Case Studies

Companion Planting
...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
......Camera photos of Plant supports Garden Maintenance
Offbeat Glossary
...Poisonous Plants
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data


Topic - Plant Photo Galleries

Camera Photo Galleries:-

RHS Garden at Wisley
Plant Supports -
When supporting plants in a bed, it is found that not only do those plants grow upwards, but also they expand their roots and footpad sideways each year. Pages
, 2, 3, 8, 11,
12, 13,
Plants 4, 7, 10,
Bedding Plants 5,
Plant Supports for Unknown Plants 5
Clematis Climbers 6,
the RHS does not appear to either follow it's own pruning advice or advice from The Pruning of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers by George E. Brown.
ISBN 0-571-11084-3 with the plants in Pages 1-7 of this folder. You can see from looking at both these resources as to whether the pruning carried out on the remainder of the plants in Pages 7-15 was correct.
Narcissus (Daffodil) 9,
Phlox Plant Supports 14, 15

Coleus Bedding Foliage Trial - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32

National Trust Garden at Sissinghurst Castle
Plant Supports -
Pages for Gallery 1
with Plant Supports
, 5, 10
, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12
Recommended Rose Pruning Methods 13
Pages for Gallery 2
with Plant Supports
Plants 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Dry Garden of
RHS Garden at
Hyde Hall
Plants - Pages
without Plant Supports
Plants 1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Nursery of
Peter Beales Roses
Display Garden
Roses Pages
, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Nursery of
RV Roger
Roses - Pages
, A2, A3, A4, A5,
A6, A7, A8, A9, A10,
A11, A12, A13, A14, B15,
B16, B17, B18, B19, B20,
B21, B22, B23, B24, B25,

Damage by Plants in Chilham Village - Pages
, 2, 3, 4

Pavements of Funchal, Madeira
Damage to Trees - Pages
, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13
for trees 1-54
14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
for trees 55-95,
, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, 33, 34, 35,
36, 37,
for trees 95-133,
, 39, 40,
41, 42, 43, 44, 45,
for trees 133-166

The plant with photo in the above Camera Photo Galleries

the plants with photos in the other Plant Photo Galleries below in

Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens - 620

A 1, Photos - 36
B 1, Photos - 13
C 1, Photos - 35
D 1, 2, 3,
Photos - 165
Photos of
Plants causing damage to buildings in Chilham Village and
Photos of
Damage to Trees in Pavements of Funchal
are also in the D pages
E 1, Photos - 21
F 1, Photos - 1
G 1, Photos - 5
H 1, Photos - 21
I 1, Photos - 8
J 1, Photos - 1
K 1, Photos - 1
L 1, Photos - 14
M 1, Photos - 9
N 1, Photos - 12
O 1, Photos - 5
P 1, Photos - 54
Q 1, Photos -
R 1, Photos - 85
S 1, Photos - 111
T 1, Photos - 13
U 1, Photos - 5
V 1, Photos - 4
W 1, Photos - 2
X 1 Photos -
Y 1, Photos -
Z 1 Photos -

Articles/Items in Ivydene Gardens - 88

and in
Flower Shape and Plant Use of
Evergreen Perennial
Herbaceous Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Deciduous Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Deciduous Tree


Bedding Flower Shape

...Camera photos of Coleus Bedding Foliage Trial

Further details on Bedding from the Infill Galleries:-
...for Spring
...for Summer
...for Autumn
...for Winter
...for Sandy Soil
...for Acid Soil
...for Chalky Soil
...for Clay Soil
...Flower Colour:-
...Use of Bedding:-
......Aromatic Fol
......Scented Flo
......Long Flo
......Coloured Fol
......for Bees, etc
......Cut Flos
......Hanging Pot
......Pots/ Troughs
......Window Box
......Bedding Out
......Filling in

Further details on Annuals from the Infill Galleries:-
Uses of Annuals

...Exposed Sites
...Sheltered Sites Greenhouse
...Extra Poor Soil
...Very Rich Soil
...Gap Filling
...Patio Pots
...Cut Flowers 1, 2
...Everlasting Flos
...Attract Insects
...with Fragrance
...Bee Pollinated
...Annual Pairing
...Tall Growing
...Flower Colour:-
...for its Foliage Moist Soil Shade Houseplants
...Edging Beds
...Hanging Basket
...Vining Annuals
...Plants for Cut Flowers which flower during:-
Further Details on Biennials from the Infill Galleries:-
Use of Bieenials

...Cottage Garden
...Cut Flower
...for Rock Work
...Patio Pots
...for Wildlife
...Scented Flo

...Allium/ Anemone
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evgr
...Heather Shrub
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evgr
Herbaceous Perennial
...P -Herbaceous
...RHS Wisley
...Flower Shape
Odds and Sods
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit


Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
Site Map page in its flower colour
NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
...Brown Note
...Cream Note
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note
Wildflower Plants


Topic - Flower/Foliage Colour
Colour Wheel Galleries

Following your choice using Garden Style then that changes your Plant Selection Process
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form

you could use these Flower Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12
with its
Explanation of
Structure of this Website with

...User Guidelines
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
Rock Garden and Alpine Flower Colour Wheel with number of colours
Rock Plant Flowers 53

...Rock Plant Photos

these Foliage Colour Wheels structures, which I have done but until I can take the photos and I am certain of the plant label's validity, these may not progress much further
All Foliage 212

All Spring Foliage 212
All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212

Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index


Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Usage of Plants
by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly usage of
Plant A-C
Plant C-M
Plant N-W
Butterfly usage of Plant

followed by all the Wild Flower Family Pages:-

Since 14 June 2019 I have also started to put my own full-sized 4000 x 3000 digital Camera images into the relevant topics in this website again for use in the Public Domain - since there may
be 9 or more to a page the resulting 43Mb website page may take some time to load
. Since I have more than 26,522 photos using 111,460Mb of my disk space, then the extra upfront cost per annum before creating more folders like Photo coleus is just over 3.16 pence per photo has been paid for the total number in that entire photo collection before any are sent to the website.

It is hoped that you may find them of interest.

List of Pictures in a Picture Folder:-

Roses in
Rose Nursery of RV Roger
on 21-25 July 2014.

This folder has 4877 photo images.

Up to 11 photo images of a Rose in this folder will be inserted onto only a page in a Photo RV Roger Roses Gallery.

Each collection of photo images for a Rose will only count as 1 photo in the Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens on the respective Page R. The same system is used for the other collections.

A link to a page in another
Ivydene Gardens Gallery providing further details on the respective Rose may be supplied.

RV Roger Roses:-

Page A1 Rosa 'Absolutely Fabulous'
See details in Rose RHS Wisley Gallery.

Page A2 Rosa 'Aloha'
See details in Rose Plant Gallery.

Page A3 Rosa 'Amber Queen'
See details in Rose RHS Wisley Gallery.

Page A4 Rosa 'Amber Star'
See details in Rose Plant Gallery.

Page A5 Rosa 'Amber Sunset'
See details in Rose Plant Gallery.
Rosa 'Ambiance'
See details in Rose Use Gallery.

Page A6 Rosa 'Andrea Stelzer'

Page A7 Rosa 'Angela'

Page A8 Rosa 'Anisley Dickson'
Rosa 'Apricot Ingrid'

Page A9 Rosa 'Annabelle'

Page A10 Rosa 'Apricot Rex'

Page A11 Rosa 'Apricot Silk'
See details in Rose Plant Gallery.
Rosa 'Arcanum'

Page A12 Rosa 'Arizona Sunset'
See details in Rose Plant Gallery.

Page A13 Rosa 'Arthur Bell' - Floribunda
See details in Rose Plant Gallery.

Page A14
Rosa 'Arthur Merril' - Floribunda
IMG 8325.JPG
See details in Rose Plant Gallery.

Rosa 'Arthur Merril' IMG 8329.JPG

Rosa 'Arthur Merril' IMG 8327.JPG

Rosa 'Arthur Merril' IMG 8333.JPG

Rosa 'Arthur Merril' IMG 8337.JPG

Rosa 'Autumn' - Hybrid Tea
IMG 9771.JPG
See details in Rose Plant Gallery.

Rosa 'Autumn' IMG 9772.JPG

Rosa 'Autumn' IMG 9774.JPG

Rosa 'Baby Bio' - Floribunda
IMG 8345.JPG
See details in Rose Plant Gallery.

Rosa 'Baby Bio' IMG 8340.JPG

Rosa 'Baby Bio' IMG 8342.JPG

Page B15

Rosa 'Baby Bio' IMG 8343.JPG

Rosa 'Baby Bio' IMG 8346.JPG

Rosa 'Baby Bio' IMG 8347.JPG

Rosa 'Baby Bio' IMG 8349.JPG

Rosa 'Baby Boomer' - Budded Miniature
IMG 7365.JPG
See details in Rose Plant Gallery.

Rosa 'Baby Boomer'
IMG 7360.JPG

Rosa 'Baby Boomer'
IMG 7361.JPG

Rosa 'Baby Boomer'
IMG 7363.JPG

Rosa 'Baby Boomer'
IMG 7366.JPG

Rosa 'Baby Boomer'
IMG 7369.JPG

Rosa 'Baby Boomer'
IMG 7371.JPG

Page B16

Rosa 'Baby Katie' - Budded Miniature
IMG 7379.JPG
See details in Rose Plant Gallery.

Rosa 'Baby Katie'
IMG 7374.JPG

Rosa 'Baby Katie'
IMG 7378.JPG

Rosa 'Baby Katie'
IMG 7377.JPG

Rosa 'Baby Katie'
IMG 7373.JPG

Rosa 'Baby Masquerade' - Budded Miniature IMG 7389.JPG
See details in Rose Plant Gallery.

Rosa 'Baby Masquerade'
IMG 7383.JPG

Rosa 'Baby Masquerade'
IMG 7385.JPG

Rosa 'Baby Masquerade'
IMG 7388.JPG

Rosa 'Ballerina' - Modern Shrub
Non-Recurrent Cluster-Flowered
IMG 9405.JPG
See details in Rose Plant Gallery.

Rosa 'Ballerina'
IMG 9399.JPG

Page B17

Rosa 'Ballerina'
IMG 9400.JPG

Rosa 'Ballerina'
IMG 9401.JPG

Rosa 'Ballerina'
IMG 9404.JPG

Rosa 'Ballerina'
IMG 9407.JPG

Rosa 'Barbara Stack' - Floribunda
IMG 8358.JPG
See details in index of Rose Other A-F Roses Gallery, where it used for bedding,
to grow in pots and as a cut-flower.

Rosa 'Barbara Stack'
IMG 8351.JPG

Rosa 'Barbara Stack'
IMG 8353.JPG

Rosa 'Barbara Stack'
IMG 8357.JPG

Rosa 'Barbara Stack'
IMG 8359.JPG

Rosa 'Barbara Stack'
IMG 8360.JPG

Rosa 'Barbara Stack'
IMG 8362.JPG

Page B18

Rosa 'Barry Stephens' - Hybrid Tea
IMG 9675.JPG
See details in Rose Plant Gallery.

Rosa 'Barry Stephens'
IMG 9671.JPG

Rosa 'Barry Stephens'
IMG 9672.JPG

Rosa 'Barry Stephens'
IMG 9673.JPG

Rosa 'Barry Stephens'
IMG 9677.JPG

Rosa 'Barry Stephens'
IMG 9678.JPG

Rosa 'Behold' - Budded Miniature
IMG 7396.JPG
See details in Rose Plant Gallery.

Rosa 'Behold'
IMG 7392.JPG

Rosa 'Behold'
IMG 7394.JPG

Rosa 'Behold'
IMG 7398.JPG

Rosa 'Behold'
IMG 7400.JPG

Page B19

Rosa 'Bella Christina' - Floribunda
IMG 8373.JPG

Rosa 'Bella Christina'
IMG 8367.JPG

Rosa 'Bella Christina'
IMG 8368.JPG

Rosa 'Bella Christina'
IMG 8369.JPG

Rosa 'Bella Christina'
IMG 8370.JPG

Rosa 'Bella Christina'
IMG 8371.JPG

Rosa 'Bella Christina'
IMG 8374.JPG

Rosa 'Bella Christina'
IMG 8376.JPG

Rosa 'Bella Diana' - Floribunda IMG 8468.JPG

Rosa 'Bella Diana'
IMG 8462.JPG

Rosa 'Bella Diana'
IMG 8466.JPG

Page B20

Rosa 'Bella Diana'
IMG 8469.JPG

Rosa 'Bella Diana'
IMG 8470.JPG

Rosa 'Bella Diana'
IMG 8472.JPG

Rosa 'Bella Diana'
IMG 8473.JPG

Rosa 'Belle Happiness'
IMG 8774.JPG - Climber

Rosa 'Belle Happiness'
IMG 8773.JPG

Rosa 'Belle Happiness'
IMG 8775.JPG

Rosa 'Betty Curry'
IMG 9686.JPG - Hybrid Tea

Rosa 'Betty Curry'
IMG 9680.JPG

Rosa 'Betty Curry'
IMG 9682.JPG

Rosa 'Betty Curry'
IMG 9684.JPG

Page B21

Rosa 'Betty's Smile'
IMG 9567.JPG - Hybrid Tea
See details in Rose Use Gallery.

Rosa 'Betty's Smile'
IMG 9568.JPG

Rosa 'Betty's Smile'
IMG 9569.JPG

Rosa 'Betty's Smile'
IMG 9571.JPG

Rosa 'Betty's Smile'
IMG 9574.JPG

Rosa 'Betty's Smile'
IMG 9573.JPG

Rosa 'Betty's Smile'
IMG 9565.JPG

Rosa 'Betty's Smile'
IMG 9566.JPG

Rosa 'Betty's Smile'
IMG 9572.JPG

Rosa 'Betty's Smile'
IMG 9575.JPG

Rosa 'Big Chief'
IMG 9710.JPG - Hybrid Tea
See details in Rose Plant Gallery.

Page B 22

Rosa 'Big Chief'
IMG 9706.JPG

Rosa 'Big Chief'
IMG 9709.JPG

Rosa 'Big Chief'
IMG 9712.JPG

Rosa 'Big Chief'
IMG 9714.JPG

Rosa 'Bill Bailey'
IMG 9507.JPG

Rosa 'Bill Bailey'
IMG 9506.JPG

Rosa 'Bill Bailey'
IMG 9509.JPG

Rosa 'Bill Bailey'
IMG 9510.JPG

Rosa 'Bill Bailey'
IMG 9512.JPG

Rosa 'Bill Bailey'
IMG 9513.JPG

Rosa 'Birthday Boy'
IMG 9462.JPG - Hybrid Tea

Page B23

Rosa 'Birthday Boy'
IMG 9460.JPG

Rosa 'Birthday Boy'
IMG 9463.JPG

Rosa 'Birthday Boy'
IMG 9465.JPG

Rosa 'Birthday Boy'
IMG 9466.JPG

Rosa 'Birthday Girl'
IMG 8480.JPG - Floribunda
See details in Rose Plant Gallery.

Rosa 'Birthday Girl'
IMG 8476.JPG

Rosa 'Birthday Girl'
IMG 8482.JPG

Rosa 'Birthday Girl'
IMG 8477.JPG

Rosa 'Black Baccara'
IMG 9426.JPG - Hybrid Tea

Rosa 'Black Baccara'
IMG 9420.JPG

Rosa 'Black Baccara'
IMG 9423.JPG

Page B24

Rosa 'Black Baccara'
IMG 9424.JPG

Rosa 'Black Baccara'
IMG 9425.JPG

Rosa 'Black Baccara'
IMG 9427.JPG

Rosa 'Black Baccara'
IMG 9429.JPG

Rosa 'Black Baccara'
IMG 9431.JPG

Rosa 'Black Gold'
IMG 5482.JPG - Miniflora

Rosa 'Black Gold'
IMG 5486.JPG

Rosa 'Black Gold'
IMG 5488.JPG

Rosa 'Black Jack'
IMG 7212.JPG - Budded Miniature
See details in Rose Plant Gallery.

Rosa 'Black Jack'
IMG 7216.JPG

Rosa 'Black Jack'
IMG 7213.JPG

Page B25

Rosa 'Black Jack'
IMG 7215.JPG

Rosa 'Blaydon Races'
IMG 9689.JPG - Hybrid Tea

Rosa 'Blaydon Races'
IMG 9690.JPG

Rosa 'Blaydon Races'
IMG 9691.JPG

Rosa 'Blaydon Races'
IMG 9692.JPG

Rosa 'Blaydon Races'
IMG 9693.JPG

Rosa 'Blaydon Races'
IMG 9696.JPG

Rosa 'Blessings'
IMG 9346.JPG - Hybrid Tea

Rosa 'Blessings'
IMG 9338.JPG

Rosa 'Blessings'
IMG 9339.JPG

Rosa 'Blessings'
IMG 9340.JPG

Page B26

Rosa 'Blessings'
IMG 9343.JPG

Rosa 'Blessings'
IMG 9344.JPG

Rosa 'Blossomtime'
IMG 5775.JPG - Climbing
See details in Rose Plant Gallery.

Rosa 'Blossomtime'
IMG 5765.JPG

Rosa 'Blossomtime'
IMG 5770.JPG

Rosa 'Blossomtime'
IMG 5771.JPG

Rosa 'Blossomtime'
IMG 5772.JPG

Rosa 'Blossomtime'
IMG 5773.JPG

Rosa 'Blossomtime'
IMG 5774.JPG

Rosa 'Blossomtime'
IMG 5776.JPG


(o)Adder's Tongue
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels




(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 1
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 2
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 3 (o)Hazel
(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)


(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
(o)Peaflower Clover 1
(o)Peaflower Clover 2
(o)Peaflower Clover 3
(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Rannock Rush
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses


(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Water Fern
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort


It is worth remembering that especially with roses that the colour of the petals of the flower may change - The following photos are of Rosa 'Lincolnshire Poacher' which I took on the same day in R.V. Roger's Nursery Field:-




Closed Bud


Opening Bud


Juvenile Flower


Older Juvenile Flower


Middle-aged Flower - Flower Colour in Season in its
Rose Description Page is
"Buff Yellow, with a very slight pink tint at the edges in May-October."



Plant Labelling - A suggestion for plant labelling to help visitors

A different solution is that each gardening member of the RHS staff at Wisley be provided with Large White Plastic Angled-Head Labels which are 20 inches (50 cms) in height with a 6 x 4 inch (16 x 10 cms) writing surface and a Marker pen with Black ink to provide a good temporary label for the above broken label (in Lost Flowers page) or for missing labels.
Then, the black background permanent label could be ordered at the end of that working day to replace this temporary label, which has been inserted into the ground in front of the relevant plant section.

If you are concerned about these labels going on "Walkabout", then insert another white label behind the plant and make it invisible to the public.

Mature Flower


Juvenile Flower and Dying Flower


Form of Rose Bush


There are 720 roses in the Rose Galleries; many of which have the above series of pictures in their respective Rose Description Page.

So one might avoid the disappointment that the 2 elephants had when their trunks were entwined instead of them each carrying their trunk using their own trunk, and your disappointment of buying a rose to discover that the colour you bought it for is only the case when it has its juvenile flowers; if you look at all the photos of the roses in the respective Rose Description Page!!!!

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677

Site design and content copyright ©October 2019.
Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a
courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are
not responsible for the content and/or quality of external
web sites linked from this site.  




Ivydene Gardens Photo RV Roger Roses 2 Gallery:
Page 14 has photos of Roses from the
rose rv roger july 21-25 2014
taken on 25 May 2014 at the Rose Nursery of RV Roger.

Photos taken by Chris Garnons-Williams using a digital camera in the original size and as a thumbnail.
These can used in the Public Domain for educational purposes in schools, or at home, to:-

  • Assist in selecting a plant.
  • To be used in providing details of plants and their colours for use in a painting,
  • in Jewellery,
  • in the shape of plants in stone, metal or ceramic statuary,
  • pictures on homemade greetings cards, or
  • posters for display on walls at home.

Row 1 has the Pass-Through Camera image of Thumbnail image named in Row 2
and is usually 4000 x 3000 pixels.

Row 2 has same image reduced to fit the image frame of 160 x 120 pixels as a
Passthrough Thumbnail to show all of the Camera Image. This image has been
reduced to 72 pixels per inch by Freeway before I stored it as a Passthrough image
for use both here (from August 2019) and as the image in
Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens A 1 Gallery.

Click on either image and drag to your desktop.
Then you can crop the Pass-Through Camera image to obtain the particular detail
that you require from that image, before using that cropped result in your endeavour.

Copying the pages and then clicking on the images to drag them may not work.


Rose Plant is
Rosa 'Arthur Merril' IMG 8325.JPG - Floribunda
taken on 21-25 July 2014 at the Rose Nursery of RV Roger by Chris Garnons-Williams
See details in Rose Plant Gallery.



Rose Plant is
Rosa 'Arthur Merril' IMG 8329.JPG
taken on 21-25 July 2014 at the Rose Nursery of RV Roger by Chris Garnons-Williams



Rose Plant is
Rosa 'Arthur Merril' IMG 8327.JPG
taken on 21-25 July 2014 at the Rose Nursery of RV Roger by Chris Garnons-Williams



Rose Plant is
Rosa 'Arthur Merril' IMG 8333.JPG
taken on 21-25 July 2014 at the Rose Nursery of RV Roger by Chris Garnons-Williams



Rose Plant is
Rosa 'Arthur Merril' IMG 8337.JPG
taken on 21-25 July 2014 at the Rose Nursery of RV Roger by Chris Garnons-Williams



Rose Plant is
Rosa 'Autumn' IMG 9771.JPG Hybrid Tea
taken on 21-25 July 2014 at the Rose Nursery of RV Roger by Chris Garnons-Williams
See details in Rose Plant Gallery.



Rose Plant is
Rosa 'Autumn' IMG 9772.JPG Hybrid Tea
taken on 21-25 July 2014 at the Rose Nursery of RV Roger by Chris Garnons-Williams



Rose Plant is
Rosa 'Autumn' IMG 9774.JPG Hybrid Tea
taken on 21-25 July 2014 at the Rose Nursery of RV Roger by Chris Garnons-Williams



Rose Plant is
Rosa 'Baby Bio' IMG 8345.JPG - Floribunda
taken on 21-25 July 2014 at the Rose Nursery of RV Roger by Chris Garnons-Williams.
See details in Rose Plant Gallery.



Rose Plant is
Rosa 'Baby Bio' IMG 8340.JPG
taken on 21-25 July 2014 at the Rose Nursery of RV Roger by Chris Garnons-Williams



Rose Plant is
Rosa 'Baby Bio' IMG 8342.JPG
taken on 21-25 July 2014 at the Rose Nursery of RV Roger by Chris Garnons-Williams


I have copied the archived post below, because what is stated there is extremely important, since 99.99% of
gardeners in the UK totally ignore the fact that plants require humus and think that double-digging is beneficial
every year. That is why they are killing their soil and their plants do not grow well.

How Soil Works in the Category Archives: Flowering House Plants of Houseplantsguru. com:-

"Nature’s plan is to build up the humus year after year and this can only be done by organic matter. There is need
to replace and return that which has been taken out. The Chinese, who are the best gardeners, collect, ‘use’, and
return to the soil, every possible kind of waste, vegetable, animal and human. In over 4000 years of intensive
cultivation they still support more human beings per hectare than any other country in the world!
On the other
hand in areas like the Middle West of the U.S.A. And the Regina Plain of Canada, where the Wheel of Life has not
been recognized, tens of thousands of hectares which once grew heavy crops are now useless, or practically so.

Every flower crop grown reduces the organic content of the ground. Every piece of work done helps to break down
the humus. The value of the soil in your garden, therefore, is not the mica particles or grains of sand. It lies in the
humus that the soil contains. Humus makes all the difference to successful gardening. Have plenty of humus
present and the soil is in good tilth. Humus is the organic colloid of the soil. It can store water, it can store plant
foods, it can help to keep the soil open. It can help to ensure the right aeration. It will give ideal insulation against
heat and cold.

Using Compost

Garden owners proposing to dig their land shallowly in preparation for flower growing, should realize the
importance of adding ample quantities of organic matter before they start. Composted farmyard manure, fine
wool shoddy, properly composted vegetable refuse, or hop manure should be added at the rate of one good
barrow-load to 10 m2 (12 sq yds) and in addition into the top 25 or 50 mm (1 or 2 in) of soil finely divided sedge
peat, non-acid in character should be raked in at about half a bucketful (9 litres) per square metre (2 gallons per
sq yd). This organic matter in the top few millimetres of soil gives the little roots a good start and so sends them
on to find the organic matter below.

It is when the organic content of the soil has been helped in this way, that the gardener dares to add plant foods
of an organic origin. These are usually applied on the surface of the ground and raked in. Fertilizers with an
organic base are particularly useful. Fish Manure may be applied at 105 to 140 g/m2 (3 oz to 4 oz per sq yd), or a
meat and bone meal or even hoof and horn meal mixed with equal quantities of wood ashes may be used at a
similar rate. These plant foods can be supplied not only when the flower garden is first made but every season
very early in the spring. A good dried poultry manure to which a little potash has been added is another fertilizer
that is very useful when applied at this time.

Minimum Digging

Flower growers must realize that proper soil treatment is the first essential to success. The millions and millions
of soil bacteria that live in the ground to help the gardener, much appreciate little or no digging. It enables
them to work better, for they need conditions which are natural. So do give them what they need.


Lime should be regarded as an essential except in very definite cases where acidity is demanded, e.g. the
heaths and heathers, rhododendrons and azaleas.

Lime not only prevents soil from being acid but it ‘sweetens’ it, as well as playing its part as a plant food.
It improves the texture and workability of heavy soils. It helps to release other plant foods, and it
decomposes organic compounds in the soil so that they can be used as plant food also.

Generally speaking it should be applied at about 245 g/m2 (7 oz per sq yd). It should not be dug in, as it
washes down into the soil very quickly. It should be sprinkled on the surface of the ground after the digging
and manuring has been done. Do not mix lime with organic fertilizers. There are three main types of lime:
Quicklime, sometimes sold as Buxton Lime or Lump Lime, which has to be slaked down on the soil;
Chalk or Limestone, often sold as Ground Limestone, only half as valuable as quicklime; and
Hydrated Lime, which is perhaps the most convenient to handle and is therefore most usually used by gardeners.
The quantity of lime mentioned previously i.e. 245 g/m2 (7 oz per sq yd), refers to hydrated lime."


The following is the opinion of Chris Garnons-Williams to the above:-

If you walk through an old wooded area, which is not intensively managed, you will see dead leaves on the
ground, together with fallen branches, brambles, nettles, other weeds and juvenile plants. There will be
waste material from birds and animals and this has not been cleared up and disposed of. This mulch then
provides the organic material to be recycled via the ground with its different organisms to the roots of those
same trees for them to continue to grow.
Nobody digs up the ground to push this material in a few inches or to the depth of the topsoil, nature does it
with earthworms and other organisms at the rate required by the organisms down below to then use it. The
trees in this wood then grow fairly uniformly using the available resources.

So, do not dig the manure, wool shoddy, vegetable refuse or hop manure or anything else in. Leave it on top
as a mulch and that includes the organic fertilizers and the lime.
Instead of adding finely divided sedge peat, add spent mushroom compost which contains peat which has
already been used; and so you are using their waste product for recycling, instead of destroying more peat
bogs which have taken 1000's of years to be created. You could use bracken instead of peat.

The topsoil is full of organisms, either the waste products from are used by another or they are. If you turn
them up from the bottom of the topsoil to the top, then those new top ones will starve to death and the ones
who were at the top are now at the bottom and they will as well since it is only waste down there which is
not their normal fare. They do have a bus transport system to get them back to their original levels, since water
is the only transport system down there, which unfortunately normally goes downwards.

So why do you not use the companion planting cultivation method as further detailed in Companion Planting?
You may follow this with the following which is normally used for the vegetable garden:-

"Spinach is sown in spring in rows 50cm apart over the whole vegetable garden area for the following

  • these rows divide the vegetable garden up for the whole year,
  • the spinach roots prevent erosion, so the usual paths between beds are omitted,
  • young spinach plants provide protection and shade for the vegetable crops to be grown between them,
  • spinach provides ideal material for sheet surface composting, which becomes an intermediate space, a footpath, and
  • it is in between these lines of spinach that the other vegetable varieties are arranged."

This could be used in the flower beds as the system between the permanent plants of trees, shrubs
and perennials, which is where you may put bedding. This will also provide you with access to the bedding
and the permanent plants together with the nitrogen fertilizer for the other plants from the legumes of
You plant your bedding, bulbs or vegetables through the mulch between the lines of spinach. The damage you
do to where you plant is fairly quickly repaired by the organisms in the surrounding soil, who each come into
the level below the ground level where they normally reside, until they meet their relatives onthe other side of
the planting hole. The ecosystem is then restored.



Site Map of pages with content (o)



Seed with EXTRA Plant INDEX of Extra Plants in Extra Pages of Bloom and Blooms Calendar Galleries.



Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines


Flower Colour





Other Colours





White / Bicolour





Flower Simple Shape

3 Petals

4 Petals

5 Petals

6 Petals


Bowls, Cups and Saucers

Globes, Goblets and Chalices








Trumpets and Funnels

Bells, Thimbles and Urns


Single Flower provides pollen for bees


2 Petals









Flower Elabor-ated Shape

Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Hats, Hoods and Helmets

Standards, Wings and Keels

Discs and Florets

Pin-cushions and Tufts

Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons








Bedding Plant Use

Bedding Out

Filling In


Pots and Troughs

Window Boxes

Hanging Baskets

Spring Bedding

Summer Bedding

Winter Bedding


Bedding Photos for use in Public Domain


Bedding Plant Height from Text Border Gallery

Blue =
0-24 inches
(0-60 cms)

Green =
24-72 inches
(60-180 cms) or
Green =
24-72 inches
(60-180 cms)

Red =
72+ inches
(180+ cms)

Bedding Plant Soil Moisture from Text Background


Wet Soil

Moist Soil

Dry Soil

Click on thumbnail to change this Comparison Page to the Plant Description Page of the Bedding Plant named in the Text box below that photo.

The Comments Row of that Bedding Plant Description Page details where that Bedding Plant is available from.



Bedding Plant INDEX .

See also the Bedding Plant INDEX of the Bedding in the Mixed Borders of the Royal Horticultural Society Garden at Wisley in 2013. This gallery also compares the Flower Colours, Foliage Colours, Bedding Use and Flower Shape of the bedding plants in those Mixed Borders.



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