Ivydene Gardens Stage 2 - Infill3 Plants Index Gallery:
Climber - 2a The Prime - Wall Shrubs Page 1

Ivydene Gardens Stage 2 - Infill3 Plants Index Gallery:
Climber - 2a The Prime - Wall Shrubs Page 1

Botanical Plant Name

with link to
UK or
European Union
mail-order supplier for you to contact to buy this plant

Flower Colour

Sun Aspect of Full Sun,
Part Shade, Full Shade

with link to external website for photo/data

Flowering Months

with row in each month that it flowers in that colour in
STAGE 4A
12 BLOOM COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY
/

with link to
USA or
Canada
mail-order supplier

Height with Spacings or Width (W) in inches (cms)

1 inch =
2.5 cms
12 inches = 30 cms
40 inches = 100 cms

Foliage Colour


with row in relevant pages that it has foliage of that colour in
STAGE 4B
12 FOLIAGE COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY

or
Background Colour nearest to middle-aged leaf colour from 212 foliage colours /

followed by
Soil Moisture:-
Dry,
Moist,
Wet

with link to Australia or New Zealand mail-order supplier

 

with data for rows in
STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY and
STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Pages

Plant Type is:-

A for Aquatic
Ann for Annual / Biennial
Ba for Bamboo
Bu for Bulb
Cl for Climber
Co for Conifer
F for Fern
G for Grass
H for Herb
P for Perennial
Rh for Rhodo-dendron, Azalea, Camellia
Ro for Rose
Sh for Shrub
So for Soft Fruit
To for Top Fruit
Tr for Tree
V for Vegetable
W for Wildflower

followed by:-
E for Evergreen,
D for Deciduous,
H for Herbaceous,
Alpine for being an Alpine as well as being 1 of above Plant Type /

 
Acid for Acidic,
Alk for Alkaline,
Any for AnySoil
 

with links to
STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES
1
, 2, 3
and
STAGE 3
ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERIES
1
, 2
pages
 

Use

Description

Pruning

Training

Average Height and spread
5 years

10 years

20 years

Problems

Similar Forms of Interest

Abelia chinensis
(Chinese Abelia, Bush arbutus, Linnaea chinensis)

Supplier

Pruning. Thin crowded shoots after flowering and occasionally cut out an old branch to soil level. Propagate by half-ripe cuttings in July

Produces fragrant funnel-shaped White, rose-tinted flowers in terminal panicles. Flowers are 5mm (¼in) long with 5-lobed calyces. Its pink sepals remain long after flowering.

Full Sun
Photo

Abeliacflochinensiswikimediacommons1a

Flowers on new growth.

Jul-Oct

Supplier of Abelia chinensis 'Ruby Anniversary'

green deciduous foliage, Spreading,
Hedge ,
Attracts Butterflies,
Speciman,
Rest of Border

Space plants 60 inches (150 cms) apart when planting together

60 x 96
(150 x 250)

Fragrant
Flowers of
Petal-less, Trumpet-shaped,
Whorl Natural Arrangement

Use - As a deciduous flowering, fan-trained wall shrub, in a Container, as a Cut Flower and use for Screening

It has reddish stems and oval, glossy, dark-green leaves to 4cm (1½in) long, that become reddish-brown before autumn.
Grow against a wall in full sun.

Moist Soil

Supplier

Abeliacfolchinensiswikimediacommons1a

Chalky Soil

Sh D Any

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh D

Fertile, well-drained chalky soil

STAGE 3
ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERIES
1

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY with fragrant flowers

Shrub for Small Garden
 

Use - As a deciduous flowering, fan-trained wall shrub, in a Container, as a Cut Flower and use for Screening

Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters. May not withstand open/exposed sites or central/northern locations. Plant can withstand temperatures down to -15°C (5°F). Full Sun - shelter from cold drying winds.

Pruning - On established shrubs, remove one third pf the oldest shoots each year in early spring to encourage new flowering shoots.

Training - Requires wires or individual anchor points to secure and encourage the fan-trained shape.

Abelia chinensis - taller growing with fragrant, rose-tinted flowers, Jul-Oct.

Abelia floribunda is Mexican
Abelia
Abeliacflofloribundawikimediacommons
Abelia floribunda. By Kurt Stüber, via Wikimedia Commons

Produces pendent, tubular cherry-red flowers 3-5cm (1¼-2in) long with 5-lobed calyces in profuse terminal panicles.

Jul-Sep

120 x 144
(300 x 400)

Tall Shrub - arching shoots with evergreen oval, glossy, dark-green leaves to 5cm (2in) long.

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh E

Fertile, well-drained soil

Use - As a evergreen flowering, fan-trained wall shrub. Will grow taller if trained against a wall.

May suffer foliage damage and stem dieback in harsh winters in cold gardens. Plant can withstand temperatures down to -10°C (14°F). Full Sun - shelter from cold drying winds.

Pruning - On established shrubs, remove one third pf the oldest shoots each year in early spring to encourage new flowering shoots.

Training - Requires wires or individual anchor points to secure and encourage the fan-trained shape.

Abelia floribunda - cherry-red flowers 2 inches (5 cms) long, borne in Jul-Sep. Slightly tender in most areas so fan-train on a sun-facing wall.

Abelia x grandiflora is Glassy Abelia
abeliacfloxgrandifloragarnonswilliams

Fragrant pink and white, small to medium-sized, hanging, bell-shaped flowers borne in small clusters on wood 2-3 years old or more.

Jul-Oct

84 x 84
(210 x 210)

Olive-green with red shading.

Moist

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh Semi-Evergreen

Any Soil, but new growth less vigorous on dry soils.

Use - As a semi-evergreen flowering, fan-trained wall shrub and grow in patio containers using soil based compost such as John Innes No.3.

Foliage - Leaves 1-2.5 inches (2.5-6 cms) long, ovate, pointed, olive-green with red shading. May fall from late autumn or be retained into early spring following mild winter.

Stem - Light green with brown shading. Upright when young, becoming more branching in second and third year and darker brown. New shoots grow from base up through the older framework. By pruning and tying-in a fan-shaped effect can be achieved. Medium rate of growth.

Fruit - Small, translucent seeds in clusters.

Plants in the Abelia genus are extremely attractive to bees.

Pruning - On established shrubs, remove one third pf the oldest shoots each year in early spring to encourage new flowering shoots.

Training - Requires wires or individual anchor points to secure and encourage the fan-trained shape.

Height/spread -
5 years - 60 x 60 (150 x 150)
10 years - 84 x 84 (210 x 210)
20 years - 108 x 108 (270 x 270)
Protrudes up to 36 inches (90 cms) from support.

Problems - May appear weak when purchased but once planted grows quickly. Wood can be extremely brittle so needs careful handling.

Abelia chinensis - taller growing with fragrant, rose-tinted flowers, Jul-Oct.

Abelia x 'Edward Goucher' - produces purple-pink trumpet flowers freely during Jul-Oct. Foliage grey/green.

Abelia floribunda - cherry-red flowers 2 inches (5 cms) long, borne in Jul-Sep. Slightly tender in most areas so fan-train on a sun-facing wall.

Abelia x grandiflora 'Francis Mason' - golden variegated leaf form, a shorter shrub and more tender than its parent, which can be used for informal hedging. Bears pale pink to white flowers with honey fragrance throughout Jul-Oct.

Abelia schumanii - a less vigorous and more tender form, bearing lilac-pink flowers throughout Aug-Dec.

Abelia triflora - scented pink-tinged white flowers borne in threes in June. Minimum winter temperature 23 degrees Fahrenheit (5 degrees Centigrade)

Abelia schumannii, Abelia longituba is Schumann Abelia
Abeliacfloschumanniiwikimediacommons
Abelia schumannii. By peganum from Small Dole, England, via Wikimedia Commons

Funnel-shaped lilac-pink flowers, with a reddish calyx

Aug-Dec

72 x 72
(180 x 180) after 10 years

The leaves emerge bronze, and turn to mid-green through the summer.

Moist, but well-drained chalky or sandy soil.

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh Semi-Evergreen

It will grow in just about any soil conditions but prefers a light, sandier soil.

Use - As a semi-evergreen flowering, fan-trained wall shrub, mass plant as a low hedge and in Containers.

Pruning - Abelias regularly produce new growth from low down and thus benefit from moderate replacement pruning. Spring prune by removing dead or damaged growth. After flowering, cut back up to one in four flowered stems to strong new shoots or to the ground.

Training - Requires wires or individual anchor points to secure and encourage the fan-trained shape.

Abelia schumanii - a less vigorous and more tender form, bearing lilac-pink flowers throughout Aug-Dec.

Abeliophyllum distichum is Korean abelialeaf, White Forsythia
abeliophyllumcflodistichumwikimediacommons
Eine weiße Blüte des Zweizeiligen Abeliophyllums - Abeliophyllum distichum. By KTadesse, via Wikimedia Commons

Tiny, white, sweetly scented star-shaped flowers with mauve-tinged basal shading when in bud.

Jan-Feb

60 x 60
(150 x 150) after 10 years

Opposite, oval, matt, dark-green leaves to 8cm (3in) often turning purple in autumn.

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh D

Does well on all soils, except very alkaline.

Use - As a small, fragrant, early spring flowering deciduous wall shrub.

Foliage - Leaves ovate, 1-3 inches (2.5-7.5 cms) long, light green, often sparsely presented.

Stem - Shoots lend well to fan-training, using wires or individual anchor points. Slow to medium growth.

Fruit - Insignificant

May not withstand open/exposed sites or central/northern locations. Plant can withstand temperatures down to -15°C (5°F).

Pruning - None required. A hard prune every three to four years will control twigginess.

Training - Requires wires or individual anchor points to secure and encourage a fan-trained shape.

Height/spread
5 years - 48 x 48 (120 x 120)
10 years - 60 x 60 (150 x 150)
20 years - 60 x 60 (150 x 150)
Protrudes up to 30 inches (76 cms) from support

Problems - Looks weak and uninteresting in a container - hence its limited planting.

None

Abutilon mega-potamicum is Flowering maple, Chinese Lantern, Parlour maple, Trailing abutilon
abutilonmegapotamicumflot9

Medium-sized, hanging, bell-shaped flowers with yellow petals, red calyx and purple anthers.

"Flowers cooked. Used as a vegetable." from Useful Tropical Plants - The Useful Tropical Plants Database contians information on the edible, medicinal and many other uses of 11097 plants that can be grown in tropical regions)

Jul-Sep

84 x 84
(210 x 210) after 10 years

Olive-green with purple/red shading and veins.

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh D

Any soil but does best on moist, rich types

Use - As a deciduous wall shrub in warmer regions or for growing in conservatories. In Australia it is suitable for informal hedges and can be grown in containers.

Foliage - Leaves ovate, 2-4 inches (5-10 cms), with toothed edges. Olive-green with purple/red shading and veins.

Stem - Light to mid brown, upright, slightly arching. Medium rate of growth.

Fruit Insignificant.

Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK except in severe winters and a risk from sudden (early) frosts. May be hardy elsewhere with wall shelter or good micro-climate. Likely to be damaged or killed in cold winters. Plant can withstand temperatures down to -5°C (23°F).

Pruning - Remove one third of old flowering wood on established shrubs in early to mid spring.

Training - Requires wires or individual anchor points to achieve a fan-trained shape.

Height/spread
5 years - 72 x 72 (180 x 180)
10 years - 84 x 84 (210 x 210)
20 years 108 x 108 (270 x 270)
Protrudes up to 36 inches (91 cms) from support

Problems - A shrub of weak constitution and not fully hardy.

Not the sort of plants to be grown outside where there are likely to be frosts. These plants need to be grown in a conservatory or cool greenhouse or at least brought inside for the winter - use loam-based compost (John Innes No. 2) and provide plenty of light.

Abutilon megapotamicum 'Variegatum'. Golden variegated foliage, tender, tolerates no frost. Yellow flowers with red calyx and purple anthers.

Abutilon x suntense 'Jermyns'

Large, open, saucer-shaped flowers in very rich mauve.

May-Jun

160 x 96
(400 x 2.50) when mature

Strong felted stems and greyish, 12 cm (5 inch) leaves with 3 or 5 distinct lobes and serrated edges

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh D

Use - As a deciduous wall shrub in warmer regions or for growing in conservatories.

Foliage - Strong felted stems and greyish, 12 cm (5 inch) leaves with 3 or 5 distinct lobes and serrated edges.

Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of the UK except in severe winters and a risk from sudden (early) frosts. May be hardy elsewhere with wall shelter or good micro-climate. Likely to be damaged or killed in cold winters. Plant can withstand temperatures down to -5°C (23°F)

Pruning - Remove one third of old flowering wood on established shrubs in early to mid spring.

Training - Requires wires or individual anchor points to achieve a fan-trained shape.

Full Sun - shelter from cold, drying winds.

Abutilon - how to grow, propagate and prune.

Abutilon vitifolium 'Tennant's White' , Corynabutilon vitifolium 'Tennant's White'
abutiloncflovitifoliumtennantswhitewikimediacommons
7155 Abutilon Vitifolium "Tennant's White". By crabchick from Bristol, England, via Wikimedia Commons

Large, delicate saucer-shaped white flowers

May-Jul

120-180 x
(300-450 x )

Grey-green leaves.

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Use - As a deciduous wall shrub in warmer regions or for growing in conservatories.

Foliage - Young shoots and foliage are covered with hair.

Pruning - Remove one third of old flowering wood on established shrubs in early to mid spring.

Training - Requires wires or individual anchor points to achieve a fan-trained shape.

 

Acacia baileyana

Fluffy bright yellow globose mimosa flowers. Produces small flowerheads in dense axillary racemes 7-10cm (3-4in) long.

Dec-Apr

180-300 x 120-240
(500-800 x 300-600)

Fine silvery-grey foliage

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Tr E

Does best in light, well-drained soil. Severe alkaline conditions will cause chlorosis.

Use - As a freestanding, upright or fan-trained tree against very sheltered large wall, where they gain from the protection.

Foliage - Attractive grey-green, cut-leaved foliage 6-10 inches (15-25 cms) long and 6-8 inches (15-20 cms) wide.

Stem - Blue tinged grey/green, fast growing. Adapts to training.

Pruning - None except for training in a fan or upright shape.

Training - Will require fixing to wires or individual anchor points.

 

Height/spread
5 years - 84 x 84 (210 x 210) freestanding
5 years - 144 x 144 (370 x 370) fan-trained

10 years - 132 x 132 (340 x 340) freestanding
10 years - 216 x 216 (550 x 550) fan-trained

20 years - 168 x 168 (430 x 430) freestanding
2 years - 288 x 288 (730 x 730) fan-trained

Protrudes up to 36 inches (91 cms) from support if fan-trained, 156 inches (400 cms) untrained.

 

Problems - May rarely survive outside the mildest areas in the UK. Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen. Except in frost-free inner-city areas or coastal extremities requires glasshouse conditions. Plant can withstand temperatures down to 1°C (34°F).

Acacia baileyana (Cootamundra wattle). Glaucous, cut leaved foliage and bright yellow racemes of flowers in Dec-Apr. Two thirds average height and spread. Requires glasshouse conditions in UK.
acaciacflos1baileyanawikimediacommons
 

Acacia dealbata is Mimosa, Silver Wattle

 

In South Africa, the species is a Category 1 weed in the Western Cape (requiring eradication) and Category 2 weed (requiring control outside plantation areas) elsewhere. In New Zealand the Department of Conservation class it as an environmental weed.

The flowers are produced in large racemose inflorescences made up of numerous smaller globose bright yellow flowerheads of 13–42 individual flowers.

The flowers and tip shoots are harvested for use as cut flowers, when it is known by florist trade as "mimosa".

Jan-Apr

In spring the scented, nectar-rich blooms provide a valuable source of food for bees and other insects.

600-1200 x 240-360
(1500-3000 x 600-1000)

Evergreen fern-like 2-pinnate, hairy leaves, 12cm (5in) long, each with 40-80 linear, glaucous to silvery leaflets.

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Tr E

Does best in light, well-drained soil. Severe alkaline conditions will cause chlorosis.

Use - As a freestanding, upright or fan-trained tree against very sheltered large wall, where they gain from the protection. It does not survive prolonged frost.

Foliage - Attractive grey-green, cut-leaved foliage 6-10 inches (15-25 cms) long and 6-8 inches (15-20 cms) wide.

Stem - Blue tinged grey/green, fast growing. Adapts to training.

Pruning - None except for training in a fan or upright shape.

Training - Will require fixing to wires or individual anchor points.

 

Height/spread
5 years - 84 x 84 (210 x 210) freestanding
5 years - 144 x 144 (370 x 370) fan-trained

10 years - 132 x 132 (340 x 340) freestanding
10 years - 216 x 216 (550 x 550) fan-trained

20 years - 168 x 168 (430 x 430) freestanding
2 years - 288 x 288 (730 x 730) fan-trained

Protrudes up to 36 inches (91 cms) from support if fan-trained, 156 inches (400 cms) untrained.

 

Problems - May rarely survive outside the mildest areas in the UK. Tolerant of low temperatures, but not surviving being frozen. Except in frost-free inner-city areas or coastal extremities requires glasshouse conditions. Plant can withstand temperatures down to 1°C (34°F).

Acacia dealbata (Silver wattle, mimosa). Fern-like, silver-green foliage, masses of yellow flowers in Jan-Apr. One of the hardest forms. Requires glasshouse conditions in UK.
acaciacflosdealbatawikimediacommons1
Acacia dealbata. By Alberto Salguero Quiles, via Wikimedia Commons

Acer palmatum f. atropurpureum is Japanese Maple
acercforpalmatumatropurpureumwikimediacommons
Acer palmatum 'Atropurpureum'. By Jerzy Opioła, via Wikimedia Commons

Tiny purple star-shaped flowers

Apr-May

We ship our seeds worldwide via Canada Post.

240 x 200
(600 x 500)

Deeply lobed dark purple-red leaves that turn fiery red in autumn.

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Tr D

Grow best in partly shaded situations and fertile, moist, well-drained neutral to acid rich soil.

Use - As a freestanding, upright or fan-trained deciduous tree. It also looks good in a container.

Acer palmatums benefit from shelter from fierce winds and cold in early spring as bad weather can burn the young leaves. It is slow growing with many different leaf forms and colours; all turn to brilliant reds in autumn.

Foliage - Deeply indented, pointed leaves of a deep maroon-purple.

Pruning - Add a top-dressing of a well-balanced fertiliser around the base of a recently planted tree in late spring and keep it well watered. No routine pruning is required, just remove any dead, damaged or crossing branches in late autumn or winter when they are fully dormant.

Acer japonicum aureum. Soft yellow leaves.

Acer dissectum palmatifidum. Very finely cut leaves.

Acer palmatum var. dissectum variegatum - with photos of other Acer Palmatums you could also use as a Wall Shrub for The Prime Site. Slightly variegated, cream and pink.

Acradenia frankliniae is Whitey Wood
acradeniacfolfrankiniaewikimediacommons
Acradenia frankliniae Hobart gardens. By Poyt448 Peter Woodard, via Wikimedia Commons

Flat-topped clusters of small, white 6 or 7 petals in each star-shaped flower, each posy is 5cm (2 inches) across.

Apr-May

120 x 60
(300 x 150)

Dark Green foliage which is aromatic when crushed.

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh E

Fertile, moist, well-drained, neutral to acid soil.

The habitat is the rainforest floor, often found near streams.

Use - As an evergreen wall shrub fan-trained for milder areas, best with shelter and some shade. It has grown well in our woodland gardens for many years and is generally hardy if sheltered from strong winds. It can also be grown in a large container if required.

Foliage - The opposite, paired leaves, 7cm (3 inches) long, are each made up of 3 narrow dark leaflets. They are dotted with pin-point oil glands and are aromatic when crushed.

Problems - Hardy through most of the UK apart from inland valleys, at altitude and central/northerly locations. May suffer foliage damage and stem dieback in harsh winters in cold gardens. Plant can withstand temperatures down to -10°C (14°F).

 

Adenocarpus decorticans is Silver Broom
adenocarpuscflosdecorticanswikimediacommons
Adenocarpus decorticans. Real Jardín Botánico, Madrid. By A. Barra, via Wikimedia Commons

Bright yellow, pea-shaped flowers in dense arching clusters to 6 cm from end to end of their branches.

May-Jun

96-120 x (240-300 x )

Tiny dark green leaves somewhat silvered with hair.

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh D

Peaty soil suits it well. Needs good drainage.

Use - As a fan-trained deciduous shrub. Native (endemic) to the Sierra Nevada mountains of Spain.

Foliage - It has grey, flaking bark and tiny leaves somewhat silvered with hair.

Problems - It should have the sunniest position available, and is suitable for a hot bank in gardens where it can thrive in the open. For colder localities a place on a south wall is necessary.

 

Aloysia triphylla is Lemon Verbena, Lemon beebrush
aloysiacforcitrodorawikimediacommons
Aloysia citrodora, Verbenaceae, Lemon Verbena, Lemon Beebrush, inflorescence; Botanical Garden Karlsruhe, Germany. By H. Zell, via Wikimedia Commons

Tiny, white and pale lilac star-shaped flowers

Jul-Aug

108 x 108
(270 x 270)

Leaves - occasionally cooked as a spinach but more commonly used as a flavouring in salads, fruit salads.

Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil.

Habitats - Fields and roadsides. Open scrub.

Base of Wall Plants for The Base and
Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh D

Use - As a fan-trained deciduous shrub on a South or West wall. The growing plant repels midges, flies and other insects. The essential oil is an effective insecticide in 1 - 2% concentration.

Pruning - Any pruning is best carried out in the spring.

Problems - Lemon verbena is not absolutely hardy, and in most areas is best planted in a safe, warm spot by The Base of Wall Plants for The Base where it will thrive; should it be damaged by severe weather, it can be cut back to sprout afresh.
It generally survives most winters outdoors if growing in a suitable position, though it is often cut back to ground level and then resprouts from the base in late spring or early summer.
It makes an erect shrub with whorls of rough, narrowly elliptic leaves that readily emit the lemon scent when bruised.
Giving the roots a good, thick organic mulch will confer extra protection from winter cold.

 

Azara microphylla
azaracflormicrophyllawikimediacommons
Azara microphylla at the San Francisco Botanical Garden. By Stan Shebs, via Wikimedia Commons
azaracflomicrophyllawikimediacommons
with a flower cluster

Numerous very small, vanilla-scented, yellow to yellow/green petal-less flowers carried in clusters at leaf joints between late winter and early spring. Flowering can be very variable in performance.

Best in light to medium shade but will tolerate full sun if required as long as adequate moisture is available.

Attractive to bees.

Apr-May

After 10 years - 96 x 60 (240 x 150)

Small, obovate, entire or toothed, very dark green.

Hardy through most of the UK apart from inland valleys, at altitude and central/northerly locations. May suffer foliage damage and stem dieback in harsh winters in cold gardens.

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh E

Soil - Tolerates a wide range of soil conditions, only disliking extremely wet or dry types.

Use - As a freestanding or fan-trained shrub for large walls and fences offering attractive evergreen foliage and formation in a sheltered position.

Foliage - Very attractive small oval leaflets, 1 inch (2.5 cm) long, round-ended, tooth-edges, dark shiny green, carried uniformly along branches in interesting formation.

Stem - Light green to dark green, becoming grey/green. Upright, slow to medium growth rate. Responds well to fan-training.

Fruit - None of interest.

Pruning - Not normally required but can have individual limbs removed in spring if necessary for training.

Training - Tie to wires or individual anchor points in a fan shape or llow to grow freestanding.

Height/spread
5 years - 60 x 36 (150 x 91)
10 years - 96 x 60 (240 x 150)
20 years - 192 x 120 (490 x 300)
Protrudes up to 36 inches (91 cm) from support if fan-trained, 84 inches (210 cm) untrained.

Problems - Can reach the dimensions of a small tree given time and this should be allowed for in initial planting - it is worth remembering what the factors are that cause subsidence of buildings, especially tree roots in clay soils. Tolerates a minimum winter temperature of 14 degrees Fahreheit (-10 degrees Centigrade). Late spring frost may damage new growth.
Both of these below could be grown in conservatories in the UK:
Azara integrifolia plant does not tolerate snow, but can tolerate occasional freezing spells of about - 5° C (the typical morning frost of central Chile).
Azara petiolaris plant does not tolerate snow, but can tolerate occasional freezing spells of about - 5° C (the typical morning frost of central Chile).

Azara microphylla 'Variegata'. Edges of leaves creamy yellow. An interesting plant less hardy than its parent, so use in a conservatory.

Berberis x stenophylla is Barberry
berberiscflosstenophyllawikimediacommons
Berberis × stenophylla. By Jerzy Opioła, via Wikimedia Commons.

Small straw-yellow scented cup-shaped flowers and in autumn there are plentiful blue/black berries, which are attractive to birds.

Full Sun, but is Part Shade tolerant

Apr-May

96 x 120-160
(240 x 300-400)

Small, narrow, dark green, young shoots purplish.

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh E

Tolerant of most moist soils and positions including coastal, other than very wet and windy places.

Use - As a spring flowering evergreen wall shrub, an informal hedge or as a specimen. Vigorous spreading habit. Serious thorns and a dense habit make it a useful roosting, hiding and nesting place for birds and a thorny boundary hedge. Berberis can also be used in the rock garden.

Prune after flowering if required.

Training - Requires wires or individual anchor points to secure and encourage the fan-trained shape.

CRC for Australian Weed Management is a publication on the introduced plants to Australia - Everyone who uses plants needs to be aware of the weed potential of those plants and to be able to make informed decisions about which ones to use in their operations.

Berberis x stenophylla  ‘Claret Cascade’  Rich orange flowers flushed scarlet, April and May, followed by small, blue-black berries. Small, narrow, dark green, young shoots purplish, evergreen. Height up to 2 metres. Spread about 2.5 metres.

Berberis x stenophylla  ‘Irwinii’  Deep yellow flowers in April and May. Small narrow, dark green, leaves, evergreen. Height a small arching shrub up to 1 metre. Spread about 1 metre.

Buddleia alternifolia is Fountain buddleia, Alternate-leaved butterfly bush
buddleiacflosalternifoliawikimediacommons
Buddleja alternifolia. Permission granted to use under GFDL by Kurt Stueber, via Wikimedia Commons.

Small bunches of very fragrant, lilac-coloured, small, trumpet-shaped flowers bone along graceful , arching branches in early summer.

Tolerates all but the most severe of aspects. Best in full sun, tolerates slight dappled shade.

Jul-Aug

After 10 years - 144 x 144 (370 x 370)

Grey-green with yellow autumn colour.

Fastest covering Climbers and Wall Shrubs

Sh D

Prefers good, rich, deep soil, although tolerates other soil types.

Use - As a large late summer to early autumn flowering, graceful, arching deciduous wall shrub. It is is endemic to Kansu, China, where it grows along river banks in thickets. Wall use is particularly suitable for the variety Buddleia alternifolia 'Argentea'. It is also used in woodlands, hedges and on banks, as well as in butterfly gardens.

Foliage - Leaves grey/green, lanceolate. 1.5-4 inches (4-10 cm) long, giving yellow autumn colour.

Stem - Grey/green to mid green, vigorous, long, upright, becoming arching. Fast growing.

Fruit - Brown to grey/brown seedheads in autumn and winter.

Pruning - Thin out one third of growth after flowering on established shrubs.

Training - Requires wires or individual anchor points to secure and encourage the fan-trained shape.

Height/spread
5 years - 96 x 96 (240 x 240)
10 years - 144 x 144 (370 x 370)
20 years - 180 x 180 (460 x 460)
Protrudes up to 72 inches (180 cm) from support.

Problems - When offered for sale it resembles an old, woody shrub. Once planted out, however, it grows quickly and often fills a larger space than anticipated. Tolerates a minimum winter temperature of 4 degrees Fahrenheit (-15 degrees Centigrade).

Buddleia alternifolia 'Argentea'. Slightly more tender and lower growing, with attractive silver foliage and slightly paler blue flowers. Best protected by a sunny, sheltered wall.

The Buddleja Garden is a website about Buddlejas with original content and aims to provide useful information for both gardeners and plantsmen.

Buddleia (Tender Forms)
buddlejacflosauriculatawikimediacommons
Buddleja auriculata in Jardín Botánico de Barcelona. By Consulta-plantas, via Wikimedia Commons.

Racemes 3-12 inches (7.5-30 cm) long in a range of colours through white, pink, blue and orange in mid summer to late autumn.

Very sheltered aspect. Full sun for preference but tolerates light shade.

 

 

The Buddleja Garden is a website about Buddlejas with original content and aims to provide useful information for both gardeners and plantsmen.

Aug-Nov

After 10 years - 144 x 144 (370 x 370)

Light green or grey-green

Climbers and Wall Shrubs needing or responding
well to Con-servatory or Green-hous
e

Sh D or E

Tolerates a wide soil range, ony disliking extremely dry conditions. Requires a high degree of organic material and plant nutrient for best results.

Use - As large fan-trained or freestanding shrubs for walls and fences. The world’s first patio buddleia!, and a true dwarf, perfectly proportioned and cultivated specifically with patio pots and small gardens in mind.

Foliage - Lanceolate, 4-8 inches (10-20 cm) long, 1-3 inches (2.5-7.5 cm) wide, light green or grey/green, often downy depending on variety.

Stem - Grey/green, often downy when young, becoming grey/brown. Upright. Fast rate of growth.

Fruit - Most forms produce small brown seedheads which have some limited winter attraction.

List of Butterfly species that are attracted to Butterfly Bush flowers.

Companion Plants - The silvery foliage of buddleia mingles well with other sun-loving silver plants and these could include the pale-lemon anthemis ‘Susanna Mitchell’, the dark-purple lavender ‘Imperial Gem’ and nepeta ‘Six Hills Giant’.

The dark-flowered forms need a paler companion and the lemon-yellow daisies of Helianthus ‘Lemon Queen’, or the tall delicate daisy, Bidens aurea ‘Hannay’s Lemon Drop’ are tall enough to nudge up underneath and create that contrast.

The pink forms are excellent with darker flowers including the red scabious, Knautia macedonica, and dark scabious, like Scabiosa atropurpurea ‘Ace of Spades’.

But all have an orange eye which can be picked out by planting August-flowering orange crocosmias ('Firebird', 'Star of the East' and 'Severn Sunrise') or the soft-orange dahlia 'David Howard'.

Pruning - Prune back all previous season's growth, other than that required for training the main framework, to within 2 inches (5 cm) of its origin in early to mid spring.

Training - Tie to wires or individual anchor points in a fan shape or allow to grow freestanding.

Height/spread
5 years - 72 x 72 (180 x 180)
10 years - 144 x 144 (370 x 370)
20 years - 216 x 216 (550 x 550)
Protrudes up to 48 inches (120 cm) from support if fan-trained, 96 inches (240 cm) untrained.

Problems - Often exceeds the allotted area. May suffer some winter die-back but normally regenerates. Tolerates a minimum winter temperature of 14 degrees Fahrenheit (-10 degrees Centigrade) but only with the protection of a large wall or fence.

Buddleia auriculata. Lax growth carries fragrant creamy white flowers with yellow throats in panicles up to 2 inches (5 cm) across and 8 inches (20 cm) long. Lanceolate foliage 4 inches (10 cm) long, 1 inch (2.5 cm) wide, white felted underside, grey/green upper side in late summer to late autumn.

Buddleia caryopteridifolia. Leaves oval to lanceolate, tooth-edged, up to 6 inches (15 cm) long, 1 inch (2.5 cm) wide. Attractive grey/green. Stems covered with white woolly down. Fragrant lavender-blue flowers in panicles up to 3 inches (7.5 cm) long in late spring/early summer.

Buddleia colvillei. Long racemes of deep rose, tubular flowers, borne at the ends of the branches. Foliage ovate, grey/green with some yellow autumn colour.

Buddleia colvillei 'Kewensis'. An attractive form with dark red flowers.

Buddleia crispa. Fragrant, tubular lilac flowers, grey/green foliage.

Buddleia fallowiana 'Alba'. Panicles of pure white flowers up to 15 inches (38 cm) long in early to mid summer. Attractive grey/green foliage, 10 inches (25 cm) long and up to 4 inches (10 cm) wide.

Buddleia madagascariensis. Bold orange flowers, very prolific. Tender even in mild areas against walls, so best in greenhouses or conservatories.

Buddleia salvifolia. Semi-evergreen lanceolate foliage up to 4 inches (10 cm) long and 2 inches (5 cm) wide, grey-green. Panicles of white to pale lilac flowers with orange markings in each tubular floret in mid to late summer.

Abutilon mega-potamicum (Large-leaved and Flowering Forms)

Hanging, large, bell-shaped flowers up to 1.5 inches (4 cms) long and 1.5 inches (4 cms) wide. Wide range of colours including red, pink, yellow and apricot.

 

 

 

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh D

Moderately alkaline to acid, with adequate moisture and food content for rapid growth.

Use - As a fan-trained wall shrub for walls and fences, or for growing in conservatories, both as a fan-shaped wall shrub or as a pillar.

Foliage - Leaves oval, up to 5 inches (12 cms) long with toothed edges. Mid to olive-green in colour. Some yellow tints. Some variegated forms.

Stem - Upright, becoming spreading. Vigorous, up to 60 inches (150 cms) of growth per year.

Fruit - Insignificant.

Pruning - Remove one third of old flowering wood on established shrubs to ground level in early to mid spring. Can be severely cut back to a stool in early spring if required and will quickly rejuvenate.

Training - Requires wires or individual anchor points to secure and encourage a fan-trained shape.

Height/spread
5 years 72 x 72 (180 x 180)
10 years 84 x 84 (210 x 210)
20 years 108 x 108 (270 x 270)
Protrudes up to 36 inches (91 cms) from support.

Problems - Always susceptible to damage by severe cold.

Abutilon x milleri. Orange petals and crimson stamens in Apr-Sep. Very large dark green leaves.

Abutilon x milleri 'Variegatum'. Orange petals, crimson stamens in Jul-Sep. Foliage splashed gold. Very tender.

Abutilon 'Ashford Red'. Foliage apple green. Flowers deep red/pink in Jul-Oct. Tender.

Abutilon 'Canary Bird'. Pure yellow flowers in Jul-Oct. Can flower all winter in a conservatory.

Abutilon 'Cerise Queen'. Cerise flowers in Apr-Oct. Less hardy.

Abutilon 'Hinton Seedling'. Vermilion flowers in Jul-Oct.

Abutilon 'Louise Marignac'. Good pink flowers in Apr-Oct. Less hardy.

Abutilon 'Nabob'. Crimson-red flowers in Jul-Oct. Less hardy.

Abutilon 'Souvenir de Bonn'. Soft Apricot flowers in Year-round if temperatures are warm enough.

Albizia julibrissin is Pink Mimosa, Pink siris, Silk Tree
albiziacflosjulibrissinwikimediacommons
合欢树

摄于北京植物园 Beijing Botanical Garden. By Shizhao, via Wikimedia Commons.

Terminal clusters of petal-less flowerheads on long stalks, producing a mop-like cluster of pink stamens up to 1 inch (2.5 cm) across. Dense all-over flowering makes a spectacular effect.

Requires a very sheltered aspect. Full sun to very light shade.

Jun-Aug

The seeds are used as a food for livestock and by wildlife, and the sweet-scented flowers are a good nectar source for honeybees and butterflies.

After 10 years - 192 x 192 (490 x 490)

Its grey/green leaves slowly close during the night and during periods of rain, the leaflets bowing downward.

Climbers and Wall Shrubs needing or responding
well to Con-servatory or Green-house

Tr D

Any soil types except dry. In the wild, the tree tends to grow in dry plains, sandy valleys, and uplands.

Use - As a small fan-trained tree for large walls or for fan-training on conservatory walls. The broad crown of a mature tree makes it useful for providing dappled shade.

Folage - Bipinnate leaves, 9-18 inches 923-45 cm) long. Each of the 6-12 branches of the pinnate leaf carries 20-30 pairs of small, oblong, grey/green leaflets.

Stem - Grey-green, upright when young, quickly spreading. Medium rate of growth, slower in container.

Fruit - Insignificant

Pruning - Prune young trees hard in the spring following planting. Tie resulting 5 to 7 shoots into a a fan-trained shape. In subsequent year, remove all side growths back to 2 points from their origin and maintain original main branches in fan shape.

Training - Will require fixing to wires or individual anchor points.

Height/spread
5 years - 96 x 96 (240 x 240)
10 years - 192 x 192 (490 x 490)
20 years - 288 x 288 (730 x 730)
Protrudes up to 36 inches (91 cm) from support.

Problems - Often chosen because seen growing well in warm climates, but not adaptable to harsher conditions.
Can only flourish in frost-free areas. It has become an invasive species in Japan. Because of its invasive tendencies and disease susceptibility, it is rarely recommended as an ornamental plant in the US, though it is still widely planted in parts of Europe.

Albizia julibrissin 'Rosea'. Smaller variety with bright pink flowers, reaching two-thirds average height and spread. It is often used for non-traditional bonsai.

Bupleurum fruticosum is Shrubby hare's ear
bupleurumcflosfruticosumwikimediacommons
Bupleurum fruticosum, flowers. By Aroche, via Wikimedia Commons

Bell-shaped clusters of green/cream to yellow/green flowers from mid summer to early autumn.

All but the most exposed walls. Best in full sun. Tolerates light shade but becomes looser in habit in deep shade.

Jul-Sep

After 10 years - 72 x 72 (180 x 180)

Dark, glossy, grey/green with silver undersides.

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh E

Any well-drained soil conditions.

Use - As a medium sized, evergreen wall shrub for shady walls with distinctively coloured flowers. Whether positioned as a specimen, massed as a screen or windbreak or utilized as a backdrop for a mixed planting, its quiet, yet handsome persona is sure to please.

Foliage - Elliptic, 0.5-2 inch (1-5 cm) long, dark, glossy, grey/green with silver undersides.

Stem - Light green to dark olive-green, forming a rounded shrub, somewhat loose in habit. Medium to slow growth rate.

Fruit - Brown seedheads, interesting in winter.

Pruning - None required. May be trimmed or cut back to maintain shape.

Training - Requires wires or individual anchor points to secure and encourage the fan-trained shape.

Height/spread
5 years - 36 x 36 (91 x 91)
10 years - 72 x 72 (180 x 180)
20 years - 96 x 96 (240 x 240)
Protrudes up to 36 inches (91 cm) from support.

Problems - Not easy to find. Established shrubs withstand winter temperatures down to 4 degrees Fahrenheit (-15 degrees Centigrade), but young plants are less hardy. Good in exposed coastal sites. Can be clipped to becoming a hedge.

Good companions

Choose a sunny, open position for this medium-sized shrub so it can glow and shimmer. Use it as a backdrop for brightly hued late-summer performers. Avoid pale pinks, they will make the lime-yellow flowers look insipid. B. fruticosum also makes a good shrub on a south-facing wall.

Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' is Edging Box, Boxwood
buxuscfolsempervirenssuffruticosawikimediacommons
Buxus Sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' plants in a nursery in Cranford, New Jersey on April 14, 2012 . By Tomwsulcer, via Wikimedia Commons

Dwarf Box plants do flower but, as there are no petals, you will probably only notice the bees that it attracts. Rabbits and deer do not eat box.

Tolerates full sun but it affects foliage appearance, so Part Shade is best

Mar-Apr

36 x 60
(90 x 150)

Green leaves 1-2 cm in length, ovate, fairly glossy.

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh E

It will tolerate any well drained soil and can grow near the sea.

Use - Excellent as a hedge/ edging shrub, and especially for box parterres and knot gardens. Typically only grows to a maximum of one or two feet in height but there will be some exceptions. - compact and very slow-growing (1-2 inches (3-5 cms) a year). Dwarf box is most commonly used for precisely clipped, knee-high decorative borders; it is sometime called Edging Box. It also looks good in a pot, trimmed into a neat geometric shape and as groundcover.

Dwarf box hedging plants are usually planted at 5 to 8 plants to the metre (20 to 12cm spacing). 6 plants per metre is probably the commonest spacing. The dwarf box hedge will look the same in the end, whatever the spacing in this range. The closer spacings may be chosen if relatively small hedging plants are required to form a complete hedge relatively quickly.

Buxus sempervirens 'Suffruticosa' can be planted at any time when the ground is workable. Container grown plants are generally used where the plants may be kept for some time before planting, and in summer.

Pruning - Prune your dwarf box hedge in August or September with topiary shears. Avoid cultivating around these plants because they have shallow roots.

Problems - Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters. May not withstand open/exposed sites or central/northern locations. Plant can withstand temperatures down to -15°C (5°F).

Companion Plants.

Caesalpinia gilliesii is Crimson Threadflower, Yellow Bird of Paradise, Bird of paradise bush
caesalpiniacflogilliesiiwikimediacommons
Caesalpinia gilliesii, Bird of Paradise, flowers and fruits; Salses-le-Château, France. By H. Zell, via Wikimedia Commons

Produces large erect racemes of up to 40 individual yellow flowers with scarlet stamens, which flowers are 3.5cm (1½in) across in erect racemes 15-30 (6-12in) long.

Full Sun

Jun-Jul

Juniper Level Botanic Garden (JLBG), established in 1988, actively promotes and preserves botanic diversity by bridging the gap between botany and horticulture through plant study, identification, educational outreach, and plant exploration, both in the US and abroad.

72-120 x 36-96
(200-300 x 100-250)

Mid- to dark-green 2 pinnate leaves to 20cm (8in) long with many oblong leaflets.

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh E

Fertile moist well-drained soil or loam-based compost (JI No. 3) under glass with added leaf mould in conservatory.

Use - Erect to spreading shrub or small tree, which can be grown outside in summer. Plant can withstand temperatures down to 5°C (41°F), so is best inside a container within a conservatory in the UK. Good cut flowers.

Flowers on the new growth, it can be trimmed or coppiced every Autumn or can be trained to form a small tree. Best to grow in large pots on the patio (or planted in the garden for the Summer) but in Britain, it should be overwintered frost free in an unheated room or in conservatory.

Pruning - Plants under glass may need a restrictive prune after the first flush of flowers.

Problems - Needs frost protection except in the mildest locations.
The seeds and the green seed pods of this plant are toxic, provoking severe vomiting and other abdominal symptoms.

Companion Plants

 

"Many other climbers and wall shrubs may perform well with this type of cultivation but those listed above are the most reliable." from The Gardener's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Climbers & Wall Shrubs - A Guide to more than 2000 varieties including Roses, Clematis and Fruit Trees by Brian Davis. (ISBN 0-670-82929-3) provides the lists for 'Choosing the right Shrub or Climber' together with Average Height and Spread after 5 years, 10 years and 20 years.
 

Abutilon mega-potamicum (Large-leaved and Flowering Forms)

Hanging, large, bell-shaped flowers up to 1.5 inches (4 cms) long and 1.5 inches (4 cms) wide. Wide range of colours including red, pink, yellow and apricot.

 

 

 

Wall Shrubs for The Prime Site

Sh D

Moderately alkaline to acid, with adequate moisture and food content for rapid growth.

Use - As a fan-trained wall shrub for walls and fences, or for growing in conservatories, both as a fan-shaped wall shrub or as a pillar.

Foliage - Leaves oval, up to 5 inches (12 cms) long with toothed edges. Mid to olive-green in colour. Some yellow tints. Some variegated forms.

Stem - Upright, becoming spreading. Vigorous, up to 60 inches (150 cms) of growth per year.

Fruit - Insignificant.

Pruning - Remove one third of old flowering wood on established shrubs to ground level in early to mid spring. Can be severely cut back to a stool in early spring if required and will quickly rejuvenate.

Training - Requires wires or individual anchor points to secure and encourage a fan-trained shape.

Height/spread
5 years 72 x 72 (180 x 180)
10 years 84 x 84 (210 x 210)
20 years 108 x 108 (270 x 270)
Protrudes up to 36 inches (91 cms) from support.

Problems - Always susceptible to damage by severe cold.

Abutilon x milleri. Orange petals and crimson stamens in Apr-Sep. Very large dark green leaves.

Abutilon x milleri 'Variegatum'. Orange petals, crimson stamens in Jul-Sep. Foliage splashed gold. Very tender.

Abutilon 'Ashford Red'. Foliage apple green. Flowers deep red/pink in Jul-Oct. Tender.

Abutilon 'Canary Bird'. Pure yellow flowers in Jul-Oct. Can flower all winter in a conservatory.

Abutilon 'Cerise Queen'. Cerise flowers in Apr-Oct. Less hardy.

Abutilon 'Hinton Seedling'. Vermilion flowers in Jul-Oct.

Abutilon 'Louise Marignac'. Good pink flowers in Apr-Oct. Less hardy.

Abutilon 'Nabob'. Crimson-red flowers in Jul-Oct. Less hardy.

Abutilon 'Souvenir de Bonn'. Soft Apricot flowers in Year-round if temperatures are warm enough.

Albizia julibrissin is Pink Mimosa, Pink siris, Silk Tree
albiziacflosjulibrissinwikimediacommons1
合欢树

摄于北京植物园 Beijing Botanical Garden. By Shizhao, via Wikimedia Commons.

Terminal clusters of petal-less flowerheads on long stalks, producing a mop-like cluster of pink stamens up to 1 inch (2.5 cm) across. Dense all-over flowering makes a spectacular effect.

Requires a very sheltered aspect. Full sun to very light shade.

Jun-Aug

The seeds are used as a food for livestock and by wildlife, and the sweet-scented flowers are a good nectar source for honeybees and butterflies.

After 10 years - 192 x 192 (490 x 490)

Its grey/green leaves slowly close during the night and during periods of rain, the leaflets bowing downward.

Climbers and Wall Shrubs needing or responding
well to Con-servatory or Green-house

Tr D

Any soil types except dry. In the wild, the tree tends to grow in dry plains, sandy valleys, and uplands.

Use - As a small fan-trained tree for large walls or for fan-training on conservatory walls. The broad crown of a mature tree makes it useful for providing dappled shade.

Folage - Bipinnate leaves, 9-18 inches 923-45 cm) long. Each of the 6-12 branches of the pinnate leaf carries 20-30 pairs of small, oblong, grey/green leaflets.

Stem - Grey-green, upright when young, quickly spreading. Medium rate of growth, slower in container.

Fruit - Insignificant

Pruning - Prune young trees hard in the spring following planting. Tie resulting 5 to 7 shoots into a a fan-trained shape. In subsequent year, remove all side growths back to 2 points from their origin and maintain original main branches in fan shape.

Training - Will require fixing to wires or individual anchor points.

Height/spread
5 years - 96 x 96 (240 x 240)
10 years - 192 x 192 (490 x 490)
20 years - 288 x 288 (730 x 730)
Protrudes up to 36 inches (91 cm) from support.

Problems - Often chosen because seen growing well in warm climates, but not adaptable to harsher conditions.
Can only flourish in frost-free areas. It has become an invasive species in Japan. Because of its invasive tendencies and disease susceptibility, it is rarely recommended as an ornamental plant in the US, though it is still widely planted in parts of Europe.

Albizia julibrissin 'Rosea'. Smaller variety with bright pink flowers, reaching two-thirds average height and spread. It is often used for non-traditional bonsai.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

thisendup

They only had one job to do.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERY 3
PAGES

Site Map

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY PAGES Links to pages in Table alongside on the left with Garden Design Topic Pages

Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines

Plant Type
 

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 with its Cultivation Requirements

Alpines for Rock Garden (See Rock Garden Plant Flowers)

Alpine Shrubs and Conifers

The Alpine Meadow
Page 1
Page 2
Page 3

The Alpine Border
1
, 2

Alpine Plants for a Purpose

The Alpines that Dislike Lime 1, 2

Alpines and Walls
Dry Sunny Walls 1a, b
Tops of Walls 2a, b
Dry Shady and Conifers 3a, b

Alpines and
Paving
1
, 2

Sink and Trough gardens
1
, 2

Aquatic
(Water Plants) for

Anti-erosion River-bank

Marginal Plants (Bog Garden Plants)
1
, 2

Oxy-genating Weeds

Water Lilies

Floating Plants

Water-side Plants
and Plants for Dry Margins next to a Pond
1
, 2

Wildlife Pond Plants

Annual for

----------------



 

 

ANY PLANT TYPE for
Cut Flowers in
January 1, 2
February
March 1, 2
April
May 1, 2
June 1, 2
July 1, 2
August
September
October
November
December

Exposed Sites

Sheltered Sites with Green-house Annuals from 1916

Extra Poor Soil with Half-Hardy Annuals from 1916

Very Rich Soil with Biennials from 1916

Gap-filling in Mixed Borders with Hardy Annuals from 1916

Patio Con-tainers

Cut Flowers
1
, 2, 3 Ever-lasting Flowers with Red Flowers from 1916

Attract-ing bene-ficial insects
1
, 2

Scent / Fra-grance with Annuals for Cool or Shady Places from 1916

Low-allergen Gardens for Hay Fever Sufferers

Annual Plant Pairing Ideas and Colour Schemes with Annuals
1
, 2

Low-Growing Annuals
1
, 2

Medium-Growing Annuals

Tall-Growing Annuals with White Flowers from 1916

Black or Brown Flowers

Blue to Purple Flowers

Green Flowers with Annuals and Biennials from 1916

Red to Pink Flowers and Cut Flowers
Page
1
, 2, 3

White Flowers
1
, 2

Yellow or Orange Flowers
1
, 2

Dec-orative Foliage

Moist Soil

Shade
1
, 2

House-plants with Yellow Flowers from 1916

Edging Beds

Hanging Baskets

Vining Annuals

 

Bedding for

Spring Bedding

Summer Bedding

Autumn/ Winter Bedding

Bedding for Light Sandy Soil

Bedding for Acid Soil

Bedding for Chalky Soil

Bedding for Clay Soil

Black Flowers

Blue Flowers

Orange Flowers

Pink Flowers

Long Flowering

Coloured Leaves

Attract-ive to Wildlife including Bees, Butterflies and Moths

Purple Flowers

Red Flowers

White Flowers

Yellow Flowers

Multi-Coloured Flowers

Aromatic Foliage or Scented Flowers

Bedding Plant Use

Flowers with 2 Petals

Flowers with 3 Petals

Flowers with
4 Petals

Flowers with 5 Petals

Flowers with 6 Petals

Flowers with more than 6 Petals

Use in Hanging Baskets

Flower Simple Shape

Shape of
Stars

Shape of
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

Shape of
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

Shape of
Trumpets and Funnels

Shape of
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

Use in Pots and Troughs

Flower Elabo-rated Shape

Shape of
Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Shape of
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Shape of
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

 

Use in
Screen-ing

Use in
Window Boxes

Shape of
Stand-ards, Wings and Keels

Shape of
Discs and Florets

Shape of
Pin-Cushions and Tufts

Shape of
Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons

 

Use in Bedding Out

Use in
Filling In

Biennial for

Cottage and Other Gardens
1
, 2

Cut Flower with Biennials for Rock Work from 1916

Patio Con-tainers with Biennials for Pots in Green-house / Con-servatory

Bene-ficial to Wildlife with Purple and Blue Flowers from 1916

Scent with Biennials for Sunny Banks or Borders from 1916

 

 

Bulb for
--------------
Explan-ation Intro to Bulbs
--------------
725 Blue, White, Yellow, Unusual Colour, or Red-Purple-Pink flowering Bulbs in each month they flower.

Indoor Bulbs for
Dec-ember
January
February

Indoor Bulbs for
March
April
May

Indoor
Bulbs for
June
July
August

Indoor Bulbs for Sep-tember
October
November

Bulbs in Window-boxes
1
, 2

Bulbs in the Border

Bulbs natural-ised in Grass

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Dec-Jan
Feb-Mar

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Apr-May
Jun-Aug 1, 2, 3, 4

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Sep-Oct
Nov-Dec

Any Plant Type Blooming in Smallest of Gardens

Bulbs for the Bulb Frame

Bulbs in the Wood-land Garden

Bulbs in the Rock Garden

Bulbs in Green-house or Stove

Achi-menes, Alocasias, Amorpho-phalluses, Aris-aemas, Arums, Begonias, Bomar-eas, Calad-iums

Clivias,
Colo-casias, Crinums, Cyclam-ens, Cyrt-anthuses, Euchar-ises, Urceo-charis, Eurycles

Freesias, Gloxinias, Hae-manthus, Hipp-eastrums

Lachen-alias, Nerines, Lycorises, Pen-cratiums, Hymen-ocallises, Richardias, Sprekelias, Tuberoses, Vallotas, Watsonias, Zephy-ranthes

Bulbs in Bowls

Bulbs in the Alpine House

Hardy Bulbs

Aconitum, Allium, Alstroe-meria, Anemone 1, 1a

Amaryllis, Antheri-cum, Antholy-zas, Apios, Arisaema, Arum, Aspho-deline,

Aspho-delus, Belam-canda, Bloom-eria, Brodiae, Bulbo-codium

Calo-chorti, Cyclo-bothras, Camassia, Col-chicum, Con-vallaria,
Forcing Lily of the Valley, Corydalis, Crinum, Crosmia, Mon-tbretia , Crocus

Cyclamen, Dicentra, Dierama, Eranthis, Eremurus, Ery-thrnium, Eucomis

Fritillaria, Funkia, Gal-anthus, Galtonia, Gladiolus, Hemero-callis

Hya-cinth, Hya-cinths in Pots,
Scilla, Pusch-kinia, Chion-odoxa, Chiono-scilla, Muscari

Iris,
Kniphofia, Lapey-rousia, Leucojum

Lilium,

Lilium in Pots, Malvastrum, Merendera, Milla, Narcissus, Narcissi in Pots

Orni-thogalum, Oxalis, Paeonia, Ran-unculus, Romulea, Sanguin-aria,
Stern-bergia,
Schi-zostylis, Teco-philaea, Trillium

Tulip,
Zephy-ranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs

Acidan-thera, Albuca, Alstroe-meri, Andro-stephium, Bassers, Boussing-aultias, Bravoas, Cypellas, Dahlias, Galaxis,
Geis-sorhizas, Hesper-anthas

Gladioli, Ixias,
Sparaxises, Babianas, Morphixias, Tritonias

Ixio-lirions, Moraeas, Orni-thogal-ums, Oxalises, Phaedra-nassas,
Pan-cratiums, Tigridias, Zephyr-anthes, Cooper-ias

Bulbs for Bedding

Plant each Bedding Plant with a Ground, Edging or Dot Plant for
Spring
1
, 2
or
Summer
1
, 2

Climber 3 sector Vertical Plant System with

Any Plant Type flowers in
Jan,
Feb,
Mar,
Apr,
May 1, 2
Jun,
Jul,
Aug,
Sep,
Oct,
Nov,
Dec
 

----------
Choosing the right Plant

1a.
The Base -
Base of Wall Plants

1b.
Annuals

1c.
Herbs and Vege-tables

1d.
Cut
flowers, Cut Foliage

1e.
Scented flower or foliage

1f.
Foliage use only

 

2a. 1,2,3,4
The Prime - Wall Shrubs

2b.
Fruit trees

3a.
The Higher Reaches -
House-wall Ramblers

3b. 1,2
Non-House-Wall - Climbing Twiners

3c.
Non-House-Wall - Self-clinging Climbers

Raised
Bed
for Wheel-chair Users

Plants for Wildlife-Use as well

Fastest Covering

Least prot-ruding growth when fan-trained

1, 2
Evergreen

Use as
Hedge

Exposed Positions

Use as Ground-cover

1,2
Ornam-ental Fruit

Scented Flowers

1, 2
Autumn Foliage Colour

Winter Bark

Winter and Early Spring Flowers

Summer Colour or Shape of Foliage

Edible Fruit

Needs Conserv-atory or Green-house

Large
Pots and Con-tainers
1
, 2

Cut Flowers

Attractive to Bees

Climber - Simple Flower Shape

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a
Stars

geraniumflocineremuballerina1a1
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14k1a1
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord2
Trumpets and Funnels

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming
Salverform

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14q1
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

 

Climber - Elaborated Flower Shape

prunellaflotgrandiflora
Tubes, Lips and Straps

aquilegiacfloformosafoord
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14u1a
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14v1a
Standards, Wings and Keels

brachyscomecflorigidulakevock
Disks and Florets

andosacecforyargongensiskevock
Pin-cushions, Tufts, Petal-less and Cushions

armeriaflomaritimakevock
Umbels, Buttons and Pompoms

 

STAGE 4A 12 BLOOM COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Blue

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Mauve

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Purple

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Brown

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Cream

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Orange

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Pink

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Red

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
White

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1 Yellow

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Un-
usual

1
Multi-Colou-red

1
Each Flower Diff-

1
erent Colour

 

STAGE 4B 12 FOLIAGE COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY
Deciduous Shrubs or Trees, Herbaceous Perennials or Bulbs- if that changes from the main colour for instance to a different autumn colour, then it will be in this column and the relevant colour for those months of Win (Winter), Spr (Spring), Sum (Summer) or Aut (Autumn) group as well.
Evergreen Shrubs or Trees, Evergreen Perennials - if that changes from the main colour for instance to a different autumn colour, then it will be in this column and the relevant colour for those months of Win (Winter), Spr (Spring), Sum (Summer) or Aut (Autumn) group as well.

Jan Win

Feb Win

Mar Spr

Apr Spr

May Spr

Jun Sum

Jul Sum

Aug Sum

Sep Aut

Oct Aut

Nov Aut

Dec Win

Decid
Herba

Ever-green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Blue

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Mauve

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Purple

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Black

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Bronze

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Orange

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Pink

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Red

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Grey

1
White

1
Silver

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Yellow

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Un-
usual

1
Varie-gated

1

1

1

1

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677


Site design and content copyright ©October 2016.
Top menus revised June 2018. Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

Ivydene
Horticultural
Services

Scented Flora of the World by Roy Genders - was first published in 1977 and this paperback edition was published on 1 August 1994 ISBN 0 7090 5440 8:-
This comprehensive book looks at scented flowers and leaves of plants from all over the world. The work has been prepared to the standards of the Index Kewensis, and is filled with the most interesting facts about the scented flora of the world.

I am using the above book from someone who took 30 years to compile it from notes made of his detailed observations of growing plants in preference to
The RHS Companion to Scented Plants Hardcover – 16 Oct 2014 by Stephen Lacey (Author), Andrew Lawson (Photographer) ISBN 978-0-7112-3574-8 even though this is the only major reference work on scent and scented plants which is endorsed by the Royal Horticultural Society. See reasons for stopping infilling of previous Sense of Fragrance section on 28/07/2016 at end of Sense of Fragrance from Stephen Lacey Page.

The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950 by Faber and Faber Limited describes every method of propagation for 2,500 species. Unlike modern books published since 1980, this one states exactly what to do and is precisely what you require if you want to increase your alpines.

Topic
Case Studies
Companion Planting

...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design

...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
Garden Maintenance
Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary
Plants

...Poisonous Plants
Soil
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
Bulb
Climber

 

Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12

All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index

All Foliage 212
All Spring Foliage 212

All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212
Rock Plant Flowers 53

 

Your chosen Garden Style then changes your Plant Selection Process

Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...Infill2 Plants
...Infill3 Plants *
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...
12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...All2 Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index

 

Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
Herb
Odds and Sods

Rhododendron
Rose
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Vegetable

Wild Flower

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly

 

STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY

 

Cultivation Requirements of Plant

Outdoor / Garden Cultivation

1

Indoor / House Cultivation

1

Cool Greenhouse (and Alpine House) Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter

1

Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year

1

Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

1

 

Sun Aspect

Full Sun

1

Part Shade

1

Full Shade

1

 

Soil Type

Any Soil

1

Chalky Soil

1

Clay Soil

1

Lime-Free Soil

1

Peaty Soil

1

Sandy Soil

1

Acid Soil

1

Alkaline Soil

1

Badly-drained Soil

1

 

Soil Moisture

Dry

1

Moist

1

Wet

1

 

Position for Plant

Back of Shady Border

1

Back of Shrub Border

1

Bedding

1

Bog Garden

1

Coastal Conditions / Seaside

1

Container in Garden

1

Front of Border

1

Ground Cover 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)

1

Ground Cover 24-72 inches (60-180 cms)

1

Ground Cover Over 72 inches (180 cms)

1

Hanging Basket

1

Hedge

1

Hedge - Thorny

1

Pollution Barrier

1

Pond

1

Pot in House, Greenhouse, Conservatory or Stovehouse

1

Raised Bed

1

Rest of Border

1

Rock Garden

1

Scree Bed

1

Speciman on Lawn

1

Sunny Border

1

Tree for Lawn

1

Tree/Shrub for Small Garden

1, 2,
3, 4,
5, 6,
7, 8,
9, 10,
11,12,
13,14,
15,16,
uses of tree/ shrub

Wildflower

1

Windbreak

1

Woodland

1

 

Use of Plant

Pollen or nectar for Bees

1

Hosts to Butterflies

1

Encouraging birds / wildlife, providing food and shelter

1

Bee-Pollinated plants for Hay Fever Sufferers

1

Berries / Fruit

1

Dry Site in Full Sun

1

Dry Shade

1

Filtering noise

1

Flower Arrange-ments

Growing Plants for the Church

1



1, 2,
3, 4,
5, 6,
7, 8,
9,10,
11,12,
13,14

Fragrant Flower

1

Language of Flowers

1

Low maintenance

1

Moist Shade

1

Moist and swampy Sites

1

Nitrogen fixing plants

1

Not Fragrant Flower

1

Rabbit-Resistant

1

Speciman Plant

1

Thornless

1

Tolerant of Poor Soil

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Plant Foliage

Aromatic Foliage

1

Autumn Foliage

1

Finely Cut Leaves

1

Large Leaves

1

Yellow Variegated Foliage

1

White Variegated Foliage

1

Red / Purple Variegated Foliage

1

Silver, Grey and Glaucous Foliage

1

Sword-shaped Leaves

1

 

 

Flower Shape

Number of Flower Petals

Petal-less
lessershapemeadowrue2a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

1 Petal

1

2 Petals

1

3 Petals
irisflotpseudacorus1a1a1a1a1a1

1

4 Petals
aethionemacfloarmenumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

5 Petals
anemonecflo1hybridafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Above 5
anemonecflo1blandafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

Flower Shape - Simple

Stars
anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Bowls
 

1

Cups and Saucers
euphorbiacflo1wallichiigarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Globes
paeoniamlokosewitschiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Goblets and Chalices
paeoniaveitchiiwoodwardiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Trumpets
acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Funnels
stachysflotmacrantha1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Bells
digitalismertonensiscflorvroger1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Thimbles
fuchsiaflotcalicehoffman1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Urns
ericacarneacflosspringwoodwhitedeeproot1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Salverform

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

Flower Shape - Elaborated

Tubes, Lips and Straps
prunellaflotgrandiflora1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets
aquilegiacfloformosafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Hats, Hoods and Helmets
acanthusspinosuscflocoblands1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Standards, Wings and Keels
lathyrusflotvernus1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Discs and Florets
brachyscomecflorigidulakevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Pin-Cushions
echinaceacflo1purpurealustrehybridsgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Tufts
centaureacfloatropurpureakavanagh1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Cushion
androsacecforyargongensiskevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Umbel
agapanthuscflos1campanulatusalbidusgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Buttons
argyranthemumflotcmadeiracrestedyellow1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Pompoms
armeriacflomaritimakevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

Natural Arrangements

Bunches, Posies, Sprays
bergeniamorningredcforcoblands1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Columns, Spikes and Spires
ajugacfloreptansatropurpurea1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Whorls, Tiers and Candelabra
lamiumflotorvala2a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Plumes and Tails
astilbepurplelancecflokevock1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Chains and Tassels
 

1

Clouds, Garlands and Cascades
 

1

Spheres, Domes (Clusters), Plates and Drumsticks
androsacecfor1albanakevock1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Shrub, Tree Shape

Columnar
ccolumnarshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Oval
covalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Rounded or Spherical
croundedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Flattened Spherical
cflattenedsphericalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Conical / Narrow Pyramidal
cnarrowconicalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Conical / Broad Pyramidal
cbroadpyramidalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Ovoid /
Egg-Shaped

ceggshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Ovoid
cbroadovoidshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Vase-shaped / Inverted Ovoid
cnarrowvaseshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Fan-Shaped /Vase-Shaped
cfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Fan-Shaped / Broad Vase-Shaped
cbroadfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Weeping
cnarrowweepingshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Weeping
cbroadweepingshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Palm

1

 

Conifer Cone

1

 

Form

Arching

1

Climbing

1

Clump-Forming

1

Mat-Forming

1

Mound-Forming

1

Prostrate

1

Spreading

1

Stemless

1

Upright

1

 

Poisonous Plant

1

 

STAGE 1
GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY

 

Fragrant Plants adds the use of another of your 5 senses in your garden:-
Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark
1
, 2, 3

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3

Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
1
, 2

Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
1
, 2, 3

Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2

Night-scented Flowering Plants
1
, 2

Scented Aquatic Plants
1


Plants with Scented Fruits
1


Plants with Scented Roots
1
, 2

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood
1


Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums
1


Scented Cacti and Succulents
1


Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell
1
, 2
 

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERY 3

Fan-trained Shape
fantrainedshape2a1a1a

From Rhododendrons, boxwood, azaleas, clematis, novelties, bay trees, hardy plants, evergreens : novelties bulbs, cannas novelties, palms, araucarias, ferns, vines, orchids, flowering shrubs, ornamental grasses and trees book, via Wikimedia Commons

 

Ramblers Scramblers & Twiners by Michael Jefferson-Brown (ISBN 0 - 7153 - 0942 - 0) describes how to choose, plant and nurture over 500 high-performance climbing plants and wall shrubs, so that more can be made of your garden if you think not just laterally on the ground but use the vertical support structures including the house as well.

The Gardener's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Climbers & Wall Shrubs - A Guide to more than 2000 varieties including Roses, Clematis and Fruit Trees by Brian Davis. (ISBN 0-670-82929-3) provides the lists for 'Choosing the right Shrub or Climber' together with Average Height and Spread after 5 years, 10 years and 20 years.

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3


Gardening with Alpines by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club.
Published in 1962. It provides most of the data about the Alpines.

Plant Solutions 1000+ suggestions for every garden situation by Nigel Colborn ISBN
13:978
0 00 719312 7, provides many of the plants for the pages in these Galleries.

Essential Annuals The 100 Best for Design and Cultivation. Text by Elizabeth Murray. Photography by Derek Fell. ISBN 0-517-66177-2, provides data about annuals.

Indoor Bulb
Growing by
Edward Pearson
. Published by Purnell & Sons, Ltd in 1953. It provides the data about Indoor Bulbs and Bulbs in
Window-boxes.

Colour All The
Year In My Garden
: A selection of choice varieties - annuals, biennials, perennials, bulbs, climbers and trees and shrubs - that will give a continuity of colour
in the garden throughout the year. Edited by C.H. Middleton. Gardening Book
from Ward, Lock & Co published in 1938, provides plant data for a calendar of plants in bloom throughout the year and for those in the smallest garden.
The Book of Bulbs by S. Arnott, F.R.H.S. Printed by
Turnbull & Spears, Edinburgh in 1901. This provides data about Hardy Bulbs, Half-Hardy Bulbs, Greenhouse and Stove Bulbs.

Collins Guide to
Bulbs by Patrick
M. Synge
. ISBN
0 00 214016-0
First Edition 1961, Second Edition 1971, Reprinted 1973. This provides data on bulbs for bedding, bulbs in the border, bulbs naturalised in grass, bulbs in the woodland garden, bulbs in the rock garden, bulbs in pans in the alpine house, bulbs in the greenhouse, bulbs in bowls and the bulb frame.

Annuals & Biennials, the best annual and biennial plants and their uses in the garden by Gertrude Jekyll published in 1916 and
republished by Forgotten Books in 2012
(Forgotten Books
is a London-based book publisher specializing in the restoration of old books, both fiction and non-fiction. Today we have
372,702 books available to read online, download as ebooks, or
purchase in print.).

Cut Flowers All The Year from The New Illustrated
Gardening Encyclopedia
by Richard Sudell, printed before May 1935 for the plant names in each month, followed by details for culture and propagation.

Mr. Middleton's Garden Book by
Daily Express Publication,
reprinted 1941
for the individual
cultivar names with evergreen/
deciduous, flower colour, flower month and height.

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Tree and Shrubs in Garden Design -

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Clay Soils (neutral to slightly acid)

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Dry Acid Soils

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Shallow Soil over Chalk

Trees and Shrubs tolerant of both extreme Acidity and Alkalinity

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Damp Sites

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Industrial Areas

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Cold Exposed Areas

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Seaside Areas

Shrubs suitable for Heavy Shade

Shrubs and Climbers suitable for NORTH- and EAST-facing Walls

Shrubs suitable for Ground Cover

Trees of Pendulous Habit

Trees and Shrubs of Upright or Fastigiate Habit

Trees and Shrubs with Ornamental Bark or Twigs

Trees and Shrubs with Bold Foliage

Trees and Shrubs for Autumn Colour

Trees and Shrubs with Red or Purple Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Golden or Yellow Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Grey or Silver Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Variegated Foliage

Trees and Shrubs bearing Ornamental Fruit

Trees and Shrubs with Fragrant or Scented Flowers

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Foliage

Flowering Trees and Shrubs for Every Month:-
Jan
, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec

The following table shows the linkages for the information about the plants
described in Sanders' Encyclopedia of Gardening in The Gardeners' Golden Treasury, revised by A. G. L Hellyer F.L.S, Editor of 'Amateur Gardening', (thirty-first impression of original published in 1895) was published in 1960 by W. H. & L. Collingridge Limited,
between:-

  • Stage 1 - Garden Style Index Gallery (in this Table) and Stage 1 Fragrant Plants (in Table on left), then
  • Stage 2 - 3 Infill Plants Index Galleries (in Table on right), then
  • Stage 3a - All Plants Index Gallery with each plant species in its own Plant Type Page followed by choice from Stage 4a, 4b, 4c and/or 4d REMEMBERING THE CONSTRAINTS ON THE SELECTION FROM THE CHOICES MADE IN STAGES 1 AND 2 (in this Table)
  • Stage 3b - All2 Plants Index Gallery for Alpines without a Garden for your health and productivity (in this Table)
  • Stage 4a - 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery (in Table on right)
  • Stage 4b - 12 Foliage Colours per Month Index Gallery (in Table on right) with
    column for Deciduous / Herbaceous plants with the same foliage colour during their growing season and
    column for Evergreen plants with the same foliage colour during the entire year
  • Stage 4c - Cultivation, Position, Use Index Gallery (in Table on left)
  • Stage 4d - Shape, Form Index Gallery (in Table on left)

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY
It would be useful if when you decide to change your garden that you use a uniform garden style throughout your garden and the GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY aims to provide pointers.
The new pages (April 2016) in the gallery will have a suitable list of plants on each page (as that plant gets further detailed in the ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY), then each row containing that plant name in the GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY will also be updated. I aim to input details of plants starting with A in alphabetical order to Z.

Private Garden Design:-
What is your Budget and What are the purposes for your garden?
Designing for a purpose: Areas which require answers before answering your Designing for a Purpose Questionaire.
Then, do the Site Survey with Photographs, before putting the Current Garden Design on paper or in your computer.
Using the Broad Design elements of Scale, which Garden Style to use:-
Low Maintenance Garden Style, Cottage Garden Style, Wildlife Garden Style or Japanese Garden Style and the
Hard and Soft Landscaping elements, create the Broad Proposed Design. Then, the Detailed Design of each Hard Landscaping item followed by the Soft Landscaping elements: The Soil, changing the Microclimate; and the
Plant Selection is influenced by the Colour Wheel, with Plant Quantities determined by time to establish versus width between plants and Companion Planting will provide helpful neighbouring plants
or
Click on text in cells below to jump to that page describing that data
.

 


Container

Gardening at my work-place

 

<----

 

Yes
|
v


Do you want to garden and grow plants?

 

No

Cannot be bothered.
If you wish to improve your productivity and health, then, plant an Alpine Pan in your work area or at home using the information within Alpines without a Garden by Lawrence D. Hills, using these pages:-


Potted
House-plant


<----
|
|
v


No
Garden

At Home with Gard-ening Area


Yes


---->

Balcony Garden or Roof Garden


Yes
---->

Grow flowers for flower arranging and vegetables on Balcony Garden or Roof Garden

Pan Plant Back-grou-nd Colour

STAGE 3b
ALL2 PLANTS INDEX GALLERY

|
v


Conservatory Gardening

|
<--
|

 

|
No
-->

Outside Garden
|
v

Pan, Trough and Window-Box Odds and Sods
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14,
15

The beginner's dozen for the small pan

Plants for the pan gar-den


Stovehouse for Tropical Plants

|
<--

An extra dozen for the larger pan

Kinds of Pan Plants that may be split up and tucked in Corners and Crevices

|
|
v

Miniature trees and shrubs for pan

The leafy soil pan

The gritty soil pan

The Limy Soil Plan

Blue Flower Colour Pan Plants

Lilac, Violet and Purple Flower Colour Pan Plants

Reds, Carm-ines Flower Colour Pan Plants

Pinks Flower Colour Pan Plants

White Flower Colour Pan Plants and Bicol-ored

Yellow Flower Colour Pan Plants

Blue Flower Colour Trough Plants

Violet, Lilac and Purple Flower Colour Trough Plants

|
|
v

Reds and Carm-ines Flower Colour Trough Plants

Pinks - all shades Flower Colour Trough Plants

Yellow Flower Colour Trough Plants

White and Cream Flower Colour Trough Plants

Bi-colour-ed Flower Colour Trough Plants

Feb Flower Season Pan

Mar Flower Season Pan

Apr Flower Season Pan

May Flower Season Pan

Jun Flower Season Pan

Jul Flower Season Pan

Aug Flower Season Pan

Sep Flower Season Pan

|
|
v

Oct Flower Season Pan

Nov Flower Season Pan

Pans for Semi-shade

Pans for In-doors

Mini-ature Pot

Feb Flower Season Trough

Mar Flower Season Trough

Apr Flower Season Trough

May Flower Season Trough

Jun Flower Season Trough

Jul Flower Season Trough

Aug Flower Season Trough

Sep Flower Season Trough

|
|
v

Oct Flower Season Trough

Nov Flower Season Trough

Dec Flower Season Trough

Bulb Pan

Bulb Cover-ing Carp-eters

Trough and Window-box plants 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Trough and Window-Box Background Colour

Pan Plant
Alpines without a Garden

ABC 1
Pan Plants

DEF 1
Pan Plants

GHI
Pan Plants

JKL 1
Pan Plants

|
|
v

MNO 1
Pan Plants

PQR 1
Pan Plants

STU 1
Pan Plants

V 1
Pan Plants

WXYZ 1
Pan Plants

You need to know the following:-
1. How much time per week are you prepared to look after your garden or prepared to pay someone else to do it for you?
2. How much are you are prepared to spend on creating your garden and then on its maintenance for its feeding and replacement of its plants and hard landscaping?
3. In order for you to go into your garden, there must be mystery in it, so that from any position in the house you cannot see all the garden, otherwise you will not be tempted to go out into it.
4. You must decide what garden style you are going to use THROUGHOUT the garden and make sure of using 3. the mystery in it as well.
5. What plants do you want to keep in your existing garden and incorporate into your new garden?
6. What Human Problems do you have and what Site Problems are there?

A) Bee Pollinated Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers List leads onto the
B) Bee Pollinated Bloom in Month galleries and
C) extra Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers.


<----

Human Prob-lems
v


---->

Blind,
Deaf,
in a Wheelchair, or
you cannot bend easily

 

 

 

Garden Style, which takes into account the Human Problems above

 

 

Classic Mixed Style


<----

Cottage Garden Style


<----

.
v


---->

Naturalistic Style

Formal English Garden

 

Mediterranean Style


<----

Meadow and Corn-field


<----

.
.
v


---->

Paving and Gravel inland,
Coastal Conditions near the sea, Seashore with shingle/sand

 

 

 

 

Problem Sites within your chosen Garden Style from the above

 

 

Exposure to Wind


<----

Excess Shade


<----

Exce-ssively Dry Shade


<----


<----

.
.
.
.
.
v


---->

Exce-ssively Hot, Sunny and Dry Site is suitable for Drought Resistant Plants

Excessively Wet Soil - especially when caused by poor drainage

Control of Pests (Aphids, Rabbits, Deer, Mice, Mole, Snails) / Disease by Companion Planting in Garden

Whether your Heavy Clay or Light Sandy / Chalk Soil is excessively Alkaline (limy) / Acidic or not, then there is an Action Plan for you to do with your soil, which will improve its texture to make its structure into a productive soil instead of it returning to being just sand, chalk, silt or clay.


<----

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
v


---->

Problems caused by builders:- 1. Lack of soil on top of builders rubble in garden of just built house.
2. Clay soil of Garden slopes towards house with no drainage of this rainwater by the house wall.

In planning your beds for your garden, before the vertical hard-landscaping framework and the vertical speciman planting is inserted into your soft landscaping plan, the following is useful to consider:-
1. The ground plan usually depends upon 1 or more unalterable existing features. The position of the doors of the house will dictate the positions of paths, the shortest route to the kitchen may indicate the best place for a paved area for eating and drinking out of doors, or the kept trees/shrubs may indicate what garden style is used.
2. Rules of Proportion -
A. A border should be roughly 1/2 as wide as the hedge or wall behind it.
B. The proportion of planted areas to paved or turfed areas should be 1/3 to 2/3, or a 1/4 to 3/4, not 1/2 and 1/2.
C. Within a bed or border, unless a 2-dimensional pattern on the ground is the objective, the height and bulk of the plants should be varied to avoid monotony; it is particularly important to provide strong planting, in terms of either height or bulk or both, at either end of a long bed.
D. The ground surface provides a background to the plants that is as important as the hedges, walls or fences that surround it. Grass is perhaps the most satisfying carpet to use, the cool green forming a restful antidote to the dancing colours of the flowers. Use different coloured pea-shingle inside Cedar Gravel for people in wheelchairs, or infirm in their legs or who suffer from Hay Fever.

Reasons for stopping infilling of Sense of Fragrance section on 28/07/2016 at end of Sense of Fragrance from Stephen Lacey Page. From September 2017 will be creating the following new pages on Sense of Fragrance using Scented Flora of the World by Roy Genders.
ISBN 0 7090 5440 8:-

 

 

 

|
v

 

 

 

 

 

After you have selected your vertical hard-landscaping framework and the vertical speciman plants for each bed or border, you will need to infill with plants taking the following into account:-

 

 

 

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark 1, 2, 3
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil 1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil 1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Sandy Soil 1
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves 1, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves 1, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit 1, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers 1, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants 1, 2
Scented Aquatic Plants.
Plants with Scented Fruits.
Plants with Scented Roots 1, 2
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood.
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums.
Scented Cacti and Succulents.
Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell 1, 2

Flower Perfume Group:-
Miscellaneous Group with scents - Balm, Brandy, Cedar, Cloying, Cowslip, Cucumber, Damask Rose, Daphne, Exotic, Freesia, Fur-like, Gardenia, Hay-like, Heliotrope, Honeysuckle, Hops, Hyacinth, Incense-like, Jasmine, Laburnham, Lilac, Lily of the Valley, Meadowsweet, Mignonette, Mint, Mossy, Muscat, Muscatel, Myrtle-like, Newly Mown Hay, Nutmeg, Piercing, Primrose, Pungent, Resinous, Sandalwood, Sassafras, Seductive, Slight, Soft, Stephanotis, Sulphur, Starch, Sweet, Sweet-briar, Tea-rose, Treacle and Very Sweet.

Flower Perfume Group:-
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group with scent - Hawthorn.
Heavy Group with scents -
Jonquil and
Lily.
Aromatic Group with scents - Almond,
Aniseed, Balsamic,
Carnation, Cinnamon, Clove,
Spicy and
Vanilla.
Violet Group.
Rose Group.
Lemon Group with scent -
Verbena.
Fruit-scented Group with scents -
Apricot,
Fruity,
Green Apple,
Orange, Pineapple,
Ripe Apple , Ripe Banana and
Ripe Plum.
 

Flower Perfume Group:-
Animal-scented Group with scents -
Cat,
Dog,
Ferret,
Fox,
Goat,
Human Perspiration,
Musk,
Ripe Apple and
Tom Cat.
Honey Group.
Unpleasant Smell Group with scents -
Animal,
Fetid,
Fishy,
Foxy,
Fur-like,
Garlic,
Hemlock,
Manure,
Nauseating,
Perspiration,
Petrol,
Putrid,
Rancid,
Sickly,
Skunk,
Stale Lint
Sulphur and
Urinous,

Leaf Perfume Group:-
Turpentine Group.
Camphor and Eucalyptus Group.
Mint Group.
Sulphur Group.
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group.
Heavy Group.
Aromatic Group.
Violet Group.
Rose Group.
Lemon Group.
Fruit-scented Group.
Animal-scented Group.
Honey Group.

Scent of Wood, Bark and Roots Group:-
Aromatic Group.
Turpentine Group.
Rose Group.
Violet Group.
Stale Perspiration Group.

 

Scent of Fungi Group:-
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group.
Sulphur Group.
Aromatic Group.
Rose Group.
Violet Group.
Fruit Group.
Animal Group.
Honey Group

Sense of Sight

Emotion of
Hot /Cool; Calm / Agitated

Emotion of
Low-key / High Key


<----

.
.
.
v

Emotion of
Inviting
/ Forbidding

Emotion of Intellectual versus Emotional

Sense of Touch

Sense of Taste

Sense of Sound

 

 

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 for
lists of plants of 1 plant type for 1 cultivation requirement is in Table on right

 

 

 

STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY
Click on Blue or underlined text to jump to page comparing flower thumbnails of that blue colour in the
Other Plant Photo Galleries. RedPP is Red, Pink, Purple and Other is Unusual or Other Flower Colour.

Plant Type
with links to Other Plant Photo Galleries

ABC

DEF

GHI

JKL

MNO

PQR

STU

VWX

YZ

Alpine in Evergreen Perennial,
Herbaceous Perennial and Rock Garden

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Aquatic

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Annual/ Biennial

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Bamboo

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Bedding, 25
RHS Mixed Border Beds 75 and
Flower Shape, Flower Colour and Bedding Plant Use

1

Blue

1

Green

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

Purple

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Bicolour

Other Flower Colours

White / Colour Bicolour

Bulb, 746 with Use, Flower Colour/Shape of
Allium / Anemone, Colchicum / Crocus, Dahlia, Gladiolus, Narcissus and Tulip

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Climber 71 Clematis, 58 other Climbers with Use, Flower Colour and Shape

1

Blue

1

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Conifer

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Deciduous Shrub 43 with Use and Flower Colour

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Deciduous Tree

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Evergreen Perennial 104 with Use, Flower Colour, Flower Shape and Number of Petals

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Evergreen Shrub 46, Semi-Evergreen Shrub and Heather 74 with Use and Flower Colour

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Evergreen Tree

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Fern with 706 ferns
within 21 types and 41 uses

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Grass

1

1

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

Herbaceous Perennial 91,
RHS Mixed Border Beds 176 and
Peonies 46 with Flower Colour/Shape

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Herb

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Odds and Sods

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Rhododendron, Azalea, Camellia

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Rose with 720 roses within Flower Colour, Flower Shape, Rose Petal Count and Rose Use

1

1

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

 

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Soft Fruit

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Sub-Shrub

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Top Fruit

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Vegetable

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Wildflower 1918 with
Plants used by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterflies in the UK
I am inserting the plants described in Sanders' Encyclopedia of Gardening into STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY

1

Blue

1

Green

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

Red

1

Purple

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Multi-colour

Cream

Mauve

Brown

Shrub and Small Tree

Botanical Names Page

Common Names Page

Finally, you might be advised to check that the adjacent plants to the one you have chosen for that position in a flower bed are suitable; by checking the entry in Companion Planting - like clicking A page for checking Abies - and Pest Control page if you have a pest to control in this part of the flower bed.
Companion Planting
- A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z
Pest Control using Plants

 

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY
The planning a Rose Garden chapter from Rose Gardens by Jane Fearnley-Whitingstall ISBN 0 7011 3344 9 and
Plant Solutions by Nigel Colborn provides information for this gallery.

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 Reference books for these galleries in Table on left

STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY
In addition to these 10 galleries, there are links to the Other Plant Photo Galleries in the table above like Bulb , which have plant descriptions accessed by clicking a flower thumbnail in its flower comparison page. Click the respective flower colour - like Green - to change page to that flower colour comparison page. Then, you can also choose these other plants.
It will also state the Plant Combinations for each plant from The Ulimate Visual Guide to Successful Plant Harmony - The Encyclopedia of Planting Combinations by Tony Lord ISBN 1-55209-623-8

STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY
Some extra details about the Cultivation Requirements of Plant:- Outdoor /Garden Cultivation, Indoor / House Cultivation, Cool Green-house Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter, Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year, and Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

Since 2006, I have requested photos etc from the Mail-Order Nurseries in the UK and later from the rest of the World. Few nurseries have responded.
I worked for a lady, who with her husband took 35 mm slides of plants in the 1960's and 1970's. She allowed me to digitise some of her Kodachrome slides, which I have used in my website. I discovered that at least the green colour of the foliage became very much darker over that period of years to 2008, by comparing wildflower photos from her slides with digital photos supplied by a current Wildflower mail-order nursery, so I stopped creating my Foliage Galleries.
I bought myself a camera some years ago and started taking photos, some of which have been put into the website. I started taking photos of the Heathers at the Royal Horticultural Society at Wisley garden. I have displayed the Heathers foliage in closeup since their leaves are 2mm long and in macro-scale in the Heather Galleries - sometimes the foliage colour at the terminal end of the foliage stem is only a few leaves, whereas others have the same foliage colour throughout the stem. I discovered that some of the heathers did not have the correct plant label, since the flower colour did not correspond with the flower colour in the literature. I was informed that since kids have free rein, that perhaps they move the plant labels. Since, I cannot rely that the heather plant label next to the heather plant is valid, I have stopped taking photos of those heathers.
This leaves a small problem, especially since very few gardens open to the public have their plants labelled so that the public can use the data on their label to buy that named plant from a nursery or garden centre. Currently (June 2018) I insert photos from Wikimedia Commons as well as my own.
I have found the above book - which does not contain any colour plant photos. Since it had the following experts help in creating it, I have decided to use its information in these 10 galleries to help the public:-

  • T.W. Sanders Editor of Amateur Gardening in 1895.
  • A.J Macself Editor of Amateur Gardening in 1926 - both Sanders and Macself had worked entirely to the handlists published by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • A.G.L. Hellyer in this work of revision and also in checking the all-important cultural notes sought the help of experts in the various classes of plant:-
    • Mr S.A. Pearce, Assistant Curator at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew undertook the revision of those genera of plants which in this country are mainly grown under glass.
    • Mr Will Ingwersen dealt with the Rock plants,
    • Mr N. Catchpole made himself responsible for trees and shrubs;
    • Mr G.A Phillips for herbaceous plants,
    • Mrs Francis Perry for water plants,
    • Mr A.J. Macself for ferns,
    • Mr E. Cooper for orchids,
    • Mr J.S Dakers for annuals,
    • Miss Doreen Crowther for fruit and vegetables

with the aid of further information from other books, magazines and cross-checking on the internet.
In this edition of the book Sander's Encyclopaedia, the individual soil mixtures to grow plants have been retained, for it was considered that many gardeners might still wish to use them in certain circumstances. The John Innes mixtures may be substituted wherever desired. Details of these individual mixtures will be put into these galleries.