Ivydene Gardens Plants:
Groundcover Plant
Name - S

The plants normally selected by most landscapers and designers are by nature low-growing, rampant, spreading, creep-crawly things and yet the concept of ground cover demands no such thing. The ideal description of a groundcover plant includes:-

  • a bold dense mass of leaves completely covering the ground most of the year; evergreens gain gold stars.
  • They should require little or no maintenance - if you have to give the plant more than its share of attention, you might as well save your money and spend the time weeding.
  • use the plant on ground areas that are difficult to maintain, such as steep banks or boggy patches.
  • use the plant to cover areas where not much will grow, such as deep shade or sandy soils.

Ground Cover a thousand beautiful plants for difficult places by John Cushnie (ISBN 1 85626 326 6) provides details of plants that fulfill the above requirements.

Using these groundcover plants in your planting scheme (either between your trees/shrubs in the border or for the whole border) will - with mulching your beds to a 4 inch depth and an irrigation system - provide you with a planted garden with far less time required for border maintainance.

Plant Name

with link to page with photos and mail-order nursery in Comments Row

Type

with link to mail-order nursery in UK

Height x Spread in inches (cms)

Foliage

with link to mail-order nursery in USA

Flower Colour in Month(s)

Comments

Salix alba var. vitellina
'Britzensis'

Deciduous Tree above 72 inches (180 cms) in height

960 x 360 (2400 x 900)

Dull Green

Yellowish-Green female catkins in
April-May

"White Willow". Bright Orange winter shoots.

Salix apoda

Deciduous Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

8 x 24 (20 x 60)

Dark Green

Silvery-Grey male catkins in
April

 

Salix caprea
'Kilmarnock'

Deciduous Shrub 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

60 x 72 (150 x 180)

Dark Green above, Grey-Green beneath

Grey male catkins in
May-June

"Kilmarnock Willow".

Salix elaeagnos

Deciduous Shrub above 72 inches (180 cms) in height

120 x 180 (300 x 450)

Grey in Spring ,Dark Green in Summer, Yellow in Autumn

Green female catkins in
April-June

"Hoary Willow".

Salix hastata
'Wehrhahnii'

Deciduous Shrub 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

36 x 36 (90 x 90)

Bright Green

Silvery-Grey male catkins in
April

 

Salix helvetica

Deciduous Shrub 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

24 x 16 (60 x 40)

Grey-Green, silver-downy beneath

Silver-Grey catkins in
April

"Swiss Willow".

Salix lanata

Deciduous Shrub 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

36 x 60 (90 x 150)

Dull Dark Green covered in Silvery-Grey wool

Golden-Yellow male catkins in
June

"Woolly Willow".

Salix repens

Deciduous Shrub 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

24 x 60 (60 x 150)

Grey-Green to Bright Green, Silvery beneath

Grey male catkins in
May-June

"Creeping Willow".

Salix repens var. argentea

Deciduous Shrub 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

36 x 72 (90 x 180)

Silky Grey

Gold catkins in
May

 

Salix retusa

Deciduous Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

4 x 16 (10 x 40)

Glossy Mid-Green

Grey catkins in
April-May

 

Salix serpyllifolia

Deciduous Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

1 x 12 (2 x 30)

Glossy Mid-Green

Silvery-Green catkins in
April-May

"Thyme-leaved Willow".

Salvia nemerosa
'May Knight'

Herbaceous Perennial below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

18 x 12 (45 x 30)

Mid-Green

Violet-Blue in
June-August

"Sage".

Ashwood Nurseries grow about 80 Salvias.

Salvia officinalis
'Purpurascens'

Evergreen Shrub 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

24 x 36 (60 x 90)

Purple in Spring, Grey-Green in Summer, Autumn and Winter

Blue-Purple in
June-August

"Purple Sage".

Salvia x superba

Herbaceous Perennial 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

30 x 24 (75 x 60)

Mid-Green

Bright Violet or Purple in
August-October

"Sage".

Sambucus nigra
'Aurea'

Deciduous Shrub above 72 inches (180 cms) in height

144 x 144 (360 x 360)

Golden-Yellow

Creamy-White in
June

"Black Elder,
Common Elder, Elderberry,
European Elder".

Sambucus racemosa
'Plumosa Aurea'

Deciduous Shrub above 72 inches (180 cms) in height

120 x 120 (300 x 300)

Bronze juvenile turning Golden Yellow

Rich Yellow in
April

"Red-berried Elder".

Sanguinaria canadensis

Deciduous Rhizome Perennial below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

6 x 12 (15 x 30)

Blue-Grey

White in
March-May
sanguinariaflotcanadensis1

"Bloodroot".

Sanguisorbia canadensis

Deciduous Rhizome Perennial 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

72 x 36 (180 x 90)

Dark Green

White in
August-November

"Canadian Burnet".

Santolina chamaecyparissus

Evergreen Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

20 x 36 (50 x 90)

Grey-White

Yellow in
August-September

"Cotton Lavender".

Santolina chamaecyparissus
'Nana'

Evergreen Shrub 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

24 x 24 (60 x 60)

Silver-Grey

Lemon-Yellow in
July-August

"Cotton Lavender".

Santolina pinnata neapolitana

Evergreen Shrub 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

30 x 36 (75 x 90)

Aromatic Grey-Green

Bright Yellow in
August

 

Santolina rosmarinifolia

Evergreen Shrub 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

24 x 36 (60 x 90)

Bright Green

Bright Yellow in
August

 

Saponaria
'Bressingham'

Herbaceous Perennial below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

3 x 12 (7 x 30)

Mid-Green

Deep Pink in
July-September

"Soapwort".

Saponaria ocymoides

Herbaceous Perennial below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

3 x 18 (7 x 45)

Bright Green

Pink in
July-September

"Tumbling Ted".

Saponaria ocymoides
'Alba'

Herbaceous Perennial below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

3 x 18 (7 x 45)

Bright Green

White in
July-September

 

Sarcocca humilis

Evergreen Shrub 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

24 x 36 (60 x 90)

Glossy Dark Green

Fragrant Pink-tinged White in
January-March

"Christmas Box, Sweet Box".

Sarcocca confusa

Evergreen Shrub 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

72 x 36 (180 x 90)

Glossy Dark Green

Very Fragrant White in
January-March

"Christmas Box, Sweet Box".
Glossy Black fruit.

Sasa veitchii

Evergreen Bamboo 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

48 x indefinite (120 x indefinite)

Green with White edges in Spring and Summer, Green with Straw edges in Autumn and Winter

...

Satureja spicigera

Deciduous Sub-Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

6 x 12 (15 x 30)

Mid-Green

White in
July-September

 

Saxifraga
'Bob Hawkins'

Evergreen Perennial below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

6 x 12 (15 x 30)

White-variegated Mid-Green

Greenish-White in
July-September

"Saxifrage".

Saxifraga
'Southside Seedling
'

Evergreen Perennial below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

12 x 8 (30 x 20)

Pale Green

White heavily spotted Red in
June-July
saxifragaflotsouthsideseedling

 

Saxifraga exerata subsp. moschata

Evergreen Perennial below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

4 x 12 (10 x 30)

Pale Green

Cream or Yellow in
June-October

 

Saxifraga exerata subsp. moschata
'Cloth of Gold'

Evergreen Perennial below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

4 x 12 (10 x 30)

Golden

Cream or Yellow in
June-October

Best grown in shade.

Saxifraga marginata

Evergreen Perennial below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

3 x 12 (7 x 30)

Silver-Grey

White in
April

 

Saxifraga x urbium

Evergreen Perennial below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

12 x indefinite (30 x indefinite)

Green

White in Summer
saxifragaflotxurbium

"London Pride". Ground Cover Evergreen

Scabiosa graminifolia

Evergreen Perennial below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

10 x 12 (25 x 30)

Mid-Green

Lilac to Violet in
July-September

Prefers alkaline soil.

Schizophragma hydrangeoides

Deciduous Climber above 72 inches (180 cms) in height

480 x 120 (1200 x 300)

Dark Green

Fragrant Creamy-White in
August

 

Sedum 'Ruby Glow'

Deciduous Perennial below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

10 x 18 (25 x 45)

Green-Purple

Ruby-Red in
August-October

"Stonecrop".

Sedum acre

Evergreen Perennial below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

2 x 24 (5 x 60)

Pale Green

Yellow-Green in
July-September
sedumflotacre

"Biting Stonecrop, Common Stonecrop, Wallpepper".

Sedum lydium

Evergreen Perennial below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

2 x 8 (5 x 20)

Red-tipped Bright to Mid-Green

White in
July-September

 

Sedum telephium subsp. maximum
'Atropurpureum'

Deciduous Rhizome Perennial below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

18 x 18 (45 x 45)

Deep Purple

Deep Pink in
September-October

"Orpine".

Sedum rupestre

Evergreen Alpine below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

4 x 24 (10 x 60)

Grey-Green

Yellow
in July-September
sedumflotrupestre

"Stone Orpine".

Sedum spathulifolium 'Cape Blanco'

Evergreen Alpine below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

4 x 24 (10 x 60)

Silvery-Green, frequently suffused Purple

Yellow
in July-September
sedumflotspathulifoliumcapeblanco

"Stonecrop".

Sedum spectabile
'Brilliant'

Herbaceous Perennial below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

18 x 18 (45 x 45)

Grey-Green

Rose-Pink in
September-October

"Ice Plant".

Senecio abrotanifolius

Evergreen Sub-Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

12 x 12 (30 x 30)

Glossy Dark Green

Yellow to Orange-Scarlet in
August-October

 

Senecio cineraria

Evergreen Sub-Shrub 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

24 x 24 (60 x 60)

Felted Silvery-Grey

Mustard-Yellow in
August

 

Shibataea kumasasa

Evergreen Bamboo 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

48 x 24 (120 x 60)

Rich Dark Green

...

Densely plant if required as ground cover.

Shortia galacifolia

Evergreen Perennial below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

6 x 10 (15 x 25)

Glossy Dark Green turning Bronze-Red in Autumn

White in
June

"Oconee Bells".

Silene schafta

Semi-Evergreen Perennial below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

10 x 12 (25 x 30)

Bright Green

Deep Magenta in
September-November

"Campion, Catchfly".

Skimmia japonica

Evergreen Shrub 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

60 x 60 (150 x 150)

Dark Green

Fragrant White in
May-June

Female plants have Red fruit. Needs light dappled to deep shade.

Skimmia japonica
'Fructo Albo'

Evergreen Shrub 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

24 x 36 (60 x 90)

Dark Green

Fragrant White in
May-June

White fruit.

Skimmia japonica
'Rubella'

Evergreen Shrub 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

60 x 48 (150 x 120)

Red-margined Green

White in
December-April

 

Skimmia x confusa
'Kew Green'

Evergreen Shrub 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

24 x 48 (60 x 120)

Aromatic Mid-Green

Fragrant Creamy-White in
April-June

 

Smilacina racemosa

Deciduous Rhizome Perennial 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

30 x 18 (75 x 45)

Mid-Green turn Yellow in Autumn

White in
May-June

"False Spikenard". Red berries.

Solanum crispum
'Glasnevin'

Semi-Evergreen Climber above 72 inches (180 cms) in height

240 x 120 (600 x 300)

Dark Green

Lilac-Purple in
July-October

"Chilean Potato Tree".
Yellowish-White fruit.

Solanum jasminoides
'Album'

Semi-Evergreen Climber above 72 inches (180 cms) in height

240 x 120 (600 x 300)

Glossy Dark Green

Fragrant White in
July-December

"Potato Vine".

Solanum laciniatum

Evergreen Shrub 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

72 x 60 (180 x 150)

Mid-Green

Dark Blue in
July-December

"Kangaroo Apple". Bright Orange fruit.

Solanum tuberosum

Vegetable

 

Dark Green

...

"Potato".

Solidago
'Golden Wings'

Herbaceous Perennial 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

72 x 36 (180 x 90)

Mid-Green

Golden-Yellow in
September-October

"Golden Rod".

Solidago virgaurea subsp. minuta

Herbaceous Perennial below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

6 x 10 (15 x 25)

Mid-Green

Deep Yellow in
September-October

Good for a rock garden.

Sophora japonica
'Pendula'

Deciduous Tree above 72 inches (180 cms) in height

120 x 120 (300 x 300)

Glossy Dark Green, turn Yellow in Autumn

White in
September-October

"Japanese Pagoda Tree".

Sorbaria sorbifolia

Deciduous Shrub 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

72 x 120 (180 x 300)

Dark Green

White in
August-September

 

Sorbus aucuparia
'Sheerwater Seedling'

Deciduous Tree above 72 inches (180 cms) in height

360 x 180 (900 x 450)

Mid to Dark Green in Spring and Summer, Yellow or Red in Autumn

White in
May

"Mountain Ash, Rowan".
Orange-Red berries.

Sorbus sargentiana

Deciduous Tree above 72 inches (180 cms) in height

240 x 240 (600 x 600)

Dark Green in Spring and Summer, Orange and Red in Autumn

White in
July

 

Sorbus vilmorinii

Deciduous Tree above 72 inches (180 cms) in height

192 x 156 (480 x 390)

Glossy Dark Green

White in
June-July

 

Sorbus x thuringiaca
'Fastigiata'

Deciduous Tree above 72 inches (180 cms) in height

480 x 144 (1200 x 360)

Glossy Dark Green turn Yellow-Brown in Autumn

White in
June

 

Spartium junceum

Deciduous Shrub above 72 inches (180 cms) in height

120 x 96 (300 x 240)

Dark Green

Fragrant Golden-Yellow in
July-October

"Spanish Broom".

Spiraea cantoniensis

Deciduous Shrub 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

72 x 120 (180 x 300)

Blue-Green

White in
July

 

Spiraea japonica
'Allgold'

Deciduous Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

18 x 24 (45 x 60)

Golden-Yellow

Pink in
August-September

 

Spiraea japonica
'Bullata'

Deciduous Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

16 x 20 (40 x 50)

Very Dark Green

Deep Pink in
July-August

 

Spiraea japonica
'Goldflame'

Deciduous Shrub 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

30 x 30 (75 x 75)

Orange-Red in Spring, Bright Yellow in Summer, Pale Green in Autumn

Deep Rose-Pink in
July-August

 

Spiraea japonica
'Little Princess'

Deciduous Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

20 x 36 (50 x 90)

Dark Green above, Grey-Green beneath

Rose-Pink in
July-August

 

Spiraea japonica
'Shirobana'

Deciduous Shrub 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

30 x 36 (75 x 90)

Dark Green above, Grey-Green beneath

Both Deep Pink and White in
July-September

 

Stachys byzantina

Evergreen Perennial below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

12 x 24 (30 x 60)

Densely White-Woolly on Grey-Green

Magenta in
July-October

"Lambs' Ears, Lambs' Lugs,
Lamb's Tails,
Lambs' tongues".

Stachys byzantina
'Silver Carpet'

Evergreen Perennial below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

5 x 12 (12 x 30)

Intensely Silvered, Greyish-White

Non-flowering

 

Stachys candida

Deciduous Sub-Shrub below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

6 x 12 (15 x 30)

White-felted Grey-Green

White in
July-September

 

Stephanandra incisa
'Crispa'

Deciduous Shrub 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

24 x 24 (60 x 60)

Bright Green in Spring and Summer, Orange-Yellow in Autumn

Greenish-White in
June

 

Stipa gigantea

Evergreen Grass above 72 inches (180 cms) in height

96 x 48 (240 x 120)

Mid-Green

Silvery Purplish-Green spikelets in
July-September

"Giant Feather Grass, Golden Oats".

Symphoricarpus albus var. laevigatus

Deciduous Shrub 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

72 x 72 (180 x 180)

Dark Green

Pink in July-September

"Snowberry".
Pure White fruit.

Symphoricarpus x chenaultii
'Hancock'

Deciduous Shrub 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

36 x 120 (90 x 300)

Bronze in Spring, Bright Green in Summer and Autumn

White in
June-July

Dark Pink fruit

Symphoricarpus x doorenbosii
'Magic Berry'

Deciduous Shrub 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

48 x 48 (120 x 120)

Light Green

White in
August-September

 

Symphytum
'Goldsmith'

Deciduous Rhizome Perennial below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

12 x 12 (30 x 30)

Dark Green with Gold and Cream markings

Pale Blue, Cream or Pink in
May-June

"Comfrey".
Best suited to Wild Gardens

Symphytum
ibericum

Deciduous Rhizome Perennial below 24 inches (60 cms) in height

16 x 24 (40 x 60)

Mid-Green

Pale Yellow in
June-July
symphytumflotibericum1a

"Comfrey".
 

Syringa meyeri
'Palibin'

Deciduous Shrub 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

60 x 60 (150 x 150)

Mid-Green

Fragrant Lavender-Pink in
June-July

"Lilac".

Syringa pubescens microphylla
'Superba'

Deciduous Shrub 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) in height

72 x 72 (180 x 180)

Mid-Green

Rose-Pink in
May-October

"Lilac".

Syringa sweginzowii

Deciduous Shrub above 72 inches (180 cms) in height

144 x 96 (360 x 240)

Mid-Green

Fragrant Pale Pink to Lilac-Pink or White in
June-July

"Lilac".

Syringa vulgaris
'Charles Joly'

Deciduous Shrub above 72 inches (180 cms) in height

132 x 120 (330 x 300)

Bright Green

Deep Purple-Red in
June-July

"Common Lilac". Prefers alkaline soil.

Syringa vulgaris
'Madame Lemoine'

Deciduous Shrub above 72 inches (180 cms) in height

144 x 132 (360 x 330)

Mid-Green

White in
June-July

"Common Lilac".

 

Height in inches (cms):-

25.4mm = 1 inch
304.8mm = 12 inches
12 inches = 1 foot
3 feet = 1 yard
914.4mm = 1 yard

I normally round this to
25mm = 1 inch
300mm = 30 cms = 12 inches =1 foot,
900 mm = 3 feet = 1 yard and
1000mm = 100 cms = 1 metre = 40 inches

Site design and content copyright ©December 2006. Page structure changed September 2012. Height x Spread in feet changed to Height x Spread in inches (cms) June 2015. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

 

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GROUNDCOVER PLANT DETAIL
Plant Selection Level 5
Plant Name - A
Plant Name - B
Plant Name - C
Plant Name - D
Plant Name - E
Plant Name - F
Plant Name - G
Plant Name - H
Plant Name - I
Plant Name - J
Plant Name - K
Plant Name - L
Plant Name - M
Plant Name - N
Plant Name - O
Plant Name - P
Plant Name - Q
Plant Name - R
Plant Name - S
Plant Name - T
Plant Name - U
Plant Name - V
Plant Name - W
Plant Name - XYZ

 


Then, finally use
COMPANION PLANTING to
aid your plant selected or to
deter Pests
Plant Selection Level 6

 

To locate mail-order nursery for plants from the UK in this gallery try using search in RHS Find a Plant.

To locate plants in the European Union (EU) try using Search Term in Gardens4You and Meilland Richardier in France.

To locate mail-order nursery for plants from America in this gallery try using search in Plant Lust.

To locate plant information in Australia try using Plant Finder in Gardening Australia.

 

The following details come from Cactus Art:-

"A flower is the the complex sexual reproductive structure of Angiosperms, typically consisting of an axis bearing perianth parts, androecium (male) and gynoecium (female).    

Bisexual flower show four distinctive parts arranged in rings inside each other which are technically modified leaves: Sepal, petal, stamen & pistil. This flower is referred to as complete (with all four parts) and perfect (with "male" stamens and "female" pistil). The ovary ripens into a fruit and the ovules inside develop into seeds.

Incomplete flowers are lacking one or more of the four main parts. Imperfect (unisexual) flowers contain a pistil or stamens, but not both. The colourful parts of a flower and its scent attract pollinators and guide them to the nectary, usually at the base of the flower tube.

partsofaflowersmallest

 

Androecium (male Parts or stamens)
It is made up of the filament and anther, it is the pollen producing part of the plant.
Anther This is the part of the stamen that produces and contains pollen. 
Filament This is the fine hair-like stalk that the anther sits on top of.
Pollen This is the dust-like male reproductive cell of flowering plants.

Gynoecium (female Parts or carpels or pistil)
 It is made up of the stigma, style, and ovary. Each pistil is constructed of one to many rolled leaflike structures.
Stigma
This is the part of the pistil  which receives the pollen grains and on which they germinate. 
Style
This is the long stalk that the stigma sits on top of ovary. 
Ovary
The part of the plant that contains the ovules. 
Ovule
The part of the ovary that becomes the seeds. 

Petal 
The colorful, often bright part of the flower (corolla). 
Sepal 
The parts that look like little green leaves that cover the outside of a flower bud (calix). 
(Undifferentiated "Perianth segment" that are not clearly differentiated into sepals and petals, take the names of tepals.)"

 

 

 

The following details come from Nectary Genomics:-

"NECTAR. Many flowering plants attract potential pollinators by offering a reward of floral nectar. The primary solutes found in most nectars are varying ratios of sucrose, glucose and fructose, which can range from as little a 8% (w/w) in some species to as high as 80% in others. This abundance of simple sugars has resulted in the general perception that nectar consists of little more than sugar-water; however, numerous studies indicate that it is actually a complex mixture of components. Additional compounds found in a variety of nectars include other sugars, all 20 standard amino acids, phenolics, alkaloids, flavonoids, terpenes, vitamins, organic acids, oils, free fatty acids, metal ions and proteins.

NECTARIES. An organ known as the floral nectary is responsible for producing the complex mixture of compounds found in nectar. Nectaries can occur in different areas of flowers, and often take on diverse forms in different species, even to the point of being used for taxonomic purposes. Nectaries undergo remarkable morphological and metabolic changes during the course of floral development. For example, it is known that pre-secretory nectaries in a number of species accumulate large amounts of starch, which is followed by a rapid degradation of amyloplast granules just prior to anthesis and nectar secretion. These sugars presumably serve as a source of nectar carbohydrate.

WHY STUDY NECTAR? Nearly one-third of all worldwide crops are dependent on animals to achieve efficient pollination. In addition, U.S. pollinator-dependent crops have been estimated to have an annual value of up to $15 billion. Many crop species are largely self-incompatible (not self-fertile) and almost entirely on animal pollinators to achieve full fecundity; poor pollinator visitation has been reported to reduce yields of certain species by up to 50%."

 

The following details about DOUBLE FLOWERS comes from Wikipedia:-

"Double-flowered" describes varieties of flowers with extra petals, often containing flowers within flowers. The double-flowered trait is often noted alongside the scientific name with the abbreviation fl. pl. (flore pleno, a Latin ablative form meaning "with full flower"). The first abnormality to be documented in flowers, double flowers are popular varieties of many commercial flower types, including roses, camellias and carnations. In some double-flowered varieties all of the reproductive organs are converted to petals — as a result, they are sexually sterile and must be propagated through cuttings. Many double-flowered plants have little wildlife value as access to the nectaries is typically blocked by the mutation.

 

There is further photographic, diagramatic and text about Double Flowers from an education department - dept.ca.uky.edu - in the University of Kentucky in America.

 

"Meet the plant hunter obsessed with double-flowering blooms" - an article from The Telegraph.

 

THE 2 EUREKA EFFECT PAGES FOR UNDERSTANDING SOIL AND HOW PLANTS INTERACT WITH IT OUT OF 15,000:-


Explanation of Structure of this Website with User Guidelines Page for those photo galleries with Photos
(of either ones I have taken myself or others which have been loaned only for use on this website from external sources)

Choose 1 of these different Plant selection Methods:-

 

1. Choose a plant from 1 of 53 flower colours in the Colour Wheel Gallery.

 

2. Choose a plant from 1 of 12 flower colours in each month of the year from 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery.

 

3. Choose a plant from 1 of 6 flower colours per month for each type of plant:-

Aquatic
Bedding
Bulb
Climber
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
Herb
Odds and Sods
Rhododendron
Rose
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Wild Flower

 

4. Choose a plant from its Flower Shape:-

Shape, Form
Index

Flower Shape

 

5. Choose a plant from its foliage:-

Bamboo
Conifer
Fern
Grass
Vegetable

 

6. There are 6 Plant Selection Levels including Bee Pollinated Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers in
Plants Topic.

 

or

 

7. when I do not have my own or ones from mail-order nursery photos , then from March 2016, if you want to start from the uppermost design levels through to your choice of cultivated and wildflower plants to change your Plant Selection Process then use the following galleries:-

  • Create and input all plants known by Amateur Gardening inserted into their Sanders' Encyclopaedia from their edition published in 1960 (originally published by them in 1895) into these
    • Stage 1 - Garden Style Index Gallery,
      then
    • Stage 2 - Infill Plants Index Gallery being the only gallery from these 7 with photos (from Wikimedia Commons) ,
      then
    • Stage 3 - All Plants Index Gallery with each plant species in its own Plant Type Page followed by choice from Stage 4a, 4b, 4c and/or 4d REMEMBERING THE CONSTRAINTS ON THE SELECTION FROM THE CHOICES MADE IN STAGES 1 AND 2
    • Stage 4a - 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery,
    • Stage 4b - 12 Foliage Colours per Month Index Gallery with
    • Stage 4c - Cultivation, Position, Use Index Gallery and
    • Stage 4d - Shape, Form Index Gallery
    • Unfortunately, if you want to have 100's of choices on selection of plants from 1000's of 1200 pixels wide by up to 16,300 pixels in length webpages, which you can jump to from almost any of the pages in these 7 galleries above, you have to put up with those links to those choices being on
      • the left topic menu table,
      • the header of the middle data table and on
      • the page/index menu table on the right of every page of those galleries.

There are other pages on Plants which bloom in each month of the year in this website:-

 

 


Topic
Case Studies
...Drive
...Foundations

Companion Planting
...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants Garden Maintenance
Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary
Plants *
...Poisonous Plants
Soil
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data

................

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
...by Flower Shape

Bulb
...Allium/ Anemone
...Autumn
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Dahlia
...Gladiolus
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Narcissus
...Spring
...Tulip
...Winter
Climber
...Clematis
...Climbers
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evgr
...Heather Shrub
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evgr
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
...P -Herbaceous
...RHS Wisley
...Flower Shape
Herb
Odds and Sods
Rhododendron
Rose
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
...Apple

...Cherry
...Pear
Vegetable

Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
space,
Site Map page in its flower colour
NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
...Brown Note
...Cream Note
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note
Poisonous
Wildflower Plants

............

Topic - Flower/Foliage Colour
Colour Wheel Galleries

Following your choice using Garden Style then that changes your Plant Selection Process
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index

or
you could use these Flower Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12
with its
Explanation of
Structure of this Website with

...User Guidelines
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index
Rock Garden and Alpine Flower Colour Wheel with number of colours
Rock Plant Flowers 53

...Rock Plant Photos

or
these Foliage Colour Wheels structures, which I have done but until I can take the photos and I am certain of the plant label's validity, these may not progress much further
All Foliage 212

All Spring Foliage 212
All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212

or
Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index

............

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly
Usage of Plants
by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly usage of
Plant A-C
Plant C-M
Plant N-W
Butterfly usage of Plant

followed by all the Wild Flower Family Pages:-

There are 180 families in the Wildflowers of the UK and they have been split up into 22 Galleries to allow space for up to 100 plants per gallery.

Each plant named in each of the Wildflower Family Pages may have a link to:-

its Plant Description Page in its Common Name in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries and will have links

to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name,

to see photos in its Flowering Months and

to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.

 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 1


(o)Adder's Tongue
Amaranth
(o)Arrow-Grass
(o)Arum
(o)Balsam
Bamboo
(o)Barberry
(o)Bedstraw
(o)Beech
(o)Bellflower
(o)Bindweed
(o)Birch
(o)Birds-Nest
(o)Birthwort
(o)Bogbean
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Borage
(o)Box
(o)Broomrape
(o)Buckthorn
(o)Buddleia
(o)Bur-reed
(o)Buttercup
(o)Butterwort
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crowberry
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
Cypress
(o)Daffodil
(o)Daisy
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Daphne
(o)Diapensia
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 2


(o)Clubmoss
(o)Duckweed
(o)Eel-Grass
(o)Elm
(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Horsetail
(o)Polypody
Quillwort
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Flax
(o)Flowering-Rush
(o)Frog-bit
(o)Fumitory
(o)Gentian
(o)Geranium
(o)Glassworts
(o)Gooseberry
(o)Goosefoot
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 1
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 2
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 3 (o)Hazel
(o)Heath
(o)Hemp
(o)Herb-Paris
(o)Holly
(o)Honeysuckle
(o)Horned-Pondweed
(o)Hornwort
(o)Iris
(o)Ivy
(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Lime
(o)Lobelia
(o)Loosestrife
(o)Mallow
(o)Maple
(o)Mares-tail
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)
 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 3


(o)Mesem-bryanthemum
(o)Mignonette
(o)Milkwort
(o)Mistletoe
(o)Moschatel
Naiad
(o)Nettle
(o)Nightshade
(o)Oleaster
(o)Olive
(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
(o)Parnassus-Grass
(o)Peaflower
(o)Peaflower Clover 1
(o)Peaflower Clover 2
(o)Peaflower Clover 3
(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
Peony
(o)Periwinkle
Pillwort
Pine
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Pipewort
(o)Pitcher-Plant
(o)Plantain
(o)Pondweed
(o)Poppy
(o)Primrose
(o)Purslane
Rannock Rush
(o)Reedmace
(o)Rockrose
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
(o)Sandalwood
(o)Saxifrage
 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 4


Seaheath
(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
(o)Spindle-Tree
(o)Spurge
(o)Stonecrop
(o)Sundew
(o)Tamarisk
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Teasel
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Valerian
(o)Verbena
(o)Violet
(o)Water Fern
(o)Waterlily
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort
Waterwort
(o)Willow
(o)Willow-Herb
(o)Wintergreen
(o)Wood-Sorrel
(o)Yam
(o)Yew

 

It is worth remembering that especially with roses that the colour of the petals of the flower may change - The following photos are of Rosa 'Lincolnshire Poacher' which I took on the same day in R.V. Roger's Nursery Field:-

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot91a1a1a1

Closed Bud

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot92a1a1a1

Opening Bud

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot93a1a1a1

Juvenile Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot94a1a1a1

Older Juvenile Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot95a1a1a1

Middle-aged Flower - Flower Colour in Season in its
Rose Description Page is
"Buff Yellow, with a very slight pink tint at the edges in May-October."

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot96a1a1a1

Mature Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot97a1a1a1

Juvenile Flower and Dying Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot98a1a1a1

Form of Rose Bush

There are 720 roses in the Rose Galleries; many of which have the above series of pictures in their respective Rose Description Page.

So one might avoid the disappointment that the 2 elephants had when their trunks were entwined instead of them each carrying their trunk using their own trunk, and your disappointment of buying a rose to discover that the colour you bought it for is only the case when it has its juvenile flowers; if you look at all the photos of the roses in the respective Rose Description Page!!!!

 

Plant Selection by Flower Colour

Blue Flowers

Bedding.
Bulb.
Climber.
Evergr Per.
Evergr Shrub.
Wild Flower.
 

Orange Flowers

Bedding.

Wild Flower.

Other Colour Flowers

Bedding.

Bulb.
Climber.
Evergr Per.
Evergr Shrub.
Wild Flower.

Red Flowers

Bedding.

Bulb.
Climber.
Decid Shrub.
Evergr Per.
Evergr Shrub.
Herbac Per.
Rose.
Wild Flower.

White Flowers

Bedding.

Bulb.
Climber.
Decid Shrub.
Decid Tree.
Evergr Per.
Evergr Shrub.
Herbac Per.
Rose.
Wild Flower.
 

Yellow Flowers

Bedding.
Bulb.
Climber.
Decid Shrub.
Evergr Per.
Evergr Shrub.
Herbac Per.
Rose.
Wild Flower.
 

 

 

Fragrant Plants adds the use of another of your 5 senses in your garden:-
Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves.

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark.

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil
.

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
.

Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
.

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers.

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves.

Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves.

Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers.

Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit.

Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers.

Night-scented Flowering Plants.

Scented Aquatic Plants.

Plants with Scented Fruits.

Plants with Scented Roots.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums.

Scented Cacti and Succulents.

Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell.
 

Flower Perfume Group:-

Indoloid Group.

Aminoid Group with scent - Hawthorn.

Heavy Group with scents -
Jonquil and
Lily.

Aromatic Group with scents - Almond,
Aniseed, Balsamic,
Carnation, Cinnamon, Clove,
Spicy and
Vanilla.

Violet Group.

Rose Group.

Lemon Group with scent -
Verbena.

Fruit-scented Group with scents -
Apricot,
Fruity,
Green Apple,
Orange, Pineapple,
Ripe Apple , Ripe Banana and
Ripe Plum.

Animal-scented Group with scents -
Cat,
Dog,
Ferret,
Fox,
Goat,
Human Perspiration,
Musk,
Ripe Apple and
Tom Cat.

Honey Group.

Unpleasant Smell Group with scents -
Animal,
Fetid,
Fishy,
Foxy,
Fur-like,
Garlic,
Hemlock,
Manure,
Nauseating,
Perspiration,
Petrol,
Putrid,
Rancid,
Sickly,
Skunk,
Stale Lint,
Sulphur and
Urinous.

Miscellaneous Group with scents -
Balm,
Brandy,
Cedar,
Cloying,
Cowslip,
Cucumber,
Damask Rose, Daphne,
Exotic,
Freesia,
Fur-like,
Gardenia,
Hay-like,
Heliotrope, Honeysuckle,
Hops,
Hyacinth,
Incense-like, Jasmine,
Laburnham,
Lilac,
Lily of the Valley, Meadowsweet, Mignonette,
Mint,
Mossy,
Muscat,
Muscatel,
Myrtle-like,
Newly Mown Hay, Nutmeg,
Piercing,
Primrose,
Pungent,
Resinous, Sandalwood, Sassafras,
Seductive,
Slight,
Soft,
Stephanotis,
Sulphur,
Starch,
Sweet,
Sweet-briar,
Tea-rose,
Treacle and
Very Sweet.

 

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