Ivydene Gardens Stage 2 - Infill2 Plants Index Gallery:
Bulb - Hardy Bulbs (Aconitum, Allium, Alstroemeria, Anemone)
Page 1

Ivydene Gardens Stage 2 - Infill2 Plants Index Gallery:
Bulb - Hardy Bulbs (Aconitum, Allium, Alstroemeria, Anemone) Page 1

Botanical Plant Name

with link to
UK or
European Union
mail-order supplier for you to contact to buy this plant

Flower Colour

Sun Aspect of Full Sun,
Part Shade, Full Shade

with link to external website for photo/data

Flowering Months

with row in each month that it flowers in that colour in
STAGE 4A
12 BLOOM COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY
/

with link to
USA or
Canada
mail-order supplier

Height with Spacings or Width (W) in inches (cms)

1 inch =
2.5 cms
12 inches = 30 cms
40 inches = 100 cms

Foliage Colour


with row in relevant pages that it has foliage of that colour in
STAGE 4B
12 FOLIAGE COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY

or
Background Colour nearest to middle-aged leaf colour from 212 foliage colours /

followed by
Soil Moisture:-
Dry,
Moist,
Wet

with link to Australia or New Zealand mail-order supplier

 

with data for rows in
STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY and
STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Pages

Plant Type is:-

A for Aquatic
Ann for Annual / Biennial
Ba for Bamboo
Bu for Bulb
Cl for Climber
Co for Conifer
F for Fern
G for Grass
H for Herb
P for Perennial
Rh for Rhodo-dendron, Azalea, Camellia
Ro for Rose
Sh for Shrub
So for Soft Fruit
To for Top Fruit
Tr for Tree
V for Vegetable
W for Wildflower

followed by:-
E for Evergreen,
D for Deciduous,
H for Herbaceous,
Alpine for being an Alpine as well as being 1 of above Plant Type /

 
Acid for Acidic,
Alk for Alkaline,
Any for AnySoil
 

with links to
STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES
1
, 2, 3
and
STAGE 3
ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERIES
1
, 2
pages
 

Comments

Adjacent Planting

Plant Associations

It is sad to reflect that in England so few gardens open to the public label their plants or label them so that the label is visible when that plant is in flower, so that visitors can identify; and then later locate and purchase that plant.

Few mail-order nurseries provide the detail as shown in my rose or heather galleries.

If you want to sell a product, it is best to display it. When I sold my Transit van, I removed its signage, cleaned it and took photos of the inside and outside before putting them onto an advert in Autotrader amongst more than 2000 other Transit vans - it was sold in 20 minutes.

If mail-order nurseries could put photos to the same complexity from start of the year to its end with the different foliage colours and stages of flowering on Wikimedia Commons, then the world could view the plant before buying it, and idiots like me would have valid material to work with.

I have been in the trade (until ill health forced my Sole Trader retirement in 2013) working in designing, constructing and maintaining private gardens for decades and since 2005 when this site was started, I have asked any nursery in the world to supply photos. R.V. Roger in Yorkshire allowed me to use his photos from his website in 2007 and when I got a camera to spend 5 days in July 2014 at my expense taking photos of his roses growing in his nursery field, whilst his staff was propagating them. I gave him a copy of those photos.

Aconitums

 

 

 

 

Bu

They are of much service in the mixed border or the wild garden, and it is only the poisonous properties of these plants which make one view them with suspicion. They should not be planted where any danger can result to children or to animals. Can be planted in spring or autumn.

The aconitum was sacred to Hecate, the goddess of witchcraft, of the Hades and of magic, who, among other things, had used it for poisoning her father. In the old Greece, the aconitum was used for preparing poisoned baits for foxes and wolves (hence the Greek name “lykotonon = wolves killer).

See Aconitum 'Spark's Variety' with its use at the RHS Wisley Garden.
2 to 10 petals are present. The two upper petals are large and are placed under the hood of the calyx and are supported on long stalks. The other petals are small and scale-like or nonforming.

Aconitum x cammarum - Syn. Aconitum paniculatum (The flowers have large upper petals shaped like hoods, hence its common name 'Monkshood'.)

Purple, helmet-like flowers

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Jul-Aug

48 x
(120 x )

Green

Moist

Bu H

The substrate should be loamy, sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy, clay, sandy clay, loamy clay or peaty soil.

Use - Cut Flowers.

Monkshoods look best in a woodland-garden setting showing their helmet flowers amidst shrubbery, but can also be used in mixed borders of tall perennials.

They tolerate temperatures down to -40°C (USDA zone 3).

SAND, PEATY. Aconitum cammarum 'Stainless Steel' PART SHADE
Herbaceous Perennial
Jun-Sep
Can

aconitumflocammarumstainlesssteelroger
Aconitum cammarum 'Stainless Steel'. See
Bulb Flower Shape Page.

Aconitum heterophyllum

Yellow and Blue

Grows in Full Sun or Part Shade (Light Woodland)

Aug-Sep

Pollinated by bees.

24 x
(60 x )

Green

Moist

Bu

Light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil.

Use - In Woodland Garden or under dappled shade.

Cultivation and Conservation of Aconitum heterophyllum: A Critically Endangered Medicinal Herb of the Northwest Himalayas. May be difficult to find.

The whole plant is highly toxic - simple skin contact has caused numbness in some people.

This herb is cultivated in alpine and sub-alpine belts of Himalayas on high altitude.

Atees plant cultivates in moist soil and being a heavy plant even does best in clay soil.

It requires shade during the cultivation and can well grow in open woodlands.

 

Aconitum japonicum

Blue

Part Shade

Jul-Oct

24-36 x 12-24
(60-90 x 30-60)

Green

Moist

Bu

Well-drained sandy loam, Peat, Woodland

Japanese perennial growing in clumps with stems up to 3 feet cloaked in finely divided foliage. Flowers atop the stems of gorgeous hooded blue flowers in late summer. Grows best in part/open shade in moist, well-drained soil but not difficult.

Completely resistant to deer as all parts of the plant are poisonous if eaten. Be aware that all parts of the plant are extremely poisonous. Wear gloves when working with this plant. Avoid skin or oral contact with plant juices, and be particularly careful to cover up any open cuts or skin abrasions prior to entering garden areas.

 

Aconitum lycoctonum is Wolfsbane or northern wolfsbane

Pale Yellow

Full Sun, Part Shade in Light Woodland.

Jul-Aug

Pollinated by bees.

If the flower stems are removed after flowering the plant will normally flower again later in the season.

40 x 24
(100 x 60 )

Green

Moist

Bu

Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil.

Poisonous.

Members of this genus seem to be immune to the predations of rabbits and deer.

Prefers a calcareous soil. Grows well in open woodlands

aconitumlycoctonumvulpariacflokevock

CHALK, SAND.
Aconitum lycoctonum subsp. vulparia
Part shade
Herbaceous Perennial
PInfill2 - Hardy Bulbs
Jun-Aug

 

Aconitum napellus (Aconitum delphinifolium ) is Aconite

Rich Blue or purplish flowers, distinguished by their helmet-shaped upper-petal.

Full Sun, but prefers Part Shade

Jun-Sep

40-60 x 12
(100-150 x 30)

Dark Green

Moist

Bu

Well-drained soil - light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. Prefers a chalky soil.

Use - Aconitum napellus is grown in gardens in temperate zones for their spiky inflorescences that are showy in early-mid summer, and their attractive foliage. There are white and rose colored forms in cultivation too. The cultivar 'Spark's Variety' has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.

As a cut flower, these should last 7-10 days in a vase. Also brilliant for pots and useful for planting in the shade of trees.

Very poisonous. Wear gloves when working with this plant.

Cut down in Autumn. Dig rotted leaves into the ground before planting.

See further details in Aconitum napellus 'Bicolor' page.

 

aconitumnapellusbicolorCflokevock

SAND, PEATY. Aconitum napellus 'Bicolor' PART SHADE

Herb-aceous Peren-nial

PInfill2 - Hardy Bulbs
Jul-Sep

Spik

aconitumcfornapelluswikimediacommons
Aconitum napellus, Ranunculaceae, Monkshood, Wolf's Bane, Monk's Blood, Monk's Hood, inflorescence; Muottas Muragl, Engadin, Switzerland, altitude ca. 2400 m. Photo by Llez, via Wikimedia Commons

Aconitum variegatum is Devil's Helmet

Blue and White

Part Shade

Jul-Aug

36-72 x 20-24 Spacing
(90-180 x 50-60)

Dark Green

Bu

The perennials prefer a half-shady situation on moist soil. The substrate should be loamy, sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy, clay, sandy clay, loamy clay or peaty soil with a pH between 8 and 10. They tolerate temperatures down to -23°C (USDA zone 6).

Aconitum variegatum is toxic.

 

Water during dry periods. Cut back after flowering.

The typical habitat is that of the humid clearings and of the undergrowths.

aconitumcforvariegatumwikimediacommons
Aconitum variegatum, Härtsfeld, Germany. Photo by Bernd Haynold, via Wikimedia Commons

Alliums

 

Allium is the Latin name for 'garlic'.

 

 

NOVÁ ZAHRADA nursery is is located in Czech Republic, in Central Moravia. He sends seeds throughout the world - see his Alliums

 

 

 

 

Bu

It may be premised that the Alliums are most suitable for naturalising in grass or in wild gardens, as many of them are so prolific that they are apt to become troublesome in the border. They usually seed very freely and some produce offsets in great numbers, while others, again, form little bulbils on their heads which eventually form separate individuals. Almost all are of easy cultivation, although some of the Central Asian and Californian species need a little protection in winter.

The great drawback of the Alliums is their odour, which is, however, not always perceptible except when the flowers are cut.

 

See further details on Alliums in Allium and Anemone Gallery.

Most alliums will do well in deep pots. Although any good multipupose potting media will do, a mix of equal parts of John Innes No 3, multipurpose compost and horticultural grit is sometime preferred. Mask the fading foliage by placing the pots behind other containers or just plunge them in the border. Re-pot annually in the autumn.

For containers
Bulbs should be planted in pots at the same depth as bulbs grown in the ground. This may not always be possible with the largest bulbs as it’s important that a large bulb has at least 4cm of compost beneath it. Use good quality multi-purpose compost and top-dress the pot with a generous layer of grit.

In large pots containing multiple bulbs, plant them one bulb width apart in lasagne layers, one layer of one variety, the next layer the next and so on, with the smallest bulbs forming the layer nearest the top. Cover with compost and firm well.

In the garden
To make them more perennial, bulbs should be planted deeply, at least twice the depth of the bulb. Dig a hole or trench, and on heavy soil spread a 5cm layer of grit (or spent compost) all over the bottom. Push your bulbs into the bottom of the trench/hole, leaving a gap of at least 3 times the bulb width between each bulb (see above) and then cover them up – if on heavy soil, mix in about one-third grit to two-thirds soil. After planting, firm the ground with your hand (using your feet can trample the crowns) to get rid of air pockets – watering will help this too.

On poor soil, it’s worth giving almost all spring-flowering bulbs potash feed in the early spring. This helps with root and bulb formation and will encourage them to stick around and flower on and on for years.

Allium acuminatum

Deep Rose

 

 

 

Bu

This is a pretty dwarf species and other pretty dwarf forms or species of similar or deeper colour are Allium bidwilliae, Allium breweri, Allium ostrowskianum, and Allium pedemontanum.

 

alliumcflosacuminatumwikimediacommons
Allium acuminatum — tapertip onion, Hooker's onion. City of Rocks National Reserve, Idaho, USA. By Wallace Keck, via Wikimedia Commons.

Allium ostrowskianum is known as Allium oreophilum is Alpine Rosy Bells, Pink Lily Leek

Deep Carmine-Pink flowers on umbel

Full Sun (At least all afternoon, but best if full sun in the morning as well)

May-Jun

4-6 x 8 (10-15 x 20)

Strap-like 2 inch wide Mid-Green leaves. Requires autumn mulching with straw or peat 3 inches deep to protect the bulb from frost.

Moist soil.

Bu

Chalk or sand (well-drained Soil required)

Use in borders, rock gardens and in ground covers.

alliumcflooreophilumgeetee

CHALK, SAND.
Allium oreophilum

PInfill2 - Hardy Bulbs
SUN

May-Jun

Plant at 5 inch depth and 4 inches (10 cms) apart with an inch (2.5cms) of fine grit under them for drainage. Never plant at perfectly measured distances apart as this looks artificial - plant in clumps of 5, 7 or 9 in a staggered group so that they look more natural when they flower. Split and divide large clumps in autumn or spring.

See further details and photos in Allium oreophilum page in Allium and Anemone Gallery

alliumpfororeophilumgeetee

Flowers. Photo from Gee Tee Bulb
See photo of Form from Wikipedia

Allium caeruleum is blue globe onion, blue ornamental onion, blue-of-the-heavens, blue-flowered garlic

Dense globes (umbels) of small, star-shaped, bright blue

Full Sun

Jun-Jul

Excellent for cut flowers.

24 x 10
(60 x 25)

Mid-green narrow leaves

Bu

Fertile, well-drained sandy soil.

Blue ornamental onion is originates from the mountains of northern and Central Asia where it grows in sharply drained soil and full sun.

A few blue species exist and are generally very pretty, though sometimes tender; of these, Allium cyaneum, Allium kansuense and Allium violaceum may be mentioned.

This stunning blue ornamental onion is ideal for a sunny border. Bright blue summer flowers on stiff stems and narrow, mid-green leaves. Since the leaves die-back before the flowers emerge its best planted with other medium - sized herbaceous plants, such as sea-holly, which help to mask the faded foliage.

Plant 8cm (3in) deep in naturalistic drifts in September or October in a well-drained, sunny site. Split and divide large clumps in autumn or spring.

Chanticleer Garden is an estate and botanical garden located at 786 Church Road, Wayne, Pennsylvania. It is "quite simply, one of the most delightful gardens in the world." It is open Wednesday through Sunday, April through October; an admission fee is charged. The gate is crested with carved stone roosters, or chanticleers in French.

It has a very hard-wearing croquet lawn:-
chanticleercroquetlawn
Plants on the Croquet Lawn in front of the main house

alliumcflocaeruleumwikimediacommons
Picture of a flower head of an Allium caeruleum en . Photo taken in the Pond Garden Arbor at the Chanticleer Garden. By Photo by and (c)2008 Derek Ramsey (Ram-Man). Co-attribution must be given to the Chanticleer Garden, via Wikimedia Commons.

Allium cyaneum is Dark Blue Garlic

See further photos in Photos of Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens

Violet-Blue bell-shaped flowers on 6 inch stem

Full Sun

Aug-Oct

alliumcfloscyanumrvroger

CHALK, SAND.
Allium cyaneum
SUN

Aug-Oct

6-12 x 4 (15-30 x 10)

Sparse grass-like mid-Green leaves appear before and during the flowers.

Moist Soil

Bu

Sand, Chalk which is well-drained and humus-rich or woodland type.

Clump-forming Allium cyaneum is native to Kansu, China.

"An extremely delicate-looking species, which is actually very easy to grow. Fine grass-like foliage is followed by blue bell-shaped flowers with protruding stamens, giving a very ‘feathery’ appearance.Height 15cm (6”)." from R.V. Roger.

See further details and photos in Allium cyaneum page in Allium and Anemone Gallery

Plant at 4 inches (10 cms) depth with an inch (2.5cms) of fine grit under them for drainage and 4 inches (10 cms) apart. Never plant at perfectly measured distances apart as this looks artificial - plant in clumps of 5, 7 or 9 in a staggered group so that they look more natural when they flower.

Bulbs should be left to form a clump rather than being divided. Attractive to bees, butterflies and birds.

alliumpfloscyanumrvroger
Flowers. Photo from R.V. Roger. See photo of flower from NL Todd

Allium kansuensis is known as Allium sikkimense is Blue Flowered Allium, Sikkim Onion

Nodding umbels of striking, cobalt-blue, bell-shaped flowers

Full Sun,
Part Shade

May-Jun

6-9 x 4
(15-23 x 10)

Mid-Green

Bu

Fertile, well-drained chalk or sand

This tiny alpine makes a tight clump with nodding umbels of striking, cobalt-blue flowers with linear mid-green leaves, in early summer. This plant offers a valuable departure from the more usual pinks and mauves!

It grows in meadows and on the edges of forests. A good rock garden plant as shown in Photos of Rock Garden Plants suitable for Rock Gardens. Use for underplanting.

Sow in autumn, overwinter outdoors, germinates in spring. Or mix seed with damp vermiculite, keep warm 3 weeks, put in fridge 6 weeks, then sprinkle mix on compost and put in cool light place.

Allium violaceum is known as Allium scorod-oprasum (Sand Leek, Rocambole is a member of Lily: Garlic Wildflower Family)

Lilac to Purplish flower umbel

Full Sun

May-Aug

16-36 x 4 (40-90 x 10)

Mid Green leaves

Dry soil

Bu

Chalk or Sand (Well-drained soil required). Native habitat of grassland and scrub on dry soils.

Edible Allium scorodoprasum is native to Europe, Asia as well as Great Britain- see Sand Leek of Lily-Garlic Family in Wildflower Gallery. A bulbous, perennial herb spreading mainly by bulbils in rough grassland and waste ground, on road verges and track sides and by railways. It sometimes occurs in more natural habitats such as sandy river banks, open woodlands on well-drained soils and a variety of coastal situations.

See further details and photos in Allium scorodoprasum page in Allium and Anemone Gallery

Plant at 6 inch depth with an inch (2.5cms) of fine grit under them for drainage and 4 inches (10 cms) apart. Never plant at perfectly measured distances apart as this looks artificial - plant in clumps of 5, 7 or 9 in a staggered group so that they look more natural when they flower. The plant can become very invasive by means of the bulbils produced from the flowering head.

Defined as noxious weed in Arkansas of USA.

alliumpfloscorodoprasumscorodoprasumrvroger
Flower. Photo from R.V. Roger

Allium neapolitanum is Naples Garlic, Daffodil Garlic, False Garlic, Flowering Onion, Naples Onion, Guernsey Star-of-Bethlehem, Neapolitan Garlic, Star, White Garlic, Wood Garlic

Neapolitanum means Onion of Naples.

White 1 inch in diameter star-shaped flowers in loose umbel on 12 inch stem in March-May and the seeds ripen in May-June.

Full Sun

Mar-Jun

12 x 4
(
30 x 10)

Strap-shaped Grey-Green leaves

Moist soil.

Bu

Any well-drained Soil (Well-drained soil required and preferably rich in humus soil - so mulch with 2 inches of garden compost or grass mowings after planting, followed by mown leaves covering lawns each autumn)

A great many have white flowers and it is among these that we find the most valued of the species. The greatest favourite is Allium neapolitanum, so much used for forcing, and which is grown in pots under the same treatment as other bulbous plants. Other pretty white species are Allium triquetrum, Allium subvillosum, Allium erfellii and Allium falciforme.

See further details and photos in Allium neapolitanum page in Allium and Anemone Gallery

This edible, erect-habit, bulb is native to Northern Italy and frequently found growing in grassy areas.

It is classed as an invasive species in parts of the U.S.A, and is found primarily in the U.S.A states of California, Texas, Louisiana, and Florida.

"An excellent variety to naturalise on the rockery. " from R.V. Roger.

Plant at 2 inch (5 cms) depth with an inch (2.5cms) of fine grit under them for drainage and 4 inches (10 cms) apart.

alliumcflosneapolitanumwikimediacommons
Allium neapolitanum in Tze'elim stream, Negev desert, Israel. By Ester Inbar, available from http://commons.-wikimedia.org/wiki/User:ST.

Allium triquetrum (Three Cornered Leek, Three Cornered Garlic, Stinking Onions is a member of Lily: Garlic Wildflower Family)

White with distinctive Green midvein flowers on drooping one-sided umbel in April-June. Flowering stem is 3 sided.

Full Sun and Part Shade (Thrives well in shade - full shade of deep woodland and part shade of light woodland)

Apr-Jun

18 x 8
(45 x 20)

Basal, linear, 10-15 inches long and 1.5 inches wide Dark Green leaves.

Moist Soil

Bu

Chalk or Sand (Well-drained soil required)

Allium triquetrum is native from Europe and Great Britain. Has become a rampant weed in the USA. Due to rapid propagation, should be grown only where spreading can be restricted (Black oblong seed fall mainly close to the parent plant, but can be carried further afield by nearby waterways or by ants; so look at Risk Assessment Information). Excellent as ground cover in poor well-drained soil in sun or shade where it will keep weeds under check, but keep it away from mixed borders.

The flowers, leaves and root are edible. Eat Weeds video. Can be used along the bottom of hedgebanks.

Plant at 3 inch depth and 8 inches (20 cms) apart with an inch (2.5cms) of fine grit under them for drainage. Never plant at perfectly measured distances apart as this looks artificial - plant in clumps of 5, 7 or 9 in a staggered group so that they look more natural when they flower. Split and divide large clumps in autumn or spring.

Wildfood UK - We like wild food. We forage it, harvest it, cook it, dry it, prepare it, store it and eat it. Foraging for us started with a genuine love of the great outdoors and a passion for food, combining both turns our walks in the woods and by the seaside into childlike treasure hunts.

alliumpflostriquetrumgeetee
Flowers. Photo from Gee Tee Bulb
See photo of Flower stem from Floralimages and Flower from Aphotoflora.

See further details and photos in Allium triquetrum page in Allium and Anemone Gallery

Allium subvillosum
(Allium subhirsutum) is Spring Garlic

Epithet subvillosum comes from sub- meaning somewhat or slightly, and -villosum meaning covered in soft hairs.

Dense umbels each with 15 to 20 white flowers that are deeply cupped starry and have yellow anthers

Full Sun

May-Jun

12 x 4
(30 x 10)

Long narrow leaves are covered with long white hairs

Bu

This coastal plant of the Mediterranean region can be found in both sandy and grassy places close to the sea.

Allium subvillosum is a bulb-forming perennial up to 30 cm tall. Leaves are long and narrow, with long white hairs clearly visible to the naked eye. Umbel is hemispherical, with 15-20 flowers on long pedicels. Flowers are white with yellow anthers.

Use for Cut Flowers.

K O R E Wild Fruit Nursery - We are an old fashioned, small-scale mail order nursery based in South Wales specializing in plants that produce edible fruit from all over the world. The plants we grow are 'wild' in the sense that they have not been selected or bred for any particular characteristic like some of our more familiar garden fruits. They are just as nature created them.

Books about Algarve wildlife and wildflowers

alliumcflossubvillosumwikimediacommons
Allium subvillosum, Chiclana (Cádiz) España. By Xemenendura, via Wikimedia Commons

Allium moly is Golden Garlic, Sunshine Allium, Yellow Moly, Gold Allium, Lily Leek, Yellow Onion

The name moly refers to old theories that it was once the source of gold.

Small bright Yellow flowers in an umbel on 12 inch stem

Full Sun and Part Shade.

Jun-Jul

8 x 4
(20 x 10)

Strap-shaped 2 inch wide metallic Blue-Green

Moist Soil

Bu

Any Soil (Well-drained soil required)

None of the yellow species are equal to the old Allium moly, a bright June flower, but others of worth in their own way are Allium flavum, and the straw-coloured Allium stramineum.

Erect form which is native of Eastern Spain and Soutwestern France. Excellent long-lasting cut-flower. Once planted will spread rapidly so should be given room to expand.

"A good reliable dwarf yellow allium, excellent for the rockery, or for under planting roses. Height 20cm (8"). Increases well. Happy in any well drained soil." from RV Roger.

Plant at 8 inch (20 cms) depth with an inch (2.5cms) of fine grit under them for drainage and 20 inches apart. Never plant at perfectly measured distances apart as this looks artificial - plant in clumps of 5, 7 or 9 in a staggered group so that they look more natural when they flower.

See further details and photos in Allium moly page in Allium and Anemone Gallery

alliumcformolywikimediacommons
Allium moly. Photo by and (c)2007 Jina Lee , via Wikimedia Commons

Allium flavum (Allium webbii) is Small Yellow Onion, Yellow-flowered allium

Yellow bell-shaped flowers with Blue stems

Full Sun

Jun-Aug

"A later flowering dwarf species producing large plumes of bell shaped, bright yellow flowers. Excellent for the rockery, flowers are produced through June and July. Height 30-50cm (12-20")." from R. V. Roger, who sell the bulbs.

14 x 2
(35 x 5)

Mid-Green leaves.

Dry soil.

Bu

Chalk or Sand (Prefers alkaline well-drained soil).

Allium flavum is native to Southern Europe and is a good rock garden plant.

"This charming little plant from the dry hills of southern Europe produces many-flowered umbels of glistening-yellow, vaguely bell-shaped flowers with prominently protruding stamens in early summer. Best planted in clusters or allowed to self-seed, it does of its best in an open, sunny position in well-drained soil.
Sowing advice: Sow seeds at any time in a seed tray, covering 3mm deep, and grow on seedlings in small clumps in small pots, before planting out in final position. These plants can be allowed to self-seed to make impressive clumps." from Plant-World-Seeds, who sell the seeds.

"After flowers are over, dead head, but leave the stems to die down.  If flowerheads are required for drying, then wait until the plant is mature enough to produce several flower heads, and then remove half for drying, and leave the bulb with plenty of energy to die back into the bulb to ensure a good show the following year.  As the foliage is unsightly once it has died back during flowering, it is a good idea to disguise the base in between with herbaceous perennials.  Alliums give an added dimension, extra colour and height to a perennial border." from Providers.

See further details and photos in Allium flavum page in Allium and Anemone Gallery

alliumcflosflavumwikimediacommons
Allium flavum ss Fischer et al. EfÖLS 2008 ISBN 978-3-85474-187-9. Photo by Stefan.lefnaer , via Wikimedia Commons

Allium stamineum (Allium daninianum) is ‪Long-stamened Garlic‬

Green, Pink, Rose-purple

Mar-May in Israel

4-14 x
(10-35 x )

Green

Bu

Dry, stony slopes, rock races, pine woods and fallow fields.

Mediterranean Woodlands and Shrublands, Semi-steppe shrublands, Shrub-steppes, Deserts and extreme deserts, Montane vegetation of Mt. Hermon

Flowers in Israel describes the plants in Israel including Bible Plants - I'm sorry but I don't supply wildflower seeds or plants, provide gardening advice or reply to gardening queries.

Allium karataviense is Ornamental Garlic, Kara Tau garlic

White with a hint of Rose flowers, carried on strong 6 inch high stems

May-Jun

Pollinated by bees.

10 x 32
(25 x 80)

Glaucous Blue, 4-6 inch wide leaves spreading over ground.

Moist soil.

Bu

Any Soil (Chalk, Clay, Clay loam, Loam, Loamy sand, Peat, Sandy clay, Sandy clay loam, Silt loam, Silty clay loam soils and prefers high fertility - add 3 inch depth of well-rotted compost as a mulch after planting)

Good tall species, some having ornamental foliage, are
Allium giganteum,
Allium sphaero-cephalum, Allium nigrum,
Allium suworowi and
Allium nobile.

Clump-forming Allium karataviense is native to central Asia; especially Turkestan.

"A very useful allium, its large glaucous foliage makes for excellent, well behaved groundcover. Silvery-white flower spikes grow up some 20cm. (8"). Deserves to be used more often." from R. V. Roger.

See further details and photos in Allium karataviense page in Allium and Anemone Gallery

"Plant 6 inches deep, 8 inches (20 cms) apart in borders, pots (best allium to use as a potted plant) and rock gardens." from International Flower Bulb Centre.

"After flowers are over, dead head, but leave the stems to die down.  If flowerheads are required for drying, then wait until the plant is mature enough to produce several flower heads, and then remove half for drying, and leave the bulb with plenty of energy to die back into the bulb to ensure a good show the following year.  As the foliage is unsightly once it has died back during flowering, it is a good idea to disguise the base in between with herbaceous perennials.  Alliums give an added dimension, extra colour and height to a perennial border." from Providers.

alliumcforkarataviensewikimediacommons
Allium karataviense. Photo by BS Thurner Hof, via Wikimedia Commons

Allium giganteum is Giant Onion

Violet-Mauve 6 inch in diameter flowers on 5 feet high spike

June-July

Pollinated by bees.

60 x 6
(150 x 15)

Pale Green 2 inch wide and 30 inches long leaves.

Dry Soil.

Bu

Chalk or Sand (Prefers alkaline well-drained soil).

Allium giganteum is native to central Asia and is an excellent summer bedding plant, especially when placed so lilac-blue flowers contrast with summer-flowering annuals. Flower heads can be saved after flowering and used in dry arrangements.

"A huge tall spike some 1.5m (5ft) tall bearing a very dense umbel of bright purple flowers, often there are hundreds of flowers per umbel. Flowers quite late in the Allium season, late June through July." from R. V. Roger.

"Try it dotted in small groups among ornamental grasses. Split and divide large clumps in autumn or spring." from Crocus.

"Plant 8 inches deep, 8 inches (20 cms) apart." from Gee Tee Bulb Company.

"After flowers are over, dead head, but leave the stems to die down.  If flowerheads are required for drying, then wait until the plant is mature enough to produce several flower heads, and then remove half for drying, and leave the bulb with plenty of energy to die back into the bulb to ensure a good show the following year.  As the foliage is unsightly once it has died back during flowering, it is a good idea to disguise the base in between with herbaceous perennials.  Alliums give an added dimension, extra colour and height to a perennial border." from Providers.

alliumcforgiganteumwikimediacommons
Allium giganteum. Photo by Jerzy Opioła, via Wikimedia Commons.
See further details and photos in Allium giganteum page in Allium and Anemone Gallery

Allium sphaero-cephalon is Ball-Headed Onion, The Drumstick Allium, Drumsticks, Round-headed Leek

Purple-Crimson flowers on 2 inch diameter umbel on 36 inch high stems

Full Sun and Part Shade

May-Aug

24 x 8
(60 x 20)

Cyclindrical, hollow, 24 inches long Mid-Green leaves.

Moist soil (Appreciates summer moisture)

Bu

Chalk or Sand (Well-drained soil required)

Allium sphaerocephalum is native from Great Britain, throughout Europe, to Iran and deerproof.

Looks superb growing through Artemisia 'Powys Castle' or other silver foliage. Very effective when massed in tight clumps in a sunny border. Suitable for a gravel garden.

See further details and photos in Allium sphaerocephalon page in Allium and Anemone Gallery

Plant at 3 inch depth and 8 inches (20 cms) apart with an inch (2.5cms) of fine grit under them for drainage. Never plant at perfectly measured distances apart as this looks artificial - plant in clumps of 5, 7 or 9 in a staggered group so that they look more natural when they flower. Split and divide large clumps in autumn or spring.

alliumpflossphaerocephalumgeetee
Flowers. Photo from Gee Tee Bulb
See photo of Flower and roots from Wikipedia

Allium nigrum is Black Garlic, Broad-leaved Onion

White flower with Green midribs and pinkish-purple ovary or deep Green ovary

Full Sun

Apr-Jun

20-40 x 16 (50-100 x 40)

Strap-shaped Grey-Green leaves which start to die back when the flowers emerge.

Dry Soil.

Bu

Any well-drained Soil

Upright and Clump-forming habit and native to Mediterranean region.

"Enjoys a sunny spot. Flowers are pale lilac or white, with a greenish stripe down the middle of the petals. Height about 80cm (32")." from R.V. Roger.

See further details and photos in Allium nigrum page in Allium and Anemone Gallery

Plant at 6 inch depth with an inch (2.5cms) of fine grit under them for drainage and 8 inches (20 cms) apart. Split and divide large clumps in autumn or spring. Good cut flower.

Well-drained soil required and preferably rich in humus soil - so mulch with 2 inches of garden compost or grass mowings after planting, followed by mown leaves covering lawns each autumn. Remove mulch in March.

alliumcflosnigrumrvroger
Flower. Photo from R.V. Roger.
See photo of Flower from Andrew of Grows on You

Alstroemerias

ChileFlora.com is your window to the world of the native Chilean plants and to their seeds. It provides you with the opportunity to learn about the Chilean plants, their nutritional and medicinal properties, identify them, and to purchase seeds - Alstroemeria

 

 

 

 

Bu

There are few finer or more useful garden flowers than the Alstroemerias, whose brilliant colours and uncommon forms are great attractions.
As cut flowers they are highly prized.
They like a free root run, and a rather light, rich soil. The tubers should be planted in spring, nearly 12 inches (30 cms) deep, but they are easily raised from seeds sown in gentle heat in spring.

Alstroemeria pelegrina and its Alstroemeria pelegrina alba are exceedingly beautiful, but require frame treatment except in the south of England. Alstroemeria diazii,
Alstroemeria ligtu, and Alstroemeria haemantha (syn Alstroemeria simsii) are very beautiful and more or less hardy according to the climate and soil. Some lime rubbish is often useful mixed with the soil, together with a little peat or leaf-mould.

Several of the species are too tender for outdoor cultivation everywhere, the hardiest being Alstroemeria aurantiaca, which has yellow flowers of varying shades. Alstroemeria chilensis and Alstroemeria peruviana, or Alstroemeria versicolor, and Alstroemeria psittacina of gardens (syn Alstroemeria pulchella), are all fairly hardy, Alstroemeria psittacina possessing a singular combination of crimson and green colouring.

Alstroemeria aurantiaca (Alstroemeria aurea , Alstroemeria peruviana) is Peruvian Lily

Golden-Orange

Full Sun,
Part Shade

May-Jun

24-36 x 12-24
(60-90 x 30-60)

Lance-shaped, green leaves

Bu

Well-drained sand or chalk

Originating in Chile, this is a fine plant with handsome trusses of golden-orange flowers to give a mass of colour in the border in early summer and a supply of valuable cut flowers.

 

 

Alstroemeria versicolor

Yellow

Fully exposed to the sun. Level areas or slopes facing north.

It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade.

May-Aug

12 x 40
(30 x 100)

Short, feathery tufts of foliage.

Somewhat dry areas where the drought may last 3 - 5 months. Precipitations of 400 - 800 mm. are concentrated in winter.

Moist soil

Bu

Light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil

The plant tolerates low temperatures (-15° C even -20° C), it can be covered by snow for months (1 - 8 months).

Alstroemeria versicolor is a plant of semi-arid subtropical regions of Chile, where it can be found at elevations from sea level up to the timber line.

alstroemeriacflosversicolorwikimediacommons
"Alstroemeria versicolor". Photo by Dick Culbert from Gibsons, B.C., Canada, via Wikimedia Commons

Alstroemeria psittacina (syn Alstroemeria pulchella)

The species name psittacina is Latin for "parrot".

The trumpet-shaped flowers demand attention, with their unusual combination of crimson and light green.

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Flowers
Aug-Oct

40 x 18
(100 x 45)

Lance-shaped dark Green

Moist soil

Bu

Grow in fertile, moist but well-drained, preferably neutral or slightly acid soils in full sun or partial shade. Mulch for the first two years. In frost-prone areas, use a dry mulch in winter.

The tubers are reportedly hardy to 5 to 15 degrees F (-15 to -9 degrees C), if planted deep.  In colder areas, simply grow it in a pot and bring it indoors in the winter. 

It is a popular ornamental plant in New Zealand, where it usually blooms at Christmas because that it is also called New Zealand Christmas bell.

Site carefully as may become invasive. Transplant carefully.

This easy-to-grow plant adds a tropical touch to any garden, even if grown in a pot.  The blooms make excellent cut flowers, often lasting 2 weeks in a vase.  Hummingbirds love the plant as much as people do!

See further details of the use of this plant in the Mixed Borders at the RHS garden at Wisley.

alstroemeriacflopsittacinawikimediacommons
Parrot Lily (Alstroemeria psittacina), also known as Parrot Flower, Peruvian Lily, Lily of the Incas, or Princess Lily. Photo by Dave Whitinger, via Wikimedia Commons

Alstroemeria pelegrina is Lily of the Incas

Ground colour is pale pink with a striking large pinky crimson zone covering the centre of each, and a darkly flecked pale yellow area at the base of the inner-upper pair, solitary or in umbels up to six.

Some protection against direct sunlight, some shadow from vegetation, filtering about 20 - 40 % of light.

Jul-Aug

20 x 24
(50 x 60)

Bright green twisted foliage

Dry, arid areas, with long drought periods of 6 - 10 months. Precipitations of 100 mm - 300 mm. are concentrated in winter.

Bu

Chile, on sandy sea shores and cliffs from Valparaiso to Coquimbo province.

This Alstroemeria was one of the first to be taken to Europe for cultivation. Its main disadvantage that in its natural habitat it does not tolerate freezing nor very high temperatures, because it grows very close to the shoreline, where the sea stabilizes the temperature fluctuation.

USDA Hardiness Zone 10 and 11. The plant does not tolerate freezing.

 

alstroemeriacflopelegrinawikimediacommons
Alstroemeria pelegrina 2 Showing unusual leaf development Seashore at Pichidangui, Chile. Photo by Dick Culbert from Gibsons, B.C., Canada, via Wikimedia Commons

Alstroemeria diazii is known as Alstroemeria exserens is Inca Lily

This is a high mountain beautiful Alstroemeria. It is rather low, but has huge flowers, either pink or whitish

Some protection against direct sunlight, some shadow from vegetation, filtering about 20 - 40 % of light.

Large mauve flowers marked with crimson and yellow May-Jul

14 x
(35 x )

Green

Humid areas, with almost constant rainfall. Short dry periods are possible (generally not longer than 1 month).

Bu

High altitude close to the timber line

The easiest form to germinate this species is to plant it in autumn and expose the seeds to natural temperature fluctuations. If you decide to do it "scientifically," soak the seeds for a day or so in water, then put them into wet sand and put them into refrigerator at about +2 +5º C for about 30 days. Allow the seeds to breathe (ventilate from time to time) and check the humidity of the sand (it tends to dry out quickly, so adding moisture every three-four days is a must).

Then take them out and plant at room temperatures. If not all seeds or few seeds germinate, repeat the cold step once more. This plant needs good drainage and relatively poor soil.

USDA Hardiness Zone 7, even 6b. The plant tolerates low temperatures (-15° C even -20° C), it can be covered by snow for months (1 - 8 months).

alstroemeriacfloexserenswikimediacommons
Alstroemeria exserens TEno alpine DG.Jan07. Photo by Dick Culbert from Gibsons, B.C., Canada, via Wikimedia Commons

Alstroemeria ligtu (Alstroemeria chilensis is a synonym)

Bloom Color: Lavender, Pink, Purple, Red, White, Yellow. Form: Rounded.

Fully exposed to the sun. Level areas or slopes facing north.

Jul

40 x
(100 x ) for Alstroemeria ligtu ssp. simsii (Sprengel) Bayer

Green

Somewhat dry areas where the drought may last 3 - 5 months. Precipitations of 400 - 800 mm. are concentrated in winter.

Dry, arid areas, with long drought periods of 6 - 10 months. Precipitations of 100 mm - 300 mm. are concentrated in winter.

Bu

Medium altitude up to the timber line

Low altitude, interior valleys

Coastal mountains, 500 - 2000 m.

Coastal areas, 0 - 500 m

This Alstoemeria grows in the more warmer areas, where freezing may occur in winter, but where there is generally now snow. It is a huge plant, one of the tallest Alstroemerias in Chile (may reach more than 120 cm"), and is very robust. One inflorescense may have up to 25 fiery flowers. Needs moderate watering and poor soil.

USDA Hardiness Zone 9. The plant does not tolerate snow, but can tolerate occasional freezing spells of about - 5° C (the typical morning frost of central Chile).

alstroemeriacflosligtuwikimediacommons
Alstroemeria ligtu, var.Simsii, Parque Nacional La Campana. Photo by Mar del Sur, via Wikimedia Commons

Alstroemeria haemantha (syn Alstroemeria simsii, Alstroemeria ligtu ssp. splendens) is Purple-spot parrot-lily

Red

It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade.

Jun-Jul

18 x 30
(45 x 75)

Green

Moist soil

Bu

Light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil.

The plant can tolerate maritime exposure.

Not as tall or as vigorous as most other Alstroemerias, which by some would be considered a virtue, but one of the best red flowers in any garden (certainly mine) or vase.

A clumping, tuberous, evergreen perennial from mountains somewhere in Chile. Large heads of outward facing, bright red, trumpet shaped flowers, with brown flecked, yellow throats, are held on leafy, 45cm stems, all year round but mainly in the warmer months.

Feed well and provide with good drainage. Pull spent stems as they brown. A superb cut flower.

Anemones

 

 

 

 

Bu

The tuberous-rooted Anemones, which alone come under the scope of this work,form a section which embraces flowers of surpassing beauty. Generally dwarf in staure, these Windflowers give us much variety of colouring, from the pure white of Anemone nemerosa to the deep scarlet of Anemone fulgens, with the blues, purples and other tints of Anemone coronaria, and the bright yellow of Anemone ranunculoides. Usually of easy cultivation, they are among the choicest ornaments of our gardens.

Anemos is the Greek for 'wind' and 'mone' meaning place, habitation. Theophrastus was the first to use the name 'anemone'; however, some authorities believe the word comes from the Syrian nama'an, the cry for the dead Adonis whose blood is described in legend as returning to life in the scarlet anemones.

 

 

See further details on Anemones in Allium and Anemone Gallery.

Anemone apennina is Blue Anemone

Rich blue daisy

It requires light shade.

Mar-Apr

8 x
(20 x )

Green ferny foliage, which dies down in summer

Moist, well-drained soil.

Bu

Anemone apennina, the Apennine Windflower, is a delightful little plant, growing about 6 inches (15 cm) high and having pretty blue flowers. There are white and rose-coloured varieties. It likes a peaty soil, and prefers shade. It is a charming plant to naturalise in the woods, where it flowers in March and April.

It is especially valued for its ability to colonise deciduous woodland.

A hardy herbaceous hard working perennial rising in early spring with a colour break from the yellows and whites of Narcissus and Galanthus. Rising from the underground rhizomes, this plant has tri-palmate foliage which is deeply cut, deep green and borne direct from the rhizome ie: no main stem. Flowers are an attractive daisy-like shape and mulipetalled, rich blue in colour, borne individually but numerous.

anemonecforapenninawikimediacommons
Anemone apennina. Photo by Pepp.cristiano at the Wikipedia project, via Wikimedia Commons

Anemone baldensis (Anemone fragifera, Anemone alpina, Anemonoides baldensis, Pulsatilla baldensis) is Monte Baldo windrose - Monte Baldo is an absolute haven for the Alpine Flora

Creamy-White in May followed by seed ripening in late June

Part Shade or Full Sun

May

 

See further details and photos in Anemone baldensis page in Allium and Anemone Gallery

6 x 6
(15 x 15)

anemonecflobaldensiskevock

SAND, CHALK.
Anemone bald-ensis
Rock Plant Flowers SUN,
PART SHADE
May

Deeply divided Light Green

Moist soil.

Bu

Chalk or Sand.

Can be grown with green carpet rupturewort to provide a light green background for the flowers.

Anemone baldensis, the Mount Baldo Windflower, is of erect but dwarf habit, and grows about 6 inches (15 cm) high. It has little white flowers tinged with blue and red, and does well on a rock garden in half-shade in sand and peat.

Anemone baldensis is native to France, Switzerland, mountains of North Italy, rocky sites in former Yugoslavia, and North America.

Should be grown in light shade where summers are hot; in full sun in cooler climates. Plant tubers 2 inches deep and spaced about 6 inches (15 cms) apart in bold drifts in September or October. Where soil is not moist, soaking the tubers in lukewarm water for about 24 hours will speed start of growth. Once started, plants must be given adequate moisture until flowering is past and foliage begins to die down. Between June and July, lift and divide tubers after foliage has died down.

anemonecforbaldensiswikimediacommons
Anemone baldensis. Photo by HermannSchachner, via Wikimedia Commons

Anemone blanda is Grecian Windflower

anemonecflo9blanda1

CHALK. SAND.
Anem-one blanda
Rock Plant Flowers

PInfill2 - Hardy Bulbs

SUN AND PART SHADE
Apr-May

Deep Blue in April-May. They open their blooms in the morning and shut them at night.

Part Shade or Full Sun

Apr-May

Deer and Rabbit resistant.

See further details and photos in Anemone blanda page in Allium and Anemone Gallery

6 x 6
(15 x 15)

Dark Green

Moist soil.

Bu

Chalk or Sand. Natural habitat is sandy soil enriched by leaf mould in established woodlands, where they receive both full sun and part shade.

Anemone blanda, the Fair, or Greek Windflower, needs a well-drained, warm position, but flowers better on a stiffish soil. The seeds of Anemone blanda should be sown as soon as ripe. "These are excellent for planting with early flowering bulbs as they help hide the spent foliage and also make for delightful "skirts" under deciduous shrubs and trees. Happiest in light, sandy soil and in locations where they are dry during their summer dormancy period. Plant in masses for the greatest impact." from Easy to Grow Bulbs.

Companion plants :-
Alyssum, Arabis, Aster alpinus, Centaurea dealbata, Coreopsis, Digitalis, Gypsophila paniculata, Hemerocallis (yellow cultivars), Iris (rhizomatous white and yellow cultivars), Kniphofia (yellow cultivars), Peonies (white and yellow cultivars), Verbascum, Rhododendron species (deciduous and evergreen), Cotoneaster, Berberis, Acer palmatum, Deutzia gracilis and Weigela.

anemonecforblandawikimediacommons
Anemone blanda. Photo by Rl, via Wikimedia Commons

Anemone caroliniana

Flowers composed of 10 to 20 sepals normally white or soft rose colored but also purple, one flower per stem

Part Shade

May

4-16 x
(10-40 x )

Finely cut green leaves

Bu

Peaty soil.

Anemone caroliniana, a North American Anemone, now referred to Anemone heterophylla, grows about 9 inchs (22.5 cm) high, and has finely cut leaves and white or purplish flowers in May. It likes a shady place and peaty soil.

Anemone caroliniana is found growing in dry prairies, barrens and open rocky woods.

 

Anemone coronaria (Anemone coronaria is Synonomous with Anemone bucharica)

 

Anemone coronaria 'de Caen' is Florist Anemones, Poppy Anemone

Some poppy-flowered singles of 'de Caen' cultivars:-

'His Excellency' - Bright scarlet; very large flowers on good stems
'Hollandia' - strain of 'His Excellency'
'Mr Fokker' - Blue
'Sylphide' - Violet
'The Bride' - Pure White

Red, Blue and White

Full Sun

anemonecfloscoronariadecaengeetee

CHALK, SAND.
Anemone coron-aria 'De Caen'

PInfill2 - Hardy Bulbs

SUN

Mar-Jun

Mar-Jun

 

See further details and photos in Anemone coronaria page in Allium and Anemone Gallery

12 x 6
(30 x 15)

Dark Green leaves

Moist

Bu

Well-drained Chalk or Sand (Sandy soil is preferred). Mulch with fallen autumn leaves to provide frost protection and food during the winter with moisture retension in the summer. Natural habitat is sandy soil enriched by leaf mould in established woodlands, where they receive both full sun and part shade.

Anemone coronaria is the well-known Poppy or Crown Anemone, which is so wonderfully varied in its form and colouring. We have no more effective flower than this in beds or lines in May. For cutting, its blooms are most useful. This Anemone is best propagated from seed annually. It likes a rich, light soil, and co manure is the best to apply to it.
The 'St Bridgid' strain is a charming one, and the flowers it produces are of great beauty.
Tubers of Anemone coronaria of excellent quality can be purchased in 1901 at a very low price, and should be planted in a sunny position about 3 inches (7.5 cm) deep in October or November. Seeds should be sown in March or April, and should be mixed with dry soil or sand to separate them. The double Crown Anemones are very beautiful, although not so much grown as when they were favourite florist's flowers. They are of almost every colour but yellow. A good white is named 'The Bride'.

Anemone coronaria is native from Southern Europe into Asia. Does not grow well in gardens in cooler climates, prefers warmth. Must be given protection of frames or greenhouses in colder areas. Plant tubers 3 inches deep and spaced about 3 inches apart in bold drifts in September-October for spring-flowering; March/April for June-July flowering; May-June for September flowering. Where soil is not moist, soaking the tubers in lukewarm water for about 24 hours will speed start of growth. Once started, plants must be given adequate moisture until flowering is past and foliage begins to die down. Between June and August, lift and divide tubers after foliage has died down. Popular with florists.

Spreading Form.

anemonecforcoronariawikimediacommons
Anemone coronaria in Kibbutz Dalia, Ramot Menashe, Israel - עברית: כלנית מצויה, קיבוץ דליה, רמות מנשה, ישראל (מוקדש לדנה). Photo by Zachi Evenor, via Wikimedia Commons

Anemone fischeriana has become Anemone caerulea

Pale Blue

Apr-May

10 x 8
(25 x 20)

Tiny green leaves

Bu

Well-drained soil

Anemone fischeriana, a Siberian plant, grows about 6 inches (15 cms) high, and has white flowers.

Naturally small rhizomes which do well, undisturbed in a leafy, well drained soil, pot or choice garden spot and excellent in the alpine house.

This is a tiny little species, I cannot stress its diminutive nature enough. Although it makes stems some 15 cm tall, these are slim and slender with tiny leaves

Anemone intermedia (Woodland Anemone)

Pale Yellow

Part Shade, Full Shade

Mar-Apr

8 x
(20 x )

Green

Bu

Anemone intermedia is a new Anemone with yellowish flowers, and seems allied to Anemone nemerosa.

The Woodland Anemone is one of the most delightful early spring woodland plants, it spreads with fleshy rhizomes just below the surface, appears in early spring with lovely cup shaped flowers.

They are summer dormant, so plant under shrubs and trees with Hosta, Ferns and other late flowering shade-lovers. Anemone x intermedia, flowers longer, spreads less and has the softest yellow flowers.

Anemone nemerosa is Windflower, Wood Anemone.

White

Part Shade

anemonenemerosacflot1

CHALK.
Anemone nemorosa

PInfill2 - Hardy Bulbs

PART SHADE

Apr-May

April-May

4 x 12
(9 x 30)

Dark Green

Moist soil

Bu

Chalk enriched by leaf mould from established woodlands

Anemone nemerosa, our native Windflower (Wood Anemone), gives us several lovely forms. The double form, Anemone nemerosa flore-pleno, is very beautiful, and there are a few large-flowered forms, besides the pretty
Anemone nemerosa bracteata pleniflora , which has ruff-like green bracts round the flower. The variety
Anemone nemerosa rosea and its double form have rosy flowers, and
Anemone nemerosa 'Caerulea' has pretty blue blooms, but is surpassed by the charming robinsoniana of a brighter blue. Anemone nemerosa Alleni is even larger and better coloured than the last-named. All these like shade and peaty soil.

Anemone nemorosa is native to Europe including Britain. Found growing in woodlands.

A good bee and bumblebee plant.

Spreading or creeping form.

"Seen throughout late spring, carpeting woodlands everywhere, this is an easy species to grow so long as you can give it the cool, shady, damp area it needs. Has small, white, star-shaped flowers and fine, feathery foliage." from R.V. Roger.

Plant 2 inches deep and 6-8 inches (20 cms) apart. Further growing instructions from The Telegraph.

anemonecfornemerosawikimediacommons
Anemone nemorosa in the forest of Koeur-la-grande (Meuse), France. Photo by O. Pichard, via Wikimedia Commons

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERY 2
PAGES

Site Map

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY PAGES Links to pages in Table alongside on the left with Garden Design Topic Pages

Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines

Plant Type
 

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 with its Cultivation Requirements

Alpines for Rock Garden (See Rock Garden Plant Flowers)

Alpine Shrubs and Conifers

The Alpine Meadow
Page 1
Page 2
Page 3

The Alpine Border
1
, 2

Alpine Plants for a Purpose

The Alpines that Dislike Lime 1, 2

Alpines and Walls
Dry Sunny Walls 1a, b
Tops of Walls 2a, b
Dry Shady and Conifers 3a, b

Alpines and
Paving
1
, 2

Sink and Trough gardens
1
, 2

Aquatic
(Water Plants) for

Anti-erosion River-bank

Marginal Plants (Bog Garden Plants)
1
, 2

Oxy-genating Weeds

Water Lilies

Floating Plants

Water-side Plants
and Plants for Dry Margins next to a Pond
1
, 2

Wildlife Pond Plants

Annual for

----------------



 

 

ANY PLANT TYPE for
Cut Flowers in
January 1, 2
February
March 1, 2
April
May 1, 2
June 1, 2
July 1, 2
August
September
October
November
December

Exposed Sites

Sheltered Sites with Green-house Annuals from 1916

Extra Poor Soil with Half-Hardy Annuals from 1916

Very Rich Soil with Biennials from 1916

Gap-filling in Mixed Borders with Hardy Annuals from 1916

Patio Con-tainers

Cut Flowers
1
, 2, 3 Ever-lasting Flowers with Red Flowers from 1916

Attract-ing bene-ficial insects
1
, 2

Scent / Fra-grance with Annuals for Cool or Shady Places from 1916

Low-allergen Gardens for Hay Fever Sufferers

Annual Plant Pairing Ideas and Colour Schemes with Annuals
1
, 2

Low-Growing Annuals
1
, 2

Medium-Growing Annuals

Tall-Growing Annuals with White Flowers from 1916

Black or Brown Flowers

Blue to Purple Flowers

Green Flowers with Annuals and Biennials from 1916

Red to Pink Flowers and Cut Flowers
Page
1
, 2, 3

White Flowers
1
, 2

Yellow or Orange Flowers
1
, 2

Dec-orative Foliage

Moist Soil

Shade
1
, 2

House-plants with Yellow Flowers from 1916

Edging Beds

Hanging Baskets

Vining Annuals

 

Bedding for

Spring Bedding

Summer Bedding

Autumn/ Winter Bedding

Bedding for Light Sandy Soil

Bedding for Acid Soil

Bedding for Chalky Soil

Bedding for Clay Soil

Black Flowers

Blue Flowers

Orange Flowers

Pink Flowers

Long Flowering

Coloured Leaves

Attract-ive to Wildlife including Bees, Butterflies and Moths

Purple Flowers

Red Flowers

White Flowers

Yellow Flowers

Multi-Coloured Flowers

Aromatic Foliage or Scented Flowers

Bedding Plant Use

Flowers with 2 Petals

Flowers with 3 Petals

Flowers with
4 Petals

Flowers with 5 Petals

Flowers with 6 Petals

Flowers with more than 6 Petals

Use in Hanging Baskets

Flower Simple Shape

Shape of
Stars

Shape of
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

Shape of
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

Shape of
Trumpets and Funnels

Shape of
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

Use in Pots and Troughs

Flower Elabo-rated Shape

Shape of
Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Shape of
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Shape of
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

 

Use in
Screen-ing

Use in
Window Boxes

Shape of
Stand-ards, Wings and Keels

Shape of
Discs and Florets

Shape of
Pin-Cushions and Tufts

Shape of
Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons

 

Use in Bedding Out

Use in
Filling In

Biennial for

Cottage and Other Gardens
1
, 2

Cut Flower with Biennials for Rock Work from 1916

Patio Con-tainers with Biennials for Pots in Green-house / Con-servatory

Bene-ficial to Wildlife with Purple and Blue Flowers from 1916

Scent with Biennials for Sunny Banks or Borders from 1916

 

 

Bulb for
--------------
Explan-ation Intro to Bulbs
--------------
725 Blue, White, Yellow, Unusual Colour, or Red-Purple-Pink flowering Bulbs in each month they flower.

Indoor Bulbs for
Dec-ember
January
February

Indoor Bulbs for
March
April
May

Indoor
Bulbs for
June
July
August

Indoor Bulbs for Sep-tember
October
November

Bulbs in Window-boxes
1
, 2

Bulbs in the Border

Bulbs natural-ised in Grass

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Dec-Jan
Feb-Mar

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Apr-May
Jun-Aug 1, 2, 3, 4

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Sep-Oct
Nov-Dec

Any Plant Type Blooming in Smallest of Gardens

Bulbs for the Bulb Frame

Bulbs in the Wood-land Garden

Bulbs in the Rock Garden

Bulbs in Green-house or Stove

Achi-menes, Alocasias, Amorpho-phalluses, Aris-aemas, Arums, Begonias, Bomar-eas, Calad-iums

Clivias,
Colo-casias, Crinums, Cyclam-ens, Cyrt-anthuses, Euchar-ises, Urceo-charis, Eurycles

Freesias, Gloxinias, Hae-manthus, Hipp-eastrums

Lachen-alias, Nerines, Lycorises, Pen-cratiums, Hymen-ocallises, Richardias, Sprekelias, Tuberoses, Vallotas, Watsonias, Zephy-ranthes

Bulbs in Bowls

Bulbs in the Alpine House

Hardy Bulbs

Aconitum, Allium, Alstroe-meria, Anemone 1, 1a

Amaryllis, Antheri-cum, Antholy-zas, Apios, Arisaema, Arum, Aspho-deline,

Aspho-delus, Belam-canda, Bloom-eria, Brodiae, Bulbo-codium

Calo-chorti, Cyclo-bothras, Camassia, Col-chicum, Con-vallaria,
Forcing Lily of the Valley, Corydalis, Crinum, Crosmia, Mon-tbretia , Crocus

Cyclamen, Dicentra, Dierama, Eranthis, Eremurus, Ery-thrnium, Eucomis

Fritillaria, Funkia, Gal-anthus, Galtonia, Gladiolus, Hemero-callis

Hya-cinth, Hya-cinths in Pots,
Scilla, Pusch-kinia, Chion-odoxa, Chiono-scilla, Muscari

Iris,
Kniphofia, Lapey-rousia, Leucojum

Lilium,

Lilium in Pots, Malvastrum, Merendera, Milla, Narcissus, Narcissi in Pots

Orni-thogalum, Oxalis, Paeonia, Ran-unculus, Romulea, Sanguin-aria,
Stern-bergia,
Schi-zostylis, Teco-philaea, Trillium

Tulip,
Zephy-ranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs

Acidan-thera, Albuca, Alstroe-meri, Andro-stephium, Bassers, Boussing-aultias, Bravoas, Cypellas, Dahlias, Galaxis,
Geis-sorhizas, Hesper-anthas

Gladioli, Ixias,
Sparaxises, Babianas, Morphixias, Tritonias

Ixio-lirions, Moraeas, Orni-thogal-ums, Oxalises, Phaedra-nassas,
Pan-cratiums, Tigridias, Zephyr-anthes, Cooper-ias

Bulbs for Bedding

Plant each Bedding Plant with a Ground, Edging or Dot Plant for
Spring
1
, 2
or
Summer
1
, 2

Climber 3 sector Vertical Plant System with

Any Plant Type flowers in
Jan,
Feb,
Mar,
Apr,
May 1, 2
Jun,
Jul,
Aug,
Sep,
Oct,
Nov,
Dec
 

----------
Choosing the right Plant

1a.
The Base -
Base of Wall Plants

1b.
Annuals

1c.
Herbs and Vege-tables

1d.
Cut
flowers, Cut Foliage

1e.
Scented flower or foliage

1f.
Foliage use only

 

2a. 1,2,3,4
The Prime - Wall Shrubs

2b.
Fruit trees

3a.
The Higher Reaches -
House-wall Ramblers

3b. 1,2
Non-House-Wall - Climbing Twiners

3c.
Non-House-Wall - Self-clinging Climbers

Raised
Bed
for Wheel-chair Users

Plants for Wildlife-Use as well

Fastest Covering

Least prot-ruding growth when fan-trained

1, 2
Evergreen

Use as
Hedge

Exposed Positions

Use as Ground-cover

1,2
Ornam-ental Fruit

Scented Flowers

1, 2
Autumn Foliage Colour

Winter Bark

Winter and Early Spring Flowers

Summer Colour or Shape of Foliage

Edible Fruit

Needs Conserv-atory or Green-house

Large
Pots and Con-tainers
1
, 2

Cut Flowers

Attractive to Bees

Climber - Simple Flower Shape

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a
Stars

geraniumflocineremuballerina1a1
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14k1a1a1a1a1a1a
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord2
Trumpets and Funnels

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming
Salver-form

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14q1a1a1a1a1a
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

 

Climber - Elabo-rated Flower Shape

prunellaflotgrandiflora
Tubes, Lips and Straps

aquilegiacfloformosafoord
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14u1a1a1a1a1a1
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14v1a1a1a1a1a1
Stand-ards, Wings and Keels

brachyscomecflorigidulakevock
Disks and Florets

andosacecforyargongensiskevock
Pin-cushions, Tufts, Petal-less and Cushions

armeriaflomaritimakevock
Umbels, Buttons and Pompoms

 

STAGE 4A 12 BLOOM COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Blue

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Mauve

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Purple

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Brown

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Cream

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Orange

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Pink

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Red

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
White

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1 Yellow

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Un-
usual

1
Multi-Colou-red

1
Each Flower Diff-

1
erent Colour

 

STAGE 4B 12 FOLIAGE COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY
Deciduous Shrubs or Trees, Herbaceous Perennials or Bulbs- if that changes from the main colour for instance to a different autumn colour, then it will be in this column and the relevant colour for those months of Win (Winter), Spr (Spring), Sum (Summer) or Aut (Autumn) group as well.
Evergreen Shrubs or Trees, Evergreen Perennials - if that changes from the main colour for instance to a different autumn colour, then it will be in this column and the relevant colour for those months of Win (Winter), Spr (Spring), Sum (Summer) or Aut (Autumn) group as well.

Jan Win

Feb Win

Mar Spr

Apr Spr

May Spr

Jun Sum

Jul Sum

Aug Sum

Sep Aut

Oct Aut

Nov Aut

Dec Win

Decid
Herba

Ever-green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Blue

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Mauve

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Purple

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Black

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Bronze

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Orange

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Pink

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Red

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Grey

1
White

1
Silver

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Yellow

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Un-
usual

1
Varie-gated

1

1

1

1

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677


Site design and content copyright ©July 2016.
Top menus revised June 2018. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

Ivydene
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Services

Scented Flora of the World by Roy Genders - was first published in 1977 and this paperback edition was published on 1 August 1994 ISBN 0 7090 5440 8:-
This comprehensive book looks at scented flowers and leaves of plants from all over the world. The work has been prepared to the standards of the Index Kewensis, and is filled with the most interesting facts about the scented flora of the world.

I am using the above book from someone who took 30 years to compile it from notes made of his detailed observations of growing plants in preference to
The RHS Companion to Scented Plants Hardcover – 16 Oct 2014 by Stephen Lacey (Author), Andrew Lawson (Photographer) ISBN 978-0-7112-3574-8 even though this is the only major reference work on scent and scented plants which is endorsed by the Royal Horticultural Society. See reasons for stopping infilling of previous Sense of Fragrance section on 28/07/2016 at end of Sense of Fragrance from Stephen Lacey Page.

The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950 by Faber and Faber Limited describes every method of propagation for 2,500 species. Unlike modern books published since 1980, this one states exactly what to do and is precisely what you require if you want to increase your alpines.

Topic
Case Studies
Companion Planting

...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design

...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
Garden Maintenance
Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary
Plants

...Poisonous Plants
Soil
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
Bulb
Climber

 

Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12

All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index

All Foliage 212
All Spring Foliage 212

All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212
Rock Plant Flowers 53

 

Your chosen Garden Style then changes your Plant Selection Process

Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...Infill2 Plants *
...Infill3 Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...
12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...All2 Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index

 

Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
Herb
Odds and Sods

Rhododendron
Rose
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Vegetable

Wild Flower

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly

 

STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY

 

Cultivation Requirements of Plant

Outdoor / Garden Cultivation

1

Indoor / House Cultivation

1

Cool Greenhouse (and Alpine House) Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter

1

Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year

1

Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

1

 

Sun Aspect

Full Sun

1

Part Shade

1

Full Shade

1

 

Soil Type

Any Soil

1

Chalky Soil

1

Clay Soil

1

Lime-Free Soil

1

Peaty Soil

1

Sandy Soil

1

Acid Soil

1

Alkaline Soil

1

Badly-drained Soil

1

 

Soil Moisture

Dry

1

Moist

1

Wet

1

 

Position for Plant

Back of Shady Border

1

Back of Shrub Border

1

Bedding

1

Bog Garden

1

Coastal Conditions / Seaside

1

Container in Garden

1

Front of Border

1

Ground Cover 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)

1

Ground Cover 24-72 inches (60-180 cms)

1

Ground Cover Over 72 inches (180 cms)

1

Hanging Basket

1

Hedge

1

Hedge - Thorny

1

Pollution Barrier

1

Pond

1

Pot in House, Greenhouse, Conservatory or Stovehouse

1

Raised Bed

1

Rest of Border

1

Rock Garden

1

Scree Bed

1

Speciman on Lawn

1

Sunny Border

1

Tree for Lawn

1

Tree/Shrub for Small Garden

1, 2,
3, 4,
5, 6,
7, 8,
9, 10,
11,12,
13,14,
15,16,
uses of tree/ shrub

Wildflower

1

Windbreak

1

Woodland

1

 

Use of Plant

Pollen or nectar for Bees

1

Hosts to Butterflies

1

Encouraging birds / wildlife, providing food and shelter

1

Bee-Pollinated plants for Hay Fever Sufferers

1

Berries / Fruit

1

Dry Site in Full Sun

1

Dry Shade

1

Filtering noise

1

Flower Arrange-ments

Growing Plants for the Church

1



1, 2,
3, 4,
5, 6,
7, 8,
9,10,
11,12,
13,14

Fragrant Flower

1

Language of Flowers

1

Low maintenance

1

Moist Shade

1

Moist and swampy Sites

1

Nitrogen fixing plants

1

Not Fragrant Flower

1

Rabbit-Resistant

1

Speciman Plant

1

Thornless

1

Tolerant of Poor Soil

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Plant Foliage

Aromatic Foliage

1

Autumn Foliage

1

Finely Cut Leaves

1

Large Leaves

1

Yellow Variegated Foliage

1

White Variegated Foliage

1

Red / Purple Variegated Foliage

1

Silver, Grey and Glaucous Foliage

1

Sword-shaped Leaves

1

 

 

Flower Shape

Number of Flower Petals

Petal-less
lessershapemeadowrue2a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

1 Petal

1

2 Petals

1

3 Petals
irisflotpseudacorus1a1a1a1a1a1

1

4 Petals
aethionemacfloarmenumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

5 Petals
anemonecflo1hybridafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Above 5
anemonecflo1blandafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

Flower Shape - Simple

Stars
anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Bowls
 

1

Cups and Saucers
euphorbiacflo1wallichiigarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Globes
paeoniamlokosewitschiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Goblets and Chalices
paeoniaveitchiiwoodwardiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Trumpets
acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Funnels
stachysflotmacrantha1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Bells
digitalismertonensiscflorvroger1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Thimbles
fuchsiaflotcalicehoffman1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Urns
ericacarneacflosspringwoodwhitedeeproot1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Salverform

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

Flower Shape - Elaborated

Tubes, Lips and Straps
prunellaflotgrandiflora1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets
aquilegiacfloformosafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Hats, Hoods and Helmets
acanthusspinosuscflocoblands1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Standards, Wings and Keels
lathyrusflotvernus1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Discs and Florets
brachyscomecflorigidulakevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Pin-Cushions
echinaceacflo1purpurealustrehybridsgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Tufts
centaureacfloatropurpureakavanagh1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Cushion
androsacecforyargongensiskevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Umbel
agapanthuscflos1campanulatusalbidusgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Buttons
argyranthemumflotcmadeiracrestedyellow1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Pompoms
armeriacflomaritimakevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

Natural Arrangements

Bunches, Posies, Sprays
bergeniamorningredcforcoblands1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Columns, Spikes and Spires
ajugacfloreptansatropurpurea1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Whorls, Tiers and Candelabra
lamiumflotorvala2a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Plumes and Tails
astilbepurplelancecflokevock1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Chains and Tassels
 

1

Clouds, Garlands and Cascades
 

1

Spheres, Domes (Clusters), Plates and Drumsticks
androsacecfor1albanakevock1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Shrub, Tree Shape

Columnar
ccolumnarshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Oval
covalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Rounded or Spherical
croundedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Flattened Spherical
cflattenedsphericalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Conical / Narrow Pyramidal
cnarrowconicalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Conical / Broad Pyramidal
cbroadpyramidalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Ovoid /
Egg-Shaped

ceggshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Ovoid
cbroadovoidshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Vase-shaped / Inverted Ovoid
cnarrowvaseshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Fan-Shaped /Vase-Shaped
cfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Fan-Shaped / Broad Vase-Shaped
cbroadfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Weeping
cnarrowweepingshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Weeping
cbroadweepingshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Palm

1

 

Conifer Cone

1

 

Form

Arching

1

Climbing

1

Clump-Forming

1

Mat-Forming

1

Mound-Forming

1

Prostrate

1

Spreading

1

Stemless

1

Upright

1

 

Poisonous Plant

1

 

STAGE 1
GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY

 

Fragrant Plants adds the use of another of your 5 senses in your garden:-
Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark
1
, 2, 3

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3

Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
1
, 2

Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
1
, 2, 3

Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2

Night-scented Flowering Plants
1
, 2

Scented Aquatic Plants
1


Plants with Scented Fruits
1


Plants with Scented Roots
1
, 2

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood
1


Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums
1


Scented Cacti and Succulents
1


Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell
1
, 2
 

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERY 3

Fan-trained Shape
fantrainedshape2a1a1a

From Rhododendrons, boxwood, azaleas, clematis, novelties, bay trees, hardy plants, evergreens : novelties bulbs, cannas novelties, palms, araucarias, ferns, vines, orchids, flowering shrubs, ornamental grasses and trees book, via Wikimedia Commons

 

Ramblers Scramblers & Twiners by Michael Jefferson-Brown (ISBN 0 - 7153 - 0942 - 0) describes how to choose, plant and nurture over 500 high-performance climbing plants and wall shrubs, so that more can be made of your garden if you think not just laterally on the ground but use the vertical support structures including the house as well.

The Gardener's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Climbers & Wall Shrubs - A Guide to more than 2000 varieties including Roses, Clematis and Fruit Trees by Brian Davis. (ISBN 0-670-82929-3) provides the lists for 'Choosing the right Shrub or Climber' together with Average Height and Spread after 5 years, 10 years and 20 years.

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3


Gardening with Alpines by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club.
Published in 1962. It provides most of the data about the Alpines.

Plant Solutions 1000+ suggestions for every garden situation by Nigel Colborn ISBN
13:978
0 00 719312 7, provides many of the plants for the pages in these Galleries.

Essential Annuals The 100 Best for Design and Cultivation. Text by Elizabeth Murray. Photography by Derek Fell. ISBN 0-517-66177-2, provides data about annuals.

Indoor Bulb
Growing by
Edward Pearson
. Published by Purnell & Sons, Ltd in 1953. It provides the data about Indoor Bulbs and Bulbs in
Window-boxes.

Colour All The
Year In My Garden
: A selection of choice varieties - annuals, biennials, perennials, bulbs, climbers and trees and shrubs - that will give a continuity of colour
in the garden throughout the year. Edited by C.H. Middleton. Gardening Book
from Ward, Lock & Co published in 1938, provides plant data for a calendar of plants in bloom throughout the year and for those in the smallest garden.

The Book of Bulbs by S. Arnott, F.R.H.S. Printed by
Turnbull & Spears, Edinburgh in 1901. This provides data about Hardy Bulbs, Half-Hardy Bulbs, Greenhouse and Stove Bulbs.

Collins Guide to
Bulbs by Patrick
M. Synge
. ISBN
0 00 214016-0
First Edition 1961, Second Edition 1971, Reprinted 1973. This provides data on bulbs for bedding, bulbs in the border, bulbs naturalised in grass, bulbs in the woodland garden, bulbs in the rock garden, bulbs in pans in the alpine house, bulbs in the greenhouse, bulbs in bowls and the bulb frame.

Annuals & Biennials, the best annual and biennial plants and their uses in the garden by Gertrude Jekyll published in 1916 and
republished by Forgotten Books in 2012
(Forgotten Books
is a London-based book publisher specializing in the restoration of old books, both fiction and non-fiction. Today we have
372,702 books available to read online, download as ebooks, or
purchase in print.).

Cut Flowers All The Year from The New Illustrated
Gardening Encyclopedia
by Richard Sudell, printed before May 1935 for the plant names in each month, followed by details for culture and propagation.

Mr. Middleton's Garden Book by
Daily Express Publication,
reprinted 1941
for the individual
cultivar names with evergreen/
deciduous, flower colour, flower month and height.

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Tree and Shrubs in Garden Design -

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Clay Soils (neutral to slightly acid)

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Dry Acid Soils

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Shallow Soil over Chalk

Trees and Shrubs tolerant of both extreme Acidity and Alkalinity

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Damp Sites

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Industrial Areas

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Cold Exposed Areas

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Seaside Areas

Shrubs suitable for Heavy Shade

Shrubs and Climbers suitable for NORTH- and EAST-facing Walls

Shrubs suitable for Ground Cover

Trees of Pendulous Habit

Trees and Shrubs of Upright or Fastigiate Habit

Trees and Shrubs with Ornamental Bark or Twigs

Trees and Shrubs with Bold Foliage

Trees and Shrubs for Autumn Colour

Trees and Shrubs with Red or Purple Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Golden or Yellow Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Grey or Silver Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Variegated Foliage

Trees and Shrubs bearing Ornamental Fruit

Trees and Shrubs with Fragrant or Scented Flowers

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Foliage

Flowering Trees and Shrubs for Every Month:-
Jan
, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec

The following table shows the linkages for the information about the plants
described in Sanders' Encyclopedia of Gardening in The Gardeners' Golden Treasury, revised by A. G. L Hellyer F.L.S, Editor of 'Amateur Gardening', (thirty-first impression of original published in 1895) was published in 1960 by W. H. & L. Collingridge Limited,
between:-

  • Stage 1 - Garden Style Index Gallery (in this Table) and Stage 1 Fragrant Plants (in Table on left), then
  • Stage 2 - 3 Infill Plants Index Galleries (in Table on right), then
  • Stage 3a - All Plants Index Gallery with each plant species in its own Plant Type Page followed by choice from Stage 4a, 4b, 4c and/or 4d REMEMBERING THE CONSTRAINTS ON THE SELECTION FROM THE CHOICES MADE IN STAGES 1 AND 2 (in this Table)
  • Stage 3b - All2 Plants Index Gallery for Alpines without a Garden for your health and productivity (in this Table)
  • Stage 4a - 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery (in Table on right)
  • Stage 4b - 12 Foliage Colours per Month Index Gallery (in Table on right) with
    column for Deciduous / Herbaceous plants with the same foliage colour during their growing season and
    column for Evergreen plants with the same foliage colour during the entire year
  • Stage 4c - Cultivation, Position, Use Index Gallery (in Table on left)
  • Stage 4d - Shape, Form Index Gallery (in Table on left)

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY
It would be useful if when you decide to change your garden that you use a uniform garden style throughout your garden and the GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY aims to provide pointers.
The new pages (April 2016) in the gallery will have a suitable list of plants on each page (as that plant gets further detailed in the ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY), then each row containing that plant name in the GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY will also be updated. I aim to input details of plants starting with A in alphabetical order to Z.

Private Garden Design:-
What is your Budget and What are the purposes for your garden?
Designing for a purpose: Areas which require answers before answering your Designing for a Purpose Questionaire.
Then, do the Site Survey with Photographs, before putting the Current Garden Design on paper or in your computer.
Using the Broad Design elements of Scale, which Garden Style to use:-
Low Maintenance Garden Style, Cottage Garden Style, Wildlife Garden Style or Japanese Garden Style and the
Hard and Soft Landscaping elements, create the Broad Proposed Design. Then, the Detailed Design of each Hard Landscaping item followed by the Soft Landscaping elements: The Soil, changing the Microclimate; and the
Plant Selection is influenced by the Colour Wheel, with Plant Quantities determined by time to establish versus width between plants and Companion Planting will provide helpful neighbouring plants
or
Click on text in cells below to jump to that page describing that data
.

 


Container

Gardening at my work-place

 

<----

 

Yes
|
v


Do you want to garden and grow plants?

 

No

Cannot be bothered.
If you wish to improve your productivity and health, then, plant an Alpine Pan in your work area or at home using the information within Alpines without a Garden by Lawrence D. Hills, using these pages:-


Potted
House-plant


<----
|
|
v


No
Garden

At Home with Gard-ening Area


Yes


---->

Balcony Garden or Roof Garden


Yes
---->

Grow flowers for flower arranging and vegetables on Balcony Garden or Roof Garden

Pan Plant Back-grou-nd Colour

STAGE 3b
ALL2 PLANTS INDEX GALLERY

|
v


Conservatory Gardening

|
<--
|

 

|
No
-->

Outside Garden
|
v

Pan, Trough and Window-Box Odds and Sods
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14,
15

The beginner's dozen for the small pan

Plants for the pan gar-den


Stovehouse for Tropical Plants

|
<--

An extra dozen for the larger pan

Kinds of Pan Plants that may be split up and tucked in Corners and Crevices

|
|
v

Miniature trees and shrubs for pan

The leafy soil pan

The gritty soil pan

The Limy Soil Plan

Blue Flower Colour Pan Plants

Lilac, Violet and Purple Flower Colour Pan Plants

Reds, Carm-ines Flower Colour Pan Plants

Pinks Flower Colour Pan Plants

White Flower Colour Pan Plants and Bicol-ored

Yellow Flower Colour Pan Plants

Blue Flower Colour Trough Plants

Violet, Lilac and Purple Flower Colour Trough Plants

|
|
v

Reds and Carm-ines Flower Colour Trough Plants

Pinks - all shades Flower Colour Trough Plants

Yellow Flower Colour Trough Plants

White and Cream Flower Colour Trough Plants

Bi-colour-ed Flower Colour Trough Plants

Feb Flower Season Pan

Mar Flower Season Pan

Apr Flower Season Pan

May Flower Season Pan

Jun Flower Season Pan

Jul Flower Season Pan

Aug Flower Season Pan

Sep Flower Season Pan

|
|
v

Oct Flower Season Pan

Nov Flower Season Pan

Pans for Semi-shade

Pans for In-doors

Mini-ature Pot

Feb Flower Season Trough

Mar Flower Season Trough

Apr Flower Season Trough

May Flower Season Trough

Jun Flower Season Trough

Jul Flower Season Trough

Aug Flower Season Trough

Sep Flower Season Trough

|
|
v

Oct Flower Season Trough

Nov Flower Season Trough

Dec Flower Season Trough

Bulb Pan

Bulb Cover-ing Carp-eters

Trough and Window-box plants 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Trough and Window-Box Background Colour

Pan Plant
Alpines without a Garden

ABC 1
Pan Plants

DEF 1
Pan Plants

GHI
Pan Plants

JKL 1
Pan Plants

|
|
v

MNO 1
Pan Plants

PQR 1
Pan Plants

STU 1
Pan Plants

V 1
Pan Plants

WXYZ 1
Pan Plants

You need to know the following:-
1. How much time per week are you prepared to look after your garden or prepared to pay someone else to do it for you?
2. How much are you are prepared to spend on creating your garden and then on its maintenance for its feeding and replacement of its plants and hard landscaping?
3. In order for you to go into your garden, there must be mystery in it, so that from any position in the house you cannot see all the garden, otherwise you will not be tempted to go out into it.
4. You must decide what garden style you are going to use THROUGHOUT the garden and make sure of using 3. the mystery in it as well.
5. What plants do you want to keep in your existing garden and incorporate into your new garden?
6. What Human Problems do you have and what Site Problems are there?

A) Bee Pollinated Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers List leads onto the
B) Bee Pollinated Bloom in Month galleries and
C) extra Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers.


<----

Human Prob-lems
v


---->

Blind,
Deaf,
in a Wheelchair, or
you cannot bend easily

 

 

 

Garden Style, which takes into account the Human Problems above

 

 

Classic Mixed Style


<----

Cottage Garden Style


<----

.
v


---->

Naturalistic Style

Formal English Garden

 

Mediterranean Style


<----

Meadow and Corn-field


<----

.
.
v


---->

Paving and Gravel inland,
Coastal Conditions near the sea, Seashore with shingle/sand

 

 

 

 

Problem Sites within your chosen Garden Style from the above

 

 

Exposure to Wind


<----

Excess Shade


<----

Exce-ssively Dry Shade


<----


<----

.
.
.
.
.
v


---->

Exce-ssively Hot, Sunny and Dry Site is suitable for Drought Resistant Plants

Excessively Wet Soil - especially when caused by poor drainage

Control of Pests (Aphids, Rabbits, Deer, Mice, Mole, Snails) / Disease by Companion Planting in Garden

Whether your Heavy Clay or Light Sandy / Chalk Soil is excessively Alkaline (limy) / Acidic or not, then there is an Action Plan for you to do with your soil, which will improve its texture to make its structure into a productive soil instead of it returning to being just sand, chalk, silt or clay.


<----

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
v


---->

Problems caused by builders:- 1. Lack of soil on top of builders rubble in garden of just built house.
2. Clay soil of Garden slopes towards house with no drainage of this rainwater by the house wall.

In planning your beds for your garden, before the vertical hard-landscaping framework and the vertical speciman planting is inserted into your soft landscaping plan, the following is useful to consider:-
1. The ground plan usually depends upon 1 or more unalterable existing features. The position of the doors of the house will dictate the positions of paths, the shortest route to the kitchen may indicate the best place for a paved area for eating and drinking out of doors, or the kept trees/shrubs may indicate what garden style is used.
2. Rules of Proportion -
A. A border should be roughly 1/2 as wide as the hedge or wall behind it.
B. The proportion of planted areas to paved or turfed areas should be 1/3 to 2/3, or a 1/4 to 3/4, not 1/2 and 1/2.
C. Within a bed or border, unless a 2-dimensional pattern on the ground is the objective, the height and bulk of the plants should be varied to avoid monotony; it is particularly important to provide strong planting, in terms of either height or bulk or both, at either end of a long bed.
D. The ground surface provides a background to the plants that is as important as the hedges, walls or fences that surround it. Grass is perhaps the most satisfying carpet to use, the cool green forming a restful antidote to the dancing colours of the flowers. Use different coloured pea-shingle inside Cedar Gravel for people in wheelchairs, or infirm in their legs or who suffer from Hay Fever.

Reasons for stopping infilling of Sense of Fragrance section on 28/07/2016 at end of Sense of Fragrance from Stephen Lacey Page. From September 2017 will be creating the following new pages on Sense of Fragrance using Scented Flora of the World by Roy Genders.
ISBN 0 7090 5440 8:-

 

 

 

|
v

 

 

 

 

 

After you have selected your vertical hard-landscaping framework and the vertical speciman plants for each bed or border, you will need to infill with plants taking the following into account:-

 

 

 

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark 1, 2, 3
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil 1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil 1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Sandy Soil 1
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves 1, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves 1, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit 1, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers 1, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants 1, 2
Scented Aquatic Plants.
Plants with Scented Fruits.
Plants with Scented Roots 1, 2
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood.
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums.
Scented Cacti and Succulents.
Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell 1, 2

Flower Perfume Group:-
Miscellaneous Group with scents - Balm, Brandy, Cedar, Cloying, Cowslip, Cucumber, Damask Rose, Daphne, Exotic, Freesia, Fur-like, Gardenia, Hay-like, Heliotrope, Honeysuckle, Hops, Hyacinth, Incense-like, Jasmine, Laburnham, Lilac, Lily of the Valley, Meadowsweet, Mignonette, Mint, Mossy, Muscat, Muscatel, Myrtle-like, Newly Mown Hay, Nutmeg, Piercing, Primrose, Pungent, Resinous, Sandalwood, Sassafras, Seductive, Slight, Soft, Stephanotis, Sulphur, Starch, Sweet, Sweet-briar, Tea-rose, Treacle and Very Sweet.

Flower Perfume Group:-
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group with scent - Hawthorn.
Heavy Group with scents -
Jonquil and
Lily.
Aromatic Group with scents - Almond,
Aniseed, Balsamic,
Carnation, Cinnamon, Clove,
Spicy and
Vanilla.
Violet Group.
Rose Group.
Lemon Group with scent -
Verbena.
Fruit-scented Group with scents -
Apricot,
Fruity,
Green Apple,
Orange, Pineapple,
Ripe Apple , Ripe Banana and
Ripe Plum.
 

Flower Perfume Group:-
Animal-scented Group with scents -
Cat,
Dog,
Ferret,
Fox,
Goat,
Human Perspiration,
Musk,
Ripe Apple and
Tom Cat.
Honey Group.
Unpleasant Smell Group with scents -
Animal,
Fetid,
Fishy,
Foxy,
Fur-like,
Garlic,
Hemlock,
Manure,
Nauseating,
Perspiration,
Petrol,
Putrid,
Rancid,
Sickly,
Skunk,
Stale Lint
Sulphur and
Urinous,

Leaf Perfume Group:-
Turpentine Group.
Camphor and Eucalyptus Group.
Mint Group.
Sulphur Group.
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group.
Heavy Group.
Aromatic Group.
Violet Group.
Rose Group.
Lemon Group.
Fruit-scented Group.
Animal-scented Group.
Honey Group.

Scent of Wood, Bark and Roots Group:-
Aromatic Group.
Turpentine Group.
Rose Group.
Violet Group.
Stale Perspiration Group.

 

Scent of Fungi Group:-
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group.
Sulphur Group.
Aromatic Group.
Rose Group.
Violet Group.
Fruit Group.
Animal Group.
Honey Group

Sense of Sight

Emotion of
Hot /Cool; Calm / Agitated

Emotion of
Low-key / High Key


<----

.
.
.
v

Emotion of
Inviting
/ Forbidding

Emotion of Intellectual versus Emotional

Sense of Touch

Sense of Taste

Sense of Sound

 

 

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 for
lists of plants of 1 plant type for 1 cultivation requirement is in Table on right

 

 

 

STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY
Click on Blue or underlined text to jump to page comparing flower thumbnails of that blue colour in the
Other Plant Photo Galleries. RedPP is Red, Pink, Purple and Other is Unusual or Other Flower Colour.

Plant Type
with links to Other Plant Photo Galleries

ABC

DEF

GHI

JKL

MNO

PQR

STU

VWX

YZ

Alpine in Evergreen Perennial,
Herbaceous Perennial and Rock Garden

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Aquatic

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Annual/ Biennial

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Bamboo

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Bedding, 25
RHS Mixed Border Beds 75 and
Flower Shape, Flower Colour and Bedding Plant Use

1

Blue

1

Green

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

Purple

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Bicolour

Other Flower Colours

White / Colour Bicolour

Bulb, 746 with Use, Flower Colour/Shape of
Allium / Anemone, Colchicum / Crocus, Dahlia, Gladiolus, Narcissus and Tulip

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Climber 71 Clematis, 58 other Climbers with Use, Flower Colour and Shape

1

Blue

1

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Conifer

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Deciduous Shrub 43 with Use and Flower Colour

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Deciduous Tree

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Evergreen Perennial 104 with Use, Flower Colour, Flower Shape and Number of Petals

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Evergreen Shrub 46, Semi-Evergreen Shrub and Heather 74 with Use and Flower Colour

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Evergreen Tree

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Fern with 706 ferns
within 21 types and 41 uses

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Grass

1

1

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

Herbaceous Perennial 91,
RHS Mixed Border Beds 176 and
Peonies 46 with Flower Colour/Shape

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Herb

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Odds and Sods

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Rhododendron, Azalea, Camellia

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Rose with 720 roses within Flower Colour, Flower Shape, Rose Petal Count and Rose Use

1

1

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

 

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Soft Fruit

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Sub-Shrub

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Top Fruit

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Vegetable

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Wildflower 1918 with
Plants used by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterflies in the UK
I am inserting the plants described in Sanders' Encyclopedia of Gardening into STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY

1

Blue

1

Green

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

Red

1

Purple

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Multi-colour

Cream

Mauve

Brown

Shrub and Small Tree

Botanical Names Page

Common Names Page

Finally, you might be advised to check that the adjacent plants to the one you have chosen for that position in a flower bed are suitable; by checking the entry in Companion Planting - like clicking A page for checking Abies - and Pest Control page if you have a pest to control in this part of the flower bed.
Companion Planting
- A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z
Pest Control using Plants

 

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY
The planning a Rose Garden chapter from Rose Gardens by Jane Fearnley-Whitingstall ISBN 0 7011 3344 9 and
Plant Solutions by Nigel Colborn provides information for this gallery.

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 Reference books for these galleries in Table on left

STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY
In addition to these 10 galleries, there are links to the Other Plant Photo Galleries in the table above like Bulb , which have plant descriptions accessed by clicking a flower thumbnail in its flower comparison page. Click the respective flower colour - like Green - to change page to that flower colour comparison page. Then, you can also choose these other plants.
It will also state the Plant Combinations for each plant from The Ulimate Visual Guide to Successful Plant Harmony - The Encyclopedia of Planting Combinations by Tony Lord ISBN 1-55209-623-8

STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY
Some extra details about the Cultivation Requirements of Plant:- Outdoor /Garden Cultivation, Indoor / House Cultivation, Cool Green-house Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter, Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year, and Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

Since 2006, I have requested photos etc from the Mail-Order Nurseries in the UK and later from the rest of the World. Few nurseries have responded.
I worked for a lady, who with her husband took 35 mm slides of plants in the 1960's and 1970's. She allowed me to digitise some of her Kodachrome slides, which I have used in my website. I discovered that at least the green colour of the foliage became very much darker over that period of years to 2008, by comparing wildflower photos from her slides with digital photos supplied by a current Wildflower mail-order nursery, so I stopped creating my Foliage Galleries.
I bought myself a camera some years ago and started taking photos, some of which have been put into the website. I started taking photos of the Heathers at the Royal Horticultural Society at Wisley garden. I have displayed the Heathers foliage in closeup since their leaves are 2mm long and in macro-scale in the Heather Galleries - sometimes the foliage colour at the terminal end of the foliage stem is only a few leaves, whereas others have the same foliage colour throughout the stem. I discovered that some of the heathers did not have the correct plant label, since the flower colour did not correspond with the flower colour in the literature. I was informed that since kids have free rein, that perhaps they move the plant labels. Since, I cannot rely that the heather plant label next to the heather plant is valid, I have stopped taking photos of those heathers.
This leaves a small problem, especially since very few gardens open to the public have their plants labelled so that the public can use the data on their label to buy that named plant from a nursery or garden centre. Currently (June 2018) I insert photos from Wikimedia Commons as well as my own.
I have found the above book - which does not contain any colour plant photos. Since it had the following experts help in creating it, I have decided to use its information in these 10 galleries to help the public:-

  • T.W. Sanders Editor of Amateur Gardening in 1895.
  • A.J Macself Editor of Amateur Gardening in 1926 - both Sanders and Macself had worked entirely to the handlists published by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • A.G.L. Hellyer in this work of revision and also in checking the all-important cultural notes sought the help of experts in the various classes of plant:-
    • Mr S.A. Pearce, Assistant Curator at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew undertook the revision of those genera of plants which in this country are mainly grown under glass.
    • Mr Will Ingwersen dealt with the Rock plants,
    • Mr N. Catchpole made himself responsible for trees and shrubs;
    • Mr G.A Phillips for herbaceous plants,
    • Mrs Francis Perry for water plants,
    • Mr A.J. Macself for ferns,
    • Mr E. Cooper for orchids,
    • Mr J.S Dakers for annuals,
    • Miss Doreen Crowther for fruit and vegetables

with the aid of further information from other books, magazines and cross-checking on the internet.
In this edition of the book Sander's Encyclopaedia, the individual soil mixtures to grow plants have been retained, for it was considered that many gardeners might still wish to use them in certain circumstances. The John Innes mixtures may be substituted wherever desired. Details of these individual mixtures will be put into these galleries.

item2b item21 item7a1 item1a1 item13b item1f1 item7e item3g