Ivydene Gardens Tree - Deciduous Gallery:
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Tree and Shrub Plant Care

Young plants need extra phosphorus (P the second number on the fertilizer bag) to encourage good root development. Apply recommended amount for each plant per label directions; in the soil at time of planting.
Fertilizers that are high in Nitrogen (N), will promote green leafy growth. Excess nitrogen in the soil can cause excessive vegetative growth on plants at the expense of flower bud development. It is best to avoid fertilizing after July, otherwise it can force lush, vegetative growth that will not have a chance to harden off before the onset of the cold weather in October.

Unless a site is completely exposed, light conditions will change during the day and even during the year. The northern and eastern sides of a house receive the least amount of light, with the northern exposure being the shadiest. The western and southern sides of a house receive the most light and have the hottest exposure due to the intense afternoon sun.
For best plant performance, it is desirable to match the correct plant with the available light conditions. Plants which do not receive sufficient light may become pale in color, have fewer leaves and a "leggy" stretched-out appearance. You can also expect plants to grow slower and have fewer blooms when light is less than required. Plants can also receive too much light. If a shade loving plant is exposed to direct sun, it may wilt and/or cause leaves to be sunburned. Full Sun is defined as exposure to more than 6 hours of continuous, direct sun per day.

Types of tree and shrub pruning include: pinching, thinning, shearing and rejuvenating.

  • Pinching is removing the stem tips of a young plant to promote branching. Doing this avoids the need for more severe pruning later on.
  • Thinning involves removing whole branches back to the trunk. This may be done to open up the interior of a plant to let more light in and to increase air circulation that can cut down on plant disease. The best way to begin thinning is to begin by removing dead, damaged or diseased wood. Then remove one of each set of 2 crossing branches - remembering to keep the natural vertical or horizontal orientation of the branch structure.
  • Shearing is leveling the surface of a shrub using hand or electric shears. This is done to maintain the desired shape of a hedge or topiary.
  • Rejuvenating is removal of old branches or the overall reduction of the size of a shrub to restore its original form and size. It is recommended that you do not remove more than one third of a plant at a time. Remember to remove branches from the inside of the plant as well as the outside.

A water ring is a mound of compacted soil that is built around the circumference of a planting hole once a shrub/tree has been installed. The water ring helps to direct water to the outer edges of a planting hole, encouraging new roots to grow outward, in search of moisture. The height of the mound of soil will vary from a couple of inches for 10 ltr potted shrubs, to almost a foot for balled and burlapped trees, especially those planted on a slope. Mulching over the ring will help to further conserve moisture and prevent deterioration of the ring itself. Once a plant is established, the water ring may be leveled, but the mulch should continue beneath the plant during each spring and summer.

Water when normal rainfall does not provide the preferred 1 inch (2.5 cms) of moisture most plants prefer per week from March to October. The first two years after a plant is installed, regular watering is important. It is better to water once a week and water deeply using drip irrigation (thoroughly soaking the soil until water has penetrated to a depth of 6 to 7 inches (15-18 cms)), than to water frequently for a few minutes. With container grown plants, apply enough water to allow water to flow through the drainage holes, or preferably put the pot inside a larger pot on pot legs to raise it 1 inch above the bottom of the outside pot with a wick from the bottom of the outer pot up through to the middle of the inner pot and replenish the 1 inch (2.5 cms) depth of water in the outside pot. The outside pot has a hole 2 inches (5 cms) above its base to allow for drainage of excess irrigation water or rain. Water plants early in the day or later in the afternoon to conserve water and cut down on plant stress. Do water early enough so that water has had a chance to dry from plant leaves prior to night fall. This is paramount if you have had fungus problems. Do not wait to water until plants wilt. Although some plants will recover from this, all plants will die if they wilt too much (when they reach the permanent wilting point). Mulches can significantly cool the root zone and conserve moisture.

Waterlogged soil occurs when more water is added to soil than can drain out in a reasonable amount of time. This can be a severe problem where water tables are high or soils are compacted. Lack of air space in waterlogged soil makes it almost impossible for soil to drain. Few plants, except for bog plants, can tolerate these conditions. Drainage can be improved by creating a French Drain (18 inch x 12 inch - 45 x 30 cms - drain lined with Geotextile like Plantex or Weed Control Fabric filled with coarse gravel and the weed control fabric overlaid on the top before mulching the top with 3 inch depth of Bark) in the boggy area and extending this drain alongside an evergreen hedge. The hedge will abstract the water over the whole year. Over-watered plants have the same wilted leaves as under-watered plants. Fungi such as Phytophthora and Pythium affect vascular systems, which cause wilt.


Further details about how soil works is in the introduction page and the Soil Topic.


You can select a deciduous tree by clicking on the Thumbnail to see its Plant Description alongside from the:-

or clicking on the Botanical Name link from one of the:-

or you can select one of the 4 DECIDUOUS TREES by clicking on its:-

  • Deciduous Tree Description Page Name in the following list

Deciduous Tree Pages



Garden Spider Araneus diadematus

These gallery photographs were provided by R. V. Roger and Christine Foord.

Case Studies
Companion Planting
Garden Construction
Garden Design
Garden Maintenance
Offbeat Glossary
Tool Shed
Useful Data

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Colour Wheel
Deciduous Shrub

Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Deciduous*

Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Herbaceous Perennial
Odds and Sods

Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Wild Flower

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery

Site Map of pages with content (o)



(o)Other Colours


Variegated White
Variegated Yellow
(o)Autumn Colour
4 Season Colour


Flattened Spherical
(o)Narrow Conical
Broad Conical
(o)Broad Ovoid
Narrow Vase-shaped
Broad Fan-shaped
Narrow Weeping
Broad Weeping
Single-stem Palm
Multi-stem Palm



Green for Orange and Other Colours with
Red and Pink in one page (shown in the Colour Wheel as Red, Purple and Pink)
Flower Colours per Month in Colour Wheel below in this DECIDUOUS TREE Gallery.

Click on Black or White box in Colour of Month.



The Plant Height Border in the Flower Colour per Month Deciduous Tree Gallery for the above Colour Wheel has changed from :-
Blue = 0-2 feet (0-24 inches), Green = 2-6 feet (24-72 inches), Red = 6+ feet (72+ inches) to:-

  • Brown = 0-240 inches (0-600 cms) for Small Trees,
  • Blue = 240-480 inches (600-1200) for Medium Trees,
  • Green = 480+ inches (1200+ cms) for Large Trees,
  • Red = Potted Trees - Trees kept in Pots on Patio Area
  • Black = Small Garden - Trees in the ground which are suitable for a Small garden

Click on thumbnail to add the Plant Description Page of the Deciduous Tree named in the Text box below that photo.
The Comments Row of that Deciduous Tree Description Page details where that Deciduous Tree is available from.

Deciduous Tree Height from Text Border in this Gallery

Brown =
0-240 inches
(0-600 cms)

Blue =
240-480 inches
(600-1200 cms)

Green =
480+ inches
(1200+ cms)

Red = Potted

Black = Small Garden

Deciduous Tree Soil Moisture from Text Background in this Gallery


Wet Soil

Moist Soil

Dry Soil


Deciduous Tree Name

Flower Colour

Flowering Months

Height x Spread in inches (cms)
(1 inch = 2.5 cms,
12 inches = 1 foot
12 inches = 30 cms,
24 inches = 2 feet,
3 feet = 1 yard,
40 inches = 100 cms)

Foliage Colour


Amelanchier canadensis



April, May

240 x 120
(600 x 300)

Mid-Green, yellow to orange and red in Autumn


Betula pendula

Yellow-Brown Catkins


April, May

720 x 240
(1800 x 600)

Mid-Green becoming Yellow in the Autumn


C, D, E







Fraxinus sieboldiana



June, July

240 x 180
(600 x 450)

Dark Green and up to 8 inches long


G, H, I, J, K







Liriodendron tulipifera



1200 x 600
(3000 x 1500)

Dark Green turns Yellow in Autumn. Easier way of identification is by the dent at the end of the leaf rather than a point.

M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z







Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677


Site design and content copyright ©July 2009. Page structure amended January 2013. Feet changed to inches (cms) July 2015. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  


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