Topic - Camera Photo Galleries showing all 4000 x 3000 pixels of each photo on your screen that you can then click and drag to your desktop:-

RHS Garden at Wisley
Plant Supports -
When supporting plants in a bed, it is found that not only do those plants grow upwards, but also they expand their roots and footpad sideways each year. Pages
1
, 2, 3, 8, 11,
12, 13,
Plants 4, 7, 10,
Bedding Plants 5,
Plant Supports for Unknown Plants 5
,
Clematis Climbers 6,
the RHS does not appear to either follow it's own pruning advice or advice from The Pruning of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers by George E. Brown.
ISBN 0-571-11084-3 with the plants in Pages 1-7 of this folder. You can see from looking at both these resources as to whether the pruning carried out on the remainder of the plants in Pages 7-15 was correct.
Narcissus (Daffodil) 9,
Phlox Plant Supports 14, 15

Coleus Bedding Foliage Trial - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32
,
Index

National Trust Garden at Sissinghurst Castle
Plant Supports -
Pages for Gallery 1
with Plant Supports
1
, 5, 10
Plants
2
, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9,
11, 12
Recommended Rose Pruning Methods 13
Pages for Gallery 2
with Plant Supports
2
,
Plants 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Dry Garden of
RHS Garden at
Hyde Hall
Plants - Pages
without Plant Supports
Plants 1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Nursery of
Peter Beales Roses
Display Garden
Roses Pages
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Nursery of
RV Roger
Roses - Pages
A1,A2,A3,A4,A5,
A6,A7,A8,A9,A10,
A11,A12,A13,A14,
B15,
B16,B17,B18,B19,
B20,
B21,B22,B23,B24,
B25,
B26,B27,B28,B29,
B30,
C31,C32,C33,C34,
C35,
C36,C37,C38,C39,
C40,
C41,CD2,D43,D44,
D45,
D46,D47,D48,D49,
E50,
E51,E52
,F53,F54,
F55,
F56,F57,G58,G59,
H60,
H61,I62,K63,L64,
M65,
M66,N67,P68,P69,
P70,

R71,R72,S73,S74,
T75,
V76,Z77, 78,

Damage by Plants in Chilham Village - Pages
1
, 2, 3, 4

Pavements of Funchal, Madeira
Damage to Trees - Pages
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13
for trees 1-54
,
14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
for trees 55-95,
26
, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, 33, 34, 35,
36, 37,
for trees 95-133,
38
, 39, 40,
41, 42, 43, 44, 45,
for trees 133-166


Chris Garnons-Williams
Work Done - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Identity of Plants
Label Problems - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11

Ron and Christine Foord
Garden Flowers - Pages
A1, 2, 3, 4,
5,
6, 7, 8, 9,
10,
11, 12, 13,

The plant with photo in the above Camera Photo Galleries
join

the plants with photos in the other Plant Photo Galleries below in

Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens - 1187
A 1, Photos - 43
B 1, Photos - 13
C 1, Photos - 35
D 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6,
Photos - 411

Photos of
Plants causing damage to buildings in Chilham Village and
Photos of
Damage to Trees in Pavements of Funchal
are also in the D pages
E 1, Photos - 21
F 1, Photos - 1
G 1, Photos - 5
H 1, Photos - 21
I 1, Photos - 8
J 1, Photos - 1
K 1, Photos - 1
L 1, Photos - 85
Photos of
Label Problems are also in the L pages
M 1, Photos - 9
N 1, Photos - 12
O 1, Photos - 5
P 1, Photos - 54
Q 1, Photos -
R 1,R 2,R 3,
Photos - 229
S 1, Photos - 111
T 1, Photos - 13
U 1, Photos - 5
V 1, Photos - 4
W 1, Photos - 100
Photos of
Work Done by Chris
Garnons-Williams are also in the W pages

X 1 Photos -
Y 1, Photos -
Z 1 Photos -

Articles/Items in Ivydene Gardens - 88

Flower Colour, Number of Petals, Shape and
Plant Use of:-

Rock Garden
...within linked page


Bedding

...Bedding Out
...Filling In
...Screen-ing
...Pots and Troughs
...Window Boxes
...Hanging Baskets
...Spring Bedding
...Summer Bedding
...Winter Bedding
...Foliage instead of Flower
...
Coleus Bedding Photos for use in Public Domain 1

Bulb
...Other than Only Green Foliage
...Bedding or Mass Planting
...Ground-Cover
...Cut-Flower
...Tolerant of Shade
...In Woodland Areas
...Under-plant
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Covering Banks
...In Water
...Beside Stream or Water Garden
...Coastal Conditions
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border or Back-ground Plant
...Fragrant Flowers
...Not Fragrant Flowers
...Indoor
House-plant

...Grow in a Patio Pot
...Grow in an Alpine Trough
...Grow in an Alpine House
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Speciman Plant
...Into Native Plant Garden
...Naturalize in Grass
...Grow in Hanging Basket
...Grow in Window-box
...Grow in Green-house
...Grow in Scree
...Naturalized Plant Area
...Grow in Cottage Garden
...Attracts Butterflies
...Attracts Bees
...Resistant to Wildlife
...Bulb in Soil:-
......Chalk
......Clay
......Sand
......Lime-Free (Acid)
......Peat

Rose
...
Bedding
...
Climber /Pillar
...
Cut-Flower
...
Exhibition, Speciman
...
Ground-Cover

...
Grow In A Container
...
Hedge
...
Climber in Tree
...
Woodland
...
Edging Borders
...
Tolerant of Poor Soil
...
Tolerant of Shade
...
Back of Border
...
Adjacent to Water
...
Page for rose use as ARCH ROSE, PERGOLA ROSE, COASTAL CONDITIONS ROSE, WALL ROSE, STANDARD ROSE, COVERING BANKS or THORNLESS ROSES.
...
FRAGRANT ROSES
...
NOT FRAGRANT ROSES

and

Colour Wheel Uses
with
1. Why the perfect soil for general use is composed of 8.3% lime, 16.6% humus, 25% clay and 50% sand
within the SOIL TEXTURE, and
2. Why you are continually losing the SOIL STRUCTURE if you leave bare earth between plants so your soil - will revert to clay, chalk, sand or silt - unless you replace that lost humus with an organic mulch.

Uses of Plant and Flower Shape:-
...Foliage Only
...Other than Green Foliage
...Trees in Lawn
...Trees in Small Gardens
...Wildflower Garden
...Attract Bi
rd
...Attract Butterfly
1
, 2
...Climber on House Wall

...
Climber not on House Wall
...Climber in Tree
...Rabbit-Resistant
...Woodland
...Pollution Barrier
...Part Shade
...Full Shade
...Single Flower provides Pollen for Bees
1
, 2, 3
...Ground-Cover
<60
cm
60-180cm
>
180cm
...Hedge
...Wind-swept
...Covering Banks
...Patio Pot
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border
...Poisonous

...Adjacent to Water
...Bog Garden
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Winter-Flowering
...Fragrant
...Not Fragrant
...Exhibition

...
Standard Plant
is 'Ball on Stick'
...
Upright Branches or Sword-shaped leaves
...
Plant to Prevent Entry to Human or Animal
...
Coastal Conditions
...
Tolerant on North-facing Wall
...
Cut Flower
...
Potted Veg Outdoors
...
Potted Veg Indoors
...
Thornless
...
Raised Bed Outdoors Veg
...
Grow in Alkaline Soil A-F
, G-L, M-R,
S-Z
...
Grow in Acidic Soil
...
Grow in Any Soil
...
Grow in Rock Garden
...
Grow Bulbs Indoors


Fragrant Plants:-
Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an Acid Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
1
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
1
, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
1
, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants
1
, 2

Topic
Case Studies
...Drive Foundations with 8 problems caused by clay, ryegrass (kills plants) in Roadstone and CedarGravel creates stable drive surface.
Companion Planting
...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden
Construction

with ground drains
Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed
Borders

......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
......Camera photos of Plant supports
Garden
Maintenance

Glossary with a tomato teaching cauliflowers
Home
Library of over 1000 books
Offbeat Glossary with DuLally Bird in its flower clock.
Plants
...in Chalk (Alkaline) Soil
......A-F1, A-F2,
......A-F3, G-L, M-R,
......M-R Roses, S-Z
...in Heavy Clay Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Lime-Free
(Acid) Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Light Sand Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...Poisonous Plants
...Extra Plant Pages

Soil
...
Interaction between 2 Quartz Sand Grains to make soil
...
How roots of plants are in control in the soil
...
Without replacing Soil Nutrients, the soil will break up to only clay, sand or silt
...
Subsidence caused by water in Clay
...Use water ring for trees/shrubs for first 2 years
Tool Shed with 3 kneeling pads
Useful Data with benefits of Seaweed

................

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries

Topic - Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens with
Camera Photo Galleries are in the last row


Bulb with its 7 Flower Colours per Month Comparison Pages
...Allium/ Anemone
...Autumn
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Dahlia
...Gladiolus
......European A-E
......European F-M
......European N-Z
......Eur Non-classified
......American A
......American B
......American C
......American D
......American E
......American F
......American G
......American H
......American I
......American J
......American K
......American L
......American M
......American N
......American O
......American P
......American Q
......American R
......American S
......American T
......American U
......American V
......American W
......American XYZ
......Ame Non-classified
......Australia - empty
......India

......Lithuania
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Narcissus
...Spring
...Tulip
...Winter
...Each of the above ...Bulb Galleries has its own set of Flower Colour Pages
...Flower Shape
...Bulb Form

...Bulb Use

...Bulb in Soil


Further details on bulbs from the Infill Galleries:-
Hardy Bulbs
...Aconitum
...Allium
...Alstroemeria
...Anemone

...Amaryllis
...Anthericum
...Antholyzas
...Apios
...Arisaema
...Arum
...Asphodeline

...Asphodelus
...Belamcanda
...Bloomeria
...Brodiaea
...Bulbocodium

...Calochorti
...Cyclobothrias
...Camassia
...Colchicum
...Convallaria 
...Forcing Lily of the Valley
...Corydalis
...Crinum
...Crosmia
...Montbretia
...Crocus

...Cyclamen
...Dicentra
...Dierama
...Eranthis
...Eremurus
...Erythrnium
...Eucomis

...Fritillaria
...Funkia
...Galanthus
...Galtonia
...Gladiolus
...Hemerocallis

...Hyacinth
...Hyacinths in Pots
...Scilla
...Puschkinia
...Chionodoxa
...Chionoscilla
...Muscari

...Iris
...Kniphofia
...Lapeyrousia
...Leucojum

...Lilium
...Lilium in Pots
...Malvastrum
...Merendera
...Milla
...Narcissus
...Narcissi in Pots

...Ornithogalum
...Oxalis
...Paeonia
...Ranunculus
...Romulea
...Sanguinaria
...Sternbergia
...Schizostylis
...Tecophilaea
...Trillium

...Tulip
...Zephyranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs
...Acidanthera
...Albuca
...Alstroemeri
...Andro-stephium
...Bassers
...Boussing-aultias
...Bravoas
...Cypellas
...Dahlias
...Galaxis,
...Geissorhizas
...Hesperanthas

...Gladioli
...Ixias
...Sparaxises
...Babianas
...Morphixias
...Tritonias

...Ixiolirions
...Moraeas
...Ornithogalums
...Oxalises
...Phaedra-nassas
...Pancratiums
...Tigridias
...Zephyranthes
...Cooperias

Uses of Bulbs:-
...for Bedding
...in Windowboxes
...in Border
...naturalized in Grass
...in Bulb Frame
...in Woodland Garden
...in Rock Garden
...in Bowls
...in Alpine House
...Bulbs in Greenhouse or Stove:-
...Achimenes
...Alocasias
...Amorpho-phalluses
...Arisaemas
...Arums
...Begonias
...Bomareas
...Caladiums

...Clivias
...Colocasias
...Crinums
...Cyclamens
...Cyrtanthuses
...Eucharises
...Urceocharis
...Eurycles

...Freesias
...Gloxinias
...Haemanthus
...Hippeastrums

...Lachenalias
...Nerines
...Lycorises
...Pencratiums
...Hymenocallises
...Richardias
...Sprekelias
...Tuberoses
...Vallotas
...Watsonias
...Zephyranthes

...Plant Bedding in
......Spring

......Summer
...Bulb houseplants flowering inside House during:-
......January
......February
......March
......April
......May
......June
......July
......August
......September
......October
......November
......December
...Bulbs and other types of plant flowering during:-
......Dec-Jan
......Feb-Mar
......Apr-May
......Jun-Aug
......Sep-Oct
......Nov-Dec
...Selection of the smaller and choicer plants for the Smallest of Gardens with plant flowering during the same 6 periods as in the previous selection


........

If the plant type below has flowers, then the first gallery will include the flower thumbnail in each month of 1 of 6 flower colour comparison pages of each plant in its subsidiary galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
...by Flower Shape

Climber in
3 Sector Vertical Plant System
...Clematis
...Climbers
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evgr
...Heather Shrub
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evgr
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous
Perennial

...P -Herbaceous
...Peony
...Flower Shape
...RHS Wisley
......Mixed Border
......Other Borders
Herb
Odds and Sods
Rhododendron
Rose
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
...Apple

...Cherry
...Pear
Vegetable
Wild Flower is below

............

The following is a complete hierarchical Plant Selection Process
dependent on the Garden Style chosen

Garden Style
...
Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...
12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...
All Plants Index
...
Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...
Shape, Form
Index

............

or
use the choices in the following Flower/Foliage Colour
Colour Wheel Galleries

you could use these Flower Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12
with its
Explanation of
Structure of this Website with

...User Guidelines
or
Bee instead of wind pollinated plants for hay-fever sufferers
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index
or
Rock Garden and Alpine Flower Colour Wheel with number of colours
Rock Plant Flowers 53

...Rock Plant
Photos

or
these Foliage Colour Wheels structures, which I have done but until I can take the photos and I am certain of the plant label's validity, these may not progress much further
All Foliage 212

All Spring Foliage 212
All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212
or
Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index

............

Topic - Butterfly Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly
Usage of Plants
by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly usage of
Plant A-C
Plant C-M
Plant N-W
Butterfly usage of Plant

............

Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
space,
Site Map page in its flower colour
NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
...Brown Note
...Cream Note
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note

Poisonous
Wildflower Plants

You can find the wild flower in one of the 23 Wild Flower Galleries or the Colour Wheel
Gallery

If
you know its name, use
Wild Flower Plant Index a-h,
Wild Flower Plant Index i-p or
Wild Flower Plant Index q-z

you know which habitat it lives in,
use
Wild Flowers on
Acid Soil
Habitat Table,
on Calcareous
(Chalk) Soil
,
on Marine Soil,
on Neutral Soil,
is a Fern,
is a Grass,
is a Rush, or
is a Sedge

you know which family it belongs to, use
Wild Flower Family Pages menu above and right

you have seen its flower or seed, use
Comparison Pages
in Wild Flower
Gallery
to identify it or

you have seen its flower, use Comparison Pages containing Wild Flower Plants and Cultivated Plants in the Colour Wheel Gallery

followed by all the Wild Flower Family Pages:-

There are 180 families in the Wildflowers of the UK and they have been split up into 22 Galleries to allow space for up to 100 plants per gallery.

Each plant named in each of the Wildflower Family Pages may have a link to:-

its Plant Description Page in its Common Name in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries and will have links

to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name,

to see photos in its Flowering Months and

to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.

 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 1
(o)Adder's Tongue
Amaranth
(o)Arrow-Grass
(o)Arum
(o)Balsam
Bamboo
(o)Barberry
(o)Bedstraw
(o)Beech
(o)Bellflower
(o)Bindweed
(o)Birch
(o)Birds-Nest
(o)Birthwort
(o)Bogbean
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Borage
(o)Box
(o)Broomrape
(o)Buckthorn
(o)Buddleia
(o)Bur-reed
(o)Buttercup
(o)Butterwort
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crowberry
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
Cypress
(o)Daffodil
(o)Daisy
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Daphne
(o)Diapensia
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 2
(o)Clubmoss
(o)Duckweed
(o)Eel-Grass
(o)Elm
(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Horsetail
(o)Polypody
Quillwort
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Flax
(o)Flowering-Rush
(o)Frog-bit
(o)Fumitory
(o)Gentian
(o)Geranium
(o)Glassworts
(o)Gooseberry
(o)Goosefoot
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 1
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 2
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 3
(o)Hazel
(o)Heath
(o)Hemp
(o)Herb-Paris
(o)Holly
(o)Honeysuckle
(o)Horned-Pondweed
(o)Hornwort
(o)Iris
(o)Ivy
(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Lime
(o)Lobelia
(o)Loosestrife
(o)Mallow
(o)Maple
(o)Mares-tail
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 3
(o)Mesem-bryanthemum
(o)Mignonette
(o)Milkwort
(o)Mistletoe
(o)Moschatel
Naiad
(o)Nettle
(o)Nightshade
(o)Oleaster
(o)Olive
(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
(o)Parnassus-Grass
(o)Peaflower
(o)Peaflower Clover 1
(o)Peaflower Clover 2
(o)Peaflower Clover 3
(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
Peony
(o)Periwinkle
Pillwort
Pine
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Pipewort
(o)Pitcher-Plant
(o)Plantain
(o)Pondweed
(o)Poppy
(o)Primrose
(o)Purslane
Rannock Rush
(o)Reedmace
(o)Rockrose
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
(o)Sandalwood
(o)Saxifrage

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 4
Seaheath
(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
(o)Spindle-Tree
(o)Spurge
(o)Stonecrop
(o)Sundew
(o)Tamarisk
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Teasel
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Valerian
(o)Verbena
(o)Violet
(o)Water Fern
(o)Waterlily
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort
Waterwort
(o)Willow
(o)Willow-Herb
(o)Wintergreen
(o)Wood-Sorrel
(o)Yam
(o)Yew

Picture Folder Name Pages:-

Since 14 June 2019 I have also started to put my own
full-sized 4000 x 3000 digital Camera images into the relevant topics in this website again for use in the Public Domain -
since there may be 9 or more to a page the resulting
43 Mb website page may take some time to load
. Since I have more than 26,522 photos using 111,460 Mb of my disk space, then the extra upfront cost per annum before creating more folders like Photo coleus is just over 3.16 pence per photo has been paid for the total number in that entire photo collection before any are sent to the website.

It is hoped that you may find them of interest.

RV Roger Roses:-

See these roses in R 1,R 2 pages of
Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens Gallery.

 

The following comes from the Recommended Rose Pruning Methods 13 page:-

Soils and Soil Preparation

Roses prefer soil with a pH of about 6.5, in other words slightly acid or neutral, although they are not too fussy about alkalinity and many will tolerate up to pH 7.5. Should you suspect that the pH of your soil is lower or higher than these tolerance levels, then either have your soil tested or do so yourself with one of the inexpensive soil-testing kits available from most good garden centres.

Good preparation of soils before planting is always rewarded by more contented roses. It is advisable, therefore to dig over the soil well in advance of planting, incorporating some form of organic material. Well-rotted farmyard manure is undoubtedly the best, but failing this, a mixture of coarse, damp spent mushroom compost and bonemeal can be used or, better still, well-rotted compost and your own home compost.

"During my 20 years of maintaining other people's gardens I did not find that the compost produced by them or by me using their containers in their gardens was all that satisfactory. This is due to not supplying a sufficient quantity of fresh organic material to a heap in one go, which would then create a large enough mound to get to a high enough temperature during the first 2 weeks of aerobic decomposition stage to kill off its weed seeds, so that when this compost is put back on the beds, up would come weeds. Putting the grass mowings on the heap did not help either.
Since I would cut the lawns on each fortnightly visit, I would put the thin prunings on the lawn, so that no branch was thicker than a pencil. The greater diameter branches were cut up to be no longer than the distance from the end of my smallest finger to the end of my thumb and its sub-branches cut off. These cut branches would be put under the hedges and covered over by the rotary mower lawn/shrub cuttings to a 1 inch (2.5 cm) depth. This could be covered again in another fortnight. If you have a small plastic pot under your sink, into which you put your vegetable peelings, non-plastic tea bags and coffee grounds, then these can be put under your shrubs and also covered with the lawn/shrub mowings. The mown grass would turn light brown and the organic material would get composted and enter the soil directly below and feed the roots of the plants there. You can always supplement this mulch with the spent mushroom compost to get a long-lasting mulch or some of the well-rotted compost to provide a soil conditioner - the soil conditioner feeds both the plants that you want to keep as well as the weeds whereas the mulch tends to stop those weed seeds from germinating." comment from Chris Garnons-Williams.

If the soil is very poor, a balanced fertiliser with added trace elements can be broadcast over the soil ahead of planting. Special rose fertilizer can be bought from most garden centres; the same type of fertilizer can be used as top-dressing after the roses are established, preferably before the start of the growing season, usually at the time of pruning. This gives the nutrients the chance of penetrating the soil, prior to the beginning of maximum root activity. On good soils, one top-dressing should be enough to sustain the rose throughout the summer, and no further feeding should be necessary until the following spring. For impoverished soils, however, a second dressing should be applied in early summer, by which time the rose will be seeking further nourishment to provide a second flush of flowers or secondary growth, depending on its habit. Should any other type of balanced fertilizer be used, it should be low in nitrogen and high in potash, with a good mix of the major trace elements. Iron is particularly important, especially if your soil is alkaline; so is magnesium, which is frequently deficient in many soils. Those who practise organic gardening can supply nutrition by means of liquid seaweed, spent hops, farmyard manure, fish meal, etc, but the levels of potash must be kept up by the use of soot or wood ashes. All soils, of course, are improved by the incorporation of organic materials, but I do not greatly favour constant mulching of rose beds with farmyard manure. This practice, apart from looking unsightly for much of the year, tends to harbour the spores of diseases by giving them a perfect environment from which to launch themselves at the rose each spring. Mulching, if considered necessary, should be to suppress weeds rather than as a source of nutrition. Bark chippings are ideal, especially if applied to the depth of about 1 inch (2.5 cm), to fairly clean ground. Nor do I consider the use of lawn trimmings a good practice; in any event, they should only be applied in moderation. They are best composted and spread at a later date; again, this should be done sparingly, for the high nitrogen content of such compost can lead to abundant growth, fewer flowers and less immunity to disease.

The nutritional requirements of roses in containers are the same as for those growing in open ground; remember, however, that nutrients leach from potted soil far more quickly than they do from natural soil, so more frequent applications of fertiliser are necessary. Liquid fertilizer can be applied when watering. Roses also respond to foliar feeding, but this should not be done in hot sunshine.

 

Specific Replant Disease

Roses should not be planted in soil where other roses have been grown. This is because of a soil condition known as 'rose sickness'. Soil becomes contaminated by chemical secretions from rose roots, which newly planted bushes find offensive. Such a condition is called 'specific replant disease' and manifests itself in stunted, rather reluctant bushes which never develop satisfactorily, no matter how well they are tended. It is for this reason that commercial rose producers never grow successive crops of roses on the same land without at least a two-year break between each crop. If waiting 2 years is impossible, the soil should be changed. This is very important and should not present too much of a problem. It is simply a matter of juxtaposing two lots of soil, one, say, from the vegetable garden or from any spot where the soil is good and has not previously grown roses, and the other from the site where the new rose is to be planted. There are no short cuts; soil must be changed even if you are replacing a young bush. If this is not possible, old bushes should be removed and the soil in which they were growing rested for a period of at least 2 years before new bushes are planted. The vacant plot can, of course, be used for another catch crop (A Norfolk term for a quick-growing interim crop), such as vegetables or bedding plants, while resting from roses.

"It is also wise not to plant another member of the Rosacea family in the same soil as it is replacing for the same reason." comment from Chris Garnons-Williams.

"Replant disease refers to the problem of re-establishing plants in soil where the same species was previously grown. Roses are probably the most commonly-known example, but there are actually many species of tree and shrub which are susceptible, including: Apple, Pear, Peach, Plum and Quince.
Typically the new plant will survive the first year or two, but fail to thrive, before eventually dying. The roots of the previous plant need only to have been in the soil for a few months for the problem to occur.
The exact cause is still not properly understood. One school of thought is that it is a naturall defense mechanism to stop seedlings from a fallen rose hip or apple eventually smothering the mother plant.
However, it is also possible that it is a general build up of pests and pathogens in the soil during the life of the original plant, which the mature plant can withstand but will attack the roots of the young plant.
The traditional way to overcome this was to swap the soil with fresh soil from another part of the garden. The soil should be removed to make a planting hole that is about 24 inches (60 cm) diameter and at least 12 inches (30 cms) deep. This is also the time to incorporate well-rotted manure or home-made compost. It's a good idea at this stage to 'wash' the hole with a solution of Jeye's Fluid (40 ml per 5 litres of water), to kill any lingering blackspot or mildew spores. Don't forget to firm the soil back down well after planting.
Mycorrhizal products such as Rootgrow have recently appeared on the market and claim to be effective in counteracting replant problems. These usually come in a sachet and can be sprinkled into the planting hole. In our experience, they do help the new plant establish well, but we still prefer a belt and braces approach and would use these products as well as using fresh soil as above." from R.V. Roger.


When I visited the R.V. Roger nursery to take photos of the roses growing in a nursery field, I saw the propagators use the roses growing in the current year, create the grafted rose and plant it in the next clear section of soil beyond the current roses. It was considerably longer than 2 years before that ground section upon which the current roses were growing would have newly grafted roses growing on them. Each of this nursery field sections would grow the same rotation of crops to use the available nutrients and get rid of the problems which would be associated with replanting the same crop each year in the same section. Part of the nursery field was laid to grass, which was turned into silage, fed to the cows in the nearby farm, before bringing back the cow manure created in winter barns to feed a different section of this same nursery field - putting back what the nursery plants have removed from the soil while they were growing there.

 

Planting Specimen Roses in Lawns

When planting specimen roses in lawns or shrub roses in rough grass, it is important to leave an ample circle of soil around the bush. Roses do not like the competition of tall uncut grass, especially in their early years; and apart from looking untidy, it is difficult to remove it from around an established plant and it also makes mowing difficult.

"Section 9 on my Welcome Page explains why grass has such a detrimental effect on trees/shrubs or other plants planted within it, so please leave a radius of at least 24 inches (60 cms) without grass in it round each trunk of each plant in grass or lawn." Comment from Chris Garnons-Williams.

 

 

Pruning

The most important 'tools' a pruner needs are

  • first, common sense;
  • secondly and most important, a feeling for the plant;
  • thirdly, a strong pair of gloves to give confidence;
  • and fourthly, good, sharp secateurs.

Modern secateurs are well-made, precision instruments and it is important to choose only the best. These should have a good, clean cutting edge and a design that provides a maximum cutting action with a minimum of effort. For older, more mature shrub roses and climbers, a pair of long-handled pruners, suitable for operating with both hands, will also be needed.

There is one golden rule which applies to all roses, both ancient and modern, be they climbers or shrubs: that no matter what size plants are received from the nursery, they should always be pruned very hard after planting.
The reason for such treatment is to encourage all new shoots to grow from the base, or near to the base of the young bushes. If left unpruned or pruned lightly, the first season's growth will start from the top end of the plant and it will be difficult to induce basal growth in succeeding years.

 

Pruning Modern Roses

As mentioned in connection with the older roses, the chief and only golden rule that I apply to pruning is the vital one of pruning hard in the first year after planting. Without fail, all newly planted roses should be pruned to approximately 3 inches (7.5 cm) or 3-4 eyes from the bottom of each stem; this applies not only to bush roses but also to climbers, shrub roses and standards. The reason is to encourage all new growth to sprout from as near the base of the plant as possible and so to lay the foundation for well-balanced, sturdy growth in the future. There can be no doubt that timid pruning at this early stage leads to more disappointment with new roses than any other single malpractice. In the interest of satisfied customers, I would dearly love to send out all our modern roses ready pruned, but when we tried this some years ago, even with a note of explanation, we received too many complaints about quality and size to warrant perseverance.

In subsequent years pruning need not be so severe. It then becomes a question of judgement as to how many shoots to remove and by how much to reduce the length of the remaining ones. Remember, rose bushes will quickly become leggy and bare-bottomed if given half a chance. As a general guide, shoots of Hybrid Teas and Floribundas thinner than a pencil are unlikely to produce flowers of any decent size, so they should be cut back harder than thicker shoots. Bear in mind that all things are comparitive, so the thickness of wood will depend upon the overall size of the plant. All dead wood should be removed and the aim should be to keep the centre of the plant as open as possible. I do not place as much importance on a slanting cut as some people do, but where possible the cut should be made just above a bud, preferably a healthy bud, facing outwards from the plant. As time goes on you will learn by your mistakes - but if in doubt, hard pruning is better than no pruning at all. As for timing, there are advocates of autumn pruning, winter pruning and spring pruning, and to some extent the choice is governed by location and the severity of cold weather. Here in Norfolk, late February to early March is about the right time but a few weeks either side might be more appropriate in other temperate climates. Whatever time is chosen for the main pruning, always tidy up the plant by removing a few inches of shoots in late autumn. This will improve the appearance of the garden and help to reduce wind-rock during the winter.
 

List of Pictures in a
Picture Folder:-

Roses in
Rose Nursery of RV Roger
on 21-25 July 2014.

This folder has 4877 photo images.

Up to 11 photo images
of a Rose in this folder will be inserted onto only a page in a Photo RV Roger Roses Gallery.

Each collection of photo
images for a Rose will only count as 1 photo in the Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene
Gardens on the respective Page R. The same system is used for the other collections.

A link to a page in another
Ivydene Gardens Gallery providing further details on the respective Rose may
be supplied.
 

RV Roger Roses:-

 

Page C40

Rosa 'Cliff Richard' Floribunda pale red
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Rosa 'Cliff Richard' Floribunda pale red
IMG 8819.JPG

Rosa 'Cliff Richard' Floribunda pale red
IMG 8825.JPG

Rosa 'Cliff Richard' Floribunda pale red
IMG 8829.JPG

Rosa 'Cliff Richard' Floribunda pale red
IMG 8824.JPG

Rosa 'Cliff Richard' Floribunda pale red
IMG 8828.JPG

Rosa 'Cliff Richard' Floribunda pale red
IMG 8827.JPG

Rosa 'Columbian' Climber pink
IMG 5950.JPG

Rosa 'Columbian' Climber pink
IMG 5951.JPG

Rosa 'Columbian' Climber pink
IMG 5954.JPG

Rosa 'Compassion' Climber red opening bud to yellow, pink and white
IMG 5884.JPG

Page C41

Rosa 'Compassion' Climber red opening bud to yellow, pink and white
IMG 5870.JPG

Rosa 'Compassion' Climber red opening bud to yellow, pink and white
IMG 5871.JPG

Rosa 'Compassion' Climber red opening bud to yellow, pink and white
IMG 5885.JPG

Rosa 'Compassion' Climber red opening bud to yellow, pink and white
IMG 5891.JPG

Rosa 'Congratulations' Hybrid Tea red bud to pink
IMG 9041.JPG

Rosa 'Congratulations' Hybrid Tea red bud to pink
IMG 9039.JPG

Rosa 'Congratulations' Hybrid Tea red bud to pink
IMG 9046.JPG

Rosa 'Congratulations' Hybrid Tea red bud to pink
IMG 9044.JPG

Rosa 'Congratulations' Hybrid Tea red bud to pink
IMG 9049.JPG

Rosa 'Cream Dream' Patio Rose yellow
IMG 6096.JPG

Rosa 'Cream Dream' Patio Rose yellow
IMG 6093.JPG

Page CD42

Rosa 'Cream Dream' Patio Rose yellow
IMG 6098.JPG

Rosa 'Cream Dream' Patio Rose yellow
IMG 6100.JPG

Rosa 'Creamsicle' Budded Miniature yellow and orange opening bud to mature flower, then red and white as it keels over
IMG 7247.JPG

Rosa 'Creamsicle' Budded Miniature yellow and orange opening bud to mature flower, then red and white as it keels over
IMG 7241.JPG

Rosa 'Creamsicle' Budded Miniature yellow and orange opening bud to mature flower, then red and white as it keels over
IMG 7242.JPG

Rosa 'Creamsicle' Budded Miniature yellow and orange opening bud to mature flower, then red and white as it keels over
IMG 7250.JPG

Rosa 'Dancing Flame' Budded Miniature yellow centre petals and red edged yellow outer petals opening bud to middle-aged, then red area expands and yellow is replaced with white as death approaches
IMG 7259.JPG

Rosa 'Dancing Flame' Budded Miniature
IMG 7253.JPG

Rosa 'Dancing Flame' Budded Miniature
IMG 7254.JPG

Rosa 'Dancing Flame' Budded Miniature
IMG 7255.JPG

Rosa 'Dancing Flame' Budded Miniature
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Page D43

Rosa 'Dancing Pink' Floribunda red violet
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Rosa 'Dancing Pink' Floribunda red violet
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Rosa 'Dancing Pink' Floribunda red violet
IMG 8855.JPG

Rosa 'Dancing Pink' Floribunda red violet
IMG 8849.JPG

Rosa 'Dancing Pink' Floribunda red violet
IMG 8851.JPG

Rosa 'Danse de Feu' Climber dark red bud to bright red mature to red violet on ending
IMG 6063.JPG

Rosa 'Danse de Feu' Climber dark red bud to bright red mature to red violet on ending
IMG 6059.JPG

Rosa 'Danse de Feu' Climber dark red bud to bright red mature to red violet on ending
IMG 6066.JPG

Rosa 'Danse de Feu' Climber dark red bud to bright red mature to red violet on ending
IMG 6065.JPG

Rosa 'Danse de Feu' Climber dark red bud to bright red mature to red violet on ending
IMG 6067.JPG

Rosa 'Darling Jenny' Hybrid Tea red with yellow reverse to red with white reverse to red and white
IMG 9068.JPG

Page D44

Rosa 'Darling Jenny' Hybrid Tea red with yellow reverse to red with white reverse to red and white
IMG 9052.JPG

Rosa 'Darling Jenny' Hybrid Tea red with yellow reverse to red with white reverse to red and white
IMG 9064.JPG

Rosa 'Darling Jenny' Hybrid Tea red with yellow reverse to red with white reverse to red and white
IMG 9063.JPG

Rosa 'Dearest' Floribunda red violet
IMG 8976.JPG

Rosa 'Dearest' Floribunda red violet
IMG 8967.JPG

Rosa 'Dearest' Floribunda red violet
IMG 8982.JPG

Rosa 'Dearest' Floribunda red violet
IMG 8984.JPG

Rosa 'Debbie Thomas' Hybrid Tea red to red violet to red violet and white
IMG 8938.JPG

Rosa 'Debbie Thomas' Hybrid Tea red to red violet to red violet and white
IMG 8936.JPG

Rosa 'Debbie Thomas' Hybrid Tea red to red violet to red violet and white
IMG 8944.JPG

Rosa 'Debbie Thomas' Hybrid Tea red to red violet to red violet and white
IMG 8941.JPG

Page D45

Rosa 'Deep Secret' Hybrid Tea Dark Red opening bud to bright red to red violet to magenta
IMG 8816.JPG

Rosa 'Deep Secret' Hybrid Tea Dark Red opening bud to bright red to red violet to magenta
IMG 8801.JPG

Rosa 'Deep Secret' Hybrid Tea Dark Red opening bud to bright red to red violet to magenta
IMG 8806.JPG

Rosa 'Deep Secret' Hybrid Tea Dark Red opening bud to bright red to red violet to magenta
IMG 8814.JPG

Rosa 'Deep Secret' Hybrid Tea Dark Red opening bud to bright red to red violet to magenta
IMG 8802.JPG

Rosa 'Deidre Hall' Hybrid Tea a riot of yellow and red violet
IMG 8536.JPG

Rosa 'Deidre Hall' Hybrid Tea a riot of yellow and red violet
IMG 8530.JPG

Rosa 'Deidre Hall' Hybrid Tea a riot of yellow and red violet
IMG 8532.JPG

Rosa 'Deidre Hall' Hybrid Tea a riot of yellow and red violet
IMG 8537.JPG

Rosa 'Desperado' Hybrid Tea white centre with red edging
IMG 8543.JPG

Rosa 'Desperado' Hybrid Tea white centre with red edging
IMG 8544.JPG

Page D46

Rosa 'Diamond Jubilee' Hybrid Tea red violet and yellow opening bud to light yellow
IMG 8551.JPG

Rosa 'Diamond Jubilee' Hybrid Tea red violet and yellow opening bud to light yellow
IMG 8549.JPG

Rosa 'Diamond Jubilee' Hybrid Tea red violet and yellow opening bud to light yellow
IMG 8550.JPG

Rosa 'Die Welt' Hybrid Tea red and yellow to maturity and then magenta and white as it departs
IMG 8961.JPG

Rosa 'Die Welt' Hybrid Tea red and yellow to maturity and then magenta and white as it departs
IMG 8950.JPG

Rosa 'Die Welt' Hybrid Tea red and yellow to maturity and then magenta and white as it departs
IMG 8964.JPG

Rosa 'Die Welt' Hybrid Tea red and yellow to maturity and then magenta and white as it departs
IMG 8956.JPG

Rosa 'Die Welt' Hybrid Tea red and yellow to maturity and then magenta and white as it departs
IMG 8958.JPG

Page D47

Rosa 'Don Charlton' Hybrid Tea red bud to pink
IMG 8557.JPG

Rosa 'Don Charlton' Hybrid Tea red bud to pink
IMG 8554.JPG

Rosa 'Don Charlton' Hybrid Tea red bud to pink
IMG 8560.JPG

Rosa 'Doreen' Hybrid Tea yellow opening bud to complete mess of orange, yellow, pink and magenta
IMG 8730.JPG

Rosa 'Doreen' Hybrid Tea yellow opening bud to complete mess of orange, yellow, pink and magenta
IMG 8720.JPG

Rosa 'Doreen' Hybrid Tea yellow opening bud to complete mess of orange, yellow, pink and magenta
IMG 8729.JPG

Rosa 'Doreen' Hybrid Tea yellow opening bud to complete mess of orange, yellow, pink and magenta
IMG 8727.JPG

Rosa 'Doris Morgan' Miniflora dark red opening bud to lighter red to magenta as it falls off the perch
IMG 5337.JPG

Rosa 'Doris Morgan' Miniflora dark red opening bud to lighter red to magenta as it falls off the perch
IMG 5336.JPG

Rosa 'Doris Tysterman' Hybrid Tea dark orange opening bud to lighter orange to very light orange and red patches as it fades away
IMG 8569.JPG

Rosa 'Doris Tysterman' Hybrid Tea dark orange opening bud to lighter orange to very light orange and red patches as it fades away
IMG 8567.JPG

Page D48

Rosa 'Doris Tysterman' Hybrid Tea dark orange opening bud to lighter orange to very light orange and red patches as it fades away
IMG 8565.JPG

Rosa 'Dr John Dickman' Miniflora dark red opening bud to magenta central petals
surrounded by bright red ones, then keeling over as red
IMG 5346.JPG

Rosa 'Dr John Dickman' Miniflora dark red opening bud to magenta central petals
surrounded by bright red ones, then keeling over as red
IMG 5344.JPG

Rosa 'Dr John Dickman' Miniflora dark red opening bud to magenta central petals
surrounded by bright red ones, then keeling over as red
IMG 5345.JPG1

Rosa 'Dublin Bay' Climber red
IIMG 6055.JPG

Rosa 'Dublin Bay' Climber red
IIMG 6045.JPG

Rosa 'Dublin Bay' Climber red
IIMG 6053.JPG

Rosa 'Dublin Bay' Climber red
IIMG 6049.JPG

Page D49

Rosa 'Dutch Gold' Hybrid Tea red and orange bud opens yellow, then matures yellow before its yellow changes to white and pink in pension time
IMG 8323.JPG

Rosa 'Dutch Gold' Hybrid Tea
IMG 8305.JPG

Rosa 'Dutch Gold' Hybrid Tea
IMG 8310.JPG

Rosa 'Dutch Gold' Hybrid Tea
IMG 8318.JPG

Rosa 'Dutch Gold' Hybrid Tea
IMG 8314.JPG

Rosa 'Dutch Gold' Hybrid Tea
IMG 8315.JPG

Rosa 'Dutch Gold' Hybrid Tea
IMG 8312.JPG

Rosa 'Dutch Gold' Hybrid Tea
IMG 8311.JPG

Rosa 'Dutch Gold' Hybrid Tea
IMG 8309.JPG

Page E50

Rosa 'Eddie Bailey' Climber red opening bud to red thick edging of white petals
IMG 5964.JPG

Rosa 'Eddie Bailey' Climber red opening bud to red thick edging of white petals
IMG 5968.JPG

Rosa 'Eddie Bailey' Climber red opening bud to red thick edging of white petals
IMG 5961.JPG

Rosa 'Eddie Bailey' Climber red opening bud to red thick edging of white petals
IMG 5963.JPG

Rosa 'Elina' Hybrid Tea Yellow central petals surrounded by white outer petals
IMG 8145.JPG

Rosa 'Elina' Hybrid Tea Yellow central petals surrounded by white outer petals
IMG 8135.JPG

Rosa 'Elina' Hybrid Tea Yellow central petals surrounded by white outer petals
IMG 8138.JPG

Rosa 'Elina' Hybrid Tea Yellow central petals surrounded by white outer petals
IMG 8136.JPG

Rosa 'Elina' Hybrid Tea Yellow central petals surrounded by white outer petals
IMG 8140.JPG

Rosa 'Ena Harkness' Hybrid Tea dark red to bright red to magenta on its last legs
IMG 8231.JPG

Rosa 'Ena Harkness' Hybrid Tea dark red to bright red to magenta on its last legs
IMG 8230.JPG

Page E51

Rosa 'Ena Harkness' Hybrid Tea dark red to bright red to magenta on its last legs
IMG 8235.JPG

Rosa 'Ernest H Morse' Hybrid Tea bright red opening bud to bright red and magenta leading to fully magenta at end of life
IMG 8035.JPG

Rosa 'Ernest H Morse' Hybrid Tea
IMG 8027.JPG

Rosa 'Ernest H Morse' Hybrid Tea
IMG 8045.JPG

Rosa 'Ernest H Morse' Hybrid Tea
IMG 8032.JPG

Rosa 'Ernest H Morse' Hybrid Tea
IMG 8052.JPG

Rosa 'Escapade' Floribunda red opening bud to magenta then to mauve or purple edging to white petals
IMG 9081.JPG

Rosa 'Escapade' Floribunda red opening bud to magenta then to mauve or purple edging to white petals
IMG 9076.JPG

Rosa 'Escapade' Floribunda red opening bud to magenta then to mauve or purple edging to white petals
IMG 9082.JPG

Rosa 'Escapade' Floribunda red opening bud to magenta then to mauve or purple edging to white petals
IMG 9080.JPG

Rosa 'Escapade' Floribunda red opening bud to magenta then to mauve or purple edging to white petals
IMG 9086.JPG

Page E52

Rosa 'European Touch' Hybrid Tea yellow and orange opening bud to orange, then outer leaves have red splotches on very light yellow and inner petals become light yellow with red spots
IMG 7918.JPG

Rosa 'European Touch' Hybrid Tea
IMG 7908.JPG

Rosa 'European Touch' Hybrid Tea
IMG 7911.JPG

Rosa 'European Touch' Hybrid Tea
IMG 7913.JPG

Rosa 'European Touch' Hybrid Tea
IMG 7917.JPG

Rosa 'Evelyn Fison' Floribunda red
IMG 9090.JPG

Rosa 'Evelyn Fison' Floribunda red
IMG 9089.JPG

Rosa 'Evelyn Fison' Floribunda red
IMG 9100.JPG

Rosa 'Evelyn Fison' Floribunda red
IMG 9097.JPG

Rosa 'Evelyn Fison' Floribunda red
IMG 9092.JPG

 

Plant Labelling - A suggestion for plant labelling to help visitors

A different solution is that each gardening member of the RHS staff at Wisley be provided with Large White Plastic Angled-Head Labels which are 20 inches (50 cms) in height with a 6 x 4 inch (16 x 10 cms) writing surface and a Marker pen with Black ink to provide a good temporary label for the above broken label (in Lost Flowers page) or for missing labels.
Then, the black background permanent label could be ordered at the end of that working day to replace this temporary label, which has been inserted into the ground in front of the relevant plant section.

If you are concerned about these labels going on "Walkabout", then insert another white label behind the plant and make it invisible to the public.

 

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677

Site design and content copyright ©December 2019.
Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a
courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are
not responsible for the content and/or quality of external
web sites linked from this site.  

 

It is worth remembering that especially with roses that the colour of the petals of the flower may change - The following photos are of Rosa 'Lincolnshire Poacher' which I took on the same day in R.V. Roger's Nursery Field:-

x11rosalincolnshirepoacherflot9a1

Closed Bud

x11rosalincolnshirepoacherflot92a1

Opening Bud

x11rosalincolnshirepoacherflot93a1

Juvenile Flower

x11rosalincolnshirepoacherflot94a1

Older Juvenile Flower

x11rosalincolnshirepoacherflot95a1

Middle-aged Flower - Flower Colour in Season in its
Rose Description Page is
"Buff Yellow, with a very slight pink tint at the edges in May-October."

x11rosalincolnshirepoacherflot96a1

Mature Flower

x11rosalincolnshirepoacherflot97a1

Juvenile Flower and Dying Flower

x11rosalincolnshirepoacherflot98a1

Form of Rose Bush

There are 720 roses in the Rose Galleries; many of which have the above series of pictures in their respective Rose Description Page.

So one might avoid the disappointment that the 2 elephants had when their trunks were entwined instead of them each carrying their trunk using their own trunk, and your disappointment of buying a rose to discover that the colour you bought it for is only the case when it has its juvenile flowers; if you look at all the photos of the roses in the respective Rose Description Page!!!!

 

Ivydene Gardens Photo RV Roger Roses 4 Gallery:
Page 45 has photos of Roses from the
rose rv roger july 21-25 2014
Folder
taken on 25 May 2014 at the Rose Nursery of RV Roger.


Photos taken by Chris Garnons-Williams using a digital camera in the original size and as a thumbnail.
These can used in the Public Domain for educational purposes in schools, or at home.

Row 1 has the Pass-Through Camera image of Thumbnail image named in Row 2
and is usually 4000 x 3000 pixels.

Row 2 has same image reduced to fit the image frame of 160 x 120 pixels as a
Passthrough Thumbnail to show all of the Camera Image. This image has been
reduced to 72 pixels per inch by Freeway before I stored it as a Passthrough image
for use both here (from August 2019) and as the image in
Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens A 1 Gallery.

Click on either image and drag to your desktop.
Then you can crop the Pass-Through Camera image to obtain the particular detail
that you require from that image, before using that cropped result in your endeavour.

Copying the pages and then clicking on the images to drag them may not work.

RosadeepsecretIMG8816

Rosa 'Deep Secret' Hybrid Tea Dark Red opening bud to bright red to red violet to magenta
IMG 8816.JPG
taken on 21-25 July 2014 at the Rose Nursery of RV Roger by Chris Garnons-Williams

x2IMG8816indexrosadeepsecretgarnonswilliams

RosadeepsecretIMG8801

Rosa 'Deep Secret' Hybrid Tea Dark Red opening bud to bright red to red violet to magenta
IMG 8801.JPG
taken on 21-25 July 2014 at the Rose Nursery of RV Roger by Chris Garnons-Williams

x2IMG8801indexrosadeepsecretgarnonswilliams

RosadeepsecretIMG8806

Rosa 'Deep Secret' Hybrid Tea Dark Red opening bud to bright red to red violet to magenta
IMG 8806.JPG
taken on 21-25 July 2014 at the Rose Nursery of RV Roger by Chris Garnons-Williams

x2IMG8806indexrosadeepsecretgarnonswilliams

RosadeepsecretIMG8814

Rosa 'Deep Secret' Hybrid Tea Dark Red opening bud to bright red to red violet to magenta
IMG 8814.JPG
taken on 21-25 July 2014 at the Rose Nursery of RV Roger by Chris Garnons-Williams

x2IMG8814indexrosadeepsecretgarnonswilliams

RosadeepsecretIMG8802

Rosa 'Deep Secret' Hybrid Tea Dark Red opening bud to bright red to red violet to magenta
IMG 8802.JPG
taken on 21-25 July 2014 at the Rose Nursery of RV Roger by Chris Garnons-Williams

x2IMG8802indexrosadeepsecretgarnonswilliams

RosadeidrehallIMG8536

Rosa 'Deidre Hall' Hybrid Tea a riot of yellow and red violet
IMG 8536.JPG
taken on 21-25 July 2014 at the Rose Nursery of RV Roger by Chris Garnons-Williams

x2IMG8536indexrosadeidrehallgarnonswilliams

RosadeidrehallIMG8530

Rosa 'Deidre Hall' Hybrid Tea a riot of yellow and red violet
IMG 8530.JPG
taken on 21-25 July 2014 at the Rose Nursery of RV Roger by Chris Garnons-Williams

x2IMG8530indexrosadeidrehallgarnonswilliams

RosadeidrehallIMG8532

Rosa 'Deidre Hall' Hybrid Tea a riot of yellow and red violet
IMG 8532.JPG
taken on 21-25 July 2014 at the Rose Nursery of RV Roger by Chris Garnons-Williams

x2IMG8532indexrosadeidrehallgarnonswilliams

RosadeidrehallIMG8537

Rosa 'Deidre Hall' Hybrid Tea a riot of yellow and red violet
IMG 8537.JPG
taken on 21-25 July 2014 at the Rose Nursery of RV Roger by Chris Garnons-Williams

x2IMG8537indexrosadeidrehallgarnonswilliams

RosadesperadoIMG8543

Rosa 'Desperado' Hybrid Tea white centre with red edging
IMG 8543.JPG
taken on 21-25 July 2014 at the Rose Nursery of RV Roger by Chris Garnons-Williams

x2IMG8543indexrosadesperadogarnonswilliams

RosadesperadoIMG8544

Rosa 'Desperado' Hybrid Tea white centre with red edging
IMG 8544.JPG
taken on 21-25 July 2014 at the Rose Nursery of RV Roger by Chris Garnons-Williams

x2IMG8544indexrosadesperadogarnonswilliams


I have copied the archived post below, because what is stated there is extremely important, since 99.99% of
gardeners in the UK totally ignore the fact that plants require humus and think that double-digging is beneficial
every year. That is why they are killing their soil and their plants do not grow well.

How Soil Works in the Category Archives: Flowering House Plants of Houseplantsguru. com:-

"Nature’s plan is to build up the humus year after year and this can only be done by organic matter. There is need
to replace and return that which has been taken out. The Chinese, who are the best gardeners, collect, ‘use’, and
return to the soil, every possible kind of waste, vegetable, animal and human. In over 4000 years of intensive
cultivation they still support more human beings per hectare than any other country in the world!
On the other
hand in areas like the Middle West of the U.S.A. And the Regina Plain of Canada, where the Wheel of Life has not
been recognized, tens of thousands of hectares which once grew heavy crops are now useless, or practically so.

Every flower crop grown reduces the organic content of the ground. Every piece of work done helps to break down
the humus. The value of the soil in your garden, therefore, is not the mica particles or grains of sand. It lies in the
humus that the soil contains. Humus makes all the difference to successful gardening. Have plenty of humus
present and the soil is in good tilth. Humus is the organic colloid of the soil. It can store water, it can store plant
foods, it can help to keep the soil open. It can help to ensure the right aeration. It will give ideal insulation against
heat and cold.

Using Compost

Garden owners proposing to dig their land shallowly in preparation for flower growing, should realize the
importance of adding ample quantities of organic matter before they start. Composted farmyard manure, fine
wool shoddy, properly composted vegetable refuse, or hop manure should be added at the rate of one good
barrow-load to 10 m2 (12 sq yds) and in addition into the top 25 or 50 mm (1 or 2 in) of soil finely divided sedge
peat, non-acid in character should be raked in at about half a bucketful (9 litres) per square metre (2 gallons per
sq yd). This organic matter in the top few millimetres of soil gives the little roots a good start and so sends them
on to find the organic matter below.

It is when the organic content of the soil has been helped in this way, that the gardener dares to add plant foods
of an organic origin. These are usually applied on the surface of the ground and raked in. Fertilizers with an
organic base are particularly useful. Fish Manure may be applied at 105 to 140 g/m2 (3 oz to 4 oz per sq yd), or a
meat and bone meal or even hoof and horn meal mixed with equal quantities of wood ashes may be used at a
similar rate. These plant foods can be supplied not only when the flower garden is first made but every season
very early in the spring. A good dried poultry manure to which a little potash has been added is another fertilizer
that is very useful when applied at this time.

Minimum Digging

Flower growers must realize that proper soil treatment is the first essential to success. The millions and millions
of soil bacteria that live in the ground to help the gardener, much appreciate little or no digging. It enables
them to work better, for they need conditions which are natural. So do give them what they need.

Liming

Lime should be regarded as an essential except in very definite cases where acidity is demanded, e.g. the
heaths and heathers, rhododendrons and azaleas.

Lime not only prevents soil from being acid but it ‘sweetens’ it, as well as playing its part as a plant food.
It improves the texture and workability of heavy soils. It helps to release other plant foods, and it
decomposes organic compounds in the soil so that they can be used as plant food also.

Generally speaking it should be applied at about 245 g/m2 (7 oz per sq yd). It should not be dug in, as it
washes down into the soil very quickly. It should be sprinkled on the surface of the ground after the digging
and manuring has been done. Do not mix lime with organic fertilizers. There are three main types of lime:
Quicklime, sometimes sold as Buxton Lime or Lump Lime, which has to be slaked down on the soil;
Chalk or Limestone, often sold as Ground Limestone, only half as valuable as quicklime; and
Hydrated Lime, which is perhaps the most convenient to handle and is therefore most usually used by gardeners.
The quantity of lime mentioned previously i.e. 245 g/m2 (7 oz per sq yd), refers to hydrated lime."
 

 

The following is the opinion of Chris Garnons-Williams to the above:-

If you walk through an old wooded area, which is not intensively managed, you will see dead leaves on the
ground, together with fallen branches, brambles, nettles, other weeds and juvenile plants. There will be
waste material from birds and animals and this has not been cleared up and disposed of. This mulch then
provides the organic material to be recycled via the ground with its different organisms to the roots of those
same trees for them to continue to grow.
Nobody digs up the ground to push this material in a few inches or to the depth of the topsoil, nature does it
with earthworms and other organisms at the rate required by the organisms down below to then use it. The
trees in this wood then grow fairly uniformly using the available resources.

So, do not dig the manure, wool shoddy, vegetable refuse or hop manure or anything else in. Leave it on top
as a mulch and that includes the organic fertilizers and the lime.
Instead of adding finely divided sedge peat, add spent mushroom compost which contains peat which has
already been used; and so you are using their waste product for recycling, instead of destroying more peat
bogs which have taken 1000's of years to be created. You could use bracken instead of peat.

The topsoil is full of organisms, either the waste products from are used by another or they are. If you turn
them up from the bottom of the topsoil to the top, then those new top ones will starve to death and the ones
who were at the top are now at the bottom and they will as well since it is only waste down there which is
not their normal fare. They do have a bus transport system to get them back to their original levels, since water
is the only transport system down there, which unfortunately normally goes downwards.

So why do you not use the companion planting cultivation method as further detailed in Companion Planting?
You may follow this with the following which is normally used for the vegetable garden:-

"Spinach is sown in spring in rows 50cm apart over the whole vegetable garden area for the following
purposes:

  • these rows divide the vegetable garden up for the whole year,
  • the spinach roots prevent erosion, so the usual paths between beds are omitted,
  • young spinach plants provide protection and shade for the vegetable crops to be grown between them,
  • spinach provides ideal material for sheet surface composting, which becomes an intermediate space, a footpath, and
  • it is in between these lines of spinach that the other vegetable varieties are arranged."

This could be used in the flower beds as the system between the permanent plants of trees, shrubs
and perennials, which is where you may put bedding. This will also provide you with access to the bedding
and the permanent plants together with the nitrogen fertilizer for the other plants from the legumes of
spinach.
You plant your bedding, bulbs or vegetables through the mulch between the lines of spinach. The damage you
do to where you plant is fairly quickly repaired by the organisms in the surrounding soil, who each come into
the level below the ground level where they normally reside, until they meet their relatives on the other side of
the planting hole. The ecosystem is then restored.
 

 

tree 38 from pestana promenade outside porto mare hotel IMG 6298.JPG.

what a beautiful rose clinging to a cliff from the main lower road towards the main upper
road by the Lido in Funchal Madeira. I see no evidence of man maintaining this area.
Nature is keeping all the detritus from these plants and building up its humus to
create a better soil. It also covers the ground with plants/weeds to prevent the
ground from getting too hot and frying the plant roots, as well as stop the irrigation
water that overflows from the irrigation system in the garden above from evaporating,
before it can be used by these plants. This detritus also provides a home for the worms
and other life in the ground's fast food restaurant to multiply. The ground itself is
not covered by concrete etc, so the roots get access to the irrigation water, the
food created from the waste products of the life in the soil eating the dead plant
material and each other, and the roots can breathe in oxygen and breathe out
carbon dioxide together with nitrogen etc. So, this unmanaged section of the
publicly owned land in the city of funchal functions by itself, because man does
not kill it and it uses the resources that it finds including that irrigation water.

 

tree 29 from end of 2 road junction garden alongside irrigation pipe IMG 6252.JPG.
Irrigation pipe in garden above.
When you look very carefully at the image above this one, you will see 2
stand-up irrigation pipes, which provide the water unintentionally to this rose.

You could mix native plant seeds with wallpaper paste and the liquid from the
made-up fertiliser and spray your cliffs and other inhospitable areas in Madeira. Then
irrigate lightly each night for 9 minutes after midnight until germination. After that,
put the made-up drained fertiliser at the top of the area and repeat the same
light irrigation system. Repeat the fertiliser application at the same rate as for the
trees/shrubs/flower beds in the pavement in the future. Then you could end up with
stabilised cliffs and plenty of vegetation/flowers.
If possible it would be useful if the flowers were bee-pollinated for the benefit of
hay-fever sufferers.
See how a rose is existing with other vegetation without any help except for
irrigation on Page
45 of Pavements of Funchal, Madeira - Damage to Trees.

 

BEDDING PLANT GALLERY PAGES

Site Map of pages with content (o)

Introduction

FOLIAGE COLOUR
(o)Black
.Blue
(o)Brown
(o)Bronze
(o)Green
.Grey
(o)Purple
(o)Red
.Silver
(o)Variegated
.White
.Yellow

SEED COLOUR
Seed with EXTRA Plant INDEX of Extra Plants in Extra Pages of Bloom and Blooms Calendar Galleries.

BEDS WITH PICTURES
Garden

 


Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines

BEDDING PLANT GALLERY PAGES

Flower Colour

Bicolour

Blue

Green

Orange

Other Colours

Pink

Purple

Red

White

White / Bicolour

Yellow

 

 

 

Flower Simple Shape

3 Petals

4 Petals

5 Petals

6 Petals

Stars

Bowls, Cups and Saucers

Globes, Goblets and Chalices

irisflotpseudacorus1a1a1a1a1a

aethionemacfloarmenumfoord1a1a1a1a1a

anemonecflo1hybridafoord1a1a1a1a1a

 

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a1a1a1a1a1

geraniumflocineremuballerina1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

paeoniamlokosewitschiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1

Trumpets and Funnels

Bells, Thimbles and Urns

 

Single Flower provides pollen for bees

 

2 Petals

 

acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1

digitalismertonensiscflorvroger1a1a1a1a1a

 

anagalisflotcskylover1a1a1a1a1a1

 

cupheacflollaveakavanagh1a1a1a1a1a

 

Flower Elabor-ated Shape

Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Hats, Hoods and Helmets

Standards, Wings and Keels

Discs and Florets

Pin-cushions and Tufts

Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons

prunellaflotgrandiflora1a1a1a1a1a

aquilegiacfloformosafoord1a1a1a1a1a

acanthusspinosuscflocoblands1a1a1a1a1a

lathyrusflotvernus1a1a1a1a1a

brachyscomecflorigidulakevock1a1a1a1a1a

echinaceacflo1purpurealustrehybridsgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a

argyranthemumflotcmadeiracrestedyellow1a1a1a1a1a

Bedding Plant Use

Bedding Out

Filling In

Screen-ing

Pots and Troughs

Window Boxes

Hanging Baskets

Spring Bedding

Summer Bedding

Winter Bedding

 


Bedding Photos for use in Public Domain

 

Bedding Plant Height from Text Border Gallery

Blue =
0-24 inches
(0-60 cms)

Green =
24-72 inches
(60-180 cms) or
Green =
24-72 inches
(60-180 cms)

Red =
72+ inches
(180+ cms)
 

Bedding Plant Soil Moisture from Text Background

 

Wet Soil

Moist Soil

Dry Soil

Click on thumbnail to change this Comparison Page to the Plant Description Page of the Bedding Plant named in the Text box below that photo.


The Comments Row of that Bedding Plant Description Page details where that Bedding Plant is available from.

 

 

Bedding Plant INDEX .

See also the Bedding Plant INDEX of the Bedding in the Mixed Borders of the Royal Horticultural Society Garden at Wisley in 2013. This gallery also compares the Flower Colours, Foliage Colours, Bedding Use and Flower Shape of the bedding plants in those Mixed Borders.

 

 

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