Ivydene Gardens Infill Plants Index Gallery:
Alpine - Alpine Shrubs and Conifers - Page 1 on Alpine Shrubs

Case Studies
Companion Planting
Garden Construction
Garden Design
Garden Maintenance
Offbeat Glossary
Tool Shed
Useful Data

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries


Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12

All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12

All Foliage 212
All Spring Foliage 212

All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212
Rock Plant Flowers 53


Your chosen Garden Style then changes your Plant Selection Process

Garden Style
Infill Plants *
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form


Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Herbaceous Perennial
Odds and Sods

Soft Fruit
Top Fruit

Wild Flower

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery


Cultivation Requirements of Plant

Outdoor / Garden Cultivation


Indoor / House Cultivation


Cool Greenhouse (and Alpine House) Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter


Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year


Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants



Sun Aspect

Full Sun


Part Shade


Full Shade



Soil Type

Any Soil


Chalky Soil


Clay Soil


Lime-Free Soil


Peaty Soil


Sandy Soil


Acid Soil


Alkaline Soil


Badly-drained Soil



Soil Moisture








Position for Plant

Back of Shady Border


Back of Shrub Border




Bog Garden


Coastal Conditions / Seaside


Container in Garden


Front of Border


Ground Cover 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)


Ground Cover 24-72 inches (60-180 cms)


Ground Cover Over 72 inches (180 cms)


Hanging Basket




Hedge - Thorny


Pollution Barrier




Pot in House, Greenhouse, Conservatory or Stovehouse


Raised Bed


Rest of Border


Rock Garden


Scree Bed


Speciman on Lawn


Sunny Border


Tree for Lawn


Tree for Small Garden









Use of Plant

Pollen or nectar for Bees


Hosts to Butterflies


Encouraging birds / wildlife, providing food and shelter


Bee-Pollinated plants for Hay Fever Sufferers


Berries / Fruit


Dry Site in Full Sun


Dry Shade


Filtering noise


Flower Arrange-ments


Fragrant Flower


Language of Flowers


Low maintenance


Moist Shade


Moist and swampy Sites


Nitrogen fixing plants


Not Fragrant Flower




Speciman Plant




Tolerant of Poor Soil



Plant Foliage

Aromatic Foliage


Autumn Foliage


Finely Cut Leaves


Large Leaves


Yellow Variegated Foliage


White Variegated Foliage


Red / Purple Variegated Foliage


Silver, Grey and Glaucous Foliage


Sword-shaped Leaves




Flower Shape

Number of Flower Petals



1 Petal


2 Petals


3 Petals


4 Petals


5 Petals


Above 5



Flower Shape - Simple





Cups and Saucers




Goblets and Chalices















Flower Shape - Elaborated

Tubes, Lips and Straps


Slippers, Spurs and Lockets


Hats, Hoods and Helmets


Standards, Wings and Keels


Discs and Florets















Natural Arrangements

Bunches, Posies, Sprays


Columns, Spikes and Spires


Whorls, Tiers and Candelabra


Plumes and Tails


Chains and Tassels


Clouds, Garlands and Cascades


Spheres, Domes and Plates



Shrub, Tree Shape





Rounded or Spherical


Flattened Spherical


Narrow Conical / Narrow Pyramidal


Broad Conical / Broad Pyramidal


Ovoid /


Broad Ovoid


Narrow Vase-shaped / Inverted Ovoid


Fan-Shaped /Vase-Shaped


Broad Fan-Shaped / Broad Vase-Shaped


Narrow Weeping


Broad Weeping





Conifer Cone























Poisonous Plant




Click on text in cells below to jump to that page detailing those infill plants of that plant type for that Cultivation requirement.

Plant Type


Alpines for Rock Garden (See Rock Garden Plant Flowers)

Alpine Shrubs and Conifers

The Alpine Meadow
Page 1
Page 2
Page 3

The Alpine Border

Alpine Plants for a Purpose

The Alpines that Dislike Lime

Alpines and Walls
Page 1
Page 2
Page 3

Alpines and Paving

Sink and Trough gardens

(Water Plants) for

Anti-erosion Riverbank

Marginal Plants (Bog Garden Plants)

Oxy-genating Weeds

Water Lilies

Floating Plants

Waterside Plants
and Plants for Dry Margins next to a Pond

Wildlife Pond Plants

Annual for


Plants for Cut Flowers in

Exposed Sites

Sheltered Sites with Green-house Annuals from 1916

Extra Poor Soil with Half-Hardy Annuals from 1916

Very Rich Soil with Biennials from 1916

Gap-filling in Mixed Borders with Hardy Annuals from 1916

Patio Containers

Cut Flowers Page 1
Page 2 Everlasting Flowers with Red Flowers from 1916

Attracting beneficial insects

Scent / Fragrance with Annuals for Cool or Shady Places from 1916

Low-allergen Gardens for Hay Fever Sufferers

Annual Plant Pairing Ideas

Low-Growing Annuals

Medium-Growing Annuals

Tall-Growing Annuals with White Flowers from 1916

Black or Brown Flowers

Blue to Purple Flowers

Green Flowers with Annuals and Biennials from 1916

Red to Pink Flowers
Page 1
Page 2

White Flowers

Yellow or Orange Flowers

Decorative Foliage

Moist Soil


House-plants with Yellow Flowers from 1916

Edging Beds

Hanging Baskets

Vining Annuals


Bedding for

Spring Bedding

Summer Bedding

Autumn/ Winter Bedding

Bedding for Light Sandy Soil

Bedding for Acid Soil

Bedding for Chalky Soil

Bedding for Clay Soil

Black Flowers

Blue Flowers

Orange Flowers

Pink Flowers

Long Flowering

Coloured Leaves

Attractive to Wildlife including Bees, Butterflies and Moths

Purple Flowers

Red Flowers

White Flowers

Yellow Flowers

Multi-Coloured Flowers

Aromatic Foliage or Scented Flowers

Bedding Plant Use

Flowers with 2 Petals

Flowers with 3 Petals

Flowers with
4 Petals

Flowers with 5 Petals

Flowers with 6 Petals

Flowers with more than 6 Petals

Use in Hanging Baskets

Flower Simple Shape

Shape of

Shape of
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

Shape of
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

Shape of
Trumpets and Funnels

Shape of
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

Use in Pots and Troughs

Flower Elaborated Shape

Shape of
Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Shape of
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Shape of
Hats, Hoods and Helmets


Use in

Use in
Window Boxes

Shape of
Standards, Wings and Keels

Shape of
Discs and Florets

Shape of
Pin-Cushions and Tufts

Shape of
Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons

Cut Flowers

Use in Bedding Out

Use in
Filling In

Biennial for

Cottage and Other Gardens

Cut Flower with Biennials for Rock Work from 1916

Patio Containers with Biennials for Pots in Greenhouse / Conservatory

Beneficial to Wildlife with Purple and Blue Flowers from 1916

Scent with Biennials for Sunny Banks or Borders from 1916



Bulb for
Explanation Intro to Bulbs
725 Blue, White, Yellow, Unusual Colour, or Red-Purple-Pink flowering Bulbs in each month they flower.

Indoor Bulbs for

Indoor Bulbs for

Bulbs for

Indoor Bulbs for September

Bulbs in Window-boxes

Hardy Bulbs

Half-Hardy Bulbs

Plant Bloom Dec-Jan

Plant Bloom Apr-May

Plant Bloom

Smallest of Gardens Plant Bloom

Plant Bloom September

Green-house, Stove Bulbs

Bulbs for Bedding

Bulbs in the Border

Bulbs naturalised in Grass

Bulbs in the Woodland Garden

Bulbs in the Rock Garden

Bulbs in the Alpine House

Bulbs in Green-house

Bulbs in Bowls

Climber 3 sector Vertical Plant System with flowers in
Jan, Feb,
Mar, Apr,
May, Jun,
Jul, Aug,
Sep, Oct,
Nov, Dec

The Base -
Base of Wall Plants


Herbs and Vegetables

Cut flowers, Cut Foliage

Scented flower or foliage

Foliage use only


The Prime - Wall Shrubs

Fruit trees

The Higher Reaches -
House-wall Ramblers

Non-House-Wall - Climbing Twiners

Non-House-Wall - Self-clinging Climbers

Raised Bed for Wheelchair Users

Plants for Wildlife-Use as well

Fern for

Dry Shade

Moist Shade


Other Good Ferns

Planting Scheme Using Ferns



Grass for

Full Sun, Year Round

Partial Sun, Year Round

Giant Grasses

Coastal Sites, Year Round

Hot and Dry Conditions
, Year Round

Moist Conditions



Wildlife Support

Other Good Grasses

Grasses Scheme






Full Sun, Year Round

Shade, Year Round

Hot and Dry Sites, Year Round

Poor Soil, Year Round

Rich Soil, Year Round

Other Good Ground-cover Plants

Ground-cover Schemes

Herb for








Odds and Sods for








Perennial for

Full Sun, Winter and Spring

Full Sun, Summer and Autumn

Full Sun, year round

Tall perennials for Partial Sun, Year Round

Medium Perennials for partial Sun, year Round

Violas and Pansies

Tall Perennials for deep shade, year round

Tall Perennials for light shade, year round

Medium and Short Perennials for Light Shade

Tall Perennials for Sun, Year round

Medium Perennials for Sun, year round

Very Exposed situations, year round

Sheltered Situations, Year Round


Coastal Sites, Year Round

Rock and Gravel, Year Round

Year Round

Limy Soil, Year Round

Lime-free Soil, Year Round

Low Water Require-ments

Attracting beneficial insects

Sustain-able Gardening

Low-Allergen Planting

Natural Repellent Properties


Spring Perennials with others for Summer/Autumn

Evergreen Foliage

Variegated Foliage

Golden Leaf Colour

Red-Purple Leaf Colour

Blue-Grey Leaf Colour

Other Good Perennials

The Autumn Climax



Shrub for

Large Shrub for Full Sun, Winter and Spring

Large Shrubs for Full Sun, Summer and Autumn

Large Shrubs for partial Sun, All Year

Large Shrubs for Shade, All year


Large Shrubs for Sheltered Sites, All Year

Large Shrubs for Extra Hot and Dry Sites, All Year



Large Shrubs for Evergreen Sculpture, All Year

Large Shrubs for Other Problem Sites, All Year


Medium Shrubs for Full Sun, Winter and Spring

Medium Shrubs for Full Sun, Summer and Autumn

Medium Shrubs for Partial Sun, Winter and Spring


Medium Shrubs for Shade, Winter and Spring

Medium Shrubs for Shade, Summer and Autumn

Medium Shrubs for Hot and Dry Sites, Year Round

Medium Shrubs for Very Exposed Sites,Year Round

Medium Shrubs for Very Sheltered Sites, Year Round


Medium Shrubs for South or west wall, Climbing, Year Round


Medium Shrubs for East Wall, Climbing, Year Round

Medium Shrubs for North Wall, Climbing, Year Round

Medium Shrubs for Evergreen Sculpture, Year Round


Small Shrubs for Full Sun, Year Round

Small Shrubs for Partial Sun, Year Round

Small and Dwarf Shrubs for Shade, Year Round


Small Shrubs for Hot and Dry Sites, Year Round


Small Shrubs for Exposed Sites, Year Round

Small Shrubs for Sheltered Sites, Year Round

Shrubs for Coastal Sites

Shrubs for Containers
, Year Round

Shrubs for Low Allergen Planting


Shrubs tolerant of Air Pollution

Shrubs for Wildlife Value

Shrubs for Screening

Shrubs for Autumn Berries

Shrubs with Variegated Foliage

Shrubs with Golden Foliage

Shrubs with Purple-Red Leaves


Shrubs with Blue-Grey Leaves

Other Shrubs

Rubus cock-burnianus with Other Herbaceous Plants

Different Effects for Different Seasons from the Same Plants

Floral Friend-ships

Floral Hot-Spots


Soft Fruit for








Top Fruit for








Tree for

Large Trees for Exposed Sites

Large Trees for Sheltered Sites

Large Trees for Acid Soil

Large Trees for Lime Soil

Large Trees

Medium Trees for Exposed Sites

Medium Trees for Sheltered Sites


Medium Trees for Acid Soil, Year Round

Medium Trees for Lime Soil, Year Round

Medium Trees

Small Trees for Exposed Sites, Year Round

Small Trees for Sheltered Sites, Year Round

Small Trees for Acid Soil, Year Round

Small Trees for Lime Soil, Year Round


Small Trees

Trees for Coastal or Badly Exposed Sites

Trees for Containers

Trees with Columnar Shape

Trees with a Weeping Shape

Trees Tolerant of Air pollution

Trees for Low Allergen Planting


Trees for Best Wildlife Value


Trees for Best Berries (Fruits)

Trees for Orna-mental Bark

Trees for Spring Blossom

Trees for Autumnal Colour

Trees with Golden Leaves


Trees with Red/Purple Leaves

Trees with Blue-Grey Leaves

Other Trees





Vegetable for








Wildflower for








Gardening with Alpines by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club. Published in 1962. It provides most of the data about the Alpines.

Essential Annuals The 100 Best for Design and Cultivation. Text by Elizabeth Murray. Photography by Derek Fell. ISBN 0-517-66177-2, provides data about annuals.

Ivydene Gardens Infill Plants Index Gallery:
Alpine - Alpine Shrubs and Conifers - Page 1 on Alpine Shrubs

Botanical Plant Name

with link to
UK or
European Union
mail-order supplier for you to contact to buy this plant

Flower Colour
and Background Colour nearest to main petal colour from 212 foliage colours /

followed by
Sun Aspect:- Full Sun,
Part Shade, Full Shade

with link to external website for photo/data

Flowering Months in UK

with link to
USA or
mail-order supplier

Height with Spread or Width (W) in inches (cms)

1 inch =
2.5 cms
12 inches = 30 cms
40 inches = 100 cms

Foliage Colour

and Background Colour nearest to middle-aged leaf colour from 212 foliage colours /

followed by
Soil Moisture:-

with link to Australia or New Zealand mail-order supplier

Plant Type is:-

A for Aquatic
Ann for Annual / Biennial
Ba for Bamboo
Bu for Bulb
Cl for Climber
Co for Conifer
F for Fern
G for Grass
H for Herb
P for Perennial
Rh for Rhodo-dendron, Azalea, Camellia
Ro for Rose
Sh for Shrub
So for Soft Fruit
To for Top Fruit
Tr for Tree
V for Vegetable
W for Wildflower

followed by:-
E for Evergreen,
D for Deciduous,
H for Herbaceous,
Alpine for being an Alpine as well as being 1 of above Plant Type /

Acid for Acidic,
Alk for Alkaline,
Any for AnySoil

with link to
ALL PLANTS Index Gallery page


A plant of first-class merit, suggested as 'First Choices'

Adjacent Planting

Plant Associations

It is sad to reflect that in England so few gardens open to the public label their plants or label them so that the label is visible when that plant is in flower, so that visitors can identify; and then later locate and purchase that plant.

Few mail-order nurseries provide the detail as shown in my rose or heather galleries.

If you want to sell a product, it is best to display it. When I sold my Transit van, I removed its signage, cleaned it and took photos of the inside and outside before putting them onto an advert in Autotrader amongst more than 2000 other Transit vans - it was sold in 20 minutes.

If mail-order nurseries could put photos to the same complexity from start of the year to its end with the different foliage colours and stages of flowering on Wikimedia Commons, then the world could view the plant before buying it, and idiots like me would have valid material to work with.

I have been in the trade (until ill health forced my Sole Trader retirement in 2013) working in designing, constructing and maintaining private gardens for decades and since 2005 when this site was started, I have asked any nursery in the world to supply photos. R.V. Roger in Yorkshire allowed me to use his photos from his website in 2007 and when I got a camera to spend 5 days in July 2014 at my expense taking photos of his roses growing in his nursery field, whilst his staff was propagating them. I gave him a copy of those photos.


A Choice of Shrubs

The range of truly dwarf-growing shrubs which are hardy, unlikely to be difficult to grow, and yet rewarding in plant habit and floral beauty is not unduly large. The majority are evergreen and so provide winter furnishing for the rock garden. All associate happily with perennial alpines, although the temptation to over-plant shrubs has to be resisted in the smaller rock garden.

A distinction must be made between those shrubs which tolerate lime in the soil, and those which insist on a soil lime-free. Of the latter, a selected list of those well-suited to the normal climactic changes and easily managed follows: All are evergreen.

Andromeda polifolia v. compacta (bog rosemary 'Compacta'

Supplier in UK


Part Shade


8 x 12
(20 x 30)

Dark Green

Moist, and well-drained Sand or poorly drained Clay soil

Sh E


Andromeda polifolia v. compacta makes a rounded cushion, with round-urn-shaped, pinkish-white, waxy flowers in May. Part Shade. Propagate by softwood cuttings, suckers or layering.

Needs acidic conditions, suitable for shaded rock garden or damp shady border.

First Choices

There are other Andromeda used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery


Andromeda polifolia 'Compacta'. By Ghislain118 (AD) http://www.fleurs-des-montagnes.net via Wikimedia Commons.

Cassiope lycopodioides

Supplier of Cassiope lycopodioides 'Beatrice Lilley' in UK, who also have other Cassiope Plants for sale

Supplier in USA


Full Sun,
Part Shade


2 x 15
(5 x 38)



Sh E


Cassiope lycopodiodes, prostrate-growing, with a mat of thread-like stems, clothed in tiny greyish, evergreen leaves, overlapping one another, and shing white, bell-like nodding flowers from the leaf axils in April-May. Sun or Part Shade.

Needs protection from the hot afternoon sun.  A key to success is keeping the roots cool in the afternoon.  They need good drainage as well.


There are other Cassiope used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery


Cassiope lycopodioides, Mount Chōkai, Yamagata pref., Japan

日本語: イワヒゲ 山形県鳥海山. By Qwert1234 via Wikimedia Commons.

Calluna vulgaris 'foxii nana'

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Calluna vulgaris 'J.H. Hamilton'

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Calluna vulgaris 'H.E. Beale'

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA


Full Sun


6 x 12
(15 x 30)


Lime-free soil, enriched with peat or leaf-mould. Needs good drainage

Sh E

Calluna vulgaris. Heathers. Most of the heathers are too tall and spreading for the smaller rock garden, but varieties:-
foxii, which makes a rounded cushion of a few inches high, flowering purple-pink in summer;
'J.H. Hamilton', a compact mat of 9 inches (23 cms)high, and to 24 inch (60 cms) spread with double-pink flowers; and
'H.E. Beale', with flower spikes of double pink 12-24 inches (30-60 cms) tall, and a spread of 36 inches 90 cms), are worthy of a place, associating well with dwarf brooms.

Propagated by cuttings in July. Should be trimmed after flowering.

First Choices

Dwarf Brooms.


Heathers are tough little guys, and they make excellent companion plants for rhododendrons.

Alice Knight, a former journalist, and her husband Bob operate Heather Acres, a heather specialty nursery in Elma, Wash. Both are founding members of the North American Heather Society and the recently formed chapter, the Cascade Heather Society. Alice Knight spoke to members of the ARS at the ARS Western Regional Conference in Olympia, Wash., in 1991.


Deutsch: Besenheide; Ort: Großer Bösenstein, nahe Hohentauern, Steiermark, in Österreich

English: Heather; Location: Großer Bösenstein, near Hohentauern, Styria, Austria

Latina: Calluna vulgaris. By Kurt Kulac via Wikimedia Commons.

Daboecia azorica (Irish Heath, Connemara Bell Heather, Daboecia cantabrica subsp. azorica)
Supplier in USA
Supplier in Australia

Ruby Crimson (urn-shaped flowers)

Full Sun,
Part Shade


4-6 x 12
(10-15 x 30)

Dark Green above, covered with white down beneath

Sh E

Daboecia azorica, a heath from the Azores makes a spreading cushion of growth, with racemes of ruby-crimson flowers in May. Likes Sun. Largest flowers of all heathers; needs lime-free soil. Propagated by cuttings in June.

Since it tender, it can be damaged or killed in any severe winter.
Azores Heath (Daboecia azorica) is susceptible to Phytophthora root rot when heavily watered or grown under Eucalyptus.


Erica carnea 'King George'

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Erica carnea
'Winter Beauty'

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Erica carnea vivelli

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Erica carnea 'Springtime Pink'

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Erica carnea 'Springwood White'

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA


Full Sun


9-12 x 15-24
(22.5-30 x 37.5-75)

Dark Green

Sh E

Erica carnea, the winter-flowering heaths are too good to be excluded, and vars.
'King George', purplish pink,
'Winter Beauty', lilac purple, and
vivelli, deep carmine,
make compact growth, 6-9 inches (15-23 cms) x 12-18 inches (30-45 cms) spread, while
'Springtime Pink' and
'Springwood White'
are more lax and prostrate in growth but equally valuable for winter colour. This genus of heaths has a tolerance for lime and grows on moist, peat-enriched soils of all kinds quite well.

All need sunny positions, but broadly, the summer-flowering species and varieties require lime-free soil; while the winter-flowering tolerate lime in the soil, or can be grown without it. Propagated by cuttings, in June-July.

First Choices


English: winter heath, flowers

Deutsch: Schnee-Heide, Blüten

Latina: Erica carnea, Erica herbacea. By Leo Michels via Wikimedia Commons.

Erica cinerea 'Apple Blossom'

Supplier in France
Supplier in USA

Erica cinerea 'Golden Hue'

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA


Full Sun


12 x 18
(30 x 45)


Sh E

Erica cinerea, the Bell Heather (Scotch Heather), provides
'Apple Blossom', 12 x 18 inches (30 x 45 cms), shell-pink flowering in summer, neat spreading habit and
'Golden Hue', 15 x 18 (38 x 45 cms), pink, and with golden foliage that is very effective in winter. Open situation.

All need sunny positions, but broadly, the summer-flowering species and varieties require lime-free soil; while the winter-flowering tolerate lime in the soil, or can be grown without it. Propagated by cuttings, in June-July.

First Choices

Heather is very useful for the honey bee with its supply of nectar - Plants and Beeking by F.N. Howes; Kindle Edition published in 2013 is useful for:-

  • Notes on Unpalatable and Poisonous Honey Pollen
  • Artificial Bee Pasturage or Planting for Bees
  • Garden Flowers and the Noney Bee
  • Bee gardens
  • Apiary Hedges and Windbreaks


Erica cinera. By Kurt Stüber via Wikimedia Commons.

Erica vagans
'St Keverne'

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Bright Pink

Full Sun,
Part Shade


8 x 18
(20 x 45)

Dark Green

Dry or Moist, Well-drained Acidic Sand

Will tolerate some lime.

Sh E

Erica vagan, the Cornish Heath, in its form 'St Keverne' 15 x 36 inches (45 x 90 cms) with bright pink summer flowers is well worth planting, and can be kept in bounds, like all the heaths by trimming after flowering. Not always hardy in northern gardens.

All need sunny positions, but broadly, the summer-flowering species and varieties require lime-free soil; while the winter-flowering tolerate lime in the soil, or can be grown without it. Propagated by cuttings, in June-July.

Heathers, Conifers and the Winter Garden by Frank Knight, John Bond, Lyn Randall and Robert Pearson ISBN 0 304 32073 0 shows how to use these plants to create an attractive garden on acid soil, with full descriptive lists of heathers and planting ideas.


Erica vagans: Spike of flowers. Taken in Jutland.By Sten Porse via Wikimedia Commons.

Kalmia polifolia (Kalmia glauca, Swamp Laurel, Bog Laurel)

Supplier in UK

Saucer-shaped pink flowers

Part Shade


18-24 x 24 (45-60 x 60)


Peaty soil, or loam containing leaf-mould, no lime

Sh E

Kalmia polifolia (Kalmia glauca), 18-24 x 24 inches (45-60 x 60 cms).

Swamp laurel is a very poisonous narcotic plant the leaves of which were at one time used by some native North American Indian tribes in order to commit suicide.

Suitable for a woodland garden setting or shrub border, it will tolerate full sun provided there is a reliable source of moisture.

Propagate by

  • seed sown in pans, in peat and sand, and placed in a cold frame,
  • by layer in October,
  • or by cuttings of young shoots, taken after the plants have bloomed in October, and set in peat and sand in a shady position under a handglass - a small glazed frame for seedlings or plants.

With care the plants thus obtained may be transplanted at almost any season.


Kalmia polifolia 4. By Superior National Forest via Wikimedia Commons.

Lithospermum diffusum (Lithospermum prostratum, Glandora diffusa, Lithodora diffusa, Creeping Gromwell, Shrubby Gromwell)

Supplier in
New Zealand

'Heavenly Blue'

Supplier in UK

'Grace Ward'

Supplier in New Zealand
Supplier in USA

Full Sun


6-12 x 24-36
(15-30 x 60-90)

Dry, Moist

Lime-free, humus-rich, gritty, sandy loam

Sh E

Lithospermum diffusum (Lithospermum prostratum), not always successful but worth trying once, a prostrate, mat-forming creeping shrub, becoming a sheet of rich lovely blue flowers in May-June.

'Heavenly Blue' (It is advisable to cut this plant back after flowering, otherwise the spreading mat will evolve a bare centre with succeeding years)


'Grace Ward' are cultivated forms. Does well planted down behind a stone to creep over its top face.

Propagate by cuttings, which may give some trouble if not carefully tended. They need shade and moisture till rooted, provided this moisture is not allowed to become stagnant. Keep in pots during first winter.

There is another (Lithospermum used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

It is very effective in the rock garden, or at the top of banks over which its trailing shoots may hang. It also grows well if planted among heaths and allowed to clamber through them. Use in front of low shrubbery or border.

Attracts bees.


Lithodora diffusa

日本語: ミヤマホタルカズラ

Place:Osaka Prefectural Flower Garden,Osaka,Japan. By I, KENPEI via Wikimedia Commons.

Phyllodoce caerulea
(Blue Heath, Purple Mountain Heather)

Supplier in UK
Invasive in USA

Phyllodoce nipponica

Supplier in UK
Supplier for USA


Part Shade


5-9 x 12-15 (12-23 x 30-38).


Humus-rich, lime-free soil.

Sh E

Phyllodoce caerulea 5-9 x 12-15 inches (12-23 x 30-38 cms). Heath-like, bushy but straggly shrub with orchid-purple flowers in April-May.
Phyllodoce nipponica 6 x 9 inches (15 x 23 cms) makes a dainty cushion-like plant, with white bell-shaped flowers in May.

Both need Part Shade, and do well on a north face.

Easily grown in lime-free, humus-rich soils, and part shade. Propagated by heeled cuttings, taken about June-July, or layering.

There are other Phyllodoce used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

Suitable for the lower slopes of the rock garden.


Phyllodoce caerulea at Daisetsu-zan 大雪山のエズノツガザクラ. By Miya.m via Wikimedia Commons.

Rhododendron impeditum (Dwarf Purple Rhododenron, Cloudland Rhododendron)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Rhododendron calostrotum keleticum

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Rhododendron racemosum 'Forrest's Dwarf'

Rhododendron radicans

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Rhododendron Pemakoense

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Full Sun (It wants full sun either morning or afternoon, but during that first year settling in it can be susceptible to sunburn, struggle in droughtiness, or die from excess wetness. Suffering specimens can drop a lot of the little leaves, or the leaves can die on the branches, or individual branches can die so that the shrub needs trimming back to living wood & takes a long time growing back.)


12-15 x 24-30
(30-38 x 60-75)

Its wee greyish-green leaves turning mahagony or plum colored for winter..

Moist (Since it is not drought tolerant, the root system may require a bit of woodchip mulch in summer both to retain moisture for the root & to protect the root from overheating.)

Sh E

Rhododendron contain many dwarf species of which Rhododendron impeditum 12-15 x 24-30 inches (30-38 x 60-75 cms) makes compact growth with blue-grey leaves and indigo flowers in April-May (The American Rhododendron Society Massachusetts Chapter places it on their provisionally recommended list of rhododendrons, recognizing that it can be fussy compared to the hardiest of hardy rhodies.);

Rhododendron keleticum 9 x 36 (23 x 90 cms) has purple-crimson flowers in May;

Rhododendron racemosum Forrest's Form 18-24 x 30-36 inches (45-60 x 75-90 cms) has tubular, rose-pink flowers along the previous year's shoots in May;

Rhododendron radicans 12 x 24-30 inches (30 x 60-75 cms) bears purple saucer-shaped flowers above tufted growth in May; and

Rhododendron Pemakoense 6 x 24 inches (15 x 60 cms), bearing rosy-mauve flowers freely in April-May, is unique for its growth by underground stems. These rhododenrons welcome some shade during the day.

Where there is lime in the soil, only the lime-tolerant or calciole shrubs can be grown with success, though these shrubs will also grow in acid soils without much trouble. Only where soil acidity is extreme should it be necessary to add lime to their rooting area.


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When is a rhododendron not an azalea? Answer from Furzey Gardens.




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Companion Plants
Acers, Camellias and Magnolias all make excellent companion plants for rhododendrons. Japanese Maples are as popular as ever and feature fantastic foliage in spring and autumn. Camellias associate well with rhododendrons and offer beautiful formal flowers early in the year. Magnolias range from small shrubs to tall trees which give stature to any garden with the bonus of a diverse range of lovely flower types.


Rhododendron impeditum. By Ghislain118 via Wikimedia Commons.

There are other Rhododendron used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery


Bloom River's display gardens "in Oregon, USA are open to our customers during regular business hours and by prior appointment on weekends or after hours. At completion, our garden will cover approximately 5 acres. Featured are mature specimens of many of the plants we grow in the nursery in formal and informal settings, plus a trail through the surrounding forest. The 'woodland walk' takes about 15 minutes. Visitors can observe large numbers of Oregon native plants and trees, plus catch glimpses of the many forest creatures inhabiting our area. If you are lucky, our resident bobcat may show his face briefly, and you may run into the doe with her twins drinking from the creek."

Berberis x stenophylla
'Corallina Compacta'
(Golden Barberry)

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Berberis x stenophylla
'Crawley Gem'

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Berberis thunbergii v. 'Atropurpurea Nana'

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Full Sun,
Part Shade


30 x 36-48 (75 x 90-120)

Well-drained soil

Sh E

Berberis (Barberry) provides a few striking dwarf shrubs in the forms of the hybrid

Berberis x stenophylla, such as corallina compacta 30 x 36-48 inches (75 x 90-120 cms) with evergreen linear leaves, and orange flowers in May; and

'Crawley Gem' 24 x 26 (60 x 65 cms) with arching stems and flowers coral red in the bud, opening to orange, while

Berberis thunbergii v. atropurpurea nana 24 x 30 inches (60 x 75 cms) strikes a different note with its deep reddish-purple deciduous foliage.

Plant evergreens from Mar-Apr or Oct-Nov; deciduous, Nov-Mar, inordinary soil. Thin out shoots after flowering when overcrowded and trim to shape. Those grown for autumn foliage should not be trimmed until the spring.
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Propagated by
half-matured cuttings with a heel in July-August
seeds sown in open in October or
by layering in August.

Use on sloping banks. Makes a very fine hedge 96-120 inches (240-300 cms)


Berberis × stenophylla. By Jerzy Opioła via Wikimedia Commons.

Clematis alpina

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Clematis tangutica 'Gravetye'


Clematis in flower for every month of the year (see also Clematis Climber Plant Gallery)

Growing Clematis in Containers

A Quick Guide to Clematis Pruning from The British Clematis Society

Bell-like Lavender

In nature the flowering portions of this plant are exposed to Full Sun, whilst the main stem and lower parts of the plant are often shaded by other vegetation. It is therefore advisable to place the plants on the northern side of their supports.


120 x 60
(150 x 300)

The moist soil should be an open loamy one, containing lime or chalk, the Clematis being essentially a plant of calcareous soils. The clematis also thrives in peaty loam.

Cl H

Clematis alpina comes from the mountains of central and southern Europe, and it is a delightful May-flowering slender climber that can be planted on the shady side of a large rock to scramble over and drape its face. Its flowers are bell-shaped and blue, but there are also white flower-forming of equal charm.

Clematis alpina does not need pruning. It can scramble through a strong shrub or tree.

Another gem of slender growth is Clematis tangutica 'Gravetye variety, with its rich golden yellow nodding lantern-shaped flowers and silky whorled seed heads that give joy from August to October.

Taylors Clematis : Bees & Butterflies
"With the rapid decline of bees in the last few years here are a selection of clematis that we feel are especially attractive to bees and butterfly's. Bees love a varied Menu so aim to provide a mixture of colours and textures as well as flower shapes and plant heights. The 1st solitary bees emerge very early in the spring, so any of the alpina & macropetala varieties would be ideal for this period. Large mid season single flowered varieties will provide pollen for May & June. For later flowering varieties, look at the integrifolas and any 'bell shaped' flowers as these are also very effective."

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Clematis alpina, 1 avril 2003, Jardin des Plantes, Paris. By The original uploader was Bouba at French Wikipedia via Wikimedia Commons.

Cotoneaster dammeri (bearberry cotoneaster)

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Cotoneaster congesta

Hedges Direct has Ultimate Guide to Contoneaster Hedging to provide the main backdrop to your alpine bed.

Fragrant White


4-20 x 60-80
(10-50 x 150-200)

The leaf surface is glossy and dark green while the underside is gray-green.

Grows in mountainous regions, on cliff sides and in open, mixed forests on dry and calcareous soils

Sh E

Cotoneaster dammeri 2-3 inches (5-7.5 cms) high x individual branch horizontal spread is a prostrate evergreen, with shoots adapting themselves to whatever they can cover, and useful for a rock face, with white flowers in spring, and red berries during autumn.
Cotoneaster congesta 18 x 24-30 (45 x 60-75 cms) is of somewhat umbrella-like growth, with thyme-like evergreen leaves, with small pinkish flowers in spring and round red berries in autumn.

The bearberry cotoneaster (C. dammeri) resembles the rock cotoneaster but it is a semi-evergreen type. The leaves assume a purple tinge from late fall to early spring. Like the rock cotoneaster, it can be used for an espalier effect. It’s also excellent on gentle slopes and banks, in shrub borders and as a foundation planting. It is considered one of the best woody groundcovers, producing a solid carpet of glossy leaves."


Français : Rameau fleuri de Cotoneaster dammeri. By Père Igor via Wikimedia Commons.

Cytisus (Broom) ardoini

Cytisus decumbens

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'Peter Pan'



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Cytisus beanii

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Bright Yellow

Full Sun


Pruning should take place after flowering to prevent "leginess", for the spring-blooming species; the late-flowering ones are left until February or March.

4-5 x 9-12 (10-12.5 x 23-30)

Ordinary well-drained garden soil.

Grafted plants are necessary for certain Brooms in shallow, chalky soil.

Sh D

Propagation is best by seed, also by cuttings and grafting. Cuttings should be taken in August; 1.5-3 inches (4-7.5 cms) long, with a "heel", and dibbled in a very sandy soil in frame or under a bell-glass. In the following spring, they should be potted singly into small pots. They should be placed in their permanent places early.

Cytisus (Broom) in their dwarf forms are indispensable to any rock garden.
Cytisus ardonii 4-5 x 9-12 inches (10-12.5 x 23-30 cms) is of dense tufted habit, covered with bright yellow flowers in April-May;
Cytisus decumbens is of carpeting prostrate habit, generously covered with canary-yellow flowers in May-June; and
Cytisus demissus of prostrate habit, 2-3 inches (5-7.5 cms) high, has lots of yellow flowers stained reddish-brown. To these, can be added the somewhat taller hybrid blooms such as
Cytisus 'Peter Pan' 12-18 x 18-24 inches (30-45 x 45-60 cms), deep crimson flowering;
Cytisus kewensis 9-15 x 36-48 inches (23-38 x 90-120 cms) pale sulphur yellow; and
Cytisus beanii 12-18 x 30-42 inches (30-45 x 75-105 cms) with deep yellow flowers. The brooms are tolerant of Sun or Part Shade and all soils.

Plant in October.


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There are other Cytisus used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

Invaluable for dry, hot spots, and grown in well-drained soils, and good sun, do very well.


Cytisus ardoini. By Franco christophe via Wikimedia Commons.

Daphne cneorum (Garland Flower)

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Daphne cneorum pygmaea
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Daphne petraea

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Daphne retusa

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Simba - 1 of the 5 Main Coon Cats at Dancing Oaks Nursery - donates locks of his hair to the birds for nest building in spring!

Scented Rose-Pink

Full Sun,
Part Shade


15 x 36-48 (38 x 90-120)

Free-draining, humus-rich soil, never prone to becoming waterlogged or becoming dry.

Plant in sandy peat, or sandy soil containing plenty of leaf-mould. Plant in autumn or spring.

Sh E

Daphne is prolific of delightful fragrant dwarf alpine shrubs but difficult to keep in the wetter parts of Britain.The gems are
Daphne cneorum 15 x 36-48 inches (38 x 90-120 cms), evergreen with terminal clusters of scented rose-pink flowers in May, and its variety
Daphne cneorum pygmaea, about a quarter (25%) smaller in scale;
Daphne petraea 2-3 x 24 inches (5-7.5 x 60 cms), with shining pink flowers in May and June, and smooth, leathery evergreen leaves; and
Daphne retusa 36 x 48 inches (90 x 120 cms) but slow-growing, clothed in glossy evergreen foliage and croded clusters of flowers, pinkish-purple outside, white tinged with purple within.
To succeed, daphnes must have free-draining, humus-rich soil, never prone to becoming waterlogged.

Best propagated by layers in early spring





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There are other Daphne used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery


Daphne cneorum. By Tigerente via Wikimedia Commons.

Genista dalmatica (Dalmatian Broom)

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Genista januensis


Genista villarsii (Genista pulchella)

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Golden-yellow pea-shaped and very freely produced

Full Sun


6 x 30
(15 x 75)

Dry scree

Sh D

Genista is a genus of broom-like plants, differing chiefly from Cytisus in that the seed lacks a wart-like eminence near the hilum or scar left by its broken attachment to the parent plant. Of the dwarf species,
Genista dalmatica 6 x 30 inches (15 x 75 cms), a compact, spiny flattish bush with small yellow flowers in June-July;
Genista januensis 12 x 24 inches (30 x 60 cms), with somewhat winged, three-angled branches, and bright yellow racemes of flowers in May-June; and
Genista villarsii 4 x 24 inches (10 x 60 cms) is dense with tortuous branches and short racemes of yellow flowers, only reduced to one, in June-July.
These shrubs do not mind dry soils, and do well on ledges in the rock garden.





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There are other Genista used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery


Helianthemum alpestre (Alpine Sun Rose)

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Helianthemum lunulatum

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Full Sun


3 x 12
(7.5 x 30)


Sandy loam, or ordinary garden soil, well-drained; if possible add ample lime-rubble.

Sh E

Helianthemum alpestre 3 x 12 inches (7.5 x 30 cms) is a charming compact, yellow-flowering Sun Rose, with grey-green evergreen foliage.

Helianthemum lunulatum 6 x 6 inches (15 x 15 cms) makes a compact cushiony mound of grey foliage with clear yellow flowers, marked with a crimson crescent at the base.

Both bloom in June-July, and are excellent in Full Sun.

Use on dry sunny banks. To keep the bushes under control and check any tendency to straggling, they may be clipped back in early July to the required size.

Propagation is by seed sown in April, layering in August, or cuttings of half-matured wood in August, and placed in a shaded frame. The young plants should be grown on in pots until needed for planting out. A sunny position is their principal need.


Helianthemum alpestre. By Kulac via Wikimedia Commons.

Jasminum parkeri

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Full Sun,
Part Shade


8 x 18
(20 x 45)


Almost any well-drained soil suits, even the scree.

Sh E

Jasminum parkeri 8 x 18 inches (20 x 45 cms), miniature, evergreen, procumbent shrubs, bearing solitary bright yellow flowers at the end of lateral or terminal shoots in June, sometimes succeeded by small whitish fruits. Sun or Part Shade, almost any soil suits, even the scree.

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This plant is used as an alpine in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery


Jasminum parkeri in Dundee Botanical Garden. Transferred from en.wikipedia to Commons by Darwinius using CommonsHelper. By Cyrillic at the English language Wikipedia via Wikimedia Commons.

Polygala chamaebuxus (Shrubby Milkwort)

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Polygala chamaebuxus grandiflora

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Fragrant Creamy-white flowers tipped with Yellow

Full Sun

They will however tolerate partial shade but this will result in a reduction of flowers produced.


4-6 x 20 (10-15 x 50)

Dark Green

Plant in peat and lime-free loam in a cool moist position.

Do not plant under deciduous trees as they will not cope well with leaf litter over the autumn and winter.

Sh E

Polygala chamaebuxus 4-6 x 12 inches (10-15 x 30 cms), Bastard Box, a small bushy, evergreen shrub, bearing creamy or yellow flowers, sometimes with a touch of purple, from April onwards, and spreading by underground stems; in variety

Polygala chamaebuxus grandiflora, flowers are a lovely combination of reddish-purple and gold. Easy to grow in slight shade.

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There are other Polygala used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

Propagation by cuttings placed under a hand-light (cloche). Also by seeds. Easily increased by removing the suckers which form naturally beside the mat.


Polygala chamaebuxus, Austria, Alps, the mountain Schneeberg near Wiener Neustadt. By Petr Filippov via Wikimedia Commons.

Potentilla fruticosa mandshurica (Potentilla glabra var. mandschurica)

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Potentilla fruticosa nana argentea (Potentilla fruticosa beesii, Shrubby cinquefoil)
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Potentilla fruticosa parvifolia (Potentilla fruticosa farreri)
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Potentilla fruticosa 'Farrer's White'
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Full Sun


12-18 x 30-42
(30-45 x 75-105)

Dark Green coated both sides with appressed silky hairs

Moist scree or sand

Sh D

Potentilla fruticosa provides a few dwarf deciduous summer-flowering shrubs in variety mandschurica 12-18 x 30-42 inches (30-45 x 75-105 cms), with dense arching growth, grey foliage leafing out early in the year, and creamy-white flowers thoughout summer;
Potentilla fruticosa nana argentea (Potentilla fruticosa beesii), a silvery-leaved bush 12-15 x 24-36 inches (30-38 x 60-90 cms), with butter-cup yellow flowers;
Potentilla fruticosa parvifolia (Potentilla fruticosa farreri), small-leaved and twiggy bush 24 x 36-48 inches (60 x 90-120 cms), with golden-yellow flowers, and
Potentilla fruticosa 'Farrer's White' , a very free-flowering white form with fern-like foliage. All like Sun.

There are other Potentilla used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

Natural Habitat - Mixed forests, thickets, dry mountain slopes, rocky slopes, ravines; 1200--3400 m. Gansu, Hebei, Hubei, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan [Korea].

Propagation by seeds. Cuttings of late summer wood root readily in sandy soil in frame.


Potentilla fruticosa. By Wildfeuer via Wikimedia Commons.

Salix lanata
(Woolly Willow is member of Wildflower Willow Family)

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Salix reticulata
(Net-leaved Willow)

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Golden yellow woolly catkins with the new leaves

Full Sun


24-36 x 36-42
(60-90 x 90-105)

New ovate-roundish leaves are covered with long soft silvery hairs on both sides.

Moist chalky soil

Sh D

Salix lanata 24-36 x 36-42 inches (60-90 x 90-105 cms) is a distinctive native willow, its shoots being covered with grey woolly hairs and the new ovate-roundish leaves are covered with long soft silvery hairs on both sides, and golden yellow catkins produced in May add to the handsomeness of this plant.
Salix reticulata 6 x 12 inches (15 x 30 cms) is prostrate in growth, with roundish leaves, conspicuously net-veined, and glossy, and small pale yellow catkins in spring. Both are pleasing to have and grow easily in any moist soil.

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There are other Salix used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

Sheep and deer are fond of grazing it.

Provides nectar and pollen for insects.


Salix lanata: Leaves. By Sten Porse via Wikimedia Commons.

Miniature Roses - Rosa chinensis v. minima

Rosa chinensis v. minima

Rosa chinensis v. minima
'Tinker Bell'

Rosa chinensis v. minima
'Sweet Fairy'

Rosa chinensis v. minima

Rosa chinensis v. minima

Rosa chinensis v. minima
'Humpty Dumpty'

The above Rose cultivars came from the book "Gardening with Alpines by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club. Published in 1962", which provides most of the data about the Alpines in this Gallery. The Rose world has moved on and new cultivars are available (typed on 11 July 2016).

Many different colours

Full Sun



Plants should be spaced 12 inches (30 cms) apartl.

Because of a shallower root system, minis may dry out faster than larger roses. Keep them moist but not soggy.

Sh D

Roses. Space may be happily devoted in rock garden beds or terraces to the miniature roses (Rosa chinensis v. minima) of which there are an increasing number:-

'Roulettii' 4-6 x 9-12 inches (10-15 x 23-30 cms), pink-flowering;

'Tinker Bell' 9-15 x 10-15 inches (23-38 x 25-38 cms), double, deep-pink;

'Sweet Fairy' 12-18 x 18-24 inches (30-45 x 45-60 cms), double, light pink;

'Cinderella' 10-12 x 18-21 inches (25-30 x 45-53 cms), shell pink to white;

'Sunbeam', 6-8 x 12 inches (15-20 x 30 cms), yellow; and

'Humpty Dumpty' 6-8 x 9-12 inches (15-20 x 23-30 cms), double carmine-pink;

are typical.

Good sun and the average rock garden soil compost suits.

Heirloom Roses in USA on 11 July 2016:-

"Miniature roses are perfection on a small scale. They grow well indoors or out and are useful colorful plantings in areas where space is limited. Miniature Roses are represented by twiggy, repeat-flowering shrubs ranging from 6" to 36" in height, with most falling in the 12"–24" height range. Climbing varieties can reach up to 5’ tall while still bearing tiny flowers. Blooms come in all the hybrid tea colors; many varieties also emulate the classic high-centered hybrid tea flower shape and can be found as single, semi-double, double or in clustered form. Miniature roses are great in containers, make lovely borders, and are perfect for those with a small yard or balcony."


Regan Nursery in USA on 11 July 2016:-

"Miniatures are grown on their own root, and come in a dizzying array of colors."


British Roses in Britain on 11 July 2016:-

"These roses have limited growth and so can be successfully grown in restricted situations, for example, in pots indoors, rockeries, troughs, flower beds close to the house"


Rosa chinensis minima - Creeper rose, flowers white in cluster. By Yercaud-elango via Wikimedia Commons.



There are other Rosa used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery


The AGS (Alpine Garden Society) online Plant Encyclopaedia (9 July 2016)

The printed AGS Encyclopaedia of Alpines was published in 1993 and was heralded as "the standard reference in its field for many, many years to come".

As part of the process of developing an online version of the Encyclopaedia, the original text has been scanned and converted into a website version that can now be continually updated and extended. AGS members can also make contributions (text or images) about their favourite genera and species and we hope that many of you will do this.

Work is progressing on improving the range of images used to illustrate the encyclopaedia and on rectifying omissions in the original volumes. This will be an ongoing project for the foreseeable future.

Online Encyclopaedia Project Development Stages

Stage 1: Scan text from existing paper encyclopaedia.

This was done some time ago and the end result was a structured pdf file containing all the original text and images. Scanning old text like this is fraught with problems and there were many issues to be sorted out before the scanned text could be used to create an online version of the encyclopaedia.



Stage 2: Design online version of encyclopaedia.

This involved the design of a database to hold the data for the encyclopaedia and the screen layout and programs for presenting the information to the user.


Stage 3: Clean up scanned text.

This was a very tedious job.  There were not only mis-scanned words ('Hardy'='Flardy'), but also places where the structure of the text was wrongly construed.  This would have resulted in many species being missed and spurious species being created during the import Stage.


Stage 4: Import final cleaned up scanned text into online version.

It still needs careful proofreading as there are lots of one-off  mis-scans that couldn't be easily detected at Stage 3.


Stage 5: Provide good editing and access permission facilities for online version

This is important as the proofreaders will be given editing permission for the genera they will cover and will want to make corrections as easily as possible.


Stage 6: Proofreading of imported text and suggestions for omissions that need rectified..

This requires a large team of volunteers, each taking responsibility for one or more genera. Many people have already offered their services.


Stage 7: Incorporate line drawings from original encyclopaedia

These were all drawn by Christine Grey-Wilson and were an invaluable aid to identification within a genus.  They were scanned at the same time as the original text but now need extracted from the scans and incorporated in the online version.

IN PR0GRESS (see Saxifraga hirculus for an example)

Stage 8: Incorporate images from original encyclopaedia.

Original images from the paper encyclopaedia also need extracted and incorporated in the online version.


Stage 9: Incorporate images from AGS website.

This is working, but needs the images on the main AGS website to be better  indexed so that an appropriate image with appropriate permission can be identified easily for use by the encyclopaedia.  There are about 20,000 images on the main AGS website and another 4,000 or so in the Show results section which is separate - a tremendous resource.


Stage 10: Incorporate supplementary material that was commissioned for a planned paper supplement.

This material was on obsolete discs and an attempt has been made to retrieve the files from these discs.  Some has been successfully retrieved and will be incorporated in the online encylopaedia.


Stage 11:

Develop a mechanism for AGS members to contribute to the encyclopaedia.  This is being developed around the existing discussion facilities on the main AGS website. Members can submit their own growing tips and pictures to this more informal area of the encyclopaedia.  This mechanism has been implemented.  We need to add a facility for suggested new material to be approved and incorporated in the 'official' encyclopaedia.



Original Encyclopaedia

Introduction by Chris Brickell

Many individual gardeners were keenly, some almost obsessively, interested in alpine plants and rock gardening prior to the formation of the Alpine Garden Society in 1929. The enthusiasm engendered by the establishment of an organised society devoted to alpines, however, acted as a catalyst for devotees of the mountains and alpine plants to pursue their passion in the company of like-minded people and to pass on their expertise and knowledge to other gardeners who, in return, became alpine addicts.

By the beginning of World War 2 membership of the AGS was 2,000 and after the war steady and sustained growth was achieved with the formation of local groups and a series of publications devoted to alpine plants being published by the Society. During the last ten years there has been a considerable upsurge in membership, now standing at 13,000 and a continuing demand for more and more detailed information on alpine plants. It is, therefore, both timely and very appropriate that our Society should have taken the decision to publish what is undoubtedly the most comprehensive, informative and accurate reference work on alpine plants that has ever been produced to date anywhere in the world: the Alpine Garden Society's Encyclopaedia of Alpines.

Many alpine gardeners use Reginald Farrer's classic The English Rock Garden (1919) plus Sampson Clay's supplement The Present Day Rock Garden (1937) as a basic reference work, but inevitably with new plants tumbling into cultivation from all over the world, they now fall far short of our requirements. Recent AGS monographs on various genera have satisfied partially the thirst for knowledge of alpine and rock garden plants but the need for information on a world-wide basis has been apparent for some years. It was first discussed by the AGS Committee in the early 1980s and in 1985 it was decided to launch the Encyclopaedia Project. Kenneth Beckett was appointed Editor in 1986 and began the daunting task of planning the work and persuading knowledgeable AGS members to contribute accounts of genera of which they had particular expertise. The inclusion in the Encyclopaedia of just under one thousand genera of alpines known to be in cultivation, or to have been in cultivation, from the world's mountain flora is a remarkable achievement. Ken Beckett is to be congratulated and warmly thanked by all interested in alpine and rock garden plants for his extraordinary diligence, persistence and scholarship in preparing this outstanding reference work for publication.

It should also be recorded that Ken Beckett further undertook to write more than half the accounts himself; a major achievement by any standards by an Editor of such a detailed and comprehensive work.

The very important contributions made by AGS members, the design of the publication by John Fitzmaurice and overall production by Christopher Grey-Wilson, the Society's Editor, have all added greatly to the authority of the most ambitious publishing project yet undertaken by The Alpine Garden Society.

Its coverage in two volumes is unequalled and there is no doubt in my mind that it will remain the standard reference in its field for many, many years to come."


Green Plant Swap in England:-

"For some 30 years my Dad has been selling plants to gardeners from his old rectory garden in Devon.

Always by appointment, they come and walk round the garden. They talk and share a bit of gardening knowledge or life experience, depending on how the mood takes them. Then they buy some plants. Many of the Rhododendron gardens in the South West, including the National Trust, now grow plants from his garden and come back for more each year.

For my parents this small garden business has delivered a useful income. More important, perhaps, they've loved doing it and made many good friends in the process.

They are not alone. Since the Victorians, who were fanatical about plants, generations of UK gardeners have taken advantage of our temperate climate to grow an amazing diversity of plants from around the world.

Not that you might think so though, from the few hundred common plants you now see in the large garden retail chains; or from the limited knowledge many people today have of plants. Commercial pressures and more urban lifestyles now pose serious threats to this remarkable plant heritage.

So this got me thinking about how the Internet, which everyone can access, could change things.

What if a free service had many thousands of plant records and photos that made it simple to identify, list and better cultivate your plants?

What then if this service were location-based and helped gardeners and nurseries buy, sell and swap those plants?

Why, plant awareness and knowledge could spread. Gardens could help pay for themselves. Nurseries could find more interested customers. Gardeners could get many new plants, interests and friends along the way. And, collectively, we could begin to do a better job of tracking and supporting plant diversity, which is at risk.

We hope you like what you find on GreenPlantSwap and get as much pleasure from sharing the fruits of your garden as my Dad has over the last 30 years.

Plants, and the gardens they inspire, have a rich heritage in the UK. By using digital well, they can have an even brighter future, not just here but everywhere."


Buying Heathers from Jacksons Nurseries:-

"Unlike many garden centres, supermarkets and some nurseries here at Jacksons Nurseries we sell the majority of our stock all year round. Our stock is for the most part grown outdoors making it far hardier than those grown under glass and/or only sold ‘In Season’.

Here at Jacksons Nurseries we would favour a hardy outdoor grown plant every time. They are far less likely to suffer from the shock of being planted in colder conditions and they will begin to establish more rapidly the following spring. This can mean that they don’t look like a ‘picture perfect’ plant when purchased out of season but with the correct care and a little time you’ll have a wonderful plant to enjoy for many years to come."


Ed Hume and Gardening in America:-


Our new garden is a combination Children's Garden and adult Educational Garden. It consists of 15 fun, educational garden areas. Including the Quiz Garden; Blind Garden; Bird Garden; Flowering Plant area; Drought Garden; Native plant area; Herb Garden; Maze; Crazy Garden and more. Children will plant a seed, bulb or cutting to take with them and will learn about tissue culture; grafting; cuttings; rhizomes; bulbs, and much more, in a solar greenhouse.

We designed this unique garden just for children…but the adults insist it is an educational garden and of as much interest to adults as it is to children. So the staff has decided to open it to adult groups too!




Plantman in New Zealand:-

"What Is Plantman?

Plantman was originally established to provide plant and materials broking services for the Parks Department of the former North Shore City Council.  Due to its usability and unique offering, Plantman has expanded to include customised sites for both trade professionals (architects, landscape architects, project managers, garden designers, landscape contractors).

Not just a store front, Plantman plants and products are supported by a comprehensive plant & tree information database including plant and product features and practical tips.

The Plantman vision is to empower our customers so you can make more informed purchase decisions with minimum effort or knowledge. Keeping up with the latest landscaping products and developing comprehensive plant knowledge requires a time investment that many busy people do not have. Plantman has been designed as a tool to help you deliver quality to your customers and projects with minimal effort.

More than just a plant store, Plantman aims to be your plant and landscape partner – ‘Inspiration and quality – delivered with passion’ 


Who is the Plantman?

Stuart Cameron-Lee is the owner of Plantman. Stuart has a Masters of Horticultural Science (Hons) majoring in turf management, soil science and amenity horticulture.

A background in sports turf and amenity horticulture has included roles as Turf Manager of Eden Park, horticultural consultant in the Middle East, parks-related roles with the former North Shore City Council and as a consultant to Auckland Council.

Since graduating, Stuart has also accumulated over 15 years experience as a landscape designer and contractor for both residential and commercial clients. Stuart is passionate about plants and educating people about the role a garden can play in improving the quality of your home and lifestyle."


Glendoick in Scotland with its Garden:-

"You can see one of the finest collections of rhododendrons and azaleas, primula, meconopsis, kalmia and sorbus in our woodland garden, peat garden and nursery.

Many of the Rhododendron and azalea species and hybrids have been introduced from the wild or bred by the Cox family and the gardens boast a huge range of plants from as far afield as Chile, Tasmania and Tibet.

Three New waterfall viewing platforms have been built in the woodland gardens. You can also take a glimpse into the fascinating world of hybridising in the walled garden where you'll find new as yet unnamed hybrids from the Glendoick breeding programme trial beds.

Peter and Kenneth Cox have written numerous books on rhododendrons and gardens. Kenneth Cox's book Scotland for Gardeners describes 500 of Scotland's finest gardens:-


• Modern Rhododendrons, Nelson 1956. Euan H.M. Cox and Peter A. Cox.
• Modern Shrubs, Nelson 1958. Euan H.M. Cox and Peter A. Cox.
• Modern Trees, Nelson 1961. Euan H.M. Cox and Peter A. Cox.
• The Royal Horticultural Society's Wisley Handbook Rhododendrons, Peter Cox. 5th Editions-first published 1971.
• Dwarf Rhododendrons, Batsford, 1973, Peter A. Cox
• The Larger Species of Rhododendron, Batsford, 1979, 1981, Peter A. Cox.
• The Smaller Rhododendrons, Batsford 1985 Peter Cox- cultivation information and species and hybrid descriptions.
• The Larger Rhododendron Species Batsford 1990. Updated version of The larger Species.
• Encyclopedia of Rhododendron Hybrids- 1988. Peter & Kenneth Cox. 
• Cox's Guide to Choosing Rhododendrons 1990. Peter & Kenneth Cox. 
• The Encyclopedia of Rhododendron Species Glendoick Publishing 1997 
• Seeds of Adventure ACC 2008 (with Sir Peter Hutchison). Lavishly Illustrated account of 20 plant hunting expeditions.



• The Encyclopedia of Rhododendron Hybrids Batsford 1988 (With Peter A. Cox)
• A Plantsman's Guide to Rhododendrons Ward Lock 1989
• Cox's Guide to Choosing Rhododendrons Batsford 1990 (with Peter Cox)
• The Encyclopedia of Rhododendron Species Glendoick Publications 1997, 2nd ed. 2001 (with Peter Cox)
• Rhododendrons, A Hamlyn Care Manual. Hamlyn 1998. Translated in French, Dutch, Swedish, Danish.
• Riddle of the Tsangpo Gorges by Frank Kingdon Ward. New Edition, ed. Kenneth Cox, Antique Collector's Club 2001, 2007
• Glendoick, A Guide Glendoick Publishing 2005, 2010, 2014
• Rhododendrons and Azaleas: A Colour Guide Crowood Press 2005, 2014
• Garden Plants for Scotland Frances Lincoln 2008 (with Raoul Curtis Machin), New Edition 2015.
• Scotland for Gardeners Birlinn  2009   Garden Media Guild  Inspirational Book of the Year 2009, new edition 2014
• Fruit and Vegetables for Scotland  (with Caroline Beaton) Birlinn 2012  Garden Reference Book of the Year 2012, 2014"

My name is Innes Hogg and my wife, Nicola, and I run Craigiehall Nursery, a small nursery in southern Scotland specialising in alpine and rock plants. We operate our nursery entirely on our own, without help. We propagate and grow every plant we sell. We are growers, not traders.

We have been in business on this site growing and selling alpine plants for over 28 years. We have both been in horticulture for over 35 years and each of us has a Diploma in Horticulture. For many years we concentrated on growing alpine plants wholesale for other nurseries and garden centres but we now grow a selected range of plants for sale exclusively through this website. I think this makes us unique - for other nurseries a website is simply another revenue stream, for us, it is our only income. Please note - the nursery does not open to the public.

We grow a very wide range of alpine and rock garden plants - we have over 500 different varieties on the nursery. Some are quite common, others much less so, but they are all good plants. Some of our range can be more of a challenge to the grower and gardener but the majority stand a very good chance (with a little care and 'gardening') of succeeding in most gardens. We aim to grow plants that you will enjoy and have success with, not difficult, expensive rarities. Our online Plant Shop describes all our plants and offers tips on how to grow them. We don't grow large numbers of any single plant - we try to produce small, succesive batches so we can offer a wide range at all times.

We mostly propagate from cuttings - it's often the only way to raise all the better, named forms and all the variegated, coloured leaved plants which add colour to our gardens. This requires skill and great attention to detail - exactly what we are good at. We also grow some things from divisions and some from seed but avoid the very easy (and cheaper) seed-raised varieties that are widely available. 

When I say, "grow", I mean just that - we keep our own stock (mother) plants from which we take cuttings (or save seeds from) and root, pot, water and care for every single plant we sell. We do not buy plants to resell nor do we buy plants to simply pot up and sell. This means we know about every plant we grow and it allows us to offer a selection far beyond what is available in any garden centre. Everything we do is 'hand-crafted'.

Many nurseries specialise in certain plants - we don't, we like to offer a wide range of alpine plants (and only alpine plants). We have collected an excellent range of Helianthemum; we grow many of the better Saxifraga; we have a wide range of named Sempervivum which we grow to the highest standards and we always have a good range of honest (at long last an honest plant that does what it says on the tin!!!), reliable alpines for garden planting. We don't do cheap and cheerful. We are able to offer some plants which are often hard to find - Erigeron 'Canary Bird', our range of Saxifraga oppositifolia and an eclectic range of range of less readily available, but desirable plants. All packed up with great care and delivered your home.

We mix our own special peat-free compost for almost all our range. We do still use some peat - the few acid-loving plants we grow don't do so well in our peat-free mix - but we're working towards being entirely peat-free and we're almost there. We also include a good proportion of high quality, sterilised loam (soil) in our potting mixes - the plants like it and it really does improve the plants' ability to establish in the garden. Whilst on about 'green' issues, we minimise pesticide use and reduce, re-use and recycle wherever possible. If you order plants they may well arrive in reused boxes and packaging so don't be excited (or alarmed) if a box of Finest Scotch Whisky arrives! 

Everything we grow spends a good part of its life outside to give a good, well-grown, hardy plant, but given our location we can't over-winter every plant outside, though many will. We have several polytunnels we use but they are completely unheated, well ventilated even in winter and act only to keep the winter rain and snow off those plants which need it. It's not that the plants are in any way tender, but at the early stages of a plants' life they do need a certain amount of protection. That is why nurseries are called nurseries after all - to nurse things. We also like to send plants which are thriving, not simply clinging on to life just because they can and a little winter protection helps us do that for early spring orders.

And we're not in this to make a fortune. Just as well, eh?  We started off with nothing - and we still have most of it left!  

Happy gardening!

 Innes and Nicola Hogg - Trading in partnership as Craigiehall Nursery, Carnwath, Lanark, South Lanarkshire, ML11 8LH" 

Ivydene Gardens Infill Plants Index Gallery:
Alpine - Alpine Shrubs and Conifers - Page 1 on Alpine Shrubs

"When the stones are in place and the soil filled in and firmed, it is timely to consider the foundation plantings. These are the plants that are likely to remain with us many years, even a lifetime, and by their permanence vitally and everlastingly influence the character and appeal of the garden and its setting.

In the rock garden these plants are the dwarf alpine shrub and conifers. They are in the nature of living furnishings, and

  • by their shape and habit can do much to clothe the bare rawness of rocks,
  • soften harsh lines,
  • give a year-round interest to the rock garden scene,
  • strike a note of accent here,
  • lend harmony there, and
  • provide floral or foliage colour too.

These plants are usually the first to go in;

  • the deciduous shrubs may be planted from late October to March whenever the weather is mild enough, and the soil can be worked and trodden on without being puddled or unduly compacted;
  • the evergreen shrubs and conifers may be planted in September to early November if the ground is ready for them, but otherwise should be planted in April-May just before their new growth starts.

The technique of planting is similar to that for other trees and shrubs. A planting hole should be made at least half as wide again as the present spread of the roots of the plant, with a rounded base like an inverted saucer. Most dwarf shrubs can be set with their lowest shoots or branches just resting on the soil surface, but conifers and plants on a single stem should be placed so that the soil reaches only to the soil mark on their stems made by the nursery planting.

Soil is sifted in and firmed with finger pressure to the roots, and pressed down when completed without making it ironhard. Evergreens and conifers provided with roots in a soil ball only need to have the outer wrapping of hesian or polythene removed. Plants out of pots need drainage crocks removed with a pointed stick, and any roots wrapped around the inside wall of the pot should be straightened out with a minimum disturbance of the soil. After planting, a careful soaking of the soil will help further to settle it to the roots."

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677


The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950 by Faber and Faber Limited describes every method of propagation for 2,500 species.

Unlike modern books published since 1980, this one states exactly what to do and is precisely what you require if you want to increase your alpines.

Site design and content copyright ©July 2016. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  



How to Create a Rock Garden from Nicola Green - Girl in the Garden.


Links in Table below are available in Shrub Tree Shape Index Gallery

Site Map

Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines

Click on number in cells below to jump to that page detailing those cultivated plants with that plant type and their botanical name starts with that letter.

Click on or underlined text to jump to page comparing flower thumbnails of that blue colour.
is Red, Pink, Purple and is Unusual or Other Flower Colour.

Plant Type
with links to Other Plant Photo Galleries










Alpine in Evergreen Perennial, Herbaceous Perennial and Rock Garden




















Annual/ Biennial




















Bedding and RHS Mixed Border Beds


Other Flower Colours

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Bulb and
Allium / Anemone, Colchicum / Crocus, Dahlia, Gladiolus, Narcissus, Tulip



















Deciduous Shrub






Deciduous Tree










Evergreen Perennial






Evergreen Shrub , Semi-Evergreen Shrub and Heather






Evergreen Tree






























Herbaceous Perennial and RHS Mixed Border Beds















Odds and Sods










Rhododendron, Azalea, Camellia














Soft Fruit




















Top Fruit




















Plants used by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterflies in the UK

Shrub and Small Tree

Botanical Names Page

Common Names Page

Companion Planting
























Pest Control by Companion Planting

The following 2 books (written by Louise Riotte 1909-1998 who was one of North America's most beloved gardeners) provide a wealth of extra information telling you what plants to put together for what purpose and how it does it (The only wasted information on each page is the page number!!!):-

Carrots love Tomatoes: Secrets of Companion Planting for Successful Gardening by Louise Riotte Second Edition (Storey Publishing 1998) ISBN-13: 978-1-58017-027-7

Roses love Garlic: Companion Planting and other Secrets of Flowers by Loiuse Riotte Second Edition (Storey Publishing 1998)
ISBN 1-58017-028-5