Ivydene Gardens Blue Wildflowers Note Gallery:
Mauve Flowers with
Habitat of Grassland - Acid, Neutral, or Chalk Index

Plant Height from Text Border

Blue = 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)

Green=24-72 inches (60-180 cms)

Red = 72+ inches (180+ cms)

Plant Soil Moisture from Text Background

Wet Soil

Moist Soil

Dry Soil

Click on thumbnail to change this comparison page to the Plant Description Page of the plant named in the Text box below the photo.
Click on first Underlined Text in Text Box below Thumbnail to transfer to its Family page.

falpinecolflomeadowrue

fseaflot1rocket

fcommonflotdogviolet

fhairyflotviolet

fmarshflot1violet

fteesdaleflot2violet

fwoodflotdogviolet

cseaflo1holly

BUTTER-CUP. Alpine Meadow-Rue
BANKS OF STREAMS

May-Jul

CRUCIF-ER
Sea Rocket
STREAM-SIDE

May-Jul

VIOLET
Common Dog Violet
ALL DRY OR MOIST SOILS

Apr-Jun

VIOLET Hairy Violet
CHALK GRASS-LAND

Mar-May

VIOLET Marsh Violet
MARSH, ACID BOG

Apr-Jul

VIOLET Teesdale Violet
SANDY HILL-SIDE

May

VIOLET Wood Dog Violet
WOODS, HEDGE-BANKS ON CHALK
Mar-May

UMBELL-IFER
Sea Holly
COASTAL SAND DUNES

Jul-Aug

fcolumbinecolflo

fmonkshoodcolflo

fdamesflot1violet

fopiumflotpoppy

 

 

 

 

BUTTER-CUP Columb-ine
CHALK under DAMP GRASS-LAND

May-Jul

BUTTER-CUP Monks-hood
STREAM BANKS, DAMP MEAD-OWS

May-Jun

CRUCIF-ER Dame's Violet
HEDGE-ROWS, RIVER-BANKS

May-Aug

POPPY
Opium Poppy
ROAD-SIDE, WASTE GROUND

Jun-Aug

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Site design and content copyright ©January 2016. Photos and other details added February 2017. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

Marjorie Blamey's Wild Flowers by Colour by Marjorie Blamey (ISBN 0-7136-7237-4. Published by A & C Black Publishers Ltd in 2005) has illustrations of each wild flower of Britain and Northern Europe split into the following 13 colours.

Instead of colour illustrations, this plant gallery has thumbnail pictures of wild flowers of Britain in the same colour split system:-

White A-D and Habitats of Saltmarshes, Beaches, Rocks and Cliff Tops
White E-P and Other Habitats
White Q-Z and Number of Petals
Cream and Coastal Sandy Shores and Dunes
Yellow A-G and Pollinator
Yellow H-Z and Poisonous Plants
Orange and Habitat of Hedgerows and Road Verges
Red and Habitat of Pinewoods
Pink A-G and Habitats of Lakes, Canals and Rivers
Pink H-Z and Habitats of Marshes, Fens and Bogs
Mauve and Habitat of Grassland - Acid, Neutral or Chalk
Purple and Habitats of Old Buildings and Walls
Blue and Flower Legend
Green and Habitat of Broad-leaved Woods
Brown and Food for Butterfly / Moth
Multi-Coloured and Habitats of Heaths and Moors
Shrub and Small Tree and Habitats of River Banks and Other Freshwater Margins
Seed 1 and Scented Flower, Foliage or Root
Seed 2 and Story of Their Common Names
Non-Flower Plants and Non-Flowering Plant Use
Introduction and Edible Plant Parts
Site Map and Use of Plant
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wildflowers with Mauve Flowers

Wildflower Common Plant Name

Click on Underlined Text
to view that Wildflower Plant Description Page

 

 

 

Scented

 

Scented Leaves

Flowering Months

Click on Underlined Text
to view photos

Habitat
 

Click on Underlined Text
to view further Natural Habitat details and Botanical Society of the British Isles Distri-bution Map

Number of Petals

Without Petals.

1 Petal or Comp-osite of many 1 Petal Flowers as Disc or Ray Floret .

2 Petals.
3 Petals.
4 Petals.
5 Petals.
6 Petals.
Over 6 Petals.

Foliage Colour

Height x Spread in inches (cms)

(1 inch = 2.5 cms,
12 inches = 1 foot = 30 cms,
24 inches = 2 feet,
3 feet = 1 yard,
40 inches = 100 cms)
Click on Underlined
text
to view its Wildflower FAMILY Page

Comment
and
Botanical Name

Click on Underlined Botanical Name
to link to Plant or Seed Supplier

 

Click on Underlined
/NOTE
to view Wildflower Plant NOTE Page

Allium angulosum

 

 

 

 

 

 

Allium paniculatum

 

 

 

 

 

 

Thalictrum alpinum is
Alpine Meadow-rue
,
Arctic Meadow-rue
falpinecolflomeadowrue1

Buttercup family

May-July

A small, rhizomatous perennial of mountain habitats. It is found on damp rock ledges, at the open edges of stony streams and flushes and in thin grassland. It is a good indicator of substrates which are at least slightly base-rich.

Without Petals

Dark Green above, whitish below

6 x 6
(15 x 15)

Thalictrum alpinum

Alpine Milk-vetch

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alpine Pennycress

 

 

 

 

 

 

Alpine Sow-thistle

 

 

 

 

 

 

Anarrhinum

 

 

 

 

 

 

Autumn Squill

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bird's-eye Primrose is
Primula farinosa
cbirdseyeflo1primrose

Primrose family

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bithynian Vetch

 

 

 

 

 

 

Black Horehound

 

 

 

 

 

 

Blue Fleabane

 

 

 

 

 

 

Blue Iris or Butterfly Iris

 

 

 

 

 

 

Braya

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chives

 

 

 

 

 

 

Columbine is
aquilegia vulgaris
fcolumbinecolflo1

Buttercup family

May-July

Native populations of this perennial are found on calcareous soil over limestone rocks in England and Wales. It typically grows in woodland glades and open scrub, by woodland rides and streamsides, in damp grassland and fen, and on scree slopes. Garden escapes can be naturalised in quarries, on roadsides, railway banks and old walls.

5 tubular Petals

Green

36 x 12 (90 x 30)

Visited by long-tongued humble-bees for pollen and nectar. A local plant of woods and wet places on calcareous soil or fen peat.

Aquilegia vulgaris

Common Blue Sow-thistle

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Calamint

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Comfrey

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Corn Salad or Lamb's Lettuce

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Dog-violet is viola riviniana
fcommonflotdogviolet1

Violet family

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Sea-lavender

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Spotted Orchid

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Water-Plantain

 

 

 

 

 

 

Coralroot Bittercress is Cardamine bulbifera and Dentaria bulbifera
coralrootbittercresscflot2a

Crucifer family

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corn Mint

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corsican Mint

 

 

 

 

 

 

Creeping Thistle

 

 

 

 

 

 

Crow Garlic

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cuckoo Flower or Lady's Smock is
Cardamine
pratensis
fladysflotsmock1
Crucifer family

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dame's Violet is Hesperis matronalis
fdamesflot1violet1

Crucifer family

 

 

 

 

 

 

Danish Scurvy-grass

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dwarf Mallow

 

 

 

 

 

 

Early Dog-violet

 

 

 

 

 

 

Early Gentian

 

 

 

 

 

 

Elsholtzia

 

 

 

 

 

 

European Michaelmas Daisy

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fastigiate Gypsophila

 

 

 

 

 

 

Field Gentian

 

 

 

 

 

 

Field Madder

 

 

 

 

 

 

Field Scabious

 

 

 

 

 

 

Field Woundwort

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fine-leaved Vetch

 

 

 

 

 

 

Garden Speedwell

 

 

 

 

 

 

German Garlic

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossy Eyebright

 

 

 

 

 

 

Goat's-rue

 

 

 

 

 

 

Greater Meadow-rue

 

 

 

 

 

 

Greater Periwinkle

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ground Ivy

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hairy Tare

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hairy Violet is
Viola hirta
fhairyflotviolet1

Violet family

 

 

 

 

 

 

Harebell

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heather or Ling

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heath Speedwell

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hemp Broomrape

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hoary Plantain

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hoary Stock

 

 

 

 

 

 

Horned Pansy

 

 

 

 

 

 

Horse Mint

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ivy-leaved Speedwell

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ivy-leaved Toadflax

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jersey Pink

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jersey Thrift

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lax-flowered Sea-lavender

 

 

 

 

 

 

Least Mallow

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lesser Calamint

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lesser Periwinkle

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lindernia

 

 

 

 

 

 

Marsh Pea

 

 

 

 

 

 

Marsh Violet is
Viola palustris
fmarshflot1violet1

Violet family

 

 

 

 

 

 

Matted Sea-lavender

 

 

 

 

 

 

Monkshood is
Aconitum anglicum (Syn. Aconitum napellus)
fmonkshoodcolflo1

Buttercup family

May-June

These tuberous perennial herbs grow on calcareous to slightly acidic soil along stream banks, often in shade, in damp, open woodland and sometimes in damp meadows, and as aliens on roadsides, waste ground and rubbish tips.

7 Petals

All 100 species are highly poisonous and have proved fatal owing to the presence of the powerful and deadly alkaloid aconitin and of associated alkaloids

Light Green

36 x 12 (90 x 30)

Pollinated by long-tongued bumble-bees.

Aconitum anglicum (Syn. Aconitum napellus)

Shady stream banks in South-West England and in Wales

Mountain Heath

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mountain Lettuce

 

 

 

 

 

 

Narrow-fruited Corn Salad

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nettle-leaved Speedwell

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nodding Willowherb

 

 

 

 

 

 

Northern Rockcress

 

 

 

 

 

 

Norwegian Wintergreen

 

 

 

 

 

 

Opium Poppy is
Papaver somniferum
fopiumflotpoppy1

Poppy family

June-August

White or Lilac coloured, with a purple patch at the base of the lilac petals in June-August followed by black or white seeds in seed pods

An annual occurring as a casual garden escape on roadsides, waste ground and rubbish tips, and occasionally in arable fields as a relic of cultivation for poppy seed.

Petals 2+2, fugacious - plant parts that wither or fall off before the usual time -, crumpled in bud

Greyish-green, waxy, often hairless, with wavy, coarsely toothed leaves clasping the stem.

24-48 x 12 (60-120 x 30)

Papaver somniferum

The capsule enlarges after flowering and makes a decorative cut flower fresh or dried. Grow in Gravel Garden or Wildflower meadow.

Orobanche amethystea

 

 

 

 

 

 

Oxtongue Broomrape

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pale Butterwort

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pale Toadflax

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pennyroyal

 

 

 

 

 

 

Peppermint

 

 

 

 

 

 

Primula nutans

 

 

 

 

 

 

Primula stricta

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purple Viper's Grass

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rock Sea-lavender

 

 

 

 

 

 

Salsify

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sand Crocus

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sand Leek

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sand or Tall Rockcress

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scabiosa canescens

 

 

 

 

 

 

Scottish Scurvy-grass

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sea Aster

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sea Holly is
Eryngium maritimum
cseaflo1holly1

Umbellifer family

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sea Pea

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sea Rocket is
Cakile maritima
fseaflot1rocket1

Crucifer family

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sea Stock

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shiny Scabious

 

 

 

 

 

 

Slender Speedwell

 

 

 

 

 

 

Slender Tare

 

 

 

 

 

 

Small-flowered Crane's-bill

 

 

 

 

 

 

Small Scabious

 

 

 

 

 

 

Smooth Tare

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spear Mint

 

 

 

 

 

 

Spreading Bellflower

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stinking Iris

 

 

 

 

 

 

Teesdale Violet is
Viola rupestris
fteesdaleflot2violet1

Violet family

 

 

 

 

 

 

Thistle Broomrape

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vervain

 

 

 

 

 

 

Viola epipsila

 

 

 

 

 

 

Viola mirabilis

 

 

 

 

 

 

Water Lobelia

 

 

 

 

 

 

Water Mint

 

 

 

 

 

 

Water Violet

 

 

 

 

 

 

Whorled Clary

 

 

 

 

 

 

Whorled Mint

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wild Candytuft

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wild Clary

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wild Leek

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wild Teasel

 

 

 

 

 

 

Winter Heliotrope

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wood Bitter-vetch

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wood Calamint

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wood Crane's-bill

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wood Dog-violet is
Viola reichen-bachiana
fwoodflotdogviolet1

Violet family

 

 

 

 


 

 

Wood Scabious

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wood Speedwell

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wood Vetch

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Common Name

Botanical Name

Habitat -

Maritime Grassland

Lesser Celandine , Pilewort

Lesser Celandine , Pilewort is
Ranunculus ficaria
flessercolflocelandine1

Buttercup Family

Visited by various flies and bees, but often setting little seed.

An aestivating perennial herb that grows in woods, hedge banks, meadows, roadsides, maritime grassland, the banks of rivers and streams and shaded waste ground. It prefers damp, loamy or clay soils, and avoids very dry, very acidic or permanently waterlogged sites.

Vigorous groundcover that forms large, dense patches on the forest floor, displacing and preventing other native plants from co-occuring.

Lesser Meadow-rue

Lesser Meadow-rue is
Thalictrum minus
flessercolflomeadowrue

Buttercup Family

Visited by various flies and bees, but often setting little seed.

A morphologically variable, perennial herb found in calcareous or other base-rich habitats where competition is low, including fixed dunes, scrubby banks, rocky lake and river edges, limestone and serpentine cliffs, limestone grassland and pavement and montane rock ledges. It also occurs in other habitats, including churchyards, hedge banks and roadsides, as a garden escape.

3 main habitats of

  • limestone rocks and grassland
  • dunes
  • streamsides or lakeside gravel and shingle

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BLUE WILD FLOWER GALLERY
PAGE MENU

Site Map of pages with content (o)

Introduction

 

FLOWER COLOUR Comparison Pages/Galleries under Wild Flower in the left hand Main Topic Menu Table

SEED COLOUR
(o)Seed 1
(o)Seed 2

Lists of:-
Edible Plant Parts.
Flower Legend.
Food for
Butterfly/Moth
.

Flowering plants of Chalk and Limestone
Page 1

Page 2

Flowering plants of Acid Soil
Page 1

Habitat Lists:-
Approaching the
Coast (Coastal)
.
Broad-leaved
Woods
.
Grassland - Acid, Neutral, Chalk.
Heaths and Moors.
Hedgerows and Verges.
Lakes, Canals and Rivers.
Marshes, Fens,
Bogs
.
Old Buildings and Walls.
Pinewoods.
River Banks and
other Freshwater Margins
.
Saltmarshes.
Sandy Shores and Dunes.
Shingle Beaches, Rocks and
Cliff Tops
.
Other.

Number of Petals List:-
Without Petals. Other plants
without flowers.
1 Petal or
Composite of
many 1 Petal Flowers as Disc
or Ray Floret .
2 Petals.
3 Petals.
4 Petals.
5 Petals.
6 Petals.
Over 6 Petals.

Lists of:-
Pollinator.
Poisonous Parts.
Scented Flower, Foliage, Root.
Story of their Common Names.
Use for Flowering Plants

Non-Flowering Plants
Use for Non-Flowering Plants

 

 

See Explanation of Structure of this Website with User Guidelines to aid your use of this website.

 

 

 

 

 

WILDFLOWER INDEX
Botanical Name
Common Name

 

 

WILD FLOWER GALLERY
PAGE MENU

Site Map of pages with content (o)

Introduction
Poisonous Plants


INDEX LINK TO WILDFLOWER PLANT DESCRIPTION PAGE
a-h
i-p
q-z

BED PICTURES
(o)Bed

HABITAT TABLES
Flowers in
Acid Soil

Flowers in
Chalk Soil

Flowers in
Marine Soil

Flowers in
Neutral Soil

Ferns
Grasses
Rushes
Sedges
 


WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 1


(o)Adder's Tongue
Amaranth
(o)Arrow-Grass
(o)Arum
(o)Balsam
Bamboo
(o)Barberry
(o)Bedstraw
(o)Beech
(o)Bellflower
(o)Bindweed
(o)Birch
(o)Birds-Nest
(o)Birthwort
(o)Bogbean
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Borage
(o)Box
(o)Broomrape
(o)Buckthorn
(o)Buddleia
(o)Bur-reed
(o)Buttercup
(o)Butterwort
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crowberry
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
Cypress
(o)Daffodil
(o)Daisy
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Daphne
(o)Diapensia
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 2


(o)Clubmoss
(o)Duckweed
(o)Eel-Grass
(o)Elm
(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Horsetail
(o)Polypody
Quillwort
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Flax
(o)Flowering-Rush
(o)Frog-bit
(o)Fumitory
(o)Gentian
(o)Geranium
(o)Glassworts
(o)Gooseberry
(o)Goosefoot
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 1
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 2
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 3 (o)Hazel
(o)Heath
(o)Hemp
(o)Herb-Paris
(o)Holly
(o)Honeysuckle
(o)Horned-Pondweed
(o)Hornwort
(o)Iris
(o)Ivy
(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Lime
(o)Lobelia
(o)Loosestrife
(o)Mallow
(o)Maple
(o)Mares-tail
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)
 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 3


(o)Mesem-bryanthemum
(o)Mignonette
(o)Milkwort
(o)Mistletoe
(o)Moschatel
Naiad
(o)Nettle
(o)Nightshade
(o)Oleaster
(o)Olive
(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
(o)Parnassus-Grass
(o)Peaflower
(o)Peaflower Clover 1
(o)Peaflower Clover 2
(o)Peaflower Clover 3
(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
Peony
(o)Periwinkle
Pillwort
Pine
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Pipewort
(o)Pitcher-Plant
(o)Plantain
(o)Pondweed
(o)Poppy
(o)Primrose
(o)Purslane
Rannock Rush
(o)Reedmace
(o)Rockrose
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
(o)Sandalwood
(o)Saxifrage
 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 4


Seaheath
(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
(o)Spindle-Tree
(o)Spurge
(o)Stonecrop
(o)Sundew
(o)Tamarisk
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Teasel
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Valerian
(o)Verbena
(o)Violet
(o)Water Fern
(o)Waterlily
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort
Waterwort
(o)Willow
(o)Willow-Herb
(o)Wintergreen
(o)Wood-Sorrel
(o)Yam
(o)Yew

 

 

See current Wildflower Common Name Index link Table for more wildflower of the UK common names together with their names in languages from America, Finland, France, Germany, Holland, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Spain and Sweden.

See current Wildflower Botanical Name Index link table for wildflower of the United Kingdom (Great Britain) botanical names.

 

After clicking on the WILD FLOWER Common Name INDEX link to Wildflower Family Page; locate that Common name on that Wildflower Family Page, then

Click on Underlined Text in:-

Common Name to view that Plant Description Page
Botanical Name to link to Plant or Seed Supplier
Flowering Months to view photos
Habitat to view further Natural Habitat details and Botanical Society of the British Isles Distribution Map

 

Common Name

Botanical Name

Habitat - Grassland - Acid, Neutral, Chalk.

Acid Grassland

Clustered Clover

 

 

Fenugreek

 

 

Hairy Bird's-foot Trefoil

 

 

Harebell

 

 

Heath Bedstraw

 

 

Spotted Medick

 

 

Tormentil

 

 

Wood Anemone or Wind Flower

Wood Anemone or Wind Flower is
Anemone nemorosa
fwoodcolfloanemone

Buttercup family

The 120 species of Anemone are sharp-tasting plants, poisonous owing to the presence of the narcotic anemonin and dangerous to cattle.

Visited for pollen by various bees and flies.

A rhizomatous perennial, found in woodland, on streamsides, under Pteridium, on hedge banks, in heathy grassland, on open moorland, in scree and on limestone pavement. It has a wide pH tolerance, but in woodlands it is most abundant where the vigour of more competitive species is reduced by acidity, waterlogging or regular coppicing.

Deciduous woodland, hedge-banks and mountains on all but highly acidic or water-logged soils in England Wales and Scotland

Long-Headed Poppy (Long Smooth-headed Poppy)

Long-Headed Poppy (Long Smooth-headed Poppy) is
Papaver dubium
flongflotheadedpoppy1a

Poppy family

Flowers visited by various pollen-collecting insects, especially bees. No nectar. Probably self-sterile.

An annual found principally in arable fields, where it can occur on both light and heavy calcareous soils. It is also found on waste ground by roadsides and railways, and in gardens. The seed is very long-lived. The commonest poppy in the North is also a native weed.

Prefers sandy soil without lime.

Use in Wildflower meadows, Butterfly & Bee Gardens, Cut Flowers.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Neutral Grassland

Bulbous Buttercup

Bulbous Buttercup is
Ranunculus bulbosus
fbulbouscflobuttercup1

Buttercup family

A perennial herb with a corm-like stem-base, found on well-drained, neutral or calcareous soils in meadows, pastures and dunes. It is absent from highly productive, fertile grassland and from strongly acidic soils.

Avoided by grazing animals but intolerant of trampling.

Common Knapweed

 

 

Dandelion

 

 

Meadow Buttercup

Meadow Buttercup is
Ranunculus acris
fmeadowcolflobuttercup1

Buttercup Family

Pollinated by various insects, especially hover flies and small bees.

A perennial herb of damp meadows and pastures on a wide variety of soils, only avoiding very dry or acid conditions. It is a characteristic plant of unimproved hay and water-meadow communities, and now of relict herb-rich fragments on damp road verges; it also grows on dune grassland, in montane flushes and in tall-herb communities on rock ledges. It is unpalatable to grazing animals, but easily controlled in intensively managed pastures.

Damper Grassland.

Ox-Eye Daisy
(Moon Daisies, Moons, Moon-flowers)

Chrysanthemum leucanthemum
oxeyecflodaisybritishflora1

Daisy - Chamomiles and Mayweeds Family

 

Red Clover

Red Clover is Trifolium pratense
redcflocloverfoord

Peaflower - Clover Family

 

Hairy Buttercup

Hairy Buttercup is Ranunculus sardous
item8a1
Ranunculus sardous. By Kristian Peters, via Wikimedia Commons

Buttercup Family

Visited by flies and small bees

When eaten, it would cause the eater's face to contort in a look resembling scorn (generally followed by death).

An annual of damp coastal pastures, poached pond edges and wet hollows, road verges, farm tracks and gateways. It is generally restricted to thin turf or disturbed areas on damp, neutral, moderately fertile soils.

Jersey Buttercup
(Fan-leaved Buttercup, Fan-leaved Buttercup)

Jersey Buttercup
(Fan-leaved Buttercup) is
Ranunculus flabellatus
(Ranunculus paludosus)
fjerseycolflobuttercup1

Buttercup Family

"All 300 Ranunculus species are acrid and poisonous and are dangerous to cattle, but are ordinarily avoided by allgrazing animals. The poisonous constituent is probably anemonin" from Page 83 of Flora of the British Isles by Clapham, Tutin, Wurburg published by Cambridge at the University Press 1952.

Pollinated by various insects, especially hover flies and small bees.

A winter-green perennial herb which dies down to spindle-shaped tubers after flowering in May. It grows in grassland which is wet in winter, but sun-baked in summer. The number of flowering plants in a population may vary considerably from year to year.

Found only in hot dry banks near St Aubyns, Jersey.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chalk Grassland

Bee Orchid

 

 

Burnt Orchid

 

 

Chalk Milkwort

Polygala calcarea is
Chalk Milkwort

chalkflotgentianmilkwort1a

chalkflot1gentianmilkwort1

Milkwort family

 

Clustered Bellflower

 

 

Common Rockrose

 

 

Cowslip
(Keys, Our Lady's Keys, Keys-of-heaven, Herb Peter, St Peter's-wort, Peter's-keys, Fairy-cups)

Primula veris
ccowslipflo1a

Primrose Family
 

 

Early Gentian

 

 

Fairy Flax

Fairy Flax is
Linum catharticum
ffairycfloflax1

Flax family

 

Field Scabious

 

 

Fritillary

 

 

Frog Orchid

 

 

Green-winged Orchids

 

 

Hairy Violet

Hairy Violet is
Viola hirta
fhairyflotviolet1a

Violet family

 

Lady's Bedstraw

 

 

Meadow Clary

 

 

Common Pasque Flower, Pasque Flower

Common Pasque Flower, Pasque Flower is
Pulsatilla vulgaris,
Anemone pulsatilla
commoncflopasqueflowerfoord

Buttercup family

The plant is a member of the same family as Buttercup and contains the glycoside ranunculin. It has a very bitter taste which produces an immediate burning in the mouth. Fatal in a large amount but there are no records of anyone ever consuming enough because of the taste and effect.

Visited by many bees for pollen and nectar.

A perennial rhizomatous herb of species-rich turf on the slopes of chalk or oolite escarpments, and the banks of ancient earthworks, usually with a South or South-West aspect. Plants produce viable seed, but seedling establishment is rare.

In short turf on chalk and limestone from the Thames to the Humber.

It grows in sparsely wooded pine forests or meadows, often on a sunny sloping side with calcium-rich soil.

Pyramidal Orchid

 

 

Yellow-wort

 

 

Alpine Meadow-Rue

Thalictrum alpinum is
Alpine Meadow-rue
,
Arctic Meadow-rue
falpinecolflomeadowrue1a

Buttercup family

A small, rhizomatous perennial of mountain habitats. It is found on damp rock ledges, at the open edges of stony streams and flushes and in thin grassland. It is a good indicator of substrates which are at least slightly base-rich.

Bulbous Buttercup

Bulbous Buttercup is
Ranunculus bulbosus
fbulbouscflobuttercup1a

Buttercup family

A perennial herb with a corm-like stem-base, found on well-drained, neutral or calcareous soils in meadows, pastures and dunes. It is absent from highly productive, fertile grassland and from strongly acidic soils.

Avoided by grazing animals but intolerant of trampling.

Goldilocks
(Goldilocks Aster)

Goldilocks
(Goldilocks Aster)
Galeatella linosyris and Linosyris vulgaris ,
Chrysocoma linosyris, Crinitaria linosyris, Aster linosyris
goldilockscflo1

Daisy: Cudweeds family

Visited by small insects

A perennial herb of shallow soil in open, grassy habitats on limestone sea-cliffs and rocky slopes, cliff-top grassland and wind-pruned heath overlying limestone. It is a poor competitor, and is usually intolerant of heavy grazing, although in Pembrokeshire it is found in low-growing, sheep-grazed, cliff-top grassland and heath.

Very rare, on 5 dry limestone cliffs along the West coast of England and Wales

Lesser Meadow-rue

Lesser Meadow-rue is
Thalictrum minus
flessercolflomeadowrue1

Buttercup Family

Visited by various flies and bees, but often setting little seed.

A morphologically variable, perennial herb found in calcareous or other base-rich habitats where competition is low, including fixed dunes, scrubby banks, rocky lake and river edges, limestone and serpentine cliffs, limestone grassland and pavement and montane rock ledges. It also occurs in other habitats, including churchyards, hedge banks and roadsides, as a garden escape.

3 main habitats of

  • limestone rocks and grassland
  • dunes
  • streamsides or lakeside gravel and shingle

Pyrenean Columbine, Granny's Bonnet

Pyrenean Columbine, Granny's Bonnet is Aquilegia pyrenaica
pyreneancflocolumbinewikimediacommons
Aquilegia pyrenaica. By Juan José Sánchez from Spain, via Wikimedia Commons.

Buttercup family

This small alpine herb is naturalised only on rock-ledges at the head of Caenlochan Glen, Angus, at an altitude of c. 900 m. It is a very rare casual elsewhere.

This species prefer pastures and rocky places.

Suitable for Rock Garden.

Small-flowered Buttercup

Small-flowered Buttercup is
Ranunculus parviflorus
fsmallcolflofloweredbuttercup1

Buttercup family

An annual of dry disturbed habitats on a range of neutral and calcareous soils. Typical sites include broken turf on cliff edges, open, droughted slopes and banks, rabbit scrapes, tracks, poached gateways, building sites and gardens. The seeds appear to be long-lived, and populations may reappear after disturbance or persist for many years.

Dry grassy banks and path-sides mostly on chalk or limestone.

Variegated Monkshood

Variegated Monkshood is
Aconitum cammarum
variegatedcflomonkshoodwikimediacommons
Aconitum × cammarum. By Danny Steven S. from Spain, via Wikimedia Commons.

Buttercup family

Poisoning by Aconitum may also occur following picking the leaves without wearing gloves; the aconitine toxin is absorbed easily through the skin. In this event, no gastrointestinal effects are seen. Tingling starts at the point of absorption and extends up the arm to the shoulder, after which the heart starts to be affected. The tingling is followed by unpleasant numbness. Treatment is similar to poisoning caused by oral ingestion.

A perennial with annually renewed tuberous rhizomes, found established in damp places on a range of soils, usually in shaded sites or in tall vegetation. Its habitats are more varied than those of other Aconitum taxa and include damp roadsides and pastures, waste ground and moist woodland.

Winter Aconite

Winter Aconite is
Eranthis hyemalis, Helleborus hyemalis
fwintercolfloaconite1

Buttercup family

Visited by hive-bees and flies.

All 8 species of Eranthis have a burning tast and are poisonous owing to the presence of an alkaloid.

A small, tuberous perennial, dying back in summer. It is naturalised, sometimes in large numbers, in open woodland, grassland and scrub associated with habitation, under park trees, in gardens and on road verges.

Glossy Green horizontal foliage appearing after the flowers and dying back by June

Peony, Wild Peony

Peony, Wild Peony is
Paeonia mascula
wildcflopeonywikimediacommons
Paeonia mascula, Hilel mt. (Israel). By Setreset, via Wikimedia Commons.

Peony family

Flowers visited by various insects chiefly for pollen.

A perennial herb which is naturalised on rocky limestone slopes. On Steep Holm (N. Somerset) it grows on the steep eastern slopes of the island, where there is some protection from westerly gales.

Ideal conditions are light (sandy) soils although most peonies can grow in heavy clay soil. The Wild Peony prefers acid and neutral soils, can grow in semi-shade and tolerates drought.

Paeonia mascula flowers for just one week of the year normally in May or June in the Northern Hemisphere.

Long-Headed Poppy (Long Smooth-headed Poppy)

Long-Headed Poppy (Long Smooth-headed Poppy) is
Papaver dubium
flongflotheadedpoppy1

Poppy family

Flowers visited by various pollen-collecting insects, especially bees. No nectar. Probably self-sterile.

An annual found principally in arable fields, where it can occur on both light and heavy calcareous soils. It is also found on waste ground by roadsides and railways, and in gardens. The seed is very long-lived. The commonest poppy in the North is also a native weed.

Prefers sandy soil without lime.

Use in Wildflower meadows, Butterfly & Bee Gardens, Cut Flowers.

Bird-in-a-Bush , Fumewort

Bird-in-a-Bush , Fumewort is
Corydalis solida , Corydalis bulbosa
fbirdflotinabush1

Fumitory family

Further details on Corydalis from book "Bleeding Hearts, Corydalis, and their Relatives" in Plants suitable for small gardens.

Pollinated by long-tongued bees, sef-sterile.

Poisonous and in book CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants: Common Names... by Umberto Quattrocchi.

A tuberous perennial herb found in woodland, hedgerows, churchyards and rough grassland, and on roadsides, river banks and walls. It occurs as a garden escape or throw-out, and often becomes naturalised. Reproduction is by seed and tubers.

Grow in a rock garden. Corydalis are highly useful at the front of a woodland border, with crocus, in front of dicentra or with miniature bulbs such as muscari or scillas. They can also be grown in pots of gritty soil, but keep compost cool and moist in summer. Partnered with hostas or hardy geraniums, they break into leaf after the corydalis vanish.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
space,
Site Map page in its flower colour
NOTE Gallery

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There are 180 families in the Wildflowers of the UK and they have been split up into 22 Galleries to allow space for up to 100 plants per gallery.

Each plant named in each of the Wildflower Family Pages may have a link to:-

its Plant Description Page in its Common Name in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries and will have links

to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name,

to see photos in its Flowering Months and

to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.

 

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly

.

 

Wild Flower Family Page

(the families within "The Pocket Guide to Wild Flowers" by David McClintock & R.S.R. Fitter, Published in 1956 are not in Common Name alphabetical order and neither are the common names of the plants detailed within each family. These families within that book will have their details described as shown in the next column starting from page 1 in February 2017 until all the families have been completed on page 307.

This may take a few months of my time before I get to the Adder's Tongue Family on page 307.

The information in the above book is back-referenced to the respective page in "Flora of the British Isles" by A.R. Clapham of University of Sheffield,
T.G. Tutin of University College, Leicester and
E.F. Warburg of University of Oxford printed by Cambridge at the University Press in 1952 for each plant in all the families)

followed by

No. of Plants of that Family

that have a row with their details in their flower colour in this central data table;

and then

the relevant entries in the Habitat Index Pages and other charact-eristics in other Index Pages in the Page Menu / Index Table on the right
(with over-flow in another table below the flower colour in the central data table and then onto
contin-uation pages)

within this gallery

Adder's Tongue

Amaranth

Arrow-Grass

Arum

Balsam

Bamboo

Barberry 2

Bedstraw

Beech

Bellflower

Bindweed

Birch

Birds-Nest

Birthwort

Bogbean

Bog Myrtle

Borage

Box

Broomrape

Buckthorn

Buddleia

Bur-reed

Buttercup 45

Butterwort

Cornel (Dogwood)

Crowberry

Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1

Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2

Cypress

Daffodil

Daisy

Daisy Cudweeds

Daisy Chamomiles

Daisy Thistle

Daisy Catsears

Daisy Hawkweeds

Daisy Hawksbeards

Daphne

Diapensia

Dock Bistorts

Dock Sorrels

Clubmoss

Duckweed

Eel-Grass

Elm

Filmy Fern

Horsetail

Polypody

Quillwort

Royal Fern

Figwort - Mulleins

Figwort - Speedwells

Flax

Flowering-Rush

Frog-bit

Fumitory 3

Gentian

Geranium

Glassworts

Gooseberry

Goosefoot

Grass 1

Grass 2

Grass 3

Grass Soft Bromes 1

Grass Soft Bromes 2

Grass Soft Bromes 3

Hazel

Heath

Hemp

Herb-Paris

Holly

Honeysuckle

Horned-Pondweed

Hornwort 2

Iris

Ivy

Jacobs Ladder

Lily

Lily Garlic

Lime

Lobelia

Loosestrife

Mallow

Maple

Mares-tail

Marsh Pennywort

Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)

Mesem-bryanthemum

Mignonette

Milkwort

Mistletoe

Moschatel

Naiad

Nettle

Nightshade

Oleaster

Olive

Orchid 1

Orchid 2

Orchid 3

Orchid 4

Parnassus-Grass

Peaflower

Peaflower Clover 1

Peaflower Clover 2

Peaflower Clover 3

Peaflower Vetches/Peas

Peony 1

Periwinkle

Pillwort

Pine

Pink 1

Pink 2

Pipewort

Pitcher-Plant

Plantain

Pondweed

Poppy 9

Primrose

Purslane

Rannock Rush

Reedmace

Rockrose

Rose 1

Rose 2

Rose 3

Rose 4

Rush

Rush Woodrushes

Saint Johns Wort

Saltmarsh Grasses

Sandalwood

Saxifrage

Seaheath

Sea Lavender

Sedge Rush-like

Sedges Carex 1

Sedges Carex 2

Sedges Carex 3

Sedges Carex 4

Spindle-Tree

Spurge

Stonecrop

Sundew

Tamarisk

Tassel Pondweed

Teasel

Thyme 1

Thyme 2

Umbellifer 1

Umbellifer 2

Valerian

Verbena

Violet

Water Fern

Waterlily 3

Water Milfoil

Water Plantain

Water Starwort

Waterwort

Willow

Willow-Herb

Wintergreen

Wood-Sorrel

Yam

Yew

Total 65

item6 item6 item7 item7 item1 item1 item2 item2 item3 item3 item4 item4 item5 item5 item8 item8 item9 item9 item10 item10 item11 item11 item12 item12 item6a item6a item4b item4b item9a item9a item1a item1a item20a item20a item11a item11a item2b item2b item3a item3a item10a item10a item12a item12a item8a item8a item7a item7a item4a item4a item5a item5a item28 item28 item7b item7b item3a1b item3a1b item10a1 item10a1 item29a item29a item5a1 item5a1 item3a1 item4a1 item4a1 item49a item49a item2b1 item2b1 item6a1 item6a1 item10a1a item10a1a item28a item28a item9a1 item9a1 item11a1 item11a1 item3a1a item3a1a