Ivydene Gardens Blue Wildflowers Note Gallery:
Yellow Flowers with Plant Index from A-G with
Pollinator Index

Plant Height from Text Border

Blue = 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)

Green=24-72 inches (60-180 cms)

Red = 72+ inches (180+ cms)

Plant Soil Moisture from Text Background

Wet Soil

Moist Soil

Dry Soil

Click on thumbnail to change this comparison page to the Plant Description Page of the plant named in the Text box below the photo.
Click on first Underlined Text in Text Box below Thumbnail to transfer to its Family page.

fcelerycolfloleavedbuttercup

fglobecolfloflower

fjerseycolflobuttercup

flessercolflocelandine

flessercolflospearwort

fmarshcolflomarigold

fsmallcolflofloweredbuttercup

fbulbouscflobuttercup

BUTTER-CUP Celery-Leaved Butter-cup
IN PONDS OR RIVERS
May-Sep
Most Poison-ous member of Ranun-culus

BUTTER-CUP Globe Flower HAY MEAD-OWS, RIVER BANKS, LAKE MARG-INS, OPEN WOOD-LAND
May-Aug

BUTTER-CUP Jersey Butter-cup GRASS-LAND - WET IN WINTER, SUN-BAKED IN SUMMER. DIES DOWN AFTER IT FLOWERS
May

BUTTER-CUP Lesser Celan-dine WOODS, MARI-TIME GRASS-LAND, RIVER BANKS, ROAD-SIDES

Mar-May

BUTTER-CUP Lesser Spear-wort
IN SPRINGS, STREAM-SIDES, DUNE-SLACKS, MARSH, BOGS

Jun- onwards

BUTTER-CUP Marsh Marigold EDGES OF RIVERS, LAKES, WINTER-WET MEAD-OWS

Mar-Jun

BUTTER-CUP Small-flowered Butter-cup
DRY, CHALKY SOILS WITH TURF ON CLIFF EDGES, BANKS

May-Jul

BUTTER-CUP Bulbous Butter-cup CHALKY SOILS IN MEAD-OWS, PAST-URES AND DUNES

Mar-Jun

fwintercolfloaconite

fwoodcolflogoldilocks

fyellowcolflocorydalis

fcharlockflot

fcommonflotwintercress

fcreepingflotyellowcress

fhedgeflot1mustard

fwallflowerflot

BUTTER-CUP Winter Aconite OPEN WOOD-LAND, GARD-ENS AND ROAD VERGES. DIES BACK IN SUMMER

Jan-Mar

BUTTER-CUP
Wood Gold-ilocks DECI-DUOUS WOOD-LAND
ON CHALK. SCRUB, CHURC-HYARDS, ROAD-SIDES
Apr-May

FUMIT-ORY Yellow Corydalis OLD WALLS, BRICK RUBBLE AND STONY WASTE GROUND

May-Aug

CRUCIF-ER Charlock WEED
PEST Poison-ous to live-stock. ROAD-SIDES, TIPS AND ROAD-WORKS.

May - onwards

CRUCIF-ER Common Winter-cress
BY RIVERS, ROAD-SIDES, BY HEDGES AND IN DITCHES

May-Jul

CRUCIF-ER Creeping Yellow Cress SITES FLOODED IN WINTER, EDGES OF RIVERS, DITCHES

Jun - onwards

CRUCIF-ER
Hedge Mustard DRY, CHALKY SOIL IN CULTI-VATED GROUND, ROAD-SIDES

May - onwards

CRUCIF-ER
Wall-flower CHALKY SOIL ON CLIFFS, OLD WALLS AND ROCKS. Bedding in gardens.

Mar-Jun

fyellowflotwhitlowgrass

fgreaterflotcelandine

fwelshflotpoppy

fyellowflothornedpoppy

fheartseaseflot

fcreepingcolflobuttercup

commonflotsaintjohnswort

elegantflotsaintjohnswort

CRUCIF-ER
Yellow Whitlow-grass GROWS IN CREV-ICES IN CHALKY SOIL WITHIN LIME-STONE ROCKS

Mar-Apr

POPPY Greater Celand-ine ROAD-SIDES, PATHS, IN THE CREV-ICES OF OLD WALLS, HEDGE-BOTTOM

May-Sep

POPPY
Welsh Poppy DAMP ROCKY WOOD-LANDS, IN GARDENS HEDGE BANKS, WALLS, ROAD-SIDES

Jun-Aug

POPPY
Yellow Horned Poppy SHINGLE BANKS, STONY BEACHES

Jun-Sep

VIOLET Hearts-ease DUNES, OTHER SANDY AREAS ON ACIDIC GRASS-LAND AND GARDENS

Apr - onwards

BUTTER-CUP Creep-ing Butter-cup WOOD-LAND RIDES, FARM GATE-WAYS, GARDENS

May - onwards

SAINT JOHNS WORT Common Saint John's Wort CHALKY SOIL IN HEDGE-BANKS, WOODS, GRASS-LAND

Jul - onwards

SAINT JOHNS WORT Elegant Saint John's Wort HEATH, DECID-UOUS WOOD-LAND, HEDGE-ROWS Poison-ous
Jul-Aug

fyellowflotwaterlily

fgreatercolflospearwort

flessercolflomeadowrue

fmeadowcolflobuttercup

famericanflot1landcress

fbargemansflotcabbage

fblackflotmustard

fraphanusflotlandra

WATER-LILY Yellow Water-lily LAKES, PONDS, PONDS IN GARDENS

Jun-Sep

BUTTER-CUP Greater Spear-wort
IN FENS, MARSH EDGES OF DITCH, CANAL, POND, FLOO-DED GRAVEL-PITS
Jun-Aug

BUTTER-CUP Lesser Meadow-rue CALCA-REOUS FIXED DUNES, CLIFFS, LIME-STONE, LIME-STONE GRASS-LAND
Jun-Aug

BUTTER-CUP Meadow Butter-cup DAMP MEAD-OWS, UNIMP-ROVED WATER-MEADOW DUNE GRASS-LAND
May- onwards

CRUCIF-ER American Land-cress GARDEN ESCAPE BY ROADS AND ON RAIL-WAYS

Apr-Jul

CRUCIF-ER Barge-man's Cabbage RIVER AND CANAL BANKS, ROAD-SIDES, ARABLE FIELDS, TIPS

Apr- onwards

CRUCIF-ER
Black Mustard BY RIVERS, SEA-CLIFFS AND SHINGLE

May-onwards

CRUCIF-ER
Raph-anus landra DRIFT LINE AND CLIFFS ON SANDY AND ROCKY SHORES

Jun-Aug

fwallflotrocket

fwoadflot

fyellowcfloflag

fwildflotmignonette

fyellowflotloosestrife

chairyflosaintjohnswort

tutsanflot

blank50

CRUCIF-ER
Wall Rocket DRY WALLS AND BANKS, IN QUAR-RIES, RAILWAY SIDINGS

May- onwards

CRUCIF-ER
Woad QUAR-RIES, BARE CLIFFS, ARABLE FIELDS, DOCKS

Jun-Aug

IRIS Yellow Flag
WET MEAD-OWS, WET WOODS, FENS, LAKE EDGE, WET DUNE-SLACKS

Jun-Aug

MIGNO-NETTE Wild Migno-nette WELL-DRAINED SOILS ON ROAD-SIDE VERGES, QUAR-RIES

June- onwards

PRIM-ROSE
Yellow Loose-strife WET SOILS IN RIVER BANKS, MARSHES FENS, PONDS AND DITCHES

Jul-Aug

SAINT JOHNS WORT Hairy Saint John's Wort WOOD-LAND, HEDGE-ROWS, RIVER-BANKS ON CHALK, CLAY
Jul-Sep

SAINT JOHNS WORT Tutsan SHADED WOODS, HEDGE-ROWS. Seed spread by Birds. Poison-ous

Jun-Aug

BAR-BERRY Oregon Grape EVER-GREEN SHRUB IN HEDGE-ROWS, ROAD VERGES, WOOD-LAND

Mar-May

ftowercflocress

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CRUCIF-ER
Tower Cress GARDEN ESCAPE ON OLD WALLS, ALSO ARISING AS A GRAIN ALIEN

May-Aug

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

fbarberryflot

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BAR-BERRY Barberry DECID-UOUS SHRUB IN HEDGE-ROWS, COP-PICES. BANKS, CLIFFS

May-Jun

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Site design and content copyright ©January 2016. Photos and other details added February 2017. Chris Garnons-Williams.

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Marjorie Blamey's Wild Flowers by Colour by Marjorie Blamey (ISBN 0-7136-7237-4. Published by A & C Black Publishers Ltd in 2005) has illustrations of each wild flower of Britain and Northern Europe split into the following 13 colours.

Instead of colour illustrations, this plant gallery has thumbnail pictures of wild flowers of Britain in the same colour split system:-

White A-D and Habitats of Saltmarshes, Beaches, Rocks and Cliff Tops
White E-P and Other Habitats
White Q-Z and Number of Petals
Cream and Coastal Sandy Shores and Dunes
Yellow A-G and Pollinator
Yellow H-Z and Poisonous Plants
Orange and Habitat of Hedgerows and Road Verges
Red and Habitat of Pinewoods
Pink A-G and Habitats of Lakes, Canals and Rivers
Pink H-Z and Habitats of Marshes, Fens and Bogs
Mauve and Habitat of Grassland - Acid, Neutral or Chalk
Purple and Habitats of Old Buildings and Walls
Blue and Flower Legend
Green and Habitat of Broad-leaved Woods
Brown and Food for Butterfly / Moth
Multi-Coloured and Habitats of Heaths and Moors
Shrub and Small Tree and Habitats of River Banks and Other Freshwater Margins
Seed 1 and Scented Flower, Foliage or Root
Seed 2 and Story of Their Common Names
Non-Flower Plants and Non-Flowering Plant Use
Introduction and Edible Plant Parts
Site Map and Use of Plant
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wildflowers with Yellow Flowers

Wildflower Common Plant Name

Click on Underlined Text
to view that Wildflower Plant Description Page

 

 

 

Scented

 

Scented Leaves

Flowering Months

Click on Underlined Text
to view photos

Habitat
 

Click on Underlined Text
to view further Natural Habitat details and Botanical Society of the British Isles Distri-bution Map

Number of Petals

Without Petals.

1 Petal or Comp-osite of many 1 Petal Flowers as Disc or Ray Floret .

2 Petals.
3 Petals.
4 Petals.
5 Petals.
6 Petals.
Over 6 Petals.

Foliage Colour

Height x Spread in inches (cms)

(1 inch = 2.5 cms,
12 inches = 1 foot = 30 cms,
24 inches = 2 feet,
3 feet = 1 yard,
40 inches = 100 cms)
Click on Underlined
text
to view its Wildflower FAMILY Page

Comment
and
Botanical Name

Click on Underlined Botanical Name
to link to Plant or Seed Supplier

 

Click on Underlined
/NOTE
to view Wildflower Plant NOTE Page

American Land Cress
famericanflot1landcress1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Annual Rock-rose
cannualflorockrose

 

 

 

 

 

 

Annual Yellow Woundwort

 

 

 

 

 

 

Arnica

 

 

 

 

 

 

Artemesia pontica

 

 

 

 

 

 

Autumn Hawkbit

 

 

 

 

 

 

Barberry is
Berberis vulgaris
fbarberryflot1

Barberry family

May-Jun

A deciduous shrub found in hedgerows and coppices, and on banks, cliffs and waste ground. Generally lowland, but reaching 395 m on Wanthwaite Crags (Cumberland).

6 Petals

Dark Green with Light Grey under-side

96 x 60 (240 x 150)

Pollinated by various insects.

Provides red berries for the birds to eat in the autumn.
Berberis
vulgaris

Bargeman's Cabbage
fbargemansflotcabbage1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Beaked Hawk's-beard

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bedstraw Broomrape

 

 

 

 

 

 

Beggarticks

 

 

 

 

 

 

Belgian Gagea

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bidens radiata

 

 

 

 

 

 

Black-eyed Susan

 

 

 

 

 

 

Black Mustard
fblackflotmustard1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bladderwort

 

 

 

 

 

 

Blood-drop Emlets

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bog Asphodel

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bohemian Gagea

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bombycilaena erecta

 

 

 

 

 

 

Broad-leaved Ragwort

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bristly Oxtongue

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bulbous Buttercup is
Ranunculus bulbosus
fbulbouscflobuttercup1

Buttercup family

March-June

A perennial herb with a corm-like stem-base, found on well-drained, neutral or calcareous soils in meadows, pastures and dunes. It is absent from highly productive, fertile grassland and from strongly acidic soils.

5 Petals

Pollinated by various insects, especially hover flies and small bees.

Mid-green

16 x 12 (40 x 30)

Avoided by grazing animals but intolerant of trampling.
Ranunculus bulbosus

Buttonweed

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cabbage Thistle

 

 

 

 

 

 

Canadian Goldenrod

 

 

 

 

 

 

Carline Thistle
ccarlineflothistle

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cat's-ear

 

 

 

 

 

 

Celery-leaved Buttercup is
Ranunculus sceleratus
fcelerycolfloleavedbuttercup1

Buttercup family

May-September

Most Poisonous member of genus Ranunculus. An annual of shallow water or wet, disturbed, nutrient-rich mud, especially at the edges of ponds, ditches, streams or rivers which are poached by drinking livestock. It is salt-tolerant and frequent on grazed estuarine marshes. Its seeds are long-lived and plants can re-appear following disturbance after many years of absence.

5 Petals

Visited by flies

Pale green

24 x 12 (60 x 30)

 

Ranunculus sceleratus

Charlock
fcharlockflot1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chondrilla

 

 

 

 

 

 

Coltsfoot
coltsfootcflowikimediacommons

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Broomrape

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Cow-wheat

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Cudweed

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Fleabane

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Hawkweed

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Ragwort

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Rock-rose
ccommonflorockrose

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Saint John's Wort
commonflotsaintjohnswort1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Toadflax

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Wintercress
fcommonflotwintercress1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Coneflower

 

 

 

 

 

 

Coralroot Orchid

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corn Buttercup,
Corn Crowfoot is
Ranunculus arvensis
item44
ranunculus arvensis. By Abrahami, via Wikimedia Commons

Buttercup family

June-July

An annual of arable land on loams, sands, clays and chalk. The seeds are long-lived, and plants sometimes reappear on disturbed waste ground, or in gardens or new roadside verges on former arable land.

5 Petals

Pale Green

6-18 x
(15-45 x )

Ranunculus arvensis

Visited by small flies. Long established, as a cornfield weed especially on calcareous soils.

Corn Marigold

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cottonweed

 

 

 

 

 

 

Primula veris
ccowslipflo1a

Primrose Family
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Creeping Buttercup
Ranunculus repens
fcreepingcolflobuttercup2

Buttercup Family

May onwards

A perennial herb with creeping stems, R. repens has a very wide ecological tolerance, but is most typical of disturbed habitats on damp or wet nutrient-rich soils, including woodland rides, ditch sides, farm gateways, gardens and waste ground. It also occurs in damp or periodically flooded grasslands, in dune-slacks and on lake shores. It is absent from very acidic soils.

5 Petals

Dark Green

24 x 24 (60 x 60)

Ranunculus repens

Visited by various insects, especially hover flies and small bees.

Common in wet meadows, pastures and woods, in dune-slacks and on gravel-heaps, and as a weed in clay

Creeping Comfrey

 

 

 

 

 

 

Creeping Jenny
ccreepingflo1jenny

 

 

 

 

 

 

Creeping Spearwort is Ranunculus reptans
fcreepingcflospearwortbritishflora

Buttercup Family

June-July

A stoloniferous perennial herb of lake shores, growing on gravel or silty sand. At the Loch of Strathbeg (N. Aberdeen), where it has been known since 1876, it grows in open vegetation in a zone of Eleocharis palustris which is intermittently exposed above the water level in summer.

5 Petals

Dark Green prostrate with arching rooting runners

2-18 x 6 (5-45 x 15)

Ranunculus reptans

Creeping Yellow Cress
fcreepingflotyellowcress1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Crimson-tipped Lousewort

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cut-leaved Viper's-grass

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dandelion

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dark Mullein

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dense-flowered Mullein

 

 

 

 

 

 

Downy Hemp-nettle

 

 

 

 

 

 

Downy Salflower

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eastern Groundsel

 

 

 

 

 

 

Elder-flowered Orchid

 

 

 

 

 

 

Elecampane

 

 

 

 

 

 

Elegant Saint John's Wort
elegantflotsaintjohnswort1

 

 

 

 

 

 

False Oxlip
cfalseflo1oxlip

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fen Ragwort

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fennel
cfennelflo

 

 

 

 

 

 

Field Fleawort

 

 

 

 

 

 

Field Wormwood

 

 

 

 

 

 

Filago arvensis

 

 

 

 

 

 

Flax-leaved Saint John's Wort
flaxleavedflotsaintjohnswort

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gagea arvensis

 

 

 

 

 

 

German Asphodel

 

 

 

 

 

 

German Inula

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ghost Orchid

 

 

 

 

 

 

Globe Flower is
Trollius europaeus
fglobecolfloflower1

Buttercup Family

May-August

A perennial herb of cool, damp habitats, including hay meadows, stream and river banks, lake margins, open woodland and rock ledges. It prefers basic soils, and is often associated with limestone. It is sensitive to grazing, but can persist as small, non-flowering plants in the uplands.

10 Petals

Dark Green above, paler beneath

24 x 24 (60 x 60)

Trollius europaeus

Wet pastures, fens, scrub and woods.

Visited by various small insects.

Poisonous.

Goat's-beard

 

 

 

 

 

 

Golden Drop

 

 

 

 

 

 

Goldenrod

 

 

 

 

 

 

Golden Samphire

 

 

 

 

 

 

Goldilocks
(Goldilocks Aster)
Galeatella linosyris and Linosyris vulgaris ,Chrysocoma linosyris, Crinitaria linosyris, Aster linosyris
goldilockscflo

Daisy: Cudweeds family

Sept-October

A perennial herb of shallow soil in open, grassy habitats on limestone sea-cliffs and rocky slopes, cliff-top grassland and wind-pruned heath overlying limestone. It is a poor competitor, and is usually intolerant of heavy grazing, although in Pembrokeshire it is found in low-growing, sheep-grazed, cliff-top grassland and heath.

No petals

Disk florets excluding the bracts, bright yellow

Dark Green

24-36 x
(60-90 x )

Visited by small insects

Linosyris vulgaris , Chrysocoma linosyris, Crinitaria linosyris, Aster linosyris

Very rare, on 5 dry limestone cliffs along the West coast of England and Wales

Greater Bladderwort

 

 

 

 

 

 

Greater Broomrape

 

 

 

 

 

 

Greater Celandine is
Chelidonium majus
fgreaterflotcelandine1

Poppy family

May-September

Bright Yellow in May-August followed by black seeds with white appendage in 2 inch capsule

This perennial herb is widely naturalised by roadsides and paths, in the crevices of old walls, on waste ground and in hedge-bottoms. It was at one time cultivated as a medicinal plant, and most localities are near habitation.

4 Petals

Photos

Mid-Green leaves all crenately-toothed and glabrous.

30 x 24 (75 x 60)

Visited by pollen-collecting flies and bees.

Chelidonium majus

Banks, hedgerows and walls usually near buildings.

Garden hedgerows, rocky commons, rocky embankments in lush broad-leaved woods.

Greater Spearwort is
Ranunculus lingua
fgreatercolflospearwort1

Buttercup Family

June-August

A stoloniferous perennial herb which grows in fens and marshes, on ditch, canal and pond edges, around reservoirs and in flooded gravel-pits and quarries. It is normally found in base-rich, still or slowly flowing water.

5 Petals

Dark Green basal leaves produced in the autumn and often submerged, disappearing before flowering.

48 x 24 (120 x 60)

Ranunculus lingua

Visited by various flies.

Greater Yellow Rattle

 

 

 

 

 

 

Great Lettuce

 

 

 

 

 

 

Great Mullein

 

 

 

 

 

 

Great Ragweed

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ground Pine

 

 

 

 

 

 

Groundsel

 

 

 

 

 

 

Guizotia

 

 

 

 

 

 

Adderstongue Spearwort is
Ranunculus ophioglossifolius
adderstonguecflospearwortwikimediacommons
Ranunculus ophioglossifolius close up, Sierra Madrona, Spain. By Javier martin, via Wikimedia Commons

Buttercup family

June-August

An annual found in a highly specialised marshy habitat. It requires winter inundation, bare, wet mud for seedling establishment, reduced summer water levels and low competition. The substrate at the two extant sites is base-rich Lias clay, with most water input from rain.

5 Petals

Green

up to 20
(50)

Inhabits semi-permanent marshes and ponds which dry out in summer, and prospers at pond-edges where livestock have trampled the ground.
Ranun-culus ophiogl-ossifolius

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

rabbitincarrotheaven

 

Common Name

Botanical Name

Pollinator Index

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BLUE WILD FLOWER GALLERY
PAGE MENU

Site Map of pages with content (o)

Introduction

 

FLOWER COLOUR Comparison Pages/Galleries under Wild Flower in the left hand Main Topic Menu Table

SEED COLOUR
(o)Seed 1
(o)Seed 2

Lists of:-
Edible Plant Parts.
Flower Legend.
Food for
Butterfly/Moth
.

Flowering plants of Chalk and Limestone
Page 1

Page 2

Flowering plants of Acid Soil
Page 1

Habitat Lists:-
Approaching the
Coast (Coastal)
.
Broad-leaved
Woods
.
Grassland - Acid, Neutral, Chalk.
Heaths and Moors.
Hedgerows and Verges.
Lakes, Canals and Rivers.
Marshes, Fens,
Bogs
.
Old Buildings and Walls.
Pinewoods.
River Banks and
other Freshwater Margins
.
Saltmarshes.
Sandy Shores and Dunes.
Shingle Beaches, Rocks and
Cliff Tops
.
Other.

Number of Petals List:-
Without Petals. Other plants
without flowers.
1 Petal or
Composite of
many 1 Petal Flowers as Disc
or Ray Floret .
2 Petals.
3 Petals.
4 Petals.
5 Petals.
6 Petals.
Over 6 Petals.

Lists of:-
Pollinator.
Poisonous Parts.
Scented Flower, Foliage, Root.
Story of their Common Names.
Use for Flowering Plants

Non-Flowering Plants
Use for Non-Flowering Plants

 

 

See Explanation of Structure of this Website with User Guidelines to aid your use of this website.

 

 

 

 

 

WILDFLOWER INDEX
Botanical Name
Common Name

 

 

WILD FLOWER GALLERY
PAGE MENU

Site Map of pages with content (o)

Introduction
Poisonous Plants


INDEX LINK TO WILDFLOWER PLANT DESCRIPTION PAGE
a-h
i-p
q-z

BED PICTURES
(o)Bed

HABITAT TABLES
Flowers in
Acid Soil

Flowers in
Chalk Soil

Flowers in
Marine Soil

Flowers in
Neutral Soil

Ferns
Grasses
Rushes
Sedges
 


WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 1


(o)Adder's Tongue
Amaranth
(o)Arrow-Grass
(o)Arum
(o)Balsam
Bamboo
(o)Barberry
(o)Bedstraw
(o)Beech
(o)Bellflower
(o)Bindweed
(o)Birch
(o)Birds-Nest
(o)Birthwort
(o)Bogbean
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Borage
(o)Box
(o)Broomrape
(o)Buckthorn
(o)Buddleia
(o)Bur-reed
(o)Buttercup
(o)Butterwort
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crowberry
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
Cypress
(o)Daffodil
(o)Daisy
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Daphne
(o)Diapensia
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 2


(o)Clubmoss
(o)Duckweed
(o)Eel-Grass
(o)Elm
(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Horsetail
(o)Polypody
Quillwort
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Flax
(o)Flowering-Rush
(o)Frog-bit
(o)Fumitory
(o)Gentian
(o)Geranium
(o)Glassworts
(o)Gooseberry
(o)Goosefoot
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 1
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 2
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 3 (o)Hazel
(o)Heath
(o)Hemp
(o)Herb-Paris
(o)Holly
(o)Honeysuckle
(o)Horned-Pondweed
(o)Hornwort
(o)Iris
(o)Ivy
(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Lime
(o)Lobelia
(o)Loosestrife
(o)Mallow
(o)Maple
(o)Mares-tail
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)
 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 3


(o)Mesem-bryanthemum
(o)Mignonette
(o)Milkwort
(o)Mistletoe
(o)Moschatel
Naiad
(o)Nettle
(o)Nightshade
(o)Oleaster
(o)Olive
(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
(o)Parnassus-Grass
(o)Peaflower
(o)Peaflower Clover 1
(o)Peaflower Clover 2
(o)Peaflower Clover 3
(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
Peony
(o)Periwinkle
Pillwort
Pine
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Pipewort
(o)Pitcher-Plant
(o)Plantain
(o)Pondweed
(o)Poppy
(o)Primrose
(o)Purslane
Rannock Rush
(o)Reedmace
(o)Rockrose
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
(o)Sandalwood
(o)Saxifrage
 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 4


Seaheath
(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
(o)Spindle-Tree
(o)Spurge
(o)Stonecrop
(o)Sundew
(o)Tamarisk
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Teasel
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Valerian
(o)Verbena
(o)Violet
(o)Water Fern
(o)Waterlily
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort
Waterwort
(o)Willow
(o)Willow-Herb
(o)Wintergreen
(o)Wood-Sorrel
(o)Yam
(o)Yew

 

 

See current Wildflower Common Name Index link Table for more wildflower of the UK common names together with their names in languages from America, Finland, France, Germany, Holland, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Spain and Sweden.

See current Wildflower Botanical Name Index link table for wildflower of the United Kingdom (Great Britain) botanical names.

 

After clicking on the WILD FLOWER Common Name INDEX link to Wildflower Family Page; locate that Common name on that Wildflower Family Page, then

Click on Underlined Text in:-

Common Name to view that Plant Description Page
Botanical Name to link to Plant or Seed Supplier
Flowering Months to view photos
Habitat to view further Natural Habitat details and Botanical Society of the British Isles Distribution Map

 

Common Name

Botanical Name

Pollinator Index

Barberry

 

Barberry is
Berberis vulgaris
fbarberrycolflot1

Barberry family

Flies and bees.

Red berries produced in September-October, which are eaten by the birds, who also use them for nest-sites. Bright lemon-yellow flowers in May-Jun. BARBERRY Family.

Use as a deciduous shrub in hedgerows and coppices, and on banks, cliffs and waste ground in deciduous woodlands. Use as external hedge where the sharp spines on the twigs and the sharply toothed leaves act as an animal or human deterrent. Its deleterious effect on wheat crops was appreciated before it was known to be a host of the rust Puccinia graminis and consequently eradicated from many hedgerows in the 19th century.

Angular Solomon's Seal

 

Angular Solomon's Seal is
Polygonatum odoratum
angularcflossolomonssealwikimediacommons1

Lily family
 

Pollinated by bumble-bees and selfed.

The greenish-white flowers are tubular. They have a powerful sweet scent and are followed by black globose fruits. In bloom Jun-Jul. Lily Family. A rhizomatous, perennial herb of ancient Fraxinus woods, often growing in crevices and on outcrops of limestone.

Use in woodland with other native plants and as a cut flower.

Graphic of Echtes Salomonssiegel (Polygonatum odoratum). By Kristian Peters -- Fabelfroh 15:29, 14 May 2005 (UTC) via Wikimedia Commons.

Apple Mint (Round-leaved Mint)
 

Apple mint (round-leaved mint) is
Mentha
rotundifolia (Mentha suaveolens)
applecflosmintwikimediacommons1a

Thyme family

Pollinated by various insects.

Apple mint is cultivated as a culinary herb and is used in the production of mint sauce and jelly.

A rhizomatous perennial herb of damp places. It is probably native only in South-West England and Wales, and elsewhere occurs as a garden escape, often forming extensive colonies on roadsides and waste ground. Apple scented white flowers in Aug-Sep.

Graphic of Mentha suaveolens - Place:Osaka,Japan. By I, KENPEI via Wikimedia Commons.

Baneberry or Herb Christopher

Baneberry or Herb Christopher is
Actaea spicata
baneberrycflowikimediacommons
Barba di capra - Val Piana, Limana. By Enrico Blasutto, via Wikimedia Commons.

Buttercup family

Pollinated by insects. Used in woodland gardens.

A perennial herb of shaded sites on limestone. Its habitats differ superficially, being found in the grikes of limestone pavement, on rock ledges, and in deciduous woodland, but all have the same characteristics of shade, low competition and a cool, protected root run.

Bulbous Buttercup

Bulbous Buttercup is
Ranunculus bulbosus
fbulbouscflobuttercup1a

Buttercup family

Pollinated by various insects, especially hover flies and small bees.

A perennial herb with a corm-like stem-base, found on well-drained, neutral or calcareous soils in meadows, pastures and dunes. It is absent from highly productive, fertile grassland and from strongly acidic soils.

Yellow Meadow-rue and
Common Meadow-rue

Yellow Meadow-rue and
Common Meadow-rue is
Thalictrum flavum
yellowcflomeadowruewikimediacommons
Flowers at Århus Botanical garden, Jutland. By Sten Porse, via Wikimedia Commons

Buttercup family

The plant is a good nectar source for bees and flies.

A rhizomatous perennial of fens, ditches and streamsides, and tall vegetation in wet meadows, always found where the substrate or water is base-rich. It is also recorded from open fen carr.

Corn Buttercup and
Corn Crowfoot

Corn Buttercup,
Corn Crowfoot is
Ranunculus arvensis
item44a
ranunculus arvensis. By Abrahami, via Wikimedia Commons

Buttercup family

Visited by small flies.
Long established, as a cornfield weed especially on calcareous soils.

An annual of arable land on loams, sands, clays and chalk. The seeds are long-lived, and plants sometimes reappear on disturbed waste ground, or in gardens or new roadside verges on former arable land.

Creeping Buttercup

Creeping Buttercup
Ranunculus repens
fcreepingcolflobuttercup2a

Buttercup Family

Visited by small flies.
Long established, as a cornfield weed especially on calcareous soils.

A perennial herb with creeping stems, R. repens has a very wide ecological tolerance, but is most typical of disturbed habitats on damp or wet nutrient-rich soils, including woodland rides, ditch sides, farm gateways, gardens and waste ground. It also occurs in damp or periodically flooded grasslands, in dune-slacks and on lake shores. It is absent from very acidic soils.

Globe Flower

Globe Flower is
Trollius europaeus
fglobecolfloflower1a

Buttercup Family

Visited by various small insects.

Poisonous.

A perennial herb of cool, damp habitats, including hay meadows, stream and river banks, lake margins, open woodland and rock ledges. It prefers basic soils, and is often associated with limestone. It is sensitive to grazing, but can persist as small, non-flowering plants in the uplands.
Wet pastures, fens, scrub and woods.

Wood Goldilocks and
Goldilocks in the Buttercup
Family

Wood Goldilocks and
Goldilocks in the Buttercup
Family
Ranunculus auricomus
fwoodcolflogoldilocks1

Buttercup Family

Visited by various flies and small bees.

A perennial, characteristic of deciduous woodland on chalk, limestone and other basic soils. It also grows in scrub, on roadsides and in churchyards, and rarely on open moorland sheltered by boulders and on montane ledges.

Often in shady places such as woodland or copses, but sometimes in meadows.

Greater Spearwort

Greater Spearwort is
Ranunculus lingua
fgreatercolflospearwort1a

Buttercup Family

Visited by various flies.

A stoloniferous perennial herb which grows in fens and marshes, on ditch, canal and pond edges, around reservoirs and in flooded gravel-pits and quarries. It is normally found in base-rich, still or slowly flowing water.

Goldilocks
(Goldilocks Aster)

Goldilocks
(Goldilocks Aster)
Galeatella linosyris and Linosyris vulgaris ,
Chrysocoma linosyris, Crinitaria linosyris, Aster linosyris
goldilockscflo1

Daisy: Cudweeds family

Visited by small insects

A perennial herb of shallow soil in open, grassy habitats on limestone sea-cliffs and rocky slopes, cliff-top grassland and wind-pruned heath overlying limestone. It is a poor competitor, and is usually intolerant of heavy grazing, although in Pembrokeshire it is found in low-growing, sheep-grazed, cliff-top grassland and heath.

Very rare, on 5 dry limestone cliffs along the West coast of England and Wales

Hairy Buttercup

Hairy Buttercup is Ranunculus sardous
item8a
Ranunculus sardous. By Kristian Peters, via Wikimedia Commons

Buttercup Family

Visited by flies and small bees

When eaten, it would cause the eater's face to contort in a look resembling scorn (generally followed by death).

An annual of damp coastal pastures, poached pond edges and wet hollows, road verges, farm tracks and gateways. It is generally restricted to thin turf or disturbed areas on damp, neutral, moderately fertile soils.

Ivy-leaved Crowfoot

Ivy-leaved Crowfoot and
Ivy-leaved Water Crowfoot is
Ranunculus hederaceus
fivyleavedcolflocrowfoot

Buttercup family

Rarely visited by insects.

A small annual or short-lived perennial, found at the edge of small water bodies and by the sheltered backwaters of rivers. It often grows on the cattle-poached edges of ponds, ditches and streams, in wet gateways and on paths and tracks.

Place in medium or large ponds margins in areas 15-60cm deep (zones 2 & 3). Can be grown in still or slow moving water.

Jersey Buttercup
(Fan-leaved Buttercup, Fan-leaved Buttercup)

Jersey Buttercup
(Fan-leaved Buttercup) is
Ranunculus flabellatus
(Ranunculus paludosus)
fjerseycolflobuttercup1

Buttercup Family

"All 300 Ranunculus species are acrid and poisonous and are dangerous to cattle, but are ordinarily avoided by allgrazing animals. The poisonous constituent is probably anemonin" from Page 83 of Flora of the British Isles by Clapham, Tutin, Wurburg published by Cambridge at the University Press 1952.

Pollinated by various insects, especially hover flies and small bees.

A winter-green perennial herb which dies down to spindle-shaped tubers after flowering in May. It grows in grassland which is wet in winter, but sun-baked in summer. The number of flowering plants in a population may vary considerably from year to year.

Found only in hot dry banks near St Aubyns, Jersey.

Lesser Celandine , Pilewort

Lesser Celandine , Pilewort is
Ranunculus ficaria
flessercolflocelandine1

Buttercup Family

Visited by various flies and bees, but often setting little seed.

An aestivating perennial herb that grows in woods, hedge banks, meadows, roadsides, maritime grassland, the banks of rivers and streams and shaded waste ground. It prefers damp, loamy or clay soils, and avoids very dry, very acidic or permanently waterlogged sites.

Vigorous groundcover that forms large, dense patches on the forest floor, displacing and preventing other native plants from co-occuring.

Lesser Meadow-rue

Lesser Meadow-rue is
Thalictrum minus
flessercolflomeadowrue1

Buttercup Family

Visited by various flies and bees, but often setting little seed.

A morphologically variable, perennial herb found in calcareous or other base-rich habitats where competition is low, including fixed dunes, scrubby banks, rocky lake and river edges, limestone and serpentine cliffs, limestone grassland and pavement and montane rock ledges. It also occurs in other habitats, including churchyards, hedge banks and roadsides, as a garden escape.

3 main habitats of

  • limestone rocks and grassland
  • dunes
  • streamsides or lakeside gravel and shingle

Lesser Spearwort

Lesser Spearwort is
Ranunculus flammula
flessercolflospearwort1

Buttercup Family

Visited by various flies and small bees.

A perennial herb of wet habitats, particularly those with seasonal water level fluctuations. It is found in springs and flushes, around ponds, on lake shores, streamsides, in dune-slacks, marshes, water-meadows, flood pastures, bogs and in ditches and track ruts. It usually grows in oligotrophic or mesotrophic water over neutral to acid substrates.

In ditches, marshes, and alongside ponds and lakes.

Marsh Marigold
(Mary-gold, Mary's-gold, Mary-bud, Kingcup, May Blobs)

Marsh Marigold
(Mary-gold, Mary's-gold, Mary-bud, Kingcup, May Blobs) is
Caltha palustris
fmarshcolflomarigold1

Buttercup Family

Visited by a great variety of insects for pollen and nectar.

A perennial herb of various wet habitats, usually neutral to base-rich rather than very acidic, including Alnus carr, the edges of rivers, streams, canals, lakes and ponds, ditches and winter-wet meadows and pastures.

In marshes, fens, ditches and wet woods, becoming most luxuriant in part shade; rare on very base-poor peat.

Meadow Buttercup

Meadow Buttercup is
Ranunculus acris
fmeadowcolflobuttercup1

Buttercup Family

Pollinated by various insects, especially hover flies and small bees.

A perennial herb of damp meadows and pastures on a wide variety of soils, only avoiding very dry or acid conditions. It is a characteristic plant of unimproved hay and water-meadow communities, and now of relict herb-rich fragments on damp road verges; it also grows on dune grassland, in montane flushes and in tall-herb communities on rock ledges. It is unpalatable to grazing animals, but easily controlled in intensively managed pastures.

Damper Grassland.

Mousetail

Mousetail is
Myosurus minimus
fmousetailcolflo1

Buttercup family

Visited by small flies for the nectar secreted in the petals, but usually self-pollinated.

An annual of seasonally flooded, nutrient-rich soils in areas disturbed by machinery or animals, such as hollows on ploughed land, rutted tracks and gateways in pastures. Its seeds appear to be long-lived.

Damp arable sandy fields or bare grass fields and by sea-walls in the lowlands of England and Wales

Common Pasque Flower, Pasque Flower

Common Pasque Flower, Pasque Flower is
Pulsatilla vulgaris,
Anemone pulsatilla
commoncflopasqueflowerfoord

Buttercup family

The plant is a member of the same family as Buttercup and contains the glycoside ranunculin. It has a very bitter taste which produces an immediate burning in the mouth. Fatal in a large amount but there are no records of anyone ever consuming enough because of the taste and effect.

Visited by many bees for pollen and nectar.

A perennial rhizomatous herb of species-rich turf on the slopes of chalk or oolite escarpments, and the banks of ancient earthworks, usually with a South or South-West aspect. Plants produce viable seed, but seedling establishment is rare.

In short turf on chalk and limestone from the Thames to the Humber.

It grows in sparsely wooded pine forests or meadows, often on a sunny sloping side with calcium-rich soil.

Pheasant's-eye

Pheasant's-eye is
Adonis annua , Adonis autumnalis
fpheasantscfloeye1

Buttercup family

Pollinated by bees.

An arable weed of dry soils on chalk and limestone, also recorded from tracks, chalk pits and other disturbed habitats. Seed production is low but there is a long-lived soil seed bank. Most populations are small and restricted to field edges.

In chalky cornfields in Southern England.

Stinking Hellebore (Bear's-foot)
 

Stinking Hellebore (Bear's-foot) is Helleborus foetidus
fstinkingcolflohellebore1

Buttercup family

Scented Scented Leaves

Trimethylamine is present in the flowers, which gives off an unpleasant smell to attract midges and bluebottles for their pollination. Visited by early bees and other insects. Seeds said to be dispersed by ants.

Compounds of sulphur are present and the whole plant emits a most unpleasant smell, especially when handled, hence its country name of Stinking Hellebore.

A short-lived perennial herb of shallow calcareous soils. It is a poor competitor, and intolerant of deep shade, so is usually found in small colonies in woodland glades or open scrub, on scree slopes, rock ledges, hedge banks, and as an introduction in churchyards. Adult plants near senescence (4-5 years old) are typically found with a cohort of seedlings.

Woods and scrub on chalk and limestone in Southern England.

Traveller's Joy
Old Man's Beard

Traveller's Joy
Old Man's Beard is Clematis vitalba
ptravellersflojoy1

Buttercup family

Visited by pollen-collecting bees and pollen-eating flies, especially Syrphids.

A climbing perennial with liana-like woody stems, often covering large areas on hedge banks, hedges and walls, trees and scrub, sand dunes, disused quarry faces and ruins. It is a classic railway plant. On base-rich soils, or utilising lime mortar, the plant can form virtual monocultures.

In hedgerows, thickets and wood-margins chiefly on calcareous rocks or soils.

The climbing Clematises most commonly grown in British gardens, with large violet to purple flowers, are hybrids of the Chinese Clematis lanuginosa with the Southern European Clematis viticella (Clematis x jackmanii Th. Moore), or with the Chinese Clematis patens (Clematis x lawsoniata Moore & Jackman). The viticella hybrids are later-flowering than the patens hybrids, and have usually only 4 sepals instead of 6-8. Clmatis montana DC, and Asiatic species, is also much grown for its profusion of smallish white or pink flowers.

When the plant has finished flowering, the developing seeds (known as achenes – an achene is a one seeded fruit) retain part of the flower – the style.  This has long, silky hairs, which form the grey tufted balls that are so conspicuous in some woodlands and hedgerows in autumn and winter.  These are, indeed, the ‘old man’s beard’. These silky structures are important in the dispersal of the seeds.

Virgin's Bower, Fragrant Virgin's Bower

Virgin's Bower, Fragrant Virgin's Bower is
Clematis flammula
item26a
Clematis flammula, found in Corsica. By IKAl, via Wikimedia Commons.

Buttercup family

Pollinated by bees, flies.

All parts of the plant are poisonous, the toxic principle is dissipated by heat or by drying.

This is a scrambling or weakly climbing perennial. It is occasionally found naturalised on coastal cliffs, shingle beaches and dunes, and rarely inland.

Hedges, thickets and waste places.

Plants can be grown as ground cover, planted about 48 inches (120 cms) apart and allowed to scramble over the ground. Grows well on chalk soil.

Water Crowfoot , (Common Water-crowfoot)

Water Crowfoot , (Common Water-crowfoot) is
Ranunculus aquatilis
fwatercolflocrowfoot1

Buttercup family

Visited by various flies and bees.

This is an annual or short-lived perennial which grows in shallow water in marshes, ponds and ditches, and at the edge of slow-flowing streams and sheltered lakes. It occurs chiefly in water which is eutrophic and at least mildly base-rich, and is favoured by a degree of disturbance.

In and by fresh and brackish water.

Winter Aconite

Winter Aconite is
Eranthis hyemalis, Helleborus hyemalis
fwintercolfloaconite1

Buttercup family

Visited by hive-bees and flies.

All 8 species of Eranthis have a burning tast and are poisonous owing to the presence of an alkaloid.

A small, tuberous perennial, dying back in summer. It is naturalised, sometimes in large numbers, in open woodland, grassland and scrub associated with habitation, under park trees, in gardens and on road verges.

Glossy Green horizontal foliage appearing after the flowers and dying back by June

Peony, Wild Peony

Peony, Wild Peony is
Paeonia mascula
wildcflopeonywikimediacommons
Paeonia mascula, Hilel mt. (Israel). By Setreset, via Wikimedia Commons.

Peony family

Flowers visited by various insects chiefly for pollen.

A perennial herb which is naturalised on rocky limestone slopes. On Steep Holm (N. Somerset) it grows on the steep eastern slopes of the island, where there is some protection from westerly gales.

Ideal conditions are light (sandy) soils although most peonies can grow in heavy clay soil. The Wild Peony prefers acid and neutral soils, can grow in semi-shade and tolerates drought.

Paeonia mascula flowers for just one week of the year normally in May or June in the Northern Hemisphere.

Oregon Grape

Oregon Grape is
Mahonia aquifolium
foregonfrutgrape1

Barberry family

Pollinated by various insects. Its berries attract birds.

An evergreen shrub which spreads rapidly by stolons and can become well established in hedgerows, road verges and woodland.

Commonly planted for pheasant cover. Use its spiny leaflets in a boundary hedge.

Least Yellow
Water-Lily, Least Water-lily, Small yellow pond-lily

Least Yellow
Water-Lily, Least Water-lily, Small yellow pond-lily is Nuphar pumila
leastcfloyellowwaterlilywikimediacommons1
Nuphar pumila

日本語: ネムロコウホネ

Place:Botanical Gardens Faculty of Science Osaka City University, Osaka, Japan. By I, KENPEI, via Wikimedia Commons

Water-Lily family

Pollinated by flies.

Yellow water-lilies are poisonous, perennial and strong-rooted water plants.

It grows in oligotrophic or mesotrophic water in lakes, sheltered bays, ditches and pools in marshes and bogs. It persists in one eutrophic lake in Shropshire.

Excellent surface cover. Suitable for ponds and lakes and slow flowing rivers in partial shade.

White Water-lily

White Water-lily is
Nymphaea alba
(Nymphaea odorata)
fwhiteflot1waterlily

Water-Lily family

Visited by few insects and probably self-pollinated.

It grows in lakes, ponds, the backwaters of rivers or large ditches, and occasionally in mires. It tolerates a wide range of water chemistry but lacks submerged leaves and is therefore vulnerable to disturbance by boats.

Plant Nymphaea Alba with up to 90cm of water over the top of the basket in a still, sunny position.

Yellow Water Lily (Brandy-bottle, Spatter-dock)

Yellow Water Lily (Brandy-bottle, Spatter-dock) is
Nuphar lutea
(Nuphar advena)
fyellowflotwaterlily1

Water-Lily family

Visited by small flies.

The leaves of this perennial water-lily are erect rather than floating. It is occasionally grown in gardens, and has been recorded as planted from lakes and ponds, where it then becomes naturalised through rhizomatous growth; reproduction by seed has not been reported.

In lakes, ponds and streams throughout the British Isles, scarce in North Scotland

Bristly Poppy (Rough Poppy, Long Rough-headed Poppy, Round Prickly-headed Poppy)

Bristly Poppy (Rough Poppy, Long Rough-headed Poppy, Round Prickly-headed Poppy) is
Papaver hybridum
fbristlyflotpoppy1

Poppy family

Visited by various pollen-collecting insects, especially bees. No nectar. Probably self-sterile.

This annual occurs in arable crops, and sometimes in other disturbed habitats. It is most frequent on chalky soils, but also grows on other limestones and on calcareous sands. The seed, which can be long-lived, germinates in both autumn and spring.

Rough poppy (Papaver hybridum) is regarded as an environmental weed in Victoria, South Australia and Western Australia.

Corn Poppy (Common Poppy, Field Poppy)

Corn Poppy (Common Poppy, Field Poppy) is
Papaver rhoeas
fcornflot1poppy1

Poppy family

Visited by various pollen-collecting insects, especially bees. No nectar. Probably self-sterile.

An annual of arable fields and other disturbed and open habitats. It is most frequent on light, calcareous soils. It is sensitive to herbicide, but can be abundant in unsprayed strips in fields. Its seed can be very long-lived. It is also frequent in wild-flower seed mixtures and occurs as a garden escape.

The commonest poppy in Southern England is a native weed.

Greater Celandine

Greater Celandine is
Chelidonium majus
fgreaterflotcelandine1a

Poppy family

Visited by pollen-collecting flies and bees.

This perennial herb is widely naturalised by roadsides and paths, in the crevices of old walls, on waste ground and in hedge-bottoms. It was at one time cultivated as a medicinal plant, and most localities are near habitation.

Banks, hedgerows and walls usually near buildings.

Garden hedgerows, rocky commons, rocky embankments in lush broad-leaved woods.

Long-Headed Poppy (Long Smooth-headed Poppy)

Long-Headed Poppy (Long Smooth-headed Poppy) is
Papaver dubium
flongflotheadedpoppy1

Poppy family

Flowers visited by various pollen-collecting insects, especially bees. No nectar. Probably self-sterile.

An annual found principally in arable fields, where it can occur on both light and heavy calcareous soils. It is also found on waste ground by roadsides and railways, and in gardens. The seed is very long-lived. The commonest poppy in the North is also a native weed.

Prefers sandy soil without lime.

Use in Wildflower meadows, Butterfly & Bee Gardens, Cut Flowers.

Pale Poppy , Long Prickly-headed Poppy, Prickly Poppy

Pale Poppy , Long Prickly-headed Poppy, Prickly Poppy is
Papaver argemone
fpaleflotpoppy1

Poppy family

Probably often selfed before flowers open.

An annual of arable crops, usually found on field edges and in unsprayed corners, often in small numbers. It is most frequent on light sandy, gravelly and chalky soils. Rarely, it occurs on waste ground.
Poisonous.

The UK's only poppy with sparsely bristled, long narrow seed-pods.

Use in Garden flower border or cornfield meadow

Climbing Corydalis , White Climbing Fumitory

Climbing Corydalis , White Climbing Fumitory is
Corydalis claviculata (Ceratocapnos claviculata)
fclimbingcolflocorydalis1

Fumitory family

Pollinated by bees, perhaps more often selfed.

A climbing or scrambling annual of freely-draining acidic, mineral or peaty soils. It occurs in deciduous and coniferous woodland, especially in clearings and in recently felled areas, under Pteridium and in scrub, and occasionally over rock outcrops. In Ireland, it occurs on shaded boulder slopes.

Woods and shady rocks on acid soils or on shingle over most of Great Britain from Caithness southwards. It will grow on extremely acid soil and in shady conditions so it can be found in the dark under conifers.

Common Fumitory , Fumitory

Common Fumitory is
Fumaria officinalis
commoncflofumitoryfoord

Fumitory family

Native plant, which if seen in quantity at a distance the greyish foliage has the faint smoky appearance that gives the plant its name.

Pollinated by bees or probably more frequently selfed, self-fertile.

Its stems are poisonous due to the fumarin. An overdose is always fatal because it paralyses the respiratory system.

A scrambling annual of arable fields, allotments, gardens and other disturbed land, most commonly found on calcareous soils. Most germination occurs in the spring, and the seed bank is long-lived.

Habitat in shores.

Weed on cultivated ground on the lighter soils (Sand and Chalk), waste places and hedgebanks throughout the British Isles.

Use as an annual.

Common Ramping-fumitory (Wall Fumitory, Scrambling Fumitory)

Common Ramping-fumitory (Wall Fumitory, Scrambling Fumitory) is
Fumaria muralis
wallcflofumitorywikimediacommons
Fumaria muralis: Flower head. By Sten Porse, via Wikimedia Commons

Fumitory family

Self-pollinating.

This is the most common of the large-flowered Fumaria species. It may have become less common in arable habitats on freely-draining, acidic soils in recent years.

The stems tend to be quite weak, unable to support the weight of the plant, thus it creeps along the ground or sprawls over surrounding plants and objects.

Often on hedge banks.

Cultivated land, walls and wasteland.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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There are 180 families in the Wildflowers of the UK and they have been split up into 22 Galleries to allow space for up to 100 plants per gallery.

Each plant named in each of the Wildflower Family Pages may have a link to:-

its Plant Description Page in its Common Name in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries and will have links

to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name,

to see photos in its Flowering Months and

to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.

 

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly

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Wild Flower Family Page

(the families within "The Pocket Guide to Wild Flowers" by David McClintock & R.S.R. Fitter, Published in 1956 are not in Common Name alphabetical order and neither are the common names of the plants detailed within each family. These families within that book will have their details described as shown in the next column starting from page 1 in February 2017 until all the families have been completed on page 307.

This may take a few months of my time before I get to the Adder's Tongue Family on page 307.

The information in the above book is back-referenced to the respective page in "Flora of the British Isles" by A.R. Clapham of University of Sheffield,
T.G. Tutin of University College, Leicester and
E.F. Warburg of University of Oxford printed by Cambridge at the University Press in 1952 for each plant in all the families)

followed by

No. of Plants of that Family

that have a row with their details in their flower colour in this central data table;

and then

the relevant entries in the Habitat Index Pages and other charact-eristics in other Index Pages in the Page Menu / Index Table on the right
(with over-flow in another table below the flower colour in the central data table and then onto
contin-uation pages)

within this gallery

Adder's Tongue

Amaranth

Arrow-Grass

Arum

Balsam

Bamboo

Barberry 2

Bedstraw

Beech

Bellflower

Bindweed

Birch

Birds-Nest

Birthwort

Bogbean

Bog Myrtle

Borage

Box

Broomrape

Buckthorn

Buddleia

Bur-reed

Buttercup 45

Butterwort

Cornel (Dogwood)

Crowberry

Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1

Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2

Cypress

Daffodil

Daisy

Daisy Cudweeds

Daisy Chamomiles

Daisy Thistle

Daisy Catsears

Daisy Hawkweeds

Daisy Hawksbeards

Daphne

Diapensia

Dock Bistorts

Dock Sorrels

Clubmoss

Duckweed

Eel-Grass

Elm

Filmy Fern

Horsetail

Polypody

Quillwort

Royal Fern

Figwort - Mulleins

Figwort - Speedwells

Flax

Flowering-Rush

Frog-bit

Fumitory 3

Gentian

Geranium

Glassworts

Gooseberry

Goosefoot

Grass 1

Grass 2

Grass 3

Grass Soft Bromes 1

Grass Soft Bromes 2

Grass Soft Bromes 3

Hazel

Heath

Hemp

Herb-Paris

Holly

Honeysuckle

Horned-Pondweed

Hornwort 2

Iris

Ivy

Jacobs Ladder

Lily

Lily Garlic

Lime

Lobelia

Loosestrife

Mallow

Maple

Mares-tail

Marsh Pennywort

Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)

Mesem-bryanthemum

Mignonette

Milkwort

Mistletoe

Moschatel

Naiad

Nettle

Nightshade

Oleaster

Olive

Orchid 1

Orchid 2

Orchid 3

Orchid 4

Parnassus-Grass

Peaflower

Peaflower Clover 1

Peaflower Clover 2

Peaflower Clover 3

Peaflower Vetches/Peas

Peony 1

Periwinkle

Pillwort

Pine

Pink 1

Pink 2

Pipewort

Pitcher-Plant

Plantain

Pondweed

Poppy 9

Primrose

Purslane

Rannock Rush

Reedmace

Rockrose

Rose 1

Rose 2

Rose 3

Rose 4

Rush

Rush Woodrushes

Saint Johns Wort

Saltmarsh Grasses

Sandalwood

Saxifrage

Seaheath

Sea Lavender

Sedge Rush-like

Sedges Carex 1

Sedges Carex 2

Sedges Carex 3

Sedges Carex 4

Spindle-Tree

Spurge

Stonecrop

Sundew

Tamarisk

Tassel Pondweed

Teasel

Thyme 1

Thyme 2

Umbellifer 1

Umbellifer 2

Valerian

Verbena

Violet

Water Fern

Waterlily 3

Water Milfoil

Water Plantain

Water Starwort

Waterwort

Willow

Willow-Herb

Wintergreen

Wood-Sorrel

Yam

Yew

Total 65

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