Ivydene Gardens Stage 2 - Infill Plants Index Gallery:
Alpine - Alpine Shrubs and Conifers - Page 1 on Alpine Shrubs

Ivydene Gardens Stage 2 - Infill Plants Index Gallery:
Alpine - Alpine Shrubs and Conifers - Page 1 on Alpine Shrubs

Botanical Plant Name

with link to
UK or
European Union
mail-order supplier for you to contact to buy this plant

Flower Colour

Sun Aspect of Full Sun,
Part Shade, Full Shade

with link to external website for photo/data

Flowering Months

with row in each month that it flowers in that colour in
STAGE 4A
12 BLOOM COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY
/

with link to
USA or
Canada
mail-order supplier

Height with Spacings or Width (W) in inches (cms)

1 inch =
2.5 cms
12 inches = 30 cms
40 inches = 100 cms

Foliage Colour


with row in relevant pages that it has foliage of that colour in
STAGE 4B
12 FOLIAGE COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY

or
Background Colour nearest to middle-aged leaf colour from 212 foliage colours /

followed by
Soil Moisture:-
Dry,
Moist,
Wet

with link to Australia or New Zealand mail-order supplier

 

with data for rows in
STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY and
STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Pages

Plant Type is:-

A for Aquatic
Ann for Annual / Biennial
Ba for Bamboo
Bu for Bulb
Cl for Climber
Co for Conifer
F for Fern
G for Grass
H for Herb
P for Perennial
Rh for Rhodo-dendron, Azalea, Camellia
Ro for Rose
Sh for Shrub
So for Soft Fruit
To for Top Fruit
Tr for Tree
V for Vegetable
W for Wildflower

followed by:-
E for Evergreen,
D for Deciduous,
H for Herbaceous,
Alpine for being an Alpine as well as being 1 of above Plant Type /

 
Acid for Acidic,
Alk for Alkaline,
Any for AnySoil
 

with links to
STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES
1
, 2, 3
and
STAGE 3
ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERIES
1
, 2
pages
 

Comments

A plant of first-class merit, suggested as 'First Choices'

Adjacent Planting

Plant Associations

It is sad to reflect that in England so few gardens open to the public label their plants or label them so that the label is visible when that plant is in flower, so that visitors can identify; and then later locate and purchase that plant.

Few mail-order nurseries provide the detail as shown in my rose or heather galleries.

If you want to sell a product, it is best to display it. When I sold my Transit van, I removed its signage, cleaned it and took photos of the inside and outside before putting them onto an advert in Autotrader amongst more than 2000 other Transit vans - it was sold in 20 minutes.

If mail-order nurseries could put photos to the same complexity from start of the year to its end with the different foliage colours and stages of flowering on Wikimedia Commons, then the world could view the plant before buying it, and idiots like me would have valid material to work with.

I have been in the trade (until ill health forced my Sole Trader retirement in 2013) working in designing, constructing and maintaining private gardens for decades and since 2005 when this site was started, I have asked any nursery in the world to supply photos. R.V. Roger in Yorkshire allowed me to use his photos from his website in 2007 and when I got a camera to spend 5 days in July 2014 at my expense taking photos of his roses growing in his nursery field, whilst his staff was propagating them. I gave him a copy of those photos.

 

A Choice of Shrubs

The range of truly dwarf-growing shrubs which are hardy, unlikely to be difficult to grow, and yet rewarding in plant habit and floral beauty is not unduly large. The majority are evergreen and so provide winter furnishing for the rock garden. All associate happily with perennial alpines, although the temptation to over-plant shrubs has to be resisted in the smaller rock garden.

A distinction must be made between those shrubs which tolerate lime in the soil, and those which insist on a soil lime-free. Of the latter, a selected list of those well-suited to the normal climactic changes and easily managed follows: All are evergreen.

Andromeda polifolia v. compacta (bog rosemary 'Compacta')

Supplier in UK

Pinkish-White

andromedacflos91polifoliacompactawikimediacommons

 

Part Shade

May

8 x 12
(20 x 30)

Dark Green

Moist, and well-drained Sand or poorly drained Clay soil

Sh E

Acid

 

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Andromeda polifolia v. compacta makes a rounded cushion, with round-urn-shaped, pinkish-white, waxy flowers in May. Part Shade. Propagate by softwood cuttings, suckers or layering.

Needs acidic conditions, suitable for shaded rock garden or damp shady border.

Bee and Butterfly friendly.

"Clusters of shell pink flowers; V-VI; foliage glaucous green; height 20 cm; spread 30 cm; habit compact, broad making a neat mound." from the Heather Society - A friendly group, full of  knowledge on growing heathers and their uses in your garden.

First Choices

There are other Andromeda used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

andromedacflospolifoliacompactawikimediacommons

Andromeda polifolia 'Compacta'. By Ghislain118 (AD) http://www.fleurs-des-montagnes.net via Wikimedia Commons.

Cassiope lycopodioides
(Andromeda
lycopodiodes, Erica lycopodioides, Ericoides lycopodiodes, Haida Gwaii mountain-heather, Clubmoss mountain heather)

Supplier of Cassiope lycopodioides 'Beatrice Lilley' in UK, who also have other Cassiope Plants for sale

Supplier in USA

White, bell-shaped from the leaf axils on short red stems

cassiopecfor91lycopodioideswikimediacommons1

Full Sun (needs protection from the hot afternoon sun),
Part Shade

Apr-May

Rock Garden and suitable for Coastal Conditions

Associated species include yellow mountain heath (Phyllodoce glanduliflora), partridgefoot (Luetkea pectinata), rusty menziesia (Menziesia ferruginea), and juniper (Juniperus communis).

2 x 15
(5 x 38)

Mat-forming.

Tolerates temperatures down to -12°C (USDA zone 8).

Greyish-green

Well-drained soil, or sandy peat with moist, cool, north aspects position to keep the roots cool.

cassiopecfol8lycopodioideswikimediacommons

Sh E

Acid

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Native to Alaska, British Columbia and Washington - it is found on rocky slopes in arctic and alpine tundra, often near waterfalls, streams or generally moist areas

Cassiope lycopodiodes, prostrate-growing, with a mat of thread-like stems, clothed in tiny greyish, evergreen leaves, overlapping one another, and shing white, bell-like, 5 petal, nodding flowers from the leaf axils in April-May. Sun or Part Shade.

Needs protection from the hot afternoon sun.  A key to success is keeping the roots cool in the afternoon.  They need good drainage as well.

Mat-forming.

Propagate by seeds, layers and cuttings

There are other Cassiope used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

We have no trouble growing them here at sea level in our maritime climate.  The places where they have done the best for us are in morning sun exposure.  Those placed in the afternoon sun never do as well as they get too hot at the root ball.

cassiopecforlycopodioideswikimediacommons

Cassiope lycopodioides, Mount Chōkai, Yamagata pref., Japan

日本語: イワヒゲ 山形県鳥海山. By Qwert1234 via Wikimedia Commons.

Calluna vulgaris 'foxii nana'

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Calluna vulgaris 'J.H. Hamilton'

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Calluna vulgaris 'H.E. Beale'

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Purple-pink

callunapfls91vulgariswikimediacommons1

Full Sun

Aug-Sep

Wrightman Alpines Nursery in Canada

6 x 12
(15 x 30)

Mound-forming, Ground cover, in clumps on Rock garden, edging and rest of border. A neat, dense, compact plant.

Alpine trough.

Bright Green

Lime-free soil, enriched with peat or leaf-mould. Needs good drainage

Heathers are tough little guys, and they make excellent companion plants for rhodo-dendrons and Brooms.

Sh E

Acid, Peat, Sand

 

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There are many Calluna in Shrub Calluna B Gallery
and others in
Shrub Heather Index Gallery

Calluna vulgaris. Heathers. Most of the heathers are too tall and spreading for the smaller rock garden, but varieties:-
foxii, which makes a rounded cushion of a few inches high, flowering purple-pink in summer;
'J.H. Hamilton', a compact mat of 9 inches (23 cms)high, and to 24 inch (60 cms) spread with double-pink flowers; and
'H.E. Beale', with flower spikes of double pink 12-24 inches (30-60 cms) tall, and a spread of 36 inches 90 cms), are worthy of a place, associating well with dwarf brooms.

Propagated by cuttings in July. Should be trimmed after flowering.

First Choices

Dwarf Brooms.

 

Heathers are tough little guys, and they make excellent companion plants for rhododendrons.

Alice Knight, a former journalist, and her husband Bob operate Heather Acres, a heather specialty nursery in Elma, Wash. Both are founding members of the North American Heather Society and the recently formed chapter, the Cascade Heather Society. Alice Knight spoke to members of the ARS at the ARS Western Regional Conference in Olympia, Wash., in 1991.

callunacforvulgariswikimediacommons

Deutsch: Besenheide; Ort: Großer Bösenstein, nahe Hohentauern, Steiermark, in Österreich

English: Heather; Location: Großer Bösenstein, near Hohentauern, Styria, Austria

Latina: Calluna vulgaris. By Kurt Kulac via Wikimedia Commons.

Daboecia azorica (Irish Heath, St Dabeoc's heath, Connemara Bell Heather, Daboecia cantabrica subsp. azorica)
Supplier in USA
Supplier in Australia

Ruby Crimson (urn-shaped flowers)

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Photos

Jun-Jul

Excellent companion plants for rhododendrons and azaleas

Good groundcover. Intermix with western gorse (Ulex gallii) and camellias.

Other Ericaceous Companion Plants.

4-6 x 12
(10-15 x 30)

Prostrate growth.
Does best in a light, lime-free, well drained soil that never dries out, and they should have adequate moisture during the growing season.

Dark Green above, covered with white down beneath. In the Azores, this heath grows in very well drained volcanic gravels.

Rock Garden, edges of evergreen shrub beds

Sh E

Acid
Sand with coir Peat

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Daboecia azorica, a heath from the Azores makes a spreading cushion of growth, with racemes of ruby-crimson flowers in May. Likes Sun. Largest flowers of all heathers; needs lime-free soil. Dig in coir peat to provide humus-rich soil.
Propagated by cuttings in June.

Since it is tender, it can be damaged or killed in any severe winter.
Good groundcover. Intermix with western gorse (Ulex gallii) and camellias.
Azores Heath (Daboecia azorica) is susceptible to Phytophthora root rot when heavily watered or grown under Eucalyptus.

 

Erica carnea 'King George'

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Erica carnea
'Winter Beauty'

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Erica carnea vivelli

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Erica carnea 'Springtime Pink'

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Erica carnea 'Springwood White'

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Purplish-pink

Full Sun

Nov-Feb

9-12 x 15-24
(22.5-30 x 37.5-75)

Dark Green

Sh E

Erica carnea, the winter-flowering heaths are too good to be excluded, and vars.
'King George', purplish pink,
'Winter Beauty', lilac purple, and
vivelli, deep carmine,
make compact growth, 6-9 inches (15-23 cms) x 12-18 inches (30-45 cms) spread, while
'Springtime Pink' and
'Springwood White'
are more lax and prostrate in growth but equally valuable for winter colour. This genus of heaths has a tolerance for lime and grows on moist, peat-enriched soils of all kinds quite well.

All need sunny positions, but broadly, the summer-flowering species and varieties require lime-free soil; while the winter-flowering tolerate lime in the soil, or can be grown without it. Propagated by cuttings, in June-July.

First Choices

ericacfloscarneawikimediacommons

English: winter heath, flowers

Deutsch: Schnee-Heide, Blüten

Latina: Erica carnea, Erica herbacea. By Leo Michels via Wikimedia Commons.

Erica cinerea 'Apple Blossom'

Supplier in France
Supplier in USA

Erica cinerea 'Golden Hue'

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Shell-pink

Full Sun

Jun-Nov

12 x 18
(30 x 45)

Mid-Green

Sh E

Erica cinerea, the Bell Heather (Scotch Heather), provides
'Apple Blossom', 12 x 18 inches (30 x 45 cms), shell-pink flowering in summer, neat spreading habit and
'Golden Hue', 15 x 18 (38 x 45 cms), pink, and with golden foliage that is very effective in winter. Open situation.

All need sunny positions, but broadly, the summer-flowering species and varieties require lime-free soil; while the winter-flowering tolerate lime in the soil, or can be grown without it. Propagated by cuttings, in June-July.

First Choices

Heather is very useful for the honey bee with its supply of nectar - Plants and Beeking by F.N. Howes; Kindle Edition published in 2013 is useful for:-

  • Notes on Unpalatable and Poisonous Honey Pollen
  • Artificial Bee Pasturage or Planting for Bees
  • Garden Flowers and the Noney Bee
  • Bee gardens
  • Apiary Hedges and Windbreaks

ericacforcinereawikimediacommons

Erica cinera. By Kurt Stüber via Wikimedia Commons.

Erica vagans
'St Keverne'

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Bright Pink

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Aug-Nov

8 x 18
(20 x 45)

Dark Green

Dry or Moist, Well-drained Acidic Sand

Will tolerate some lime.

Sh E

Erica vagan, the Cornish Heath, in its form 'St Keverne' 15 x 36 inches (45 x 90 cms) with bright pink summer flowers is well worth planting, and can be kept in bounds, like all the heaths by trimming after flowering. Not always hardy in northern gardens.

All need sunny positions, but broadly, the summer-flowering species and varieties require lime-free soil; while the winter-flowering tolerate lime in the soil, or can be grown without it. Propagated by cuttings, in June-July.

Heathers, Conifers and the Winter Garden by Frank Knight, John Bond, Lyn Randall and Robert Pearson ISBN 0 304 32073 0 shows how to use these plants to create an attractive garden on acid soil, with full descriptive lists of heathers and planting ideas.

ericacflosvaganswikimediacommons

Erica vagans: Spike of flowers. Taken in Jutland.By Sten Porse via Wikimedia Commons.

Kalmia polifolia (Kalmia glauca, Swamp Laurel, Bog Laurel)

Supplier in UK
 

Saucer-shaped pink flowers

kalmiacflos91polifoliawikimediacommons

Part Shade

Apr-May

18-24 x 24 (45-60 x 60)

Moist

Peaty soil, or loam containing leaf-mould, no lime

Sh E

 

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Kalmia polifolia (Kalmia glauca), 18-24 x 24 inches (45-60 x 60 cms).

Swamp laurel is a very poisonous narcotic plant the leaves of which were at one time used by some native North American Indian tribes in order to commit suicide.

Suitable for a woodland garden setting or shrub border, it will tolerate full sun provided there is a reliable source of moisture.

Propagate by

  • seed sown in pans, in peat and sand, and placed in a cold frame,
  • by layer in October,
  • or by cuttings of young shoots, taken after the plants have bloomed in October, and set in peat and sand in a shady position under a handglass - a small glazed frame for seedlings or plants.

With care the plants thus obtained may be transplanted at almost any season.

kalmiacflospolifoliawikimediacommons

Kalmia polifolia 4. By Superior National Forest via Wikimedia Commons.

Lithospermum diffusum (Lithospermum prostratum, Glandora diffusa, Lithodora diffusa, Creeping Gromwell, Shrubby Gromwell)

Supplier in
New Zealand
 

'Heavenly Blue'

Supplier in UK
 

'Grace Ward'

Supplier in New Zealand
Supplier in USA

Blue
Full Sun

May-Jun

6-12 x 24-36
(15-30 x 60-90)

Dry, Moist

Lime-free, humus-rich, gritty, sandy loam

Sh E

Lithospermum diffusum (Lithospermum prostratum), not always successful but worth trying once, a prostrate, mat-forming creeping shrub, becoming a sheet of rich lovely blue flowers in May-June.

'Heavenly Blue' (It is advisable to cut this plant back after flowering, otherwise the spreading mat will evolve a bare centre with succeeding years)

and

'Grace Ward' are cultivated forms. Does well planted down behind a stone to creep over its top face.

Propagate by cuttings, which may give some trouble if not carefully tended. They need shade and moisture till rooted, provided this moisture is not allowed to become stagnant. Keep in pots during first winter.

There is another (Lithospermum used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

It is very effective in the rock garden, or at the top of banks over which its trailing shoots may hang. It also grows well if planted among heaths and allowed to clamber through them. Use in front of low shrubbery or border.

Attracts bees.

lithodoracfordiffusawikimediacommons

Lithodora diffusa

日本語: ミヤマホタルカズラ

Place:Osaka Prefectural Flower Garden,Osaka,Japan. By I, KENPEI via Wikimedia Commons.

Phyllodoce caerulea
(Blue Heath, Purple Mountain Heather)

Supplier in UK
Invasive in USA

Phyllodoce nipponica

Supplier in UK
Supplier for USA

Orchid-purple

Part Shade

Apr-May

5-9 x 12-15 (12-23 x 30-38).

Moist

Humus-rich, lime-free soil.

Sh E

Phyllodoce caerulea 5-9 x 12-15 inches (12-23 x 30-38 cms). Heath-like, bushy but straggly shrub with orchid-purple flowers in April-May.
Phyllodoce nipponica 6 x 9 inches (15 x 23 cms) makes a dainty cushion-like plant, with white bell-shaped flowers in May.

Both need Part Shade, and do well on a north face.

Easily grown in lime-free, humus-rich soils, and part shade. Propagated by heeled cuttings, taken about June-July, or layering.

There are other Phyllodoce used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

Suitable for the lower slopes of the rock garden.

phyllodocecfloscaeruleawikimediacommons

Phyllodoce caerulea at Daisetsu-zan 大雪山のエズノツガザクラ. By Miya.m via Wikimedia Commons.

Rhododendron impeditum (Dwarf Purple Rhododenron, Cloudland Rhododendron)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Rhododendron calostrotum keleticum

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Rhododendron racemosum 'Forrest's Dwarf'

Rhododendron radicans

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Rhododendron Pemakoense

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Indigo

Full Sun (It wants full sun either morning or afternoon, but during that first year settling in it can be susceptible to sunburn, struggle in droughtiness, or die from excess wetness. Suffering specimens can drop a lot of the little leaves, or the leaves can die on the branches, or individual branches can die so that the shrub needs trimming back to living wood & takes a long time growing back.)

Apr-May

12-15 x 24-30
(30-38 x 60-75)

Its wee greyish-green leaves turning mahagony or plum colored for winter..

Moist (Since it is not drought tolerant, the root system may require a bit of woodchip mulch in summer both to retain moisture for the root & to protect the root from overheating.)

Sh E

Rhododendron contain many dwarf species of which Rhododendron impeditum 12-15 x 24-30 inches (30-38 x 60-75 cms) makes compact growth with blue-grey leaves and indigo flowers in April-May (The American Rhododendron Society Massachusetts Chapter places it on their provisionally recommended list of rhododendrons, recognizing that it can be fussy compared to the hardiest of hardy rhodies.);

Rhododendron keleticum 9 x 36 (23 x 90 cms) has purple-crimson flowers in May;

Rhododendron racemosum Forrest's Form 18-24 x 30-36 inches (45-60 x 75-90 cms) has tubular, rose-pink flowers along the previous year's shoots in May;

Rhododendron radicans 12 x 24-30 inches (30 x 60-75 cms) bears purple saucer-shaped flowers above tufted growth in May; and

Rhododendron Pemakoense 6 x 24 inches (15 x 60 cms), bearing rosy-mauve flowers freely in April-May, is unique for its growth by underground stems. These rhododenrons welcome some shade during the day.

Where there is lime in the soil, only the lime-tolerant or calciole shrubs can be grown with success, though these shrubs will also grow in acid soils without much trouble. Only where soil acidity is extreme should it be necessary to add lime to their rooting area.

 

First Choices

 

When is a rhododendron not an azalea? Answer from Furzey Gardens.

 

 

 

First Choices

 

 

 

 

First Choices

 

Companion Plants
Acers, Camellias and Magnolias all make excellent companion plants for rhododendrons. Japanese Maples are as popular as ever and feature fantastic foliage in spring and autumn. Camellias associate well with rhododendrons and offer beautiful formal flowers early in the year. Magnolias range from small shrubs to tall trees which give stature to any garden with the bonus of a diverse range of lovely flower types.

rhododendroncforimpeditumwikimediacommons

Rhododendron impeditum. By Ghislain118 via Wikimedia Commons.

There are other Rhododendron used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

 

Bloom River's display gardens "in Oregon, USA are open to our customers during regular business hours and by prior appointment on weekends or after hours. At completion, our garden will cover approximately 5 acres. Featured are mature specimens of many of the plants we grow in the nursery in formal and informal settings, plus a trail through the surrounding forest. The 'woodland walk' takes about 15 minutes. Visitors can observe large numbers of Oregon native plants and trees, plus catch glimpses of the many forest creatures inhabiting our area. If you are lucky, our resident bobcat may show his face briefly, and you may run into the doe with her twins drinking from the creek."

Berberis x stenophylla
'Corallina Compacta'
(Golden Barberry)

Supplier in UK
 

Berberis x stenophylla
'Crawley Gem'

Supplier in UK
 

Berberis thunbergii v. 'Atropurpurea Nana'

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Orange

Full Sun,
Part Shade

May

30 x 36-48 (75 x 90-120)

Well-drained soil

Sh E

Berberis (Barberry) provides a few striking dwarf shrubs in the forms of the hybrid

Berberis x stenophylla, such as corallina compacta 30 x 36-48 inches (75 x 90-120 cms) with evergreen linear leaves, and orange flowers in May; and

'Crawley Gem' 24 x 26 (60 x 65 cms) with arching stems and flowers coral red in the bud, opening to orange, while

Berberis thunbergii v. atropurpurea nana 24 x 30 inches (60 x 75 cms) strikes a different note with its deep reddish-purple deciduous foliage.

Plant evergreens from Mar-Apr or Oct-Nov; deciduous, Nov-Mar, inordinary soil. Thin out shoots after flowering when overcrowded and trim to shape. Those grown for autumn foliage should not be trimmed until the spring.
First Choices

First Choices

Propagated by
half-matured cuttings with a heel in July-August
seeds sown in open in October or
by layering in August.

Use on sloping banks. Makes a very fine hedge 96-120 inches (240-300 cms)

berberiscflosstenophyllawikimediacommons

Berberis × stenophylla. By Jerzy Opioła via Wikimedia Commons.

Clematis alpina

Supplier in UK
 

Clematis tangutica 'Gravetye'

 

Clematis in flower for every month of the year (see also Clematis Climber Plant Gallery)

Growing Clematis in Containers

A Quick Guide to Clematis Pruning from The British Clematis Society

Bell-like Lavender

In nature the flowering portions of this plant are exposed to Full Sun, whilst the main stem and lower parts of the plant are often shaded by other vegetation. It is therefore advisable to place the plants on the northern side of their supports.

Mar-May

120 x 60
(150 x 300)

The moist soil should be an open loamy one, containing lime or chalk, the Clematis being essentially a plant of calcareous soils. The clematis also thrives in peaty loam.

Cl H

Clematis alpina comes from the mountains of central and southern Europe, and it is a delightful May-flowering slender climber that can be planted on the shady side of a large rock to scramble over and drape its face. Its flowers are bell-shaped and blue, but there are also white flower-forming of equal charm.

Clematis alpina does not need pruning. It can scramble through a strong shrub or tree.

Another gem of slender growth is Clematis tangutica 'Gravetye variety, with its rich golden yellow nodding lantern-shaped flowers and silky whorled seed heads that give joy from August to October.

Taylors Clematis : Bees & Butterflies
"With the rapid decline of bees in the last few years here are a selection of clematis that we feel are especially attractive to bees and butterfly's. Bees love a varied Menu so aim to provide a mixture of colours and textures as well as flower shapes and plant heights. The 1st solitary bees emerge very early in the spring, so any of the alpina & macropetala varieties would be ideal for this period. Large mid season single flowered varieties will provide pollen for May & June. For later flowering varieties, look at the integrifolas and any 'bell shaped' flowers as these are also very effective."

First Choices

clematiscflosalpinawikimediacommons

Clematis alpina, 1 avril 2003, Jardin des Plantes, Paris. By The original uploader was Bouba at French Wikipedia via Wikimedia Commons.

Cotoneaster dammeri (bearberry cotoneaster)

Supplier in UK
 

Cotoneaster congesta

Hedges Direct has Ultimate Guide to Contoneaster Hedging to provide the main backdrop to your alpine bed.

Fragrant White

May-Jun

4-20 x 60-80
(10-50 x 150-200)

The leaf surface is glossy and dark green while the underside is gray-green.

Grows in mountainous regions, on cliff sides and in open, mixed forests on dry and calcareous soils

Sh E

Cotoneaster dammeri 2-3 inches (5-7.5 cms) high x individual branch horizontal spread is a prostrate evergreen, with shoots adapting themselves to whatever they can cover, and useful for a rock face, with white flowers in spring, and red berries during autumn.
Cotoneaster congesta 18 x 24-30 (45 x 60-75 cms) is of somewhat umbrella-like growth, with thyme-like evergreen leaves, with small pinkish flowers in spring and round red berries in autumn.

The bearberry cotoneaster (C. dammeri) resembles the rock cotoneaster but it is a semi-evergreen type. The leaves assume a purple tinge from late fall to early spring. Like the rock cotoneaster, it can be used for an espalier effect. It’s also excellent on gentle slopes and banks, in shrub borders and as a foundation planting. It is considered one of the best woody groundcovers, producing a solid carpet of glossy leaves."

cotoneastercfoldammeriwikimediacommons

Français : Rameau fleuri de Cotoneaster dammeri. By Père Igor via Wikimedia Commons.

Cytisus (Broom) ardoini

Cytisus decumbens

Supplier in UK
Supplier in Germany

Cytisus
demissus

Supplier in UK
 

Cytisus
'Peter Pan'

 

Cytisus
kewensis

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Cytisus beanii

Supplier in UK
Supplier in Australia

Bright Yellow

Full Sun

Apr-May

Pruning should take place after flowering to prevent "leginess", for the spring-blooming species; the late-flowering ones are left until February or March.

4-5 x 9-12 (10-12.5 x 23-30)

Ordinary well-drained garden soil.

Grafted plants are necessary for certain Brooms in shallow, chalky soil.

Sh D

Propagation is best by seed, also by cuttings and grafting. Cuttings should be taken in August; 1.5-3 inches (4-7.5 cms) long, with a "heel", and dibbled in a very sandy soil in frame or under a bell-glass. In the following spring, they should be potted singly into small pots. They should be placed in their permanent places early.

Cytisus (Broom) in their dwarf forms are indispensable to any rock garden.
Cytisus ardonii 4-5 x 9-12 inches (10-12.5 x 23-30 cms) is of dense tufted habit, covered with bright yellow flowers in April-May;
Cytisus decumbens is of carpeting prostrate habit, generously covered with canary-yellow flowers in May-June; and
Cytisus demissus of prostrate habit, 2-3 inches (5-7.5 cms) high, has lots of yellow flowers stained reddish-brown. To these, can be added the somewhat taller hybrid blooms such as
Cytisus 'Peter Pan' 12-18 x 18-24 inches (30-45 x 45-60 cms), deep crimson flowering;
Cytisus kewensis 9-15 x 36-48 inches (23-38 x 90-120 cms) pale sulphur yellow; and
Cytisus beanii 12-18 x 30-42 inches (30-45 x 75-105 cms) with deep yellow flowers. The brooms are tolerant of Sun or Part Shade and all soils.

Plant in October.

 

First Choices

 

First Choices

 

 

First Choices

 

There are other Cytisus used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

Invaluable for dry, hot spots, and grown in well-drained soils, and good sun, do very well.

cytisuscflosardoiniwikimediacommons

Cytisus ardoini. By Franco christophe via Wikimedia Commons.

Daphne cneorum (Garland Flower)

Supplier in UK
 

Daphne cneorum pygmaea
Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Daphne petraea

Supplier in USA

Daphne retusa

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Simba - 1 of the 5 Main Coon Cats at Dancing Oaks Nursery - donates locks of his hair to the birds for nest building in spring!

Scented Rose-Pink

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Apr-May

15 x 36-48 (38 x 90-120)

Free-draining, humus-rich soil, never prone to becoming waterlogged or becoming dry.

Plant in sandy peat, or sandy soil containing plenty of leaf-mould. Plant in autumn or spring.

Sh E

Daphne is prolific of delightful fragrant dwarf alpine shrubs but difficult to keep in the wetter parts of Britain.The gems are
Daphne cneorum 15 x 36-48 inches (38 x 90-120 cms), evergreen with terminal clusters of scented rose-pink flowers in May, and its variety
Daphne cneorum pygmaea, about a quarter (25%) smaller in scale;
Daphne petraea 2-3 x 24 inches (5-7.5 x 60 cms), with shining pink flowers in May and June, and smooth, leathery evergreen leaves; and
Daphne retusa 36 x 48 inches (90 x 120 cms) but slow-growing, clothed in glossy evergreen foliage and croded clusters of flowers, pinkish-purple outside, white tinged with purple within.
To succeed, daphnes must have free-draining, humus-rich soil, never prone to becoming waterlogged.

Best propagated by layers in early spring

 

 

 

 

First Choices

First Choices

 

There are other Daphne used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

daphnecfloscneorumwikimediacommons

Daphne cneorum. By Tigerente via Wikimedia Commons.

Genista dalmatica (Dalmatian Broom)

Supplier in USA

Genista januensis

 

Genista villarsii (Genista pulchella)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in Netherlands

Golden-yellow pea-shaped and very freely produced

Full Sun

Jun-Jul

6 x 30
(15 x 75)

Dry scree

Sh D

Genista is a genus of broom-like plants, differing chiefly from Cytisus in that the seed lacks a wart-like eminence near the hilum or scar left by its broken attachment to the parent plant. Of the dwarf species,
Genista dalmatica 6 x 30 inches (15 x 75 cms), a compact, spiny flattish bush with small yellow flowers in June-July;
Genista januensis 12 x 24 inches (30 x 60 cms), with somewhat winged, three-angled branches, and bright yellow racemes of flowers in May-June; and
Genista villarsii 4 x 24 inches (10 x 60 cms) is dense with tortuous branches and short racemes of yellow flowers, only reduced to one, in June-July.
These shrubs do not mind dry soils, and do well on ledges in the rock garden.

 

 

 

 

First Choices

 

First Choices

 

 

First Choices

There are other Genista used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

 

Helianthemum alpestre (Alpine Sun Rose)

Supplier in UK
 

Helianthemum lunulatum

Supplier in Netherlands
 

Yellow

Full Sun

Jun-Jul

3 x 12
(7.5 x 30)

Grey-green

Sandy loam, or ordinary garden soil, well-drained; if possible add ample lime-rubble.

Sh E

Helianthemum alpestre 3 x 12 inches (7.5 x 30 cms) is a charming compact, yellow-flowering Sun Rose, with grey-green evergreen foliage.

Helianthemum lunulatum 6 x 6 inches (15 x 15 cms) makes a compact cushiony mound of grey foliage with clear yellow flowers, marked with a crimson crescent at the base.

Both bloom in June-July, and are excellent in Full Sun.

Use on dry sunny banks. To keep the bushes under control and check any tendency to straggling, they may be clipped back in early July to the required size.

Propagation is by seed sown in April, layering in August, or cuttings of half-matured wood in August, and placed in a shaded frame. The young plants should be grown on in pots until needed for planting out. A sunny position is their principal need.

helianthemumcforalpestrewikimediacommons

Helianthemum alpestre. By Kulac via Wikimedia Commons.

Jasminum parkeri

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Yellow

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Jun

8 x 18
(20 x 45)

Mid-Green

Almost any well-drained soil suits, even the scree.

Sh E

Jasminum parkeri 8 x 18 inches (20 x 45 cms), miniature, evergreen, procumbent shrubs, bearing solitary bright yellow flowers at the end of lateral or terminal shoots in June, sometimes succeeded by small whitish fruits. Sun or Part Shade, almost any soil suits, even the scree.

First Choices

 

This plant is used as an alpine in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

jasminumcflosparkeriwikimediacommons

Jasminum parkeri in Dundee Botanical Garden. Transferred from en.wikipedia to Commons by Darwinius using CommonsHelper. By Cyrillic at the English language Wikipedia via Wikimedia Commons.

Polygala chamaebuxus (Shrubby Milkwort)

Supplier in UK
 

Polygala chamaebuxus grandiflora

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Fragrant Creamy-white flowers tipped with Yellow

Full Sun

They will however tolerate partial shade but this will result in a reduction of flowers produced.

Apr-Jun

4-6 x 20 (10-15 x 50)

Dark Green


Plant in peat and lime-free loam in a cool moist position.

Do not plant under deciduous trees as they will not cope well with leaf litter over the autumn and winter.

Sh E

Polygala chamaebuxus 4-6 x 12 inches (10-15 x 30 cms), Bastard Box, a small bushy, evergreen shrub, bearing creamy or yellow flowers, sometimes with a touch of purple, from April onwards, and spreading by underground stems; in variety

Polygala chamaebuxus grandiflora, flowers are a lovely combination of reddish-purple and gold. Easy to grow in slight shade.

First Choices

 

There are other Polygala used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

Propagation by cuttings placed under a hand-light (cloche). Also by seeds. Easily increased by removing the suckers which form naturally beside the mat.

polygalacforchamaebuxuswikimediacommons

Polygala chamaebuxus, Austria, Alps, the mountain Schneeberg near Wiener Neustadt. By Petr Filippov via Wikimedia Commons.

Potentilla fruticosa mandshurica (Potentilla glabra var. mandschurica)

Supplier in Germany
 

Potentilla fruticosa nana argentea (Potentilla fruticosa beesii, Shrubby cinquefoil)
Supplier in UK
 

Potentilla fruticosa parvifolia (Potentilla fruticosa farreri)
Supplier in Canada

Potentilla fruticosa 'Farrer's White'
Supplier in UK

Creamy-white

Full Sun

May-Sep

12-18 x 30-42
(30-45 x 75-105)

Dark Green coated both sides with appressed silky hairs

Moist scree or sand

Sh D

Potentilla fruticosa provides a few dwarf deciduous summer-flowering shrubs in variety mandschurica 12-18 x 30-42 inches (30-45 x 75-105 cms), with dense arching growth, grey foliage leafing out early in the year, and creamy-white flowers thoughout summer;
Potentilla fruticosa nana argentea (Potentilla fruticosa beesii), a silvery-leaved bush 12-15 x 24-36 inches (30-38 x 60-90 cms), with butter-cup yellow flowers;
Potentilla fruticosa parvifolia (Potentilla fruticosa farreri), small-leaved and twiggy bush 24 x 36-48 inches (60 x 90-120 cms), with golden-yellow flowers, and
Potentilla fruticosa 'Farrer's White' , a very free-flowering white form with fern-like foliage. All like Sun.

There are other Potentilla used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

Natural Habitat - Mixed forests, thickets, dry mountain slopes, rocky slopes, ravines; 1200--3400 m. Gansu, Hebei, Hubei, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan [Korea].

Propagation by seeds. Cuttings of late summer wood root readily in sandy soil in frame.

potentillacflosfruticosawikimediacommons

Potentilla fruticosa. By Wildfeuer via Wikimedia Commons.

Salix lanata
(Woolly Willow is member of Wildflower Willow Family)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Salix reticulata
(Net-leaved Willow)

Supplier in UK
 

Golden yellow woolly catkins with the new leaves

Full Sun

Mar-Apr

24-36 x 36-42
(60-90 x 90-105)

New ovate-roundish leaves are covered with long soft silvery hairs on both sides.

Moist chalky soil

Sh D

Salix lanata 24-36 x 36-42 inches (60-90 x 90-105 cms) is a distinctive native willow, its shoots being covered with grey woolly hairs and the new ovate-roundish leaves are covered with long soft silvery hairs on both sides, and golden yellow catkins produced in May add to the handsomeness of this plant.
Salix reticulata 6 x 12 inches (15 x 30 cms) is prostrate in growth, with roundish leaves, conspicuously net-veined, and glossy, and small pale yellow catkins in spring. Both are pleasing to have and grow easily in any moist soil.

First Choices

 

There are other Salix used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

Sheep and deer are fond of grazing it.

Provides nectar and pollen for insects.

salixcfollanatawikimediacommons

Salix lanata: Leaves. By Sten Porse via Wikimedia Commons.

Miniature Roses - Rosa chinensis v. minima

Rosa chinensis v. minima
'Roulettii'

Rosa chinensis v. minima
'Tinker Bell'

Rosa chinensis v. minima
'Sweet Fairy'

Rosa chinensis v. minima
'Cinderella'

Rosa chinensis v. minima
'Sunbeam'

Rosa chinensis v. minima
'Humpty Dumpty'

The above Rose cultivars came from the book "Gardening with Alpines by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club. Published in 1962", which provides most of the data about the Alpines in this Gallery. The Rose world has moved on and new cultivars are available (typed on 11 July 2016).

Many different colours

Full Sun

 

 

Plants should be spaced 12 inches (30 cms) apartl.

Because of a shallower root system, minis may dry out faster than larger roses. Keep them moist but not soggy.

Sh D

Roses. Space may be happily devoted in rock garden beds or terraces to the miniature roses (Rosa chinensis v. minima) of which there are an increasing number:-

'Roulettii' 4-6 x 9-12 inches (10-15 x 23-30 cms), pink-flowering;

'Tinker Bell' 9-15 x 10-15 inches (23-38 x 25-38 cms), double, deep-pink;

'Sweet Fairy' 12-18 x 18-24 inches (30-45 x 45-60 cms), double, light pink;

'Cinderella' 10-12 x 18-21 inches (25-30 x 45-53 cms), shell pink to white;

'Sunbeam', 6-8 x 12 inches (15-20 x 30 cms), yellow; and

'Humpty Dumpty' 6-8 x 9-12 inches (15-20 x 23-30 cms), double carmine-pink;

are typical.

Good sun and the average rock garden soil compost suits.

Heirloom Roses in USA on 11 July 2016:-

"Miniature roses are perfection on a small scale. They grow well indoors or out and are useful colorful plantings in areas where space is limited. Miniature Roses are represented by twiggy, repeat-flowering shrubs ranging from 6" to 36" in height, with most falling in the 12"–24" height range. Climbing varieties can reach up to 5’ tall while still bearing tiny flowers. Blooms come in all the hybrid tea colors; many varieties also emulate the classic high-centered hybrid tea flower shape and can be found as single, semi-double, double or in clustered form. Miniature roses are great in containers, make lovely borders, and are perfect for those with a small yard or balcony."

 

Regan Nursery in USA on 11 July 2016:-

"Miniatures are grown on their own root, and come in a dizzying array of colors."

 

British Roses in Britain on 11 July 2016:-

"These roses have limited growth and so can be successfully grown in restricted situations, for example, in pots indoors, rockeries, troughs, flower beds close to the house"

rosacfloschinensisminimawikimediacommons

Rosa chinensis minima - Creeper rose, flowers white in cluster. By Yercaud-elango via Wikimedia Commons.

 

 

There are other Rosa used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

 

The AGS (Alpine Garden Society) online Plant Encyclopaedia (9 July 2016)

The printed AGS Encyclopaedia of Alpines was published in 1993 and was heralded as "the standard reference in its field for many, many years to come".

As part of the process of developing an online version of the Encyclopaedia, the original text has been scanned and converted into a website version that can now be continually updated and extended. AGS members can also make contributions (text or images) about their favourite genera and species and we hope that many of you will do this.

Work is progressing on improving the range of images used to illustrate the encyclopaedia and on rectifying omissions in the original volumes. This will be an ongoing project for the foreseeable future.

Online Encyclopaedia Project Development Stages

Stage 1: Scan text from existing paper encyclopaedia.

This was done some time ago and the end result was a structured pdf file containing all the original text and images. Scanning old text like this is fraught with problems and there were many issues to be sorted out before the scanned text could be used to create an online version of the encyclopaedia.

 

COMPLETED

Stage 2: Design online version of encyclopaedia.

This involved the design of a database to hold the data for the encyclopaedia and the screen layout and programs for presenting the information to the user.

COMPLETED

Stage 3: Clean up scanned text.

This was a very tedious job.  There were not only mis-scanned words ('Hardy'='Flardy'), but also places where the structure of the text was wrongly construed.  This would have resulted in many species being missed and spurious species being created during the import Stage.

COMPLETED

Stage 4: Import final cleaned up scanned text into online version.

It still needs careful proofreading as there are lots of one-off  mis-scans that couldn't be easily detected at Stage 3.

COMPLETED

Stage 5: Provide good editing and access permission facilities for online version

This is important as the proofreaders will be given editing permission for the genera they will cover and will want to make corrections as easily as possible.

IN PROGRESS

Stage 6: Proofreading of imported text and suggestions for omissions that need rectified..

This requires a large team of volunteers, each taking responsibility for one or more genera. Many people have already offered their services.

IN PROGRESS

Stage 7: Incorporate line drawings from original encyclopaedia

These were all drawn by Christine Grey-Wilson and were an invaluable aid to identification within a genus.  They were scanned at the same time as the original text but now need extracted from the scans and incorporated in the online version.

IN PR0GRESS (see Saxifraga hirculus for an example)

Stage 8: Incorporate images from original encyclopaedia.

Original images from the paper encyclopaedia also need extracted and incorporated in the online version.

PENDING

Stage 9: Incorporate images from AGS website.

This is working, but needs the images on the main AGS website to be better  indexed so that an appropriate image with appropriate permission can be identified easily for use by the encyclopaedia.  There are about 20,000 images on the main AGS website and another 4,000 or so in the Show results section which is separate - a tremendous resource.

IN PROGRESS

Stage 10: Incorporate supplementary material that was commissioned for a planned paper supplement.

This material was on obsolete discs and an attempt has been made to retrieve the files from these discs.  Some has been successfully retrieved and will be incorporated in the online encylopaedia.

PENDING

Stage 11:

Develop a mechanism for AGS members to contribute to the encyclopaedia.  This is being developed around the existing discussion facilities on the main AGS website. Members can submit their own growing tips and pictures to this more informal area of the encyclopaedia.  This mechanism has been implemented.  We need to add a facility for suggested new material to be approved and incorporated in the 'official' encyclopaedia.

IN PROGRESS

 

Original Encyclopaedia

Introduction by Chris Brickell

Many individual gardeners were keenly, some almost obsessively, interested in alpine plants and rock gardening prior to the formation of the Alpine Garden Society in 1929. The enthusiasm engendered by the establishment of an organised society devoted to alpines, however, acted as a catalyst for devotees of the mountains and alpine plants to pursue their passion in the company of like-minded people and to pass on their expertise and knowledge to other gardeners who, in return, became alpine addicts.

By the beginning of World War 2 membership of the AGS was 2,000 and after the war steady and sustained growth was achieved with the formation of local groups and a series of publications devoted to alpine plants being published by the Society. During the last ten years there has been a considerable upsurge in membership, now standing at 13,000 and a continuing demand for more and more detailed information on alpine plants. It is, therefore, both timely and very appropriate that our Society should have taken the decision to publish what is undoubtedly the most comprehensive, informative and accurate reference work on alpine plants that has ever been produced to date anywhere in the world: the Alpine Garden Society's Encyclopaedia of Alpines.

Many alpine gardeners use Reginald Farrer's classic The English Rock Garden (1919) plus Sampson Clay's supplement The Present Day Rock Garden (1937) as a basic reference work, but inevitably with new plants tumbling into cultivation from all over the world, they now fall far short of our requirements. Recent AGS monographs on various genera have satisfied partially the thirst for knowledge of alpine and rock garden plants but the need for information on a world-wide basis has been apparent for some years. It was first discussed by the AGS Committee in the early 1980s and in 1985 it was decided to launch the Encyclopaedia Project. Kenneth Beckett was appointed Editor in 1986 and began the daunting task of planning the work and persuading knowledgeable AGS members to contribute accounts of genera of which they had particular expertise. The inclusion in the Encyclopaedia of just under one thousand genera of alpines known to be in cultivation, or to have been in cultivation, from the world's mountain flora is a remarkable achievement. Ken Beckett is to be congratulated and warmly thanked by all interested in alpine and rock garden plants for his extraordinary diligence, persistence and scholarship in preparing this outstanding reference work for publication.

It should also be recorded that Ken Beckett further undertook to write more than half the accounts himself; a major achievement by any standards by an Editor of such a detailed and comprehensive work.

The very important contributions made by AGS members, the design of the publication by John Fitzmaurice and overall production by Christopher Grey-Wilson, the Society's Editor, have all added greatly to the authority of the most ambitious publishing project yet undertaken by The Alpine Garden Society.

Its coverage in two volumes is unequalled and there is no doubt in my mind that it will remain the standard reference in its field for many, many years to come."

 

Green Plant Swap in England:-
"For some 30 years my Dad has been selling plants to gardeners from his old rectory garden in Devon.
Always by appointment, they come and walk round the garden. They talk and share a bit of gardening knowledge or life experience, depending on how the mood takes them. Then they buy some plants. Many of the Rhododendron gardens in the South West, including the National Trust, now grow plants from his garden and come back for more each year.
For my parents this small garden business has delivered a useful income. More important, perhaps, they've loved doing it and made many good friends in the process.
They are not alone. Since the Victorians, who were fanatical about plants, generations of UK gardeners have taken advantage of our temperate climate to grow an amazing diversity of plants from around the world.
Not that you might think so though, from the few hundred common plants you now see in the large garden retail chains; or from the limited knowledge many people today have of plants. Commercial pressures and more urban lifestyles now pose serious threats to this remarkable plant heritage.
So this got me thinking about how the Internet, which everyone can access, could change things.
What if a free service had many thousands of plant records and photos that made it simple to identify, list and better cultivate your plants?
What then if this service were location-based and helped gardeners and nurseries buy, sell and swap those plants?
Why, plant awareness and knowledge could spread. Gardens could help pay for themselves. Nurseries could find more interested customers. Gardeners could get many new plants, interests and friends along the way. And, collectively, we could begin to do a better job of tracking and supporting plant diversity, which is at risk.
We hope you like what you find on GreenPlantSwap and get as much pleasure from sharing the fruits of your garden as my Dad has over the last 30 years.
Plants, and the gardens they inspire, have a rich heritage in the UK. By using digital well, they can have an even brighter future, not just here but everywhere."

 

Buying Heathers from Jacksons Nurseries:-

"Unlike many garden centres, supermarkets and some nurseries here at Jacksons Nurseries we sell the majority of our stock all year round. Our stock is for the most part grown outdoors making it far hardier than those grown under glass and/or only sold ‘In Season’.

Here at Jacksons Nurseries we would favour a hardy outdoor grown plant every time. They are far less likely to suffer from the shock of being planted in colder conditions and they will begin to establish more rapidly the following spring. This can mean that they don’t look like a ‘picture perfect’ plant when purchased out of season but with the correct care and a little time you’ll have a wonderful plant to enjoy for many years to come."

 

Ed Hume and Gardening in America:-

"HUME'S CHILDREN/EDUCATIONAL GARDEN

Our new garden is a combination Children's Garden and adult Educational Garden. It consists of 15 fun, educational garden areas. Including the Quiz Garden; Blind Garden; Bird Garden; Flowering Plant area; Drought Garden; Native plant area; Herb Garden; Maze; Crazy Garden and more. Children will plant a seed, bulb or cutting to take with them and will learn about tissue culture; grafting; cuttings; rhizomes; bulbs, and much more, in a solar greenhouse.
We designed this unique garden just for children…but the adults insist it is an educational garden and of as much interest to adults as it is to children. So the staff has decided to open it to adult groups too!
OPEN ON WEEKDAYS BY APPOINTMENT ONLY (May 4th to September 16th)
OPEN TO GROUPS ONLY"

Plantman in New Zealand:-

"What Is Plantman?
Plantman was originally established to provide plant and materials broking services for the Parks Department of the former North Shore City Council.  Due to its usability and unique offering, Plantman has expanded to include customised sites for both trade professionals (architects, landscape architects, project managers, garden designers, landscape contractors).
Not just a store front, Plantman plants and products are supported by a comprehensive plant & tree information database including plant and product features and practical tips.
The Plantman vision is to empower our customers so you can make more informed purchase decisions with minimum effort or knowledge. Keeping up with the latest landscaping products and developing comprehensive plant knowledge requires a time investment that many busy people do not have. Plantman has been designed as a tool to help you deliver quality to your customers and projects with minimal effort.
More than just a plant store, Plantman aims to be your plant and landscape partner – ‘Inspiration and quality – delivered with passion’ 

Who is the Plantman?
Stuart Cameron-Lee is the owner of Plantman. Stuart has a Masters of Horticultural Science (Hons) majoring in turf management, soil science and amenity horticulture.
A background in sports turf and amenity horticulture has included roles as Turf Manager of Eden Park, horticultural consultant in the Middle East, parks-related roles with the former North Shore City Council and as a consultant to Auckland Council.
Since graduating, Stuart has also accumulated over 15 years experience as a landscape designer and contractor for both residential and commercial clients. Stuart is passionate about plants and educating people about the role a garden can play in improving the quality of your home and lifestyle."

"When the stones are in place and the soil filled in and firmed, it is timely to consider the foundation plantings. These are the plants that are likely to remain with us many years, even a lifetime, and by their permanence vitally and everlastingly influence the character and appeal of the garden and its setting.

In the rock garden these plants are the dwarf alpine shrub and conifers. They are in the nature of living furnishings, and

  • by their shape and habit can do much to clothe the bare rawness of rocks,
  • soften harsh lines,
  • give a year-round interest to the rock garden scene,
  • strike a note of accent here,
  • lend harmony there, and
  • provide floral or foliage colour too.

These plants are usually the first to go in;

  • the deciduous shrubs may be planted from late October to March whenever the weather is mild enough, and the soil can be worked and trodden on without being puddled or unduly compacted;
  • the evergreen shrubs and conifers may be planted in September to early November if the ground is ready for them, but otherwise should be planted in April-May just before their new growth starts.

The technique of planting is similar to that for other trees and shrubs. A planting hole should be made at least half as wide again as the present spread of the roots of the plant, with a rounded base like an inverted saucer. Most dwarf shrubs can be set with their lowest shoots or branches just resting on the soil surface, but conifers and plants on a single stem should be placed so that the soil reaches only to the soil mark on their stems made by the nursery planting.

Soil is sifted in and firmed with finger pressure to the roots, and pressed down when completed without making it ironhard. Evergreens and conifers provided with roots in a soil ball only need to have the outer wrapping of hesian or polythene removed. Plants out of pots need drainage crocks removed with a pointed stick, and any roots wrapped around the inside wall of the pot should be straightened out with a minimum disturbance of the soil. After planting, a careful soaking of the soil will help further to settle it to the roots."

 

How to Create a Rock Garden from Nicola Green - Girl in the Garden.

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERY 1
PAGES

Site Map

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY PAGES Links to pages in Table alongside on the left with Garden Design Topic Pages

Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines

Plant Type
 

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 with its Cultivation Requirements

Alpines for Rock Garden (See Rock Garden Plant Flowers)

Alpine Shrubs and Conifers

The Alpine Meadow
Page 1
Page 2
Page 3

The Alpine Border
1
, 2

Alpine Plants for a Purpose

The Alpines that Dislike Lime 1, 2

Alpines and Walls
Dry Sunny Walls 1a, b
Tops of Walls 2a, b
Dry Shady and Conifers 3a, b

Alpines and
Paving
1
, 2

Sink and Trough gardens
1
, 2

Aquatic
(Water Plants) for

Anti-erosion River-bank

Marginal Plants (Bog Garden Plants)
1
, 2

Oxy-genating Weeds

Water Lilies

Floating Plants

Water-side Plants
and Plants for Dry Margins next to a Pond
1
, 2

Wildlife Pond Plants

Annual for

----------------



 

 

ANY PLANT TYPE for
Cut Flowers in
January 1, 2
February
March 1, 2
April
May 1, 2
June 1, 2
July 1, 2
August
September
October
November
December

Exposed Sites

Sheltered Sites with Green-house Annuals from 1916

Extra Poor Soil with Half-Hardy Annuals from 1916

Very Rich Soil with Biennials from 1916

Gap-filling in Mixed Borders with Hardy Annuals from 1916

Patio Con-tainers

Cut Flowers
1
, 2, 3 Ever-lasting Flowers with Red Flowers from 1916

Attract-ing bene-ficial insects
1
, 2

Scent / Fra-grance with Annuals for Cool or Shady Places from 1916

Low-allergen Gardens for Hay Fever Sufferers

Annual Plant Pairing Ideas and Colour Schemes with Annuals
1
, 2

Low-Growing Annuals
1
, 2

Medium-Growing Annuals

Tall-Growing Annuals with White Flowers from 1916

Black or Brown Flowers

Blue to Purple Flowers

Green Flowers with Annuals and Biennials from 1916

Red to Pink Flowers and Cut Flowers
Page
1
, 2, 3

White Flowers
1
, 2

Yellow or Orange Flowers
1
, 2

Dec-orative Foliage

Moist Soil

Shade
1
, 2

House-plants with Yellow Flowers from 1916

Edging Beds

Hanging Baskets

Vining Annuals

 

Bedding for

Spring Bedding

Summer Bedding

Autumn/ Winter Bedding

Bedding for Light Sandy Soil

Bedding for Acid Soil

Bedding for Chalky Soil

Bedding for Clay Soil

Black Flowers

Blue Flowers

Orange Flowers

Pink Flowers

Long Flowering

Coloured Leaves

Attract-ive to Wildlife including Bees, Butterflies and Moths

Purple Flowers

Red Flowers

White Flowers

Yellow Flowers

Multi-Coloured Flowers

Aromatic Foliage or Scented Flowers

Bedding Plant Use

Flowers with 2 Petals

Flowers with 3 Petals

Flowers with
4 Petals

Flowers with 5 Petals

Flowers with 6 Petals

Flowers with more than 6 Petals

Use in Hanging Baskets

Flower Simple Shape

Shape of
Stars

Shape of
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

Shape of
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

Shape of
Trumpets and Funnels

Shape of
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

Use in Pots and Troughs

Flower Elabo-rated Shape

Shape of
Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Shape of
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Shape of
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

 

Use in
Screen-ing

Use in
Window Boxes

Shape of
Stand-ards, Wings and Keels

Shape of
Discs and Florets

Shape of
Pin-Cushions and Tufts

Shape of
Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons

 

Use in Bedding Out

Use in
Filling In

Biennial for

Cottage and Other Gardens
1
, 2

Cut Flower with Biennials for Rock Work from 1916

Patio Con-tainers with Biennials for Pots in Green-house / Con-servatory

Bene-ficial to Wildlife with Purple and Blue Flowers from 1916

Scent with Biennials for Sunny Banks or Borders from 1916

 

 

Bulb for
--------------
Explan-ation Intro to Bulbs
--------------
725 Blue, White, Yellow, Unusual Colour, or Red-Purple-Pink flowering Bulbs in each month they flower.

Indoor Bulbs for
Dec-ember
January
February

Indoor Bulbs for
March
April
May

Indoor
Bulbs for
June
July
August

Indoor Bulbs for Sep-tember
October
November

Bulbs in Window-boxes
1
, 2

Bulbs in the Border

Bulbs natural-ised in Grass

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Dec-Jan
Feb-Mar

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Apr-May
Jun-Aug 1, 2, 3, 4

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Sep-Oct
Nov-Dec

Any Plant Type Blooming in Smallest of Gardens

Bulbs for the Bulb Frame

Bulbs in the Wood-land Garden

Bulbs in the Rock Garden

Bulbs in Green-house or Stove

Achi-menes, Alocasias, Amorpho-phalluses, Aris-aemas, Arums, Begonias, Bomar-eas, Calad-iums

Clivias,
Colo-casias, Crinums, Cyclam-ens, Cyrt-anthuses, Euchar-ises, Urceo-charis, Eurycles

Freesias, Gloxinias, Hae-manthus, Hipp-eastrums

Lachen-alias, Nerines, Lycorises, Pen-cratiums, Hymen-ocallises, Richardias, Sprekelias, Tuberoses, Vallotas, Watsonias, Zephy-ranthes

Bulbs in Bowls

Bulbs in the Alpine House

Hardy Bulbs

Aconitum, Allium, Alstroe-meria, Anemone 1, 1a

Amaryllis, Antheri-cum, Antholy-zas, Apios, Arisaema, Arum, Aspho-deline,

Aspho-delus, Belam-canda, Bloom-eria, Brodiae, Bulbo-codium

Calo-chorti, Cyclo-bothras, Camassia, Col-chicum, Con-vallaria,
Forcing Lily of the Valley, Corydalis, Crinum, Crosmia, Mon-tbretia , Crocus

Cyclamen, Dicentra, Dierama, Eranthis, Eremurus, Ery-thrnium, Eucomis

Fritillaria, Funkia, Gal-anthus, Galtonia, Gladiolus, Hemero-callis

Hya-cinth, Hya-cinths in Pots,
Scilla, Pusch-kinia, Chion-odoxa, Chiono-scilla, Muscari

Iris,
Kniphofia, Lapey-rousia, Leucojum

Lilium,

Lilium in Pots, Malvastrum, Merendera, Milla, Narcissus, Narcissi in Pots

Orni-thogalum, Oxalis, Paeonia, Ran-unculus, Romulea, Sanguin-aria,
Stern-bergia,
Schi-zostylis, Teco-philaea, Trillium

Tulip,
Zephy-ranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs

Acidan-thera, Albuca, Alstroe-meri, Andro-stephium, Bassers, Boussing-aultias, Bravoas, Cypellas, Dahlias, Galaxis,
Geis-sorhizas, Hesper-anthas

Gladioli, Ixias,
Sparaxises, Babianas, Morphixias, Tritonias

Ixio-lirions, Moraeas, Orni-thogal-ums, Oxalises, Phaedra-nassas,
Pan-cratiums, Tigridias, Zephyr-anthes, Cooper-ias

Bulbs for Bedding

Plant each Bedding Plant with a Ground, Edging or Dot Plant for
Spring
1
, 2
or
Summer
1
, 2

Climber 3 sector Vertical Plant System with

Any Plant Type flowers in
Jan,
Feb,
Mar,
Apr,
May 1, 2
Jun,
Jul,
Aug,
Sep,
Oct,
Nov,
Dec
 

----------
Choosing the right Plant

1a.
The Base -
Base of Wall Plants

1b.
Annuals

1c.
Herbs and Vege-tables

1d.
Cut
flowers, Cut Foliage

1e.
Scented flower or foliage

1f.
Foliage use only

 

2a. 1,2,3,4
The Prime - Wall Shrubs

2b.
Fruit trees

3a.
The Higher Reaches -
House-wall Ramblers

3b. 1,2
Non-House-Wall - Climbing Twiners

3c.
Non-House-Wall - Self-clinging Climbers

Raised
Bed
for Wheel-chair Users

Plants for Wildlife-Use as well

Fastest Covering

Least prot-ruding growth when fan-trained

1, 2
Evergreen

Use as
Hedge

Exposed Positions

Use as Ground-cover

1,2
Ornam-ental Fruit

Scented Flowers

1, 2
Autumn Foliage Colour

Winter Bark

Winter and Early Spring Flowers

Summer Colour or Shape of Foliage

Edible Fruit

Needs Conserv-atory or Green-house

Large
Pots and Con-tainers
1
, 2

Cut Flowers

Attractive to Bees

Climber - Simple Flower Shape

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a
Stars

geraniumflocineremuballerina1a1
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14k1a1a1a1a1a1a
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord2
Trumpets and Funnels

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming
Salver-form

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14q1a1a1a1a1a
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

 

Climber - Elabo-rated Flower Shape

prunellaflotgrandiflora
Tubes, Lips and Straps

aquilegiacfloformosafoord
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14u1a1a1a1a1a1
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14v1a1a1a1a1a1
Stand-ards, Wings and Keels

brachyscomecflorigidulakevock
Disks and Florets

andosacecforyargongensiskevock
Pin-cushions, Tufts, Petal-less and Cushions

armeriaflomaritimakevock
Umbels, Buttons and Pompoms

 

STAGE 4A 12 BLOOM COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Blue

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Mauve

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Purple

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Brown

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Cream

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Orange

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Pink

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Red

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
White

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1 Yellow

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Un-
usual

1
Multi-Colou-red

1
Each Flower Diff-

1
erent Colour

 

STAGE 4B 12 FOLIAGE COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY
Deciduous Shrubs or Trees, Herbaceous Perennials or Bulbs- if that changes from the main colour for instance to a different autumn colour, then it will be in this column and the relevant colour for those months of Win (Winter), Spr (Spring), Sum (Summer) or Aut (Autumn) group as well.
Evergreen Shrubs or Trees, Evergreen Perennials - if that changes from the main colour for instance to a different autumn colour, then it will be in this column and the relevant colour for those months of Win (Winter), Spr (Spring), Sum (Summer) or Aut (Autumn) group as well.

Jan Win

Feb Win

Mar Spr

Apr Spr

May Spr

Jun Sum

Jul Sum

Aug Sum

Sep Aut

Oct Aut

Nov Aut

Dec Win

Decid
Herba

Ever-green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Blue

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Mauve

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Purple

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Black

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Bronze

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Orange

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Pink

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Red

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Grey

1
White

1
Silver

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Yellow

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Un-
usual

1
Varie-gated

1

1

1

1

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677


Site design and content copyright ©April 2016.
Top menus revised June 2018. Chris Garnons-Williams.

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Ivydene
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Services

Scented Flora of the World by Roy Genders - was first published in 1977 and this paperback edition was published on 1 August 1994 ISBN 0 7090 5440 8:-
This comprehensive book looks at scented flowers and leaves of plants from all over the world. The work has been prepared to the standards of the Index Kewensis, and is filled with the most interesting facts about the scented flora of the world.

I am using the above book from someone who took 30 years to compile it from notes made of his detailed observations of growing plants in preference to
The RHS Companion to Scented Plants Hardcover – 16 Oct 2014 by Stephen Lacey (Author), Andrew Lawson (Photographer) ISBN 978-0-7112-3574-8 even though this is the only major reference work on scent and scented plants which is endorsed by the Royal Horticultural Society. See reasons for stopping infilling of previous Sense of Fragrance section on 28/07/2016 at end of Sense of Fragrance from Stephen Lacey Page.

The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950 by Faber and Faber Limited describes every method of propagation for 2,500 species. Unlike modern books published since 1980, this one states exactly what to do and is precisely what you require if you want to increase your alpines.

Topic
Case Studies
Companion Planting

...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design

...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
Garden Maintenance
Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary
Plants

...Poisonous Plants
Soil
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
Bulb
Climber

 

Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12

All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index

All Foliage 212
All Spring Foliage 212

All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212
Rock Plant Flowers 53

 

Your chosen Garden Style then changes your Plant Selection Process

Garden Style
...Infill Plants *
...Infill2 Plants
...Infill3 Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...
12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...All2 Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index

 

Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
Herb
Odds and Sods

Rhododendron
Rose
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Vegetable

Wild Flower

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly

 

STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY

 

Cultivation Requirements of Plant

Outdoor / Garden Cultivation

1

Indoor / House Cultivation

1

Cool Greenhouse (and Alpine House) Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter

1

Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year

1

Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

1

 

Sun Aspect

Full Sun

1

Part Shade

1

Full Shade

1

 

Soil Type

Any Soil

1

Chalky Soil

1

Clay Soil

1

Lime-Free Soil

1

Peaty Soil

1

Sandy Soil

1

Acid Soil

1

Alkaline Soil

1

Badly-drained Soil

1

 

Soil Moisture

Dry

1

Moist

1

Wet

1

 

Position for Plant

Back of Shady Border

1

Back of Shrub Border

1

Bedding

1

Bog Garden

1

Coastal Conditions / Seaside

1

Container in Garden

1

Front of Border

1

Ground Cover 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)

1

Ground Cover 24-72 inches (60-180 cms)

1

Ground Cover Over 72 inches (180 cms)

1

Hanging Basket

1

Hedge

1

Hedge - Thorny

1

Pollution Barrier

1

Pond

1

Pot in House, Greenhouse, Conservatory or Stovehouse

1

Raised Bed

1

Rest of Border

1

Rock Garden

1

Scree Bed

1

Speciman on Lawn

1

Sunny Border

1

Tree for Lawn

1

Tree/Shrub for Small Garden

1, 2,
3, 4,
5, 6,
7, 8,
9, 10,
11,12,
13,14,
15,16,
uses of tree/ shrub

Wildflower

1

Windbreak

1

Woodland

1

 

Use of Plant

Pollen or nectar for Bees

1

Hosts to Butterflies

1

Encouraging birds / wildlife, providing food and shelter

1

Bee-Pollinated plants for Hay Fever Sufferers

1

Berries / Fruit

1

Dry Site in Full Sun

1

Dry Shade

1

Filtering noise

1

Flower Arrange-ments

Growing Plants for the Church

1



1, 2,
3, 4,
5, 6,
7, 8,
9,10,
11,12,
13,14

Fragrant Flower

1

Language of Flowers

1

Low maintenance

1

Moist Shade

1

Moist and swampy Sites

1

Nitrogen fixing plants

1

Not Fragrant Flower

1

Rabbit-Resistant

1

Speciman Plant

1

Thornless

1

Tolerant of Poor Soil

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Plant Foliage

Aromatic Foliage

1

Autumn Foliage

1

Finely Cut Leaves

1

Large Leaves

1

Yellow Variegated Foliage

1

White Variegated Foliage

1

Red / Purple Variegated Foliage

1

Silver, Grey and Glaucous Foliage

1

Sword-shaped Leaves

1

 

 

Flower Shape

Number of Flower Petals

Petal-less
lessershapemeadowrue2a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

1 Petal

1

2 Petals

1

3 Petals
irisflotpseudacorus1a1a1a1a1a1

1

4 Petals
aethionemacfloarmenumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

5 Petals
anemonecflo1hybridafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Above 5
anemonecflo1blandafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

Flower Shape - Simple

Stars
anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Bowls
 

1

Cups and Saucers
euphorbiacflo1wallichiigarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Globes
paeoniamlokosewitschiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Goblets and Chalices
paeoniaveitchiiwoodwardiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Trumpets
acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Funnels
stachysflotmacrantha1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Bells
digitalismertonensiscflorvroger1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Thimbles
fuchsiaflotcalicehoffman1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Urns
ericacarneacflosspringwoodwhitedeeproot1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Salverform

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

Flower Shape - Elaborated

Tubes, Lips and Straps
prunellaflotgrandiflora1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets
aquilegiacfloformosafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Hats, Hoods and Helmets
acanthusspinosuscflocoblands1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Standards, Wings and Keels
lathyrusflotvernus1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Discs and Florets
brachyscomecflorigidulakevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Pin-Cushions
echinaceacflo1purpurealustrehybridsgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Tufts
centaureacfloatropurpureakavanagh1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Cushion
androsacecforyargongensiskevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Umbel
agapanthuscflos1campanulatusalbidusgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Buttons
argyranthemumflotcmadeiracrestedyellow1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Pompoms
armeriacflomaritimakevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

Natural Arrangements

Bunches, Posies, Sprays
bergeniamorningredcforcoblands1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Columns, Spikes and Spires
ajugacfloreptansatropurpurea1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Whorls, Tiers and Candelabra
lamiumflotorvala2a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Plumes and Tails
astilbepurplelancecflokevock1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Chains and Tassels
 

1

Clouds, Garlands and Cascades
 

1

Spheres, Domes (Clusters), Plates and Drumsticks
androsacecfor1albanakevock1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Shrub, Tree Shape

Columnar
ccolumnarshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Oval
covalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Rounded or Spherical
croundedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Flattened Spherical
cflattenedsphericalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Conical / Narrow Pyramidal
cnarrowconicalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Conical / Broad Pyramidal
cbroadpyramidalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Ovoid /
Egg-Shaped

ceggshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Ovoid
cbroadovoidshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Vase-shaped / Inverted Ovoid
cnarrowvaseshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Fan-Shaped /Vase-Shaped
cfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Fan-Shaped / Broad Vase-Shaped
cbroadfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Weeping
cnarrowweepingshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Weeping
cbroadweepingshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Palm

1

 

Conifer Cone

1

 

Form

Arching

1

Climbing

1

Clump-Forming

1

Mat-Forming

1

Mound-Forming

1

Prostrate

1

Spreading

1

Stemless

1

Upright

1

 

Poisonous Plant

1

 

STAGE 1
GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY

 

Fragrant Plants adds the use of another of your 5 senses in your garden:-
Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark
1
, 2, 3

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3

Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
1
, 2

Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
1
, 2, 3

Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2

Night-scented Flowering Plants
1
, 2

Scented Aquatic Plants
1


Plants with Scented Fruits
1


Plants with Scented Roots
1
, 2

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood
1


Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums
1


Scented Cacti and Succulents
1


Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell
1
, 2
 

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERY 3

Fan-trained Shape
fantrainedshape2a1a1a

From Rhododendrons, boxwood, azaleas, clematis, novelties, bay trees, hardy plants, evergreens : novelties bulbs, cannas novelties, palms, araucarias, ferns, vines, orchids, flowering shrubs, ornamental grasses and trees book, via Wikimedia Commons

 

Ramblers Scramblers & Twiners by Michael Jefferson-Brown (ISBN 0 - 7153 - 0942 - 0) describes how to choose, plant and nurture over 500 high-performance climbing plants and wall shrubs, so that more can be made of your garden if you think not just laterally on the ground but use the vertical support structures including the house as well.

The Gardener's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Climbers & Wall Shrubs - A Guide to more than 2000 varieties including Roses, Clematis and Fruit Trees by Brian Davis. (ISBN 0-670-82929-3) provides the lists for 'Choosing the right Shrub or Climber' together with Average Height and Spread after 5 years, 10 years and 20 years.

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3


Gardening with Alpines by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club.
Published in 1962. It provides most of the data about the Alpines.

Plant Solutions 1000+ suggestions for every garden situation by Nigel Colborn ISBN
13:978
0 00 719312 7, provides many of the plants for the pages in these Galleries.

Essential Annuals The 100 Best for Design and Cultivation. Text by Elizabeth Murray. Photography by Derek Fell. ISBN 0-517-66177-2, provides data about annuals.

Indoor Bulb
Growing by
Edward Pearson
. Published by Purnell & Sons, Ltd in 1953. It provides the data about Indoor Bulbs and Bulbs in
Window-boxes.

Colour All The
Year In My Garden
: A selection of choice varieties - annuals, biennials, perennials, bulbs, climbers and trees and shrubs - that will give a continuity of colour
in the garden throughout the year. Edited by C.H. Middleton. Gardening Book
from Ward, Lock & Co published in 1938, provides plant data for a calendar of plants in bloom throughout the year and for those in the smallest garden.
The Book of Bulbs by S. Arnott, F.R.H.S. Printed by
Turnbull & Spears, Edinburgh in 1901. This provides data about Hardy Bulbs, Half-Hardy Bulbs, Greenhouse and Stove Bulbs.

Collins Guide to
Bulbs by Patrick
M. Synge
. ISBN
0 00 214016-0
First Edition 1961, Second Edition 1971, Reprinted 1973. This provides data on bulbs for bedding, bulbs in the border, bulbs naturalised in grass, bulbs in the woodland garden, bulbs in the rock garden, bulbs in pans in the alpine house, bulbs in the greenhouse, bulbs in bowls and the bulb frame.

Annuals & Biennials, the best annual and biennial plants and their uses in the garden by Gertrude Jekyll published in 1916 and
republished by Forgotten Books in 2012
(Forgotten Books
is a London-based book publisher specializing in the restoration of old books, both fiction and non-fiction. Today we have
372,702 books available to read online, download as ebooks, or
purchase in print.).

Cut Flowers All The Year from The New Illustrated
Gardening Encyclopedia
by Richard Sudell, printed before May 1935 for the plant names in each month, followed by details for culture and propagation.

Mr. Middleton's Garden Book by
Daily Express Publication,
reprinted 1941
for the individual
cultivar names with evergreen/
deciduous, flower colour, flower month and height.

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Tree and Shrubs in Garden Design -

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Clay Soils (neutral to slightly acid)

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Dry Acid Soils

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Shallow Soil over Chalk

Trees and Shrubs tolerant of both extreme Acidity and Alkalinity

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Damp Sites

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Industrial Areas

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Cold Exposed Areas

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Seaside Areas

Shrubs suitable for Heavy Shade

Shrubs and Climbers suitable for NORTH- and EAST-facing Walls

Shrubs suitable for Ground Cover

Trees of Pendulous Habit

Trees and Shrubs of Upright or Fastigiate Habit

Trees and Shrubs with Ornamental Bark or Twigs

Trees and Shrubs with Bold Foliage

Trees and Shrubs for Autumn Colour

Trees and Shrubs with Red or Purple Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Golden or Yellow Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Grey or Silver Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Variegated Foliage

Trees and Shrubs bearing Ornamental Fruit

Trees and Shrubs with Fragrant or Scented Flowers

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Foliage

Flowering Trees and Shrubs for Every Month:-
Jan
, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec

The following table shows the linkages for the information about the plants
described in Sanders' Encyclopedia of Gardening in The Gardeners' Golden Treasury, revised by A. G. L Hellyer F.L.S, Editor of 'Amateur Gardening', (thirty-first impression of original published in 1895) was published in 1960 by W. H. & L. Collingridge Limited,
between:-

  • Stage 1 - Garden Style Index Gallery (in this Table) and Stage 1 Fragrant Plants (in Table on left), then
  • Stage 2 - 3 Infill Plants Index Galleries (in Table on right), then
  • Stage 3a - All Plants Index Gallery with each plant species in its own Plant Type Page followed by choice from Stage 4a, 4b, 4c and/or 4d REMEMBERING THE CONSTRAINTS ON THE SELECTION FROM THE CHOICES MADE IN STAGES 1 AND 2 (in this Table)
  • Stage 3b - All2 Plants Index Gallery for Alpines without a Garden for your health and productivity (in this Table)
  • Stage 4a - 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery (in Table on right)
  • Stage 4b - 12 Foliage Colours per Month Index Gallery (in Table on right) with
    column for Deciduous / Herbaceous plants with the same foliage colour during their growing season and
    column for Evergreen plants with the same foliage colour during the entire year
  • Stage 4c - Cultivation, Position, Use Index Gallery (in Table on left)
  • Stage 4d - Shape, Form Index Gallery (in Table on left)

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY
It would be useful if when you decide to change your garden that you use a uniform garden style throughout your garden and the GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY aims to provide pointers.
The new pages (April 2016) in the gallery will have a suitable list of plants on each page (as that plant gets further detailed in the ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY), then each row containing that plant name in the GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY will also be updated. I aim to input details of plants starting with A in alphabetical order to Z.

Private Garden Design:-
What is your Budget and What are the purposes for your garden?
Designing for a purpose: Areas which require answers before answering your Designing for a Purpose Questionaire.
Then, do the Site Survey with Photographs, before putting the Current Garden Design on paper or in your computer.
Using the Broad Design elements of Scale, which Garden Style to use:-
Low Maintenance Garden Style, Cottage Garden Style, Wildlife Garden Style or Japanese Garden Style and the
Hard and Soft Landscaping elements, create the Broad Proposed Design. Then, the Detailed Design of each Hard Landscaping item followed by the Soft Landscaping elements: The Soil, changing the Microclimate; and the
Plant Selection is influenced by the Colour Wheel, with Plant Quantities determined by time to establish versus width between plants and Companion Planting will provide helpful neighbouring plants
or
Click on text in cells below to jump to that page describing that data
.

 


Container

Gardening at my work-place

 

<----

 

Yes
|
v


Do you want to garden and grow plants?

 

No

Cannot be bothered.
If you wish to improve your productivity and health, then, plant an Alpine Pan in your work area or at home using the information within Alpines without a Garden by Lawrence D. Hills, using these pages:-


Potted
House-plant


<----
|
|
v


No
Garden

At Home with Gard-ening Area


Yes


---->

Balcony Garden or Roof Garden


Yes
---->

Grow flowers for flower arranging and vegetables on Balcony Garden or Roof Garden

Pan Plant Back-grou-nd Colour

STAGE 3b
ALL2 PLANTS INDEX GALLERY

|
v


Conservatory Gardening

|
<--
|

 

|
No
-->

Outside Garden
|
v

Pan, Trough and Window-Box Odds and Sods
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14,
15

The beginner's dozen for the small pan

Plants for the pan gar-den


Stovehouse for Tropical Plants

|
<--

An extra dozen for the larger pan

Kinds of Pan Plants that may be split up and tucked in Corners and Crevices

|
|
v

Miniature trees and shrubs for pan

The leafy soil pan

The gritty soil pan

The Limy Soil Plan

Blue Flower Colour Pan Plants

Lilac, Violet and Purple Flower Colour Pan Plants

Reds, Carm-ines Flower Colour Pan Plants

Pinks Flower Colour Pan Plants

White Flower Colour Pan Plants and Bicol-ored

Yellow Flower Colour Pan Plants

Blue Flower Colour Trough Plants

Violet, Lilac and Purple Flower Colour Trough Plants

|
|
v

Reds and Carm-ines Flower Colour Trough Plants

Pinks - all shades Flower Colour Trough Plants

Yellow Flower Colour Trough Plants

White and Cream Flower Colour Trough Plants

Bi-colour-ed Flower Colour Trough Plants

Feb Flower Season Pan

Mar Flower Season Pan

Apr Flower Season Pan

May Flower Season Pan

Jun Flower Season Pan

Jul Flower Season Pan

Aug Flower Season Pan

Sep Flower Season Pan

|
|
v

Oct Flower Season Pan

Nov Flower Season Pan

Pans for Semi-shade

Pans for In-doors

Mini-ature Pot

Feb Flower Season Trough

Mar Flower Season Trough

Apr Flower Season Trough

May Flower Season Trough

Jun Flower Season Trough

Jul Flower Season Trough

Aug Flower Season Trough

Sep Flower Season Trough

|
|
v

Oct Flower Season Trough

Nov Flower Season Trough

Dec Flower Season Trough

Bulb Pan

Bulb Cover-ing Carp-eters

Trough and Window-box plants 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Trough and Window-Box Background Colour

Pan Plant
Alpines without a Garden

ABC 1
Pan Plants

DEF 1
Pan Plants

GHI
Pan Plants

JKL 1
Pan Plants

|
|
v

MNO 1
Pan Plants

PQR 1
Pan Plants

STU 1
Pan Plants

V 1
Pan Plants

WXYZ 1
Pan Plants

You need to know the following:-
1. How much time per week are you prepared to look after your garden or prepared to pay someone else to do it for you?
2. How much are you are prepared to spend on creating your garden and then on its maintenance for its feeding and replacement of its plants and hard landscaping?
3. In order for you to go into your garden, there must be mystery in it, so that from any position in the house you cannot see all the garden, otherwise you will not be tempted to go out into it.
4. You must decide what garden style you are going to use THROUGHOUT the garden and make sure of using 3. the mystery in it as well.
5. What plants do you want to keep in your existing garden and incorporate into your new garden?
6. What Human Problems do you have and what Site Problems are there?

A) Bee Pollinated Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers List leads onto the
B) Bee Pollinated Bloom in Month galleries and
C) extra Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers.


<----

Human Prob-lems
v


---->

Blind,
Deaf,
in a Wheelchair, or
you cannot bend easily

 

 

 

Garden Style, which takes into account the Human Problems above

 

 

Classic Mixed Style


<----

Cottage Garden Style


<----

.
v


---->

Naturalistic Style

Formal English Garden

 

Mediterranean Style


<----

Meadow and Corn-field


<----

.
.
v


---->

Paving and Gravel inland,
Coastal Conditions near the sea, Seashore with shingle/sand

 

 

 

 

Problem Sites within your chosen Garden Style from the above

 

 

Exposure to Wind


<----

Excess Shade


<----

Exce-ssively Dry Shade


<----


<----

.
.
.
.
.
v


---->

Exce-ssively Hot, Sunny and Dry Site is suitable for Drought Resistant Plants

Excessively Wet Soil - especially when caused by poor drainage

Control of Pests (Aphids, Rabbits, Deer, Mice, Mole, Snails) / Disease by Companion Planting in Garden

Whether your Heavy Clay or Light Sandy / Chalk Soil is excessively Alkaline (limy) / Acidic or not, then there is an Action Plan for you to do with your soil, which will improve its texture to make its structure into a productive soil instead of it returning to being just sand, chalk, silt or clay.


<----

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
v


---->

Problems caused by builders:- 1. Lack of soil on top of builders rubble in garden of just built house.
2. Clay soil of Garden slopes towards house with no drainage of this rainwater by the house wall.

In planning your beds for your garden, before the vertical hard-landscaping framework and the vertical speciman planting is inserted into your soft landscaping plan, the following is useful to consider:-
1. The ground plan usually depends upon 1 or more unalterable existing features. The position of the doors of the house will dictate the positions of paths, the shortest route to the kitchen may indicate the best place for a paved area for eating and drinking out of doors, or the kept trees/shrubs may indicate what garden style is used.
2. Rules of Proportion -
A. A border should be roughly 1/2 as wide as the hedge or wall behind it.
B. The proportion of planted areas to paved or turfed areas should be 1/3 to 2/3, or a 1/4 to 3/4, not 1/2 and 1/2.
C. Within a bed or border, unless a 2-dimensional pattern on the ground is the objective, the height and bulk of the plants should be varied to avoid monotony; it is particularly important to provide strong planting, in terms of either height or bulk or both, at either end of a long bed.
D. The ground surface provides a background to the plants that is as important as the hedges, walls or fences that surround it. Grass is perhaps the most satisfying carpet to use, the cool green forming a restful antidote to the dancing colours of the flowers. Use different coloured pea-shingle inside Cedar Gravel for people in wheelchairs, or infirm in their legs or who suffer from Hay Fever.

Reasons for stopping infilling of Sense of Fragrance section on 28/07/2016 at end of Sense of Fragrance from Stephen Lacey Page. From September 2017 will be creating the following new pages on Sense of Fragrance using Scented Flora of the World by Roy Genders.
ISBN 0 7090 5440 8:-

 

 

 

|
v

 

 

 

 

 

After you have selected your vertical hard-landscaping framework and the vertical speciman plants for each bed or border, you will need to infill with plants taking the following into account:-

 

 

 

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark 1, 2, 3
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil 1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil 1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Sandy Soil 1
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves 1, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves 1, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit 1, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers 1, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants 1, 2
Scented Aquatic Plants.
Plants with Scented Fruits.
Plants with Scented Roots 1, 2
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood.
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums.
Scented Cacti and Succulents.
Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell 1, 2

Flower Perfume Group:-
Miscellaneous Group with scents - Balm, Brandy, Cedar, Cloying, Cowslip, Cucumber, Damask Rose, Daphne, Exotic, Freesia, Fur-like, Gardenia, Hay-like, Heliotrope, Honeysuckle, Hops, Hyacinth, Incense-like, Jasmine, Laburnham, Lilac, Lily of the Valley, Meadowsweet, Mignonette, Mint, Mossy, Muscat, Muscatel, Myrtle-like, Newly Mown Hay, Nutmeg, Piercing, Primrose, Pungent, Resinous, Sandalwood, Sassafras, Seductive, Slight, Soft, Stephanotis, Sulphur, Starch, Sweet, Sweet-briar, Tea-rose, Treacle and Very Sweet.

Flower Perfume Group:-
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group with scent - Hawthorn.
Heavy Group with scents -
Jonquil and
Lily.
Aromatic Group with scents - Almond,
Aniseed, Balsamic,
Carnation, Cinnamon, Clove,
Spicy and
Vanilla.
Violet Group.
Rose Group.
Lemon Group with scent -
Verbena.
Fruit-scented Group with scents -
Apricot,
Fruity,
Green Apple,
Orange, Pineapple,
Ripe Apple , Ripe Banana and
Ripe Plum.
 

Flower Perfume Group:-
Animal-scented Group with scents -
Cat,
Dog,
Ferret,
Fox,
Goat,
Human Perspiration,
Musk,
Ripe Apple and
Tom Cat.
Honey Group.
Unpleasant Smell Group with scents -
Animal,
Fetid,
Fishy,
Foxy,
Fur-like,
Garlic,
Hemlock,
Manure,
Nauseating,
Perspiration,
Petrol,
Putrid,
Rancid,
Sickly,
Skunk,
Stale Lint
Sulphur and
Urinous,

Leaf Perfume Group:-
Turpentine Group.
Camphor and Eucalyptus Group.
Mint Group.
Sulphur Group.
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group.
Heavy Group.
Aromatic Group.
Violet Group.
Rose Group.
Lemon Group.
Fruit-scented Group.
Animal-scented Group.
Honey Group.

Scent of Wood, Bark and Roots Group:-
Aromatic Group.
Turpentine Group.
Rose Group.
Violet Group.
Stale Perspiration Group.

 

Scent of Fungi Group:-
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group.
Sulphur Group.
Aromatic Group.
Rose Group.
Violet Group.
Fruit Group.
Animal Group.
Honey Group

Sense of Sight

Emotion of
Hot /Cool; Calm / Agitated

Emotion of
Low-key / High Key


<----

.
.
.
v

Emotion of
Inviting
/ Forbidding

Emotion of Intellectual versus Emotional

Sense of Touch

Sense of Taste

Sense of Sound

 

 

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 for
lists of plants of 1 plant type for 1 cultivation requirement is in Table on right

 

 

 

STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY
Click on Blue or underlined text to jump to page comparing flower thumbnails of that blue colour in the
Other Plant Photo Galleries. RedPP is Red, Pink, Purple and Other is Unusual or Other Flower Colour.

Plant Type
with links to Other Plant Photo Galleries

ABC

DEF

GHI

JKL

MNO

PQR

STU

VWX

YZ

Alpine in Evergreen Perennial,
Herbaceous Perennial and Rock Garden

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Aquatic

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Annual/ Biennial

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Bamboo

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Bedding, 25
RHS Mixed Border Beds 75 and
Flower Shape, Flower Colour and Bedding Plant Use

1

Blue

1

Green

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

Purple

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Bicolour

Other Flower Colours

White / Colour Bicolour

Bulb, 746 with Use, Flower Colour/Shape of
Allium / Anemone, Colchicum / Crocus, Dahlia, Gladiolus, Narcissus and Tulip

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Climber 71 Clematis, 58 other Climbers with Use, Flower Colour and Shape

1

Blue

1

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Conifer

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Deciduous Shrub 43 with Use and Flower Colour

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Deciduous Tree

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Evergreen Perennial 104 with Use, Flower Colour, Flower Shape and Number of Petals

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Evergreen Shrub 46, Semi-Evergreen Shrub and Heather 74 with Use and Flower Colour

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Evergreen Tree

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Fern with 706 ferns
within 21 types and 41 uses

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Grass

1

1

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

Herbaceous Perennial 91,
RHS Mixed Border Beds 176 and
Peonies 46 with Flower Colour/Shape

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Herb

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Odds and Sods

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Rhododendron, Azalea, Camellia

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Rose with 720 roses within Flower Colour, Flower Shape, Rose Petal Count and Rose Use

1

1

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

 

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Soft Fruit

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Sub-Shrub

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Top Fruit

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Vegetable

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Wildflower 1918 with
Plants used by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterflies in the UK
I am inserting the plants described in Sanders' Encyclopedia of Gardening into STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY

1

Blue

1

Green

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

Red

1

Purple

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Multi-colour

Cream

Mauve

Brown

Shrub and Small Tree

Botanical Names Page

Common Names Page

Finally, you might be advised to check that the adjacent plants to the one you have chosen for that position in a flower bed are suitable; by checking the entry in Companion Planting - like clicking A page for checking Abies - and Pest Control page if you have a pest to control in this part of the flower bed.
Companion Planting
- A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z
Pest Control using Plants

 

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY
The planning a Rose Garden chapter from Rose Gardens by Jane Fearnley-Whitingstall ISBN 0 7011 3344 9 and
Plant Solutions by Nigel Colborn provides information for this gallery.

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 Reference books for these galleries in Table on left

STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY
In addition to these 10 galleries, there are links to the Other Plant Photo Galleries in the table above like Bulb , which have plant descriptions accessed by clicking a flower thumbnail in its flower comparison page. Click the respective flower colour - like Green - to change page to that flower colour comparison page. Then, you can also choose these other plants.
It will also state the Plant Combinations for each plant from The Ulimate Visual Guide to Successful Plant Harmony - The Encyclopedia of Planting Combinations by Tony Lord ISBN 1-55209-623-8

STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY
Some extra details about the Cultivation Requirements of Plant:- Outdoor /Garden Cultivation, Indoor / House Cultivation, Cool Green-house Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter, Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year, and Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

Since 2006, I have requested photos etc from the Mail-Order Nurseries in the UK and later from the rest of the World. Few nurseries have responded.
I worked for a lady, who with her husband took 35 mm slides of plants in the 1960's and 1970's. She allowed me to digitise some of her Kodachrome slides, which I have used in my website. I discovered that at least the green colour of the foliage became very much darker over that period of years to 2008, by comparing wildflower photos from her slides with digital photos supplied by a current Wildflower mail-order nursery, so I stopped creating my Foliage Galleries.
I bought myself a camera some years ago and started taking photos, some of which have been put into the website. I started taking photos of the Heathers at the Royal Horticultural Society at Wisley garden. I have displayed the Heathers foliage in closeup since their leaves are 2mm long and in macro-scale in the Heather Galleries - sometimes the foliage colour at the terminal end of the foliage stem is only a few leaves, whereas others have the same foliage colour throughout the stem. I discovered that some of the heathers did not have the correct plant label, since the flower colour did not correspond with the flower colour in the literature. I was informed that since kids have free rein, that perhaps they move the plant labels. Since, I cannot rely that the heather plant label next to the heather plant is valid, I have stopped taking photos of those heathers.
This leaves a small problem, especially since very few gardens open to the public have their plants labelled so that the public can use the data on their label to buy that named plant from a nursery or garden centre. Currently (June 2018) I insert photos from Wikimedia Commons as well as my own.
I have found the above book - which does not contain any colour plant photos. Since it had the following experts help in creating it, I have decided to use its information in these 10 galleries to help the public:-

  • T.W. Sanders Editor of Amateur Gardening in 1895.
  • A.J Macself Editor of Amateur Gardening in 1926 - both Sanders and Macself had worked entirely to the handlists published by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • A.G.L. Hellyer in this work of revision and also in checking the all-important cultural notes sought the help of experts in the various classes of plant:-
    • Mr S.A. Pearce, Assistant Curator at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew undertook the revision of those genera of plants which in this country are mainly grown under glass.
    • Mr Will Ingwersen dealt with the Rock plants,
    • Mr N. Catchpole made himself responsible for trees and shrubs;
    • Mr G.A Phillips for herbaceous plants,
    • Mrs Francis Perry for water plants,
    • Mr A.J. Macself for ferns,
    • Mr E. Cooper for orchids,
    • Mr J.S Dakers for annuals,
    • Miss Doreen Crowther for fruit and vegetables

with the aid of further information from other books, magazines and cross-checking on the internet.
In this edition of the book Sander's Encyclopaedia, the individual soil mixtures to grow plants have been retained, for it was considered that many gardeners might still wish to use them in certain circumstances. The John Innes mixtures may be substituted wherever desired. Details of these individual mixtures will be put into these galleries.