Ivydene Gardens Peaflowers Wild Flower Family Gallery:
Peaflower Family

 

Click on Underlined Text in:-

Common Name to view that Plant Description Page
Botanical Name to link to Plant or Seed Supplier
Flowering Months to view photos
Habitat to view further Natural Habitat details and Botanical Society of the British Isles Distribution Map

Peaflower Family:-

The Peaflower Family is "a large family with highly distinctive individual flowers; of the 5 petals, the broad and often erect upper one is known as the 'standard', the two narrower side ones as the 'wings', and the two central lower ones, which enfold the 10 bundled stamens, as the 'keel'. The seeds are in pod (legume) of varying size but usually in the general pattern of a garden pea or bean. Leaves mostly alternate, but the top pair sometimes almost opposite; usually stalked and trifoliate (trefoil) or pinnate, with stipules at their base." from Collins Pocket Guide to Wild Flowers by David McClintock and R.S.R. Fitter assisted by Francis Rose - ISBN 0 00 219363 9 - Eleventh Impression 1978.

Peaflower Family plant table with its Common Name - Botanical Name. Flowering Months Range. Habitat with link to that Peaflowers Wild Flower Family Gallery:-

Common Name

Botanical Name

Flowering Months

Habitat

Black Medick

(Hop Clover, Nonsuch, Shamrock)

Medicago lupulina

April onwards

An annual or short-lived perennial herb of dry grassland and disturbed places on relatively infertile neutral or calcareous soils; often in sunny S.-facing pastures and on roadside banks, waste places and walls. Its has a long-lived seed bank. Generally lowland, but reaching 440 m at Nenthead (Cumberland).

blackfflomedick

blackfflosmedick

blackffol1medick

blackffor1medick

Flower in June

Flowers from Kidwelly on 13 July

Foliage from Kidwelly on 13 July

Form in August

blackfflo1budmedick

blackfflo2budsmedick

blackffol2medick

blackffor2medick

Flower Bud in June

Flower Buds

Foliage in June

Form in June

Broom

(Common Broom, Scotch Broom)

Sarothamnus scoparius

(Cytisus scoparius)

May-June

C. scoparius subsp. scoparius is an erect shrub of sandy acidic soils, on heaths, open woodland, railway banks, stony riversides and, particularly, on roadside banks and verges where it may often be planted. The prostrate subsp. maritimus grows on western sea-cliffs. Generally lowland, but reaching 640 m in Atholl (E. Perth).

broomfflo

broomfflos

broomffol

broomffor

Flower from Kynance Cove on 19 May

Flowers from Dungeness in Kent in June

Foliage from Kent on 14 May

Form from Dungeness in June

Bur Medick

Medicago minima

May-July

A winter-annual of dry, open, sandy or gravelly places; also occasionally found as a casual, introduced with wool shoddy. Lowland.

burfflomedick

item1d1b

burffol1medick

burffor1medick

Flower from Bedgebury on 18 May

Flowers

Foliage from Bedgebury on 18 May

Form from Bedgebury on 18 May

burffol2medick

burffrumedick

burffor2medick

Foliage in September

Seeds in September

Form in September

Common Melilot

(Ribbed Melilot, Yellow Melilot)

Melilotus officinalis

(Melilotus albus)

June Onwards

A biennial herb, widely naturalised on roadsides, field-borders and grassy banks, but also occurring as a casual on rubbish tips and waste ground. Lowland.

 

commonmelilotfflos1

commonmelilotfflobuds1

commonmelilotfflo1a

 

Flowers in September

Flower Buds in September

Flower in September

commonmelilotffor1

 

Form in July

 

Dyer's GreenWeed

(Genista, Woad Waxen)

Genista tinctoria

June-August

A small deciduous shrub of rough pastures, old meadows, grassy heaths, cliffs, road verges and field edges on heavy soils, usually calcareous to slightly acidic clays. Lowland.

dyersfflo1greenweed

dyersfflosgreenweed

dyersffolgreenweed

dyersfforgreenweed

Flower from Kynance Cove on 19 May

Flowers

Foliage from Kynance Cove in Cornwall on 25 May

Form near Tonbridge in Kent on 15 July

dyersfflo2budsgreenweed

dyersfflo3budsgreenweed

dyersffol1greenweed

dyersffol2greenweed

Flower Buds from Kynance Cove on 19 May

Flower Buds from Kynance Cove on 19 May

Foliage from Kynance Cove on Lizard Peninsula on 19 May

Foliage near Tonbridge in Kent on 15 July

Fenugreek

Trigonella ornithopodiodes

(Trifolium ornithopodioides, Trigonella foenum-graecum)

June-July

An annual which grows on rubbish tips and waste ground, where it arises from bird-seed and spice. Lowland.

fenugreekfflo

fenugreekfflos1

fenugreekffol1

fenugreekffor

Flower from Kent on 31 May

Flowers from Pagham on 30 May

Juvenile Foliage from Kent on 31 May

Form from Pagham in Sussex on 29 May

fenugreekfflos2

fenugreekffol2

fenugreekffol3

Flowers

Foliage from Pagham on 29 May

Mature Foliage from Pagham on 30 May

Golden Melilot

(Tall Yellow Sweetclover, Yellow Medick)

Melilotus altissima

(Melilotus altissimus)

June-August

A biennial or short-lived perennial herb occurring in disturbed grassland and on roadsides, field-borders and waste places. Lowland.

goldenfflomelilot1

goldenfflos1melilot1

goldenfflo1budsmelilot1

goldenfformelilot1

Flower in August

Flowers in August

Flower Buds

Form in August

goldenfflosmelilot1a

 

Flowers in August

 

Gorse

Ulex europaeus

April-June

A shrub of mildly acidic soils, including leached soils on chalk and limestone, and acidic sands and gravels. It occurs in under-grazed pastures, woodland rides, on sea-cliffs and sand dunes, and on waste ground and railways. It is sometimes planted as hedges or game-shelter, and on roadsides. Generally lowland, but reaching 640 m on Carnedd Dafydd (Caerns.).

gorsefflo

gorsefflos

gorseffol

gorseffor

Flower from Fishguard on 14 July

Flowers

Foliage

Form on Dartmoor in May

Hairy Greenweed

Genista pilosa

May-June

A low, usually prostrate, shrub growing mainly on rocky cliff-tops in maritime grassland or heath. It also grows in limestone grassland in Brecon, on rock ledges in the Cadair Idris range, and formerly on dry heaths in S. England. Generally lowland, but reaching 710 m on Cadair Idris (Merioneth).

hairyfflogreenweed

item2f1b

hairyffolgreenweed

hairyfforgreenweed

Flower from Kynance Cove in Cornwall on 25 May

Flowers

Foliage from Kynance Cove on 25 May

Form from Kynance Cove on 25 May

Lesser Gorse

(Dwarf Furze, Dwarf Gorse, Small Furze)

Ulex minor

July onwards

A small, sometimes procumbent shrub of heaths on free-draining acidic, nutrient-poor soils over podsolised sands and gravels, and occasionally over superficial deposits overlying chalk. In heathland areas it can persist as an under-storey shrub in scrub and secondary woodland. It also occurs on undergrazed heathy pastures and, rarely, on wet heaths. Lowland.

lesserfflogorse

lesserfflosgorse

lesserffolgorse

lesserfforgorse

Flower from Frant in September

Flowers from Frant on 21 September

Foliage from Frant on 21 September

Form from Frant on 12 September

Lucerne

(Alfalfa)

Medicago sativa

(Medicago sativa subsp. sativa)

June onwards

A deep-rooted perennial herb naturalised on field margins, tracksides, rough grassland and waste ground. Lowland.

lucernefflo1

lucernefflos1

lucernefflos2

lucerneffor

Flower

Flowers

Flowers

Form in August

lucernefflos4

lucernefflo1buds

lucernefflo2buds

lucernefflo3buds

Flowers

Flower Buds

Flower Buds

Flower Buds

lucernefflo2

lucerneffru1

lucerneffru2

lucerneffrus

White Flower

Seed Pod from White Lucerne in Dartford

Seed Pod from White Lucerne in Dartford

Seed Pods from White Lucerne in Dartford

lucernefflos3a

 

 

White Flowers

 

 

Petty Whin

(Needle Furze)

Genista anglica

May-July

A small spiny shrub, found in the lowlands on relatively humid grass heaths and around the drier fringes of bogs. In upland areas it occurs in heathy, damp, unimproved pastures. Predominantly lowland but reaching 730 m in Atholl (E. Perth).

pettyfflowhin

pettyffloswhin

pettyffolwhin

pettyfforwhin

Flower from Hothfield in Kent on 29 May

Flowers from Hothfield on 29 May

Foliage

Form

Rest-Harrow

(Common Restharrow)

Ononis repens

July-September

A rhizomatous perennial sub-shrub, widespread in grasslands on base-rich, well-drained, light soils, and also on calcareous boulder-clays. On the coast it occurs on sand dunes and shingle, and inland it is frequently a colonist of sandy or gravelly road verges. 0-365 m (Weardale, Co. Durham).

restharrowfflo1

restharrowfflos

restharrowffor

Flower

Flowers from Oxwich Burrows on 11 July

restharrowfflo2

restharrowfflo3

Flower from Oxwich Burrows on 11 July

Flower from Oxwich Burrows on 11 July

Form from Sandwich in Kent

Scottish Lupin

(Alaskan Lupin, Nootka Lupine)

Lupinus nootkatensis

May-July

A perennial herb, found on river shingles and river banks in mainland Scotland, and streamsides in Orkney and Shetland. It has also been deliberately planted at some sites to improve nitrogen-poor upland soils. Reproduction is by seed; it is often well-naturalised and can be locally abundant. 0-340 m (Spittal of Glenshee, E. Perth).

item1d1e

scottishffloslupin

item2e1e

scottishfforlupin

Flower

Flowers from Strath Glass on 19 June

Foliage

Form from Strath Glass on 19 June

Sickle Medick

(Yellow Medick)

Medicago falcata

(Medicago sativa subsp. falcata)

June onwards

A perennial herb of grassy heaths, sea-walls, roadsides and tracks, chiefly found on calcareous soils and sands. It is often confined to the rear of roadside verges as it is sensitive to mowing. Lowland.

sicklefflo1medick

sicklefflosmedick

sickleffolmedick

Flower from Rochester

Flowers from Maidstone

Foliage

sickleffor1medick

sickleffor2medick

Form from Maidstone in Kent

Form from Rochester in Kent

Sickle Medick Varia

(Lucerne Hybrid, Sand Lucerne)

Medicago x varia

June onwards

An annual or perennial herb, arising as a fertile hybrid between M. sativa subsp. sativa and M. sativa subsp. falcata, which is now established in many grassy and sandy places. Hybrid seed from Germany, called `Grimm` Lucerne, is also grown as a fodder crop. Lowland.

sicklemedicfflo1varia

sicklemedicfflo2varia

sicklemedicfflosvaria

item2f1b12d

Flower

Flower

Flowers

Form

Small-Flowered Melilot

(Small Melilot)

Melilotus indicus

(Melilotus parviflorus)

June-September

An annual usually occurring as a casual on waste ground and rubbish tips, and sometimes on cultivated ground. It is principally an alien of wool shoddy and bird-seed. Lowland

Small Rest-Harrow

Ononis reclinata

May-June and occasionally later

An annual of thin, dry, calcareous soils with a low organic content, especially on S.- or S.W.-facing coastal cliffs of limestone and, in Scotland, greywacke. In the Channel Islands it occurs in consolidated dune turf. Populations often fluctuate in size, sometimes very markedly. Lowland

Spiny Rest-Harrow

Ononis spinosa

July-September

A woody perennial of infertile calcareous grasslands on chalk, limestone and heavy calcareous clay soils. It also occurs on the coast in grazing marshes and on earthen sea-walls. Lowland.

spinyfflosrestharrow

spinyfforrestharrow

Flowers

Form

Spotted Medick

Medicago arabica

April-September

A winter-annual of grassy places, often on light, sandy and gravelly soils, particularly near the coast. It grows as a weed in lawns and frequently occurred as a casual in fields manured with wool shoddy. It is able to persist as small plants in mown lawns, and can grow as very robust plants in nutrient-rich habitats. Lowland.

spottedfflomedick

spottedfflosmedick

spottedffor1medick

Flower from Borough Green on 30 April

Flowers in June

Form in June

spottedffol2medick

spottedffol3medick

spottedffor2medick

Foliage from Borough Green on 30 April

Foliage from Borough Green on 30 April

Form in June

spottedffol1stemmedick1

 

 

Stem

 

 

Toothed Medic

Medicago hispida

(Medicago polymorpha)

May-September

An annual found in open sandy and gravelly habitats by the coast. It occurs in short, open grassland on summer-parched banks and cliffs with other annuals, particularly in S.W. England. Inland, like other Medicago species, it occurs as a casual, especially with wool shoddy. Lowland.

Tree Lupin

Lupinus arboreus

May-August

A short-lived, semi-evergreen shrub, widely planted on sand dunes and (in Cornwall) on china-clay tips, where it can cover large areas by virtue of its copiously produced seed, which is long-lived. It also occurs on roadsides and railway banks and in waste places. Lowland.

treefflolupin

treeffloslupin

treeffollupin

treefforlupin

Flower

Flowers

Foliage in June

Form from Lydd in Kent on 29 May

Western Gorse

(Gallic Gorse)

Ulex gallii

July onwards

A shrub of heaths on infertile acidic soils, including leached soils overlying chalk and limestone; also found on sea-cliffs, in under-grazed or abandoned pastures, and on scrubby banks and waste ground. Generally lowland, but reaching 670 m in Macgillycuddy`s Reeks (S. Kerry).

White Melilot

Melilotus alba

(Melilotus albus, Melilotus officinalis ssp albus)

July onwards

An annual or biennial herb principally occurring as a casual on waste or disturbed ground, in railway sidings and by roadsides. Generally lowland, but reaching 335 m near Brassington (Derbys.).

whitefflo1melilot

whitefflosmelilot

whiteffor1melilot

whiteffor2melilot

Flower in August

whitefflo2melilot

Flower in August

Flowers in August

Form in August

Form from Shorne

 

UKButterflies Larval Foodplants website page lists the larval foodplants used by British butterflies. The name of each foodplant links to a Google search. An indication of whether the foodplant is a primary or secondary food source is also given.

Please note that the Butterfly you see for only a short time has grown up on plants as an egg, caterpillar and chrysalis for up to 11 months, before becoming a butterfly. If the plants that they live on during that time are removed, or sprayed with herbicide, then you will not see the butterfly.
 

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery.

Some UK native butterflies eat material from UK Native Wildflowers and live on them as eggs, caterpillars (Large Skipper eats False Brome grass - Brachypodium sylvaticum - for 11 months from July to May as a Caterpillar before becoming a Chrysalis within 3 weeks in May) chrysalis or butterflies ALL YEAR ROUND.
Please leave a small area in your garden for wildflowers to grow without disturbance throughout the year for the benefit of butterflies, moths and other wildlife who are dependant on them.

Butterfly
Usage of Plants
by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly

 

Topic -
Plant Photo Galleries for Wildflowers

There are 180 families in the Wildflowers of the UK and they have been split up into 22 Galleries to allow space for up to 100 plants per gallery.

Each plant named in each of the Wildflower Family Pages may have a link to:-

its Plant Description Page in its Common Name in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries and will have links

to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name,

to see photos in its Flowering Months and

to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.

 

Wild Flower Gallery
with its
flower colour comparison page,
space,
Site Map page in its flower colour
NOTE Gallery:-
...Blue Note
...Brown Note
...Cream Note
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note

Each of the above 17 Flower Colour Comparison Pages compares the wildflowers with that flower colour in the top section using the thumbnails of the ones that I have. This is followed by a list of all the Wildflowers of the UK that have that same flower colour. Then, in the right hand table is the list of Wildflowers of the UK with that habitat as shown below:-

White A-D
and
Habitats of Saltmarshes, Beaches, Rocks and Cliff Tops

White E-P
and
Other Habitats

White Q-Z
and
Number of Petals
Cream
and
Coastal Sandy Shores and Dunes
Yellow A-G
and
Pollinator

Yellow H-Z
and
Poisonous Plants
Orange
and
Habitat of Hedgerows and Road Verges
Red
and
Habitat of Pinewoods
Pink A-G
and
Habitats of Lakes, Canals and Rivers

Pink H-Z
and
Habitats of Marshes, Fens and Bogs
Mauve
and
Habitat of Grassland - Acid, Neutral or Chalk
Purple
and
Habitats of Old Buildings and Walls
Blue
and
Flower Legend
Green
and
Habitat of Broad-leaved Woods
Brown
and
Food for Butterfly / Moth
Multi-Coloured
and
Habitats of Heaths and Moors
Shrub and Small Tree
and
Habitats of River Banks and Other Freshwater Margins

Seed 1
and
Scented Flower, Foliage or Root

Seed 2
and
Story of Their Common Names

Non-Flower Plants and
Non-Flowering Plant Use

Introduction
and
Edible Plant Parts

Site Map
and
Use of Plant

 

You can find the wild flower in one of the 23 Wild Flower Galleries or the Colour Wheel
Gallery

If

you know its name, use
Wild Flower Plant Index a-h,
Wild Flower Plant Index i-p or
Wild Flower Plant Index q-z

you know which habitat it lives in,
use
Wild Flowers on
Acid Soil
Habitat Table,
on Calcareous
(Chalk) Soil
,
on Marine Soil,
on Neutral Soil,
is a Fern,
is a Grass,
is a Rush, or
is a Sedge

you know which family it belongs to, use
Wild Flower Family Pages menu below
 

Wild Flower Family Page

(the families within "The Pocket Guide to Wild Flowers" by David McClintock & R.S.R. Fitter, Published in 1956 are not in Common Name alphabetical order and neither are the common names of the plants detailed within each family. These families within that book will have their details described as shown in the next column starting from page 1 in February 2017 until all the families have been completed on page 307.

This may take a few months of my time before I get to the Adder's Tongue Family on page 307.

The information in the above book is back-referenced to the respective page in "Flora of the British Isles" by A.R. Clapham of University of Sheffield,
T.G. Tutin of University College, Leicester and
E.F. Warburg of University of Oxford printed by Cambridge at the University Press in 1952 for each plant in all the families)

followed by

No. of Plants of that Family

that have a row with their details in their flower colour in this central data table;

and then

the relevant entries in the Habitat Index Pages and other characteristics in other Index Pages in the Page Menu / Index Table on the left
(with over-flow in another table below the flower colour in the central data table and then onto
continuation pages)

within this gallery

Adder's Tongue

Amaranth

Arrow-Grass

Arum

Balsam

Bamboo

Barberry 2

Bedstraw

Beech

Bellflower

Bindweed

Birch

Birds-Nest

Birthwort

Bogbean

Bog Myrtle

Borage

Box

Broomrape

Buckthorn

Buddleia

Bur-reed

Buttercup 45

Butterwort

Cornel (Dogwood)

Crowberry

Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1

Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2

Cypress

Daffodil

Daisy

Daisy Cudweeds

Daisy Chamomiles

Daisy Thistle

Daisy Catsears

Daisy Hawkweeds

Daisy Hawksbeards

Daphne

Diapensia

Dock Bistorts

Dock Sorrels

Clubmoss

Duckweed

Eel-Grass

Elm

Filmy Fern

Horsetail

Polypody

Quillwort

Royal Fern

Figwort - Mulleins

Figwort - Speedwells

Flax

Flowering-Rush

Frog-bit

Fumitory 3

Gentian

Geranium

Glassworts

Gooseberry

Goosefoot

Grass 1

Grass 2

Grass 3

Grass Soft Bromes 1

Grass Soft Bromes 2

Grass Soft Bromes 3

Hazel

Heath

Hemp

Herb-Paris

Holly

Honeysuckle

Horned-Pondweed

Hornwort 2

Iris

Ivy

Jacobs Ladder

Lily

Lily Garlic

Lime

Lobelia

Loosestrife

Mallow

Maple

Mares-tail

Marsh Pennywort

Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)

Mesem-bryanthemum

Mignonette

Milkwort

Mistletoe

Moschatel

Naiad

Nettle

Nightshade

Oleaster

Olive

Orchid 1

Orchid 2

Orchid 3

Orchid 4

Parnassus-Grass

Peaflower

Peaflower Clover 1

Peaflower Clover 2

Peaflower Clover 3

Peaflower Vetches/Peas

Peony 1

Periwinkle

Pillwort

Pine

Pink 1

Pink 2

Pipewort

Pitcher-Plant

Plantain

Pondweed

Poppy 9

Primrose

Purslane

Rannock Rush

Reedmace

Rockrose

Rose 1

Rose 2

Rose 3

Rose 4

Rush

Rush Woodrushes

Saint Johns Wort

Saltmarsh Grasses

Sandalwood

Saxifrage

Seaheath

Sea Lavender

Sedge Rush-like

Sedges Carex 1

Sedges Carex 2

Sedges Carex 3

Sedges Carex 4

Spindle-Tree

Spurge

Stonecrop

Sundew

Tamarisk

Tassel Pondweed

Teasel

Thyme 1

Thyme 2

Umbellifer 1

Umbellifer 2

Valerian

Verbena

Violet

Water Fern

Waterlily 3

Water Milfoil

Water Plantain

Water Starwort

Waterwort

Willow

Willow-Herb

Wintergreen

Wood-Sorrel

Yam

Yew

Total 65

 

Plants used by the Butterflies follow the Plants used by the Egg, Caterpillar and Chrysalis as stated in
A Butterfly Book for the Pocket by Edmund Sandars.
Published by Oxford University Press London: Humphrey Milford in 1939.
 

Plant Name

Butterfly Name

Egg/ Caterpillar/ Chrysalis/ Butterfly

Plant Usage

Plant Usage Months

Alder Buckthorn

Brimstone

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg under leaf.

Eats leaves.
---

10 days in May-June
28 days.
12 days.

Aspen

Large Tortoiseshell

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches encircling the branch of the food plant.
Feeds on leaves.
Hangs suspended from stem.

Hatches after 18-22 days in April.
30 days in May
9 days in June.

Black Medic

Common Blue

Egg,

Caterpillar


Chrysalis

Groups of eggs on upper side of leaf.
Eats buds and flowers.


Base of food plant.

-
-
Spend winter at the base of the food plant. They resume feeding in March.
2 weeks

Common Birdsfoot Trefoil

Chalk-Hill Blue

Egg,
Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg at base of plant.
Eats leaves.
---

Late August-April
April-June
1 Month

Common Birdsfoot Trefoil

Common Blue

Egg,

Caterpillar


Chrysalis

Groups of eggs on upper side of leaf.
Eats buds and flowers.


Base of food plant.

-
-
Spend winter at the base of the food plant. They resume feeding in March.
2 weeks

Common Birdsfoot Trefoil

Wood White

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg laid on underside of leaflets or bracts.
Eats leaves.
---

7 days in June.

32 days in June-July.
July-May.

Bitter Vetch

Wood White

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg laid on underside of leaflets or bracts.
Eats leaves.
---

7 days in June.

32 days in June-July.
July-May.

Borage

Queen of Spain Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar


Chrysalis

1 egg laid under the leaf or on top of the flower.
Eats leaves, then before pupating it eats the bloom and leaves of the pansies.
---

7 days in August.

23 days in August-September.

3 weeks in September

Bramble

Holly Blue

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

 

1 egg on underside of a flower bud on its stalk.
Eats flower bud.
---

 

7 days.

28-42 days.
18 days. Early September to Late April for second generation.

Buckthorn

Holly Blue

Egg,


Caterpillar
Chrysalis

 

1 egg on underside of a flower bud on its stalk.
Eats flower bud.
---


 

7 days.


28-42 days.
18 days. Early September to Late April for second generation.

Buckthorn -
Alder Buckthorn and Common Buckthorn

Brimstone

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg under leaf.

Eats leaves.
---

10 days in May-June.

28 days.
12 days.

Burdocks

Painted Lady

Egg,
Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg on leaf.
Eats leaves.
---

2 weeks
7-11days
7-11 days

Cabbages - Large White eats all cruciferous plants, such as cabbages, mustard, turnips, radishes, cresses, nasturtiums, wild mignonette and dyer's weed

Large White
 

Egg,


Caterpillar
Chrysalis

40-100 eggs on both surfaces of leaf.

Eats leaves.
---
 

May-June and August-Early September. 4.5-17 days.
30-32 days
14 days for May-June eggs, or overwinter till April

Cabbages

Small White

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg on underside of leaf.

Eats leaves.
---
 

May-June and August. 7 days.
28 days
21 days for May-June eggs, or overwinter till March

Cabbages:-
Charlock,
Cuckoo Flower (Lady's Smock),
Hedge-Mustard,
Garlic-Mustard,
Yellow Rocket (Common Winter-Cress),
Watercress

Green-veined White

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis


 

1 egg on underside of leaf.

Eats leaves.
---


 

July or August; hatches in 3 days.
16 days.
14 days in July or for caterpillars of August, they overwinter till May.

Cabbages:-
Charlock,
Creeping Yellow-cress,
Cuckoo Flower (Lady's Smock),
Dame's Violet,
Hedge-Mustard,
Horseradish,
Garlic-Mustard,
Lady's Smock,
Large Bittercress,
Rock-cress (Common Winter-Cress),
Yellow Rocket (Common Winter-Cress),
Watercress,
Wild Turnip

Orange Tip

Egg,

Caterpillar

Chrysalis

1 egg laid in the tight buds and flowers.
Eats leaves, buds, flowers and especially the seed pods.
---

May-June 7 days.

June-July 24 days.

August-May

Cherry with
Wild Cherry,
Morello Cherry and
Bird Cherry

Large Tortoiseshell

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches encircling the branch of the food plant.
Feeds on leaves.
Hangs suspended from stem.

Hatches after 18-22 days in April.
30 days in May.
9 days in June.

Clovers 1, 2, 3

Common Blue

Egg,

Caterpillar


Chrysalis

Groups of eggs on upper side of leaf.
Eats buds and flowers.


Base of food plant.

-
-
Spend winter at the base of the food plant. They resume feeding in March.
2 weeks.

Clovers 1, 2, 3

Pale Clouded Yellow

Egg,
Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg on leaf.
Eats leaves.

 

10 days in May-June.
July-August.
17 days in August-September.

Clovers 1, 2, 3

Clouded Yellow

Egg,
Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg on leaf.
Eats leaves.
 

6 days in May-June.
30 days.
18 days in July-August.

Cocksfoot is a grass

Large Skipper

Egg,
Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg under leaf.
Eats leaves.
---


11 Months
3 weeks from May

Cow-wheat

(Common CowWheat, Field CowWheat)

Heath Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar



Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches on the under side of the leaves.
Feeds on leaves until end of August. Hibernates on dead leaves until March. Eats young leaves until June.
---

Hatches after 16 days in June.
June-April



25 days in June.

Currants
(Red Currant,
Black Currant and Gooseberry)

Comma

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

Groups of eggs on upper side of leaf.
Eats leaves.
---

 

Devilsbit Scabious

Marsh Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar



Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches on the under side of the leaves.
Feeds on leaves until late August. Hibernates on dead leaves until March. Eats leaves until May.
---

Hatches after 20 days in July.
July-May.



15 days in May.

Dog Violet with
Common Dog Violet,
Heath Dog Violet and
Wood Dog Violet

Silver-washed Fritillary

Egg,
Caterpillar



Chrysalis

1 egg on oak or pine tree trunk
Hibernates in a crevice in the bark of the tree trunk.
Moves out of tree to eat Dog Violet leaves.
On rock or twig.

15 days in July.
August-March.

March-May.

Late June-July

Dog Violet with
Common Dog Violet,
Heath Dog Violet and
Wood Dog Violet

Pearl-bordered Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar



Chrysalis

1 egg on leaf or stem.

Feeds on leaves until July. Hibernates on dead leaves until March. Eats young leaves until May.
---

Hatches after 15 days in May-June.
July-May.



9 days in June.

Dog Violet with
Common Dog Violet,
Heath Dog Violet and
Wood Dog Violet

Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar



Chrysalis

1 egg on leaf or stem.

Feeds on leaves until July. Hibernates in dead leaves until March. Eats young leaves until April.
---

Hatches after 10 days in May-June.
June-April



April-June.

Dogwood

Holly Blue

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

 

1 egg on underside of a flower bud on its stalk.
Eats flower bud.
---

 

7 days.

28-42 days.
18 days. Early September to Late April for second generation.

Elm and Wych Elm

Large Tortoiseshell

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches encircling the branch of the food plant.
Feeds on leaves.
Hangs suspended from stem.

Hatches after 18-22 days in April.
30 days in May.
9 days in June.

False Brome is a grass (Wood Brome, Wood False-brome and Slender False-brome)

Large Skipper

Egg,
Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg under leaf.
Eats leaves.
---

...
11 Months
3 weeks from May

Foxglove

Marsh Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar



Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches on the under side of the leaves.
Feeds on leaves until late August. Hibernates on dead leaves until March. Eats leaves until May.
---

Hatches after 20 days in July.
July-May



15 days in May.

Fyfield Pea

Wood White

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg laid on underside of leaflets or bracts.
Eats leaves.
---

7 days in June.

32 days in June-July.
July-May.

Garden Pansy

Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar


Chrysalis

1 egg on leaf or stem.
Feeds on leaves until July. Hibernates in dead leaves until March. Eats young leaves until April.
---

Hatches after 10 days in May-June.
June-April


April-June.

Gorse

Holly Blue

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

 

1 egg on underside of a flower bud on its stalk.
Eats flower bud.
---

 

7 days.

28-42 days.
18 days. Early September to Late April for second generation.

Heartsease

Queen of Spain Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar


Chrysalis

1 egg laid under the leaf or on top of the flower.
Eats leaves, then before pupating it eats the bloom and leaves of the pansies.
---

7 days in August.

23 days in August-September.

3 weeks in September

Hogs's Fennel

Swallowtail

Egg,


Caterpillar


Chrysalis

1 egg on leaf. 5 or 6 eggs may be deposited by separate females on one leaf.
Eats leaves, and moves to stems of sedges or other fen plants before pupating.
---

14 days in July-August.


August-September.


September-May.

Holly

Holly Blue

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

 

1 egg on underside of a flower bud on its stalk.
Eats flower bud.
---

 

7 days.

28-42 days.
18 days. Early September to Late April for second generation.

Honesty
(Lunaria biennis)

Orange Tip

Egg,

Caterpillar

Chrysalis

1 egg laid in the tight buds and flowers.
Eats leaves, buds, flowers and especially the seed pods.
---

May-June 7 days.

June-July 24 days.

August-May

Honeysuckle

Marsh Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar



Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches on the under side of the leaves.
Feeds on leaves until late August. Hibernates on dead leaves until March. Eats leaves until May.
---

Hatches after 20 days in July.
July-May.



15 days in May.

Hop

Comma

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

Groups of eggs on upper side of leaf.
Eats leaves.
---

 

Horseshoe vetch

Adonis Blue




Chalk-Hill Blue


Berger's Clouded Yellow

Egg,
Caterpillar

Chrysalis

Egg,
Caterpillar
Chrysalis

Egg,


Caterpillar

Chrysalis

1 egg under leaf.
Eats leaves.

---

1 egg at base of plant.
Eats leaves.
---

1 egg on leaf.


Eats leaves.

---

1 then
June-March or September to July
3 weeks.

Late August-April.
April-June
1 Month

8-10 days in Late May-June or Middle August-September
June-July or September to October
8-15 days

Ivy

Holly Blue

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

 

1 egg on underside of a flower bud on its stalk.
Eats flower bud.
---

 

7 days.

28-42 days.
18 days. Early September to Late April for second generation.

Kidney Vetch

Chalk-Hill Blue

Egg,
Caterpillar
Chrysalis
Butterfly

1 egg at base of plant.
Eats leaves.
---
Eats nectar.

Late August-April.
April-June
1 Month
20 days

Lucerne

Pale Clouded Yellow



Clouded Yellow

Egg,
Caterpillar
Chrysalis


Egg,
Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg on leaf.
Eats leaves.



1 egg on leaf.
Eats leaves.
---

10 days in May-June.
July-August.
17 days in August-September.

6 days in May-June.
30 days.
18 days in July-August.

Mallows

Painted Lady

Egg,
Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg on leaf.
Eats leaves.
---

2 weeks
7-11days
7-11 days

Melilot

Clouded Yellow

Egg,
Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg on leaf.
Eats leaves.
 

6 days in May-June.
30 days.
18 days in July-August.

Mignonettes

Small White

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg on underside of leaf.

Eats leaves.
---
 

May-June and August. 7 days.
28 days
21 days for May-June eggs, or overwinter till March

Milk Parsley

Swallowtail

Egg,


Caterpillar


Chrysalis

1 egg on leaf. 5 or 6 eggs may be deposited by separate females on one leaf.
Eats leaves, and moves to stems of sedges or other fen plants before pupating.
---

14 days in July-August.


August-September


September-May

Narrow-leaved Plantain (Ribwort Plantain)

Heath Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar



Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches on the under side of the leaves.
Feeds on leaves until end of August. Hibernates on dead leaves until March. Eats young leaves until June.
---

Hatches after 16 days in June.
June-April.



25 days in June.

Narrow-leaved Plantain (Ribwort Plantain)

Glanville Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar



Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches on the under side of the leaves.
Feeds on leaves until middle of August. Hibernates on dead leaves until March. Eats leaves until April-May.
---

Hatches after 16 days in June.
June-April.



25 days in April-May.

Nasturtium from Gardens

Small White

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg on underside of leaf.

Eats leaves.
---
 

May-June and August. 7 days.
28 days.
21 days for May-June eggs, or overwinter till March

Oak Tree

Silver-washed Fritillary

Egg,
Caterpillar



Chrysalis

1 egg on tree trunk
Hibernates in a crevice in the bark of the tree trunk.
Moves out of tree to eat Dog Violet leaves.
On rock or twig.

15 days in July.
August-March.

March-May.

Late June-July

Mountain pansy,
Seaside Pansy,
Field Pansy and Cultivated Pansy.
 

Queen of Spain Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar

 

Chrysalis

1 egg laid under the leaf or on top of the flower.
Eats leaves of borage, sainfoin and heartsease, then before pupating it eats the bloom and leaves of the pansies.
---

7 days in August.

23 days in August-September
 

3 weeks in September

Pine Tree

Silver-washed Fritillary

Egg,
Caterpillar



Chrysalis

1 egg on tree trunk.
Hibernates in a crevice in the bark of the tree trunk.
Moves out of tree to eat Dog Violet leaves.
On rock or twig.

15 days in July.
August-March.

March-May.

Late June-July

Plantains

Marsh Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar



Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches on the under side of the leaves.
Feeds on leaves until late August. Hibernates on dead leaves until March. Eats leaves until May.
---

Hatches after 20 days in July.
July-May



15 days in May.

Poplar

Large Tortoiseshell

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches encircling the branch of the food plant.
Feeds on leaves.
Hangs suspended from stem.

Hatches after 18-22 days in April.
30 days in May.
9 days in June.

Restharrow

Common Blue

Egg,

Caterpillar


Chrysalis

Groups of eggs on upper side of leaf.
Eats buds and flowers.


Base of food plant.

-
-
Spend winter at the base of the food plant. They resume feeding in March.
2 weeks

Rock-rose

Brown Argus

Egg,
Caterpillar

1 egg under leaf.
Eats leaves.

 

Sainfoin

Queen of Spain Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar


Chrysalis

1 egg laid under the leaf or on top of the flower.
Eats leaves, then before pupating it eats the bloom and leaves of the pansies.
---

7 days in August.

23 days in August-September

3 weeks in September

Common Sallow (Willows, Osiers)

Large Tortoiseshell

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches encircling the branch of the food plant.
Feeds on leaves.
Hangs suspended from stem

Hatches after 18-22 days in April.
30 days in May.
9 days in June.

Sea Plantain

Glanville Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar



Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches on the under side of the leaves.
Feeds on leaves until middle of August. Hibernates on dead leaves until March. Eats leaves until April-May.
---

Hatches after 16 days in June.
June-April



25 days in April-May.

Snowberry

Holly Blue

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

 

1 egg on underside of a flower bud on its stalk.
Eats flower bud.
---
 

7 days.

28-42 days.
18 days. Early September to Late April for second generation.

Spindle-tree

Holly Blue

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

 

1 egg on underside of a flower bud on its stalk.
Eats flower bud.
---

 

7 days.

28-42 days.
18 days. Early September to Late April for second generation.

Stinging Nettle

Comma




Painted Lady



Peacock

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

Egg
Caterpillar
Chrysalis

Egg,


Caterpillar

Chrysalis

Groups of eggs on upper side of leaf.
Eats leaves.
---

1 egg on leaf.
Eats leaves.
---

Dense mass of 450-500 eggs on the under side of leaves over a 2 hour period.
Eats leaves, and moves to another plant before pupating.
---






2 weeks in June.
7-11 days.
7-11 days.

14 days in April-May.


28 days.

13days.

Storksbill

Brown Argus

Egg,
Caterpillar

1 egg under leaf.
Eats leaves.

 

Thistles

Painted Lady

Egg,
Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg on leaf.
Eats leaves.
---

2 weeks
7-11days
7-11 days

Trefoils 1, 2, 3

Clouded Yellow

Egg,
Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg on leaf.
Eats leaves.
 

6 days in May-June.
30 days.
18 days in July-August.

Vetches

Common Blue

Egg,

Caterpillar


Chrysalis

Groups of eggs on upper side of leaf.
Eats buds and flowers.


Base of food plant.

-
-
Spend winter at the base of the food plant. They resume feeding in March.
2 weeks

Vetches

Wood White

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg laid on underside of leaflets or bracts.
Eats leaves.
---

7 days in June.

32 days in June-July.
July-May.

Violets:-
Common Dog Violet,
Hairy Violet,
Heath Dog-violet

Pale Dog violet
Sweet Violet

Dark Green Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar


Chrysalis

1 egg on underside of leaf or on stalk.
Hibernates where it hatches.
Eats leaves.

Base of food plant.

July-August for 17 days.

Spends winter on plant until end of March. Eats leaves until end of May.
4 weeks.

Violets:-
Common Dog Violet,
Hairy Violet,
Heath Dog-violet

Pale Dog violet
Sweet Violet

High Brown Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar

Chrysalis

1 egg on stem or stalk near plant base.
Feed on young leaves, stalks and stems
---

July to hatch in 8 months in March.
9 weeks ending in May.

4 weeks

Vipers Bugloss

Painted Lady

Egg,
Caterpillar
Chrysalis

1 egg on leaf.
Eats leaves.
---

2 weeks.
7-11days.
7-11 days

Whitebeam
(White Beam)

Large Tortoiseshell

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches encircling the branch of the food plant.
Feeds on leaves.
Hangs suspended from stem.

Hatches after 18-22 days in April.
30 days in May.
9 days in June.

Wild Angelica

Swallowtail

Egg,


Caterpillar


Chrysalis

1 egg on leaf. 5 or 6 eggs may be deposited by separate females on one leaf.
Eats leaves, and moves to stems of sedges or other fen plants before pupating.
---

14 days in July-August.


August-September.


September-May

Willow
(Bay Willow)

Large Tortoiseshell

Egg,

Caterpillar
Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches encircling the branch of the food plant.
Feeds on leaves.
Hangs suspended from stem.

Hatches after 18-22 days in April.
30 days in May.
9 days in June.

Wood-Sage

Marsh Fritillary

Egg,

Caterpillar



Chrysalis

Eggs laid in batches on the under side of the leaves.
Feeds on leaves until late August. Hibernates on dead leaves until March. Eats leaves until May.
---

Hatches after 20 days in July.
July-May.



15 days in May.

 

Plants used by the Butterflies

Plant Name

Butterfly Name

Egg/ Caterpillar/ Chrysalis/ Butterfly

Plant Usage

Plant Usage Months

Asters
in gardens

Comma

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

 

Runner and Broad Beans in fields and gardens

Large White


Small White

Butterfly

Eats nectar

April-June or July-September.

March-May or June-September

Aubretia in gardens

Clouded Yellow

Butterfly

Eats nectar

May-June or August till killed by frost and damp in September-November

Birch

Holly Blue

Butterfly

Eats sap exuding from trunk.

April-Mid June and Mid July-Early September for second generation.

Common Birdsfoot Trefoil

Chalk-Hill Blue

Wood White

Marsh Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

20 days.


May-June.

30 days in May-June.

Bitter Vetch

Wood White

Butterfly

Eats nectar

May-June

Bluebell

Holly Blue




Pearl-bordered Fritillary

Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar

April-Mid June and Mid July-Early September for second generation.


June.



June-August.

Bramble

Comma

Silver-washed Fritillary

High Brown Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

July-October.

7 weeks in July-August.



June-August

Buddleias
in gardens

Comma

Peacock

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

July-October.

July-May

Bugle

Wood White

Pearl-bordered Fritillary

Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary

Heath Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar

May-June.

June.



June-August.



June-July.

Cabbage and cabbages in fields

Large White


Small White


Green-veined White

Orange Tip

Butterfly

Eats nectar

April-June or July-September.

March-May or June-September.

A Month during May-June or second flight in late July-August.

May-June for 18 days.

Charlock

Painted Lady

Butterfly

Eats nectar

July-October

Clovers 1, 2, 3

Adonis Blue



Chalk-Hill Blue

Painted Lady

Peacock

Large White


Small White

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

1 Month during Mid-May to Mid-June or during August-September

20 days in August.


July-October.

July-May.

April-June or July-September.

March-May or June-September

Clovers 1, 2, 3

Pale Clouded Yellow


Clouded Yellow


Berger's Clouded Yellow


Queen of Spain Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar

May-June or August till killed by frost and damp in September-November

May-June or August till killed by frost and damp in September-November.

1 Month in May-June or August till killed by frost and damp in September-November.

May-September.

Cow-wheat
(Common CowWheat, Field CowWheat)

Heath Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar

June-July

Cuckoo Flower (Lady's Smock)

Wood White

Butterfly

Eats nectar

May-June

Dandelion

Holly Blue



Marsh Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar

April-Mid June and Mid July-Early September for second generation.

30 days in May-June.

Fleabanes

Common Blue

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

3 weeks between May and September

Germander Speedwell (Veronica chamaedrys - Birdseye Speedwell)

Heath Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar

June-July

Greater Knapweed

Comma

Peacock

Clouded Yellow


Brimstone

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

July-October.

July-May.

May-June or August till killed by frost and damp in September-November.

12 months

Hawkbit

Marsh Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar

30 days in May-June.

Heartsease

Queen of Spain Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar

May-September

Hedge Parsley

Orange Tip

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

May-June for 18 days.

Hemp agrimony

Comma

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

July-October

Horseshoe vetch

Adonis Blue

Chalk-Hill Blue

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

1 Month.

20 days

Ivy

Painted Lady

Brimstone

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

Hibernates during winter months in its foliage.

July-October.

October-July

Lucerne

Painted Lady

Large White


Small White


Pale Clouded Yellow


Clouded Yellow


Berger's Clouded Yellow

Butterfly

Eats nectar

July-October.

April-June or July-September.

March-May or June-September

May-June or August till killed by frost and damp in September-November.

May-June or August till killed by frost and damp in September-November.

1 Month in May-June or August till killed by frost and damp in September-November

Marigolds in gardens

Clouded Yellow

Butterfly

Eats nectar

May-June or August till killed by frost and damp in September-November

Marjoram

Adonis Blue



Chalk-Hill Blue

Common Blue

Clouded Yellow

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

1 Month during Mid-May to Mid-June or during August-September.

20 days in August.


3 weeks in May-September.

May-June or August till killed by frost and damp in September-November

Michaelmas Daisies
in gardens

Comma

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

July-October

Mignonettes

Large White


Small White

Butterfly

Eats nectar

April-June or July-September.

March-May or June-September

Narrow-leaved Plantain (Ribwort Plantain)

Heath Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar

June-July

Nasturtiums in gardens

Large White


Small White

Butterfly

Eats nectar

April-June or July-September

March-May or June-September

Oak Tree

Holly Blue

Butterfly

Eats sap exuding from trunk.

April-Mid June and Mid July-Early September for second generation.

Primroses

Pearl-bordered Fritillary

Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar

June.



June-August.

Ragged Robin

Wood White

Heath Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar

May-June.

June-July.

Scabious

Painted Lady

Peacock

Butterfly

Eats nectar

July-October.

July-May

Sedum

Peacock

Butterfly

Eats nectar

July-May

Teasels

Silver-washed Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar

7 weeks in July-August.

Thistles -
Creeping Thistle, Dwarf Thistle, Marsh Thistle, Meadow Thistle, Melancholy Thistle, Milk Thistle,
Musk Thistle, Seaside Thistle, Scotch Thistle, Spear Thistle, Tuberous Thistle, Welted Thistle, Woolly Thistle

Comma

Painted Lady

Peacock

Swallowtail

Clouded Yellow


Brimstone

Silver-washed Fritillary

High Brown Fritillary

Dark Green Fritillary

Queen of Spain Fritillary

Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

July-October.

July-October.

July-May.

May-July.

May-June or August till killed by frost and damp in September-November.

12 months.

7 weeks in July-August



June-August.


July-August for 6 weeks.


May-September.



June-August.

Thymes

Common Blue

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

3 weeks between May and September

Trefoils 1, 2, 3

Adonis Blue



Chalk-Hill Blue

Glanville Fritillary

Butterfly

 

Eats nectar.
 

1 Month during Mid-May to Mid-June or during August-September

20 days in August.


June-July

Vetches

Chalk-Hill Blue

Glanville Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar.

20 days in August.


June-July.

Violets

Pearl-bordered Fritillary

Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar

June.



June-August.

Wood-Sage

Heath Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats nectar

June-July

Apple/Pear/Cherry/Plum Fruit Tree Blossom in Spring

Peacock

Butterfly

Eats Nectar

April-May

Rotten Fruit

Peacock

Butterfly

Drinks juice

July-September

Tree sap and damaged ripe fruit, which are high in sugar

Large Tortoiseshell

Butterfly

Hibernates inside hollow trees or outhouses until March. Eats sap or fruit juice until April.

10 months in June-April

Wild Flowers

Large Skipper

Brimstone

Silver-washed Fritillary.

Queen of Spain Fritillary

Butterfly

Eats Nectar

June-August


12 months.

7 weeks in July-August.



May-September

Links to the other Butterflies:-

Black Hairstreak
Brown Hairstreak
Camberwell Beauty
Chequered Skipper
Dingy Skipper
Duke of Burgundy
Essex Skipper
Gatekeeper
Grayling
Green Hairstreak
Grizzled Skipper
Hedge Brown
Large Blue
Large Heath
Long-tailed Blue
Lulworth Skipper
Marbled White
Mazarine Blue
Meadow Brown
Monarch
Northern Brown Argus
Purple Emperor
Purple Hairstreak
Red Admiral
Ringlet
Scotch Argus
Short-tailed Blue
Silver-spotted Skipper
Silver-studded Blue
Small Copper
Small Heath
Small Mountain Ringlet
Small Skipper
Small Tortoiseshell
Speckled Wood
Wall Brown
White Admiral
White-letter Hairstreak

 

Topic -
Case Studies
...Drive Foundations
Ryegrass and turf kills plants within Roadstone and in Topsoil due to it starving and dehydrating them.
CEDAdrive creates stable drive surface and drains rain into your ground, rather than onto the public road.
8 problems caused by building house on clay or with house-wall attached to clay.
Pre-building work on polluted soil.

Companion Planting
...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants
to provide a Companion Plant to aid your selected plant or deter its pests

Garden
Construction

with ground drains
Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed
Borders

......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
......Camera photos of Plant supports
Garden
Maintenance

Glossary with a tomato teaching cauliflowers
Home
Library of over 1000 books
Offbeat Glossary with DuLally Bird in its flower clock.

Plants
...in Chalk
(Alkaline) Soil
......A-F1, A-F2,
......A-F3, G-L, M-R,
......M-R Roses, S-Z
...in Heavy
Clay Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Lime-Free
(Acid) Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Light
Sand Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z.
...Poisonous Plants.
...Extra Plant Pages
with its 6 Plant Selection Levels

Soil
...
Interaction between 2 Quartz Sand Grains to make soil
...
How roots of plants are in control in the soil
...
Without replacing Soil Nutrients, the soil will break up to only clay, sand or silt
...
Subsidence caused by water in Clay
...
Use water ring for trees/shrubs for first 2 years.

Tool Shed with 3 kneeling pads
Useful Data with benefits of Seaweed

 

Topic -
Plant Photo Galleries

If the plant type below has flowers, then the first gallery will include the flower thumbnail in each month of 1 of 6 or 7 flower colour comparison pages of each plant in its subsidiary galleries, as a low-level Plant Selection Process
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
...by Flower Shape



Bulb with its 7 Flower Colours per Month Comparison Pages
...Allium/ Anemone
...Autumn
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Dahlia
...Gladiolus with its 40 Flower Colours
......European A-E
......European F-M
......European N-Z
......Eur Non-classified
......American A
......American B
......American C
......American D
......American E
......American F
......American G
......American H
......American I
......American J
......American K
......American L
......American M
......American N
......American O
......American P
......American Q
......American R
......American S
......American T
......American U
......American V
......American W
......American XYZ
......Ame Non-classified
......Australia - empty
......India
......Lithuania
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Narcissus
...Spring
...Tulip
...Winter
...Each of the above ...Bulb Galleries has its own set of Flower Colour Pages
...Flower Shape
...Bulb Form

...Bulb Use

...Bulb in Soil


Further details on bulbs from the Infill Galleries:-
Hardy Bulbs
...Aconitum
...Allium
...Alstroemeria
...Anemone

...Amaryllis
...Anthericum
...Antholyzas
...Apios
...Arisaema
...Arum
...Asphodeline

...Asphodelus
...Belamcanda
...Bloomeria
...Brodiaea
...Bulbocodium

...Calochorti
...Cyclobothrias
...Camassia
...Colchicum
...Convallaria 
...Forcing Lily of the Valley
...Corydalis
...Crinum
...Crosmia
...Montbretia
...Crocus

...Cyclamen
...Dicentra
...Dierama
...Eranthis
...Eremurus
...Erythrnium
...Eucomis

...Fritillaria
...Funkia
...Galanthus
...Galtonia
...Gladiolus
...Hemerocallis

...Hyacinth
...Hyacinths in Pots
...Scilla
...Puschkinia
...Chionodoxa
...Chionoscilla
...Muscari

...Iris
...Kniphofia
...Lapeyrousia
...Leucojum

...Lilium
...Lilium in Pots
...Malvastrum
...Merendera
...Milla
...Narcissus
...Narcissi in Pots

...Ornithogalum
...Oxalis
...Paeonia
...Ranunculus
...Romulea
...Sanguinaria
...Sternbergia
...Schizostylis
...Tecophilaea
...Trillium

...Tulip
...Zephyranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs
...Acidanthera
...Albuca
...Alstroemeri
...Andro-stephium
...Bassers
...Boussing-aultias
...Bravoas
...Cypellas
...Dahlias
...Galaxis,
...Geissorhizas
...Hesperanthas

...Gladioli
...Ixias
...Sparaxises
...Babianas
...Morphixias
...Tritonias

...Ixiolirions
...Moraeas
...Ornithogalums
...Oxalises
...Phaedra-nassas
...Pancratiums
...Tigridias
...Zephyranthes
...Cooperias

Uses of Bulbs:-
...for Bedding
...in Windowboxes
...in Border
...naturalized in Grass
...in Bulb Frame
...in Woodland Garden
...in Rock Garden
...in Bowls
...in Alpine House
...Bulbs in Greenhouse or Stove:-
...Achimenes
...Alocasias
...Amorpho-phalluses
...Arisaemas
...Arums
...Begonias
...Bomareas
...Caladiums

...Clivias
...Colocasias
...Crinums
...Cyclamens
...Cyrtanthuses
...Eucharises
...Urceocharis
...Eurycles

...Freesias
...Gloxinias
...Haemanthus
...Hippeastrums

...Lachenalias
...Nerines
...Lycorises
...Pencratiums
...Hymenocallises
...Richardias
...Sprekelias
...Tuberoses
...Vallotas
...Watsonias
...Zephyranthes

...Plant Bedding in
......Spring

......Summer
...Bulb houseplants flowering inside House during:-
......January
......February
......March
......April
......May
......June
......July
......August
......September
......October
......November
......December
...Bulbs and other types of plant flowering during:-
......Dec-Jan
......Feb-Mar
......Apr-May
......Jun-Aug
......Sep-Oct
......Nov-Dec
...Selection of the smaller and choicer plants for the Smallest of Gardens with plant flowering during the same 6 periods as in the previous selection


Climber in
3 Sector Vertical Plant System
...Clematis
...Climbers
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evgr
...Heather Shrub
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evgr
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous
Perennial

...P -Herbaceous
...Peony
...Flower Shape
...RHS Wisley
......Mixed Border
......Other Borders
Herb
Odds and Sods
Rhododendron

Rose
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use - page links in row 6. Rose, RHS Wisley and Other Roses rose indices on each Rose Use page
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Pruning Methods
Photo Index
R 1, 2, 3
Peter Beales Roses
RV Roger
Roses

Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
...Apple

...Cherry
...Pear
Vegetable
Wild Flower and
Butterfly page links are in next row


Topic -
Butterflies in the UK mostly use native UK wildflowers.

Butterfly Species.

Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly Usage
of Plants.

Plant Usage by
Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly.

Wild Flower
with its
flower colour page,
space,
Site Map page in its flower colour NOTE Gallery
...Blue Note
...Brown Botanical Names
...Cream Common Names
...Green Note
...Mauve Note
...Multi-Cols Note
...Orange Note
...Pink A-G Note
...Pink H-Z Note
...Purple Note
...Red Note
...White A-D Note
...White E-P Note
...White Q-Z Note
...Yellow A-G Note
...Yellow H-Z Note
...Shrub/Tree Note

Poisonous
Wildflower Plants.


You know its name, use
Wild Flower Plant Index a-h, i-p, q-z.
You know which habitat it lives in, use
on
Acid Soil,
on
Calcareous
(Chalk) Soil
,
on
Marine Soil,
on
Neutral Soil,
is a
Fern,
is a
Grass,
is a
Rush, or
is a
Sedge.
You have seen its flower, use Comparison Pages containing Wild Flower Plants and Cultivated Plants in the
Colour Wheel Gallery.

Each plant named in each of the 180 Wildflower Family Pages within their 23 Galleries may have a link to:-
1) its Plant Description Page in its Common Name column in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries and will have links,
2) to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name column,
3) to see photos in its Flowering Months column and
4) to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.

WILD FLOWER FAMILY PAGE MENU
(o)Adder's Tongue
Amaranth
(o)Arrow-Grass
(o)Arum
(o)Balsam
Bamboo
(o)Barberry
(o)Bedstraw
(o)Beech
(o)Bellflower
(o)Bindweed
(o)Birch
(o)Birds-Nest
(o)Birthwort
(o)Bogbean
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Borage
(o)Box
(o)Broomrape
(o)Buckthorn
(o)Buddleia
(o)Bur-reed
(o)Buttercup
(o)Butterwort
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crowberry
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
Cypress
(o)Daffodil
(o)Daisy
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Daphne
(o)Diapensia
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels
(o)Clubmoss
(o)Duckweed
(o)Eel-Grass
(o)Elm
(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Horsetail
(o)Polypody
Quillwort
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
(o)Flax
(o)Flowering-Rush
(o)Frog-bit
(o)Fumitory
(o)Gentian
(o)Geranium
(o)Glassworts
(o)Gooseberry
(o)Goosefoot
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft
Bromes 1

(o)Grass Soft
Bromes 2

(o)Grass Soft
Bromes 3

(o)Hazel
(o)Heath
(o)Hemp
(o)Herb-Paris
(o)Holly
(o)Honeysuckle
(o)Horned-Pondweed
(o)Hornwort
(o)Iris
(o)Ivy
(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Lime
(o)Lobelia
(o)Loosestrife
(o)Mallow
(o)Maple
(o)Mares-tail
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)
(o)Mesem-bryanthemum
(o)Mignonette
(o)Milkwort
(o)Mistletoe
(o)Moschatel
Naiad
(o)Nettle
(o)Nightshade
(o)Oleaster
(o)Olive
(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
(o)Parnassus-Grass
(o)Peaflower
(o)Peaflower
Clover 1

(o)Peaflower
Clover 2

(o)Peaflower
Clover 3

(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
Peony
(o)Periwinkle
Pillwort
Pine
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Pipewort
(o)Pitcher-Plant
(o)Plantain
(o)Pondweed
(o)Poppy
(o)Primrose
(o)Purslane
Rannock Rush
(o)Reedmace
(o)Rockrose
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
(o)Sandalwood
(o)Saxifrage
Seaheath
(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
(o)Spindle-Tree
(o)Spurge
(o)Stonecrop
(o)Sundew
(o)Tamarisk
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Teasel
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Valerian
(o)Verbena
(o)Violet
(o)Water Fern
(o)Waterlily
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort
Waterwort
(o)Willow
(o)Willow-Herb
(o)Wintergreen
(o)Wood-Sorrel
(o)Yam
(o)Yew


Topic -
The following is a complete hierarchical Plant Selection Process

dependent on the Garden Style chosen
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index


Topic -
Plant Selection Process comparing relevant plants of all types within each of the number of colours for each Flower or Foliage Colour Gallery.

All Flowers 53 with
...Use of Plant and
Flower Shape
- page links in next row

All Foliage 53
instead of redundant
...(All Foliage 212)


All Flowers
per Month 12


Bee instead of wind pollinated plants for hay-fever sufferers
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers
per Month
12
...Index

Rock Garden and Alpine Flowers
Rock Plant Flowers 53

...Rock Plant Photos

Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours
per Month Index

...All Plants Index


Topic -
Use of Plant in your Plant Selection Process

Plant Colour Wheel Uses
with
1. Perfect general use soil is composed of 8.3% lime, 16.6% humus, 25% clay and 50% sand, and
2. Why you are continually losing the SOIL STRUCTURE so your soil - will revert to clay, chalk, sand or silt.
Uses of Plant and Flower Shape:-
...Foliage Only
...Other than Green Foliage
...Trees in Lawn
...Trees in Small Gardens
...Wildflower Garden
...Attract Bird
...Attract Butterfly
1
, 2
...Climber on House Wall
...Climber not on House Wall
...Climber in Tree
...Rabbit-Resistant
...Woodland
...Pollution Barrier
...Part Shade
...Full Shade
...Single Flower provides Pollen for Bees
1
, 2, 3
...Ground-Cover
<60
cm
60-180cm
>180cm
...Hedge
...Wind-swept
...Covering Banks
...Patio Pot
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border
...Poisonous
...Adjacent to Water
...Bog Garden
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Winter-Flowering
...Fragrant
...Not Fragrant
...Exhibition
...Standard Plant is 'Ball on Stick'
...Upright Branches or Sword-shaped leaves
...Plant to Prevent Entry to Human or Animal
...Coastal Conditions
...Tolerant on North-facing Wall
...Cut Flower
...Potted Veg Outdoors
...Potted Veg Indoors
...Thornless
...Raised Bed Outdoors Veg
...Grow in Alkaline Soil A-F, G-L, M-R,
S-Z
...Grow in Acidic Soil
...Grow in Any Soil
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Grow Bulbs Indoors

Uses of Bedding
...Bedding Out
...Filling In
...Screen-ing
...Pots and Troughs
...Window Boxes
...Hanging Baskets
...Spring Bedding
...Summer Bedding
...Winter Bedding
...Foliage instead of Flower
...Coleus Bedding Photos for use in Public Domain 1

Uses of Bulb
...Other than Only Green Foliage
...Bedding or Mass Planting
...Ground-Cover
...Cut-Flower
...Tolerant of Shade
...In Woodland Areas
...Under-plant
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Covering Banks
...In Water
...Beside Stream or Water Garden
...Coastal Conditions
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border or Back-ground Plant
...Fragrant Flowers
...Not Fragrant Flowers
...Indoor
House-plant

...Grow in a Patio Pot
...Grow in an Alpine Trough
...Grow in an Alpine House
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Speciman Plant
...Into Native Plant Garden
...Naturalize in Grass
...Grow in Hanging Basket
...Grow in Window-box
...Grow in Green-house
...Grow in Scree
...Naturalized Plant Area
...Grow in Cottage Garden
...Attracts Butterflies
...Attracts Bees
...Resistant to Wildlife
...Bulb in Soil:-
......Chalk
......Clay
......Sand
......Lime-Free (Acid)
......Peat

Uses of Rose
...Bedding
...Climber /Pillar
...Cut-Flower
...Exhibition, Speciman
...Ground-Cover
...Grow In A Container
...Hedge
...Climber in Tree
...Woodland
...Edging Borders
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Tolerant of Shade
...Back of Border
...Adjacent to Water
...Page for rose use as ARCH ROSE, PERGOLA ROSE, COASTAL CONDITIONS ROSE, WALL ROSE, STANDARD ROSE, COVERING BANKS or THORNLESS ROSES.
...FRAGRANT ROSES
...NOT FRAGRANT ROSES


Topic -
Camera Photo Galleries showing all 4000 x 3000 pixels of each photo on your screen that you can then click and drag it to your desktop as part of a Plant Selection Process:-

RHS Garden at Wisley

Plant Supports -
When supporting plants in a bed, it is found that not only do those plants grow upwards, but also they expand their roots and footpad sideways each year. Pages
1
, 2, 3, 8, 11,
12, 13,
Plants 4, 7, 10,
Bedding Plants 5,
Plant Supports for Unknown Plants 5
,
Clematis Climbers 6,
the RHS does not appear to either follow it's own pruning advice or advice from The Pruning of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers by George E. Brown.
ISBN 0-571-11084-3 with the plants in Pages 1-7 of this folder. You can see from looking at both these resources as to whether the pruning carried out on the remainder of the plants in Pages 7-15 was correct.

Narcissus (Daffodil) 9,
Phlox Plant Supports 14, 15

Coleus Bedding Foliage Trial - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, Index

National Trust Garden at Sissinghurst Castle
Plant Supports -
Pages for Gallery 1

with Plant Supports
1, 5, 10
Plants
2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9,
11, 12
Recommended Rose Pruning Methods 13
Pages for Gallery 2
with Plant Supports
2
,
Plants 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Dry Garden of
RHS Garden at
Hyde Hall

Plants - Pages
without Plant Supports
Plants 1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Nursery of
Peter Beales Roses
Display Garden

Roses Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Nursery of
RV Roger

Roses - Pages
A1,A2,A3,A4,A5,
A6,A7,A8,A9,A10,
A11,A12,A13,A14,
B15,
B16,B17,B18,B19,
B20,
B21,B22,B23,B24,
B25,
B26,B27,B28,B29,
B30,
C31,C32,C33,C34,
C35,
C36,C37,C38,C39,
C40,
C41,CD2,D43,D44,
D45,
D46,D47,D48,D49,
E50,
E51,E52,F53,F54,
F55,
F56,F57,G58,G59,
H60,
H61,I62,K63,L64,
M65,
M66,N67,P68,P69,
P70,
R71,R72,S73,S74,
T75,
V76,Z77, 78,

Damage by Plants in Chilham Village - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4

Pavements of Funchal, Madeira
Damage to Trees - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13
for trees 1-54,
14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
for trees 55-95,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, 33, 34, 35,
36, 37,
for trees 95-133,
38, 39, 40,
41, 42, 43, 44, 45,
for trees 133-166

Chris Garnons-Williams
Work Done - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Identity of Plants
Label Problems - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11

Ron and Christine Foord - 1036 photos only inserted so far - Garden Flowers - Start Page of each Gallery
AB1 ,AN14,BA27,
CH40,CR52,DR63,
FR74,GE85,HE96,

Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens - 1187
A 1, 2, Photos - 43
B 1, Photos - 13
C 1, Photos - 35
D 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7,
Photos - 411
with Plants causing damage to buildings in Chilham Village and Damage to Trees in Pavements of Funchal
E 1, Photos - 21
F 1, Photos - 1
G 1, Photos - 5
H 1, Photos - 21
I 1, Photos - 8
J 1, Photos - 1
K 1, Photos - 1
L 1, Photos - 85
with Label Problems
M 1, Photos - 9
N 1, Photos - 12
O 1, Photos - 5
P 1, Photos - 54
Q 1, Photos -
R 1, 2, 3,
Photos - 229
S 1, Photos - 111
T 1, Photos - 13
U 1, Photos - 5
V 1, Photos - 4
W 1, Photos - 100
with Work Done by Chris Garnons-Williams
X 1 Photos -
Y 1, Photos -
Z 1 Photos -
Articles/Items in Ivydene Gardens - 88
Flower Colour, Num of Petals, Shape and
Plant Use of:-
Rock Garden
within linked page


Topic -
Fragrant Plants as a Plant Selection Process for your sense of smell:-

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an Acid Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
1
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
1
, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
1
, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants
1
, 2


Topic -
Website User Guidelines


My Gas Service Engineer found Flow and Return pipes incorrectly positioned on gas boilers and customers had refused to have positioning corrected in 2020.

BLUE WILD FLOWER GALLERY
PAGE MENU

 

FLOWER COLOUR Comparison Page,
space,
Site Map page in its flower colour
NOTE Gallery with Continuation Pages from Page 2

...Blue - its page links in next 4 columns.
Use of Plant with Flowers

...Brown Botanical Names

...Cream Common Names, Coastal and Dunes, Sandy Shores and Dunes

...Green Broad-leaved Woods

...Mauve Grassland - Acid, Neutral, Chalk

...Multi-Cols Heaths and Moors

...Orange Hedgerows and Verges

...Pink A-G Lakes, Canals and Rivers

...Pink H-Z Marshes, Fens, Bogs

...Purple Old Buildings and Walls

...Red Pinewoods

...White A-D Saltmarshes. Shingle Beaches, Rocks and Cliff Tops

...White E-P Other

...White Q-Z Number of Petals


...Yellow A-G Pollinator

...Yellow H-Z Poisonous Parts

...Shrub/Tree River Banks and Other Freshwater Margins

BLUE WILD FLOWER GALLERY
PAGE MENU

 

Lists of:-

Edible Plant Parts.

Flower Legend.

Food for
Butterfly/Moth
.

Flowering plants of Chalk and Limestone Page 1
Page 2

Flowering plants of Acid Soil
Page 1

SEED COLOUR
Seed 1
Seed 2

BLUE WILD FLOWER GALLERY
PAGE MENU

 

Habitat Lists:-

Coastal and Dunes.

Broad-leaved
Woods
.

Grassland - Acid, Neutral, Chalk.

Heaths and Moors.

Hedgerows and Verges.

Lakes, Canals and Rivers.

Marshes, Fens,
Bogs
.

Old Buildings and Walls.

Pinewoods.

River Banks and
other Freshwater Margins
.

Saltmarshes.

Sandy Shores and Dunes.

Shingle Beaches, Rocks and
Cliff Tops
.

Other.
 

BLUE WILD FLOWER GALLERY
PAGE MENU

 

Number of Petals List:-
Without Petals. Other plants
without flowers.
1 Petal or
Composite of
many 1 Petal Flowers as Disc
or Ray Floret .
2 Petals.
3 Petals.
4 Petals.
5 Petals.
6 Petals.
Over 6 Petals.

BLUE WILD FLOWER GALLERY
PAGE MENU

 

Lists of:-

Pollinator.

Poisonous Parts.

Scented Flower, Foliage, Root.

Story of their Common Names.

Use of Plant with Flowers

Use for Non-Flowering Plants

PEAFLOWER FAMILIES WILD FLOWER GALLERY
PAGE MENU


Site Map of pages with content (o)

Introduction

 

 

 

 

 

WILD FLOWER GALLERY
PAGE MENU

Site Map of pages with content (o)

Introduction

Poisonous Plants


INDEX LINK TO WILDFLOWER PLANT DESCRIPTION PAGE
a-h
i-p
q-z


FLOWER COLOUR
(o)Blue
(o)Brown
(o)Cream
(o)Green
(o)Mauve
(o)Multi-Coloured
Orange
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
(o)Purple
(o)Red
(o)White1
(o)White2
(o)White3
(o)Yelow1
(o)Yelow2
(o)Shrub or Small Tree


SEED COLOUR
(o)Seed 1
(o)Seed 2

BED PICTURES
(o)Bed

HABITAT TABLES
Flowers in
Acid Soil

Flowers in
Chalk Soil

Flowers in
Marine Soil

Flowers in
Neutral Soil

Ferns
Grasses
Rushes
Sedges

WILDFLOWER INDEX
Botanical Name
Common Name
 

 

See Explanation of Structure of this Website with User Guidelines to aid your use of this website.

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 1


(o)Adder's Tongue
Amaranth
(o)Arrow-Grass
(o)Arum
(o)Balsam
Bamboo
(o)Barberry
(o)Bedstraw
(o)Beech
(o)Bellflower
(o)Bindweed
(o)Birch
(o)Birds-Nest
(o)Birthwort
(o)Bogbean
(o)Bog Myrtle
(o)Borage
(o)Box
(o)Broomrape
(o)Buckthorn
(o)Buddleia
(o)Bur-reed
(o)Buttercup
(o)Butterwort
(o)Cornel (Dogwood)
(o)Crowberry
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
(o)Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
Cypress
(o)Daffodil
(o)Daisy
(o)Daisy Cudweeds
(o)Daisy Chamomiles
(o)Daisy Thistle
(o)Daisy Catsears (o)Daisy Hawkweeds
(o)Daisy Hawksbeards
(o)Daphne
(o)Diapensia
(o)Dock Bistorts
(o)Dock Sorrels

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 2


(o)Clubmoss
(o)Duckweed
(o)Eel-Grass
(o)Elm
(o)Filmy Fern
(o)Horsetail
(o)Polypody
Quillwort
(o)Royal Fern
(o)Figwort - Mulleins
(o)Figwort - Speedwells
Family

(o)Flax
(o)Flowering-Rush
(o)Frog-bit
(o)Fumitory
(o)Gentian
(o)Geranium
(o)Glassworts
(o)Gooseberry
(o)Goosefoot
(o)Grass 1
(o)Grass 2
(o)Grass 3
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 1
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 2
(o)Grass Soft Bromes 3 (o)Hazel
(o)Heath
(o)Hemp
(o)Herb-Paris
(o)Holly
(o)Honeysuckle
(o)Horned-Pondweed
(o)Hornwort
(o)Iris
(o)Ivy
(o)Jacobs Ladder
(o)Lily
(o)Lily Garlic
(o)Lime
(o)Lobelia
(o)Loosestrife
(o)Mallow
(o)Maple
(o)Mares-tail
(o)Marsh Pennywort
(o)Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)
 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 3


(o)Mesem-bryanthemum
(o)Mignonette
(o)Milkwort
(o)Mistletoe
(o)Moschatel
Naiad
(o)Nettle
(o)Nightshade
(o)Oleaster
(o)Olive
(o)Orchid 1
(o)Orchid 2
(o)Orchid 3
(o)Orchid 4
(o)Parnassus-Grass
(o)Peaflower
(o)Peaflower Clover 1
(o)Peaflower Clover 2
(o)Peaflower Clover 3
(o)Peaflower Vetches/Peas
Peony
(o)Periwinkle
Pillwort
Pine
(o)Pink 1
(o)Pink 2
Pipewort
(o)Pitcher-Plant
(o)Plantain
(o)Pondweed
(o)Poppy
(o)Primrose
(o)Purslane
Rannock Rush
(o)Reedmace
(o)Rockrose
(o)Rose 1
(o)Rose 2
(o)Rose 3
(o)Rose 4
(o)Rush
(o)Rush Woodrushes
(o)Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
(o)Sandalwood
(o)Saxifrage
 

WILD FLOWER FAMILY
PAGE MENU 4


Seaheath
(o)Sea Lavender
(o)Sedge Rush-like
(o)Sedges Carex 1
(o)Sedges Carex 2
(o)Sedges Carex 3
(o)Sedges Carex 4
(o)Spindle-Tree
(o)Spurge
(o)Stonecrop
(o)Sundew
(o)Tamarisk
Tassel Pondweed
(o)Teasel
(o)Thyme 1
(o)Thyme 2
(o)Umbellifer 1
(o)Umbellifer 2
(o)Valerian
(o)Verbena
(o)Violet
(o)Water Fern
(o)Waterlily
(o)Water Milfoil
(o)Water Plantain
(o)Water Starwort
Waterwort
(o)Willow
(o)Willow-Herb
(o)Wintergreen
(o)Wood-Sorrel
(o)Yam
(o)Yew

The English Flower Garden Design, Arrangement, and Plans followed by A description of all the best plants for it and their culture and the positions fitted for them By W. Robinson Author of the "Wild Garden". Fourth Edition. Published by John Murray in London in 1895 is a useful source of culture and positions for them, as is
The Gardener' Golden Treasury incorporating Sanders Encyclopedia of Gardening. Revised by A.G.L. Hellyer and published in 1960 by W.H. & L. Collingridge Limited.

Botanical Names with Common Name, Wild Flower Family, Flower Colour and Form Index of each of all the Wildflowers of the UK in 1965 are in Brown Wildflower Gallery with page links in the top row.
Common Names with Botanical Name, Wild Flower Family, Flower Colour and Form Index of each of all the Wildflowers of the UK in 1965 are in Cream Wildflower Gallery with page links in the top row.
Plant description, culture, propagation and photos/illustrations will be provided for every wildflower plant (February 2021) in these 2 galleries.

 

See Wildflower Common Name Index link Table for more wildflower of the UK common names - from Adder's Tongue to the Goosefoot Family - together with their names in languages from America, Finland, France, Germany, Holland, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Spain and Sweden.
See Wildflower Botanical Name Index link table for wildflower of the United Kingdom (Great Britain) botanical names, from Adder's Tongue to the Goosefoot Family.
Neither of the above 2 pages will be further updated, due to 1. Running out of space on each of the pages and 2. being replaced by the Botanical Names and Common Names Galleries from July 2020.
After clicking on the WILD FLOWER Common Name INDEX link to Wildflower Family Page; locate that Common name on that Wildflower Family Page, then
Click on Underlined Text in:-
Common Name to view that Plant Description Page
Botanical Name to link to Plant or Seed Supplier
Flowering Months to view photos
Habitat to view further Natural Habitat details and Botanical Society of the British Isles Distribution Map

 

 

A

G

M

S

 

Achillea millefolium
Achillea ptarmica

Achyrophorus
maculatus

Aconitum anglicum

Aconitum cammarum
Aconitum napellus
Acorus calamus
Actaea spicata
Adiantum capillus-
veneris

Adonis annua
Aesculus
hippocastanum

Aetopteron lonchitis
Agropyron biflorum
Agropyron
campestre

Agropyron caninum
Agropyron donianum
Agropyron junceiforme
Agropyron junceum
Agropyron littorale
Agropyron pungens
Agropyron pycnanthum
Agropyron repens
Agrosis alba
Agrostis canina
ssp canina

Agrostis capillaris
Agrostis curtisii
Agrostis gigantea
Agrostis interrupta
Agrostis maritima
Agrostis nebulosa hort
Agrostis nigra
Agrostis palustris
Agrostis semiverticillata
Agrostis setacea
Agrostis spica-venti
Agrostis stolonifera
Agrostis stolonifera
var. compacta

Agrostis stolonifera
var. palustris

Agrostis sylvatica
Agrostis tenuis
Agrostis ventricosa
Agrostis verticillata
Agrostis vinealis
Agrostis viridis
Aira caryophyllea
Aira cristata
Aira macrantha
Aira praecox
Alliaria officinalis
Alliaria petiolata
Alnus cordata
Alnus glutinosa
Alopecurus aequalis
Alopecurus alpinus
Alepecurus borealis
Alopecurus bulbosus
Alopecurus
geniculatus

Alopecurus
myosuroides

Alopecurus
pratensis

Alopecurus
ventricosus

Alyssum alyssoides
Alyssum calycinum
Alyssum campestre
Alyssum maritima
Alyssum minus
Amaranthus albus
Amaranthus
chlorostachys

Amaranthus cruentus
Amaranthus hybridus
Amaranthus
paniculatus

Amaranthus
retroflexus

Ammophila arenaria
Armoracia lapathifolia
Armoracia rusticana
Anaphalis
margaritacea

Anchusa arvensis
Anemone apennina
Anemone nemorosa
Anemone pulsatilla
Anemone
ranunculoides

Anisantha madritensis
Anisantha sterilis
Anogramma
caespitosa

Anogramma
leptophylla

Antennaria dioica
Anthemis arvensis
Anthemis cotula
Anthemis tinctoria
Anthoxanthum
nitens

Anthoxanthum
odoratum

Antirrhinum asarina
Antirrhinum majus
Antirrhinum saxatile
Apera interrupta
Apera spica-venti
Aponogeton distachyos
Aquilegia pyrenaica
Aquilegia vulgaris
Arabidopsis thaliana
Arabis alpina
Arabis brownii
Arabis caucasica
Arabis collina
Arabis glabra
Arabis hirsuta
Arabis petiolata
Arabis petraea
Arabis rosea
Arabis scabra
Arabis stricta
Arabis thaliana
Arabis turrita
Aristolochia clematitis
Arrhenatherum elatius
Arrhenatherum
pratense

Artemisia absinthium
Artemisia campestris
Artemesia caudata
Artemesia
chamae-melifolia

Artemesia forwoodii
Artemisia maritima
Artemisia norvegica
Artemisia verlotiorum
Artemisia vulgaris
Arthrocnemum perenne
Arundo phragmites
Arundo vulgaris
Aspidium lonchitis
Aster linosyris
Arum italicum
Arum italicum subsp. neglectum Arum maculatum
Arum neglectum
Arundinaria
jaunsarensis

Arundinaria simonii
Arundinaria vagans
Asarina
procumbens

Asarum europaeum
Asperugo procumbens
Asperula cynanchica
Asplenium adiantum-nigrum
Asplenium marinum
Asplenium obovatum
Asplenium ruta-muraria
Asplenium
septentrionale

Asplenium trichomanes
Asplenium viride
Aster eminens
Aster junceus
Aster longifolius
Aster novi-belgii
Aster salicfolius
Aster tripolium
Athanasia maritima
Athyrium alpestre
Athyrium distentifolium
Athyrium
filix-femina

Atriplex deltoidea
Atriplex glabriuscula
Atriplex hastata
Atriplex laciniata
Atriplex littoralis
Atriplex patula
Atriplex portulacoides
Atriplex prostrata
Atriplex sabulosa
Avena byzantina
Avena fatua

Avena flavescens
Avena pratensis

Avena pubescens
Avena sativa
Avena sativa
var. orientalis

Avena strigosa
Avenochloa
pratensis

Avenochloa pubescens
Avenula pratensis
Avenula pubescens

Galanthus nivalis
Galinsoga aristulata
Galinsoga bicolorata
Galinsoga caracasana
Galinsoga ciliata
Galinsoga
parviflora
Galinsoga
quadriradiata

Galium album
Galium aparine
Galium boreale
Galium cruciata
Galium debile
Galium erectum
Galium mollugo
Galium odoratum
Galium palustre
Galium parisiense
Galium pumilum
Galium saxatile
Galium tricorne
Galium tricornutum
Galium uliginosum Galium verum
Gastridium australe
Gastridium phleoides
Gastridium
ventricosum

Gentiana nivalis
Gentiana
pneumonanthe

Gentiana verna
Gentianella amarella
Gentianella
amarella ssp septentrionalis

Gentianella anglica
Gentianella
campestris

Gentianella
germanica

Gentianella
propinqua

Gentianella septentrionalis
Gentianella uliginosa
Geranium
columbinum

Geranium dissectum
Geranium endressi
Geranium laxum
Geranium
lucidum
Geranium

macrorrhizum

Geranium
molle
Geranium nodosum
Geranium phaeum
Geranium pratense
Geranium purpureum
Geranium pusillum
Geranium
pyrenaicum

Geranium
robertianum

Geranium
rotundifolium

Geranium
sanguineum

Geranium striatum
Geranium sylvaticum
Geranium versicolor
Glaux maritima
Glebionis segetum
Glyceria fluitans
Glyceria rigida
Gnaphalium
luteoalbum

Gnaphalium
norvegicum

Gnapalium sylvaticum
Gnaphalium supinum
Gnaphalium
uliginosum

Gnaphalium
undulatum

Goulardia canina
Guepinia nudicaulis
Gymnocarpium dryopteris

Mahonia aquifolium
Matricaria
chamomilla

Matricaria discoidea
Matricaria
matricarioides

Matricaria recutita
Matthiola incana
Matthiola sinuata
Melampyrum
arvense

Melampyrum
cristatum

Melampyrum
pratense

Melampyrum
sylvaticum

Melanosinapis nigra
Menyanthes trifoliata
Mertensia maritima
Mibora minima
Milium effusum
Milium scabrum
Millegrana radiola
Mimulus guttatus
Mimulus luteus
Mimulus moschatus
Misopates orontium
Monotropa hypopitys
Myagrum paniculatum
Myagrum sativum
Mycelis muralis
Myosotis alpestris
Myosotis arvensis
Myosotis brevifolia
Myosotis caespitosa
Myosotis discolor
Myosotis hispida
Myosotis laxa
Myosotis lingulata
Myosotis palustris
Myosotis ramosissima
Myosotis repens
Myosotis scorpioides
Myosotis secunda
Myosotis sicula
Myosotis stolonifera
Myosotis sylvatica
Myosotis uliginosa
Myosurus minimus
Myra rugosum
Myrica gale

Salicornia ambigua
Salicornia dolichostachya

Salicornia europaea
Salicornia maritima
Salicornia perennis
Salicornia prostrata
Salicornia pusilla
Salicornia ramosissima
Salsola kali
Salsola kali subsp. kali L
Salsola kali subsp. ruthenica
Salsola pestifera
Salsola tragus
Sarcocornia
perennis

Sasaella ramosa

Sasa palmata
Sasa ramosa
Savastana nashii
Savastana odorata
Scleropoa rigida
Scorzonera humilis
Scorzoneroides autumnalis
Scrophularia
aquatica

Scrophularia auriculata
Scrophularia scorodonia
Scrophularia nodosa
Scrophularia umbrosa
Scrophularia
vernalis

Secale cereale
Secale montanum
Secale strictum
Selaginella selaginoides
Semiarundinaria fastuosa
Senecio aquaticus
Senecio campestris
Senecio capitatus
Senecio cineraria
Senecio erucifolius
Senecio fluviatilis
Senecio integrifolius
Senecio jacobaea
Senecio saracenicus
Senecio smithii
Senecio squalidus
Senecio sylvaticus
Senecio viscosus
Senecio vulgaris
Seriphidium maritimum
Sesleria caerulea
Setaria italica
Setaria italica var. metzgeri
Seteria italica var. stramineofructa
Setaria viridis
Sherardia arvensis
Sibthorpia europaea
Sinapis alba
Sinapis arvensis
Sinapis incana
Sinapis juncea
Sinapis nasturtiifolium
Sinapis nigra
Sisymbrium alliaria
Sisymbrium altissimum
Sisymbrium gallicum
Sisymbrium islandicum
Sisymbrium loeslelii
Sisymbrium monense
Sisymbrium murale
Sisymbrium nasturtium
Sysmbrium nasturtium-aquaticum
Sisymbrium officinale
Sisymbrium irio
Sisymbrium orientale
Sisymbrium sophia
Sisymbrium tenuifolium
Sisymbrium thalianum
Solidago altissima
Solidago canadensis
Solidago gigantea
Solidago serotina
Solidago serotinoides
Solidago virgaurea
Solidago x leiophallax
Sonchus asper
Sonchus arvensis
Sonchus oleraceus
Sonchus palustris
Sonoma alopecurus
Sparganium angustifolium
Sparganium emersum
Sparganium erectum
Sparganium minimum
Sparganium natans
Sparganium simplex
Spartina anglica
Spartina maritima
Spartina stricta
Spartina townsendii
Spirodela polyrhiza
Stipa membranacea
Stratiodes aloides
Suaeda fruticosa
Suaeda maritima
Suaeda vera
Suaeda vera Forsskal ex J. F. Gmelin
Subularia aquatica
Symphyotrichum longifolium
Symphytum asperum
Symphytum asperum x officinale
Symphytum officinale
Symphytum orientale
Symphytum tuberosum
Symphytum x uplandicum
Synaphe rigida
Syntherisma sanguinalis

 

B

H

N

T

 

Barbarea arcuata
Barbarea intermedia
Barbarea praecox
Barbarea stricta
Barbarea verna
Barbarea vulgaris
Barbarea vulgaris var. arcuata
Barbarea vulgaris var. brachyc
Barbarea vulgaris var. longisi
Barbarea vulgaris var. sylvest
Bartsia alpina
Bartsia odontites
Bellis perennis
Berberis vulgaris
Berteroa incana
Beta vulgaris
Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima
Betula nana
Betula pendula
Betula pubescens
Betula verrucosa
Bidens cernua
Bidens frondosa
Bidens tripartita
Blackstonia
perfoliata

Blechnum spicant
Borago officinalis
Botrychium lunaria
Brachypodium
caninum

Brachypodium
pinnatum

Brachypodium
sylvaticum

Brassica adpressa
Brassica alba
Brassica arvensis
Brassica campestris
Brassica hirta
Brassica napus
Brassica nigra
Brassica nigra var. abyssinica
Brassica oleracea
Brassica sinapioides
Brassica sinapistrum
Brassicella monensis
Brassicella wrightii
Bromus breviaristatus
Bromus carinatus
Bromus
commutatus

Bromus hordeaceus
Bromus hordeacus
L. ssp. hordeaceus

Bromus laciniatus
Bromus lepidus
Bromus madritensis
Bromus marginatus
Bromus mollis
Bromus pinnatus
Bromus
pseudosecalinus

Bromus racemosus
Bromus secalinus
Bromus secalinus
subsp pseudosecalinus

Bromus sterilis
Bromus villosus
Buddleja davidii
Buglossoides arvensis
Buglossoides purpurocaerulea
Bunias orientalis
Butomus
umbellatus

Buxus sempervirens

Halimione
portulacoides

Helichrysum
luteoalbum

Helictotrichon
pubescens

Helictotrichon
pratense

Helleborus foetidus

Helleborus viridis
Hesperis matronalis
Hierochloe fragrans
Hierochloe nashii
Hierochloe odorata
Hirschfeldia incana
Holcus lanatus
Holcus mollis
Holcus odoratus
Homogyne alpina
Hordelymus
europaeus

Hordeum aegiceras
Hordeum distichon
Hordeum europaeum
Hordeum
hexastichon

Hordeum irregulare
Hordeum marinum
Hordeum murinum Hordeum sativum
Hordeum secalinum
Hordeum sylvaticum
Hordeum vulgare
Hornungia alpina
Hornungia petraea
Huperzia selago
Hutchinsia alpina
Hydrocharis morsus-ranae
Hymenophyllum peltatum
Hymenophyllum tunbrigense
Hymenophyllum
wilsonii

Hymenophyllum unilaterale
Hypochaeris carpatica
Hypochaeris glabra
Hypochaeris maculata
Hypochaeris radicata
Hypopeltis lonchitis

Nanozostera
americana

Narcissus
obvallaris
Narcissus

pseudonarcissus
Narcissus
pseudonarcissus
subsp. obvallaris

Narcissus
pseudoncissus subsp. pseudonarcissus

Nardosmia japonica
Nardus
stricta
Nasturtium
aquaticum

Nasturtium armoricia

Nasturtium
austriacum

Nasturtium fontanum
Nasturtium
microphyllum

Nasturtium
nasturtium-aquatica

Nasturtium officinale
Nasturtium officinalis
Nasturtium sylvestre
Nasturtium x sterile
Neslia paniculata
Nothoholcus lanatus
Nymphoides peltata

Tanacetum parthenium
Tanacetum vulgare
Teesdalia iberis

Teesdalia nudicaulis

Tephroseris integrifolia
Thalictrum alpinum
Thalictrum aquilegifolium
Thalictrum flavum
Thalictrum minus
Thelypteris dryopteris
Thelypteris oreopteris
Thlaspi alliaceum
Thlaspi alpestre
Thlaspi alpinum
Thlaspi arvense
Thlaspi bursa-pastoris
Thalspi campestre
Thalspi carulescens
Thlaspi nudicaulis
Thlaspi perfoliatum
Thelycrania sanguinea
Thelypteris palustris
Thelypteris phegopteris
Thelypteris robertiana
Thinopyrum pycnanthum
Torresia odorata
Trachystemon orientalis
Tragopogon porrifolius
Tragopogon pratensis
Trichomanes andrewsii
Trichomanes radicans
Trichomanes speciosum
Tricum pungens
Triglochin maritima
Triglochin maritimum
Triglochin palustre
Triglochin palustris
Tripleurospermum maritimum
Trisetum flavescens
Triticum aestivum
Triticum biflorum
Triticum caninum
Triticum cereale
Triticum farctum
Triticum junceum
Triticum repens
Triticum rupestre
Triticum vaillantianum
Trollius europaeus
Tsitsmati
Turritis glabra
Turritis hirsuta
Tussilago farfara

 

C

I

O

U

 

Cakile maritima
Calamagrostis epigejos
Calamagrostis
california

Calamagrostis
canadensis

Calamagrostis
canescens

Calamagrostis
chordorrhiza

Calamagrostis
crassiglumis

Calamagrostis expansa

Calamagrostis fernaldi

Calamagrostis
inexpansa

Calamagrostis
labridorica

Calamagrostis lacustris

Calamagrostis
lapponica

Calamagrostis
pickeringi
i
Calamagrostis robertii

Calamagrostis stricta

Calamaria lacustris
Caltha palustris
Calystegia sepium
Calystegia silvatica
Calystegia soldanella
Calystegia sylvestris
Camelina parodii
Camelina pilosa
Camelina sativa
Campanula alliariifolia
Campanula glomerata
Campanula latifolia
Campanula medium
Campanula patula
Campanula
rapunculoides

Campanula rapunculus
Campanula rotundifolia
Campanula trachelium
Campe barbarea
Canadian
Waterweed

Capsella bursa-pastoris
Capsella nudicaulis
Cardamine amara
Cardamine bulbifera
Cardamine corymbosa
Cardamine flexuosa
Cardamine hirsuta
Cardamine hirsuta var. corymbosa
Cardamine hirsute
Cardamine impatiens
Cardamine pratensis
Cardaminopsis petraea
Cardaria draba
Capsella rubella
Castanea sativa
Catapodium loliaceum
Catapodium
marinum

Catapodium rigidum
Centaurium capitatum
Centaurium erythraea
Centaurium littorale
Centaurium minus
Centaurium
pulchellum
Centaurium

scilloides

Centaurium tenuiflorum
Centaurium umbellatum
Ceratocapnos claviculata
Ceterach officinarum
Ceratochloa
carinata

Chaenorhinum
minus

Chaetochloa italica
Chamaemelum nobile
Chamae-periclymenum suecicum
Cheiranthus cheiri
Cheiranthus sinuatus
Cheirinia cheiranthoides
Chenopodium album
Chenopodium botryoides
Chenopodium chenopodioides
Chenopodium glaucum
Chenopodium bonus-henricus
Chenopodium ficifolium
Chenopodium hybridum
Chenopodium
opulifolium

Chenopodium
polyspermum

Chenopodium rubrum
Chenopodium serotinum
Chenopodium urbicum
Chenopodium vulvaria
Chrysanthemum leucanthemum
Chrysanthemum parthenium
Chrysanthemum
segetum

Chrysanthemum
vulgare

Chrysocoma
linosyris

Cicendia filiformis
Cicerbita alpina
Cicerbita macrophylla
Cineraria maritima
Clematis flammula
Clematis vitalba
Clematis viticella
Clypeola alyssoides
Clypeola campestris
Cochlearia alpina
Cochlearia anglica
Cochlearia armorica
Cochlearia danica
Cochlearia fenestrata
Cochlearia macrocarpa
Cochlearia officinalis
Cochlearia officinalis
var. alpina

Cochlearia pyrenaica
subsp. alpina

Coincya monensis
Coincya monensis
subsp. cheiranthos

Coincya monensis
subsp. monensis

Coincya wrightii
Consolida ajacis
Consolida ambigua
Consolida orientalis
Convolvulus arvensis
Conyza canadensis
Cornus sanguinea
Cornus suecica
Coronopus didymus
Coronopus squamatus
Corydalis
claviculata

Corydalis lutea
Corydalis solida
Corynephorus
canescens

Cota tinctoria
Cotula coronopifolia
Crambe maritima
Crambe pontica
Crinitaria linosyris
Crithmum maritimum
Cruciata laevipes
Cruciform teesdalia
Cryptogramma crispa
Cuscuta epithymum
Cuscuta europaea
Cymbalaria muralis
Cynodon dactylon
Cynoglossum
germanicum

Cynoglossum officinale
Cynosurus cristatus
Cystopteris fragilis
Cystopteris montana

Iberis amara
Iberis coronaria

Impatiens
glandulifera

Impatiens
noli-tangere

Impatiens parviflora
Inula conyza
Inula crithmoides
Inula helenium
Inula salicina
Isatis tinctoria
Isoetes echinospora
Isoetes histrix
Isoetes lacustris
Isoetes macrospora
Isoetes rossica

Odontites vernus
Odontites vulgaris
Oligosporus
campestris

Omalotheca supina
Omphalodes verna

Ophioglossum
lusitanicum

Ophioglossum
vulgatum

Oreopteris
limbosperma

Orobanche alba
Orobanche
artemisiae-
campestris

Orobanche
caryophyllacea

Orobanche elatior
Orobanche hederae
Orobanche loricata
Orobanche maritima
Orobanche minor
Orobanche picridis
Orobanche purpurea
Orobanche
rapum-genistae

Osmunda regalis
Otanthus maritimus

Ulmus campestris
Ulmus carpinifolia
Ulmus diversifolia
Ulmus glabra
Ulmus minor
Ulmus procera
Urostachys selago

Utricularia intermedia

Utricularia minor
Utricularia vulgaris

 

D

J

P

V

 

Dactylis glomerata
Delphinium orientale

Dentaria bulbifera
Deschampsia alpina
Deschampsia
caespitosa

Deschampsia
cespitosa

Deschampsia
cespitosa subsp. alpina

Deschampsia
cespitosa
ssp. glauca

Deschampsia flexuosa
Deschampsia
setacea

Descurainia sophia
Desmazeria marina
Desmazeria rigida
Diotis candidissima
Diotis maritima
Diphasium alpinum
Diaphasiastrum
alpinum

Digitalis purpurea
Digitaria sanguinalis
Diplotaxis muralis
Diplotaxis tenuifolia
Doronicum
pardalianches

Draba aizoides
Draba incana
Draba muralis
Draba norvegica
Draba obconica
Dryopteris abbreviata
Dryopteris aemula
Dryopteris affinis
Dryopteris borreri
Dryopteris carthusiana
Dryopteris cristata
Dryopteris dilatata
Dryopteris expansa
Dryopteris filix-mas
Dryopteris lonchitis
Dryopteris oreades
Fomin

Dryopteris phegopteris
Dryopteris spinulosa
Dryopteris
submontana

Dryopteris villarii

Jasione montana
Juncus bufonius
Juniperus communis

Panicularia fluitans
Panicum crus-galli

Panicum italicum
Panicum miliaceum
Panicum sanguinale
Parentucellia
viscosa

Parapholis incurva
Parapholis strigosa
Pedicularis palustris

Pedicularis sylvatica

Pentaglottis
sempervirens

Petasites albus
Petasites fragrans
Petasites hybridus
Petasites japonicus
Phalaris arundinacea
Phalaris canariensis
Phalaris minor
Phegopteris
connectilis

Phegopteris
polypodioides

Phleum alpinum
Phleum alpinum
var. commutatum

Phleum arenarium
Phleum
commutatum

Phleum
commutatum
Gaudin var.
americanum

Phleum nodosum
Phleum phleoides
Phleum pratense
Phleum pratense
nodosum

Phragmites
communis

Phragmites
communis
var. longi

Phragmites australis
Phragmites
longivalvis

Phragmites vulgaris
Phragmites vulgaris
var. longi

Phyllitis
scolopendrium

Phyteuma
cordifolium

Phyteuma fistulosum
Phyteuma tenerum
Phyteuma orbiculare
Phyteuma spicatum
Picris echioides
Picris hieracioides
Pinguicula grandiflora
Pinguicula lusitanica
Pinguicula vulgaris
Plananthus selago
Pleioblastus simonii
Poa alpina
Poa alpina
L. ssp. vivipara

Poa annua
Poa balfourii
Poa bulbosa
Poa bulbosa
var. vivipara

Poa caesia
Poa chaixii
Poa compressa
Poa glauca
Poa glaucanthos
Poa glauca var.
glaucanthos

Poa infirma
Poa loliacea
Poa rigida
Poa sudetica
Poa vivipara
Polypodium
interjectum

Polypodium lonchitis
Polypodium
montanum

Polypodium vulgare
Polypogon
monspeliensis

Polypogon
semiverticillatus

Polypogon viridis
Polystichum
aculeatum

Polystichum
asperum

Polystichum
lonchitis

Polystichum
setiferum

Pritzelago alpina
Pseudofumaria
lutea

Pseudosasa
japonica

Ptarmica vulgaris
Pteridium aquilinum
Pulicaria dysenterica
Pulicaria vulgaris
Pulmonaria longifolia
Pulmonaria officinalis
Pulsatilla vulgaris
Pyrus cordata

Vallisneria spiralis
Vandenboschia speciosa

Verbascum blattaria
Verbascum lychnitis
Verbascum nigrum
Verbascum phlomoides
Verbascum pulverulentum
Verbascum thapsus
Verbascum virgatum
Veronica agrestis
Veronica alpina
Veronica anagallis-aquatica
Veronica arvensis
Veronica
beccabunga

Veronica catenata
Veronica
chamaedrys

Veronica filiformis
Veronica fruticans
Veronica hederifolia
Veronica humifusa
Veronica michauxii
Veronica montana
Veronica officinalis
Veronica peregrina
Veronica persica
Veronica polita
Veronica praecox
Veronica scutellata
Veronica
serpyllifolia

Veronica spicata
Veronica tenella
Veronica triphyllos
Veronica verna
Vittadenia triloba
Vulpia ciliata
Vulpia fasciculata
Vulpia longiseta
Vulpia membranacea

 

E

K

Q

W

 

Echinochloa
crusgalli

Echinochloa
muricata

Echinochloa
occidentalis

Echium
plantagineum

Echium vulgare
Elodea canadensis
Elodea nuttallii
Elymus arenarius
Elymus caninus
Elymus caninus
donianum

Elymus donianum
Elymus europaeus
Elymus farctus
ssp. boreali-atlanticus

Elymus junceus
Elymus pungens
Elymus pycnanthus
Elymus repens
Elymus trachycaulus donianus
Elytrigia atherica
Elytrigia canina
Elytrigia juncea
Elytrigia pungens
Elytrigia pycnantha
Elytrigia pycnanthes
Elytrigia repens
Elytrigia vaillantiana
Empetrum nigrum
Equisetum arvense
Equisetum fluviatile
Equisetum hyemale
Equisetum limosum
Equisetum palustre
Equisetum pratense
Equisetum
ramosissimum

Equisetum sylvaticum
Equisetum telmateia
Equisetum variegatum
Eranthis hyemalis
Erigeron acer
Erigeron borealis
Erigeron karvinskianus
Erigeron mucronatus
Erinus alpinus
Erodium cicutarium
Erodium maritimum
Erodium moschatum
Erophila krockeri
Erophila majuscula
Erophila verna
Eruca selvatica
Erucastrum gallicum
Erucastrum incanum
Erucastrum
nasturtiifolium

Eruka marina
Erysimum alliaria
Erysimum altissimum
Erysimum arcuatum
Erysimum barbarea
Erysimum
cheiranthoides

Erysimum cheiri
Erysimum officinale
Erysimum vernum
Erythraea centaurium
Eupatorium
cannabinum

Euphrasia officinalis
Euphrasia rostkoviana
Euphrasia micrantha
Euphrasia scotica
Euphrasia rhumica
Euphrasia frigida
Euphrasia foulaensis
Euphrasia eurycarpa
Euphrasia campbellae
Euphrasia rotundifolia
Euphrasia marshallii
Euphrasia curta
Euphrasia cambrica
Euphrasia occidentalis
Euphrasia nemerosa
Euphrasia heslop
harrisonii

Euphrasia confusa
Euphrasia
pseudokerneri

Euphrasia borealis
Euphrasia brevipila
Euphrasia rostkoviana
Euphrasia montana
Euphrasia rivularis
Euphrasia anglica
Euphrasia hirtella
Euphrasia
salisburgensi

Exaculum pusillum

Kichxia elatine
Kickxia spuria

Koeleria albescens
Koeleria cristata

Koeleria gracilis
Koeleria macrantha
Koeleria mukdenensis
Koeleria nitida
Koeleria pyramidata
Koeleria vallesiana

Quercus cerris
Quercus Ilex
Quercus petraea
Quercus robur

Wahlenbergia hederacea
Wolffia arrhiza
Woodsia alpina
Woodsia ilvensis

 

F

L

R

XYZ

 

Fagus sylvatica
Fagus sylvatica
cuprea purpurea

Festuca brevipila
Festuca caesia
Festuca fluitans
Festuca longifolia
Festuca marina
Festuca rigida
Festuca sylvatica
Filago apiculata
Filago gallica
Filago germanica
Filago lutescens
Filago maritima
Filago minima
Filago pyramidata
Filago pyramidata
subsp. lutescens

Filago spathulata
Filago vulgaris
Frangula alnus
Fumaria bastardii
Fumaria boraei
Fumaria capreolata
Fumaria densiflora
Fumaria martinii
Fumaria micrantha
Fumaria muralis
Fumaria muralis
ssp boraei

Fumaria muralis
subsp. neglecta

Fumaria muralis
Sond. ex Koch subsp. neglecta

Fumaria neglecta
Fumaria
occidentalis

Fumaria officinalis
Fumaria parviflora
Fumaria purpurea
Fumaria reuteri
Fumaria vaillantii

Lactuca macrophylla
Lactuca
saligna
Lactuca
serriola
Lactuca
virosa
Lagurus
ovatus
Lastrea phegopteris

Lathraea clandestina
Lathraea squamaria
Legousia hybrida
Lemna gibba
Lemna minor
Lemna polyrhiza
Lemna trisulca
Leontodon autumnalis
Leontodon hispidus
Leontodon saxatilis
Leontodon
taraxacoides

Lepidotis inundata
Lepidium arvense
Lepidium campestre
Lepidium draba
Lepidium
heterophyllum

Lepidium latifolium
Lepidium ruderale
Lepidium sativum
Lepidium scapiferum
Lepidium smithii
Leucanthemum
adustum

Leucanthemum
vulgare

Leucojum aestivum
Leucojum vernum
Leymus arenarius
Limosella aquatica
Limosella australis
Limosella subulata
Linaria arenaria
Linaria minuscula
Linaria pelisseriana
Linaria purpurea
Linaria repens
Linaria supina
Linaria vulgaris
Linosyris vulgaris
Linum anglicum
Linum bienne
Linum catharticum
Linum perenne
subsp. anglicum

Linum radiola
Linum usitatissimum
Lithospermum
arvense

Lithospermum
officinale

Lithospermum purpurocaeruleum
Lobularia benthamii
Lobularia maritima
Lolium temulentum
Lycopodiella inindata
Lycopodium alpinum
Lycopodium
annotinum

Lycopodium clavatum
Lycopodium
inundatum

Lycopodium selago
Lycopsis arvensis
Lysichiton americanus

Radicula armoricia
Radicula nasturtium
Radicula nasturtium-aquaticum

Radicula sylvestris
Radiola linoides
Ranunculus acris
Ranunculus aquatilis
Ranunculus arvensis
Ranunculus
auricomus

Ranunculus bulbosus
Ranunculus ficaria
Ranunculus
flabellatus

Ranunculus flammula
Ranunculus
floribundus

Ranunculus fluitans
Ranunculus
hederaceus

Ranunculus lingua
Ranunculus lutarius
Ranunculus
marginatus

Ranunculus
muricatus

Ranunculus
obtusiflorus

Ranunculus
omiophyllus

Ranunculus
ophioglossifolius

Ranunculus
paludosus

Ranunculus
parviflorus

Ranunculus peltatus
Ranunculus petiveri
Ranunculus repens
Ranunculus reptans
Ranunculus sardous
Ranunculus sceleratus
Ranunculus
spaerospermus

Ranunculus
trichophyllus

Ranunculus
tripartitus

Raphanus landra
Raphanus landra
Moretti

Raphanus
raphanistrum
Raphanus
raphanistrum
subsp. landra

Raphanus
raphanistrum
ssp. maritimus

Raphanus
raphanistrum subsp. raphanistrum

Raphanus rusticanus
Raphanus sativus
Rapistrum rugosum
Rapistrum orientale
Rhamnus cathartica
Rhinanthus
angustifolius

Rhinanthus
crista-galli

Rhinanthus major
Rhinanthus minor
Rhynchosinapis
erucastrum

Rhynchosinapis
monensis

Rhynchosinapis
wrightii

Ribes alpinum
Ribes nigrum
Ribes rubrum
Ribes sativum
Ribes spicatum
Ribes sylvestre
Ribes uva-crispa
Ribes vulgare
Robertiella
robertiana

Roegneria behmii
Roegneria canina
Roegneria doniana
Rorippa amphibia
Rorippa armoricia
Rorippa austriaca
Rorippa islandica
Rorippa microphylla
Rorippa nasturtium
Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum
Rorippa sylvestris
Rorippa x sterilis
Rubia peregrina
Rucola sylvatica
Rucula selvatica

Xanthium spinosum Yushania anceps
Zostera americana
Zostera angustifolia
Zostera hornemanniana
Zostera japonica
Zostera marina
Zostera nana
Zostera noltei

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677

 

Site design and content copyright ©May 2008.
Page structure amended October 2012.
Feet changed to inches (cms) July 2015.
Menus and Master changed January 2016.
New Common Names and Botanical Names added
February 2021.

Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.

BROWN WILD FLOWER GALLERY PAGE MENUS

Botanical Name with Common Name, Wild Flower Family, Flower Colour and Form Index of each of all the Wildflowers of the UK in 1965:- AC, AG,AL,AL,AN,
AR,AR,AS,BA,
BR,BR,CA,CA,
CA,CA,CA,CA,
CA,CE,CE,CH,
CI,CO,CR,DA,
DE,DR,EP,EP,
ER,EU,FE,FO,
GA,GA,GE,GL,
HE,HI,HI,HY,
IM,JU,KI,LA,
LE,LI,LL,LU,LY, ME,ME,MI,MY,
NA,OE,OR,OR,
PA,PH,PL,PO,
PO,PO,PO,PU,
RA,RH,RO,RO,
RU,SA,SA,SA,
SC,SC,SE,SI,
SI,SO,SP,ST,
TA,TH,TR,TR,
UR,VE,VE,VI

Extra Botanical Names have been added within a row for a different plant. Each Extra Botanical Name Plant will link to an Extras Page where it will be detailed in its own row.

EXTRAS 91,
 

CREAM WILD FLOWER GALLERY PAGE MENUS


Common Name with Botanical Name, Wild Flower Family, Flower Colour and Form Index of each of all the Wildflowers of the UK in 1965:- AC,AL,AS,BE,
BL,BO,BR,CA,
CL,CO,CO,CO,
CR,DA,DO,EA,
FE,FI,FR,GO,
GR,GU,HA,HO,
IR,KN,LE,LE,
LO,MA,ME,MO,
NA,NO,PE,PO,
PY,RE,RO,SA,
SE,SE,SK,SM,
SO,SP,ST,SW,
TO,TW,WA,WE,
WI,WO,WO,YE

Extra Common Names have been added within a row for a different plant. Each Extra Common Name Plant will link to an Extras Page where it will be detailed in its own row.

EXTRAS 57,58,
59,60,