Ivydene Gardens Infill2 Plants Index Gallery:
Plants for Cut Flowers in February


Links in Table below are available in Shrub Tree Shape Index Gallery

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Click on number in cells below to jump to that page detailing those cultivated plants with that plant type and their botanical name starts with that letter.

Click on or underlined text to jump to page comparing flower thumbnails of that blue colour.
is Red, Pink, Purple and is Unusual or Other Flower Colour.

Plant Type
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Annual/ Biennial




















Bedding and RHS Mixed Border Beds


Other Flower Colours

White / Colour Bicolour

Bulb and
Allium / Anemone, Colchicum / Crocus, Dahlia, Gladiolus, Narcissus, Tulip



















Deciduous Shrub






Deciduous Tree










Evergreen Perennial






Evergreen Shrub , Semi-Evergreen Shrub and Heather






Evergreen Tree






























Herbaceous Perennial and RHS Mixed Border Beds















Odds and Sods










Rhododendron, Azalea, Camellia














Soft Fruit




















Top Fruit




















Plants used by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterflies in the UK

Shrub and Small Tree

Botanical Names Page

Common Names Page

Companion Planting
























Pest Control by Companion Planting

The following 2 books (written by Louise Riotte 1909-1998 who was one of North America's most beloved gardeners) provide a wealth of extra information telling you what plants to put together for what purpose and how it does it (The only wasted information on each page is the page number!!!):-

Carrots love Tomatoes: Secrets of Companion Planting for Successful Gardening by Louise Riotte Second Edition (Storey Publishing 1998) ISBN-13: 978-1-58017-027-7

Roses love Garlic: Companion Planting and other Secrets of Flowers by Loiuse Riotte Second Edition (Storey Publishing 1998)
ISBN 1-58017-028-5

Ivydene Gardens Infill2 Plants Index Gallery:
Plants for Cut Flowers in February

Botanical Plant Name

with link to
UK or
European Union
mail-order supplier for you to contact to buy this plant

Flower Colour
and Background Colour nearest to main petal colour from 212 foliage colours /

followed by
Sun Aspect:- Full Sun,
Part Shade, Full Shade

with link to external website for photo/data

Flowering Months in UK

with link to
USA or
mail-order supplier

Height with Spacings or Width (W) in inches (cms)

1 inch =
2.5 cms
12 inches = 30 cms
40 inches = 100 cms

Foliage Colour

and Background Colour nearest to middle-aged leaf colour from 212 foliage colours /

followed by
Soil Moisture:-

with link to Australia or New Zealand mail-order supplier

Plant Type is:-

A for Aquatic
Ann for Annual / Biennial
Ba for Bamboo
Bu for Bulb
Cl for Climber
Co for Conifer
F for Fern
G for Grass
H for Herb
P for Perennial
Rh for Rhodo-dendron, Azalea, Camellia
Ro for Rose
Sh for Shrub
So for Soft Fruit
To for Top Fruit
Tr for Tree
V for Vegetable
W for Wildflower

followed by:-
E for Evergreen,
D for Deciduous,
H for Herbaceous,
Alpine for being an Alpine as well as being 1 of above Plant Type /

Acid for Acidic,
Alk for Alkaline,
Any for AnySoil

with link to
ALL PLANTS Index Gallery page


Adjacent Planting

Plant Associations

It is sad to reflect that in England so few gardens open to the public label their plants or label them so that the label is visible when that plant is in flower, so that visitors can identify; and then later locate and purchase that plant.

Few mail-order nurseries provide the detail as shown in my rose or heather galleries.

If you want to sell a product, it is best to display it. When I sold my Transit van, I removed its signage, cleaned it and took photos of the inside and outside before putting them onto an advert in Autotrader amongst more than 2000 other Transit vans - it was sold in 20 minutes.

If mail-order nurseries could put photos to the same complexity from start of the year to its end with the different foliage colours and stages of flowering on Wikimedia Commons, then the world could view the plant before buying it, and idiots like me would have valid material to work with.

I have been in the trade (until ill health forced my Sole Trader retirement in 2013) working in designing, constructing and maintaining private gardens for decades and since 2005 when this site was started, I have asked any nursery in the world to supply photos. R.V. Roger in Yorkshire allowed me to use his photos from his website in 2007 and when I got a camera to spend 5 days in July 2014 at my expense taking photos of his roses growing in his nursery field, whilst his staff was propagating them. I gave him a copy of those photos.


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Anemones (Windflower, wood anemone is a member of the Wildflower Buttercup Family)

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Many different colours

Spring blooming anemones do best in part shade. Fall bloomers thrive in full sun to part shade.

The sea anemone represents a clownfish's territory. Once established, It is rarely abandoned and clownfish will not venture far from it. The sea anemones stinging tentacles provide a safe haven for the clown when danger approaches. In return the clown fish helps the anemone by cleaning its tentacles of detritus, and possibly running off potential predators.

12-24 x
(30-40 x )

Anemones like soil that is deep and rich, with plenty of well-decayed manure, so that it holds moisture, but is also well-drained.


Tuberous-rooted or herbaceous perennials

Propagate tuberous-rooted anemones by seeds sown in prepared beds in January or in July. The best varieties should be taken up annually and offsets removed for propagation, but others are usually left undisturbed.
Best Tuberous Varieties:-

  • Anemone coronaria (poppy anemone), spring flowering, various colours
  • Anemone hortensis fulgens (Anemone hortensis, scarlet windflower), spring. (Best for naturalizing)
  • Anemone nemorosa (wood anemone is a member of the Wildflower Buttercup Family), spring, white (Use under deciduous shrubs or trees)
  • Anemone nemorosa robinsoniana, a good subject for the rock garden; sky blue
  • Anemone blanda, blue, winter flowering
  • Anemone palmata, yellow, likes peaty soil, 6 inches (15 cms), May

Herbaceous Varieties:-

  • Anemone alpina, 6 inches (15 cms), white
  • Anemone pulsatilla (Pasque Flower), purple, spring
  • Anemone sylvestris, the snowdrop-flowered anemone. This dislikes cold soils
  • Anemone hepatica, spring, flowering various colours
  • Anemone japonica, September-flowering perennial 24 inches (60 cms) in height, very useful for mixed borders. In addition to the white form, rose shades are now offered.

To make up an ideal bed for cultivation of these flowers, dig out 18 inches (45 cms) of soil. Put in a 6 inch (15 cms) layer of cow dung. Then refill the bed with good fresh loam. On this can be sown the seed, which must first be separated carefully so that it is evenly distributed. Generally the plants will flower the same season, but only the best kinds for exhibition should be retained for the following year. Never let the plants lack moisture, but do not let water become stagnant in the soil or the leaves will become distorted and swollen.
When planting, put the tubers 2-3 inches (5-7.5 cms) deep in soil similar to that of the seed bed described above, i.e.soil containing good loam, and rotted cow dung, with a quantity of sand.
Anemones will not usually respond to much forcing, but they may be potted in September, and grown in a cold frame or pit until spring, when they may be removed to the greenhouse. In this way excellent pot blooms may be obtained.

Zantedeschia aethiopica (Arum Lily, Richardia africana)

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All parts of this plant are poisonous



After flowering period is over the plants should be stood outside until the following autumn, and must never be allowed to become dry during the hot weather. Use Pest Control plant against greenfly.

20-40 x 4-20 (50-100 x 10-50)

Grow in planting baskets in heavy loam soil in water up to 30cm deep, in full sun as a marginal plant. Protect overwintering plants by placing baskets in a frost-free environment.
Grow in pots in greenhouse

Greenhouse herbaceous or semi-evergreen perennial

Culture: 2 parts rich fibrous loam, equal parts leaf-mould and sharp sand. Repot annually in the autumn and stand in cold frame until October, when they should be removed to the greenhouse; temperature, 40 degrees Fahrenheit (4.5 degrees Centigrade). Water moderately until early spring by keeping it just moist, then freely, giving weak stimulants to plants showing flower spathe.

Propagate by division in the spring.

Zantedeschia aethiopica is the one chiefly grown, and is much prized for its white bloom for church and other decorations at Easter. Other species are:-
Zantedeschia albomaculata, white, leaves spotted white;
Zantedeschia elliotiana, yellow;
Zantedeschia pentlandii, yellow;
Zantedeschia rehmannii, purple.


Zantedeschia aethiopica at Château de Cheverny, Loir-et-Cher, France - gardens, Zantedeschien. By Manfred Heyde, via Wikimedia Commons

Rhododendron calendulaceum, Rhododendron indicum, Rhododendron nudiflorum, Rhododendron obtusum, Rhododendron occidentale, Rhododendron Schlippen-bachii, Rhododendron vaseyi and their varieties (Azalea)

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Rhododendron calendulaceum - Botanical specimen in Arnold Arboretum, Jamaica Plain, Boston, Massachusetts, USA taken on 27 May 2013, 09:40:27. By Daderot, via Wikimedia Commons


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International Camellia Society






An evergreen flowering shrub for growing in pots or tubs, a good compost is medium turfy loam and peat in equal proportions, kept porous with plenty of sharp silver sand. A peaty loam is most suitable for outdoor culture. Propagation may be effected by seed, grafting, or layering, the 2 latter methods being most suitable for amateurs.
Culture - Grafting is best done in the early spring, the stock usually employed being C. japonica, this being the hardiest species. Maiden plants of this stock should be cut down to within 2-3 inches (5-7.5 cms) of the base, and the selected variety grafted thereon.
Uses - As the Camellia blooms early (February to May) the flowers are frequently ruined by frost in the open. The plants are, therefore, more suited for conservatory decoration, either set out in beds or placed in large pots and tubs.

The best of the species are probably
C. japonica magnoliaeflora and
C. reticulata (New Zealand Camellia Society Inc).
Of garden hybrids the following are excellent, prominence being given to single flowered sorts:
C. japonica Apollo,
C. japonica Donckelaarii,
C. japonica Jupiter,
C. sasanqua Snowflake, and Waltham Glory.


Deutsch: Camellia japonica, Kamelie, Schloss Pillnitz, Dresden. By Brücke-Osteuropa, via Wikimedia Commons

Scilla bifolia (Chionodoxa)

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Two-leaf squill - Scilla bifolia. Taken in the Waldpark in Mannheim-Neckarau, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. By Andreas Eichler, via Wikimedia Commons - the license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/deed.en) " Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC BY-SA 4.0)"

Cornus mas (Cornelian Cherry)

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Cornus mas, Cornaceae, European Cornel , inflorescences; Karlsruhe, Germany. The bark is used in homeopathy as remedy: Cornus mas (Corn-m.). By H. Zell, via Wikimedia Commons


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Propagation and other details in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery.






Culture - Any good fairly light garden soil suits the crocus. It is obvious that the autumn and winter flowering varieties must be planted in June or July, and that warm, sheleterd nooks should be chosen if they are to be seen at their best. Failing this, they should have the protection of a cold frame. 2 or 3 frames 72 x 48 inches (180 x 120 cms), with autumn and winter species of Crocus planted out in them, afford almost constant bloom all through the darkest days of the year, if the selection is well made (there are some with photos in Colchicum and Crocus Gallery). Some of the early --->

spring flowering species, such as Crocus sieberi, do vary well in pots, if grown from start to finish with a minimum of heat and plenty of air. Dorothea, a Dutch variety, is also exceptionally good as a pot plant.
Spring-flowering -
Crocus aureas (C. flavus) - golden-yellow.
C. biflorus - white-feathered violet.
C. chrysanthus - shades of yellow, but varies a great deal.
C. Imperati - purple, outside fawn.
C. tommasinianus - lavender.
C. sieberi - bluey-lilac.
C. susianus - deep yellow or dark orange, with brown flames on the exterior.


Crocus chrysanthus 'Goldilocks' at a Crocus exhibition in the greenhouses at Gothenburg Botanical Garden the spring 2016. By Averater, via Wikimedia Commons

Cyclamen coum (Sowbread)

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See further details on Cyclamen in the Cut Flowers in February Page and from The Cyclamen Society.






The hardy kinds of cyclamen will grow quite well in fairly rich soil containing plenty of leaf-mould, and are particularly happy in a shady pocket of the rock garden, or in turf under trees.
The tubers can be planted in August or September 2-3 inches (5-7.5 cms) apart and 1.5 inches (3.75 cms) deep. A top-dressing of heavy manure and rich soil annually after the leaves die down will prove of great benefit.

Amongst the various hardy cyclamen the variety C. europoeum, which has scented flowers of crimson-red in autumn, is one of the most easily grown. C. coum should be chosen for the shadiest side of the rock garden. This flowers in February and March and makes a valuable addition to the winter garden. C. neapolitanum( C. hederifolium), producing a number of rosy-pink flowers followed by large silver-marbled foliage is another useful variety.


Cyclamen coum. By Kurt Stüber, via Wikimedia Commons


Cyclamen for the Greenhouse - Height 9-12 inches (22.5-30 cms)
Soil - Turfy loam, peat and leaf-mould in about equal parts, with some rough silver-sand. Propagate by sowing seeds in the autumn in pots or pans.
Culture - Sandy loam, peat, and a little leaf-mould should be used till the seedlings are potted off individually. Cover the seeds lightly, keeping the soil shaded and uniformly moist till germination takes place. A temperature of 65 degrees Fahrenheit (18.3 degrees Celsius) is suitable. As soon as the first rough leaf is formed, pot the young plants into "thumbs" and transfer later to 3 inch (7.5 cms) pots. About midsummer the final shift should be given into 5.5 or 6 inch (13.75-15 cms) pots. At this stage a moist atmosphere is beneficial, and, if the weather is dry, syringing after sundown will greatly aid development. The plants will bloom from about mid-November till early in March. During the summer, shading from direct sun heat is essential, and as the flowering period approaches, it is desirable to give occasional doses of weak liquid manure; sheep manure giving, perhaps, the best results. A temperature of about 55-60 degrees Fahrenheit (13-15.5 degrees Celcius) is required while the plants are in bloom. Greenfly (You could try Chervil (Anthriscus cerefolium) planted alongside the Cyclamen to deter the greenfly - see Companion Planting Pest Control Page) and thrip are sometimes troublesome, but fumigation will keep the former in check, and the latter will not develop into a pest if the house is kept moist as advised.
Varieties - Cherry Ripe, Crimson St. George, Giant White, Mrs. A. Buckstone, Mrs. L. M. Greaves, Salmon Queen.

Cyclamen for the Rock Garden
The hardy section of this genus includes many species valuable for the rock garden and shady fern border, though none is suitable for the perennial border. The foliage is in most cases marbled with silver. Propagation by means of seeds sown in a little heat in spring is easy. The plants thrive best in shady corners amongst other low-growing plants and those described below are undoubtedly the best.
Cyclamen coum - This has dark-green kidney-shaped leaves. Flowers crimson. Site shade. Soil sandy loam. It is a flowering bulb or corm blooming from January to March. Height, 3 inches (7.5 cms).
C. coum album - has white flowers.
C. europaeum - Leaves large, faintly zoned with silver. Flowers crimson, sweetly scented. Site shade, Soil sandy loam. Flowering period, August to November. Height, 3 inches (7.5 cms).
C. hederaefolium - Syn, C. repandum.
C. ibericum (Syn, C. vernum) - Similar to C. coum, but leaves are zoned with white. Flowers crimson with purple blotch. Site shade. Soil sandy loam. Flowering period, January to March. Height 3 inches (7.5 cms).
C. ibericum Atkinsii has white flowers with crimson centre.
C. neapolitanum - A handsome species with marbled foliage. Flowers bright rose with violet-crimson centre. Site shade. Soil sandy loam. Flowering period, August to September. Height 4-6 inches (10-15 cms).
C. neapolitanum album has pure white flowers.
C. repandum - leaves ivy-like, with silver zone. Flowers rose-crimson. Site shade. Soil sandy loam. Flowering period, April to May. Height, 4 inches (10 cms).
C. repandum album has pure white flowers.

Chaenomeles japonica (Cydonia japonica)

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Chaenomeles japonica. Veseluvka, Jonava district, Lithuania. By Tocekas, via Wikimedia Commons

Narcissus (Daffodils)

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Further details in Bulb Narcissus Gallery , rock garden varieties and The American Daffodil Society.

The National Gardening Association has the Daffodils Database with 2,528 images of 26,395 daffodils.






Narcissi are very accommodating, and can often be used to good effect in odd corners of the garden. When they are grown in special beds they mix happily with other flowering plants such as wallflowers, forget-me-nots and primulas. Grown in beds of single variety the following are recommended:-
Conspicuus - yellow with red crown.
Emperor - pale yellow.
Empress - white and yellow.
Glory of Sassenheim - white and yellow.

Golden Spur - golden yellow.
Horace - white with red-bordered cup.
King Alfred - deepest yellow.
Lady Moore - white with red crown.
Ornatus - white with red-bordered cup.
Sir Watkin - pale yellow with darker cup.
Van Sion - double yellow.
The last named stands rainy weather well, remaining upright and showy after a storm.

The Garden.org Plants Database has 698,917 plants, and 414,671 images in this world class database of plants, which is collaboratively developed by 2,071 Garden.org members from around the globe.


Narcissus asturiensis. Sierra de la Peña de Francia, Salamanca, España. By Juan José Sánchez, via Wikimedia Commons


Narcissi are not very particular as to soil, except that it should be well drained and deeply dug before planting. Narcissi of all kinds can be naturalised in grass, and so long as the grass is not mown until after the narcissi leaves have turned yellow, the bulbs will increase from year to year. The secret of success with Narcissi is early planting. Exhibition growers put their bulbs in during August. The novice would be well advised to remember this and to order his supplies as soon as he receives his catalogues, and then to put in the Narcissus bulbs at the earliest possible opportunity.

Narcissus in pots and bowls
Practically all the varieties of Narcissus can be grown quite easily in pots or in bowls. They need no special treatment beyond potting up in rather deep containers, as the bulbs like plenty of root room.
Good loam of a somewhat sandy nature should be used in the pots so that the drainage is perfect. The bulbs can be set in position with only just the tips protruding above the soil surface. They can be quite close together so long as they do not actually touch.
At least 2-inch (5-cms) of soil should be beneath the bulbs and below that sufficient crocks to ensure good drainage in the pot. They are kept in the dark for a time in the same way as other spring-flowering bulbs, and brought gradually into more light and heat as the tops begin to develop. The "Paper White" Narcissus is probably the easiest of all flowers for the amateur to bring into bloom for Christmas. Grown throughout in a cool house-room, it will often flower before the end of November. The trumpet Daffodils and the ordinary Narcissi, will generally come into flower about February under ordinary home cultivation. If bowls and fibre are used, the bowls should be at least 4-5 inches (10-12.5 cms) deep for most Narcissi, though more shallow bowls could be used for the tiny Hoop-petticoat Narcissus and other rock garden varieties.
It is far better to grow all Narcissi under fairly cool conditions at first, but quite a number wil stand slight forcing in the later stages.
Some of the best for forcing are :
Trumpets: Christmas Glory, Colorable, Golden Spur, King Alfred.
Barrii: Conspicuus, Lady Moore.
Incompatibilis: Cardinal, Sir Watkin, Yellow Poppy.
Leedsii: White Lady.
Poeticus: Horace.
Double: Twink.
The flowers of the taller varieties will probably need staking when grown in pots, and this can best be done with very thin canes made by splitting bamboo lengthwise. These will be firmer if driven into the bulb itself, but the practice should be avoided if possible, as it damages the tissues and is therefore objectionable.

Narcissus. Dedicated to the Virgin, in common with many other white flowers - was in ancient mythology the vain, beuatiful youth, who sighed his life away at the margin of a woodland pool, for love of his own image reflected therein.

Above Narcissus types:-
"It was not until the mid-nineteenth century that daffodils were used much as garden plants. The ancient types, like the Tenby daffodil (Narcissus pseudonarcissus subsp. obvallaris), Lent lilies (N. pseudonarcissus subsp. pseudonarcissus), a yellow trumpet (N. pseudonarcissus subsp. hispanicus ‘Maximus’), and the species narcissus that naturalized throughout the English countryside, grew more like wildflowers. William Backhouse, Peter Barrs, and Edward Leeds are all given credit for popularizing daffodils. The hybrid seedlings they developed between 1840 and 1860 eventually became parents of the daffodils we grow in gardens today. These three men were country gentlemen and nurserymen—absolutely passionate about “improving” daffodils. Their early English hybrids were classified in horticultural groupings and listed in catalogs as Narcissus Leedsi, Narcissus Barri, Narcissus inconspicuous, or star daffodils, and were shipped to America for planting in public parks and in private estates like Filoli."

Daphne sericea (Daphne collina, Garland Flower)

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Culture of Hardy Species
Plant in sandy peat, or sandy sopil containing plenty of leaf-mould. Some of the drooping species are useful for the front rocks of rock gardens, other species are at home in the border or shrub bed. Plant in autumn (if planted in autumn, the roots have time during the winter to grow to provide the water and nourishment for the spring growth above) or spring.

The hardy species cultivated in borders and shrub beds include:
D. blagayana, white, flowering in March. --->

D. cneorum, the "Garland Flower", pink, May flowering. Only 12 inches (30 cms) high.
D. collina, rose, March-June, 24-36 inches (60-90 cms).
D. neapolitana, rose-purple, spring.
D. petraea, pink, June, 2-3 inches (5-7.5 cms).
D. alpina, white, May, 6-18 inches (15-45 cms). Deciduous.
D. mezereum, red or white flowers; also makes a good pot plant for the cool house.


Daphne sericea: Flowering plant taken at Århus Botanical Garden, Jutland. By Sten Porse, via Wikimedia Commons

Daphne mezereum

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(Mezereon is a member of the Wildflower Daphne Family )

Daphne mezereum is very toxic because of the compounds mezerein and daphnin present especially in the berries and twigs. If poisoned, victims experience a choking sensation.






D. mezereum is the deciduous bush often found in cottage gardens. The barest branches are smothered with fragrant pink blossoms very early in the year, followed by red berries. It will grow to a height of 60 inches (150 cms) or so. Its propagation is usually by seed, a lengthy process since it is of very short growth. The young plants flower quite early in their existence, but some years are needed to form an effective bush. Layering is difficult owing to the upright habit of the bush. Cuttings seldom root. This variety thrives in --->

ordinary garden loam. It is found in woods throughout Europe and Russian Asia. It is included among the native plants of Britain, but its occurrence in a truly wild state is rare and confined to southern countries only.


Daphne_mezereum (Dafne mezereo) Località : Noal, Trichiana (BL), 514 m s.l.m. By Enrico Blasutto, via Wikimedia Commons

Erica carnea and varieties

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The ideal soil is light, sandy peat, but ordinary sandy loam with the addition of peat or leaf-mould answers admirably. If the soil is too rich the plants become lanky, thereby loosing much of their character.
Propagation is by seeds, sown in very sandy peat in spring. If possible, get some soil from where heaths are growing wild; but cuttings are preferable. They should be taken in July and August - just tiny pieces about 0.5-1 inch (1.25-2.5 cms) in length. It is an operation requiring both patience and care. Take a pot and place therein 3-inches (7.5 cms) --->

of small crocks; upon these place a few dead leaves, half-decayed leaf-mould, or fibrous peat. Then try and obtain some soil from a heather district, where heaths are growing, pass it through a very fine-meshed sieve; and then add more fine sand. Place this mixture in the pot, to a depth of about 1 inch (2.5 cms), and then add a 1-inch of clean, coarse silver sand on top. Water the pots thoroughly, and ram the sand firm.


English: winter heath, flowers
Deutsch: Schnee-Heide, Blüten
Latina: Erica carnea, Erica herbacea. By Leo Michels, via Wikimedia Commons


The reason why soil where heaths are growing is recommended is because such soil contains the parasite that lives on and about the roots of the heather, and is essential to its wellbeing. The months of April and June are the best months to take cuttings of E. carnea and its varities, when the young tips of the shoots have made sufficient new growth. And these young shoots should be pulled downwards so that each comes off with a tiny heel, at the definitely defined junction between the old and new growth. Cuttings of the other heaths are best taken in early August, or at any time during the summer.
The pots containing the cuttings should be placed in a cold greenhouse, or garden frame, and attended to in the ordinary way.Remove at once any cuttings that become mildewed, or show signs of damping off. When the rooted cuttings have bushy roots as long as their respective tops, they are ready to pot in small separate pots, and kept therein until ready to be placed in their permanent quarters.Propagation by division, although the plants are more imposing to start with, is rarely satisfactory; indeed one may safely say that it is never satisfactory.

E. carnea (Alps of Europe), 6-10 inches (15-25 cms). Valuable for its early flowering. February to April. Flowers deep rosy-red. Award of Garden Merit, R.H.S.There are Erica carneas in Shrub Heather Gallery and in Heather Erica carnea Gallery

Garrya elliptica

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Garrya elliptica 'James Roof' — Coast silktassel cultivar. At the VanDusen Botanical Garden in Vancouver. By Stan Shebs, via Wikimedia Commons

Genista (Broom)

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Genista scorpius. Real Jardín Botánico, Madrid. By A. Barra, via Wikimedia Commons

Syringa vulgaris (Lilac)

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Full Sun

Lilac to mauve, occasionally white



Well-drained soil. Tolerant of alkaline soils

Sh D

Culture: Soil, ordinary good. Position, sunny borders or shrubberies. Plant, October to February. Prune moderately after flowering (June), removing all shoots with spent flowers, and thinning out the weaker shoots. Allow no suckers to grow from roots. The speciall coloured named varieties of the Common Lilac require feeding. Give annual dressing of bonemeal, 2 ounces per square yard (1 yard=36 inches=90 cms) in spring, or on lighter soils a generous mulch of manure or compost.

Use as colourful informal hedge.

Propagation: Named varieties by layering in spring or autumn; grafting, either on commonb lilac or on privet is sometimes practised, from such plants suckers will be either common lilac or privet. Suckers from layered plants will resemble the parent. Cuttings of all types, of half-ripened wood in cold frame, August to September. Removal of rooted suckers of common lilac or of species.

Common lilac tends to flower profusely in alternate years, a habit that can be improved by deadheading the flower clusters after the color has faded and before seeds, few of which are fertile, form. At the same time, twiggy growth on shoots that have flowered more than once or twice can be cut to a strong, outward-growing side shoot.


Syringa vulgaris in Bothanic Garden, Poznań. By Radomil talk, via Wikimedia Commons

Convallaria majalis (Lily of the Valley is a member of the Wildflower Lily Family)

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Highly poisonous

Part Shade,
Full Shade




Moist but well-drained, sand or silt.

After planting, then water them in and give them a good mulch of leaf mould or good compost

P Rhizome H

Outdoor Culture: Compost, equal parts loam, leaf-mould, decayed manure and sharp sand. Position, beds or borders under shade of trees, high walls or fences for general culture; south border for early flowering. Plant single crowns 2 or 3 inches (5 or 7.5 cms) apart, with points just below surface, in September and October. Lift and replant every 4 years, always planting largest crowns by themselves. Mulch bed annualy in February with decayed manure. Apply liquid manure once a week, May to September, to beds more than a year old.

Pot Culture: Compost, equal parts good soil and leaf-mould. Plant 1 clump or a dozen single crowns in a 6 inch (15 cms) pot, well-drained, in October or November. Place inverted pot over crowns --->

and stand in cold frame or under greenhouse stage until January, then remove into heat, or allow to bloom naturally in greenhouse or window. Water only when soil needs moisture in winter, freely when growth begins.

Propagation: By seeds sown 0.25 inches (6mm) deep in light soil outdoors in March; division of crowns September or October.

Species Cultivated:
C. majalis, white, spring, 6 inches (15 cms),
var. Fortunei, larger flowers,
rosea, pink flowered.

Cut the flower and leaf together for a fresh looking and smelling arrangement. They will last 4-5 days but may fade faster in a warm room.


Convallaria majalis, Ruscaceae, Lily of the Valley, inflorescence; Karlsruhe, Germany. The fresh aerial parts of the blooming plant are used in homeopathy as remedy: Convallaria majalis (Conv.). By H. Zell, via Wikimedia Commons

Magnolia denudata (Magnolia conspicua)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA









日本語: ハクモクレン

English: Magnolia denudata tree photographed in Osaka-fu Japan. By I, KENPEI, via Wikimedia Commons

Primrose (early)

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Supplier in USA









English: Primula denticulata

Magyar: Gömbös kankalin (Primula denticulata). By Pipi69e, via Wikimedia Commons

Prunus amygdalus (Almond, Prunus dulcis)

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Supplier in USA









Almond blossom, Plants of Israel. Wild Flowers of Israel via the PikiWiki - Israel free image collection project with The Center for Educational Technology (CET) - an NGO established in 1971, located in Ramat Aviv and dedicated to the introduction of new teaching methods and tools to the Israeli educational system. CET has become a major hub in the network of Israeli educational bodies, both government-owned and NGOs, and employs some of the most experienced professionals in leading educational projects. By באדיבות אתרצמח השדה, via Wikimedia Commons

Rosa (Rose)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

American Rose Society

The Royal National Rose Society in UK

Descriptions with photos of 720 roses in Rose Plant Gallery





Cut roses are often grown in glasshouses, and in warmer countries they may also be grown under cover in order to ensure that the flowers are not damaged by weather and that pest and disease control can be carried out effectively.

Culture of Roses in Pots: Classes suitable for pot culture, Hybrid Perpetual, Hybrid Tea, Tea-scented, Polyantha with Miniature Bush and Patio Bush. Compost, 2 parts turfy loam, 2 parts rotted cow or hotbed manure, 1 part sand. Pot, October. Repot annually in August or September. Prune newly lifted and potted plants in November, shortening shoots to 3, 2 or 1 'eyes' of the base according to size; established plants of Hybrid Perpetuals and Hybrid Teas to 6, 3 and 2 'eyes'; Tea-scented, Chinese, Fairy and Polyantha kinds to 8, 6 and 4 'eyes' in November for early flowering, December or January for late flowering. Position, sheltered corner outdoors with pots protected from frost by straw, or in cold frame October to January, greenhouse January to May, sunny place outdoors afterwards. --->

Water moderately January to April, freely April to September, keep nearly dry October to January. Apply stimulants once or twice during flowering period. Syringe freely in greenhouse.

Manure for Roses: Cow or pig dung for light soils, horse manure for heavy ones. Top-dress with above directly after pruning and lightly fork in. Suitable artificial manure - superphosphate of lime (48 lbs (pounds) 16 ounces to 1 Pound) sulphate of potash, 20 lbs; sulphate of ammonia, 25 lbs; sulphate of iron, 4 lbs. Mix thoroughly together and apply at the rate of 3 ounces per square yard directly after pruning; 1 dose a year is sufficient. Liquid soot-water, cow and sheep dung also good for roses outdoors or in pots, especially applied generously after the first summer blooming is over.


Miniature Rose - "Meillandine" Rose in clay garden pot. By Arch. Attilio Mileto - attilio.mileto@florero.net, via Wikimedia Commons

Scilla (Squill, Bluebell)

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Scilla bifolia. Photo taken on 15 March 2003. By BerndH, via Wikimedia Commons

Polianthes tuberosa (Tuberose)

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Polianthes tuberosa flower. Taken at Burdwan, West Bengal, India. By Joydeep, via Wikimedia Commons

Tulipa, dwarf species

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA - Tulips are popular in USA (Top 10 Tulip Festivals in the USA)

With plants from all over the world displayed in a 40-acre oasis of gardens and glasshouses, Cambridge University Botanic Garden has a collection of 60 of the 100 species of tulipa






There are other tulipa used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery and Tulip Gallery.

Elegant Tulip Bulbs - The Best Information on Tulip Bulbs. The aim of this web site is to provide you with all the best information and answers about these beautiful flowers.

A genus of bulbous plants, with many lovely dwarf species and varieties, which add beauty in colour and form to alpine gardens. Their chief needs are well-drained, porous soil, spring and early summer sun, and deep planting. Many will, when happy, increase by offset bulblets, and need lifting, sorting and replanting every third or fourth year, others can be increased by seed, though it make take 4 to 7 years for seedlings to reach flowering stage.


Tulipa_sylvestris - close-up flower. By Meneerke bloem, via Wikimedia Commons.

Viola odorata (Violets,
Sweet Violet is a member of the Wildflower Violet Family)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA - Gardens in the Wood is not open to the public

American Violet Society

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Purple / Lavender


See different colours of Viola odorata flowers

6 (15)



Culture of Violet: Soil, ordinary, previously well enriched with well-decayed manure. Clay soils require plenty of grit, decayed vegetable refuse and manure incorporated with them. Light and gravelly soils need a liberal amount of cow manure and loam or clay mixed with them. Position, border or bed on north or north-east side of hedge or under shade of fruit trees. Full exposure to hot summer sun undesirable. Plant crowns 9 inches (22.5 cms) apart in rows 12 inches (30 cms) asunder, April. 'Crowns' are portions separated from --->

parent plant, each furnished with roots. Water when first planted and shade from sun. Apply manures recommended for pansies at intervals of 3 weeks during summer. Remove runners, i.e. shoots that issue from the crowns, as they form during summer and keep plants free from weeds. Lift plants for winter blooming in September and replant, 6 to 8 inches (15-20 cms) apart, in equal parts good soil and leaf-mould in a cold, sunny frame. Water freely in fine weather. Protect from frost. Replant annually.


Viola odorata (Sweet Violet) on a lawn near Paris. By Strobilomyces, via Wikimedia Commons

Petasites fragrans (Winter Heliotrope is a member of Wildflower Daisy Family)






This is Public Enemy No 1 in the UK:-
Winter heliotrope ( Petasites fragrans ) has attractive, fragrant, mauve flowers early in the year, but later in spring turns into a large-leaved monster, forming colonies along waysides.
Japanese knotweed (Fallopia japonica) - More than £1bn has been spent trying to control it in the UK.
Aquatic Plants -
Crassula helmsii, Myriophyllum aquaticum, Azolla filiculoides or Azolla caroliniana, and
Elodea nuttallii.
Giant Hogweed (Heracleum manteggazzianum).

Skunk cabbage
( Lysichiton americanus ).
Spanish bluebell
( Hyacinthoides hispanica ).
Himalayan balsam
( Impatiens glandulifera ).
Rhododendron ponticum.
Pseudosasa japonica (arrow bamboo) and Sasa palmata (palm bamboo).
Himalayan giant bramble ( Rubus fruticosus var. 'Himalayan Giant').
( Crocosmia crocosmiiflora ).

Culture: Soil, ordinary. Position, shrubberies or woodland, partially shaded borders. Plant October.
Propagation: By division, October or November.


The Winter Heliotrope (Petasites fragrans) at Kirktonhall Glen, West Kilbride, North Ayrshire, Scotland. By Rosser1954, via Wikimedia Commons



















Ivydene Gardens Infill2 Plants Index Gallery:
Plants for Cut Flowers in February

Cut Flowers All The Year from The New Illustrated Gardening Encyclopedia by Richard Sudell, printed before May 1935 for the plant names in each month, followed by details for culture and propagation. Mr. Middleton's Garden Book by Daily Express Publication, reprinted 1941 for the individual cultivar names with evergreen/deciduous, flower colour, flower month and height.

The following - in the 3 pages of Cut Flowers all the Year - ordinary garden flowers, foliage and berries (including products of the greenhouse) should be available for the decoration of the home. For convenience; they are grouped under each month. By a careful study of the different kinds, and planning ahead, amateur gardeners should be able to dispense with the need for purchasing floral decorations, a form of economy by which the appearance of the garden itself will benefit.

There are other pages on Plants which bloom in each month of the year in this website:-



Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677


The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950 by Faber and Faber Limited describes every method of propagation for 2,500 species.

Unlike modern books published since 1980, this one states exactly what to do and is precisely what you require if you want to increase your alpines.

Site design and content copyright ©July 2016. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  




Click on text in cells below to jump to that page detailing those Infill2 Plants of that plant type for that Cultivation requirement.

Plant Type


Alpines for Rock Garden (See Rock Garden Plant Flowers)

Alpine Shrubs and Conifers

The Alpine Meadow
Page 1
Page 2
Page 3

The Alpine Border

Alpine Plants for a Purpose

The Alpines that Dislike Lime

Alpines and Walls
Page 1
Page 2
Page 3

Alpines and Paving

Sink and Trough gardens

(Water Plants) for

Anti-erosion Riverbank

Marginal Plants (Bog Garden Plants)

Oxy-genating Weeds

Water Lilies

Floating Plants

Waterside Plants
and Plants for Dry Margins next to a Pond

Wildlife Pond Plants

Annual for


Plants for Cut Flowers in

Exposed Sites

Sheltered Sites with Green-house Annuals from 1916

Extra Poor Soil with Half-Hardy Annuals from 1916

Very Rich Soil with Biennials from 1916

Gap-filling in Mixed Borders with Hardy Annuals from 1916

Patio Containers

Cut Flowers Page 1
Page 2 Everlasting Flowers with Red Flowers from 1916

Attracting beneficial insects

Scent / Fragrance with Annuals for Cool or Shady Places from 1916

Low-allergen Gardens for Hay Fever Sufferers

Annual Plant Pairing Ideas

Low-Growing Annuals

Medium-Growing Annuals

Tall-Growing Annuals with White Flowers from 1916

Black or Brown Flowers

Blue to Purple Flowers

Green Flowers with Annuals and Biennials from 1916

Red to Pink Flowers
Page 1
Page 2

White Flowers

Yellow or Orange Flowers

Decorative Foliage

Moist Soil


House-plants with Yellow Flowers from 1916

Edging Beds

Hanging Baskets

Vining Annuals


Bedding for

Spring Bedding

Summer Bedding

Autumn/ Winter Bedding

Bedding for Light Sandy Soil

Bedding for Acid Soil

Bedding for Chalky Soil

Bedding for Clay Soil

Black Flowers

Blue Flowers

Orange Flowers

Pink Flowers

Long Flowering

Coloured Leaves

Attractive to Wildlife including Bees, Butterflies and Moths

Purple Flowers

Red Flowers

White Flowers

Yellow Flowers

Multi-Coloured Flowers

Aromatic Foliage or Scented Flowers

Bedding Plant Use

Flowers with 2 Petals

Flowers with 3 Petals

Flowers with
4 Petals

Flowers with 5 Petals

Flowers with 6 Petals

Flowers with more than 6 Petals

Use in Hanging Baskets

Flower Simple Shape

Shape of

Shape of
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

Shape of
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

Shape of
Trumpets and Funnels

Shape of
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

Use in Pots and Troughs

Flower Elaborated Shape

Shape of
Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Shape of
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Shape of
Hats, Hoods and Helmets


Use in

Use in
Window Boxes

Shape of
Standards, Wings and Keels

Shape of
Discs and Florets

Shape of
Pin-Cushions and Tufts

Shape of
Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons

Cut Flowers

Use in Bedding Out

Use in
Filling In

Biennial for

Cottage and Other Gardens

Cut Flower with Biennials for Rock Work from 1916

Patio Containers with Biennials for Pots in Greenhouse / Conservatory

Beneficial to Wildlife with Purple and Blue Flowers from 1916

Scent with Biennials for Sunny Banks or Borders from 1916



Bulb for
Explanation Intro to Bulbs
725 Blue, White, Yellow, Unusual Colour, or Red-Purple-Pink flowering Bulbs in each month they flower.

Indoor Bulbs for

Indoor Bulbs for

Bulbs for

Indoor Bulbs for September

Bulbs in Window-boxes

Bulbs in the Border

Bulbs naturalised in Grass

Plant Bloom Dec-Jan

Plant Bloom

Plant Bloom

Plant Bloom Smallest of Gardens

Bulbs for the Bulb Frame

Bulbs in the Woodland Garden

Bulbs in the Rock Garden

Bulbs in Green-house or Stove

Achimenes, Alocasias, Amorpho-phalluses, Arisaemas, Arums, Begonias, Bomareas, Caladiums

Colocasias, Crinums, Cyclamens, Cyrt-anthuses, Eucharises, Urceocharis, Eurycles

Freesias, Gloxinias, Hae-manthus, Hipp-eastrums

Lachenalias, Nerines, Lycorises, Pen-cratiums, Hymen-ocallises, Richardias, Sprekelias, Tuberoses, Vallotas, Watsonias, Zephy-ranthes

Bulbs in Bowls

Bulbs in the Alpine House

Hardy Bulbs

Aconitum, Allium, Alstroe-meria, Anemone

Amaryllis, Antheri-cum, Antholy-zas, Apios, Arisaema, Arum, Aspho-deline,

Aspho-delus, Belam-canda, Bloomeria, Brodiae, Bulbo-codium

Calochorti, Cyclo-bothras, Camassia, Colchicum, Con-vallaria, Forcing Lily of the Valley, Corydalis, Crinum, Crosmia, Montbretia , Crocus

Cyclamen, Dicentra, Dierama, Eranthis, Eremurus, Erythrnium, Eucomis

Fritillaria, Funkia, Galanthus, Galtonia, Gladiolus, Hemero-callis

Hyacinth, Hyacinths in Pots, Scilla, Puschkinia, Chionodoxa, Chionoscilla, Muscari

Iris, Kniphofia, Lapeyrousia, Leucojum


Lilium in Pots, Malvastrum, Merendera, Milla, Narcissus, Narcissi in Pots

Orni-thogalum, Oxalis, Paeonia, Ran-unculus, Romulea, Sanguin-aria,
Stern-bergia, Schi-zostylis, Teco-philaea, Trillium

Tulip, Zephy-ranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs

Acidanthera, Albuca, Alstroemeri, Andro-stephium, Bassers, Boussing-aultias, Bravoas, Cypellas, Dahlias, Galaxis,
Geis-sorhizas, Hesper-anthas

Gladioli, Ixias,
Sparaxises, Babianas, Morphixias, Tritonias

Ixiolirions, Moraeas, Orni-thogalums, Oxalises, Phaedra-nassas,
Pan-cratiums, Tigridias, Zephyr-anthes, Cooperias

Bulbs for Bedding


Plant Bedding Spring

Climber 3 sector Vertical Plant System with flowers in
May 1, 2


Choosing the right Shrub or Climber

The Base -
Base of Wall Plants


Herbs and Vegetables

Cut flowers, Cut Foliage

Scented flower or foliage

Foliage use only


2a. 1,2,3,4
The Prime - Wall Shrubs

Fruit trees

The Higher Reaches -
House-wall Ramblers

3b. 1,2
Non-House-Wall - Climbing Twiners

Non-House-Wall - Self-clinging Climbers

Raised Bed for Wheelchair Users

Plants for Wildlife-Use as well

Fastest Covering

Least protruding growth when fan-trained

1, 2

Use as

Exposed Positions

Use as Groundcover

Ornam-ental Fruit

Scented Flowers

1, 2
Autumn Foliage Colour

Winter Bark

Winter and Early Spring Flowers

Summer Colour or Shape of Foliage

Edible Fruit

Needs Conservatory or Greenhouse

Large Pots and Containers

Cut Flowers

Attractive to Bees

Climber - Simple Flower Shape


Bowls, Cups and Saucers

Globes, Goblets and Chalices

Trumpets and Funnels


Bells, Thimbles and Urns


Climber - Elaborated Flower Shape

Tubes, Lips and Straps

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Hats, Hoods and Helmets

Standards, Wings and Keels

Disks and Florets

Pin-cushions, Tufts, Petal-less and Cushions

Umbels, Buttons and Pompoms

Gardening with Alpines by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club. Published in 1962. It provides most of the data about the Alpines.

Essential Annuals The 100 Best for Design and Cultivation. Text by Elizabeth Murray. Photography by Derek Fell. ISBN 0-517-66177-2, provides data about annuals.

Indoor Bulb Growing by Edward Pearson. Published by Purnell & Sons, Ltd in 1953. It provides the data about Indoor Bulbs and Bulbs in Window-boxes.

Colour All The Year In My Garden: A selection of choice varieties - annuals, biennials, perennials, bulbs, climbers and trees and shrubs - that will give a continuity of colour in the garden throughout the year. Edited by C.H. Middleton. Gardening Book from Ward, Lock & Co published in 1938, provides plant data for a calendar of plants in bloom throughout the year and for those in the smallest garden.

The Book of Bulbs by S. Arnott, F.R.H.S. Printed by Turnbull & Spears, Edinburgh in 1901. This provides data about Hardy Bulbs, Half-Hardy Bulbs, Greenhouse and Stove Bulbs.

Collins Guide to Bulbs by Patrick M. Synge. ISBN 0 00 214016-0 First Edition 1961, Second Edition 1971, Reprinted 1973. This provides data on bulbs for bedding, bulbs in the border, bulbs naturalised in grass, bulbs in the woodland garden, bulbs in the rock garden, bulbs in pans in the alpine house, bulbs in the greenhouse, bulbs in bowls and the bulb frame.

Case Studies
Companion Planting
Garden Construction
Garden Design
Garden Maintenance
Offbeat Glossary
Tool Shed
Useful Data

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries


Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12

All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12

All Foliage 212
All Spring Foliage 212

All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212
Rock Plant Flowers 53


Your chosen Garden Style then changes your Plant Selection Process

Garden Style
Infill2 Plants *
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form


Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Herbaceous Perennial
Odds and Sods

Soft Fruit
Top Fruit

Wild Flower

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery


Cultivation Requirements of Plant

Outdoor / Garden Cultivation


Indoor / House Cultivation


Cool Greenhouse (and Alpine House) Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter


Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year


Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants



Sun Aspect

Full Sun


Part Shade


Full Shade



Soil Type

Any Soil


Chalky Soil


Clay Soil


Lime-Free Soil


Peaty Soil


Sandy Soil


Acid Soil


Alkaline Soil


Badly-drained Soil



Soil Moisture








Position for Plant

Back of Shady Border


Back of Shrub Border




Bog Garden


Coastal Conditions / Seaside


Container in Garden


Front of Border


Ground Cover 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)


Ground Cover 24-72 inches (60-180 cms)


Ground Cover Over 72 inches (180 cms)


Hanging Basket




Hedge - Thorny


Pollution Barrier




Pot in House, Greenhouse, Conservatory or Stovehouse


Raised Bed


Rest of Border


Rock Garden


Scree Bed


Speciman on Lawn


Sunny Border


Tree for Lawn


Tree for Small Garden









Use of Plant

Pollen or nectar for Bees


Hosts to Butterflies


Encouraging birds / wildlife, providing food and shelter


Bee-Pollinated plants for Hay Fever Sufferers


Berries / Fruit


Dry Site in Full Sun


Dry Shade


Filtering noise


Flower Arrange-ments


Fragrant Flower


Language of Flowers


Low maintenance


Moist Shade


Moist and swampy Sites


Nitrogen fixing plants


Not Fragrant Flower




Speciman Plant




Tolerant of Poor Soil



Plant Foliage

Aromatic Foliage


Autumn Foliage


Finely Cut Leaves


Large Leaves


Yellow Variegated Foliage


White Variegated Foliage


Red / Purple Variegated Foliage


Silver, Grey and Glaucous Foliage


Sword-shaped Leaves




Flower Shape

Number of Flower Petals



1 Petal


2 Petals


3 Petals


4 Petals


5 Petals


Above 5



Flower Shape - Simple





Cups and Saucers




Goblets and Chalices















Flower Shape - Elaborated

Tubes, Lips and Straps


Slippers, Spurs and Lockets


Hats, Hoods and Helmets


Standards, Wings and Keels


Discs and Florets















Natural Arrangements

Bunches, Posies, Sprays


Columns, Spikes and Spires


Whorls, Tiers and Candelabra


Plumes and Tails


Chains and Tassels


Clouds, Garlands and Cascades


Spheres, Domes and Plates



Shrub, Tree Shape





Rounded or Spherical


Flattened Spherical


Narrow Conical / Narrow Pyramidal


Broad Conical / Broad Pyramidal


Ovoid /


Broad Ovoid


Narrow Vase-shaped / Inverted Ovoid


Fan-Shaped /Vase-Shaped


Broad Fan-Shaped / Broad Vase-Shaped


Narrow Weeping


Broad Weeping





Conifer Cone























Poisonous Plant




It is worth remembering that especially with roses that the colour of the petals of the flower may change - The following photos are of Rosa 'Lincolnshire Poacher' which I took on the same day in R.V. Roger's Nursery Field:-


Closed Bud


Opening Bud


Juvenile Flower


Older Juvenile Flower


Middle-aged Flower - Flower Colour in Season in its
Rose Description Page is
"Buff Yellow, with a very slight pink tint at the edges in May-October."


Mature Flower


Juvenile Flower and Dying Flower


Form of Rose Bush

There are 720 roses in the Rose Galleries; many of which have the above series of pictures in their respective Rose Description Page.

So one might avoid the disappointment that the 2 elephants had when their trunks were entwined instead of them each carrying their trunk using their own trunk, and your disappointment of buying a rose to discover that the colour you bought it for is only the case when it has its juvenile flowers; if you look at all the photos of the roses in the respective Rose Description Page!!!!


This also applies to the Foliage Colour of Heathers, where sometimes it is only the top few leaves which are not green whereas others with coloured foliage have it coloured along the full length of the foliage stem.
A minor point to remember is that the distant view of a heather will show

  • months of a foliage colour followed by
  • months of flower bud,
  • flowers and then
  • seedheads.

So do not be disappointed that the foliage colour may be hidden for many months of the year by buds, flowers or seedheads.

It still makes a fine foliage plant in floral displays.


Fragrant Plants adds the use of another of your 5 senses in your garden:-
Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves.

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark.

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil

Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers.

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves.

Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves.

Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers.

Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit.

Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers.

Night-scented Flowering Plants.

Scented Aquatic Plants.

Plants with Scented Fruits.

Plants with Scented Roots.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums.

Scented Cacti and Succulents.

Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell.

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