Ivydene Gardens Infill3 Plants Index Gallery:
Bulbs flowering in Windowboxes

Case Studies
Companion Planting
Garden Construction
Garden Design
Garden Maintenance
Offbeat Glossary
Tool Shed
Useful Data

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries


Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12

All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12

All Foliage 212
All Spring Foliage 212

All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212
Rock Plant Flowers 53


Your chosen Garden Style then changes your Plant Selection Process

Garden Style
...Infill3 Plants *
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form


Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Herbaceous Perennial
Odds and Sods

Soft Fruit
Top Fruit

Wild Flower

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery


Cultivation Requirements of Plant

Outdoor / Garden Cultivation


Indoor / House Cultivation


Cool Greenhouse (and Alpine House) Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter


Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year


Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants



Sun Aspect

Full Sun


Part Shade


Full Shade



Soil Type

Any Soil


Chalky Soil


Clay Soil


Lime-Free Soil


Peaty Soil


Sandy Soil


Acid Soil


Alkaline Soil


Badly-drained Soil



Soil Moisture








Position for Plant

Back of Shady Border


Back of Shrub Border




Bog Garden


Coastal Conditions / Seaside


Container in Garden


Front of Border


Ground Cover 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)


Ground Cover 24-72 inches (60-180 cms)


Ground Cover Over 72 inches (180 cms)


Hanging Basket




Hedge - Thorny


Pollution Barrier




Pot in House, Greenhouse, Conservatory or Stovehouse


Raised Bed


Rest of Border


Rock Garden


Scree Bed


Speciman on Lawn


Sunny Border


Tree for Lawn


Tree for Small Garden









Use of Plant

Pollen or nectar for Bees


Hosts to Butterflies


Encouraging birds / wildlife, providing food and shelter


Bee-Pollinated plants for Hay Fever Sufferers


Berries / Fruit


Dry Site in Full Sun


Dry Shade


Filtering noise


Flower Arrange-ments


Fragrant Flower


Language of Flowers


Low maintenance


Moist Shade


Moist and swampy Sites


Nitrogen fixing plants


Not Fragrant Flower




Speciman Plant




Tolerant of Poor Soil



Plant Foliage

Aromatic Foliage


Autumn Foliage


Finely Cut Leaves


Large Leaves


Yellow Variegated Foliage


White Variegated Foliage


Red / Purple Variegated Foliage


Silver, Grey and Glaucous Foliage


Sword-shaped Leaves




Flower Shape

Number of Flower Petals



1 Petal


2 Petals


3 Petals


4 Petals


5 Petals


Above 5



Flower Shape - Simple





Cups and Saucers




Goblets and Chalices















Flower Shape - Elaborated

Tubes, Lips and Straps


Slippers, Spurs and Lockets


Hats, Hoods and Helmets


Standards, Wings and Keels


Discs and Florets















Natural Arrangements

Bunches, Posies, Sprays


Columns, Spikes and Spires


Whorls, Tiers and Candelabra


Plumes and Tails


Chains and Tassels


Clouds, Garlands and Cascades


Spheres, Domes and Plates



Shrub, Tree Shape





Rounded or Spherical


Flattened Spherical


Narrow Conical / Narrow Pyramidal


Broad Conical / Broad Pyramidal


Ovoid /


Broad Ovoid


Narrow Vase-shaped / Inverted Ovoid


Fan-Shaped /Vase-Shaped


Broad Fan-Shaped / Broad Vase-Shaped


Narrow Weeping


Broad Weeping





Conifer Cone























Poisonous Plant




Links in Table below are available in Shrub Tree Shape Index Gallery

Site Map

Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines

Click on number in cells below to jump to that page detailing those cultivated plants with that plant type and their botanical name starts with that letter.

Click on or underlined text to jump to page comparing flower thumbnails of that blue colour.
is Red, Pink, Purple and is Unusual or Other Flower Colour.

Plant Type
with links to Other Plant Photo Galleries










Alpine in Evergreen Perennial, Herbaceous Perennial and Rock Garden




















Annual/ Biennial




















Bedding and RHS Mixed Border Beds


Other Flower Colours

White / Colour Bicolour

Bulb and
Allium / Anemone, Colchicum / Crocus, Dahlia, Gladiolus, Narcissus, Tulip



















Deciduous Shrub






Deciduous Tree










Evergreen Perennial






Evergreen Shrub , Semi-Evergreen Shrub and Heather






Evergreen Tree






























Herbaceous Perennial and RHS Mixed Border Beds















Odds and Sods










Rhododendron, Azalea, Camellia














Soft Fruit




















Top Fruit




















Plants used by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterflies in the UK

Shrub and Small Tree

Botanical Names Page

Common Names Page

Companion Planting
























Pest Control by Companion Planting

The following 2 books (written by Louise Riotte 1909-1998 who was one of North America's most beloved gardeners) provide a wealth of extra information telling you what plants to put together for what purpose and how it does it (The only wasted information on each page is the page number!!!):-

Carrots love Tomatoes: Secrets of Companion Planting for Successful Gardening by Louise Riotte Second Edition (Storey Publishing 1998) ISBN-13: 978-1-58017-027-7

Roses love Garlic: Companion Planting and other Secrets of Flowers by Loiuse Riotte Second Edition (Storey Publishing 1998)
ISBN 1-58017-028-5


Click on text in cells below to jump to that page detailing those Infill2 Plants of that plant type for that Cultivation requirement.

Plant Type


Alpines for Rock Garden (See Rock Garden Plant Flowers)

Alpine Shrubs and Conifers

The Alpine Meadow
Page 1
Page 2
Page 3

The Alpine Border

Alpine Plants for a Purpose

The Alpines that Dislike Lime

Alpines and Walls
Page 1
Page 2
Page 3

Alpines and Paving

Sink and Trough gardens

(Water Plants) for

Anti-erosion Riverbank

Marginal Plants (Bog Garden Plants)

Oxy-genating Weeds

Water Lilies

Floating Plants

Waterside Plants
and Plants for Dry Margins next to a Pond

Wildlife Pond Plants

Annual for


Plants for Cut Flowers in

Exposed Sites

Sheltered Sites with Green-house Annuals from 1916

Extra Poor Soil with Half-Hardy Annuals from 1916

Very Rich Soil with Biennials from 1916

Gap-filling in Mixed Borders with Hardy Annuals from 1916

Patio Containers

Cut Flowers Page 1
Page 2 Everlasting Flowers with Red Flowers from 1916

Attracting beneficial insects

Scent / Fragrance with Annuals for Cool or Shady Places from 1916

Low-allergen Gardens for Hay Fever Sufferers

Annual Plant Pairing Ideas

Low-Growing Annuals

Medium-Growing Annuals

Tall-Growing Annuals with White Flowers from 1916

Black or Brown Flowers

Blue to Purple Flowers

Green Flowers with Annuals and Biennials from 1916

Red to Pink Flowers
Page 1
Page 2

White Flowers

Yellow or Orange Flowers

Decorative Foliage

Moist Soil


House-plants with Yellow Flowers from 1916

Edging Beds

Hanging Baskets

Vining Annuals


Bedding for

Spring Bedding

Summer Bedding

Autumn/ Winter Bedding

Bedding for Light Sandy Soil

Bedding for Acid Soil

Bedding for Chalky Soil

Bedding for Clay Soil

Black Flowers

Blue Flowers

Orange Flowers

Pink Flowers

Long Flowering

Coloured Leaves

Attractive to Wildlife including Bees, Butterflies and Moths

Purple Flowers

Red Flowers

White Flowers

Yellow Flowers

Multi-Coloured Flowers

Aromatic Foliage or Scented Flowers

Bedding Plant Use

Flowers with 2 Petals

Flowers with 3 Petals

Flowers with
4 Petals

Flowers with 5 Petals

Flowers with 6 Petals

Flowers with more than 6 Petals

Use in Hanging Baskets

Flower Simple Shape

Shape of

Shape of
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

Shape of
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

Shape of
Trumpets and Funnels

Shape of
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

Use in Pots and Troughs

Flower Elaborated Shape

Shape of
Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Shape of
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Shape of
Hats, Hoods and Helmets


Use in

Use in
Window Boxes

Shape of
Standards, Wings and Keels

Shape of
Discs and Florets

Shape of
Pin-Cushions and Tufts

Shape of
Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons

Cut Flowers

Use in Bedding Out

Use in
Filling In

Biennial for

Cottage and Other Gardens

Cut Flower with Biennials for Rock Work from 1916

Patio Containers with Biennials for Pots in Greenhouse / Conservatory

Beneficial to Wildlife with Purple and Blue Flowers from 1916

Scent with Biennials for Sunny Banks or Borders from 1916



Bulb for
Explanation Intro to Bulbs
725 Blue, White, Yellow, Unusual Colour, or Red-Purple-Pink flowering Bulbs in each month they flower.

Indoor Bulbs for

Indoor Bulbs for

Bulbs for

Indoor Bulbs for September

Bulbs in Window-boxes

Bulbs in the Border

Bulbs naturalised in Grass

Plant Bloom Dec-Jan

Plant Bloom

Plant Bloom

Plant Bloom Smallest of Gardens

Bulbs for the Bulb Frame

Bulbs in the Woodland Garden

Bulbs in the Rock Garden

Bulbs in Green-house or Stove

Achimenes, Alocasias, Amorpho-phalluses, Arisaemas, Arums, Begonias, Bomareas, Caladiums

Colocasias, Crinums, Cyclamens, Cyrt-anthuses, Eucharises, Urceocharis, Eurycles

Freesias, Gloxinias, Hae-manthus, Hipp-eastrums

Lachenalias, Nerines, Lycorises, Pen-cratiums, Hymen-ocallises, Richardias, Sprekelias, Tuberoses, Vallotas, Watsonias, Zephy-ranthes

Bulbs in Bowls

Bulbs in the Alpine House

Hardy Bulbs

Aconitum, Allium, Alstroe-meria, Anemone

Amaryllis, Antheri-cum, Antholy-zas, Apios, Arisaema, Arum, Aspho-deline,

Aspho-delus, Belam-canda, Bloomeria, Brodiae, Bulbo-codium

Calochorti, Cyclo-bothras, Camassia, Colchicum, Con-vallaria,
Forcing Lily of the Valley, Corydalis, Crinum, Crosmia, Montbretia , Crocus

Cyclamen, Dicentra, Dierama, Eranthis, Eremurus, Erythrnium, Eucomis

Fritillaria, Funkia, Galanthus, Galtonia, Gladiolus, Hemero-callis

Hyacinth, Hyacinths in Pots,
Scilla, Puschkinia, Chionodoxa, Chionoscilla, Muscari

Kniphofia, Lapeyrousia, Leucojum


Lilium in Pots, Malvastrum, Merendera, Milla, Narcissus, Narcissi in Pots

Orni-thogalum, Oxalis, Paeonia, Ran-unculus, Romulea, Sanguin-aria,
Schi-zostylis, Teco-philaea, Trillium


Half-Hardy Bulbs

Acidanthera, Albuca, Alstroemeri, Andro-stephium, Bassers, Boussing-aultias, Bravoas, Cypellas, Dahlias, Galaxis,
Geis-sorhizas, Hesper-anthas

Gladioli, Ixias,
Sparaxises, Babianas, Morphixias, Tritonias

Ixiolirions, Moraeas, Orni-thogalums, Oxalises, Phaedra-nassas,
Pan-cratiums, Tigridias, Zephyr-anthes, Cooperias

Bulbs for Bedding

Plant Bedding Spring

3 sector Vertical Plant System with flowers in
May 1,2


Choosing the right Shrub or Climber

The Base -
Base of Wall Plants


Herbs and Vegetables

Cut flowers, Cut Foliage

Scented flower or foliage

Foliage use only


2a. 1,2,3,4
The Prime - Wall Shrubs

Fruit trees

The Higher Reaches -
House-wall Ramblers

3b. 1,2
Non-House-Wall - Climbing Twiners

Non-House-Wall - Self-clinging Climbers

Raised Bed for Wheelchair Users

Plants for Wildlife-Use as well

Fastest Covering

Least protruding growth when fan-trained

1, 2

Use as

Exposed Positions

Use as Groundcover

1, 2
ental Fruit

Scented Flowers

1, 2
Autumn Foliage Colour

Winter Bark

Winter and Early Spring Flowers

Summer Colour or Shape of Foliage

Edible Fruit

Needs Conservatory or Greenhouse

Large Pots and Containers

Cut Flowers

Attractive to Bees

Climber - Simple Flower Shape


Bowls, Cups and Saucers

Globes, Goblets and Chalices

Trumpets and Funnels


Bells, Thimbles and Urns


Climber - Elaborated Flower Shape

Tubes, Lips and Straps

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Hats, Hoods and Helmets

Standards, Wings and Keels

Disks and Florets

Pin-cushions, Tufts, Petal-less and Cushions

Umbels, Buttons and Pompoms

Indoor Bulb Growing by Edward Pearson. Published by Purnell & Sons, Ltd in 1953. It provides the data about Indoor Bulbs and Bulbs in Window-boxes.

Colour All The Year In My Garden: A selection of choice varieties - annuals, biennials, perennials, bulbs, climbers and trees and shrubs - that will give a continuity of colour in the garden throughout the year. Edited by C.H. Middleton. Gardening Book from Ward, Lock & Co published in 1938, provides plant data for a calendar of plants in bloom throughout the year and for those in the smallest garden.

The Book of Bulbs by S. Arnott, F.R.H.S. Printed by Turnbull & Spears, Edinburgh in 1901. This provides data about Hardy Bulbs, Half-Hardy Bulbs, Greenhouse and Stove Bulbs.

Collins Guide to Bulbs by Patrick M. Synge. ISBN 0 00 214016-0 First Edition 1961, Second Edition 1971, Reprinted 1973. This provides data on bulbs for bedding, bulbs in the border, bulbs naturalised in grass, bulbs in the woodland garden, bulbs in the rock garden, bulbs in pans in the alpine house, bulbs in the greenhouse, bulbs in bowls and the bulb frame.

Ivydene Gardens Infill3 Plants Index Gallery:
Bulbs flowering in Windowboxes

Botanical Plant Name

with link to
UK or
European Union
mail-order supplier for you to contact to buy this plant

Flower Colour
and Background Colour nearest to main petal colour from 212 foliage colours /

followed by
Sun Aspect:- Full Sun,
Part Shade, Full Shade

with link to external website for photo/data

Flowering Months in UK

with link to
USA or
mail-order supplier

Height with Spacings or Width (W) in inches (cms)

1 inch =
2.5 cms
12 inches = 30 cms
40 inches = 100 cms

Foliage Colour
and Background Colour nearest to middle-aged leaf colour from 212 foliage colours /

followed by
Soil Moisture:-

with link to Australia or New Zealand mail-order supplier

Plant Type is:-

A for Aquatic
Ann for Annual / Biennial
Ba for Bamboo
Bu for Bulb
Cl for Climber
Co for Conifer
F for Fern
G for Grass
H for Herb
P for Perennial
Rh for Rhodo-dendron, Azalea, Camellia
Ro for Rose
Sh for Shrub
So for Soft Fruit
To for Top Fruit
Tr for Tree
V for Vegetable
W for Wildflower

followed by:-
E for Evergreen,
D for Deciduous,
H for Herbaceous,
Alpine for being an Alpine as well as being 1 of above Plant Type /

Acid for Acidic,
Alk for Alkaline,
Any for AnySoil

with link to
ALL PLANTS Index Gallery page

Cultivation Details


Plant Photos

It is sad to reflect that in England so few gardens open to the public label their plants or label them so that the label is visible when that plant is in flower, so that visitors can identify; and then later locate and purchase that plant.

Few mail-order nurseries provide the detail as shown in my rose or heather galleries.

If you want to sell a product, it is best to display it. When I sold my Transit van, I removed its signage, cleaned it and took photos of the inside and outside before putting them onto an advert in Autotrader amongst more than 2000 other Transit vans - it was sold in 20 minutes.

If mail-order nurseries could put photos to the same complexity from start of the year to its end with the different foliage colours and stages of flowering on Wikimedia Commons, then the world could view the plant before buying it, and idiots like me would have valid material to work with.

I have been in the trade (until ill health forced my Sole Trader retirement in 2013) working in designing, constructing and maintaining private gardens for decades and since 2005 when this site was started, I have asked any nursery in the world to supply photos. R.V. Roger in Yorkshire allowed me to use his photos from his website in 2007 and when I got a camera to spend 5 days in July 2014 at my expense taking photos of his roses growing in his nursery field, whilst his staff was propagating them. I gave him a copy of those photos.


Continued from table above right:-

If the choice is for a mixture of bulbs in a rockery box the following are suitable subjects:

(descriptions have been given to those bulbs which have not been mentioned before in the Indoor Bulbs Calendar Month Pages)

Chionodoxa (Glory of the Snow)

Chionodoxa, known as glory-of-the-snow, is a small genus of bulbous perennial flowering plants in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Scilloideae, often included in Scilla.






These can be best used in groups in a rockery-box or grown with Muscari Azureum, or as an edging to some other March-flowering bulb. They are not fully effective if exclusively occupying the box.

"Pot in either compost or fibre in September at approximately 2 inches (5 cms) apart and at 3 inches (7.5 cms) depth. They should be treated thereafter as for Narcissi, save that they need cool growing conditions.

Repot in September." from Indoor Bulbs.

Gigantea (synonym of Chionodoxa luciliae)
Lavender-blue. 6 inches (15 cms). February.

Luciliae (Scilla luciliae, Lucile's glory-of-the-snow)
Blue and white. 6 inches (15 cms). February.

Luciliae Pink Giant
Bright pink. February.

Nana (Scilla nana, Chionodoxa cretica)
White and lilac. March-April.

Gentian blue. 6 inches (15 cms). February


Scilla luciliae, The Morton Arboretum (East Woods) in Lisle, Illinois. By Jason Sturner from Knoxville, Tennessee, USA via Wikimedia Commons.

Spring Crocuses






Pot, in October and November, 10 bulbs in a 5 inch (12.5 cms) or 4 in in a 3 inch (7.5 cms) vessel. Use specially prepared bulb fibre or John Innes compost and treat as for Hyacinths.

Water. Do not water freely until growth starts, and, when the leaves start to die down restrict water again.

Fertilisers. None are needed when special compost is used.

Temperature. Once growth has started and the corms are well rooted they will do best if grown at from 55 degrees Fahrenheit (13 degrees Celsius) to 60 degrees Fahrenheit (15.5 degrees Celsius).

Position. South or west window with adequate light.

Flowering. Through December, January and February, depending on the variety. Use corms of a size not less than 7-8 cms.

Resting. After flowering, and when the leaves have died down and the bulbs have ripened, they can be planted in the garden. It is not advisable to use them for house work in 2 successive seasons.

Kathleen Parlow
Pure white.

Soft china blue.

Paulus Potter
Violet blue.

Purpurea Grandiflora
Deep glossy purple.

Rich violet-purple.

Purest white. The finest of the white Crocuses.

Yellow Mammoth
Large golden yellow.

Golden yellow.

Chrysanthus Canary Bird

Chrysanthus E. A. Bowles

Chrysanthus Zwanenburg Bronze
Golden-yellow within, shining maroon on outside. Very free-flowering.

Violet. Very early and long-flowering. Scented. December-March.

Biflorus (Scotch Crocus)
White and pale mauve, with purple-blue stripes on outer segments. Very early in spring.

There are other Crocuses in the Colchicum and Crocus Gallery.


Crocus biflorus. By Meneerke bloem via Wikimedia Commons.

Autumn Crocuses






Autumn-flowering Species. If potted in August and September, the following will flower from September to December. It is most important that they are grown under cool conditions:-

"Pot, in October and November, 10 bulbs in a 5 inch (12.5 cms) or 4 in in a 3 inch (7.5 cms) vessel. Use specially prepared bulb fibre or John Innes compost and treat as for Hyacinths.

Water. Do not water freely until growth starts, and, when the leaves start to die down restrict water again.

Fertilisers. None are needed when special compost is used.

Temperature. Once growth has started and the corms are well rooted they will do best if grown at from 55 degrees Fahrenheit (13 degrees Celsius) to 60 degrees Fahrenheit (15.5 degrees Celsius).

Position. South or west window with adequate light.

Flowering. Through December, January and February, depending on the variety. Use corms of a size not less than 7-8 cms.

Resting. After flowering, and when the leaves have died down and the bulbs have ripened, they can be planted in the garden. It is not advisable to use them for house work in 2 successive seasons."

Striped purple; vermilion stigmata. Very sweetly scented. November-December.

Sativus (Saffron Crocus)
White, lilac and purple; stigma yellow. September-October.

Ranges from white to deep violet. Large flowers. September-October.

Rose-lilac and bright orange. September-October.


Crocus biflorus. By Meneerke bloem via Wikimedia Commons.

Eranthis hyemalis (Winter Aconite)

All parts of the plant are poisonous when consumed by humans and other mammals.






The dark-green leaves appear in January, and the flowering period is from January to March. This a welcome and useful plant because of its hardiness, earliness and ability to give a display of butter-yellow flowers in a shady position.

Plant in September or October at 2-3 inches (5-7.5 cms) deep and 3 inches (7.5 cms) apart in clumps with other bulbs.

"Pot into 3-inch (7.5 cm) pots or pans in October. Tubers should be put at 0.5 inch (1.25 cm) deep and close together (about 6-8 in a 3-4 inch (7.5-10 cms) pan). Bulb fibre is a satisfactory potting medium, but equal parts of leaf-mould, loam and sand can be used.

Water moderately at all times.

Temperature. When taken from the cold in December they should be brought for 3-4 weeks into an atmosphere of 50 degrees Fahrenheit (10 degrees Celsius). They need the coolest possible conditions and are better when not brought into a warmer temerature until in bud." from Indoor Bulbs.

Large-flowered and deep yellow. 4-5 inches (10-12.5 cms).

Golden yellow. The earliest variety. 3 inches (7.5 cms).

Very large shining flowers which are scented, and last far longer than either Hyemalis or Cilicica.


Eranthis hyemalis Winterakoniet op Begraafplaats Meppelerstraatweg in Zwolle. By Onderwijsgek via Wikimedia Commons.

Fritillaria meleagris (Snake's Head)






Pot in September into equal parts of leaf-mould, peat and sand at 2.5 inches (6.25 cms) apart and 3 inches (7.5 cm) depth.

Water very sparingly until the first sign of top growth appears.

Temperature. Cool at all times.

Position. Fritillaria will stand moderate shade.

Flowering. April.

Meleagris alba

Meleagris Aphrodite
Pure white.

Meleagris Charon
Very dark purple.

Meleagris Saturnus
Pink and white. Large-flowered.

A mixture of varieties can also be used.


Fritillaria meleagris. By Kurt Stüber via Wikimedia Commons.

Iris species

The American Iris Society has info about irises, as does The British Iris Society.






These Iris are not for every window-box, because they need a warm, sheltered position and some care in cultivation, and give best results if left undisturbed for a few years.

Plant in clumps with other bulbs in August or September. The bulbs should be planted in a compost of equal parts of fibrous loam, leaf-mould and coarse sand, or John Innes potting compost. Depth and distance apart 3 inches (7.5 cms).

"Thereafter, treat them in the same way as other bulbs which do not like coddling, such as Eranthis, Scillas, etc, but they will require a reasonably warm, sunny position and will not thrive in cold or shade." from Indoor Bulbs.

Iris danfordiae
Golden yellow. 4 inches (10 cms). February-March.

Iris Histrioides Major - Sadly this once popular bulb is no longer freely available but there are other good, similar cultivars. ‘Angel’s Eye’ (‘Angels’ Tears’) and ‘Lady B Stanley’ are recommended.
Rich deep blue. Falls with yellow markings. 4 inches (10 cms).

Iris Reticulata
Violet-purple, blotched yellow. Fragrant. February-March.

Iris Cantab
Light blue. 6 inches (15 cms). February-March.

Iris Reticulata J. S. Dijt
Reddish-purple. Sweetly scented. 8 inches (20 cms). Early February.

Iris stylosa
Lavender-blue, with delicate Orris perfume. 12 inches (30 cms). January-March.

Iris reticulata Cantab and Iris J.S. Dijt are recommended for general use.


Iris reticulata. By ‪Rasbak via Wikimedia Commons.

Ixiolirion pallasi






Elegant clusters of deep-blue, tubular flowers. Hardy. 12 inches (30 cms). May-June.



Muscari (Grape Hyacinth)






Plant in clumps during September-October, preferably in a sandy loam, though they will flourish in any reasonable soil. Small bulbs at 2 inches (5 cms) deep and 1 inch (2.5 cms) apart. Large bulbs up to 4 inches (10 cms) deep and 3 inches (7.5 cms) apart. They can also be used as an edging for the window-box.

"Water moderately until after flowering and then dry off the bulbs.

Fertilisers. Occasional dose of complete fertiliser, up to flowering.

Temperature. 50 degrees Fahrenheit (10 degrees Celsius)." from Indoor Bulbs.

Deep cobalt blue, large spikes. 7 inches (17.5 cms).

Delicate spikes of pale blue. Very-free-flowering. 6 inches (15 cms). February.

Azureum album
Pure white. A companion for Chionodoxa.

Botryoides Album
Pure white. April. 6 inches (15 cms).

Heavenly Blue
Bright gentian-blue bells on sturdy stems. 8 inches (20 cms). April.

The top of the spike is pale blue and the lower dark blue. The foliage is broad and handsome. 12 inches (30 cms) April.

Musk-scented bells of lavender-purple which gradually fade to a dark yellow. 5 inches (12.5 cms). April.

Branched heads of violet blue in plumes. 7 inches (17.5 cms). May.

The top half of the spike is dark Oxford Blue, while the bottom is clear Cambridge Blue ( so no favouritism in which boat crew to win their race each year!!!). 7 inches (12.5 cms). Mid-April. Sweetly scented.


Muscari armeniacum. By Kurt Stüber via Wikimedia Commons.

Narcissi (Miniatures)






Plant in September or October, 5 inches (12.5 cms) apart and 4 inches (10 cms) deep, in ordinary soil or John Innes compost. Size of bulbs to be used - D.N.I. Flowering time: March-April.

"Narcissi Classification. The Royal Horticultural Society has recently revised the classification of Daffodils. There are now (in 1953 - in 1975 the Revised Classification increased this to 13 and the RHS published this in the International Register of Daffodil names and I have detailed these in the Narcissus Gallery) 11 main divisions, which are divided into various sub-sections. The purpose of this is that there should be some clear distinction between the many groups of Daffodils. It does not seem necessary that the ordinary gardener or person wishing to grow Daffodils in the house should worry overmuch about the exact classification of the particular variety. Therefore the varieties which are suggested later have been grouped into one or other of the 11 main divisions of classification. Thus, Jonquilla (Div. 7), Tazetta (Div. 8), Cyclamineus (Div. 6) are shown under Minatures; while the Trumpets, classified under Division 1 with 3 sub-sections, are grouped simply under Trumpets. Even this may be thought a little pedantic, but the reader has only to pick up the many good bulb catalogues issued every year to find that the Daffodils are listed under their exact Horticultural classification.

Plant them in either bulb fibre, John Innes compost or a mixture of 2 parts loam, 1 part leaf-mould, 1 part sand. To the last medium add 3 teaspoonfuls of medium bone-meal, or 2 teaspoonfuls of superphosphates to each 5 inch (12.5 cms) receptacle used. A non-porous vessel must be used when planting is done in bulb fibre. After planting give the compost a thorough soaking, preferably by standing the pot in a few inches of water until the surface of the fibre becomes moist throughout.

Water. From potting until the time when the foliage dies the fibre must be kept continually moist. Watering should be increased from the time that top growth starts. The miniature Narcissi need rather more water than the bigger varieties, at all times.

Fertilisers. Little fertiliser is needed if the initial dose of bone-meal is administered with the potting mixture. But from the emergence of the flower bud a complete fertiliser can be watered into the pots to ensure good-quality and robust flowers and to help build up the bulb.

Temperature. 40 degrees Fahrenheit (4.4 degrees Celsius) from potting time until rooted (approximately 6 weeks); 50 degrees Fahrenheit (10 degrees Celsius) for leaf and stem growth; 60 degrees Fahrenheit (15.5 degrees Celsius) for flower development. These temperatures are ideals and almost impossible to maintain over the time needed and under average house conditions. Nevertheless it is possible to get satisfactory results with conditions which come close to such ideals. When about 3 inches (7.5 cms) of leaf growth has been made they can be put in a sunny window at a temperature of 60 degrees Fahrenheit (15.5 degrees Celsius)." from Indoor bulbs.


Bulbocodium conspicuus (Yellow-hoop Petticoat Daffodil)
Very pale-yellow conical trumpets. 6 inches (15 cms).
Cyclamineus (Cyclamen-flowered)
Lemon and yellow with reflexed perianth. 6-9 inches (15-22.5 cms).
February Gold
Perianth pale yellow, trumpet clear yellow.
Golden Sceptre
Large flowers of deep golden yellow.
Jonquilla (the true Jonquill)
Bright-yellow clusters of single flowers; sweetest-scented daffodil. 9 inches (22.5 cms).
Deep yellow. 8 inches (20 cms). Very early.
Small trumpet of pale yellow;leaves broad. 5 inches (12.5 cms). This is the smallest Trumpet Daffodil.
Butter-yellow perianth with shallow cup of same colour. Deliciously scented. 5 inches (12.5 cms).
Silver Chimes
Virgin-white perianth, shallow cup of pale yellow. 6 flowers; fragrant. This variety is classed as a triandrus, but its height is 24 inches (60 cms).
Tazetta var. canaliculatus
White perianth; slightly reflexed, short crimped cup, orange-yellow. Sweetly scented. 8 inches (20 cms).
Trandrus (Angel's Tears)
Clusters of 2-3 cream-white flowers; perianth reflexed.
Triandrus var albus
Pendant crimped trumpets of cream-white, with reflexed petals.
The form is like that of Narcissus Juncifolius with small pure-white flowers on a 4 inch (10 cm) stem.

Treat these Miniature bulbs in the same way as the ordinary Narcissi. They need, however, to be potted in a rougher compost than that used for normal Daffodils. If ordinary bulb fibre is used, add a proportion of fine flint grit and a greater proportion than is normal of oyster shell. All the Miniature Daffodils need more water than the ordinary kind, but particularly Narcissus Cyclamineus and Narcissus Bulbocodium. In potting, it is best to plant 6-8 bulbs to a 5-inch (12.5 cm) pan and to leave them undisturbed for from 2 to 3 years.


Narcissus 'Cheerfulness'. Real Jardín Botánico, Madrid. By A. Barra via Wikimedia Commons.

Ornithogalum nutans






Pot 1 large bulb into a 5-inch (12.5 cms) pot in September, using either John Innes potting compost or a mixture of 2 parts sandy loam with equal parts peat and sand. After potting, place in cool dark until growth starts, and then bring to a well-lighted window.

Water. Keep compost moist until growth starts. Water freely when bulbs are formed and decrease after flowering. When foliage fades keep them dry.

Temperature. 40-50 degrees Fahrenheit (4.4-10 degrees Celsius) from potting to early spring.

Star-shaped white flowers. Fragrant. 24 inches (60 cms). June.

Silver-grey and light green. 12 inches (30 cms). April.


Ornithogalum nutans. By Florian Siebeck via Wikimedia Commons.

Puschkinia scilloides (Striped Squill), Puschkinia hyacinthoides, Puschkinia libanotica)






Plant in October, 4 inches (10 cms) deep and 2 inches (5 cms) apart, for flowering in March. Use in clumps with other bulbs.

"Dainty white flowers shaded and striped with blue. 4 inches (10 cms). Plant in shallow pan and treat as Eranthis, etc:-

Bulb fibre is a satisfactory potting medium, but equal parts of leaf-mould, loam and sand can be used.

Water moderately at all times." from Indoor Bulbs.



Puszkinia cebulicowata Puschkinia libanotica. By Barbara Wrzesińska via Wikimedia Commons.

Scilla (Bluebell)






The Scilla campanulata can claim a place in window-boxes on an equal footing with Dutch Hyacinth. The entire box can be given over to them.

Plant in October, in a soil with a large proportion of leaf-mould, 3-3.5 inches (7.5-8.72 cms) apart and 4 inches (10 cms) deep, using top-size bulbs and different varieties flowering at the same time. They will succeed in semi-shade.

"Thereafter they should be treated as for Narcissi:-

"A non-porous vessel must be used when planting is done in bulb fibre. After planting give the compost a thorough soaking, preferably by standing the pot in a few inches of water until the surface of the fibre becomes moist throughout.

Water. From potting until the time when the foliage dies the fibre must be kept continually moist. Watering should be increased from the time that top growth starts. The miniature Narcissi need rather more water than the bigger varieties, at all times."


Position. South or west window.

" from Indoor Bulbs.

Varieties (with very large flower heads):-

May-June flowering.

Alba maxima
White. 14 inches (35 cms). May-June.

Deep blush-pink. 15 inches (37.5 cms). May-June.

Pale mauve. 14 inches (35 cms). May-June.

Queen of the Pinks
Deep rose. 15 inches (37.5 cms). May-June.

Rose Queen
Fine pink. 14 inches (35 cms). May-June.


Dwarf varieties:-

A very early variety with clusters of rich, dark-blue flowers that blossom at the same time as the Winter Aconite (see above). 3 inches (7.5 cms). Ultramarine-blue.

Siberica (Siberian Squill)
Brilliant blue. 3 inches (7.5 cms).

Siberica Spring Beauty
Earlier than Scilla Siberica and more sturdy. The flowers are much larger and are a most vivid purple-blue. The flower spikes are successional, giving a longer flowering period. 6-8 inches (15-20 cms).

Very early flowers of soft blue on a cream-white background. 4 inches (10 cms).


The small-flowered varieties should be used in clumps and planted at 3 inch (7.5 cms) depth with 2 inches (5 cms) between each bulb.


Deutsch: Zweiblättriger Blaustern - Scilla bifolia. Aufgenommen im Waldpark in Mannheim-Neckarau, Baden-Württemberg, Deutschland.

English: Two-leaf squill - Scilla bifolia. Taken in the Waldpark in Mannheim-Neckarau, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. By Andreas Eichler via Wikimedia Commons.

Galanthus (Snowdrops)

Hardy Plant Society Galanthus Group for further details on Snowdrops.






A very early subject for the window-box. Under good conditions they will flower from January. Snowdrops will do well in a shady position.

Plant in September or October, 4 inches (10 cms) deep and from 2-3 inches (5-7.5 cms) apart, in groups.

"Thereafter, treat in the same way as Narcissi and Daffodil.

Water very moderately throughout pot life, and when flowering is over the bulbs can immediately be planted outdoors.

Temperature. They should be kept as cool as possible at all times.

Position. North, east or west windows.

Flowering. January-February." from Indoor Bulbs.

Single. The common Snowdrop.

nivalis flore pleno
Double form of the common Snowdrop.

Large flowers, 9-10 inches (22.5-25 cms). Inner segments are marked with green. If, after rooting, they are gently forced, they will flower in January.

Arnott's Seedling
Very large flowers, the inner segments marked with dark green outside and green stripes inside. 9-10 inches (22.5-25 cms).


Nahaufnahme vom Kleinen Schneeglöckchen (Galanthus nivalis). By ‪Darkone via Wikimedia Commons.

Sternbergia lutea (Winter Daffodil)






October-flowering. The blooms, which are Crocus-shaped, are shining yellow on sturdy stems. 6-8 inches (15-20 cms). Prefers dry conditions and maximum sun. Cultivations are as those for Amaryllis:-

"Pot. The bulbs should be potted in August, 1 in a 5 inch (12.5 cms) pot, and planted so that only 0.33 of the bulb shows above the soil-level. Until the flower stem appears they are best left outside (if possible, in a frame or else in a dark cupboard); at that time they can be brought into the house and a cool room. The leaves grow during the winter months and the flower stems appear when the leaves have died down.

Water moderately until leaves turn yellow, when water should be withheld. Freely when flower-buds appear. After flowering, water regularly.

Temperature. 50-60 degrees Fahrenheit (10-15.5 degrees Celsius) from the time that the flower stem shows.

Repot every 3 years."

A vigorous form with narrow leaves is grown in gardens under the name S. lutea var. angustifolia.


Sternbergia lutea, 18 septembre 2004, cultivé. By Jean-Jacques MILAN via Wikimedia Commons.

Tulips: Botanical and Tulips in Window-boxes






For colour and sturdiness the Tulip is the best bulb for window-boxes; the stiff stems will stand against strong winds and the petals remain brilliantly flowering after quite severe weather. Tulip bulbs should be discarded after flowering, because, more often than not, the second season's flowers are small and disappointing.

Plant in October, 4 inches (10 cms) deep and 5 inches (12.5 cms) apart, in loam and leaf-mould or John Innes No. 2, using 10-11 cm bulbs.

Sylvestris - Pale yellow, medium egg-shaped flowers. Fragrant. 7 inches (17.5 cms).

Biflora - White inner petals, outer shaded green. Three or more flowers to a bulb. 5 inches (12.5 cms).

Batalini - Delicate chrome yellow, shading darker to the centres. Several flowers to a bulb. 5 inches (12.5 cms).

Linifolia - Bright vermilion scarlet, black-based flowers. Several flowers to a bulb. Succeeds best when well established. 6 inches (15 cms).

Tulip varieties in window-boxes:-
Early Singles (Flowering late March through April) - Couleur Cardinal, Cramoisie Brilliant, Ibis, Keizerskroon, Pink Beauty, Prince Carnival, Van der Neer.

Early Doubles (Flowering April)- El Toreador, Mme Testout, Marechal Niel, Peach Blossom, Tea Rose.

Triumph (Flowering late April and early May) - The best type for window-boxes owing to their stamina and weather resistance - Bandoeng, Denbola, Piccadilly, Northern Queen, Red Matador, Rhineland, Wintergold.

Darwin (May flowering) - These are very tall and are only recommended for boxes in sheltered positions - Allbright, Arabian Nights, Campfire, Chappaqua, Clara Bute, Golden Age, Pride of Zwanenburg, Princess Elizabeth, Scarlet Leader, The Bishop, Zwanenburg.

Late Cottage or Lily Flowered (May flowering) - Capt. Fryatt (Lily-flowered), G.W. Leak, Mongolia, Picotee (Lily-flowered), Rosy Wings.

Zephranthes candida







  • A good medium loam to which fine bone-meal has been added will be found quite satisfactory. the addition of some well-rotted dung, well below the level at which the bulbs will be planted, is an advantage.
  • John Innes base compost.

Drainage. It is most important to see that the bottom of the window-box is provided with adequate drainage holes of 0.5 inch (1.25 cms) diameter each and spaced diagonally at 6 inch (15 cms) intervals. Crocking large enough to cover these holes must also be provided. In order to secure free drainage past the crocking and through the holes a good layer of coarse compost, moss or turf should be laid in the bottom of the box before filling with soil.

Watering. Use a watering-can fitted with a fine rose.

Planting. The box must be filled about 10 days before planting so as to allow the soil time to settle and condense. Planting should be carried out (particularly for the larger bulbs0, with a trowel and not a dibber, as the latter will often leave a hollow beneath the planted bulb.

Leaves narrow, strap-like, and dark green. Profuse, delicate, Crocus-like flowers of pure white. 8 inches (20 cms). September.


Scientific name: Zephyranthes candida Place:Osaka-fu Japan

• 日本語: タマスダレ. By • タマスダレ

• 利用者:KENPEI/画像集/植物 via Wikimedia Commons.

















Begonias (tuberous-rooted)






Plant, in February and March, in a shallow box as many tubers as the box will hold, placing them not more than 0.5 inches (1.25 cms) apart. They must be planted so that the crowns remain exposed. Keep the boxes in the dark and warmth until the shoots are approximately -075-1 inch (2-2.5 cms) high. The tubers should then be potted up in a mixture of equal parts loam and leaf-mould, with equal proportions of sharp sand and dried cow-dung. One tuber to a 6 inch (15 cms) pot. In late May, Begonias can be planted out into window-boxes if not wanted in the house. For this purpose the window-box soil should be well watered 24 hours before planting. The soil should also be given a dressing of complete fertiliser.

Water only with great moderation until the tubers are settled in their pots, when they can be freely watered or as common sense dictates.

Fertiliser. In boxing, use a sprinkling of phosphates either as superphosphates or basic slag - preferably the former. In potting, a complete liquid manure can be applied with benefit. At flowering time, and at regular, but not too frequent intervals afterwards, further doses of the complete liquid manure can be given.

Temperature. After planting, the temperature should be between 60-65 degess Fahrenheit (15.5 - 18 degrees Celsius) until potting time.

Position. Give full light after potting, but not full sun. Begonias should not be exposed for long periods to the sun.

Flowering. July-October.

After-treatment. When flowering is done the flower stems must be removed and water gradually reduced until the leaves are quite dead. The tubers can then be kept in their pots in a frost-proof place through the winter until the following February. They should not be stored where the temperature is liable to become warm, as the tubers will then shrivel. If it is thought necessary, the tubers can be removed and examined for soundness as soon as the soil is dry, and then stored apart from the pots.

Begonia tubers, in named varieties, are very expensive. It is wiser, therefore, to buy a collection, which will cost less, and give a wider range of colour.


Begonia-Semperflorens-Hybrids. By BotBln via Wikimedia Commons.

Crocuses (Spring-flowering varieties. 3 inches (7.5 cms). March)






Plant in clumps with Daffodils in September or Tulips in October, 3 inches (7.5 cms) apart, 3 inches (7.5 cms) deep. Mix the varieties so that the length of the flowering time can be extended.

Jeanne d'Arc
Pure white.

Paulus Potter
Deep purple.

Soft clear blue.

Silver purple.


Pale lavender and grey. Very early.

Yellow Mammoth
Rich yellow. Large and early.


The inside of the rounded flowers is orange-yellow, the ouutside feathered dark mahogany. Mid-March.

Biflorus Argenteus
Deep purple with cream outer petals, silver inner petals. Early March.

Chrysanthus E. A. Bowles
Butter-yellow, with dark bronze throat and orange stigma. February.

Chrysanthus E. P. Bowles
Bright yellow. February.

Violet inner petals and darker violet outer petals. Delciously scented. December-March. Plant September.


Crocus biflorus. By Meneerke bloem via Wikimedia Commons.

Chionodoxa (Glory of the Snow)

See above









Eranthis hyemalis (Winter Aconite)

See above









Galanthus (Snowdrops)

See above









Hyacinths - prepared (Dutch hyacinth, Hyacinthus orientalis)

All parts of hyacinths, if ingested cause stomach upset and gloves should be worn when handling the bulbs as they may aggravate skin allergies. See the profile on harmful plants for more information.






Use unprepared bulbs, size 15-16cms for bedding.

Plant in September 3 inches (7.5 cms) apart, 3-4 inches (7.5-10 cms) deep. Flowering period: April-May.

"Pot 2 bulbs up to half their depth in a 6-inch (15 cms) or 3 in an 8-inch (20 cms) non-porous bowl or pan, using bulb fibre as potting medium. After potting, plunge in ashes or keep the pot in a dark cool place until the bulbs are well rooted. They can be brought to the light and warmth.

Water. The bulb fibre should be kept moist at all times so that its consistency is always alive.

Fertilisers. No fertilisers are needed when correctly mixed fibre is used.

Temperature. Room heat is sufficient to bring prepared Hyacinths into early bloom, but they will stand a temperature of 70 degrees Fahrenheit (21 degrees Celsius) without showing undue signs of being forced.

Position. South window with full light.

Flowering. For pre-Christmas flowers prepared bulbs must be used, and for satisfactory flowering these should be from 17-18 cms as a minimum. For later flowering the same size of bulbs, but unprepared, will give the best flowers. After flowering the bulbs can be rested and planted in the garden." from Indoor Bulbs.

Unprepared Varieties:-

Clear violet blue and white.

Delft Blue

King of the Lilacs
Pure lilac.





Flower beds in park Kolomenskoye (Moscow). Hyacinthus orientalis ‘Delft Blue

Русский: Цветники в Коломенском (Москва). Гиацинт восточный ‘Delft Blue’. By Kor!An (Корзун Андрей) via Wikimedia Commons.

Iris species

See above









Leucojum (Snowflake)






Plant in clumps during October, 3 inches (7.5 cms) deep, 2 inches (5 cms) apart. These are excellent for a site in partial shade, but will only succeed if left undisturbed for 2 or 3 years.

Aestivum Gravetye Giant
The petals of the white bells, which hang in clusters, are tipped with light green. The flowers are large and are excellent for cutting. 15 inches (37.5 cms). April-May.

The flowers are more globular, and are not so large as Gravetye Giant. 12 inches (30 cms). February-March.


Śnieżyca wiosenna (Leucojum vernum). By Roweromaniak via Wikimedia Commons.

Puschkinia scilloides

See above









Scilla (Bluebell)

See above










See above









Ivydene Gardens Infill3 Plants Index Gallery:
Bulbs flowering in Windowboxes

From Bulbs in Window-boxes in Indoor Bulb Growing by Edward Pearson. Published by Purnell & Sons, Ltd in 1953:-
The main purpose of these notes has been to encourage the use of bulbs in the home and to widen their use. However, as it is no great step from the room to the window-sill, Ido not feel that I shall in any way defeat my own object by the inclusion of some further notes on the place which bulbs can take in a window-box.

The kinds that can be used outside are much the same as those for inside, with few exceptions. The list of suitable bulbs is restricted for the reasons given later, but which are mainly the long time between planting and flowering, and the important point that almost all bulbs which are not forced will give a much better display if they remain undisturbed for 2 or 3 years.

The way round this time and seasonal difficulty is a compromise between bulbs and Alpines planted together in a rockery-box. This method will give at least 1 or 2 successive groups of flowers over a longer season than that of the usual window-box display. The gardener must therefore choose between a bold and comparitively short-lived display and a more varied and interesting arrangement over a much longer time.

The planting time for bulbs falls into 3 main divisions:

  • Early autumn or late summer for such as Colchicums, autumn- and winter-flowering Crocuses and Nerines, etc, which will bloom in October.
  • The later autumn, in September and October, for the main body of bulbs, such as Alliums, Chionodoxa, Crocuses, Eranthis, Fritillaria, Snowdrops, Hyacinths, (both Dutch and Roman), Ixias, Leucojum, Lili of the Valley, etc. These will flower from the following spring.
  • The spring, which ends the planting season with certain varieties of bulbs, among which are Gladioli, Begonias, Acidanthera, Tigridia, Galtonias. Flowering takes place a few weeks after planting.

It will be clear from this that, if the object of a window-box is to provide a succession of colour from the earliest to the latest possible time, bulbs can only be made use of to cover a brief period during 1 season. The long time between planting and flowering forbids the use of the box to annuals, etc, thus wiping out its main object of continual colour. For instance, it may be very exhilarating to plan a display of autumn-flowering bulbs, but it is more than likely that to carry out the plan will mean sacrificing an equally lovely display of, say, Petunias, Geraniums, or Chrysanthemums. Many of the spring-planted bulbs are too tall for window-box work, and, in addition, their use means a colourless box from March until June or even later, which is absurd.

This difficulty can be bypassed in planting up a reserve box, which is substituted at the right moment for the one whose display is over. Thus, when the last annuals have flowered, or other plants have been taken away for fear of frost, the second box, containing autumn-flowering Crocuses, can be put in their place. Or, again, a reserve of bulbs can be grown on elsewhere in pots to be plunged into the window-box at the right time. Now this seems in principle to be a very happy solution, but in practice I feel it would spell a great deal of unhappiness, by no means offset by the results. In these days of increasing leisure and decreasing space, time for such work can be found; but a place to keep and preserve a spare window-box under moderately correct conditions is a different matter and one which would lead to much domestic annoyance.

Under all these circumstance, it is best to use the window-box for autumn-planted bulbs, which can be removed from the box after spring flowering, and, at the right time, to plant up with annuals, etc. For this work there is a very wide and interesting range from which to choose. The main principles of culture that have already been noted for indoor growing apply equally to out of doors. The planting time is still from September through October; planting depths are deeper, thus avoiding the need to keep the bulbs in the dark until they are well rooted; and watering is simpler, providing that the soil is never allowed to dry out or, through faulty drainage, to become sodden and waterlogged. As the types of bulbs recommended are all hardy and vigorous, there is no need to worry about temperatures.

Continued in the table below:-

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677


Site design and content copyright ©October 2016. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  


Ramblers Scramblers & Twiners by Michael Jefferson-Brown (ISBN 0 - 7153 - 0942 - 0) describes how to choose, plant and nurture over 500 high-performance climbing plants and wall shrubs, so that more can be made of your garden if you think not just laterally on the ground but use the vertical support structures including the house as well.

The Gardener's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Climbers & Wall Shrubs - A Guide to more than 2000 varieties including Roses, Clematis and Fruit Trees by Brian Davis. (ISBN 0-670-82929-3) provides the lists for 'Choosing the right Shrub or Climber' together with Average Height and Spread after 5 years, 10 years and 20 years.

item7a item7a item8 item8 item9 item9 item11 item11 item22 item22 item23 item23 item24 item24 item25 item25 item27 item27