Ivydene Gardens Photo coleus Gallery:
Coleus Bedding Trial Index for the
Coleus Bedding Trial Folder in Plant Trials Field in Garden at Wisley taken on 2 October 2013.


Photos taken by Chris Garnons-Williams using a digital camera in the original size and as a thumbnail.
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Solenostemon scutellarioides from Plants & Flowers by Plants Rescue:-

"Common name: Flame Nettle, Painted Nettle, Coleus, Painted Leaf, Poor Man’s Croton, Jewels of the Garden

Family: Lamiaceae

Synonymous: Coleus blumei

  • Coleus blumei var. verschaffeltii
  • Coleus hybridus
  • Coleus pumilus
  • Coleus scutellarioides
  • Coleus verschaffeltii
  • Ocimum scutellarioides
  • Plectranthus scutellarioides

Distribution and habitat: Solenostemon scutellarioides is native to south east Asia and Malaysia. Growing to 60–75cm (24–30 inch) tall and wide, it is a bushy, woody-based evergreen perennial, widely grown for its highly decorative variegated leaves. It has been assiduously hybridized over the years into a very large number of vegetative propagated and seed propagated strains with an almost infinite number of leaf color combinations including most colors of the spectrum except true blue.

Description: Although Solenostemon scutellarioides plants  are perennials, many growers treat them as temporary foliage plants, to be enjoyed and then discarded when past their best. This is because they are sometimes difficult to overwinter and also because they are easy to grow from cuttings. Their soft, rather thin leaves very considerably in shape, size and colour (which can be almost any shape of yellow, red, orange, green or brown or a mixture of three or more of these). Solenostemon scutellarioides plants have opposite leaves and blue to lilac colored flower spikes. Such flowers as they produce have little decorative value and are best nipped out when they are still developing; this procedure will help to keep the plants bushy.

Solenostemon scutellarioides is the only species of Solenostemon commonly grown as indoor plant. Some of its forms have hart-shaped leaves and others have slender, sometimes contorted pendulous leaves. Young seedlings only 2-5cm (0.8-2 inch) high, but already showing their true colour, can be bought in spring and these may grow into 60cm (24 inch) tall plants in one season. Named hybrids of this species are also frequently available.

Houseplant care: All Solenostemon scutellarioides should have their growing tips nipped out regularly to help them remain bushy. The flowers are best pinched out before they form to keep the plant in good shape.

If the plant is kept for a second season, prune it back to about one third of its original size in late winter or very beginning of spring.

Light: Provide bright light at all times – including several hours a day of direct sunlight, if possible. Insufficient light will result in spindly growth.

Temperatures: Solenostemon scutellarioides do well in warm rooms. In temperatures above 18°C (64°F), though, the air should be humidified by standing plants on trays of damp pebbles or moist peat moss. If the temperature is allowed to fall much bellow 13°C (55°F) leaves are in danger of wilting and dropping down.

Watering: These plants should be watered plentifully as often as necessary to keep the potting mixture thoroughly moist. If the mixture is permitted to dry out even for a short period, the leaves of Solenostemon scutellarioides will collapse; and although plants may appear to recover fully when they are watered once more the lower leaves will probably still drop off.

If the plant is being kept over winter then reduce watering and keep this plant on the dry side.

Avoid getting the velvety leaves wet. Hard water will cause white spots which cannot be washed off. Always use room-temperature water when watering these houseplants.

Feeding: Apply a liquid fertiliser about every two weeks throughout the active growth period.

Potting and repotting: Use a soil based potting mixture. Young plants should be moved every two months into pots two size larger. Solenostemon scutellarioides should not be underpotted; they need room for their active roots to develop freely.

Gardening: Solenostemon scutellarioides plants are frost tender, so in most climates, they are grown as annuals. They are heat-tolerant, but they do less well in full sun in subtropical areas than in the shade. In mild areas (no snow in winter), plants can usually be kept as perennials if well managed. In colder areas, they are often grown as annuals, since the plants are not hardy and become leggy with age.
To keep the foliage lush, pinch out flower spikes as they develop. Pinch plant stem tips to keep plants compact and to promote bushiness.
Harden the seedlings off before planting them outdoors. Solenostemon scutellarioides plants should not be set into the landscape until the minimum outdoor temperature is 10°C (50°F).

Location: Plant Solenostemon scutellarioides plants in partial shade setting. In hot areas, the colors of the plant are likely to be more intense when it is planted in shaded areas rather than in full sun. Also, the plants will require less water in shaded than in full sun position.

Soil: Solenostemon scutellarioides prefers fertile, evenly moist, well-draining soil. It is adapted to chalk, clay, clay loam, loam, loamy sand, peat, sandy clay, sandy clay loam and sandy loam soils.
Plant them 30cm (12 inch) apart in rich, moist, well-drained soil preferable with a neutral or slightly alkaline pH.

Irrigation: It requires an evenly moist well-drained soil for optimal growth, but will die in standing water. If the soil is allowed to dry out, the foliage will wilt, but normally will recover quickly when water is provided. Water your plants thoroughly at planting time.
Consider applying a thick mulch around the root zone over the growing season to conserve soil moisture. The mulch will also help to heat up and retain the heat in the soil, thereby helping the new plants to get quickly established.
Fertilise: Feed these plants with a liquid fertiliser once a month.

Propagation: Young, freshly rooted plants overwinter much better than older plants. Tip cuttings about 5-8cm (2-3 inch) long taken in early autumn will root easily either in the standard potting mixture or water.
If started in water, they should be moved into the potting mixture when roots are 5-8cm (2-3 inch) long. Cuttings started in potting mixture will normally root in about two weeks if they are kept in a warm, brightly lit position, without direct sunlight. Water the cuttings enough to make the potting mixture moist, but allow the top centimetre (0.4 inch) or so of the potting mixture to dry out completely between waterings.

Seed propagation is also possible, but they will not come true from seeds.

Problems: Usually problems appear as the result of incorrect treatment of the plant.

In hot, dry rooms red spider mites can cause discolouration and leaf withering.
Treatment: Wash off any heavy infestation of red spider mites under the tap. To prevent an infestation of these pests it is important to provide a humid atmosphere around the plants and to spray the plants with water occasionally.

Leaf fall indicates that the plant is in a poor light position.

Straggly growth may also be due to poor light or it may occur as a consequence of failure to pinch out the growing tips.

Uses and display: Solenostemon scutellarioides has the most incredible foliage with colors and color combinations that no other plant species can offer. The leaves are gorgeous with their frilly edges and unique color patterns. These plants are easy-care, versatile and their foliage colour, again, can only be described as spectacular! They combine well with flowering annuals to create more texture and interest or it is a great stand-alone in a container or bed. These plants can be used for group or mass as garden annuals in beds and borders; pots, containers, window boxes, hanging baskets; houseplants."


From iGarden Home of The Compulsive Gardener in Australia:-
They grow very easily from cutting and will even sprout roots in a glass of water. I usually take cuttings of my favourite ones each autumn, as a precaution against losing them in a very cold winter. In very cold areas of Sydney, they may not survive winter, so taking cuttings is a good idea.They can also be grown from seed, and some gardeners report them coming up by themselves by self-seeding in the garden, although I have never had this happen.
Pinch out the growing tips regularly to encourage a well-branched plants and remove any flower stems which develop, as these make the plant look lanky. Coleus can look sad by the end of winter, but don't cut them back whilst the weather is still cold as it can kill them - I wait till early September before cutting them back and fertilising them with a general purpose food. Coleus can be grown in containers or hanging baskets. It is even possible to train a standardised coleus! For lots of information and ideas on coleus, I can recommend the book Coleus: Rainbow foliage for containers and gardens by Ray Rogers.

Plectranthus scutellarioides is cultivated outdoors in subtropical and tropical regions. It can only tolerate occasional very light frosts.
Succeeds in full sun to moderate shade, growing well in a wide range of soils, preferably moist but well-drained. The plant is widely grown as an ornamental and can escape from cultivation. It is listed as 'Invasive' in Cuba and a cultivation escape in Puerto Rico and some Pacific Islands. The species is shade tolerant, can grow in a wide range of habitats, reproduces by both seeds and stem cuttings, and can form dense thickets. It currently appears to be a minor pest rather than a seriously damaging weed.

‪International Coleus Society Cultivar Trials and Registration: For the Year 2016‬ by Laurence C. Hatch. International Coleus Society. This 104 page guide is the State of the Genus report in the genus Coleus, an important group of tropical, annual bedding plants and house plants. This 2016 update covers the full array of named, unnamed, and trademarked clones evaluated by the International Coleus Society in their "real world" containerized trial garden. It also covers the last two years of cultivar registrations up to #1551 (added December 2016) with detailed descriptions and very large, high-resolution, digital images. Many cultivars have never been published before and several appear no where else in literature.

Can Coleus be planted in Water? Article by Home Guides:-
"Ground Water
Older coleus hybrids thrive in moist shade while newer sun-tolerant varieties are also more drought-tolerant, providing lively foliage bedding plants for all areas of the yard. Although coleus produces its brightest colors with plenty of moisture, it needs well-drained soil. Waterlogged soil often leads to edema, a condition that can drown the plant. Although plants may survive occasional flooding, coleus isn't a good choice for rain gardens or wetland planting.
Coleus starts easily from seed, but starting cuttings in water speeds up the process and guarantees the young plant will be true to the parent plant. Side branches from 3 to 5 inches long, stripped of all but the top few leaves, sprout fine roots at the nodes of the missing leaves along the branch within a week or two when kept in water on a sunny windowsill. Although seeds germinate in the same time, rooted cuttings are weeks ahead of seedlings in maturity. Young coleus plants can be planted in pots until planting time or planted directly in areas where the threat of frost has passed.
Coleus cuttings can also grow in water for several months as well as start in it. Kept in a sunny window at 70 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit, the cuttings will develop a tangle of roots and even bloom. Because bloom will initiate the plant’s decline, pinching will keep them growing more leaves. Change water frequently to prevent algae and use bottled water if your water supply contains chlorine or fluoride. Coleus cuttings do not grow as fast in water as they might in pots, but keeping cuttings in water over the winter is a space-saving way to start a group of plants for spring planting."

Where have all the Coleus gone? by the Frustrated Gardener.

Coleus Bedding Trial
Number with link to page

Name with link to supplier

Height x Spread in
inches (cms)




Coleus plants grow beautifully in part to light shade with Impatiens, Begonias and Wishbone Flower.

How to Create a Shade Garden with Coleus.

Grow a Coleus Hedge.

Coleus Varieties.

J. Parkers range also includes the amazing cat-shoo varieties of coleus, who’s fragrance is unpleasant to cats but not to humans making them a great natural deterrent to help keep cats out of your garden.

Coleus Finder has table of suppliers for coleus in USA, UK, JP and CA

1 Alligator Tears

24-36 x 12-16
60-90 x 30-40)



Perfect addition to containers or beds. Drought Tolerant. House Plant. Deer Resistant. Full Sun

2 Black Prince

20-40 x 4-20
(50-100 x 10-50)



Grow under glass in loam-based potting compost in bright filtered to moderate light. Pot up annually in spring. Grow outdoors in humus-rich moist but well-drained soil in summer. Provide a sheltered, frost-free environment, which is South-facing or East-facing in Full Sun or Part Shade.

3 Brilliant

Not yet found a supplier.





4 Caipirinha

Not yet found a supplier.





5 China Rose

4-20 x 4-20
(10-50 x 10-50)



It is a cultivar with burgundy serrated leaves with a vibrant dark pink splash down the centre of each; their downy covering lends a soft, grey sheen.
Grow under glass in a loam-based compost in bright filtered to moderate light. Pot up annually in spring. Grow on outdoors after risk of frost has passed in a sheltered position with humus rich, moist but well-drained soil.

6 Combat AGM

24 x 16
(60 x 40)



A dramatic, exotic foliage plant that will add a splash of colour to your garden, with a camouflage of greens, reds and yellows described perfectly by the name ‘Combat’.
Max Height 60cm. Max Spread 40cm. Flowers July to October. Full sun or part sun. Not Hardy.
Dead head any flowers as they appear to maintain a bushy plant.

7 Combat AGM





8 Combat AGM





9 Crimson Velvet





10 Dipped in Wine

Not yet found a supplier.





11 Firelight

Not yet found a supplier.





12 Gay's Delight

24-36 x 12-16
(60-90 x 30-40)



Brilliant in mixed containers, borders or beds. Lime-green with black venation and a blue-purple flower. The lime-green is a unique accent color that gets attention in any garden. Many people feel that coleus look best before they flower. To keep foliage in top shape, pinch off the blooms as they appear if you wish. Adaptable as Houseplant in Full Sun or Shade.

13 Green Chartreuse

Not yet found a supplier.





14 Henna = Balcenna

14-28 x
(35-70 x )
Spacing of 8"-15" (20-37.5 cms) in garden beds, pots and baskets can be planted more densely.



Green-gold leaves with frilly, lobed edges of copper. Back of leaf and stems are burgundy. Sun tolerant. Do not plant outdoors until temperatures are reliably above 60 degrees at night. Optimal temperature range for coleus is 70°F to 100°F. Tender perennial generally grown as an annual in the USA. Coleus will not survive a frost.

15 Kentish Fire





16 Kiwi Fern

12-18 x
(30-45 x )
Spacing of 8"-15" (20-37.5 cms) in garden beds, pots and baskets can be planted more densely.



Favored for its unusual, airy quality, this coleus has narrow, frilly leaves that are dark purple and red with yellow highlights at the edge. Fabulous for pots, hanging baskets, and window boxes with its modest size. Sun tolerant.  Coleus come from a tropical climate and need warm temperatures to thrive. Do not plant outdoors until temperatures are reliably above 60 degrees at night. Optimal temperature range for coleus is 70°F to 100°F. Flower spikes in shades of purple and blue. Keep flower buds pinched since unchecked blooming will cause the plant to go into decline.

17 Muriel Pedley





18 Peter Wonder

12-18 x
(30-45 x )
Spacing of 8"-15" (20-37.5 cms) in garden beds, pots and baskets can be planted more densely.



Very frilly coleus has bright green leaves with creamy yellow-to-tan veining. Edges are spiky and pink, and in high light the whole leaf can develop a pink glow. Good subject for a hanging basket. Also known as 'Pink Ruffles.' Part sun or high shade for best color. Some coleus tolerate full sun. Harden off new arrivals before planting. Do not allow to get completely dry.

19 Peter's Wonder





20 Pink Chaos AGM

6-18 x 10-16
(15-45 x 25-40)



An interestingly chaotic fusion of bright pink, mint-green and white foliage. Use in beds, borders and containers and adaptable as a Houseplant. Use in Part Shade to Full Shade. Bring Plants indoors before frost damages foliage.

21 Red Angel





22 Redhead

18-36 x 16-28
(45-90 x 40-70)



Bright Red leaves. Ideal for combination plantings in both Full sun and Full shade. Low maintenance, high impact. Use in containers.

A cinch to grow in sun or shade, Redhead coleus offers rich red-purple foliage and a practically indestructible nature! Reaching 36 inches tall and wide, it adds bold color to landscapes and containers.

23 Roy Pedly AGM





24 Saturn

16-24 x
(40-60 x )



Deep maroon leaves have a "planet" of gold in the center surrounded by smaller stars. Classic coleus form and fairly sun tolerant. Keep evenly moist. Avoid soggy soil with good drainage. Do not allow to get completely dry. Fertilize regularly at half-strength or use timed-release fertilizer. Use high-quality potting soil or plant in garden soil rich in organic matter.

25 Saturn





26 Saturn





27 Sky Fire

12-18 x 12-16
(30-45 x 30-40)



Burgundy-red leaves with a ruffled lime edge, which you can use in beds, borders and containers in Sun or Shade. Adaptable as Houseplant. Resists Deer. Bring Plants indoors before frost damages foliage.

28 Spitfire

Not yet found a supplier.





29 Trusty Rusty

18 x
(45 x )



As reliable as it is gorgeous, ‘Trusty Rusty’ coleus has rich copper-colored leaves boldly edged with golden margins. The plant grows 18 inches tall and does best in partial shade. Include ‘Trusty Rusty’ in your landscape or container garden this year.

30 Winsome




It has  been considered a shade plant but the best leaf color is achieved with morning sun and some degree of afternoon shade.

31 Kong Green

18-20 X
(45-50 x )



It is a well branched foliage plant with extra large, green leaves and unique color patterns. 
It likes to grow in full shade and is perfect for large containers or shade borders and flower beds. It's seeds can be successfully germinated without any additional treatment, and as a plant of tropical origin Coleus is heat and humidity resistant. It makes a beautiful, low maintenance indoor plant. Same Planting Instructions as for Chocolate Covered Cherry.

32 Kong Mosaic

20 x
(50 x )



Plants produce extremely large leaves with stunning patterns, which grow tall in the garden. Great for containers and borders. Fast growing plants. Bright green, red and cream leaves. 50cm.
Annual, sow February-March, germinates in 10-14 days at 18-22°C, cover lightly with vermiculite prick out after 4 weeks into 8cm pots; ready for sale around 12 weeks after sowing.
Same Planting Instructions as for Chocolate Covered Cherry.

33 Kong Red

18-20 x
(45-50 x )



It's seeds can be easily started indoors, and this becomes a mounded, upright growing, ornamental plant. Despite being a tender perennial in warm climates, Coleus is mostly grown as an annual. It is a tall, well-branched, eye-catching foliage plant with and extra large, light-green leaves that are uniquely patterned by red midrib and burgundy red veins. 
It makes a perfect ornamental plant for large shade containers or shade borders and flower beds. Once established this striking in appearance plant tolerates shade, heat, and humidity. Coleus is a perfect indoor lifestyle plant, and adds a lot of color to any living space.

34 Kong Rose

24 x
(60 x )



The huge leaves are brilliant rose with a wide green edge. It is fast growing and well-branched, will quickly reach up to 24 in. tall.
It prefers more shade than most coleus, the extra-large leaves can burn in hot sun. Beautiful in beds and borders, it can also be a highly-ornamental house plant.

Kong series coleus are superb performers in the garden. The enormous leaves grow up to 6 in. wide, and are dramatically marked. Kong coleus are vigorous, sturdy, upright and spreading, quickly growing up to 2 ft. tall. Plants prefer filtered shade - the huge leaves could burn in hot sun. The Kong series are some of the best coleus to grow indoors on a bright windowsill.

35 Kong Salmon Pink

18-20 x
(45-50 x )

10-11 All regions of North America as an Annual


It is a tall variety with upright growth habit and exotic foliage that produces extra large, bright-green leaves with a pink midrib. It is a superb ornamental plant for shade containers and gardens. It's seeds can be started directly outdoors after last frost. Because of its tropical origin Coleus is very heat tolerant, and the plant thrives in shady and humid environment. Coleus is also known as one of the most dependable houseplants. Same Planting Instructions as for Chocolate Covered Cherry.

36 Kong Scarlet

24 x
(60 x )



The enormous leaves are burgundy-maroon and scarlet, edged in deep green. Plants are mounding and well-branched, growing quickly up to 24 in. tall.
It prefers more shade than most coleus, the extra-large leaves can burn in hot sun. Beautiful in beds and borders, it is also a highly ornamental house plant.

37 Wizard Coral Sunrise

12 x
(30 x )



Top quality series with compact, base-branching growth. Its late flowering habit makes it especially good for border plantings, and excellent in mixed containers, including hanging baskets. Shades of pink with olive-green and bright green margins. 30cm.
Annual, sow February-March, germinates in 10-14 days at 18-22°C, cover lightly with vermiculite prick out after 4 weeks into 8cm pots; ready for sale around 12 weeks after sowing.

It tolerates full sun, so it can be grown just everywhere in the garden. It's seeds are not difficult to germinate, and Coleus is a heat resistant plant that performs well in hot and humid climates. Coleus makes an easy to grow, minimal care pot houseplant.

38 Wizard Golden

12-14 x
(30-35 x )



Top quality series with compact, base-branching growth. Its late flowering habit makes it especially good for border plantings, and excellent in mixed containers. Lime green. Good in full sun. 30cm.
Annual, sow February-March, germinates in 10-14 days at 18-22°C, cover lightly with vermiculite prick out after 4 weeks into 8cm pots; ready for sale around 12 weeks after sowing.

This shade-loving foliage plant is an exceptional choice for shade containers or flower beds. It's seeds can be started directly outdoors in spring, and the established Coleus Wizard tolerates sun, heat and humidity. Coleus is a long time favorite houseplant.

39 Wizard Jade

12 x
(30 x )



Top quality series with compact, base-branching growth. Its late flowering habit makes it especially good for border plantings in the shade, and excellent in mixed containers, including Hanging Baskets and as a Houseplant. Clear ivory with green edge. 30cm.
Annual, sow February-March, germinates in 10-14 days at 18-22°C, cover lightly with vermiculite prick out after 4 weeks into 8cm pots; ready for sale around 12 weeks after sowing.

40 Wizard Mosaic

12 x
(30 x )



Top quality series with compact, base-branching growth. Its late flowering habit makes it especially good for border plantings, and excellent in mixed containers, including Hanging Baskets. Green with splashes of burgundy red and cream. 30cm.
Annual, sow February-March, germinates in 10-14 days at 18-22°C, cover lightly with vermiculite prick out after 4 weeks into 8cm pots; ready for sale around 12 weeks after sowing.

41 Wizard Pastel

10-12 x 8-10
(25-30 x 20-25)



Wizard series are tidy, branching coleus which grow 12-14 in. tall. Plants are stunning in shaded borders or containers, and can be grown indoors on a sunny windowsill. All Wizard coleus will thrive in afternoon or filtered shade and moist soil. Wizard Coral Sunrise, Wizard Golden, Wizard Velvet Red, and Wizard Sunset tolerate sun, heat, and humidity particularly well for coleus.

42 Wizard Pineapple

10-12 x
(25-30 x )



These grow about 10 to 12 inches tall when mature. These are a sun tolerant coleus they are the best coleus for southern light or full sun areas.
If you allow the flowers to grow, hummingbirds and butterflies will visit as they are rich in nectar.

43 Wizard Scarlet

20 x
(50 x )



Top quality series with compact, base-branching growth. Its late flowering habit in Part Shade and Full Shade makes it especially good for border plantings, and excellent in mixed containers, including hanging baskets and as a houseplant. Rich bronze red with pale green edge.
Annual, sow February-March, germinates in 10-14 days at 18-22°C, cover lightly with vermiculite prick out after 4 weeks into 8cm pots; ready for sale around 12 weeks after sowing.

44 Wizard Sunset

12-14 x 10-12
(30-35 x 25-30)



Use in Border or bed or in container. Heat Tolerant. Full Shade or Part Shade.
Top quality series with compact, base-branching growth. Its late flowering habit makes it especially good for border plantings, and excellent in mixed containers, including hanging baskets. Vivid apricot red. Good in full sun. 30cm.
Annual, sow February-March, germinates in 10-14 days at 18-22°C, cover lightly with vermiculite prick out after 4 weeks into 8cm pots; ready for sale around 12 weeks after sowing.

45 Wizard Velvet Red

12-14 x
(30-35 x )



Top quality series with compact, base-branching growth. Its late flowering habit makes it especially good for border plantings, and excellent in mixed containers and as pot houseplant for growing indoors. Rich deep red. Good in full sun or Part Shade.
Annual, sow February-March, germinates in 10-14 days at 18-22°C, cover lightly with vermiculite prick out after 4 weeks into 8cm pots; ready for sale around 12 weeks after sowing.

46 Fairway Mosaic

8-10 x
(20-25 x )



Features dramatic foliage with unique patterns - grow Fairway Mosaic coleus for an eye-popping experience.
Showy extra-dwarf, 8-10 in. tall plants are perfect for beds, containers and hanging baskets. Needs afternoon or filtered shade and moist soil.

47 Fairway Orange

8-10 x
(20-25 x )



The showy leaves of Fairway Orange coleus are apricot-orange, veined in magenta and wrapped with a chartreuse ribbon.
Neat and tidy extra-dwarf, 8-10 in. tall plants are perfect for beds, containers and hanging baskets. Needs afternoon or filtered shade and moist soil.

48 Fairway Red Velvet

Not yet found a supplier.




Fairway Series are super-showy, extra dwarf and uniform, 8-10 in. tall plants. For your beds, containers and hanging baskets, Fairway series coleus are your perfect choice. Give afternoon or filtered shade.

49 Fairway Rose

8-10 x
(20-25 x )



Bright rose-pink leaves with darker edges.
It is an elegant, extra-dwarf 8-10 inch tall coleus suited perfectly to hanging baskets, containers, or the landscape. Needs afternoon or filtered shade and moist soil.

50 Fairway Ruby

8-10 x
(20-25 x )



The vivid red foliage of Fairway Ruby coleus is edged in soft green.

Plant Fairway Coleus Seeds: Sow seed in cell packs or flats, use a sterilized soil-less mix. Press seeds into soil, do not cover. Needs light to germinate. Kept at 70-75°F., seedlings emerge in 10-14 days. After all danger of frost transplant into 4 in. containers, or into the garden 8 to 10 in. apart. Direct sowing is not recommended.
Grow Fairway Coleus: Part sun to light shade. Rich, moist soil. Remove flowers as they form to keep coleus foliage visible, healthy and growing. Near the end of the season, allow some of the nectar-rich flowers to form. Blooms will attract hummingbirds and butterflies. Fairway series coleus are excellent container plants, can be even be grown indoors in a brightly lit window.

51 Fairway Yellow

8-10 x
(20-25 x )



The foliage is chartreuse, veined in soft-yellow. Leaf colors combine beautifully in the garden with orange or red leaves, or flowers.
Neat and tidy, extra-dwarf 8-10 in. tall plants are perfect for beds, containers and hanging baskets. Needs afternoon or filtered shade and moist soil.

52 Superfine Rainbow Colour Pride

12-15 x
(30-37.5 x )



Large brilliant-rose leaves edged in green, mottled bronze-red. The plants are vigorous and bushy, to 12-15 in. tall.
It is an ideal plant for brightening semi-shaded beds, borders and containers. Very late flowering, plants provide brilliant color over an extended season.

53 Superfine Rainbow Festive Dance

12-15 x
(30-37.5 x )



It carries rich chocolate-brown or bronze leaves, fiery-orange at their center, and wrapped in gray green ribbons.
Plants are vigorous and branching to 12-15 in. tall and are perfectly suited for garden beds or containers. It is very late flowering, plants explode with color over an extended season.

54 Superfine Rainbow Red Velvet

Not yet found a supplier.




Superfine Rainbow series coleus produce large, vibrant multicolored leaves. Plants are vigorous and bushy to 12-15 in. tall, and flower late in the season which means plants stay neater longer. Superfine Rainbow coleus will provide vibrant, long-lasting color in your semi-shaded beds, borders and containers.

55 Superfine Rainbow Volcano

12-15 x
(30-37.5 x )



The big, bright leaves are burgundy red, wrapped in chartreuse ribbons.
Growth is vigorous and bushy to 12-15 in. tall. It is an ideal plant for brightening semi-shaded beds, borders and containers. Very late flowering, plants explode with color over an extended season.

56 Giant Exhibition Limelight

20 x
(50 x )



It carries huge brilliant lime-green leaves that demand attention, and are absolutely stunning when combined with purple flowers or leaves. Easy to grow, 20 in. tall plants thrive in shaded borders and containers.
The largest leaf on the plant pictured is 8¼ in. long, and at its widest point 6 in. across. Its has been one of the best performing annuals in Swallowtail Garden Seeds test garden.

57 Giant Exhibition Magma

8 x
(20 x )



Gigantic molten purple-red leaves wrapped in a green ribbon. Plants grow to 20 in. tall in afternoon or filtered shade and moist soil.
In the Swallowtail Garden Seeds test garden, we found Giant Exhibition Magma coleus to be stunning - the kind of plant that will hold a viewer's attention no matter the setting or surroundings.

Swallowtail Garden Seeds also have Horticultural Humor:-
"What did the carrot say to the wheat? Lettuce rest, I'm feeling beet."-Shel Silverstein as well as
50 types of Heat and Humidity Tolerant Plants.

58 Giant Exhibition Marble

20 x
(50 x )



Huge 6-7 in. green leaves marbled red, with white centers. It grows to 20 in. tall in afternoon or filtered shade and moist soil.
Because garden performance is superb in even in extreme heat, it has earned a spot on the Dallas Arboretum's list of 'Flameproof Plants.'

59 Giant Exhibition Multicolour

Not yet found a supplier.




Giant Exhibition Series has very large leaves up to 6-7 in. long on 20 in. tall plants. Grow plants in part sun to dappled shade.
Giant Exhibition Mix is a dramatic 8 color mix of Giant Exhibition coleus. Leaves are huge, plants grow to 20 in. tall in afternoon or filtered shade and moist soil.
Plant Giant Exhibition Coleus Seeds: Sow seed in cell packs or flats, use a sterilized soil-less mix. Press seeds into soil, do not cover. Needs light to germinate. Kept at 70-75°F., seedlings emerge in 10-14 days. After all danger of frost transplant into 4 in. containers, or into the garden 12 to 18 in. apart. Direct sowing is not recommended.
Grow Giant Exhibition Coleus: Part sun to light shade. Rich, moist soil. Remove flowers as they form to keep coleus foliage visible, healthy and growing. Near the end of the season, allow some of the nectar-rich flowers to form. Blooms will attract hummingbirds and butterflies. Giant Exhibition series coleus are excellent container plants, and can even be grown indoors in a brightly lit window.

60 Giant Exhibition Palisandra

20 x
(50 x )



It carries enormous velvety, deep purple-black leaves. Especially vigorous plants grow to 20 in. or more tall in afternoon or filtered soil and moist soil.

61 Giant Exhibition Rustic Red

20 x
(50 x )



Whopping 6-7 in. long, showy rusty-red leaves with edges stitched in yellow. The plants grow to 20 in. tall and are strong performers in afternoon or filtered shade and moist soil.

62 Dark Chocolate

24-30 x 18-24
(60-75 x 45-60)
Spacing 12-18 (30-45)



Upright accent plants have mid-size leaves in a rich mahogany brown. Slight touches of burgundy appear, especially in full sun conditions. 
A good choice for large mixed containers and in-ground plantings. 
Rich mahogany brown partners well with many colour schemes.

63 Chocolate Covered Cherry

12-14 x
(30-35 x )



It is a herbaceous, tropical perennial. This plant has attractive, non-fading foliage with serrated, pointy leaves that are cherry-red in color with glowing green edges and touches of crimson. 
It is a dwarf and bushy plant that can be used in container planting, pots, hanging baskets, border edging and mass planting. The surface sowing has to be applied when planting Solenostemon Scutellarioides seeds. Coleus Chocolate Covered Cherry tolerates full sun (and Part Shade), and this ornamental plant is heat resistant, so it can be successfully grown in hot and humid climates. Coleus is an outstanding pot houseplant.


  • Sow Indoors: Spring (6-8 weeks before last frost) 
  • Sow Outdoors: Spring
  • Seed Depth: Surface sowing - press seeds slightly into the soil 
  • Germination Time: 10-14 Days

64 Chocolate Mint

14 x
(35 x )



Dark-leaved plants show a rich chocolate colour. Each mid size leaf is edged in mint green. 35cm
Annual, sow February-March, germinates in 10-14 days at 18-22°C, cover lightly with vermiculite prick out after 4 weeks into 8cm pots; ready for sale around 12 weeks after sowing.

65 Chocolate Splash

12-14 x
(30-35 x )



It is a compact and bushy plant that features the eye-catching foliage with green, spear-shaped leaves that are tinted by splashes of chocolate color. 
It is an excellent container or pot plant, and Coleus is widely used in borders or mass planting. It's seeds are one of the easiest seeds to germinate, and Coleus grows well in shady areas, tolerating full or partial shade and preferring moist, but well-drained soil. It is easy to grow indoors as a superb houseplant. Same Planting Instructions as for Chocolate Covered Cherry.

66 Black Dragon

18 x
(45 x )



The foliage of reddish black with pink centres makes this variety ideal for providing contrast in containers and formal bedding schemes.
Annual, sow February-March, germinates in 10-14 days at 18-22°C, cover lightly with vermiculite prick out after 4 weeks into 8cm pots; ready for sale around 12 weeks after sowing.

67 Crimson Gold PBR

14-18 x 14-18
(30-45 x 35-45)
Spacing of 12-18 (30-45)



Well-branched, vigorous plants show off beautiful, bicolour foliage all season. 
Versatile variety thrives in sun and shade. 
Deep red leaves with golden green edge. 

68 Green Halo

18-24 x 20-35
(45-60 x 50-87.5)



Full Shade loving. Striking heart shaped leaves. Great in planters and containers. Use in Hanging Baskets, in Mass Planting. Deer Resistant.

It is a sun tolerant and versatile ornamental plant for growing in large containers or any landscape application. It's seeds are started outdoors in spring after last frost. One of the most impressive ornamental plants, Coleus is considering to be an easy to grow and care free houseplant. Same Planting Instructions as for Chocolate Covered Cherry.

69 Watermelon

16-20 x
(40-50 x )



This coleus has frilly, deep watermelon-red leaves with a bright green netted edge. Bright light brings a deeper red. Has a neat, compact growing habit. Sun tolerant. This is the original, vegetatively propagated 'Watermelon' coleus, not the seed-grown "Versa" variety that is new on the market (and completely different).

70 Lime Delight

28 x 18-22
(70 x 45-65)
Spacing of 12-18 (30-45)



Bright foliage is the centre of attention in designer gardens. 
Vibrant, lime green to golden colour plays well with others

71 Lime Delight





72 Colissima Amerena

Not yet found a supplier.





73 Colissima Capri





74 Collissima Papaya





75 Collissima Peach Melba





76 Collissima Raspberry





77 Collissima Strawberry

Not yet found a supplier.





78 Alabama Sunset

24-30 x
(60-75 x )



An old favorite, with rosy copper leaves and golden highlights.

79 Crimson Velvet





80 Display

Not yet found a supplier.





81 Fireball





82 Glennis

12-24 x 9-12
(30-60 x 22.5-30)



Easy-to-grow colorful foliage plant. Classic choice for borders and containers. Inconspicuous blue flower spikes.

Full Sun and Part Shade in moist, well-drained soil.

83 Glory

Not yet found a supplier.





84 Midnight

Not yet found a supplier.





85 Mission Gem

Not yet found a supplier.





86 Pineapple Beauty AGM





87 Pineapplette AGM

12-18 x
(30-45 x )



Beautiful frilly coleus with golden yellow scalloped leaves speckled with red. Sun tolerant, but shows best with some protection from the hottest sun of the day.

88 Pineapplette Red





89 Purple Oak

Not yet found a supplier.





90 Red Velvet

Not yet found a supplier.





91 Walter Turner AGM

24-30 x
(60-75 x )
Spacing of 8"-15" (20-37.5 cms) in garden beds, pots and baskets can be planted more densely.



The wide oval leaves of this coleus have a nearly black center boldly splashed with shades of red and pink. The wide band of netted lime green at the edge provides stunning contrast. This is a dramatic, beautiful coleus!

92 Carefree Mixed IMG 9841

12 x
(30 x )



Coleus Carefree Mix Solenostemon Scutellarioides is a bushy, tender perennial from tropical regions of Southeast Asia. Coleus Carefree Mix seeds are very easy to germinate, and also known as Flame Nettle and Painted Nettle, this Coleus has unique-shaped foliage with masses of small leaves that are deeply lobed and look like oak leaves. The foliage is a stunning mix of different colors and shades such as pink, lime, jade, gold, red, and many others. 
This dwarf colorful Coleus Carefree Mix can be planted anywhere in the garden for dazzling display of exotic color and texture. Solenostemon Scutellarioides seeds cannot be covered with soil, and Flame Nettle is a great plant for growing in full shade or partial shade, and it is very adaptable to various types of soil. Coleus is an easy to grow and carefree houseplant.


  • Sow Indoors: Spring (6-8 weeks before last frost) 
  • Sow Outdoors: Spring
  • Seed Depth: Surface sowing - press seeds slightly into the soil 
  • Germination Time: 10-14 Days

92 Carefree Mixed IMG 9842





92 Carefree Mixed IMG 9843





92 Carefree Mixed IMG 9844





92 Carefree Mixed IMG 9845





92 Carefree Mixed IMG 9846





92 Carefree Mixed IMG 9847





92 Carefree Mixed IMG 9848





92 Carefree Mixed IMG 9849





Solenostemon coleus bed IMG 9850

1 upper side of top trial bed


Solenostemon coleus bed IMG 9851

1 lower side of bottom trial bed



Site Map of pages with content (o)



Seed with EXTRA Plant INDEX of Extra Plants in Extra Pages of Bloom and Blooms Calendar Galleries.



Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines


Flower Colour





Other Colours





White / Bicolour





Flower Simple Shape

3 Petals

4 Petals

5 Petals

6 Petals


Bowls, Cups and Saucers

Globes, Goblets and Chalices








Trumpets and Funnels

Bells, Thimbles and Urns


Single Flower provides pollen for bees


2 Petals









Flower Elabor-ated Shape

Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Hats, Hoods and Helmets

Standards, Wings and Keels

Discs and Florets

Pin-cushions and Tufts

Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons








Bedding Plant Use

Bedding Out

Filling In


Pots and Troughs

Window Boxes

Hanging Baskets

Spring Bedding

Summer Bedding

Winter Bedding


Bedding Photos for use in Public Domain


Bedding Plant Height from Text Border Gallery

Blue =
0-24 inches
(0-60 cms)

Green =
24-72 inches
(60-180 cms) or
Green =
24-72 inches
(60-180 cms)

Red =
72+ inches
(180+ cms)

Bedding Plant Soil Moisture from Text Background


Wet Soil

Moist Soil

Dry Soil

Click on thumbnail to change this Comparison Page to the Plant Description Page of the Bedding Plant named in the Text box below that photo.

The Comments Row of that Bedding Plant Description Page details where that Bedding Plant is available from.



The following details about BEDDING comes from Wikipedia:-
"Bedding, in horticulture, refers to the temporary planting of fast-growing plants into flower beds to create colourful, temporary, seasonal displays, during spring, summer or winter. Plants used for bedding are generally annuals, biennials or tender perennials; succulents are gaining in popularity.

Some bedding plants are also referred to as "patio plants" because they are widely used in pots and other containers positioned on patios, terraces, decking and other areas around houses. Larger tender "conservatory plants" may also be moved out from greenhouses or conservatories and planted out in borders (or stood in their pots in sheltered positions) for the warmer months, then returned to shelter for the winter.

The modern bedding plant industry breeds and produces plants with a neat, dwarf habit, which flower uniformly and reliably. They are bred primarily for use in large-scale bedding schemes where uniformity and predictability is of paramount importance, but this is often achieved by losing the plants' individual character, and has been criticised by such notable plantsmen as the late Christopher Lloyd, who championed an informal style of bedding.



Bedding plants
There exists a huge range of plants specifically grown to produce a period of flower colour throughout the spring and summer, and (usually) discarded after flowering. They may conveniently be divided into four groups:-

  • Hardy annuals sown directly into the ground early in the season (poppy, stock, sunflower, clarkia, godetia, eschscholzia, nigella, dianthus)
  • Tender annual or perennial plants treated as half-hardy annuals - sown under glass in late winter in heat, or purchased as young plants, and hardened-off outdoors when all danger of frost has passed (begonia, lobelia, petunia, argyranthemum, chrysanthemum, pelargonium, nicotiana, cosmos, fuchsia)
  • Hardy biennial plants, or perennials treated as biennial, sown in one year to flower the next, and discarded after flowering (antirrhinum, polyanthus, wallflower, daisy, foxglove, some dianthus, some poppies, campanula, delphinium, aubrieta, aquilegia, cornflower, pansies)
  • Corms, rhizomes, bulbs and tubers, planted each year and lifted after the plant has died down and stored in winter, or discarded (tulip, narcissus, hyacinth, gladiolus, dahlia, canna)

Types of bedding
Formal bedding, as seen in parks and large gardens, where whole flower beds are replanted two or three times a year, is a costly and labour-intensive process. Towns and cities are encouraged to produce impressive displays by campaigns such as "Britain in Bloom".

Spring bedding
Plants used for spring bedding are often biennials (sown one year to flower the next), or hardy, but short-lived, perennials. Spring-flowering bulbs such as tulips are often used, typically with forget-me-nots, wallflowers, winter pansies and polyanthus.

Summer bedding
Plants used for summer bedding are generally annuals or tender perennials. They become available (often as what are referred to as "plug plants") in nurseries and garden centres during spring, to be gradually "hardened off" (acclimatised to outdoor conditions) by the purchaser and finally planted out around the time that the last frosts are expected. Experienced gardeners keep an eye on the weather forecasts at that time of year and are on standby to protect their bedding displays overnight with horticultural fleece (or the older alternatives of net curtains or newspaper) if frost threatens.

Carpet bedding
Carpet bedding employs two or more contrasting plant cultivars with a neat, dwarf habit and distinct colouring (of flower or foliage) to create geometric displays. It is often used to form such things as lettering, logos or trademarks, coats of arms, or floral clocks. Suitable plants are rosette-forming succulents such as Echeveria or fairly slow-growing or mat-forming foliage plants, such as coloured-leaved Alternanthera cultivars, which are tolerant of clipping; such plants may also be used in three-dimensional sculptural forms or pseudo-topiary.

Winter bedding
Planted in autumn to give a display until early spring, the plants used for winter bedding are mainly hardy perennials. As it has to be planted at the same time of year as spring bedding does, winter bedding tends to be less commonly seen, except in containers such as windowboxes. Some are short-lived and will be discarded after their first display; others may be used as a source of cuttings for the next year. Winter-hardy ornamental vegetables such as cultivars of kale and cabbage with coloured or variegated foliage are increasingly common. Primula cultivars (polyanthus and primroses) are commonly used, as are winter-flowering heathers and Viola × wittrockiana, winter pansies. Variegated evergreens such as cultivars of Vinca minor (lesser periwinkle), Euonymus fortunei and Hedera helix (ivies) are also popular."


Essential Annuals The 100 best for Design and Cultivation with the following Garden Plans:-

  • Island Bed - rectangle with Bull'-Eyes (1 design for sun and another for shade)
  • 3 of Island Bed - Rectangle (each design for sun and another for shade)
  • 3 of "Colonial" Formal Garden - Williamsburg Design (First design for shade with bright colours, Second for shade with soft colours and third with both Sun with soft colours for cutting and the other for sun with bright colours for cutting)
  • 2 of "French" Formal Garden - Diamond Design (First design for sun with hot colours for cutting and another for sun with soft colours. Second design has shade with bright colours and another for shade with soft colours.
  • 2 of "English" Formal Garden - Cartwheel Design (First design for sun with colour wheel cutting garden and other for sun with soft, colours for a cutting garden.Second design has shade with soft colours and the other is shade with warm, sunny colours)
  • Butterfly Garden (to attract butterflies)

Text by Elizabeth Murray. Photography by Derek Fell.
Published by Crescent Books in 1989. ISBN 0-517-66177-2.



Bedding Plant INDEX .

See also the Bedding Plant INDEX of the Bedding in the Mixed Borders of the Royal Horticultural Society Garden at Wisley in 2013. This gallery also compares the Flower Colours, Foliage Colours, Bedding Use and Flower Shape of the bedding plants in those Mixed Borders.


Site design and content copyright ©July 2019.
Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a
courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are
not responsible for the content and/or quality of external
web sites linked from this site.  

Single Flowers provide honeybees with pollen to collect for the protein in a bee's diet, whereas double flowers do not provide this pollen.


"The archetypal flower reads from outside in – sepals (often green), then petals, male stamen and finally the central female parts.

In the single dahlia stamens with their yellow pollen which is available for honeybees to collect, can be seen clearly.  Pollen provides most of the protein in a bee’s diet.

Double flowers, stamens have been transformed into extra petals for a fuller, showier bloom.  The lack of pollen means pollination cannot occur and the flower remains open for longer, waiting.  Both of these features have made double flowers attractive to horticulturists and much energy has been put into breeding double varieties.  Highly bred cultivars are much more likely to be doubles than their species (natural) counterparts.  Plants with the name ‘flore pleno’ should ring warning bells as it means ‘with a full flower’ and will almost certainly mean it is a double.

Nectaries (rarely visible) store nectar which provides the carbohydrate part of a bee’s diet.  They are easier to access in single flowers than in doubles.

Some plant species are good honey bee plants in their single form but not when bred as doubles:  Hawthorn (Crataegus ‘Paul’s Scarlet‘), Japanese anemones (Anemone x hybrida), Geums – semi-double cultivars ‘Miss Bradshaw’ and ‘Lady Stratheden’, Cinquefoil (Potentilla), Clematis (such as the strange ‘Viennetta’) and Hollyhock (Alcea rosea).

For rose fans you may want to learn that only the species roses (Dog rose Rosa canina and R. rugosa) offer food (pollen only) for honeybees. It is understandable that having as much colour, for as long as possible, has been a priority in British gardens prone as they are to the blanketing green of a wet summer.  The fact that plant breeding has followed the demand of gardeners makes simple economic sense.  It is nature that is beginning to suffer however.  Breeding away pollen serves neither the plant species, as it can’t reproduce itself, nor the insects whose main source of protein it is.

The question is, can designers influence public taste sufficiently for nurseries to change their ways or would it put the breeders out of a job?" from Beeginner Beekeeper.


Anagallis monellii 'Skylover Blue' has Single Flowers


whereas Dahlia 'Blue Wish' has Double Flowers (details about Double Flowers in row further down), which has many more petals:-



The following details come from Cactus Art:-

"A flower is the the complex sexual reproductive structure of Angiosperms, typically consisting of an axis bearing perianth parts, androecium (male) and gynoecium (female).    

Bisexual flower show four distinctive parts arranged in rings inside each other which are technically modified leaves: Sepal, petal, stamen & pistil. This flower is referred to as complete (with all four parts) and perfect (with "male" stamens and "female" pistil). The ovary ripens into a fruit and the ovules inside develop into seeds.

Incomplete flowers are lacking one or more of the four main parts. Imperfect (unisexual) flowers contain a pistil or stamens, but not both. The colourful parts of a flower and its scent attract pollinators and guide them to the nectary, usually at the base of the flower tube.


Androecium (male Parts or stamens)
It is made up of the filament and anther, it is the pollen producing part of the plant.
Anther This is the part of the stamen that produces and contains pollen. 
Filament This is the fine hair-like stalk that the anther sits on top of.
Pollen This is the dust-like male reproductive cell of flowering plants.

Gynoecium (female Parts or carpels or pistil)
 It is made up of the stigma, style, and ovary. Each pistil is constructed of one to many rolled leaflike structures. Stigma This is the part of the pistil  which receives the pollen grains and on which they germinate. 
Style This is the long stalk that the stigma sits on top of. 
Ovary The part of the plant that contains the ovules. 
Ovule The part of the ovary that becomes the seeds. 

The colorful, often bright part of the flower (corolla). 
The parts that look like little green leaves that cover the outside of a flower bud (calix). 
(Undifferentiated "Perianth segment" that are not clearly differentiated into sepals and petals, take the names of tepals.)"




The following details come from Nectary Genomics:-

"NECTAR. Many flowering plants attract potential pollinators by offering a reward of floral nectar. The primary solutes found in most nectars are varying ratios of sucrose, glucose and fructose, which can range from as little a 8% (w/w) in some species to as high as 80% in others. This abundance of simple sugars has resulted in the general perception that nectar consists of little more than sugar-water; however, numerous studies indicate that it is actually a complex mixture of components. Additional compounds found in a variety of nectars include other sugars, all 20 standard amino acids, phenolics, alkaloids, flavonoids, terpenes, vitamins, organic acids, oils, free fatty acids, metal ions and proteins.

NECTARIES. An organ known as the floral nectary is responsible for producing the complex mixture of compounds found in nectar. Nectaries can occur in different areas of flowers, and often take on diverse forms in different species, even to the point of being used for taxonomic purposes. Nectaries undergo remarkable morphological and metabolic changes during the course of floral development. For example, it is known that pre-secretory nectaries in a number of species accumulate large amounts of starch, which is followed by a rapid degradation of amyloplast granules just prior to anthesis and nectar secretion. These sugars presumably serve as a source of nectar carbohydrate.

WHY STUDY NECTAR? Nearly one-third of all worldwide crops are dependent on animals to achieve efficient pollination. In addition, U.S. pollinator-dependent crops have been estimated to have an annual value of up to $15 billion. Many crop species are largely self-incompatible (not self-fertile) and almost entirely on animal pollinators to achieve full fecundity; poor pollinator visitation has been reported to reduce yields of certain species by up to 50%."


Further details on other plants, which are bee-pollinated rather than wind-pollinated:-

Bee-Pollinated Bloom Plant Index.
The 264 bee-pollinated plants in Bee-Pollinated Bloom Plant Index are in addition to the bee-pollinated plants shown as thumbnails in the pages of Bee-Pollinated Bloom Plant Galleries of 12 Flower Colours per month FROM the Circular Colour Wheel below.

Click on the OOO in the Index below to link to those bee-pollinated plants of that flower colour in that month or any of

ACER (Deciduous/Evergreen Shrub/Tree) in March-April
CHAENOMELES SPECIOSA (Herbaceous Perennial) in March-May
CROCUS (Bulb) in September-April
CYDONIA OBLONGA (Deciduous Shrub) in April-June
DAFFODIL (Bulb) in December-May
DAHLIA (Bulb) in June-November
DUTCH HYACINTH (Bulb) in March-April
HEATHERS (Evergreen Shrub) in every month
HEDERA HELIX (Evergreen Climber) in September-November as last major source of nectar and pollen in the year
HELIANTHEMUM (Deciduous Shrub) in June-August - Pollen only collected when the flowers open during sunny weather
HELENIUM (Herbaceous Perennial) in June-October
HELLEBORUS (Herbaceous Perennial) in January-March
HEUCHERA (Evergreen Perennial) in May-September
HIBISCUS (Deciduous Shrub) in August-September
ILEX (Evergreen Tree) in May-June
LAVANDULA (Annual, Herbaceous Perennial or Shrub) in June-July
LAVATERA (Annual, Biennial, or Herbaceous Perennial) in May-August
LEPTOSIPHON (Annual) in June-August
MAGNOLIA GRANDIFLORA (Evergreen Tree) in August-September
MALVA SYLVESTRIS (Biennial) in June-September
MENTHA (Herb) in July-August
NEMOPHILA (Annual) in April-June
NIGELLA (Annual) in July-September
PHILADELPHUS species only with single flowers (Shrub) in June
POLEMONIUM (Herbaceous Perennial) in April-June
PRUNUS CERASIFERA (Deciduous Tree) in February-March
PRUNUS LAUROCERASUS (Evergreen Shrub) in April-June
PYRACANTHA COCCINEA (Evergreen Shrub) in May-June
ROSES (Deciduous Shrub/Climber) in June-October
RUBUS IDAEUS (Raspberry) (Soft Fruit) in May-June
SALVIA SUPERBA (Herbaceous Perennial) in June-September - no bee garden should be without this plant - for those plants.

Enumber indicates Empty Index Page.
Bottom row of Grey is Unusual or Multi-Coloured Flower Colour.

























OOO E13.

















































































































































Inner circle of Grey is 12 months of Unusual or Multi-Coloured Flower Colour

Bulb and Perennial Height from Text Border

Brown = 0-12 inches (0-30 cms)

Blue = 12-24 inches (30-60 cms)

Green = 24-36 inches (60-90 cms)

Red = 36-72 inches (90- 180 cms)

Black = 72+ inches (180+ cms)

Shrub Height from Text Border

Brown = 0-12 inches (0-30 cms)

Blue = 12-36 inches (30-90 cms)

Green = 36-60 inches (90- 150 cms)

Red = 60-120 inches (150- 300 cms)

Black = 120+ inches (300+ cms)

Tree Height from Text Border

Brown = 0-240 inches (0- 600 cms)

Blue = 240- 480 inches (600- 1200 cms)

Green = 480+ inches (1200 + cms)

Red = Potted

Black = Use in Small Garden

Climber Height from Text Border


Blue = 0-36 inches (0-90 cms)

Green = 36-120 inches (90-300 cms)

Red = 120+ inches (300+ cms)


Bamboo, Bedding, Conifer, Fern, Grass, Herb, Rhododendron, Rose, Soft Fruit, Top Fruit, Vegetable and Wildflower Height from Text Border

Blue = 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)

Green = 24-72 inches (60- 180 cms)

Red = 72+ inches (180+ cms)


Plant Soil Moisture from Text Background

Wet Soil

Moist Soil


Dry Soil

"Soils vary enormously in characteristics, but the size of the particles that make up a soil defines its gardening characteristics:

  • Clay: less than 0.002mm
  • Silt: 0.002-0.05mm
  • Sand: 0.05-2mm
  • Stones: bigger than 2mm in size
  • Chalky soils also contain calcium carbonate or lime

The dominating particle size gives soil its characteristics and because the tiny clay particles have a huge surface area for a given volume of clay they dominate the other particles:

Clay soils have over 25 percent clay. Also known as heavy soils, these are potentially fertile as they hold nutrients bound to the clay minerals in the soil. But they also hold a high proportion of water due to the capillary attraction of the tiny spaces between the numerous clay particles. They drain slowly and take longer to warm up in spring than sandy soils. Clay soils are easily compacted when trodden on while wet and they bake hard in summer, often cracking noticeably.

Sandy soils have high proportion of sand and little clay. Also known as light soils, these soils drain quickly after rain or watering, are easy to cultivate and work. They warm up more quickly in spring than clay soils. But on the downside, they dry out quickly and are low in plant nutrients, which are quickly washed out by rain. Sandy soils are often very acidic.

Silt soils, comprised mainly of intermediate sized particles, are fertile, fairly well drained and hold more moisture than sandy soils, but are easily compacted

Loams are comprised of a mixture of clay, sand and silt that avoid the extremes of clay or sandy soils and are fertile, well-drained and easily worked. They can be clay-loam or sandy-loam depending on their predominant composition and cultivation characteristics.

Peat soils are mainly organic matter and are usually very fertile and hold much moisture. They are seldom found in gardens.

Chalky or lime-rich soils may be light or heavy but are largely made up of calcium carbonate and are very alkaline." from Royal Horticultural Society



The following details about DOUBLE FLOWERS comes from Wikipedia:-

"Double-flowered" describes varieties of flowers with extra petals, often containing flowers within flowers. The double-flowered trait is often noted alongside the scientific name with the abbreviation fl. pl. (flore pleno, a Latin ablative form meaning "with full flower"). The first abnormality to be documented in flowers, double flowers are popular varieties of many commercial flower types, including roses, camellias and carnations. In some double-flowered varieties all of the reproductive organs are converted to petals — as a result, they are sexually sterile and must be propagated through cuttings. Many double-flowered plants have little wildlife value as access to the nectaries is typically blocked by the mutation.


There is further photographic, diagramatic and text about Double Flowers from an education department - dept.ca.uky.edu - in the University of Kentucky in America.


"Meet the plant hunter obsessed with double-flowering blooms" - an article from The Telegraph.


"From elaborate public garden designs and street planters to the smallest front garden, bedding plants provide a temporary decorative seasonal display for beds, borders, containers and hanging baskets. Bedding can be grown from seed, bought as young seedlings (plug plants) or purchased as pot-grown specimens, often in multi-packs and cellular trays, ready for planting." from Bedding plants and displays page by the Royal Horticultural Society.

Some of the Mail-order suppliers of bedding plants:-

  • Suttons Seeds with potted plants and plug plants for the Winter, Spring and Summer in the UK
  • Unwins with plug plants for the Spring and Summer in the UK
  • Van Meuwen with bulbs and plug plants for annual bedding plants in the UK


Picture Folder Name Pages:-

Since 14 June 2019 I have also started to put my own full-sized 4000 x 3000 digital Camera images into the relevant topics in this website again for use in the Public Domain - since there may be 9 or more to a page the resulting
43 Mb website page may take some time to load
. Since I have more than 26,522 photos using 111,460 Mb of my disk space, then the extra upfront cost per annum before creating more folders like Photo coleus is just over 3.16 pence per photo has been paid for the total number in that entire photo collection before any are sent to the website.

It is hoped that you may find them of interest.

Coleus Bedding Foliage Trial Folder
from Plant Trials Field in RHS Garden
at Wisley taken on
2 October 2013
1, plus Tables of Annuals with/for:-
2, Blue to Purple Flowers
3, Red to Pink Flowers 1, 2
4, Green Flowers
5, Black or Brown Flowers
6, Yellow, and Orange Flowers
7, White Flowers
9, Low-Growing
11, Medium-Growing
12, Tall-Growing
13, Heat-Tolerant
14, Moist Soil
15, Shade
16, Indoors
17, Cutting
18, Naturalize
19, Decorative Foliage
20, Edging
21, Fragrance
22, Hanging Baskets
23, Vining
24, Wildflower Meadows
25, Coastal Gardens
26, Mounded Habit
27, Erect Habit
28, Clump-Forming Habit
29, Compact/Bushy Habit
30, Spreading/Sprawling Habit
31, To Cover Fences
32, Odds and Sods 1, 2
Coleus Bedding Trial Index
Range, Culture and Description Details of each of the above are within
Essential Annuals The 100 best for Design and Cultivation.
Text by Elizabeth Murray. Photography by Derek Fell.
Published by Crescent Books in 1989. ISBN 0-517-66177-2


Bedding Gallery has
other bedding plants, in their
flower colour,
flower shape and
bedding plant use


Topic - Flower/Foliage Colour
Colour Wheel Galleries

Following your choice using Garden Style then that changes your Plant Selection Process
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form

Further details on Bedding from the Infill Plants Galleries of the above topic:-
...for Spring
...for Summer
...for Autumn
...for Winter
...for Sandy Soil
...for Acid Soil
...for Chalky Soil
...for Clay Soil
...Flower Colour:-
...Use of Bedding:-
......Aromatic Fol
......Scented Flo
......Long Flo
......Coloured Fol
......for Bees, etc
......Cut Flos
......Hanging Pot
......Pots/ Troughs
......Window Box
......Bedding Out
......Filling in

Further details on Annuals from the Infill Galleries:-
Uses of Annuals

...Exposed Sites
...Sheltered Sites
...in Greenhouse
...Extra Poor Soil
...Very Rich Soil
...Gap Filling
...Patio Pots
...Cut Flowers 1, 2
...Everlasting Flos
...Attract Insects
...with Fragrance
...Bee Pollinated
...Annual Pairing
...Tall Growing
...Flower Colour:-
...for its Foliage
...in Moist Soil
...in Shade
...as Houseplants
...Edging Beds
...Hanging Basket
...Vining Annuals

List of Pictures in a Picture Folder:-

Coleus bedding foliage trial in Plant Trials Field in Garden at Wisley on 2 October 2013, with link to mail-order supplier(s).

Final Report for Trial No. 1949 - Solenostemon 2013 - Source: Horticultural Trials and Relations, RHS Garden Wisley, Woking, Surrey GU23 6QB.

Solenostemon (From the Greek “solen” (tube) and “stemon” (stamen), in reference to the stamens being united into the corolla (petal) tube. Family members are easily recognized by their square stems), commonly known as Coleus is a genus of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae. They are native to tropical Africa, Asia and Australia. Some species are cultivated for their highly variegated leaves.
The synonyms Coleus blumei and Solenostemon scutellarioides are also widely used names for this species. They are bushy, woody-based evergreen perennials, usually used as annual bedding plants for their foliage.

In the UK, they are grown mostly for the vibrant colour of their leaves, sometimes 3 contrasting colours appear together, with no 2 leaves exactly alike. Colours include yellow, red, orange, lime green, dark green, and mahogany. The decorative appearance of the leaves is often enhanced by scalloped or ruffled margins. Popular for beds and borders, also containers, including hanging baskets.


Page 1

Solenostemon 1 IMG 9558 is
'Alligator Tears'; sender Elsner PAC
Solenostemon 1 IMG 9559
Solenostemon 1 IMG 9560

Solenostemon 2 IMG 9561 is
'Black Prince'; sender Elsner PAC
Solenostemon 2 IMG 9562
Solenostemon 2 IMG 9563

Solenostemon 3 IMG 9564 is
'Brilliant'; sender Dibleys
Solenostemon 3 IMG 9565
Solenostemon 3 IMG 9566
Solenostemon 3 IMG 9567

Page 2

Solenostemon coleus 4 IMG 9568 is
'Caipirinha'; sender Elsner PAC
Solenostemon coleus 4 IMG 9569
Solenostemon coleus 4 IMG 9570

Solenostemon coleus 5 IMG 9571 is
'China Rose'; sender Dibleys
Solenostemon coleus 5 IMG 9572
Solenostemon coleus 5 IMG 9573

Solenostemon coleus 6 I'MG 9574 is
'Combat AGM (h1c) 2012'; sender Dibleys
Solenostemon coleus 6 IMG 9575
Solenostemon coleus 6 IMG 9576

Page 3

Solenostemon coleus 7 IMG 9577 is
'Combat AGM (h1c) 2012'; sender
Ball Colegrave
Solenostemon coleus 7 IMG 9578
Solenostemon coleus 7 IMG 9579

Solenostemon coleus 8 IMG 9580 is
'Combat AGM (h1c) 2012'; sender Jaldety
Solenostemon coleus 8 IMG 9581
Solenostemon coleus 8 IMG 9582

Solenostemon coleus 9 IMG 9583 is
'Crimson Velvet'; sender Ball Colegrave
Solenostemon coleus 9 IMG 9584
Solenostemon coleus 9 IMG 9585

Page 4

Solenostemon coleus 10 IMG 9586 is
'Dipped in Wine'; sender Elsner PAC
Solenostemon coleus 10 IMG 9587
Solenostemon coleus 10 IMG 9588
Solenostemon coleus 10 IMG 9589

Solenostemon coleus 11 IMG 9590 is
'Firelight'; sender Dibleys
Solenostemon coleus 11 IMG 9591
Solenostemon coleus 11 IMG 9592

Solenostemon coleus 12 IMG 9593 is
'Gay's Delight'; sender Ball Colegave
Solenostemon coleus 12 IMG 9594

Page 5

Solenostemon coleus 13 IMG 9595 is
'Green Chartreuse'; sender Dibleys
Solenostemon coleus 13 IMG 9596
Solenostemon coleus 13 IMG 9597
Solenostemon coleus 13 IMG 9598

Solenostemon coleus 14 IMG 9599 is
Solenostemon scutellaroides Henna = 'Balcenna'; sender Ball Colegrave
Solenostemon coleus 14 IMG 9600
Solenostemon coleus 14 IMG 9601

Solenostemon coleus 15 IMG 9602 is
'Kentish Fire'; sender Dibleys
Solenostemon coleus 15 IMG 9603
Solenostemon coleus 15 IMG 9604

Page 6

Solenostemon coleus 16 IMG 9605 is
'Kiwi Fern'; sender Dibleys
Solenostemon coleus 16 IMG 9606
Solenostemon coleus 16 IMG 9607

Solenostemon coleus 17 IMG 9608 is
'Muriel Pedley'; sender Dibleys
Solenostemon coleus 17 IMG 9609
Solenostemon coleus 17 IMG 9610

Solenostemon coleus 18 IMG 9611 is
'Peter Wonder'; sender Ball Colegrave
Solenostemon coleus 18 IMG 9612
Solenostemon coleus 18 IMG 9613
Solenostemon coleus 18 IMG 9614

Page 7

Solenostemon coleus 19 IMG 9615 is
'Peter's Wonder'; sender Jaldety
Solenostemon coleus 19 IMG 9616
Solenostemon coleus 19 IMG 9617

Solenostemon coleus 20 IMG 9618 is
'Pink Chaos AGM (H1c) 2012'; sender Dibleys
Solenostemon coleus 20 IMG 9619
Solenostemon coleus 20 IMG 9620

Solenostemon coleus 21 IMG 9621 is
'Red Angel'; sender Dibleys
Solenostemon coleus 21 IMG 9622
Solenostemon coleus 21 IMG 9623

Page 8

Solenostemon coleus 22 IMG 9624 is
'Redhead = 'Ufo646'; sender Ball Colegrave
Solenostemon coleus 22 IMG 9625
Solenostemon coleus 22 IMG 9626
Solenostemon coleus 22 IMG 9630

Solenostemon coleus 23 IMG 9627 is
'Roy Pedly AGM (H1c) 2012';
sender Dibleys
Solenostemon coleus 23 IMG 9628
Solenostemon coleus 23 IMG 9629

Solenostemon coleus 24 IMG 9631 is
'Saturn'; sender Dibleys
Solenostemon coleus 24 IMG 9632
Solenostemon coleus 24 IMG 9633

Page 9

Solenostemon coleus 25 IMG 9634 is
'Saturn'; sender Ball Colegrave
Solenostemon coleus 25 IMG 9635
Solenostemon coleus 25 IMG 9636

Solenostemon coleus 26 IMG 9637 is
'Saturn'; sender Jaldety
Solenostemon coleus 26 IMG 9638
Solenostemon coleus 26 IMG 9639

Solenostemon coleus 27 IMG 9640 is
'Sky Fire'; sender Elsner PAC
Solenostemon coleus 27 IMG 9641
Solenostemon coleus 27 IMG 9642
Solenostemon coleus 27 IMG 9643

Page 10

Solenostemon coleus 28 IMG 9644 is
'Spitfire'; sender Elsner PAC
Solenostemon coleus 28 IMG 9645
Solenostemon coleus 28 IMG 9646
Solenostemon coleus 28 IMG 9647

Solenostemon coleus 29 IMG 9648 is
'Trusty Rusty = 'Uf06419';
sender Ball Colegrave
Solenostemon coleus 29 IMG 9649
Solenostemon coleus 29 IMG 9650

Solenostemon coleus 30 IMG 9651 is
'Winsome'; sender Dibleys
Solenostemon coleus 30 IMG 9652
Solenostemon coleus 30 IMG 9653
Solenostemon coleus 30 IMG 9654

Page 11

Solenostemon coleus 31 IMG 9655 is
'Kong Green'; sender Ball Colegrave
Solenostemon coleus 31 IMG 9656
Solenostemon coleus 31 IMG 9657

Solenostemon coleus 32 IMG 9658 is
'Kong Mosaic'; sender Ball Colegrave
Solenostemon coleus 32 IMG 9659
Solenostemon coleus 32 IMG 9660

Solenostemon coleus 33 IMG 9661 is
'Kong Red'; sender Ball Colegrave
Solenostemon coleus 33 IMG 9662
Solenostemon coleus 33 IMG 9663

Page 12

Solenostemon coleus 34 IMG 9664 is
'Kong Rose'; sender Ball Colegrave
Solenostemon coleus 34 IMG 9665
Solenostemon coleus 34 IMG 9666

Solenostemon coleus 35 IMG 9667 is
'Kong Salmon Pink'; sender Ball Colegrave
Solenostemon coleus 35 IMG 9668
Solenostemon coleus 35 IMG 9669

Solenostemon coleus 36 IMG 9670 is
'Kong Scarlet'; sender Ball Colegrave
Solenostemon coleus 36 IMG 9671
Solenostemon coleus 36 IMG 9672

Page 13

Solenostemon coleus 37 IMG 9673 is
'Wizard Coral Sunrise'; sender
Ball Colegrave
Solenostemon coleus 37 IMG 9674
Solenostemon coleus 37 IMG 9675

Solenostemon coleus 38 IMG 9676 is
'Wizard Golden'; sender
Ball Colegrave
Solenostemon coleus 38 IMG 9677
Solenostemon coleus 38 IMG 9678

Solenostemon coleus 39 IMG 9679 is
'Wizard Jade'; sender Ball Colegrave
Solenostemon coleus 39 IMG 9680
Solenostemon coleus 39 IMG 9681

Page 14

Solenostemon coleus 40 IMG 9682 is
'Wizard Mosaic'; sender Ball Colegrave
Solenostemon coleus 40 IMG 9683
Solenostemon coleus 40 IMG 9684

Solenostemon coleus 41 IMG 9685 is
'Wizard Pastel'; sender Ball Colegrave
Solenostemon coleus 41 IMG 9686
Solenostemon coleus 41 IMG 9687

Solenostemon coleus 42 IMG 9688 is
'Wizard Pineapple'; sender Ball Colegrave
Solenostemon coleus 42 IMG 9689
Solenostemon coleus 42 IMG 9690

Page 15

Solenostemon coleus 43 IMG 9691 is
'Wizard Scarlet'; sender Ball Colegrave
Solenostemon coleus 43 IMG 9692
Solenostemon coleus 43 IMG 9693

Solenostemon coleus 44 IMG 9694 is
'Wizard Sunset'; sender Ball Colegrave
Solenostemon coleus 44 IMG 9695
Solenostemon coleus 44 IMG 9696

Solenostemon coleus 45 IMG 9697 is
'Wizard Velvet Red'; sender Ball Colegrave
Solenostemon coleus 45 IMG 9698
Solenostemon coleus 45 IMG 9699

Page 16

Solenostemon coleus 46 IMG 9700 is
'Fairway Mosaic'; sender Sakata
Solenostemon coleus 46 IMG 9701
Solenostemon coleus 46 IMG 9702

Solenostemon coleus 47 IMG 9703 is
'Fairway Orange'; sender Sakata
Solenostemon coleus 47 IMG 9704
Solenostemon coleus 47 IMG 9705

Solenostemon coleus 48 IMG 9706 is
'Fairway Red Velvet'; sender Sakata
Solenostemon coleus 48 IMG 9707
Solenostemon coleus 48 IMG 9708

Page 17

Solenostemon coleus 49 IMG 9709 is
'Fairway Rose'; sender Sakata
Solenostemon coleus 49 IMG 9710
Solenostemon coleus 49 IMG 9711

Solenostemon coleus 50 IMG 9712 is
'Fairway Ruby'; sender Sakata
Solenostemon coleus 50 IMG 9713
Solenostemon coleus 50 IMG 9714

Solenostemon coleus 51 IMG 9715
'Fairway Yellow'; sender Sakata
Solenostemon coleus 51 IMG 9716
Solenostemon coleus 51 IMG 9717

Page 18

Solenostemon coleus 52 IMG 9718
'Superfine Rainbow Colour Pride';
sender Sakata
Solenostemon coleus 52 IMG 9719
Solenostemon coleus 52 IMG 9720

Solenostemon coleus 53 IMG 9721
'Superfine Rainbow Festive Dance';
sender Sakata
Solenostemon coleus 53 IMG 9722
Solenostemon coleus 53 IMG 9723

Solenostemon coleus 54 IMG 9724 is
'Superfine Rainbow Red Velvet';
sender Sakata
Solenostemon coleus 54 IMG 9725
Solenostemon coleus 54 IMG 9726

Page 19

Solenostemon coleus 55 IMG 9727 is
'Superfine Rainbow Volcano';
sender Sakata
Solenostemon coleus 55 IMG 9728
Solenostemon coleus 55 IMG 9729

Solenostemon coleus 56 IMG 9730 is
'Giant Exhibition Limelight';
sender Takii
Solenostemon coleus 56 IMG 9731
Solenostemon coleus 56 IMG 9732

Solenostemon coleus 57 IMG 9733 is
'Giant Exhibition Magma';
sender Takii
Solenostemon coleus 57 IMG 9734
Solenostemon coleus 57 IMG 9735

Page 20

Solenostemon coleus 58 IMG 9736 is
'Giant Exhibition Marble';
sender Takii
Solenostemon coleus 58 IMG 9737
Solenostemon coleus 58 IMG 9738

Solenostemon coleus 59 IMG 9739 is
'Giant Exhibition Multicolour';
sender Takii
Solenostemon coleus 59 IMG 9740
Solenostemon coleus 59 IMG 9741

Solenostemon coleus 60 IMG 9742 is
'Giant Exhibition Palisandra';
sender Takii
Solenostemon coleus 60 IMG 9743
Solenostemon coleus 60 IMG 9744

Page 21

Solenostemon coleus 61 IMG 9745 is
'Giant Exhibition Rustic Red';
sender Takii
Solenostemon coleus 61 IMG 9746
Solenostemon coleus 61 IMG 9747
Solenostemon coleus 61 IMG 9748

Solenostemon coleus 62 IMG 9749 is
'Dark Chocolate';
sender Ball Colegrave
Solenostemon coleus 62 IMG 9750
Solenostemon coleus 62 IMG 9751

Solenostemon coleus 63 IMG 9752 is
'Chocolate Covered Cherry';
sender Ball Colegate
Solenostemon coleus 63 IMG 9753
Solenostemon coleus 63 IMG 9754

Page 22

Solenostemon coleus 64 IMG 9755 is
'Chocolate Mint', sender Ball Colegrave
Solenostemon coleus 64 IMG 9756
Solenostemon coleus 64 IMG 9757

Solenostemon coleus 65 IMG 9758 is
'Chocolate Splash'; sender Ball Colegrave
Solenostemon coleus 65 IMG 9759
Solenostemon coleus 65 IMG 9760
Solenostemon coleus 65 IMG 9761

Solenostemon coleus 66 IMG 9762 is
'Black Dragon'; sender Ball Colegrave
Solenostemon coleus 66 IMG 9763
Solenostemon coleus 66 IMG 9764

Page 23

Solenostemon coleus 67 IMG 9765 is
'Crimson Gold PBR';
sender Ball Colegrave
Solenostemon coleus 67 IMG 9766
Solenostemon coleus 67 IMG 9767
Solenostemon coleus 67 IMG 9768

Solenostemon coleus 68 IMG 9769 is
'Green Halo'; sender Ball Colegrave
Solenostemon coleus 68 IMG 9770
Solenostemon coleus 68 IMG 9771

Solenostemon coleus 69 IMG 9772 is
'Watermelon'; sender Ball Colegrave
Solenostemon coleus 69 IMG 9773
Solenostemon coleus 69 IMG 9774

Page 24

Solenostemon coleus 70 IMG 9775 is
'Lime Delight'; sender Ball Colegrave
Solenostemon coleus 70 IMG 9776
Solenostemon coleus 70 IMG 9777

Solenostemon coleus 71 IMG 9778 is
'Lime Delight'; sender Jaldety
Solenostemon coleus 71 IMG 9779
Solenostemon coleus 71 IMG 9780

Solenostemon coleus 72 IMG 9781 is
'Colissima Amerena'; sender Jaldety
Solenostemon coleus 72 IMG 9782
Solenostemon coleus 72 IMG 9783

Page 25

Solenostemon coleus 73 IMG 9784 is
'Colissima Capri', sender Jaldety
Solenostemon coleus 73 IMG 9785
Solenostemon coleus 73 IMG 9786

Solenostemon coleus 74 IMG 9787 is
'Collissima Papaya'; sender Jaldety
Solenostemon coleus 74 IMG 9788
Solenostemon coleus 74 IMG 9789

Solenostemon coleus 75 IMG 9790
'Collissima Peach Melba'; sender Jaldety
Solenostemon coleus 75 IMG 9791
Solenostemon coleus 75 IMG 9792

Page 26

Solenostemon coleus 76 IMG 9793 is
'Collissima Raspberry'; sender Jaldety
Solenostemon coleus 76 IMG 9794
Solenostemon coleus 76 IMG 9795

Solenostemon coleus 77 IMG 9796 is
'Colissima Strawberry'; sender Jaldety
Solenostemon coleus 77 IMG 9797
Solenostemon coleus 77 IMG 9798

Solenostemon coleus 78 IMG 9799 is
'Alabama Sunset'; sender Jaldety
Solenostemon coleus 78 IMG 9800
Solenostemon coleus 78 IMG 9801

Page 27

Solenostemon coleus 79 IMG 9802 is
'Crimson Velvet'; sender Jaldety
Solenostemon coleus 79 IMG 9803
Solenostemon coleus 79 IMG 9804

Solenostemon coleus 80 IMG 9805 is
'Display'; sender Jaldety
Solenostemon coleus 80 IMG 9806
Solenostemon coleus 80 IMG 9807

Solenostemon coleus 81 IMG 9808 is
'Fireball'; sender Jaldety
Solenostemon coleus 81 IMG 9809
Solenostemon coleus 81 IMG 9810

Page 28

Solenostemon coleus 82 IMG 9811 is
'Glennis'; sender Jaldety
Solenostemon coleus 82 IMG 9812
Solenostemon coleus 82 IMG 9813

Solenostemon coleus 83 IMG 9814 is
'Glory'; sender Jaldety
Solenostemon coleus 83 IMG 9815
Solenostemon coleus 83 IMG 9816

Solenostemon coleus 84 IMG 9817 is
'Midnight'; sender Jaldety
Solenostemon coleus 84 IMG 9818
Solenostemon coleus 84 IMG 9819

Page 29

Solenostemon coleus 85 IMG 9820 is
'Mission Gem'; sender Jaldety
Solenostemon coleus 85 IMG 9821
Solenostemon coleus 85 IMG 9822

Solenostemon coleus 86 IMG 9823 is
'Pineapple Beauty AGM (H1c) 1994';
sender Jaldety
Solenostemon coleus 86 IMG 9824
Solenostemon coleus 86 IMG 9825

Solenostemon coleus 87 IMG 9826 is
'Pineapplette AGM (H1c) 1994';
sender Jaldety
Solenostemon coleus 87 IMG 9827
Solenostemon coleus 87 IMG 9828

Page 30

Solenostemon coleus 88 IMG 9829 is
'Pineapplette Red'; sender Jaldety
Solenostemon coleus 88 IMG 9830
Solenostemon coleus 88 IMG 9831

Solenostemon coleus 89 IMG 9832 is
'Purple Oak'; sender Jaldety
Solenostemon coleus 89 IMG 9833
Solenostemon coleus 89 IMG 9834

Solenostemon coleus 90 IMG 9835 is
'Red Velvet'; sender Jaldety
Solenostemon coleus 90 IMG 9836
Solenostemon coleus 90 IMG 9837

Page 31

Solenostemon coleus 91 IMG 9838 is
'Walter Turner AGM (H1c) 1994';
sender Jaldety
Solenostemon coleus 91 IMG 9839
Solenostemon coleus 91 IMG 9840

Landscape photos of
Solenostemon coleus bed IMG 9850
Solenostemon coleus bed IMG 9851

Page 32

Solenostemon coleus 92 IMG 9841 is
'Carefree Mixed';
sender Ball Colegrave
Solenostemon coleus 92 IMG 9842
Solenostemon coleus 92 IMG 9843
Solenostemon coleus 92 IMG 9844
Solenostemon coleus 92 IMG 9845
Solenostemon coleus 92 IMG 9846
Solenostemon coleus 92 IMG 9847
Solenostemon coleus 92 IMG 9848
Solenostemon coleus 92 IMG 9849

Coleus Bedding Trial Index
Annuals with Blue to Purple Flowers
Annuals with Red to Pink Flowers
Annuals with Green Flowers
Annuals with Black or Brown Flowers
Annuals with Yellow, and Orange Flowers
Annuals with White Flowers
Low-Growing Annuals
Medium-Growing Annuals
Tall-Growing Annuals
Heat-Tolerant Annuals
Annuals for Moist Soil
Annuals for Shade
Annuals for Indoors
Annuals for Cutting
Annuals that Naturalize
Annuals with Decorative Foliage
Annuals for Edging
Annuals for Fragrance
Annuals for Hanging Baskets
Vining Annuals
Annuals for Coastal Gardens
Annuals with Clump-Forming Habit
Annuals with Compact/Bushy Habit
Annuals with Erect Habit
Annuals with Mounded Habit
Annuals with Spreading or Sprawling Habit
Annuals with Wildflower Meadows
Annuals To Cover Fences
Annuals of Odds and Sods 1, 2

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677


I have copied the archived post below, because what is stated there is extremely important, since 99.99% of gardeners in the UK totally ignore the fact that plants require humus and think that double-digging is beneficial every year. That is why they are killing their soil and their plants do not grow well.

How Soil Works in the Category Archives: Flowering House Plants of Houseplantsguru. com:-

"Nature’s plan is to build up the humus year after year and this can only be done by organic matter. There is need to replace and return that which has been taken out. The Chinese, who are the best gardeners, collect, ‘use’, and return to the soil, every possible kind of waste, vegetable, animal and human. In over 4000 years of intensive cultivation they still support more human beings per hectare than any other country in the world! On the other hand in areas like the Middle West of the U.S.A. And the Regina Plain of Canada, where the Wheel of Life has not been recognized, tens of thousands of hectares which once grew heavy crops are now useless, or practically so.

Every flower crop grown reduces the organic content of the ground. Every piece of work done helps to break down the humus. The value of the soil in your garden, therefore, is not the mica particles or grains of sand. It lies in the humus that the soil contains. Humus makes all the difference to successful gardening. Have plenty of humus present and the soil is in good tilth. Humus is the organic colloid of the soil. It can store water, it can store plant foods, it can help to keep the soil open. It can help to ensure the right aeration. It will give ideal insulation against heat and cold.

Using Compost

Garden owners proposing to dig their land shallowly in preparation for flower growing, should realize the importance of adding ample quantities of organic matter before they start. Composted farmyard manure, fine wool shoddy, properly composted vegetable refuse, or hop manure should be added at the rate of one good barrow-load to 10 m2 (12 sq yds) and in addition into the top 25 or 50 mm (1 or 2 in) of soil finely divided sedge peat, non-acid in character should be raked in at about half a bucketful (9 litres) per square metre (2 gallons per sq yd). This organic matter in the top few millimetres of soil gives the little roots a good start and so sends them on to find the organic matter below.

It is when the organic content of the soil has been helped in this way, that the gardener dares to add plant foods of an organic origin. These are usually applied on the surface of the ground and raked in. Fertilizers with an organic base are particularly useful. Fish Manure may be applied at 105 to 140 g/m2 (3 oz to 4 oz per sq yd), or a meat and bone meal or even hoof and horn meal mixed with equal quantities of wood ashes may be used at a similar rate. These plant foods can be supplied not only when the flower garden is first made but every season very early in the spring. A good dried poultry manure to which a little potash has been added is another fertilizer that is very useful when applied at this time.

Minimum Digging

Flower growers must realize that proper soil treatment is the first essential to success. The millions and millions of soil bacteria that live in the ground to help the gardener, much appreciate little or no digging. It enables them to work better, for they need conditions which are natural. So do give them what they need.


Lime should be regarded as an essential except in very definite cases where acidity is demanded, e.g. the heaths and heathers, rhododendrons and azaleas.

Lime not only prevents soil from being acid but it ‘sweetens’ it, as well as playing its part as a plant food. It improves the texture and workability of heavy soils. It helps to release other plant foods, and it decomposes organic compounds in the soil so that they can be used as plant food also.

Generally speaking it should be applied at about 245 g/m2 (7 oz per sq yd). It should not be dug in, as it washes down into the soil very quickly. It should be sprinkled on the surface of the ground after the digging and manuring has been done. Do not mix lime with organic fertilizers. There are three main types of lime: Quicklime, sometimes sold as Buxton Lime or Lump Lime, which has to be slaked down on the soil; Chalk or Limestone, often sold as Ground Limestone, only half as valuable as quicklime; and Hydrated Lime, which is perhaps the most convenient to handle and is therefore most usually used by gardeners. The quantity of lime mentioned previously i.e. 245 g/m2 (7 oz per sq yd), refers to hydrated lime."


The following is the opinion of Chris Garnons-Williams to the above:-

If you walk through an old wooded area, which is not intensively managed, you will see dead leaves on the ground, together with fallen branches, brambles, nettles, other weeds and juvenile plants. There will be waste material from birds and animals and this has not been cleared up and disposed of. This mulch then provides the organic material to be recycled via the ground with its different organisms to the roots of those same trees for them to continue to grow. Nobody digs up the ground to push this material in a few inches or to the depth of the topsoil, nature does it with earthworms and other organisms at the rate required by the organisms down below to then use it. The trees in this wood then grow fairly uniformly using the available resources.

So, do not dig the manure, wool shoddy, vegetable refuse or hop manure or anything else in. Leave it on top as a mulch and that includes the organic fertilizers and the lime.
Instead of adding finely divided sedge peat, add spent mushroom compost which contains peat which has already been used; and so you are using their waste product for recycling, instead of destroying more peat bogs which have taken 1000's of years to be created. You could use bracken instead of peat.

The topsoil is full of organisms, either the waste products from are used by another or they are. If you turn them up from the bottom of the topsoil to the top, then those new top ones will starve to death and the ones who were at the top are now at the bottom and they will as well since it is only waste down there which is not their normal fare. They do have a bus transport system to get them back to their original levels, since water is the only transport system down there, which unfortunately normally goes downwards.

So why do you not use the companion planting cultivation method as further detailed in Companion Planting? You may follow this with the following which is normally used for the vegetable garden:-

"Spinach is sown in spring in rows 50cm apart over the whole vegetable garden area for the following purposes:

  • these rows divide the vegetable garden up for the whole year,
  • the spinach roots prevent erosion, so the usual paths between beds are omitted,
  • young spinach plants provide protection and shade for the vegetable crops to be grown between them,
  • spinach provides ideal material for sheet surface composting, which becomes an intermediate space, a footpath, and
  • it is in between these lines of spinach that the other vegetable varieties are arranged."

This could be used in the flower beds as the system between the permanent plants of trees, shrubs and perennials, which is where you may put bedding. This will also provide you with access to the bedding and the permanent plants together with the nitrogen fertilizer for the other plants from the legumes of spinach.
You plant your bedding through the mulch.

Plants detailed in this website by
Botanical Name

A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, Q, R, S, T, U,
V, W, X, Y, Z ,
, 2, 3, B, C1, 2,
D, E, F, G, Glad,
H, I, J, K, L1, 2,
M, N, O, P, Q, R,
S, T, U, V, W, XYZ ,
Evergreen Perennial
, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, Q, R, S, T, U,
V, W, X, Y, Z ,
Herbaceous Perennial
, 2, B, C, D, E, F,
G, H, I, J, K, L, M,
N, O, P1, 2, Q, R,
S, T, U, V, W, XYZ,
Diascia Photo Album,
UK Peony Index

Botanical Names,
Common Names ,

will be
compared in:- Flower colour/month
Evergreen Perennial
lower shape Wildflower Flower Shape and
Plant use
Evergreen Perennial Flower Shape,
Bee plants for hay-fever sufferers

Bee-Pollinated Index
Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis, Butterfly Usage
of Plants.
A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, QR, S, T, UV,
Companion Planting
A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, Q, R , S, T,
U ,V, W, X, Y, Z,
Pest Control using Plants
Fern Fern
1000 Ground Cover A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, Q, R, S, T, U,
V, W, XYZ ,
Rock Garden and Alpine Flowers
A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M,
NO, PQ, R, S, T,

Rose Rose Use

These 5 have Page links in rows below
Bulbs from the Infill Galleries (next row), Camera Photos,
Plant Colour Wheel Uses,
Sense of Fragrance, Wild Flower

Case Studies
...Drive Foundations
Ryegrass and turf kills plants within Roadstone and in Topsoil due to it starving and dehydrating them.
CEDAdrive creates stable drive surface and drains rain into your ground, rather than onto the public road.
8 problems caused by building house on clay or with house-wall attached to clay.
Pre-building work on polluted soil.

Companion Planting
to provide a Companion Plant to aid your selected plant or deter its pests


with ground drains

Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed

......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
......Camera photos of Plant supports

Glossary with a tomato teaching cauliflowers
Library of over 1000 books
Offbeat Glossary with DuLally Bird in its flower clock.

...in Chalk
(Alkaline) Soil
......A-F1, A-F2,
......A-F3, G-L, M-R,
......M-R Roses, S-Z
...in Heavy
Clay Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
...in Lime-Free
(Acid) Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
...in Light
Sand Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
...Poisonous Plants.
...Extra Plant Pages
with its 6 Plant Selection Levels

Interaction between 2 Quartz Sand Grains to make soil
How roots of plants are in control in the soil
Without replacing Soil Nutrients, the soil will break up to only clay, sand or silt
Subsidence caused by water in Clay
Use water ring for trees/shrubs for first 2 years.

Tool Shed with 3 kneeling pads
Useful Data with benefits of Seaweed

Topic -
Plant Photo Galleries
If the plant type below has flowers, then the first gallery will include the flower thumbnail in each month of 1 of 6 colour comparison pages of each plant in its subsidiary galleries, as a low-level Plant Selection Process

...by Flower Shape

...Allium/ Anemone
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Gladiolus with its 40 Flower Colours
......European A-E
......European F-M
......European N-Z
......European Non-classified
......American A,
B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M,
N, O, P, Q, R, S,
T, U, V, W, XYZ
......American Non-classified
......Australia - empty
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Each of the above ...Bulb Galleries has its own set of Flower Colour Pages
...Flower Shape
...Bulb Form

...Bulb Use

...Bulb in Soil

Further details on bulbs from the Infill Galleries:-
Hardy Bulbs



...Forcing Lily of the Valley



...Hyacinths in Pots


...Lilium in Pots
...Narcissi in Pots



Half-Hardy Bulbs



Uses of Bulbs:-
...for Bedding
...in Windowboxes
...in Border
...naturalized in Grass
...in Bulb Frame
...in Woodland Garden
...in Rock Garden
...in Bowls
...in Alpine House
...Bulbs in Green-house or Stove:-




...Plant Bedding in

...Bulb houseplants flowering during:-
...Bulbs and other types of plant flowering during:-
...Selection of the smaller and choicer plants for the Smallest of Gardens with plant flowering during the same 6 periods as in the previous selection

Climber in
3 Sector Vertical Plant System
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evergreen
...Heather Shrub
...Heather Index
......Erica: Carnea
......Erica: Cinerea
......Erica: Others
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evergreen

...P -Herbaceous
...Flower Shape
...RHS Wisley
......Mixed Border
......Other Borders
Odds and Sods

...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use - page links in row 6. Rose, RHS Wisley and Other Roses rose indices on each Rose Use page
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Pruning Methods
Photo Index
R 1, 2, 3
Peter Beales Roses
RV Roger

Soft Fruit
Top Fruit

Wild Flower and
Butterfly page links are in next row

Topic -
UK Butterfly:-
...Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly Usage
of Plants.
...Plant Usage by
Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly.

Both native wildflowers and cultivated plants, with these
...Flower Shape,
Uses in USA,
Uses in UK and
Flo Cols / month are used by Butter-flies native in UK

Wild Flower
with its wildflower flower colour page, space,
data page(s).
...Blue Site Map.
Scented Flower, Foliage, Root.
Story of their Common Names.
Use of Plant with Flowers.
Use for Non-Flowering Plants.
Edible Plant Parts.
Flower Legend.
Flowering plants of
Chalk and
Limestone 1
, 2.
Flowering plants of Acid Soil
...Brown Botanical Names.
Food for

...Cream Common Names.
Coastal and Dunes.
Sandy Shores and Dunes.
...Green Broad-leaved Woods.
...Mauve Grassland - Acid, Neutral, Chalk.
...Multi-Cols Heaths and Moors.
...Orange Hedge-rows and Verges.
...Pink A-G Lakes, Canals and Rivers.
...Pink H-Z Marshes, Fens, Bogs.
...Purple Old Buildings and Walls.
...Red Pinewoods.
...White A-D
Shingle Beaches, Rocks and Cliff Tops.
...White E-P Other.
...White Q-Z Number of Petals.
...Yellow A-G
...Yellow H-Z
Poisonous Parts.
...Shrub/Tree River Banks and other Freshwater Margins. and together with cultivated plants in
Colour Wheel.

You know its
a-h, i-p, q-z,
Botanical Names, or Common Names,
Acid Soil,
(Chalk) Soil
Marine Soil,
Neutral Soil,
is a
is a
is a
is a
Sedge, or

Each plant in each WILD FLOWER FAMILY PAGE will have a link to:-
1) its created Plant Description Page in its Common Name column, then external sites:-
2) to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name column,
3) to see photos in its Flowering Months column and
4) to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.
Adder's Tongue
Bog Myrtle
Cornel (Dogwood)
Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
Daisy Cudweeds
Daisy Chamomiles
Daisy Thistle
Daisy Catsears Daisy Hawkweeds
Daisy Hawksbeards
Dock Bistorts
Dock Sorrels
Filmy Fern
Royal Fern
Figwort - Mulleins
Figwort - Speedwells
Grass 1
Grass 2
Grass 3
Grass Soft
Bromes 1

Grass Soft
Bromes 2

Grass Soft
Bromes 3

Jacobs Ladder
Lily Garlic
Marsh Pennywort
Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)
Orchid 1
Orchid 2
Orchid 3
Orchid 4
Clover 1

Clover 2

Clover 3

Peaflower Vetches/Peas
Pink 1
Pink 2
Rannock Rush
Rose 1
Rose 2
Rose 3
Rose 4
Rush Woodrushes
Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
Sea Lavender
Sedge Rush-like
Sedges Carex 1
Sedges Carex 2
Sedges Carex 3
Sedges Carex 4
Tassel Pondweed
Thyme 1
Thyme 2
Umbellifer 1
Umbellifer 2
Water Fern
Water Milfoil
Water Plantain
Water Starwort

Topic -
The following is a complete hierarchical Plant Selection Process

dependent on the Garden Style chosen
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form

Topic -
Flower/Foliage Colour Wheel Galleries with number of colours as a high-level Plant Selection Process

All Flowers 53 with
...Use of Plant and
Flower Shape
- page links in bottom row

All Foliage 53
instead of redundant
...(All Foliage 212)

All Flowers
per Month 12

Bee instead of wind pollinated plants for hay-fever sufferers
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers
per Month

Rock Garden and Alpine Flowers
Rock Plant Flowers 53
A, B, C, D, E, F,
G, H, I, J, K, L,
M, NO, PQ, R, S,
...Rock Plant Photos

Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours
per Month Index

...All Plants Index

Topic -
Use of Plant in your Plant Selection Process

Plant Colour Wheel Uses
1. Perfect general use soil is composed of 8.3% lime, 16.6% humus, 25% clay and 50% sand, and
2. Why you are continually losing the SOIL STRUCTURE so your soil - will revert to clay, chalk, sand or silt.
Uses of Plant and Flower Shape:-
...Foliage Only
...Other than Green Foliage
...Trees in Lawn
...Trees in Small Gardens
...Wildflower Garden
...Attract Bird
...Attract Butterfly
, 2
...Climber on House Wall
...Climber not on House Wall
...Climber in Tree
...Pollution Barrier
...Part Shade
...Full Shade
...Single Flower provides Pollen for Bees
, 2, 3
...Covering Banks
...Patio Pot
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border
...Adjacent to Water
...Bog Garden
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Not Fragrant
...Standard Plant is 'Ball on Stick'
...Upright Branches or Sword-shaped leaves
...Plant to Prevent Entry to Human or Animal
...Coastal Conditions
...Tolerant on North-facing Wall
...Cut Flower
...Potted Veg Outdoors
...Potted Veg Indoors
...Raised Bed Outdoors Veg
...Grow in Alkaline Soil A-F, G-L, M-R,
...Grow in Acidic Soil
...Grow in Any Soil
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Grow Bulbs Indoors

Uses of Bedding
...Bedding Out
...Filling In
...Pots and Troughs
...Window Boxes
...Hanging Baskets
...Spring Bedding
...Summer Bedding
...Winter Bedding
...Foliage instead of Flower
...Coleus Bedding Photos for use in Public Domain 1

Uses of Bulb
...Other than Only Green Foliage
...Bedding or Mass Planting
...Tolerant of Shade
...In Woodland Areas
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Covering Banks
...In Water
...Beside Stream or Water Garden
...Coastal Conditions
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border or Back-ground Plant
...Fragrant Flowers
...Not Fragrant Flowers

...Grow in a Patio Pot
...Grow in an Alpine Trough
...Grow in an Alpine House
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Speciman Plant
...Into Native Plant Garden
...Naturalize in Grass
...Grow in Hanging Basket
...Grow in Window-box
...Grow in Green-house
...Grow in Scree
...Naturalized Plant Area
...Grow in Cottage Garden
...Attracts Butterflies
...Attracts Bees
...Resistant to Wildlife
...Bulb in Soil:-
......Lime-Free (Acid)

Uses of Rose
Rose Index

...Bedding 1, 2
...Climber /Pillar
...Cut-Flower 1, 2
...Exhibition, Speciman
...Grow In A Container 1, 2
...Hedge 1, 2
...Climber in Tree
...Edging Borders
...Tolerant of Poor Soil 1, 2
...Tolerant of Shade
...Back of Border
...Adjacent to Water

Topic -
Camera Photo Galleries showing all 4000 x 3000 pixels of each photo on your screen that you can then click and drag it to your desktop as part of a Plant Selection Process:-

RHS Garden at Wisley

Plant Supports -
When supporting plants in a bed, it is found that not only do those plants grow upwards, but also they expand their roots and footpad sideways each year. Pages
, 2, 3, 8, 11,
12, 13,
Plants 4, 7, 10,
Bedding Plants 5,
Plant Supports for Unknown Plants 5
Clematis Climbers 6,
the RHS does not appear to either follow it's own pruning advice or advice from The Pruning of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers by George E. Brown.
ISBN 0-571-11084-3 with the plants in Pages 1-7 of this folder. You can see from looking at both these resources as to whether the pruning carried out on the remainder of the plants in Pages 7-15 was correct.

Narcissus (Daffodil) 9,
Phlox Plant Supports 14, 15

Coleus Bedding Foliage Trial - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, Index

National Trust Garden at Sissinghurst Castle
Plant Supports -
Pages for Gallery 1

with Plant Supports
1, 5, 10
2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9,
11, 12
Recommended Rose Pruning Methods 13
Pages for Gallery 2
with Plant Supports
Plants 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Dry Garden of
RHS Garden at
Hyde Hall

Plants - Pages
without Plant Supports
Plants 1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Nursery of
Peter Beales Roses
Display Garden

Roses Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Nursery of
RV Roger

Roses - Pages
V76,Z77, 78,

Damage by Plants in Chilham Village - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4

Pavements of Funchal, Madeira
Damage to Trees - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13
for trees 1-54,
14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
for trees 55-95,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, 33, 34, 35,
36, 37,
for trees 95-133,
38, 39, 40,
41, 42, 43, 44, 45,
for trees 133-166

Chris Garnons-Williams
Work Done - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Identity of Plants
Label Problems - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,

Ron and Christine Foord - 1036 photos only inserted so far - Garden Flowers - Start Page of each Gallery
AB1 ,AN14,BA27,

Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens - 1187
A 1, 2, Photos - 43
B 1, Photos - 13
C 1, Photos - 35
D 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7,
Photos - 411
with Plants causing damage to buildings in Chilham Village and Damage to Trees in Pavements of Funchal
E 1, Photos - 21
F 1, Photos - 1
G 1, Photos - 5
H 1, Photos - 21
I 1, Photos - 8
J 1, Photos - 1
K 1, Photos - 1
L 1, Photos - 85
with Label Problems
M 1, Photos - 9
N 1, Photos - 12
O 1, Photos - 5
P 1, Photos - 54
Q 1, Photos -
R 1, 2, 3,
Photos - 229
S 1, Photos - 111
T 1, Photos - 13
U 1, Photos - 5
V 1, Photos - 4
W 1, Photos - 100
with Work Done by Chris Garnons-Williams
X 1 Photos -
Y 1, Photos -
Z 1 Photos -
Articles/Items in Ivydene Gardens - 88
Flower Colour, Num of Petals, Shape and
Plant Use of:-
Rock Garden
within linked page

Topic -
Fragrant Plants as a Plant Selection Process for your sense of smell:-

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an Acid Soil
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants
, 2

Topic -
Website User Guidelines

My Gas Service Engineer found Flow and Return pipes incorrectly positioned on gas boilers and customers had refused to have positioning corrected in 2020.

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