Ivydene Gardens Blue Wildflowers Note Gallery:
Fruit or Seed Colour Page 1 with
Scented Flower, Foliage or Root Index

Plant Height from Text Border

Blue = 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)

Green=24-72 inches (60-180 cms)

Red = 72+ inches (180+ cms)

Plant Soil Moisture from Text Background

Wet Soil

Moist Soil

Dry Soil

Click on thumbnail to change this comparison page to the Plant Description Page of the plant named in the Text box below the photo.
Click on first Underlined Text in Text Box below Thumbnail to transfer to its Family page.

cheathfru1dogviolet

fceleryfrut1leavedbuttercup

fglobefrut1flower

fmarshfrutmarigold

fmousetailfrut1

fpheasantsfruteye

fwinterfrutaconite

fwoodfrutanemone

VIOLET Heath Dog Violet
SANDY SOIL ON CHALK
Apr-Jun

BUTTER-CUP Celery-Leaved Butter-cup
IN PONDS OR RIVERS
May-Sep
Most Poison-ous member of Ranun-culus

BUTTER-CUP Globe Flower HAY MEAD-OWS, RIVER BANKS, LAKE MARG-INS, OPEN WOOD-LAND
May-Aug

BUTTER-CUP Marsh Marigold EDGES OF RIVERS, LAKES, WINTER-WET MEAD-OWS

Mar-Jun

BUTTER-CUP Mousetail SANDY FIELDS, SEA-WALLS


Jun-Jul

BUTTER-CUP Pheas-ant's Eye ARABLE WEED ON DRY SOILS ON CHALK

Jun - onwards

BUTTER-CUP Winter Aconite OPEN WOOD-LAND, GARD-ENS AND ROAD VERGES. DIES BACK IN SUMMER

Jan-Mar

BUTTER-CUP
Wood Anemone WOOD-LAND, STREAM-SIDES, HEDGE BANKS, SCREE, OPEN MOOR-LAND

Mar-May

fcommonfrutwartcress

pcommonfrutwintercress

fcreepingfrutyellowcress

pearlyfrutscurvygrass

pgardenfrutradish

phairyfru1bittercress

pmarshfrusyellowcress

pshepherdsfru3rubellapurse

CRUCIF-ER Common Wart Cress DRY OR WINTER-WET FARM-YARDS, PATHS, GATE-WAYS

May - onwards

CRUCIF-ER Common Winter-cress
BY RIVERS, ROAD-SIDES, BY HEDGES AND IN DITCHES

May-Jul

CRUCIF-ER Creeping Yellow Cress SITES FLOODED IN WINTER, EDGES OF RIVERS, DITCHES

Jun - onwards

CRUCIF-ER
Early Scurvy-grass CLIFF-TOPS, SAND DUNES, SEA-WALLS, RAILWAY BALLAST

Feb-Sep

CRUCIF-ER Garden Radish GARDEN ESCAPE OR FROM BIRD-SEED ON TIPS AND WASTE PLACES

May - onwards

CRUCIF-ER
Hairy Bitter-cress
ON ROCK OUT-CROPS, BY STREAMS AND IN WOODS

Mar - onwards

CRUCIF-ER
Marsh Yellow Cress MUD BESIDE LAKE, POND, DITCH BANKS

Jun- onwards

CRUCIF-ER Sheph-herd's Purse (rubella) WEED IN GARDENS CULT-IVATED FIELDS WITH BROAD-LEAVED CROPS
Jan-Dec

lesserfrusclubmoss

stagshornfrus1clubmoss

 

 

 

 

 

 

CLUB-MOSS

Lesser Club-moss

CLUB-MOSS

Stags-horn Club-moss

 

 

 

 

 

 

foregonfrutgrape

fbargemansfrutcabbage

fblackfrutmustard

 

fcoralrootfrut

ptowerfru1mustard

pwoadfru4

pgiantfru1horsetail

BAR-BERRY. Oregon Grape HEDGE-ROWS, ROAD VERGES, WOOD-LAND

Mar-May

CRUCIF-ER Barge-man's Cabbage RIVER AND CANAL BANKS, ROAD-SIDES, ARABLE FIELDS, TIPS

Apr- onwards

CRUCIF-ER
Black Mustard BY RIVERS, SEA-CLIFFS AND SHINGLE

May-onwards

 

CRUCIF-ER Coralroot Bitter-cress

CRUCIF-ER
Tower Mustard GRASSY PLACES ON FREE-DRAIN-ING SANDY SOILS OVER CHALK , LIME-STONE

May-Jul

CRUCIF-ER
Woad QUAR-RIES, BARE CLIFFS, ARABLE FIELDS, DOCKS

Jun-Aug

HORSE-TAIL Giant Horsetail

popiumfru2poppy

fsoftfru1shieldfern

cfennelfru2

cfoolsfru3parsley

craggedfrurobin

palexandersfru

ccowfruparsley

pgroundfruelder

POPPY
Opium Poppy
ROAD-SIDE, WASTE GROUND

Jun-Aug

POLY-PODY Soft Shield Fern

UMBELL-IFER
Fennel MARSH, ON SEA-WALLS, IN GRAVEL-PITS, ON ROAD-SIDES
Jul - onwards

UMBELL-IFER
Fool's Parsley HEDGE BANKS, WASTE PLACES, ARABLE FIELDS
Jun - onwards

PINK Ragged Robin MARSHES AND WOODS

May-Jul

UMBELL-IFER Alexand-ers
HEDGE BANKS NEAR THE SEA

Apr-Jun

UMBELL-IFER
Cow Parsley ROAD-SIDES, HEDGE-ROWS, UNDER-MANAGED HAY MEADOWS AND RAILWAY BANKS
Apr-Jun

UMBELL-IFER
Ground Elder HEDGE-ROWS, ROAD VERGES, CHURCH-YARDS, NEGLE-CTED GARDEN

Jun-Aug

phedgefrusparsley

phogweedfru3

csicklefruharesear

fsweetfru1cicely

 

 

 

 

UMBELL-IFER
Hedge Parsley CHALKY SOIL IN HEDGE-ROWS, RANK GRASS-LAND, ROAD-SIDE VERGES

Jul-Sep

UMBELL-IFER
Hogweed CHALKY SOIL ON ROAD-SIDES, WOOD-LAND RIDES, RIVER BANKS, DUNES

Jun - onwards

UMBELL-IFER
Sickle Hare's Ear HEDGE BANKS AND FIELS-BORD-ERS, ON DITCH BANKS

Jul-Sep

UMBELL-IFER
Sweet Cicely HEDGE BANKS, WOOD-LAND MARG-INS, ROAD-SIDE VERGES, RIVER BANKS
May-Jun

 

 

 

 

pcommonfru1bucklerfern

ccrestedfrutbucklerfern

pmalefru4fern

 

 

 

 

 

POLY-PODY Common Buckler Fern

POLY-PODY Crested Buckler Fern

POLY-PODY Male Fern

 

 

 

 

 

ftravellersfrutjoy

ffalsefrutbulrush

flesserfrutbulrush

fspindlefruseedstree

palderfru1buckthorn

fcommonfrusbuckthorn

ptamariskfru1

pcosmundafru1regalis

BUTTER-CUP Travell-er's Joy CHALK

Jul-Sep

REED-MACE False Bulrush
SHALLOW WATER, MUD
Jun-Aug

REED-MACE Lesser Bulrush
LAKES, DITCHES

Jun-Aug

SPINDLE TREE Spindle-Tree
HEDGES AND WOOD-LAND ON CHALK SOIL

May-Jun

BUCK-THORN Alder Buck-thorn

BUCK-THORN Common Buck-thorn

TAMARIX
Tamarisk
COASTAL

Jul-Oct

ROYAL FERN Royal Fern

fspikedfrutwatermilfoil

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

WATER-MILFOIL
Spiked Water-milfoil

IN LAKES, PONDS, RIVERS, CANALS AND DITCHES ON CHALK SOIL

Jun-Sep

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677

Site design and content copyright ©January 2016. Photos and other details added February 2017. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

Marjorie Blamey's Wild Flowers by Colour by Marjorie Blamey (ISBN 0-7136-7237-4. Published by A & C Black Publishers Ltd in 2005) has illustrations of each wild flower of Britain and Northern Europe split into the following 13 colours.

Instead of colour illustrations, this plant gallery has thumbnail pictures of wild flowers of Britain in the same colour split system:-

White A-D and Habitats of Saltmarshes, Beaches, Rocks and Cliff Tops
White E-P and Other Habitats
White Q-Z and Number of Petals
Cream and Coastal Sandy Shores and Dunes
Yellow A-G and Pollinator
Yellow H-Z and Poisonous Plants
Orange and Habitat of Hedgerows and Road Verges
Red and Habitat of Pinewoods
Pink A-G and Habitats of Lakes, Canals and Rivers
Pink H-Z and Habitats of Marshes, Fens and Bogs
Mauve and Habitat of Grassland - Acid, Neutral or Chalk
Purple and Habitats of Old Buildings and Walls
Blue and Flower Legend
Green and Habitat of Broad-leaved Woods
Brown and Food for Butterfly / Moth
Multi-Coloured and Habitats of Heaths and Moors
Shrub and Small Tree and Habitats of River Banks and Other Freshwater Margins
Seed 1 and Scented Flower, Foliage or Root
Seed 2 and Story of Their Common Names
Non-Flower Plants and Non-Flowering Plant Use
Introduction and Edible Plant Parts
Site Map and Use of Plant
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wildflowers with Fruit or Seed Colours

Wildflower Common Plant Name

Click on Underlined Text
to view that Wildflower Plant Description Page

 

 

 

Scented

 

Scented Leaves

Flowering Months

Click on Underlined Text
to view photos

Habitat
 

Click on Underlined Text
to view further Natural Habitat details and Botanical Society of the British Isles Distri-bution Map

Number of Petals

Without Petals.

1 Petal or Comp-osite of many 1 Petal Flowers as Disc or Ray Floret .

2 Petals.
3 Petals.
4 Petals.
5 Petals.
6 Petals.
Over 6 Petals.

Foliage Colour

Height x Spread in inches (cms)

(1 inch = 2.5 cms,
12 inches = 1 foot = 30 cms,
24 inches = 2 feet,
3 feet = 1 yard,
40 inches = 100 cms)
Click on Underlined
text
to view its Wildflower FAMILY Page

Comment
and
Botanical Name

Click on Underlined Botanical Name
to link to Plant or Seed Supplier

 

Click on Underlined
/NOTE
to view Wildflower Plant NOTE Page

Alder Buckthorn
palderfru1buckthorn1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alexanders is
Smyrnium olusatrum
palexandersfru1

Umbellifer family

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bargeman's Cabbage
fbargemansfrutcabbage1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

Black Mustard
fblackfrutmustard1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

Celery-leaved Buttercup
fceleryfrut1leavedbuttercup1a

May-September

Most Poisonous member of genus Ranunculus. An annual of shallow water or wet, disturbed, nutrient-rich mud, especially at the edges of ponds, ditches, streams or rivers which are poached by drinking livestock. It is salt-tolerant and frequent on grazed estuarine marshes. Its seeds are long-lived and plants can re-appear following disturbance after many years of absence.

5 Petals

Visited by flies

Pale green

24 x 12 (60 x 30)

 

Ranunculus sceleratus

Common Buckler Fern
pcommonfru1bucklerfern1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Buckthorn
fcommonfrusbuckthorn1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Wart-cress
fcommonfrutwartcress1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Winter-cress
pcommonfrutwintercress1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

Coralroot Bittercress
fcoralrootfrut1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cow Parsley
ccowfruparsley1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Creeping Yellow-cress
fcreepingfrutyellowcress1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

Crested Buckler Fern
ccrestedfrutbucklerfern1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Early Scurvy-grass
pearlyfrutscurvygrass1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

False Bulrush
ffalsefrutbulrush1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fennel
cfennelfru2a

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fool's Parsley
cfoolsfru3parsley1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Garden Radish
pgardenfrutradish1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Giant Horsetail
pgiantfru1horsetail1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Globe Flower
fglobefrut1flower1

May-August

A perennial herb of cool, damp habitats, including hay meadows, stream and river banks, lake margins, open woodland and rock ledges. It prefers basic soils, and is often associated with limestone. It is sensitive to grazing, but can persist as small, non-flowering plants in the uplands.

10 Petals

Dark Green above, paler beneath

24 x 24 (60 x 60)

Trollius europaeus

Wet pastures, fens, scrub and woods.

Visited by various small insects.

Poisonous.

Ground Elder
pgroundfruelder1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hairy Bittercress
phairyfru1bittercress1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heath Dog-violet
cheathfru1dogviolet1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hedge Parsley
phedgefrusparsley1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hogweed
phogweedfru3a

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lesser Bulrush
flesserfrutbulrush1

Reedmace family

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lesser Clubmoss
lesserfrusclubmoss1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Male Fern
pmalefru4fern1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Marsh Marigold
fmarshfrutmarigold1

Buttercup Family

March-June

A perennial herb of various wet habitats, usually neutral to base-rich rather than very acidic, including Alnus carr, the edges of rivers, streams, canals, lakes and ponds, ditches and winter-wet meadows and pastures.

5 Petals

Glossy Dark Green

18 x 18 (45 x 45)

Visited by a great variety of insects for pollen and nectar.

Caltha palustris

In marshes, fens, ditches and wet woods, becoming most luxuriant in part shade; rare on very base-poor peat.

Marsh Yellow Cress
pmarshfrusyellowcress1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mousetail is
Myosurus minimus
fmousetailcolflo1

Buttercup family

April-July

with minute Pale Greenish-Yellow flowers, which are solitary on long leafless staks and produce each an elongated cylindrical plantain-like fruiting head of tiny nutlets, fancifully resembling a mouse's tail

An annual of seasonally flooded, nutrient-rich soils in areas disturbed by machinery or animals, such as hollows on ploughed land, rutted tracks and gateways in pastures. Its seeds appear to be long-lived.

5 Petals

Green grass-like but rather fleshy leaves in a basal tuf

4 x 6
(10 x 15)

Visited by small flies for the nectar secreted in the petals, but usually self-pollinated.

Myosurus minimus

Damp arable sandy fields or bare grass fields and by sea-walls in the lowlands of England and Wales

Opium Poppy
popiumfru2poppy1

June-August

White or Lilac coloured, with a purple patch at the base of the lilac petals in June-August followed by black or white seeds in seed pods

An annual occurring as a casual garden escape on roadsides, waste ground and rubbish tips, and occasionally in arable fields as a relic of cultivation for poppy seed.

Petals 2+2, fugacious - plant parts that wither or fall off before the usual time -, crumpled in bud

Greyish-green, waxy, often hairless, with wavy, coarsely toothed leaves clasping the stem.

24-48 x 12 (60-120 x 30)

Papaver somniferum

The capsule enlarges after flowering and makes a decorative cut flower fresh or dried. Grow in Gravel Garden or Wildflower meadow.

Oregon Grape is
Mahonia aquifolium
foregonfrutgrape1

Barberry family

March-May

Yellow flowers followed by Black berries

An evergreen shrub which spreads rapidly by stolons and can become well established in hedgerows, road verges and woodland.

The 6 bright yellow petals are enclosed by 6 bright yellow sepals.

Glossy Pinnate Green, turning Red in winter

48 x 36 (120 x 90)

Pollinated by various insects. Its berries attract birds.

Mahonia aquifolium

Commonly planted for pheasant cover. Use its spiny leaflets in a boundary hedge.

Pheasant's Eye
fpheasantsfruteye1

June onwards

An arable weed of dry soils on chalk and limestone, also recorded from tracks, chalk pits and other disturbed habitats. Seed production is low but there is a long-lived soil seed bank. Most populations are small and restricted to field edges.

5-8 Petals

Green feathery foliage

16 x 6
(40 x 15)

Pollinated by bees.

Adonis annua

In chalky cornfields in Southern England

Ragged Robin
craggedfrurobin1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Royal Fern
pcosmundafru1regalis1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shepherd's Purse (rubella)
pshepherdsfru3rubellapurse1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sickle Hare's-ear
csicklefruharesear1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Soft Shield Fern
fsoftfru1shieldfern1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spiked Water-milfoil
fspikedfrutwatermilfoil1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spindle-tree
fspindlefruseedstree1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stagshorn Clubmoss
stagshornfrus1clubmoss1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sweet Cicely
fsweetfru1cicely1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tamarisk
ptamariskfru1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tower Mustard
ptowerfru1mustard1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Traveller's Joy
Old Man's Beard is Clematis vitalba
ftravellersfrutjoy1

Buttercup family

Jul-Sep

A climbing perennial with liana-like woody stems, often covering large areas on hedge banks, hedges and walls, trees and scrub, sand dunes, disused quarry faces and ruins. It is a classic railway plant. On base-rich soils, or utilising lime mortar, the plant can form virtual monocultures.

Without Petals.

It has 4 sepals instead. See text in Simple Shape of Flower is 3 Petals Page, which shows where petals and sepals are.

Dark Green

300 x 180 (750 x 450)

Buttercup

When the plant has finished flowering, the developing seeds (known as achenes – an achene is a one seeded fruit) retain part of the flower – the style.  This has long, silky hairs, which form the grey tufted balls that are so conspicuous in some woodlands and hedgerows in autumn and winter.  These are, indeed, the ‘old man’s beard’. These silky structures are important in the dispersal of the seeds.

Clematis vitalba

/NOTE

Winter Aconite
fwinterfrutaconite1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

Woad
pwoadfru4a1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wood Anemone
fwoodfrutanemone1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Name

Botanical Name

Scented Flower, Foliage or Root Index

Water and Marshland

 

american lady's tresses

 

 

angelica

 

 

bay willow

 

 

bog myrtle

 

 

buttonweed

 

 

eue-de-cologne mint

 

 

fen bedstraw

 

 

flowering rush

 

 

galingale

 

 

holy grass

 

 

marsh st john's wort

 

 

meadowsweet

 

 

sea wormwood

 

 

stinking goosefoot

 

 

sweet flag

 

 

tubular water dropwort

 

 

water avens

 

 

water mint

 

 

White Water-lily

White Water-lily is
Nymphaea alba
(Nymphaea odorata)
fwhiteflot1waterlily

Water-Lily family

Visited by few insects and probably self-pollinated.

It grows in lakes, ponds, the backwaters of rivers or large ditches, and occasionally in mires. It tolerates a wide range of water chemistry but lacks submerged leaves and is therefore vulnerable to disturbance by boats.

Plant Nymphaea Alba with up to 90cm of water over the top of the basket in a still, sunny position.

wild celery

 

 

yellow flag

 

 

Yellow Water Lily (Brandy-bottle, Spatter-dock)

Yellow Water Lily (Brandy-bottle, Spatter-dock) is
Nuphar lutea
(Nuphar advena)
fyellowflotwaterlily1

Water-Lily family

Visited by small flies.

The leaves of this perennial water-lily are erect rather than floating. It is occasionally grown in gardens, and has been recorded as planted from lakes and ponds, where it then becomes naturalised through rhizomatous growth; reproduction by seed has not been reported.

In lakes, ponds and streams throughout the British Isles, scarce in North Scotland

Waste Ground (usually in Sandy Soil)

 

Alexanders

Alexanders is
Smyrnium olusatrum
calexandersflo1

Umbellifer family

 

birthwort

 

 

borage

 

 

breckland catchfly

 

 

caraway

 

 

chinese mugwort

 

 

common chamomile

 

 

common melilot

 

 

common mullein

 

 

coriander

Coriander is
Coriandrum sativum
ccorianderflo

Umbellifer family

 

dame's violet

Dame's Violet is Hesperis matronalis
fdamesflot1violet1

Crucifer family

 

dwarf elder

 

 

elder

 

 

fenugreek

 

 

feverfew

 

 

fragrant evening primrose

 

 

gorse

 

 

ground-pine

 

 

henbane

 

 

motherwort

 

 

musk storksbill

 

 

musk thistle

 

 

pineapple weed

 

 

ploughman's spikenard

 

 

scented mayweed

 

 

slender wart cress

 

 

spiny rest-harrow

 

 

sticky groundsel

 

 

stinking hawksbeard

 

 

stinkweed

 

 

stone parsley

 

 

tansy

 

 

tree lupin

 

 

wall rocket

 

 

white butterbur

 

 

white melilot

 

 

wild catmint

 

 

winter heliotrope

 

 

wormwood

 

 

Limestone Cliff and Quarry

 

alpine forget-me-not

 

 

burnet rose

 

 

fennel

 

 

great orme berry

 

 

great sea stock

 

 

hoary stock

 

 

houndstongue

 

 

pale st john's wort

 

 

rose-root

 

 

sea holly

Sea Holly is
Eryngium maritimum
cseaflo1holly1

Umbellifer family

 

sweet alison

 

 

Old Walls

 

buddleia

 

 

clove pink

 

 

common pink

 

 

common snapdragon

 

 

wall germander

 

 

wall rocket

 

 

wallflower

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BLUE WILD FLOWER GALLERY
PAGE MENU

Site Map of pages with content (o)

Introduction

 

FLOWER COLOUR Comparison Pages/Galleries under Wild Flower in the left hand Main Topic Menu Table

SEED COLOUR
(o)Seed 1 *
(o)Seed 2

Lists of:-
Edible Plant Parts.
Flower Legend.
Food for
Butterfly/Moth
.

Flowering plants of Chalk and Limestone
Page 1

Page 2

Flowering plants of Acid Soil
Page 1

Habitat Lists:-
Approaching the
Coast (Coastal)
.
Broad-leaved
Woods
.
Grassland - Acid, Neutral, Chalk.
Heaths and Moors.
Hedgerows and Verges.
Lakes, Canals and Rivers.
Marshes, Fens,
Bogs
.
Old Buildings and Walls.
Pinewoods.
River Banks and
other Freshwater Margins
.
Saltmarshes.
Sandy Shores and Dunes.
Shingle Beaches, Rocks and
Cliff Tops
.
Other.

Number of Petals List:-
Without Petals. Other plants
without flowers.
1 Petal or
Composite of
many 1 Petal Flowers as Disc
or Ray Floret .
2 Petals.
3 Petals.
4 Petals.
5 Petals.
6 Petals.
Over 6 Petals.

Lists of:-
Pollinator.
Poisonous Parts.
Scented Flower, Foliage, Root.
Story of their Common Names.
Use for Flowering Plants

Non-Flowering Plants
Use for Non-Flowering Plants

 

 

See Explanation of Structure of this Website with User Guidelines to aid your use of this website.

 

 

 

 

 

WILDFLOWER INDEX
Botanical Name
Common Name

 

 

WILD FLOWER GALLERY
PAGE MENU

Site Map of pages with content (o)

Introduction
Poisonous Plants


INDEX LINK TO WILDFLOWER PLANT DESCRIPTION PAGE
a-h
i-p
q-z

BED PICTURES
(o)Bed

HABITAT TABLES
Flowers in
Acid Soil

Flowers in
Chalk Soil

Flowers in
Marine Soil

Flowers in
Neutral Soil

Ferns
Grasses
Rushes
Sedges
 

The plants in the following rows come from lists in The Scented Flowers of Britain - A guide to all British plants with scented flowers, leaves, stems of roots - their history and their uses by Roy Genders (ISBN 0 00 211796 7) Published in 1971


WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 1


(o)Adder's Tongue
Amaranth
(o)Arrow-Grass
(o)Arum
(o)Balsam
Bamboo
(o)Barberry
(o)Bedstraw
(o)Beech
(o)Bellflower
(o)Bindweed
(o)Birch
(o)Birds-Nest
(o)Birthwort
(o)Bogbean
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Borage
(o)Box
(o)Broomrape
(o)Buckthorn
(o)Buddleia
(o)Bur-reed
(o)Buttercup
(o)Butterwort
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crowberry
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
Cypress
(o)Daffodil
(o)Daisy
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Daphne
(o)Diapensia
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 2


(o)Clubmoss
(o)Duckweed
(o)Eel-Grass
(o)Elm
(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Horsetail
(o)Polypody
Quillwort
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Flax
(o)Flowering-Rush
(o)Frog-bit
(o)Fumitory
(o)Gentian
(o)Geranium
(o)Glassworts
(o)Gooseberry
(o)Goosefoot
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 1
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 2
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 3 (o)Hazel
(o)Heath
(o)Hemp
(o)Herb-Paris
(o)Holly
(o)Honeysuckle
(o)Horned-Pondweed
(o)Hornwort
(o)Iris
(o)Ivy
(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Lime
(o)Lobelia
(o)Loosestrife
(o)Mallow
(o)Maple
(o)Mares-tail
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)
 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 3


(o)Mesem-bryanthemum
(o)Mignonette
(o)Milkwort
(o)Mistletoe
(o)Moschatel
Naiad
(o)Nettle
(o)Nightshade
(o)Oleaster
(o)Olive
(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
(o)Parnassus-Grass
(o)Peaflower
(o)Peaflower Clover 1
(o)Peaflower Clover 2
(o)Peaflower Clover 3
(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
Peony
(o)Periwinkle
Pillwort
Pine
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Pipewort
(o)Pitcher-Plant
(o)Plantain
(o)Pondweed
(o)Poppy
(o)Primrose
(o)Purslane
Rannock Rush
(o)Reedmace
(o)Rockrose
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
(o)Sandalwood
(o)Saxifrage
 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 4


Seaheath
(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
(o)Spindle-Tree
(o)Spurge
(o)Stonecrop
(o)Sundew
(o)Tamarisk
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Teasel
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Valerian
(o)Verbena
(o)Violet
(o)Water Fern
(o)Waterlily
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort
Waterwort
(o)Willow
(o)Willow-Herb
(o)Wintergreen
(o)Wood-Sorrel
(o)Yam
(o)Yew

 

 

See current Wildflower Common Name Index link Table for more wildflower of the UK common names together with their names in languages from America, Finland, France, Germany, Holland, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Spain and Sweden.

See current Wildflower Botanical Name Index link table for wildflower of the United Kingdom (Great Britain) botanical names.

 

After clicking on the WILD FLOWER Common Name INDEX link to Wildflower Family Page; locate that Common name on that Wildflower Family Page, then

Click on Underlined Text in:-

Common Name to view that Plant Description Page
Botanical Name to link to Plant or Seed Supplier
Flowering Months to view photos
Habitat to view further Natural Habitat details and Botanical Society of the British Isles Distribution Map

 

Common Name

Botanical Name

Scented Flower, Foliage or Root Index

Deciduous Woodlands

 

Angular Solomon's Seal

 

Angular Solomon's Seal is
Polygonatum odoratum
angularcflossolomonssealwikimediacommons1

Lily family
 

The greenish-white flowers are tubular. They have a powerful sweet scent and are followed by black globose fruits. In bloom Jun-Jul. Lily Family. A rhizomatous, perennial herb of ancient Fraxinus woods, often growing in crevices and on outcrops of limestone.

Graphic of Echtes Salomonssiegel (Polygonatum odoratum). By Kristian Peters -- Fabelfroh 15:29, 14 May 2005 (UTC) via Wikimedia Commons.

Apple Mint (Round-leaved Mint)
 

Apple mint (round-leaved mint) is
Mentha
rotundifolia (Mentha suaveolens)
applecflosmintwikimediacommons1a

Thyme family

Apple mint is cultivated as a culinary herb and is used in the production of mint sauce and jelly.

A rhizomatous perennial herb of damp places. It is probably native only in South-West England and Wales, and elsewhere occurs as a garden escape, often forming extensive colonies on roadsides and waste ground. Apple scented white flowers in Aug-Sep.

Graphic of Mentha suaveolens - Place:Osaka,Japan. By I, KENPEI via Wikimedia Commons.

Barberry

 

Barberry is
Berberis vulgaris
fbarberrycolflot1

Barberry family

Flies and bees.

Red berries produced in September-October, which are eaten by the birds, who also use them for nest-sites. Bright lemon-yellow flowers in May-Jun. BARBERRY Family.

Use as a deciduous shrub in hedgerows and coppices, and on banks, cliffs and waste ground in deciduous woodlands. Use as external hedge where the sharp spines on the twigs and the sharply toothed leaves act as an animal or human deterrent. Its deleterious effect on wheat crops was appreciated before it was known to be a host of the rust Puccinia graminis and consequently eradicated from many hedgerows in the 19th century.

Bird cherry

Prunus padus

 

birdsnest orchid

neottia nidus-avis

 

black currant

ribes nigrum

 

black poplar

populus nigra

 

bluebell

Bluebell is
Hyacinthoides

non-scripta
bluebellcflobritishflora
Lily family
 

 

box

Box ,
Common Box,
European Box,
Boxwood
is
Buxus semper-virens
fboxcflo1

Box family

Topiary and hedges because of its small leaves, evergreen nature, tolerance of close shearing, and scented foliage.

An evergreen shrub or small tree, native to woodlands and thickets on steep slopes on chalk, and in scrub on chalk downland. It is popular for hedging in gardens and is often planted in woodlands, often becoming naturalised.

butterfly orchid

platanthera chlorantha

 

Columbine

Columbine is
aquilegia vulgaris
fcolumbinecolflo1

Buttercup family

Native populations of this perennial are found on calcareous soil over limestone rocks in England and Wales. It typically grows in woodland glades and open scrub, by woodland rides and streamsides, in damp grassland and fen, and on scree slopes. Garden escapes can be naturalised in quarries, on roadsides, railway banks and old walls.

Visited by long-tongued humble-bees for pollen and nectar. A local plant of woods and wet places on calcareous soil or fen peat.

common st john's wort

hypericum perfoliatum

 

common valerian

valeriana officinalis

 

The Early Purple Orchis
(Gethsemane, Early Purple Orchid)

Early Purple Orchid is Orchis mascula
earlycflopurpleorchidfoord1

Orchid Family

 

ground ivy

glechoma hederacea

 

guelder rose

viburnum opulus

 

herb bennet

geum urbanum

 

herb paris

paris quadrifolia

 

honeysuckle

lonicera periclymenum

 

lady's slipper

 

 

lily of the valley

 

 

lizard orchid

 

 

mezeron

 

 

Oregon grape

Oregon Grape is
Mahonia aquifolium
foregongrapefol2

Barberry family

 

privet

 

 

ramsons

 

 

red dead-nettle

 

 

red helleborine

 

 

roast-beef plant

 

 

rowan

 

 

snowdrop

 

 

spurge-laurel

 

 

Stinking Hellebore (Bear's-foot)
 

Stinking Hellebore (Bear's-foot) is Helleborus foetidus
fstinkingcolflohellebore1

Buttercup family

Scented Scented Leaves

Trimethylamine is present in the flowers, which gives off an unpleasant smell to attract midges and bluebottles for their pollination. Visited by early bees and other insects. Seeds said to be dispersed by ants.

Compounds of sulphur are present and the whole plant emits a most unpleasant smell, especially when handled, hence its country name of Stinking Hellebore.

A short-lived perennial herb of shallow calcareous soils. It is a poor competitor, and intolerant of deep shade, so is usually found in small colonies in woodland glades or open scrub, on scree slopes, rock ledges, hedge banks, and as an introduction in churchyards. Adult plants near senescence (4-5 years old) are typically found with a cohort of seedlings.

Woods and scrub on chalk and limestone in Southern England.

summer lady's tresses

 

 

sweet violet

Sweet Violet is
Viola odorata
fsweetflot2violet1

Violet family

 

turkscap lily

 

 

tutsan

 

 

wild angelica

 

 

wild daffodil

 

 

wild tulip

 

 

woodland hawthorn

 

 

Coniferous Woodlands

 

creeping lady's tresses

 

 

heath bedstraw

 

 

lesser butterfly orchid

 

 

st olafs candlestick

 

 

scots pine

 

 

twinflower

 

 

Hedgerows

 

agrimony

 

 

black horehound

 

 

bladder campion

Bladder Campion is
Silene vulgaris
cbladderflocampion1

Pink family

 

crab apple

 

 

chervil

 

 

crosswort

 

 

dog rose

 

 

dog's mercury

 

 

dogwood

 

 

field rose

 

 

fragrant agrimony

 

 

garlic mustard

Garlic Mustard is
Alliaria petiolata
fgarlicflotmustard
(Alliare officinale,
Erbe Sophia,
Erva Adheira,
Hedge Garlic,
Hierba del Ajo,
Jack-by-the-Hedge, Knoblauchsrauke, Lauchkraut, Lauchrauch,
St. Sophia's Herb)

Crucifer family

 

hairy st john's wort

 

 

hawthorn

 

 

hedge woundwort

 

 

hoary plantain

 

 

holly

 

 

hop

 

 

horsemint

 

 

Wild Arum
(Lords-and-Ladies, Cuckoo-pint, Starch-root, Starch-wort)

Arum maculatum
lordsandladiescflo

Arum Family

 

mugwort

 

 

musk mallow

 

 

parsley

 

 

pear

 

 

peppermint

 

 

perfoliate honeysuckle

 

 

pink masterwort

 

 

spearmint

 

 

sweet cicely

 

 

sweet violet

 

 

sweetbriar

 

 

Traveller's Joy
Old Man's Beard

Traveller's Joy
Old Man's Beard is Clematis vitalba
ptravellersflojoy1a

Buttercup family

Visited by pollen-collecting bees and pollen-eating flies, especially Syrphids.

A climbing perennial with liana-like woody stems, often covering large areas on hedge banks, hedges and walls, trees and scrub, sand dunes, disused quarry faces and ruins. It is a classic railway plant. On base-rich soils, or utilising lime mortar, the plant can form virtual monocultures.

In hedgerows, thickets and wood-margins chiefly on calcareous rocks or soils.

The climbing Clematises most commonly grown in British gardens, with large violet to purple flowers, are hybrids of the Chinese Clematis lanuginosa with the Southern European Clematis viticella (Clematis x jackmanii Th. Moore), or with the Chinese Clematis patens (Clematis x lawsoniata Moore & Jackman). The viticella hybrids are later-flowering than the patens hybrids, and have usually only 4 sepals instead of 6-8. Clmatis montana DC, and Asiatic species, is also much grown for its profusion of smallish white or pink flowers.

When the plant has finished flowering, the developing seeds (known as achenes – an achene is a one seeded fruit) retain part of the flower – the style.  This has long, silky hairs, which form the grey tufted balls that are so conspicuous in some woodlands and hedgerows in autumn and winter.  These are, indeed, the ‘old man’s beard’. These silky structures are important in the dispersal of the seeds.

wayfaring tree

 

 

white campion

 

 

white dead-nettle

 

 

The Wild Strawberry
(Stray-berry)

Fragaria vesca
wildcflostrawberrywikimediacommons

Rose Family

 

woodruff

 

 

yellow archangel

 

 

Meadows and Cornfields

 

Autumn lady's tresses

 

 

cambridge parsley

 

 

clary

 

 

common star of bethlehem

 

 

corn chamomile

 

 

corn mint

 

 

corn parsley

 

 

creeping thistle

 

 

elecampane

 

 

field bindweed

 

 

field scabious

 

 

fritillary

 

 

golden chervil

 

 

meadowsweet

 

 

night-flowering catchfly

 

 

Ox-Eye Daisy
(Moon Daisies, Moons, Moon-flowers)

Chrysanthemum leucanthemum
oxeyecflodaisybritishflora

Daisy - Chamomiles and Mayweeds Family

 

pennyroyal

 

 

pepper saxifrage

 

 

Red clover

Red Clover is Trifolium pratense
redcflocloverfoord

Peaflower - Clover Family

 

spring crocus

 

 

stinking chamomile

 

 

sweet vernal grass

 

 

White clover

White Clover is Trifolium repens
whitecflocloverfoord

Peaflower - Clover Family

 

yarrow

 

 

Downlands, dry banks and mountainous slopes

 

Balm

 

 

bastard balm

 

 

breckland wild thyme

 

 

burnt-tip orchid

 

 

cheddar pink

Cheddar Pink is
Dianthus gratian-opolitanus
ccheddarflopink1

Pink family

 

chives

 

 

common calamint

 

 

corsican mint

 

 

creeping rest-harrow

 

 

frog orchid

 

 

green-winged orchid

 

 

hay-scented buckler fern

 

 

herb robert

 

 

juniper

 

 

lady orchid

 

 

lady's bedstraw

 

 

large wild thyme

 

 

lesser evening primrose

 

 

man orchid

 

 

marjoram

 

 

meadow sage

 

 

moschatel

 

 

musk orchid

 

 

nottingham catchfly

 

 

purple hawkweed

 

 

pyramidal orchid

 

 

rigid buckler fern

 

 

salad burnet

 

 

scented orchid

 

 

slender st john's wort

 

 

small white orchid

 

 

smooth rupture-wort

 

 

snowflake

 

 

spignel-meu

 

 

spring squill

 

 

squinancy wort

 

 

western gorse

 

 

white horehound

 

 

wild basil

 

 

wild liquorice

 

 

wild thyme

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Main Topic Menu Table

Topic
Case Studies
Companion Planting
Garden Construction
Garden Design
Garden Maintenance
Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary
Plants
Soil
Tool Shed
Useful Data

 

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
Bulb
Climber

Colour Wheel

Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
Herb
Odds and Sods

Rhododendron
Rose
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Vegetable

 

Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
space,
Site Map page in its flower colour
NOTE Gallery

...Blue Note
...Brown Note
...Cream Note
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note
There are 180 families in the Wildflowers of the UK and they have been split up into 22 Galleries to allow space for up to 100 plants per gallery.

Each plant named in each of the Wildflower Family Pages may have a link to:-

its Plant Description Page in its Common Name in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries and will have links

to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name,

to see photos in its Flowering Months and

to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.

 

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly

.

 

Wild Flower Family Page

(the families within "The Pocket Guide to Wild Flowers" by David McClintock & R.S.R. Fitter, Published in 1956 are not in Common Name alphabetical order and neither are the common names of the plants detailed within each family. These families within that book will have their details described as shown in the next column starting from page 1 in February 2017 until all the families have been completed on page 307.

This may take a few months of my time before I get to the Adder's Tongue Family on page 307.

The information in the above book is back-referenced to the respective page in "Flora of the British Isles" by A.R. Clapham of University of Sheffield,
T.G. Tutin of University College, Leicester and
E.F. Warburg of University of Oxford printed by Cambridge at the University Press in 1952 for each plant in all the families)

followed by

No. of Plants of that Family

that have a row with their details in their flower colour in this central data table;

and then

the relevant entries in the Habitat Index Pages and other charact-eristics in other Index Pages in the Page Menu / Index Table on the right
(with over-flow in another table below the flower colour in the central data table and then onto
contin-uation pages)

within this gallery

Adder's Tongue

Amaranth

Arrow-Grass

Arum

Balsam

Bamboo

Barberry 2

Bedstraw

Beech

Bellflower

Bindweed

Birch

Birds-Nest

Birthwort

Bogbean

Bog Myrtle

Borage

Box

Broomrape

Buckthorn

Buddleia

Bur-reed

Buttercup 45

Butterwort

Cornel (Dogwood)

Crowberry

Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1

Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2

Cypress

Daffodil

Daisy

Daisy Cudweeds

Daisy Chamomiles

Daisy Thistle

Daisy Catsears

Daisy Hawkweeds

Daisy Hawksbeards

Daphne

Diapensia

Dock Bistorts

Dock Sorrels

Clubmoss

Duckweed

Eel-Grass

Elm

Filmy Fern

Horsetail

Polypody

Quillwort

Royal Fern

Figwort - Mulleins

Figwort - Speedwells

Flax

Flowering-Rush

Frog-bit

Fumitory 3

Gentian

Geranium

Glassworts

Gooseberry

Goosefoot

Grass 1

Grass 2

Grass 3

Grass Soft Bromes 1

Grass Soft Bromes 2

Grass Soft Bromes 3

Hazel

Heath

Hemp

Herb-Paris

Holly

Honeysuckle

Horned-Pondweed

Hornwort 2

Iris

Ivy

Jacobs Ladder

Lily

Lily Garlic

Lime

Lobelia

Loosestrife

Mallow

Maple

Mares-tail

Marsh Pennywort

Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)

Mesem-bryanthemum

Mignonette

Milkwort

Mistletoe

Moschatel

Naiad

Nettle

Nightshade

Oleaster

Olive

Orchid 1

Orchid 2

Orchid 3

Orchid 4

Parnassus-Grass

Peaflower

Peaflower Clover 1

Peaflower Clover 2

Peaflower Clover 3

Peaflower Vetches/Peas

Peony 1

Periwinkle

Pillwort

Pine

Pink 1

Pink 2

Pipewort

Pitcher-Plant

Plantain

Pondweed

Poppy 9

Primrose

Purslane

Rannock Rush

Reedmace

Rockrose

Rose 1

Rose 2

Rose 3

Rose 4

Rush

Rush Woodrushes

Saint Johns Wort

Saltmarsh Grasses

Sandalwood

Saxifrage

Seaheath

Sea Lavender

Sedge Rush-like

Sedges Carex 1

Sedges Carex 2

Sedges Carex 3

Sedges Carex 4

Spindle-Tree

Spurge

Stonecrop

Sundew

Tamarisk

Tassel Pondweed

Teasel

Thyme 1

Thyme 2

Umbellifer 1

Umbellifer 2

Valerian

Verbena

Violet

Water Fern

Waterlily 3

Water Milfoil

Water Plantain

Water Starwort

Waterwort

Willow

Willow-Herb

Wintergreen

Wood-Sorrel

Yam

Yew

Total 65

item1 item1 item2 item2 item3 item3 item4 item4 item5 item5 item6 item6 item7 item7 item8 item8 item9 item9 item10 item10 item11 item11 item12 item12 item13 item13 item14 item14 item15 item15 item16 item16 item17 item17 item18 item18 item19 item19 item20 item20 item21 item21 item22 item22 item23 item23 item24 item24 item25 item25 item26 item26 item27 item27 item28 item28 item29 item29 item30 item30 item31 item31 item32 item32 item33 item33 item34 item34 item35 item35 item36 item36 item37 item37 item38 item38 item39 item39 item40 item40 item41 item41 item42 item42 item43 item43 item44 item44 item45 item45 item46 item46 item47 item47 item48 item48 item49 item49 item45a item45a item31a item31a item20a1 item20a1 item21a1 item21a1 item2b1 item2b1 item38a item38a item46a item46a item9a1 item9a1 item10a1 item10a1 item22a1 item22a1 item32a item32a item11a1 item11a1 item39a item39a item12a1 item12a1 item42a item42a item28a item28a item29a item29a item33a item33a item34a item34a item35a item35a item43a item43a item17a item17a item40a item40a item4a item4a item15a item15a item2b3 item2b3 item26a item26a item19a item19a item6a item6a item30a item30a item48a item48a item36a item36a item49a item49a item44a item44a item18a item18a item37a item37a item47a item47a item23a item23a item41a item41a item7a1 item7a1 item24a1 item24a1 item8a item8a item65 item65 item26b item26b item17a1 item17a1 item13b item13b item11a item11a item8a1 item8a1 item2b item2b item9a item9a item1b item1b item12a item4a2 item4a2 item37a1 item37a1 item30b item30b item4a3 item4a3 item12a2 item12a2