Ivydene Gardens Autumn Bulb Gallery:
Site Map
 

Note - the Bulb Gallery names of

  • Spring Bulb (bulbs despatched between February and May),
  • Late Summer Bulb (bulbs despatched between July and September),
  • Autumn Bulb (bulbs despatched between September and November) and
  • Winter Bulb (bulbs despatched between January and March)

refer to when the bulbs are delivered to you perhaps by R.V. Roger Ltd, not when they flower.

You can select a bulb from their Autumn Bulbs Catalogue (that are despatched by R.V. Roger Ltd between September and November for planting by you in your garden in that time period) by clicking on the Thumbnail to see its Plant Description alongside from the:-

  • Bulb Colour
  • Foliage Colour
  • Form
  • Seed Colour or
  • Bulb Bed Pictures Comparison Pages from the menu on the right or
  • Flower Colour per Month Comparison Page

or clicking on the Botanical Name link from one of the:-

or you can select a bulb by clicking on the Bulb name in the:-

  • Bulb Description Page

from the 43 BULBS, CORMS, RHIZOMES and TUBERS in the list below:-

Site Map for Bulbs delivered in the Autumn
arisarum proboscideum
arum italicum marmoratum
aruncus dioicus
campanula glomerata
campanula persicifolia
ceratostigma plumbagoides
centaurea montana
corydalis lutea
cyclamen cilicium
cyclamen coum
cyclamen coum album
cyclamen hederifolium
fritillaria imperiallis
fritillaria imperiallis lutea
fritillaria imperiallis rubra maxima
galanthus elwesii
gladiolus butterfly
gladiolus communis byzantinus
hedysarum hedysaroides
helleborus foetidus
helleborus niger
helleborus orientalis
helleborus orientalis abchasicus
hyacinthoides hispanica
hyacinthoides non-scripta
impatiens tinctoria
iris foetidissima
iris laevigata
iris pseudacorus
mimulus primuloides
mitella breweri
omphalodes cappadocica
ophiopogon planiscapus
ophiopogon planiscapus nigrescens
scilla siberica
scilla peruviana
symphytum ibericum
tricyrtis hirta
Autumn Bulb Gallery Introduction
Autumn Bulb Site Map

 

R. V. Roger Ltd, The Nurseries, Malton Road (A169), Pickering, North Yorkshire, YO18 7JW - Tel:(01751)472226 - Fax:(01751)476749 is a traditional third-generation family-run nursery, with the emphasis on plant quality and first-class customer service. The range of field-grown fruit trees grown is one of the best in the country, including many traditional varieties, which are becoming quite rare. They also grow over 40,000 roses in nearly 300 varieties. The rose field is usually in flower from the middle of July until the autumn, when you are welcome to visit and walk through the field. Besides shrubs and ornamental trees, R. V. Roger also produce four bulb catalogues throughout the year, offering choice for a plant or plants by mail order direct from the 280 acre nursery.

 

AUTUMN BULB, CORM, RHIZOME OR TUBER GALLERY PAGES
Site Map of pages with content (o)

Introduction

FLOWER COLOUR
Bicolour
(o)Blue
Green
(o)Orange
(o)Pink
Purple
(o)Red
(o)Unusual Colours
(o)White
(o)Yellow

FOLIAGE COLOUR
(o)Green 1
(o)Green 2
(o)Green 3
(o)Other Colour

SEED COLOUR
(o)Seed Colour

BED PICTURES
(o)Garden

FORM
(o)Mat-forming
Prostrate/Trailing
(o)Mound-forming
(o)Spreading
(o)Clump-forming
(o)Stemless
(o)Upright

Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7 Flower Colours per Month in Colour Wheel below in BULB, CORM, RHIZOME and TUBER GALLERY.

Click on Black or White box in Colour of Month.

 

colormonthbulb9a1a1a1

BULB, CORM, RHIZOME AND TUBER INDEX - There are over 700 bulbs in the bulb galleries. The respective flower thumbnail, months of flowering, height and width, foliage thumbnail, form thumbnail use and comments are in the relevant index page below:-
(o): A
(o): B
(o): C
(o): D
(o): E
(o): F
(o): G
(o): H
(o): I
....: J
....: K
(o): L
(o): M
(o): N
(o): O
(o): P
....: Q
....: R
(o): S
(o): T
....: U
(o): V
....: W
(o): XYZ

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Autumn Bulb Gallery INDEX link to Bulb Description Page

Flower Colour

Flower Thumbnail

Flowering Months

Form Thumbnail and

Mat,
Cushion,
Spreading,
Clump,
Stemless,
Upright
as its form

Foliage Thumbnail

Height x Width in inches (cms) -
1 inch = 2.5 cms,
12 inches = 1 foot,
36 inches = 3 feet = 1 yard,
40 inches = 100 cms

Seed Head Thumbnail

Comments

A

Arisarum
probos-cideum

Dark Brown-Purple

arisarumcfloproboscideum1a

April, May

arisarumfortproboscideumroger1a

Mat

arisarumfol1proboscideumfoord1a

6 x 10 (15 x 24)

Mouse Plant - In late spring curious cream and brown flowers are produced at ground level. They have a long, thin ‘tail’, making the flower look just like a mouse, disappearing into the undergrowth.

Great Plant Combinations: Waldsteinia ternata, Asplenium scolopendrium, Cyclamen coum, Dryopteris crassirhizoma, Anenome nemorosa

Arum italicum
'Marmoratum'
 

Greenish-White

 

June

arumfortitalicummarmoratumfoord1a

Mat
Stemless

 

12 x 6 (30 x 15)

Green arum spears look striking with the big round purple leaves of Bergenia purpurascens, or the burnished leaves of evergreen epimediums.

Aruncus dioicus

Creamy-White

aruncusdioicusflot9a1

June, July

aruncusdioicusfort9a1

Clump

aruncusdioicusfolt9a1

72 x 48 (180 x 120)

This plant demands space. Plant in a moist, peaty soil, or even at the waterside. An excellent companion to summer-blooming shrub roses. Good for cutting.

C

"Dwarf Campanulas" by Graham Nicholls - from The Alpine Garden Society Bookshop.

Corydalis - "Bleeding Hearts, Corydalis, and their Relatives" by Mark C Tebbitt, Magnus Liden & Henrick Zetterlund - from the Alpine Garden Society Bookshop.

See Rock Garden Plant Index C for details on more campanulas, corydalis and cyclamen and
"The Cyclamen Society exists to encourage cultivation and conservation, and to disseminate and extend knowledge of the genus Cyclamen and its species, forms and cultivars. It combines scientific study with all the activities of a society for enthusiasts who cultivate the plants."

Campanula
glomerata

Violet-Purple

campanulaglomerataflot9a1

June, July, August

campanulataglomeratafort9a1

Clump

campanulaglomeratafolt9a1

30 x 36 (75 x 90)

Clustered bellflower. Clump-forming form. Native UK plant.

Campanula
persicifolia

 

White to
Lilac-Blue
 

campanulapersicifoliaflot9a1

June, July

campanulapersicifoliafort9a1

Clump
 

campanulapersicifoliafolt9a1

36 x 12 (90 x 30)

Peach-leaved bellflower

Centaurea montana

Blue

centaurea montana flower

June, July

centaurea montana form

Clump

centaurea montana foliage

18 x 24 (45 x 60)

Clump-forming form. Native UK plant. There are hundreds of species of Centaurea in Europe, so identification is often difficult - from Kevock Garden.

Ceratostigma
plumbagoides

Brilliant Blue
 

ceratostigmaplumbagoidesflot9a1

May, June, July
August, September,
October

ceratostigmaplumbagoidesfolt9a1

18 x 8 (45 x 21)

Bright Green foliage in Spring and Summer. Rich Red in Autumn.

Corydalis lutea

Golden Yellow
 

corydalisluteaflot9a1

May, June, July, August, September

corydalisluteafort9a1

Cushion

corydalisluteafolt9a1

16 x 12 (39 x 30)

Mound-forming form. Native UK plant. Commonly cultivated and naturalized on old walls near gardens scattered throughout the UK.

Cyclamen
cilicium

White or
Pink

cyclamenciliciumflot9a1

cyclamencflociliciumroger1a1

October, November

cyclamenpforciliciumgarnonswilliams1a

Spreading

cyclamenciliciumfolt9a1

2 x 3
(6 x 8)

If not planted - corm should be just breaking surface and 2-3 inches apart - under trees, which provide fallen leaves in the autumn, then mulch with a little sifted leaf mould or peat moss in November. A little bonemeal added to the soil and used as a top dressing each spring will keep them happy.

Cyclamen
coum
 

White or
Red

cyclamencflocoumgarnonswilliams1a1

March, April

cyclamenpfor2coumgarnonswilliams1a1

Spreading
 

cyclamenpfor2coumgarnonswilliams2a

2 x 4
(6 x 9)

Varying in colour from white through to red, cyclamen coum flower March-April, at the same time that the leaves are produced. The leaves may be plain green or sometimes marked with silver. These are fully hardy and are best planted under trees in good fertile, well drained soil.

Cyclamen coum
'Album'

White

cyclamencoumalbumcflotfoord1a

March, April

cyclamencoumalbumfort9a1

Spreading
 

 

2 x 4
(6 x 9)

Each white cyclamen coum bloom has a dark red mouth and flowers from late winter through to early spring, at the same time that the leaves are produced. The leaves may be plain green or sometimes marked with silver. They are round in shape. These are fully hardy and are best planted under trees in good fertile, well drained soil.

Cyclamen hederifolium'

Pink

cyclamenpflo4hederifoliumgarnonswilliams1a

November, December

cyclamenpfor4hederifoliumgarnonswilliams1a

Spreading

cyclamenpfol1hederifoliumgarnonswilliams1a

5 x 6
(12 x 15)

cyclamenfruthederifoliumseedfoord1a

Spreading. Self-seeds freely. Rare native UK plant. Same cultivation techniques as for cyclamen cilicium

F

See Rock Garden Plant Index F Page for further details of Fritillaria. The bulbs of all fritillaria are very fragile and must be handled with care.

The Fritillaria Group is a special interest group within the Alpine Garden Society.

Fritillaria imperiallis
 

Orange,
Yellow or
Red

fritillariacfloimperiallis1a

July

fritillariaimperialisfort9a1

Mat
 

fritillariaimperialisfolt9a1

60 x 12 (150 x 30)

Use in sunny border or rock garden. The bulbs have an unpleasant foxy odour. Prone to attack by lily beetles. Companion plants are Berberis thunbergii 'Atropurpurea' and the Lily family - see Companion Planting.

Fritillaria imperiallis 'Lutea'
 

Bright Yellow

fritillariaimperialisluteaflot9a1

July

fritillariaimperialisluteafort9a1

Mat
 

fritillariaimperialisluteafolt9a1

60 x 12 (150 x 30)

fritillariafrut1imperialislutea1a

Use in sunny border or rock garden. The bulbs have an unpleasant foxy odour. Prone to attack by lily beetles. Companion plants are Berberis thunbergii 'Atropurpurea' and the Lily family - see Companion Planting.

Fritillaria imperiallis
'Rubra Maxima'

Orange-Red
 

fritillariaimperialisrubramaximaflot9a1

July

Mat

fritillariafolimperialisrubramaximaroger1a

48 x 12 (120 x 30)

Mat-forming. Use in sunny border or rock garden.

G

Galanthus.co.uk contains information on all aspects of snowdrops, their care and their cultivation; based on their experience.

There are another 207 Gladiolii detailed in the Gladiolus Photo Gallery.

Galanthus elwesii

Honey scented White

galanthuselwesiicflotfoord1a

March

galanthuselwesiicfort9a1

Mat

galanthuselwesiicfolt9a1

8 x 12
(21 x 30)

A giant-flowered snowdrop with honey-scented blooms, which have two delicate green marks on the petals. The leaves are grey-green in colour.

Gladiolus communis
subsp. byzantinus

Deep Magenta

gladioluscommunisbyzantinusflot9a1

June, July

gladiolusfort1communisbyzantinus1a

Clump

 

36 x 12 (90 x 30)

Spreads freely from cormlets. This is a bright, showy plant with rich, purple, trumpet shaped flowers held on tall flower spikes during late spring and early summer. It is fully hardy but does not like wet winters.

Gladiolus papilio
'Butterfly'

Red and Yellow
 

gladiolusbutterflyflot9a1

July, August

gladiolusfortbutterfly1a

Clump
 

 

24-36 x 6 (60-90 x 15)

Use in Cottage/Informal Garden style beds and borders. Useful Cut Flower.

H

Helleborus are often very tolerant of dry shade conditions and associate beautifully with snowdrops, Erythronium, Primula, Pulmonaria and Tiarella. Which hellebore should you grow where?

The sap of the English Bluebell (Hyacinthoides non-scripta) was used to glue feathers onto arrows in the Middle Ages and to stiffen ruffs in Tudor times.

Hedysarum
hedysaroides

 

Red-Violet

hedysarumhedysaoidesflot9a1

August, September

hedysarumhedysaoidesfort9a1

Clump

hedysarumhedysaoidesfolt9a1

24 x 36 (60 x 90)

Attractive to Bees and suitable for a Rock Garden. This species has a symbiotic relationship with certain soil bacteria, these bacteria form nodules on the roots and fix atmospheric nitrogen. Some of this nitrogen is utilized by the growing plant but some can also be used by other plants growing nearby.

Helleborus
foetidus

Green

helleborusfoetidusflot9garnonswilliams1a

February, March,
April, May

helleborusfoetidusfort9a1

Upright
 

helleborusfoetidusfolt9a1

30 x 18 (75 x 45)

Dark Grey foliage. Native UK plant in woods. Grow in groups in mixed or shrub border, or naturalized in woodland garden. Mulch annually in autumn. Prevent soil from being dry or waterlogged.

Helleborus
niger

White

helleborusflot1nigerfoord1a

February, March,
April, May

helleborusnigerfort9a1

Clump
 

helleborusnigerfolt9a1

12 x 18 (30 x 45)

Clump-forming form. Grow in groups in mixed or shrub border, or naturalized in woodland garden. Mulch annually in autumn. Prevent soil from being dry or waterlogged.

Helleborus
orientalis

White or
Greenish Cream

helleborusflot1orientalisfoord1a

February, March,
April, May

helleborusorientalisfort9a1

Clump
 

helleborusorientalisfolt9a1

18 x 18 (45 x 45)

Grow Lenten Rose in groups in mixed or shrub border, or naturalized in woodland garden. Mulch annually in autumn. Prevent soil from being dry or water-logged.

Helleborus orientalis
abchasicus
 

Pale Green tinted
Reddish-Purple

helleborusorientalisabchasicusflot9a1

February, March,
April, May

Clump
 

helleborusorientalisabchasicusfolt9a1

18 x 18 (45 x 45)

Grow in groups in mixed or shrub border, or naturalized in woodland garden. Mulch annually in autumn. Prevent soil from being dry or waterlogged.

Hyacinthoides hispanica

Blue

hyacinthoidesflothispanica1a

April, May

hyacinthoidesforthispanica1a

Clump

hyacinthoidesfolthispanica1a

17 x 5
(42 x 12)

Clump-forming form. Grow in groups as underplanting in shrub border, or naturalized in grass or woodland garden. Self-seeds.

Hyacinthoides
non-scripta

Mid-Blue or
White

hyacinthoidesflotnonscripta1a

April, May

hyacinthoidesfortnonscripta1a

Clump

hyacinthoidesfoltnonscripta1a

12 x 3
(30 x 8)

Clump forming form. Native UK plant. Grow in groups as under-planting in shrub border, or naturalized in grass or woodland garden. Self-seeds.

I

The British Iris Society was founded in 1922 by iris enthusiasts whose interests were primarily to establish a forum for the exchange of views and knowledge of the genus.

Impatiens
tinctoria

Scented White

impatiensflottinctoria1a

July, August,
September, October

 

96 x 36 (240 x 90)

Impatiens tinctoria comes from higher elevations in central Africa, where the climate is relatively cool.  Ideally it prefers temperatures between about 50 and 80 degrees Centigrade.  It can tolerate temperatures in the 80s and even above, but it might decline in consistently hot temperatures, especially if nights are warm.  The plant can be brought indoors over the winter, where it may stay evergreen and continue flowering.  It will need a very large pot - at least 15 gallons.  If the pot is too small, the tubers may break it!  It can be grown outdoors in the ground in the Isle of Wight and the Channel Islands if mulched heavily and given overhead protection.  It prefers filtered sunlight, or bright shade with some morning sun.  Like most Impatiens, it enjoys moist, well draining soil and regular feeding.  Some humidity is needed - over 40% is recommended.

Iris
foetidissima
 

Purple tinged
with Yellow

irisflotfoetidissima1a

flower

June, July

irisfortfoetidissima1a
Stemless
 

irisfoltfoetidissima1a

24 x 6
(60 x 15)

irisfrufoetidissimaseed1a

seed capsules

Partially expose the rhizome when planting in groups of three; 6-12 inches apart. Mulch with organic matter in the Spring. After 4 years, divide and replant in fresh soil. Self-seeds.

Iris laevigata
 

Purple-Blue
 

irisflotlaevigata1a

May, June

irisfortlaevigata1a
Stemless
 

irisfoltlaevigata1a

30 x 6 (75 x 15)

The Japanese Water Iris much prefers to be grown in water. Broad sword-shaped leaves with tall mid-blue iris flowers which have a narrow cream splash on the falls. Can be used in small water features as well as a marginal in ponds.

Iris pseudacorus

Yellow

irisflotpseudacorus1a

August, September

irisfortpseudacorus1a
Stemless

irisfoltpseudacorus1a

36-48 x 12 (90-120 x 30)

Native UK plant. Partially expose the rhizome when planting in groups of three 6-12 inches apart. Mulch with organic matter in the Spring. After 4 years, divide and replant in fresh soil. Can be invasive when planted as a marginal in a pond.

M

Mitella breweri

Yellowish-Green

mitellaflobreweriformmay81a1

May, June, July

mitellabrewerifort1a

Clump

mitellabrewerifolt1a

6 x 8
(15 x 21)

Self-seeds freely. Use for groundcover in a woodland garden. Very pretty tiny pale green flowers on many short flower spikes.

Mimulus primuloides

Yellow with Red-spotted throats

mimulusprimuloidesflot1a

July, August

mimulusprimuloidesfort1a

Mat

mimulusprimuloidesfolt1a

4 x 8
(9 x 21)

It grows in wet habitat in mountains and plateau areas, such as stream banks. Plant in damp section of rock garden.

O

Omphalodes
cappadocica

 

White-eyed,
azure Blue
 

omphalodesflotcappadocicaformapr71a1

April

omphalodesfortcappadocicaformapr71a1

Clump

omphalodesfoltcappadocicaformapr71b1

10 x 16 (24 x 39)

Use as groundcover in a border, rock garden or woodland garden.

Ophiopogon
planiscapus

 

Pale Purplish-White

ophiopogonplaniscapusflot1a

July, August

ophiopogonplaniscapusfort1a

Clump

omphalodesfoltcappadocicaformapr71a1a

8 x 12
(21 x 30)

Clump-forming spreading form. Grow as grassy groundcover, for border edging, in a rock garden or peat bed. Top-dress annually with leaf mould in the autumn.

Ophiopogon
planiscapus
'Nigrescens'

Pale Purplish-White
 

ophiopogonplaniscapusnigrescensflot1a

flower

July, August

ophiopogonplaniscapusnigrescensfort1a

Clump
 

ophiopogonplaniscapusnigrescensfolt1a

8 x 12 (21 x 30)

ophiopogonplaniscapusnigrescensfrut1a

seed capsules

Almost Black foliage. Grow as grassy groundcover, for border edging, in a rock garden or peat bed. Top-dress annually with leaf mould in the autumn.

S

Scilla siberica is 1 of the 4 scilla detailed in the Rock Garden Plant Index S Page, which can be used as an alpine in a rock garden.

Scilla siberica
 

Bright Blue
 

scillapflo4sibericagarnonswilliams1a

April, May
June

scillapflo1sibericagarnonswilliams1a
Stemless
 

scillapfol1sibericagarnonswilliams1a

6 x 6
(15 x 15)

Erect Stemless Form. Keep dry during summer dormancy. One of the most popular choices for a spring garden. Has rich, bright blue, bell shaped flowers borne in loose clusters. Grow very well in the garden, thriving under trees or the open border.

Scilla peruviana
 

Purplish-Blue or
White
 

scillaflotperuviana1a

June

scillafortperuviana1a

Clump
 

scillafoltperuviana1a

12 x 12 (30 x 30)

Clump-forming. Grow in pots, under deciduous trees and shrubs, or in grass.

Symphytum
ibericum

Pale Yellow
 

symphytumflotibericum1a

May, June

Upright

symphytumfoltibericum1a

16 x 24 (39 x 60)

Erect Form becomes Decumbent (Growing close to the ground but usually with upward-growing tips). Excellent ground-cover plant for a shady border or woodland garden, but they can be rampant.

T

Tricyrtis hirta
 

Purple-spotted
White

tricyrtisflothirta1a

August, September,
October

Clump

tricyrtisfolthirta1a

30 x 24 (75 x 60)

Use Toad Lily in woodland garden, a shady border or a peat bank.

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677

 

Site design and content copyright ©January 2007. Page structure amended November 2012. Feet changed to inches (cms) July 2015. Index structure changed and links from thumbnail to another bulb page changed from adding that bulb description page to changing page to that bulb description page November 2015. Colour Wheel per Month and Index to other Bulbs in other Bulb Galleries added May 2017. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

There are other pages on Plants which bloom in each month of the year in this website:-

 

 

THE 2 EUREKA EFFECT PAGES FOR UNDERSTANDING SOIL AND HOW PLANTS INTERACT WITH IT OUT OF 15,000:-


Explanation of Structure of this Website with User Guidelines Page for those photo galleries with Photos
(of either ones I have taken myself or others which have been loaned only for use on this website from external sources)

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Choose 1 of these different Plant selection Methods:-

1. Choose a plant from 1 of 53 flower colours in the Colour Wheel Gallery.

2. Choose a plant from 1 of 12 flower colours in each month of the year from 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery.

3. Choose a plant from 1 of 6 flower colours per month for each type of plant:-
Aquatic
Bedding
Bulb
Climber
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
Herb
Odds and Sods
Rhododendron
Rose
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Wild Flower

4. Choose a plant from its Flower Shape:-
Shape, Form
Index

Flower Shape

5. Choose a plant from its foliage:-
Bamboo
Conifer
Fern
Grass
Vegetable

6. There are 6 Plant Selection Levels including Bee Pollinated Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers in
Plants Topic.

or

7. When I do not have my own or ones from mail-order nursery photos , then from March 2016, if you want to start from the uppermost design levels through to your choice of cultivated and wildflower plants to change your Plant Selection Process then use the following galleries:-

  • Create and input all plants known by Amateur Gardening inserted into their Sanders' Encyclopaedia from their edition published in 1960 (originally published by them in 1895) into these
    • Stage 1 - Garden Style Index Gallery,
      then
    • Stage 2 - Infill Plants Index Gallery being the only gallery from these 7 with photos (from Wikimedia Commons) ,
      then
    • Stage 3 - All Plants Index Gallery with each plant species in its own Plant Type Page followed by choice from Stage 4a, 4b, 4c and/or 4d REMEMBERING THE CONSTRAINTS ON THE SELECTION FROM THE CHOICES MADE IN STAGES 1 AND 2
    • Stage 4a - 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery,
    • Stage 4b - 12 Foliage Colours per Month Index Gallery with
    • Stage 4c - Cultivation, Position, Use Index Gallery and
    • Stage 4d - Shape, Form Index Gallery
    • Unfortunately, if you want to have 100's of choices on selection of plants from 1000's of 1200 pixels wide by up to 16,300 pixels in length webpages, which you can jump to from almost any of the pages in these 7 galleries above, you have to put up with those links to those choices being on
      • the left topic menu table,
      • the header of the middle data table and on
      • the page/index menu table on the right of every page of those galleries.

 

I like reading and that is shown by the index in my Library, where I provide lists of books to take you between designing, maintaining or building a garden and the hierarchy of books on plants taking you from

Functional combinations in the border from the International Flower Bulb Centre in Holland:-

"Here is a list of the perennials shown by research to be the best plants to accompany various flower bulbs. The flower bulbs were tested over a period of years in several perennial borders that had been established for at least three years.

In combination with hyacinths:

In combination with tulips:

In combination with narcissi:

For narcissi, the choice was difficult to make. The list contains only some of the perennials that are very suitable for combining with narcissi. In other words, narcissi can easily compete with perennials.

In combination with specialty bulbs:

 

Before reaching for the pesticides, here are a few alternative natural, non-toxic methods of slug control:  

• Watering Schedule - Far and away the best course of action against slugs in your garden is a simple adjustment in the watering schedule. Slugs are most active at night and are most efficient in damp conditions. Avoid watering your garden in the evening if you have a slug problem. Water in the morning - the surface soil will be dry by evening. Studies show this can reduce slug damage by 80%.

 

• Seaweed - If you have access to seaweed, it's well worth the effort to gather. Seaweed is not only a good soil amendment for the garden, it's a natural repellent for slugs. Mulch with seaweed around the base of plants or perimeter of bed. Pile it on 3" to 4" thick - when it dries it will shrink to just an inch or so deep. Seaweed is salty and slugs avoid salt. Push the seaweed away from plant stems so it's not in direct contact. During hot weather, seaweed will dry and become very rough which also deters the slugs.

 

• Copper - Small strips of copper can be placed around flower pots or raised beds as obstructions for slugs to crawl over. Cut 2" strips of thin copper and wrap around the lower part of flower pots, like a ribbon. Or set the strips in the soil on edge, making a "fence" for the slugs to climb. Check to make sure no vegetation hangs over the copper which might provide a 'bridge' for the slugs. Copper barriers also work well around wood barrels used as planters.
A non-toxic copper-based metallic mesh Slug Shield is available which can be wrapped around the stem of plants and acts as a barrier to slugs. When slugs come in contact with the mesh they receive an electric-like shock. The mesh also serves as a physical barrier. These slug shields are reusable, long-lasting and weather-proof.

 

• Diatomaceous Earth - Diatomaceous earth (Also known as "Insect Dust") is the sharp, jagged skeletal remains of microscopic creatures. It lacerates soft-bodied pests, causing them to dehydrate. A powdery granular material, it can be sprinkled around garden beds or individual plants, and can be mixed with water to make a foliar spray.
Diatomaceous earth is less effective when wet, so use during dry weather. Wear protective gear when applying, as it can irritate eyes and lungs. Be sure to buy natural or agricultural grade diatomaceous earth, not pool grade which has smoother edges and is far less effective. Click for more information or to purchase Food Grade Diatomaceous Earth.

 

• Electronic "slug fence" - An electronic slug fence is a non-toxic, safe method for keeping slugs out of garden or flower beds. The Slugs Away fence is a 24-foot long, 5" ribbon-like barrier that runs off a 9 volt battery. When a slug or snail comes in contact with the fence, it receives a mild static sensation that is undetectable to animals and humans. This does not kill the slug, it cause it to look elsewhere for forage. The battery will power the fence for about 8 months before needing to be replaced. Extension kits are availabe for increased coverage. The electronic fence will repel slugs and snails, but is harmless to people and pets.

 

• Lava Rock - Like diatomaceous earth, the abrasive surface of lava rock will be avoided by slugs. Lava rock can be used as a barrier around plantings, but should be left mostly above soil level, otherwise dirt or vegetation soon forms a bridge for slugs to cross.

• Salt - If all else fails, go out at night with the salt shaker and a flashlight. Look at the plants which have been getting the most damage and inspect the leaves, including the undersides. Sprinkle a bit of salt on the slug and it will kill it quickly. Not particularly pleasant, but use as a last resort. (Note: some sources caution the use of salt, as it adds a toxic element to the soil. This has not been our experience, especially as very little salt is used.)

• Beer - Slugs are attracted to beer. Set a small amount of beer in a shallow wide jar buried in the soil up to its neck. Slugs will crawl in and drown. Take the jar lid and prop it up with a small stick so rain won't dilute the beer. Leave space for slugs to enter the trap.

• Overturned Flowerpots, Grapefruit Halves, Board on Ground - Overturned flowerpots, with a stone placed under the rim to tilt it up a bit, will attract slugs. Leave overnight, and you'll find the slugs inside in the morning. Grapefruit halves work the same way, with the added advantage of the scent of the fruit as bait.
Another trap method, perhaps the simplest of all, is to set a wide board on the ground by the affected area. Slugs will hide under the board by day. Simply flip the board over during the day to reveal the culprits. Black plastic sheeting also works the same way.

 

• Garlic-based slug repellents
Laboratory tests at the University of Newcastle-Upon-Tyne (UK) revealed that a highly refined garlic product (ECOguard produced by ECOspray Ltd, a British company that makes organic pesticides) was an effective slug killer. Look for garlic-based slug deterrents which will be emerging under various brand names, as well as ECOguard.

• Coffee grounds; new caffeine-based slug/snail poisons - Coffee grounds scattered on top of the soil will deter slugs. The horticultural side effects of using strong grounds such as espresso on the garden, however, are less certain. When using coffee grounds, moderation is advised.
A study in June 2002 reported in the journal Nature found that slugs and snails are killed when sprayed with a caffeine solution, and that spraying plants with this solution prevents slugs from eating them. The percentage of caffeine required in a spray (1 - 2%) is greater than what is found in a cup of coffee (.05 - 07%), so homemade sprays are not as effective. Look for new commercial sprays which are caffeine-based.

 

If you want to read some light relief material about plants visit Plants are the Strangest People.

 


Topic
Case Studies
Companion Planting
...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
Garden Construction
Garden Design
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants Garden Maintenance
Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary
Plants
Soil
Tool Shed
Useful Data

................

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
...by Flower Shape

Bulb
...Allium/ Anemone
...Autumn *
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Dahlia
...Gladiolus
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Narcissus
...Spring
...Tulip
...Winter
...Each of the above ...Bulb Galleries has its own set of Flower Colour Pages
...Flower Shape
Climber
...Clematis
...Climbers
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evgr
...Heather Shrub
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evgr
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
...P -Herbaceous
...RHS Wisley
...Flower Shape
Herb
Odds and Sods
Rhododendron
Rose
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
...Apple

...Cherry
...Pear
Vegetable

Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
space,
Site Map page in its flower colour
NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
...Brown Note
...Cream Note
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note

............

Topic - Flower/Foliage Colour
Colour Wheel Galleries

Following your choice using Garden Style then that changes your Plant Selection Process
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index

or
you could use these Flower Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index
Rock Garden and Alpine Flower Colour Wheel with number of colours
Rock Plant Flowers 53

...Rock Plant Photos

or
these Foliage Colour Wheels structures, which I have done but until I can take the photos and I am certain of the plant label's validity, these may not progress much further
All Foliage 212

All Spring Foliage 212
All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212

or
Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index

............

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly
Usage of Plants
by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly usage of
Plant A-C
Plant C-M
Plant N-W
Butterfly usage of Plant

.......

 

It is worth remembering that especially with roses that the colour of the petals of the flower may change - The following photos are of Rosa 'Lincolnshire Poacher' which I took on the same day in R.V. Roger's Nursery Field:-

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot91a1a1a

Closed Bud

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot92a1a1a

Opening Bud

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot93a1a1a

Juvenile Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot94a1a1a

Older Juvenile Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot95a1a1a

Middle-aged Flower - Flower Colour in Season in its
Rose Description Page is
"Buff Yellow, with a very slight pink tint at the edges in May-October."

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot96a1a1a

Mature Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot97a1a1a

Juvenile Flower and Dying Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot98a1a1a

Form of Rose Bush

There are 720 roses in the Rose Galleries; many of which have the above series of pictures in their respective Rose Description Page.

So one might avoid the disappointment that the 2 elephants had when their trunks were entwined instead of them each carrying their trunk using their own trunk, and your disappointment of buying a rose to discover that the colour you bought it for is only the case when it has its juvenile flowers; if you look at all the photos of the roses in the respective Rose Description Page!!!!

 

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