Ivydene Gardens Stage 2 - Infill2 Plants Index Gallery:
Plants for Cut Flowers in January Page 1

Ivydene Gardens Stage 2 - Infill2 Plants Index Gallery:
Plants for Cut Flowers in January Page 1

Botanical Plant Name

with link to
UK or
European Union
mail-order supplier for you to contact to buy this plant

Flower Colour

Sun Aspect of Full Sun,
Part Shade, Full Shade

with link to external website for photo/data

Flowering Months

with row in each month that it flowers in that colour in
STAGE 4A
12 BLOOM COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY
/

with link to
USA or
Canada
mail-order supplier

Height with Spacings or Width (W) in inches (cms)

1 inch =
2.5 cms
12 inches = 30 cms
40 inches = 100 cms

Foliage Colour


with row in relevant pages that it has foliage of that colour in
STAGE 4B
12 FOLIAGE COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY

or
Background Colour nearest to middle-aged leaf colour from 212 foliage colours /

followed by
Soil Moisture:-
Dry,
Moist,
Wet

with link to Australia or New Zealand mail-order supplier

 

with data for rows in
STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY and
STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Pages

Plant Type is:-

A for Aquatic
Ann for Annual / Biennial
Ba for Bamboo
Bu for Bulb
Cl for Climber
Co for Conifer
F for Fern
G for Grass
H for Herb
P for Perennial
Rh for Rhodo-dendron, Azalea, Camellia
Ro for Rose
Sh for Shrub
So for Soft Fruit
To for Top Fruit
Tr for Tree
V for Vegetable
W for Wildflower

followed by:-
E for Evergreen,
D for Deciduous,
H for Herbaceous,
Alpine for being an Alpine as well as being 1 of above Plant Type /

 
Acid for Acidic,
Alk for Alkaline,
Any for AnySoil
 

with links to
STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES
1
, 2, 3
and
STAGE 3
ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERIES
1
, 2
pages
 

Comments

Adjacent Planting

Plant Associations

It is sad to reflect that in England so few gardens open to the public label their plants or label them so that the label is visible when that plant is in flower, so that visitors can identify; and then later locate and purchase that plant.

Few mail-order nurseries provide the detail as shown in my rose or heather galleries.

If you want to sell a product, it is best to display it. When I sold my Transit van, I removed its signage, cleaned it and took photos of the inside and outside before putting them onto an advert in Autotrader amongst more than 2000 other Transit vans - it was sold in 20 minutes.

If mail-order nurseries could put photos to the same complexity from start of the year to its end with the different foliage colours and stages of flowering on Wikimedia Commons, then the world could view the plant before buying it, and idiots like me would have valid material to work with.

I have been in the trade (until ill health forced my Sole Trader retirement in 2013) working in designing, constructing and maintaining private gardens for decades and since 2005 when this site was started, I have asked any nursery in the world to supply photos. R.V. Roger in Yorkshire allowed me to use his photos from his website in 2007 and when I got a camera to spend 5 days in July 2014 at my expense taking photos of his roses growing in his nursery field, whilst his staff was propagating them. I gave him a copy of those photos.

Anemones (Windflower, wood anemone is a member of the Wildflower Buttercup Family)

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Many different colours

Spring blooming anemones do best in part shade. Fall bloomers thrive in full sun to part shade.

The sea anemone represents a clownfish's territory. Once established, It is rarely abandoned and clownfish will not venture far from it. The sea anemones stinging tentacles provide a safe haven for the clown when danger approaches. In return the clown fish helps the anemone by cleaning its tentacles of detritus, and possibly running off potential predators.

12-24 x
(30-40 x )

Anemones like soil that is deep and rich, with plenty of well-decayed manure, so that it holds moisture, but is also well-drained.

Bu

Tuberous-rooted or herbaceous perennials

Propagate tuberous-rooted anemones by seeds sown in prepared beds in January or in July. The best varieties should be taken up annually and offsets removed for propagation, but others are usually left undisturbed.
Best Tuberous Varieties:-

  • Anemone coronaria (poppy anemone), spring flowering, various colours
  • Anemone hortensis fulgens (Anemone hortensis, scarlet windflower), spring. (Best for naturalizing)
  • Anemone nemorosa (wood anemone is a member of the Wildflower Buttercup Family), spring, white (Use under deciduous shrubs or trees)
  • Anemone nemorosa robinsoniana, a good subject for the rock garden; sky blue
  • Anemone blanda, blue, winter flowering
  • Anemone palmata, yellow, likes peaty soil, 6 inches (15 cms), May

Herbaceous Varieties:-

  • Anemone alpina, 6 inches (15 cms), white
  • Anemone pulsatilla (Pasque Flower), purple, spring
  • Anemone sylvestris, the snowdrop-flowered anemone. This dislikes cold soils
  • Anemone hepatica, spring, flowering various colours
  • Anemone japonica, September-flowering perennial 24 inches (60 cms) in height, very useful for mixed borders. In addition to the white form, rose shades are now offered.

To make up an ideal bed for cultivation of these flowers, dig out 18 inches (45 cms) of soil. Put in a 6 inch (15 cms) layer of cow dung. Then refill the bed with good fresh loam. On this can be sown the seed, which must first be separated carefully so that it is evenly distributed. Generally the plants will flower the same season, but only the best kinds for exhibition should be retained for the following year. Never let the plants lack moisture, but do not let water become stagnant in the soil or the leaves will become distorted and swollen.
When planting, put the tubers 2-3 inches (5-7.5 cms) deep in soil similar to that of the seed bed described above, i.e.soil containing good loam, and rotted cow dung, with a quantity of sand.
Anemones will not usually respond to much forcing, but they may be potted in September, and grown in a cold frame or pit until spring, when they may be removed to the greenhouse. In this way excellent pot blooms may be obtained.

Zantedeschia aethiopica (Arum Lily, Richardia africana)

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All parts of this plant are poisonous

White

Apr

After flowering period is over the plants should be stood outside until the following autumn, and must never be allowed to become dry during the hot weather. Use Pest Control plant against greenfly.

20-40 x 4-20 (50-100 x 10-50)

Grow in planting baskets in heavy loam soil in water up to 30cm deep, in full sun as a marginal plant. Protect overwintering plants by placing baskets in a frost-free environment.
or
Grow in pots in greenhouse

Greenhouse herbaceous or semi-evergreen perennial

Culture: 2 parts rich fibrous loam, equal parts leaf-mould and sharp sand. Repot annually in the autumn and stand in cold frame until October, when they should be removed to the greenhouse; temperature, 40 degrees Fahrenheit (4.5 degrees Centigrade). Water moderately until early spring by keeping it just moist, then freely, giving weak stimulants to plants showing flower spathe.

Propagate by division in the spring.

Zantedeschia aethiopica is the one chiefly grown, and is much prized for its white bloom for church and other decorations at Easter. Other species are:-
Zantedeschia albomaculata, white, leaves spotted white;
Zantedeschia elliotiana, yellow;
Zantedeschia pentlandii, yellow;
Zantedeschia rehmannii, purple.

zantedeschiacflosaethiopicawikimediacommons

Zantedeschia aethiopica at Château de Cheverny, Loir-et-Cher, France - gardens, Zantedeschien. By Manfred Heyde, via Wikimedia Commons

Berberis

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Invasive species in USA

 

 

 

 

 

Culture: Plant evergreens (E) from March to April or October and November; deciduous (D), November to March, in ordinary soil. Thin out shoots after flowering when overcrowded and trim to shape. Those grown for autumn foliage should not be trimmed until the spring.
Propagation: by seeds sown in open in October, by half-matured cuttings in a frame in July or August, or by layering in August.
B. sargentiana, E, yellow, May onwards, 36-72 (90-180) h.
B. stenophylla in variety, E, yellow, May, 36-96 (90-240) h.
B. Thunbergii - yellow, April onwards, 24-72 (60-180) h.
B. vulgaris in variety, yellow, Apr, 36-240 (90-600) h.
B. wallichiana, E, yellow, Apr, 72-120 (180-300) h.
B. Wilsonii, yellow, May, 24-48 (60-120) H.

B. aquifolium, E, with yellow flowers in March. 24-72 inches (60-180 cms) height.
B. aristata, E, yellow, Apr, 72 (180) h.
B. buxifolia, E, yellow, Mar-Apr, 96 (240) h.
B. buxifolia nana, E, yellow, Mar, 18 (45) h.
B. canadensis, yellow, May onwards, 72 (180) h.
B. Darwinii, E, yellow, May, 96 (240) h.
B. dictophylla, yellow, May onwards, 12-24 (30-60 cms) h.
B. empetrifolia, E, yellow, May, 12-24 (30-60) h.
B. Gagnepainii, E, yellow, May, 36-72 (90-180) h.
B. japonica, E, yellow, May, 72 (180) h.
B. laevis, yellow, May, 36-48 (90-120) h.
B. pinnata, yellow, May, 36-120 (90-300) h.
B. pruinosa, yellow, April onwards, 36-72 (90-180) h.
 

berberiscfloaquifoliumwikimediacommons

Yellow flowers Mahonia aquifolium (Berberis aquifolium). By Erkaha, via Wikimedia Commons

Camellias

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International Camellia Society

 

 

 

 

 

An evergreen flowering shrub for growing in pots or tubs, a good compost is medium turfy loam and peat in equal proportions, kept porous with plenty of sharp silver sand. A peaty loam is most suitable for outdoor culture. Propagation may be effected by seed, grafting, or layering, the 2 latter methods being most suitable for amateurs.
Culture - Grafting is best done in the early spring, the stock usually employed being C. japonica, this being the hardiest species. Maiden plants of this stock should be cut down to within 2-3 inches (5-7.5 cms) of the base, and the selected variety grafted thereon.
Uses - As the Camellia blooms early (February to May) the flowers are frequently ruined by frost in the open. The plants are, therefore, more suited for conservatory decoration, either set out in beds or placed in large pots and tubs.

The best of the species are probably
C. japonica magnoliaeflora and
C. reticulata (New Zealand Camellia Society Inc).
Of garden hybrids the following are excellent, prominence being given to single flowered sorts:
C. japonica Apollo,
C. japonica Donckelaarii,
C. japonica Jupiter,
C. sasanqua Snowflake, and Waltham Glory.

camelliacflosjaponicawikimediacommons

Deutsch: Camellia japonica, Kamelie, Schloss Pillnitz, Dresden. By Brücke-Osteuropa, via Wikimedia Commons

Carnations are flowers for all those born in the month of January.

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Do not confuse the above Carnation with Carnation.

 

 

 

 

 

There are many different Carnations described in The New Illustrated Gardening Encyclopedia by Richard Sudell, printed before May 1935 for the plant names, culture and propagation.

Further details from British National Carnation Society.

There are many different carnations detailed in Mr. Middleton's Garden Book by Daily Express Publication, reprinted 1941 for the individual cultivar names with flower colour, flower month and height.

dianthuscforcaryophylluswikimediacommons

Dianthus caryophyllus, a photography originating of the internet site http://sophy.u-3mrs.fr/. The accord of the autor, H. Brisse, is here. By Henry Brisse, via Wikimedia Commons

Chimonanthus fragrans

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Plant in October or March in deep moist sandy loam in very sunny sheltered position, such as a south wall. Propagation by layers in August, and by suckers and seed in spring. Pruning consists of shortening the stronger twigs, and cutting out completely the weaker and overcrowding ones. This should be done by end of February, thereby allowing time for new growths to be made, to produce next winter's flowers.

The Winter Sweet is a Hardy Deciduous Perennial Climber with flowers, pale yellow, stained purplish, very fragrant, on leafless branches, during December and January. 72 inches (180 cms) high.

 

Chimonanthes fragrans (The Winter Sweet) is a member of Climbing and Trailing Plants as detailed in Mr. Middleton's Garden Book by Daily Express Publication, reprinted 1941


The term "Climbing and Trailing plants" is an elastic one in horticulture, and has been extended to include many shrubs not naturally climbers or trailers, which are valuable for covering walls, etc., or are more satisfactory in our UK climate when given the protection these afford.

General Culture
It is self-evident that subjects which make so much top-growth call for good nourishment in the ground, and this should be provided by careful preparation. The soil should be well prepared by trenching and the addition of plenty of thoroughly well-rotted animal manure if this can be procured at all. Some ground bones may be added to maintain the fertility of the soil. Where only artificial manure is available, this should be given in the usual proportion for other subjects. The holes made for the reception of the plants should be at least 36 inches (90 cms) across, and no pains should be spared to secure a good soil as a medium for the plants. This may consist of sound, fertile loam; if too heavy, it may be lightened by the addition of some leaf-soil or peat.
In almost every case the situation should be a sunny one, although some climbers will thrive in shaded or part shaded positions. Ivy (Hedera) may be cited as an example of the latter.

Planting
I bought a small blue-leaved conifer in a pot, which I removed from the pot having dug a small hole and planted it. 10 years later it died. The potted plant had its roots going round the the inside of the pot. These had increased in size filling the space between them and leaving only a thin root coming out into the soil. The hole should have been wider as above at 36 inches and the bottom of the hole should have been raised in the middle, then the roots should have been unwound and spread out in that base before backfilling and drenching the ground with water to settle the soil round all the roots. Many people recommend that you firmly tread the backfill to get a good connection between the roots and the soil. There is a a very thin layer of jelly-like substance round each root which acts as the interface between that plant and its surroundings and your firm 100 kgs of weight firmly pushed onto that 2.5mm thick jelly (See a more-in-depth explaination of how soil works:- "Plants are in Control) tends to have about the same effect as a 50 ton mining machine on top of you to persuade you to connect with the ground! whereas water tends to connect the soil particles to the jelly having filled the space of air with water first and when that that has drained pulled the soil to the root. If the plant needs support then put the stake into the middle of the hole before planting the climber. If it is a tree then the stake needs to be upright and at the edge of the sloping to the middle by 45 degrees to connect with the tree trunk no higher than 18 inches (45 cms) and then tied to the trunk with cotton/jute twine not plastic (Cotton/ jute will rot within a couple of years and its job of stabilising the tree will have been accomplished - it is not the job of the stake to support the trunk between 36 and 72 inches (90-180 cms), which causes the tree to simply assume that the trunk is strong enough as so lets continue to grow above it; making the tree snap in that 36-72 inch area when that stake is removed. The stake is there to stop the tree from being blown out of the ground and for the wind to rock the tree and persuade it to strengthen its trunk before adding too much top-growth above the tying-point. The stake for the climber is also put at 45 degrees from the centre of the hole to provide a slope from the planting hole to the wall, tree or shrub that is going to support the climber - otherwise the climber is competing with the dryness round the wall or the dryness next to a tree or shrub that is lready using the available water/nutrients. In tending one of my clients gardens, I saw a section of the trunk snapped off from a storm. That tree had been tied to the chainlink fence using orange coloured plastic bailing twine and that had stopped that part of the trunk from growing sideways, so that 2 or 3 years later the trunk snapped.).

Pruning
As a general rule shrubs which flower in spring should be pruned immediately flowering is over, and autumn flowering subjects in winter or spring.

Training
It is essential to see that the plants are properly trained by tying to wires fixed for the purpose.

ANNUAL CLIMBERS
These may be divided into 2 classes, hardy and half-hardy:-

  • Hardy - All the members of this section should be sown where they are to bloom, giving the soil thorough preparation by deep digging and manuring. The seeds must be sown very thinly, and, if necessary, the seedlings thinned out 9-12 inches (22.5-30 cms) apart according to the vigour of the subject. It is not always convenient to sow the seeds where the plants are to bloom, and in this case they may be sown under glass, and the seedlings treated in the same way as half-hardy annuals.
  • Half-hardy - Those belonging to this section should be sown in slight heat in spring at the usual time for half-hardy annuals, and only require the general treatment recommended for them. They can be planted out in late May or the beginning of June. It is generally more satisfactory to put the young plants singly into small pots after the first pricking off, and if the pots become filled with roots before the time for planting-out, to shift them into larger ones and to plant with the ball intact.

PERENNIAL CLIMBERS
These likewise may be divided into hardy and half-hardy sorts. They are generally propagated by seeds, cuttings, or layers:-

Hardy - Established plants are greatly helped by giving them occasional supplies of weak manure water, and, in dry weather, also by complete soakings with pure water at intervals. They are greatly benefitted, too, by the annual removal of a little of the surface soil and replacing it with fresh compost together with a mulch of animal manure where this would not be offensive.

Half-hardy - Generally speaking, these require the same treatment as that for the hardy sorts. They must, however, be protected in the winter. A common error in doing this is to cover the plants too closely, with the result that prematuregrowth is induced before the coverings are removed, and when they are taken off injury is frequently caused by spring frosts. Spruce and other coniferous branches are excellent for covering them, and scrim or comparitively open mats are better than close canvas or sacking.

SHRUBBY CLIMBERS
Many plants not properly of climbing habit are employed for covering walls or trellises. They may be divided into:-

  • Hardy Deciduous (H.D.) Shrub, Tree or Perennial
  • Half-Hardy Deciduous (H.H.D.) Shrub, Tree or Perennial
  • Hardy Evergreen (H.E.) Shrub, Tree or Perennial and
  • Half-Hardy Evergreen (H.H.E) Shrub, Tree or Perennial.

These can be added to non-shrubby climbers:-

  • Hardy Annual (H.A.)
  • Half-Hardy Annual (H.H.A.)

Christmas Rose (Helleborus niger)

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Helleborus niger contains protoanemonin, or ranunculin, which has an acrid taste and can cause burning of the eyes, mouth and throat, oral ulceration, gastroenteritis and hematemesis. It is poisonous to livestock.

Graham Rice is an author of many gardening books.

White

Jan-Feb

12 x 18
(30 x 45)

Dark Green

P

Hardy perennial plants which bloom in winter and early spring with the flowers of the Ch ristmas Rose and the Lenten Rose (H. orientalis) are excellent for cutting, and if the stems are split when placed in water will last for several weeks.
Culture - Plant in March. Propagate by seeds sown under glass in winter, or by division of the roots in March. They like a rich moist soil and often fail on a poor dry one. If grown among ferns, the fronds will protect the flowers from rain, and the stalks will grow longer. For early flowers plant in a sunny position and use hand-lights in winter.
--->

Give occasional doses of weak liquid manure when in bloom and a mulch of good manure when flowering is over. Once planted leave undisturbed as the plants require 3 or 4 years to mature.
Hellebores are good for growing in pots for early winter flowering. Force gently and place outside in summer in a shady posaition. Give plenty of water. They are sometimes grown in warm pits where they will produce many blooms if well watered and given plenty of air (I wonder if the author meant for them to wear 2 oxygen tanks on their backs as they glide on the air whilst on a glider's wings!).

helleboruscflonigerwikimediacommons

Christmas rose, Black hellebore, Helleborus niger. By ‪Wildfeuer, via Wikimedia Commons
It has white flowers from November to February, 12 inches (30 cms). Several varieties of this exist with pink, purple or white flowers, such as altifolius, angustifolius and praecox.

Chry-santhemums

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Further details from The National Chrysanthemum Society and The National Chrysanthemum Society of USA

Chry-santhemums : The ultimate ebook

 

 

 

 

 

There are many different Chrysanthemums described in 7 pages of The New Illustrated Gardening Encyclopedia by Richard Sudell, printed before May 1935 for the plant names, culture and propagation.
There are many different carnations detailed in 5 pages of Mr. Middleton's Garden Book by Daily Express Publication, reprinted 1941 for the individual cultivar names with flower colour, flower month and height.
The following Chrysanthemums for cutting comes from Encyclopedia of Chrysanthemums by Monia Bennett, printed by Henry Watson and Viney Ltd in 1958:
|
v

 

chrysanthemumcflojaponenseashizuriensewikimediacommons

Chrysanthemum japonense var. ashizuriense

日本語: アシズリノジギク

Place:Osaka,Japan. By I, KENPEI, via Wikimedia Commons

Preface ... Fortified with the practical experience of producing blooms commercially and for exhibition, and of criticising them impartially as a certified judge of the National Chrysanthemum Society, together with a deep affection for the autumn queen of flowers, I felt that in creating such a book I was contributing substantially to the reservoir of knowledge already pooled by writers and growers of repute... Monica Bennett.

"With the more delicate pastel shades, the garden Maidenhair Fern, or the Asparagus plumusus and sprengeri are lovely, but with the bronze and crimson blooms I prefer something a little bolder, like the burnished gold of the beech or arching shoots of stephanandra. The berried berberis family and the cotoneasters provide a very useful and decorative material, but I cannot say that I like the addition of golden privet which one sees so often in a bouquet of chrysanthemums. Laurels are too heavy also, but broom is effective if used in moderation.
Apart from the Sweethearts, I think the following are dainty for cut flowers if grown about 5 or 6 to the plant - Ronald, Spitfire, Sparkler, Freda, Daydream, Florence Horwood and Alfreton Delight. They keep well when cut. Some people are very fond of white, and Serenus or Summer Snow, grown with 6 per plant, will meet the requirements. I always think that red and white go well together because one offsets the other so perfectly, but do remember not to send a combination of these 2 colours to a hospital. Superstition, for what it is worth, says that red and white together bring bad luck. It puzzled me for a long time as to why superstition should enter such practical places as hospitals, until a nurse told me that it was really to pander to some patients who might have superstitious leanings. However, my favourite colour scheme embraces these 2 colours, and the memory of Hurricane and Serenus, intermingled with 1 or 2 sprays of Cotoneaster Franchetii and broom, still remains fresh with me today.
If chrysanthemums are grown only for cutting for the house, it is advisable to select the weatherproof sorts and grow at least 6 blooms per plant. It is not necessary to grow them in beds, for they will do along a border, and a general stopping about May 20th is all that they need in this connection, but the plants must be kept free of pests with routine spraying.
With thoughts of cutting for table decoration, do not forget to include a few Early Singles and some Pompoms. The singles come in a wide range of colour, and besides being extremely dainty, they last a long time in water, and some enchanting displays can be made with them."

Books written by experts from about 1900 to 1960, I find tend to contain concise, useful data to joe public, tried out and tested methods of propagation and culture for each plant,
whereas the information contained within The RHS Companion to Scented Plants Hardcover (The most comprehensive, illustrated A-Z guide combining the author's knowledge and authority of the Royal Horticultural Society) is not verified as noted in Reasons for stopping infilling of Sense of Fragrance section on 28/07/2016 at end of Sense of Fragrance Page and as far as I am concerned if I employed this author, I would have sacked him rather than employing him on the board of the Royal Horticultural Society. This book reminds me of one of the worst poor writing in publications since 1960 which produce shallow amount of information with lots of pretty pictures for people to use as coffee table books to be admired on the table as objet d'ar and not used to provide cultivation or other details for using those plants in a gardening situation.

There is more useful data from Missouri Botanical Garden in America as written on the Christmas Rose (Helleborus niger) above, than is provided by the Royal Horticultural Society. The Royal Horticultural Society will spend millions of pounds on a new entry to Wisley Garden, but not label all their plants in their garden or make a history or diary concerning the beds they have them in, whereas the American Botanical Gardens do.

Crocus (Winter flowering)

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Propagation and other details in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery.

 

 

 

 

 

Culture - Any good fairly light garden soil suits the crocus. It is obvious that the autumn and winter flowering varieties must be planted in June or July, and that warm, sheleterd nooks should be chosen if they are to be seen at their best. Failing this, they should have the protection of a cold frame. 2 or 3 frames 72 x 48 inches (180 x 120 cms), with autumn and winter species of Crocus planted out in them, afford almost constant bloom all through the darkest days of the year, if the selection is well made (there are some with photos in Colchicum and Crocus Gallery). Some of the early --->

spring flowering species, such as Crocus sieberi, do vary well in pots, if grown from start to finish with a minimum of heat and plenty of air. Dorothea, a Dutch variety, is also exceptionally good as a pot plant.
Spring-flowering -
Crocus aureas (C. flavus) - golden-yellow.
C. biflorus - white-feathered violet.
C. chrysanthus - shades of yellow, but varies a great deal.
C. Imperati - purple, outside fawn.
C. tommasinianus - lavender.
C. sieberi - bluey-lilac.
C. susianus - deep yellow or dark orange, with brown flames on the exterior.

crocuscfloschrysanthusgoldilockswikimediacommons

Crocus chrysanthus 'Goldilocks' at a Crocus exhibition in the greenhouses at Gothenburg Botanical Garden the spring 2016. By Averater, via Wikimedia Commons

Cyclamen (Sowbread)

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See further details on Cyclamen in the Cut Flowers in February Page and from The Cyclamen Society.

 

 

 

 

 

The hardy kinds of cyclamen will grow quite well in fairly rich soil containing plenty of leaf-mould, and are particularly happy in a shady pocket of the rock garden, or in turf under trees.
The tubers can be planted in August or September 2-3 inches (5-7.5 cms) apart and 1.5 inches (3.75 cms) deep. A top-dressing of heavy manure and rich soil annually after the leaves die down will prove of great benefit.
--->

Amongst the various hardy cyclamen the variety C. europoeum, which has scented flowers of crimson-red in autumn, is one of the most easily grown. C. coum should be chosen for the shadiest side of the rock garden. This flowers in February and March and makes a valuable addition to the winter garden. C. neapolitanum( C. hederifolium), producing a number of rosy-pink flowers followed by large silver-marbled foliage is another useful variety.

cyclamencfloscoumwikimediacommons

Cyclamen coum. By Kurt Stüber, via Wikimedia Commons

Narcissus (Daffodils)

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Further details in Bulb Narcissus Gallery, rock garden varieties and The American Daffodil Society and Cut Flowers in February.

The National Gardening Association has the Daffodils Database with 2,528 images of 26,395 daffodils.

 

 

 

 

 

Narcissi are very accommodating, and can often be used to good effect in odd corners of the garden. When they are grown in special beds they mix happily with other flowering plants such as wallflowers, forget-me-nots and primulas. Grown in beds of single variety the following are recommended:-
Conspicuus - yellow with red crown.
Emperor - pale yellow.
Empress - white and yellow.
Glory of Sassenheim - white and yellow.
--->

Golden Spur - golden yellow.
Horace - white with red-bordered cup.
King Alfred - deepest yellow.
Lady Moore - white with red crown.
Ornatus - white with red-bordered cup.
Sir Watkin - pale yellow with darker cup.
Van Sion - double yellow.
The last named stands rainy weather well, remaining upright and showy after a storm.

The Garden.org Plants Database has 698,917 plants, and 414,671 images in this world class database of plants, which is collaboratively developed by 2,071 Garden.org members from around the globe.

narcissuscflo1asturiensiswikimediacommons1

Narcissus asturiensis. Sierra de la Peña de Francia, Salamanca, España. By Juan José Sánchez, via Wikimedia Commons

Daphne sericea (Daphne collina, Garland Flower)

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Supplier in USA - Online Plant Nurseries, garden and plant Nurseries in the USA. Guide to plants for sale online and where to buy plants from nurseries.

Pink

Feb-May

20 x 20
(50 x 50)

Glossy green

Sh E

Culture of Hardy Species
Plant in sandy peat, or sandy sopil containing plenty of leaf-mould. Some of the drooping species are useful for the front rocks of rock gardens, other species are at home in the border or shrub bed. Plant in autumn (if planted in autumn, the roots have time during the winter to grow to provide the water and nourishment for the spring growth above) or spring.

The hardy species cultivated in borders and shrub beds include:
D. blagayana, white, flowering in March. --->

D. cneorum, the "Garland Flower", pink, May flowering. Only 12 inches (30 cms) high.
D. collina, rose, March-June, 24-36 inches (60-90 cms).
D. neapolitana, rose-purple, spring.
D. petraea, pink, June, 2-3 inches (5-7.5 cms).
D. alpina, white, May, 6-18 inches (15-45 cms). Deciduous.
D. mezereum, red or white flowers; also makes a good pot plant for the cool house.

daphnecflossericeawikimediacommons

Daphne sericea: Flowering plant taken at Århus Botanical Garden, Jutland. By Sten Porse, via Wikimedia Commons

Erica carnea and varieties

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Though the usual method of increase is by layers, made very simply by placing stones on trailing branches in June, and tearing them off, rooted in spring or autumn, small stuff from cuttings makes the better plants, particularly for the rock garden.
Soft cuttings about 0.75 inches (18 mm) long taken in May and June, inserted in the peat and shade frame, potted peaty soil, and stopped twice, make good stocky bushes to plant in about 15 months. They should spend the summer before planting in a peat plunge bed.

There are Erica carneas in Shrub Heather Gallery
and in
Heather Erica carnea Gallery

ericacflos1carneawikimediacommons

English: winter heath, flowers
Deutsch: Schnee-Heide, Blüten
Latina: Erica carnea, Erica herbacea. By Leo Michels, via Wikimedia Commons

Eucharis (Amazon Lily)

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Culture: 2 parts rich loam, 1 part leaf-mould, 1 part sand, dried cow manure, broken charcoal, and a liberal supply of bonemeal. Repot June, give good drainage, and press soil firmly around and between bulbs. Repotting should be done every 3 or 4 years. Top-dress established plants with rich soil annually. Water freely during growing period, but little during rest period. Applications of liquid manure, or artificial manure, very beneficial after flower stem appears. Syringe freely while growing. Winter temperature, --->

60-65 degrees Fahrenheit (15.5-18.3 degrees Celsius); Summer, 75-80 degrees Fahrenheit (24-26.6 degrees Celsius). The essentials of success in the cultivation of Eucharis are a brisk temperature, a moist atmosphere, and a rich compost.

Propagation: By offsets removed from the old bulbs, and planted singly in small pots of sandy loam when repotting.

Species: amazonica, white. masterii, white. sanderi, white and yellow. stevensii, white and yellow.

euchariscforamazonicawikimediacommons

Eucharis amazonica specimen in the Botanischer Garten, Berlin-Dahlem (Berlin Botanical Garden), Berlin, Germany. By Daderot, via Wikimedia Commons

Freesias

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Supplier in Holland
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Indoor culture: Compost, equal parts decayed manure, loam, leaf-mould and sand. Position, pots in cool greenhouse, frame or window. Pot, August to flower in January, October for February, November for March, December for April. Plant bulbs 1 inch (2.5 cms) deep and 2 inches (5 cms) apart. Suitable sized pot, 4.5 inches (11.25 cms) diameter. Stand pots in cool position and give very little water until growth commences. Water freely when growth well advanced --->

and until plants have flowered, then gradually decrease supply, keeping soil quite dry till July. Temperature not lower than 40 degrees Fahrenheit (5 degrees Celcius). Apply weak liquid or artificial manure to plants showing flower. Repot annually.

Outdoor culture: Soil, light, rich, sandy. Position, sunny well-drained borders Southern England only. Plant bulbs 2 inches (5 cms) deep and 2 inches (5 cms) apart in August or September. Protect in winter.

freesiacflosrefractawikimediacommons

Freesia refracta - Freesia flower. By Senet, via Wikimedia Commons

Gardenias

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Hothouse Culture: Compost, 1 part loam, 1 part peat, 1 part well-decayed manure and charcoal. Position, well-drained pots, or beds in plant stove. Pot or plant, February or March. Prune into shape, Februiary or March. Temperature, March to September, 65-85 degrees Fahrenheit (18-29 degrees Celsius), September to March 55 to 65 degrees Fahrenheit (13- 18 degrees Celsius). Water moderately October-February, freely afterwards. Syringe daily (except when in bloom), March to September. Apply liquid manure occasionally to healthy plants in flower. Plants 1 to 2 years old produce the best blooms.

Propagation: By cuttings of firm young shoots 2-3 inches (5-7.5 cms) long, inserted in well-drained pots of sandy peat under bell-glass in temperature 75 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit (24-29 degrees Celcius), January to April.

gardeniacflothunbergiawikimediacommons

Gardenia thunbergia - A flower and a fruit in a tree of the Wild Gardenia aka White Gardenia aka Forest Gardenia (Gardenia thunbergia / Rubiaceae) in The Flamingo Gardens, Davie, Florida. By Asit K. Ghosh Thaumaturgist, via Wikimedia Commons

Ghent Azaleas

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Cultivation: Lime-free soil essential; they like cool, moist and humus-rich soil, and both heavy soils should receive heavy dressings well dug in prior to planting. --->

Hungry light soils should have some well-decayed manure mixed in also. All rhododendrons benefit from annual top-dressing; useful material consists --->

of compost, half-decayed leaves or bracken. Position, in clumps or drifts in open border or semi-woodland glades. Always remove developing seed pods at fading of flowers.

Gladiolus tristis

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Full Sun

White and green

May-Jun

24 (60)

Well-drained, dry, Sand or Chalk with Humus

Corm

Pot Culture: Compost, 2 parts loam, 1 part well decayed manure and river sand. Position, pots in cold frame, cool greenhouse or window. Pot Colvillei varieties October or November, placing 5 corms 1 inch (2.5 cms) deep in a 6-inch (15 cms) pot; late kinds March or April, one 1 inch deep in a 6-inch pot or three 1 inch deep in an 8 inch (20 cm) pot. Place pots in cold frame till flower spikes show, then remove to greenhouse or window. Water moderately at first, freely afterwards. --->

Apply liquid manure when flower spikes show. After flowering gradually withold water till foliage dies, then clean off corms and sore in trays as with those grown outdoors.

Propagation: By seeds down 0.125 inch (3mm) deep in pans of light rich soil in February, in temperature 55 to 65 degess Fahrenheit (13-18 degrees Celsius); by bulbils growing at base of corms, planted 2 inches (5 cms) deep and 6 inches (15 cms) apart in sunny border outdoors, March. Seedlings flower when 3 years old; bulbils when 2 years old.

gladioluscflotristiswikimediacommons

Gladiolus tristis from Silvermine, Cape Town. By Andrew massyn, via Wikimedia Commons

Hamamelis mollis (Witch Hazel)

Supplier in UK - wholesaler sells 125 cultivars of Hamamelis with its open days
Supplier in USA

Full Sun

Golden yellow on bare branches

Jan-Feb

200 (500)

A light sandy, free-draining, moist soil with plenty of added organic matter, such as well-rotted manure or compost, is best. They will tolerate heavy or clay soils if they are improved by digging in organic matter and by ensuring good drainage. 

SH D

Culture: Soil, deep, rich loam. Position, as lawn specimens or in shrubberies where they can have plenty of space, being openly habited.

Propagation: By layering in October or November; grafting rare species on stocks of Hamelis virginiana, which is raised from seed, in April.

 

hamameliscflosmolliswikimediacommons

Hamamelis mollis. By Kurt Stüber, via Wikimedia Commons

Ilex (Holly)

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Ingestion of over 20 berries may be fatal to children.

 

 

 

 

 

Culture of Hardy Species: Soil, ordinary. Position, well-drained shrubberies, banks, exposed slopes, etc, or near the sea. Plant, May or September. Hollies are not always easy to move and must be well watered and constantly damped overhead if dry weather follows transplanting. Prune or clip from May to July.

Hedge Culture: Soil, ordinary, trenched 24 inches (60 cms) deep and 36 inches (90 cms) wide. Plant hollies (18 inches - 45 cms - high) 18 inches apart in May or September.

Propagation: By seed stratified and planted the following October for common species; variegated kinds by budding on common species; grafting in March; cuttings of half-ripened side shoots with heel of older wood under bell-glass with slight bottom heat.

Ilex aquifolium benefits wildlife.

Ilex verticillata is used as a cut flower on the UK wholesale flower markets. There are other plants with berries that can be used in your flower arrangements.

Ilex foliage has other colours besides green, so grow those and use the cut branches in your floral arrangements.

ilexcflosaquifoliumwikimediacommons

Українська: Квіти падуба гостролистого (Ilex aquifolium), Ботанічний сад ОНУ, м. Одеса, Французький бульвар, 48/50, 87

This is a photo of a natural heritage site in Ukraine. By Yuriy Kvach, via Wikimedia Commons

Hyacinthus (Hyacinth)

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Culture of Common Hyacinths in Pots: Compost, fibrous loam, leaf-mould and sharp sand. Position, first plunge under cinder ashes in cold frame or outdoors, afterwards in window or greenhouse. Pot, September to early November, placing 1 bulb half its depth in a 6-inch (15 cms) pot or 3 in an 8-inch (20 cms) pot. Water only when growth begins, and with increasing liberality afterwards. Apply liquid manure occasionally when flower spikes form. After flowering plant bulbs outdoors.
Culture in Glasses: Place bulbs in glasses so that base just touches water. Time, September to October. --->

Water, soft or rain, and a little charcoal; add fresh as required. Put in dark position until roots form, then remove to light. No stimulant needed.
Culture in Beds: Soil, ordinary, enriched with manure previous autumn. Position, open, sunny. Plant bulbs 3-4 inches (7.5-10 cms) deep and 8 inches (20 cms) apart, September to October. Protect surface of bed by covering of peat (Spent Mushroom Compost has peat, chalk and spent manure). Apply liquid manure once or twice when flower spikes appear. Lift and dry bulbs in June, storing in cool place till planting time.

hyacinthcforwikimediacommons

Hyacint. By Trine Kornum Christiansen, via Wikimedia Commons

Iris unguicalis (Algerian Winter Iris)

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Full Sun

Blue

Feb-Apr

12 (30)

Thrives in a dry, stony Alkaline soil. Well-drained, dry, poor to moderately fertile.

Rhizome E

Iris Sections: Tall Bearded, Dwarf Bearded, Beardless, Cushion, Japanese and Bulbous-rooted.
Culture of Beardless Section: Moist soil and margins --->

of ponds or streams for I. versicolor, siberica, ochroleuca and Pseudacorus. Plant, October or March.
Cool, deep soil well supplied with humus and partially shady --->

position for I. gracilipes. Plant, March or April.
Ordinary rich soil and sunny borders or rockeries for other species. Plant in October or March.

Hedera (Ivy)

Supplier in UK - home of National Collection of 390 Hedera
Invasive in USA

Ivy berries are a favoured winter food for blackbirds and if not eaten remain on the plant until spring, providing an important food-source for young birds.

 

 

 

 

 

Culture: Soil, ordinary. Position, against walls of all aspects (but not house walls), railings, tree stumps, arbours, etc, on banks and under shade of trees. Plant, September to November, or February to April. Peg shoots to surface of soil when first planted in any position. Prune, April, cutting off old leaves and straggling shoots. Apply stimulants if vigorous growth is desired.

Pot Culture: Compost, 2 parts loam, 1 part leaf-mould or decayed manure and sand. Position, --->

well-drained pots in unheated greenhouse, balcony or window. Pot, October or March. Water moderately October to March, freely afterwards. Prune into shape, April. Apply stimulants to established plants in Summer.
Propagation: By cuttings of firm shoots 6 to 8 inches (15 to 20 cms) long in ordinary soil at base of fence, September to November; in well-drained pots in cold frame in October; tree and variegated kinds by cleft grafting on common species in temperature 55 degrees Fahrenheit (13 degrees Celsius) in February.

hederacflohelixwikimediacommons

Deutsch: Efeu (Hedera helix) am Staden in Saarbrücken. By AnRo0002, via Wikimedia Commons

Narcissus jonquilla (Jonquil)

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Further details in Bulb Narcissus Gallery, rock garden varieties and The American Daffodil Society and Cut Flowers in February.
Plant Combinations

 

 

 

 

 

Outdoor Culture: Soil, ordinary for common kinds; sandy loam for N. bulbocodium and varieties, peaty soil nor N. cyclamineus. No animal manure must be applied. Position, partially or quite shady beds or border facing north or north-east for rubust kinds; rockeries sheltered from north or north-east winds for choice or dwarf kinds. Plant, August to November. Depth for planting rubust kinds, 3-4 inches (7.5-10 cms) on heavy soils, 6 inches (15 cms) on light soils. Distance apart, 4-6 inches (10-15 cms). Rock garden narcissus, --->

2-3 inches (5-7.5 cms) deep and the same apart. Lift N. bulbocodium in July and replant in October; other kinds every 3 or 4 years in July. Do not remove foliage until quite dead. Manures: 4 ounces of basic slag or 4 ounces of bonemeal for heavy soils; 0.5 ounce of sulphate of potash for sandy soils. Apply above quantities per square yard (1 yard = 36 inches = 90 cms) before planting.

The National Gardening Association has the Daffodils Database with 2,528 images of 26,395 daffodils.

narcissuscforjonquillawikimediacommons

Narcissus jonquilla Habit 2012-4-01 SierraMadrona. By Javier martin, via Wikimedia Commons

Syringa vulgaris (Lilac)

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Full Sun

Lilac to mauve, occasionally white

May-Jun

240-276
(600-690)

Well-drained soil. Tolerant of alkaline soils

Sh D

Culture: Soil, ordinary good. Position, sunny borders or shrubberies. Plant, October to February. Prune moderately after flowering (June), removing all shoots with spent flowers, and thinning out the weaker shoots. Allow no suckers to grow from roots. The speciall coloured named varieties of the Common Lilac require feeding. Give annual dressing of bonemeal, 2 ounces per square yard (1 yard=36 inches=90 cms) in spring, or on lighter soils a generous mulch of manure or compost.

Pot Culture for Forcing: Compost, 2 parts good sandy loam, 1 part leaf-mould and little sand. Pot, October or November. Place plants after potting in --->

sheltered corner outdoors, protecting pots from frost with litter until required for forcing. Transfer to temperature of 55 degrees Fahrenheit (13 degrees Celsius), November to February. Syringe daily. Water moderately. Directly buds burst place in temperature of 60 to 65 degrees Fahrenheit (15-18 degrees Celsius); when expanded replace in temperature of 55 degrees (13 degrees Celsius). Prune shoots that have flowered to within 2 inchs (5 cms) of base directly after blooming. Keep plants in heat until May, then gradually harden and plant outdoors. Plants must not be forced 2 years in succession. Lilacs may be grown in cold greenhouse for flowering in A pril and May. Place in greenhouse in November.

syringacforvulgariswikimediacommons

Syringa vulgaris in Bothanic Garden, Poznań. By Radomil talk, via Wikimedia Commons

Convallaria majalis (Lily of the Valley is a member of the Wildflower Lily Family)

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Highly poisonous

Part Shade,
Full Shade

White

May

6-8
(15-20)

Moist but well-drained, sand or silt.

After planting, then water them in and give them a good mulch of leaf mould or good compost

P Rhizome H

Outdoor Culture: Compost, equal parts loam, leaf-mould, decayed manure and sharp sand. Position, beds or borders under shade of trees, high walls or fences for general culture; south border for early flowering. Plant single crowns 2 or 3 inches (5 or 7.5 cms) apart, with points just below surface, in September and October. Lift and replant every 4 years, always planting largest crowns by themselves. Mulch bed annualy in February with decayed manure. Apply liquid manure once a week, May to September, to beds more than a year old.

Pot Culture: Compost, equal parts good soil and leaf-mould. Plant 1 clump or a dozen single crowns in a 6 inch (15 cms) pot, well-drained, in October or November. Place inverted pot over crowns --->

and stand in cold frame or under greenhouse stage until January, then remove into heat, or allow to bloom naturally in greenhouse or window. Water only when soil needs moisture in winter, freely when growth begins.

Propagation: By seeds sown 0.25 inches (6mm) deep in light soil outdoors in March; division of crowns September or October.

Species Cultivated:
C. majalis, white, spring, 6 inches (15 cms),
var. Fortunei, larger flowers,
rosea, pink flowered.

Cut the flower and leaf together for a fresh looking and smelling arrangement. They will last 4-5 days but may fade faster in a warm room.

convallariacflosmajaliswikimediacommons

Convallaria majalis, Ruscaceae, Lily of the Valley, inflorescence; Karlsruhe, Germany. The fresh aerial parts of the blooming plant are used in homeopathy as remedy: Convallaria majalis (Conv.). By H. Zell, via Wikimedia Commons

Rosa (Rose)

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American Rose Society

The Royal National Rose Society in UK

Descriptions with photos of 720 roses in Rose Plant Gallery

 

 

 

 

Cut roses are often grown in glasshouses, and in warmer countries they may also be grown under cover in order to ensure that the flowers are not damaged by weather and that pest and disease control can be carried out effectively.

Culture of Roses in Pots: Classes suitable for pot culture, Hybrid Perpetual, Hybrid Tea, Tea-scented, Polyantha with Miniature Bush and Patio Bush. Compost, 2 parts turfy loam, 2 parts rotted cow or hotbed manure, 1 part sand. Pot, October. Repot annually in August or September. Prune newly lifted and potted plants in November, shortening shoots to 3, 2 or 1 'eyes' of the base according to size; established plants of Hybrid Perpetuals and Hybrid Teas to 6, 3 and 2 'eyes'; Tea-scented, Chinese, Fairy and Polyantha kinds to 8, 6 and 4 'eyes' in November for early flowering, December or January for late flowering. Position, sheltered corner outdoors with pots protected from frost by straw, or in cold frame October to January, greenhouse January to May, sunny place outdoors afterwards. --->

Water moderately January to April, freely April to September, keep nearly dry October to January. Apply stimulants once or twice during flowering period. Syringe freely in greenhouse.

Manure for Roses: Cow or pig dung for light soils, horse manure for heavy ones. Top-dress with above directly after pruning and lightly fork in. Suitable artificial manure - superphosphate of lime (48 lbs (pounds) 16 ounces to 1 Pound) sulphate of potash, 20 lbs; sulphate of ammonia, 25 lbs; sulphate of iron, 4 lbs. Mix thoroughly together and apply at the rate of 3 ounces per square yard directly after pruning; 1 dose a year is sufficient. Liquid soot-water, cow and sheep dung also good for roses outdoors or in pots, especially applied generously after the first summer blooming is over.

meillandinecforrosewikimediacommons

Miniature Rose - "Meillandine" Rose in clay garden pot. By Arch. Attilio Mileto - attilio.mileto@florero.net, via Wikimedia Commons

Hippophae rhamnoides (Sea-Buckthorn is the member of the Wildflower Oleaster Family) (Berries)

Supplier in UK - with online guides: Creating a Woodland, Coppice with Standards and Creating a Shelterbelt
Supplier in USA

Full Sun

It copes well with strong winds on exposed sites, and with salt spray.

Yellow
Apr

240 (600) after 10 years

Best growth occurs in deep, well drained, sandy loam with ample organic matter. Very light, sandy soils have low water carrying capacity and are also low in nutrient mineral elements; so without the previous addition of organic matter, are not appropriate.

Sh D found growing wild on sand dunes and coastal site.

Hardy deciduous berry-bearing shrub. Male and female flowers borne on separate plants. Both must be grown to ensure a crop of berries.

Culture: Soil, ordinary. Position, open or shady shrubberies and inland or seaside gardens. Plant, October to February.

Propagation: By seeds sown 0.5 inches (1.25 cms) deep outdoors in November or December, by cuttings of roots inserted in February or March in ordinary soil outdoors; layering shoots in autumn.

Species Cultivated:
H. rhamnoides, silver foliaged and partly spined shrub or small tree, most useful for seaside planting, but also highly ornamental in inland gardens for its long-persisting orange berries, to 20 feet (240 inches, 600 cms), sometimes more, Europe, including Britain.

Because of its tolerance against strongly eroded, nutrient poor and sometime salty soils, the plant is also used for land reclamation or as shelterbelt. Also, it is a good vandal proof barrier hedge.

Food plant for wildlife: with "Things to Do" - There are many practical ways to enhance your garden for wildlife, from feeding birds to building ponds.

hippophaecforrhamnoideswikimediacommons

Deutsch: Sanddorn (Hippophaë rhamnoides) auf der ostfriesischen Nordseeinsel Juist (Niedersachsen, Deutschland). By 4028mdk09, via Wikimedia Commons

Symphori-carpos albus (Snowberry) Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Pink flowers in Jun-Sep, followed by white berries - poisonous if eaten

80 (200) after 10 years

Any soil or situation. Good in exposed sites and in shade.

Sh D

Hardy deciduous flowering and berry-bearing shrubs. Flowers much sought after by bees.
Culture: Soil, ordinary. Position, sunny or shady borders, copses or woodlands. Plant, --->

October to February. Prune, October to February, simply thinning out old or decayed wood.
Propagation: By cuttings, 6 to 8 inches (15 to 20 cms) --->

long of firm wood inserted in ordinary soil in shady position outdoors, October to February; suckers removed and planted, October to February.

Galanthus nivalis (Snowdrops)

Supplier in UK
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The snowdrop collection at Colesbourne Park

Dappled shade

White

Jan-Feb

4 (10)

Well-drained, but not completely dry during the summer. If planted in grass they should be left to die back before the grass is cut.

Snowdrop bulbs bought in the autumn tend to get dehydrated and this can lead to disappointing results. This is why planting bulbs 'in the green' is becoming more popular. Snowdrops are perfect for naturalising in grass and they have gorgeous, honey-scented flowers. Plant them in well-drained, moisture-retentive soil.

Outdoor Culture:Soil, ordinary rich. Position, margins of beds; groups in open or shady borders; banks, rockeries, or in turf. Plant bulbs 2 inches (5 cms) deep and 1 inch (2.5 cms) apart, September to December. bulbs must only be lifted when they show signs of deterioration.

Pot Culture: Compost, 2 parts ordinary soil, 1 part leaf-mould and sand. Position, cold or warm greenhouse, frame or window. Pot, September to November, placing bulbs 1 inch (2.5 cms) deep and 1 inch apart in 4 or 5 inch (10 or 12.5 cms) pots or shallow pans. Place pots, etc, in cold frame or outdoors and cover with cinder ashes until growth begins.
--->

Water moderately till after flowering, then gradually cease. Plant bulbs outdoors following autumn.

Propagation: B seeds sown as soon as ripe 0.25 inches (6 mm) deep and 2 inches (5 cms) apart in shallow boxes filled with light sandy soil and placed at base of north wall outdoors; offsets treated as bulbs. Seedlings flower when 3 years old.

galanthuscflonivaliswikimediacommons

Beschreibung: Nahaufnahme vom Kleinen Schneeglöckchen (Galanthus nivalis). By ‪Darkone, via Wikimedia Commons.

Tulipa, dwarf species

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Supplier in USA - Tulips are popular in USA (Top 10 Tulip Festivals in the USA)

With plants from all over the world displayed in a 40-acre oasis of gardens and glasshouses, Cambridge University Botanic Garden has a collection of 60 of the 100 species of tulipa

 

 

 

 

 

There are other tulipa used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery and Tulip Gallery.

Elegant Tulip Bulbs - The Best Information on Tulip Bulbs. The aim of this web site is to provide you with all the best information and answers about these beautiful flowers.

A genus of bulbous plants, with many lovely dwarf species and varieties, which add beauty in colour and form to alpine gardens. Their chief needs are well-drained, porous soil, spring and early summer sun, and deep planting. Many will, when happy, increase by offset bulblets, and need lifting, sorting and replanting every third or fourth year, others can be increased by seed, though it make take 4 to 7 years for seedlings to reach flowering stage.

tulipacflosylvestriswikimediacommons

Tulipa_sylvestris - close-up flower. By Meneerke bloem, via Wikimedia Commons.

 

Cut Flowers All The Year from The New Illustrated Gardening Encyclopedia by Richard Sudell, printed before May 1935 for the plant names in each month, followed by details for culture and propagation. Mr. Middleton's Garden Book by Daily Express Publication, reprinted 1941 for the individual cultivar names with evergreen/deciduous, flower colour, flower month and height.

The following - in the 3 pages of Cut Flowers all the Year - ordinary garden flowers, foliage and berries (including products of the greenhouse) should be available for the decoration of the home. For convenience; they are grouped under each month. By a careful study of the different kinds, and planning ahead, amateur gardeners should be able to dispense with the need for purchasing floral decorations, a form of economy by which the appearance of the garden itself will benefit.

There are other pages on Plants which bloom in each month of the year in this website:-

 

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERY 2
PAGES

Site Map

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY PAGES Links to pages in Table alongside on the left with Garden Design Topic Pages

Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines

Plant Type
 

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 with its Cultivation Requirements

Alpines for Rock Garden (See Rock Garden Plant Flowers)

Alpine Shrubs and Conifers

The Alpine Meadow
Page 1
Page 2
Page 3

The Alpine Border
1
, 2

Alpine Plants for a Purpose

The Alpines that Dislike Lime 1, 2

Alpines and Walls
Dry Sunny Walls 1a, b
Tops of Walls 2a, b
Dry Shady and Conifers 3a, b

Alpines and
Paving
1
, 2

Sink and Trough gardens
1
, 2

Aquatic
(Water Plants) for

Anti-erosion River-bank

Marginal Plants (Bog Garden Plants)
1
, 2

Oxy-genating Weeds

Water Lilies

Floating Plants

Water-side Plants
and Plants for Dry Margins next to a Pond
1
, 2

Wildlife Pond Plants

Annual for

----------------



 

 

ANY PLANT TYPE for
Cut Flowers in
January 1, 2
February
March 1, 2
April
May 1, 2
June 1, 2
July 1, 2
August
September
October
November
December

Exposed Sites

Sheltered Sites with Green-house Annuals from 1916

Extra Poor Soil with Half-Hardy Annuals from 1916

Very Rich Soil with Biennials from 1916

Gap-filling in Mixed Borders with Hardy Annuals from 1916

Patio Con-tainers

Cut Flowers
1
, 2, 3 Ever-lasting Flowers with Red Flowers from 1916

Attract-ing bene-ficial insects
1
, 2

Scent / Fra-grance with Annuals for Cool or Shady Places from 1916

Low-allergen Gardens for Hay Fever Sufferers

Annual Plant Pairing Ideas and Colour Schemes with Annuals
1
, 2

Low-Growing Annuals
1
, 2

Medium-Growing Annuals

Tall-Growing Annuals with White Flowers from 1916

Black or Brown Flowers

Blue to Purple Flowers

Green Flowers with Annuals and Biennials from 1916

Red to Pink Flowers and Cut Flowers
Page
1
, 2, 3

White Flowers
1
, 2

Yellow or Orange Flowers
1
, 2

Dec-orative Foliage

Moist Soil

Shade
1
, 2

House-plants with Yellow Flowers from 1916

Edging Beds

Hanging Baskets

Vining Annuals

 

Bedding for

Spring Bedding

Summer Bedding

Autumn/ Winter Bedding

Bedding for Light Sandy Soil

Bedding for Acid Soil

Bedding for Chalky Soil

Bedding for Clay Soil

Black Flowers

Blue Flowers

Orange Flowers

Pink Flowers

Long Flowering

Coloured Leaves

Attract-ive to Wildlife including Bees, Butterflies and Moths

Purple Flowers

Red Flowers

White Flowers

Yellow Flowers

Multi-Coloured Flowers

Aromatic Foliage or Scented Flowers

Bedding Plant Use

Flowers with 2 Petals

Flowers with 3 Petals

Flowers with
4 Petals

Flowers with 5 Petals

Flowers with 6 Petals

Flowers with more than 6 Petals

Use in Hanging Baskets

Flower Simple Shape

Shape of
Stars

Shape of
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

Shape of
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

Shape of
Trumpets and Funnels

Shape of
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

Use in Pots and Troughs

Flower Elabo-rated Shape

Shape of
Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Shape of
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Shape of
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

 

Use in
Screen-ing

Use in
Window Boxes

Shape of
Stand-ards, Wings and Keels

Shape of
Discs and Florets

Shape of
Pin-Cushions and Tufts

Shape of
Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons

 

Use in Bedding Out

Use in
Filling In

Biennial for

Cottage and Other Gardens
1
, 2

Cut Flower with Biennials for Rock Work from 1916

Patio Con-tainers with Biennials for Pots in Green-house / Con-servatory

Bene-ficial to Wildlife with Purple and Blue Flowers from 1916

Scent with Biennials for Sunny Banks or Borders from 1916

 

 

Bulb for
--------------
Explan-ation Intro to Bulbs
--------------
725 Blue, White, Yellow, Unusual Colour, or Red-Purple-Pink flowering Bulbs in each month they flower.

Indoor Bulbs for
Dec-ember
January
February

Indoor Bulbs for
March
April
May

Indoor
Bulbs for
June
July
August

Indoor Bulbs for Sep-tember
October
November

Bulbs in Window-boxes
1
, 2

Bulbs in the Border

Bulbs natural-ised in Grass

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Dec-Jan
Feb-Mar

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Apr-May
Jun-Aug 1, 2, 3, 4

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Sep-Oct
Nov-Dec

Any Plant Type Blooming in Smallest of Gardens

Bulbs for the Bulb Frame

Bulbs in the Wood-land Garden

Bulbs in the Rock Garden

Bulbs in Green-house or Stove

Achi-menes, Alocasias, Amorpho-phalluses, Aris-aemas, Arums, Begonias, Bomar-eas, Calad-iums

Clivias,
Colo-casias, Crinums, Cyclam-ens, Cyrt-anthuses, Euchar-ises, Urceo-charis, Eurycles

Freesias, Gloxinias, Hae-manthus, Hipp-eastrums

Lachen-alias, Nerines, Lycorises, Pen-cratiums, Hymen-ocallises, Richardias, Sprekelias, Tuberoses, Vallotas, Watsonias, Zephy-ranthes

Bulbs in Bowls

Bulbs in the Alpine House

Hardy Bulbs

Aconitum, Allium, Alstroe-meria, Anemone 1, 1a

Amaryllis, Antheri-cum, Antholy-zas, Apios, Arisaema, Arum, Aspho-deline,

Aspho-delus, Belam-canda, Bloom-eria, Brodiae, Bulbo-codium

Calo-chorti, Cyclo-bothras, Camassia, Col-chicum, Con-vallaria,
Forcing Lily of the Valley, Corydalis, Crinum, Crosmia, Mon-tbretia , Crocus

Cyclamen, Dicentra, Dierama, Eranthis, Eremurus, Ery-thrnium, Eucomis

Fritillaria, Funkia, Gal-anthus, Galtonia, Gladiolus, Hemero-callis

Hya-cinth, Hya-cinths in Pots,
Scilla, Pusch-kinia, Chion-odoxa, Chiono-scilla, Muscari

Iris,
Kniphofia, Lapey-rousia, Leucojum

Lilium,

Lilium in Pots, Malvastrum, Merendera, Milla, Narcissus, Narcissi in Pots

Orni-thogalum, Oxalis, Paeonia, Ran-unculus, Romulea, Sanguin-aria,
Stern-bergia,
Schi-zostylis, Teco-philaea, Trillium

Tulip,
Zephy-ranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs

Acidan-thera, Albuca, Alstroe-meri, Andro-stephium, Bassers, Boussing-aultias, Bravoas, Cypellas, Dahlias, Galaxis,
Geis-sorhizas, Hesper-anthas

Gladioli, Ixias,
Sparaxises, Babianas, Morphixias, Tritonias

Ixio-lirions, Moraeas, Orni-thogal-ums, Oxalises, Phaedra-nassas,
Pan-cratiums, Tigridias, Zephyr-anthes, Cooper-ias

Bulbs for Bedding

Plant each Bedding Plant with a Ground, Edging or Dot Plant for
Spring
1
, 2
or
Summer
1
, 2

Climber 3 sector Vertical Plant System with

Any Plant Type flowers in
Jan,
Feb,
Mar,
Apr,
May 1, 2
Jun,
Jul,
Aug,
Sep,
Oct,
Nov,
Dec
 

----------
Choosing the right Plant

1a.
The Base -
Base of Wall Plants

1b.
Annuals

1c.
Herbs and Vege-tables

1d.
Cut
flowers, Cut Foliage

1e.
Scented flower or foliage

1f.
Foliage use only

 

2a. 1,2,3,4
The Prime - Wall Shrubs

2b.
Fruit trees

3a.
The Higher Reaches -
House-wall Ramblers

3b. 1,2
Non-House-Wall - Climbing Twiners

3c.
Non-House-Wall - Self-clinging Climbers

Raised
Bed
for Wheel-chair Users

Plants for Wildlife-Use as well

Fastest Covering

Least prot-ruding growth when fan-trained

1, 2
Evergreen

Use as
Hedge

Exposed Positions

Use as Ground-cover

1,2
Ornam-ental Fruit

Scented Flowers

1, 2
Autumn Foliage Colour

Winter Bark

Winter and Early Spring Flowers

Summer Colour or Shape of Foliage

Edible Fruit

Needs Conserv-atory or Green-house

Large
Pots and Con-tainers
1
, 2

Cut Flowers

Attractive to Bees

Climber - Simple Flower Shape

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a
Stars

geraniumflocineremuballerina1a1
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14k1a1a1a1a1a1a
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord2
Trumpets and Funnels

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming
Salver-form

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14q1a1a1a1a1a
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

 

Climber - Elabo-rated Flower Shape

prunellaflotgrandiflora
Tubes, Lips and Straps

aquilegiacfloformosafoord
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14u1a1a1a1a1a1
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14v1a1a1a1a1a1
Stand-ards, Wings and Keels

brachyscomecflorigidulakevock
Disks and Florets

andosacecforyargongensiskevock
Pin-cushions, Tufts, Petal-less and Cushions

armeriaflomaritimakevock
Umbels, Buttons and Pompoms

 

STAGE 4A 12 BLOOM COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Blue

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Mauve

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Purple

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Brown

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Cream

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Orange

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Pink

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Red

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
White

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1 Yellow

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Un-
usual

1
Multi-Colou-red

1
Each Flower Diff-

1
erent Colour

 

STAGE 4B 12 FOLIAGE COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY
Deciduous Shrubs or Trees, Herbaceous Perennials or Bulbs- if that changes from the main colour for instance to a different autumn colour, then it will be in this column and the relevant colour for those months of Win (Winter), Spr (Spring), Sum (Summer) or Aut (Autumn) group as well.
Evergreen Shrubs or Trees, Evergreen Perennials - if that changes from the main colour for instance to a different autumn colour, then it will be in this column and the relevant colour for those months of Win (Winter), Spr (Spring), Sum (Summer) or Aut (Autumn) group as well.

Jan Win

Feb Win

Mar Spr

Apr Spr

May Spr

Jun Sum

Jul Sum

Aug Sum

Sep Aut

Oct Aut

Nov Aut

Dec Win

Decid
Herba

Ever-green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Blue

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Mauve

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Purple

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Black

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Bronze

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Orange

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Pink

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Red

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Grey

1
White

1
Silver

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Yellow

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Un-
usual

1
Varie-gated

1

1

1

1

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677


Site design and content copyright ©July 2016.
Top menus revised June 2018. Chris Garnons-Williams.

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Ivydene
Horticultural
Services

Scented Flora of the World by Roy Genders - was first published in 1977 and this paperback edition was published on 1 August 1994 ISBN 0 7090 5440 8:-
This comprehensive book looks at scented flowers and leaves of plants from all over the world. The work has been prepared to the standards of the Index Kewensis, and is filled with the most interesting facts about the scented flora of the world.

I am using the above book from someone who took 30 years to compile it from notes made of his detailed observations of growing plants in preference to
The RHS Companion to Scented Plants Hardcover – 16 Oct 2014 by Stephen Lacey (Author), Andrew Lawson (Photographer) ISBN 978-0-7112-3574-8 even though this is the only major reference work on scent and scented plants which is endorsed by the Royal Horticultural Society. See reasons for stopping infilling of previous Sense of Fragrance section on 28/07/2016 at end of Sense of Fragrance from Stephen Lacey Page.

The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950 by Faber and Faber Limited describes every method of propagation for 2,500 species. Unlike modern books published since 1980, this one states exactly what to do and is precisely what you require if you want to increase your alpines.

Topic
Case Studies
Companion Planting

...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design

...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
Garden Maintenance
Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary
Plants

...Poisonous Plants
Soil
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
Bulb
Climber

 

Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12

All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index

All Foliage 212
All Spring Foliage 212

All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212
Rock Plant Flowers 53

 

Your chosen Garden Style then changes your Plant Selection Process

Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...Infill2 Plants *
...Infill3 Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...
12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...All2 Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index

 

Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
Herb
Odds and Sods

Rhododendron
Rose
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Vegetable

Wild Flower

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly

 

STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY

 

Cultivation Requirements of Plant

Outdoor / Garden Cultivation

1

Indoor / House Cultivation

1

Cool Greenhouse (and Alpine House) Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter

1

Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year

1

Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

1

 

Sun Aspect

Full Sun

1

Part Shade

1

Full Shade

1

 

Soil Type

Any Soil

1

Chalky Soil

1

Clay Soil

1

Lime-Free Soil

1

Peaty Soil

1

Sandy Soil

1

Acid Soil

1

Alkaline Soil

1

Badly-drained Soil

1

 

Soil Moisture

Dry

1

Moist

1

Wet

1

 

Position for Plant

Back of Shady Border

1

Back of Shrub Border

1

Bedding

1

Bog Garden

1

Coastal Conditions / Seaside

1

Container in Garden

1

Front of Border

1

Ground Cover 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)

1

Ground Cover 24-72 inches (60-180 cms)

1

Ground Cover Over 72 inches (180 cms)

1

Hanging Basket

1

Hedge

1

Hedge - Thorny

1

Pollution Barrier

1

Pond

1

Pot in House, Greenhouse, Conservatory or Stovehouse

1

Raised Bed

1

Rest of Border

1

Rock Garden

1

Scree Bed

1

Speciman on Lawn

1

Sunny Border

1

Tree for Lawn

1

Tree/Shrub for Small Garden

1, 2,
3, 4,
5, 6,
7, 8,
9, 10,
11,12,
13,14,
15,16,
uses of tree/ shrub

Wildflower

1

Windbreak

1

Woodland

1

 

Use of Plant

Pollen or nectar for Bees

1

Hosts to Butterflies

1

Encouraging birds / wildlife, providing food and shelter

1

Bee-Pollinated plants for Hay Fever Sufferers

1

Berries / Fruit

1

Dry Site in Full Sun

1

Dry Shade

1

Filtering noise

1

Flower Arrange-ments

Growing Plants for the Church

1



1, 2,
3, 4,
5, 6,
7, 8,
9,10,
11,12,
13,14

Fragrant Flower

1

Language of Flowers

1

Low maintenance

1

Moist Shade

1

Moist and swampy Sites

1

Nitrogen fixing plants

1

Not Fragrant Flower

1

Rabbit-Resistant

1

Speciman Plant

1

Thornless

1

Tolerant of Poor Soil

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Plant Foliage

Aromatic Foliage

1

Autumn Foliage

1

Finely Cut Leaves

1

Large Leaves

1

Yellow Variegated Foliage

1

White Variegated Foliage

1

Red / Purple Variegated Foliage

1

Silver, Grey and Glaucous Foliage

1

Sword-shaped Leaves

1

 

 

Flower Shape

Number of Flower Petals

Petal-less
lessershapemeadowrue2a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

1 Petal

1

2 Petals

1

3 Petals
irisflotpseudacorus1a1a1a1a1a1

1

4 Petals
aethionemacfloarmenumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

5 Petals
anemonecflo1hybridafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Above 5
anemonecflo1blandafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

Flower Shape - Simple

Stars
anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Bowls
 

1

Cups and Saucers
euphorbiacflo1wallichiigarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Globes
paeoniamlokosewitschiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Goblets and Chalices
paeoniaveitchiiwoodwardiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Trumpets
acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Funnels
stachysflotmacrantha1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Bells
digitalismertonensiscflorvroger1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Thimbles
fuchsiaflotcalicehoffman1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Urns
ericacarneacflosspringwoodwhitedeeproot1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Salverform

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

Flower Shape - Elaborated

Tubes, Lips and Straps
prunellaflotgrandiflora1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets
aquilegiacfloformosafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Hats, Hoods and Helmets
acanthusspinosuscflocoblands1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Standards, Wings and Keels
lathyrusflotvernus1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Discs and Florets
brachyscomecflorigidulakevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Pin-Cushions
echinaceacflo1purpurealustrehybridsgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Tufts
centaureacfloatropurpureakavanagh1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Cushion
androsacecforyargongensiskevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Umbel
agapanthuscflos1campanulatusalbidusgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Buttons
argyranthemumflotcmadeiracrestedyellow1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Pompoms
armeriacflomaritimakevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

Natural Arrangements

Bunches, Posies, Sprays
bergeniamorningredcforcoblands1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Columns, Spikes and Spires
ajugacfloreptansatropurpurea1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Whorls, Tiers and Candelabra
lamiumflotorvala2a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Plumes and Tails
astilbepurplelancecflokevock1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Chains and Tassels
 

1

Clouds, Garlands and Cascades
 

1

Spheres, Domes (Clusters), Plates and Drumsticks
androsacecfor1albanakevock1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Shrub, Tree Shape

Columnar
ccolumnarshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Oval
covalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Rounded or Spherical
croundedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Flattened Spherical
cflattenedsphericalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Conical / Narrow Pyramidal
cnarrowconicalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Conical / Broad Pyramidal
cbroadpyramidalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Ovoid /
Egg-Shaped

ceggshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Ovoid
cbroadovoidshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Vase-shaped / Inverted Ovoid
cnarrowvaseshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Fan-Shaped /Vase-Shaped
cfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Fan-Shaped / Broad Vase-Shaped
cbroadfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Weeping
cnarrowweepingshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Weeping
cbroadweepingshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Palm

1

 

Conifer Cone

1

 

Form

Arching

1

Climbing

1

Clump-Forming

1

Mat-Forming

1

Mound-Forming

1

Prostrate

1

Spreading

1

Stemless

1

Upright

1

 

Poisonous Plant

1

 

STAGE 1
GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY

 

Fragrant Plants adds the use of another of your 5 senses in your garden:-
Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark
1
, 2, 3

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3

Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
1
, 2

Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
1
, 2, 3

Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2

Night-scented Flowering Plants
1
, 2

Scented Aquatic Plants
1


Plants with Scented Fruits
1


Plants with Scented Roots
1
, 2

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood
1


Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums
1


Scented Cacti and Succulents
1


Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell
1
, 2
 

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERY 3

Fan-trained Shape
fantrainedshape2a1a1a

From Rhododendrons, boxwood, azaleas, clematis, novelties, bay trees, hardy plants, evergreens : novelties bulbs, cannas novelties, palms, araucarias, ferns, vines, orchids, flowering shrubs, ornamental grasses and trees book, via Wikimedia Commons

 

Ramblers Scramblers & Twiners by Michael Jefferson-Brown (ISBN 0 - 7153 - 0942 - 0) describes how to choose, plant and nurture over 500 high-performance climbing plants and wall shrubs, so that more can be made of your garden if you think not just laterally on the ground but use the vertical support structures including the house as well.

The Gardener's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Climbers & Wall Shrubs - A Guide to more than 2000 varieties including Roses, Clematis and Fruit Trees by Brian Davis. (ISBN 0-670-82929-3) provides the lists for 'Choosing the right Shrub or Climber' together with Average Height and Spread after 5 years, 10 years and 20 years.

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3


Gardening with Alpines by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club.
Published in 1962. It provides most of the data about the Alpines.

Plant Solutions 1000+ suggestions for every garden situation by Nigel Colborn ISBN
13:978
0 00 719312 7, provides many of the plants for the pages in these Galleries.

Essential Annuals The 100 Best for Design and Cultivation. Text by Elizabeth Murray. Photography by Derek Fell. ISBN 0-517-66177-2, provides data about annuals.

Indoor Bulb
Growing by
Edward Pearson
. Published by Purnell & Sons, Ltd in 1953. It provides the data about Indoor Bulbs and Bulbs in
Window-boxes.

Colour All The
Year In My Garden
: A selection of choice varieties - annuals, biennials, perennials, bulbs, climbers and trees and shrubs - that will give a continuity of colour
in the garden throughout the year. Edited by C.H. Middleton. Gardening Book
from Ward, Lock & Co published in 1938, provides plant data for a calendar of plants in bloom throughout the year and for those in the smallest garden.

The Book of Bulbs by S. Arnott, F.R.H.S. Printed by
Turnbull & Spears, Edinburgh in 1901. This provides data about Hardy Bulbs, Half-Hardy Bulbs, Greenhouse and Stove Bulbs.

Collins Guide to
Bulbs by Patrick
M. Synge
. ISBN
0 00 214016-0
First Edition 1961, Second Edition 1971, Reprinted 1973. This provides data on bulbs for bedding, bulbs in the border, bulbs naturalised in grass, bulbs in the woodland garden, bulbs in the rock garden, bulbs in pans in the alpine house, bulbs in the greenhouse, bulbs in bowls and the bulb frame.

Annuals & Biennials, the best annual and biennial plants and their uses in the garden by Gertrude Jekyll published in 1916 and
republished by Forgotten Books in 2012
(Forgotten Books
is a London-based book publisher specializing in the restoration of old books, both fiction and non-fiction. Today we have
372,702 books available to read online, download as ebooks, or
purchase in print.).

Cut Flowers All The Year from The New Illustrated
Gardening Encyclopedia
by Richard Sudell, printed before May 1935 for the plant names in each month, followed by details for culture and propagation.

Mr. Middleton's Garden Book by
Daily Express Publication,
reprinted 1941
for the individual
cultivar names with evergreen/
deciduous, flower colour, flower month and height.

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Tree and Shrubs in Garden Design -

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Clay Soils (neutral to slightly acid)

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Dry Acid Soils

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Shallow Soil over Chalk

Trees and Shrubs tolerant of both extreme Acidity and Alkalinity

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Damp Sites

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Industrial Areas

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Cold Exposed Areas

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Seaside Areas

Shrubs suitable for Heavy Shade

Shrubs and Climbers suitable for NORTH- and EAST-facing Walls

Shrubs suitable for Ground Cover

Trees of Pendulous Habit

Trees and Shrubs of Upright or Fastigiate Habit

Trees and Shrubs with Ornamental Bark or Twigs

Trees and Shrubs with Bold Foliage

Trees and Shrubs for Autumn Colour

Trees and Shrubs with Red or Purple Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Golden or Yellow Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Grey or Silver Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Variegated Foliage

Trees and Shrubs bearing Ornamental Fruit

Trees and Shrubs with Fragrant or Scented Flowers

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Foliage

Flowering Trees and Shrubs for Every Month:-
Jan
, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec

The following table shows the linkages for the information about the plants
described in Sanders' Encyclopedia of Gardening in The Gardeners' Golden Treasury, revised by A. G. L Hellyer F.L.S, Editor of 'Amateur Gardening', (thirty-first impression of original published in 1895) was published in 1960 by W. H. & L. Collingridge Limited,
between:-

  • Stage 1 - Garden Style Index Gallery (in this Table) and Stage 1 Fragrant Plants (in Table on left), then
  • Stage 2 - 3 Infill Plants Index Galleries (in Table on right), then
  • Stage 3a - All Plants Index Gallery with each plant species in its own Plant Type Page followed by choice from Stage 4a, 4b, 4c and/or 4d REMEMBERING THE CONSTRAINTS ON THE SELECTION FROM THE CHOICES MADE IN STAGES 1 AND 2 (in this Table)
  • Stage 3b - All2 Plants Index Gallery for Alpines without a Garden for your health and productivity (in this Table)
  • Stage 4a - 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery (in Table on right)
  • Stage 4b - 12 Foliage Colours per Month Index Gallery (in Table on right) with
    column for Deciduous / Herbaceous plants with the same foliage colour during their growing season and
    column for Evergreen plants with the same foliage colour during the entire year
  • Stage 4c - Cultivation, Position, Use Index Gallery (in Table on left)
  • Stage 4d - Shape, Form Index Gallery (in Table on left)

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY
It would be useful if when you decide to change your garden that you use a uniform garden style throughout your garden and the GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY aims to provide pointers.
The new pages (April 2016) in the gallery will have a suitable list of plants on each page (as that plant gets further detailed in the ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY), then each row containing that plant name in the GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY will also be updated. I aim to input details of plants starting with A in alphabetical order to Z.

Private Garden Design:-
What is your Budget and What are the purposes for your garden?
Designing for a purpose: Areas which require answers before answering your Designing for a Purpose Questionaire.
Then, do the Site Survey with Photographs, before putting the Current Garden Design on paper or in your computer.
Using the Broad Design elements of Scale, which Garden Style to use:-
Low Maintenance Garden Style, Cottage Garden Style, Wildlife Garden Style or Japanese Garden Style and the
Hard and Soft Landscaping elements, create the Broad Proposed Design. Then, the Detailed Design of each Hard Landscaping item followed by the Soft Landscaping elements: The Soil, changing the Microclimate; and the
Plant Selection is influenced by the Colour Wheel, with Plant Quantities determined by time to establish versus width between plants and Companion Planting will provide helpful neighbouring plants
or
Click on text in cells below to jump to that page describing that data
.

 


Container

Gardening at my work-place

 

<----

 

Yes
|
v


Do you want to garden and grow plants?

 

No

Cannot be bothered.
If you wish to improve your productivity and health, then, plant an Alpine Pan in your work area or at home using the information within Alpines without a Garden by Lawrence D. Hills, using these pages:-


Potted
House-plant


<----
|
|
v


No
Garden

At Home with Gard-ening Area


Yes


---->

Balcony Garden or Roof Garden


Yes
---->

Grow flowers for flower arranging and vegetables on Balcony Garden or Roof Garden

Pan Plant Back-grou-nd Colour

STAGE 3b
ALL2 PLANTS INDEX GALLERY

|
v


Conservatory Gardening

|
<--
|

 

|
No
-->

Outside Garden
|
v

Pan, Trough and Window-Box Odds and Sods
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14,
15

The beginner's dozen for the small pan

Plants for the pan gar-den


Stovehouse for Tropical Plants

|
<--

An extra dozen for the larger pan

Kinds of Pan Plants that may be split up and tucked in Corners and Crevices

|
|
v

Miniature trees and shrubs for pan

The leafy soil pan

The gritty soil pan

The Limy Soil Plan

Blue Flower Colour Pan Plants

Lilac, Violet and Purple Flower Colour Pan Plants

Reds, Carm-ines Flower Colour Pan Plants

Pinks Flower Colour Pan Plants

White Flower Colour Pan Plants and Bicol-ored

Yellow Flower Colour Pan Plants

Blue Flower Colour Trough Plants

Violet, Lilac and Purple Flower Colour Trough Plants

|
|
v

Reds and Carm-ines Flower Colour Trough Plants

Pinks - all shades Flower Colour Trough Plants

Yellow Flower Colour Trough Plants

White and Cream Flower Colour Trough Plants

Bi-colour-ed Flower Colour Trough Plants

Feb Flower Season Pan

Mar Flower Season Pan

Apr Flower Season Pan

May Flower Season Pan

Jun Flower Season Pan

Jul Flower Season Pan

Aug Flower Season Pan

Sep Flower Season Pan

|
|
v

Oct Flower Season Pan

Nov Flower Season Pan

Pans for Semi-shade

Pans for In-doors

Mini-ature Pot

Feb Flower Season Trough

Mar Flower Season Trough

Apr Flower Season Trough

May Flower Season Trough

Jun Flower Season Trough

Jul Flower Season Trough

Aug Flower Season Trough

Sep Flower Season Trough

|
|
v

Oct Flower Season Trough

Nov Flower Season Trough

Dec Flower Season Trough

Bulb Pan

Bulb Cover-ing Carp-eters

Trough and Window-box plants 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Trough and Window-Box Background Colour

Pan Plant
Alpines without a Garden

ABC 1
Pan Plants

DEF 1
Pan Plants

GHI
Pan Plants

JKL 1
Pan Plants

|
|
v

MNO 1
Pan Plants

PQR 1
Pan Plants

STU 1
Pan Plants

V 1
Pan Plants

WXYZ 1
Pan Plants

You need to know the following:-
1. How much time per week are you prepared to look after your garden or prepared to pay someone else to do it for you?
2. How much are you are prepared to spend on creating your garden and then on its maintenance for its feeding and replacement of its plants and hard landscaping?
3. In order for you to go into your garden, there must be mystery in it, so that from any position in the house you cannot see all the garden, otherwise you will not be tempted to go out into it.
4. You must decide what garden style you are going to use THROUGHOUT the garden and make sure of using 3. the mystery in it as well.
5. What plants do you want to keep in your existing garden and incorporate into your new garden?
6. What Human Problems do you have and what Site Problems are there?

A) Bee Pollinated Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers List leads onto the
B) Bee Pollinated Bloom in Month galleries and
C) extra Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers.


<----

Human Prob-lems
v


---->

Blind,
Deaf,
in a Wheelchair, or
you cannot bend easily

 

 

 

Garden Style, which takes into account the Human Problems above

 

 

Classic Mixed Style


<----

Cottage Garden Style


<----

.
v


---->

Naturalistic Style

Formal English Garden

 

Mediterranean Style


<----

Meadow and Corn-field


<----

.
.
v


---->

Paving and Gravel inland,
Coastal Conditions near the sea, Seashore with shingle/sand

 

 

 

 

Problem Sites within your chosen Garden Style from the above

 

 

Exposure to Wind


<----

Excess Shade


<----

Exce-ssively Dry Shade


<----


<----

.
.
.
.
.
v


---->

Exce-ssively Hot, Sunny and Dry Site is suitable for Drought Resistant Plants

Excessively Wet Soil - especially when caused by poor drainage

Control of Pests (Aphids, Rabbits, Deer, Mice, Mole, Snails) / Disease by Companion Planting in Garden

Whether your Heavy Clay or Light Sandy / Chalk Soil is excessively Alkaline (limy) / Acidic or not, then there is an Action Plan for you to do with your soil, which will improve its texture to make its structure into a productive soil instead of it returning to being just sand, chalk, silt or clay.


<----

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
v


---->

Problems caused by builders:- 1. Lack of soil on top of builders rubble in garden of just built house.
2. Clay soil of Garden slopes towards house with no drainage of this rainwater by the house wall.

In planning your beds for your garden, before the vertical hard-landscaping framework and the vertical speciman planting is inserted into your soft landscaping plan, the following is useful to consider:-
1. The ground plan usually depends upon 1 or more unalterable existing features. The position of the doors of the house will dictate the positions of paths, the shortest route to the kitchen may indicate the best place for a paved area for eating and drinking out of doors, or the kept trees/shrubs may indicate what garden style is used.
2. Rules of Proportion -
A. A border should be roughly 1/2 as wide as the hedge or wall behind it.
B. The proportion of planted areas to paved or turfed areas should be 1/3 to 2/3, or a 1/4 to 3/4, not 1/2 and 1/2.
C. Within a bed or border, unless a 2-dimensional pattern on the ground is the objective, the height and bulk of the plants should be varied to avoid monotony; it is particularly important to provide strong planting, in terms of either height or bulk or both, at either end of a long bed.
D. The ground surface provides a background to the plants that is as important as the hedges, walls or fences that surround it. Grass is perhaps the most satisfying carpet to use, the cool green forming a restful antidote to the dancing colours of the flowers. Use different coloured pea-shingle inside Cedar Gravel for people in wheelchairs, or infirm in their legs or who suffer from Hay Fever.

Reasons for stopping infilling of Sense of Fragrance section on 28/07/2016 at end of Sense of Fragrance from Stephen Lacey Page. From September 2017 will be creating the following new pages on Sense of Fragrance using Scented Flora of the World by Roy Genders.
ISBN 0 7090 5440 8:-

 

 

 

|
v

 

 

 

 

 

After you have selected your vertical hard-landscaping framework and the vertical speciman plants for each bed or border, you will need to infill with plants taking the following into account:-

 

 

 

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark 1, 2, 3
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil 1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil 1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Sandy Soil 1
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves 1, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves 1, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit 1, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers 1, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants 1, 2
Scented Aquatic Plants.
Plants with Scented Fruits.
Plants with Scented Roots 1, 2
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood.
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums.
Scented Cacti and Succulents.
Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell 1, 2

Flower Perfume Group:-
Miscellaneous Group with scents - Balm, Brandy, Cedar, Cloying, Cowslip, Cucumber, Damask Rose, Daphne, Exotic, Freesia, Fur-like, Gardenia, Hay-like, Heliotrope, Honeysuckle, Hops, Hyacinth, Incense-like, Jasmine, Laburnham, Lilac, Lily of the Valley, Meadowsweet, Mignonette, Mint, Mossy, Muscat, Muscatel, Myrtle-like, Newly Mown Hay, Nutmeg, Piercing, Primrose, Pungent, Resinous, Sandalwood, Sassafras, Seductive, Slight, Soft, Stephanotis, Sulphur, Starch, Sweet, Sweet-briar, Tea-rose, Treacle and Very Sweet.

Flower Perfume Group:-
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group with scent - Hawthorn.
Heavy Group with scents -
Jonquil and
Lily.
Aromatic Group with scents - Almond,
Aniseed, Balsamic,
Carnation, Cinnamon, Clove,
Spicy and
Vanilla.
Violet Group.
Rose Group.
Lemon Group with scent -
Verbena.
Fruit-scented Group with scents -
Apricot,
Fruity,
Green Apple,
Orange, Pineapple,
Ripe Apple , Ripe Banana and
Ripe Plum.
 

Flower Perfume Group:-
Animal-scented Group with scents -
Cat,
Dog,
Ferret,
Fox,
Goat,
Human Perspiration,
Musk,
Ripe Apple and
Tom Cat.
Honey Group.
Unpleasant Smell Group with scents -
Animal,
Fetid,
Fishy,
Foxy,
Fur-like,
Garlic,
Hemlock,
Manure,
Nauseating,
Perspiration,
Petrol,
Putrid,
Rancid,
Sickly,
Skunk,
Stale Lint
Sulphur and
Urinous,

Leaf Perfume Group:-
Turpentine Group.
Camphor and Eucalyptus Group.
Mint Group.
Sulphur Group.
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group.
Heavy Group.
Aromatic Group.
Violet Group.
Rose Group.
Lemon Group.
Fruit-scented Group.
Animal-scented Group.
Honey Group.

Scent of Wood, Bark and Roots Group:-
Aromatic Group.
Turpentine Group.
Rose Group.
Violet Group.
Stale Perspiration Group.

 

Scent of Fungi Group:-
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group.
Sulphur Group.
Aromatic Group.
Rose Group.
Violet Group.
Fruit Group.
Animal Group.
Honey Group

Sense of Sight

Emotion of
Hot /Cool; Calm / Agitated

Emotion of
Low-key / High Key


<----

.
.
.
v

Emotion of
Inviting
/ Forbidding

Emotion of Intellectual versus Emotional

Sense of Touch

Sense of Taste

Sense of Sound

 

 

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 for
lists of plants of 1 plant type for 1 cultivation requirement is in Table on right

 

 

 

STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY
Click on Blue or underlined text to jump to page comparing flower thumbnails of that blue colour in the
Other Plant Photo Galleries. RedPP is Red, Pink, Purple and Other is Unusual or Other Flower Colour.

Plant Type
with links to Other Plant Photo Galleries

ABC

DEF

GHI

JKL

MNO

PQR

STU

VWX

YZ

Alpine in Evergreen Perennial,
Herbaceous Perennial and Rock Garden

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Aquatic

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Annual/ Biennial

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Bamboo

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Bedding, 25
RHS Mixed Border Beds 75 and
Flower Shape, Flower Colour and Bedding Plant Use

1

Blue

1

Green

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

Purple

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Bicolour

Other Flower Colours

White / Colour Bicolour

Bulb, 746 with Use, Flower Colour/Shape of
Allium / Anemone, Colchicum / Crocus, Dahlia, Gladiolus, Narcissus and Tulip

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Climber 71 Clematis, 58 other Climbers with Use, Flower Colour and Shape

1

Blue

1

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Conifer

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Deciduous Shrub 43 with Use and Flower Colour

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Deciduous Tree

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Evergreen Perennial 104 with Use, Flower Colour, Flower Shape and Number of Petals

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Evergreen Shrub 46, Semi-Evergreen Shrub and Heather 74 with Use and Flower Colour

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Evergreen Tree

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Fern with 706 ferns
within 21 types and 41 uses

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Grass

1

1

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

Herbaceous Perennial 91,
RHS Mixed Border Beds 176 and
Peonies 46 with Flower Colour/Shape

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Herb

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Odds and Sods

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Rhododendron, Azalea, Camellia

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Rose with 720 roses within Flower Colour, Flower Shape, Rose Petal Count and Rose Use

1

1

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

 

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Soft Fruit

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Sub-Shrub

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Top Fruit

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Vegetable

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Wildflower 1918 with
Plants used by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterflies in the UK
I am inserting the plants described in Sanders' Encyclopedia of Gardening into STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY

1

Blue

1

Green

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

Red

1

Purple

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Multi-colour

Cream

Mauve

Brown

Shrub and Small Tree

Botanical Names Page

Common Names Page

Finally, you might be advised to check that the adjacent plants to the one you have chosen for that position in a flower bed are suitable; by checking the entry in Companion Planting - like clicking A page for checking Abies - and Pest Control page if you have a pest to control in this part of the flower bed.
Companion Planting
- A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z
Pest Control using Plants

 

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY
The planning a Rose Garden chapter from Rose Gardens by Jane Fearnley-Whitingstall ISBN 0 7011 3344 9 and
Plant Solutions by Nigel Colborn provides information for this gallery.

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 Reference books for these galleries in Table on left

STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY
In addition to these 10 galleries, there are links to the Other Plant Photo Galleries in the table above like Bulb , which have plant descriptions accessed by clicking a flower thumbnail in its flower comparison page. Click the respective flower colour - like Green - to change page to that flower colour comparison page. Then, you can also choose these other plants.
It will also state the Plant Combinations for each plant from The Ulimate Visual Guide to Successful Plant Harmony - The Encyclopedia of Planting Combinations by Tony Lord ISBN 1-55209-623-8

STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY
Some extra details about the Cultivation Requirements of Plant:- Outdoor /Garden Cultivation, Indoor / House Cultivation, Cool Green-house Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter, Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year, and Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

Since 2006, I have requested photos etc from the Mail-Order Nurseries in the UK and later from the rest of the World. Few nurseries have responded.
I worked for a lady, who with her husband took 35 mm slides of plants in the 1960's and 1970's. She allowed me to digitise some of her Kodachrome slides, which I have used in my website. I discovered that at least the green colour of the foliage became very much darker over that period of years to 2008, by comparing wildflower photos from her slides with digital photos supplied by a current Wildflower mail-order nursery, so I stopped creating my Foliage Galleries.
I bought myself a camera some years ago and started taking photos, some of which have been put into the website. I started taking photos of the Heathers at the Royal Horticultural Society at Wisley garden. I have displayed the Heathers foliage in closeup since their leaves are 2mm long and in macro-scale in the Heather Galleries - sometimes the foliage colour at the terminal end of the foliage stem is only a few leaves, whereas others have the same foliage colour throughout the stem. I discovered that some of the heathers did not have the correct plant label, since the flower colour did not correspond with the flower colour in the literature. I was informed that since kids have free rein, that perhaps they move the plant labels. Since, I cannot rely that the heather plant label next to the heather plant is valid, I have stopped taking photos of those heathers.
This leaves a small problem, especially since very few gardens open to the public have their plants labelled so that the public can use the data on their label to buy that named plant from a nursery or garden centre. Currently (June 2018) I insert photos from Wikimedia Commons as well as my own.
I have found the above book - which does not contain any colour plant photos. Since it had the following experts help in creating it, I have decided to use its information in these 10 galleries to help the public:-

  • T.W. Sanders Editor of Amateur Gardening in 1895.
  • A.J Macself Editor of Amateur Gardening in 1926 - both Sanders and Macself had worked entirely to the handlists published by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • A.G.L. Hellyer in this work of revision and also in checking the all-important cultural notes sought the help of experts in the various classes of plant:-
    • Mr S.A. Pearce, Assistant Curator at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew undertook the revision of those genera of plants which in this country are mainly grown under glass.
    • Mr Will Ingwersen dealt with the Rock plants,
    • Mr N. Catchpole made himself responsible for trees and shrubs;
    • Mr G.A Phillips for herbaceous plants,
    • Mrs Francis Perry for water plants,
    • Mr A.J. Macself for ferns,
    • Mr E. Cooper for orchids,
    • Mr J.S Dakers for annuals,
    • Miss Doreen Crowther for fruit and vegetables

with the aid of further information from other books, magazines and cross-checking on the internet.
In this edition of the book Sander's Encyclopaedia, the individual soil mixtures to grow plants have been retained, for it was considered that many gardeners might still wish to use them in certain circumstances. The John Innes mixtures may be substituted wherever desired. Details of these individual mixtures will be put into these galleries.