Ivydene Gardens Useful Data: Site Map

Landscape and Amenity produces a monthly advertising magazine giving product updates for the professionals in those areas. It will also provide that information to you so that you can learn about and use the latest products by viewing its digital edition.

Local alternatives to supermarkets:-

Localfoodshop.com - Website allows local producers tio sell directly to the customer online from September 2007.
bigbarn.co.uk - A comparison website which consumers can then find their local producers and then rate them
natoora.co.uk - website selling quality French, British and Italian food directly from the producer. Delivery costs £5 in London and £10 for the rest of Britain.
whyorganic.org - gives a directory of organic producers provided by the Soil Association
organicdelivery.co.uk - is an online service delivering organic products - from vitamins to breakfast cereals - to 80% of London every day. Delivery is free for orders of £13.95 and above, and next day delivery is available.
soorganic.com - offers dozens of own-brand organic toiletries and cosmetics.


I received an email in December 2014 from a volunteer in the School Fund Raising Events team in America:-

Thank you to Cindy, who did some research on her own and found this page - http://www.topiarytree.net/greatgardendingresources.php  It has a lot of great information on different types of gardening and these students found it especially helpful!  
Thank you to Cindy, and the rest of the kids at their youth center.  They have been learning about gardening and found this article about different types of gardening that they sent to me.  Good luck with your plants, kids!


"About School Fund Raising Events:-
SchoolFundRaisingEvents.com has been a leader in fundraising resources and information since 2008. The site was started as a partnership between several parents who had dealt with school fundraisers for years. They noticed a lack of good resources that covered all of the basics of fundraising and provided assistance to those who were trying to plan successful fundraisers. During a discussion after one particularly stressful fundraiser, they decided to create a resource for other parents that provided the basics and helped them find help with fundraisers. They pooled their fundraising knowledge and created SchoolFundRaisingEvents.com. Since then, they have gathered more information from other parents, students and teachers and the site continues to grow today.

Our Mission

Our main mission is to help connect volunteers with schools to assist with fundraising. These volunteers will help with fundraising for a variety of different school activities and programs that enrich the lives of the students involved and further their education in ways that traditional classroom learning might not be able to. Many schools have seen their arts budgets slashed in recent years, resulting in the loss of music, art, dance, and other vital programs. To that end, we strive to find the perfect fundraisers for each program and match these programs up with volunteers who will be able to help them achieve their fundraising goals." from School Fundraising Events in America.


in reply:-

Your students might like to create a flower clock as detailed in the following page:-


and then you would have a clock the students could see outside the window during the spring/summer, instead of looking at their watches!

Thanks for your email,

Chris Garnons-Williams


I received this email in September 2018 from a volunteer in the School Fund Raising Events team in America:-

Hi Chris!

I want to share my appreciation for helping Kayla, Lilly, myself, and our students in the past! You may remember that you had added a link to a web page that our kids found about gardening tips! It was a very fun and exciting experience for all them! I am writing today to ask if you'd be willing to help me again with a similar project with my new students!

The excitement they get and the lesson that they learn about what they can accomplish is lifelong for them at this age. I am now teaching a new group of youngsters, and little things to us, still have a huge impact on them!

After showing the class your website, I challenged them with finding an article that would be useful in learning about our last project and also something that might be fun for you and your visitors. After we talked about carts and wheelbarrows, they found this page about the history of the wheel! I thought it was a great find!




Would you add it to your web page as you did the last time? Then they can have the same learning experience, and get the same joy as my previous classes! Seeing their faces when they can click on it and know that they were responsible for it is really fun! Would you please add it where you added the other one here: https://ivydenegardens.co.uk/usefull%20data/usefulldatasitem.html

Thank you again for all of your help and have a nice weekend!




Rachel Martin

Instructor | Advisor


Behold the tortoise that only makes progress when it sticks its neck out!


in reply:-


Plant Selection by your students can be influenced by

the Colour Wheel,
colour wheel diagram

from the Calendar of Blooms Gallery Introduction Page.


you could use one of my many other Colour Wheels to select bulbs instead:-


7 Flower Colours per Month in Colour Wheel below in BULB, CORM, RHIZOME and TUBER GALLERY.

Click on Black or White box in Colour of Month.


Besides the above Bulb Flower Colour Comparison Pages, you also have the following Comparison Pages:-
...Bulb Flower Shape -
7 pages of Number of Petals ...... 5 petals,
23 pages of Flower Shape ......... Stars and
7 pages of Natural Arrangements Drumstick

...Bulb Form
7 pages of Bulb Form ...Clump-forming
...Bulb Use
33 pages of Bulb Use ...Mass Planting,
Grow in Patio Pot and
Use in Coastal Conditions
...Bulb Preferred Soil

5 pages of Soil preferred by Bulb ...Chalk


Thanks for your email,

Chris Garnons-Williams

Answers to where for materials, tools, clothes etc
Usefull data a - aggregate, sand, pea-shingle
Usefull data b - bird repellent strip
Usefull Data c - cat deterrent, chipper/shredder
Usefull data d - diamond sharpening stone
Usefull data e - everedge lawn edging
Usefull data f - first aid kit
Usefull data g - gardening whilst on a seat
Usefull data h - hose
Usefull data i - irrigation system
Usefull data j - japanese knotweed eradication
Usefull data k - kneeling mat
Usefull data l - ladder, landscaping fabric
Usefull data m - manure/mulch. mower
Usefull data n - National Fruit Collections
Usefull data o - organic milk and meat
Usefull data p - plants, paving, padlock
Usefull data q - Question: Do British Scaffold Erectors understand Instructions?
Usefull data r - rodent deterrent
Usefull data s - spade/fork/rake/hoe/edging iron set
Usefull data t - turf reinforcement
Usefull data u - urban bird deterrent
Usefull data v - vertical turf
Usefull data w - wheelbarrow puncture-proof tyre
Usefull data x - xtra winter warmth by eating chilli jam on Welsh Rarebit
Usefull data y - yellow flexitub
Usefull data z - The first 5 days after the Weekend
usefull data site map

I have used Maxicrop and its benefits of using seaweed extracts for the garden are great, and so I asked Mike Garner of Maxicrop to produce the following:-

Post: Maxicrop (UK) Limited, P.O.Box 6027, Corby NN17 1ZH
Telephone: 08700 115 117   Fax: 08700 115 118  
Registered Office: Oakley House, Headway Business Park, 3 Saxon Way West, Corby, Northants NN18 9EZ. Registered in England No. 03818182

Weblink is www.maxicrop.co.uk (click on gardening tab and
then click on Click here to view The Maxicrop Product Range)

Maxicrop Original

The original seaweed extract plant growth stimulant. Approved for organic growing by the Soil Association.
Maxicrop Original helps stimulate natural plant growth and boosts healthy root development. It can help improve seed emergence and establishment, aids rooting, alleviates transplant shock and helps build resistance to pests, diseases and drought stress.
Maxicrop Original can be used on all plant types and can be used on seeds, young plants, at planting out and on mature plants. It can be used all round the garden, including lawns, from early spring right through until the autumn.




Maxicrop Seaweed Meal

This is a dried seaweed, milled into powder form and is approved by the Soil Association for use in organic growing systems.
Seaweed meal helps improve soil condition, supplies minerals and trace elements and can be used to activate compost heaps. It can help make valuable compost, encourages fertiliser uptake and helps increase the plant’s tolerance of pests and disease. Seaweed meal can be used on all garden soils, as a soil conditioner, as well as being used on lawns and compost heaps. Apply anytime from spring to autumn.


Maxicrop Cal-Sea-Feed
This can be used as a sustainable alternative to calcified seaweed and is a blend of seaweed meal and natural calcium compounds. Cal-Sea-Feed helps neutralise acid soils, improves soil structure and supplies minerals. It is formulated to give the benefits of calcified seaweed without the environmental concerns. Approved by the Soil Association.
Cal-Sea-Feed can be used on heavy clay soils, to help improve soil structure and on soils where acidity needs to be reduced. Apply anytime from spring to autumn.


Maxicrop Take Root
Natural seaweed extract rooting liquid and transplant aid. Take Root helps improve survival and rooting of cuttings and transplants. It helps improve root mass, boosts plant survival and health and is approved for organic gardening (Soil Association approved). Take root can be used on all cuttings and transplants.


Maxicrop Compost Maker
A unique liquid formulation, made from natural seaweed and land plant extracts. Compost Maker boosts the activity of naturally occurring composting microbes. This highly efficient liquid application helps produce rich compost in weeks from garden and kitchen waste. Soil Association certified product.


Sea Magic Organics wrote the majority of the following on their website about seaweed:-

The use of seaweed in farming and agriculture has a long history. Seaweed has always been harvested in coastal areas to be used as mulch in vegetable gardens and to supplement feed for animals.

It was not until after World War II that systematic research into the benefits of seaweed took place. Even though seaweed has been researched for over 50 years now, the exact mechanism through which seaweed exerts its positive influence is still not fully known.

Initially, the thought was that the benefits derived from seaweed use were mainly caused by the trace elements.

Seaweed contains all elements. Some in substantial amounts like potassium, but most only in trace amounts. Minerals leach out through the effect of weathering from all landmasses. In the long term these elements invariably find their way into the sea, where they are used by the plants growing there. In seawater you find a natural blend of all the minerals available on earth. Unfortunately seawater contains levels of Sodium Chloride (Salt) that are too high for land-based plants to tolerate in any substantial amount, otherwise seawater would be an ideal fertiliser.

Sandy soils are leached of most of their trace elements and therefore gardeners can have the most potential benefit of using sea minerals in the form of seaweeds and fish. These nutrients are high in the same elements that have been steadily leached and eroded from the soil.

Seaweeds, unlike plants growing in soil, take up the majority of their nutrients from the medium they live in: the seawater. They absorb nutrients directly into their tissues. The 'roots' on seaweed have the main function of anchoring the plant. Seaweed takes up all the trace elements, and stores them in a bio-available, or chelated form. This means that when the breakdown products of seaweed are presented to a plant it will be able to utilise these nutrients. Chelation is a process of incorporating a mineral element in a protein molecule to stop it from reacting with its environment. This means it is in a stable form, and won't react with other elements in the soil, which could make it unavailable to plants.

For most of the trace elements scientists have not worked out exactly what role they play in human, animal or plant nutrition. Until fairly recently only the trace elements Zinc, Iron, Manganese, Molybdenum and Copper were considered to be relevant for human and plant health. Now this list has been expanded to around 20 elements, but the majority of trace elements are still 'irrelevant' according to major nutritionists.

It is not inconceivable that in future the role of more elements might be discovered. The same goes for plant nutrition. The role of most chemical elements is unknown, but supplementation of even the most obscure elements in trace amounts give substantial boosts in yields and in plant health. It is therefore a good idea to provide the widest range of elements to plants that you can think of. Even elements that are considered to be toxic might play an important role if they are provided in trace amounts. In this way seaweed fertilisers act as a 'nutrition insurance', you know that all the trace elements, even the ones you don't know exactly the function of, are provided. Liquid concentrates are usually applied in such limited amounts that there is no fear for toxicity.

Liquid seaweed concentrate is used either as a soil conditioner or as a foliar fertiliser. It can be applied in concentrated form or much diluted. Use of liquid concentrate for soil conditioning gives quick results, but not necessarily long lasting. For problem soils; a seaweed meal might be more beneficial in the longer term. The cost of seaweed meal applications are considerably higher than for concentrate applications, which is a point that has to be taken into consideration for larger gardens.

Liquid extract is used for almost immediate effects. When applied as a foliar spray the nutrients are directly available to the plant, but as a foliar application also causes the plants to increase its uptake of soil nutrients through the roots there is a longer term effect as well.

The importance of trace elements lies mainly in their role in the formation of enzymes. Enzymes play an important role in all living organisms because they act as catalysts, without which many important functions such as the sugar production in plants would not take place. Most enzymes contain an inorganic compound. Often there is just one atom of a metal in the complex molecules with dozens and sometimes hundreds of atoms of Carbon and Hydrogen. Without this one metal atom in each of these enzymes it would not be able to function at all. Without these atoms of metals the enzymes could not function, the organism would not function properly either and start to show signs of disease. Sometimes these elements are only needed in concentrations of 1 in one-million or one in ten-million or even less. They are still needed and if not provided the whole system could be harmed.

Another major component in liquid seaweed extracts are the hormones. The main hormones in seaweed are auxins, gibbelerins, cytokinins and betaines. The roles of these hormones are also essential to plant health. Most of them are required in only very small proportions. They occur naturally. Plants are sometimes able to produce these hormones themselves. There are many different auxins and they all have their specific roles. Their main functions are the balanced control of speed of growth. They have both growth stimulating as well as delaying functions. They stimulate root-growth, prevent bud-forming or opening at the wrong times.

Seaweeds can even play an important role in the production of the plant's own auxins, because the enzymes formed with the help of trace elements from the seaweed often play an important role in the formation of these auxins.

Cytokinins are another powerful group of plant hormones. They initiate and activate basic growth processes. The cytokinins available in seaweed stimulate growth with greater vigour, because they mobilise nutrients in the leaves. They also provide protection from marginal frost (to -3 C). Cytokinins also retard the senescence (aging processes) in the plant.

Betaines play an important role in the osmotic processes in plants. They help to increase the water uptake in plants and are extremely helpful in dry or saline conditions. Betaines are particularly helpful to plants in stress.


Soil conditioner

Seaweed and especially the alginates in the seaweed act as soil-conditioners. The alginates react with metals in the soil and form long and cross-linked polymers in the soil. These polymers improve the crumbing in the soil, and swell up when they get wet, and retain moisture for a long period.


Foliar feeding

Nutrients are absorbed through leaves more speedily than through its roots. A foliar spray can also work as a stimulant for the plant to take the nutrients up through its root system.

Seaweed and /or fish emulsion sprayed on a bed can have an almost instant effect on the health of the plants. A dramatic increase can be achieved overnight.

Many farmers use the fish and/or seaweed as soon as they find the start of a pest infestation. The day after the foliar application the pest have usually disappeared or are not feeding.


Seaweed should not be seen as a panacea for every ill. On some gardens, especially the ones with low pH (Highly Acidic) or extremely low Calcium levels (Peaty soils), there has been hardly any benefit in applying seaweed and fish.

Combining seaweed extracts with fish emulsion

Fish emulsion, with its high Nitrogen content complements seaweed extracts well. Fish emulsion also supplies bulk organic matter, which helps to buffer the nutrients available in seaweed. In combination they provide both the trace elements, main nutrients and essential hormones.

In recent research, fish emulsion by itself has been shown to increase the growth of plants through the stimulation of some bacteria strains. The bacterial and actinomycete isolates were capable of producing auxins, gibberellins and cytokinins and appeared to use fish emulsion as a source of nutrients and precursors for these Plant Growth Regulators( PGR). PGR levels in plants following combined treatments of the bacterial and actinomycete isolates and fish emulsion were found to be significantly enhanced over other treatments. The effect of fish emulsion appeared to be more related to its role as a nutrient base for the bacterial and actinomycete isolates rather than to the increased activity of the general microflora of treated soil. According to the research report this was the first report of fish emulsion as a nutrient base for plant growth promoting rhizobacteria. These results also indicate that the successful treatment can be effective and economical for horticultural production, especially in sandy soils (Khaled A. El-Tarabily: Fish emulsion as a food base for rhizobacteria promoting growth of radish (Raphanus sativus L. var. sativus) in a sandy soil).

At Sea Magic Organics we use mainly shark as input for our liquid fish fertiliser, and use a natural, enzymatic digestive process to hydrolyse the fish. Because we use mainly shark, we have to avoid using the fatty tissues and the livers, as sharks are at the top of the food chain and tend to accumulate the toxins in their livers and in fatty tissue. Our product therefore does not have the thick consistency of other fish emulsions, but as the meat is completely digested the final product is completely liquid and still contains a considerable amount of oil.

The enzymatic digestive process is anaerobic. Because of this the final product has a distinctive anaerobic smell. We are currently working on different microbial cultures that are still anaerobic, but produce a less offensive smell. The process needs to be anaerobic, because in an aerobic process too many nutrients would become volatile, and in an anaerobic environment a substantial content of auxins is preserved/created.

PO Box 251,Coffs Harbour. 2450, Ph 02 6652 3131 • Fax 02 6652 3132, enquiries@seamagic.com.au




In the 16th and 17th centuries, everything had to be transported by ship and it was also before commercial fertilizer's invention, so large shipments of manure were common. 

It  was shipped dry, because in dry form it weighed a lot less than when wet, but once water (at sea) hit it, it not only became heavier, but the  process of fermentation began again; of which a byproduct is methane  gas. As the stuff was stored below decks in bundles you can see what could (and did) happen. 

Methane  began to build up below decks and the first time someone came below at night with a lantern,


Several  ships were destroyed in this manner before it was determined just what was happening.    

After  that, the bundles of manure were always stamped with the term 'Ship High In Transit' on them, which meant for the sailors to stow it high enough off the lower decks so that any water that came into the hold would not touch this volatile cargo and start the production of methane.   

Thus  evolved the term

' S.H.I.T '

(Ship High In Transport) 
, which has come down through the centuries and is in use to this very day.




Useful Data A
Useful Data B
Useful Data C
Useful Data D
Useful Data E
Useful Data F
Useful Data G
Useful Data H
Useful Data I
Useful Data J
Useful Data K
Useful Data L
Useful Data M
Useful Data N
Useful Data O
Useful Data P
Useful Data Q
Useful Data R
Useful Data S
Useful Data T
Useful Data U
Useful Data V
Useful Data W
Useful Data X
Useful Data Y
Useful Data Z
Site Map *

Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines


It is worth remembering that especially with roses that the colour of the petals of the flower may change - The following photos are of Rosa 'Lincolnshire Poacher' which I took on the same day in R.V. Roger's Nursery Field:-


Closed Bud


Opening Bud


Juvenile Flower


Older Juvenile Flower


Middle-aged Flower - Flower Colour in Season in its
Rose Description Page is
"Buff Yellow, with a very slight pink tint at the edges in May-October."


Mature Flower


Juvenile Flower and Dying Flower


Form of Rose Bush

There are 720 roses in the Rose Galleries; many of which have the above series of pictures in their respective Rose Description Page.

So one might avoid the disappointment that the 2 elephants had when their trunks were entwined instead of them each carrying their trunk using their own trunk, and your disappointment of buying a rose to discover that the colour you bought it for is only the case when it has its juvenile flowers; if you look at all the photos of the roses in the respective Rose Description Page!!!!


Plants detailed in this website by
Botanical Name

A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, Q, R, S, T, U,
V, W, X, Y, Z ,
, 2, 3, B, C1, 2,
D, E, F, G, Glad,
H, I, J, K, L1, 2,
M, N, O, P, Q, R,
S, T, U, V, W, XYZ ,
Evergreen Perennial
, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, Q, R, S, T, U,
V, W, X, Y, Z ,
Herbaceous Perennial
, 2, B, C, D, E, F,
G, H, I, J, K, L, M,
N, O, P1, 2, Q, R,
S, T, U, V, W, XYZ,
Diascia Photo Album,
UK Peony Index

Botanical Names,
Common Names ,

will be
compared in:- Flower colour/month
Evergreen Perennial
lower shape Wildflower Flower Shape and
Plant use
Evergreen Perennial Flower Shape,
Bee plants for hay-fever sufferers

Bee-Pollinated Index
Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis, Butterfly Usage
of Plants.
A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, QR, S, T, UV,
Companion Planting
A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, Q, R , S, T,
U ,V, W, X, Y, Z,
Pest Control using Plants
Fern Fern
1000 Ground Cover A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, Q, R, S, T, U,
V, W, XYZ ,
Rock Garden and Alpine Flowers
A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M,
NO, PQ, R, S, T,

Rose Rose Use

These 5 have Page links in rows below
Bulbs from the Infill Galleries (next row), Camera Photos,
Plant Colour Wheel Uses,
Sense of Fragrance, Wild Flower

Case Studies
...Drive Foundations
Ryegrass and turf kills plants within Roadstone and in Topsoil due to it starving and dehydrating them.
CEDAdrive creates stable drive surface and drains rain into your ground, rather than onto the public road.
8 problems caused by building house on clay or with house-wall attached to clay.
Pre-building work on polluted soil.

Companion Planting
to provide a Companion Plant to aid your selected plant or deter its pests


with ground drains

Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed

......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
......Camera photos of Plant supports

Glossary with a tomato teaching cauliflowers
Library of over 1000 books
Offbeat Glossary with DuLally Bird in its flower clock.

...in Chalk
(Alkaline) Soil
......A-F1, A-F2,
......A-F3, G-L, M-R,
......M-R Roses, S-Z
...in Heavy
Clay Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
...in Lime-Free
(Acid) Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
...in Light
Sand Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
...Poisonous Plants.
...Extra Plant Pages
with its 6 Plant Selection Levels

Interaction between 2 Quartz Sand Grains to make soil
How roots of plants are in control in the soil
Without replacing Soil Nutrients, the soil will break up to only clay, sand or silt
Subsidence caused by water in Clay
Use water ring for trees/shrubs for first 2 years.

Tool Shed with 3 kneeling pads
Useful Data with benefits of Seaweed

Topic -
Plant Photo Galleries
If the plant type below has flowers, then the first gallery will include the flower thumbnail in each month of 1 of 6 colour comparison pages of each plant in its subsidiary galleries, as a low-level Plant Selection Process

...by Flower Shape

...Allium/ Anemone
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Gladiolus with its 40 Flower Colours
......European A-E
......European F-M
......European N-Z
......European Non-classified
......American A,
B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M,
N, O, P, Q, R, S,
T, U, V, W, XYZ
......American Non-classified
......Australia - empty
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Each of the above ...Bulb Galleries has its own set of Flower Colour Pages
...Flower Shape
...Bulb Form

...Bulb Use

...Bulb in Soil

Further details on bulbs from the Infill Galleries:-
Hardy Bulbs



...Forcing Lily of the Valley



...Hyacinths in Pots


...Lilium in Pots
...Narcissi in Pots



Half-Hardy Bulbs



Uses of Bulbs:-
...for Bedding
...in Windowboxes
...in Border
...naturalized in Grass
...in Bulb Frame
...in Woodland Garden
...in Rock Garden
...in Bowls
...in Alpine House
...Bulbs in Green-house or Stove:-




...Plant Bedding in

...Bulb houseplants flowering during:-
...Bulbs and other types of plant flowering during:-
...Selection of the smaller and choicer plants for the Smallest of Gardens with plant flowering during the same 6 periods as in the previous selection

Climber in
3 Sector Vertical Plant System
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evergreen
...Heather Shrub
...Heather Index
......Erica: Carnea
......Erica: Cinerea
......Erica: Others
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evergreen

...P -Herbaceous
...Flower Shape
...RHS Wisley
......Mixed Border
......Other Borders
Odds and Sods

...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use - page links in row 6. Rose, RHS Wisley and Other Roses rose indices on each Rose Use page
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Pruning Methods
Photo Index
R 1, 2, 3
Peter Beales Roses
RV Roger

Soft Fruit
Top Fruit

Wild Flower and
Butterfly page links are in next row

Topic -
UK Butterfly:-
...Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly Usage
of Plants.
...Plant Usage by
Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly.

Both native wildflowers and cultivated plants, with these
...Flower Shape,
Uses in USA,
Uses in UK and
Flo Cols / month are used by Butter-flies native in UK

Wild Flower
with its wildflower flower colour page, space,
data page(s).
...Blue Site Map.
Scented Flower, Foliage, Root.
Story of their Common Names.
Use of Plant with Flowers.
Use for Non-Flowering Plants.
Edible Plant Parts.
Flower Legend.
Flowering plants of
Chalk and
Limestone 1
, 2.
Flowering plants of Acid Soil
...Brown Botanical Names.
Food for

...Cream Common Names.
Coastal and Dunes.
Sandy Shores and Dunes.
...Green Broad-leaved Woods.
...Mauve Grassland - Acid, Neutral, Chalk.
...Multi-Cols Heaths and Moors.
...Orange Hedge-rows and Verges.
...Pink A-G Lakes, Canals and Rivers.
...Pink H-Z Marshes, Fens, Bogs.
...Purple Old Buildings and Walls.
...Red Pinewoods.
...White A-D
Shingle Beaches, Rocks and Cliff Tops.
...White E-P Other.
...White Q-Z Number of Petals.
...Yellow A-G
...Yellow H-Z
Poisonous Parts.
...Shrub/Tree River Banks and other Freshwater Margins. and together with cultivated plants in
Colour Wheel.

You know its
a-h, i-p, q-z,
Botanical Names, or Common Names,
Acid Soil,
(Chalk) Soil
Marine Soil,
Neutral Soil,
is a
is a
is a
is a
Sedge, or

Each plant in each WILD FLOWER FAMILY PAGE will have a link to:-
1) its created Plant Description Page in its Common Name column, then external sites:-
2) to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name column,
3) to see photos in its Flowering Months column and
4) to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.
Adder's Tongue
Bog Myrtle
Cornel (Dogwood)
Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
Daisy Cudweeds
Daisy Chamomiles
Daisy Thistle
Daisy Catsears Daisy Hawkweeds
Daisy Hawksbeards
Dock Bistorts
Dock Sorrels
Filmy Fern
Royal Fern
Figwort - Mulleins
Figwort - Speedwells
Grass 1
Grass 2
Grass 3
Grass Soft
Bromes 1

Grass Soft
Bromes 2

Grass Soft
Bromes 3

Jacobs Ladder
Lily Garlic
Marsh Pennywort
Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)
Orchid 1
Orchid 2
Orchid 3
Orchid 4
Clover 1

Clover 2

Clover 3

Peaflower Vetches/Peas
Pink 1
Pink 2
Rannock Rush
Rose 1
Rose 2
Rose 3
Rose 4
Rush Woodrushes
Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
Sea Lavender
Sedge Rush-like
Sedges Carex 1
Sedges Carex 2
Sedges Carex 3
Sedges Carex 4
Tassel Pondweed
Thyme 1
Thyme 2
Umbellifer 1
Umbellifer 2
Water Fern
Water Milfoil
Water Plantain
Water Starwort

Topic -
The following is a complete hierarchical Plant Selection Process

dependent on the Garden Style chosen
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form

Topic -
Flower/Foliage Colour Wheel Galleries with number of colours as a high-level Plant Selection Process

All Flowers 53 with
...Use of Plant and
Flower Shape
- page links in bottom row

All Foliage 53
instead of redundant
...(All Foliage 212)

All Flowers
per Month 12

Bee instead of wind pollinated plants for hay-fever sufferers
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers
per Month

Rock Garden and Alpine Flowers
Rock Plant Flowers 53
A, B, C, D, E, F,
G, H, I, J, K, L,
M, NO, PQ, R, S,
...Rock Plant Photos

Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours
per Month Index

...All Plants Index

Topic -
Use of Plant in your Plant Selection Process

Plant Colour Wheel Uses
1. Perfect general use soil is composed of 8.3% lime, 16.6% humus, 25% clay and 50% sand, and
2. Why you are continually losing the SOIL STRUCTURE so your soil - will revert to clay, chalk, sand or silt.
Uses of Plant and Flower Shape:-
...Foliage Only
...Other than Green Foliage
...Trees in Lawn
...Trees in Small Gardens
...Wildflower Garden
...Attract Bird
...Attract Butterfly
, 2
...Climber on House Wall
...Climber not on House Wall
...Climber in Tree
...Pollution Barrier
...Part Shade
...Full Shade
...Single Flower provides Pollen for Bees
, 2, 3
...Covering Banks
...Patio Pot
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border
...Adjacent to Water
...Bog Garden
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Not Fragrant
...Standard Plant is 'Ball on Stick'
...Upright Branches or Sword-shaped leaves
...Plant to Prevent Entry to Human or Animal
...Coastal Conditions
...Tolerant on North-facing Wall
...Cut Flower
...Potted Veg Outdoors
...Potted Veg Indoors
...Raised Bed Outdoors Veg
...Grow in Alkaline Soil A-F, G-L, M-R,
...Grow in Acidic Soil
...Grow in Any Soil
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Grow Bulbs Indoors

Uses of Bedding
...Bedding Out
...Filling In
...Pots and Troughs
...Window Boxes
...Hanging Baskets
...Spring Bedding
...Summer Bedding
...Winter Bedding
...Foliage instead of Flower
...Coleus Bedding Photos for use in Public Domain 1

Uses of Bulb
...Other than Only Green Foliage
...Bedding or Mass Planting
...Tolerant of Shade
...In Woodland Areas
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Covering Banks
...In Water
...Beside Stream or Water Garden
...Coastal Conditions
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border or Back-ground Plant
...Fragrant Flowers
...Not Fragrant Flowers

...Grow in a Patio Pot
...Grow in an Alpine Trough
...Grow in an Alpine House
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Speciman Plant
...Into Native Plant Garden
...Naturalize in Grass
...Grow in Hanging Basket
...Grow in Window-box
...Grow in Green-house
...Grow in Scree
...Naturalized Plant Area
...Grow in Cottage Garden
...Attracts Butterflies
...Attracts Bees
...Resistant to Wildlife
...Bulb in Soil:-
......Lime-Free (Acid)

Uses of Rose
Rose Index

...Bedding 1, 2
...Climber /Pillar
...Cut-Flower 1, 2
...Exhibition, Speciman
...Grow In A Container 1, 2
...Hedge 1, 2
...Climber in Tree
...Edging Borders
...Tolerant of Poor Soil 1, 2
...Tolerant of Shade
...Back of Border
...Adjacent to Water

Topic -
Camera Photo Galleries showing all 4000 x 3000 pixels of each photo on your screen that you can then click and drag it to your desktop as part of a Plant Selection Process:-

RHS Garden at Wisley

Plant Supports -
When supporting plants in a bed, it is found that not only do those plants grow upwards, but also they expand their roots and footpad sideways each year. Pages
, 2, 3, 8, 11,
12, 13,
Plants 4, 7, 10,
Bedding Plants 5,
Plant Supports for Unknown Plants 5
Clematis Climbers 6,
the RHS does not appear to either follow it's own pruning advice or advice from The Pruning of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers by George E. Brown.
ISBN 0-571-11084-3 with the plants in Pages 1-7 of this folder. You can see from looking at both these resources as to whether the pruning carried out on the remainder of the plants in Pages 7-15 was correct.

Narcissus (Daffodil) 9,
Phlox Plant Supports 14, 15

Coleus Bedding Foliage Trial - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, Index

National Trust Garden at Sissinghurst Castle
Plant Supports -
Pages for Gallery 1

with Plant Supports
1, 5, 10
2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9,
11, 12
Recommended Rose Pruning Methods 13
Pages for Gallery 2
with Plant Supports
Plants 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Dry Garden of
RHS Garden at
Hyde Hall

Plants - Pages
without Plant Supports
Plants 1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Nursery of
Peter Beales Roses
Display Garden

Roses Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Nursery of
RV Roger

Roses - Pages
V76,Z77, 78,

Damage by Plants in Chilham Village - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4

Pavements of Funchal, Madeira
Damage to Trees - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13
for trees 1-54,
14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
for trees 55-95,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, 33, 34, 35,
36, 37,
for trees 95-133,
38, 39, 40,
41, 42, 43, 44, 45,
for trees 133-166

Chris Garnons-Williams
Work Done - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Identity of Plants
Label Problems - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,

Ron and Christine Foord - 1036 photos only inserted so far - Garden Flowers - Start Page of each Gallery
AB1 ,AN14,BA27,

Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens - 1187
A 1, 2, Photos - 43
B 1, Photos - 13
C 1, Photos - 35
D 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7,
Photos - 411
with Plants causing damage to buildings in Chilham Village and Damage to Trees in Pavements of Funchal
E 1, Photos - 21
F 1, Photos - 1
G 1, Photos - 5
H 1, Photos - 21
I 1, Photos - 8
J 1, Photos - 1
K 1, Photos - 1
L 1, Photos - 85
with Label Problems
M 1, Photos - 9
N 1, Photos - 12
O 1, Photos - 5
P 1, Photos - 54
Q 1, Photos -
R 1, 2, 3,
Photos - 229
S 1, Photos - 111
T 1, Photos - 13
U 1, Photos - 5
V 1, Photos - 4
W 1, Photos - 100
with Work Done by Chris Garnons-Williams
X 1 Photos -
Y 1, Photos -
Z 1 Photos -
Articles/Items in Ivydene Gardens - 88
Flower Colour, Num of Petals, Shape and
Plant Use of:-
Rock Garden
within linked page

Topic -
Fragrant Plants as a Plant Selection Process for your sense of smell:-

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an Acid Soil
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants
, 2

Topic -
Website User Guidelines

My Gas Service Engineer found Flow and Return pipes incorrectly positioned on gas boilers and customers had refused to have positioning corrected in 2020.

Useful Data - Subject Link Index

From April 2016, all dogs in the UK will need to be microchipped by law. Anyone who doesn't have their dog microchipped by April 6th will have 21 days to comply or may face a penalty fine of up to £500.


Adonis Blue Egg


Adonis Blue Egg on a leaf

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677


If the very rare Dulally Bird should find a broken link to its crumb of knowledge, please click


I have finally managed to find how to care for this Dulally Bird from

"The Care and Feeding of Stuffed Animals" by Glen Knape, as mentioned in the book "How to Avoid Huge Ships and Other Implausibly Titled Books" by Joel Rickett.

The Bookseller/Diagram Prize for Oddest Title of the Year, originally known as the Diagram Group Prize for the Oddest Title at the Frankfurt Book Fair, commonly known as the Diagram Prize for short, is a humorous literary award that is given annually to the book with the oddest title. The prize is named after the Diagram Group, an information and graphics company based in London, and The Bookseller, a British trade magazine for the publishing industry.


Site design and content copyright ©January 2007. Page structure amended September 2012. Links to anchors rather than pages May 2013. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

All links in Useful Data inserted between January 2007 and February 2013 have been verified in February 2013.

The Bulwer-Lytton Fiction Contest (BLFC) is a tongue-in-cheek contest held annually and is sponsored by the English Department of San Jose State University in San Jose, California. Entrants are invited "to compose the opening sentence to the worst of all possible novels" – that is, deliberately bad.
The contest was started in 1982 by Professor Scott E. Rice of the English Department at San Jose State University and is named for English novelist and playwright Edward George Bulwer-Lytton, author of the much-quoted first line "It was a dark and stormy night". This opening, from the 1830 novel Paul Clifford, continues floridly:

It was a dark and stormy night; the rain fell in torrents, except at occasional intervals, when it was checked by a violent gust of wind which swept up the streets (for it is in London that our scene lies), rattling along the housetops, and fiercely agitating the scanty flame of the lamps that struggled against the darkness.

The first year of the competition attracted just three entries, but it went public the next year, received media attention, and attracted 10,000 entries.

There are now several subcategories, such as detective fiction, romance novels, Western novels, and purple prose. Sentences that are notable but not quite bad enough to merit the Grand Prize or a category prize are awarded Dishonorable Mentions.



Explanation of Structure of this Website with User Guidelines Page for those photo galleries with Photos
(of either ones I have taken myself or others which have been loaned only for use on this website from external sources)


Choose 1 of these different Plant selection Methods:-


1. Choose a plant from 1 of 53 flower colours in the Colour Wheel Gallery.


2. Choose a plant from 1 of 12 flower colours in each month of the year from 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery.


3. Choose a plant from 1 of 6 flower colours per month for each type of plant:-

Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Herbaceous Perennial
Odds and Sods
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Wild Flower


4. Choose a plant from its Flower Shape:-

Shape, Form

Flower Shape


5. Choose a plant from its foliage:-



6. There are 6 Plant Selection Levels including Bee Pollinated Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers in
Plants Topic.




7. when I do not have my own or ones from mail-order nursery photos , then from March 2016, if you want to start from the uppermost design levels through to your choice of cultivated and wildflower plants to change your Plant Selection Process then use the following galleries:-

  • Create and input all plants known by Amateur Gardening inserted into their Sanders' Encyclopaedia from their edition published in 1960 (originally published by them in 1895) into these
    • Stage 1 - Garden Style Index Gallery,
    • Stage 2 - Infill Plants Index Gallery being the only gallery from these 7 with photos (from Wikimedia Commons) ,
    • Stage 3 - All Plants Index Gallery with each plant species in its own Plant Type Page followed by choice from Stage 4a, 4b, 4c and/or 4d REMEMBERING THE CONSTRAINTS ON THE SELECTION FROM THE CHOICES MADE IN STAGES 1 AND 2
    • Stage 4a - 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery,
    • Stage 4b - 12 Foliage Colours per Month Index Gallery with
    • Stage 4c - Cultivation, Position, Use Index Gallery and
    • Stage 4d - Shape, Form Index Gallery
    • Unfortunately, if you want to have 100's of choices on selection of plants from 1000's of 1200 pixels wide by up to 16,300 pixels in length webpages, which you can jump to from almost any of the pages in these 7 galleries above, you have to put up with those links to those choices being on
      • the left topic menu table,
      • the header of the middle data table and on
      • the page/index menu table on the right of every page of those galleries.

There are other pages on Plants which bloom in each month of the year in this website:-




This is how to keep your groceries from falling over when they are in plastic handle bags:-


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