Ivydene Gardens Bulb Flower Shape, Bulb Form, Bulb Use and Bulb in Soil Gallery:
Chapter IV of
Bulbs in the Small Garden from Bulbs for Small Garden by E.C.M. Haes. Published by Pan Books in 1967.






The following comes from Chapter IV of Bulbs in the Small Garden from Bulbs for Small Garden by E.C.M. Haes. Published by Pan Books in 1967:-


"A Tour of the Garden
In the accompanying sketch plan of an idealized, small modern garden of a semi-detached house or bungalow (Fig 8 below), I have drawn in the places where the bulbs of one sort or another may be planted. In the ensuing notes I make generalized suggestions of the sorts that may be planted in each situation and at the end of this chapter I give suggestions in detail, Which I hope will be of help to the reader. It is not supposed, of course, that all these bulbs will be planted at once and a great deal will obviously depend upon what other plants are to be grown.

This garden is assumed to be in a not particularly mild or well-favoured district and nothing in it is likely to be very difficult or expensive. Nearly all the bulbs suggested in the table during 1967 are bulbs you should be able to grow successfully right from the start. Many are so attractive that you may never wish to be without them. I have not tried to give descriptions of the bulbs I mention here, but do so in Chapters V and VI.

Assume that the ground has been cleared of rubbish and perennial weeds and is prepared for planting. The main features, such as borders, together with specimen trees and shrubs, are in place.

The time is (ideally) late August). Bulbs are appearing in the shops. Decide how much you can afford to spend; then step into the garden to see (on the actual ground) where you would like to plant the bulbs.

On first impression, a typical modern garden in 1967 often seems rather tiny; while the picture on the cover of the bulb catalogue suggests that you ought to posses an acre or two of naturalized narcissi, beneath neat, mature trees; or broad beds massed solid with several hundred tulips or hyacinths apiece.

Hoever, bulbs, if well cared for, increase, and more may be bought each year. Two or three dozen tulips in a small bed are just as effective withinn the scale of an eighth of an acre of garden as are tulips by the thousand in the infinitely greater expanse of a public park. Moreover a small garden is a perfect setting for the smaller bulbs - the confetti bulbs and crocus, that may fill so many little pockets around trees and shrubs or against walls and in window-boxes, or in the scale-less alpine garden.




Bed A - Shady Places
Let us start a tour of this garden, with what is perhaps the least obvious place for bulbs - the shaded bed or border at the foot of a sunless wall or fence (A on the sketch).

A shaded border needs planting with the sort of vegetation one would see by a woodland path. Ferns, hostas (funkias), choicier ivies and hellebores are prominent and there may be a bed of lily-of-the-valley and violets.

All these plants relish a porous, peaty soil, that drains freely but does not desicate. The secret is to make this shaded bed deep. The prepared soil well laced with peat should go down 24 inches (60 cms) or more. If the bed is small this deep preparation is a perfectly practical proposition.

The bulbs for this kind of situation need choosing with care, but they include some of the most beautiful flowers of spring and early summer.

A few of the easier lilies such as the Lilium martagons and Lilium regale and its hybrids are excellent in shaded as well as sunny places. Plant also some of the quaint hardy arums; a selection is given in Chapter VI. The hardy cyclamen (also in Chapter VI) are equally suitable for shady places; but perhaps the best of all bulbs for shade in most gardens are the snowdrops. Few garden plants give a greater thrill to a flower lover than a shimmering carpet of snowdrops against the frost-seared ground of late winter. The snowdrop's natural companion is the winter aconite, which does just as well in shade as in sun.

Later, in early spring, shaded places may be brightened with woodland anemones and the unusual cyclamen daffodil (See Chapter V). These may be followed by dainty fritillaries and the little lily-like erythroniums, plants to please the most fastidious of gardeners.

Most daffodils are as satisfactory in shade as in sun, but I think, myself, that the pale yellow or white-flowered kinds are more attractive in dark places than the bright yellows.

Hybrid tulips and hyacinths grow quite well in shade, but they tend to be rather lanky and to bloom late. If you must grow your tulips in a shady place, it is best to use the shorter stemmed earlies rather than taller stemmed later varieties.

Crocuses are little use in shade as they rarely open their blooms properly unless they get direct sunlight on their petals.


Bed B - The Warm Border
Look again at the garden plan. On the south side of the house is a bed marked B. This is a wind-sheltered bed of gritty soil in the warmest part of the garden. This bed is the home for less hardy sun-loving bulbs. Many of the bulbs suggested for indoor planting in Chapter VII may be grown here too with a fair chance of success. In addition, try the sun-loving anemones, species tulips and iris - especially the exquisate winter-flowering bulbous iris, and the few lilies that enjoy a warm position - especially the old Madonna lily. In autumn and winter a warm border may be made exceedingly colourful, with the flowers of nerines and crocus species.


Bed C - Bulbs in Formal Beds
In front of the house in the plan is Formal Bed, position C in the plan.

Here is a bed of good soil, in a conspicuous position, that is reserved for mass display. This is achieved by choosing really effective and reliable plants of neat habit that produce masses of colourful flowers simultaneously, and spacing these equally over the bed. When the plants are over, they are lifted and replaced by later-blooming plants to give a second display.

One may use a number of different plants in a bedding scheme, but it is wisest to stick to a simple scheme with one or two really dependable kinds and be certain of good results.

Many bulbs are used for spring flowering bedding schemes, as you will see in your local parks. Generally, large-flowered hybrid bulbs are more satisfactory for formal bedding than wild species, except in the case of tulips. Tulips are best of all bulbs for bedding.

They may be used on their own or may be bedded with well-pinched wall-flowers, or forget-me-nots, for a mixed display. As a change from the usuall florist's tulips, plant a bed of the short or tall stemmed forms of the quite startlingly brilliant scarlet Tulipa fosteriana, or the smaller, but more shapely and equally showy, grey-leaved Tulipa eichleri. The striking Tulipa greigii, with leaves marked like a lizard, and Tulipa kaufmanniana are also very distinctive in early spring bedding schemes, as are hybrids raised from them.

Hyacinths look best associated in beds with winter violas, polyanthus or early alpines such as aubretia. Do not use the top-heavy giants, but stick to the slightly smaller-flowered kinds with strong stems. Also, stick to simple colour schemes, using 1 or 2 contrasting kinds, planted alternately or in symemetrical zones. More complicated schemes are rarely completely successful.

Not many people seem to think of using summer-flowering bulbs for bedding. Gladioli are too uncompromisingly stiff and top-heavy for the purpose, but the white-flowered summer hyacinths (the tall and graceful Galtonia candicans), pushing through a ground cover of tuberous begonias, make a striking study.

The Technique for Bedding Bulbs
There are 2 vital requirements for bedding out bulbs. The bulbs MUST be planted at the SAME depth at the SAME time. if some are deeper than others, or some are put in one weekend and the rest not until a week or 2 later, they will not flower all together and the effect will be ruined. It will be rather a costly failure, as even a small bed needs rather a lot of bulbs. So use a marked trowel or stick when planting to get the uniform depth. It is also important to take great care to space the bulbs properly. Plant from the middle of the bed outwards, especially if it is a circular bed. If elliptical, split the bed in halves and work outwards from the 2 centres thus formed. Before starting to plant, make sure that the soil is thoroughly prepared and evenly firmed so that it is, as nearly as possble, of uniform texture. Plant tulips and hyacinths 8 inches (20 cms) apart if bedded alone, or 14 inches (35 cms) apart if mixed with wallflowers (tall tulips only), forget-me-nots, aubretias or violas.

Begonias should not be planted until late May, so that they may follow early tulips or hyacinths, which at that time may be lifted and heeled into a reserve bed to dry off. Tuberous begonias go 15 inches (37.5 cms) apart. Summer hyacinths, if used with begonias, should be planted in autumn with the early tulips, at a depth of about 8 inches (20 cms) and 30 iches (75 cms) apart. They will be comming up when the tulips are lifted, so be careful not to damage their shoots.


Bed D - Bulbs in Borders
We now visit D in our plan, which is a herbaceous border. Not very many bulbs are suited to the rough and tumble of the conventional border, especially as in such borders most clumps of perennials need lifting and splitting every 2 or 3 years.

Gladioli and dahlias, however, which need planting each spring and lifting each autumn, fit into the border scheme satisfactorily, where they will be additionally useful for cut flowers. Early colour is easily supplied by groups of daffodils or tulips, as they are planted in autumn after any overcrowded perennials have been divided (Permanent plantings of herbaceous perennials tend to grow sideways as well as up during the growing season. Many gardener's do not bother to lift and divide them either to elsewhere or back into the same DEFINED area that they were designed to be in when they were originally planted from a planting plan for this bed. As happened in the Mixed Beds at Wisley, they kept on becoming wider - I think the posts for support of these tall perennials were moved out each year after they had been removed, the perennial section maintained and then put back to be outside the cleaned up clumps - and then the plants which were behind them became invisible at flowering time and that was a contributory factor to the loss of either the visibility of those flowers or their plant label). Large-cupped daffodils such as 'Fortune' are especially effective. The elegant lily-flowered tulips and the beautifully coloured Breeder tulips are also particularly suitable for grouping in perennial borders, as are the Spanish and Dutch Iris. They bloom in May, just before most of the typical beared iris start to come out.


Bed E - The Mixed Border
The herbaceous border pure and simple is giving way in the 1960's to the 'mixed' in which flowering or evergreen shrubs are used as framework for the lupinds, delpiniums and so on. Suc a border is E in our plan.


The garden we are touring is an idealized one, so the mixed border is in a reasonably sheltered position and has been planted with a collection of good quality shrubs and long-lived perennials, such as peonies, hellebores, spurges, astilbes and sea hollies. None of these much attention once established. There are plenty of spaces between the shrubs and the perennials and into these spaces will go the bulbs ( If the bed is not maintained, then the space between these shrubs disappears and the growth of shrubs becomes a uniform dense hedge with everybody desperate to grow upwards to get the sunlight. When I have seen this in a client's garden, I have asked if they do not like any of the shrubs that are in this 'hedge'. If they say no, then I cut through all the branches of each pair of shrubs to divide them and provide 2-3 inches of space apart. Then, I start at the base of a shrub, and go along the first branch from the base until I reach a crossing branch - if the shrub is generally looking as if it is composed of horizontal branches, then I dispose of the vertical crossing branch, and if the other way round, then the horizontal branch. If it is generally an about 45 degrees branched shrub, then I remove the crossing branch that may also be crossing some other branches as well and make sure that the branch that is left is still providing a good outline for the overall shrub. I then continue up the remaining branches. By the time you get to the top, then the shrub has been opened up and sunlight can get through to a great deal of the inner branchwork and create new branches there in the next growing season. Then you will see the individuallity of each shrub, which is what you bought it for in the first place. I do not like it when so called gardeners take a chainsaw to the trees/shrubs and make them into ellipsoids - why not have plastic monstronsiities instead of real plants?). The bulbs should be allowed to grow undisturbed until they become thick and obviously overcrowded by their own offsets.

This means they will need lifting again, once planted, for 7 to 10 years. Therefore plant the selected bulbs with great care. Enrich the soil with about 2 ounces per square yard each of bone meal and coarse hoof and horn meal when planting, and work this well into the soil at the level of the base of the bulbs. If the soil is very heavy (i.e. clay) give all daffodils and snowdrops a little pocket of sharp sand (or well smashed brick or weathered ash) mixed with damp peat, to sit on (The combination of clay, sand, humus from peat and bacterium is how soil is bound together from Soil Structure. This is one of the 8 problems for Houseowners and builders when the new home is surrounded by clay and how to solve them as shown on the right hand side of Case 3 - Drive Foundations in Clay Page.). This is especially important for lily bulbs.

The Cream of Bulbs
The mixed border should contain the cream of your bulb collection. Lilies, the taller daffodils, and crown imperials should go in the middle of the border amongst the shrubs, while at the front may be group-planted choicer crocuses, fritillaries, cyclamen andother tinies. Any bulbs recommended for the shaded border are equally good in shadier parts of a mixed border.

If the soil is on the heavy side (clay) mass snowdrops and smaller narcissi whever possible; if lightish (sand or chalk), let the deilcate mauve Crocus tomasinianus and the dainty Cyclamen neapolitanum naturalize themselves where they will, beneath the taller plants. Scillas, chionodoxas and muscari (the 'confetti' bulbs) and anemones may also spread naturally to good effect.

Watch for Trouble.
At all times watch for signs of sickening in the bulbs. Any which die off rapidly and prematurely should be dug up as soon as seed and destroyed; it is essential to prevent serious troubles like narcissus eelworm or lily virus and bitrytis disease from getting established in permanent plantings (see Chapter IX).

Bulbs in a mixed border may span the seasons. Plant freely for each quarter - snowdrops, crocus and cyclamen for winter; dwarf narcissi, crocus, anemones, and other small bulbs to supplement the taller daffodils in spring; lilies, summer hyacinths, the unusual camassias, selected alliums and oxalis for summer; and crocus, colchicums, cyclamen, nerines and the new, hardy agapanthus for autumn. Even in a small garden it should be possible to grow a good selection, for bulbs take up little space.


Bed F - Naturalized Bulbs in Grass-covered Slope
There may even be scope for naturalizing bulbs in a small modern garden, but if the garden is really small, dwarf rather than giant variieties must be chosen, otherwise the planting may look out of scale. Daffodils provide an excellent example. Choose 'W.P.Milner' or Narcissus obvallaris rather than 'Golden Harvest' or 'Carlton'.

Suppose we have in this garden we are examining, a piece of grass (Position F) between a drive and a hedge. This would be about 5 feet (5 feet = 60 inches = 150 cms) and 25 feet (25 feet = 300 inches = 750 cms) long.
Firstly, it must be accepted that the grass shall not be cut until early June, when the bulb leaves have mainly died down.
Secondly, as it is obvious that this is the only place in the garden where grass-planted bulbs are feasible, It would be as well to choose those sorts that will give as long a season of colour as possible, and not just a spring display.

Therefore we gaze at the bulb lists to see what

(a) is vigorous enough to grow in turf,
(b) is not too tall to be out of scale and
(c) will give colour from late September, when mowing is to cease, until the following spring, but which will die down by June.

The suggestions I would make are to plant

  • Crocus speciosus in August to flower for about 4 weeks after planting,
  • Crocus tomasinianus and the glorious golden, brown-backed Crocus susianus for winter and early spring
  • and the named Dutch hybrid crocuses to follow them; but if the soil is heavy (clay) plant instead the common snowdrop.

For spring, plant grape hyacinths to contrast with the semi-dwarf narcissi such as pale yellow 'W.P. Milner'. If the soil suits snowdrops, it should also suit the native 'snakeshead', fritillary. If there IS ample space, any of the taller daffodils named in Chapter VI would be just as suitable.

When planting these bulbs in grass, use either a special bulb-planting tool that takes out a plug of turf, or a trowel. If using a trowel, cut the turf neatly on 2 or 3 sides so that it lifts like a little lid, break up the exposed soil at the bottom of the hole, sprinkle it with the bone meal and the hoof-and-horn mixture and place the bulbs carefully so that their bases are 4-5 inches (10-12.5 cms) below the surface. Open up the soil on the lower side of the turf 'lid' with the fingers so that, when you replace it, the neck of the planted bulb pushes easily into the base of the living turf. Lower the turf back and firm it gently.

The larger daffodils are best planted singly in each of these 'pockets' but the smaller bulbs of all sorts may be put 3 to 6 together, so that they start off as a nice little colony.


Bed G - Hedge Bottoms - Soil at base of Hedge
Hedge bottoms (Position G) are dry and the soil there is filled with roots. However there are a few bulbs that are tough enough to face the competeition. Start the initial plantings in a pocket of prepared soil, so that subsequent seedlings from those parent bulbs may spread into the surrounding areas. Take out a spadeful of root-filled soil, replace it with kitchen garden soil mixed with peat and bone meal (about jhalf the volume of damp peat to that of soil, and 4 ounces of bone meal.

In each prepared pocket plant 3 or 4 Cyclamen neopolitanum or 12 to 24 crocuses. The Dutch crocus are vigorous enough to grow here, and so is the deceptively dainty-looking Crocus tomasinianus in its several forms. Allium moly, the rampant Ornithogalum umbellatum and the showy, easy grape hyaciinths are also capable of thriving at the base of a hedge. If the soil is deep and rather heavy (clay) the common snowdrop may be planted with a reasonable chance of success.


Bed H - Bulbs in the Rock Garden - Alpine Garden
Let us now return to the terrace, below which, in position H, is an alpine garden.

At once the perspective changes. Here is a garden within a garden. A rock garden is easily ruined if over-sized bulbs are planted among the alpine. Indeed the question of bulbs for an alpine garden is so important that a book has been written , specifically on this subject by Mr E.B. Anderson, in Dwarf Bulbs for the Rock Garden (Nelson, 1959).

Alpine gardening is a wonderfully absorbing hobby, calling for patience, imagination and the skill that comes with willing practice. There is no real reason why any of the scillas, muscari or even Dutch crocus should be excluded from the rock garden; but if these familiar kinds are used, the rock garden tends to lose that exclusiveness that sets it apart from the rest of the garden. If you are not sensitive about this and merely want colourful alpines, grow them in a simple alpine bed, and mix any of these small bulbs with them. When planting bulbs in it make sure you plant them in natural groups of 6 or more, rather than in ones and twos - or in rows and circles, as any formal pattern is quite out of keeping with a collection of alpines.


The Plan in Detail
The above section contains only generalized suggestions for the various parts of our imaginary garden. The following lists fill in the outline plan of Fig. 8 in detail. I hope readers will find these helpful pointers to their own choices.

Key to Plan

Bed A. Shaded border
Bed B. Border by warm wall
Bed C. Formal Bed - Border for bedding schemes
Bed D. Herbaceous border
Bed E. Mixed Border
Bed F. Grass-covered slope
Bed G. Soil at base of hedge
Bed H. Alpine garden
Bed I. Window box






Recommended Bulbs


Recommended Planting


Shaded Border


150 Snowdrops (Galanthus nivalis)

Scattered over border



12 Giant snowdrops (Galanthus elwesii)

In 1 group



6 Cyclamen orbiculum

In 1 group



50 Fritillaria melagris

Scattered at front



24 Narcissus 'Thalia'

In 4 groups of 6



24 Narcissus 'La Riante'

In 3 groups of 8



50 Anemone appenina




12 Erythronium tuolumnense

In 1 group at front



6 lilium martagon album with
2 Lilium martagon cattaniae

In 1 prominent group



3 Arisaema candidissimum

In 1 group in special pocket



6 Cyclamen europaeum

In 1 group at front



12 Cyclamen neapolitanum

In 2 groups


Border by Warm Wall


24 Crocus laevigatus fontenayi




24 Crocus sieberi




24 Crocus susianus




12 Cyclamen coum

At front



12 Iris reticulata

In 2 groups



6 Iris reticulata 'Cantab'

In group



6 Iris histriodes 'Major'

In group



12 Tulipa eichleri

In 2 groups



3 Tulipa saxatilis

Against wall



12 Triteleia uniflora




12 Cyclamen repandum

In 2 groups



6 Anemone fulgens

In 1 group



24 Narcissus jonquilla

In 2 groups



3 Lilium candidum

In 1 group



12 Ixia viridflora

In 1 group at front



12 Allium cyaneum

In 2 groups at front



12 Tigridia pavonia

In 2 groups against wall



1 Crinum powellii

At back against the wall



6 Nerine bowdenii

Along wall at back



12 Zephyranthes candida

In 2 groups at front



6 Leucojum autumnale

In 1 group at front



6 Sterbergia lutea angustifolia

In 1 group at front.


Formal Bed - Border for Bedding Schemes


50 Tulip 'La Tulipe noire'and 50 Tulip 'Glacier'

In alternate planting evenly spaced over bed



25 Double Begonias

Evenly over bed


Herbaceous Border


36 Narcissus 'Beersheba'

In 3 groups of 12



24 Narcissus 'Carlton'

In 2 groups of 12



24 Lily tulip 'Yellow Marvel'

In 2 groups of 12



36 Lily tulip 'Fire lily'

In 3 groups of 12



12 Iris 'Wedgewood' (Dutch)

In 2 groups of 6



12 Iris 'Mont Blanc' (English)

In 2 groups of 6



25 Gladiolus 'Spitfire' (dwarf)

In 1 or 2 groups



25 Gladiolus 'Elf' (dwarf, butterfly)

In 1 or 2 groups



12 Monbretia 'Goldfinch'

In 2 groups of 6



12 Gladiolus 'Snow Princess'

In 4 groups of 3



6 Lilium 'Enchantment'

In 2 groups of 3


Mixed Border


100 Crocus tomasinianus

Scattered over border



100 Snowdrops




50 Aconites (Eranthis hyemalis)




100 Hyacinthus azureus




12 Hyacinthus azureus albus




100 Scilla sibirica




25 Anemone blanda

At front of border



25 Crocus 'Yellow Mammoth'




25 Crocus 'Little Dorrit'




100 Narcissus bulbocodium




24 Narcissus 'February Gold'




24 Narcissus 'Tresamble'

In 2 groups of 12



3 Fritillaria imperialis

In 1 prominent group



50 Fritillaria meleagris




12 Tulipa fosteriana 'Princeps'

In one group at front of border



50 Erythronium denscanis




12 Camassia esculenta

In 2 groups of 6



12 Allium karataviense

In 2 groups of 6



24 Allium ostrowskianum

In 3 groups of 8



12 Lilium regale

In 2 groups of 6



6 Lilium maxwill

In 1 group



6 Lilium 'Enchantment'

In 1 group



12 Galtonia candicans

In 2 groups of 6



3 Agapanthus 'Headbourne Hybrids'

In one prominent group



24 Cyclamen neapolitanum

In small groups of 2 or 3



6 Cyclamen neapolitanum album

In small groups of 2 r 3



50 Crocus speciosus

In 2 groups of 25



12 Crocus speciosus albus

Together with 1 group of above



6 Colchicum speciosum album

In 1 group



6 Colchicum 'Lilac Wonder'

In 1 group


Grass-covered Slope


50 Double Snowdrops (Galanthus nivalis 'Flore Plena')

scattered all over lower edge of slope



100 Crocus tomasinianus

Scattered all over



50 Narcissus 'Spring Beauty'

In bold groups of 10



50 Narcissus pseudonarcissus

In groups of 2-5



50 Crocus 'Yellow Mammoth'

In groups of 10



100 Muscari 'Heavenly Blue'

In groups of 5-10


Soil at base of Hedge


Galanthus nivalis

Widely scattered along hedge



Ornithogalum umbellatum

Widely scattered along hedge



Allium moly

In groups of 6 or more



Oxalis floribunda

In groups



Cyclamen neapolitanum

Scattered in groups of 2 or 3


Alpine Garden


12 Narcissus asturiensis

In 1 group



3 Narcissus bulbocodium romieuxii

In 1 group



12 Leucojum vernum

In 2 groups of 6



24 Crocus susianus minor

In 2 groups



12 Crocus fleischeri

In 1 group



6 Cyclamen orbiculatum album

In 1 group



6 Tulipa tarda

In 1 group



6 Tulipa aucheriana

In 1 group



12 Narcissus triandrus albus

In 2 groups of 6



6 Arisarum proboscidium

In 1 group in cool corner



12 Oxalis adenophylla

In 3 groups of 4



6 Cyclamen europaeum




6 Allium caeruleum

In 1 group



6 Allium flavum minor

In 1 group



12 Leucojum autumnale

In 2 groups of 6



6 Galanthus reginae-olgae

In 1 group


Window box


3 Galanthus scharlokii

In 1 group



6 Crocus chrysanthus 'Snow Bunting'

In 1 group



3 Cyclamen orbiculatum

In 1 group



3 Narcissus bulbocodium romieuxii

In 1 group



3 Arisarum probiscidium

In 1 group



6 Narcissus bulbocodium obesus

In 1 group



3 Tulipa linifolia

At one end of box



2 Erthronium revolutum 'White Beauty'

In central position



2 Oxalis adenophylla




3 Cyclamen europaeum

In 1 group



6 leucojum autumnale

In 2 groups of 3



6 Galanthus reginae-olgae

In 1 group


































































































































with 7 Flower Colours (Red, Pink and Purple on same page) per Month in Colour Wheel below.

Click on Black or White box in Colour of Month.



link to Bulb Description Page or
link to Page in 4000 x 3000 pixel Raw Camera Photo Gallery or
link to Page in Infill Galleries


Site Map of pages with content (o)


BULB, CORM, RHIZOME AND TUBER INDEX - There are over 700 bulbs in the bulb galleries. The respective flower thumbnail, months of flowering, height and width, foliage thumbnail, form thumbnail use and comments are in the relevant index page below:-
(o): A 1, 2, 3
(o): B
(o): C 1, 2
(o): D
(o): E
(o): F
(o): G, Gladiolus
(o): H
(o): I
....: J
....: K
(o): L
(o): M
(o): N
(o): O
(o): P
....: Q
....: R
(o): S
(o): T
....: U
(o): V
....: W
(o): XYZ
Type of Form (Mat, Cushion, Spreading, Clump, Stemless, Upright),
Soil Type,
Sun Aspect,
Soil Moisture,
Foliage Colour,
added, starting in March 2020 with Bulb Allium Anemone Gallery





Acis autumnalis
- autumn

Acis autumnalis pulchellum - autumn
Acis autumnale 'September Snow' - autumn
Acis valentinum
- autumn

Aconitum cammarum
Aconitum heterophyllum
Aconitum japonicum
Aconitum lycoctonum
Aconitum napellus
Aconitum variegatum

Group 1(b). Single Dahlias - Singles
Dahlia 'Summertime'

Gladiolus in Autumn Bulb Gallery
Gladiolus communis
subsp. byzantinus

Gladiolus papilio




Oxalis adenophylla
Oxalis chrysantha
Oxalis enneaphylla
Oxalis hirta
'Gothenburg' - tender

Oxalis purpurea
- tender

Oxalis lobata
Oxalis obtusa

Gladiolus Bulb American registered in 2008

'Alpen Glow'
'Anna Lynn'
'Ant. Peeters'
'Beauty Mark'
'Blushing Blonde'
'Charm School'
'Cherokee Nation'
'Christmas Orchid'
'Cindy B'
'Cool White'
'Court Jester'
'Fancy Ruffles'
'Fragrant Lady'
'Glad Boy'
'Goluboj Vodopad'
'Harvest Sunset'
'Huron County'
'Island Sunset'
'Kiss of Rose'
'Lava Dandy II'
'Leah Carolyn'
'Lemon Blush'
'Lemon Meringue'
'Lemon Tart'
'Light Snow'

'Nochnaya Melodiya (night Melody)'
'Opal Splash'
'Orange Dart'
'Osenni Karnaval'
'Peppi (female cat)'
'Perth Silence'
'Pete's Gold'
'Powerful Lady'
'Raspberry Cream'
'Red Deer'
'Red My Mind'
'Rosy Posy'
'Rozovaya Fantazia (pink fantasy)'
'Showman's Delight'
'Small Star'
'Snow Owl'
'Superior Champ'
'Vosmoe Marta
(8th of March)'
'Watermelon Wine'
'Willy Wonka'

Allium acuminatum
Allium aflatunense 'Purple Sensation'

Allium altissimum

Allium ampeloprasum
Allium amplectens
Allium angulosum
Allium azureum
Allium 'Beau Regard'
Allium caeruleum
Allium caesium
Allium carinatum pulchellum 'Album'
Allium callimischon callimischon - autumn
Allium cepa var viviparum
Allium cernuum
Allium christophii
Allium cowanii
Allium crenulatum
Allium cupanii
Allium cyaneum
Allium cyathophorum
var farreri

Allium falcifolium
Allium flavum
Allium flavum nanum
Allium geyeri
Allium giganteum
Allium 'Gladiator'
Allium 'Globemaster'
Allium 'Globus'
Allium hirtifolium

Allium 'His Excellency'
Allium x hollandicum
Allium jesdianum

Allium jesdianum ssp angustitepalum
Allium jesdianum
'Michael Hoog
Allium jesdianum
'Purple King
Allium jesdianum

Allium kansuensis
Allium karataviense
Allium karataviense
'Ivory Queen
Allium lenkoranicum
Allium 'Lucy Ball'
Allium macleanii
Allium macranthum
Allium 'Mars'
Allium maximowiczii
Allium moly
Allium moly 'Jeannine'
Allium 'Mont Blanc'
Allium multibulbosum
Allium nevskianum
Allium nigrum
Allium nutans
Allium obliquum
Alium paradoxum
ssp normale

Allium plummerae
Allium oreophilum
Allium pulchellum
Allium ramosum
Allium rosenbachianum
Allium roseum
Allium 'Round
and Purple
Allium saxatile
Allium schoenoprasum
Allium schoenoprasum

Allium schoenoprasum 'Forescate'
Allium schubertii
Allium scorodoprasum

Allium sphaero-cephalon
Allium stamineum
Allium stipitatum
Allium stipitatum

Allium stipitatum
'Mount Everest
Allium subvilosum
Allium triquetrum
Allium unifolium
Allium ursinum
Allium vineale 'Hair'
Allium violaceum
Allium wallichii
Allium zebdanense

Group 2. Anemone-Flowered Dahlias
Dahlia 'Purpinka'
Dahlia 'Toto'


Polyxena odorata
- tender

Polyxena paucifolia
- tender

Group 3(a). Collarette Dahlias - Collarette Singles
Dahlia 'Alstergruss'








Group 4(a). Waterlily Dahlias - Medium-flowered
Dahlia 'Glory of

Gladiolus Bulb American registered in 2009

'Blazing Arrow'
'Bold Heart'
'Crowd Pleaser'
'Eye Opener'
'Fiesta Americana'
'Fire Poker'
'Flower Girl'
'Grand Girl'
'Heavenly Gold'
'Holy Moly'
'Lavender Ice'
'Mercy Me'
'Miss Midas'
'Pure Poetry'
'Royal Touch'
'Secret Lady'
'Smarty Pants'
'Stately Lady'




Sanguinaria canadensis

Scilla siberica
Scilla peruviana
Sparaxis grandiflora acutiloba - tender
Sparaxis metelerkampiae - tender
Sparaxis parviflora
- tender

Sparaxis tricolor
- tender





Alstroemeria aurantiaca
Alstroemeria versicolor
Alstroemeria psittacina
Alstroemeria pelegrina
Alstroemeria diazii
Alstroemeria ligtu
Alstroemeria haemantha

Group 4(b). Waterlily Dahlias - Small-flowered
Dahlia 'Gerrie Hoek'
Dahlia 'Twilight Time'

Gladiolus Bulb American registered in 2010

'Best Bet'
'Blue Bay'
'Cool Companion'
'Dream On
'Extravagant Eyes'
'Fiesta Frenzy'
'Fragrant Art'
'Frosted Grape'
'Gussy Up'
'Huron Destiny'
'Mary's Dream'
'Rose Flash'
'Rusty Red'
'Warm White'

Tricyrtis hirta
Tritonia crocata - tender
Tritonia crocata 'Bridal Veil' - tender
Tritonia crocata 'Pink Sensation' - tender
Tritonia crocata 'Serendipity' - tender
Tritonia crocata 'Tangerine' - tender

Tulipa Division 1:
Single Early
'Couleur Cardinal' 1M24R

Tulipa Division 4:
Darwin Tulips
'Bleu Aimable' 4M22PU
'Queen of Night' 4L24PU


Anemone apennina
Anemone blanda
Anemone blanda 'Blue
Anemone blanda

Anemone blanda
'Pink Star
Anemone blanda

Anemone blanda rosea
Anemone blanda
'Violet Star
Anemone blanda 'White Splendour'
Anemone caroliniana
Anemone coronaria
'de Caen'
Anemone coronaria
'St Brigid
Anemone demissa
Anemone fischeriana
Anemone fulgens
Anemone hupehensis
Anemone x
lipsiensis 'Pallida'


Anemone narcissiflora
Anemone nemorosa
Anemone nemorosa
'Alba Plena
Anemone nemorosa

Anemone nemorosa
'Bracteata Pleniflora
Anemone nemorosa

Anemone nemorosa

Anemone nemorosa

Anemone palmata
Anemone ranunculoides
Anemone ranunculoides 'Pleniflora'
Anemone rupicola
Anemone stellata
Anemone trullifolia

Group 5(a) - Decorative Dahlias -
Dahlia 'Edinburgh'
Dahlia 'Fleur'
Dahlia 'Kelvin Floodlight'
Dahlia 'White Perfection'

Gladiolus Bulb American registered in 2011


'Coral Sea'
'Cypress Creek'
'High Stakes'
'Immaculate Heart
'Irish Cream'
'Mother Nature'
'Orange Effect'
'Peppermint Delight'
'Peta Christina'
'Solar Star'
'Velvet Revolution'

Tulipa Division 4:
Darwin Hybrid
'Apeldoorn' 4L24R
'Beauty of Apeldoorn' 4L24MC
'Jewel of Spring' 4M20Y

Tulipa Division 6:
'White Triumphator' 6L26W

Tulipa Division 7:
'Daytona' 7L26W

Tulipa Division 8:
'Flaming Spring Green' 8L20MC
'Spring Green' 8L20MC
'Virichic' 8L18MC


Group 5(b) - Decorative Dahlias -
Dahlia 'Red/White

Gladiolus Bulb American registered in 2011

'Bald's Beauty'
'Farmer's Daughter'
'French Rose'
'Gypsy Belle'
'Happy Face'
'Happy Hour'
'Juicy Fruit'
'Magic Rose'
'Natural Flame'
'Orange Ensemble'
'Professor Plum'
'Sacia Lynn'
'Scarlet Starlet'
'Tabasco Cat'
'The King's Kisses'
'Velvet Mistress'
'William Tell'

Tulipa Division 10:
'Black Parrot' 10L20MC
'Blue Parrot' 10M12MC


Tulipa Division 11:
Double Late or Peony-flowered
'Angelique' 11L14MC

Tulipa Division 12:
'Stresa' 12M12MC

Anthericum liliago
Anthericum liliastrum
Anthericum ramosum


Antholyza spicata
Apios tuberosa
Arisaema ringens
Arisaema dracontium

Tulipa Division 13:
Fosteriana (Emperor)
'Purissima' 13E16W
'Yellow Purissima' 13E16Y

Tulipa Division 15:
Species (Botanical)
batalinii 15M15Y
tarda 15M6MC
turkestanica 15E12W
urumiensis 15M6Y
violacea 15E10MC



Arum italicum
Arum italicum

Arum maculatum
Arum orientale
Arum palaestinum

Aruncus dioicus

Group 5(c) - Decorative Dahlias -
Dahlia 'Duet'
Dahlia 'Funny Face'
Dahlia 'Golden Emblem'
Dahlia 'Lilac Time'
Dahlia 'Rosella'
Dahlia 'Smokey'
Dahlia 'Snow Country'








Helleborus orientalis
Hyacinthoides hispanica




Group 5(d) - Decorative Dahlias -
Dahlia 'Abba'
Dahlia 'Arabian Night'
Dahlia 'Arnhem'
Dahlia 'Canary Fubuki'
Dahlia 'Christine'
Dahlia 'Claudette'
Dahlia 'Cobra'
Dahlia 'El Paso'
Dahlia 'Gallery
Dahlia 'Sisa'
Dahlia 'Wittem'




Babiana stricta - tender
Biarum bovei
- autumn

Biarum ochridense
- autumn

Biarum tenuifolium
- autumn

Biarum tenuifolium var. abbreviatum - autumn


Iris laevigata
Iris pseudacorus
Ixia 'Blue Bird' - tender
Ixia 'Castor' - tender
Ixia flexuosa - tender
Ixia 'Giant' - tender
Ixia 'Hogarth' - tender
Ixia 'Holland's Gloire'
- tender

Ixia 'Mabel' - tender
Ixia maculata - tender
Ixia 'Marquette' - tender
Ixia 'Rose Emperor'
- tender

Ixia 'Titia' - tender
Ixia 'Venus' - tender
Ixia 'Vulcan' - tender
Ixia 'Yellow Emperor'
- tender

Veltheimia bracteata
- tender



Group 5(e) - Decorative Dahlias -
Dahlia 'Gallery
Dahlia 'Little Tiger'





Centaurea montana

Group 6(b) - Ball Dahlias - Miniature Ball
Dahlia 'Orange Nugget'
Dahlia 'Stolze
von Berlin


Zantedeschia elliottiana 'Black-eyed Beauty'


Colchicum autumnale
Colchicum autumnale 'Alboplenum'
Colchicum autumnale
Colchicum autumnale

Colchicum autumnale
'Nancy Lindsay'

Colchicum autumnale 'Pleniflorum'
'Autumn Herald'

Colchicum baytopiorum
Colchicum boissieri
Colchicum byzantinum
Colchicum cilicium
Colchicum cilicium
Colchicum cupanii
'Dick Trotter'

Colchicum 'Disraeli'
Colchicum giganteum
Colchicum 'Gracia'
Colchicum graecum
Colchicum 'Harlekijn'
Colchicum 'Jochem Hof'
Colchicum laetum
'Lilac Bedder'
'Lilac Wonder'
Colchicum luteum
Colchicum parlatoris
Colchicum 'Poseidon'
'Rosy Dawn'

Colchicum speciosum
Colchicum speciosum
Colchicum speciosum bornmeulleri
Colchicum speciosum
Colchicum tenorei
'The Giant'

'Violet Queen'
'Water Lily'

'William Dykes'

Group 7 - Pompon
Dahlia 'Golden






Group 8(c) - Cactus Medium-flowered
Dahlia 'Garden
Dahlia 'Nuit d'Ete'
Dahlia 'Orfeo'



Lachenalia aloides -

Lachenalia aloides
aurea -tender

Lachenalia aloides
quadricolor - tender

Lachenalia aloides
pearsonii - tender

Lachenalia aloides
vanzyliae - tender

Lachenalia bulbifera
- tender

Lachenalia contaminata
- tender

Lachenalia elegans
- tender

Lachenalia 'Fransie'
- tender

Lachenalia glaucina var. pallida - tender
Lachenalia juncifolia
- tender

Lachenalia 'Namakwa'
- tender

Lachenalia namaquensis
- tender

Lachenalia 'Nova'
- tender

Lachenalia orthopetala
- tender

Lachenalia pustulata
- tender

Lachenalia 'Robyn'
- tender

Lachenalia 'Rolina'
- tender

Lachenalia 'Romaud'
- tender

Lachenalia 'Romelia'
- tender

Lachenalia 'Ronina'
- tender

Lachenalia 'Rosabeth'
- tender

Lachenalia rosea
- tender

Lachenalia 'Rupert'
- tender

Lachenalia splendida
- tender

Lachenalia unifolia
- tender

Lachenalia viridiflora
- tender

Lachenalia zeyheri
- tender


Group 8(d) - Cactus - Small-flowered
Dahlia 'Playa Blanca'


If all else fails in how to use this educational website, how about reading the instructions in the red text on the
Welcome Page and the entire following page:-

Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines

Group 9(b) - Semi-Cactus Dahlias -
Dahlia 'Colour Spectacle'


Tessellated-flowering Colchicums
Colchicum agrippinum
'Autumn Queen'

Colchicum bivonae
Colchicum bivonae
'Glory of Heemstede'

Colchicum bivonae
Colchicum sfikasianum
Colchicum sibthorpi

Group 9(d) - Semi-Cactus Dahlias -
Dahlia 'Extase'
Dahlia 'Hayley Jane'
Dahlia 'Ludwig

Leucocoryne 'Andes'
Leucocoryne 'Caravelle'



I Asiatic Hybrid Lilies
Lilium 'Apollo'
Lilium 'Cancun'
Lilium 'Citronella'
Lilium 'Claire'
Lilium Cote 'd'Azur'
Lilium 'Fata Morgana'
Lilium 'Gironde'
Lilium 'Gran Paradiso'
Lilium 'Kingdom'
Lilium 'King Pete'
Lilium 'Lennox'
Lilium 'Lollpop'
Lilium 'Montreux'
Lilium 'Orange County'
Lilium 'Prunotto'
Lilium 'Rosella's Dream'


Colchicum crocifolium

Colchicum kesselringii
Colchicum hungaricum albiflorum
Colchicum szovitisii

Colchicum szovitisii
'White Forms'

Group 9(e) - Semi-Cactus Dahlias -
Dahlia 'Autumn Fairy'
Dahlia 'Munchen'



Winter- and Spring-Flowering Colchicums
Colchicum hungaricum

Group 10PE(c) - Miscellaneous Dahlias -
Dahlia 'Bishop of Llandaff'

I Dwarf Asiatic Hybrid
Lilium 'Buff Pixie'
Lilium 'Butter Pixie'
Lilium 'Ceb Crimson'
Lilium 'Inuvik'
Lilium 'Pink Pixie'
Lilium 'Tailor Made'



Crocus banaticus
Crocus asturicus var. atripurpureus
Crocus asumaniae
Crocus boryi
Crocus cambessedesii
Crocus cancellatus
Crocus cancellatus
Crocus cancellatus
cartwrightianus 'Albus'
Crocus goulimyi
Crocus goulimyi 'Albus'
Crocus hadriaticus
Crocus hadriaticus
'Indian Summer'

Crocus kotschyanus kotschyanus
Crocus kotschyanus kotschyanus 'Albus'
Crocus kotschyanus
Crocus laevigatus
Crocus ligusticus
Crocus niveus
Crocus nudiflorus
Crocus ochroleucus
Crocus oreocreticus
Crocus pallasii
ssp. pallasii

Crocus pulchellus
Crocus pulchellus 'Albus'
Crocus pulchellus

Crocus pulchellus 'Michael Hoog'
Crocus pulchellus

Crocus sativus
Crocus serotinus

Crocus serotinus

Crocus serotinus salzmanii 'Erectophyllus'
Crocus speciosus

Crocus speciosus

Crocus speciosus
Crocus speciosus

Crocus speciosus

Crocus speciosus

Crocus speciosus

Crocus speciosus

Crocus veneris


II Martagon Hybrid
Lilium x marhan 'Mrs R.O. Backhouse'






V Longiflorum Hybrid
Lilium formosanum var. pricei 'Snow Queen'



VI Trumpet Hybrid
Lilium 'African Queen'
Lilium 'Golden
Lilium 'Pink Perfection'
Lilium 'Regale'


Ferraria crispa
- tender

VII Oriental Hybrid
Lilium 'Acapulco'
Lilium 'Arena'
Lilium 'Barbaresco'
Lilium 'Bergamo'
Lilium 'Black Beauty'
Lilium 'Casa Blanca'
Lilium 'Cobra'
Lilium 'Con Amore'
Lilium 'Garden Party'
Lilium 'La Reve'
Lilium 'Mona Lisa'
Lilium 'Robert Swanson'
Lilium 'Siberia'
Lilium 'Starfighter'
Lilium 'Star Gazer'
Lilium 'Visa Versa'


Freesia alba
- tender

Freesia andersoniae
- tender
Freesia corymbosa
- tender

Freesia elimensis
- tender

Freesia speciosa 'Athene'
- tender
Freesia speciosa 'Ballerina'
- tender

Freesia speciosa 'Bloemfontein'
- tender

Freesia speciosa 'Chiron'
- tender

Freesia speciosa 'Clazina'
- tender

Freesia speciosa 'Corona'
- tender

Freesia speciosa 'Diana'
- tender

Freesia speciosa 'Epona'
- tender

Freesia speciosa 'Fantasy'
- tender

Freesia speciosa 'Golden Melody'
- tender

Freesia speciosa 'Jessica'
- tender

Freesia speciosa 'Magdalena'
- tender

Fritillaria imperiallis

Fritillaria imperiallis 'Lutea'
Fritillaria imperiallis
'Rubra Maxima'

VIII Miscellaneous
Lilium 'Conca d'Or'
Lilium 'Red Dutch'
Lilium 'Triumphator'


IX Species Lilies
Lilium auratum
Lilium cernuum
Lilium duchartrei
Lilium formosanum
Lilium formosanum

Lilium hansonii
Lilium henryi
Lilium leichtilinii
Lilium martagon
Lilium nepalense
Lilium pardalinum
Lilium superbum
Lilium wallichianum


Unspecified Lilies
Lilium lancifolium

Lilium speciosum


Crocus ancyrensis
'Golden Bunch'

Crocus biflorus
'Miss Vain
Crocus chrysanthus 'Ard Schenk'
Crocus chrysanthus
'Blue Pearl
Crocus chrysanthus
'Cream Beauty
Crocus chrysanthus

Crocus chrysanthus
'E.A. Bowles'

Crocus chrysanthus 'Fusco-tinctus'
Crocus chrysanthus

Crocus chrysanthus 'Prince Claus'
Crocus chrysanthus
'Princess Beatrix'

Crocus chrysanthus

Crocus chrysanthus
Crocus chrysanthus
'Snow Bunting'
Crocus chrysanthus
Crocus chrysanthus 'Zwanenburg Bronze'

Crocus sieberi
atticus 'Firefly'

Crocus sieberi atticus
'Violet Queen
Crocus sieberi 'subsp. sublimis Tricolor'

Crocus tommasinianus 'Barrs Purple'
Crocus tommasinianus 'Ruby Giant'
Crocus tommasinianus 'Whitewell Purple'





Galanthus elwesii

Massonia echinata
Melasphaerula ramosa
Mitella breweri


Gladiolus Bulb European

Gladiolus 'Amsterdam'
Gladiolus 'Atom'
Gladiolus 'Ben Venuto'
Gladiolus callianthus

Gladiolus carneus
Gladiolus 'Carthago'
Gladiolus 'Charming Beauty'
Gladiolus 'Charming Lady'
Gladiolus 'Cherry Berry'
Gladiolus colvillei

Gladiolus 'Cream
of the Crop
Gladiolus 'Deciso'
Gladiolus 'Ed's Conquest'
Gladiolus 'Elvira'
Gladiolus 'Espresso'
Gladiolus 'Eurovision'
Gladiolus 'Evergreen'
Gladiolus 'Flevo Smile'
Gladiolus 'Florence
Gladiolus 'Friendship'
Gladiolus 'Golden
Gladiolus 'Goldfield'
Gladiolus 'Grand
Gladiolus 'Her Majesty'
Gladiolus 'Hotline'
Gladiolus 'Huron Fox'
Gladiolus 'Huron Jewel'
Gladiolus 'Impressive'
Gladiolus 'Jayvee'
Gladiolus 'Jessica'
Gladiolus 'Karen 'P' '
Gladiolus 'Lady Elenore'
Gladiolus 'Little Jude'
Gladiolus 'Marj 'S' '
Gladiolus 'Mirella'
Gladiolus 'Mr Chris'
Gladiolus 'Perth Pearl'
Gladiolus 'Pink
Gladiolus 'Pinnacle'
Gladiolus 'Plaisir'
Gladiolus 'Prins Claus'
Gladiolus 'Raymond
'C' '

Gladiolus 'Rose Elf'
Gladiolus 'Ruth Ann'
Gladiolus 'Slick Chick'
Gladiolus 'Tesoro'
Gladiolus 'Tristis'
Gladiolus 'Whistle



Narcissus - Division 1:
Trumpet Daffodil
'Brabazon' 1Y-Y
'Bravoure' 1W-Y
'Dutch Master' 1Y-Y
'Golden Harvest' 1Y-Y
'Little Beauty' 1W-Y
'Rijnveld's Early
' 1Y-Y
'Small Talk' 1Y-Y
'Spellbinder' 1Y-Y


Narcissus - Division 2:
Large-Cupped Daffodil Cultivars
'Altun Ha' 2YYW-W
'Armada' 2Y-O
'Border Beauty' 2Y-O
'Carlton' 2Y-Y
'Ceylon' 2Y-O
'Glen Clova' 2Y-ORR
'Home Fires'
'Ice Follies' 2W-Y
'Redhill' 2W-OR
'Romance' 2W-PPO
'Rustom Pasha' 2Y-O
'St. Keverne' 2Y-Y


Winter and Spring-Flowering Crocus
Crocus etruscus
Crocus flavus ssp. flavus 'Golden Yellow'




Cyclamen coum

Cyclamen hederifolium

Narcissus - Division 3:
Small-Cupped Daffodil Cultivars
'Badbury Rings' 3Y-YYO
'Merlin' 3W-YYR



Narcissus - Division 4:
Double Daffodil
'Abba' 4W-O
'Replete' 4W-P
'Sir Winston
' 4W-O


Narcissus - Division 5:
Triandrus Daffodil
'Hawera' 5Y-Y

I have a suspicion that any Mail-order Nursery in the world wishes to sell its plants. I have asked the trade for 12 years for use of their photos and succeeded with those detailed in my Copyright Permissions Page.

Currently from May 2017; I am requesting any mail-order nursery to upload their photos to Wikimedia Commons with Public Domain License, which I could then use to show its

  • flower,
  • foliage,
  • form and
  • seed/fruit

as I would believe that the respective photo was of the relevant plant named in its description, since that photo is from the grower of that plant.

This educational only website intends to describe and include photos for any cultivated plant or native wildlower plant, which is either grown and/or sold in the UK, with links to mail-order nursery in

who will sell the plant, plug or seed/bulb to the public either only in their country or other countries as well.

From March 2020, having taken my own photos, and am currently further digitising the 35mm Garden Flowers slides produced by Ron and Christine Foord in the 1960's and 70's, with the possibility of using the photos in Wildflowers as They Grow by H. Essenhigh Corke, F.R.P.S, in my 4000 x 3000 pixel Raw Camera Image Galleries indexed in Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens Gallery, I have given up on the consideration that plant nurseries in this world wish to sell their plants with free advertising.
These photos credited to garnons-williams or foord in their filename then go into the Public Domain in the above Raw Camera Image Galleries. Click on the large photo as credited above and drag it to your screen for your personal use. The Foords were very careful in validating the plant names stated on their slides and I hope that mine are the same - that is why I have had to throw away 15,000 photos taken by me and Kavanagh of heathers from RHS Wisley over 3 years, because we could not validate the plant name on the plant label that were with them being the valid one.


Narcissus - Division 6:
Cyclamineus Daffodil
'Beryl' 6Y-YYO
'February Gold' 6Y-Y
'Garden Princess' 6Y-Y
'Jack Snipe' 6W-Y
'Jetfire' 6Y-O
'Peeping Tom' 6Y-Y
'Spring Dawn' 6Y-Y



Narcissus - Division 7:
Jonquilla and Apodanthus Daffodil Cultivars
'Baby Moon' 7Y-Y Min
'Bell Song' 7W-P
'Golden Dawn' 7Y-O
'Kokopelli' 7Y-Y
'Pipit' 7Y-Y
'Quail' 7Y-Y



Narcissus - Division 8:
Tazetta Daffodil
'Falconet' 8Y-O
'Geranium' 8W-O
'Minnow' 8Y-Y
papyraceus 8W-W



Narcissus - Division 9:
Poeticus Daffodil



Narcissus - Division 10:
Bulbocodium Daffodil
"Golden Bells" 10Y-Y
subsp. obesus 10Y-Y
pseudonarcissus 10W-Y



Narcissus - Division 11:
Split-Corona Daffodil Cultivars
a) Collar Daffodils
'Cassata' 11aW-Y



Narcissus - Division 12:
Other Daffodil Cultivars



Narcissus - Division 13:
Daffodils distinguished solely by Botanical Name
asturiensis 13Y-Y
bulbocodium 13Y-Y
cyclamineus 13Y-Y
obvallaris 13Y-Y
poeticus var




The following details come from Cactus Art:-

"A flower is the the complex sexual reproductive structure of Angiosperms, typically consisting of an axis bearing perianth parts, androecium (male) and gynoecium (female).    

Bisexual flower show four distinctive parts arranged in rings inside each other which are technically modified leaves: Sepal, petal, stamen & pistil. This flower is referred to as complete (with all four parts) and perfect (with "male" stamens and "female" pistil). The ovary ripens into a fruit and the ovules inside develop into seeds.

Incomplete flowers are lacking one or more of the four main parts. Imperfect (unisexual) flowers contain a pistil or stamens, but not both. The colourful parts of a flower and its scent attract pollinators and guide them to the nectary, usually at the base of the flower tube.



Androecium (male Parts or stamens)
It is made up of the filament and anther, it is the pollen producing part of the plant.
Anther This is the part of the stamen that produces and contains pollen. 
Filament This is the fine hair-like stalk that the anther sits on top of.
Pollen This is the dust-like male reproductive cell of flowering plants.

Gynoecium (female Parts or carpels or pistil)
 It is made up of the stigma, style, and ovary. Each pistil is constructed of one to many rolled leaflike structures.
This is the part of the pistil  which receives the pollen grains and on which they germinate. 
This is the long stalk that the stigma sits on top of ovary. 
The part of the plant that contains the ovules. 
The part of the ovary that becomes the seeds. 

The colorful, often bright part of the flower (corolla). 
The parts that look like little green leaves that cover the outside of a flower bud (calix). 
(Undifferentiated "Perianth segment" that are not clearly differentiated into sepals and petals, take the names of tepals.)"




The following details come from Nectary Genomics:-

"NECTAR. Many flowering plants attract potential pollinators by offering a reward of floral nectar. The primary solutes found in most nectars are varying ratios of sucrose, glucose and fructose, which can range from as little a 8% (w/w) in some species to as high as 80% in others. This abundance of simple sugars has resulted in the general perception that nectar consists of little more than sugar-water; however, numerous studies indicate that it is actually a complex mixture of components. Additional compounds found in a variety of nectars include other sugars, all 20 standard amino acids, phenolics, alkaloids, flavonoids, terpenes, vitamins, organic acids, oils, free fatty acids, metal ions and proteins.

NECTARIES. An organ known as the floral nectary is responsible for producing the complex mixture of compounds found in nectar. Nectaries can occur in different areas of flowers, and often take on diverse forms in different species, even to the point of being used for taxonomic purposes. Nectaries undergo remarkable morphological and metabolic changes during the course of floral development. For example, it is known that pre-secretory nectaries in a number of species accumulate large amounts of starch, which is followed by a rapid degradation of amyloplast granules just prior to anthesis and nectar secretion. These sugars presumably serve as a source of nectar carbohydrate.

WHY STUDY NECTAR? Nearly one-third of all worldwide crops are dependent on animals to achieve efficient pollination. In addition, U.S. pollinator-dependent crops have been estimated to have an annual value of up to $15 billion. Many crop species are largely self-incompatible (not self-fertile) and almost entirely on animal pollinators to achieve full fecundity; poor pollinator visitation has been reported to reduce yields of certain species by up to 50%."


Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677


Site design and content copyright ©June 2017.
Bulb Form, Bulb Use and Bulb Soil Comparison Pages added in March 2018 and contents added thereafter.
Contents updated and Information from the book Bulbs for Small Gardens by E.C.M Haes added in March 2020.
Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  


There are other pages on Plants which bloom in each month of the year in this website:-





Explanation of Structure of this Website with User Guidelines Page for those photo galleries with Photos
(of either ones I have taken myself or others which have been loaned only for use on this website from external sources)


Choose 1 of these different Plant selection Methods:-

1. Choose a plant from 1 of 53 flower colours in the Colour Wheel Gallery.

2. Choose a plant from 1 of 12 flower colours in each month of the year from 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery.

3. Choose a plant from 1 of 6 flower colours per month for each type of plant:-
Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Herbaceous Perennial
Odds and Sods
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Wild Flower

4. Choose a plant from its Flower Shape:-
Shape, Form

Flower Shape

5. Choose a plant from its foliage:-

6. There are 6 Plant Selection Levels including Bee Pollinated Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers in
Plants Topic.


7. When I do not have my own or ones from mail-order nursery photos , then from March 2016, if you want to start from the uppermost design levels through to your choice of cultivated and wildflower plants to change your Plant Selection Process then use the following galleries:-

  • Create and input all plants known by Amateur Gardening inserted into their Sanders' Encyclopaedia from their edition published in 1960 (originally published by them in 1895) into these
    • Stage 1 - Garden Style Index Gallery,
    • Stage 2 - Infill Plants Index Gallery being the only gallery from these 7 with photos (from Wikimedia Commons) ,
    • Stage 3 - All Plants Index Gallery with each plant species in its own Plant Type Page followed by choice from Stage 4a, 4b, 4c and/or 4d REMEMBERING THE CONSTRAINTS ON THE SELECTION FROM THE CHOICES MADE IN STAGES 1 AND 2
    • Stage 4a - 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery,
    • Stage 4b - 12 Foliage Colours per Month Index Gallery with
    • Stage 4c - Cultivation, Position, Use Index Gallery and
    • Stage 4d - Shape, Form Index Gallery
    • Unfortunately, if you want to have 100's of choices on selection of plants from 1000's of 1200 pixels wide by up to 16,300 pixels in length webpages, which you can jump to from almost any of the pages in these 7 galleries above, you have to put up with those links to those choices being on
      • the left topic menu table,
      • the header of the middle data table and on
      • the page/index menu table on the right of every page of those galleries.


I like reading and that is shown by the index in my Library, where I provide lists of books to take you between designing, maintaining or building a garden and the hierarchy of books on plants taking you from


Colour Wheel of All Flowers



















Primary Colours:-

Secondary Colours:-

Tertiary Colours:-
Red Orange.
Yellow Orange.
Yellow Green.
Blue Green.
Blue Violet.
Red Violet.


Bee-pollinated plants in Colour Wheel of 12 Flower Colours Per Month


Inner circle of Grey is 12 months of Unusual or Multi-Coloured Flower Colour


Rock Garden (Alpines) suitable for Small Gardens in 53 Colours




Functional combinations in the border from the International Flower Bulb Centre in Holland:-

"Here is a list of the perennials shown by research to be the best plants to accompany various flower bulbs. The flower bulbs were tested over a period of years in several perennial borders that had been established for at least three years.

In combination with hyacinths:

In combination with tulips:

In combination with narcissi:

For narcissi, the choice was difficult to make. The list contains only some of the perennials that are very suitable for combining with narcissi. In other words, narcissi can easily compete with perennials.

In combination with specialty bulbs:


White Flower Farm's list of Deer-and-Rodent-Resistant Bulbs.









Number of Flower Petals







Above 5









Flower Shape - Simple

Stars with Single Flowers


Cups and Saucers


Goblets and Chalices











Flower Shape - Simple
















Flower Shape - Elabor-ated

Tubes, Lips and Straps

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Hats, Hoods and Helmets

Stan-dards, Wings and Keels

Discs and Florets


Tufts and Petal-less Cluster









Flower Shape - Elabor-ated



Buttons with Double Flowers


Stars with Semi-Double Flowers











Natural Arrange-ments

Bunches, Posies and Sprays (Group)

Columns, Spikes and Spires
, 2

Whorls, Tiers and Cande-labra

Plumes and Tails

Chains and Tassels

Clouds, Garlands and Cascades

Sphere, Dome (Clusters), Drumstick and Plate










Bulbs in Cultivation
including vital bulb soil preparation from

Bulbs for Small Garden by E.C.M. Haes. Published by Pan Books in 1967:-

Bulbs in the Small Garden with Garden Plan and its different bulb sections

A choice of Outdoor Bulbs

False Bulbs

Bulbs Indoors

Bulb Calendar

Planting Times and Depth


Bulb Form


Prostrate or Trailing

Cushion or Mound-forming

Spreading or Creeping


Stemless. Sword-shaped Leaves

Erect or Upright

Bulb Use

Other than Only Green Foliage

Bedding or Mass Planting


, 2

Tolerant of Shade

In Woodland Areas


Tolerant of Poor Soil

Covering Banks

In Water

Beside Stream or Water Garden

Coastal Conditions

Edging Borders

Back of Border or Back-ground Plant

Fragrant Flowers

Not Fragrant Flowers

Indoor House-plant

Grow in a Patio Pot
, 2

Grow in an Alpine Trough

Grow in an Alpine House

Grow in Rock Garden

Speciman Plant

Into Native Plant Garden

Naturalize in Grass

Grow in Hanging Basket

Grow in Window-box

Grow in Green-house

Grow in Scree



Natural-ized Plant Area

Grow in Cottage Garden

Attracts Butter-flies

Attracts Bees

Resistant to Wildlife

Bulb in Soil

Chalk 1, 2


Sand 1, 2

Lime-Free (Acid)












Bulb Height from Text Border

Brown= 0-12 inches (0-30 cms)

Blue = 12-24 inches (30-60 cms)

Green= 24-36 inches (60-90 cms)

Red = 36+ inches (90+ cms)

Bulb Soil Moisture from Text Background

Wet Soil

Moist Soil

Dry Soil

Flowering months range abreviates month to its first 3 letters (Apr-Jun is April, May and June).

Click on thumbnail to change this comparison page to the Plant Description Page of the Bulb named in the Text box below that photo.
The Comments Row of that Plant Description Page links to where you personally can purchase that bulb via mail-order.

Topic - Over 1060 links in this table to a topic in a topic folder or page within that folder of this website
Case Studies
...Drive Foundations
Ryegrass and turf kills plants within Roadstone and in Topsoil due to it starving and dehydrating them.
CEDAdrive creates stable drive surface and drains rain into your ground, rather than onto the public road.
8 problems caused by building house on clay or with house-wall attached to clay.
Pre-building work on polluted soil.

Companion Planting
A ,B ,C ,D ,E ,
F ,G ,H ,I ,J ,K ,
L ,M ,N ,O ,P ,Q ,
R ,S ,T ,U ,V ,W ,
X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants
to provide a Companion Plant to aid your selected plant or deter its pests


with ground drains
Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed

......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
......Camera photos of Plant supports

Glossary with a tomato teaching cauliflowers
Library of over 1000 books
Offbeat Glossary with DuLally Bird in its flower clock.

...in Chalk
(Alkaline) Soil
......A-F1, A-F2,
......A-F3, G-L, M-R,
......M-R Roses, S-Z
...in Heavy
Clay Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
...in Lime-Free
(Acid) Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
...in Light
Sand Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
...Poisonous Plants.
...Extra Plant Pages
with its 6 Plant Selection Levels

Interaction between 2 Quartz Sand Grains to make soil
How roots of plants are in control in the soil
Without replacing Soil Nutrients, the soil will break up to only clay, sand or silt
Subsidence caused by water in Clay
Use water ring for trees/shrubs for first 2 years.

Tool Shed with 3 kneeling pads
Useful Data with benefits of Seaweed

Topic -
Plant Photo Galleries
with Plant Botanical Index

...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z

If the plant type below has flowers, then the first gallery will include the flower thumbnail in each month of 1 of 6 or 7 flower colour comparison pages of each plant in its subsidiary galleries, as a low-level Plant Selection Process
...by Flower Shape

Bulb Index
A1, 2, 3, B, C1, 2,
D, E, F, G, Glad,
H, I, J, K, L1, 2,
M, N, O, P, Q, R,
S, T, U, V, W, XYZ
...Allium/ Anemone
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Gladiolus with its 40 Flower Colours
......European A-E
......European F-M
......European N-Z
......Eur Non-classified
......American A
......American B
......American C
......American D
......American E
......American F
......American G
......American H
......American I
......American J
......American K
......American L
......American M
......American N
......American O
......American P
......American Q
......American R
......American S
......American T
......American U
......American V
......American W
......American XYZ
......Ame Non-classified
......Australia - empty
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Each of the above ...Bulb Galleries has its own set of Flower Colour Pages
...Flower Shape
...Bulb Form

...Bulb Use

...Bulb in Soil

Further details on bulbs from the Infill Galleries:-
Hardy Bulbs



...Forcing Lily of the Valley



...Hyacinths in Pots


...Lilium in Pots
...Narcissi in Pots



Half-Hardy Bulbs



Uses of Bulbs:-
...for Bedding
...in Windowboxes
...in Border
...naturalized in Grass
...in Bulb Frame
...in Woodland Garden
...in Rock Garden
...in Bowls
...in Alpine House
...Bulbs in Greenhouse or Stove:-




...Plant Bedding in

...Bulb houseplants flowering inside House during:-
...Bulbs and other types of plant flowering during:-
...Selection of the smaller and choicer plants for the Smallest of Gardens with plant flowering during the same 6 periods as in the previous selection

Climber in
3 Sector Vertical Plant System
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evergreen
...Heather Shrub
...Heather Index
......Erica: Carnea
......Erica: Cinerea
......Erica: Others
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evergreen

...Diascia Photo Album,
...UK Peony Index

...P -Herbaceous
...Flower Shape
...RHS Wisley
......Mixed Border
......Other Borders
Odds and Sods

...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use - page links in row 6. Rose, RHS Wisley and Other Roses rose indices on each Rose Use page
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Pruning Methods
Photo Index
R 1, 2, 3
Peter Beales Roses
RV Roger

Soft Fruit
Top Fruit

Wild Flower and
Butterfly page links are in next row

Topic -
Butterflies in the UK mostly use native UK wildflowers.

Butterfly Species.

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly Usage
of Plants.

Plant Usage by
Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly.

Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
Site Map page in its flower colour NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
...Brown Botanical Names
...Cream Common Names
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note

Wildflower Plants.

You know its name, use
Wild Flower Plant Index a-h, i-p, q-z.
You know which habitat it lives in, use
Acid Soil,
(Chalk) Soil
Marine Soil,
Neutral Soil,
is a
is a
is a
Rush, or
is a
You have seen its flower, use Comparison Pages containing Wild Flower Plants and Cultivated Plants in the
Colour Wheel Gallery.

Each plant named in each of the 180 Wildflower Family Pages within their 23 Galleries may have a link to:-
1) its Plant Description Page in its Common Name column in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries and will have links,
2) to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name column,
3) to see photos in its Flowering Months column and
4) to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.

(o)Adder's Tongue
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels
(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft
Bromes 1

(o)Grass Soft
Bromes 2

(o)Grass Soft
Bromes 3

(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)
(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
Clover 1

Clover 2

Clover 3

(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Rannock Rush
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Water Fern
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort

Topic -
The following is a complete hierarchical Plant Selection Process

dependent on the Garden Style chosen
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form

Topic -
Plant Selection Process comparing relevant plants of all types within each of the number of colours for each Flower or Foliage Colour Gallery.

All Flowers 53 with
...Use of Plant and
Flower Shape
- page links in next row

All Foliage 53
instead of redundant
...(All Foliage 212)

All Flowers
per Month 12

Bee instead of wind pollinated plants for hay-fever sufferers
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers
per Month

Rock Garden and Alpine Flowers
Rock Plant Flowers 53

...Rock Plant Photos

Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours
per Month Index

...All Plants Index

Topic -
Use of Plant in your Plant Selection Process

Plant Colour Wheel Uses
1. Perfect general use soil is composed of 8.3% lime, 16.6% humus, 25% clay and 50% sand, and
2. Why you are continually losing the SOIL STRUCTURE so your soil - will revert to clay, chalk, sand or silt.
Uses of Plant and Flower Shape:-
...Foliage Only
...Other than Green Foliage
...Trees in Lawn
...Trees in Small Gardens
...Wildflower Garden
...Attract Bird
...Attract Butterfly
, 2
...Climber on House Wall
...Climber not on House Wall
...Climber in Tree
...Pollution Barrier
...Part Shade
...Full Shade
...Single Flower provides Pollen for Bees
, 2, 3
...Covering Banks
...Patio Pot
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border
...Adjacent to Water
...Bog Garden
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Not Fragrant
...Standard Plant is 'Ball on Stick'
...Upright Branches or Sword-shaped leaves
...Plant to Prevent Entry to Human or Animal
...Coastal Conditions
...Tolerant on North-facing Wall
...Cut Flower
...Potted Veg Outdoors
...Potted Veg Indoors
...Raised Bed Outdoors Veg
...Grow in Alkaline Soil A-F, G-L, M-R,
...Grow in Acidic Soil
...Grow in Any Soil
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Grow Bulbs Indoors

Uses of Bedding
...Bedding Out
...Filling In
...Pots and Troughs
...Window Boxes
...Hanging Baskets
...Spring Bedding
...Summer Bedding
...Winter Bedding
...Foliage instead of Flower
...Coleus Bedding Photos for use in Public Domain 1

Uses of Bulb
...Other than Only Green Foliage
...Bedding or Mass Planting
...Tolerant of Shade
...In Woodland Areas
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Covering Banks
...In Water
...Beside Stream or Water Garden
...Coastal Conditions
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border or Back-ground Plant
...Fragrant Flowers
...Not Fragrant Flowers

...Grow in a Patio Pot
...Grow in an Alpine Trough
...Grow in an Alpine House
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Speciman Plant
...Into Native Plant Garden
...Naturalize in Grass
...Grow in Hanging Basket
...Grow in Window-box
...Grow in Green-house
...Grow in Scree
...Naturalized Plant Area
...Grow in Cottage Garden
...Attracts Butterflies
...Attracts Bees
...Resistant to Wildlife
...Bulb in Soil:-
......Lime-Free (Acid)

Uses of Rose
Rose Index

...Bedding 1, 2
...Climber /Pillar
...Cut-Flower 1, 2
...Exhibition, Speciman
...Grow In A Container 1, 2
...Hedge 1, 2
...Climber in Tree
...Edging Borders
...Tolerant of Poor Soil 1, 2
...Tolerant of Shade
...Back of Border
...Adjacent to Water

Topic -
Camera Photo Galleries showing all 4000 x 3000 pixels of each photo on your screen that you can then click and drag it to your desktop as part of a Plant Selection Process:-

RHS Garden at Wisley

Plant Supports -
When supporting plants in a bed, it is found that not only do those plants grow upwards, but also they expand their roots and footpad sideways each year. Pages
, 2, 3, 8, 11,
12, 13,
Plants 4, 7, 10,
Bedding Plants 5,
Plant Supports for Unknown Plants 5
Clematis Climbers 6,
the RHS does not appear to either follow it's own pruning advice or advice from The Pruning of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers by George E. Brown.
ISBN 0-571-11084-3 with the plants in Pages 1-7 of this folder. You can see from looking at both these resources as to whether the pruning carried out on the remainder of the plants in Pages 7-15 was correct.

Narcissus (Daffodil) 9,
Phlox Plant Supports 14, 15

Coleus Bedding Foliage Trial - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, Index

National Trust Garden at Sissinghurst Castle
Plant Supports -
Pages for Gallery 1

with Plant Supports
1, 5, 10
2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9,
11, 12
Recommended Rose Pruning Methods 13
Pages for Gallery 2
with Plant Supports
Plants 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Dry Garden of
RHS Garden at
Hyde Hall

Plants - Pages
without Plant Supports
Plants 1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Nursery of
Peter Beales Roses
Display Garden

Roses Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Nursery of
RV Roger

Roses - Pages
V76,Z77, 78,

Damage by Plants in Chilham Village - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4

Pavements of Funchal, Madeira
Damage to Trees - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13
for trees 1-54,
14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
for trees 55-95,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, 33, 34, 35,
36, 37,
for trees 95-133,
38, 39, 40,
41, 42, 43, 44, 45,
for trees 133-166

Chris Garnons-Williams
Work Done - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Identity of Plants
Label Problems - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,

Ron and Christine Foord - 1036 photos only inserted so far - Garden Flowers - Start Page of each Gallery
AB1 ,AN14,BA27,

Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens - 1187
A 1, 2, Photos - 43
B 1, Photos - 13
C 1, Photos - 35
D 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7,
Photos - 411
with Plants causing damage to buildings in Chilham Village and Damage to Trees in Pavements of Funchal
E 1, Photos - 21
F 1, Photos - 1
G 1, Photos - 5
H 1, Photos - 21
I 1, Photos - 8
J 1, Photos - 1
K 1, Photos - 1
L 1, Photos - 85
with Label Problems
M 1, Photos - 9
N 1, Photos - 12
O 1, Photos - 5
P 1, Photos - 54
Q 1, Photos -
R 1, 2, 3,
Photos - 229
S 1, Photos - 111
T 1, Photos - 13
U 1, Photos - 5
V 1, Photos - 4
W 1, Photos - 100
with Work Done by Chris Garnons-Williams
X 1 Photos -
Y 1, Photos -
Z 1 Photos -
Articles/Items in Ivydene Gardens - 88
Flower Colour, Num of Petals, Shape and
Plant Use of:-
Rock Garden
within linked page


Topic -
Fragrant Plants as a Plant Selection Process for your sense of smell:-

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an Acid Soil
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants
, 2

Topic -
Website User Guidelines

My Gas Service Engineer found Flow and Return pipes incorrectly positioned on gas boilers and customers had refused to have positioning corrected in 2020.

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