. Rhododendrons need an open soil mixture. Very heavy (clay) and very fine particles are not suitable. To render soil more open (i.e containing air pockets) organic matter is added: leafmould is the best. Alternatives are compost (own or bought), composted bark, conifer needles etc. There is no point in spending money on rhododendrons and azalea if you are not prepared to do some soil preparation. Improve the soil in an area much bigger than the rootball so there is room to grow. If drainage is good, then soil preparation need be less than 12” (30cm) deep. You do not need peat: it has no structure, no feed and no mulching value. It is useful as an acidifier and for containers.
  • CLAY SOIL. If you have heavy clay soil, the best thing to do is make up a bed on top of the clay soil with compost, bark, peat etc and plant into this. This is what we did in the Glendoick Garden Centre Pagoda garden.
  • DEPTH OF PLANTING. Rhododendrons must not be planted too deep. The rootball should be just below the surface and no more. If you bury the rootball, you will kill the plant.
  • PLANTING Make sure plant is well-watered before planting. For bare rooted stock, October to early April is the planting time. Container stock can be planted at any time but if planted May-August must be well watered in the first growing season. Soil must be firmed up around the roots but do not stamp on the rootball. This only compacts the soil and buries the plant
  • CONTAINERS: Evergreen azaleas, yak hybrids and compact hybrids are best subjects for containers. Tender scented varieties can be grown in conservatory and brought in to house in flower. Use ericaceous compost with added perlite. Rhododendrons do not like central heating and will die if kept as house plants whereas Indica Azaleas are of course perfect. Make sure you have good drainage and do not allow compost to get too dry. Feed and repot when plant becomes rootbound. Do not over pot.
  • SHADE: Rhododendrons will not grow and flower well under trees: the roots will take the moisture and the lack of light will make plants straggly and shy flowering. The worst trees are greedy ones such as Beech and Sycamore. The roots of the tree will reach as far as the dripline (where the branches extend to). So you should be able to look up and see sky. If you can’t, you have a problem. If you live in Scotland, ignore all books/advice which say shade or part shade. Maximum light = maximum number of flowers. Good trees to grow with rhododendrons: Maples, Japanese and others, Cherries, Sorbus, Conifers such as Larch and Spruce, Hawthorn, Eucryphia.
  • Plant dwarf rhododendrons and evergreen azaleas in full sun in Scotland. Deciduous azaleas, larger hybrids and species can take some shade.
  • DEADHEADING & PRUNING. This is largely a cosmetic exercise: only a few varieties produce seed at the expense of growth. Rhododendrons and azaleas to not require any regular pruning. All azaleas and small-leaved rhododendrons can be pruned. This is best done immediately after flowering. You can prune most other rhododendrons back to where there is a circle of leaves (and therefore growth buds). Single growth buds can be pinched out in Spring to encourage bushiness.
  • WHAT CAN I PLANT WITH MY RHODODENDRONS? Anything you like as long as it does not take all the moisture from the roots: so avoid greedy ground covers like heathers, grasses. In the wild rhododendrons grow with other Ericaceous plants such as Enkianthus, Kalmia (USA), Vaccineum, Gaultheria, Pieris, other shrubs such as Berberis, climbers such as Clematis, and perennials such as Aquilegia, Primulas, Meconopsis, Lilies, Rheum, Orchids, etc. For late summer colour, use Hydrangea, Eucryphia, (Sorbus and other berrying plants).
  • WIND & SHELTER Varieties with large leaves, early growth or which are on the tender side for your climate tender require shelter from wind, particularly from south westerlies and north easterlies. If you have no shelter there are several options. 1. Plant a shelter belt of vigorous trees and shrubs. 2. Use rokolene or similar material to help plants establish. 3. Plant hardy wind-tolerant rhododendron varieties on the windward side and less hardy varieties inside these.
  • FEEDING Rhododendrons & azaleas do not need much feeding. If they look healthy and flower well, don’t bother. If you are in a hurry or plants look yellow or sparse, you can feed with almost any fertiliser but beware of high nitrogen mixes as they can burn foliage. A small handful (granular) around the roots of each plant in early May and late June should be enough. Don’t fertilise later as it encourages soft growth at the expense of flower buds. You can also use liquid feed. We don’t use sequestrene: it is not required unless there is iron deficiency.
  • CAN I PROPAGATE MY RHODODENDRONS AND AZALEAS?
    Dwarf rhododendrons & evergreen azaleas are quite easily rooted in a propagator. With heat rooting will be quicker. In a cold frame rooting may take up to 6 months or more. Deciduous azaleas, hardy hybrids and species are difficult. Some need to be grafted. Don’t waste time with seed unless it has been control-pollinated, otherwise it will be hybridised.
  • HARDINESS Measured in our catalogue as H1-5. H1 for frost free/greenhouse, to H5 the hardiest.
    • H5. Hardy hybrids, some species & dwarfs, yak hybrids and most evergreen and deciduous azaleas. H5 areas tend to be well inland and tend to suffer late (and early Autumn) frosts, so choose most varieties which flower in mid May-June to avoid damage to flowers.
    • H4 Glendoick, Perth, Dundee, Coastal Fife, Edinburgh etc, not too far from the sea or with plenty of shelter inland: woodland garden, or on slope with good frost drainage. Lots of hybrids and species are H4.
    • H3. Glendoick in sheltered woodland site. Some protection from trees, or on a south or west wall. May suffer damage in severe winters or bark split from late frosts. Many big leaved species are H3.
    • H2. Indoors on east coast, fine outdoors in Argyll and similar mild climates. Scented Maddenii species for conservatory/greenhouse.
    • H1 Indoors (frost free) only. This is for the Vireyas.

Azalea, Camellia or Rhododendron INDEX link to Plant Description Page

Flower Colour

Flower

Flowering Months

Height x Spread in inches (cms)
(1 inch = 2.5 cms,
12 inches = 1 foot = 30 cms,
24 inches = 2 feet)

Foliage

Azalea indicum 'Macrantha Pink'

Deep Pink

cazaleaflotmacranthapink

May, June

72 x 72
(180 x 180)

cazaleafoltmacranthapink

Azalea viscosum

White with Pinkish-tinge

azaleaflotviscosum1

July, August

60 x 60
(150 x 150)

azaleafoltviscosum

Camellia japonica

Red

camelliajaponicaflott

April

336 x 300 (840 x 750)

cameliajaponicafolt9

Rhododendron 'Blue Peter'

Light Lavender

crhododendronflotbluepeter

June

60 x 72
(150 x 180)

crhododendronfoltbluepeter

Rhododendron 'Elizabeth'

Red

crhododendronflotelizabeth

April, May

48 x 48
(120 x 120)

RhodoElizabeth

Rhododendron macabeanum

Yellow

rhododendronflotmacabeanum

March, April

120 x 120 (300 x 300)

rhododendronfoltmacabeanum

Rhododendron 'Peace'

Creamy-White

rhododendronflotpeace

April

36 x 36
(90 x 90)

rhododendronfoltpeace

Rhododendron 'Pink Pearl'

Soft Pink

rhododendronflotpinkpearl1

May, June

72 x 72
(180 x 180)

rhododendronfoltpinkpearl

Rhododendron 'Sappho'

White

rhododendronflotsappho1

June

84 x 84
(210 x 210)

rhododendronfoltsappho

Rhododendron yakushimanum

White

rhododendronflotyakushimanum

May, June

36 x 36
(90 x 90)

rhododendronfoltyakushimanum

Botanical Index Gallery Pages

Appended to Botanical Name is
'Plant Type' space 'Flower Colour' space 'Plant Use'

A, B, C, D, E,
F, G, H, I, J, K,
L, M, N, O, P, Q,
R, S, T, U, V, W,
X, Y, Z,
Bedding,
Fern,
Hedging,
Illiterate UK Workforce,
Plant Use and Flower Shape,
Wildflowers in UK used by Butterflies

Links to Indexed Plants in the galleries below are in addition to the ones above:-

Bee pollinated plants per flower colour per month in Bee-Pollinated


Rock Garden, Alpine Flowers appended to relevant pages in this gallery from

Rock Flowers
with
Rock Garden

Alpines, Aquatic, Annual, Beddi-ng, Biennial and Bulb with Clim-ber of 3 sector system are in Infill

Fragrant Plant Index pages in Right Hand Table

4000x3000 pixel Camera Photo Index in Right Hand Table

Plant Type:-
Al = Alpine
Aq = Aquatic
An = Annual from Photo Coleus Index for different uses, Biennial
Ba = Bamboo
Be = Bedding
Bu = Bulb
Cl = Climber
Co = Conifer
Ds = Deciduous Shrub
Dt = Deciduous Tree
Ep = Evergreen Perennial
Es = Evergreen Shrub
Et = Evergreen Tree
Fe = Fern
Gr = Grass
Hed = Hedging
Hp = Herbaceous Perennial
Her = Herb
Od = Odds and Sods
Rg = Plant for Rock
Garden (Alpines)
Rh = Rhododendron, Azalea, Camellia
Ro = Rose
So = Soft Fruit
To = Top Fruit
Ve = Links are in the Vegetable Gallery where Companion Planting is also used.
Wi = Links to UK Wildflower Botanical Names and Common Names are in the Right Hand Table
and
Wildflowers used by Butterflies

Gr = Grass
Link in Plant Type is to either Index A of that type or to the Index in the right hand table on each page of that folder
=
Link(s) in expansion is to another folder in this ivydenegardens.co.uk website

Flower Colour:-
Other
Orange
Pink
Red
White
Yellow
2 Colours

followed by
Plant Use:-
Alp = in Alpine Garden
Arc = Climb Arch, Pergola, Fence, Trellis
Bac = Back of Border
Ban = Cover Banks
Bed = Bedding, Mass Planting
Bee = Bee pollinated for Hay Fever Sufferers
Cli = Climber/Pillar
Coast = in Coastal Area
Cott = in Cottage Garden
Cut = Cut-Flower
Edib = Edible
Edg = Edging Border
Exh = Exhibition
Fra = Fragrant
Fru = Fruit, Berry, Nut
Fless = Free of Frost
Gra = in Grassland
Gro = Ground-Cover
Hed = Hedge,
Plant in Hedge,
Screen, Windbreak
Herb = in Herb Garden
Hip = Produces Hips, Seed-Head

Annual, Bulb, Climber,
Perennial Form & Shrub/Tree Shape details below

Parts of a Flower by American Museum of Natural History

Inv = Invasive; so pot the plant instead
Mid = Middle of Border
Nat = Naturalize
Nor = North-facing Wall
Pois = Poisonous
Pot = Grow in Pot
PotGr = Pot in Greenhouse, Conservatory, Houseplant, Alpine House
Pout = Plant Supportless
Psoil = Tolerates Poor Soil
Psup = Plant Supported
Sha = Tolerates Shade, Part Shade, Shade Part of Day
Roc = Rock Garden, Cliff, Scree, Gravel, Crevice
San = on Sand Dunes
Shr = Climber in Shrubs
Spe = Speciman
Sta = Grow as Standard
Swo = Sword-shaped leaf
Tho = Thorns repel
Tless = Thornless
Tre = Climber in Tree
Und = Underplant
Veg = in Vegetable Garden
Wal = Grow as Wall Rose
Walls = Grows on Walls
Wat = Grow next to Water
Wet = Grow in Wet Soil
Wild = Attracts Wildlife
Woo = Woodland

Garden Design
...Use the Colour Wheel Concepts to select Plants.
From viewing Lost Flowers with the Walkabout, Un-Labelled Bedding Plant, Permanent Herbaceous Plant and RHS Design Errors pages, I state: 'There is room for improvement in the RHS Mixed Border of Wisley' in 2013-14. The above pages are within:-
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
......Camera photos of Plant supports

Right Hand Table

Botanical Name with Common Name, Wild Flower Family, Flower Colour and Form Index of each of all the Wildflowers of the UK in 1965:- AC, AG,AL,AL,AN,
AR,AR,AS,BA,
BR,BR,CA,CA,
CA,CA,CA,CA,
CA,CE,CE,CH,
CI,CO,CR,DA,
DE,DR,EP,EP,
ER,EU,FE,FO,
GA,GA,GE,GL,
HE,HI,HI,HY,
IM,JU,KI,LA,
LE,LI,LL,LU,LY, ME,ME,MI,MY,
NA,OE,OR,OR,
PA,PH,PL,PO,
PO,PO,PO,PU,
RA,RH,RO,RO,
RU,SA,SA,SA,
SC,SC,SE,SI,
SI,SO,SP,ST,
TA,TH,TR,TR,
UR,VE,VE,VI

Extra Botanical Names have been added within a row for a different plant. Each Extra Botanical Name Plant will link to an Extras Page where it will be detailed in its own row.

EXTRAS 91,
 

 

Common Name with Botanical Name, Wild Flower Family, Flower Colour and Form Index of each of all the Wildflowers of the UK in 1965:- AC,AL,AS,BE,
BL,BO,BR,CA,
CL,CO,CO,CO,
CR,DA,DO,EA,
FE,FI,FR,GO,
GR,GU,HA,HO,
IR,KN,LE,LE,
LO,MA,ME,MO,
NA,NO,PE,PO,
PY,RE,RO,SA,
SE,SE,SK,SM,
SO,SP,ST,SW,
TO,TW,WA,WE,
WI,WO,WO,YE

Extra Common Names have been added within a row for a different plant. Each Extra Common Name Plant will link to an Extras Page where it will be detailed in its own row.

EXTRAS 57,58,
59,60,61,62,
63,64,

 

You have the wildflower plants of the UK details above, with their flower colours and habitats in these 5 rows, so WHY NOT USE THEM WITH THE CULTIVATED PLANTS IN YOUR OWN GARDEN?

BLUE WILD FLOWER GALLERY
PAGE MENU

 

FLOWER COLOUR Comparison Page,
space,
Site Map page in its flower colour
NOTE Gallery with Continuation Pages from Page 2

...Blue - its page links in next 4 rows.
Use of Plant with Flowers

...Brown Botanical Names

...Cream Common Names, Coastal and Dunes, Sandy Shores and Dunes

...Green Broad-leaved Woods

...Mauve Grassland - Acid, Neutral, Chalk

...Multi-Cols Heaths and Moors

...Orange Hedgerows and Verges

...Pink A-G Lakes, Canals and Rivers

...Pink H-Z Marshes, Fens, Bogs

...Purple Old Buildings and Walls

...Red Pinewoods

...White A-D Saltmarshes. Shingle Beaches, Rocks and Cliff Tops

...White E-P Other

...White Q-Z Number of Petals


...Yellow A-G Pollinator

...Yellow H-Z Poisonous Parts

...Shrub/Tree River Banks and Other Freshwater Margins

BLUE WILD FLOWER GALLERY
PAGE MENU

 

Lists of:-

Edible Plant Parts.

Flower Legend.

Food for
Butterfly/Moth
.

Flowering plants of Chalk and Limestone Page 1
Page 2

Flowering plants of Acid Soil
Page 1

SEED COLOUR
Seed 1
Seed 2

BLUE WILD FLOWER GALLERY
PAGE MENU

 

Habitat Lists:-

Coastal and Dunes.

Broad-leaved
Woods
.

Grassland - Acid, Neutral, Chalk.

Heaths and Moors.

Hedgerows and Verges.

Lakes, Canals and Rivers.

Marshes, Fens,
Bogs
.

Old Buildings and Walls.

Pinewoods.

River Banks and
other Freshwater Margins
.

Saltmarshes.

Sandy Shores and Dunes.

Shingle Beaches, Rocks and
Cliff Tops
.

Other.
 

BLUE WILD FLOWER GALLERY
PAGE MENU

 

Number of Petals List:-
Without Petals. Other plants
without flowers.
1 Petal or
Composite of
many 1 Petal Flowers as Disc
or Ray Floret .
2 Petals.
3 Petals.
4 Petals.
5 Petals.
6 Petals.
Over 6 Petals.

BLUE WILD FLOWER GALLERY
PAGE MENU

 

Lists of:-

Pollinator.

Poisonous Parts.

Scented Flower, Foliage, Root.

Story of their Common Names.

Use of Plant with Flowers

Use for Non-Flowering Plants

 


The following is a complete hierarchical Plant Selection Process
dependent on the Garden Style chosen
Garden Style
...
Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...
12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...
All Plants Index
...
Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...
Shape, Form
Index

 


Fragrant Plants as a Plant Selection Process for your sense of smell:-
Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an Acid Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
1
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
1
, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
1
, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants
1
, 2

 


Camera Photo Galleries showing all 4000 x 3000 pixels of each photo on your screen that you can then click and drag it to your desktop as part of a Plant Selection Process:-

RHS Garden at Wisley
Plant Supports -
When supporting plants in a bed, it is found that not only do those plants grow upwards, but also they expand their roots and footpad sideways each year.
Pages
1
, 2, 3, 8, 11,
12, 13,
Plants 4, 7, 10,
Bedding Plants 5,
Plant Supports for Unknown Plants 5
,
Clematis Climbers 6,
the RHS does not appear to either follow it's own pruning advice or advice from The Pruning of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers by George E. Brown.
ISBN 0-571-11084-3 with the plants in Pages 1-7 of this folder. You can see from looking at both these resources as to whether the pruning carried out on the remainder of the plants in Pages 7-15 was correct.
Narcissus (Daffodil) 9,
Phlox Plant Supports 14, 15

Coleus Bedding Foliage Trial - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, Index

National Trust Garden at Sissinghurst Castle
Plant Supports -
Pages for Gallery 1
with Plant Supports
1, 5, 10
Plants
2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9,
11, 12
Recommended Rose Pruning Methods 13
Pages for Gallery 2
with Plant Supports
2
,
Plants 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Dry Garden of
RHS Garden at
Hyde Hall
Plants - Pages
without Plant Supports
Plants 1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Nursery of
Peter Beales Roses
Display Garden
Roses Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Nursery of
RV Roger
Roses - Pages
A1,A2,A3,A4,A5,
A6,A7,A8,A9,A10,
A11,A12,A13,A14,
B15,
B16,B17,B18,B19,
B20,
B21,B22,B23,B24,
B25,
B26,B27,B28,B29,
B30,
C31,C32,C33,C34,
C35,
C36,C37,C38,C39,
C40,
C41,CD2,D43,D44,
D45,
D46,D47,D48,D49,
E50,
E51,E52,F53,F54,
F55,
F56,F57,G58,G59,
H60,
H61,I62,K63,L64,
M65,
M66,N67,P68,P69,
P70,
R71,R72,S73,S74,
T75,
V76,Z77, 78,

Damage by Plants in Chilham Village - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4

Pavements of Funchal, Madeira
Damage to Trees - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13
for trees 1-54,
14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
for trees 55-95,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, 33, 34, 35,
36, 37,
for trees 95-133,
38, 39, 40,
41, 42, 43, 44, 45,
for trees 133-166

Chris Garnons-Williams
Work Done - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Identity of Plants
Label Problems - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11

Ron and Christine Foord - 1036 photos only inserted so far - Garden Flowers - Start Page of each Gallery
AB1 ,AN14,BA27,
CH40,CR52,DR63,
FR74,GE85,HE96,

Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens - 1187
A 1, 2, Photos - 43
B 1, Photos - 13
C 1, Photos - 35
D 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7,
Photos - 411
with Plants causing damage to buildings in Chilham Village and Damage to Trees in Pavements of Funchal
E 1, Photos - 21
F 1, Photos - 1
G 1, Photos - 5
H 1, Photos - 21
I 1, Photos - 8
J 1, Photos - 1
K 1, Photos - 1
L 1, Photos - 85
with Label Problems
M 1, Photos - 9
N 1, Photos - 12
O 1, Photos - 5
P 1, Photos - 54
Q 1, Photos -
R 1, 2, 3,
Photos - 229
S 1, Photos - 111
T 1, Photos - 13
U 1, Photos - 5
V 1, Photos - 4
W 1, Photos - 100
with Work Done by Chris Garnons-Williams
X 1 Photos -
Y 1, Photos -
Z 1 Photos -
Articles/Items in Ivydene Gardens - 88
Flower Colour, Num of Petals, Shape and
Plant Use of:-
Rock Garden
within linked page


The Center for Water Efficient Landscaping (CWEL)
mission is to promote water conservation through environmentally, socially, and economically sound landscape management practices in Utah, USA. Same principles apply wherever water is in short supply.
 

Why not gift a Container Garden Veg Patch Experience to your friend or your school?
From our farm in Cornwall, England we sow and grow thousands of organic vegetable plug plants, herbs and potted fruits ready to be delivered to your garden gate at just the right time for planting out.

Why not grow them inside your home using Amberol self-watering rectangular containers and the potting mix from my Vegetable Gallery?


Carbon Life Cycle uses Miscanthus for Power Stations leading to carbon neutral green renewable electricity and 7 other markets by Terravesta in the UK.
 

Connon Nurseries. - "is one of Canada's largest wholesale nurseries serving customers throughout Canada and several Northeastern U.S. states. We offer more than 4,000 varieties of high-quality trees, shrubs, perennials, green-roof plants, and more. We rely on more than 100 specialty nurseries from across Canada, the U.S. and Europe to grow specific stock to round out our own inventory. See its library and its plants for Green Roofs with Sempergreen Vegetation Mats for any type of roof, roundabout, central reservation or roof terrace."

Cultural Needs of Plants
from Chapter 4 in Fern Grower's Manual by Barbara Joe Hoshizaki & Robbin C. Moran. Revised and Expanded Edition. Published in 2001 by Timber Press, Inc. Reprinted 2002, 2006. ISBN-13:978-0-
88192-495-4.

"Understanding Fern Needs
Ferns have the same basic growing requirements as other plants and will thrive when these are met. There is nothing mysterious about the requirements - they are not something known only to people with green thumbs - but the best gardeners are those who understand plant requirements and are careful about satisfying them.
What, then, does a fern need?

All plants need water.
Water in the soil prevents roots from drying, and all mineral nutrients taken up by the roots must be dissolved in the soil water. Besides water in the soil, most plants need water in the air. Adequate humidity keeps the plant from drying out. Leaves need water for photosynthesis and to keep from wilting.
All green plants need light to manufacture food (sugars) by photosynthesis. Some plants need more light than others, and some can flourish in sun or shade. Most ferns, however, prefer some amount of shade.
For photosynthesis, plants require carbon dioxide, a gas that is exhaled by animals as waste. Carbon dioxide diffuses into plants through tiny pores, called stomata, that abound on the lower surface of the leaves. In the leaf, carbon dioxide is combined with the hydrogen from water to form carbohydrates, the plant's food. This process takes place only in the presence of light and chlorophyll, a green pigment found in plant cells. To enhance growth, some commercial growers increase the carbon dioxide level in their greenhouses to 600ppm (parts per million), or twice the amount typically found in the air.
Plants need oxygen. The green plants of a plant do not require much oxygen from the air because plants produce more oxygen by photosynthesis than they use. The excess oxygen liberated from the plants is used by all animals, including humans. What do plants do with oxygen? They use it just as we do, to release the energy stored in food. We use energy to move about, to talk, to grow, to think - in fact, for all our life processes. Although plants don't talk or move much, they do grow and metabolize and must carry on all their life processes using oxygen to release the stored energy in their food.
Roots need air all the time. They get it from the air spaces between the soil particles. Overwatering displaces the air between soil particles with water, thereby removing the oxygen needed by the roots. This reduces the root's ability to absorb mineral nutrients and can foster root-rot.
Plants need minerals to grow properly. The minerals are mined from the soil by the plant's root system. If a certain mineral is missing, such as calcium needed for developing cell walls, then the plant will be stunted, discoloured, or deformed.
Some plants tolerate a wide range of temperatures, whereas others are fussy. If the temperature is too high or low, the machinery of the plant will not operate satisfactorily or will cease entirely.

The basic needs of plants are not hard to supply, but growing success depends on attending to these needs with care and exactitude. The remainder of this chapter is devoted to a discussion of these requirements, with the exception of mineral needs, which are discussed in Chapter 5."

 

It is worth remembering that especially with roses that the colour of the petals of the flower may change - The following photos are of Rosa 'Lincolnshire Poacher' which I took on the same day in R.V. Roger's Nursery Field:-

poacherrose1garnonswilliams

Closed Bud

poacherrose2garnonswilliams

Opening Bud

poacherrose3garnonswilliams

Juvenile Flower

poacherrose4garnonswilliams

Older Juvenile Flower

poacherrose5garnonswilliams

Middle-aged Flower - Flower Colour in Season in its
Rose Description Page is
"Buff Yellow, with a very slight pink tint at the edges in May-October."

poacherrose6garnonswilliams

Mature Flower

poacherrose7garnonswilliams

Juvenile Flower and Dying Flower

poacherrose8garnonswilliams

Form of Rose Bush

There are 720 roses in the Rose Galleries; many of which have the above series of pictures in their respective Rose Description Page.

So one might avoid the disappointment that the 2 elephants had when their trunks were entwined instead of them each carrying their trunk using their own trunk, and your disappointment of buying a rose to discover that the colour you bought it for is only the case when it has its juvenile flowers; if you look at all the photos of the roses in the respective Rose Description Page!!!!

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