Ivydene Gardens Stage 2 - Infill2 Plants Index Gallery:
Alpine - Alpines and Walls (For Dry Sunny Walls) Page 1 of 2

Ivydene Gardens Stage 2 - Infill2 Plants Index Gallery:
Alpine - Alpines and Walls (For Dry Sunny Walls) - Page 1

Botanical Plant Name

with link to
UK or
European Union
mail-order supplier for you to contact to buy this plant

Flower Colour

Sun Aspect of Full Sun,
Part Shade, Full Shade

with link to external website for photo/data

Flowering Months

with row in each month that it flowers in that colour in
STAGE 4A
12 BLOOM COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY
/

with link to
USA or
Canada
mail-order supplier

Height with Spacings or Width (W) in inches (cms)

1 inch =
2.5 cms
12 inches = 30 cms
40 inches = 100 cms

Foliage Colour


with row in relevant pages that it has foliage of that colour in
STAGE 4B
12 FOLIAGE COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY

or
Background Colour nearest to middle-aged leaf colour from 212 foliage colours /

followed by
Soil Moisture:-
Dry,
Moist,
Wet

with link to Australia or New Zealand mail-order supplier

 

with data for rows in
STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY and
STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Pages

Plant Type is:-

A for Aquatic
Ann for Annual / Biennial
Ba for Bamboo
Bu for Bulb
Cl for Climber
Co for Conifer
F for Fern
G for Grass
H for Herb
P for Perennial
Rh for Rhodo-dendron, Azalea, Camellia
Ro for Rose
Sh for Shrub
So for Soft Fruit
To for Top Fruit
Tr for Tree
V for Vegetable
W for Wildflower

followed by:-
E for Evergreen,
D for Deciduous,
H for Herbaceous,
Alpine for being an Alpine as well as being 1 of above Plant Type /

 
Acid for Acidic,
Alk for Alkaline,
Any for AnySoil
 

with links to
STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES
1
, 2, 3
and
STAGE 3
ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERIES
1
, 2
pages
 

Comments

A plant of first-class merit, suggested as 'First Choices'

Adjacent Planting

Plant Associations

It is sad to reflect that in England so few gardens open to the public label their plants or label them so that the label is visible when that plant is in flower, so that visitors can identify; and then later locate and purchase that plant.

Few mail-order nurseries provide the detail as shown in my rose or heather galleries.

If you want to sell a product, it is best to display it. When I sold my Transit van, I removed its signage, cleaned it and took photos of the inside and outside before putting them onto an advert in Autotrader amongst more than 2000 other Transit vans - it was sold in 20 minutes.

If mail-order nurseries could put photos to the same complexity from start of the year to its end with the different foliage colours and stages of flowering on Wikimedia Commons, then the world could view the plant before buying it, and idiots like me would have valid material to work with.

I have been in the trade (until ill health forced my Sole Trader retirement in 2013) working in designing, constructing and maintaining private gardens for decades and since 2005 when this site was started, I have asked any nursery in the world to supply photos. R.V. Roger in Yorkshire allowed me to use his photos from his website in 2007 and when I got a camera to spend 5 days in July 2014 at my expense taking photos of his roses growing in his nursery field, whilst his staff was propagating them. I gave him a copy of those photos.

 

Botanical Plant Name

Exposure

Flower Colour and
Flowering Months

Height in inches (cms)

1 inch =
2.5 cms
12 inches = 30 cms
40 inches = 100 cms

Soil Preference

 

 

 

 

 

Alpines for Dry Sunny Walls

Achillea argentea (Achillea clavennae)

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The Achilleas are an easy race for full sun and starvation. Increase by soft cuttings between June and September, ready for planting or sale in about 2 months. Also division March or April, or September, direct planting in spring, potting autumn.

Mat-forming, easily grown, silvery-grey evergreen perennials, needing full sun and good drainage.

There are other achillea used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

Achillea clavennae is found in the southern and eastern Alps and in some Balkan mountains at heights of between 5,000 feet and 8,000 feet.

Aethionema

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Aeithionema warleyense 'Warley Rose' hybrid and the greatly improved sport, 'Marvis Holmes', are best increased increased by soft cuttings of non-flowering wood from June onwards. Removal of dead flowers increases cutting production. Insert standard frame, pot as soon as rooted normal soil, 3 in a pot for big plants, stop when established, ready for planting spring. Alternative method, cuttings 1.5 inches (3.75 cms) long old wood just after flowering, with young shoots on them, insert pan normal soil covered 0.25 inches (6 mm) sand, ready to pot September. Can be rooted in winter in heated frame. A. 'Mavis Holmes' is best done this way, A. armenum, the original species, can be raised from seed in March, but the above are sterile hybrids and do not set seed.

There are other aethionema used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

Sub-shrubby perennials for well-drained soil and sunny positions, scree, crevice or wall.
A. grandiflorum. 10 inches (25 cms) high. Branching and bushy, greyish-blue leaves, sprays of rose-pink flowers, May-July. Propagated easily from seed, or heeled cuttings in July.

A. coridifolium 'Warley Rose'. 6 inches (15 cms) high. Compact, low-growing, covered with rose-pink flowers, April-June. Propagated by heeled cuttings in July.

A. schistosum. 5 inches (12.5 cms) high. aLow-growing, large pink flowers, June. Propagated from seed, or by heeled cuttings in July.

aethionemacforarmenumwarleyrosewikimediacommons

Aethionema armenum 'Warley Rose'. By Ghislain118 http://www.fleurs-des-montagnes.net via Wikimedia Commons.

Allium narcissifolium

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Seed gathered September store until February, ready to pot April. Plant bulbs September. May to flower the following year.

"In the Maritime Alps were the endemics Potentilla valderia, Viola valderia, Micromeria marginata, Veronica allionii, Leucanthemum discoideum, and the lovely Allium narcissiflorum. " from Greentours (Natural History Holidays who also cover tours on the Alpine Garden Society).

6-12 inches (15-30 cms) high. Bright rose, bell-shaped flowers in umbels, July. Propagated by offsets.

There are other allium used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

alliumcfornarcissiflorumwikimediacommons

Allium narcissiflorum, a photography originating of the internet site http://sophy.u-3mrs.fr/. The accord of the autor, H. Brisse, is here. By Accord H. Brisse via Wikimedia Commons.

Allium neapolitanum

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Sow seed when ripe in September, ready to pot April., can be planted May while the bulbs are still growing to flower the same year, the heads will be small, but this will not prejudice the display the following year.

Allium neapolitanum, height 40cm (16"). Supplied as bulb size 4/5

Allium is an ancient name for garlic, once known as much for their medical and aphrodisiac qualities as for their flavour. Often seen in RHS Show Gardens, we think that no garden should be without an Allium. Lots of small perfectly formed star shaped flowers create large balls of colour that appear to float above other garden perennials. Excellent as cut flowers and perfect planted in containers as a statement piece too! Hardy bulbous perennials.

alliumcflosneapolitanumwikimediacommons

Allium neapolitanum in Tze'elim stream, Negev desert, Israel. By Ester Inbar, available from http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:ST., via Wikimedia Commons

Alyssum

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Alyssum saxatile. Sow August, pot end September, ready to plant spring, nurserymen who have a sale for this common easy species advised to sow again in February or April, for autumn trade, it gets big and woody in a pot. Cuttings dry frame July-August.

Alyssum saxatile citrinum. Increase as above.

Alyssum spinosum. Seed sown August, makes a plant by following September. Not so easy to germinate, but seeds itself freely, dig up seedlings and pot September if damage to roots is avoided, will make plants by spring.

Alyssum spinosum roseum. As above.

There are other alyssum used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

Perennial herbs, growing easily in full sun, ordinary well-drained soil. Prpagated by seeds or heeled cuttings in July-August.
Alyssum saxatile. 6-9 inches (15-22.5 cms) high. Hoary grey-green foliage, golden-yellow flowers, April-May; and even better in its varieties
citrinum, lemon-yellow flowering,
compactum, close-growing, yellow flowers; and
plenum, double flowers, very bright yellow.

alyssumcflosmontanumwoodcottagenursery
Photo of Alyssum montanum Mountain Gold from Wood Cottage Nursery

Antennaria dioica 'Rosea'

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Grey-leaved with deep rose-pink flowers in June,
Antennaria dioica 'Rosea' goes well with thymes, forming a close mat of foliage and not exceeding 3 inches (7.5 cms) high; with it may be added.

Antennaria dioica minima. Divide March or August, plant direct any soil. This is the smallest and best of a race of tough carpeters, from Northern Europe and North America.

A. dioica and A. dioica rosea, propagate as above.

A. dioica, 2 inches (5 cms), high. Grey-leaved carpeter, ordinary soils, chiefly valued for alpine meadow or in paving; greenish flowers, June;
variety rosea is a better rose-pink flowering form;
minima, an exquisite dwarf of 1 inch (2.5 cms), making a dense carpet.

Hall Farm Nursery - The plants sold at the nursery are all propagated and cared for on site, using traditional methods and our own peat free high quality compost:-
In May 2010 we staged an exhibit at the Chelsea Flower Show, for Riding for the Disabled Association, who were celebrating their 40th anniversary. Our exhibit was inspired by the Riding for the Disabled poem 'I saw a child' which tells of a child who can't walk, riding through a field of daises. We had a wonderful wire sculpture made by Rupert Till, himself a regular Chelsea exhibitor. The pony and rider sculpture was set in a field of daises, surrounded by a hedgebank brimming with buttercups, cow parsley, foxgloves and ox-eye daisies."

antennariacfordioicaroseawikimediacommons

Antennaria dioica 'Rosea'. By Ghislain118 http://www.fleurs-des-montagnes.net via Wikimedia Commons.

Anthyllis montana

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Heel cuttings normal frame in June, July or August. Pot limy soil, ready to plant spring or September. Soft cuttings without a heel can also be used but they do not root as well. Seed rarely set, when it is, sow in February or March, and pot as soon as the cotyledons are open, the plant has a tap root that resents disturbance.

A. montana atrorubens. As above, but a better plant.

There are other anthyllis used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery. Anthyllis montana syn. Vulneraria montana Scopoli (mountain kidney vetch) is a species of flowering plant native to the mountains of Southern Europe and parts of the Alps. Growing to 30 cm (12 in) tall by 60 cm (24 in) broad, it is a clump-forming, woody-based perennial. The leaves are divided into numerous fern-like leaflets, and the white, pink or purple clover-like flower-heads are borne in Spring and Summer.

anthylliscflosmontanawarleyrosewikimediacommons

Anthyllis montana. Near Roc de Galliner, in l'Alzina d'Alinyà (Alt Urgell-Catalunya). To 1.380 m. altitude. By Isidre blanc via Wikimedia Commons.

Arabis albida 'Rosabella' (Alpine rock-cress is a member of the Wildflower Family Crucifer/ Cabbage, Arabis caucasica 'Rosabella')

Supplier in UK - Garden-centre.org: The complete online UK gardening resource.
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Full Sun

Soft-Pink
Mar-May

4 (10)

well-drained

 

A genus of easily grown and floriferous herbs, some alpine, and little trouble in ordinary well-drained soil, sun or shade. Easily propagated by stem cuttings taken in August.

Compact, greyish tufted foliage, soft-pink flowers.

Stem-rooting divisions September to December or March. Plant or pot direct. Also cuttings with heel or old wood at base July.

There are other arabis used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

 

Artemisia lanata

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Increase by cuttings June to August in dry frame, pot normal soil, stop when established, ready to plant September or spring.

Species to which this applies: A.Baumgarteni, A. lanata and (both heel cuttings, others normal soft wood), A. maritima, A. pedemontana, A. rupestris, A. splendens, A. Stelleriana, A. vallesiaca.

1-2 inches (2.5 to 5 cms) high. Small tufted shrub, silver-grey mat of foliage, easily grown in well-drained soil, sun or partial shade. Propagated by division, September.

There are other artemesia used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

 

Aubrieta in variety

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Full Sun

Apr-Jul

6 (15)

average

 

For alpine gardening, chiefly confined to hybrid forms of Aubretia deltoides. Excellent for spring colour, easily grown in well-drained soils, with lime, full sun. Too overwhelming for sink and small rock gardens. Elswhere should be kept within bounds by trimming after flowering. Propagated by cuttings, July; heeled cuttings or division, September-October. Some selected colours:-

Aubretia deltoidea. Many hybrids including doubles. Pot or plant direct, stem-rooting divisions between August and October. Cuttings Aug-Sep. Seed March. Requires lime in soil to keep the colour at its best, and cutting back after flowering to prevent straggly growth.

aubrietacflosgraceawoodcottagenursery1
Photo of Aubrieta 'Gracea' from Wood Cottage Nursery

Calamintha grandiflora

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Full Sun,
Part Shade

Rose-purple
Jun-Sep

10 (25)

average

P

A good plant for dry, sunny spots, rose-purple flowers from June-September. Propagated by division, April, or cuttings, July.

Soft cuttings May and June, normal frame. Stop plants when established, ready to plant September or spring. Seed also January, but also from division in April.

 

calaminthacflosgrandifloraelfinpurplewoodcottagenursery
Photo of Calamintha grandiflora 'Elfin Purple' from Wood Cottage Nursery

Campanula garganica (Adriatic Bellflower)

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Full Sun,
Part Shade

Blue
Jun-Aug

4 (10)

limy

 

Starry blue flowers, June-August. Good varieties are
'Fenestrellata', lilac-blue;
'W.H. Paine', 3 inches (7.5 cms) high, deep blue with white eye; 'G.F. Wilson', 6 inches (15 cms) high, violet-blue.
Propagated by cuttings, August.

Division September, plant direct. Soft cuttings March, make plants for autumn planting. Seed March, but rarely true.

See Campanula garganica for further details and photos.

There are other campanula used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

campanulacflosgarganicawikimediacommons

Campanula garganica, Gradignan, Gironde, France, jardin. By Jean-Jacques MILAN via Wikimedia Commons.

Cerastium alpinum v. lanatum (Cerastium alpinum var. nevadense, Woolly Snow-in-summer, Alpine mouse ear)

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Divide in July. Pot or plant direct normal soil. Cuttings in dry frame August. A non-invasive scree plant, the only Cerastium worth growing.

A very low and slow-growing alpine plant, forming a carpet of fuzzy silver-grey leaves with short stems of starry white flowers, which appear in late spring and early summer. It does best in the rock garden or in a gravel scree or alpine trough garden where it does best in a hanging position.

There is further detail on this plant in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

cerastiumcforalpinumlanatumwikimediacommons

Cerastium alpinum ssp lanatum 2.JPG - Cerastium alpinum var. nevadense. By Ghislain118 http://www.fleurs-des-montagnes.net via Wikimedia Commons.

Corydalis ochroleuca

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Corydalis ochroleuca 

Native to rocky woods and naturalized on old walls in Europe, this is one of the most beautiful foil plants for a shady garden. The lacy bluish green foliage and creamy white flowers with green lips and yellow throats add a delicate touch to crevices or walls. For more brightness, we combine this almost year-round bloomer with Campanula ‘Blue Waterfall’ and Brunnera ‘Silver Wings’.

Blooms June–October.

Size: 18" high x 18" wide; hardy to zone 5.

 

There is another corydalis used as an alpine in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

corydaliscforochroleucawikimediacommons

Corydalis ochroleuca - Pseudofumaria alba . By Kurt Stüber via Wikimedia Commons.

Dianthus

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Dianthus alpinus and D. alpinus albus. Soft wood cuttings June and July, normal frame, pot limy soil, ready to plant spring. Division September, potting similar soil. Seed February, ready to plant by September. Easy from seed, but rarely true.

Dianthus barbatus Atkinsonii. This striking hybrid, like all Dianthus with Sweet William blood (shown by wide green leaves with a red-brown tint on the underside) is inclined to flower itself to death in a blaze of colour. The only way to keep a stock is to grow stock plants separately, prevented from flowering by removing the buds. Insert cuttings in normal frame, in July or August, pot leafy soil, and stop when established. A few plants under these conditions will produce a stock to replace those which die out each year under normal conditions. A better soil than the standard alpine mixture is one part tufa dust, one part each sand and loam, and three parts peat or leafmould, or normal leafy mixture; either will produce great quantities of cuttings.

Dianthus all like well-drained soil, usually limy, and sun.

Gardening with Alpines by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club. Published in 1962. This has just over a page describing suitable dianthus for alpine gardening.

There are other Dianthus suitable for alpine gardening described in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery.

 

How to Grow and Care for the Dianthus Flower in Containers from Balcony Container Gardening

dianthuscfloslittlemaidenwoodcottagenursery
Photo of Dianthus 'Little Maiden' from Wood Cottage Nursery

Draba

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D. aizoides. Divide March or April, small offsets, ready to plant in 8 to 12 weeks, pot gritty soil. Soft cuttings July or August inserted pans in normal frame, ready to plant by late spring. Seed also sown April, gritty soil, ready to plant by following spring.

D. Bertolonii and D. bruniifolia. Increase as above.

D. bryoides imbricata. Divide July, pot gritty soil, small offsets best single, ready to plant late spring, or following autumn. Cuttings as above in August, seed if set in February.

D. Suendermannii. Increase as above.

There are other Draba suitable for alpine gardening described in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery.

A large genus, but only a few are easily grown and worthwhile, liking full sun, gritty or sandy soil, and being propagated basal cuttings of rosettes, August.

D. dedeana, 1-2 inches (2.5 - 5 cms) high. Cushions of dense rosettes of leaves, with large white flowers, April-May. Scree.

D. rigida, 3 inches (7.5 cms) high. Tufted, cushions of stiff green foliage, with large golden-yellow flowers, April-May.

D. x salomonii, 1-2 inches (2.5-5 cms|) high. Like D. dedeana but yellow-flowering.

drabacforazoideswikimediacommons

Draba azoides. By Tigerente via Wikimedia Commons.

Edraianthus graminifolius

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Sow February, gritty soil, pot limy soil by about May, and grow in semi-shaded frame through summer, plant spring. Do not allow to flower the first summer. Cuttings June to August, non-flowering wood, but easiest from seed.

There are other edraianthus used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

6 inches (15 cms) high. Tufted, purple flowers, bell-shaped, May-July; with several forms. This bellflower relative is a rock garden plant that is also suitable for growing on the top of a wall or in an alpine trough. It makes low tufts of narrow, grass-like leaves, with short prostrate stems holding clusters or balls of violet-blue bells in early summer. This lovely effect resembles a mound of grass surrounded by a ring of flowers.

edraianthuscflosgraminifoliuswikimediacommons

Edraianthus graminifolius. By Ghislain118 http://www.fleurs-des-montagnes.net via Wikimedia Commons.

Erinus alpinus and varieties

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Purplish-pink

6 (15)

 

P Semi-evergreen

The Erinus are a race of easy sun-loving species which can be grown as annuals, but are more perennial grown edgeways in crevices and on the wall garden, where they may be sown direct by scattering the seed where they are required. The hybrids come true from seed from any good seedsman, where several are grown there may be varation but these are equally charming. Sow January normal soil, prick out when large enough to handle into boxes, pot if desired, ready to plant April or May. Can be put out direct from boxes for crevice planting.

Erinus are tufted perennial alpines, with attractive green foliage, easily grown, and happy in hot, dry spots, thin soils, and on walls. Propagated best by cuttings, as the coloured forms are considered better than the species.
E. alpinus albus, 3 inches (7.5 cms) high. Sprays of white flowers, May-June.
E. a. 'Hanelle', 3 inches (7.5 cms) high, has deep carmine flowers, and
E. a. 'Mrs. Chas. Boyle', 6 inches (15 cms) high, brilliant rose-pink.

There are more details on these erinus used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

erinuscforalpinuswikimediacommons

Leberbalsam (Erinus alpinus), Schynige Platte, Kanton Bern, Schweiz. By Thomas Mathis via Wikimedia Commons.

Erigeron compositus (Alpine daisy)

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Supplier in USA - Over 200 species of containerized native plants from Western Montana including hardy native grasses, shrubs and wildflowers. We promote the use and cultivation of native plants in natural and ornamental landscapes.  Demonstration gardens at the nursery offer opportunities to see over 250 species of mature plants used in a traditional garden settings. 

 

 

 

 

 

Divide September, small offsets, normal soil, ready for planting following spring. Seed also sown February. Beware winter damp.

Perennial herbs with daisy-like flowers, needing well-drained soil, full sun. Propagated from seed, or by division in spring.
E. leiomerus. 4 inches (10 cms) high, tufted habit, blue-violet, many-rayed flowers, July-August.
E. mucronatus, 6 inches (15 cms) high, pink and white flowers, May-October. Apt to spread quickly, but good for walls.

There is another erigeron used as an alpine in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

erigeroncflocomposituswikimediacommons

Erigeron compositus

English: Cutleaf Daisy, Trifid Mountain Fleabane, with 45 ray flowers. By Walter Siegmund via Wikimedia Commons.

Erodium (Alpine Geranium)

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E. absinthiodes. Old wood cuttings from May to September, very easy normal frame and soil. Ready to plant September or Spring. Root cuttings for quantities in April.

A genus yielding alpines well suited to sunny, well-drained positions, liking lime in the soil, and propagated by seed, or basal cuttings, June-July. Gardening with Alpines (by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club. Published in 1962.) has details of 5 Erodium.

There are other erodium used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

erodiumcflosvariabilebishopsformwoodcottagenursery
Photo of Erodium x 'Variabile Bishops Form' from Wood Cottage Nursery

Geranium

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G. albanum. Divide March, plant direct. Seed sown March, ready to plant by September.

G. Endressii and G. Endressii A. T. Johnson. Increase as above, best starved in full sun as wall plants.

G. Pylzowianum. Increase as above. Seeds itself freely and can be a real weed.

G. Traversii. Increase as above, starve on a wall like G. Endressii.

The alpines of this genus flower freely, and succeed in any soil that is well-drained, and in sun. Propagated by division in spring, or by seed.
G. argenteum,
G. cinereum,
G. dalmaticum,
G. napuligerum (farreri),
G. pylzowianum,
G. sanguineum v. lancastriense and
G. wallichianum.

There are other geranium used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

geraniumcfloyoshinoiwoodcottagenursery
Photo of Geranium 'Yoshinoi' from Wood Cottage Nursery

Helianthemum (Collection of 100 named cultivars by Andrew Roberts

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All Helianthemums need stopping. All will root in the open border with large-sized cuttings well trodden in, and all are risky to propagate to excess commercially. They are rampant but colourful, good wall-plants, good space-fillers and excellent for keeping down weeds on dry banks.

There are over a hundred hybrids, in all colours but blue or purple, double and single, of H. nummularium. The ace called after Scottish mountains, the 'Bens', are among the best.

The species given below are also propagated in the same way, soft cuttings from June on, the earlier the better, ready to plant by spring.

H. alpestre, H. alpestre serpyllifolium (the one small pan-garden or small rock-garden species), H. lasianthum, H. Libanotis, H. lunulatum; increase as above.

The evergreen sub-shrubs of this genus are easy to grow, and although the flowers may individually last no more than a day, a succession is produced for several weeks in summer; their close growth helps to keep down weeds, but to prevent loss of vigour, the plants should be pruned or trimmed after flowering. All like sun, and grow in any well-drained soil, including chalk or limestone. Esily propagated by cuttings in June-July.
H. alpestre,
H. lunulatum,
H. nummularium -
'Amy Baring', 'Apricot', 'Ben Heckla', 'Ben Nevis', 'Ben Affleck', 'Ben Attow', 'Ben Dearg', 'Ben Fhada, 'Ben Hope', 'Ben Ledi', 'Ben Mohr', 'Fireball', 'Jubilee', 'Mrs. C.W. Earle', 'Rose Queen', 'The Bride', 'Wisley Primrose'

helianthemumcflosthebridewoodcottagenursery
Photo of Helianthemum 'The Bride' from Wood Cottage Nursery

Iberis (Candytuft, Iberis amara - Wild Candytuft is a member of the Wildflower Crucifer or Cabbage Family)

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Lubera Fruitful Gardening, grows and sells plants; it also has 6 pages of Inspirational Videos and 12 pages of Advice Videos, with their blog which includes The Most Important Tips For Planting Berries In Autumn.

 

 

 

 

 

I. gibraltarica. Cuttings green-wood April to August. Heel cuttings more certain. Normal frame and soil. Stop. Ready to plant spring.

I. Jordani (Iberis carnosa subsp. carnosa). Increase as above, not hardy in north UK.

I. Pruitii. As above.

I. saxatilis. Increase as above. A slow-growing species for the small rock garden.

I. semperflorens. Increase as above, but a strong bright wall shrub.

I. sempervirens. Soft cuttings June-Agust. Normal frame and soil.

The best of the species for alpine gardening are dwarf evergreen shrubs, easily grown in full sun, any good soil, flowering in spring. Propagated by cuttings, taken in May-June.
I. saxatilis, 3-6 inches (7.5-15 cms) high. Prostrate-growing, dark green, linear leaves, small heads of white flowers, March-April, needs good drainage.
I. sempervirens, 'Little Gem', 4 inches (10 cms) high. Neat bushy evergreen, flowering white, May-June.
I. crenata mariesii, 12 inches (30 cms) high. Compact, evergreen holly, with 0.25 inch (6 mm) roundish-leaves, growing 0.5 inch (1.25 cms) a year. Any well-drained soil, sun or partial shade.

There are other iberis used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

iberiscflossempervirenswoodcottagenursery
Photo of Iberis sempervirens from Wood Cottage Nursery

Lithospermum

 

 

 

 

 

Lthospermum canescens - This species is the only really difficult member of the race, mainly because of its extreme dislike of winter damp, so that it is most successfully grown purely as an annual. There is however, a thriving plant in the open at Edinburgh Botanic Gardens in 1950, where it appears to grow better than in the south.

Seed should be sown when available in peaty soil, in February, pot peaty soil, and plant when the roots are round the pot, about May. In a semi-shaded position it will flower during the first summer but will very probably die during the first winter. Those who endeavour to grow it on as an alpine-house subject should try Kew No. 2 and a pan with tufa, keeping the crowns raised and in the dry, above the level of the soil and chippings.

Provides some of the most attractive blue-flowering alpines for early summer. Full sun. Soil needs differ according to kind. Propagated by cuttings.
L. diffusum (L. prostratum, Lithodora diffusa), 6 inches (15 cms) high. Evergreen prostrate growing shrub, best in forms 'Heavenly Blue', bright blue flowers in June-July; or 'Grace Ward', deeper genetian-blue flowers and stronger growth. Both need lime-free, humus-rich soil; are excellent to grow over rock ledges, and need trimming back after flowering.
L. intermedium, see Moltkia intermedia.
L. oleifolium, 6 inches (15 cms) high. Prostrate shrub, green foliage, silky-white beneath, violet-blue flowers, June-July; needs the well-drained soil of a scree, and sun.

There is another lithospermum used as an alpine in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

lithospermumcforincisumwikimediacommons

Narrowleaf Gromwell, Narrowleaf Stoneseed, or Puccoon, Lithospermum incisum, between Borrego Mesa and Cordova, New Mexico. By JerryFriedman via Wikimedia Commons.

Penstemon with its Penstemon Website

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

 

 

 

 

 

P. Eatoni. Sow March, normal soil, pot May. Ready to plant September. A tall species up to 18 inches (45 cms) high.

P. erianthera. Increase as above.

P. glaber. Increase as above, also tall.

A genus welcoming well-drained soil and sunny hot positions, though they should not be short of water in summer. Propagated by seeds or cuttings, best taken August-September.
P. barrettae, P. menziesii, P. newberryi, P. pinifolius, P. rupicola, P. scouleri, P. x 'Six Ills', P. 'Weald Beacon'.

There are other penstemon used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

penstemoncflosmerseayellowwoodcottagenursery
Photo of Penstemon 'Mersea Yellow' from Wood Cottage Nursery

Phlox subulata varieties

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Full Sun

May

4 (10)

well-drained

 

The alpine phloxes are as essential and glorious in the rock garden as the taller ploxes are in the herbaceous border. Prostrate in habit, their dense mats of small leaves are neat and attractive, while flowering covers May-June. All like sun, well-drained soil, and are propagated by cuttings in May-July.

Soft cuttings June to September. Stop. Ready to plant spring, about February. Will root in the open from long cuttings, 3 or 4 inches (7.5 or 10 cms) of vigourously growing wood trodden in along a trench in a shady border. Esy wall plants, as coulourful as Aubretia. Non-intensive.

There are other phlox used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

Underplant trees, shrubs and tall perennials, soften path edging or cover awkward slopes and banks. If you're tired of your lawn, why not replace it with a sea of seasonal colour.

Moss-Phlox, Moss-Pink of America. Tufted mats of thin-green leaves, massed with flowers in May-June. Good varieties:
'Apple Blossom', atropurpurea,
'Betty', 'Camla', 'G.F. Wilson', 'Temiscaming', 'Vivid'
 

phloxcflosappleblossomwoodcottagenursery
Photo of Phlox 'Apple Blossom' from Wood Cottage Nursery

Phyteuma comosum (Physoplexis comosa)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

 

 

 

 

 

The other members of this race are comparatively easy but this is a test of the propagator's skill, and even after it has been successfully raised, its like is one long battle with slugs and winter damp. It is essentially an alpine-house plant.

P. comosa, 3-6 inches (7.5-15 cms) high. A remarkable dwarf with tufted, rosetted foliage, and dense clusters of Indian club-like flowers of lilac, purple-tipped. Well-drained soil, sun; in scree or rock crevices.

There are other phyteuma used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

physoplexiscfloscomosawikimediacommons

Physoplexis comosa. Place of discovery in bot. garden. By Orchi via Wikimedia Commons.

Saponaria ocymoides (Tumbling Ted, Trailing Rock Soapwort)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Pink
Full Sun

Jun-Jul

2 (5)

average

 

Mat-forming perennial with trailing stems, covered with small pink flowers, June-July. Good for hot dry places, porous soils, and full sun, to grow over rock faces or walls. Propagate by cuttings taken in July to maintain replacement stock.

There are other saponaria used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

saponariacflosocymoideswoodcottagenursery
Photo of Saponaria ocymoides from Wood Cottage Nursery

Saxifraga: Mossy, Cotyledon

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

See The Saxifrage Society with its SaxBase - online database of saxifrages.

Part Shade

Apr-May

3-6 (15-30)

average, cool

 

Mossy. Saxifrages which make moss-like, evergreen cushions or mats, with flowers, produced freely above them on stems, usually in April-June. They like part shade, and a cool root run, in good well-drained soil. The dwarf forms are good for paving, walls, and by steps. Propagated by division in August.

There are details on many saxifraga in 6 pages of Gardening with Alpines by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club. Published in 1962.

There are other saxafraga used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

Saxifraga
'Avoca Gem'
'Flowers of Sulphur'
'Elf'
'James Bremner'
'Red Admiral'
sanguinea superba
'Sir Douglas Haig'
'Winston Churchill'

Sedum

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Further details from The National Gardening Association in USA.

 

 

 

 

 

All the Sedums mentioned in the propagation of alpines by lawrence d. hills are easy from division, but all can be raised easily from soft cuttings in July and August, in the normal or dry frame, or in the open ground. Those with large leaves can be increased by laying the leaves on a pan of sand in a sunny frame, producing roots and a growing point, and short sections of stem, down to an inch (2.5 cms) long in pans of sand in a cutting frame will grow in most cases, but nursery-men should beware of overstocks. They are ideal subjects for town roof gardens, and non-attention grave-planting.

A large genus of succulents, usually easy-growing, but to be chosen with care, as some are rather rampant weeds. An open, sunny position, and porous soil, even dry, suits most kinds. Readily propagated by division in September, or by cuttings, June-July, or by seed.
S. album, 'Coral Carpet',
S. cauticola,
S. ewersii,
S. lydium,
S. spathulifoilium, and varieties purpureum and aureum
S. spurium, 'Schorbuser Blut'

There are other sedum used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

sedumcflosacreaureumwoodcottagenursery
Photo of Sedum acre 'Aureum' from Wood Cottage Nursery

Sempervivum (Houseleeks)

Supplier in UK - Mendle Nursery specialise in Sempervivum, Jovibarba and Saxifrages.
Supplier in USA

The Sempervivum Database from The National Gardening Association has 12,972 images of 2,486 sempervivum.

 

 

 

 

 

Sempervivums are increased by division in May, when they can either be planted direct or in September when they should be potted and grown through the winter in a frame with very little water. They need full sun and appreciate lime.

Planting a Sempervivum Trough.

A genus of succulents, valuable for hot, dry places, to grow in tight crevices, and bare places where little else will grow. Good for dry walls.
S. arachnoideum, S. x calcaratum, S. ciliosum, S. x 'Maltby', S. pumilum, S. schlehanii, S. tectorum.

There are other sempervivum used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

sempervivumcfolrubinwoodcottagenursery
Photo of Sempervivum 'Rubin' from Wood Cottage Nursery

Silene (Campion)

Supplier in UK - (Moss Campion is a member of Wildflower Pink Family)
Silene latifolia is a Wildflower in USA

 

 

 

 

 

Silene acaulis. Divide July, small offsets, pot gritty limy soil, ready 6 to 8 weeks. Ample water required in growing season (June-September). Cuttings June-July. Seed March or April.

The few alpines of this large genus are easily grown in well-drained, humus-rich soil and full sun. Propagated by seed, by cuttings or by division.
S. acaulis - Moss Campion,
S. schafta.

There are other silene used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

silenecflosdruettsvariegatedwoodcottagenursery
Photo of Silene 'Druetts Variegated' from Wood Cottage Nursery

The standard potting and seed-soil recipes from The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills are alongside:

Normal Alpine Soil, potting and planting
7 parts loam
4 parts peat or leafmould
3 parts sharp sand

Lime-Lover's Mixture
7 parts loam
2 parts peat
3 parts sand
2 parts mortar rubble

Peaty Mixture
7 parts peat
4 parts sand
3 parts loam

Leafy Mixture
3 parts loam
4 parts sand
7 parts leafmould

Gritty Mixture
2 parts standard alpine soil
1 part pounded slate
1 part limestone chippings

Normal Seed Soil
2 parts loam
1 part sifted peat or leafmould
1 part sharp sand

Peaty Seed Soil
2 parts sifted peat of leafmould
1 part loam
1 part sharp sand

 

Many of the species described do best in the soil mixtures used at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, they can either be used only for the particular plants for which they are recommended, or adopted in place of normal alpine soil and standard leaf-compost.

Kew No 1 seed mixture can be used for all alpine seeds other than known lime-haters, woodland species, and others requiring large quantities of humus in the early stages. It is composed of:

  • 6 parts sandy loam
  • 4 parts sifted leafmould, oak for choice
  • 2 parts sharp sand
  • 1 part crushed tufa
  • 1 part crushed flower pot

Plants raised on this mixture should be potted in Kew No. 1 potting soil:

  • 6 parts sandy loam
  • 2 parts leafmould
  • 1 part sharp sand
  • 1 part crushed pot

Kew No. 2 seed mixture is used where membership of the order Ericaceae, or the plant collector's notes, give indication of a lime-hating or woodland species:-

  • 4 parts loam (lime-free if possible)
  • 4 parts sifted leaf-mould
  • 1 part peat
  • 4 parts sharp sand
  • 2 parts crushed pot

Kew No. 2 potting soil, for seeds raised in the compost alongside, is composed of:-

  • 6 parts lime-free loam
  • 4 parts leafmould
  • 1 part peat
  • 1 part sharp sand
  • 1 part crushed pot

The crushed pot is a very valuable ingredient, as it adds the power of retaining moisture to its mechanical properties as a grit, it is smashed or ground by a machine, about as fine as a good cutting sand, that is particles from the size of a radish seed down to dust. It can also be bought from flower-pot makers, they usually sell it to firms who lay down hard tennis courts. It should not be confused with normal hard tennis court dressing which is smashed bricks, mainly under-baked, and without the necessary angular shape.

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERY 2
PAGES

Site Map

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY PAGES Links to pages in Table alongside on the left with Garden Design Topic Pages

Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines

Plant Type
 

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 with its Cultivation Requirements

Alpines for Rock Garden (See Rock Garden Plant Flowers)

Alpine Shrubs and Conifers

The Alpine Meadow
Page 1
Page 2
Page 3

The Alpine Border
1
, 2

Alpine Plants for a Purpose

The Alpines that Dislike Lime 1, 2

Alpines and Walls
Dry Sunny Walls 1a, b
Tops of Walls 2a, b
Dry Shady and Conifers 3a, b

Alpines and
Paving
1
, 2

Sink and Trough gardens
1
, 2

Aquatic
(Water Plants) for

Anti-erosion River-bank

Marginal Plants (Bog Garden Plants)
1
, 2

Oxy-genating Weeds

Water Lilies

Floating Plants

Water-side Plants
and Plants for Dry Margins next to a Pond
1
, 2

Wildlife Pond Plants

Annual for

----------------



 

 

ANY PLANT TYPE for
Cut Flowers in
January 1, 2
February
March 1, 2
April
May 1, 2
June 1, 2
July 1, 2
August
September
October
November
December

Exposed Sites

Sheltered Sites with Green-house Annuals from 1916

Extra Poor Soil with Half-Hardy Annuals from 1916

Very Rich Soil with Biennials from 1916

Gap-filling in Mixed Borders with Hardy Annuals from 1916

Patio Con-tainers

Cut Flowers
1
, 2, 3 Ever-lasting Flowers with Red Flowers from 1916

Attract-ing bene-ficial insects
1
, 2

Scent / Fra-grance with Annuals for Cool or Shady Places from 1916

Low-allergen Gardens for Hay Fever Sufferers

Annual Plant Pairing Ideas and Colour Schemes with Annuals
1
, 2

Low-Growing Annuals
1
, 2

Medium-Growing Annuals

Tall-Growing Annuals with White Flowers from 1916

Black or Brown Flowers

Blue to Purple Flowers

Green Flowers with Annuals and Biennials from 1916

Red to Pink Flowers and Cut Flowers
Page
1
, 2, 3

White Flowers
1
, 2

Yellow or Orange Flowers
1
, 2

Dec-orative Foliage

Moist Soil

Shade
1
, 2

House-plants with Yellow Flowers from 1916

Edging Beds

Hanging Baskets

Vining Annuals

 

Bedding for

Spring Bedding

Summer Bedding

Autumn/ Winter Bedding

Bedding for Light Sandy Soil

Bedding for Acid Soil

Bedding for Chalky Soil

Bedding for Clay Soil

Black Flowers

Blue Flowers

Orange Flowers

Pink Flowers

Long Flowering

Coloured Leaves

Attract-ive to Wildlife including Bees, Butterflies and Moths

Purple Flowers

Red Flowers

White Flowers

Yellow Flowers

Multi-Coloured Flowers

Aromatic Foliage or Scented Flowers

Bedding Plant Use

Flowers with 2 Petals

Flowers with 3 Petals

Flowers with
4 Petals

Flowers with 5 Petals

Flowers with 6 Petals

Flowers with more than 6 Petals

Use in Hanging Baskets

Flower Simple Shape

Shape of
Stars

Shape of
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

Shape of
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

Shape of
Trumpets and Funnels

Shape of
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

Use in Pots and Troughs

Flower Elabo-rated Shape

Shape of
Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Shape of
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Shape of
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

 

Use in
Screen-ing

Use in
Window Boxes

Shape of
Stand-ards, Wings and Keels

Shape of
Discs and Florets

Shape of
Pin-Cushions and Tufts

Shape of
Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons

 

Use in Bedding Out

Use in
Filling In

Biennial for

Cottage and Other Gardens
1
, 2

Cut Flower with Biennials for Rock Work from 1916

Patio Con-tainers with Biennials for Pots in Green-house / Con-servatory

Bene-ficial to Wildlife with Purple and Blue Flowers from 1916

Scent with Biennials for Sunny Banks or Borders from 1916

 

 

Bulb for
--------------
Explan-ation Intro to Bulbs
--------------
725 Blue, White, Yellow, Unusual Colour, or Red-Purple-Pink flowering Bulbs in each month they flower.

Indoor Bulbs for
Dec-ember
January
February

Indoor Bulbs for
March
April
May

Indoor
Bulbs for
June
July
August

Indoor Bulbs for Sep-tember
October
November

Bulbs in Window-boxes
1
, 2

Bulbs in the Border

Bulbs natural-ised in Grass

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Dec-Jan
Feb-Mar

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Apr-May
Jun-Aug 1, 2, 3, 4

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Sep-Oct
Nov-Dec

Any Plant Type Blooming in Smallest of Gardens

Bulbs for the Bulb Frame

Bulbs in the Wood-land Garden

Bulbs in the Rock Garden

Bulbs in Green-house or Stove

Achi-menes, Alocasias, Amorpho-phalluses, Aris-aemas, Arums, Begonias, Bomar-eas, Calad-iums

Clivias,
Colo-casias, Crinums, Cyclam-ens, Cyrt-anthuses, Euchar-ises, Urceo-charis, Eurycles

Freesias, Gloxinias, Hae-manthus, Hipp-eastrums

Lachen-alias, Nerines, Lycorises, Pen-cratiums, Hymen-ocallises, Richardias, Sprekelias, Tuberoses, Vallotas, Watsonias, Zephy-ranthes

Bulbs in Bowls

Bulbs in the Alpine House

Hardy Bulbs

Aconitum, Allium, Alstroe-meria, Anemone 1, 1a

Amaryllis, Antheri-cum, Antholy-zas, Apios, Arisaema, Arum, Aspho-deline,

Aspho-delus, Belam-canda, Bloom-eria, Brodiae, Bulbo-codium

Calo-chorti, Cyclo-bothras, Camassia, Col-chicum, Con-vallaria,
Forcing Lily of the Valley, Corydalis, Crinum, Crosmia, Mon-tbretia , Crocus

Cyclamen, Dicentra, Dierama, Eranthis, Eremurus, Ery-thrnium, Eucomis

Fritillaria, Funkia, Gal-anthus, Galtonia, Gladiolus, Hemero-callis

Hya-cinth, Hya-cinths in Pots,
Scilla, Pusch-kinia, Chion-odoxa, Chiono-scilla, Muscari

Iris,
Kniphofia, Lapey-rousia, Leucojum

Lilium,

Lilium in Pots, Malvastrum, Merendera, Milla, Narcissus, Narcissi in Pots

Orni-thogalum, Oxalis, Paeonia, Ran-unculus, Romulea, Sanguin-aria,
Stern-bergia,
Schi-zostylis, Teco-philaea, Trillium

Tulip,
Zephy-ranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs

Acidan-thera, Albuca, Alstroe-meri, Andro-stephium, Bassers, Boussing-aultias, Bravoas, Cypellas, Dahlias, Galaxis,
Geis-sorhizas, Hesper-anthas

Gladioli, Ixias,
Sparaxises, Babianas, Morphixias, Tritonias

Ixio-lirions, Moraeas, Orni-thogal-ums, Oxalises, Phaedra-nassas,
Pan-cratiums, Tigridias, Zephyr-anthes, Cooper-ias

Bulbs for Bedding

Plant each Bedding Plant with a Ground, Edging or Dot Plant for
Spring
1
, 2
or
Summer
1
, 2

Climber 3 sector Vertical Plant System with

Any Plant Type flowers in
Jan,
Feb,
Mar,
Apr,
May 1, 2
Jun,
Jul,
Aug,
Sep,
Oct,
Nov,
Dec
 

----------
Choosing the right Plant

1a.
The Base -
Base of Wall Plants

1b.
Annuals

1c.
Herbs and Vege-tables

1d.
Cut
flowers, Cut Foliage

1e.
Scented flower or foliage

1f.
Foliage use only

 

2a. 1,2,3,4
The Prime - Wall Shrubs

2b.
Fruit trees

3a.
The Higher Reaches -
House-wall Ramblers

3b. 1,2
Non-House-Wall - Climbing Twiners

3c.
Non-House-Wall - Self-clinging Climbers

Raised
Bed
for Wheel-chair Users

Plants for Wildlife-Use as well

Fastest Covering

Least prot-ruding growth when fan-trained

1, 2
Evergreen

Use as
Hedge

Exposed Positions

Use as Ground-cover

1,2
Ornam-ental Fruit

Scented Flowers

1, 2
Autumn Foliage Colour

Winter Bark

Winter and Early Spring Flowers

Summer Colour or Shape of Foliage

Edible Fruit

Needs Conserv-atory or Green-house

Large
Pots and Con-tainers
1
, 2

Cut Flowers

Attractive to Bees

Climber - Simple Flower Shape

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a
Stars

geraniumflocineremuballerina1a1
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14k1a1a1a1a1a1a
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord2
Trumpets and Funnels

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming
Salver-form

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14q1a1a1a1a1a
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

 

Climber - Elabo-rated Flower Shape

prunellaflotgrandiflora
Tubes, Lips and Straps

aquilegiacfloformosafoord
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14u1a1a1a1a1a1
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14v1a1a1a1a1a1
Stand-ards, Wings and Keels

brachyscomecflorigidulakevock
Disks and Florets

andosacecforyargongensiskevock
Pin-cushions, Tufts, Petal-less and Cushions

armeriaflomaritimakevock
Umbels, Buttons and Pompoms

 

STAGE 4A 12 BLOOM COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Blue

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Mauve

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Purple

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Brown

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Cream

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Orange

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Pink

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Red

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
White

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1 Yellow

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Un-
usual

1
Multi-Colou-red

1
Each Flower Diff-

1
erent Colour

 

STAGE 4B 12 FOLIAGE COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY
Deciduous Shrubs or Trees, Herbaceous Perennials or Bulbs- if that changes from the main colour for instance to a different autumn colour, then it will be in this column and the relevant colour for those months of Win (Winter), Spr (Spring), Sum (Summer) or Aut (Autumn) group as well.
Evergreen Shrubs or Trees, Evergreen Perennials - if that changes from the main colour for instance to a different autumn colour, then it will be in this column and the relevant colour for those months of Win (Winter), Spr (Spring), Sum (Summer) or Aut (Autumn) group as well.

Jan Win

Feb Win

Mar Spr

Apr Spr

May Spr

Jun Sum

Jul Sum

Aug Sum

Sep Aut

Oct Aut

Nov Aut

Dec Win

Decid
Herba

Ever-green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Blue

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Mauve

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Purple

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Black

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Bronze

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Orange

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Pink

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Red

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Grey

1
White

1
Silver

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Yellow

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Un-
usual

1
Varie-gated

1

1

1

1

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677


Site design and content copyright ©July 2016.
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Scented Flora of the World by Roy Genders - was first published in 1977 and this paperback edition was published on 1 August 1994 ISBN 0 7090 5440 8:-
This comprehensive book looks at scented flowers and leaves of plants from all over the world. The work has been prepared to the standards of the Index Kewensis, and is filled with the most interesting facts about the scented flora of the world.

I am using the above book from someone who took 30 years to compile it from notes made of his detailed observations of growing plants in preference to
The RHS Companion to Scented Plants Hardcover – 16 Oct 2014 by Stephen Lacey (Author), Andrew Lawson (Photographer) ISBN 978-0-7112-3574-8 even though this is the only major reference work on scent and scented plants which is endorsed by the Royal Horticultural Society. See reasons for stopping infilling of previous Sense of Fragrance section on 28/07/2016 at end of Sense of Fragrance from Stephen Lacey Page.

The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950 by Faber and Faber Limited describes every method of propagation for 2,500 species. Unlike modern books published since 1980, this one states exactly what to do and is precisely what you require if you want to increase your alpines.

Topic
Case Studies
Companion Planting

...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design

...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
Garden Maintenance
Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary
Plants

...Poisonous Plants
Soil
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
Bulb
Climber

 

Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12

All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index

All Foliage 212
All Spring Foliage 212

All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212
Rock Plant Flowers 53

 

Your chosen Garden Style then changes your Plant Selection Process

Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...Infill2 Plants *
...Infill3 Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...
12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...All2 Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index

 

Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
Herb
Odds and Sods

Rhododendron
Rose
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Vegetable

Wild Flower

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly

 

STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY

 

Cultivation Requirements of Plant

Outdoor / Garden Cultivation

1

Indoor / House Cultivation

1

Cool Greenhouse (and Alpine House) Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter

1

Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year

1

Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

1

 

Sun Aspect

Full Sun

1

Part Shade

1

Full Shade

1

 

Soil Type

Any Soil

1

Chalky Soil

1

Clay Soil

1

Lime-Free Soil

1

Peaty Soil

1

Sandy Soil

1

Acid Soil

1

Alkaline Soil

1

Badly-drained Soil

1

 

Soil Moisture

Dry

1

Moist

1

Wet

1

 

Position for Plant

Back of Shady Border

1

Back of Shrub Border

1

Bedding

1

Bog Garden

1

Coastal Conditions / Seaside

1

Container in Garden

1

Front of Border

1

Ground Cover 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)

1

Ground Cover 24-72 inches (60-180 cms)

1

Ground Cover Over 72 inches (180 cms)

1

Hanging Basket

1

Hedge

1

Hedge - Thorny

1

Pollution Barrier

1

Pond

1

Pot in House, Greenhouse, Conservatory or Stovehouse

1

Raised Bed

1

Rest of Border

1

Rock Garden

1

Scree Bed

1

Speciman on Lawn

1

Sunny Border

1

Tree for Lawn

1

Tree/Shrub for Small Garden

1, 2,
3, 4,
5, 6,
7, 8,
9, 10,
11,12,
13,14,
15,16,
uses of tree/ shrub

Wildflower

1

Windbreak

1

Woodland

1

 

Use of Plant

Pollen or nectar for Bees

1

Hosts to Butterflies

1

Encouraging birds / wildlife, providing food and shelter

1

Bee-Pollinated plants for Hay Fever Sufferers

1

Berries / Fruit

1

Dry Site in Full Sun

1

Dry Shade

1

Filtering noise

1

Flower Arrange-ments

Growing Plants for the Church

1



1, 2,
3, 4,
5, 6,
7, 8,
9,10,
11,12,
13,14

Fragrant Flower

1

Language of Flowers

1

Low maintenance

1

Moist Shade

1

Moist and swampy Sites

1

Nitrogen fixing plants

1

Not Fragrant Flower

1

Rabbit-Resistant

1

Speciman Plant

1

Thornless

1

Tolerant of Poor Soil

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Plant Foliage

Aromatic Foliage

1

Autumn Foliage

1

Finely Cut Leaves

1

Large Leaves

1

Yellow Variegated Foliage

1

White Variegated Foliage

1

Red / Purple Variegated Foliage

1

Silver, Grey and Glaucous Foliage

1

Sword-shaped Leaves

1

 

 

Flower Shape

Number of Flower Petals

Petal-less
lessershapemeadowrue2a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

1 Petal

1

2 Petals

1

3 Petals
irisflotpseudacorus1a1a1a1a1a1

1

4 Petals
aethionemacfloarmenumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

5 Petals
anemonecflo1hybridafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Above 5
anemonecflo1blandafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

Flower Shape - Simple

Stars
anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Bowls
 

1

Cups and Saucers
euphorbiacflo1wallichiigarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Globes
paeoniamlokosewitschiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Goblets and Chalices
paeoniaveitchiiwoodwardiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Trumpets
acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Funnels
stachysflotmacrantha1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Bells
digitalismertonensiscflorvroger1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Thimbles
fuchsiaflotcalicehoffman1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Urns
ericacarneacflosspringwoodwhitedeeproot1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Salverform

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

Flower Shape - Elaborated

Tubes, Lips and Straps
prunellaflotgrandiflora1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets
aquilegiacfloformosafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Hats, Hoods and Helmets
acanthusspinosuscflocoblands1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Standards, Wings and Keels
lathyrusflotvernus1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Discs and Florets
brachyscomecflorigidulakevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Pin-Cushions
echinaceacflo1purpurealustrehybridsgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Tufts
centaureacfloatropurpureakavanagh1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Cushion
androsacecforyargongensiskevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Umbel
agapanthuscflos1campanulatusalbidusgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Buttons
argyranthemumflotcmadeiracrestedyellow1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Pompoms
armeriacflomaritimakevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

Natural Arrangements

Bunches, Posies, Sprays
bergeniamorningredcforcoblands1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Columns, Spikes and Spires
ajugacfloreptansatropurpurea1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Whorls, Tiers and Candelabra
lamiumflotorvala2a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Plumes and Tails
astilbepurplelancecflokevock1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Chains and Tassels
 

1

Clouds, Garlands and Cascades
 

1

Spheres, Domes (Clusters), Plates and Drumsticks
androsacecfor1albanakevock1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Shrub, Tree Shape

Columnar
ccolumnarshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Oval
covalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Rounded or Spherical
croundedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Flattened Spherical
cflattenedsphericalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Conical / Narrow Pyramidal
cnarrowconicalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Conical / Broad Pyramidal
cbroadpyramidalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Ovoid /
Egg-Shaped

ceggshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Ovoid
cbroadovoidshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Vase-shaped / Inverted Ovoid
cnarrowvaseshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Fan-Shaped /Vase-Shaped
cfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Fan-Shaped / Broad Vase-Shaped
cbroadfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Weeping
cnarrowweepingshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Weeping
cbroadweepingshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Palm

1

 

Conifer Cone

1

 

Form

Arching

1

Climbing

1

Clump-Forming

1

Mat-Forming

1

Mound-Forming

1

Prostrate

1

Spreading

1

Stemless

1

Upright

1

 

Poisonous Plant

1

 

STAGE 1
GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY

 

Fragrant Plants adds the use of another of your 5 senses in your garden:-
Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark
1
, 2, 3

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3

Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
1
, 2

Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
1
, 2, 3

Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2

Night-scented Flowering Plants
1
, 2

Scented Aquatic Plants
1


Plants with Scented Fruits
1


Plants with Scented Roots
1
, 2

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood
1


Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums
1


Scented Cacti and Succulents
1


Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell
1
, 2
 

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERY 3

Fan-trained Shape
fantrainedshape2a1a1a

From Rhododendrons, boxwood, azaleas, clematis, novelties, bay trees, hardy plants, evergreens : novelties bulbs, cannas novelties, palms, araucarias, ferns, vines, orchids, flowering shrubs, ornamental grasses and trees book, via Wikimedia Commons

 

Ramblers Scramblers & Twiners by Michael Jefferson-Brown (ISBN 0 - 7153 - 0942 - 0) describes how to choose, plant and nurture over 500 high-performance climbing plants and wall shrubs, so that more can be made of your garden if you think not just laterally on the ground but use the vertical support structures including the house as well.

The Gardener's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Climbers & Wall Shrubs - A Guide to more than 2000 varieties including Roses, Clematis and Fruit Trees by Brian Davis. (ISBN 0-670-82929-3) provides the lists for 'Choosing the right Shrub or Climber' together with Average Height and Spread after 5 years, 10 years and 20 years.

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3


Gardening with Alpines by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club.
Published in 1962. It provides most of the data about the Alpines.

Plant Solutions 1000+ suggestions for every garden situation by Nigel Colborn ISBN
13:978
0 00 719312 7, provides many of the plants for the pages in these Galleries.

Essential Annuals The 100 Best for Design and Cultivation. Text by Elizabeth Murray. Photography by Derek Fell. ISBN 0-517-66177-2, provides data about annuals.

Indoor Bulb
Growing by
Edward Pearson
. Published by Purnell & Sons, Ltd in 1953. It provides the data about Indoor Bulbs and Bulbs in
Window-boxes.

Colour All The
Year In My Garden
: A selection of choice varieties - annuals, biennials, perennials, bulbs, climbers and trees and shrubs - that will give a continuity of colour
in the garden throughout the year. Edited by C.H. Middleton. Gardening Book
from Ward, Lock & Co published in 1938, provides plant data for a calendar of plants in bloom throughout the year and for those in the smallest garden.

The Book of Bulbs by S. Arnott, F.R.H.S. Printed by
Turnbull & Spears, Edinburgh in 1901. This provides data about Hardy Bulbs, Half-Hardy Bulbs, Greenhouse and Stove Bulbs.

Collins Guide to
Bulbs by Patrick
M. Synge
. ISBN
0 00 214016-0
First Edition 1961, Second Edition 1971, Reprinted 1973. This provides data on bulbs for bedding, bulbs in the border, bulbs naturalised in grass, bulbs in the woodland garden, bulbs in the rock garden, bulbs in pans in the alpine house, bulbs in the greenhouse, bulbs in bowls and the bulb frame.

Annuals & Biennials, the best annual and biennial plants and their uses in the garden by Gertrude Jekyll published in 1916 and
republished by Forgotten Books in 2012
(Forgotten Books
is a London-based book publisher specializing in the restoration of old books, both fiction and non-fiction. Today we have
372,702 books available to read online, download as ebooks, or
purchase in print.).

Cut Flowers All The Year from The New Illustrated
Gardening Encyclopedia
by Richard Sudell, printed before May 1935 for the plant names in each month, followed by details for culture and propagation.

Mr. Middleton's Garden Book by
Daily Express Publication,
reprinted 1941
for the individual
cultivar names with evergreen/
deciduous, flower colour, flower month and height.

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Tree and Shrubs in Garden Design -

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Clay Soils (neutral to slightly acid)

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Dry Acid Soils

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Shallow Soil over Chalk

Trees and Shrubs tolerant of both extreme Acidity and Alkalinity

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Damp Sites

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Industrial Areas

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Cold Exposed Areas

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Seaside Areas

Shrubs suitable for Heavy Shade

Shrubs and Climbers suitable for NORTH- and EAST-facing Walls

Shrubs suitable for Ground Cover

Trees of Pendulous Habit

Trees and Shrubs of Upright or Fastigiate Habit

Trees and Shrubs with Ornamental Bark or Twigs

Trees and Shrubs with Bold Foliage

Trees and Shrubs for Autumn Colour

Trees and Shrubs with Red or Purple Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Golden or Yellow Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Grey or Silver Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Variegated Foliage

Trees and Shrubs bearing Ornamental Fruit

Trees and Shrubs with Fragrant or Scented Flowers

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Foliage

Flowering Trees and Shrubs for Every Month:-
Jan
, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec

The following table shows the linkages for the information about the plants
described in Sanders' Encyclopedia of Gardening in The Gardeners' Golden Treasury, revised by A. G. L Hellyer F.L.S, Editor of 'Amateur Gardening', (thirty-first impression of original published in 1895) was published in 1960 by W. H. & L. Collingridge Limited,
between:-

  • Stage 1 - Garden Style Index Gallery (in this Table) and Stage 1 Fragrant Plants (in Table on left), then
  • Stage 2 - 3 Infill Plants Index Galleries (in Table on right), then
  • Stage 3a - All Plants Index Gallery with each plant species in its own Plant Type Page followed by choice from Stage 4a, 4b, 4c and/or 4d REMEMBERING THE CONSTRAINTS ON THE SELECTION FROM THE CHOICES MADE IN STAGES 1 AND 2 (in this Table)
  • Stage 3b - All2 Plants Index Gallery for Alpines without a Garden for your health and productivity (in this Table)
  • Stage 4a - 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery (in Table on right)
  • Stage 4b - 12 Foliage Colours per Month Index Gallery (in Table on right) with
    column for Deciduous / Herbaceous plants with the same foliage colour during their growing season and
    column for Evergreen plants with the same foliage colour during the entire year
  • Stage 4c - Cultivation, Position, Use Index Gallery (in Table on left)
  • Stage 4d - Shape, Form Index Gallery (in Table on left)

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY
It would be useful if when you decide to change your garden that you use a uniform garden style throughout your garden and the GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY aims to provide pointers.
The new pages (April 2016) in the gallery will have a suitable list of plants on each page (as that plant gets further detailed in the ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY), then each row containing that plant name in the GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY will also be updated. I aim to input details of plants starting with A in alphabetical order to Z.

Private Garden Design:-
What is your Budget and What are the purposes for your garden?
Designing for a purpose: Areas which require answers before answering your Designing for a Purpose Questionaire.
Then, do the Site Survey with Photographs, before putting the Current Garden Design on paper or in your computer.
Using the Broad Design elements of Scale, which Garden Style to use:-
Low Maintenance Garden Style, Cottage Garden Style, Wildlife Garden Style or Japanese Garden Style and the
Hard and Soft Landscaping elements, create the Broad Proposed Design. Then, the Detailed Design of each Hard Landscaping item followed by the Soft Landscaping elements: The Soil, changing the Microclimate; and the
Plant Selection is influenced by the Colour Wheel, with Plant Quantities determined by time to establish versus width between plants and Companion Planting will provide helpful neighbouring plants
or
Click on text in cells below to jump to that page describing that data
.

 


Container

Gardening at my work-place

 

<----

 

Yes
|
v


Do you want to garden and grow plants?

 

No

Cannot be bothered.
If you wish to improve your productivity and health, then, plant an Alpine Pan in your work area or at home using the information within Alpines without a Garden by Lawrence D. Hills, using these pages:-


Potted
House-plant


<----
|
|
v


No
Garden

At Home with Gard-ening Area


Yes


---->

Balcony Garden or Roof Garden


Yes
---->

Grow flowers for flower arranging and vegetables on Balcony Garden or Roof Garden

Pan Plant Back-grou-nd Colour

STAGE 3b
ALL2 PLANTS INDEX GALLERY

|
v


Conservatory Gardening

|
<--
|

 

|
No
-->

Outside Garden
|
v

Pan, Trough and Window-Box Odds and Sods
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14,
15

The beginner's dozen for the small pan

Plants for the pan gar-den


Stovehouse for Tropical Plants

|
<--

An extra dozen for the larger pan

Kinds of Pan Plants that may be split up and tucked in Corners and Crevices

|
|
v

Miniature trees and shrubs for pan

The leafy soil pan

The gritty soil pan

The Limy Soil Plan

Blue Flower Colour Pan Plants

Lilac, Violet and Purple Flower Colour Pan Plants

Reds, Carm-ines Flower Colour Pan Plants

Pinks Flower Colour Pan Plants

White Flower Colour Pan Plants and Bicol-ored

Yellow Flower Colour Pan Plants

Blue Flower Colour Trough Plants

Violet, Lilac and Purple Flower Colour Trough Plants

|
|
v

Reds and Carm-ines Flower Colour Trough Plants

Pinks - all shades Flower Colour Trough Plants

Yellow Flower Colour Trough Plants

White and Cream Flower Colour Trough Plants

Bi-colour-ed Flower Colour Trough Plants

Feb Flower Season Pan

Mar Flower Season Pan

Apr Flower Season Pan

May Flower Season Pan

Jun Flower Season Pan

Jul Flower Season Pan

Aug Flower Season Pan

Sep Flower Season Pan

|
|
v

Oct Flower Season Pan

Nov Flower Season Pan

Pans for Semi-shade

Pans for In-doors

Mini-ature Pot

Feb Flower Season Trough

Mar Flower Season Trough

Apr Flower Season Trough

May Flower Season Trough

Jun Flower Season Trough

Jul Flower Season Trough

Aug Flower Season Trough

Sep Flower Season Trough

|
|
v

Oct Flower Season Trough

Nov Flower Season Trough

Dec Flower Season Trough

Bulb Pan

Bulb Cover-ing Carp-eters

Trough and Window-box plants 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Trough and Window-Box Background Colour

Pan Plant
Alpines without a Garden

ABC 1
Pan Plants

DEF 1
Pan Plants

GHI
Pan Plants

JKL 1
Pan Plants

|
|
v

MNO 1
Pan Plants

PQR 1
Pan Plants

STU 1
Pan Plants

V 1
Pan Plants

WXYZ 1
Pan Plants

You need to know the following:-
1. How much time per week are you prepared to look after your garden or prepared to pay someone else to do it for you?
2. How much are you are prepared to spend on creating your garden and then on its maintenance for its feeding and replacement of its plants and hard landscaping?
3. In order for you to go into your garden, there must be mystery in it, so that from any position in the house you cannot see all the garden, otherwise you will not be tempted to go out into it.
4. You must decide what garden style you are going to use THROUGHOUT the garden and make sure of using 3. the mystery in it as well.
5. What plants do you want to keep in your existing garden and incorporate into your new garden?
6. What Human Problems do you have and what Site Problems are there?

A) Bee Pollinated Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers List leads onto the
B) Bee Pollinated Bloom in Month galleries and
C) extra Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers.


<----

Human Prob-lems
v


---->

Blind,
Deaf,
in a Wheelchair, or
you cannot bend easily

 

 

 

Garden Style, which takes into account the Human Problems above

 

 

Classic Mixed Style


<----

Cottage Garden Style


<----

.
v


---->

Naturalistic Style

Formal English Garden

 

Mediterranean Style


<----

Meadow and Corn-field


<----

.
.
v


---->

Paving and Gravel inland,
Coastal Conditions near the sea, Seashore with shingle/sand

 

 

 

 

Problem Sites within your chosen Garden Style from the above

 

 

Exposure to Wind


<----

Excess Shade


<----

Exce-ssively Dry Shade


<----


<----

.
.
.
.
.
v


---->

Exce-ssively Hot, Sunny and Dry Site is suitable for Drought Resistant Plants

Excessively Wet Soil - especially when caused by poor drainage

Control of Pests (Aphids, Rabbits, Deer, Mice, Mole, Snails) / Disease by Companion Planting in Garden

Whether your Heavy Clay or Light Sandy / Chalk Soil is excessively Alkaline (limy) / Acidic or not, then there is an Action Plan for you to do with your soil, which will improve its texture to make its structure into a productive soil instead of it returning to being just sand, chalk, silt or clay.


<----

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
v


---->

Problems caused by builders:- 1. Lack of soil on top of builders rubble in garden of just built house.
2. Clay soil of Garden slopes towards house with no drainage of this rainwater by the house wall.

In planning your beds for your garden, before the vertical hard-landscaping framework and the vertical speciman planting is inserted into your soft landscaping plan, the following is useful to consider:-
1. The ground plan usually depends upon 1 or more unalterable existing features. The position of the doors of the house will dictate the positions of paths, the shortest route to the kitchen may indicate the best place for a paved area for eating and drinking out of doors, or the kept trees/shrubs may indicate what garden style is used.
2. Rules of Proportion -
A. A border should be roughly 1/2 as wide as the hedge or wall behind it.
B. The proportion of planted areas to paved or turfed areas should be 1/3 to 2/3, or a 1/4 to 3/4, not 1/2 and 1/2.
C. Within a bed or border, unless a 2-dimensional pattern on the ground is the objective, the height and bulk of the plants should be varied to avoid monotony; it is particularly important to provide strong planting, in terms of either height or bulk or both, at either end of a long bed.
D. The ground surface provides a background to the plants that is as important as the hedges, walls or fences that surround it. Grass is perhaps the most satisfying carpet to use, the cool green forming a restful antidote to the dancing colours of the flowers. Use different coloured pea-shingle inside Cedar Gravel for people in wheelchairs, or infirm in their legs or who suffer from Hay Fever.

Reasons for stopping infilling of Sense of Fragrance section on 28/07/2016 at end of Sense of Fragrance from Stephen Lacey Page. From September 2017 will be creating the following new pages on Sense of Fragrance using Scented Flora of the World by Roy Genders.
ISBN 0 7090 5440 8:-

 

 

 

|
v

 

 

 

 

 

After you have selected your vertical hard-landscaping framework and the vertical speciman plants for each bed or border, you will need to infill with plants taking the following into account:-

 

 

 

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark 1, 2, 3
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil 1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil 1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Sandy Soil 1
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves 1, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves 1, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit 1, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers 1, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants 1, 2
Scented Aquatic Plants.
Plants with Scented Fruits.
Plants with Scented Roots 1, 2
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood.
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums.
Scented Cacti and Succulents.
Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell 1, 2

Flower Perfume Group:-
Miscellaneous Group with scents - Balm, Brandy, Cedar, Cloying, Cowslip, Cucumber, Damask Rose, Daphne, Exotic, Freesia, Fur-like, Gardenia, Hay-like, Heliotrope, Honeysuckle, Hops, Hyacinth, Incense-like, Jasmine, Laburnham, Lilac, Lily of the Valley, Meadowsweet, Mignonette, Mint, Mossy, Muscat, Muscatel, Myrtle-like, Newly Mown Hay, Nutmeg, Piercing, Primrose, Pungent, Resinous, Sandalwood, Sassafras, Seductive, Slight, Soft, Stephanotis, Sulphur, Starch, Sweet, Sweet-briar, Tea-rose, Treacle and Very Sweet.

Flower Perfume Group:-
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group with scent - Hawthorn.
Heavy Group with scents -
Jonquil and
Lily.
Aromatic Group with scents - Almond,
Aniseed, Balsamic,
Carnation, Cinnamon, Clove,
Spicy and
Vanilla.
Violet Group.
Rose Group.
Lemon Group with scent -
Verbena.
Fruit-scented Group with scents -
Apricot,
Fruity,
Green Apple,
Orange, Pineapple,
Ripe Apple , Ripe Banana and
Ripe Plum.
 

Flower Perfume Group:-
Animal-scented Group with scents -
Cat,
Dog,
Ferret,
Fox,
Goat,
Human Perspiration,
Musk,
Ripe Apple and
Tom Cat.
Honey Group.
Unpleasant Smell Group with scents -
Animal,
Fetid,
Fishy,
Foxy,
Fur-like,
Garlic,
Hemlock,
Manure,
Nauseating,
Perspiration,
Petrol,
Putrid,
Rancid,
Sickly,
Skunk,
Stale Lint
Sulphur and
Urinous,

Leaf Perfume Group:-
Turpentine Group.
Camphor and Eucalyptus Group.
Mint Group.
Sulphur Group.
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group.
Heavy Group.
Aromatic Group.
Violet Group.
Rose Group.
Lemon Group.
Fruit-scented Group.
Animal-scented Group.
Honey Group.

Scent of Wood, Bark and Roots Group:-
Aromatic Group.
Turpentine Group.
Rose Group.
Violet Group.
Stale Perspiration Group.

 

Scent of Fungi Group:-
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group.
Sulphur Group.
Aromatic Group.
Rose Group.
Violet Group.
Fruit Group.
Animal Group.
Honey Group

Sense of Sight

Emotion of
Hot /Cool; Calm / Agitated

Emotion of
Low-key / High Key


<----

.
.
.
v

Emotion of
Inviting
/ Forbidding

Emotion of Intellectual versus Emotional

Sense of Touch

Sense of Taste

Sense of Sound

 

 

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 for
lists of plants of 1 plant type for 1 cultivation requirement is in Table on right

 

 

 

STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY
Click on Blue or underlined text to jump to page comparing flower thumbnails of that blue colour in the
Other Plant Photo Galleries. RedPP is Red, Pink, Purple and Other is Unusual or Other Flower Colour.

Plant Type
with links to Other Plant Photo Galleries

ABC

DEF

GHI

JKL

MNO

PQR

STU

VWX

YZ

Alpine in Evergreen Perennial,
Herbaceous Perennial and Rock Garden

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Aquatic

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Annual/ Biennial

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Bamboo

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Bedding, 25
RHS Mixed Border Beds 75 and
Flower Shape, Flower Colour and Bedding Plant Use

1

Blue

1

Green

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

Purple

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Bicolour

Other Flower Colours

White / Colour Bicolour

Bulb, 746 with Use, Flower Colour/Shape of
Allium / Anemone, Colchicum / Crocus, Dahlia, Gladiolus, Narcissus and Tulip

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Climber 71 Clematis, 58 other Climbers with Use, Flower Colour and Shape

1

Blue

1

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Conifer

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Deciduous Shrub 43 with Use and Flower Colour

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Deciduous Tree

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Evergreen Perennial 104 with Use, Flower Colour, Flower Shape and Number of Petals

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Evergreen Shrub 46, Semi-Evergreen Shrub and Heather 74 with Use and Flower Colour

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Evergreen Tree

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Fern with 706 ferns
within 21 types and 41 uses

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Grass

1

1

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

Herbaceous Perennial 91,
RHS Mixed Border Beds 176 and
Peonies 46 with Flower Colour/Shape

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Herb

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Odds and Sods

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Rhododendron, Azalea, Camellia

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Rose with 720 roses within Flower Colour, Flower Shape, Rose Petal Count and Rose Use

1

1

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

 

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Soft Fruit

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Sub-Shrub

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Top Fruit

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Vegetable

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Wildflower 1918 with
Plants used by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterflies in the UK
I am inserting the plants described in Sanders' Encyclopedia of Gardening into STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY

1

Blue

1

Green

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

Red

1

Purple

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Multi-colour

Cream

Mauve

Brown

Shrub and Small Tree

Botanical Names Page

Common Names Page

Finally, you might be advised to check that the adjacent plants to the one you have chosen for that position in a flower bed are suitable; by checking the entry in Companion Planting - like clicking A page for checking Abies - and Pest Control page if you have a pest to control in this part of the flower bed.
Companion Planting
- A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z
Pest Control using Plants

 

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY
The planning a Rose Garden chapter from Rose Gardens by Jane Fearnley-Whitingstall ISBN 0 7011 3344 9 and
Plant Solutions by Nigel Colborn provides information for this gallery.

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 Reference books for these galleries in Table on left

STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY
In addition to these 10 galleries, there are links to the Other Plant Photo Galleries in the table above like Bulb , which have plant descriptions accessed by clicking a flower thumbnail in its flower comparison page. Click the respective flower colour - like Green - to change page to that flower colour comparison page. Then, you can also choose these other plants.
It will also state the Plant Combinations for each plant from The Ulimate Visual Guide to Successful Plant Harmony - The Encyclopedia of Planting Combinations by Tony Lord ISBN 1-55209-623-8

STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY
Some extra details about the Cultivation Requirements of Plant:- Outdoor /Garden Cultivation, Indoor / House Cultivation, Cool Green-house Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter, Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year, and Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

Since 2006, I have requested photos etc from the Mail-Order Nurseries in the UK and later from the rest of the World. Few nurseries have responded.
I worked for a lady, who with her husband took 35 mm slides of plants in the 1960's and 1970's. She allowed me to digitise some of her Kodachrome slides, which I have used in my website. I discovered that at least the green colour of the foliage became very much darker over that period of years to 2008, by comparing wildflower photos from her slides with digital photos supplied by a current Wildflower mail-order nursery, so I stopped creating my Foliage Galleries.
I bought myself a camera some years ago and started taking photos, some of which have been put into the website. I started taking photos of the Heathers at the Royal Horticultural Society at Wisley garden. I have displayed the Heathers foliage in closeup since their leaves are 2mm long and in macro-scale in the Heather Galleries - sometimes the foliage colour at the terminal end of the foliage stem is only a few leaves, whereas others have the same foliage colour throughout the stem. I discovered that some of the heathers did not have the correct plant label, since the flower colour did not correspond with the flower colour in the literature. I was informed that since kids have free rein, that perhaps they move the plant labels. Since, I cannot rely that the heather plant label next to the heather plant is valid, I have stopped taking photos of those heathers.
This leaves a small problem, especially since very few gardens open to the public have their plants labelled so that the public can use the data on their label to buy that named plant from a nursery or garden centre. Currently (June 2018) I insert photos from Wikimedia Commons as well as my own.
I have found the above book - which does not contain any colour plant photos. Since it had the following experts help in creating it, I have decided to use its information in these 10 galleries to help the public:-

  • T.W. Sanders Editor of Amateur Gardening in 1895.
  • A.J Macself Editor of Amateur Gardening in 1926 - both Sanders and Macself had worked entirely to the handlists published by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • A.G.L. Hellyer in this work of revision and also in checking the all-important cultural notes sought the help of experts in the various classes of plant:-
    • Mr S.A. Pearce, Assistant Curator at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew undertook the revision of those genera of plants which in this country are mainly grown under glass.
    • Mr Will Ingwersen dealt with the Rock plants,
    • Mr N. Catchpole made himself responsible for trees and shrubs;
    • Mr G.A Phillips for herbaceous plants,
    • Mrs Francis Perry for water plants,
    • Mr A.J. Macself for ferns,
    • Mr E. Cooper for orchids,
    • Mr J.S Dakers for annuals,
    • Miss Doreen Crowther for fruit and vegetables

with the aid of further information from other books, magazines and cross-checking on the internet.
In this edition of the book Sander's Encyclopaedia, the individual soil mixtures to grow plants have been retained, for it was considered that many gardeners might still wish to use them in certain circumstances. The John Innes mixtures may be substituted wherever desired. Details of these individual mixtures will be put into these galleries.