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Irrigation of current Trees in Pavements in Funchal, Madeira

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Problems with trees in pavements in Funchal, Madeira in January/February 2018
PROBLEMS WITH TREES IN PAVEMENTS IN FUNCHAL, MADEIRA IN JANUARY/FEBRUARY 2019

Death of tree roots and
Death of tree trunks/branches caused by people.
Solution to problems for trees caused by people using irrigation -
Growth of Pollarded Tree in Hotel Garden in 1 year provides a water solution to this destruction.

Damage to Tree Trunks 1, 2, 3, 4 caused by people,
Damage to Tree Roots caused by people,
Area of Open Ground round trees,
New Trees in pavements 1, 2,
Irrigation of current trees,
Watersprouts on trees,
Crossing Branches in trees,
Utility Equipment with tree Foliage,
Lights on trees,
Bycycle Lane in Pavement,
Public Gardens alongside pavements,
Hotel/Private Gardens alongside pavements,
Current Permeable Pavement Surface round trees and
Irrigation and Fertilising of trees.

 

 

 


Text for Photo 1, 2, 3 and 4
 


Photo 1 taken by Chris Garnons-Williams In Madeira.
Photo 2 taken by Chris Garnons-Williams In Madeira.
 


Photo 3 taken by Chris Garnons-Williams In Madeira.


Photo 4 taken by Chris Garnons-Williams In Madeira.

This is

"Photo 2 - flower bed from low road by promenade IMG_6116.JPG

View towards the Forum from the same position as the above photo was taken." from Public Gardens alongside pavements in Funchal, Madeira Page. This also shows the new trees from here towards the Forum. These trees have been planted further away from the road than tree 56 in Death of Tree Roots in Madeira caused by people Page.
It appears that this section of road is being used to park cars on. This provides at least a 300cm (120 inch) gap between the tree trunk and the road where buses and lorries will travel. Those same busses/lorries can then safely prune the ends of the branches that these trees can produce without harming them.

Photo 1 - tree 85 from pestana promenade to forum view previous road section IMG_6004.JPG

This shows the other end of these new trees back towards the Pestana Promenade Hotel. These trees have been planted even further from the road and it would then appear that the lateral roots of these trees would be able to surround the pavement area round the tree.
At this end of the new tree section, there is no room for cars to park on the road, so the trees have been planted further back to compensate.

Photo 2 - tree 85 from pestana promenade to forum with irrigation pipe and growing tree IMG_6003.JPG

This black pipe looks like irrigation pipe.

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Photo 3 - tree 85 from pestana promenade to forum with irrigation pipe and growing tree IMG_6003.JPG

Note the light brown bark on the tree trunk. This is new bark and indicates that this tree is being irrigated on a regular basis, which is sufficiently often to keep these weeds growing and healthy.

I suspect the grey shale in this tree planting pit has come from the sea-shore further along the coast,been washed and then used as a mulch to prevent the soil underneath from drying out due to either the sun's rays on it or the wind.

Melcourt Industries Limited did an experiment some years ago. They planted young fruit trees into a field in April. They then soaked the field with water. Then over a half of that field, they applied a thick mulch of Melcourt Bark. Then each month they recorded the moisture content in the soil and the condition of the trees only. The fruit trees without the mulch in August after the hottest year in a long time were very distressed and the ground was dry. The fruit trees with the mulch were quite happy and there was still moisture in the ground. An organic mulch is better than an inorganic mulch like this grey shale.

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Photo 4 - tree 81 from pestana promenade pavement pavers with gaps IMG_5994.JPG

It would appear that there is a small gap between these new pavers where irrigation water can enter if the pavement is irrigated regularly and gaseous exchange can occur. New roots could then form under these gaps.

These pavers could be replaced with altered shape pavers as described in Solution to tree problems Page:-
"The cheapest solution is to take the standard paver of 4 x 8 inches (10 x 20 cms) and reduce it by 3mm each side leaving 1 cm length of the original paver unremoved at the left hand side of each side. When these replace the existing pavers, they leave at section of open space of 3mm round most of the paver. Gaseous exchange and irrigation water thus has access to the roots below. This area of pavers can either by irrigated by sprinklers as in the CORE TRP SYSTEM in the third column, or by the lavada irrigation system, where the water can be diverted over the area and any excess gets diverted into the road storm drains. New tree roots will then be created to follow these drainage channels between these pavers. Smooth out the ground level using SHARP SAND NOT BUILDERS SAND (sharp sand being jagged locks together, builders sand is spherical and acts like ball bearings) on top of what is currently below the removed pavers, concrete, tarmc etc, before laying the new pavers." or
by the CORE TRP SYSTEM. This would then provide better conditions for the roots of these trees.

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Photo 5 - tree 85 from pestana promenade to forum view previous road section IMG_6004.JPG

These trees look like proper trees which have not been pollarded as soon as they were planted. These trees may have some watersprouts coming from branches rather than the stumps of cut branches. which if they were cut off would be better for the tree, but no tree is perfect!!

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Photo 6 - tree 85 from pestana promenade to forum with crossing branch IMG_6002.JPG

You can see light brown bark in the trunk of this tree indicating that because of irrigation, this tree is growing this year.

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Photo 7 - tree 85 from pestana promenade to forum with crossing branch IMG_6002.JPG

The right hand branch at the bottom is crossing over a horizontal branch. In windy conditions this branch will cause damage to the branch under it.

At some point it was probably decided that that the middle branch was going over the road and so it was decided that it would be cut off. It was not cut back to the branch it came from and the cut sealed with black masonry paint, so it produced 2 now large watersprouts, a new small branch coming towards the left and and an older branch going to the right.
At the nursery this crossing branch should have been pulled away - using a hemp rope tied to a stake - to not cross over the branch above it, or been cut off when it joined the trunk.

The correct tree/shrub pruning technique is shown on the Ivydene Gardens informs you how to design, construct and maintain your provate garden using organic methods and companion planting Page and then you would leave a branch growing that would at least grow in the desired direction naturally rather than producing watersprouts which seems to be the system adopted in maintaining trees in this road's pavements. Can Madeira afford to train it's staff?

irrigationofcurrenttrees7garnonswilliams

Photo 8 - Grundfos.jpg

This is page 5 of the installation pamphlet supplied with every Grundfos circulating pump. If the current pump fails and your central heating/hot water system fails to transfer the heat generated by the boiler, then the circulator needs replacing. Assuming that your qualified UK plumber cannot read, since only the privileged majority can, hopefully he/she is not blind as well and can see the diagram for correctly replacing a pump on a horizontal pipe. I am afraid that one the one's I employed could not and installed the new one as in figure 2 third in that row. It duly failed 4 months later and the next plumber was persuaded to install the next new one correctly.
Of course this was not quite as bad as the replacement gas boiler was fitted with the cold entering the hot water exit and the hot exiting the cold water return. This was not noticed by the yearly visits of the contracted UK maintenance staff for 6 years. If you want a good time bomb with exploding gas boilers since the thermostats are positioned close to the exit for the hot water and so work on that heat, not the heat in the returning water.
Do not forget to employ UK gas engineers with their required annual gas certifcates. The gas boiler manufactorers decided to put a flow switch into new boilers so that if this hash-up occured again then the boiler would not work. The boiler makers would be diplomatic in their telephone conversations with the errant installers when they telephoned.

So if UK qualified gas engineers practicing terrorism on their unsuspecting clients, because they could not read the instructions,
then perhaps the tree maintenance staff in Madeira not being instructed and they do not look at the internet themselves on how to prune correctly; is understandable.

irrigationofcurrenttrees8garnonswilliams

Photo 9 - Glow-worm.jpg

When the replacement boiler has been fitted, then the client should receive the book about the boiler, which should have the following diagram in it, so that you can check that the boiler has been correctly fitted.
It is very technical:-

  • Allow the boiler to get cold,
  • then switch the boiler on and hold each of the 2 water pipes coming from the boiler
  • to discover which one gets hot first.
  • Then you can look at the diagram in the book to verify that you may have a safe system.
  • If not, then call the Gas Council and the Police and do not use the boiler until it has been correctly installed and the offending plumber has been taken away by the police and charged with attempted murder.

Remember to use the excellent quality of the service by UK workers:-

  • Adult literacy in the UK - 16.4% of adults in England, or 7.1 million people, can be described as having 'very poor literacy skills.' They can understand short straightforward texts on familiar topics accurately and independently, and obtain information from everyday sources, but reading information from unfamiliar sources, or on unfamiliar topics, could cause problems.
  • There were 32.40 million people in work during March to May 2018, 137,000 more than for December 2017 to February 2018 and 388,000 more than for a year earlier.

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Photo 10 - tree 30 from end of 2 road junction root disturbance IMG_6257.JPG

The lateral roots have raised the metal barrier and some of the concrete pavers, but not sure where the irrigation came from - unless one or more of the lateral roots is under the flower bed between the road and the bicycle track.

Is it perhaps a leak from a mains water pipe as I had seen on either side of the last concrete staircase between this upper road and the lower road from the Lido. When I informed the hotel opposite it, I was told that that irrigation system was under the control of the civil service government in Funchal.

Photo 11 - tree 60 from pestana promenade past lido IMG_6359.JPG

Concrete replaces the concrete pavers which have been raised by the lateral roots of this tree. It is good to know that we quite happily put a toxic substance on tree roots!!!

Photo 12 - tree 59 from pestana promenade past lido roots lifting pavement and pushing out kerb edge IMG_6357.JPG

Lateral roots can get quite long in their search for water/nutrients etc. Has the grass gone brown between these pavers because it has been killed off by the sun or was it sprayed with a herbicide? The herbicide will also reach the tree roots which is not beneficial to the tree.

Photo 13 - tree 60 from pestana promenade past lido in road IMG_6360.JPG

Same tree as in Photo 11

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Photo 14 - tree 61 from pestana promenade past lido in road by zebra crossing IMG_6362.JPG

This is not tree 60 or 61 but a different one with its own problems.


Photo 15 - tree 61 from pestana promenade past lido in road IMG_6361.JPG

Laterals girdling this tree only get irrigated from the water flowing along the road to get to road drains. Further concrete has been laid round tree to stabilise concrete pavers but not to help the tree.

Photo 16 - tree 61 from pestana promenade past lido in road IMG_6363.JPG

Poor tree has not only to deal with tarmac, concrete, concrete pavers but also traffic pounding its roots and hitting the exposed trunk - while that part of the trunk is in the road - as well as girdling roots.
 

I do get concerned when I see the roadside warning stating "Workmen in Road". I know that housing space is low, but not quite to that extent where that workforce could be run over while mantaining that road!!!!

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This website is being created by Chris Garnons-Williams of Ivydene Horticultural Services from it's start in 2005.

I am requesting free colour photographs of any plants grown in or sold in the United Kingdom to add to the plants in the Plant Photographic Galleries and Butterfly photographs for the Butterfly on Plant Photographic Galleries.

 

Site design and content copyright ©April 2007. Page structure amended October 2012. Page structure changed February 2019 for pages concerning Trees in pavements alongside roads in Madeira. Chris Garnons-Williams.

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I put jokes in at various places to give you a smile.

 

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followed by all the Wild Flower Family Pages:-

There are 180 families in the Wildflowers of the UK and they have been split up into 22 Galleries to allow space for up to 100 plants per gallery.

Each plant named in each of the Wildflower Family Pages may have a link to its Plant Description Page in its Common Name in one of those Wildflower Plant Galleries and will have links to external sites to purchase the plant or seed in its Botanical Name, to see photos in its Flowering Months and to read habitat details in its Habitat Column.


57(o)58 Crucifer (Cabbage/ Mustard) 1
indicates 57 Plant Description Pages with photos and 58 plants with photos in that Crucifer Family Page 1:-

Wild Flower

ad borage gallery
...(o)2 Adder's Tongue
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box crowberry gallery
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The Site Map Page that you link to from the Menu in the above row for the Wildflower Gallery contains all the native UK plants which have their Plant Description Pages in the other 22 Wildflower Galleries. It also has Wildflower Index Pages, Flower Colour Comparison Pages and links to the 180 Wildflower Family Pages as shown in the menu above.


 

 

Links to external websites like the link to "the Man walking in front of car to warn pedestrians of a horseless vehicle approaching" would be correct when I inserted it after March 2007, but it is possible that those horseless vehicles may now exceed the walking pace of that man and thus that link will currently be br
ok en .... .....

My advice is Google the name on the link and see if you can find the new link. If you sent me an email after clicking Ivydene Horticultural Services text under the Worm Logo on any page, then; as the first after March 2010 you would be the third emailer since 2007, I could then change that link in that 1 of the 15,743 pages. Currently (August 2016), I can receive but not send emails, so please provide phone number/country or full postal address if reply required.

 


Other websites provide you with cookies - I am sorry but I am too poor to afford them. If I save the pennies from my pension for the next visitor, I am almost certain in March 2023, that I could afford to make that 4th visitor to this website a Never Fail Cake. I would then be able to save for more years for the postage.

 

It is worth remembering that especially with roses that the colour of the petals of the flower may change - The following photos are of Rosa 'Lincolnshire Poacher' which I took on the same day in R.V. Roger's Nursery Field:-

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Closed Bud

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Opening Bud

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Juvenile Flower

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Older Juvenile Flower

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Middle-aged Flower - Flower Colour in Season in its
Rose Description Page is
"Buff Yellow, with a very slight pink tint at the edges in May-October."

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Mature Flower

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Juvenile Flower and Dying Flower

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Form of Rose Bush

There are 720 roses in the Rose Galleries; many of which have the above series of pictures in their respective Rose Description Page.

So one might avoid the disappointment that the 2 elephants had when their trunks were entwined instead of them each carrying their trunk using their own trunk, and your disappointment of buying a rose to discover that the colour you bought it for is only the case when it has its juvenile flowers; if you look at all the photos of the roses in the respective Rose Description Page!!!!

 

Fragrant Plants adds the use of another of your 5 senses in your garden:-

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves.

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark.

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil
.

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soi
l.

Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
.

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers.

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves.

Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves.

Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers.

Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit.

Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers.

Night-scented Flowering Plants.

Scented Aquatic Plants.

Plants with Scented Fruits.

Plants with Scented Roots.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood.

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums.

Scented Cacti and Succulents.

Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell.