Topic
Case Studies
...Drive
...Foundations

Companion Planting
...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants Garden Maintenance
Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary
Plants
...Poisonous Plants
Soil
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data

................

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
...by Flower Shape

Bulb
...Allium/ Anemone
...Autumn
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Dahlia
...Gladiolus
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Narcissus
...Spring
...Tulip
...Winter
...Each of the above ...Bulb Galleries has its own set of Flower Colour Pages
...Flower Shape
Climber
...Clematis
...Climbers
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evgr
...Heather Shrub
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evgr
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous
Perennial

...P -Herbaceous
...Peony
...Flower Shape
...RHS Wisley
......Mixed Border
......Other Borders
Herb
Odds and Sods
Rhododendron
Rose
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
...Apple

...Cherry
...Pear
Vegetable

Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
space,
Site Map page in its flower colour
NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
...Brown Note
...Cream Note
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note
Poisonous
Wildflower Plants

............

Topic - Flower/Foliage Colour
Colour Wheel Galleries

Following your choice using Garden Style then that changes your Plant Selection Process
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index

or
you could use these Flower Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

...Use of Plant and
...Flower Shape
*
All Flowers per Month 12
with its
Explanation of
Structure of this Website with

...User Guidelines
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index
Rock Garden and Alpine Flower Colour Wheel with number of colours
Rock Plant Flowers 53

...Rock Plant Index A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, NO, PQ, R, S, T, UVWXYZ
...Rock Plant Photos

or
these Foliage Colour Wheels structures, which I have done but until I can take the photos and I am certain of the plant label's validity, these may not progress much further
All Foliage 212

All Spring Foliage 212
All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212

or
Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index

............

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly
Usage of Plants
by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly usage of
Plant A-C
Plant C-M
Plant N-W
Butterfly usage of Plant

followed by all the Wild Flower Family Pages:-

There are 180 families in the Wildflowers of the UK and they have been split up into 22 Galleries to allow space for up to 100 plants per gallery.

Each plant named in each of the Wildflower Family Pages may have a link to:-

its Plant Description Page in its Common Name in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries

and does have links:-

to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name,

to see photos in its Flowering Months and

to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 1


(o)Adder's Tongue
Amaranth
(o)Arrow-Grass
(o)Arum
(o)Balsam
Bamboo
(o)Barberry
(o)Bedstraw
(o)Beech
(o)Bellflower
(o)Bindweed
(o)Birch
(o)Birds-Nest
(o)Birthwort
(o)Bogbean
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Borage
(o)Box
(o)Broomrape
(o)Buckthorn
(o)Buddleia
(o)Bur-reed
(o)Buttercup
(o)Butterwort
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crowberry
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
Cypress
(o)Daffodil
(o)Daisy
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Daphne
(o)Diapensia
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 2


(o)Clubmoss
(o)Duckweed
(o)Eel-Grass
(o)Elm
(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Horsetail
(o)Polypody
Quillwort
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Flax
(o)Flowering-Rush
(o)Frog-bit
(o)Fumitory
(o)Gentian
(o)Geranium
(o)Glassworts
(o)Gooseberry
(o)Goosefoot
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 1
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 2
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 3
(o)Hazel
(o)Heath
(o)Hemp
(o)Herb-Paris
(o)Holly
(o)Honeysuckle
(o)Horned-Pondweed
(o)Hornwort
(o)Iris
(o)Ivy
(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Lime
(o)Lobelia
(o)Loosestrife
(o)Mallow
(o)Maple
(o)Mares-tail
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)
 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 3


(o)Mesem-bryanthemum
(o)Mignonette
(o)Milkwort
(o)Mistletoe
(o)Moschatel
Naiad
(o)Nettle
(o)Nightshade
(o)Oleaster
(o)Olive
(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
(o)Parnassus-Grass
(o)Peaflower
(o)Peaflower Clover 1
(o)Peaflower Clover 2
(o)Peaflower Clover 3
(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
Peony
(o)Periwinkle
Pillwort
Pine
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Pipewort
(o)Pitcher-Plant
(o)Plantain
(o)Pondweed
(o)Poppy
(o)Primrose
(o)Purslane
Rannock Rush
(o)Reedmace
(o)Rockrose
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
(o)Sandalwood
(o)Saxifrage
 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 4


Seaheath
(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
(o)Spindle-Tree
(o)Spurge
(o)Stonecrop
(o)Sundew
(o)Tamarisk
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Teasel
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Valerian
(o)Verbena
(o)Violet
(o)Water Fern
(o)Waterlily
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort
Waterwort
(o)Willow
(o)Willow-Herb
(o)Wintergreen
(o)Wood-Sorrel
(o)Yam
(o)Yew

 

It is worth remembering that especially with roses that the colour of the petals of the flower may change - The following photos are of Rosa 'Lincolnshire Poacher' which I took on the same day in R.V. Roger's Nursery Field:-

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot91a1a1a

Closed Bud

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot92a1a1a

Opening Bud

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot93a1a1a

Juvenile Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot94a1a1a

Older Juvenile Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot95a1a1a

Middle-aged Flower - Flower Colour in Season in its
Rose Description Page is
"Buff Yellow, with a very slight pink tint at the edges in May-October."

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot96a1a1a

Mature Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot97a1a1a

Juvenile Flower and Dying Flower

rosalincolnshirepoacherflot98a1a1a

Form of Rose Bush

There are 720 roses in the Rose Galleries; many of which have the above series of pictures in their respective Rose Description Page.

So one might avoid the disappointment that the 2 elephants had when their trunks were entwined instead of them each carrying their trunk using their own trunk, and your disappointment of buying a rose to discover that the colour you bought it for is only the case when it has its juvenile flowers; if you look at all the photos of the roses in the respective Rose Description Page!!!!

 

 

Fragrant Plants adds the use of another of your 5 senses in your garden:-
Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves.

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark.

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil
.

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
.

Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
.

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers.

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves.

Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves.

Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers.

Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit.

Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers.

Night-scented Flowering Plants.

Scented Aquatic Plants.

Plants with Scented Fruits.

Plants with Scented Roots.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums.

Scented Cacti and Succulents.

Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell.
 

Flower Perfume Group:-

Indoloid Group.

Aminoid Group with scent - Hawthorn.

Heavy Group with scents -
Jonquil and
Lily.

Aromatic Group with scents - Almond,
Aniseed, Balsamic,
Carnation, Cinnamon, Clove,
Spicy and
Vanilla.

Violet Group.

Rose Group.

Lemon Group with scent -
Verbena.

Fruit-scented Group with scents -
Apricot,
Fruity,
Green Apple,
Orange, Pineapple,
Ripe Apple , Ripe Banana and
Ripe Plum.

Animal-scented Group with scents -
Cat,
Dog,
Ferret,
Fox,
Goat,
Human Perspiration,
Musk,
Ripe Apple and
Tom Cat.

Honey Group.

Unpleasant Smell Group with scents -
Animal,
Fetid,
Fishy,
Foxy,
Fur-like,
Garlic,
Hemlock,
Manure,
Nauseating,
Perspiration,
Petrol,
Putrid,
Rancid,
Sickly,
Skunk,
Stale Lint,
Sulphur and
Urinous.

Miscellaneous Group with scents -
Balm,
Brandy,
Cedar,
Cloying,
Cowslip,
Cucumber,
Damask Rose, Daphne,
Exotic,
Freesia,
Fur-like,
Gardenia,
Hay-like,
Heliotrope, Honeysuckle,
Hops,
Hyacinth,
Incense-like, Jasmine,
Laburnham,
Lilac,
Lily of the Valley, Meadowsweet, Mignonette,
Mint,
Mossy,
Muscat,
Muscatel,
Myrtle-like,
Newly Mown Hay, Nutmeg,
Piercing,
Primrose,
Pungent,
Resinous, Sandalwood, Sassafras,
Seductive,
Slight,
Soft,
Stephanotis,
Sulphur,
Starch,
Sweet,
Sweet-briar,
Tea-rose,
Treacle and
Very Sweet.

 

Ivydene Gardens Colour Wheel - Plant Use and Flower Shape Gallery:
Plant Use as a Standard (RHS Wisley Roses S-Z Gallery Site Map)

 

 

Flowering Months range abbreviates month
to its first 3 letters (Apr-Jun is April, May and June).

Click on centre of thumbnail to move from this page to the
Plant Description Page of the Plant named in the Text box below that photo.

The Comments Row of that Plant Description
links to where you personally can purchase that plant via mail-order.

Bulb and Perennial Height from Text Border Colour

Brown =
0-12
inches
(0-30
cms)

Blue = 12-24 inches (30-60 cms)

Green = 24-36 inches (60-90 cms)

Red = 36-72 inches (90-180 cms)

Black = 72+ inches (180+ cms)

Bulb and Perennial Soil Moisture from Text Background


Wet Soil


Moist Soil


Dry Soil

rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams1e1

 

 

 

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rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams2e1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Shrub
Height from Text Border Colour

Brown =
0-12
inches
(0-30
cms)

Blue = 12-36 inches (30-90 cms)

Green = 36-60 inches (90-150 cms)

Red = 60-120 inches (150-300 cms)

Black = 120+ inches (300+ cms)

Shrub
Soil Moisture from Text Background


Wet Soil


Moist Soil


Dry Soil

rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams1a1a

 

 

 

rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams3a1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams2a1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tree
Height from Text Border Colour

Brown =
0-240
inches
(0-600
cms)

Blue = 240-480 inches (600-1200 cms)

Green = 480+ inches (1200+ cms)

Red = Potted

Black = Use in Small Garden

Tree
Soil Moisture from Text Background


Wet Soil


Moist Soil


Dry Soil

rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams1b1a

 

 

 

rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams3b1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams2b1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Climber
Height from Text Border Colour

 

Blue = 0-36 inches (0-90 cms)

Green = 36-120 inches (90-300 cms)

Red = 120+ inches (180+ cms)

 

Climber
Soil Moisture from Text Background


Wet Soil


Moist Soil


Dry Soil

rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams1c1a

 

 

 

rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams3c1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Aquatic, Bamboo, Bedding, Conifer, Fern, Grass, Herb, Rhododendron, Rose, Soft Fruit, Top Fruit, Vegetable and Wildflower
Height from Text Border Colour

 

Blue = 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)

Green = 24-72 inches (60-180 cms)

Red =
72+ inches (180+ cms)

 

Aquatic, Bamboo, Bedding, Conifer, Fern, Grass, Herb, Rhododendron, Rose, Soft Fruit, Top Fruit, Vegetable and Wildflower
Soil Moisture from Text Background


Wet Soil


Moist Soil


Dry Soil

rosaflowercarpetgoldcflomid2garnonswilliams1

rosagoldensmilesflomidcgarnonswilliams1b

rosasilverghostflomidcgarnonswilliams1a

rosahandinhandcflomidgarnonswilliams1

rosaflowercarpetgoldcflomid2garnonswilliams1b

rosaflowercarpetrubycflomid1garnonswilliams1

rosaenglishmisscflo1

rosakeepsmilingcflomidgarnonswilliams1

GROUND COVER 3 Rosa 'Flower Carpet Gold' SUN

FLORI-BUNDA 5 Rosa 'Golden Smiles'

SUN

MODERN SHRUB 1a
Rosa 'Silver Ghost'
SUN

MINI-FLORA 6a Rosa 'Hand in Hand'

SUN

GROUND COVER 3 Rosa 'Flower Carpet Gold' SUN

GROUND COVER 3 Rosa 'Flower Carpet Ruby' SUN

FLORI-BUNDA 5 Rosa 'English Miss'

SUN

HYBRID TEA 4 Rosa 'Keep Smiling' SUN AND PART SHADE

rosakentcflomidgarnonswilliams1

 

 

 

rosablackflo2jackgarnonwilliams4d1a

 

 

 

GROUND COVER 3 Rosa 'Kent' SUN AND PART SHADE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

rosaamberqueenflomidcgarnonswilliams1

rosaeasygoingflomidcgarnonswilliams1

rosaelinacflomidgarnonswilliams1

rosaenglishmisscflomidgarnonswilliams

rosafamilylifeflomidcgarnonswilliams1

rosafascinationflomidcgarnonswilliams

rosafellowshipflomidcgarnonswilliams1a

rosaflowercarpetredvelvetflomid1cgarnonswilliams2

FLORI-BUNDA 5 Rosa 'Amber Queen' SUN

FLORI-BUNDA 5 Rosa 'Easy Going' SUN

HYBRID TEA 4 Rosa 'Elina'

SUN

FLORI-BUNDA 5 Rosa 'English Miss'

SUN

FLORI-BUNDA 5 Rosa 'Family Life'
SUN

FLORI-BUNDA 5 Rosa 'Fascin-ation'
SUN

FLORI-BUNDA 5 Rosa 'Fellow-ship'
SUN

GROUND COVER 3 Rosa 'Flower Carpet Red Velvet' SUN

rosaflowercarpetredvelvetflomid1cgarnonswilliams

rosaflowercarpetscarletcflomidgarnonswilliams

rosaflowercarpetwhiteflomidcgarnonswilliams1

rosafrancineaustincflomidgarnonswilliams2

rosafrudagmarhastrupcflomid1garnonswilliams1

rosagoldencelebrationflomidcgarnonswilliams

rosagraceflomidcgarnonswilliams1a

rosaelinacflomidgarnonswilliams2

GROUND COVER 3 Rosa 'Flower Carpet Red Velvet' SUN

GROUND COVER 3 Rosa 'Flower Carpet Scarlet' SUN

GROUND COVER 3 Rosa 'Flower Carpet White' SUN

ENGLISH ROSE 19a
Rosa 'Francine Austin'

SUN

MODERN SHRUB 2 Rosa 'Fru Dagmar Hastrup'

SUN

ENGLISH ROSE 19a
Rosa 'Golden Celeb-ration'

SUN

ENGLISH ROSE 19a
Rosa 'Grace'

SUN

HYBRID TEA 4 Rosa 'Elina'

SUN

rosagoldenweddingflomidcgarnonswilliams1b

rosagrahamthomasflomidcgarnonswilliams1c

rosasilveranniversaryflomidcgarnonswilliams1

rosasimplythebestflomidcgarnonswilliams1a

rosasusanwilliamsellisflomidcgarnonswilliams1a

rosawelwyngardengloryflomidcgarnonswilliams1a

rosagoldenbeautycflomidgarnonswilliams1

rosafamilylifeflomidcgarnonswilliams

FLORI-BUNDA 5 Rosa 'Golden Wedding'

SUN

ENGLISH ROSE 19a
Rosa 'Graham Thomas'

SUN

HYBRID TEA 4 Rosa 'Silver Anniv-ersary'

SUN

HYBRID TEA 4 Rosa 'Simply the Best'

SUN

ENGLISH ROSE 19a
Rosa Susan Williams-ellis'

SUN

HYBRID TEA 4 Rosa 'Welwyn Garden Glory'

SUN

FLORI-BUNDA 5 Rosa 'Golden Beauty'

SUN

FLORI-BUNDA 5 Rosa 'Family Life'
SUN

rosagloriouscflomidgarnonswilliams1

rosaredabundancecflomidgarnonswilliams1

rosagloriouscflomidgarnonswilliams1a

rosagoldenbeautycflomidgarnonswilliams1a

rosagoldenweddingflomidcgarnonswilliams1a1

rosaredabundancecflomidgarnonswilliams1a

rosaicebergkorbincflomidgarnonswilliams1

rosaisntshelovelycflomidgarnonswilliams1

HYBRID TEA 4 Rosa 'Glorious'

SUN

FLORI-BUNDA 5 Rosa 'Red Abund-ance'

SUN

HYBRID TEA 4 Rosa 'Glorious'

SUN

FLORI-BUNDA 5 Rosa 'Golden Beauty'

SUN

FLORI-BUNDA 5 Rosa 'Golden Wedding'

SUN

FLORI-BUNDA 5 Rosa 'Red Abund-ance'

SUN

FLORI-BUNDA 5 Rosa 'Iceberg' KORbin

SUN AND PART SHADE

HYBRID TEA 4 Rosa 'Isn't She Lovely

SUN

rosajustjoeyflomid1garnonswilliams1

rosasexyrexycflomidgarnonwilliams

rosaflowercarpetscarletcflomidgarnonswilliams1a

rosaflowercarpetwhiteflomidcgarnonswilliams

rosaamberqueenflomidcgarnonswilliams1a

rosaeasygoingflomidcgarnonswilliams

rosafascinationflomidcgarnonswilliams2

rosafellowshipflomidcgarnonswilliams1b

HYBRID TEA 4 Rosa 'Just Joey'

SUN AND PART SHADE

FLORI-BUNDA 5 Rosa 'Sexy Rexy'

SUN AND PART SHADE

GROUND COVER 3 Rosa 'Flower Carpet Scarlet' SUN

GROUND COVER 3 Rosa 'Flower Carpet White' SUN

FLORI-BUNDA 5 Rosa Amber Queen' SUN

FLORI-BUNDA 5 Rosa 'Easy Going' SUN

FLORI-BUNDA 5 Rosa 'Fascin-ation'
SUN

FLORI-BUNDA 5 Rosa 'Fellow-ship'
SUN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

All Things Plants uses the following Bloom Shapes:-

and Petal Count:-

David Austin Roses uses the following Flower Shapes and Petal Count:-

  • Deep Cup
  • Open Cup
  • Rosette
  • Quartered Rosette - Quartered blooms contain many petals tucked into a cup shape, standing straight up and flattened against each other. The petals form a scalloped arrangement that seems to divide the flowers into four equal parts.
  • Pompon
  • Shallow Cup
  • Single
  • Semi-Double

 

The above are roses which are excellent for Use as Standard Roses together with these from Roses UK - Promoting British Rose Breeders & Growers or for Use as Weeping Standard Roses together with these from Roses UK - Promoting British Rose Breeders & Growers

Colour Wheel - Plant Use and Flower Shape Gallery

Site Map

 

Dark Tone
or Shades (Colours mixed with Black) is the outer circle of colours.

Mid-Tone
(Colours mixed with Grey) is the next circle of colours.

Pure Hue
(the Primary, Secondary or Tertiary Colour named) is the next circle of colours.

Pastel
(Colours mixed with White) is the innermost circle of colours.

 

These 12 colour spokes of Dark Tone, Mid-Tone, Pure Hue and Pastel are split into:-

Number

Primary Colour Name

Pure Hue Colour Name Used

1

Red

Red

2

Yellow

Yellow

3

Blue

Blue

Number

Secondary Colour Name

Pure Hue Colour Name Used

10

Orange

Vitamin C

11

Green

Lime

12

Violet

Magenta

Number

Tertiary Colour Name

Pure Hue Colour Name Used

100

Red Orange

Orange

101

Yellow Orange

Tangerine

102

Yellow Green

Lovely Lime

103

Blue Green

Light Teal

104

Blue Violet

Grape

105

Red Violet

Process Pagenta

Plant Bloom
Dec-Jan
Feb-Mar

Plant Bloom
Apr-May
Jun-Aug

Plant Bloom
Sep-Oct
Nov-Dec

There are other pages on Plants which bloom in each month of the year in this website:-

item76a1a1a

 

item78a1a1a

 

item80a1a1a

 

 

 

Click on Flower Colour above Colour Name to compare flowers of same colour and different plant types or 1,
then 2, 3, or 4 for following pages

 

 

 

item81a1a1a

 

item82a1a1a

 

item83a1a1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

White 1, 2

 

White 3

 

White Wild-flower 1, 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gray

 

Silver
1
, 2

Black

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item87a1a1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

105

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

100

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item60a1a1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item95a1a1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Blood Red 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item89a1a1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dried Blood
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chocolate 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

item62a1a1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item97a1a1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10

 

item51b1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fuzzy Wuzzy 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item103a1a1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item91a1a1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Forbidden
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Heatland 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Royal Purple
1

 

 

item53b1a

 

 

item64a1a1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item99a1a1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item105a1a1a

 

 

 

Rusty Pelican
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Red 1, 2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item93a1a1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Calihoe
1

 

item55a1a1

 

Process Pagenta
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Orange
1

 

item107a1a1a

 

 

Tuscany
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item66a1a1

 

 

item101a1a1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Flat Pink
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Magenta
1

item57a1a1

 

 

 

 

item109a1a1a

 

Vitamin C 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pink
1
, 2

 

Orangelin
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

104

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

101

item43b1a

 

item45b1a

 

item47b1a

 

item49b1a

 

Magenta Shift
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Atomic Tangerine
1

item117a1a1a

 

item115a1a1a

 

item113a1a1a

 

item111a1a1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Violet
1

The Bands
1

 

Grape
1

 

Mauve
1

item41b1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item10b1a

 

Sand
1

 

Tang-erine
1

Buddha Gold
1

Browser Caramel 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item39b1a

 

Off-White Blue
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bone
1
, 2

 

item8b1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item33b1a

 

 

 

 

 

item18b1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item37b1a

 

 

Blue
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yellow
1
, 2

 

item5b1a2a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Baby Blue
1

 

 

 

 

 

Lime-ade
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item31b1a

 

item26b1a

 

item16b1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2

 

item35b1a

 

 

 

Periwinkle 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pine Glade
1

 

 

 

item3a1a2a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Light Teal
1

 

Offwhite Green 1

 

Lovely Lime
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Navy Blue
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item30b1a

 

 

 

 

item24b1a

 

 

 

 

item14b1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Grass Stain
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

103

 

Aqua
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lime 1

 

 

 

Slimer 2
1

 

102

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item28b1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item22b1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item12b1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Blue Stone
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weak Green 1

 

 

 

Verdun Green
1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

item20b1a

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

11

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pakistan Green 1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

When you have reached the required Flower Colour Page, then click on Flowering Months of the required plant to compare this flower with others
from the same Plant Type - Bulbs, Climbers, Evergreen perennials - in that month
OR
with others from the plants at RHS Wisley in that month

Plant Selection by Flower Colour

Blue Flowers

Bedding.
Bulb.
Climber.
Evergr Per.
Evergr Shrub.
Wild Flower.
 

Orange Flowers

Bedding.

Wild Flower.

Other Colour Flowers

Bedding.

Bulb.
Climber.
Evergr Per.
Evergr Shrub.
Wild Flower.

Red Flowers

Bedding.

Bulb.
Climber.
Decid Shrub.
Evergr Per.
Evergr Shrub.
Herbac Per.
Rose.
Wild Flower.

White Flowers

Bedding.

Bulb.
Climber.
Decid Shrub.
Decid Tree.
Evergr Per.
Evergr Shrub.
Herbac Per.
Rose.
Wild Flower.
 

Yellow Flowers

Bedding.
Bulb.
Climber.
Decid Shrub.
Evergr Per.
Evergr Shrub.
Herbac Per.
Rose.
Wild Flower.
 

 

Plant Index to all compared thumbnails of this flower colour in this page:-

Click on Flowering Period Month to compare this flower EITHER with others from the same Plant Type - Bulbs, Climbers, Evergreen Perennials - in that month OR with others from the plants at RHS Wisley in that month

Plant Name

Flower Colour with
Flower Thumbnail

Flowering
Months
with Link to Flower Colour Comparison Page in that month

Form Thumbnail

Height x Width in inches (cms) -
1 inch = 2.5 cms,
12 inches = 1 foot,
36 inches = 3 feet = 1 yard,
40 inches = 100 cms

Foliage Colour with Foliage Thumbnail

Plant Use

Comments

Bulbs

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Herbaceous Perennials

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Evergreen Perennials

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deciduous Shrub

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Evergreen Shrub

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deciduous Tree

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Evergreen Tree

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Deciduous Climber

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Evergreen Climber

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aquatic, Bamboo, Bedding, Conifer,
Fern,
Grass,
Herb,
Rhodo-dendron,
Rose,
Soft Fruit,
Top Fruit, Vegetable and Wildflower

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677

 

Site design and content copyright ©July 2017. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the breakage of the link to the Safety Regulations for man walking with Red Flag before Automobile.  

If you are looking for specialist nurseries or garden centres in the UK our plant finder comes complete with an easy to use A-Z list of garden plants that makes finding plants for sale online easy. To help with plant identification we include many photographs and individual plant descriptions.

Once you have found the plant you are looking for we provide easy access to growers and nurseries who have these species for sale, many with mail order or 'online' buying facilities

 

The Daily Telegraph Best Flowers to Grow and Cut by David Joyce (ISBN 0 7112 2366 1) groups plants according to defined characteristics of flower simple shape, elaborated shape, flower details and flower textures. Using that system, this plant gallery has thumbnail pictures in:-

  • Number of Flower Petals
  • Flower Simple Shape, Flower Elaborated Shape and
  • Flower Natural Arrangement Pages

A thumbnail of a plant can be in each of the above 3.
The text menu above links to those pages and the thumbnails in the menu link to the Plant Description Page of that flower.
Explaination of each page is at its bottom.

BEDDING PLANT USE AND FLOWER SHAPE GALLERY PAGES

Flower Colour

Bicolour

Blue

Green

Orange

Other Colours

Pink

Purple

Red

White

White / Bicolour

Yellow

 

 

 

Flower Simple Shape

3 Petals

4 Petals

5 Petals

6 Petals

Stars

Bowls, Cups and Saucers

Globes, Goblets and Chalices

irisflotpseudacorus1a1b

aethionemacfloarmenumfoord1a1a1

anemonecflo1hybridafoord1a1a1

 

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a1a1b

geraniumflocineremuballerina1a1a1a1a1a1b

paeoniamlokosewitschiiflot1a1a1b

Trumpets and Funnels

Bells, Thimbles and Urns

 

Single Flower provides pollen for bees

 

2 Petals

 

acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord1a1a2

digitalismertonensiscflorvroger1a1a1

 

anagalisflotcskylover1a1a1

 

cupheacflollaveakavanagh1a1a

 

Flower Elabor-ated Shape

Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Hats, Hoods and Helmets

Standards, Wings and Keels

Discs and Florets

Pin-cushions and Tufts

Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons

prunellaflotgrandiflora1a1b

aquilegiacfloformosafoord1a1a1

acanthusspinosuscflocoblands1a1a1

lathyrusflotvernus1a1a1

brachyscomecflorigidulakevock1a1a1

echinaceacflo1purpurealustrehybridsgarnonswilliams1a1a1

argyranthemumflotcmadeiracrestedyellow1a1a1

Bedding Plant Use

Bedding Out

Filling In

Screen-ing

Pots and Troughs

Window Boxes

Hanging Baskets

Spring Bedding

Summer Bedding

Winter Bedding

 

There are more Bedding Plants in Bedding Pages of Infill Plants Index Gallery like
Bedding for Chalky Soil and
Bedding for Clay Soil

 

 

 

BULB USE AND FLOWER SHAPE GALLERY PAGES
 

BULB FLOWER SHAPE GALLERY PAGES

lessershapemeadowrue2a1a1a1a1

alliumcflohaireasytogrowbulbs1a

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14c2a1a1

irisflotpseudacorus1a1a1

aethionemacfloarmenumfoord1a2a

anemonecflo1hybridafoord1a2a

anemonecflo1blandafoord1a1a

Number of Flower Petals

Petal-less

1

2

3

4

5

Above 5

 

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a1a1a1

alliumcflo1roseumrvroger1a

geraniumflocineremuballerina1a1a1a1a1a1a1

paeoniamlokosewitschiiflot1a1a1a1

paeoniaveitchiiwoodwardiiflot1a1a1

acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord1a1a1a

stachysflotmacrantha1a1a1a

Flower Shape - Simple

Stars with Single Flowers

Bowls

Cups and Saucers

Globes

Goblets and Chalices

Trumpets

Funnels

 

digitalismertonensiscflorvroger1a2a

fuchsiaflotcalicehoffman1a1a1

ericacarneacflosspringwoodwhitedeeproot1a1a1a

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming1a1a1

 

 

 

Flower Shape - Simple

Bells

Thimbles

Urns

Salverform

 

 

 

 

prunellaflotgrandiflora1a1a1

aquilegiacfloformosafoord1a2a

acanthusspinosuscflocoblands1a2a

lathyrusflotvernus1a2a

anemonecflo1coronariastbrigidgeetee1a

echinaceacflo1purpurealustrehybridsgarnonswilliams1a2a

centaureacfloatropurpureakavanagh1a1a

Flower Shape - Elabor-ated

Tubes, Lips and Straps

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Hats, Hoods and Helmets

Stan-dards, Wings and Keels

Discs and Florets

Pin-Cushions

Tufts and Petal-less Cluster

 

androsacecforyargongensiskevock1a

androsacecflorigidakevock1a

argyranthemumflotcmadeiracrestedyellow1a

armeriacflomaritimakevock1a

anemonecflonemerosaalbaplenarvroger1a

 

 

Flower Shape - Elabor-ated

Cushion

Umbel

Buttons with Double Flowers

Pompoms

Stars with Semi-Double Flowers

 

 

 

bergeniamorningredcforcoblands1a1a1

ajugacfloreptansatropurpurea1a1a

lamiumflotorvala2a1a1

astilbepurplelancecflokevock1a1a1

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a1433a1a1a1a1

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a1434a1a1a1a1

androsacecfor1albanakevock1a1a

Natural Arrange-ments

Bunches, Posies and Sprays (Group)

Columns, Spikes and Spires

Whorls, Tiers and Cande-labra

Plumes and Tails

Chains and Tassels

Clouds, Garlands and Cascades

Sphere, Dome (Clusters), Drumstick and Plate

Bulb Use

Indoor Bulbs flowering in December
January
February

Bulbs in Window-boxes

Bulbs natural-ised in grass

 

 

 

 

 

 

EVERGREEN PERENNIAL FLOWER SHAPE GALLERY PAGES

 

lessershapemeadowrue1a1

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14c1a1a

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14c2a1

ajugacflo1genevensisfoord1

aethionemacfloarmenumfoord2

anemonecflo1hybridafoord1a1

anemonecflo1blandafoord1a2

Number of Flower Petals

Petal-less

1

2

3

4

5

Above 5

 

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a1

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14k1c1

geraniumflocineremuballerina1a1a

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14k1a1a

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14k1b1a

acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord2a

stachysflotmacrantha2

Flower Shape - Simple

Stars

Bowls

Cups and Saucers

Globes

Goblets and Chalices

Trumpets

Funnels

 

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14q1a

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14r1a1

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14s1b1

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming2

 

 

 

Flower Shape - Simple

Bells

Thimbles

Urns

Salverform

 

 

 

 

prunellaflotgrandiflora2

aquilegiacfloformosafoord2

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14u1a1

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14v1a1

brachyscomecflorigidulakevock2

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14x1a1

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14y1a1

Flower Shape - Elabor-ated

Tubes, Lips and Straps

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Hats, Hoods and Helmets

Stan-dards, Wings and Keels

Discs and Florets

Pin-Cushions

Tufts

 

androsacecforyargongensiskevock3

androsaceflorigidakevock1

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a1428a1a

armeriaflomaritimakevock1

 

 

 

Flower Shape - Elabor-ated

Cushion

Umbel

Buttons

Pompoms

 

 

 

 

bergeniamorningredcforcoblands2

ajugacfloreptansatropurpurea1a

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a1431a1a

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a1432a1a

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a1433a1a

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a1434a1a

androsacecfor1albanakevock2

Natural Arrange-ments

Bunches, Posies and Sprays

Columns, Spikes and Spires

Whorls, Tiers and Cande-labra

Plumes and Tails

Chains and Tassels

Clouds, Garlands and Cascades

Spheres, Domes and Plates

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


HERBACEOUS PERENNIAL FLOWER SHAPE GALLERY PAGES

 

lessershapemeadowrue2a1a1a

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14c1a2

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14c2b

irisflotpseudacorus1

aethionemacfloarmenumfoord1a

anemonecflo1hybridafoord1

anemonecflo1blandafoord1

Number of Flower Petals

Petal-less

1

2

3

4

5

Above 5

 

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1b

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14k1a2

geraniumflocineremuballerina1a1a1a1a

paeoniamlokosewitschiiflot1a

paeoniaveitchiiwoodwardiiflot1

acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord1a1

stachysflotmacrantha1a

Flower Shape - Simple

Stars

Bowls

Cups and Saucers

Globes

Goblets and Chalices

Trumpets

Funnels

 

digitalismertonensiscflorvroger1

fuchsiaflotcalicehoffman1a

ericacarneacflosspringwoodwhitedeeproot1a1

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming1a

 

 

 

Flower Shape - Simple

Bells

Thimbles

Urns

Salverform

 

 

 

 

prunellaflotgrandiflora1a

aquilegiacfloformosafoord1a

acanthusspinosuscflocoblands1

lathyrusflotvernus1

brachyscomecflorigidulakevock1a

echinaceacflo1purpurealustrehybridsgarnonswilliams1

centaureacfloatropurpureakavanagh1

Flower Shape - Elabor-ated

Tubes, Lips and Straps

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Hats, Hoods and Helmets

Stan-dards, Wings and Keels

Discs and Florets

Pin-Cushions

Tufts

 

androsacecforyargongensiskevock2a

androsacecflorigidakevock2

argyranthemumflotcmadeiracrestedyellow2

armeriacflomaritimakevock2

 

 

 

Flower Shape - Elabor-ated

Cushion

Umbel

Buttons

Pompoms

 

 

 

 

bergeniamorningredcforcoblands1a

ajugacfloreptansatropurpurea2

lamiumflotorvala2a

astilbepurplelancecflokevock1a

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a1433a1a1a

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a1434a1a1a

androsacecfor1albanakevock1a

Natural Arrange-ments

Bunches, Posies and Sprays

Columns, Spikes and Spires

Whorls, Tiers and Cande-labra

Plumes and Tails

Chains and Tassels

Clouds, Garlands and Cascades

Spheres, Domes and Plates

 

 

ROSE USE AND FLOWER SHAPE GALLERY PAGES

Flower Colour

Other Colours

Orange

Pink

Red

White

Yellow

2 or More Colours Page 1

2 or More Colours Page 2

Prod-uces Hips

Rose Use

Bedding

Page 1
Page 2

Climber / Pillar

Cut-Flower
Page 1
Page 2

Exhibition
, Speciman

Ground-Cover

Grow in a Container Page 1
Page 2

Hedge

Page 1
Page 2

Climber in Tree

Woodl-and

Edging Borders

Tolerant of Poor Soil Page 1
Page 2

Tolerant of Shade

Back of Border

Adjacent to Water

On North-Facing Wall

Page for rose use as ARCH ROSE, PERGOLA ROSE, COASTAL CONDITIONS ROSE, WALL ROSE, STANDARD ROSE, COVERING BANKS or THORNLESS ROSES.

FRAGRANT ROSES Page 1 and FRAGRANT ROSES Page 2 - The roses inserted into each page are described as Moderately Fragrant or Very Fragrant in the relevant Rose Plant Description Page.

NOT FRAGRANT ROSES - The roses inserted into this page are described as Slightly Fragrant or No Fragrance or nothing mentioned about fragrance in the relevant Rose Plant Description Page.

Rose Bloom Shape

rosaacapulcocflo1a1
High Centred

rosaamberqueenflomidcgarnonswilliams1a1a
Cupped

rosaballerinacflorogerltd1a
Flat

rosahenrimartincflorogerltd1a
Globular

rosabuffbeautyCflorogerltd1a
Pompon

rosaprosperitycflorogerltd1a
Rosette

 

Click on CENTRE of thumbnail to change to Plant Description Page of the Rose Plant named in the text below that photo where its text border is Cyan, Green or Pink.
The Comments Row of that Rose Plant Description Page details where that Rose Plant is available from.

Rose Petal Count

rosacantabrigiensiscflorogerltd1a1a
Single: Only Single Roses can be pollinated by Bees

1-7
Petals

rosafragrantdelightcflo1a1a1
Semi-double:

8-15 Petals

rosaarthurbellcflomid2garnonswilliams1a1a1
Double Page 1 Page 2:
16-25 Petals

rosagoldenramblercflorogerltd1a1
Full:


26-40 Petals

rosabobwoolleycflorogerltd1a1
Very Full:


40+ Petals

 

Rose Plant Height from Text Border
(1 inch = 2.5 cms, 12 inches = 1 foot = 30 cms,
24 inches = 2 feet)

Blue = 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)
Cyan = 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)

Green=24-72 inches (60-180 cms)
Green=24-72 inches (60-180 cms)

Red = 72+ inches (180+ cms)
Pink = 72+ inches (180+ cms)

Rose Plant Soil Moisture from Text Background

Wet Soil

Moist Soil

Dry Soil

 

 

WILDFLOWER PLANT USE AND FLOWER SHAPE GALLERY PAGES

Lists of:-
Edible Plant Parts.
Flower Legend.
Food for
Butterfly/Moth
.

 


INDEX LINK TO WILDFLOWER PLANT DESCRIPTION PAGE
a-h
i-p
q-z

 

BUTTERFLY
Butterfly
Usage of Plants
by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly usage of
Plant A-C
Plant C-M
Plant N-W
Butterfly usage of Plant

Habitat Lists:-
Approaching the
Coast (Coastal)
.
Broad-leaved
Woods
.
Grassland - Acid, Neutral, Chalk.
Heaths and Moors.
Hedgerows and Verges.
Lakes, Canals and Rivers.
Marshes, Fens,
Bogs
.
Old Buildings and Walls.
Pinewoods.
River Banks and
other Freshwater Margins
.
Saltmarshes.
Sandy Shores and Dunes.
Shingle Beaches, Rocks and
Cliff Tops
.
Other.

Number of Petals List:-
Without Petals. Other plants
without flowers.
1 Petal or
Composite of
many 1 Petal Flowers as Disc
or Ray Floret .
2 Petals.
3 Petals.
4 Petals.
5 Petals.
6 Petals.
Over 6 Petals.

 


FLOWER COLOUR
(o)Blue
(o)Brown
(o)Cream
(o)Green
(o)Mauve
(o)Multi-Coloured
Orange
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
(o)Purple
(o)Red
(o)White1
(o)White2
(o)White3
(o)Yelow1
(o)Yelow2
(o)Shrub or Small Tree

Lists of:-
Pollinator.
Poisonous Parts.
Scented Flower, Foliage, Root.
Story of their Common Names.
Use

Non-Flowering Plants
Use for Non-Flowering Plants

 

 

HABITAT TABLES
Flowers in
Acid Soil

Flowers in
Chalk Soil

Flowers in
Marine Soil

Flowers in
Neutral Soil

Ferns
Grasses
Rushes
Sedges

 

To locate mail-order nursery for plants from the UK in this gallery try using search in RHS Find a Plant.

To locate plants in the European Union (EU) try using Search Term in Gardens4You and Meilland Richardier in France.

To locate mail-order nursery for plants from America in this gallery try using search in Plant Lust.

To locate plant information in Australia try using Plant Finder in Gardening Australia.

 

The following details come from Cactus Art:-

"A flower is the the complex sexual reproductive structure of Angiosperms, typically consisting of an axis bearing perianth parts, androecium (male) and gynoecium (female).    

Bisexual flower show four distinctive parts arranged in rings inside each other which are technically modified leaves: Sepal, petal, stamen & pistil. This flower is referred to as complete (with all four parts) and perfect (with "male" stamens and "female" pistil). The ovary ripens into a fruit and the ovules inside develop into seeds.

Incomplete flowers are lacking one or more of the four main parts. Imperfect (unisexual) flowers contain a pistil or stamens, but not both. The colourful parts of a flower and its scent attract pollinators and guide them to the nectary, usually at the base of the flower tube.

partsofaflowersmallest1

 

Androecium (male Parts or stamens)
It is made up of the filament and anther, it is the pollen producing part of the plant.
Anther This is the part of the stamen that produces and contains pollen. 
Filament This is the fine hair-like stalk that the anther sits on top of.
Pollen This is the dust-like male reproductive cell of flowering plants.

Gynoecium (female Parts or carpels or pistil)
 It is made up of the stigma, style, and ovary. Each pistil is constructed of one to many rolled leaflike structures.
Stigma
This is the part of the pistil  which receives the pollen grains and on which they germinate. 
Style
This is the long stalk that the stigma sits on top of ovary. 
Ovary
The part of the plant that contains the ovules. 
Ovule
The part of the ovary that becomes the seeds. 

Petal 
The colorful, often bright part of the flower (corolla). 
Sepal 
The parts that look like little green leaves that cover the outside of a flower bud (calix). 
(Undifferentiated "Perianth segment" that are not clearly differentiated into sepals and petals, take the names of tepals.)"

 

 

 

The following details come from Nectary Genomics:-

"NECTAR. Many flowering plants attract potential pollinators by offering a reward of floral nectar. The primary solutes found in most nectars are varying ratios of sucrose, glucose and fructose, which can range from as little a 8% (w/w) in some species to as high as 80% in others. This abundance of simple sugars has resulted in the general perception that nectar consists of little more than sugar-water; however, numerous studies indicate that it is actually a complex mixture of components. Additional compounds found in a variety of nectars include other sugars, all 20 standard amino acids, phenolics, alkaloids, flavonoids, terpenes, vitamins, organic acids, oils, free fatty acids, metal ions and proteins.

NECTARIES. An organ known as the floral nectary is responsible for producing the complex mixture of compounds found in nectar. Nectaries can occur in different areas of flowers, and often take on diverse forms in different species, even to the point of being used for taxonomic purposes. Nectaries undergo remarkable morphological and metabolic changes during the course of floral development. For example, it is known that pre-secretory nectaries in a number of species accumulate large amounts of starch, which is followed by a rapid degradation of amyloplast granules just prior to anthesis and nectar secretion. These sugars presumably serve as a source of nectar carbohydrate.

WHY STUDY NECTAR? Nearly one-third of all worldwide crops are dependent on animals to achieve efficient pollination. In addition, U.S. pollinator-dependent crops have been estimated to have an annual value of up to $15 billion. Many crop species are largely self-incompatible (not self-fertile) and almost entirely on animal pollinators to achieve full fecundity; poor pollinator visitation has been reported to reduce yields of certain species by up to 50%."

 

The following details about DOUBLE FLOWERS comes from Wikipedia:-

"Double-flowered" describes varieties of flowers with extra petals, often containing flowers within flowers. The double-flowered trait is often noted alongside the scientific name with the abbreviation fl. pl. (flore pleno, a Latin ablative form meaning "with full flower"). The first abnormality to be documented in flowers, double flowers are popular varieties of many commercial flower types, including roses, camellias and carnations. In some double-flowered varieties all of the reproductive organs are converted to petals — as a result, they are sexually sterile and must be propagated through cuttings. Many double-flowered plants have little wildlife value as access to the nectaries is typically blocked by the mutation.

 

There is further photographic, diagramatic and text about Double Flowers from an education department - dept.ca.uky.edu - in the University of Kentucky in America.

 

"Meet the plant hunter obsessed with double-flowering blooms" - an article from The Telegraph.

 

PLANT USE AND FLOWER SHAPE GALLERY PAGES

 

This Gallery compares the use and flower shape of plants in this website combined with those already compared in
Bedding, Bulb, Evergreen Perennial, Herbaceous Perennial and Roses pages as linked to in the table at the end of this page.
 

PLANTS FLOWER SHAPE GALLERY PAGES

lessershapemeadowrue2a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

alliumcflohaireasytogrowbulbs1a1a1a1a

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14c2a1a1a1a1a

irisflotpseudacorus1a1a1a1a1a1

aethionemacfloarmenumfoord1a2a1a1a1

anemonecflo1hybridafoord1a2a1a1a1a

anemonecflo1blandafoord1a1a1a1a1

Number of Flower Petals

Petal-less

1

2

3

4

5

Above 5

 

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a1a1a1a1a1a

alliumcflo1roseumrvroger1a1a1a1

geraniumflocineremuballerina1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1

paeoniamlokosewitschiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1a

paeoniaveitchiiwoodwardiiflot1a1a1a1a1

acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1

stachysflotmacrantha1a1a1a1a1a

Flower Shape - Simple

Stars with Single Flowers

Bowls

Cups and Saucers

Globes

Goblets and Chalices

Trumpets

Funnels

 

digitalismertonensiscflorvroger1a2a1a1a1a

fuchsiaflotcalicehoffman1a1a1a1a1a1

ericacarneacflosspringwoodwhitedeeproot1a1a1a1a1a1

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming1a1a1a1a1a1

Rose Petal Count from Rose Use Gallery
 

Single:
1-7 Petals

Semi-Double:
8-15 Petals
 

Flower Shape - Simple

Bells

Thimbles

Urns

Salver-form

Double:
Page 1
,
Page 2
16-25 Petals

Full:
26-40 Petals

Very Full:
40+ Petals

 

prunellaflotgrandiflora1a1a1a1a1a

aquilegiacfloformosafoord1a2a1a1a1

acanthusspinosuscflocoblands1a2a1a1a

lathyrusflotvernus1a2a1a1a1

anemonecflo1coronariastbrigidgeetee1a1a1a

echinaceacflo1purpurealustrehybridsgarnonswilliams1a2a1a1a1

centaureacfloatropurpureakavanagh1a1a1a1a

Flower Shape - Elabor-ated

Tubes, Lips and Straps

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Hats, Hoods and Helmets

Stan-dards, Wings and Keels

Discs and Florets

Pin-Cushions

Tufts and Petal-less Cluster

 

androsacecforyargongensiskevock1a1a1a1a

androsacecflorigidakevock1a1a1a1a

argyranthemumflotcmadeiracrestedyellow1a1b1a1

armeriacflomaritimakevock1a1a1a1a

anemonecflonemerosaalbaplenarvroger1a1a1a1

Rose Bloom Shape from Rose Use Gallery

High-Centred,

Cupped,
 

Flower Shape - Elabor-ated

Cushion

Umbel

Buttons with Double Flowers

Pompoms

Stars with Semi-Double Flowers

Flat,

Globular,
 

Pompon,

Rosette

 

bergeniamorningredcforcoblands1a1a1a1a1a

ajugacfloreptansatropurpurea1a1a1a1a1

lamiumflotorvala2a1a1a1a1

astilbepurplelancecflokevock1a1a1a1a1a

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a1433a1a1a1a1a1a1

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a1434a1a1a1a1a1a1a

androsacecfor1albanakevock1a1a1a1a

Natural Arrange-ments

Bunches, Posies and Sprays (Group)

Columns, Spikes and Spires

Whorls, Tiers and Cande-labra

Plumes and Tails

Chains and Tassels

Clouds, Garlands and Cascades

Sphere, Dome (Clusters), Drumstick and Plate

Plant Use

Bedding Out and Bedding Out of Roses

Bedding for Filling In

Bedding for Screening

Bedding for Pots and Troughs

Bedding in Window Boxes

Bedding in Hanging Baskets

Bedding Foliage

Bedding:- Spring

Summer

Winter

Foliage Only

Other than Green Foliage

Trees in Lawn

Trees in Small Gardens
 

Wildflower Garden

Attract Bird
Attract Butterfly
1
, 2

Climber on House Wall

Climber not on House Wall

Climber in Tree

Rabbit-Resistant
 

Woodland

Pollution Barrier

Part Shade

Full Shade

Single Flower provides Pollen for Bees
1
, 2, 3

Ground-Cover
<60c
m
60-180cm
>180cm

Hedge

Wind-swept

Covering Banks

Patio Pot

Edging Borders

Back of Border

Poisonous

Adjacent to Water

Bog Garden
 

Tolerant of Poor Soil

Winter-Flowering
 

Fragrant

Not Fragrant

Exhibition

Standard Plant is 'Ball on Stick'

Upright Branches or Sword-shaped leaves

Plant to Prevent Entry to Human or Animal

Coastal Con-ditions

Tolerant on North-facing Wall

Cut Flower

Potted Veg Outdoors

Potted Veg Indoors
 

Thornless

Raised Bed Outdoors Veg
 

Grow in Alkaline Soil A-F, G-L, M-R, S-Z

Grow in Acidic Soil

Grow in Any Soil

Grow in Rock Garden

Grow Bulbs Indoors

 

BEDDING

From Peter Beales Roses An illustrated encyclopaedia and grower's handbook of species roses, old roses and modern roses, shrub roses and climbers by Peter Beales (ISBN 0-00-272178-3) Published 1992:-

" By far and away the best roses for bedding are Floribundas. They start flowering in late June and continue in flower until the first frost of November. As they come in all sizes, however, they are most effective when only one variety is grown en masse; and this applies not just in parks and large gardens but in small gardens too... because... it is very difficult to get an even height throughout any wide-ranging mixture.

See Bedding Page for 20 widely available HYBRID TEAs for Border Bedding.

 

CLIMBER / PILLAR

"For a formal structure, rough-sawn timber is the least expensive of the prepared materials and should likewise be ready-treated with preservative. Upright poles or posts should be a minimum thickness of 4" (10cm) and should always be sunk at least 2' (60cm) into the ground. Rails and cross-members can be thinner than this but not less than 2" (5cm). Since the principal purpose of such structures is to provide support for climbing roses which will eventually cover them almost completely, the pattern created by criss-crossing timber need not - unless so desired - be very elaborate. What is important, in order to ensure long life, is the quantity and quality of the upright poles placed in the ground. The spacing of these poles is therefore crucial. The best rustic trellis has uprights placed at about 6' (1.8m) intervals. Rustic arches should be well anchored in the soil at each corner."

Ordinary trellis should be 1" (2.5cm) x 1" (2.5cm) timber in 6" (15cm) squares to carry the weight of the roses.

A more simple form of support for climbers and ramblers is post and wire. 4" x 4" Posts can be set at 6' (1.8m) apart before attaching chainlink fencing from 2' (60cm) to 5' (1.5m) in height up the 6' above ground post. All end or corner posts should have additional straining posts to enable the chainlink to be stretched tightly.

See Climber / Pillar page for 10 Good old-fashioned Rambers for Trellis and Arch.

See Climber / Pillar page for 10 Good older Climbers for Trellises and Arches.

Climbing roses, if grown on walls, will need support. Starting at 18" (45cm) above ground drill holes in the centre of the brick to take screw-eyes in their plastic plugs. Vertically every 4th brick and then horizontally every second brick will provide the neccessary support structure. The top and bottom rows with each end column of short vine-eyes should have its screw thread fully screwed into the plug to provide a secure unbending vine-eye so that the wire can be stretched tightly between each end of each row. Then, the remaining 4" long screw-eyes with their 1" length of screw thread should have their screw thread fully screwed into the plug to give a 2" gap behind the wire stretched in the vine-eyes to allow air ventilation for the roses.

See Climber / Pillar page for 10 Good older Climbers and Rambers for colder shaded North-facing Walls.

 

CUT-FLOWER

" Flower arranging is an art, and is all about proportion and balance...... Some years ago, a very persuasive lady telephoned me to ask for help. 'I need a 1000 blooms,' she said, 'for a festival of Rossini Music and Song'. Until the day I arrived in Sunderland I cursed myself for not saying No; the logistics were ridiculous - cut 1000 blooms one day, up at the crack of dawn, travel for 7 hours the next. But when I arrived at Bishopswearmouth church I knew it was all worthwhile. I was beseiged, embraced and thoroughly spoilt by an army of 'Geordie' lady flower arrangers who produced some real works of art with my roses in that church. Later, when the soprano hit top C, petals fluttered to the floor to add an extra sense of unreality to my first encounter with the friendly Northeast. ...

Selecting roses for cutting is an acquired skill. Cut them too tight and they never open, too open and they last only fleetingly. The best stage is when the sepals have started to fold back and the furled petals are showing colour. Timing is important. Early morning or late evening is best, but at whatever time flowers are cut they should always be placed in water up to their necks and stood in a cool place for 2 or 3 hours before they are arranged. A couple of spoonfuls of sugar or even a pint of lemonade to about 1 gallon of water will help them to stay fresh for a few hours longer. Before placing the flowers in water it is best to remove the 2 bottom leaves - no more - and scrape the thorns from the bottom 3" (7.5cm). Some people crush the base of each stem but I usually make a cut about half-an-inch (1cm) long upwards into it. This exposes a bigger area of inner tissue and enables the flower to take up more water. Cut roses will wilt in warm, dry conditions, and lightly syringing the leaves with cold water will help to revive them. I am told by the experts that plunging the bottom inch of stem into boiling water for about 1 minute and then placing them quickly back into cold water will sometimes revive wilting blooms.

Some people believe that harm can be done to rose bushes by the cutting of blooms, and certainly if too many are taken with long stems the plants do suffer slightly, but they should come to no real harm. Try to cut to an eye though, so as not to leave an unsightly stump to die back on the bush. ...

2 or 3 carefully chosen bushes, growing in even the smallest garden, can usually provide enough flowers for taking indoors without any detriment to the outdoor display; and their scent will pervade the entire house, rivalling both sweet peas and ten-week stocks."

 

EXHIBITION / SPECIMAN

Speciman roses can be planted to create a focal point by themselves, at corners of flower beds or enmasse:-
Rosa Centifolia muscosa please follow Mildew recommendation.

 

GROUNDCOVER

 

GROW IN A POT

 

HEDGE

" Formal Hedges.

When planting a formal hedge, consideration should be given to any upright-growing variety capable of reaching the desired height. Bushes should either be in a single row, with 18" (45cm) between each plant or, for a really thick hedge, a double row of staggered bushes with 12" (30cm) between each row and 24" (60cm) between each plant. It is essential to prune the bushes very hard in the first year to encourage basal growth for later years, when such pruning will not be possible. If formality is desired from some of the old-fashioned and species roses, traditional methods of pruning have to be abandoned in favour of shears; and since not all types take kindly to such treatment, the choice of variety is particularly important. Clipped hedges can look very attractive, but these must be pruned very hard both their first and second year. Once the hedge is growing well, clipping can start, but if this is not timed correctly flowering may be affected. Clipping should be practised after flowering so that the hedge has time to make growth for the following year.Throughout the rest of the summer it should only be necessary to remove extra vigorous or 'awkward' shoots as they appear. Only the 'once-flowering' varieties are suitable for treatment this way. So, if you require more from your hedge, such as autumn flowers and/or hips, then informality must be accepted. Planting distances for old-fashioned and species roses will depend on the variety but few will need to be closer than 24" (60cm) and most make satisfactory hedges planted 36" (90cm) apart.

See Hedge Page for 10 Good Shrub Roses which can be kept trimmed for Ornamental Hedges.

Informal Hedges.

Some of the Hybrid Musks make quite neat plants as hedgerows, whereas the Centifolias will form wide, impenetrable, untidy jungles. The secret of good informal rose hedges, no matter what the type, is, as already stressed, hard pruning in the first year and light clipping or tidying when the hedge is matured. Feeding, too, is important to keep them at their best.

See Hedge Page for 10 Good Tall, Recurrent old and shrub Roses for use as Informal Hedges.

See Hedge Page for roses which are excellent for edging bed borders.

 

CLIMBER IN A TREE

Some gardens have old trees of dubious purpose and dead tree trunks which could be put to the " use of supporting a climbing rose. Also some rather boring stretches of hedgerow, atractive only for their bird population, could well be enhanced by the addition of a few well-chosen vigorous climbing rose species.

Nature does not provide for growing and flowering at the same time; thus without exception, all the vigorous tree-climbing roses flower only once each season. Some do have good autumn foliage and produce abundant hips to give colour later. As with the climbers for north walls, the most suitable, with 1 or 2 exceptions, are white, cream or yellow in colour. Size of tree should not present a problem since some of the very vigorous climbers can reach 30' (9m) with ease.

It is best to plant these roses a little distance, about 2' (60cm), from the trunk on the side of the tree with most light, giving them a helping hand initially with string or wire, until they can scamble their own way up through the branches. Bear in mind that, being vigorous, they need to make big roots. If soil is poor, as so often under trees, give them a good start by adding a pocket of good soil at planting time and apply plenty of water at the height of summer.

See Climber in a Tree Page for 11 older Roses suitable for growing up into Trees and Hedgerows.

Because the tree's roots will extend from the trunk to the drip-line from the end of the branches, Chris would suggest that the rose is planted outside that drip-line so that its roots do not compete with the roots of that tree.

 

WOODLAND AND COVERT PLANTING

 

TOLERANT OF POOR SOILS

Roses prefer acidic soil of pH 6.5 (sand) but will tolerate alkaline soils up to pH 7.5 (chalk). Mix 25 litres farmyard manure, or pulverized tree bark with bone meal, in soil before planting. Broadcast rose fertilizer in early Spring and in early summer as well.

"The Roses of Yesterday and Today Garden in California, which has developed with the help of four generations of the Wiley/Stemler family, has more than 230 rose varieties on display.  Picnic tables are available. It has compiled this following list:-

"Abraham Darby, Agnes,  Alchymist, Alfred de Dalmas, Altissimo, Austrian Copper, Ballerina, Baron Girod de l'Ain, Baronne Prevost, Belinda, Belle de Crecy, Blanc Double de Coubert,  Blush Damask, Blush Noisette, Cardinal de Richelieu, Cecile Brunner, Celestial, Celsiana, Charles de Mills, Chapeau de Napolean, Comte de Chambord, Cornelia, Dortmund, Dublin Bay, Eglantine, Erfurt, Felicite Parmentier,  Francis E. Lester, F. J. Grootendorst, Frau Dagmar Hastrup, Gipsy Boy, Golden Showers, Cli., Green Rose, Hansa, Harison's Yellow, Henri Martin, Honorine de Brabant, Jacques Cartier, Kathleen, Kathleen Harrop, Kazanlik, Konigen von Danemark, Lavender Lassie, Leverkusen, Madame Alfred Carriere, Madame Hardy, Madame Isaac Periere, Mrs. John Laing, Mutabilis, New Dawn, Old Blush, Paul's Lemon Pillar, Pax, Penelope, Persian Yellow, Pink Grootendorst, Quatre Saison, Queen of Denmark, Reine des Violettes, Rosa Mundi, Rosa Rugosa Alba and Rubra, Rosa Damascena Trigintipetala (Kazanlik), Rosa Gallica Officianalis (Apothecary Rose), Roserie de l'Hay, Sally Holmes, Shot Silk, Cli., The Fairy, Therese Bugnet, Topaz Jewell, Variegata di Bologna, Veilchenblau, Westerland, White Pet, York and Lancaster, Zephirine Drouhin."

 

TOLERANT OF SHADE
"The Roses of Yesterday and Today Garden in California, which has developed with the help of four generations of the Wiley/Stemler family, has more than 230 rose varieties on display.  Picnic tables are available. It has compiled this list:-

"Agnes, Alchymist, Alfred de Dalmas, Apothecary Rose (Rosa gallica officianalis), Ballerina, Belinda, Blanc Double de Coubert,  Blush Noisette, Buff Beauty, Cecile Brunner, cli./bush,  Celestial, Cornelia, Dortmund, Eglantine, Erfurt, Felicite Parmentier,  Francis E. Lester, Frau Dagmar Hastrup, Golden Showers, cli., Green Rose, Hansa, Honorine de Brabant,  Iceberg, bush and cli., Kathleen Harrop,  Kazanlik, Konigen von Danemark, Lavender Lassie, Leverkusen, Louise Odier, Madame Hardy, Madame Isaac Periere, New Dawn, Old Blush, Paul's Lemon Pillar,  Pax, Penelope, Queen of Denmark, Reine des Violettes,  Robin Hood, Rosa Damascena Trigintipetala (Kazanlik), Rosa Gallica Officianalis, Rosa Mundi,Rosa Rugosa Alba and Rubra, Sally Holmes, Seven Sisters,  Sombreuil,  Therese Bugnet, Topaz Jewell, Veilchenblau, Westerland, White Dawn, White Pet, York and Lancaster, Zephirine Drouhin."

 

BACK OF BORDER

 

EDGING BORDERS

 

PLANT ADJACENT TO WATER

 

USE ON NORTH FACING WALL

 

ROSES NOTED FOR FRAGRANCE

"The Roses of Yesterday and Today Garden in California, which has developed with the help of four generations of the Wiley/Stemler family, has more than 230 rose varieties on display.  Picnic tables are available. It has compiled this list:-

Abraham Darby, Aloha, cli., Alchymist, Aloha, Angel Face, America, cli. Belle de Crecy,  Blanc Double de Coubert,  Blush Noisette,  Buff Beauty, 
Cardinal de Richelieu, Celestial, Celsiana, Chapeau de Napolean (Crested Moss), Comte de Chambord, Cecile Brunner, cli. or reg., Cornelia, Coquette des Blanches, Country Dancer, Dainty Bess, Distant Drums,  Don Juan, cli., Dortmund, cli., Double Delight, Felicite Parmentier, Fragrant Cloud,  Francis E. Lester, Gloire de Dijon, Golden Showers, cli.,  Graham Thomas, Gruss an Aachen, Hansa,  Henri Martin, Heritage, Jacques Cartier, Just Joey, Kathleen Harrop, Konigen von Danemark, Lady Hillingdon, Lamarque, La Reine, Lavender Lassie, La Ville de Bruxelles, Louise Odier,  Madame Alfred Carreire, Madame De La Roche-Lambert, Madame Hardy, Madame Isaac Periere, Madame Pierre Oger,  Maman Cochet, cli., Mary Rose, Mister Lincoln, Mrs. John Laing, New Dawn, cli., Oskar Cordel, Othello, Paul Neyron, Paul's Lemon Pillar, Penelope, Quatre Saison, Queen of Denmark, Robin Hood, Rosa Damascena Trigintipetala (Kazanlik), Rosa Gallica Officianalis (Apothecary Rose),  Rosa Mundi, Rosa Alba Semi-plena, Rose a Parfum de l'Hay, Seven Sisters, Shot Silk, cl.,  Sombreuil, Souvenir de la Malmaison,,  Stainless Steel, Sterling Silver,  Tamora, The Prince, The Squire, White Dawn, cl., York and Lancaster, Zephirine Drouhin.

 

Spacing Between Roses in America - 
Hybrid Tea, Grandiflora, Floribunda, Compact and Average Varieties - 2 to 2 1/2 feet apart. 
Hybrid Tea, Grandiflora, Floribunda, Tall Varieties - 2 1/2 to 3 feet apart. 
Low-Growing Shrubs - 3-4 feet. 
Shrubs - 4 to 6 feet or half of expected height apart. 
Climbers and Ramblers, trained horizontally - 8-10 feet apart"

 

Mottisfont Rose Gardens It is still regarded as a masterclass in how to combine roses with other plants:-

Our walled garden is one of the most famous rose gardens in the world, forming a range of colouring, style and fragrance that has never been surpassed. Created by Graham Stuart Thomas in the 1970s - one of the most important figures in 20th century British horticulture - it is home to many varieties that may otherwise have become extinct.

If you’re inspired by the scented sights of our gardens and want to try growing roses yourself, here are some top tips from Assistant Head Gardener Jonny Bass:-

  • Healthy root system – Here at Mottisfont we use Mycorrhizal fungi religiously. It’s added into the soil around the roots when planting and will create a beneficial or symbiotic relationship with the plant to help produce new, fibrous roots.
  • Food – You can’t beat a good dose of well-rotted manure. Either dug into the soil or used as a mulch around the roses it will give excellent results and it’s 100 per cent organic and natural.
  • Pruning - When pruning your roses don’t be afraid to get stuck in. It’s important to have strong new growth coming up from the base and you should be looking to cut out some of the oldest wood every year."
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