Ivydene Gardens Plants:
Rabbit-Resistant List

and Deer-Resistant Links

Rabbits are a serious problem in many rural gardens and in some urban ones as well.

The only way of stopping them eating your plants is to have a rabbit-resistant fence round your entire garden. A trench 1 foot deep (300mm) and 1 foot across should be dug out along the outside of the proposed fence. 0.9 metre wide with 13mm mesh galvanized wire net should be placed down the vertical 1 foot trench side where the fence posts are located and also laid 1 foot across the bottom of the trench away from your garden before the remaining 300mm is attached to the posts above the ground level. The trench should then be refilled either with the earth that came out of it or with Type I Roadstone and compacted. Another roll of 0.9 metre wide with 13mm mesh galvanized wire net should then be attached to the fence posts and overlap the first one by 6" (150mm). To make sure that they do not jump over the resulting fence, put barbed wire or razor wire on the top of the fence.

A rabbit tends to eat the bark of trees/shrubs close to the ground. If it succeeds in eating a strip of bark and the cambium layer underneath all the way round the main trunk, then the tree/shrub above will die. Late Winter/Spring is the time when the young are being produced and mum wants some extra material to help her!!!

Humane traps are available but gardeners have reported that the following plants do show some resistance, especially when mature.

The rabbit-resistant plant list is sorted in the following table under the following height of plant range:-


below 24 inches (60 cms) in height
between 24 and 72 inches (60 - 180 cms) in height
above 72 inches (180 cms) in height
* in the Height column indicates no entry in Plant Name pages
 

Plant Name

with link to mail-order nursery in UK

Height x Spread in inches (cms)
Plants below 24 inches (60 cms) in Height

The Rabbit Welfare Association & Fund (RWAF) has existed since 1996 and is the combined effort of the Rabbit Welfare Association and its charity partner, the Rabbit Welfare Fund, working to improve the lives of domestic rabbits across the UK through education and communication by making people realise that rabbits are intelligent creatures that need space, exercise, companionship and stimulation and are not to be bought on a whim.

Sadly, despite being the third most popular pets in Britain, rabbits are still one of the most neglected domestic animals.

A huge proportion of rabbits live out their days in a small hutch with little or no exercise, or are unwanted and discarded onto rescue centres that are already bursting at the seams. Most cases of cruelty and neglect towards rabbits are out of ignorance; people often don't realise they are doing anything wrong because they haven’t done enough research into rabbit care and wellbeing before choosing to buy a pet rabbit.

As well as being an animal welfare agency, the RWAF also offers members the support needed to give their rabbits the best lives possible and have a huge wealth of experience to share with you.

 

Other plants relatively resistant to rabbits and rabbit proof plant.

Ajuga reptans 'Burgundy Glow'
Ajuga reptans 'Catlins Giant'
Ajuga reptans 'Rainbow'
Alchemilla alpina
Alchemilla erythropoda
Alchemilla mollis (Lady's Mantle)
Anemone blanda 'Atrocaerulea'
Anemone coronaria
Aquilegia alpina (Columbine)
Aster (See Plant Name A page)
Astilbe (See Plant Name A page)
Azalea (See Plant Name A page)
Berberis (See Plant Name B page)
Bergenia (See Plant Name B page)
Brunnera macrophylla 'Dawson's White'
Campanula (See Plant Name C page)
Cerastium tomentosum (Snow-in-Summer)
Chionodoxa (Glory-of-the-Snow)
Chrysanthemum parthenium (Feverfew)
Clematis (See Plant Name C page)
Colchicum (Autumn Crocus)
Convallaria majalis (Lily-of-the-Valley)
(See Plant Name C page)
Cotoneaster (See Plant Name C page)
Cyclamen (See Plant Name C page)
Dahlia
Daphne (See Plant Name D page)
Eranthis
Eranthis hyemalis (Winter Aconite)
Erica (Heather) (See Plant Name E page)
Euonymus (See Plant Name E page)
Euphorbia (Spurge) (See Plant Name E page)
Fuchsia 'Tom Thumb'
Galanthus
Galanthus nivalis (Common Snowdrop)
Gaultheria procumbens
Geraniums (Cranesbill) (See Plant Name G page)
Glaucium flavum (Yellow Horned Poppy)
Helianthemum (Rock Rose) (See Plant Name H page)
Helichrysum italicum subsp. serotinum
Helleborus (See Plant Name H page)
Hemerocallis 'Mini Pearl'
Hepatica nobilis
Heuchera (See Plant Name H page)
Hosta (See Plant Name H page)
Hyacinthoides (See Plant Name H page)
Hyacinthus (Hyacinth)
Hypericum (See Plant Name H page)
Impatiens
Kniphofia (See Plant Name K page)
Lamium (See Plant Name L page)
Leucojum (Snowflake)
Liriope muscari
Meconopsis quintuplinervia
Mimulus (See Plant Name M page)
Muscari (Grape Hyacinth)
Myosotis (Forget-me-not)
Narcissus (Daffodil/Narcissus)
Nepeta (Catmint) (See Plant Name N page)
Omphalodes cappadocica
Ophiopogon planiscapus 'Nigrescens'
Osteospermum jucundum
Oxalis (See Plant Name O page)
Papaver nudicaule (Iceland Poppy)
Phlox stolonifera
Phormium tenax 'Bronze Baby'
Polemonium (Jacob's Ladder)
Polygonum affine 'Donald Lowndes'
Potentilla (See Plant Name P page)
Potentilla fruticosa 'Manchu'
Primula veris (Cowslip)
Primulas (See Plant Name P page)
Pulmonaria (See Plant Name P page)
Rosmarinus officinalis 'Prostratus'
Ruscus hypoglossum
Santolina chamaecyparissus (Cotton Lavender)
Saxifraga x urbium (London Pride)
Scabiosa graminifolia
Spiraea (See Plant Name S page)
Strawberries
Symphytum (See Plant Name S page)
Tagetes (Marigold)
Thymus (Thyme) (See Plant Name T page)
Trillium (Wood Lily) (See Plant Name T page)
Tritonia
Trollius (Globe Flower)
Tulipa (Tulip)
Verbascum dumulosum
Verbena 'Sissinghurst'
Vinca (See Plant Name V page)
Yucca flaccida (See Plant Name XYZ page)

6 x 24 (15 x 60)
6 x 24 (15 x 60)
6 x 24 (15 x 60)
4 x 18 (10 x 45)
8 x 8 (20 x 20)
20 x 20 (50 x 50)
6 x 6 (15 x 15)
15 x 6 (37 x 15)
18 x 12 (45 x 30)
.
.
.
.
.
18 x 24 (45 x 60)
.
3 x 24 (7 x 60)
*
18 x 12 (45 x 30)*
.
*
.
.
.
.
*
.
*
2 x 3 (5 x 7)
.
.
20 x 20 (50 x 50)
*
4 x 4 (10 x 10)
4 x 12 (10 x 30)
.
*
.
6 x 6 (15 x 15)
.
16 x 16 (40 x 40)
*
.
.
.
*
.
*
.
.
*
12 x 18 (30 x 45)
18 x 12 (45 x 30)
.
*
*
*
.
10 x 16 (25 x 40)
9 x 12 (23 x 30)
12 x 24 (30 x 60)
.
*
6 x 12 (15 x 30)
18 x 18 (45 x 45)
*
5 x 6 (12 x 15)
.
12 x 30 (30 x 75)
*
.
.
6 x 12 (15 x 30)
18 x 36 (45 x 90)
20 x 36 (50 x 90)
12 x indefinite (30 x indefinite)
10 x 12 (25 x 30)
.
*
.
*
.
.
*
*
*
10 x 16 (25 x 40)
8 x 36 (20 x 90)
.
.
.

Plant Name

Height x Spread in inches (cms)
Plants between 24 and 72 inches (60 - 180 cms) in Height

Acanthus mollis (Bear's Breeches)
Aconitum 'Newry Blue' (Monkshood)
Aconitum x cammarum 'Bressingham Spire'
Anaphalis margaritacea (Pearl Everlasting)
Anemone x hybrida
Aster (See Plant Name A page)
Astilbe (See Plant Name A page)
Aucuba japonica (See Plant Name A page)
Azalea (See Plant Name A page)
Berberis (See Plant Name B page)
Betula (See Plant Name B page)
Borago officinalis (Borage)
Buxus spp (Box)(See range in Plant Name B page)
Campanula (Bellflower)(See Plant Name C page)
Cardiocrinum cordatum,giganteum and
var. yunnanense varieties
Ceanothus (See Plant Name C page)
Chelidonium majus 'Flore Pleno' (Greater Celandine)
Cistus (Rock Rose)(See Plant Name C page)
Clematis (See Plant Name C page)
Corydalis nobilis
Cotoneaster (See Plant Name C page)
Crocosmia (Monbretia)(See Plant Name C page)
Cynoglossum nervosum (Himalayan hound's tongue)
Dahlia
Daphne (See Plant Name D page)
Daphne mezereum
Delphinium 'Blue Jay'
Digitalis laevigata
Doronicum (Leopard's bane) (See Plant Name D page)
Echinops (Globe Thistle)
Erica (Heather) (See Plant Name E page)
Eryngium (Sea Holly) (See Plant Name E page)
Euonymus (See Plant Name E page)
Euphorbia (Spurge) (See Plant Name E page)
Fritillaria imperialis
Fuchsia 'Mrs Popple'
Geraniums (Cranesbill) (See Plant Name G page)
Hedera (Ivy) (See Plant Name H page)
Helenium autumnale (Sneezeweed)
Helianthus (Sunflower) (See Plant Name H page)
Helichrysum splendidum
Helleborus (See Plant Name H page)
Hemerocallis (Day Lily) (See Plant Name H page)
Hesperis matronalis (Sweet Rocket)
Heuchera 'Green Ivory'
Hosta (See Plant Name H page)
Hydrangea (See Plant Name H page)
Hypericum (See Plant Name H page)
Impatiens
Iris (See Plant Name I page)
Iris foetidissima (Stinking Iris)
Kniphofia (See Plant Name K page)
Lamium galeobdolon (Yellow Archangel)
Lavatera (See Plant Name L page)
Leucojum (Snowflake)
Lonicera (Honeysuckle) (See Plant Name L page)
Lunaria rediviva (Perennial Honesty)
Lupinus (Lupin) (See Plant Name L page)
Lychnis chalcedonica (Jerusalem Cross, Maltese Cross)
Mahonia aquifolium (Oregon Grape)
(See Plant Name M page)
Malva moschata (Mallow)
Meconopsis paniculata
Mimulus ringens
Mirabilis jalapa (Four O'Clock Flower, Marvel of Peru)
Nicotiana alata (Tobacco Plant)
Olearia (See Plant Name O page)
Paeonia (See Plant Name P page)
Papaver orientale (Poppy)
Philadelphus 'Manteau d'Hermine'
Phormium tenax 'Yellow Wave'
Polygonatum (See Plant Name P page)
Potentilla (See Plant Name P page)
Potentilla fruticosa (See Plant Name P page)
Primulas (See Plant Name P page)
Ranunculus (See Plant Name R page)
Rhododendron (See Plant Name R page)
Ribes (See Plant Name R page)
Rosmarinus officinalis 'Aureus'
Ruscus hypophyllum
Ruscus aculeatus (Butchers Broom)
Ruta (Rue) (See Plant Name R page)
Salvia x superba (Sage)
Santolina (See Plant Name S page)
Skimmia (See Plant Name S page)
Solidago (Golden Rod)
Spiraea (See Plant Name S page)
Symphoricarpus albus var. laevigatus(Snowberry)
Thalictrum (Meadow Rue)
Tritonia
Trollius (Globe Flower)
Verbascum (See Plant Name V page)
Viburnum (See Plant Name V page)
Viburnum opulus 'Compactum' (Guelder Rose)
Yucca flaccida 'Ivory'

60 x 36 (150 x 90)
60 x 12 (150 x 30)
36 x 12 (90 x 30)
24 x 24 (60 x 60)
48 x indefinite (120 x indefinite)
.
.
.
.
.
.
24 x 18 (60 x 45)
.
.
.
*
.
24 x 8 (60 x 20)*
.
.
24 x 18 (60 x 45)
.
.
24 x 24 (60 x 60)*
*
.
48 x 36 (120 x 90)
60 x 12 (150 x 30)
36 x 18 (90 x 45)
.
*
.
.
.
60 x 12 (150 x 30)
60 x 30 (150 x 75)
.
.
*
.
48 x 48 (120 x 120)
.
.
36 x 18 (90 x 45)
30 x 30 (75 x 75)
.
.
.
*
.
24 x 6 (60 x 15)
.
24 x indefinite (60 x indefinite)
.
*
.
30 x 12 (75 x 30)
.
*
.
72 x 24 (180 x 60)
.
36 x 12 (90 x 30)
*
*
60 x 12 (150 x 30)
.
24 x 30 (60 x 75)
30 x 60 (75 x 150)
36 x 36 (90 x 90)
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
60 x 60 (150 x 150)
24 x 36 (60 x 90)
30 x 30 (75 x 75)
.
*
.
.
*
.
*
*
*
*
*
.
.
60 x 60 (150 x 150)
24 x 30 (60 x 75)
.

Plant Name

Height x Spread in inches (cms)
Plants above 72 inches (180 cms) in Height

Alcea rosea (Hollyhock)
Alnus cordata (Italian Alder)
Alnus viridis (Green Alder)
Araucaria araucana (Monkey Puzzle Tree)
Arbutus menziesii
Arbutus unedo (Strawberry Tree)
Azalea (See Plant Name A page)
Berberis (Barberry) (See Plant Name B page)
Betula (Birch)(See Plant Name B page)
Buddleia davidii(See Plant Name B page)
Buddleia globosa
Buddleia officinalis
Ceanothus (See Plant Name C page)
Choisya ternata (Mexican Orange Blossom)
Clematis (See Plant Name C page)
Cotoneaster (See Plant Name C page)
Crocosmia (Monbretia)(See Plant Name C page)
Echinops (Globe Thistle)
Eleagnus (See Plant Name E page)
Erica (Heather) (See Plant Name E page)
Eucalyptus (Gum Tree) (See Plant Name E page)
Euonymus (See Plant Name E page)
Hedera (Ivy) (See Plant Name H page)
Helianthus annuus (Sunflower)
Hydrangea anomala ssp. Petiolaris
Impatiens
Kalmia latifolia (Calico Bush)
Laburnum
Laurus nobilis (Sweet Bay, Bay Laurel)
Lonicera (Honeysuckle) (See Plant Name L page)
Olearia macrodonta (Daisy Bush)
Onopordon nervosum
Paeonia (Peony) (See Plant Name P page)
Philadelphus (See Plant Name P page)
Phormium tenax 'Purpureum'
Phytolacca americana (Red-ink Plant)
Pinus nigra (Black Pine)
Prunus spinosa (Blackthorn, Sloe)
Rhododendron
Sambucus (See Plant Name S page)
Syringa vulgaris (Lilac) (See Plant Name S page)
Viburnum (See Plant Name V page)
Viburnum tinus (See Plant Name V page)
 

84 x 24 (210 x 60)
960 x 240 (2400 x 600)
120 x 72 (300 x 180)
720 x 300 (1800 x 750)
300 x 300 (750 x 750)
.
.
.
180 x 180 (450 x 450)
96 x 96 (240 x 240)
.
96 x 96 (240 x 240)
.
.
.
.
*
.
.
.
*
600 x 240 (1500 x 600)
*
120 x 120 (300 x 300)
*
480 x 360 (1200 x 900)
.
.
240 x 180 (600 x 450)
108 x 36 (270 x 90)
.
.
84 x 36 (210 x 90)
*
*
*
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

 

The Monroe County Alliance for Wildlife Protection Guide to DEER PROOFING YOUR GARDEN in 5 Easy Steps provides practical deterrent procedures.

The Deer Repellent Organic Garden by keeping deer off your plants by growing this offensive to the deer mix.

Lists of Trees, Shrubs, Perennials, Annuals and Biennials that white-tailed:-

  • deer generally prefer to eat
  • deer sometimes eat and
  • deer generally dislike.

Resistance of Ornamentals to Deer Damage by John W. Lett of the Cooperative Extension Service University of Maryland, USA.

Site design and content copyright ©December 2006. Page structure changed September 2012. Height x Spread in feet changed to Height x Spread in inches (cms) June 2015. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

 

Height in inches (cms):-

25.4mm = 1 inch
304.8mm = 12 inches
12 inches = 1 foot
3 feet = 1 yard
914.4mm = 1 yard

I normally round this to
25mm = 1 inch
300mm = 30 cms = 12 inches =1 foot,
900 mm = 3 feet = 1 yard and
1000mm = 100 cms = 1 metre = 40 inches

 

Topic
Case Studies
Companion Planting
Garden Construction
Garden Design
Garden Maintenance
Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary

Plants *

Soil
Tool Shed
Useful Data

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
Bulb
Climber
Colour Wheel
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
Herb
Odds and Sods

Rhododendron
Rose
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Vegetable
Wild Flower

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly

.

PLANTS PAGE
MENU
Introduction
Site Map
 

PLANT USE
Plant Selection
Level 1
Attracts Bird/Butterfly
Photos - Butterfly

Bee Pollinated Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers
Photos - Bloom per Month

Groundcover Height
0-24 inches
(0-60 cms)

24-72 inches
(60-180 cms)

Above 72 inches
(180 cms)

 

Poisonous Cultivated and UK Wildflower Plants with Photos
or
Cultivated Poisonous Plants

or
Wildflower Poisonous Plants


Rabbit-Resistant Plant
Flower Arranging
Wildflower
Photos - Wildflowers

 


PLANTS FOR SOIL
Plant Selection
Level 2
Info - Any Soil
Plants - Any Soil A-F
Plants - Any Soil G-L
Plants - Any Soil M-R
Plants - Any Soil S-Z

Info
- Chalky Soil
Plants - Chalky Soil A-F
Plants - Chalky Soil G-L
Plants - Chalky Soil M-R
Plants - Chalky Soil S-Z

Info - Clay Soil
Plants - Clay Soil A-F
Plants - Clay Soil G-L
Plants - Clay Soil M-R
Plants - Clay Soil S-Z

Info - Lime-Free Soil
Plants - Lime-Free Soil A-F
Plants - Lime-Free Soil G-L
Plants - Lime-Free Soil M-R
Plants - Lime-Free Soil S-Z

Info - Sandy Soil
Plants - Sandy Soil A-F
Plants - Sandy Soil G-L
Plants - Sandy Soil M-R
Plants - Sandy Soil S-Z

Info - Peaty Soils
Plants - Peaty Soil A-F
Plants - Peaty Soil G-L
Plants - Peaty Soil M-R
Plants - Peaty Soil S-Z

Following parts of Level 2a,
Level 2b,
Level 2c and
Level 2d are included in separate columns
together with
Acid Soil,
Alkaline Soil,
Any Soil,
Height and Spread,
Flowering Months and
Flower Colour in their Columns,
and also
Companion Plants to aid this plant Page,
Alpine Plant for Rock Garden Index Page
Native to UK WildFlower Plant in its Family Page in this website

and/or
Level 2cc
in the Comment Column
within each
of the Soil Type Pages of
Level 2

PLANTS PAGE MENU

 


Plant Selection by Plant Requirements
Level 2a
Sun aspect, Moisture


Plant Selection by Form
Level 2b
Tree Growth Shape
Shrub/Perennial Growth Habit


Plant Selection by Garden Use
Level 2c
Bedding
Photos - Bedding
Bog Garden
Coastal Conditions
Containers in Garden
Front of Border
Hanging Basket
Hedge
Photos - Hedging
Pollution Barrier
Rest of Border
Rock Garden
Photos - Rock Garden
Thorny Hedge
Windbreak
Woodland


Plant Selection by Garden Use
Level 2cc Others
Aquatic
Back of Shady Border
Crevice Garden
Desert Garden
Raised Bed
Scree Bed
Specimen Plant
Trees for Lawns
Trees for Small Garden
Wildflower
Photos - Wildflowers


Plant Selection by Plant Type
Level 2d
Alpine
Photos - Evergr Per
Photos - Herbac Per
Photos - RHS Herbac
Photos - Rock Garden
Annual
Bamboo
Photos - Bamboo
Biennial

Bulb
Photos - Bulb
Climber
Photos - Climber
Conifer
Deciduous Rhizome
Deciduous Shrub
Photos - Decid Shrub
Evergreen Perennial
Photos - Evergr Per
Evergreen Shrub
Photos - Evergr Shrub
Fern
Photos - Fern
Fruit Plant
Grass
Herb
Herbaceous Perennial
Photos - Herbac Per
Remaining Top Fruit
Soft Fruit
Sub-Shrub
Top Fruit
Tuber
Vegetable
Photos - Vegetable

 

 

 

 

Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines

PLANTS PAGE MENU

 


REFINING SELECTION
Plant Selection by
Flower Colour
Level 3a
Blue Flowers
Photos - Bedding
Photos - Bulb
Photos - Climber
Photos - Evergr Per
Photos - Evergr Shrub
Photos - Wild Flower

Orange Flowers
Photos - Bedding
Photos - Wild Flower

Other Colour Flowers
Photos - Bedding
Photos - Bulb
Photos - Climber
Photos - Evergr Per
Photos - Evergr Shrub
Photos - Wild Flower

Red Flowers
Photos - Bedding
Photos - Bulb
Photos - Climber
Photos - Decid Shrub
Photos - Evergr Per
Photos - Evergr Shrub
Photos - Herbac Per
Photos - Rose
Photos - Wild Flower

White Flowers
Photos - Bedding
Photos - Bulb
Photos - Climber
Photos - Decid Shrub
Photos - Decid Tree
Photos - Evergr Per
Photos - Evergr Shrub
Photos - Herbac Per
Photos - Rose
Photos - Wild Flower

Yellow Flowers
Photos - Bedding
Photos - Bulb
Photos - Climber
Photos - Decid Shrub
Photos - Evergr Per
Photos - Evergr Shrub
Photos - Herbac Per
Photos - Rose
Photos - Wild Flower


Photos - 53 Colours in its Colour Wheel Gallery

Photos - 12 Flower Colours per Month in its Bloom Colour Wheel Gallery


Plant Selection by Flower Shape
Level 3b
Photos - Bedding
Photos - Evergr Per
Photos - Herbac Per


Plant Selection by Foliage Colour
Level 3c
Aromatic Foliage
Finely Cut Leaves
Large Leaves
Other
Non-Green Foliage 1
Non-Green Foliage 2
Sword-shaped Leaves

 


PRUNING
Plant Selection by Pruning Requirements
Level 4
Pruning Plants

 


GROUNDCOVER PLANT DETAIL
Plant Selection Level 5
Plant Name - A
Plant Name - B
Plant Name - C
Plant Name - D
Plant Name - E
Plant Name - F
Plant Name - G
Plant Name - H
Plant Name - I
Plant Name - J
Plant Name - K
Plant Name - L
Plant Name - M
Plant Name - N
Plant Name - O
Plant Name - P
Plant Name - Q
Plant Name - R
Plant Name - S
Plant Name - T
Plant Name - U
Plant Name - V
Plant Name - W
Plant Name - XYZ

 


Then, finally use
COMPANION PLANTING to
aid your plant selected or to
deter Pests
Plant Selection Level 6

 

To locate mail-order nursery for plants from the UK in this gallery try using search in RHS Find a Plant.

To locate plants in the European Union (EU) try using Search Term in Gardens4You and Meilland Richardier in France.

To locate mail-order nursery for plants from America in this gallery try using search in Plant Lust.

To locate plant information in Australia try using Plant Finder in Gardening Australia.