Ivydene Gardens Gentian to Goosefoot Wild Flower Families Gallery:
Glassworts Family

 

Click on Underlined Text in:-

Common Name to view that Plant Description Page
Botanical Name to link to Plant or Seed Supplier
Flowering Months to view photos
Habitat to view further Natural Habitat details and Botanical Society of the British Isles Distribution Map

Glassworts Family:-

"These are curious succulent salt-loving plants, with no obvious beauty except when they go red. They are mostly annuals and vary from prostrate to 9 inches high, from slender unbranched stems to thick lush little bushes. The fat shining jointedcylindrical stems bear pairs fo branches and opposite leaves, which are fused in pairs and reduced to fleshy sheaths. Their flowers, minute, petalless and visible chiefly as 1-2 stamens, are sunk in the stems at thses junctions, 1-3 together, in spikes at the end of the branches; seeds, minute, hairy. The various forms of Glasswort are not clearly demarcated, and hybrids are probably frequent, but those summarised below may be reasonably distinct." from Collins Pocket Guide to Wild Flowers by David McClintock and R.S.R. Fitter assisted by Francis Rose - ISBN 0 00 219363 9 - Eleventh Impression 1978.

 

Glassworts Family plant table with its Common Name - Botanical Name. Flowering Months Range. Habitat with link to that Gentian to Goosefoot Wild Flower Families Gallery:-

Common Name

Botanical Name

Flowering Months

Habitat

Bushy Glasswort

(styv glasört in Sweden, langarige zeekraal in Dutch, Long-spiked Glasswort in UK)

Salicornia dolichostachya

August-September

An annual of open mud and muddy sand on intertidal flats and in the lowest parts of saltmarshes, and occasionally in the mid-marsh along the banks of saltmarsh creeks and runnels. Lowland.

item1n6h

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bushyffolglasswort

bushyfforglasswort

Flower

Flowers

Foliage from Motney Hill in Kent

Form from Motney Hill

Fragile Glasswort

(eenbloemige zeekraal in Dutch, One-flowered Glasswort in UK)

Salicornia pusilla

August-September

An annual restricted to the uppermost parts of saltmarshes, growing on firm mud or sand in salt-pans and on the drift-line; also behind sea-walls in areas subject to saltwater seepage and kept open by vehicles or livestock. Lowland.

Glasswort

(Gemeiner Queller in Germany, glasört in Sweden, kortarige zeekraal in Dutch, Soliród zielny in Poland, Common Glasswort in UK)

Salicornia europaea

August-September

An annual found at all levels of sandy or muddy saltmarshes, in saltmarsh-sand dune transitions and wet, tidally inundated dune-slacks; also, more rarely, in relict saltmarsh and other open saline areas behind sea-walls. Halliday (1997) notes that in Cumbria S. europaea is probably the only Salicornia species able to persist on grazed marshes. Lowland.

glasswortfflo

glasswortfflos

glasswortffol

glasswortffor

Flowers from Sharps Green

Flowers from Sharps Green

Foliage from Lower Rainham in Kent

Form from Motney Hill in Kent

Perennial Glasswort

Salicornia perennis

(Salicornia ambigua, 
Arthrocnemum perenne, Sarcocornia perennis)

August-September

A woody perennial subshrub of saltmarshes, especially in bare or sparsely vegetated areas on firm, muddy sand and gravel. S. perennis occurs on eroding lower parts of saltmarshes, at higher elevations on saltmarsh drift-lines and on shell and shingle banks; sometimes also on bare ground behind sea-walls. Lowland.

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perennialffolglasswort

perennialfforglasswort

Flower

Flowers

Foliage from Sharps Green in Kent in July

Form from Sharps Green in July

Seablite Glasswort

(Same as Twiggy Glasswort below)

Salicornia prostrata

(and 6 synonyms, Salicornia maritima, Salicornia ramosissima)

August-September

Saltmarshes (on firmer mud in Southern England). Nitrogen and phosphorus resortion in a salt marsh in northern Turkey.

Twiggy Glasswort

(Prostrate Glasswort, Purple Glasswort)

Salicornia ramosissima

August-September

This morphologically highly variable annual is usually found in the middle and upper zones of saltmarshes, in closed Puccinellia maritima swards, salt-pans, creeks and drift-lines. It also occurs on firm sand and muddy shingle, and behind sea-walls in open areas of brackish grazing marsh. Ball & Tutin (1959) note that this species occurs `in all parts of saltmarshes except the lower mud-flats`. Lowland

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twiggyfflosglasswort

twiggyffolglasswort

twiggyfforglasswort

Flower

Flowers from Shellness in August

Foliage from Shellness in August

Form from Shellness in August

 

Salicornia and Sarcocornia are very difficult to tell apart as this article explains.

 

Further help is given in A Guide to Pigweeds, Goosefoots, Oraches and their relatives in Hampshire.

 

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(o)Adder's Tongue
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Bamboo
(o)Barberry
(o)Bedstraw
(o)Beech
(o)Bellflower
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(o)Flowering-Rush
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(o)Grass Soft Bromes 2
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 3 (o)Hazel
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(o)Loosestrife
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(o)Maple
(o)Mares-tail
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(o)Peaflower Clover 1
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(o)Peaflower Clover 3
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See current Wildflower Common Name Index link Table for more wildflower of the UK common names together with their names in languages from America, Finland, France, Germany, Holland, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Spain and Sweden.

See current Wildflower Botanical Name Index link table for wildflower of the United Kingdom (Great Britain) botanical names.

 

WILD FLOWER Common Name INDEX link to Wildflower Family Page; then

Click on Underlined Text in:-

Common Name to view that Plant Description Page
Botanical Name to link to Plant or Seed Supplier
Flowering Months to view photos
Habitat to view further Natural Habitat details and Botanical Society of the British Isles Distribution Map

 

A
Abraham, Isaac and Jacob
Adder's Tongue
Adder's-tongue Spearwort
Alder
Alder Buckthorn
Alpine Forget-me-not
Alpine Meadow-Rue
American Bellbine
Annual Delpinium
Arrow Bamboo
Asarabacca

G
Giant Bellflower
Giant Butterwort
Globe Flower
Goldilocks Buttercup
Goosegrass
Great Bindweed
Great Broomrape
Greater Bladderwort
Greater Dodder
Greater Spearwort
Green Alkanet
Green Amaranth
Green Hellebore
Green Houndstongue
Green Pigweed

M
Madwort
Marsh Arrow-Grass
Marsh Bedstraw
Marsh Marigold
Meadow Buttercup
Metake
Monkshood
Moonwort
Mountain Bamboo
Mousetail

S
Saint Martins Buttercup
Scilly Buttercup
Sea Arrow-Grass
Sea Bindweed
Sessile Oak
Sheepsbit
Silver Birch
Simon's Bamboo
Skunk Cabbage
Slender Bedstraw
Slender Marsh Bedstraw
Small Balsam
Small Bladderwort
Small Bugloss
Small Bur-Reed
Small-Flowered Buttercup
Small Goosegrass
Smooth Bedstraw
Soft Comfrey
Spanish Chestnut
Spiked Rampion
Spreading Bellflower
Squinancywort
Stinking Hellebore
Swamp Lantern
Sweet Chestnut
Sweet Flag

B
Baneberry
Barberry
Bedstraw Broomrape
Beech
Birthwort
Bloodtwig Dogwood
Blue Anemone
Blue-eyed-Mary
Bogbean
Bog Myrtle
Borage
Box
Branched Bur-Reed
Broad-leaved Bamboo
Bulbous Buttercup
Butterfly-Bush

H
Hairy Buttercup
Harebell
Hairy Bamboo
Heath Bedstraw
Hedge Bedstraw
Hedge Bindweed
Himalayan Balsam
Himalayan Bamboo
Holm Oak
Horse Chestnut
Houndstongue

N
Narihira Bamboo
Narihiradake
Narrow-leaved Lungwort
Nettle-leaved Bellflower
Northern Bedstraw
Northern Water Forgetmenot

T
Three-lobed Crowfoot
Thread-leaved Water-Crowfoot
Thyme Broomrape
Toothwort
Touch-Me-Not Balsam
Traveller's Joy
Tuberous Comfrey
Tufted Forget-me-not
Turkey Oak

C
Canterbury Bell
Carrot Broomrape
Celery-leaved Buttercup
Changing Forget-me-not
Chimakizasa
Cleavers
Clove-Scented Broomrape
Clustered Bellflower
Columbine
Common Amaranth
Common Buckthorn
Common Broomrape
Common Butterwort
Common Comfrey
Common Dodder
Common Foreget-me-not
Common Gromwell
Common Lungwort
Common Meadow-Rue
Common Moonwort
Common Water-crowfoot
Copper Beech
Corn Buttercup
Corn Cleavers
Corn Gromwell
Cornish Bellflower
Creeping Bellflower
Creeping Buttercup
Creeping Forget-me-not
Creeping Spearwort
Creeping Water Forgetmenot
Crosswort
Crowberry

I
Indian Balsam
Indian Fountain Bamboo
Irish Bladderwort
Italian Alder
Ivory Bells
Ivy Broomrape
Ivy-leaved Bellflower
Ivy-leaved Crowfoot
 

O
Orange Balsam
Oregon Grape
Oriental Borage
Oxtongue Broomrape
Oyster Plant

U
Unbranched Bur Reed
Upright Hedge Bedstraw

D
Dogberry
Dogwood
Downy Birch
Durmast Oak
Dwarf Birch
Dwarf Cornel

J
Jersey Buttercup
Jersey Forget-me-not
Jewel-Weed
Joseph and Mary

P
Pale Butterwort
Pale Forget-me-not
Pasque Flower
Pedunculate Oak
Pheasant's Eye
Pigweed
Plymouth Pear
Pond Water-crowfoot
Prickly Comfrey
Purple Beech
Purple Clematis
Purple Gromwell
Purple Toothwort
Purple Viper's Bugloss
Pyrenean Columbine

V
Variegated Monkshood
Various-leaved Crowfoot
Venus's Looking-Glass
Viper's Bugloss
Virgins Bower

E
Early Adder's Tongue
Early Forgetmenot
Evergreen Oak

K
Knapweed Broomrape

Q

W
Wall Bedstraw
Water Crowfoot
Water Forget-me-not
Water Hawthorn
Western Skunk Cabbage
White Amaranth
White Comfrey
White Pigweed
Wild Madder
Winter Aconite
Wood Anemone
Wood Forget-me-not
Wood Goldilocks
Woodruff

F
Fan-leaved Buttercup
Fen Bedstraw
Field Bindweed
Field Forget-me-not
Field Gromwell
Field Madder
Floating Bur-Reed
French Meadow-Rue
Fringed Water-Lily

L
Lady's Bedstraw
Large Bindweed
Large Cuckoo Pint
Larkspur
Least Adder's Tongue
Least Bur-Reed
Lesser Bladderwort
Lesser Celandine
Lesser Meadow-Rue
Lesser Spearwort
Lords and Ladies

R
Rampion Bellflower
River Water-Crowfoot
Rocket Larkspur
Rough Comfrey
Rough-fruited Buttercup
Round-Headed Rampion
Round-leaved Crowfoot
Russian Comfrey

XYZ
Yarrow Broomrape
Yellow Anemone
Yellow Birdsnest
Yellow Skunk Cabbage

 

 

 

 

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Page structure amended October 2012.
Feet changed to inches (cms) July 2015.
Menus and Master changed January 2016.
Wildflower Family Page links added March 2016.
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