Ivydene Gardens Stage 2 - Infill3 Plants Index Gallery:
Climber - Climbers and Wall Shrubs needing or responding well to Conservatory or Greenhouse

Ivydene Gardens Stage 2 - Infill3 Plants Index Gallery:
Climber - Climbers and Wall Shrubs needing or responding well to Conservatory or Greenhouse

Botanical Plant Name

with link to
UK or
European Union
mail-order supplier for you to contact to buy this plant

Flower Colour

Sun Aspect of Full Sun,
Part Shade, Full Shade

with link to external website for photo/data

Flowering Months

with row in each month that it flowers in that colour in
STAGE 4A
12 BLOOM COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY
/

with link to
USA or
Canada
mail-order supplier

Height with Spacings or Width (W) in inches (cms)

1 inch =
2.5 cms
12 inches = 30 cms
40 inches = 100 cms

Foliage Colour


with row in relevant pages that it has foliage of that colour in
STAGE 4B
12 FOLIAGE COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY

or
Background Colour nearest to middle-aged leaf colour from 212 foliage colours /

followed by
Soil Moisture:-
Dry,
Moist,
Wet

with link to Australia or New Zealand mail-order supplier

 

with data for rows in
STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY and
STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Pages

Plant Type is:-

A for Aquatic
Ann for Annual / Biennial
Ba for Bamboo
Bu for Bulb
Cl for Climber
Co for Conifer
F for Fern
G for Grass
H for Herb
P for Perennial
Rh for Rhodo-dendron, Azalea, Camellia
Ro for Rose
Sh for Shrub
So for Soft Fruit
To for Top Fruit
Tr for Tree
V for Vegetable
W for Wildflower

followed by:-
E for Evergreen,
D for Deciduous,
H for Herbaceous,
Alpine for being an Alpine as well as being 1 of above Plant Type /

 
Acid for Acidic,
Alk for Alkaline,
Any for AnySoil
 

with links to
STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES
1
, 2, 3
and
STAGE 3
ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERIES
1
, 2
pages
 

Use

Description

Pruning

Training

Average Height and spread
5 years

10 years

20 years

Problems

Similar Forms of Interest

Abutilon mega-potamicum is Flowering maple, Chinese Lantern, Parlour maple, Trailing abutilon
abutilonmegapotamicumflot9

Medium-sized, hanging, bell-shaped flowers with yellow petals, red calyx and purple anthers.

"Flowers cooked. Used as a vegetable." from Useful Tropical Plants - The Useful Tropical Plants Database contians information on the edible, medicinal and many other uses of 11097 plants that can be grown in tropical regions)

Jul-Sep

84 x 84
(210 x 210) after 10 years

Olive-green with purple/red shading and veins.

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh D

Any soil but does best on moist, rich types

Use - As a deciduous wall shrub in warmer regions or for growing in conservatories. In Australia it is suitable for informal hedges and can be grown in containers.

Foliage - Leaves ovate, 2-4 inches (5-10 cms), with toothed edges. Olive-green with purple/red shading and veins.

Stem - Light to mid brown, upright, slightly arching. Medium rate of growth.

Fruit Insignificant.

Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK except in severe winters and a risk from sudden (early) frosts. May be hardy elsewhere with wall shelter or good micro-climate. Likely to be damaged or killed in cold winters. Plant can withstand temperatures down to -5°C (23°F).

Pruning - Remove one third of old flowering wood on established shrubs in early to mid spring.

Training - Requires wires or individual anchor points to achieve a fan-trained shape.

Height/spread
5 years - 72 x 72 (180 x 180)
10 years - 84 x 84 (210 x 210)
20 years 108 x 108 (270 x 270)
Protrudes up to 36 inches (91 cms) from support

Problems - A shrub of weak constitution and not fully hardy.

Not the sort of plants to be grown outside where there are likely to be frosts. These plants need to be grown in a conservatory or cool greenhouse or at least brought inside for the winter - use loam-based compost (John Innes No. 2) and provide plenty of light.

Abutilon megapotamicum 'Variegatum'. Golden variegated foliage, tender, tolerates no frost. Yellow flowers with red calyx and purple anthers.

Abutilon mega-potamicum (Large-leaved and Flowering Forms)

Hanging, large, bell-shaped flowers up to 1.5 inches (4 cms) long and 1.5 inches (4 cms) wide. Wide range of colours including red, pink, yellow and apricot.

 

 

 

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh D

Moderately alkaline to acid, with adequate moisture and food content for rapid growth.

Use - As a fan-trained wall shrub for walls and fences, or for growing in conservatories, both as a fan-shaped wall shrub or as a pillar.

Foliage - Leaves oval, up to 5 inches (12 cms) long with toothed edges. Mid to olive-green in colour. Some yellow tints. Some variegated forms.

Stem - Upright, becoming spreading. Vigorous, up to 60 inches (150 cms) of growth per year.

Fruit - Insignificant.

Pruning - Remove one third of old flowering wood on established shrubs to ground level in early to mid spring. Can be severely cut back to a stool in early spring if required and will quickly rejuvenate.

Training - Requires wires or individual anchor points to secure and encourage a fan-trained shape.

Height/spread
5 years 72 x 72 (180 x 180)
10 years 84 x 84 (210 x 210)
20 years 108 x 108 (270 x 270)
Protrudes up to 36 inches (91 cms) from support.

Problems - Always susceptible to damage by severe cold.

Abutilon x milleri. Orange petals and crimson stamens in Apr-Sep. Very large dark green leaves.

Abutilon x milleri 'Variegatum'. Orange petals, crimson stamens in Jul-Sep. Foliage splashed gold. Very tender.

Abutilon 'Ashford Red'. Foliage apple green. Flowers deep red/pink in Jul-Oct. Tender.

Abutilon 'Canary Bird'. Pure yellow flowers in Jul-Oct. Can flower all winter in a conservatory.

Abutilon 'Cerise Queen'. Cerise flowers in Apr-Oct. Less hardy.

Abutilon 'Hinton Seedling'. Vermilion flowers in Jul-Oct.

Abutilon 'Louise Marignac'. Good pink flowers in Apr-Oct. Less hardy.

Abutilon 'Nabob'. Crimson-red flowers in Jul-Oct. Less hardy.

Abutilon 'Souvenir de Bonn'. Soft Apricot flowers in Year-round if temperatures are warm enough.

Acacia (Hardy Forms)

Yellow flowers in clusters or racemes, produced late winter and through spring. Normally fragrant, depending on variety

 

 

Grey-green

Fastest covering Climbers and Wall Shrubs

Tr E

Does best in light, well-drained soil. Severe alkaline conditions will cause chlorosis.

Use - As a freestanding, upright or fan-trained tree against very sheltered large wall, where they gain from the protection. Making an attractive specimen on the patio in a roomy container, Acacia armata also makes an ideal conservatory plant if you have room.

Foliage - Attractive grey-green, cut-leaved foliage 6-10 inches (15-25 cms) long and 6-8 inches (15-20 cms) wide.

Stem - Blue tinged grey/green, fast growing. Adapts to training.

Pruning - None except for training in a fan or upright shape.

Training - Will require fixing to wires or individual anchor points.

 

Height/spread
5 years - 84 x 84 (210 x 210) freestanding
5 years - 144 x 144 (370 x 370) fan-trained

10 years - 132 x 132 (340 x 340) freestanding
10 years - 216 x 216 (550 x 550) fan-trained

20 years - 168 x 168 (430 x 430) freestanding
2 years - 288 x 288 (730 x 730) fan-trained

Protrudes up to 36 inches (91 cms) from support if fan-trained, 156 inches (400 cms) untrained.

 

Problems - May rarely survive outside the mildest areas in the UK. Tolerates a minimum winter temperature of 23 degrees Fahrenheit (-5 degrees Centigrade) but some terminal stem damage may be caused in severe wind chill conditions.

Acacia armata (Kangaroo thorn). Profuse yellow flowers over the entire branches in Feb-May. Small prickles and small dissected leaves. Large bushy habit, reaching tree proportions in very favourable areas. Noxious weed in California, USA.
acaciacflosarmatawikimediacommons
Acacia armata (Mimosa) / Acacia paradoxa. By Wouter Hagens, via Wikimedia Commons.

Acacia baileyana (Cootamundra wattle). Glaucous, cut leaved foliage and bright yellow racemes of flowers in Dec-Apr. Two thirds average height and spread. Requires glasshouse conditions in UK.
acaciacflos1baileyanawikimediacommons
 

Acacia dealbata (Silver wattle, mimosa). Fern-like, silver-green foliage, masses of yellow flowers in Jan-Apr. One of the hardest forms. Requires glasshouse conditions in UK.
acaciacflosdealbatawikimediacommons
Acacia dealbata. By Alberto Salguero Quiles, via Wikimedia Commons

Albizia julibrissin is Pink Mimosa, Pink siris, Silk Tree
albiziacflosjulibrissinwikimediacommons
合欢树

摄于北京植物园 Beijing Botanical Garden. By Shizhao, via Wikimedia Commons.

Terminal clusters of flowerheads on long stalks, producing a mop-like cluster of pink stamens up to 1 inch (2.5 cm) across. Dense all-over flowering makes a spectacular effect.

Requires a very sheltered aspect. Full sun to very light shade.

Jun-Aug

The seeds are used as a food for livestock and by wildlife, and the sweet-scented flowers are a good nectar source for honeybees and butterflies.

After 10 years - 192 x 192 (490 x 490)

Its grey/green leaves slowly close during the night and during periods of rain, the leaflets bowing downward.

Climbers and Wall Shrubs needing or responding
well to Con-servatory or Green-house

Tr D

Any soil types except dry. In the wild, the tree tends to grow in dry plains, sandy valleys, and uplands.

Use - As a small fan-trained tree for large walls or for fan-training on conservatory walls. The broad crown of a mature tree makes it useful for providing dappled shade.

Folage - Bipinnate leaves, 9-18 inches 923-45 cm) long. Each of the 6-12 branches of the pinnate leaf carries 20-30 pairs of small, oblong, grey/green leaflets.

Stem - Grey-green, upright when young, quickly spreading. Medium rate of growth, slower in container.

Fruit - Insignificant

Pruning - Prune young trees hard in the spring following planting. Tie resulting 5 to 7 shoots into a a fan-trained shape. In subsequent year, remove all side growths back to 2 points from their origin and maintain original main branches in fan shape.

Training - Will require fixing to wires or individual anchor points.

Height/spread
5 years - 96 x 96 (240 x 240)
10 years - 192 x 192 (490 x 490)
20 years - 288 x 288 (730 x 730)
Protrudes up to 36 inches (91 cm) from support.

Problems - Often chosen because seen growing well in warm climates, but not adaptable to harsher conditions.
Can only flourish in frost-free areas. It has become an invasive species in Japan. Because of its invasive tendencies and disease susceptibility, it is rarely recommended as an ornamental plant in the US, though it is still widely planted in parts of Europe.

Albizia julibrissin 'Rosea'. Smaller variety with bright pink flowers, reaching two-thirds average height and spread. It is often used for non-traditional bonsai.

Ampelopsis breviped-unculata 'Elegans'
ampelopsiscflosbrevipedunculataeleganswikimediacommons
Ampelopsis breviped-unculata 'Elegans'. Real Jardín Botánico, Madrid. By A. Barra, via Wikimedia Commons.

Small clusters of creamy white inconspicuous flowers. May in hot summers produce 0.375 inch (2 mm) wide clear blue berries with black spots.

Requires a sheltered aspect. Light shade for preference, will tolerate full sun if adequate moisture is available; if not, scorching may be a problem.

Jun-Jul

After 10 years - 120 x 120 (300 x 300)

Grey/green undersides, upper surface white to pink with green variegation.

Self-Clinging Climber for Non-House Walls, Fences, Pergolas

Cl D

Moderately alkaline to acid, requiring a high degree of organic content with good moisture retaining qualities.

Use - As an attractive coloured foliage deciduous climber for sheltered non-house walls and fences or under protection in greenhouses or conservatories. May also be grown without support along the ground to cover old stumps or rock piles.

Foliage - Hand-shaped leaves with some lobed indentations on outer edges varying in size from 2-4 inches (5-10 cm) long; some with toothed edges. Grey/green undersides, upper surface white to pink with green variegation.

Stem - Attractive, pink to red when young becoming green to green/brown with age, not sel-clinging but twining, interlacing itself around a support. Slow to medium growth rate

Fruit - None of interest.

Pruning - Prune back all side shoots produced last year to within 2 buds of origin except shoots which are required for training the main framework, so encouraging a high production of good new pink foliage.

Training - Allow to ramble over wires and secure as required, or allow to scramble through an uninteresting shrub both in the open or under protection.

Height/spread
5 years - 60 x 60 (150 x 150)
10 years - 120 x 120 (300 x 300)
20 years - 180 x 144 (460 x 370
Protrudes up to 24 inches (60 cm) from support.

Problems - Foliage scorching may be caused by late frosts and strong midday summer sun. Can be attacked by mildew in mid to late summer. Tolerates a minimum winter temperature of 23 degrees Fahrenheit (-5 degrees Centigrade).

Ampelopsis megalophylla (Giant Pepper Vine) is hardy to -5 degrees Centigrade. Large, vigorous climber with huge deeply cut leaves to 2ft across and small green flowers followed by clusters of green, ripening to purple berries in autumn. The leaves turn red in autumn adding to the season of interest. Looks spectacular growing over a large pergola. Best for medium to large gardens. For part shade in moisture retentive soil. Deciduous. Prune side shoots back to 2-3 buds in when dormant.

Azara dentata

See Photo --->

Clusters of fragrant yellow flowers in spring, borne in profusion.

Very sheltered aspect. Tolerates full sun to mid shade.

May-Jun

After 10 years - 96 x 96 (240 x 240)

Bright green to glossy dark green with felted undersides.

Fastest covering Climbers and Wall Shrubs

Sh E

Does well on most soils but dislikes excessive alkalinity and waterlogging.

Use - As a fan-trained shrub for walls and fences in sheltered areas or in conservatories and greenhouses. This scented flowering evergreen is on the tender side, requiring the protection of a wall in winter if outside.

Foliage - Leaves ovate or oblong, 1-1.5 inches (2.5-4 cm) long, bright green to glossy dark green with felted undersides.

Stem - Light green to mid green. Upright when young, becoming more twiggy and spreading with age. Moderate rate of growth.

Pruning - None required.

Training - Requires wires or individual anchor points to secure and encourage the fan-trained shape.

Height/spread
5 years - 60 x 60 (150 x 150)
10 years - 96 x 96 (240 x 240)
20 years - 144 x 144 (370 x 370)
Protrudes up to 48 inches (120 cm) from support.

Problems - None, apart from its lack of hardiness. Tolerates a minimum winter temperature of 23 degrees Fahrenheit (-5 degrees Centigrade).


azaracflosdentatawikimediacommons
Showing the development of Corcolen flowers, Chilean Lake District. By Dick Culbert from Gibsons, B.C., Canada, via Wikimedia Commons.

Azara lanceolata. Narrow, lanceolate leaves and mustard yellow flowers in early summer which are as fragrant as those of Azara dentata.

Azara serrata. Often confused with Azara dentata, producing similar scented flowers under the edges of each leaf. Leaves more serrated. In hot climates, or in hot summers, small white berries may be produced. One of the hardier forms.

Berberidopsis corallina is Coral plant
berberidopsiscflocorallinawikimediacommons
Berberidopsis corallina in the garden 27 7 08. By ashley basil from uk, via Wikimedia Commons.

Crimson, 0.6 inches (4 mm) long, globe-shaped, hanging in racemes and contrasting
well with foliage. Mid to late summer.

Very sheltered aspect. Best in light shade but will tolerate degrees either side. Does well under the protection of greenhouses or con-servatories.

Jun-Sep

After 10 years - 120 x 72 (300 x 180)

Mid green with some orange/red shading towards autumn.

Climbers and Wall Shrubs with least protruding growth when fan-trained

Cl E

Neutral to acid, may tolerate very limited amounts of alkalinity. High degree of organic matter required in soil to retain moisture for good growth.

Use - As a small climbing evergreen shrub for sheltered walls and fences.

Foliage - Evergreen, oblong, up to 3 inches (7.5 cm) in length, 1.5 inches (4cm) wide. Tooth-edged, mid green with some orange/red shading towards autumn.

Stem - Not self-clinging. Light green to green/brown, sprawling and spreading. Slow to medium rate of growth.

Fruit - May produce 0.25 inch (5 mm) round, red berries following hot summers, in late summer/early autumn.

Pruning - Not normally required.

Training - Allow to ramble through wires or other support. Individual branches may be supported and tied.

Height/spread
5 years - 60 x 36 (150 x 91)
10 years - 120 x 72 (300 x 180)
20 years - 180 x 108 (460 x 270)
Protrudes up to 12 inches (30 cm) from support.

Problems - Its hardiness is suspect and it may be difficult to obtain but it is worth the effort. Tolerates a minimum winter temperature of 23 degrees Fahrenheit (-5 degrees Centigrade) but requires protection from cold winter winds. May be best in a greenhouse or conservatory.

About Far Reaches Farm:-
If you want a getaway, come to Port Townsend in America and visit the nursery and have some fun because after all, the Port Townsend motto is "We're all here because we're not all there."

threecinlife

Bignonia capreolata (Doxantha capreolata) is Crossvine
bignoniacfloscapreolatawikimediacommons
Bignonia capreolata at the Springs Preserve garden, Las Vegas, Nevada. By Stan Shebs, via Wikimedia Commons.

Long tubular flowers up to 2 inches 95 cms) long, yellow/red in colour, produced on stalks in clusters of 2 to5 in mid spring through to late summer, depending on planting location.

Very sheltered aspect or under protection of greenhouse or conservatory. Light shade to full sun. Will tolerate deeper degree of shade but mau be shy to flower.

Mar-May

This native plant to the USA is an early nectar source for butterflies and hummingbirds.

After 10 years - 144 x 144 (370 x 370)

Light green in colour. Yellow autumn colour.

Self-Clinging Climber for Non-House Walls, Fences, Pergolas

Cl E

Light sandy soil although must have moisture retention. Neutral to acid.

Use - As an extremely spectacular flowering evergreen climber for very sheltered walls or fences in the open or for scrambling over wires under greenhouse or conservatory roofs. Also may be grown along the ground as groundcover where there is no frost.

Foliage - Oblong leaflets make up a branching leaf presented at the end of long stalks, light green in colour. Yellow autumn colour.

Stem - Light green long tendrils, twisting but not self-clinging. Medium to fast growing.

Fruit - Narrow capsules with leathery appearance, light grey/green in colour.

Pruning - Trim in spring to keep in desired area.

Training - Tie when young then allow to ramble over wires or other framework.

Height/spread
5 years - 72 x 72 (180 x 180)
10 years - 144 x 144 (370 x 370)
20 years - 288 x 216 (730 x 550)
Protrudes up to 36 inches (91 cms) from support.

Problems - Its hardiness is often overstated and availability may be difficult. Tolerates a minimum winter temperature of 32 degrees Fahrenheit (0 degrees Centigrade).
Crossvine can spread aggressively through stolons and become invasive unless properly managed.
Claws at the end of its tendrils allow crossvine to cling to stone, bricks and fences without support.

 

Billardiera longiflora (Drymophila cyanocarpa) is Climbing Blueberry, Purple appleberry
billardieracfrulongiflorawikimediacommons
Billardiera longiflora. By JJ Harrison (jjharrison-
89@-facebook.com), via Wikimedia Commons.

Yellow/green turning purple, borne singly over the total area of climber in mid summer.

Requires a very sheltered aspect. Prefers light shade but will tolerate degrees either side.

May-Jun

After 10 years - 120 x 120 (300 x 300)

Light Green

Climbers and Wall Shrubs with least protruding growth when fan-trained

Cl E

Neutral to acid although may tolerate small degrees of alkalinity. Requires a high organic content for best results. Mulch well with composted manure or compost.

Use - As an attractive evergreen climber for sheltered walls and fences outside or for use under protection in greenhouse or conservatory in exposed, cold areas where frost occurs.

Foliage - Hanging, narrow, lance-shaped light-green leaves, 1.75 inches (4.5 cm) long and 0.5 inches (1 cm) wide, leathery exterior; may be sparsely presented.

Stem - Light green turning finally to green/brown, twining not self-clinging. Medium rate of growth.

Fruit - Attractive and interesting oval-shaped, blue, 1 inch (2.5 cms) long fruits in mid autumn.

Pruning - Trim lightly in spring.

Training - Allow to grow over wires or up some type of framework.

Height/spread
5 years - 60 x 60 (150 x 1500
10 years - 120 x 120 (300 x 300)
20 years - 180 x 180 (460 x 460)
Protrudes up to 18 inches (45 cm) from support.

Problems - Not fully hardy. Tolerates a minimum winter temperature of 32 degrees Fahrenheit (0 degrees Centigrade).
Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK except in severe winters and a risk from sudden (early) frosts. May be hardy elsewhere with wall shelter or good micro-climate. Likely to be damaged or killed in cold winters.

Billardiera longiflora 'Cherry Berry'. Creamy-white flowers followed by large red berries.

Billardiera longiflora 'Fructo Albo'. White fruits.

Bougainvillea spectabilis is Great bougainvillea
bougainvilleacflospectabiliswikimediacommons
Bougainvillea spectabilis (flowers). Location: Midway Atoll, Cable Company buildings Sand Island. By Forest & Kim Starr, via Wikimedia Commons.

Tubular white flowers surrounded by large magenta bracts, up to 1.5 inches (4 cm) wide and long, carried in panicles 9-12 inches (23-30 cm) long.

Must be in a fully protected aspect. Best in full sun bt will tolerate light shade.

The plant shows a versatility to climates which allows it to flower continually throughout the year.

At Westdale Nurseries, we have been steadily collecting varieties of bougainvillea from all over the world for a number of years and we now have over 200 varieties.

After 10 years - 144 x 144 (370 x 370)

Grey/green to dull green.

Climbers and Wall Shrubs needing or responding
well to Con-servatory or Green-house

Cl D

If grown in large containers a good quality potting compost should be used. If grown in soil, the latter should be lightened with the addition of 25 per cent sand and 25 per cent sedge peat.

Use - Although in all but the mildest of areas in the Uk, bougainvillea is included in this gallery, for its use as a deciduous climber for conservatories and large greenhouse planted in large containers, or in greenhouse borders.

Foliage - Pointed, oval, grey/green to dull green, 1.5 inches (4 cm) long by 0.75 inches (2 cm) wide. Normally leathery in texture. The plant can support itself on other plants by means of thorns carried in the leaf axils. Bougainvillea likes a climate from subtropical to tropical, but prefers a tropical climate, growing in dense forests where it can cling and grab onto other plants to reach the sunlight.

Stem - Angular, branching, grey/green, stiff, vigorous. Medium to fast growth rate.

Pruning - Prune all previous season's shoots, other than those needed to form a structure, back to 1 inch 92.5 cm) from the base annually in early spring.

Training - Tie to wires or individual anchor points.

Heght/spread
5 years - 72 x 72 (180 x 180)
10 years - 144 x 144 (370 x 370)
20 years - 288 x 288 (730 x 730)
Protrudes up to 36 inches (91 cm) from support.

Problems - Foliage may be attacked by insects such as red spider or whitefly. Roots often attacked by mealy bug. Proprietary controls should be used. Keep ventilation as open as possible, particularly in winter, but do not allow temperature to drop below 50 degrees Fahrenheit (10 degrees Centigrade), since that is its mimimum winter temperature.

Bougainvillea spectabilis 'Lady Wilson'. Cerise flowers.

Bougainvillea spectabilis lateritia. Brick-red bracts.

Bougainvillea spectabilis lindleyana 'Mrs Loise Wathen' (syn. Bougainvillea spectabilis lindleyana 'Orange King'). Cinnamon-coloured bracts.

Bougainvillea spectabilis 'Mrs Butt'. Bright rose bracts.

All varieties are difficult to obtain outside very temperate areas.

tomatoketchup

Buddleia (Tender Forms)
buddlejacflosauriculatawikimediacommons
Buddleja auriculata in Jardín Botánico de Barcelona. By Consulta-plantas, via Wikimedia Commons.

Racemes 3-12 inches (7.5-30 cm) long in a range of colours through white, pink, blue and orange in mid summer to late autumn.

Very sheltered aspect. Full sun for preference but tolerates light shade.

 

 

The Buddleja Garden is a website about Buddlejas with original content and aims to provide useful information for both gardeners and plantsmen.

Aug-Nov

After 10 years - 144 x 144 (370 x 370)

Light green or grey-green

Climbers and Wall Shrubs needing or responding
well to Con-servatory or Green-hous
e

Sh D or E

Tolerates a wide soil range, ony disliking extremely dry conditions. Requires a high degree of organic material and plant nutrient for best results.

Use - As large fan-trained or freestanding shrubs for walls and fences.

Foliage - Lanceolate, 4-8 inches (10-20 cm) long, 1-3 inches (2.5-7.5 cm) wide, light green or grey/green, often downy depending on variety.

Stem - Grey/green, often downy when young, becoming grey/brown. Upright. Fast rate of growth.

Fruit - Most forms produce small brown seedheads which have some limited winter attraction.

List of Butterfly species that are attracted to Butterfly Bush flowers.

Pruning - Prune back all previous season's growth, other than that required for training the main framework, to within 2 inches (5 cm) of its origin in early to mid spring.

Training - Tie to wires or individual anchor points in a fan shape or allow to grow freestanding.

Height/spread
5 years - 72 x 72 (180 x 180)
10 years - 144 x 144 (370 x 370)
20 years - 216 x 216 (550 x 550)
Protrudes up to 48 inches (120 cm) from support if fan-trained, 96 inches (240 cm) untrained.

Problems - Often exceeds the allotted area. May suffer some winter die-back but normally regenerates. Tolerates a minimum winter temperature of 14 degrees Fahrenheit (-10 degrees Centigrade) but only with the protection of a large wall or fence.

Buddleia auriculata. Lax growth carries fragrant creamy white flowers with yellow throats in panicles up to 2 inches (5 cm) across and 8 inches (20 cm) long. Lanceolate foliage 4 inches (10 cm) long, 1 inch (2.5 cm) wide, white felted underside, grey/green upper side in late summer to late autumn.

Buddleia caryopteridifolia. Leaves oval to lanceolate, tooth-edged, up to 6 inches (15 cm) long, 1 inch (2.5 cm) wide. Attractive grey/green. Stems covered with white woolly down. Fragrant lavender-blue flowers in panicles up to 3 inches (7.5 cm) long in late spring/early summer.

Buddleia colvillei. Long racemes of deep rose, tubular flowers, borne at the ends of the branches. Foliage ovate, grey/green with some yellow autumn colour.

Buddleia colvillei 'Kewensis'. An attractive form with dark red flowers.

Buddleia crispa. Fragrant, tubular lilac flowers, grey/green foliage.

Buddleia fallowiana 'Alba'. Panicles of pure white flowers up to 15 inches (38 cm) long in early to mid summer. Attractive grey/green foliage, 10 inches (25 cm) long and up to 4 inches (10 cm) wide.

Buddleia madagascariensis. Bold orange flowers, very prolific. Tender even in mild areas against walls, so best in greenhouses or conservatories.

Buddleia salvifolia. Semi-evergreen lanceolate foliage up to 4 inches (10 cm) long and 2 inches (5 cm) wide, grey-green. Panicles of white to pale lilac flowers with orange markings in each tubular floret in mid to late summer.

Callistemon citrinus, Melaleuca citrina is Common red, crimson or lemon bottlebrush
callistemoncflocitrinuswikimediacommons
Callistemon citrinus - Crimson Bottlebrush. By tomsaint11, via Wikimedia Commons

Native to Australia

Tufted, brush-like spikes of red flowers, vey dense in formation, mid to late summer. Attracts bees, birds (as a source of food), and butterflies/moths.

Requires a very protected aspect in full sun. Does not tolerate any shade.

Jul-Aug

Melaleuca citrina occurs in near coastal areas of New South Wales, including the Blue Mountains and extends as far west as the Central Western Slopes. It also occurs in the east coast areas of Victoria and grows in swamps and along creeks and rivers.

After 10 years - 120 x 120 (300 x 300)

Light green, often with red/orange shading or pronounced coloured veins. They release an aromatic lemon scent when bruised.

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh E

Good, rich, acid, well-drained, sandy soil. Dislikes any alkalinity. If planted in a container in conservatories and greenhouses, the diameter of the container must be at least 21 inches |(55 cm) and a lime-free potting compost must be used.

Use - As a large, summer flowering evergreen shrub for mild districts such as outside in the Isle of Wight. Ideal in large conservatories and greenhouses.

Foliage - Narrow, lanceolate leaves, 1-1.5 inches (2.5-4 cm) long, light green, often with red/orange shading or pronounced coloured veins. They release an aromatic lemon scent when bruised.

Stem - Light green to grey/green, ageing to grey/brown. Upright when young, becoming more spreading with age. Medium rate of growth, slowing with age.

Fruit - May produce interesting, tufted, light brown seedheads.

Pruning - None required. Remove an old shoot occasionally to rejuvenate from the base.

Training - Requires wires or individual anchor points to secure and encourage the fan-trained shape.

Height/spread
5 years - 72 x 72 (180 x 180)
10 years - 120 x 120 (300 x 300)
20 years - 144 x 144 (370 x 370)
Protrudes up to 36 inches (91 cm) from support.

Problems - Not to be grown in alkaline (chalky) soils or in locations with winter conditions well below freezing. Tolerates a minimum winter temperature of 23 degrees Fahrenheit 9-5 degrees Centigrade).

Callistemon citrinus 'Splendens'. For the greatest flowering potential, grow this in front of a sunny wall or in a container which you can bring indoors in autumn. Plant beside a sheltered sunny wall for the best flower displays. To propagate, take cuttings in spring.

Callistemon linearis has narrow, rigid, dark-green leaves with points on them. It bears red flowers in spikes up to 10cm in length from late spring to autumn.

Callistemon pallidus has creamy yellow flowers that appear in the spring and last until mid summer. Height and spread 2m to 4m.

Callistemon salignus is also known as the willow bottlebrush. This species can grow up 15m tall, with a spread of 5m. It has delicate lemon-coloured flowers and papery white bark.

Callistemon viridiflorus bears yellow-green flowers and has densely arranged sharp-pointed dark-green leaves. It grows to a height of 1.5m and spread of 2m.

Camellia japonica
'Adolphe
Audusson'

The American Camellia Society is a national membership
organization dedicated to fostering appreciation for and knowledge of plants of the
genus Camellia.
We invite you to explore the American Camellia Trail. This American Camellia Society
project is a partnership of public gardens
with notable collections
located across
the
country of America.
Massee Lane Gardens is an International
Camellia Society
"Garden of Excellence."

 

International Camellia Society
is an
international non-profit society, with over 1.000 members worldwide, which promotes the knowledge, the cultivation, and
the development
of Camellias through 
various initiatives. 

Semi-double, blood-red flowers.

A sheltered sunless aspect. It prefers light to mid shade, dislikes full sun.

Galleries of images of Camellias by Jim

Feb-Apr

Camellias are one of the three large tribes of trees and shrubs that dominate many Cornish gardens, the others being Rhododendrons and Magnolias. Both the soil and the climate suit them well so that they thrive in most situations.

The association with Cornwall is such that four of the five Plant Heritage national collections are in Cornwall. The williamsii hybrids are so named after J.C. Williams, the Cornish landowner who first raised the cross. As well as the national collections at Mt Edgcumbe, Anthony House, Heligan and Tregothnan, extensive collections can be seen at Tregrehan, Trewithen, Trewidden and Caerhays, to name just four.

200 x 160
(500 x 400)

Dark Green

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh E

Must have an acid soil; dislikes any alkalinity. If in a conservatory or greenhouse a container of not less than 21 inches (55 cm) must be used, with a lime-free compost.

Use - As a fan-trained evergreen shrub for shady, protected walls and fences. Can be used to a good effect in a large conservatory as a wall specimen.

Flowers of Camellia japonica - Large, cup-shaped flowers in a wide range of colours, may be single, semi-double, anemone or peony-shaped, loose double or tight double, depending on variety. Sizes range from small to very large.

Foliage of Camellia japonica - Dark, glossy-green upper surfaces, with grey/green undersides. Ovate to oblong, 3-4 inches |(7.5-10 cm) long and 1.5 inches (4 cm) wide.

Stem of Camellia japonica - Bright to dark green. Upright. Forming a stiff, solid shrub that can be fan-trained. A few varieties are more laxly presented. Slow to medium rate of growth.


cameliacforjaponicawikimediacommons
A Japanese Camellia (Camellia japonica) bonsai, Japanese Collection 55, on display at the National Bonsai & Penjing Museum at the United States National Arboretum. According to the tree's display placard, it has been in training since 1936. It was donated by Ginnosuke Sakuma. By Sage Ross, via Wikimedia Commons

Camellias - Ht 1-2m in 10-15 years, ultimately 3-4m or more. The Glendoick Camellia selection are the best from the 100s we have tested. Most Camellias are not suitable for Scotland. The best are C. x williamsii and related. Plant in almost full sun but shelter from the worst winds and easterly exposure. Camellias flower in March-April-May outdoors in Scotland. They enjoy a well-drained, moderately acid soil fairly rich in organic matter. You may be advised to protect them when first planted from late Spring frosts.

Pruning of Camellia japonica - None required. May be cut back to keep within bounds. Young plants may be improved by removing one third of previous season's growth, after flowering, for first 2-3 years.

Training of Camellia japonica - Requires wires or individual anchor points to secure and encourage the fan-training shape.

Height/spread of Camellia japonica
5years - 36 x 36 (91 x 91)
10 years - 72 x 72 (180 x 180)
20 years - 120 x 120 (300 x 300)
Protrudes up to 36 inches (91 cm) from support.

Problems of Camellia japonica - Often planted on alkaline (chalky) soils, where it fails, or in full sun, which it dislikes. Flowers can be damaged by frost in exposed areas. Tolerates a minimum winter temperature of 14 degrees Fahrenheit (-10 degrees Centigrade), but may shed leaves in harsh conditions, occasionally causing plant to fail.

 

Flower Shape - Anemone - Several rows large outer petals with centre intermingled and stamens

Double - Multi rows of petals, no stamen showing

Formal double - Multi rows of petals in a symmetrical shape, no stamen showing

Paeony - Mass mixed irregular petals, with or without stamens

Semi-double - Two rows of petals with conspicuous stamens

Single - Row of petals round conspicuous stamens - no more than 8 petals

Camellia japonica 'Cornish Snow'. Single, small white flowers, a very attractive small-leaved variety.

Camellia japonica 'Apollo'. Semi-double rose-red flowers, sometimes with white blotches.

Camellia japonica 'Arejeshi' - Arejishi is corruption of Japanese name Arajishi. Rose-red, peony-shaped flowers.

Camellia japonica 'Betty Sheffield Supreme'. Semi-double, white, peony-shaped flowers with rose pink or red edges to each petal.

Camellia japonica 'Contessa Lavinia Maggi'. Double white or pale pink flowers with cerise stripes.

Camellia japonica 'Elegans'. Peach pink, large flowers. Anemone flower formation.

Camellia japonica 'Madame Victor de Bisschop' (Syn 'Le Lys'). Semi-double, white flowers.

Camellia japonica 'Mars'. Red, semi-double flowers.

Camellia japonica 'Mathotiana Alba'. Double white flowers of great beauty.

Camellia japonica 'Mathotiana Rosea'. A double pink form.

Camellia japonica 'Mercury'. Deep crimson flowers, semi-double in form.

Camellia japonica 'Nagasaki'. Semi-double, rose pink flowers with white stripes.

Camellia japonica 'Tricolor'. Semi-double white flowers with carmine or pink stripe.

Camellia x 'Mary Christian'. Single, clear pink flowers. Tall growing.

Camellia x williamsii 'Donation'. Clear pink, semi-double flowers. Possibly the best known camellia. Height 96 inches (250 cm).

The above are just a selected few of the many hundreds of varieties available.

Ceanothus (Evergreen Forms)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Clematis florida 'Bicolor'

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Clianthus puniceus

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Corokia x virgata

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Coronilla glauca

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Decumaria barbara

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Drimys winteri

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eccremocarpus scaber

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eriobotrya japonica

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

x Fatshedera lizei

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fatsia japonica

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Feijoa sellowiana

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hoya carnosa

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ipomoea hederacea

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jasminum mesnyi

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jasminum officinale (Variegated Forms)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Jasminum polyanthum

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lagerstroemia indica

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lapageria rosea

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lomatia myricoides

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lonicera splendida

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mandevilla splendens

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Melianthus major

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Myrtus communis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Passiflora caerulea

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pittosporum

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Plumbago capensis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rhodochiton atro-sanguineum

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Solanum jasminoides

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sollya fusiformis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sophora tetraptera

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stauntonia hexaphylla

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Teucrium fruticans

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Thunbergia alata

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trachelo-spermum asiaticum

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Trachelo-spermum jasminoides

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wattaka-ka sinensis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

"Many other climbers and wall shrubs may perform well with this type of cultivation but those listed above are the most reliable." from The Gardener's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Climbers & Wall Shrubs - A Guide to more than 2000 varieties including Roses, Clematis and Fruit Trees by Brian Davis. (ISBN 0-670-82929-3) provides the lists for 'Choosing the right Shrub or Climber' together with Average Height and Spread after 5 years, 10 years and 20 years.
 

Abutilon x suntense 'Jermyns'

Large, open, saucer-shaped flowers in very rich mauve.

May-Jun

160 x 96
(400 x 2.50) when mature

Strong felted stems and greyish, 12 cm (5 inch) leaves with 3 or 5 distinct lobes and serrated edges

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh D

Use - As a deciduous wall shrub in warmer regions or for growing in conservatories.

Foliage - Strong felted stems and greyish, 12 cm (5 inch) leaves with 3 or 5 distinct lobes and serrated edges.

Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK except in severe winters and a risk from sudden (early) frosts. May be hardy elsewhere with wall shelter or good micro-climate. Likely to be damaged or killed in cold winters. Plant can withstand temperatures down to -5°C (23°F)

Pruning - Remove one third of old flowering wood on established shrubs in early to mid spring.

Training - Requires wires or individual anchor points to achieve a fan-trained shape.

Full Sun - shelter from cold, drying winds.

 

Abutilon vitifolium 'Tennant's White' , Corynabutilon vitifolium 'Tennant's White'
abutiloncflovitifoliumtennantswhitewikimediacommons
7155 Abutilon Vitifolium "Tennant's White". By crabchick from Bristol, England, via Wikimedia Commons

Large, delicate white flowers

May-Jul

120-180 x
(300-450 x )

Grey-green leaves.

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Use - As a deciduous wall shrub in warmer regions or for growing in conservatories.

Foliage - Young shoots and foliage are covered with hair.

Pruning - Remove one third of old flowering wood on established shrubs in early to mid spring.

Training - Requires wires or individual anchor points to achieve a fan-trained shape.

 

Akebia quinata is Chocolate vine
akebiacflosquinatawikimediacommons
Akebia quinata in Mount Ibuki ,female flower and 5 male flowers. By Alpsdake, via Wikimedia Commons.

Pendent racemes 3-5 inches (7.5-12.5 cm) long of male flowers up to 0.25 inches (5mm) wide, pale purple in colour. Fragrant. Chocolate-purple female flowers, usually in pairs and 1-1.25 inches (2.5-3 cm).

Needs some protection in exposed aspects. From light shade to full sun, but needs protection from strong, midday summer sun.

Mar-May


akebiacfrusquinatawikimediacommons
Fruits of Chocolate Vine (Akebia quinata (Houtt.) Decne. ) in Mount Ibuki, Shiga prefecture, Japan. By Alpsdake, via Wikimedia Commons.

After 10 years - 216 x 216 (550 x 550)

Light to mid green giving good yellow autumn colour

Twining Climber for Non-House Walls, Fences, Pergolas

Cl D to E

Tolerates most soil conditions except waterlogged. Good on alkaline types.

Use - For growing up through other shrubs or small trees or against non-house walls and fences giving a display of unusual fruit, or in a conservatory or greenhouse.

Foliage - 5 leaflets carried on a single stalk up to 3-5 inches 97.5-12 cm) long; each leaflet oblong to oval in shape, 1.5-3 inches (4-7.5 cm) long with short 1.5 inch (4 cm) stalk,; light to mid green giving good yellow autumn colour.

Stem - Light green to grey green, loosely twining, wiry in nature. Medium to fast growing.

Fruit - Attractive sausage-shaped grey/violet fruit, 2.5-3.5 inches (6-9 cm) long, splitting lengthwise when ripe. Produced in early autumn.
You do need 2 plants of the same species for fertilisation.

Pruning - Allow to grow free; every 5 or 6 years lightly trim in early spring with hedging shears.

Training - Leave to ramble over wires on walls and fences, or over shrubs and trees.

Height/spread
5 years - 72 x 72 (180 x 180)
10 years - 216 x 216 (550 x 550)
20 years - 240 x 360 (600 x 900)
Protrudes up to 24 inches (60 cms) from support.

Problems - A little unruly in its habit. Flowers and fruit may be hidden both by its own foliage and that of the host it is climbing in.
Tolerates a minimum winter temperature of 4 degrees Fahrenheit (-15 degrees Centigrade)

 

Caesalpinia gilliesii is Crimson Threadflower, Yellow Bird of Paradise, Bird of paradise bush
caesalpiniacflogilliesiiwikimediacommons
Caesalpinia gilliesii, Bird of Paradise, flowers and fruits; Salses-le-Château, France. By H. Zell, via Wikimedia Commons

Produces large erect racemes of up to 40 individual yellow flowers with scarlet stamens, which flowers are 3.5cm (1½in) across in erect racemes 15-30 (6-12in) long.

Full Sun

Jun-Jul

Juniper Level Botanic Garden (JLBG), established in 1988, actively promotes and preserves botanic diversity by bridging the gap between botany and horticulture through plant study, identification, educational outreach, and plant exploration, both in the US and abroad.

72-120 x 36-96
(200-300 x 100-250)

Mid- to dark-green 2 pinnate leaves to 20cm (8in) long with many oblong leaflets.

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh E

Fertile moist well-drained soil or loam-based compost (JI No. 3) under glass with added leaf mould in conservatory.

Use - Erect to spreading shrub or small tree, which can be grown outside in summer. Plant can withstand temperatures down to 5°C (41°F), so is best inside a container within a conservatory in the UK. Good cut flowers.

Flowers on the new growth, it can be trimmed or coppiced every Autumn or can be trained to form a small tree. Best to grow in large pots on the patio (or planted in the garden for the Summer) but in Britain, it should be overwintered frost free in an unheated room or in conservatory.

Pruning - Plants under glass may need a restrictive prune after the first flush of flowers.

Problems - Needs frost protection except in the mildest locations.
The seeds and the green seed pods of this plant are toxic, provoking severe vomiting and other abdominal symptoms.

Companion Plants

Acacia dealbata is Mimosa, Silver Wattle

 

In South Africa, the species is a Category 1 weed in the Western Cape (requiring eradication) and Category 2 weed (requiring control outside plantation areas) elsewhere. In New Zealand the Department of Conservation class it as an environmental weed.

The flowers are produced in large racemose inflorescences made up of numerous smaller globose bright yellow flowerheads of 13–42 individual flowers.

The flowers and tip shoots are harvested for use as cut flowers, when it is known by florist trade as "mimosa".

Jan-Apr

In spring the scented, nectar-rich blooms provide a valuable source of food for bees and other insects.

600-1200 x 240-360
(1500-3000 x 600-1000)

Evergreen fern-like 2-pinnate, hairy leaves, 12cm (5in) long, each with 40-80 linear, glaucous to silvery leaflets.

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Tr E

Does best in light, well-drained soil. Severe alkaline conditions will cause chlorosis.

Use - As a freestanding, upright or fan-trained tree against very sheltered large wall, where they gain from the protection. It does not survive prolonged frost.

Foliage - Attractive grey-green, cut-leaved foliage 6-10 inches (15-25 cms) long and 6-8 inches (15-20 cms) wide.

Stem - Blue tinged grey/green, fast growing. Adapts to training.

Pruning - None except for training in a fan or upright shape.

Training - Will require fixing to wires or individual anchor points.

 

Height/spread
5 years - 84 x 84 (210 x 210) freestanding
5 years - 144 x 144 (370 x 370) fan-trained

10 years - 132 x 132 (340 x 340) freestanding
10 years - 216 x 216 (550 x 550) fan-trained

20 years - 168 x 168 (430 x 430) freestanding
2 years - 288 x 288 (730 x 730) fan-trained

Protrudes up to 36 inches (91 cms) from support if fan-trained, 156 inches (400 cms) untrained.

 

Problems - May rarely survive outside the mildest areas in the UK. Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen. Except in frost-free inner-city areas or coastal extremities requires glasshouse conditions. Plant can withstand temperatures down to 1°C (34°F).

Acacia dealbata (Silver wattle, mimosa). Fern-like, silver-green foliage, masses of yellow flowers in Jan-Apr. One of the hardest forms. Requires glasshouse conditions in UK.
acaciacflosdealbatawikimediacommons1
Acacia dealbata. By Alberto Salguero Quiles, via Wikimedia Commons

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERY 3
PAGES

Site Map

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY PAGES Links to pages in Table alongside on the left with Garden Design Topic Pages

Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines

Plant Type
 

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 with its Cultivation Requirements

Alpines for Rock Garden (See Rock Garden Plant Flowers)

Alpine Shrubs and Conifers

The Alpine Meadow
Page 1
Page 2
Page 3

The Alpine Border
1
, 2

Alpine Plants for a Purpose

The Alpines that Dislike Lime 1, 2

Alpines and Walls
Dry Sunny Walls 1a, b
Tops of Walls 2a, b
Dry Shady and Conifers 3a, b

Alpines and
Paving
1
, 2

Sink and Trough gardens
1
, 2

Aquatic
(Water Plants) for

Anti-erosion River-bank

Marginal Plants (Bog Garden Plants)
1
, 2

Oxy-genating Weeds

Water Lilies

Floating Plants

Water-side Plants
and Plants for Dry Margins next to a Pond
1
, 2

Wildlife Pond Plants

Annual for

----------------



 

 

ANY PLANT TYPE for
Cut Flowers in
January 1, 2
February
March 1, 2
April
May 1, 2
June 1, 2
July 1, 2
August
September
October
November
December

Exposed Sites

Sheltered Sites with Green-house Annuals from 1916

Extra Poor Soil with Half-Hardy Annuals from 1916

Very Rich Soil with Biennials from 1916

Gap-filling in Mixed Borders with Hardy Annuals from 1916

Patio Con-tainers

Cut Flowers
1
, 2, 3 Ever-lasting Flowers with Red Flowers from 1916

Attract-ing bene-ficial insects
1
, 2

Scent / Fra-grance with Annuals for Cool or Shady Places from 1916

Low-allergen Gardens for Hay Fever Sufferers

Annual Plant Pairing Ideas and Colour Schemes with Annuals
1
, 2

Low-Growing Annuals
1
, 2

Medium-Growing Annuals

Tall-Growing Annuals with White Flowers from 1916

Black or Brown Flowers

Blue to Purple Flowers

Green Flowers with Annuals and Biennials from 1916

Red to Pink Flowers and Cut Flowers
Page
1
, 2, 3

White Flowers
1
, 2

Yellow or Orange Flowers
1
, 2

Dec-orative Foliage

Moist Soil

Shade
1
, 2

House-plants with Yellow Flowers from 1916

Edging Beds

Hanging Baskets

Vining Annuals

 

Bedding for

Spring Bedding

Summer Bedding

Autumn/ Winter Bedding

Bedding for Light Sandy Soil

Bedding for Acid Soil

Bedding for Chalky Soil

Bedding for Clay Soil

Black Flowers

Blue Flowers

Orange Flowers

Pink Flowers

Long Flowering

Coloured Leaves

Attract-ive to Wildlife including Bees, Butterflies and Moths

Purple Flowers

Red Flowers

White Flowers

Yellow Flowers

Multi-Coloured Flowers

Aromatic Foliage or Scented Flowers

Bedding Plant Use

Flowers with 2 Petals

Flowers with 3 Petals

Flowers with
4 Petals

Flowers with 5 Petals

Flowers with 6 Petals

Flowers with more than 6 Petals

Use in Hanging Baskets

Flower Simple Shape

Shape of
Stars

Shape of
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

Shape of
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

Shape of
Trumpets and Funnels

Shape of
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

Use in Pots and Troughs

Flower Elabo-rated Shape

Shape of
Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Shape of
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Shape of
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

 

Use in
Screen-ing

Use in
Window Boxes

Shape of
Stand-ards, Wings and Keels

Shape of
Discs and Florets

Shape of
Pin-Cushions and Tufts

Shape of
Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons

 

Use in Bedding Out

Use in
Filling In

Biennial for

Cottage and Other Gardens
1
, 2

Cut Flower with Biennials for Rock Work from 1916

Patio Con-tainers with Biennials for Pots in Green-house / Con-servatory

Bene-ficial to Wildlife with Purple and Blue Flowers from 1916

Scent with Biennials for Sunny Banks or Borders from 1916

 

 

Bulb for
--------------
Explan-ation Intro to Bulbs
--------------
725 Blue, White, Yellow, Unusual Colour, or Red-Purple-Pink flowering Bulbs in each month they flower.

Indoor Bulbs for
Dec-ember
January
February

Indoor Bulbs for
March
April
May

Indoor
Bulbs for
June
July
August

Indoor Bulbs for Sep-tember
October
November

Bulbs in Window-boxes
1
, 2

Bulbs in the Border

Bulbs natural-ised in Grass

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Dec-Jan
Feb-Mar

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Apr-May
Jun-Aug 1, 2, 3, 4

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Sep-Oct
Nov-Dec

Any Plant Type Blooming in Smallest of Gardens

Bulbs for the Bulb Frame

Bulbs in the Wood-land Garden

Bulbs in the Rock Garden

Bulbs in Green-house or Stove

Achi-menes, Alocasias, Amorpho-phalluses, Aris-aemas, Arums, Begonias, Bomar-eas, Calad-iums

Clivias,
Colo-casias, Crinums, Cyclam-ens, Cyrt-anthuses, Euchar-ises, Urceo-charis, Eurycles

Freesias, Gloxinias, Hae-manthus, Hipp-eastrums

Lachen-alias, Nerines, Lycorises, Pen-cratiums, Hymen-ocallises, Richardias, Sprekelias, Tuberoses, Vallotas, Watsonias, Zephy-ranthes

Bulbs in Bowls

Bulbs in the Alpine House

Hardy Bulbs

Aconitum, Allium, Alstroe-meria, Anemone 1, 1a

Amaryllis, Antheri-cum, Antholy-zas, Apios, Arisaema, Arum, Aspho-deline,

Aspho-delus, Belam-canda, Bloom-eria, Brodiae, Bulbo-codium

Calo-chorti, Cyclo-bothras, Camassia, Col-chicum, Con-vallaria,
Forcing Lily of the Valley, Corydalis, Crinum, Crosmia, Mon-tbretia , Crocus

Cyclamen, Dicentra, Dierama, Eranthis, Eremurus, Ery-thrnium, Eucomis

Fritillaria, Funkia, Gal-anthus, Galtonia, Gladiolus, Hemero-callis

Hya-cinth, Hya-cinths in Pots,
Scilla, Pusch-kinia, Chion-odoxa, Chiono-scilla, Muscari

Iris,
Kniphofia, Lapey-rousia, Leucojum

Lilium,

Lilium in Pots, Malvastrum, Merendera, Milla, Narcissus, Narcissi in Pots

Orni-thogalum, Oxalis, Paeonia, Ran-unculus, Romulea, Sanguin-aria,
Stern-bergia,
Schi-zostylis, Teco-philaea, Trillium

Tulip,
Zephy-ranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs

Acidan-thera, Albuca, Alstroe-meri, Andro-stephium, Bassers, Boussing-aultias, Bravoas, Cypellas, Dahlias, Galaxis,
Geis-sorhizas, Hesper-anthas

Gladioli, Ixias,
Sparaxises, Babianas, Morphixias, Tritonias

Ixio-lirions, Moraeas, Orni-thogal-ums, Oxalises, Phaedra-nassas,
Pan-cratiums, Tigridias, Zephyr-anthes, Cooper-ias

Bulbs for Bedding

Plant each Bedding Plant with a Ground, Edging or Dot Plant for
Spring
1
, 2
or
Summer
1
, 2

Climber 3 sector Vertical Plant System with

Any Plant Type flowers in
Jan,
Feb,
Mar,
Apr,
May 1, 2
Jun,
Jul,
Aug,
Sep,
Oct,
Nov,
Dec
 

----------
Choosing the right Plant

1a.
The Base -
Base of Wall Plants

1b.
Annuals

1c.
Herbs and Vege-tables

1d.
Cut
flowers, Cut Foliage

1e.
Scented flower or foliage

1f.
Foliage use only

 

2a. 1,2,3,4
The Prime - Wall Shrubs

2b.
Fruit trees

3a.
The Higher Reaches -
House-wall Ramblers

3b. 1,2
Non-House-Wall - Climbing Twiners

3c.
Non-House-Wall - Self-clinging Climbers

Raised
Bed
for Wheel-chair Users

Plants for Wildlife-Use as well

Fastest Covering

Least prot-ruding growth when fan-trained

1, 2
Evergreen

Use as
Hedge

Exposed Positions

Use as Ground-cover

1,2
Ornam-ental Fruit

Scented Flowers

1, 2
Autumn Foliage Colour

Winter Bark

Winter and Early Spring Flowers

Summer Colour or Shape of Foliage

Edible Fruit

Needs Conserv-atory or Green-house

Large
Pots and Con-tainers
1
, 2

Cut Flowers

Attractive to Bees

Climber - Simple Flower Shape

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a
Stars

geraniumflocineremuballerina1a1
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14k1a1
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord2
Trumpets and Funnels

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming
Salverform

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14q1
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

 

Climber - Elaborated Flower Shape

prunellaflotgrandiflora
Tubes, Lips and Straps

aquilegiacfloformosafoord
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14u1a
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14v1a
Standards, Wings and Keels

brachyscomecflorigidulakevock
Disks and Florets

andosacecforyargongensiskevock
Pin-cushions, Tufts, Petal-less and Cushions

armeriaflomaritimakevock
Umbels, Buttons and Pompoms

 

STAGE 4A 12 BLOOM COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Blue

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Mauve

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Purple

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Brown

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Cream

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Orange

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Pink

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Red

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
White

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1 Yellow

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Un-
usual

1
Multi-Colou-red

1
Each Flower Diff-

1
erent Colour

 

STAGE 4B 12 FOLIAGE COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY
Deciduous Shrubs or Trees, Herbaceous Perennials or Bulbs- if that changes from the main colour for instance to a different autumn colour, then it will be in this column and the relevant colour for those months of Win (Winter), Spr (Spring), Sum (Summer) or Aut (Autumn) group as well.
Evergreen Shrubs or Trees, Evergreen Perennials - if that changes from the main colour for instance to a different autumn colour, then it will be in this column and the relevant colour for those months of Win (Winter), Spr (Spring), Sum (Summer) or Aut (Autumn) group as well.

Jan Win

Feb Win

Mar Spr

Apr Spr

May Spr

Jun Sum

Jul Sum

Aug Sum

Sep Aut

Oct Aut

Nov Aut

Dec Win

Decid
Herba

Ever-green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Blue

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Mauve

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Purple

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Black

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Bronze

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Orange

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Pink

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Red

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Grey

1
White

1
Silver

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Yellow

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Un-
usual

1
Varie-gated

1

1

1

1

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677


Site design and content copyright ©October 2016.
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Scented Flora of the World by Roy Genders - was first published in 1977 and this paperback edition was published on 1 August 1994 ISBN 0 7090 5440 8:-
This comprehensive book looks at scented flowers and leaves of plants from all over the world. The work has been prepared to the standards of the Index Kewensis, and is filled with the most interesting facts about the scented flora of the world.

I am using the above book from someone who took 30 years to compile it from notes made of his detailed observations of growing plants in preference to
The RHS Companion to Scented Plants Hardcover – 16 Oct 2014 by Stephen Lacey (Author), Andrew Lawson (Photographer) ISBN 978-0-7112-3574-8 even though this is the only major reference work on scent and scented plants which is endorsed by the Royal Horticultural Society. See reasons for stopping infilling of previous Sense of Fragrance section on 28/07/2016 at end of Sense of Fragrance from Stephen Lacey Page.

The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950 by Faber and Faber Limited describes every method of propagation for 2,500 species. Unlike modern books published since 1980, this one states exactly what to do and is precisely what you require if you want to increase your alpines.

Topic
Case Studies
Companion Planting

...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design

...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
Garden Maintenance
Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary
Plants

...Poisonous Plants
Soil
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
Bulb
Climber

 

Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12

All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index

All Foliage 212
All Spring Foliage 212

All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212
Rock Plant Flowers 53

 

Your chosen Garden Style then changes your Plant Selection Process

Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...Infill2 Plants
...Infill3 Plants *
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...
12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...All2 Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index

 

Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
Herb
Odds and Sods

Rhododendron
Rose
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Vegetable

Wild Flower

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly

 

STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY

 

Cultivation Requirements of Plant

Outdoor / Garden Cultivation

1

Indoor / House Cultivation

1

Cool Greenhouse (and Alpine House) Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter

1

Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year

1

Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

1

 

Sun Aspect

Full Sun

1

Part Shade

1

Full Shade

1

 

Soil Type

Any Soil

1

Chalky Soil

1

Clay Soil

1

Lime-Free Soil

1

Peaty Soil

1

Sandy Soil

1

Acid Soil

1

Alkaline Soil

1

Badly-drained Soil

1

 

Soil Moisture

Dry

1

Moist

1

Wet

1

 

Position for Plant

Back of Shady Border

1

Back of Shrub Border

1

Bedding

1

Bog Garden

1

Coastal Conditions / Seaside

1

Container in Garden

1

Front of Border

1

Ground Cover 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)

1

Ground Cover 24-72 inches (60-180 cms)

1

Ground Cover Over 72 inches (180 cms)

1

Hanging Basket

1

Hedge

1

Hedge - Thorny

1

Pollution Barrier

1

Pond

1

Pot in House, Greenhouse, Conservatory or Stovehouse

1

Raised Bed

1

Rest of Border

1

Rock Garden

1

Scree Bed

1

Speciman on Lawn

1

Sunny Border

1

Tree for Lawn

1

Tree/Shrub for Small Garden

1, 2,
3, 4,
5, 6,
7, 8,
9, 10,
11,12,
13,14,
15,16,
uses of tree/ shrub

Wildflower

1

Windbreak

1

Woodland

1

 

Use of Plant

Pollen or nectar for Bees

1

Hosts to Butterflies

1

Encouraging birds / wildlife, providing food and shelter

1

Bee-Pollinated plants for Hay Fever Sufferers

1

Berries / Fruit

1

Dry Site in Full Sun

1

Dry Shade

1

Filtering noise

1

Flower Arrange-ments

Growing Plants for the Church

1



1, 2,
3, 4,
5, 6,
7, 8,
9,10,
11,12,
13,14

Fragrant Flower

1

Language of Flowers

1

Low maintenance

1

Moist Shade

1

Moist and swampy Sites

1

Nitrogen fixing plants

1

Not Fragrant Flower

1

Rabbit-Resistant

1

Speciman Plant

1

Thornless

1

Tolerant of Poor Soil

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Plant Foliage

Aromatic Foliage

1

Autumn Foliage

1

Finely Cut Leaves

1

Large Leaves

1

Yellow Variegated Foliage

1

White Variegated Foliage

1

Red / Purple Variegated Foliage

1

Silver, Grey and Glaucous Foliage

1

Sword-shaped Leaves

1

 

 

Flower Shape

Number of Flower Petals

Petal-less
lessershapemeadowrue2a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

1 Petal

1

2 Petals

1

3 Petals
irisflotpseudacorus1a1a1a1a1a1

1

4 Petals
aethionemacfloarmenumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

5 Petals
anemonecflo1hybridafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Above 5
anemonecflo1blandafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

Flower Shape - Simple

Stars
anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Bowls
 

1

Cups and Saucers
euphorbiacflo1wallichiigarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Globes
paeoniamlokosewitschiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Goblets and Chalices
paeoniaveitchiiwoodwardiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Trumpets
acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Funnels
stachysflotmacrantha1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Bells
digitalismertonensiscflorvroger1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Thimbles
fuchsiaflotcalicehoffman1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Urns
ericacarneacflosspringwoodwhitedeeproot1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Salverform

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

Flower Shape - Elaborated

Tubes, Lips and Straps
prunellaflotgrandiflora1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets
aquilegiacfloformosafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Hats, Hoods and Helmets
acanthusspinosuscflocoblands1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Standards, Wings and Keels
lathyrusflotvernus1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Discs and Florets
brachyscomecflorigidulakevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Pin-Cushions
echinaceacflo1purpurealustrehybridsgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Tufts
centaureacfloatropurpureakavanagh1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Cushion
androsacecforyargongensiskevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Umbel
agapanthuscflos1campanulatusalbidusgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Buttons
argyranthemumflotcmadeiracrestedyellow1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Pompoms
armeriacflomaritimakevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

Natural Arrangements

Bunches, Posies, Sprays
bergeniamorningredcforcoblands1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Columns, Spikes and Spires
ajugacfloreptansatropurpurea1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Whorls, Tiers and Candelabra
lamiumflotorvala2a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Plumes and Tails
astilbepurplelancecflokevock1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Chains and Tassels
 

1

Clouds, Garlands and Cascades
 

1

Spheres, Domes (Clusters), Plates and Drumsticks
androsacecfor1albanakevock1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Shrub, Tree Shape

Columnar
ccolumnarshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Oval
covalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Rounded or Spherical
croundedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Flattened Spherical
cflattenedsphericalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Conical / Narrow Pyramidal
cnarrowconicalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Conical / Broad Pyramidal
cbroadpyramidalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Ovoid /
Egg-Shaped

ceggshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Ovoid
cbroadovoidshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Vase-shaped / Inverted Ovoid
cnarrowvaseshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Fan-Shaped /Vase-Shaped
cfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Fan-Shaped / Broad Vase-Shaped
cbroadfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Weeping
cnarrowweepingshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Weeping
cbroadweepingshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Palm

1

 

Conifer Cone

1

 

Form

Arching

1

Climbing

1

Clump-Forming

1

Mat-Forming

1

Mound-Forming

1

Prostrate

1

Spreading

1

Stemless

1

Upright

1

 

Poisonous Plant

1

 

STAGE 1
GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY

 

Fragrant Plants adds the use of another of your 5 senses in your garden:-
Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark
1
, 2, 3

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3

Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
1
, 2

Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
1
, 2, 3

Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2

Night-scented Flowering Plants
1
, 2

Scented Aquatic Plants
1


Plants with Scented Fruits
1


Plants with Scented Roots
1
, 2

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood
1


Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums
1


Scented Cacti and Succulents
1


Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell
1
, 2
 

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERY 3

Fan-trained Shape
fantrainedshape2a1a1a

From Rhododendrons, boxwood, azaleas, clematis, novelties, bay trees, hardy plants, evergreens : novelties bulbs, cannas novelties, palms, araucarias, ferns, vines, orchids, flowering shrubs, ornamental grasses and trees book, via Wikimedia Commons

 

Ramblers Scramblers & Twiners by Michael Jefferson-Brown (ISBN 0 - 7153 - 0942 - 0) describes how to choose, plant and nurture over 500 high-performance climbing plants and wall shrubs, so that more can be made of your garden if you think not just laterally on the ground but use the vertical support structures including the house as well.

The Gardener's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Climbers & Wall Shrubs - A Guide to more than 2000 varieties including Roses, Clematis and Fruit Trees by Brian Davis. (ISBN 0-670-82929-3) provides the lists for 'Choosing the right Shrub or Climber' together with Average Height and Spread after 5 years, 10 years and 20 years.

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3


Gardening with Alpines by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club.
Published in 1962. It provides most of the data about the Alpines.

Plant Solutions 1000+ suggestions for every garden situation by Nigel Colborn ISBN
13:978
0 00 719312 7, provides many of the plants for the pages in these Galleries.

Essential Annuals The 100 Best for Design and Cultivation. Text by Elizabeth Murray. Photography by Derek Fell. ISBN 0-517-66177-2, provides data about annuals.

Indoor Bulb
Growing by
Edward Pearson
. Published by Purnell & Sons, Ltd in 1953. It provides the data about Indoor Bulbs and Bulbs in
Window-boxes.

Colour All The
Year In My Garden
: A selection of choice varieties - annuals, biennials, perennials, bulbs, climbers and trees and shrubs - that will give a continuity of colour
in the garden throughout the year. Edited by C.H. Middleton. Gardening Book
from Ward, Lock & Co published in 1938, provides plant data for a calendar of plants in bloom throughout the year and for those in the smallest garden.
The Book of Bulbs by S. Arnott, F.R.H.S. Printed by
Turnbull & Spears, Edinburgh in 1901. This provides data about Hardy Bulbs, Half-Hardy Bulbs, Greenhouse and Stove Bulbs.

Collins Guide to
Bulbs by Patrick
M. Synge
. ISBN
0 00 214016-0
First Edition 1961, Second Edition 1971, Reprinted 1973. This provides data on bulbs for bedding, bulbs in the border, bulbs naturalised in grass, bulbs in the woodland garden, bulbs in the rock garden, bulbs in pans in the alpine house, bulbs in the greenhouse, bulbs in bowls and the bulb frame.

Annuals & Biennials, the best annual and biennial plants and their uses in the garden by Gertrude Jekyll published in 1916 and
republished by Forgotten Books in 2012
(Forgotten Books
is a London-based book publisher specializing in the restoration of old books, both fiction and non-fiction. Today we have
372,702 books available to read online, download as ebooks, or
purchase in print.).

Cut Flowers All The Year from The New Illustrated
Gardening Encyclopedia
by Richard Sudell, printed before May 1935 for the plant names in each month, followed by details for culture and propagation.

Mr. Middleton's Garden Book by
Daily Express Publication,
reprinted 1941
for the individual
cultivar names with evergreen/
deciduous, flower colour, flower month and height.

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Tree and Shrubs in Garden Design -

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Clay Soils (neutral to slightly acid)

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Dry Acid Soils

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Shallow Soil over Chalk

Trees and Shrubs tolerant of both extreme Acidity and Alkalinity

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Damp Sites

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Industrial Areas

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Cold Exposed Areas

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Seaside Areas

Shrubs suitable for Heavy Shade

Shrubs and Climbers suitable for NORTH- and EAST-facing Walls

Shrubs suitable for Ground Cover

Trees of Pendulous Habit

Trees and Shrubs of Upright or Fastigiate Habit

Trees and Shrubs with Ornamental Bark or Twigs

Trees and Shrubs with Bold Foliage

Trees and Shrubs for Autumn Colour

Trees and Shrubs with Red or Purple Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Golden or Yellow Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Grey or Silver Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Variegated Foliage

Trees and Shrubs bearing Ornamental Fruit

Trees and Shrubs with Fragrant or Scented Flowers

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Foliage

Flowering Trees and Shrubs for Every Month:-
Jan
, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec

The following table shows the linkages for the information about the plants
described in Sanders' Encyclopedia of Gardening in The Gardeners' Golden Treasury, revised by A. G. L Hellyer F.L.S, Editor of 'Amateur Gardening', (thirty-first impression of original published in 1895) was published in 1960 by W. H. & L. Collingridge Limited,
between:-

  • Stage 1 - Garden Style Index Gallery (in this Table) and Stage 1 Fragrant Plants (in Table on left), then
  • Stage 2 - 3 Infill Plants Index Galleries (in Table on right), then
  • Stage 3a - All Plants Index Gallery with each plant species in its own Plant Type Page followed by choice from Stage 4a, 4b, 4c and/or 4d REMEMBERING THE CONSTRAINTS ON THE SELECTION FROM THE CHOICES MADE IN STAGES 1 AND 2 (in this Table)
  • Stage 3b - All2 Plants Index Gallery for Alpines without a Garden for your health and productivity (in this Table)
  • Stage 4a - 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery (in Table on right)
  • Stage 4b - 12 Foliage Colours per Month Index Gallery (in Table on right) with
    column for Deciduous / Herbaceous plants with the same foliage colour during their growing season and
    column for Evergreen plants with the same foliage colour during the entire year
  • Stage 4c - Cultivation, Position, Use Index Gallery (in Table on left)
  • Stage 4d - Shape, Form Index Gallery (in Table on left)

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY
It would be useful if when you decide to change your garden that you use a uniform garden style throughout your garden and the GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY aims to provide pointers.
The new pages (April 2016) in the gallery will have a suitable list of plants on each page (as that plant gets further detailed in the ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY), then each row containing that plant name in the GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY will also be updated. I aim to input details of plants starting with A in alphabetical order to Z.

Private Garden Design:-
What is your Budget and What are the purposes for your garden?
Designing for a purpose: Areas which require answers before answering your Designing for a Purpose Questionaire.
Then, do the Site Survey with Photographs, before putting the Current Garden Design on paper or in your computer.
Using the Broad Design elements of Scale, which Garden Style to use:-
Low Maintenance Garden Style, Cottage Garden Style, Wildlife Garden Style or Japanese Garden Style and the
Hard and Soft Landscaping elements, create the Broad Proposed Design. Then, the Detailed Design of each Hard Landscaping item followed by the Soft Landscaping elements: The Soil, changing the Microclimate; and the
Plant Selection is influenced by the Colour Wheel, with Plant Quantities determined by time to establish versus width between plants and Companion Planting will provide helpful neighbouring plants
or
Click on text in cells below to jump to that page describing that data
.

 


Container

Gardening at my work-place

 

<----

 

Yes
|
v


Do you want to garden and grow plants?

 

No

Cannot be bothered.
If you wish to improve your productivity and health, then, plant an Alpine Pan in your work area or at home using the information within Alpines without a Garden by Lawrence D. Hills, using these pages:-


Potted
House-plant


<----
|
|
v


No
Garden

At Home with Gard-ening Area


Yes


---->

Balcony Garden or Roof Garden


Yes
---->

Grow flowers for flower arranging and vegetables on Balcony Garden or Roof Garden

Pan Plant Back-grou-nd Colour

STAGE 3b
ALL2 PLANTS INDEX GALLERY

|
v


Conservatory Gardening

|
<--
|

 

|
No
-->

Outside Garden
|
v

Pan, Trough and Window-Box Odds and Sods
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14,
15

The beginner's dozen for the small pan

Plants for the pan gar-den


Stovehouse for Tropical Plants

|
<--

An extra dozen for the larger pan

Kinds of Pan Plants that may be split up and tucked in Corners and Crevices

|
|
v

Miniature trees and shrubs for pan

The leafy soil pan

The gritty soil pan

The Limy Soil Plan

Blue Flower Colour Pan Plants

Lilac, Violet and Purple Flower Colour Pan Plants

Reds, Carm-ines Flower Colour Pan Plants

Pinks Flower Colour Pan Plants

White Flower Colour Pan Plants and Bicol-ored

Yellow Flower Colour Pan Plants

Blue Flower Colour Trough Plants

Violet, Lilac and Purple Flower Colour Trough Plants

|
|
v

Reds and Carm-ines Flower Colour Trough Plants

Pinks - all shades Flower Colour Trough Plants

Yellow Flower Colour Trough Plants

White and Cream Flower Colour Trough Plants

Bi-colour-ed Flower Colour Trough Plants

Feb Flower Season Pan

Mar Flower Season Pan

Apr Flower Season Pan

May Flower Season Pan

Jun Flower Season Pan

Jul Flower Season Pan

Aug Flower Season Pan

Sep Flower Season Pan

|
|
v

Oct Flower Season Pan

Nov Flower Season Pan

Pans for Semi-shade

Pans for In-doors

Mini-ature Pot

Feb Flower Season Trough

Mar Flower Season Trough

Apr Flower Season Trough

May Flower Season Trough

Jun Flower Season Trough

Jul Flower Season Trough

Aug Flower Season Trough

Sep Flower Season Trough

|
|
v

Oct Flower Season Trough

Nov Flower Season Trough

Dec Flower Season Trough

Bulb Pan

Bulb Cover-ing Carp-eters

Trough and Window-box plants 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Trough and Window-Box Background Colour

Pan Plant
Alpines without a Garden

ABC 1
Pan Plants

DEF 1
Pan Plants

GHI
Pan Plants

JKL 1
Pan Plants

|
|
v

MNO 1
Pan Plants

PQR 1
Pan Plants

STU 1
Pan Plants

V 1
Pan Plants

WXYZ 1
Pan Plants

You need to know the following:-
1. How much time per week are you prepared to look after your garden or prepared to pay someone else to do it for you?
2. How much are you are prepared to spend on creating your garden and then on its maintenance for its feeding and replacement of its plants and hard landscaping?
3. In order for you to go into your garden, there must be mystery in it, so that from any position in the house you cannot see all the garden, otherwise you will not be tempted to go out into it.
4. You must decide what garden style you are going to use THROUGHOUT the garden and make sure of using 3. the mystery in it as well.
5. What plants do you want to keep in your existing garden and incorporate into your new garden?
6. What Human Problems do you have and what Site Problems are there?

A) Bee Pollinated Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers List leads onto the
B) Bee Pollinated Bloom in Month galleries and
C) extra Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers.


<----

Human Prob-lems
v


---->

Blind,
Deaf,
in a Wheelchair, or
you cannot bend easily

 

 

 

Garden Style, which takes into account the Human Problems above

 

 

Classic Mixed Style


<----

Cottage Garden Style


<----

.
v


---->

Naturalistic Style

Formal English Garden

 

Mediterranean Style


<----

Meadow and Corn-field


<----

.
.
v


---->

Paving and Gravel inland,
Coastal Conditions near the sea, Seashore with shingle/sand

 

 

 

 

Problem Sites within your chosen Garden Style from the above

 

 

Exposure to Wind


<----

Excess Shade


<----

Exce-ssively Dry Shade


<----


<----

.
.
.
.
.
v


---->

Exce-ssively Hot, Sunny and Dry Site is suitable for Drought Resistant Plants

Excessively Wet Soil - especially when caused by poor drainage

Control of Pests (Aphids, Rabbits, Deer, Mice, Mole, Snails) / Disease by Companion Planting in Garden

Whether your Heavy Clay or Light Sandy / Chalk Soil is excessively Alkaline (limy) / Acidic or not, then there is an Action Plan for you to do with your soil, which will improve its texture to make its structure into a productive soil instead of it returning to being just sand, chalk, silt or clay.


<----

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
v


---->

Problems caused by builders:- 1. Lack of soil on top of builders rubble in garden of just built house.
2. Clay soil of Garden slopes towards house with no drainage of this rainwater by the house wall.

In planning your beds for your garden, before the vertical hard-landscaping framework and the vertical speciman planting is inserted into your soft landscaping plan, the following is useful to consider:-
1. The ground plan usually depends upon 1 or more unalterable existing features. The position of the doors of the house will dictate the positions of paths, the shortest route to the kitchen may indicate the best place for a paved area for eating and drinking out of doors, or the kept trees/shrubs may indicate what garden style is used.
2. Rules of Proportion -
A. A border should be roughly 1/2 as wide as the hedge or wall behind it.
B. The proportion of planted areas to paved or turfed areas should be 1/3 to 2/3, or a 1/4 to 3/4, not 1/2 and 1/2.
C. Within a bed or border, unless a 2-dimensional pattern on the ground is the objective, the height and bulk of the plants should be varied to avoid monotony; it is particularly important to provide strong planting, in terms of either height or bulk or both, at either end of a long bed.
D. The ground surface provides a background to the plants that is as important as the hedges, walls or fences that surround it. Grass is perhaps the most satisfying carpet to use, the cool green forming a restful antidote to the dancing colours of the flowers. Use different coloured pea-shingle inside Cedar Gravel for people in wheelchairs, or infirm in their legs or who suffer from Hay Fever.

Reasons for stopping infilling of Sense of Fragrance section on 28/07/2016 at end of Sense of Fragrance from Stephen Lacey Page. From September 2017 will be creating the following new pages on Sense of Fragrance using Scented Flora of the World by Roy Genders.
ISBN 0 7090 5440 8:-

 

 

 

|
v

 

 

 

 

 

After you have selected your vertical hard-landscaping framework and the vertical speciman plants for each bed or border, you will need to infill with plants taking the following into account:-

 

 

 

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark 1, 2, 3
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil 1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil 1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Sandy Soil 1
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves 1, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves 1, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit 1, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers 1, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants 1, 2
Scented Aquatic Plants.
Plants with Scented Fruits.
Plants with Scented Roots 1, 2
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood.
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums.
Scented Cacti and Succulents.
Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell 1, 2

Flower Perfume Group:-
Miscellaneous Group with scents - Balm, Brandy, Cedar, Cloying, Cowslip, Cucumber, Damask Rose, Daphne, Exotic, Freesia, Fur-like, Gardenia, Hay-like, Heliotrope, Honeysuckle, Hops, Hyacinth, Incense-like, Jasmine, Laburnham, Lilac, Lily of the Valley, Meadowsweet, Mignonette, Mint, Mossy, Muscat, Muscatel, Myrtle-like, Newly Mown Hay, Nutmeg, Piercing, Primrose, Pungent, Resinous, Sandalwood, Sassafras, Seductive, Slight, Soft, Stephanotis, Sulphur, Starch, Sweet, Sweet-briar, Tea-rose, Treacle and Very Sweet.

Flower Perfume Group:-
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group with scent - Hawthorn.
Heavy Group with scents -
Jonquil and
Lily.
Aromatic Group with scents - Almond,
Aniseed, Balsamic,
Carnation, Cinnamon, Clove,
Spicy and
Vanilla.
Violet Group.
Rose Group.
Lemon Group with scent -
Verbena.
Fruit-scented Group with scents -
Apricot,
Fruity,
Green Apple,
Orange, Pineapple,
Ripe Apple , Ripe Banana and
Ripe Plum.
 

Flower Perfume Group:-
Animal-scented Group with scents -
Cat,
Dog,
Ferret,
Fox,
Goat,
Human Perspiration,
Musk,
Ripe Apple and
Tom Cat.
Honey Group.
Unpleasant Smell Group with scents -
Animal,
Fetid,
Fishy,
Foxy,
Fur-like,
Garlic,
Hemlock,
Manure,
Nauseating,
Perspiration,
Petrol,
Putrid,
Rancid,
Sickly,
Skunk,
Stale Lint
Sulphur and
Urinous,

Leaf Perfume Group:-
Turpentine Group.
Camphor and Eucalyptus Group.
Mint Group.
Sulphur Group.
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group.
Heavy Group.
Aromatic Group.
Violet Group.
Rose Group.
Lemon Group.
Fruit-scented Group.
Animal-scented Group.
Honey Group.

Scent of Wood, Bark and Roots Group:-
Aromatic Group.
Turpentine Group.
Rose Group.
Violet Group.
Stale Perspiration Group.

 

Scent of Fungi Group:-
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group.
Sulphur Group.
Aromatic Group.
Rose Group.
Violet Group.
Fruit Group.
Animal Group.
Honey Group

Sense of Sight

Emotion of
Hot /Cool; Calm / Agitated

Emotion of
Low-key / High Key


<----

.
.
.
v

Emotion of
Inviting
/ Forbidding

Emotion of Intellectual versus Emotional

Sense of Touch

Sense of Taste

Sense of Sound

 

 

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 for
lists of plants of 1 plant type for 1 cultivation requirement is in Table on right

 

 

 

STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY
Click on Blue or underlined text to jump to page comparing flower thumbnails of that blue colour in the
Other Plant Photo Galleries. RedPP is Red, Pink, Purple and Other is Unusual or Other Flower Colour.

Plant Type
with links to Other Plant Photo Galleries

ABC

DEF

GHI

JKL

MNO

PQR

STU

VWX

YZ

Alpine in Evergreen Perennial,
Herbaceous Perennial and Rock Garden

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Aquatic

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Annual/ Biennial

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Bamboo

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Bedding, 25
RHS Mixed Border Beds 75 and
Flower Shape, Flower Colour and Bedding Plant Use

1

Blue

1

Green

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

Purple

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Bicolour

Other Flower Colours

White / Colour Bicolour

Bulb, 746 with Use, Flower Colour/Shape of
Allium / Anemone, Colchicum / Crocus, Dahlia, Gladiolus, Narcissus and Tulip

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Climber 71 Clematis, 58 other Climbers with Use, Flower Colour and Shape

1

Blue

1

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Conifer

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Deciduous Shrub 43 with Use and Flower Colour

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Deciduous Tree

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Evergreen Perennial 104 with Use, Flower Colour, Flower Shape and Number of Petals

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Evergreen Shrub 46, Semi-Evergreen Shrub and Heather 74 with Use and Flower Colour

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Evergreen Tree

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Fern with 706 ferns
within 21 types and 41 uses

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Grass

1

1

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

Herbaceous Perennial 91,
RHS Mixed Border Beds 176 and
Peonies 46 with Flower Colour/Shape

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Herb

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Odds and Sods

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Rhododendron, Azalea, Camellia

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Rose with 720 roses within Flower Colour, Flower Shape, Rose Petal Count and Rose Use

1

1

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

 

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Soft Fruit

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Sub-Shrub

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Top Fruit

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Vegetable

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Wildflower 1918 with
Plants used by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterflies in the UK
I am inserting the plants described in Sanders' Encyclopedia of Gardening into STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY

1

Blue

1

Green

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

Red

1

Purple

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Multi-colour

Cream

Mauve

Brown

Shrub and Small Tree

Botanical Names Page

Common Names Page

Finally, you might be advised to check that the adjacent plants to the one you have chosen for that position in a flower bed are suitable; by checking the entry in Companion Planting - like clicking A page for checking Abies - and Pest Control page if you have a pest to control in this part of the flower bed.
Companion Planting
- A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z
Pest Control using Plants

 

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY
The planning a Rose Garden chapter from Rose Gardens by Jane Fearnley-Whitingstall ISBN 0 7011 3344 9 and
Plant Solutions by Nigel Colborn provides information for this gallery.

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 Reference books for these galleries in Table on left

STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY
In addition to these 10 galleries, there are links to the Other Plant Photo Galleries in the table above like Bulb , which have plant descriptions accessed by clicking a flower thumbnail in its flower comparison page. Click the respective flower colour - like Green - to change page to that flower colour comparison page. Then, you can also choose these other plants.
It will also state the Plant Combinations for each plant from The Ulimate Visual Guide to Successful Plant Harmony - The Encyclopedia of Planting Combinations by Tony Lord ISBN 1-55209-623-8

STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY
Some extra details about the Cultivation Requirements of Plant:- Outdoor /Garden Cultivation, Indoor / House Cultivation, Cool Green-house Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter, Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year, and Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

Since 2006, I have requested photos etc from the Mail-Order Nurseries in the UK and later from the rest of the World. Few nurseries have responded.
I worked for a lady, who with her husband took 35 mm slides of plants in the 1960's and 1970's. She allowed me to digitise some of her Kodachrome slides, which I have used in my website. I discovered that at least the green colour of the foliage became very much darker over that period of years to 2008, by comparing wildflower photos from her slides with digital photos supplied by a current Wildflower mail-order nursery, so I stopped creating my Foliage Galleries.
I bought myself a camera some years ago and started taking photos, some of which have been put into the website. I started taking photos of the Heathers at the Royal Horticultural Society at Wisley garden. I have displayed the Heathers foliage in closeup since their leaves are 2mm long and in macro-scale in the Heather Galleries - sometimes the foliage colour at the terminal end of the foliage stem is only a few leaves, whereas others have the same foliage colour throughout the stem. I discovered that some of the heathers did not have the correct plant label, since the flower colour did not correspond with the flower colour in the literature. I was informed that since kids have free rein, that perhaps they move the plant labels. Since, I cannot rely that the heather plant label next to the heather plant is valid, I have stopped taking photos of those heathers.
This leaves a small problem, especially since very few gardens open to the public have their plants labelled so that the public can use the data on their label to buy that named plant from a nursery or garden centre. Currently (June 2018) I insert photos from Wikimedia Commons as well as my own.
I have found the above book - which does not contain any colour plant photos. Since it had the following experts help in creating it, I have decided to use its information in these 10 galleries to help the public:-

  • T.W. Sanders Editor of Amateur Gardening in 1895.
  • A.J Macself Editor of Amateur Gardening in 1926 - both Sanders and Macself had worked entirely to the handlists published by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • A.G.L. Hellyer in this work of revision and also in checking the all-important cultural notes sought the help of experts in the various classes of plant:-
    • Mr S.A. Pearce, Assistant Curator at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew undertook the revision of those genera of plants which in this country are mainly grown under glass.
    • Mr Will Ingwersen dealt with the Rock plants,
    • Mr N. Catchpole made himself responsible for trees and shrubs;
    • Mr G.A Phillips for herbaceous plants,
    • Mrs Francis Perry for water plants,
    • Mr A.J. Macself for ferns,
    • Mr E. Cooper for orchids,
    • Mr J.S Dakers for annuals,
    • Miss Doreen Crowther for fruit and vegetables

with the aid of further information from other books, magazines and cross-checking on the internet.
In this edition of the book Sander's Encyclopaedia, the individual soil mixtures to grow plants have been retained, for it was considered that many gardeners might still wish to use them in certain circumstances. The John Innes mixtures may be substituted wherever desired. Details of these individual mixtures will be put into these galleries.