Ivydene Gardens Bee-Pollinated Bloom Plant Index Gallery:
Blue Flowers in July

Botanical Plant Name

with link to
UK or
European Union
mail-order supplier

Flower Colour /
Sun Aspect of Full Sun,
Part Shade, Full Shade

with link to photo/data

Flowering Months

with link to
USA or
Canada
mail-order supplier

Height with Spacings or Width (W) in inches (cms)

1 inch = 2.5 cms
12 inches = 30 cms
40 inches = 100 cms

Foliage Colour /
Soil Moisture of
Dry,
Moist or
Wet

with link to Australia, China or New Zealand mail-order supplier

Evergreen (Evg) or Deciduous (Dec or Her) Plant Type / Acidic (Acid), Alkaline (Alk) or
Any Soil

with link to other page in this website

Nectar / Pollen

* = very good bee plant

Blue-flowered Allium like Allium caeruleum

Blue /
Full Sun

June - July

24 x 10
(60 x 25)

Dark Green /
Moist

Bulb / Well-drained soil

Nectar

Anchusa azurea 'Dropmore'
(Alkanet)

Blue /
Full Sun

June - August

36 x 12
(90 x 30)

Dark Green /
Moist

Her Perennial /
Well-drained soil

Nectar

Anchusa azurea 'Loddon Royalist'
(Anchusa italica 'Loddon Royalist')

Blue /
Full Sun

June - September if not allowed to set seed

40 x 24
(100 x 60)

Mid-Green /
Moist

Her Perennial /
Well-drained soil

Nectar

Anchusa capensis (Cape-forget-me-not, ystergras, koringblom, bugloss)

Blue /
Full Sun

anchusacflos1capensiswikimediacommons

May - August

12 x 8
(30 x 20) Spacing

Bright Green /
Dry (If it receives no water during the summer, it dies after setting seed)

Annual or Biennial /
Well-drained soil like sand

Nectar

Anchusa officinalis (Alkanet)

Blue /
Full Sun only

June - October

36 x
(90 x

Green /
Moist

Biennial / Well-drained soil

Nectar

Borago officinalis (Borage, Starflower, Bee Bread, Blue Borage)

Sky-Blue /
Full Sun, Part Shade in light woodland

June - October

boragocflo1officinaliswikimediacommons

6 x 18-24
(15 x 45-60) Spacing

Mid-Green /
Dry, Moist

Annual which self-seeds /
Well-drained soil and can grow in very alkaline soils. It likes loose stony soils with some chalk and sand.

Nectar, Pollen, Honey

Campanula medium (Canterbury Bells, Bell Flower)

Violet - Blue /
Full Sun, prefers lightly shaded areas
 

May - August
Forms rosettes of leaves in the first year, stems and flowers in the second one.

36 x 12
(90 x 30)

campanulacflo1medium0790foord

Mid - Green /
Moist.

Not suitable for the tropics or hot, dry regions
 

Biennial /
Well-drained soil.
Best in massed planting in borders and among shrubs.

Nectar, Pollen from all Camp-anulas

Cichorium endivia
(Endive, Escarole, Batavia)

Light Blue /
Full Sun only.
Leaves used in salads.

July -

39 x 12
(98 x 30)

Green /
Moist

Biennial /
Well-drained soil with habitat of rocks and sand by the sea

Nectar

Cichorium intybus
(Chicory, Cichorium balearicum, Cichorium cicorea, Cichorium commune, Cichorium perenne )

Blue /
Full Sun only

Roots used as caffeine-free coffee substitute. Leaves used as winter salad.
 

July - October

Flowers open about 6-7 o'clock and close around midday.

60 x 20
(150 x 50)

Dark Green /
Moist

Seed available from Zhong Wei Horticultural Products Company in Yunnan, China.

Annual /
Well-drained sandy or chalky loam with 3 inch (8 cms) depth of garden compost or manure mulch laid in the spring

Nectar, Pollen.
All the other cultiv-ated and wild species are also useful to bees

Draco-cephalum moldavica
(Moldavian Balm)

Dark Blue /
Full Sun, Part Shade in Light Woodland.
Leaves are used to make tea.

July - August

Useful plant for filling gaps in a summer border.

12 x 6
(30 x 15)

Dark Green /
Moist

Seed available from Zhong Wei Horticultural Products Company in Yunnan, China for shipping to all countries in the world.

Annual /
Well-drained soil on dry hills or stony riverbanks in western China.
Mulch with 2 inches (5 cms) of garden compost in the early spring.

Nectar

Echinops bannaticus
(Globe Thistle)

Blue /
Full Sun, Part Shade

July - August

echinopscflo1bannaticustaplowbluegarnonswilliams2

48 x 24
(120 x 60)

Dark Green /
Dry

Her Perennial /
Well-drained soil

Nectar from all cultivars of Echin-ops

Geranium pratense
(Meadow Cranesbill)

The International Geranium Society was founded in 1953 and it has more cultivation information

Violet - Blue /
Full Sun, Part Shade

Native UK plant.

June - October

36 x 24
(90 x 24)

Mid-Green /
Dry, Moist

Her Perennial /
It prefers rough grassland on chalk soils

Nectar, Pollen from all culti-vars of Geran-ium pra-tense, sangui-neum, molle and phaeum

Hyssopus officinalis
(Hyssop)

Purple-Blue /
Full Sun.
The flowers and the leaves of the hyssop can be used to season all kinds of vegetable dishes, soups, casseroles and sauces, as well as pickles and preserve.

July - September

Use as low growing hedge or edging of bed.

hyssopusflotofficinalis

20 x 40
(50 x 100)
The plant is commonly used by beekeepers to produce a rich and aromatic honey.

Mid-Green /
Moist

Available from China to rest of World using AliExpress , who sell 108,890,000 products at wholesale price from only 790,000 sellers!!!

Evg Herb /
Any well-drained soil

Nectar, Pollen

Myosotis arvensis
(Field Forget-Me-Not)

Blue-grey with some Pink /
Full Sun

Native UK plant.

April - October

10 x 6
(25 x 15)

Pale Green /
Dry

Cornfield Annual /
Prefers shallow calcareous (chalky) and dry sandy soils

Nectar, Pollen

Myosotis scorpioides
(Water Forget-Me-Not, Myosotis palustris, Forget-Me-Not, Love-Me, Mouse-Ear, Snake Grass, Marsh Forget-Me-Not, Mouse-Ear Scorpion Grass)

Light Sky Blue /
Full Sun, Part Shade.

Native UK pond plant. As a rafting plant that is allowed to grow freely it will use plenty of surplus nutrients so help to keep the pond or container water free from algae.

April - September

20 x 20
(50 x 50)

Blue-Green /
Wet

Evergreen Aquatic Rhizomatous Perennial /
Plant in wet mud in a stream edge/bog garden or with up to 5 cm (2") of water over the top of the basket in a sunny or partially shaded pond or container pond.

Nectar, Pollen

Pentaglottis sempervirens (Anchusa sempervirens, Evergreen Bugloss, Green Alkanet)

Blue /
Full Sun , Part Shade

April - July

30 x 12
(75 x 30)

Dark green /
Moist

Evg Perennial /
Any calcareous (chalky) soil
 

Nectar

Perezia multiflora
 

Lavender Blue with Yellow centre /
Full Sun

May - July

Native to western and southern South America

48 x 12
(120 x 30)

Dark Green /
Moist

Her Perennial /
Well-drained soil.

Nectar, Pollen

Perovskia atriplicifolia
(Russian Sage)

Lavender Blue /
Full Sun.
Contrasts well with both pink (e.g., phlox, mallow or roses) and yellow (e.g., rudbeckia) perennials.

July - October

60 x 48
(150 x 120)

Gray-Green /
Dry, Moist

Her Perennial /
Well-drained soil

Nectar

Phacelia tanacetifolia
(Fiddleneck, Purple Tancy, Phacelia Lacy, Californian Bluebell)

Purple-Blue /
Full Sun, Part Shade

5 day cut-flower vase life.

A quick growing hardy annual green manure that germinates at low temperatures and is ideal for sowing from March until September.

Flowers from May - October, 12-14 weeks from spring sowing. This is a cut-and-come-again variety. Flower will produce for 3-4 months.

18 x 12
(45 x 30) Spacing

Satisfactory as a green fodder and sown with sweet clover or between rows of potatoes, it provides good bee forage. In the autumn it is ploughed or dug in as a green manure

Mid-Green /
Dry, Moist

In most areas 2 crops of flowers may be obtained from the same plot of ground by sowing in late September or early October to stand the winter, and again in early June. The autumn sowing flowers in the end of April and May, while the June sowing provides welcome bee forage in August.

Annual /
Well-drained soil. A small patch could be left to flower, especially near to vegetables to attract pollinating insects to the area, but don’t have too many as the insects will feed on the Phacelia rather than the veg.

Nectar is also collected from P. viscida, P. congesta and P. campan-ularia

Salvia forss-kaolii
(Sage)

Violet-Blue and White /
Part Shade

Grow in Cottage Garden or in Pots

June - October

40 x 20
(100 x 50)

Mid-Green /
Moist

Her Perennial /
Well-drained soil.

Apply 2 inch (5 cms) mulch of organic material in July.

Nectar

The spacings (the distance between the plants) recommended above should enable the plants of the same genera to cover the ground in 2-3 years.

bab.la Dictionary is the English to Romanian dictionary and it states:-

"We want to make the English-Romanian dictionary the best free online dictionary available. To do this we need your help. The user-contributed additions to the English-Romanian dictionary help improve and grow the dictionary significantly. Every new expression or Romanian specialist vocabulary makes the dictionary much more useful. English to Romanian translations can vary strongly from one scientific field to another. The same expression can have several very different translations in Romanian. We want to include all of these translations in the English-Romanian dictionary."

Endive is cicoare-de-gradina in Romanian.

 

The extra Annuals and Bedding Plants from Coleus Bedding Foliage Trial - Pages 1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, Index Galleries are added to Bee-pollinated Plant Index pages only and are shown in Blue.
Further details in Bee Bloom Index Site Map.

Ageratum houstonianum
(Mexican Paintbrush, Bedding Name - Floss Flower)

Fluffy mauve pink, blue or white flowers.

Compact. Long lasting cut flowers to arrange with purples, blues and
greens

Jun-Sep
Sow under cover Feb-Apr. Direct sow May-Jun to flower about 12 weeks from sowing.
Use in wildlife garden to attract butterflies.

6-24 x 6-12W
(15-60 x 15-30)

Mid-green.
Moist but well-drained.
Full Sun.

Weed in Australia.

Annual.
Edge beds, ground cover and bedding in middle of bed, patio and pots; in cottage, scree, or rock garden.

Bees and Butter-flies for its nectar/ pollen

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Topic
Plants detailed in this website by
Botanical Name

A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, Q, R, S, T, U,
V, W, X, Y, Z ,
Bulb
A1
, 2, 3, B, C1, 2,
D, E, F, G, Glad,
H, I, J, K, L1, 2,
M, N, O, P, Q, R,
S, T, U, V, W, XYZ ,
Evergreen Perennial
A
, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, Q, R, S, T, U,
V, W, X, Y, Z ,
Herbaceous Perennial
A1
, 2, B, C, D, E, F,
G, H, I, J, K, L, M,
N, O, P1, 2, Q, R,
S, T, U, V, W, XYZ,
Diascia Photo Album,
UK Peony Index

Wildflower
Botanical Names,
Common Names ,

will be
compared in:- Flower colour/month
Evergreen Perennial
,
F
lower shape Wildflower Flower Shape and
Plant use
Evergreen Perennial Flower Shape,
Bee plants for hay-fever sufferers

Bee-Pollinated Index
Butterfly
Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis, Butterfly Usage
of Plants.
Chalk
A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, QR, S, T, UV,
WXYZ
Companion Planting
A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, Q, R , S, T,
U ,V, W, X, Y, Z,
Pest Control using Plants
Fern Fern
1000 Ground Cover A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M, N,
O, P, Q, R, S, T, U,
V, W, XYZ ,
Rock Garden and Alpine Flowers
A, B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M,
NO, PQ, R, S, T,
UVWXYZ

Rose Rose Use

These 5 have Page links in rows below
Bulbs from the Infill Galleries (next row), Camera Photos,
Plant Colour Wheel Uses,
Sense of Fragrance, Wild Flower


Case Studies
...Drive Foundations
Ryegrass and turf kills plants within Roadstone and in Topsoil due to it starving and dehydrating them.
CEDAdrive creates stable drive surface and drains rain into your ground, rather than onto the public road.
8 problems caused by building house on clay or with house-wall attached to clay.
Pre-building work on polluted soil.

Companion Planting
to provide a Companion Plant to aid your selected plant or deter its pests

Garden
Construction

with ground drains

Garden Design
...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed
Borders

......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
......Camera photos of Plant supports
Garden
Maintenance

Glossary with a tomato teaching cauliflowers
Home
Library of over 1000 books
Offbeat Glossary with DuLally Bird in its flower clock.

Plants
...in Chalk
(Alkaline) Soil
......A-F1, A-F2,
......A-F3, G-L, M-R,
......M-R Roses, S-Z
...in Heavy
Clay Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Lime-Free
(Acid) Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z
...in Light
Sand Soil
......A-F, G-L, M-R,
......S-Z.
...Poisonous Plants.
...Extra Plant Pages
with its 6 Plant Selection Levels

Soil
...
Interaction between 2 Quartz Sand Grains to make soil
...
How roots of plants are in control in the soil
...
Without replacing Soil Nutrients, the soil will break up to only clay, sand or silt
...
Subsidence caused by water in Clay
...
Use water ring for trees/shrubs for first 2 years.

Tool Shed with 3 kneeling pads
Useful Data with benefits of Seaweed

Topic -
Plant Photo Galleries
If the plant type below has flowers, then the first gallery will include the flower thumbnail in each month of 1 of 6 colour comparison pages of each plant in its subsidiary galleries, as a low-level Plant Selection Process

Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
...by Flower Shape

Bulb
...Allium/ Anemone
...Autumn
...Colchicum/ Crocus
...Dahlia
...Gladiolus with its 40 Flower Colours
......European A-E
......European F-M
......European N-Z
......European Non-classified
......American A,
B, C, D, E, F, G,
H, I, J, K, L, M,
N, O, P, Q, R, S,
T, U, V, W, XYZ
......American Non-classified
......Australia - empty
......India
......Lithuania
...Hippeastrum/ Lily
...Late Summer
...Narcissus
...Spring
...Tulip
...Winter
...Each of the above ...Bulb Galleries has its own set of Flower Colour Pages
...Flower Shape
...Bulb Form

...Bulb Use

...Bulb in Soil


Further details on bulbs from the Infill Galleries:-
Hardy Bulbs
...Aconitum
...Allium
...Alstroemeria
...Anemone

...Amaryllis
...Anthericum
...Antholyzas
...Apios
...Arisaema
...Arum
...Asphodeline

...Asphodelus
...Belamcanda
...Bloomeria
...Brodiaea
...Bulbocodium

...Calochorti
...Cyclobothrias
...Camassia
...Colchicum
...Convallaria 
...Forcing Lily of the Valley
...Corydalis
...Crinum
...Crosmia
...Montbretia
...Crocus

...Cyclamen
...Dicentra
...Dierama
...Eranthis
...Eremurus
...Erythrnium
...Eucomis

...Fritillaria
...Funkia
...Galanthus
...Galtonia
...Gladiolus
...Hemerocallis

...Hyacinth
...Hyacinths in Pots
...Scilla
...Puschkinia
...Chionodoxa
...Chionoscilla
...Muscari

...Iris
...Kniphofia
...Lapeyrousia
...Leucojum

...Lilium
...Lilium in Pots
...Malvastrum
...Merendera
...Milla
...Narcissus
...Narcissi in Pots

...Ornithogalum
...Oxalis
...Paeonia
...Ranunculus
...Romulea
...Sanguinaria
...Sternbergia
...Schizostylis
...Tecophilaea
...Trillium

...Tulip
...Zephyranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs
...Acidanthera
...Albuca
...Alstroemeri
...Andro-stephium
...Bassers
...Boussing-aultias
...Bravoas
...Cypellas
...Dahlias
...Galaxis,
...Geissorhizas
...Hesperanthas

...Gladioli
...Ixias
...Sparaxises
...Babianas
...Morphixias
...Tritonias

...Ixiolirions
...Moraeas
...Ornithogalums
...Oxalises
...Phaedra-nassas
...Pancratiums
...Tigridias
...Zephyranthes
...Cooperias

Uses of Bulbs:-
...for Bedding
...in Windowboxes
...in Border
...naturalized in Grass
...in Bulb Frame
...in Woodland Garden
...in Rock Garden
...in Bowls
...in Alpine House
...Bulbs in Green-house or Stove:-
...Achimenes
...Alocasias
...Amorpho-phalluses
...Arisaemas
...Arums
...Begonias
...Bomareas
...Caladiums

...Clivias
...Colocasias
...Crinums
...Cyclamens
...Cyrtanthuses
...Eucharises
...Urceocharis
...Eurycles

...Freesias
...Gloxinias
...Haemanthus
...Hippeastrums

...Lachenalias
...Nerines
...Lycorises
...Pencratiums
...Hymenocallises
...Richardias
...Sprekelias
...Tuberoses
...Vallotas
...Watsonias
...Zephyranthes

...Plant Bedding in
......Spring

......Summer
...Bulb houseplants flowering during:-
......January
......February
......March
......April
......May
......June
......July
......August
......September
......October
......November
......December
...Bulbs and other types of plant flowering during:-
......Dec-Jan
......Feb-Mar
......Apr-May
......Jun-Aug
......Sep-Oct
......Nov-Dec
...Selection of the smaller and choicer plants for the Smallest of Gardens with plant flowering during the same 6 periods as in the previous selection

Climber in
3 Sector Vertical Plant System
...Clematis
...Climbers
Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
...Shrubs - Decid
Deciduous Tree
...Trees - Decid
Evergreen Perennial
...P-Evergreen A-L
...P-Evergreen M-Z
...Flower Shape
Evergreen Shrub
...Shrubs - Evergreen
...Heather Shrub
...Heather Index
......Andromeda
......Bruckenthalia
......Calluna
......Daboecia
......Erica: Carnea
......Erica: Cinerea
......Erica: Others
Evergreen Tree
...Trees - Evergreen
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous
Perennial

...P -Herbaceous
...Peony
...Flower Shape
...RHS Wisley
......Mixed Border
......Other Borders
Herb
Odds and Sods
Rhododendron

Rose
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use - page links in row 6. Rose, RHS Wisley and Other Roses rose indices on each Rose Use page
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
Pruning Methods
Photo Index
R 1, 2, 3
Peter Beales Roses
RV Roger
Roses

Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
...Apple

...Cherry
...Pear
Vegetable
Wild Flower and
Butterfly page links are in next row

Topic -
UK Butterfly:-
...Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly Usage
of Plants.
...Plant Usage by
Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterfly.

Both native wildflowers and cultivated plants, with these
...Flower Shape,
...
Uses in USA,
...
Uses in UK and
...
Flo Cols / month are used by Butter-flies native in UK


Wild Flower
with its wildflower flower colour page, space,
data page(s).
...Blue Site Map.
Scented Flower, Foliage, Root.
Story of their Common Names.
Use of Plant with Flowers.
Use for Non-Flowering Plants.
Edible Plant Parts.
Flower Legend.
Flowering plants of
Chalk and
Limestone 1
, 2.
Flowering plants of Acid Soil
1.
...Brown Botanical Names.
Food for
Butterfly/Moth.

...Cream Common Names.
Coastal and Dunes.
Sandy Shores and Dunes.
...Green Broad-leaved Woods.
...Mauve Grassland - Acid, Neutral, Chalk.
...Multi-Cols Heaths and Moors.
...Orange Hedge-rows and Verges.
...Pink A-G Lakes, Canals and Rivers.
...Pink H-Z Marshes, Fens, Bogs.
...Purple Old Buildings and Walls.
...Red Pinewoods.
...White A-D
Saltmarshes.
Shingle Beaches, Rocks and Cliff Tops.
...White E-P Other.
...White Q-Z Number of Petals.
...Yellow A-G
Pollinator.
...Yellow H-Z
Poisonous Parts.
...Shrub/Tree River Banks and other Freshwater Margins. and together with cultivated plants in
Colour Wheel.

You know its
name:-
a-h, i-p, q-z,
Botanical Names, or Common Names,
habitat:-
on
Acid Soil,
on
Calcareous
(Chalk) Soil
,
on
Marine Soil,
on
Neutral Soil,
is a
Fern,
is a
Grass,
is a
Rush,
is a
Sedge, or
is
Poisonous.

Each plant in each WILD FLOWER FAMILY PAGE will have a link to:-
1) its created Plant Description Page in its Common Name column, then external sites:-
2) to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name column,
3) to see photos in its Flowering Months column and
4) to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.
Adder's Tongue
Amaranth
Arrow-Grass
Arum
Balsam
Bamboo
Barberry
Bedstraw
Beech
Bellflower
Bindweed
Birch
Birds-Nest
Birthwort
Bogbean
Bog Myrtle
Borage
Box
Broomrape
Buckthorn
Buddleia
Bur-reed
Buttercup
Butterwort
Cornel (Dogwood)
Crowberry
Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 1
Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2
Cypress
Daffodil
Daisy
Daisy Cudweeds
Daisy Chamomiles
Daisy Thistle
Daisy Catsears Daisy Hawkweeds
Daisy Hawksbeards
Daphne
Diapensia
Dock Bistorts
Dock Sorrels
Clubmoss
Duckweed
Eel-Grass
Elm
Filmy Fern
Horsetail
Polypody
Quillwort
Royal Fern
Figwort - Mulleins
Figwort - Speedwells
Flax
Flowering-Rush
Frog-bit
Fumitory
Gentian
Geranium
Glassworts
Gooseberry
Goosefoot
Grass 1
Grass 2
Grass 3
Grass Soft
Bromes 1

Grass Soft
Bromes 2

Grass Soft
Bromes 3

Hazel
Heath
Hemp
Herb-Paris
Holly
Honeysuckle
Horned-Pondweed
Hornwort
Iris
Ivy
Jacobs Ladder
Lily
Lily Garlic
Lime
Lobelia
Loosestrife
Mallow
Maple
Mares-tail
Marsh Pennywort
Melon (Gourd/Cucumber)
Mesem-bryanthemum
Mignonette
Milkwort
Mistletoe
Moschatel
Naiad
Nettle
Nightshade
Oleaster
Olive
Orchid 1
Orchid 2
Orchid 3
Orchid 4
Parnassus-Grass
Peaflower
Peaflower
Clover 1

Peaflower
Clover 2

Peaflower
Clover 3

Peaflower Vetches/Peas
Peony
Periwinkle
Pillwort
Pine
Pink 1
Pink 2
Pipewort
Pitcher-Plant
Plantain
Pondweed
Poppy
Primrose
Purslane
Rannock Rush
Reedmace
Rockrose
Rose 1
Rose 2
Rose 3
Rose 4
Rush
Rush Woodrushes
Saint Johns Wort
Saltmarsh Grasses
Sandalwood
Saxifrage
Seaheath
Sea Lavender
Sedge Rush-like
Sedges Carex 1
Sedges Carex 2
Sedges Carex 3
Sedges Carex 4
Spindle-Tree
Spurge
Stonecrop
Sundew
Tamarisk
Tassel Pondweed
Teasel
Thyme 1
Thyme 2
Umbellifer 1
Umbellifer 2
Valerian
Verbena
Violet
Water Fern
Waterlily
Water Milfoil
Water Plantain
Water Starwort
Waterwort
Willow
Willow-Herb
Wintergreen
Wood-Sorrel
Yam
Yew


Topic -
The following is a complete hierarchical Plant Selection Process

dependent on the Garden Style chosen
Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index

 


Topic -
Flower/Foliage Colour Wheel Galleries with number of colours as a high-level Plant Selection Process

All Flowers 53 with
...Use of Plant and
Flower Shape
- page links in bottom row

All Foliage 53
instead of redundant
...(All Foliage 212)


All Flowers
per Month 12


Bee instead of wind pollinated plants for hay-fever sufferers
All Bee-Pollinated Flowers
per Month
12
...Index

Rock Garden and Alpine Flowers
Rock Plant Flowers 53
INDEX
A, B, C, D, E, F,
G, H, I, J, K, L,
M, NO, PQ, R, S,
T, UVWXYZ
...Rock Plant Photos

Flower Colour Wheel without photos, but with links to photos
12 Bloom Colours
per Month Index

...All Plants Index


Topic -
Use of Plant in your Plant Selection Process

Plant Colour Wheel Uses
with
1. Perfect general use soil is composed of 8.3% lime, 16.6% humus, 25% clay and 50% sand, and
2. Why you are continually losing the SOIL STRUCTURE so your soil - will revert to clay, chalk, sand or silt.
Uses of Plant and Flower Shape:-
...Foliage Only
...Other than Green Foliage
...Trees in Lawn
...Trees in Small Gardens
...Wildflower Garden
...Attract Bird
...Attract Butterfly
1
, 2
...Climber on House Wall
...Climber not on House Wall
...Climber in Tree
...Rabbit-Resistant
...Woodland
...Pollution Barrier
...Part Shade
...Full Shade
...Single Flower provides Pollen for Bees
1
, 2, 3
...Ground-Cover
<60
cm
60-180cm
>180cm
...Hedge
...Wind-swept
...Covering Banks
...Patio Pot
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border
...Poisonous
...Adjacent to Water
...Bog Garden
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Winter-Flowering
...Fragrant
...Not Fragrant
...Exhibition
...Standard Plant is 'Ball on Stick'
...Upright Branches or Sword-shaped leaves
...Plant to Prevent Entry to Human or Animal
...Coastal Conditions
...Tolerant on North-facing Wall
...Cut Flower
...Potted Veg Outdoors
...Potted Veg Indoors
...Thornless
...Raised Bed Outdoors Veg
...Grow in Alkaline Soil A-F, G-L, M-R,
S-Z
...Grow in Acidic Soil
...Grow in Any Soil
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Grow Bulbs Indoors

Uses of Bedding
...Bedding Out
...Filling In
...Screen-ing
...Pots and Troughs
...Window Boxes
...Hanging Baskets
...Spring Bedding
...Summer Bedding
...Winter Bedding
...Foliage instead of Flower
...Coleus Bedding Photos for use in Public Domain 1

Uses of Bulb
...Other than Only Green Foliage
...Bedding or Mass Planting
...Ground-Cover
...Cut-Flower
...Tolerant of Shade
...In Woodland Areas
...Under-plant
...Tolerant of Poor Soil
...Covering Banks
...In Water
...Beside Stream or Water Garden
...Coastal Conditions
...Edging Borders
...Back of Border or Back-ground Plant
...Fragrant Flowers
...Not Fragrant Flowers
...Indoor
House-plant

...Grow in a Patio Pot
...Grow in an Alpine Trough
...Grow in an Alpine House
...Grow in Rock Garden
...Speciman Plant
...Into Native Plant Garden
...Naturalize in Grass
...Grow in Hanging Basket
...Grow in Window-box
...Grow in Green-house
...Grow in Scree
...Naturalized Plant Area
...Grow in Cottage Garden
...Attracts Butterflies
...Attracts Bees
...Resistant to Wildlife
...Bulb in Soil:-
......Chalk
......Clay
......Sand
......Lime-Free (Acid)
......Peat

Uses of Rose
Rose Index

...Bedding 1, 2
...Climber /Pillar
...Cut-Flower 1, 2
...Exhibition, Speciman
...Ground-Cover
...Grow In A Container 1, 2
...Hedge 1, 2
...Climber in Tree
...Woodland
...Edging Borders
...Tolerant of Poor Soil 1, 2
...Tolerant of Shade
...Back of Border
...Adjacent to Water
...Page for rose use as ARCH ROSE, PERGOLA ROSE, COASTAL CONDITIONS ROSE, WALL ROSE, STANDARD ROSE, COVERING BANKS or THORNLESS ROSES.
...FRAGRANT ROSES
...NOT FRAGRANT ROSES


Topic -
Camera Photo Galleries showing all 4000 x 3000 pixels of each photo on your screen that you can then click and drag it to your desktop as part of a Plant Selection Process:-

RHS Garden at Wisley

Plant Supports -
When supporting plants in a bed, it is found that not only do those plants grow upwards, but also they expand their roots and footpad sideways each year. Pages
1
, 2, 3, 8, 11,
12, 13,
Plants 4, 7, 10,
Bedding Plants 5,
Plant Supports for Unknown Plants 5
,
Clematis Climbers 6,
the RHS does not appear to either follow it's own pruning advice or advice from The Pruning of Trees, Shrubs and Conifers by George E. Brown.
ISBN 0-571-11084-3 with the plants in Pages 1-7 of this folder. You can see from looking at both these resources as to whether the pruning carried out on the remainder of the plants in Pages 7-15 was correct.

Narcissus (Daffodil) 9,
Phlox Plant Supports 14, 15

Coleus Bedding Foliage Trial - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, Index

National Trust Garden at Sissinghurst Castle
Plant Supports -
Pages for Gallery 1

with Plant Supports
1, 5, 10
Plants
2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9,
11, 12
Recommended Rose Pruning Methods 13
Pages for Gallery 2
with Plant Supports
2
,
Plants 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7

Dry Garden of
RHS Garden at
Hyde Hall

Plants - Pages
without Plant Supports
Plants 1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9

Nursery of
Peter Beales Roses
Display Garden

Roses Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Nursery of
RV Roger

Roses - Pages
A1,A2,A3,A4,A5,
A6,A7,A8,A9,A10,
A11,A12,A13,A14,
B15,
B16,B17,B18,B19,
B20,
B21,B22,B23,B24,
B25,
B26,B27,B28,B29,
B30,
C31,C32,C33,C34,
C35,
C36,C37,C38,C39,
C40,
C41,CD2,D43,D44,
D45,
D46,D47,D48,D49,
E50,
E51,E52,F53,F54,
F55,
F56,F57,G58,G59,
H60,
H61,I62,K63,L64,
M65,
M66,N67,P68,P69,
P70,
R71,R72,S73,S74,
T75,
V76,Z77, 78,

Damage by Plants in Chilham Village - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4

Pavements of Funchal, Madeira
Damage to Trees - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13
for trees 1-54,
14, 15,
16, 17, 18, 19, 20,
21, 22, 23, 24, 25,
for trees 55-95,
26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
31, 32, 33, 34, 35,
36, 37,
for trees 95-133,
38, 39, 40,
41, 42, 43, 44, 45,
for trees 133-166

Chris Garnons-Williams
Work Done - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13

Identity of Plants
Label Problems - Pages
1, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11

Ron and Christine Foord - 1036 photos only inserted so far - Garden Flowers - Start Page of each Gallery
AB1 ,AN14,BA27,
CH40,CR52,DR63,
FR74,GE85,HE96,

Plant with Photo Index of Ivydene Gardens - 1187
A 1, 2, Photos - 43
B 1, Photos - 13
C 1, Photos - 35
D 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7,
Photos - 411
with Plants causing damage to buildings in Chilham Village and Damage to Trees in Pavements of Funchal
E 1, Photos - 21
F 1, Photos - 1
G 1, Photos - 5
H 1, Photos - 21
I 1, Photos - 8
J 1, Photos - 1
K 1, Photos - 1
L 1, Photos - 85
with Label Problems
M 1, Photos - 9
N 1, Photos - 12
O 1, Photos - 5
P 1, Photos - 54
Q 1, Photos -
R 1, 2, 3,
Photos - 229
S 1, Photos - 111
T 1, Photos - 13
U 1, Photos - 5
V 1, Photos - 4
W 1, Photos - 100
with Work Done by Chris Garnons-Williams
X 1 Photos -
Y 1, Photos -
Z 1 Photos -
Articles/Items in Ivydene Gardens - 88
Flower Colour, Num of Petals, Shape and
Plant Use of:-
Rock Garden
within linked page


 

 

Topic -
Fragrant Plants as a Plant Selection Process for your sense of smell:-

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an Acid Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
1
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
1
, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
1
, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants
1
, 2
 


Topic -
Website User Guidelines


My Gas Service Engineer found Flow and Return pipes incorrectly positioned on gas boilers and customers had refused to have positioning corrected in 2020.
 

Blue Flowers in July


You can download this page and put this table into WORD or PAGES and add columns to give you common name, foliage colour, plant type, soil, soil moisture, sun and use.
Then, reorder table according to common name, etc.
You then have a useful flower colour table for each month of bee-pollinated plants. This process can be carried out on any of the pages in this website.

Flowering Months.
 

Botanical Plant Name

with link to
UK or
European Union
mail-order supplier

link to other page instead of this one in this gallery for its description

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Myosotis arvensis

 

 

 

Blue-grey with some Pink
commoncfloforgetmenot1

Blue-grey with some Pink
commoncfloforgetmenot1a

Blue-grey with some Pink
commoncfloforgetmenot1b

Blue-grey with some Pink
commoncfloforgetmenot1c

Blue-grey with some Pink
commoncfloforgetmenot1d

Blue-grey with some Pink
commoncfloforgetmenot1e

Blue-grey with some Pink
commoncfloforgetmenot1f

 

 

Myosotis scorpioides
(Myosotis palustris)

 

 

 

Light Sky Blue
myosotiscflos1scorpioideswikemediacommons1

Light Sky Blue
myosotiscflos1scorpioideswikemediacommons1a

Light Sky Blue
myosotiscflos1scorpioideswikemediacommons1b

Light Sky Blue
myosotiscflos1scorpioideswikemediacommons1c

Light Sky Blue
myosotiscflos1scorpioideswikemediacommons1d

Light Sky Blue
myosotiscflos1scorpioideswikemediacommons1e

 

 

 

Pentaglottis sempervirens (Anchusa sempervirens)

 

 

 

Blue

Blue

Blue

Blue

 

 

 

 

 

Anchusa capensis

 

 

 

 

Blue
anchusacflos1capensiswikimediacommons1

Blue
anchusacflos1capensiswikimediacommons1a

Blue
anchusacflos1capensiswikimediacommons1b

Blue
anchusacflos1capensiswikimediacommons1c

 

 

 

 

Campanula medium

 

 

 

 

Violet - Blue
campanulacflo1medium0790foord1

Violet - Blue
campanulacflo1medium0790foord1a

Violet - Blue
campanulacflo1medium0790foord1b

Violet - Blue
campanulacflo1medium0790foord1c

 

 

 

 

Perezia multiflora

 

 

 

 

Lavender Blue with Yellow centre

Lavender Blue with Yellow centre

Lavender Blue with Yellow centre

 

 

 

 

 

Phacelia tanacetifolia

 

 

 

 

Purple-Blue
phaceliacflos1tanacetifoliawikimediacommons1

Purple-Blue
phaceliacflos1tanacetifoliawikimediacommons1a

Purple-Blue
phaceliacflos1tanacetifoliawikimediacommons1b

Purple-Blue
phaceliacflos1tanacetifoliawikimediacommons1c

Purple-Blue
phaceliacflos1tanacetifoliawikimediacommons1d

Purple-Blue
phaceliacflos1tanacetifoliawikimediacommons1e

 

 

Blue-flowered Allium like Allium caeruleum

 

 

 

 

 

Blue
alliumcfl1caeruleumwikimediacommons1

Blue
alliumcfl1caeruleumwikimediacommons2

 

 

 

 

 

Anchusa azurea 'Dropmore'
(Alkanet)

 

 

 

 

 

Blue

Blue

Blue

 

 

 

 

Anchusa azurea 'Loddon Royalist'

 

 

 

 

 

Blue
anchusaazurealoddonroyalistcflorvroger1

Blue
anchusaazurealoddonroyalistcflorvroger1a

Blue
anchusaazurealoddonroyalistcflorvroger1b

Blue
anchusaazurealoddonroyalistcflorvroger1c

 

 

 

Botanical Plant Name

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Anchusa officinalis (Alkanet)

 

 

 

 

 

Blue

Blue

Blue

Blue

Blue

 

 

Borago officinalis

 

 

 

 

 

Sky-Blue
boragocflo1officinaliswikimediacommons1

Sky-Blue
boragocflo1officinaliswikimediacommons1a

Sky-Blue
boragocflo1officinaliswikimediacommons1b

Sky-Blue
boragocflo1officinaliswikimediacommons1c

Sky-Blue
boragocflo1officinaliswikimediacommons1d

 

 

Geranium pratense

 

 

 

 

 

Violet - Blue
meadowcranesbillcflogeraniumpratensecorke1

Violet - Blue
meadowcranesbillcflogeraniumpratensecorke1a

Violet - Blue
meadowcranesbillcflogeraniumpratensecorke1b

Violet - Blue
meadowcranesbillcflogeraniumpratensecorke1c

Violet - Blue
meadowcranesbillcflogeraniumpratensecorke1d

 

 

Salvia forss-kaolii

 

 

 

 

 

Violet-Blue and White

Violet-Blue and White

Violet-Blue and White

Violet-Blue and White

Violet-Blue and White

 

 

Ageratum houston-ianum

 

 

 

 

 

Fluffy mauve pink, blue or white flowers.
ageratumcflohoustonianumsep78foord1

Fluffy mauve pink, blue or white flowers.
ageratumcflohoustonianumsep78foord1a

Fluffy mauve pink, blue or white flowers.
ageratumcflohoustonianumsep78foord1b

Fluffy mauve pink, blue or white flowers.
ageratumcflohoustonianumsep78foord1c

 

 

 

Cichorium endivia

 

 

 

 

 

 

Light Blue

 

 

 

 

 

Cichorium intybus

 

 

 

 

 

 

Blue

Blue

Blue

Blue

 

 

Draco-cephalum moldavica

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dark Blue

Dark Blue

 

 

 

 

Echinops bannaticus

 

 

 

 

 

 

Blue
echinopscflo1bannaticustaplowbluegarnonswilliams

Blue
echinopscflo1bannaticustaplowbluegarnonswilliams1

 

 

 

 

Hyssopus officinalis

 

 

 

 

 

 

Purple-Blue
hyssopusflotofficinalis1

Purple-Blue
hyssopusflotofficinalis1a

Purple-Blue
hyssopusflotofficinalis1b

 

 

 

Perovskia atriplicifolia

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lavender Blue

Lavender Blue

Lavender Blue

Lavender Blue

 

 

Polemonium caeruleum

 

 

 

 

 

Bright Blue or White, brown at the base
jacobscfloladder1a

Bright Blue or White, brown at the base
jacobscfloladder1b

 

 

 

 

 

Veronica chamaedrys (Birdseye Speedwell, Germander Speedwell)

Native in Figwort - Speedwells Family

 

 

 

Brilliant azure blue with a white eye, rarely pink or lilac
birdseyecflospeedwell1a

Brilliant azure blue with a white eye, rarely pink or lilac
birdseyecflospeedwell1b

Brilliant azure blue with a white eye, rarely pink or lilac
birdseyecflospeedwell1c

Brilliant azure blue with a white eye, rarely pink or lilac
birdseyecflospeedwell1d

 

 

 

 

 

Botanical Plant Name

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Echium vulgare
(Viper's Bugloss, Blueweed)

Native in Borage Family

 

 

 

 

 

Trumpet-shaped Vivid Blue
viperscflobugloss1a

Trumpet-shaped Vivid Blue
viperscflobugloss1b

Trumpet-shaped Vivid Blue
viperscflobugloss1c

Trumpet-shaped Vivid Blue
viperscflobugloss1d

 

 

 

Nemophila menziesii
(California Bluebell,
Nemophila insignis,
Baby Blue Eyes,
Baby's-blue-eyes)

Native to western North America

 

 

 

 

 

Blue with a White centre or all White
nemophilacflopmenziesiiwikimediacommons1a

Blue with a White centre or all White
nemophilacflopmenziesiiwikimediacommons1b

 

 

 

 

 

Centaurea cyanus and it's cultivars

Native in
Daisy Thistle Family - the native plant is almost extinct

 

 

 

 

Blue
centaureacflopcyanuswikimediacommons1d

There are varieties with blue, white, purple, pink or even black petals.
Full Sun

Blue
centaureacflopcyanuswikimediacommons1a1

There are varieties with blue, white, purple, pink or even black petals.
Full Sun

Blue
centaureacflopcyanuswikimediacommons1b1

There are varieties with blue, white, purple, pink or even black petals.
Full Sun

Blue
centaureacflopcyanuswikimediacommons1c1

There are varieties with blue, white, purple, pink or even black petals.
Full Sun

Blue
centaureacflopcyanuswikimediacommons1c1a

There are varieties with blue, white, purple, pink or even black petals.
Full Sun

 

The nectar of Centaurea cyanus is very sweet with a sugar content of 34%.

Due to its high sugar production of up to 0.2 mg sugar per day and flower, the species is highly apprec-iated by bee-keepers.

Gilia capitata
(Queen Anne's Thimbles, Blue-thimble-flower, Bluehead gilia, blue field gilia, globe gilia)

Native plant of North America and common component of wildflower seed mixes

 

 

 

 

Lavender-blue, in terminal pincushion like heads of 50-100 flowers

Lavender-blue, in terminal pincushion like heads of 50-100 flowers

Lavender-blue, in terminal pincushion like heads of 50-100 flowers

Lavender-blue, in terminal pincushion like heads of 50-100 flowers

 

 

 

 

Anchusa azurea
(
Anchusa italica, Alkanet,
Garden Anchusa,
Italian Bugloss)

 

 

 

 

 

Gentian-blue
anchusacflospazureagarnonswilliams1
turn blue-purple with age

Gentian-blue
anchusacflospazureagarnonswilliams1a
turn blue-purple with age

Gentian-blue
anchusacflospazureagarnonswilliams1b
turn blue-purple with age

Gentian-blue
anchusacflospazureagarnonswilliams1c
turn blue-purple with age

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Botanical Plant Name

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

 


Best plants for bees by BBC Gardeners' World Magazine Published: Friday, 18 March, 2022 at 8:30 am
Our gardens are extremely important for bees and other pollinators, providing them with the nectar and pollen they need to thrive, as well as nesting habitats. Nectar provides them with the energy they need to fly and find a nest, while pollen provides bee grubs with the protein they need to grow. By growing a good mix of flowering plants in your garden, you can provide a wealth of nectar and pollen for a wide range of bee species.

How to grow plants for bees

  • Choose single, open flowers where you can see the central part of the flower – where the bees can access the nectar and pollen. Different bees are active at different times of the year. Some emerge from hibernation as early as February, while others are still flying in November. To give bees the best possible chance to thrive, it's therefore important to grow flowers from late winter to autumn – all year round if possible.
  • Planting spring bulbs? A great way to help bees in spring is to plant spring-flowering bulbs in autumn. Bulbs are hardy and reliable plants, so you can guarantee the bees will have a source of pollen and nectar when there's little else in flower.
  • Planting bulbs in containers is an easy way to ensure you don’t miss their colourful displays, especially if they’re along the front path, next to the back door or on your patio. Choosing varieties that are rich in both nectar and pollen will be a lifeline for the first emerging bumblebees, some of which come out from hibernation as early as February. Plant bulbs that flower over a long season, including early-flowering crocus and late-spring flowering fritillaries. By combining bulbs, you’ll not only create eye catching pots but attract different pollinators, too.
  • Grow single flowers for bees
    Most double flowers are of little use, as they have so many petals the bees can't get to the central part of the flower, where the nectar and pollen are found. Roses and dahlias are often bred to have double flowers, but there are plenty of beautiful single-flowered varieties to grow, instead.
  • Grow purple flowers for bees
    Bees can see the colour purple more clearly than any other colour, and some of the best bee plants, such as lavender, alliums, buddleia and catmint, have purple flowers. That said, many flowers in other colours will still attract bees, so don't pull them up!
  • Grow tubular-shaped flowers for bees
    Tubular-shaped flowers such as foxgloves, honeysuckle, penstemons and snapdragons are an important source of food for long-tongued bees such as the garden bumblebee, Bombus hortorum.
  • Grow flowers all year round
    Most bees are most active from March to September, but some emerge from hibernation early in mild winters, while buff-tailed bumblebee queens will occasionally start nesting in autumn, rather than hibernating, establishing a 'winter colony'. Aim to have at least two nectar- or pollen-rich plants in flower during winter. Plants like winter honeysuckle and winter clematis are perfect for the job.
  • Spring flowers for bees
    • Bluebell
    • Bugle
    • Crab apple
    • Crocus
    • Flowering cherry and currant
    • Forget-me-not
    • Hawthorn
    • Primrose
    • Pulmonaria
    Rhododendron is fine for bumble-bees, but toxic to honey-bees. Use Clematis as an alternative.
    'Mad Honey' from Rhododendron ponticum in its native northern Turkey is toxic to humans. The toxins of Rhododendron are grayanotoxins.
    Same lethal 'Mad Honey' problem from Azaleas, but this time with andromedotoxins. Use Digitalis as an alternative.
    Gardener's growing Rhododendrons or Azaleas are killing the local honey bee population.
    • Rosemary
  • Early-summer flowers for bees
    • Campanula
    • Comfrey
    • Delphinium
    • Foxglove
    • Hardy geranium
    • Honesty
    • Hollyhock
    • Potentilla
    • Snapdragon
    • Stachys
    • Teasel
    • Thyme
    • Verbascum
  • Late-summer flowers
    • Aster
    • Buddleja
    • Cardoon
    • Cornflower
    • Dahlia (single-flowered)
    • Eryngium
    • Globe thistle
    • Goldenrod
    • Heather
    • Ivy
    • Lavender
    • Penstemon
    • Scabious
    • Sedum
    • Verbena bonariensis


The 264 bee-pollinated plants in Bee-Pollinated Bloom Plant Index are in addition to the
bee-pollinated plants shown as thumbnails in the pages of this Gallery of 12 Flower Colours per month FROM the Circular Colour Wheel below.


Enumber indicates Empty Index Page.
Bottom row of Grey is Unusual or Multi-Coloured Flower Colour.
Click on the OOO in the Index Table below to link to those bee-pollinated plants of that flower colour in that month.
 

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO
Blue

OOO

OOO
E11.

OOO
E12.

OOO E13.

OOO
E14.

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO
Mauve

OOO

OOO

OOO
E24.

OOO
 

OOO
 

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO
Purple

OOO
 

OOO
E35.

OOO
E36.

OOO
E37

OOO
 

OOO

OOO
 

OOO
 

OOO
E42

OOO

OOO

OOO
Brown

OOO

OOO
E47

OOO
E48

OOO
 

OOO
 

OOO
 

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO
Cream

OOO
E58

OOO
E59

OOO
 

OOO
 

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO
Green

OOO

OOO
 

OOO
E72

OOO
E73

OOO
E74

OOO
E75

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO
 

OOO
Orange

OOO
E82

OOO
E83

OOO
E84

OOO
E85

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO
Pink

OOO

OOO
E95

OOO
E96

OOO
E97

OOO
E98

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO
Red

OOO

OOO
E107

OOO
E108

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO
White

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO
Yellow

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO
 

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO

OOO
Unusual

OOO

OOO
 

OOO
 


The above Index table states details of each plant in each page of Bee Pollinated Bloom Calendar Colour Wheel Gallery below.
"The Beesource Beekeeping website was started in 1997 by a hobbyist beekeeper and became an online community for beekeepers and beekeeping in 1999. It has experienced organic, word of mouth grassroots growth ever since. Today, Beesource.com has 48.2K registered members and is the most active online beekeeping community of its kind in the world."

Bee Pollinated Bloom Calendar Colour Wheel:-
 

bloomsmonth2a2a1a

Inner circle of Grey is 12 months of Unusual or Multi-Coloured Flower Colour

Bulb and Perennial Height from Text Border

Brown = 0-12 inches (0-30 cms)

Blue = 12-24 inches (30-60 cms)

Green = 24-36 inches (60-90 cms)

Red = 36-72 inches (90- 180 cms)

Black = 72+ inches
(180+ cms)

Shrub Height from Text Border

Brown = 0-12 inches (0-30 cms)

Blue = 12-36 inches (30-90 cms)

Green = 36-60 inches (90- 150 cms)

Red = 60-120 inches (150- 300 cms)

Black = 120+ inches
(300+ cms)

Tree Height from Text Border

Brown = 0-240 inches (0- 600 cms)

Blue = 240- 480 inches (600- 1200 cms)

Green = 480+ inches (1200 + cms)

Red = Potted

Black = Use in Small Garden

Climber Height from Text Border

 

Blue = 0-36 inches (0-90 cms)

Green = 36-120 inches (90-300 cms)

Red = 120+ inches (300+ cms)

 

Bamboo, Bedding, Conifer, Fern, Grass, Herb, Rhododendron, Rose, Soft Fruit, Top Fruit, Vegetable and Wildflower Height from Text Border

Blue = 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)

Green = 24-72 inches (60- 180 cms)

Red = 72+ inches (180+ cms)

 

Plant Soil Moisture from Text Background

Wet Soil

Moist Soil

 

Dry Soil

BEE-POLLINATED BLOOM IN MONTH PLANT INDEX GALLERY PAGES

Site Map

 

Societies by Plant Type in USA
National Plant Societies in UK


Site design and content copyright ©July 2013. Amended Menus July 2015. Amended Menus and corrected meta tags June 2017. Amended Table 10 July 2022. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

How trees fight Climate Change.

 

Bee-Pollinated Bloom Plant Index.
So, how can I feed the bees if I have no soil in my garden?

  • You could start with a sedum roof covering for a DIY green roof on a flat roof of a house, garage, carport, on a roof which is not more than 20 degrees from horizontal, or on top of hardstanding which is at ground level. Biodiverse mats could be used instead of sedum mats for the above areas to attract bees.
  • Then, there is no reason why you could not have Green Walls as well.

You could then progress to Rooftop Gardens, which may require a further strengthening of the supporting structure to carry the potential extra weight:-

If you do not fancy putting plants on the walls or your roof, then you could have a series of window box gardens and Balcony gardens using self-watering planters and boxes from Amberol.

If you have the room in the hardstanding round your property then why not use a series of Promenade Self-Watering Planters from Amberol. These are easy to work on - even if you are in a wheelchair or otherwise infirm - and they could still then provide flowers for the bees to use.

"What do bees need?

  • Undisturbed nesting sites
  • Solitary bees may burrow into the ground, into mortar in brick and stonework, or use hollow bramble stems, or beetle borings in rotten wood.
  • Increasingly, artificial purpose-built 'homes' are being provided by conservation minded people.
  • Social bees, such as bumblebees, may construct their nests in old mouse, vole and mole holes; under hedge vegetation; beneath moss or grass tussocks, and under piles of cut vegetation.
  • Honey bees will use beehives, cavities in old trees or walls, roof spaces and chimneys.
  • Locations where the queen bumblebees can over-winter, dry and undisturbed.
  • Consistent supplies of pollen and nectar sources from early spring to late autumn. Pollen is needed for its proteins, lipids (essential for brood food production) and other constituents to produce sufficient brood, feed adult bees, help ensure the health of the colony and to create new comb. Nectar is collected and processed by another bee before being stored in the comb as honey. Both Pollen and Nectar is required by the bee colony throughout the 9-10 months they are active and rearing brood. When required, some of the bees will uncap the cells, add water to make a 50:50 honey to water mix and distribute it to others in the colony to provide the energy they need - especially in the winter during the other 2-3 months when not collecting pollen or nectar.
    The Beekeeper's Garden by Hooper and Taylor - Published by Alphabooks Ltd., in 1988 - ISBN 0-7136-3023-X - provides comprehensive information on suitable plants, also useful is the classic text of
    Plants and Beekeeping by Howes, F.N. originally published prior to 1923, republished by Amazon on 21 March 2007 and it represents a reproduction of an important historical work, maintaining the same format as the original work. Its contents are being used in the creation of this Bee-pollinated Bloom Index Gallery. I insert the plant names into this Index, but I cannot insert all the useful data as well!
  • Unpolluted water." from
    Plants and Honey Bees
    An Introduction to Their Relationships
    by David Aston and Sally Bucknall.
    Printed by Northern Bee Books.
    First published 2004, Reprinted 2009. ISBN 0-393-30879-0

The Potential Impact of Global Warming
The potential impact of global warming on UK gardens has been considered in the report '
Gardening in the Global Greenhouse, the impacts of climate change on gardens in the UK', published in November 2002 under the UK Climate Impacts Programme (UKCIP). A number of scenarios were described, together with the likely changes in garden styles caused by climatic changes. These could have a significant effect on the availability and timing of bee forage. The following is from its conclusions:-

  • The role of gardens and parks as innumerable components in a green web, supporting and at times replacing the fragile network of natural ecosystems, has been little explored in this report. However, these millions of landscapes, large and small, will have a vital role to play in reinforcing a system of ecological corridors through which wildlife can migrate in response to climate change.

 

The plants in Table 10 (on the right) - This group has been completed in the Index Gallery only -
and others within this table cell below will be included in either
Bee Bloom Calendar Gallery or
Bees Bloom Calendar Gallery :-

there are Bee Pollinated Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers in these pages - This group is being inserted into the Index Gallery
0-24 inches (0-60 cms)
24-72 inches (60-180 cms)
Above 72 inches (180 cms)
Photos -
Bloom per Month
Blooms Nov-Feb
Blooms Mar-May
Blooms Jun-Aug 1, 2
Blooms Sep-Oct


and the following
are inserted in Blue:- This group has been completed in the Index Gallery only
ACER (Deciduous/Evergreen Shrub/Tree) in March-April
with
Acer pseudo-platanus (Sycamore) in April-May (Green)
and
Acer campestre (Maple, Field Maple) Native in Maple Family in May-Jun (Green)
CHAENOMELES SPECIOSA (Herbaceous Perennial) in March-May
in
Above 72 inches (180 cms) page
CROCUS (Bulb) in September-April
with Crocus vernus (Crocus purpureus, Spring Crocus, Purple Crocus) -
Crocus vernus 'Flower Record' in Feb-Apr (Purple) from
Bee pollinated flowers in winter Nov-Feb in Plants Folder and
in
Colchicum/ Crocus Gallery
CYDONIA OBLONGA (Deciduous Shrub) in May (White to soft Rose)
DAFFODIL (Bulb) in December-May (Yellow, White or Orange) in Narcissus Gallery
and Daffodils in
Daffodil Family.
DAHLIA (Bulb) in June-November (Many different colours and colour combinations).
46 out of 57,000 dahlia tubers detailed in
Dahlia Gallery.
DUTCH HYACINTH (Bulb) in March-April (Blue, White, Pale Yellow, Pink, Red or Purple flowers)
with Hyacinthus orientalis 'Blue Festival) in Mar-Apr (
Blue)
HEATHERS (Evergreen Shrub) in every month
with Calluna vulgaris (
Unusual) from Heather calluna Gallery,
and Erica species like
Erica cinerea (Purple) - Native in Heath Family -
with
Erica cinerea Index of cultivars with its other flower colours ranging from
white through pink to red and
other Heathers in
...Heather Shrub
...Heather Index
......Andromeda
......Bruckenthalia
......Calluna
......Daboecia
......Erica: Carnea
......Erica: Cinerea
......Erica: Others
HEDERA HELIX (Evergreen Climber) in September-November (Green) as last major source of nectar and pollen in the year
and native in
Ivy Family
HELIANTHEMUM (Deciduous Shrub) in May-Sep (Yellow) - Pollen only collected when the flowers open during sunny weather
and Native in
Rockrose Family
HELENIUM (Herbaceous Perennial) in June-October in Bee Pollinated Plants between 24 and 72 inches
HELLEBORUS (Herbaceous Perennial) in January-March in Bee Pollinated Plants between 0 and 24 inches
and native in
Buttercup Family in March-May (Yellow)
HEUCHERA (Evergreen Perennial) in May-September in Bee Pollinated Plants between 0 and 24 inches
HIBISCUS (Deciduous Shrub) in August-September
with
Hibiscus rosa sinensis in August-Oct (
Crimson)
For further details see International Hibiscus Society , American Hibiscus Society and
Australian Hibiscus Society
ILEX (Evergreen Tree) in May-August (White)
and Periodical clipping of holly hedges prevents flowering. Clip in July instead
LAVANDULA (Annual, Herbaceous Perennial or Shrub) in June-July
with Lavendular angustifolia in July-September (
Purple)
LAVATERA (Annual, Biennial, or Herbaceous Perennial) in May-August
with Lavatera trimestris and it's cultivars in
Bee Pollinated Plants between 24 and 72 inches
LEPTOSIPHON (Annual) in June-August
with
Leptosiphon aureus in March-June (Yellow)
MAGNOLIA GRANDIFLORA (Evergreen Tree) in August-September
with Magnolia grandiflora and its cultivars in
Bee Pollinated Plants above 72 inches
MALVA SYLVESTRIS (Biennial) in June-September (Purple)
MENTHA (Herb) in July-August
with
Mentha aquatica (Water Mint, Mentha hirsuta) in June-September (Unusual)
but Fields of mint are harvested before they flower.
NEMOPHILA (Annual) in April-June
with
Nemophila menziesii in June-July (Blue) Native to western North America
NIGELLA (Annual) in July-September
with Nigella damascena and it's cultivars in
Bee Pollinated Plants between 24 and 72 inches
PHILADELPHUS species only with single flowers (Shrub) in June
with Philadelphus and its cultivars
in Bee Pollinated Plants between 24 and 72 inches
POLEMONIUM (Herbaceous Perennial) in April-June
with Polemonium caeruleum in June-July (
Blue)
PRUNUS CERASIFERA (Deciduous Tree) in February-March
with Prunus cerasifera 'Pissardii' in
Bee Pollinated Plants above 72 inches
PRUNUS LAUROCERASUS (Evergreen Shrub) in May-June (White)
PYRACANTHA COCCINEA (Evergreen Shrub) in May-June (White)
ROSES (Deciduous Shrub/Climber) in June-October
with Roses in
Rose
...RHS Wisley A-F
...RHS Wisley G-R
...RHS Wisley S-Z
...Rose Use - page links in row 6. Rose, RHS Wisley and Other Roses rose indices on each Rose Use page
...Other Roses A-F
...Other Roses G-R
...Other Roses S-Z
and Rosa
canina (Dog Rose, Rosa coriifolia, Rosa stylosa, Rosa obtusifolia) in June-July (
Pink),
which is Native in
Rose 2 Family
RUBUS IDAEUS (Raspberry) (Soft Fruit) in June-August (White)
SALVIA SUPERBA (Herbaceous Perennial) in June-September - no bee garden should be without this plant -
with Salvia x superba and it's cultivars in
Bee Pollinated Plants between 24 and 72 inches
for those plants.

 

 

What are Beebombs and why do we need them sown?  

  • 97% of native British Wildflower habitat has been lost since World War 2. 
  • Wildflower habitats are where bees and butterflies make their lives.
  • With Beebombs you can re-create these lost habitats and to help bring back the bees.
  • Beebombs need no gardening skill and can be scattered straight onto open ground at any time of the year. 
  • Once scattered, Beebombs just need lots of water, sun and time. Wildflowers are hardy and adaptable but slow growers. This means that they can be out-competed by faster growing grasses and perennial weeds at the critical early stages, so straight onto soil is best if possible. 
  • The soil will help your Beebombs germinate and the clay will protect them as they dissipate.
  • Lots of sun and rain is of course important, as is time. 
  • Wildflowers are a little slower growers than many imported plants and flowers. Some will flower in the first year but most will not come out until the 2nd year.
     


The following details come from Cactus Art:-

"A flower is the the complex sexual reproductive structure of Angiosperms, typically consisting of an axis bearing perianth parts, androecium (male) and gynoecium (female).    

Bisexual flower show four distinctive parts arranged in rings inside each other which are technically modified leaves: Sepal, petal, stamen & pistil. This flower is referred to as complete (with all four parts) and perfect (with "male" stamens and "female" pistil). The ovary ripens into a fruit and the ovules inside develop into seeds.

Incomplete flowers are lacking one or more of the four main parts. Imperfect (unisexual) flowers contain a pistil or stamens, but not both. The colourful parts of a flower and its scent attract pollinators and guide them to the nectary, usually at the base of the flower tube.

partsofaflowersmallest1a1a1

 

Androecium (male Parts or stamens)
It is made up of the filament and anther, it is the pollen producing part of the plant.
Anther This is the part of the stamen that produces and contains pollen. 
Filament This is the fine hair-like stalk that the anther sits on top of.
Pollen This is the dust-like male reproductive cell of flowering plants.

Gynoecium (female Parts or carpels or pistil)
 It is made up of the stigma, style, and ovary. Each pistil is constructed of one to many rolled leaflike structures.
Stigma This is the part of the pistil  which receives the pollen grains and on which they germinate. 
Style This is the long stalk that the stigma sits on top of. 
Ovary The part of the plant that contains the ovules. 
Ovule The part of the ovary that becomes the seeds. 

Petal 
The colorful, often bright part of the flower (corolla). 
Sepal The parts that look like little green leaves that cover the outside of a flower bud (calix). 
(Undifferentiated "Perianth segment" that are not clearly differentiated into sepals and petals, take the names of tepals.)"

........

The following details come from Nectary Genomics:-

"NECTAR. Many flowering plants attract potential pollinators by offering a reward of floral nectar. The primary solutes found in most nectars are varying ratios of sucrose, glucose and fructose, which can range from as little a 8% (w/w) in some species to as high as 80% in others. This abundance of simple sugars has resulted in the general perception that nectar consists of little more than sugar-water; however, numerous studies indicate that it is actually a complex mixture of components. Additional compounds found in a variety of nectars include other sugars, all 20 standard amino acids, phenolics, alkaloids, flavonoids, terpenes, vitamins, organic acids, oils, free fatty acids, metal ions and proteins.

NECTARIES. An organ known as the floral nectary is responsible for producing the complex mixture of compounds found in nectar. Nectaries can occur in different areas of flowers, and often take on diverse forms in different species, even to the point of being used for taxonomic purposes. Nectaries undergo remarkable morphological and metabolic changes during the course of floral development. For example, it is known that pre-secretory nectaries in a number of species accumulate large amounts of starch, which is followed by a rapid degradation of amyloplast granules just prior to anthesis and nectar secretion. These sugars presumably serve as a source of nectar carbohydrate.

WHY STUDY NECTAR? Nearly one-third of all worldwide crops are dependent on animals to achieve efficient pollination. In addition, U.S. pollinator-dependent crops have been estimated to have an annual value of up to $15 billion. Many crop species are largely self-incompatible (not self-fertile) and rely almost entirely on animal pollinators to achieve full fecundity; poor pollinator visitation has been reported to reduce yields of certain species by up to 50%."


The following details about DOUBLE FLOWERS comes from Wikipedia:-

"Double-flowered" describes varieties of flowers with extra petals, often containing flowers within flowers. The double-flowered trait is often noted alongside the scientific name with the abbreviation fl. pl. (flore pleno, a Latin ablative form meaning "with full flower"). The first abnormality to be documented in flowers, double flowers are popular varieties of many commercial flower types, including roses, camellias and carnations. In some double-flowered varieties all of the reproductive organs are converted to petals — as a result, they are sexually sterile and must be propagated through cuttings. Many double-flowered plants have little wildlife value as access to the nectaries is typically blocked by the mutation.

There is further photographic, diagramatic and text about Double Flowers from an education department - dept.ca.uky.edu - in the University of Kentucky in America.

"Meet the plant hunter obsessed with double-flowering blooms" - an article from The Telegraph.
 

 

Colour Wheel of All Flowers of all Plant Types

Primary Colours:-
Red.
Yellow.
Blue.

Secondary Colours:-
Orange.
Green.
Violet.

Tertiary Colours:-
Red Orange.
Yellow Orange.
Yellow Green.
Blue Green.
Blue Violet.
Red Violet.

colourwheelclickexported2a1a1a1a

 

Rock Garden (Alpines) suitable for Small Gardens in 53 Colours

Click on number in flower colour required in that month.

colourwheelexported1a1a1a1

FLOWERING IN MONTH
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December
 

"Soils vary enormously in characteristics, but the size of the particles that make up a soil defines its gardening characteristics:

  • Clay: less than 0.002mm
  • Silt: 0.002-0.05mm
  • Sand: 0.05-2mm
  • Stones: bigger than 2mm in size
  • Chalky soils also contain calcium carbonate or lime

The dominating particle size gives soil its characteristics and because the tiny clay particles have a huge surface area for a given volume of clay they dominate the other particles:

  • Clay soils have over 25 percent clay. Also known as heavy soils, these are potentially fertile as they hold nutrients bound to the clay minerals in the soil. But they also hold a high proportion of water due to the capillary attraction of the tiny spaces between the numerous clay particles. They drain slowly and take longer to warm up in spring than sandy soils. Clay soils are easily compacted when trodden on while wet and they bake hard in summer, often cracking noticeably.
  • Sandy soils have high proportion of sand and little clay. Also known as light soils, these soils drain quickly after rain or watering, are easy to cultivate and work. They warm up more quickly in spring than clay soils. But on the downside, they dry out quickly and are low in plant nutrients, which are quickly washed out by rain. Sandy soils are often very acidic.
  • Silt soils, comprised mainly of intermediate sized particles, are fertile, fairly well drained and hold more moisture than sandy soils, but are easily compacted
  • Loams are comprised of a mixture of clay, sand and silt that avoid the extremes of clay or sandy soils and are fertile, well-drained and easily worked. They can be clay-loam or sandy-loam depending on their predominant composition and cultivation characteristics.
  • Peat soils are mainly organic matter and are usually very fertile and hold much moisture. They are seldom found in gardens.
  • Chalky or lime-rich soils may be light or heavy but are largely made up of calcium carbonate and are very alkaline." from Royal Horticultural Society.

PLANTS PAGE
MENU
Introduction
Site Map
 

PLANT USE
Plant Selection
Level 1
Attracts Bird/Butterfly
Photos - Butterfly
 

Poisonous Cultivated and UK Wildflower Plants with Photos
or
Cultivated Poisonous Plants
or
Wildflower Poisonous Plants


Rabbit-Resistant Plant
Flower Arranging
Wildflower
Photos - Wildflowers

 


PLANTS FOR SOIL
Plant Selection
Level 2
Info - Any Soil
Plants - Any Soil A-F
Plants - Any Soil G-L
Plants - Any Soil M-R
Plants - Any Soil S-Z

Info - Chalky Soil
Plants - Chalk Soil A-F
Plants - Chalk Soil G-L
Plants - Chalk Soil M-R
Plants - Chalk Soil S-Z

Info - Clay Soil
Plants - Clay Soil A-F
Plants - Clay Soil G-L
Plants - Clay Soil M-R
Plants - Clay Soil S-Z

Info - Lime-Free Soil
Plants - Lime-Free Soil A-F
Plants - Lime-Free Soil G-L
Plants - Lime-Free Soil M-R
Plants - Lime-Free Soil S-Z

Info - Sandy Soil
Plants - Sand Soil A-F
Plants - Sand Soil G-L
Plants - Sand Soil M-R
Plants - Sand Soil S-Z

Info - Peaty Soils
Plants - Peaty Soil A-F
Plants - Peaty Soil G-L
Plants - Peaty Soil M-R
Plants - Peaty Soil S-Z

Following parts of Level 2a,
Level 2b,
Level 2c and
Level 2d are included in separate columns
together with
Acid Soil,
Alkaline Soil,
Any Soil
,
Height and Spread,
Flowering Months and
Flower Colour in their Columns,
and also
Companion Plants to aid this plant Page,
Alpine Plant for Rock Garden Index Page
Native to UK WildFlower Plant in its Family Page in this website

and/or
Level 2cc
in the Comment Column
within each
of the Soil Type Pages of
Level 2

PLANTS PAGE MENU

 


Plant Selection by Plant Requirements
Level 2a
Sun aspect, Moisture


Plant Selection by Form
Level 2b
Tree Growth Shape
Shrub/Perennial Growth Habit


Plant Selection by Garden Use
Level 2c
Bedding
Photos - Bedding
Bog Garden
Coastal Conditions
Containers in Garden
Front of Border
Hanging Basket
Hedge
Photos - Hedging
Pollution Barrier
Rest of Border
Rock Garden
Photos - Rock Garden
Thorny Hedge
Windbreak
Woodland


Plant Selection by Garden Use
Level 2cc Others
Aquatic
Back of Shady Border
Crevice Garden
Desert Garden
Raised Bed
Scree Bed
Specimen Plant
Trees for Lawns
Trees for Small Garden
Wildflower
Photos - Wildflowers


Plant Selection by Plant Type
Level 2d
Alpine
Photos - Evergr Per
Photos - Herbac Per
Photos - RHS Herbac
Photos - Rock Garden
Annual
Bamboo
Photos - Bamboo
Biennial
Bulb
Photos - Bulb
Climber
Photos - Climber
Conifer
Deciduous Rhizome
Deciduous Shrub
Photos - Decid Shrub
Evergreen Perennial
Photos - Evergr Per
Evergreen Shrub
Photos - Evergr Shrub
Fern
Photos - Fern
Fruit Plant
Grass
Herb
Herbaceous Perennial
Photos - Herbac Per
Remaining Top Fruit
Soft Fruit
Sub-Shrub
Top Fruit
Tuber
Vegetable
Photos - Vegetable

PLANTS PAGE MENU

 


REFINING SELECTION
Plant Selection by
Flower Colour
Level 3a
Blue Flowers
Photos - Bedding
Photos - Bulb
Photos - Climber
Photos - Evergr Per
Photos - Evergr Shrub
Photos - Wild Flower

Orange Flowers
Photos - Bedding
Photos - Wild Flower

Other Colour Flowers
Photos - Bedding
Photos - Bulb
Photos - Climber
Photos - Evergr Per
Photos - Evergr Shrub
Photos - Wild Flower

Red Flowers
Photos - Bedding
Photos - Bulb
Photos - Climber
Photos - Decid Shrub
Photos - Evergr Per
Photos - Evergr Shrub
Photos - Herbac Per
Photos - Rose
Photos - Wild Flower

White Flowers
Photos - Bedding
Photos - Bulb
Photos - Climber
Photos - Decid Shrub
Photos - Decid Tree
Photos - Evergr Per
Photos - Evergr Shrub
Photos - Herbac Per
Photos - Rose
Photos - Wild Flower

Yellow Flowers
Photos - Bedding
Photos - Bulb
Photos - Climber
Photos - Decid Shrub
Photos - Evergr Per
Photos - Evergr Shrub
Photos - Herbac Per
Photos - Rose
Photos - Wild Flower


Photos - 53 Colours in its Colour Wheel Gallery

Photos - 12 Flower Colours per Month in its Bloom Colour Wheel Gallery


Plant Selection by Flower Shape
Level 3b
Photos - Bedding
Photos - Evergr Per
Photos - Herbac Per


Plant Selection by Foliage Colour
Level 3c
Aromatic Foliage
Finely Cut Leaves
Large Leaves
Other
Non-Green Foliage 1
Non-Green Foliage 2
Sword-shaped Leaves

 


PRUNING
Plant Selection by Pruning Requirements
Level 4
Pruning Plants

 


GROUNDCOVER PLANT DETAIL
Plant Selection Level 5
Plant Name - A
Plant Name - B
Plant Name - C
Plant Name - D with Ground Cover. How to use flowering and foliage plants to cover areas of soil by Mineke Kurpershoek.
ISBN 1 901094 41 3
Plant combinations for normal garden soil.
Plant combinations for sandy soil.
Plant combinations for clay soil.
Plant combinations for Woodland, heaths and wet soil.
Shrubs for slopes and large beds.

Plant Name - E
Plant Name - F
Plant Name - G
Plant Name - H
Plant Name - I How about using staging in your unheated greenhouse and stock it with bulbs and ferns for looking at from the house from autumn to spring, before using it for salads during the spring/summer from The Culture of Bulbs, Bulbous Plants and Tubers Made Plain by Sir J. L. Cotter.
Plant Name - J
Plant Name - K
Plant Name - L If you have no garden but only a concrete or tarmac area why not use 1 of the 8 Garden on a Roll garden borders and then maintain your garden using their Maintaining your border instructions.
Plant Name - M Importance of providing a mulch with the ground cover
Plant Name - N
Plant Name - O
Plant Name - P
Plant Name - Q
Plant Name - R
Plant Name - S
Plant Name - T
Plant Name - U
Plant Name - V
Plant Name - W
Plant Name - XYZ with 14 Special Situations. Ground cover plants for:-
1 Dry Shade
2 Damp Shade
3 Full Sun
4 Banks and Terraces
5 Woodland
6 Alkaline Sites
7 Acid Sites
8 Heavy Clay Soil
9 Dry Sandy Soil
10 Exposed Sites
11 Under Hedges
12 Patios and Paths
13 Formal Gardens
14 Swimming Pools and Tennis Courts
Why grass/lawn should never be used as a groundcover
and
Why seaweed is a necessary ingredient for gardens

Groundcover Height
0-24 inches
(0-60 cms
)
24-72 inches
(60-180 cms
)
Above 72 inches
(180 cms
)


Then, finally use
COMPANION PLANTING to
aid your plant selected or to
deter Pests
Plant Selection Level 6


THE 2 EUREKA EFFECT PAGES FOR UNDERSTANDING SOIL AND HOW PLANTS INTERACT WITH IT OUT OF 9,763:-


Explanation of Structure of this Website with User Guidelines Page for those photo galleries with Photos
(of either ones I have taken myself or others which have been loaned only for use on this website from external sources)
 

There are other pages on Plants which bloom in each month of the year in this website:-

 

 

 

I hope that you find that the information in this website is useful to you:-

I like reading and that is shown by the index in my Library, where I provide lists of books to take you between designing, maintaining or building a garden and the hierarchy of books on plants taking you from

There are these systems for choosing plants as shown in

82 rock garden plants (with photos) suitable for small garden areas; split into:-

  • 2 ALLIUM and ANEMONE Bulbs
  • 3 BULBS - Spring Catalogue. For planting in February/ May
  • 2 BULBS - Late Summer Catalogue. For planting in July/ September
  • 7 BULBS - Autumn Catalogue. For planting in September/ November
  • 2 Bulbs - Winter Catalogue. For planting in November/ March
  • 35 COLCHICUM AND CROCUS BULBS.
  • 0 DECIDUOUS SHRUBS
  • 30 EVERGREEN PERENNIALS
  • 1 EVERGREEN SHRUBS
  • 0 HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS
  • 0 ROSES
  • in the Rock Plant Flowers Gallery.
    All the remaining rock garden plants detailed in the Rock Garden Plant Index pages in the Rock Plant Flowers are waiting to receive photos, before they can be added to the 1 of the 52 Rockgarden Colour Wheel - Flowers Pages and then the above list.

I am taking photos of rock garden plants suitable for small gardens and if they do not have their own Plant Description Page in this website, then each photo of each plant will be located at the bottom of the relevant 1 of 52 Rockgarden Flower Colour Wheel pages. Usually a link in *** to that page of 35 will be included in the Name field of the respective Index Page, for:-

  • 15 BULBS, CORMS and TUBERS
  • 4 EVERGREEN SUBSHRUBS
  • 7 EVERGREEN PERENNIALS
  • 2 EVERGREEN SHRUBS
  • 7 HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS
  • Then a link using More Photos Page links to the Rock Plant Photos Gallery for each of the above 35 Rock Garden Plants
     


All-purpose Seaweed Stimulant
All-purpose organic concentrated seaweed feed that is a ready to use, derived from sustainable harvested kelp, that can be used on all outdoor and indoor plants, except acid loving plants, use our Ericaceous seaweed stimulant instead.
Perfect used in conjunction with Rootgrow™.
The product contains very high levels of auxins and cytokins that are naturally plant growth promoters.
The natural hormones in Empathy All Purpose Seaweed are taken up by the plant and promote faster and stronger root and shoot growth. They will also promote the development of beneficial bacteria, microbes and the Mycorrhizal Fungi in the soil.
 

This group has been completed in the Index Gallery only


Table 10. British Floral Sources of importance to Honey Bees from
Plants and Honey Bees
An Introduction to Their Relationships
by David Aston and Sally Bucknall.
Printed by Northern Bee Books.
First published 2004, Reprinted 2009. ISBN 0-393-30879-0

Months in flower for nectar and pollen amended by Chris Garnons-Williams
with link to its first flower month index colour page

 


Precis of Table 10 with Plant Names split into their starting letter of the alphabet, then followed by
link to its first flower month index colour page
 

Letter of the Alphabet

Botanical Plant Name

Link

Botanical Plant Name

Link

Botanical Plant Name

Link

Botanical Plant Name

Link

Botanical Plant Name

Link

A

Alnus glutinosa

Brown

Anchusa species

Blue

Arabis species

White

Aubretia deltoidea

Unusual

Alcea rosea like Alcea rosea 'Nigra'

Unusual

 

Acer pseudo-platanus

Green

Armeria maritima

Pink

Anemone nemerosa
and its cultivars (Wood anemone, windflower, thimbleweed, smell fox)

Native in Buttercup Family

White

 

 

 

Aesculus hippo-castanum

White

Acer species like Acer campestre

Green

Aster species - Aster novi-belgii, Aster novae-angliae (Michael-mas Daisies including Aster amellus - Italian Starwort and other asters)

Unusual

Allium species like Allium unifolium

There are other Alliums in Allium/ Anemone Gallery and

Native Alliums in the
Lily Garlic Family.

Pink

 

B

Berberis

Unusual

Betula species

Brown

Borago officinalis

Blue

Brassica species

White

Brassica rapa

Yellow

 

Bryonia dioica
(White Bryony, Red Bryony)

Native in Melon (Gourd/Cucumber) Family

Deadly poisonous

White

 

 

 

 

C

Colchicum autumnale

Pink

Calluna vulgaris

Unusual

See Heather calluna Gallery

Cytisus scoparius

Yellow

Campanula

Blue

Ceanothus species

Blue

 

Crocus species
Crocus vernus and Crocus nudiflorus

Purple

Crataegus species like Crataegus monogyna

White

Corylus avellana

Yellow

Centaurea species like Centaurea nigra

Purple

 

 

Calluna vulgaris

See Heather calluna Gallery

Unusual
 

Castanea sativa

Yellow

Cirsium and Carduus species like Cirsium vulgare
(Spear Thistle, Bull thistle, Common Thistle, Carduus lanceolatus, Carduus vulgaris)

Native in
Daisy Thistle Family

Purple

Clematis vitalba
(Oldmans Beard, Travellers Joy, Herbe aux gueux, Beggar's Herb, Rascal's Herb)

Native in
Buttercup Family

Cream

Chamae-nerion angusti-folium
(Rosebay Willowherb, Epilobium angusti-folium, Fireweed, Bombweed, Chamerion angusti-folium)

Native in
Willow-Herb Family

Pink

D

Doronicum like Doronicum plantagineum

Yellow

 

 

 

 

E

Escallonia species like Escallonia macrantha

Red

Echium vulgare
(Viper's Bugloss, Blueweed)

Native in Borage Family

Blue

Erysimum species like
Cheiranthus cheiri
(Wallflower, Erysimum cheiri,
Fleur de Nostra-Dama, Flor de pasque, Gillflower, Goldlack, Saint Geourges, Saint Jean, Todrilal,
Wild Wallflower)

Native in Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2 Family

Unusual

Eranthis hyemalis
(Winter Aconite)

From Bee pollinated flowers in winter Nov-Feb in Plants Folder

Native in
Buttercup Family

Yellow

Erica species like Erica cinerea
(Bell Heather)

Native in Heath Family

See Erica cinerea Index of cultivars with its other flower colours ranging from white through pink to red

Purple

F

Fagus sylvatica in Europe

Brown

Fraxinus excelsior

Purple

Foeniculum vulgare

Yellow

Fuchsia magellanica

Red

 

G

Geranium species are

Native in Geranium Family

Blue

Galanthus nivalis

White

 

 

 

H

Hyacinthoides non-scripta

Blue

Hieracleum species like Hieraclium spondylium

White

Hedera helix

Green

Helianth-emum species like
Helianthe-mum chamae-cistus
(Common Rock-Rose)

Native in
Rockrose Family

Yellow

Helianthus species like Helianthus annuus
(Sunflower, Common Sunflower)

Yellow

I

Impatiens balsamina, Impatiens bicolor.

Unusual

Ilex aquifolium

White

 

 

 

J

 

 

 

 

 

K

 

 

 

 

 

L

Lotus corniculatus

Yellow

Lobularia maritima

Unusual

Lamium species like Lamium purpureum

Mauve

Lavendular angustifolia

Purple

Ligustrum ovalifolium (Japanese Privet,
Korean Privet, California Privet,
Garden Privet, Oval-leafed Privet)

White

 

Lythrum salicaria

Native in
Loosestrife Family

Purple

Limonium species like Limonium vulgare
(Common Sea-Lavender)

Mauve

Linaria species like Linaria vulgaris
(Common Toadflax, Yellow Toadflax, Butter-and-eggs)

Native in Figwort - Mulleins Family

Yellow

 

 

M

Monarda fistulosa and Monarda didyma

Unusual

Malus pumila

Unusual

Malus sylvestris

Unusual

Myosotis species like Myosotis arvensis

Blue

Medicago sativa

Purple

 

Malva sylvestris

Purple

Mentha species like
Mentha aquatica
(Water Mint,
Mentha hirsuta)

Unusual

Melilotus officinalis
(Common Melilot, Melilotus arvensis, Ribbed Melilot, Yellow Melilot, Sweet Yellow Clover)

Native in Peaflower Family

Yellow

 

 

N

Nepeta cataria

Mauve

 

 

 

 

O

Origanum vulgare

Pink

 

 

 

 

P

Prunus dulcis

Pink

Prunus spinosa

White

Prunus avium

White

Prunus domestica

White

Polemonium caeruleum

Blue

 

Prunus domestica (Plum, Damson,
Egg Plums, Greengages,
Prunus insititia)

White

Papaver species like Papaver dubium
(Long-headed Poppy)

Red

Prunus laurocerasus
(Cherry Laurel,
Common Laurel,
English Laurel), Prunus lusitanica

White

Pyracantha coccinea
(Scarlet Firethorn,
Red Firethorn)

White

Parthen-ocissus quin-quefolia

Green

 

Prunus laurocerasus

White

Pyrus communis (European Pear)

Native in
Rose 3 Family

White

Phacelia tanacetifolia

Blue

Plantago lanceolata (Ribwort Plantain)

Unusual

 

Q

Quercus species like
Quercus robur
(Pedunculate Oak, English Oak Tree, Common Oak, European Oak)

Unusual

 

 

 

 

R

Rubus fruticosus

White

Ranunculus species like Ranunculus repens

Yellow

Ranunculus ficaria

Yellow

Ribes species

Unusual

Ribes uva-crispa

Unusual

 

Rubus idaeus

White

Robinia pseudoacacia (Black Locust, False Acacia)

White

Rosa canina
(Dog Rose,
Rosa coriifolia,
Rosa stylosa,
Rosa obtusifolia)

Native in
Rose 2 Family
and other Wildflower Rosa species in that Rose Family

Pink

 

 

S

Scrophularia species like Scrophularia nodosa

Green

Solidago species like Solidago virgaurea

Yellow

Spiraea ulmaria

Cream

Sinapis alba
(White
Mustard, Brassica alba, Brassica hirta, Sinapis foliosa, Bonannaria officinalis) and
Brassica juncea (Brown Mustard)

Yellow

Senecio jacobaea
(Common Ragwort,
St. James' Wort, Jacobaea vulgaris)
 

Native in
Daisy Family

Yellow

 

Salvia officinalis
(Sage, Common Sage,
Garden Sage)

Unusual

Salix species like Salix pentranda
(Bay Willow, Bay-leaved Willow,
Laurel Willow)

Native in
Willow Family

Yellow

Scabiosa, Knautia and Succisa species with common name containing Scabious

See Field Scabious, Small Scabious and Devilsbit Scabious are

Native in Teasel Family

 

 

T

Taraxacum officinale
(Taraxum vulgare)
Grow with Clover and Alfalfa in Pots to help bees and birds

Yellow

Tilia species like Tilia vulgaris

Yellow

Trifolium pratense

Pink

Thymus species like Mentha rotundifolia
(Apple Mint, Mentha suaveolens, Round-leaved Mint)

Native in Thyme 1
Thyme 2 Family

White

Trifolium
repens

Native in Peaflower
Clover 3
Family

White

 

Teucrium scorodonia
(Wood-sage, Woodland Germander)

Native in Thyme 2 Family

Green

 

 

 

 

U

Ulex minor

Yellow

Ulmus species like Ulmus glabra

Unusual

Ulex europaeus

Yellow

 

 

V

Vaccinium myrtillus

White

Vicia faba

White

Verbascum species like
Verbascum thapsus
(Common Mullein,
Great Mullein, Greater Mullein)

Yellow

Veronica species like Veronica chamaedrys (Birdseye Speedwell, Germander Speedwell)

Native in Figwort - Speedwells Family

Blue

Vicia species like Vicia sativa
(Garden Vetch, Tare, Vetch, Common Vetch)

Native in Peaflower Vetches/Peas Family

Purple

 

Viola odorata
(Sweet Violet, Wood Violet, English Violet, Common Violet, Florist's Violet, Garden Violet)

Native in
Violet Family

Purple

 

 

 

 

W

 

 

 

 

 

X

 

 

 

 

 

Y

 

 

 

 

 

Z

 

 

 

 

 

Comment

Plant Name

Common Name

Feb-Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep-Oct

Pollen

Alnus glutinosa

Alder

Brown

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nectar and Pollen

Prunus dulcis

Almond

Pink

000

 

 

 

 

 

Pollen

Lobularia maritima

Alyssum

 

 

 

Unus-ual

000

000

 

Nectar

Anchusa species

Anchusa

 

 

Blue

000

000

000

000

Honey,
Nectar and Pollen.
Major bee plant.

Malus pumila

Apple

 

Unus-ual

000

 

 

 

 

Nectar and Pollen.

Arabis species

Arabis

White

000

000

 

 

 

 

Pollen

Fraxinus excelsior

Ash

Purp-le

000

000

000

 

 

 

Nectar and Pollen

Aubretia deltoidea

Aubretia

Unus-ual

000

000

 

 

 

 

Pollen

Colchicum autumnale

Autumn Crocus

 

 

 

 

 

Pink

000

Honey and
Nectar

Impatiens balsamina, Impatiens bicolor.

Balsam

 

 

 

Unus-ual

000

000

000

Pollen source only in UK.

Beechwood Honey in New Zealand

Fagus sylvatica in Europe

Beech

 

Brown

000

 

 

 

 

Honey,
Nectar and Pollen.

Major bee plant

Calluna vulgaris

See Heather calluna Gallery

Bell Heather

 

 

 

 

Unus-ual

000

000
and Nov

Barberry Honey and Nectar

Berberis

Berberis

Mar

Unus-ual

000

 

 

 

 

Nectar

Monarda fistulosa and Monarda didyma

Bergamot

 

 

 

Unus-ual

000

000

 

Nectar.
Bilberry Mining Bee collects its pollen

Vaccinium myrtillus

Billberry

 

White

000

000

 

 

 

Pollen
Can smother other plants, so do not plant in your garden

Calystegia sepium and Convolvulus arvensis

Bindweed

 

 

 

000

 

 

 

Pollen.
It is wind pollinated

Betula species

Birch

Mar

Brown

000

 

 

 

 

Comment

Plant Name

Common Name

Feb-Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep-Oct

Single-flowered wild plant for its Nectar

Lotus corniculatus

Bird's-foot-trefoil

 

 

Yell-ow

000

000

000

Sep

Nectar and Pollen.
Major bee plant.

Rubus fruticosus

Blackberry

 

 

 

White

000

000

000

Nectar and Pollen

Prunus spinosa

Blackthorn

 

White

000

 

 

 

 

Nectar

Hyacinthoides non-scripta

Bluebell

 

Blue

000

000

 

 

 

Honey,
Nectar and Pollen.
Major bee plant.

Borago officinalis

Borage

 

 

 

Blue

000

000

000

Honey, Nectar and Pollen

Brassica species

Brassicas

 

 

 

White

000

000

Sep

Nectar and Pollen

Cytisus scoparius

Broom

 

Yell-ow

000

000

 

 

 

Pollen may be harmful to bees. Poisonous to horses, cattle and other livestock eating it

Ranunculus species like Ranunculus repens

Buttercup

 

 

 

Yell-ow

000

000

Sep

Nectar and Pollen.

Campanula

Campanula

 

 

Blue

000

000

000

 

Nectar.

Nepeta cataria

Cat-mint

 

 

Mauve

000

000

000

Nov

Pollen in UK. Nectar and Pollen in USA.

Ceanothus species

Ceanothus

 

Blue

000

 

 

 

 

Pollen

Ranunculus ficaria

Lesser Celandine

Mar

Yell-ow

000

 

 

 

 

Honey, Nectar and Pollen.
Major bee plant.

Prunus avium

Wild Cherry

 

White

000

 

 

 

 

Nectar and Pollen. Also used by Bumble Bees

Malus sylvestris

Crab apple

Mar

Unus-ual

000

 

 

 

 

Nectar and Pollen

Geranium species in Geranium Family

Crane's-bill but not Pelargon-iums - bedding plants

 

 

 

Blue

000

000

000

Pollen

Crocus species
Crocus vernus and Crocus nudiflorus

Crocus

Purp-le

000

 

 

 

 

000

Honey, Nectar and Pollen

Ribes species

Currants

 

Unus-ual

000

 

 

 

 

Honey and Nectar.
Major bee plant.

Prunus domestica

Damson

 

White

 

 

 

 

 

Honey, Nectar and Pollen.
Major bee plant.

Taraxacum officinale
(Taraxum vulgare)
Grow with Clover and Alfalfa in Pots to help bees and birds

Dandelion

 

 

Yell-ow

000

000

000

000

Comment

Plant Name

Common Name

Feb-Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep-Oct

Nectar and Pollen.
White dead-nettle
(Lamium album) regularly flowers thoughout winter months.

Lamium species like Lamium purpureum

Dead-nettle

Mar

Mauve

000

000

000

000

000

Nectar and Pollen.

Doronicum like Doronicum plantagineum

Leopard's Bane

 

 

Yell-ow

000

 

 

 

Pollen

Ulex minor

Dwarf Gorse

 

 

 

 

Yell-ow

000

Sep

Pollen

Ulmus species like Ulmus glabra

Elm

Unus-ual

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nectar and Pollen.

Escallonia species like Escallonia macrantha

Escallonia

 

 

 

Red

000

 

 

Nectar and Pollen

Foeniculum vulgare

Fennel

 

 

 

 

Yell-ow

000

 

Honey, Nectar and Pollen. Major bee plant.

Vicia faba

Field bean, Broad Bean, French Bean, Kidney Bean and Runner Bean in the UK

 

 

White

000

000

000

 

Nectar

Scrophularia species like Scrophularia nodosa

Figwort

 

 

 

Green

000

000

Sep

Nectar and Pollen.

Myosotis species like Myosotis arvensis

Forget-me-not

 

Blue

000

000

000

000

000

Nectar.
Honey in USA

Fuchsia magellanica

Fuschia

 

 

 

 

 

Red

000

Nectar and Pollen

Solidago species like Solidago virgaurea

Golden rod

 

 

 

 

Yell-ow

000

000

Nectar

Ribes uva-crispa

Gooseberry

 

Unus-ual

000

 

 

 

 

Pollen

Ulex europaeus

Gorse

Jan-Mar

Yell-ow

000

000

000

000

Sep-Dec

Honey, Nectar and Pollen. Major bee plant.

Crataegus species like Crataegus monogyna

Hawthorn

 

 

White

000

 

 

 

Pollen

Corylus avellana

Hazel

Yell-ow

000

 

 

 

 

 

Nectar and Pollen

Hieracleum species like Hieraclium spondylium

Hogweed

 

 

 

White

000

000

000

Nectar. Periodical clipping of holly hedges prevents flowering. Clip in July instead

Ilex aquifolium

Holly

 

 

White

000

000

000

 

Nectar. Pollen is in high demand this late in the season

Alcea rosea like Alcea rosea 'Nigra'

Hollyhock

 

 

 

 

Unus-ual

000

Sep

Comment

Plant Name

Common Name

Feb-Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep-Oct

Honey,
Nectar and Pollen. This is one of the plants poisonous to horses.

Aesculus hippo-castanum

Horse-chestnut

 

White

000

 

 

 

 

Honey,
Nectar and Pollen
Major bee plant.
Ivy can produce a useful supply of nectar from October until the first frosts.

Hedera helix

Ivy

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sep-Nov

Green

Nectar and Pollen

Polemonium caeruleum

Jacob's-ladder

 

 

 

Blue

000

 

 

Honey and
Nectar

Centaurea species like Centaurea nigra

Knapweed

 

 

 

Purp-le

000

000

Sep

Nectar.
Also used by Bumblebees

Prunus laurocerasus

Laurel

 

 

White

000

 

 

 

Honey and Nectar.
Also used by Bumblebees

Lavendular angustifolia

Lavender

 

 

 

 

Purp-le

000

Sep

Honey and Nectar.
Also used by Bumblebees
Major bee plant.

Tilia species like Tilia vulgaris

Lime (Linden tree)

 

 

 

 

Yell-ow

 

 

Honey, Nectar and Pollen. Major bee plant.

Calluna vulgaris

See Heather calluna Gallery

Ling Heather

 

 

 

 

Unus-ual

000

Sep-Nov

Nectar

Medicago sativa

Lucerne, Alfalfa

 

 

 

Purp-le

000

 

 

Nectar and Pollen.
Also used by Bumblebees

Malva sylvestris

Mallow

 

 

 

Purp-le

000

000

Sep

Nectar and Pollen.
Major bee plant.
Also used by Bumblebees

Acer species like Acer campestre

Maple

 

 

Green

000

 

 

 

Nectar is also collected from O. marjoranae and O. onites

Origanum vulgare

Marjoram

 

 

 

 

Pink

000

Sep

Pollen

Spiraea ulmaria

Meadow-sweet

 

 

 

Cream

000

000

Sep

Honey,
Nectar and Pollen

Aster species - Aster novi-belgii, Aster novae-angliae (Michael-mas Daisies including Aster amellus - Italian Starwort and other asters)

Michael-mas daisy

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unus-ual

Nectar.
Fields of mint are harvested before they flower.

Mentha species like
Mentha aquatica
(Water Mint,
Mentha hirsuta)

Mint

 

 

 

Unus-ual

000

000

Sep

Pollen

Verbascum species like
Verbascum thapsus
(Common Mullein,
Great Mullein, Greater Mullein)

Mullein

 

 

 

Yell-ow

000

000

 

Comment

Plant Name

Common Name

Feb-Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep-Oct

Honey,
Nectar and Pollen

Sinapis alba
(White
Mustard, Brassica alba, Brassica hirta, Sinapis foliosa, Bonannaria officinalis) and
Brassica juncea (Brown Mustard)

Mustard

 

 

Yell-ow

000

000

000

 

Pollen

Quercus species like
Quercus robur
(Pedunculate Oak, English Oak Tree, Common Oak, European Oak)

Oak

 

Unus-ual

000

000

 

 

 

Nectar and Pollen.
Major bee plant.

Brassica napus and
Brassica rapa

Oil-seed rape autumn sown

 

000

000

 

 

 

 

Nectar and Pollen.
Major bee plant.

Brassica napus and
Brassica rapa

Oil-seed rape spring sown

 

 

 

000

000

 

 

Nectar and Pollen.
Major bee plant.

Brassica rapa

Barge-man's Cabbage

 

 

Yell-ow

000

000

000

 

Nectar

Allium species like Allium unifolium

There are other Alliums in Allium/ Anemone Gallery and native Alliums in the
Lily Garlic Family.

Onion

 

 

Pink

000

000

 

 

Nectar and Pollen.
Major bee plant.

Pyrus communis (European Pear)
Native in
Rose 3 Family

Pear

 

White

000

 

 

 

 

Nectar and Pollen
Major bee plant.

Phacelia tanacetifolia

Phacelia

 

 

Blue

000

000

000

000

Pollen

Plantago lanceolata (Ribwort Plantain)

Plantain in Plantain Family

 

Unus-ual

000

000

000

000

000

Honey,
Nectar and
Pollen
Major bee plant.

Prunus domestica (Plum, Damson,
Egg Plums, Greengages,
Prunus insititia)

Plum

 

White

 

 

 

 

 

Pollen

Papaver species like Papaver dubium
(Long-headed Poppy)

Poppy

 

 

 

Red

000

000

 

Nectar from neglected privet hedges

Ligustrum ovalifolium (Japanese Privet,
Korean Privet, California Privet,
Garden Privet, Oval-leafed Privet)

Privet

 

 

 

 

White

 

 

Nectar and Pollen

Prunus laurocerasus
(Cherry Laurel,
Common Laurel,
English Laurel), Prunus lusitanica

Prunus

 

 

White

000

 

 

 

Nectar and Pollen
Highly invasive

Lythrum salicaria
Native in
Loosestrife Family

Purple-loosestrife

 

 

 

Purp-le

000

000

 

Nectar and Pollen

Pyracantha coccinea
(Scarlet Firethorn,
Red Firethorn)

Firethorn

 

 

White

000

 

 

 

Nectar and Pollen.
Toxic to grazing animals and humans. Do not grow.

Senecio jacobaea
(Common Ragwort,
St. James' Wort, Jacobaea vulgaris)
Native in
Daisy Family

Ragwort

 

 

 

Yell-ow

000

000

000

Comment

Plant Name

Common Name

Feb-Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep-Oct

Honey,
Nectar and Pollen.
Major bee plant.

Rubus idaeus

Raspberry

 

 

 

White

000

000

 

Nectar and Pollen
Major bee plant.

Trifolium pratense

Red clover

 

 

Pink

000

000

000

Sep

Nectar and Pollen.
Also used by Bumblebees

Robinia pseudoacacia (Black Locust, False Acacia)

False Acacia

 

 

White

000

000

 

 

Pollen

Helianth-emum species like
Helianthe-mum chamae-cistus
(Common Rock-Rose)
Native in
Rockrose Family

Rock-rose

 

 

Yell-ow

000

000

000

Sep

Nectar and Pollen

Salvia officinalis
(Sage, Common Sage,
Garden Sage)

Sage

 

 

Unus-ual

000

000

000

 

Nectar

Scabiosa, Knautia and Succisa species with common name containing Scabious

See Field Scabious, Small Scabious and Devilsbit Scabious in Teasel Family

 

 

 

000
Purple flo-wers

000

000

 

In coastal regions sea lavender will yield good nectar producing a light coloured honey.

Limonium species like Limonium vulgare
(Common Sea-Lavender)

Sea-lavender

 

 

 

 

Mauve

000

 

Pollen is collected from the Wild-flower but not from the double flowers of the garden varieties.

Galanthus nivalis

Snowdrop

White

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nectar and Pollen

Helianthus species like Helianthus annuus
(Sunflower, Common Sunflower)

Sunflower

 

 

 

 

Yell-ow

000

000

Pollen

Castanea sativa

Sweet Chestnut

 

 

 

 

Yell-ow

 

 

Honey,
Nectar and Pollen.
Major bee plant.

Acer pseudo-platanus

Sycamore

 

Green

000

 

 

 

 

Nectar and Pollen

Cirsium and Carduus species like Cirsium vulgare
(Spear Thistle, Bull thistle, Common Thistle, Carduus lanceolatus, Carduus vulgaris)

Native in
Daisy Thistle Family

Thistle

 

 

 

 

Purp-le

000

000

Nectar and Pollen

Armeria maritima

Thrift

 

Pink

000

000

000

000

000

Nectar
Should be in every garden.

Thymus species like Mentha rotundifolia
(Apple Mint, Mentha suaveolens, Round-leaved Mint)

Native in Thyme 1
Thyme 2 Family

Thyme

 

 

 

 

White

000

 

Nectar

Linaria species like Linaria vulgaris
(Common Toadflax, Yellow Toadflax, Butter-and-eggs)

Native in Figwort - Mulleins Family

Toadflax

 

 

 

 

Yell-ow

000

000

Comment

Plant Name

Common Name

Feb-Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep-Oct

Pollen

Clematis vitalba
(Oldmans Beard, Travellers Joy, Herbe aux gueux, Beggar's Herb, Rascal's Herb)

Native in
Buttercup Family

Traveller's joy

 

 

 

 

Cream

000

Sep

Nectar and pollen.
Should be in every garden.

Veronica species like Veronica chamaedrys (Birdseye Speedwell, Germander Speedwell)

Native in Figwort - Speedwells Family

Veronica

 

Blue

000

000

000

 

 

Pollen

Vicia species like Vicia sativa
(Garden Vetch, Tare, Vetch, Common Vetch)

Native in Peaflower Vetches/Peas Family

Vetch

 

 

 

Purp-le

000

000

Sep

Nectar

Viola odorata
(Sweet Violet, Wood Violet, English Violet, Common Violet, Florist's Violet, Garden Violet)

Native in
Violet Family

Violet

Mar

Purp-le

000

 

 

 

 

Nectar

It's the number one bee plant.

Echium vulgare
(Viper's Bugloss, Blueweed)

Native in Borage Family

Viper's bugloss

 

 

 

Blue

000

000

Sep

Nectar and Pollen

Parthen-ocissus quin-quefolia

Virginia creeper

 

 

Green

000

 

 

 

Nectar and Pollen

Erysimum species like
Cheiranthus cheiri
(Wallflower, Erysimum cheiri,
Fleur de Nostra-Dama, Flor de pasque, Gillflower, Goldlack, Saint Geourges, Saint Jean, Todrilal,
Wild Wallflower)

Native in Crucifer (Cabbage/Mustard) 2 Family

Wallflower

Mar

Unus-ual

000

000

 

 

 

Nectar and Pollen

Bryonia dioica
(White Bryony, Red Bryony)

Native in Melon (Gourd/Cucumber) Family

Deadly poisonous

White bryony

 

 

White

000

000

000

Sep

Honey,
Nectar and Pollen.
Major bee plant.

Trifolium
repens

Native in Peaflower
Clover 3
Family

White clover

 

 

 

White

000

000

Sep

Pollen

Rosa canina
(Dog Rose,
Rosa coriifolia,
Rosa stylosa,
Rosa obtusifolia)

Native in
Rose 2 Family
and other Wildflower Rosa species in that Rose Family

Wild rose

 

 

 

Pink

000

 

 

Honey,
Nectar and Pollen

Salix species like Salix pentranda
(Bay Willow, Bay-leaved Willow,
Laurel Willow)

Native in
Willow Family

Willow

 

 

Yell-ow

000

 

 

 

Nectar and Pollen.
Major bee plant. Popular with Bumblebees

Chamae-nerion angusti-folium
(Rosebay Willowherb, Epilobium angusti-folium, Fireweed, Bombweed, Chamerion angusti-folium)

Native in
Willow-Herb Family

Rosebay Will-owherb

 

 

 

Pink

000

000

Sep

Nectar and Pollen and visited by Bumble Bee

Eranthis hyemalis
(Winter Aconite)

From Bee pollinated flowers in winter Nov-Feb in Plants Folder

Native in
Buttercup Family

Winter aconite

Jan-Mar

Yell-ow

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nectar and Pollen

Erica species like Erica cinerea
(Bell Heather)

Native in Heath Family

See Erica cinerea Index of cultivars with its other flower colours ranging from white through pink to red

Winter heaths

 

 

 

Purp-le

000

 

 

Pollen

Anemone nemerosa
and its cultivars (Wood anemone, windflower, thimbleweed, smell fox)

Native in Buttercup Family

Wood anemone

Mar

White

000

 

 

 

 

Nectar and Pollen

Teucrium scorodonia
(Wood-sage, Woodland Germander)

Native in Thyme 2 Family

Wood sage

 

 

 

 

Green

000

Sep

Nectar

Sweet clover is a major source of nectar for domestic honey bees as hives near sweet clover can yield up to 200 pounds of honey in a year.

Melilotus officinalis
(Common Melilot, Melilotus arvensis, Ribbed Melilot, Yellow Melilot, Sweet Yellow Clover)

Native in Peaflower Family

Yellow melilot

 

 

 

Yell-ow

000

000

Sep

Comment

Plant Name

Common Name

Feb-Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep-Oct

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cash strapped Councils could save money and help bees and pollinators by planting CLOVER as

  • 1) clover lawn areas, instead of grass, around public buildings,
  • 2) create clover, instead of grass, roundabouts,
  • 3) clover strips instead of grassy verges,
  • 4) include within formal planting schemes to provide free fertiliser for the adjacent lavender or other plants
  • 5) seed clover mixed with buttercup and bird's foot trefoil to grow on brownfield sites such as among the ruins of the old industrial buildings. Instead of applying weedkiller with the aim of 'tidying up', these can then be left alone by councils.

for the following benefits:-

A) Reduce mowing costs,
B) Suitable for areas where taller grasses would otherwise impede visibilty for traffic,
C) Low risk of 'litter trapping',
D) Help councils achieve aims to create pollinator habitats,
E) Relatively hard wearing and drought resistant varieties available,
F) Thrives in poor soil, and nitrogen fixing - so would as a legume provide free food for trees and shrubs planted in same area and
G) Attractive and fragrant.
 
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