Ivydene Gardens Stage 4c - Cultivation Requirements, Position and Use Index Gallery:
Position for Plant - Different Uses of Tree/ Shrub for Small Garden with

Herbaceous Plants flowering in February-April, April-June, June-August and Autumn/Winter seasons to plant between them and

Stages of creating your garden after you move in

Ivydene Gardens Stage 4c - Cultivation Requirements, Position and Use Index Gallery:
Position for Plant - Different Uses of Tree/ Shrub for Small Garden with

Herbaceous Plants flowering in February-April, April-June, June-August and Autumn/Winter seasons to plant between them and

Stages of creating your garden after you move in

Botanical Plant Name

with link to
UK or
European Union
mail-order supplier for you to contact to buy this plant

Flower Colour

Sun Aspect of Full Sun,
Part Shade, Full Shade

with link to external website for photo/data

Flowering Months

with row in each month that it flowers in that colour in
STAGE 4A
12 BLOOM COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY
/

with link to
USA or
Canada
mail-order supplier

Height with Spacings or Width (W) in inches (cms)

1 inch =
2.5 cms
12 inches = 30 cms
40 inches = 100 cms

Foliage Colour


with row in relevant pages that it has foliage of that colour in
STAGE 4B
12 FOLIAGE COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY

or
Background Colour nearest to middle-aged leaf colour from 212 foliage colours /

followed by
Soil Moisture:-
Dry,
Moist,
Wet

with link to Australia or New Zealand mail-order supplier

 

with data for rows in
STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY and
STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Pages

Plant Type is:-

A for Aquatic
Ann for Annual / Biennial
Ba for Bamboo
Bu for Bulb
Cl for Climber
Co for Conifer
F for Fern
G for Grass
H for Herb
P for Perennial
Rh for Rhodo-dendron, Azalea, Camellia
Ro for Rose
Sh for Shrub
So for Soft Fruit
To for Top Fruit
Tr for Tree
V for Vegetable
W for Wildflower

followed by:-
E for Evergreen,
D for Deciduous,
H for Herbaceous,
Alpine for being an Alpine as well as being 1 of above Plant Type /

 
Acid for Acidic,
Alk for Alkaline,
Any for AnySoil
 

with links to
STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES
1
, 2, 3
and
STAGE 3
ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERIES
1
, 2
pages
 

 

The following comes from Shrubs and Trees for the Smaller Garden by Frances Perry. Published by C. Arthur Pearson Ltd in 1961.

 

Use as Climbing Shrubs

 

 

 

Tree/Shrub for Small Garden described in page:-

AA,BC,CC,CC,
CD,DF,FH,HK,
KM,MP,PP,PR,
RS,SV,VV,WZ,
uses of tree/ shrub
 

Actinidia

Akebia

Billardiera

Campsis

Celastrus

Clematis

Cocculus

Hydrangea petiolaris

Jsminum

Lonicera

Passiflora

Polygonum

Schizophragma

Solanum

Vitis

Wistaria

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Use for Town Gardens or Smoky Districts

 

 

 

Tree/Shrub for Small Garden described in page:-

1, 2, 3, 4,
5, 6, 7, 8,
9, 10, 11, 12,
13, 14, 15, 16,
uses of tree/ shrub
 

Acer negundo

Almond

Amelanchier

Arbutus

Aucuba

Box

Broom

Catalpa

Chaenomeles

Colutea

Cornus

Corylus

Cotoneaster

Daphne mezereum

Deutzia

Escallonia macrantha

Forsythia

Hollies

Hypericum

Jasminum

Kerria

Koelreuteria

Laburnum

Laurels

Lilacs

Mahonia

Olearia haastii

Philadelphus

Privet

Prunus

Rhododendron

Rhus

Ribes

Skimmia

Viburnum plicatum

Viburnum tinus

Yucca

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Use for Seaside Planting (Coastal Conditions, Maritime Conditions)

 

 

 

Tree/Shrub for Small Garden described in page:-

AA,BC,CC,CC,
CD,DF,FH,HK,
KM,MP,PP,PR,
RS,SV,VV,WZ,
uses of tree/ shrub
 

Atriplex

Aucuba

Baccharis

Berberis

Cornus

Escallonia macrantha

Euonymus

Fuchsia

Halimum

Hippophae

Lavendula

Lonicera nitida

Myrtus

Olearia

Rosa

Salix

Tamarix

Ulex

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Use as Hedge Plants for Seaside (Coastal Conditions, Maritime Conditions)

 

 

 

Tree/Shrub for Small Garden described in page:-

1, 2, 3, 4,
5, 6, 7, 8,
9, 10, 11, 12,
13, 14, 15, 16,
uses of tree/ shrub
 

Escallonia macrantha

Euonymus japonicus

Fuchsia

Genista hispanica

Laurus

Lavendula

Olearia

Santolina

Tamarix

Ulex

Veronica

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Use as Hedge Plants for Towns

 

 

 

Tree/Shrub for Small Garden described in page:-

AA,BC,CC,CC,
CD,DF,FH,HK,
KM,MP,PP,PR,
RS,SV,VV,WZ,
uses of tree/ shrub
 

Formal Hedges

 

 

 

 

 

Aucuba

Beech (Fagus)

Buxus

Cotoneaster

Crataegus

Hazel

Holly (Ilex)

Ligustrum

Lonicera nitida

Portugal Laurel

 

 

Informal Hedges

 

 

 

 

 

Chaenomeles

Cornus alba sibirica

Hibiscus

Poncirus

Prunus cerasifera

Prunus laurocerasus

Pyracantha

Symphoricarpos

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Use as Unusual Hedges

 

 

 

Tree/Shrub for Small Garden described in page:-

1, 2, 3, 4,
5, 6, 7, 8,
9, 10, 11, 12,
13, 14, 15, 16,
uses of tree/ shrub
 

Berberis, many forms

Caragana

Ceratistigma willmotianum

Cistus laurifolius

Ericas

Forsythia

Hibiscus

Malus floribunda

Poncirus

Potentilla fruticosa

Prunus spinosa varieties

Prunus cerasifera varieties

Rosa

Skimmia

Spiraea vanhouttei

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Use as Ground Cover Plants

 

 

 

Tree/Shrub for Small Garden described in page:-

AA,BC,CC,CC,
CD,DF,FH,HK,
KM,MP,PP,PR,
RS,SV,VV,WZ,
uses of tree/ shrub
 

Andromeda

Arctostaphylos

Calluna

Ceratostigma plumb-aginoides

Cotoneaster horizontalis

Cotoneaster adpressa

Cotoneaster mictrophylla

Daboeccia

Erica

Euonymus radicans

Gaultheria

Genista pilosa

Helianthemum

Hydrangea petiolaris

Hypericum calycinum

Hypericum x moserianum

Indigo kirilowi

Juniperus

Leucothoe cateshaei

Mahonia aquifolium

Pachysandra

Pernettya

Ruscus

Sarococca

Vaccinium

Vinca

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Use for Winter Flowers

 

 

 

Tree/Shrub for Small Garden described in page:-

1, 2, 3, 4,
5, 6, 7, 8,
9, 10, 11, 12,
13, 14, 15, 16,
uses of tree/ shrub
 

Abeliophyllum

Arbutus

Chimon-anthus fragrans

Cornus mas

Corylopsis

Corylus

Daphne mezereum

Erica carnea and varieties

Hamamelis

Jasminum nudiflorum

Lonicera fragrant-issima

Lonicera standishii

Mahonia

Parrotia

Prunus subhirtella autumnalis

Rhodod-dendrons, some

Salix

Stachyurus

Ulex

Viburnum tinus

Viburnum x bodnatense

Viburnum fragrans

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Use for Autumn Display

 

 

 

Tree/Shrub for Small Garden described in page:-

AA,BC,CC,CC,
CD,DF,FH,HK,
KM,MP,PP,PR,
RS,SV,VV,WZ,
uses of tree/ shrub
 

Acer

Amelanchier

Berberis thunbergii

Berberis wilsonae

Cercidi-phyllum

Cladrastis

Cornus

Enkianthus

Euonymus

Fothergilla

Ginko

Parrotia

Pieris

Rhodod-dendron (Azalea Group)

Rhus

Vaccinium

Viburnum opulus

Vitis

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Use for Wet, Heavy Soils

 

 

 

Tree/Shrub for Small Garden described in page:-

1, 2, 3, 4,
5, 6, 7, 8,
9, 10, 11, 12,
13, 14, 15, 16,
uses of tree/ shrub
 

Andromeda

Hippophae

Salix

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Use for Dry, Arid Places

 

 

 

Tree/Shrub for Small Garden described in page:-

AA,BC,CC,CC,
CD,DF,FH,HK,
KM,MP,PP,PR,
RS,SV,VV,WZ,
uses of tree/ shrub
 

Atriplex

Caragana

Caryopteris

Cistus

Colutea

Cytisus

Genista

Helian-themum

Lavendula

Rhus cotinus

Rosmarinus

Santolina

Spartium

Ulex

Yucca

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lime Haters

 

 

 

Tree/Shrub for Small Garden described in page:-

1, 2, 3, 4,
5, 6, 7, 8,
9, 10, 11, 12,
13, 14, 15, 16,
uses of tree/ shrub
 

Andromeda

Azaleas and Rhodo-dendrons

Camellia

Cassiope

Daboecia

Enkianthus

Gaultheria

Halesia

Kalmia

Pernettya

Pieris

Vaccinium

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Use as Shrubs Good for Forcing

 

 

 

Tree/Shrub for Small Garden described in page:-

AA,BC,CC,CC,
CD,DF,FH,HK,
KM,MP,PP,PR,
RS,SV,VV,WZ,
uses of tree/ shrub
 

Almonds

Azaleas and Rhodod-dendrons

Choisya

Deutzia gracilis

Hydrangea

Laburnum

Lilac

Peach

Prunus in variety

Roses, some

Wisteria

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Use as Suitable for Planting in Shade

 

 

 

Tree/Shrub for Small Garden described in page:-

1, 2, 3, 4,
5, 6, 7, 8,
9, 10, 11, 12,
13, 14, 15, 16,
uses of tree/ shrub
 

Aucuba in variety

Azaleas

Bamboos

Cornus

Daphne, some

Euonymus radicans

Euonymus japonicus

Gaultheria

Hollies

Hypericum

Ligustrum

Lonicera

Mahonia aquifolia

Mahonia japonica

Pernettya

Rubus

Ruscus

Sarococca

Skimmia

Symphori-carpos

Viburnum bodnatense

Viburnum tinus

Vinca

Weigelia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Use for Chalky Soils

 

 

 

Tree/Shrub for Small Garden described in page:-

AA,BC,CC,CC,
CD,DF,FH,HK,
KM,MP,PP,PR,
RS,SV,VV,WZ,
uses of tree/ shrub
 

Aucuba

Berberis

Buddleia

Calycanthus

Caragana

Catalpa

Cercis

Chaenomeles

Cistus

Clematis

Cornus

Corylus

Cytisus

Deutzia

Eleagnus

Forsythia

Hamamelis

Hypericum calycinum

Kerria

Laburnum

Lavendula

Ligustrum

Philadelphus

Prunus

Rosa

Spartium

Spiraea

Syringa

Veronica

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The following comes from Planting and Colour Guide by Clarence Elliott within Gardens and Gardening - "The Studio" Garden Annual Edited by F.A.Mercer 1932. Printed and Engraved in Great Britain by Herbert Reiach, Ltd.

Herbaceous Border plants used as

  • permanent infill between trees/shrubs in the border bed and
  • as temporary bedding by using the annuals in irregular blocks of odd numbered bedding plants (5,7...33) between those trees/shrubs

Botanical Plant Name

Plant Type is:-

Annual is used as Bedding
Biennial
Bulb or Tuber
Climber
Perennial
Shrub

Sun Aspect of
Full Sun,
Part Shade,
Full Shade

Flower Colours

When to plant .

Where "Time to plant" is left blank it may be taken that planting may be done at practically any time.

Height in inches (cms)

Space apart in inches (cms)

Flowering February-April

 

 

 

 

Adonis vernalis (Flower of the Gods)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Yellow

Autumn

9 (22.5)

9 (22.5)

Anemone blanda

Hardy Bulb
Full Sun

Blue and Pink

Autumn

6 (15)

4 (10)

Anemone fulgens

Hardy Bulb
Full Sun

Scarlet

Autumn

6 (15)

3-4 (7.5-10)

Anemone Pulsatilla (Pasque Flower)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Violet

Spring

6-9 (15-22.5)

18 (45)

Arabis, Double White

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

White

Autumn

6 (15)

9 (22.5)

Aubretia (Purple Rock Cress)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Purple, Pink, Lavender

 

2-4 (5-10)

18 (45)

Caltha palustris plena (Double King Cup)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Gold

Spring or Autumn

9-12 (22.5-30)

18 (45)

Cardamine pratensis plena (Double Ladies Smock)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Lilac

Autumn

6-9 (15-22.5)

9 (22.5)

Cheiranthus linifolius

Hardy Bulb
(Full Sun

Mauve

 

9 (22.5)

12 (30)

Chionodoxa (Glory of the Snow)

Hardy Perennial Bulb
Full Sun

Blue

Autumn

4-6 (10-15)

2-3 (5-7.5)

Crocus

Hardy Bulb
Full Sun

Mauve, Purple, White, Yellow

Autumn

3-6 (7.5-15)

2-3 (5-7.5)

Dicentra formosa (Dutchman's Breeches)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun or Shade

Pink

Autumn

9 (22.5)

12 (30)

Doronicum (Leopard's Bane'

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Yellow

Autumn

18-24 (45-60)

18 (45)

Erica carnea (Heather)

Shrub
Full Sun

Pink

Autumn

9-12 (22.5-30)

18 (45)

Galanthus (Snowdrop)

Hardy Bulb
Shade

White

Autumn

4-6 (10-15)

2-3 (5-7.5)

Iris reticulata

Hardy Bulb
Full Sun

Violet

Autumn

6 (15)

3 (7.5)

Muscari (Grape Hyacinth)

Hardy Bulb
Full Sun

Blue

Autumn

6-9 (15-22.5)

2-3 (5-7.5)

Omphalodes cornifolia

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Blue

 

9 (22.5)

9-12 (22.5-30)

Omphalodes verna (Blue-eyed Mary)

Hardy Perennial
Shade

Blue

 

4-5 (10-12.5)

12-18 (30-45)

Polyanthus

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Yellow-White, Red, Purple, Blue

Autumn

6-9 (15-22.5)

9 (22.5)

Primula denticulata

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Mauve, Lilac, White

Autumn

18 (45)

12-18 (30-45)

Primula Julioe

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Claret-crimson

 

2-3 (5-7.5)

6-9 (15-22.5)

Primula marginata

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Lavender

 

4-5 (10-12.5)

3-4 (7.5-10)

Primula rosea

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Pink

 

6-9 (15-22.5)

9 (22.5)

Pyrus japonica ("japonica")

Climber
Full Sun

Red, White, Pink

Autumn

6-12 (15-30)

---

Rhododendron praecox

Hardy Perennial
Shade

Lilac

Autumn

2-5 (5-12.5)

2-4 (5-10)

Saxifraga apiculata

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Primrose

 

2-3 (5-7.5)

6-9
(15-22.5)

Saxifraga Elizabethoe

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Gold

 

2-3 (5-7.7)

6-9 (15-22.5)

Scilla

Hardy Bulb
Full Sun

Blue

Autumn

4-5 (10-12.5)

2 (5)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Flowering April-June

 

 

 

 

Alyssum maritimum (Sweet Alyssum)

Hardy Annual
Full Sun

White

Spring

6 (15)

9 (22.5)

Alyssum saxatile (Gold Dust)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Yellow

 

6-9 (15-22.5)

18-24 (45-60)

Aquilegia (Columbine)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

White, Blue, Yellow, Pink

Autumn

18-24 (45-60)

18 (45)

Armeria (Thrift)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Pink, Crimson, White

 

6-18 (15-45)

6-12 (15-30)

Bellis perennis plena (Double Daisy)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Red, Pink, White

Autumn

4-6 (10-15)

6 (15)

Campanula grandis

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Violet, White

 

24 (60)

18 (45)

Campanula muralis

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Violet

 

6 (15)

9 (22.5)

Campanula pusilla

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Lavender, White

 

3-4 (7.5-10)

6-9 (15-22.5)

Cheiranthus Allioni (Siberian Wallflower)

Hardy Biennial
Full Sun

Orange

Autumn

12 (30)

12-18 (30-45)

Cheiranthus Chieri (Wallflower)

Hardy Biennial
Full Sun

Yellow, Gold, Blood Red

Autumn

12-18 (30-45)

12-18 (30-45)

Clematis montana

Climber
Full Sun

White, Pink

 

120-360 (300-900)

---

Daphne cneorum

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Pink

 

9 (22.5)

12-18 (30-45)

Dianthus (Pink)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Pink, White, Crimson

 

6-12 (15-30)

6-12 (15-30)

Gentiana acaulis (Trumpet Gentian)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Blue

Spring

3 (7.5)

6 (15)

Helianthemum (Sun Rose)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Red, Pink, White, Yellow, Orange

 

6 (15)

12-18 (30-45)

Hemerocallis (Day Lily)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Yellow, Orange

Autumn

18-24 (45-60)

18 (45)

Iberis sempervirens (Candytuft)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

White

 

6-9 (15-22.5)

12-18 (30-45)

Iris (Flag)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Lavender, White, Violet, Yellow

Summer

3-4 (7.5-10)

18 (45)

Iris siberica

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Violet, White

Autumn

3 (7.5)

18 (45)

Linum narbonense (Flax)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Blue

Summer

18 (45)

18 (45)

Litho-spermum prostratum

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Blue

Spring

6 (15)

18-24 (45-60)

Lupinus poly-phyllus (Lupin)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Blue, Pink, White, Yellow, Orange

Autumn or Spring

3-4 (7.5-10)

2 (5)

Meconopsis baileyi (Blue Tibetan Poppy)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun or
Shade

Blue

Spring

3-4 (7.5-10)

18-24 (45-60)

Myosotis (Forget-Me-Not)

Hardy Biennial
Full Sun

Blue

Autumn

6-9 (15-22.5)

6-9 (15-22.5)

Paeony

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Pink, White, Crimson

Autumn or Spring

24-36 (60-90)

24 (60)

Phlox, Prostrate rock varieties

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Pink, White, Lavender

 

4-6 (10-15)

12 (30)

Pyrethrum

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Pink, White, Crimson

Summer

18-24 (45-60)

12 (30)

Salvia patens

Half-hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Blue

May

18 (45)

9-12 (22.5-30)

Saxifraga Mossy varieties

Hardy Perennial
Shade

Pink, White, Crimson

 

6-9 (15-22.5)

9 (22.5)

Scabiosa caucasica

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Lavender

Spring

18-24 (45-60)

18 (45)

Spiraea

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Cream, Pink, Crimson

 

36-60 (90-150)

24-36 (60-90)

Thalictrum (Meadow Rue)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Mauve, Yellow, Cream

 

36-48 (90-120)

24 (60)

Thymus serpyllum (Thyme)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Pink, White, Crimson

 

24 (60)

6-12 (15-30)

Trollius (Globe Flower)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Yellow

 

18 (45)

12 (30)

Tulip

Hardy Bulb
Full Sun

Pink, Mauve, Scarlet, Crimson, Yellow, White

Autumn

12-24 (30-60)

4-6 (10-15)

Verbascum (Mullein)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Buff, Yellow

 

48-72 (120-180)

24 (60)

Verbena corymbosa

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Violet

 

24 (60)

18 (45)

Veronica Royal Blue

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Blue

 

9-12 (22.5-30)

9 (22.5)

Veronica rupestris

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Blue

 

4 (10)

4-12 (10-30)

Viola, Bedding varieties

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

White, Mauve, Yellow, Violet

Spring

6 (15)

6 (15)

Viola cornuta

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Mauve, White

 

9 (22.5)

9 (22.5)

Viola gracilis

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Deep Violet

 

4-6 (10-15)

6 (15)

Viola tricolor (Pansy)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Endless variety

Spring

4 (10)

6 (15)

 

 

 

 

 

 

Flowering Autumn and Winter

 

 

 

 

Aconitum (Monkshood)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Blue

 

36-48 (90-120)

12 (30)

Anemone japonica (Japanese Anemone)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

White, Pink

 

24-36 (60-90)

12 (30)

Aster (Michaelmas Daisy)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Violet, Mauve, White, Lavender, Pink

 

24-60 (60-150)

12-36 (30-90)

Ceratostigma plumbag-inoides (Leadwort)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Blue

Spring

12 (30)

12 (30)

Chrysanth-emum uliginosum (Moon Daisy)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

White

 

60-72 (150-180)

36 (90)

Crocus speciosus

Hardy Bulb
Full Sun

Violet

Spring or Summer

6 (15)

2-3 (5-7.5)

Eranthus hyemalis (Winter Aconite)

Hardy Bulb
Full Sun

Yellow

Autumn

3 (7.5)

2 (5)

Gentiana sinornata

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Blue

Spring or Autumn

4 (10)

6 (15)

Iris stylosa

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Lavender, White

Spring

12 (30)

12 (30)

Jasminum nudiflorum (Winter Jasmine)

Climber
Full Sun or Shade

 

 

120 (300)

---

Potentilla alba

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

White

 

6-9 (15-22.5)

6-9 (15-22.5)

Schizostylis coccinea (Kaffir Lily)

Hardy Bulb
Full Sun

Pink, Red

Spring

18 (45)

9 (22.5)

Zauschneria californica mexicana

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Scarlet

Spring

18 (45)

18 (45)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ivydene Gardens Stage 4c - Cultivation Requirements, Position and Use Index Gallery:
Position for Plant - Different Uses of Tree/ Shrub for Small Garden with

Herbaceous Plants flowering in February-April, April-June, June-August and Autumn/Winter seasons to plant between them and

Stages of creating your garden after you move in

Botanical Plant Name

with link to
UK or
European Union
mail-order supplier for you to contact to buy this plant

Flower Colour

Sun Aspect of Full Sun,
Part Shade, Full Shade

with link to external website for photo/data

Flowering Months

with row in each month that it flowers in that colour in
STAGE 4A
12 BLOOM COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY
/

with link to
USA or
Canada
mail-order supplier

Height with Spacings or Width (W) in inches (cms)

1 inch =
2.5 cms
12 inches = 30 cms
40 inches = 100 cms

Foliage Colour


with row in relevant pages that it has foliage of that colour in
STAGE 4B
12 FOLIAGE COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY

or
Background Colour nearest to middle-aged leaf colour from 212 foliage colours /

followed by
Soil Moisture:-
Dry,
Moist,
Wet

with link to Australia or New Zealand mail-order supplier

 

with data for rows in
STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY and
STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Pages

Plant Type is:-

A for Aquatic
Ann for Annual / Biennial
Ba for Bamboo
Bu for Bulb
Cl for Climber
Co for Conifer
F for Fern
G for Grass
H for Herb
P for Perennial
Rh for Rhodo-dendron, Azalea, Camellia
Ro for Rose
Sh for Shrub
So for Soft Fruit
To for Top Fruit
Tr for Tree
V for Vegetable
W for Wildflower

followed by:-
E for Evergreen,
D for Deciduous,
H for Herbaceous,
Alpine for being an Alpine as well as being 1 of above Plant Type /

 
Acid for Acidic,
Alk for Alkaline,
Any for AnySoil
 

with links to
STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES
1
, 2, 3
and
STAGE 3
ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERIES
1
, 2
pages
 

 

The following comes from Shrubs and Trees for the Smaller Garden by Frances Perry. Published by C. Arthur Pearson Ltd in 1961.

Common Names of Shrubs and Trees in General Use:-

Common Name

Generic Name

Common Name

Generic Name

Common Name

Generic Name

A

 

 

 

 

 

Acacia

Robinia

Adam's Needle

Yucca

Afghan Sage

Perovskia

Alexandrian Laurel

Danae

Allspice

Calycanthus

Almond

Prunus

American Black Currant

Ribes

Anchor Plant

Colletia

Angelica Tree

Aralia

Apple Berry

Billardiera

 

 

 

 

B

 

 

 

 

 

Barberry

Berberis

Bay

Laurus

Beautyberry

Callicarpa

Bell Heather

Erica

Birch

Betula

Birthwort

Aristolochia

Bittersweet

Celastrus

Bladder Nut

Staphylea

Bladder Senna

Colutea

Blueberry

Vaccinium

Blue Spiraea

Caryopteris

Bog Rosemary

Andromeda

Box

Buxus

Box Elder

Acer

Bramble

Rubus

Bridal Wreath

Spiraea

Broom

Cytisus

Buckeye

Aesculus

Bush Honeysuckle

Diervilla

Butcher's Broom

Ruscus

Butterfly Bush

Buddleia

C

 

 

 

 

 

Calico Bush

Kalmia

Californian Lilac

Ceanothus

Canoe Birch

Betula

Cape Figwort

Phygelius

Checkerberry

Gaultheria

Cherry

Prunus

Cherry Laurel

Prunus

Cherry Plum

Prunus

Chinese Gooseberry

Actinidia

Chinese Snowball Tree

Viburnum

Chokeberry

Aronia

Chusan Palm

Trachycarpus

Cinquefoil

Potentilla

Climbing Bittersweet

Celastrus

Cobnut

Corylus

Coral Beauty

Symphori-carpos

Coral Plant

Berberidopsis

Corkscrew Hazel

Corylus

Cornel

Cornus

Cornelian Cherry

Cornus

Cornish Heath

Erica

Cotton Lavender

Santolina

Cut Finger

Vinca

 

 

D

 

 

 

 

 

Daisy Bush

Olearia

Dogwood

Cornus

Dusty Miller Grape

Vitis

Dutchman's Pipe

Genista

 

 

 

 

E

 

 

 

 

 

Evergreen Laburnum

Piptanthus

 

 

 

 

F

 

 

 

 

 

False Spiraea

Sorbaria

Filbert

Corylus

Firethorn

Pyracantha

Flowering Crab

Malus

Flowering Currant

Ribes

Fringe Tree

Chionanthus

Furze

Ulex

 

 

 

 

G

 

 

 

 

 

Garland Flower

Daphne

Gean

Prunus

Glory Vine

Vitis

Golden Bell

Forsythia

Golden Currant

Ribes

Golden Rain Tree

Koelreuteria

Gold Flower

Hypericum

Gorse

Ulex

Grape Vine

Vitis

Grey Sage Bush

Atriplex

Guelder Rose

Viburnum

Gum Cistus

Cistus

H

 

 

 

 

 

Hawthorn

Crataegus

Hazel

Corylus

Heather

Erica

High Bush

Vaccinium

Holly

Ilex

Honeysuckle

Lonicera

Horse Chestnut

Aesculus

Hyssop

Hyssopus

 

 

I

 

 

 

 

 

Indian Bean Tree

Catalpa

Indian Currant

Symphori-carpus

Indigo

Indigofera

J

 

 

 

 

 

Japanese Crab

Malus

Japanese Honeysuckle

Diervilla

Japanese Hydrangea Vine

Schizo-phragma

Japanese Maples

Acer

Japanese Quince

Chaenomeles

Japanese Wineberry

Rubus

Jerusalem Sage

Phlomis

Jessamine

Jasminum

Judas Tree

Cercis

Juneberry

Amelanchier

Juniper

Juniperus

Jupiter's Beard

Anthyllis

K

 

 

 

 

 

Kidney Vetch

Anthyllis

Kilmarnock Willow

Salix

 

 

L

 

 

 

 

 

Lacebark

Hoheria

Lad's Love

Artemisia

Lantern Tree

Tricuspid-aria

Laurel

Aucuba and Prunus

Laurel Magnolia

Magnolia

Laurustinus

Viburnum

Lavender

Lavendula

Lilac

Syringa

Lily of the Valley Tree

Clethra

Lily Tree

Magnolia

 

 

 

 

M

 

 

 

 

 

Madrona

Arbutus

Maidenhair Tree

Ginko

Manuka Tea Tree

Leptos-permum

Maple

Acer

Maule's Quince

Chaenomeles

Mexican Orange Flower

Choisya

Mezereon

Daphne

Monkey Puzzle Tree

Araucaria

Mountain Andromeda

Pieris

Mountain Ash

Sorbus

Mount Etna Broom

Genista

Myrobalan

Prunus

myrtle

Myrtus

 

 

 

 

N

 

 

 

 

 

New Zealand Tree

Lepto-spermum

Nissa Broom

Genista

 

 

O

 

 

 

 

 

Ocean Spray

Holodiscus

Old Man

Artemesia

Oleaster

Elaeagnus

Orange

Poncirus

Orange Ball Tree

Buddleia

Oregon Grape

Mahonia

P

 

 

 

 

 

Paeony

Paeonia

Paper-Bark Maple

Acer

Paper Birch

Betula

Parsley Vine

Vitis

Partridge Berry

Leycest-eria

Passion Flower

Passiflora

Peach

Prunus

Pearlbush

Exochorda

Pea Tree

Caragana

Periwinkle

Vinca

Pine-mat Manzanita

Arctostap-hylos

Plum

Prunus

Pomeganate

Punica

Portugal Laurel

Prunus

Potato Tree

Solanum

Potato Vine

Solanum

Privet

Ligustrum

 

 

Q

 

 

 

 

 

Quince

Chaenomeles

 

 

 

 

R

 

 

 

 

 

Rock Rose

Cistus

Rock Spiraea

Holodiscus

Rockspray

Cotoneaster

Rose

Rosa

Rose Acacia

Robinia

Rosebud Cherry

Prunus

Rosemary

Rosmarinus

Rose of Sharron

Hypericum

Rowan

Sorbus

S

 

 

 

 

 

Sage

Salvia

St. John's Wort

Hypericum

Sea Buckthorn

Hippophae

Scotch Heather

Erica

Shad Bush

Amelan-chier

Sheep Laurel

Kalmia

Silk Tassel Bush

Garrya

Silver Bell Tree

Halesia

Silver Berry

Elaeagnus

Silver Birch

Betula

Silver Lace Vine

Polygonum

Sloe

Prunus

Smoke Tree

Rhus

Snail Seed

Cocculus

Snowball

Styrax

Snowball Tree

Viburnum

Snowberry

Symphori-carpus

Snowdrop Tree

Halesia

Snowy Mespilus

Amelanchier

Southern-wood

Artemisia

Spanish Broom

Spartium and Cytisus

Spanish Gorse

Genista

Spanish Heath

Erica

Speedwell

Veronica

Spindle

Euonymus

Spirea

Spiraea

Strawberry Tree

Arbutus

Sumach

Rhus

Sun Rose

Helianth-emum

Sweet Bay

Laurus

Sweet Pepper Bush

Clethra

Sweet Spire

Itea

 

 

T

 

 

 

 

 

Tamarisk

Tamarix

Tasmanian Daisy Bush

Olearia

Tea Tree

Leptos-spermum

Tree Groundsel

Baccharus

Tree Heath

Erica

Tree Hollyhock

Hibiscus

Tree Mallow

Lavatera

Tree Paeony

Paeonia

Tree Poppy

Romneya

Tree Purslane

Atriplex

Trumpet Creeper

Campsis

 

 

V

 

 

 

 

 

Vanilla Tree

Azara

Vine

Vitis

Vrginia Creeper

Vitis

W

 

 

 

 

 

Warminster Broom

Cytisus

Whin

Ulex

Willow

Salix

Wintergreen

Gaultheria

Winter Hazel

Corylopsis

Winter's Bark

Drimys

Winter Sweet

Chimon-anthus

Witch Hazel

Hamamelis

Woodbine

Lonicera

Y

 

 

 

 

 

Yellow Wood

Cladastris

Yulan Tree

Magnolia

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The following comes from Planting and Colour Guide by Clarence Elliott within Gardens and Gardening - "The Studio" Garden Annual Edited by F.A.Mercer 1932. Printed and Engraved in Great Britain by Herbert Reiach, Ltd.

Herbaceous Border plants used as

  • permanent infill between trees/shrubs in the border bed and
  • as temporary bedding by using the annuals in irregular blocks of odd numbered bedding plants (5,7...33) between those trees/shrubs

Botanical Plant Name

Plant Type is:-

Annual is used as Bedding
Biennial
Bulb or Tuber
Climber
Perennial
Shrub

Sun Aspect of
Full Sun,
Part Shade,
Full Shade

Flower Colours

When to plant .

Where "Time to plant" is left blank it may be taken that planting may be done at practically any time.

Height in inches (cms)

Space apart in inches (cms)

Flowering June-August

 

 

 

 

Achillea lewisii

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Sulphur

 

3-4 (7.5-10)

9-12 (22.5-30)

Aethionema Warley Hybrid

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Rose

 

5-6 (12.5-15)

6-9 (15-22.5)

Aethionema grandiflora

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Pink

 

12 (30)

12-18 (30-45)

Agapanthus Mooreanus (Blue African Lily)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Powder-blue

Spring

24 (60)

12-18 (30-45)

Alstroemeria (Peruvian Lily)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Yellow, Orange

Spring

36-48 (90-120)

24 (60)

Anchusa italica

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Blue

Spring

48 (120)

36 (90)

Anthemis tinctoria

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Yellow

 

18-24 (45-60)

18 (45)

Antirrhinum (Snapdragon)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

White, Pink, Yellow, Crimson, Orange

Spring

18-24 (45-60)

12-18 (30-45)

Arenaria montana

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

White

 

6-9 (15-22.5)

12-18 (30-45)

Aster acris

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Violet

Autumn or Spring

18-24 (45-60)

24 (60)

Aster amellus

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Violet, Pink

Autumn or Spring

18 (45)

12-18 (30-45)

Aster Frikartii

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Violet

Autumn or Spring

24 (60)

24 (60)

Aster Thomsonii nana

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Lavender

Autumn

12 (30)

12 (30)

Aster (China Aster)

Half-Hardy Annual
ull Sun

Pink, Crimson, White, Violet, Lavender

May

12-18 (30-45)

9-12 (22.5-30)

Astilbe

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Pink, Crimson

 

24-48 (60-120)

12-24 (30-60)

Campanula
C. carpatica
(Bell Flower)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Violet, White, Lavender

 

9-12 (22.5-30)

9 (22.5)

Campanula
C. media (Canterbury Bell)

Hardy Bulb
Full Sun

Violet, Pink, White

Autumn or Spring

24 (60)

18-24 (45-60)

Campanula perscifolia (Peach-leaved Campanula)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Violet, White

Autumn

24 (60)

12 (30)

Campanula celtidifolia

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Violet

 

36-72 (90-180)

36 (90)

Calendula (Marigold)

Hardy Annual
Full Sun

Sulphur, Orange, Yellow

Autumn

12-18 (30-45)

12-18 (30-45)

Carnation

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Pink, Red, White, Yellow

 

12-18 (30-45)

12-18 (30-45)

Ceanothus

Climber
Full Sun

Lavender, Violet

Spring

60-240 (150-600)

---

Ceratostigma willmottiae

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Blue

Spring

36 (90)

24 (60)

Chrysanth-emum maximum (Shasta Daisy)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

White

 

24-36 (60-90)

12 (30)

Clarkia

Hardy Annual
Full Sun

Scarlet, Pink, Crimson, White

Spring

18-24 (45-60)

18 (45)

Clematis tangutica (Clematis)

Climber
Full Sun

Yellow

 

180-2 40 (450-600)

---

Clematis, Large-flowered Hybrids

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Mauve, White, Purple, Pink

Spring

120-180 (300-450)

---

Coreopsis verticillata

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Yellow

 

18 (45)

12 (30)

Coreopsis grandiflora

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Yellow

Spring

24 (60)

18 (45)

Cyanus minus (Cornflower)

Hardy Annual
Full Sun

Blue, Pink, White

Spring

18 (45)

18 (45)

Cynoglossum amabile

Hardy Bulb
Full Sun

Blue

Autumn

18 (45)

6-9 (15-22.5)

Dahlia

Half-Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Pink, Crimson, White, Scarlet, Yellow

May

12-60 (30-150)

18-48 (45-120)

Delphinium (Perennial Larkspur)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Blue, Violet

Autumn or Spring

36-72 (90-180)

24-36 (60-90)

Dephinium (Annual Larkspur)

Hardy Annual
Full Sun

Pink, Mauve, Ble, White

Spring

12-36 (30-90)

12-24 (30-60)

Dianthus barbatus (Sweet William)

Hardy Bulb
Full Sun

Pink, Crimson, White

Spring

18 (45)

12 (30)

Dictamnus fraxinella (Burning Bush)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Pink, White

 

24 (60)

24 (60)

Digitalis purpurea (Foxglove)

Hardy Bulb
Full Sun

Pink, White, Crimson, Primrose

Autumn

60-72 (150-180)

24 (60)

Draco-cephalum ruyschiana

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Violet

 

12 (30)

12 (30)

Echinops (Globe Thistle)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Blue, White

 

48-60 (120-150)

24-36 (60-90)

Erigeron

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Mauve, Pink

 

18-24 (45-60)

18 (45)

Eryngium (Sea Holly)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Steel Blue

 

18-24 (45-60)

18 (45)

Eschscholtzia (Californian Poppy)

Hardy Annual
Full Sun

Gold, Orange, Pink, Crimson

Spring

12 (30)

12 (30)

Gaillardia

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Gold, Mahogany, Orange

Spring

18-24 (45-60)

18 (45)

Galega (Goat's Rue)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

White, Lavender

 

3-5 (7.5-12.5)

2-3 (5-7.5)

Genista saggitalis

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Yellow

 

6-9 (15-22.5)

9-12 (22.5-30)

Gentiana asclepiadea (Willow Gentian)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Blue

Autumn

18-24 (45-60)

18 (45)

Geranium ibericum

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Violet

 

18 (45)

18 (45)

Geum (Avens)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Scarlet, Orange, Yellow

 

12-18 (30-45)

12 (30)

Gladiolus

Half-Hardy Bulb
Full Sun

Pink, White, Scarlet, Crimson, Violet, Yellow

May

24-48 (60-120)

12 (30)

Godetia

Hardy Annual
Full Sun

Pink, Crimson, White, Mauve

Spring

18-24 (45-60)

18-24 (45-60)

Gypsophila paniculata

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

White

 

24-36 (60-90)

24-36 (60-90)

Helenium

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Gold, Mahogany

 

24-48 (60-120)

24-36 (60-90)

Helianthus (Perennial Sunflower)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Yellow

 

36-72 (90-180)

24 (60)

Heuchera (Alum Root)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Pink, Red

 

12-18 (30-45)

12 (30)

Hollyhock

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Pink, Crimson, Yellow, White

 

72-96 (180-240)

36 (90)

Hyacinthus candicans

Hardy Bulb
Full Sun

White

Autumn

4 (10)

9 (22.5)

Hypericum olympicum

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Yellow

 

6 (15)

6 (15)

Ipomaea rubrocoerulea praecox (Convolvulus)

Half-Hardy Annual Climber
Full Sun

Blue

May

6-9 (15-22.5)

24-36 (60-90)

Kniphofia (Red Hot Poker)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Orange, Yellow

Spring

24-48 (60-120)

18-36 (45-90)

Lavatera olbia (Mallow)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Pink

 

48-60 (120-150)

48 (120)

Lilium candidum (Madonna Lily)

Hardy Bulb
Full Sun

White

August

48 (120)

9-12 (22.5-30)

Lilium chalced-onicum (Scarlet Turk's Cap Lily)

Hardy Bulb
Full Sun

Scarlet

Spring

48-60 (120-150)

12 (30)

Lilium croceum

Hardy Bulb
Full Sun

Orange

Spring

36 (90)

9 (22.5)

Lilium Martagon (Turk's Cap Lily)

Hardy Bulb
Full Sun or Shade

Purple, White

Spring

48-60 (120-150)

9 (22.5)

Lilium regale (Regal Lily)

Hardy Bulb
Full Sun

White

Spring

48-60 (120-150)

9-12 (22.5-30)

Lilium scovitzianum

Hardy Bulb
Full Sun

Yellow

Spring

48-60 (120-150)

9-12 (22.5-30)

Lilium testaceum (Nankeen Lily)

Hardy Bulb
Full Sun

Apricot

Spring

48-60 (120-150)

9 (22.5)

Linum grandiflorum (Flax)

Hardy Annual
Full Sun

Crimson

Spring

18 (45)

12 (30)

Lobelia cardinalis

Half-Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Scarlet, Pink

May

24 (60)

18 (45)

Lupinus arboreus (Tree Lupin)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Yellow, White

Spring

48-72 (120-180)

48-60 (120-150)

Lychnis chalcedonica

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Scarlet

 

48-60 (120-150)

24 (60)

Lychnis viscaria splendens plena

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Rosy-Crimson

July

18 (45)

12 (30)

Lythrum salicaria (Purple Loose-strife)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Rosy-Crimson

 

48-60 (120-150)

24 (60)

Monarda didyma (Bergamot)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Red

 

24 (60)

18 (45)

Monbretia

Hardy Bulb
Full Sun

Orange, Gold

Spring

24 (60)

6 (15)

Nemesia

Half-Hardy Annual
Full Sun

Blue, Orange, Crimson, Yellow

May

6-12 (15-30)

6-9 (15-22.5)

Nemophila

Hardy Annual
Full Sun

Blue

Spring

6 (15)

12 (30)

Nepeta mussini (Catmint)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Lavender

 

18 (45)

18 (45)

Nigella (Love-in-a-Mist)

Hardy Annual
Full Sun

Blue

Spring

18 (45)

12 (30)

Oenothera glaber (Evening Primrose)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Intense Yellow

 

12 (30)

12 (30)

Oenothera odorata sulphurea (Evening Primrose)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Pale Yellow

 

24 (60)

18 (45)

Onosma tauricum (Golden Drop)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Amber

Spring

6-9 (15-22.5)

9 (22.5)

Papaver nudicaule (Iceland Poppy)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Yellow, Orange, Buff, White, Pink

 

18 (45)

12 (30)

Papaver orientale (Oriental Poppy)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Pink, Crimson, Scarlet, White

 

24-48 (60-120)

24 (60)

Penstemon Garden Hybrids

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Pink, White, Red

Spring

18-24 (45-60)

18 (45)

Perovskia atriplicifolia (Violet Sage)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Violet

Spring

36-48 (90-120)

36 (90)

Phlox Drummondi (Annual Phlox)

Half-Hardy Annual
Full Sun

Pink, Crimson, White, Buff

May

6-9 (15-22.5)

12 (30)

Phlox paniculata (Perennial Phlox)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Pink, Red, White, Violet, Mauve

 

24-36 (60-90)

18 (45)

Polygonum affine

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Pink

 

9 (22.5)

18 (45)

Polygonum bald-schuanicum

Climber
Full Sun

White

 

15-30 (37.5-75)

---

Polygonum vaccin-ifolium

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Pink

Spring

4-6 (10-15)

18 (45)

Phacelia campanularia

Hardy Annual
Full Sun

Blue

Autumn

9 (22.5)

12 (30)

Phygelius capensis (Cape Figwort)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Red

 

36-48 (90-120)

36 (90)

Potentilla willmottiae

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Cherry-red

 

6-9 (15-22.5)

9 (22.5)

Romneya (Californian Bush Poppy)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

White

Spring

48-72 (120-180)

48-60 (120-150)

Rudbeckia (Cone flower)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Yellow

 

24-60 (60-150)

24-36 (60-90)

Salpiglossis

Half-Hardy Annual

Yellow, Gold, Crimson, Violet

May

18-24 (45-60)

18 (45)

Salvia virgata nemerosa

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Violet

 

24 (60)

24 (60)

Scabious

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Pink, White, Mauve, Crimson

Spring

24 (60)

24 (60)

Sedum spectabile

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Pink, Crimson

Spring

18 (45)

18 (45)

Sidalcea

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Pink, Crimson

 

36-48 (90-120)

18 (45)

Solanum crispum

Climber
Full Sun

Violet

Spring

120-360 (300-900)

---

Solidago (Golden Rod)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Yellow

 

12-72 (30-180)

12-36 (30-90)

Sparaxis pulcherrima

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Pink, White, Crimson

 

48-60 (120-150)

18 (45)

Statice latifolia (Sea Lavender)

Hardy Perennial
Full Sun

Lavender

Spring

24 (60)

24 (60)

Stock

Half-Hardy Annual
Full Sun

Pink, Crimson, White, Mauve, Buff

Spring

18-24 (45-60)

12-18 (30-45)

Tropaelum speciosum (Flame Flower)

Climber
Full Sun

Scarlet

Spring

72-120 (180-300)

12 (30)

Zinnia

Half-Hardy Annual
Full Sun

Red, Orange, Pink, Yellow

May

12 -18 (30-45)

12 (30)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Stages of creating your garden after you move in

  1. If you have bought a home with an established garden, you may find that after carrying out number 2, that you do not have the problem of either too much clay or too much sand and so you can go to number 7.
  2. Assuming that you have bought a newly built home, then you need to find out what sort of mess the builder has left you with. Dig a hole a spade deep in the middle of the lawn in the back garden and the front garden, fill it with water, and note how long it takes to subside. If there is still most of the water there in 30 minutes, then you have clay as your subsoil. If it drains as soon as you pour it, then you have sand subsoil or builders rubble. If the water drains slowly within that 30 minutes, then your top soil is reasonable. If either garden slopes towards the house, then ply your hose water onto the top of the garden and see if the water comes down to the house after plying it for an hour. If so, you have a subsidence problem.
  3. You are spending more than £200,000 on this house, which has been incorrectly built by the builder, but since you now own it or the mortgage company does, then it is your problem. The depth of foundation of your house has increased significantly over the last 100 years, but clay/water can still destroy your walls however deep the foundations, so the most important situation once you take possesion is not decorating or furnishing the inside, it is correcting the failures of the builder first. If you find that from the investigation of the Soil Texture in 2 that
    you have more than 40% sand as your soil, then follow number 4,
    you have more than 45% clay as your soil, then follow number 5,
    you have builders rubble as your soil below the turf, then follow number 6,
    otherwise follow number 7.
  4. Follow what I did for this client in the Isle of Grain on her very sandy soil. If the surface will not take being risen by 6 inches (15 cms), then dig out and remove a 6 inch depth of sand before doing what I did for my client in Cranbrook.
  5. Follow what I did for this client in Cranbrook. If the surface will not take being risen by 6 inches (15 cms), then dig out and remove a 6 inch depth of clay before doing what I did for my client in Cranbrook.
  6. Remove a 12 inch (30 cms) depth of builders rubble, replace 6 inch (15 cms) depth of that with TS1 - Premium sandy loam topsoil and then add on top a mulch of the required mix according to whether it is lawn, flower bed, fruit bed, ericaceous bed or rock garden from Gardenscape Direct. I have used Gardenscape in my work and found them very reliable with a very good range of products in volume suitable for the home gardener and the professional landscaper.
  7. There are plenty of soils and soil additives that you may use Gardenscape Direct for as well as annual mulching materials for your flower beds.
  8. Having sorted your soil, you need to measure the area of the back and the front gardens and multiply that by 2 inches (5 cms) to allow for the volume of rain that you would normally have to allow to fall per hour to create a soakaway to contain that volume. You are not allowed to let your rainwater from your garden to eascape your property. The rainwater from your gutter may be allowed to go into the Public Drainage System in its own waste drain, or it may not if you are not connected to the ordinary Main Publc Waste Drain. If your garden slopes towards your house and your house is built on clay then your house could be sitting inside a giant pond. The same is true the other way round if your garden slopes away to the house alongside or to the public area - neither of whom are you allowed to empty your rainwater or other water into. Although you have changed the soil so that you should be able to accept a fair proportion of rainwater into your new soil, you still have to get rid of that water. This you can do with having a lawn, flower beds, vegetable beds and hedges. So use evergreen hedges alongside a French Drain next to the fence/wall between you and next door or the road to drain the water and that hedge to drink throughout the year.
  9. These pages on Tree /Shrub for the Small Garden provide you with background planting in your garden, which can then have the the above 4 different time periods of herbaceous plants/bedding inserted between them to provide seasonal colour.
    You should remember that the permanent planting of the trees/shrubs can have 4 seasons of bulbs between them, 4 seasons of bedding as well as annual climbers on the chainlink fencing to give variety.
    If you have 4 separate areas for the shrub/trees to produce their flowers in each of the February-April, April-June, June-August and Autumn/Winter seasons, then the herbaceous plants can also repeat that with the bulbs adding their 4 seasons as well. Thus there will be flower colour all year, when you have the 4 seasons mainly separated into 4 flower beds.
    Do not forget to use fruit trees as Minarettes as well as soft fruit in your flower beds. Ken Muir provides all necessary cultivation details.
    You could also plant vegetables instead between the trees/shrubs using Self-Watering Containers as advised by Edward C. Smith in his book Incredible Vegetables from Self-Watering Containers. Published by Storey Publishing 2006 ISBN 13:978- 1-58017-557-9.
    If you are short on space, you could grow Vertical Vegetables & Fruit - Creative Gardening Techniques for Growing Up in small Spaces by Rhonda Massingham Hart. Published by Storey Publishng in 2011 ISBN 978-1-60342-998-6.
  10. Instead of using hard landscaping for the paths and drive/car park area, why not use Grass Reinforcement Mesh on turf instead. The rain falling on it would be absorbed by the roots of the grass.
  11. Doing this rather than applyng yet more concrete would provide you with oxygen to breathe, absorb the rainwater and thus stop your house from subsiding and be more pleasant to look at than concrete, brick, metal, stone or wood.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The following table shows the linkages for the information about the plants
described in Sanders' Encyclopedia of Gardening in The Gardeners' Golden Treasury, revised by A. G. L Hellyer F.L.S, Editor of 'Amateur Gardening', (thirty-first impression of original published in 1895) was published in 1960 by W. H. & L. Collingridge Limited,
between:-

  • Stage 1 - Garden Style Index Gallery (in this Table) and Stage 1 Fragrant Plants (in Table on left), then
  • Stage 2 - 3 Infill Plants Index Galleries (in Table on right), then
  • Stage 3a - All Plants Index Gallery with each plant species in its own Plant Type Page followed by choice from Stage 4a, 4b, 4c and/or 4d REMEMBERING THE CONSTRAINTS ON THE SELECTION FROM THE CHOICES MADE IN STAGES 1 AND 2 (in this Table)
  • Stage 3b - All2 Plants Index Gallery for Alpines without a Garden for your health and productivity (in this Table)
  • Stage 4a - 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery (in Table on right)
  • Stage 4b - 12 Foliage Colours per Month Index Gallery (in Table on right) with
    column for Deciduous / Herbaceous plants with the same foliage colour during their growing season and
    column for Evergreen plants with the same foliage colour during the entire year
  • Stage 4c - Cultivation, Position, Use Index Gallery (in Table on left)
  • Stage 4d - Shape, Form Index Gallery (in Table on left)

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY
It would be useful if when you decide to change your garden that you use a uniform garden style throughout your garden and the GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY aims to provide pointers.
The new pages (April 2016) in the gallery will have a suitable list of plants on each page (as that plant gets further detailed in the ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY), then each row containing that plant name in the GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY will also be updated. I aim to input details of plants starting with A in alphabetical order to Z.

Private Garden Design:-
What is your Budget and What are the purposes for your garden?
Designing for a purpose: Areas which require answers before answering your Designing for a Purpose Questionaire.
Then, do the Site Survey with Photographs, before putting the Current Garden Design on paper or in your computer.
Using the Broad Design elements of Scale, which Garden Style to use:-
Low Maintenance Garden Style, Cottage Garden Style, Wildlife Garden Style or Japanese Garden Style and the
Hard and Soft Landscaping elements, create the Broad Proposed Design. Then, the Detailed Design of each Hard Landscaping item followed by the Soft Landscaping elements: The Soil, changing the Microclimate; and the
Plant Selection is influenced by the Colour Wheel, with Plant Quantities determined by time to establish versus width between plants and Companion Planting will provide helpful neighbouring plants
or
Click on text in cells below to jump to that page describing that data
.

 


Container

Gardening at my work-place

 

<----

 

Yes
|
v


Do you want to garden and grow plants?

 

No

Cannot be bothered.
If you wish to improve your productivity and health, then, plant an Alpine Pan in your work area or at home using the information within Alpines without a Garden by Lawrence D. Hills, using these pages:-


Potted
House-plant


<----
|
|
v


No
Garden

At Home with Gard-ening Area


Yes


---->

Balcony Garden or Roof Garden


Yes
---->

Grow flowers for flower arranging and vegetables on Balcony Garden or Roof Garden

Pan Plant Back-grou-nd Colour

STAGE 3b
ALL2 PLANTS INDEX GALLERY

|
v


Conservatory Gardening

|
<--
|

 

|
No
-->

Outside Garden
|
v

Pan, Trough and Window-Box Odds and Sods
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14,
15

The beginner's dozen for the small pan

Plants for the pan gar-den


Stovehouse for Tropical Plants

|
<--

An extra dozen for the larger pan

Kinds of Pan Plants that may be split up and tucked in Corners and Crevices

|
|
v

Miniature trees and shrubs for pan

The leafy soil pan

The gritty soil pan

The Limy Soil Plan

Blue Flower Colour Pan Plants

Lilac, Violet and Purple Flower Colour Pan Plants

Reds, Carm-ines Flower Colour Pan Plants

Pinks Flower Colour Pan Plants

White Flower Colour Pan Plants and Bicol-ored

Yellow Flower Colour Pan Plants

Blue Flower Colour Trough Plants

Violet, Lilac and Purple Flower Colour Trough Plants

|
|
v

Reds and Carm-ines Flower Colour Trough Plants

Pinks - all shades Flower Colour Trough Plants

Yellow Flower Colour Trough Plants

White and Cream Flower Colour Trough Plants

Bi-colour-ed Flower Colour Trough Plants

Feb Flower Season Pan

Mar Flower Season Pan

Apr Flower Season Pan

May Flower Season Pan

Jun Flower Season Pan

Jul Flower Season Pan

Aug Flower Season Pan

Sep Flower Season Pan

|
|
v

Oct Flower Season Pan

Nov Flower Season Pan

Pans for Semi-shade

Pans for In-doors

Mini-ature Pot

Feb Flower Season Trough

Mar Flower Season Trough

Apr Flower Season Trough

May Flower Season Trough

Jun Flower Season Trough

Jul Flower Season Trough

Aug Flower Season Trough

Sep Flower Season Trough

|
|
v

Oct Flower Season Trough

Nov Flower Season Trough

Dec Flower Season Trough

Bulb Pan

Bulb Cover-ing Carp-eters

Trough and Window-box plants 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Trough and Window-Box Background Colour

Pan Plant
Alpines without a Garden

ABC 1
Pan Plants

DEF 1
Pan Plants

GHI
Pan Plants

JKL 1
Pan Plants

|
|
v

MNO 1
Pan Plants

PQR 1
Pan Plants

STU 1
Pan Plants

V 1
Pan Plants

WXYZ 1
Pan Plants

You need to know the following:-
1. How much time per week are you prepared to look after your garden or prepared to pay someone else to do it for you?
2. How much are you are prepared to spend on creating your garden and then on its maintenance for its feeding and replacement of its plants and hard landscaping?
3. In order for you to go into your garden, there must be mystery in it, so that from any position in the house you cannot see all the garden, otherwise you will not be tempted to go out into it.
4. You must decide what garden style you are going to use THROUGHOUT the garden and make sure of using 3. the mystery in it as well.
5. What plants do you want to keep in your existing garden and incorporate into your new garden?
6. What Human Problems do you have and what Site Problems are there?

A) Bee Pollinated Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers List leads onto the
B) Bee Pollinated Bloom in Month galleries and
C) extra Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers.


<----

Human Prob-lems
v


---->

Blind,
Deaf,
in a Wheelchair, or
you cannot bend easily

 

 

 

Garden Style, which takes into account the Human Problems above

 

 

Classic Mixed Style


<----

Cottage Garden Style


<----

.
v


---->

Naturalistic Style

Formal English Garden

 

Mediterranean Style


<----

Meadow and Corn-field


<----

.
.
v


---->

Paving and Gravel inland,
Coastal Conditions near the sea, Seashore with shingle/sand

 

 

 

 

Problem Sites within your chosen Garden Style from the above

 

 

Exposure to Wind


<----

Excess Shade


<----

Exce-ssively Dry Shade


<----


<----

.
.
.
.
.
v


---->

Exce-ssively Hot, Sunny and Dry Site is suitable for Drought Resistant Plants

Excessively Wet Soil - especially when caused by poor drainage

Control of Pests (Aphids, Rabbits, Deer, Mice, Mole, Snails) / Disease by Companion Planting in Garden

Whether your Heavy Clay or Light Sandy / Chalk Soil is excessively Alkaline (limy) / Acidic or not, then there is an Action Plan for you to do with your soil, which will improve its texture to make its structure into a productive soil instead of it returning to being just sand, chalk, silt or clay.


<----

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
v


---->

Problems caused by builders:- 1. Lack of soil on top of builders rubble in garden of just built house.
2. Clay soil of Garden slopes towards house with no drainage of this rainwater by the house wall.

In planning your beds for your garden, before the vertical hard-landscaping framework and the vertical speciman planting is inserted into your soft landscaping plan, the following is useful to consider:-
1. The ground plan usually depends upon 1 or more unalterable existing features. The position of the doors of the house will dictate the positions of paths, the shortest route to the kitchen may indicate the best place for a paved area for eating and drinking out of doors, or the kept trees/shrubs may indicate what garden style is used.
2. Rules of Proportion -
A. A border should be roughly 1/2 as wide as the hedge or wall behind it.
B. The proportion of planted areas to paved or turfed areas should be 1/3 to 2/3, or a 1/4 to 3/4, not 1/2 and 1/2.
C. Within a bed or border, unless a 2-dimensional pattern on the ground is the objective, the height and bulk of the plants should be varied to avoid monotony; it is particularly important to provide strong planting, in terms of either height or bulk or both, at either end of a long bed.
D. The ground surface provides a background to the plants that is as important as the hedges, walls or fences that surround it. Grass is perhaps the most satisfying carpet to use, the cool green forming a restful antidote to the dancing colours of the flowers. Use different coloured pea-shingle inside Cedar Gravel for people in wheelchairs, or infirm in their legs or who suffer from Hay Fever.

Reasons for stopping infilling of Sense of Fragrance section on 28/07/2016 at end of Sense of Fragrance from Stephen Lacey Page. From September 2017 will be creating the following new pages on Sense of Fragrance using Scented Flora of the World by Roy Genders.
ISBN 0 7090 5440 8:-

 

 

 

|
v

 

 

 

 

 

After you have selected your vertical hard-landscaping framework and the vertical speciman plants for each bed or border, you will need to infill with plants taking the following into account:-

 

 

 

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark 1, 2, 3
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil 1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil 1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Sandy Soil 1
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves 1, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves 1, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit 1, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers 1, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants 1, 2
Scented Aquatic Plants.
Plants with Scented Fruits.
Plants with Scented Roots 1, 2
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood.
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums.
Scented Cacti and Succulents.
Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell 1, 2

Flower Perfume Group:-
Miscellaneous Group with scents - Balm, Brandy, Cedar, Cloying, Cowslip, Cucumber, Damask Rose, Daphne, Exotic, Freesia, Fur-like, Gardenia, Hay-like, Heliotrope, Honeysuckle, Hops, Hyacinth, Incense-like, Jasmine, Laburnham, Lilac, Lily of the Valley, Meadowsweet, Mignonette, Mint, Mossy, Muscat, Muscatel, Myrtle-like, Newly Mown Hay, Nutmeg, Piercing, Primrose, Pungent, Resinous, Sandalwood, Sassafras, Seductive, Slight, Soft, Stephanotis, Sulphur, Starch, Sweet, Sweet-briar, Tea-rose, Treacle and Very Sweet.

Flower Perfume Group:-
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group with scent - Hawthorn.
Heavy Group with scents -
Jonquil and
Lily.
Aromatic Group with scents - Almond,
Aniseed, Balsamic,
Carnation, Cinnamon, Clove,
Spicy and
Vanilla.
Violet Group.
Rose Group.
Lemon Group with scent -
Verbena.
Fruit-scented Group with scents -
Apricot,
Fruity,
Green Apple,
Orange, Pineapple,
Ripe Apple , Ripe Banana and
Ripe Plum.
 

Flower Perfume Group:-
Animal-scented Group with scents -
Cat,
Dog,
Ferret,
Fox,
Goat,
Human Perspiration,
Musk,
Ripe Apple and
Tom Cat.
Honey Group.
Unpleasant Smell Group with scents -
Animal,
Fetid,
Fishy,
Foxy,
Fur-like,
Garlic,
Hemlock,
Manure,
Nauseating,
Perspiration,
Petrol,
Putrid,
Rancid,
Sickly,
Skunk,
Stale Lint
Sulphur and
Urinous,

Leaf Perfume Group:-
Turpentine Group.
Camphor and Eucalyptus Group.
Mint Group.
Sulphur Group.
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group.
Heavy Group.
Aromatic Group.
Violet Group.
Rose Group.
Lemon Group.
Fruit-scented Group.
Animal-scented Group.
Honey Group.

Scent of Wood, Bark and Roots Group:-
Aromatic Group.
Turpentine Group.
Rose Group.
Violet Group.
Stale Perspiration Group.

 

Scent of Fungi Group:-
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group.
Sulphur Group.
Aromatic Group.
Rose Group.
Violet Group.
Fruit Group.
Animal Group.
Honey Group

Sense of Sight

Emotion of
Hot /Cool; Calm / Agitated

Emotion of
Low-key / High Key


<----

.
.
.
v

Emotion of
Inviting
/ Forbidding

Emotion of Intellectual versus Emotional

Sense of Touch

Sense of Taste

Sense of Sound

 

 

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 for
lists of plants of 1 plant type for 1 cultivation requirement is in Table on right

 

 

 

STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY
Click on Blue or underlined text to jump to page comparing flower thumbnails of that blue colour in the
Other Plant Photo Galleries. RedPP is Red, Pink, Purple and Other is Unusual or Other Flower Colour.

Plant Type
with links to Other Plant Photo Galleries

ABC

DEF

GHI

JKL

MNO

PQR

STU

VWX

YZ

Alpine in Evergreen Perennial,
Herbaceous Perennial and Rock Garden

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Aquatic

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Annual/ Biennial

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Bamboo

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Bedding, 25
RHS Mixed Border Beds 75 and
Flower Shape, Flower Colour and Bedding Plant Use

1

Blue

1

Green

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

Purple

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Bicolour

Other Flower Colours

White / Colour Bicolour

Bulb, 746 with Use, Flower Colour/Shape of
Allium / Anemone, Colchicum / Crocus, Dahlia, Gladiolus, Narcissus and Tulip

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Climber 71 Clematis, 58 other Climbers with Use, Flower Colour and Shape

1

Blue

1

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Conifer

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Deciduous Shrub 43 with Use and Flower Colour

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Deciduous Tree

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Evergreen Perennial 104 with Use, Flower Colour, Flower Shape and Number of Petals

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Evergreen Shrub 46, Semi-Evergreen Shrub and Heather 74 with Use and Flower Colour

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Evergreen Tree

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Fern with 706 ferns
within 21 types and 41 uses

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Grass

1

1

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

Herbaceous Perennial 91,
RHS Mixed Border Beds 176 and
Peonies 46 with Flower Colour/Shape

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Herb

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Odds and Sods

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Rhododendron, Azalea, Camellia

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Rose with 720 roses within Flower Colour, Flower Shape, Rose Petal Count and Rose Use

1

1

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

 

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Soft Fruit

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Sub-Shrub

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Top Fruit

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Vegetable

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Wildflower 1918 with
Plants used by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterflies in the UK
I am inserting the plants described in Sanders' Encyclopedia of Gardening into STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY

1

Blue

1

Green

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

Red

1

Purple

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Multi-colour

Cream

Mauve

Brown

Shrub and Small Tree

Botanical Names Page

Common Names Page

Finally, you might be advised to check that the adjacent plants to the one you have chosen for that position in a flower bed are suitable; by checking the entry in Companion Planting - like clicking A page for checking Abies - and Pest Control page if you have a pest to control in this part of the flower bed.
Companion Planting
- A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z
Pest Control using Plants

 

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY
The planning a Rose Garden chapter from Rose Gardens by Jane Fearnley-Whitingstall ISBN 0 7011 3344 9 and
Plant Solutions by Nigel Colborn provides information for this gallery.

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 Reference books for these galleries in Table on left

STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY
In addition to these 10 galleries, there are links to the Other Plant Photo Galleries in the table above like Bulb , which have plant descriptions accessed by clicking a flower thumbnail in its flower comparison page. Click the respective flower colour - like Green - to change page to that flower colour comparison page. Then, you can also choose these other plants.
It will also state the Plant Combinations for each plant from The Ulimate Visual Guide to Successful Plant Harmony - The Encyclopedia of Planting Combinations by Tony Lord ISBN 1-55209-623-8

STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY
Some extra details about the Cultivation Requirements of Plant:- Outdoor /Garden Cultivation, Indoor / House Cultivation, Cool Green-house Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter, Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year, and Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

Since 2006, I have requested photos etc from the Mail-Order Nurseries in the UK and later from the rest of the World. Few nurseries have responded.
I worked for a lady, who with her husband took 35 mm slides of plants in the 1960's and 1970's. She allowed me to digitise some of her Kodachrome slides, which I have used in my website. I discovered that at least the green colour of the foliage became very much darker over that period of years to 2008, by comparing wildflower photos from her slides with digital photos supplied by a current Wildflower mail-order nursery, so I stopped creating my Foliage Galleries.
I bought myself a camera some years ago and started taking photos, some of which have been put into the website. I started taking photos of the Heathers at the Royal Horticultural Society at Wisley garden. I have displayed the Heathers foliage in closeup since their leaves are 2mm long and in macro-scale in the Heather Galleries - sometimes the foliage colour at the terminal end of the foliage stem is only a few leaves, whereas others have the same foliage colour throughout the stem. I discovered that some of the heathers did not have the correct plant label, since the flower colour did not correspond with the flower colour in the literature. I was informed that since kids have free rein, that perhaps they move the plant labels. Since, I cannot rely that the heather plant label next to the heather plant is valid, I have stopped taking photos of those heathers.
This leaves a small problem, especially since very few gardens open to the public have their plants labelled so that the public can use the data on their label to buy that named plant from a nursery or garden centre. Currently (June 2018) I insert photos from Wikimedia Commons as well as my own.
I have found the above book - which does not contain any colour plant photos. Since it had the following experts help in creating it, I have decided to use its information in these 10 galleries to help the public:-

  • T.W. Sanders Editor of Amateur Gardening in 1895.
  • A.J Macself Editor of Amateur Gardening in 1926 - both Sanders and Macself had worked entirely to the handlists published by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • A.G.L. Hellyer in this work of revision and also in checking the all-important cultural notes sought the help of experts in the various classes of plant:-
    • Mr S.A. Pearce, Assistant Curator at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew undertook the revision of those genera of plants which in this country are mainly grown under glass.
    • Mr Will Ingwersen dealt with the Rock plants,
    • Mr N. Catchpole made himself responsible for trees and shrubs;
    • Mr G.A Phillips for herbaceous plants,
    • Mrs Francis Perry for water plants,
    • Mr A.J. Macself for ferns,
    • Mr E. Cooper for orchids,
    • Mr J.S Dakers for annuals,
    • Miss Doreen Crowther for fruit and vegetables

with the aid of further information from other books, magazines and cross-checking on the internet.
In this edition of the book Sander's Encyclopaedia, the individual soil mixtures to grow plants have been retained, for it was considered that many gardeners might still wish to use them in certain circumstances. The John Innes mixtures may be substituted wherever desired. Details of these individual mixtures will be put into these galleries.

STAGE 4C
CULTIVATION REQUIREMENTS, POSITION AND USE INDEX GALLERY
PAGES

Site Map

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY PAGES Links to pages in Table alongside on the left with Garden Design Topic Pages

Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines

Plant Type
 

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 with its Cultivation Requirements

Alpines for Rock Garden (See Rock Garden Plant Flowers)

Alpine Shrubs and Conifers

The Alpine Meadow
Page 1
Page 2
Page 3

The Alpine Border
1
, 2

Alpine Plants for a Purpose

The Alpines that Dislike Lime 1, 2

Alpines and Walls
Dry Sunny Walls 1a, b
Tops of Walls 2a, b
Dry Shady and Conifers 3a, b

Alpines and
Paving
1
, 2

Sink and Trough gardens
1
, 2

Aquatic
(Water Plants) for

Anti-erosion River-bank

Marginal Plants (Bog Garden Plants)
1
, 2

Oxy-genating Weeds

Water Lilies

Floating Plants

Water-side Plants
and Plants for Dry Margins next to a Pond
1
, 2

Wildlife Pond Plants

Annual for

----------------



 

 

ANY PLANT TYPE for
Cut Flowers in
January 1, 2
February
March 1, 2
April
May 1, 2
June 1, 2
July 1, 2
August
September
October
November
December

Exposed Sites

Sheltered Sites with Green-house Annuals from 1916

Extra Poor Soil with Half-Hardy Annuals from 1916

Very Rich Soil with Biennials from 1916

Gap-filling in Mixed Borders with Hardy Annuals from 1916

Patio Con-tainers

Cut Flowers
1
, 2, 3 Ever-lasting Flowers with Red Flowers from 1916

Attract-ing bene-ficial insects
1
, 2

Scent / Fra-grance with Annuals for Cool or Shady Places from 1916

Low-allergen Gardens for Hay Fever Sufferers

Annual Plant Pairing Ideas and Colour Schemes with Annuals
1
, 2

Low-Growing Annuals
1
, 2

Medium-Growing Annuals

Tall-Growing Annuals with White Flowers from 1916

Black or Brown Flowers

Blue to Purple Flowers

Green Flowers with Annuals and Biennials from 1916

Red to Pink Flowers and Cut Flowers
Page
1
, 2, 3

White Flowers
1
, 2

Yellow or Orange Flowers
1
, 2

Dec-orative Foliage

Moist Soil

Shade
1
, 2

House-plants with Yellow Flowers from 1916

Edging Beds

Hanging Baskets

Vining Annuals

 

Bedding for

Spring Bedding

Summer Bedding

Autumn/ Winter Bedding

Bedding for Light Sandy Soil

Bedding for Acid Soil

Bedding for Chalky Soil

Bedding for Clay Soil

Black Flowers

Blue Flowers

Orange Flowers

Pink Flowers

Long Flowering

Coloured Leaves

Attract-ive to Wildlife including Bees, Butterflies and Moths

Purple Flowers

Red Flowers

White Flowers

Yellow Flowers

Multi-Coloured Flowers

Aromatic Foliage or Scented Flowers

Bedding Plant Use

Flowers with 2 Petals

Flowers with 3 Petals

Flowers with
4 Petals

Flowers with 5 Petals

Flowers with 6 Petals

Flowers with more than 6 Petals

Use in Hanging Baskets

Flower Simple Shape

Shape of
Stars

Shape of
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

Shape of
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

Shape of
Trumpets and Funnels

Shape of
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

Use in Pots and Troughs

Flower Elabo-rated Shape

Shape of
Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Shape of
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Shape of
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

 

Use in
Screen-ing

Use in
Window Boxes

Shape of
Stand-ards, Wings and Keels

Shape of
Discs and Florets

Shape of
Pin-Cushions and Tufts

Shape of
Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons

 

Use in Bedding Out

Use in
Filling In

Biennial for

Cottage and Other Gardens
1
, 2

Cut Flower with Biennials for Rock Work from 1916

Patio Con-tainers with Biennials for Pots in Green-house / Con-servatory

Bene-ficial to Wildlife with Purple and Blue Flowers from 1916

Scent with Biennials for Sunny Banks or Borders from 1916

 

 

Bulb for
--------------
Explan-ation Intro to Bulbs
--------------
725 Blue, White, Yellow, Unusual Colour, or Red-Purple-Pink flowering Bulbs in each month they flower.

Indoor Bulbs for
Dec-ember
January
February

Indoor Bulbs for
March
April
May

Indoor
Bulbs for
June
July
August

Indoor Bulbs for Sep-tember
October
November

Bulbs in Window-boxes
1
, 2

Bulbs in the Border

Bulbs natural-ised in Grass

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Dec-Jan
Feb-Mar

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Apr-May
Jun-Aug 1, 2, 3, 4

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Sep-Oct
Nov-Dec

Any Plant Type Blooming in Smallest of Gardens

Bulbs for the Bulb Frame

Bulbs in the Wood-land Garden

Bulbs in the Rock Garden

Bulbs in Green-house or Stove

Achi-menes, Alocasias, Amorpho-phalluses, Aris-aemas, Arums, Begonias, Bomar-eas, Calad-iums

Clivias,
Colo-casias, Crinums, Cyclam-ens, Cyrt-anthuses, Euchar-ises, Urceo-charis, Eurycles

Freesias, Gloxinias, Hae-manthus, Hipp-eastrums

Lachen-alias, Nerines, Lycorises, Pen-cratiums, Hymen-ocallises, Richardias, Sprekelias, Tuberoses, Vallotas, Watsonias, Zephy-ranthes

Bulbs in Bowls

Bulbs in the Alpine House

Hardy Bulbs

Aconitum, Allium, Alstroe-meria, Anemone 1, 1a

Amaryllis, Antheri-cum, Antholy-zas, Apios, Arisaema, Arum, Aspho-deline,

Aspho-delus, Belam-canda, Bloom-eria, Brodiae, Bulbo-codium

Calo-chorti, Cyclo-bothras, Camassia, Col-chicum, Con-vallaria,
Forcing Lily of the Valley, Corydalis, Crinum, Crosmia, Mon-tbretia , Crocus

Cyclamen, Dicentra, Dierama, Eranthis, Eremurus, Ery-thrnium, Eucomis

Fritillaria, Funkia, Gal-anthus, Galtonia, Gladiolus, Hemero-callis

Hya-cinth, Hya-cinths in Pots,
Scilla, Pusch-kinia, Chion-odoxa, Chiono-scilla, Muscari

Iris,
Kniphofia, Lapey-rousia, Leucojum

Lilium,

Lilium in Pots, Malvastrum, Merendera, Milla, Narcissus, Narcissi in Pots

Orni-thogalum, Oxalis, Paeonia, Ran-unculus, Romulea, Sanguin-aria,
Stern-bergia,
Schi-zostylis, Teco-philaea, Trillium

Tulip,
Zephy-ranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs

Acidan-thera, Albuca, Alstroe-meri, Andro-stephium, Bassers, Boussing-aultias, Bravoas, Cypellas, Dahlias, Galaxis,
Geis-sorhizas, Hesper-anthas

Gladioli, Ixias,
Sparaxises, Babianas, Morphixias, Tritonias

Ixio-lirions, Moraeas, Orni-thogal-ums, Oxalises, Phaedra-nassas,
Pan-cratiums, Tigridias, Zephyr-anthes, Cooper-ias

Bulbs for Bedding

Plant each Bedding Plant with a Ground, Edging or Dot Plant for
Spring
1
, 2
or
Summer
1
, 2

Climber 3 sector Vertical Plant System with

Any Plant Type flowers in
Jan,
Feb,
Mar,
Apr,
May 1, 2
Jun,
Jul,
Aug,
Sep,
Oct,
Nov,
Dec
 

----------
Choosing the right Plant

1a.
The Base -
Base of Wall Plants

1b.
Annuals

1c.
Herbs and Vege-tables

1d.
Cut
flowers, Cut Foliage

1e.
Scented flower or foliage

1f.
Foliage use only

 

2a. 1,2,3,4
The Prime - Wall Shrubs

2b.
Fruit trees

3a.
The Higher Reaches -
House-wall Ramblers

3b. 1,2
Non-House-Wall - Climbing Twiners

3c.
Non-House-Wall - Self-clinging Climbers

Raised
Bed
for Wheel-chair Users

Plants for Wildlife-Use as well

Fastest Covering

Least prot-ruding growth when fan-trained

1, 2
Evergreen

Use as
Hedge

Exposed Positions

Use as Ground-cover

1,2
Ornam-ental Fruit

Scented Flowers

1, 2
Autumn Foliage Colour

Winter Bark

Winter and Early Spring Flowers

Summer Colour or Shape of Foliage

Edible Fruit

Needs Conserv-atory or Green-house

Large
Pots and Con-tainers
1
, 2

Cut Flowers

Attractive to Bees

Climber - Simple Flower Shape

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a
Stars

geraniumflocineremuballerina1a1
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14k1a1a1a1a1a1a
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord2
Trumpets and Funnels

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming
Salver-form

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14q1a1a1a1a1a
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

 

Climber - Elabo-rated Flower Shape

prunellaflotgrandiflora
Tubes, Lips and Straps

aquilegiacfloformosafoord
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14u1a1a1a1a1a1
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14v1a1a1a1a1a1
Stand-ards, Wings and Keels

brachyscomecflorigidulakevock
Disks and Florets

andosacecforyargongensiskevock
Pin-cushions, Tufts, Petal-less and Cushions

armeriaflomaritimakevock
Umbels, Buttons and Pompoms

 

STAGE 4A 12 BLOOM COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Blue

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Mauve

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Purple

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Brown

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Cream

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Orange

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Pink

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Red

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
White

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1 Yellow

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Un-
usual

1
Multi-Colou-red

1
Each Flower Diff-

1
erent Colour

 

STAGE 4B 12 FOLIAGE COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY
Deciduous Shrubs or Trees, Herbaceous Perennials or Bulbs- if that changes from the main colour for instance to a different autumn colour, then it will be in this column and the relevant colour for those months of Win (Winter), Spr (Spring), Sum (Summer) or Aut (Autumn) group as well.
Evergreen Shrubs or Trees, Evergreen Perennials - if that changes from the main colour for instance to a different autumn colour, then it will be in this column and the relevant colour for those months of Win (Winter), Spr (Spring), Sum (Summer) or Aut (Autumn) group as well.

Jan Win

Feb Win

Mar Spr

Apr Spr

May Spr

Jun Sum

Jul Sum

Aug Sum

Sep Aut

Oct Aut

Nov Aut

Dec Win

Decid
Herba

Ever-green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Blue

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Mauve

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Purple

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Black

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Bronze

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Orange

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Pink

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Red

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Grey

1
White

1
Silver

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Yellow

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Un-
usual

1
Varie-gated

1

1

1

1

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677


Site design and content copyright ©March 2016.
Top menus altered June 2018.
Chris Garnons-Williams.

DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

Ivydene
Horticultural
Services

Scented Flora of the World by Roy Genders - was first published in 1977 and this paperback edition was published on 1 August 1994 ISBN 0 7090 5440 8:-
This comprehensive book looks at scented flowers and leaves of plants from all over the world. The work has been prepared to the standards of the Index Kewensis, and is filled with the most interesting facts about the scented flora of the world.

I am using the above book from someone who took 30 years to compile it from notes made of his detailed observations of growing plants in preference to
The RHS Companion to Scented Plants Hardcover – 16 Oct 2014 by Stephen Lacey (Author), Andrew Lawson (Photographer) ISBN 978-0-7112-3574-8 even though this is the only major reference work on scent and scented plants which is endorsed by the Royal Horticultural Society. See reasons for stopping infilling of previous Sense of Fragrance section on 28/07/2016 at end of Sense of Fragrance from Stephen Lacey Page.

The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950 by Faber and Faber Limited describes every method of propagation for 2,500 species. Unlike modern books published since 1980, this one states exactly what to do and is precisely what you require if you want to increase your alpines.

Topic
Case Studies
Companion Planting

...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design

...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
Garden Maintenance
Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary
Plants

...Poisonous Plants
Soil
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
Bulb
Climber

 

Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12

All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index

All Foliage 212
All Spring Foliage 212

All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212
Rock Plant Flowers 53

 

Your chosen Garden Style then changes your Plant Selection Process

Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...Infill2 Plants
...Infill3 Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...
12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...All2 Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position,
Use Index
*

...Shape, Form
Index

 

Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
Herb
Odds and Sods

Rhododendron
Rose
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Vegetable

Wild Flower

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly

 

STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY

 

Cultivation Requirements of Plant

Outdoor / Garden Cultivation

1

Indoor / House Cultivation

1

Cool Greenhouse (and Alpine House) Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter

1

Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year

1

Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

1

 

Sun Aspect

Full Sun

1

Part Shade

1

Full Shade

1

 

Soil Type

Any Soil

1

Chalky Soil

1

Clay Soil

1

Lime-Free Soil

1

Peaty Soil

1

Sandy Soil

1

Acid Soil

1

Alkaline Soil

1

Badly-drained Soil

1

 

Soil Moisture

Dry

1

Moist

1

Wet

1

 

Position for Plant

Back of Shady Border

1

Back of Shrub Border

1

Bedding

1

Bog Garden

1

Coastal Conditions / Seaside

1

Container in Garden

1

Front of Border

1

Ground Cover 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)

1

Ground Cover 24-72 inches (60-180 cms)

1

Ground Cover Over 72 inches (180 cms)

1

Hanging Basket

1

Hedge

1

Hedge - Thorny

1

Pollution Barrier

1

Pond

1

Pot in House, Greenhouse, Conservatory or Stovehouse

1

Raised Bed

1

Rest of Border

1

Rock Garden

1

Scree Bed

1

Speciman on Lawn

1

Sunny Border

1

Tree for Lawn

1

Tree/Shrub for Small Garden

1, 2,
3, 4,
5, 6,
7, 8,
9, 10,
11,12,
13,14,
15,16,
uses of tree/ shrub

Wildflower

1

Windbreak

1

Woodland

1

 

Use of Plant

Pollen or nectar for Bees

1

Hosts to Butterflies

1

Encouraging birds / wildlife, providing food and shelter

1

Bee-Pollinated plants for Hay Fever Sufferers

1

Berries / Fruit

1

Dry Site in Full Sun

1

Dry Shade

1

Filtering noise

1

Flower Arrange-ments

Growing Plants for the Church

1



1, 2,
3, 4,
5, 6,
7, 8,
9,10,
11,12,
13,14

Fragrant Flower

1

Language of Flowers

1

Low maintenance

1

Moist Shade

1

Moist and swampy Sites

1

Nitrogen fixing plants

1

Not Fragrant Flower

1

Rabbit-Resistant

1

Speciman Plant

1

Thornless

1

Tolerant of Poor Soil

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Plant Foliage

Aromatic Foliage

1

Autumn Foliage

1

Finely Cut Leaves

1

Large Leaves

1

Yellow Variegated Foliage

1

White Variegated Foliage

1

Red / Purple Variegated Foliage

1

Silver, Grey and Glaucous Foliage

1

Sword-shaped Leaves

1

 

 

Flower Shape

Number of Flower Petals

Petal-less
lessershapemeadowrue2a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

1 Petal

1

2 Petals

1

3 Petals
irisflotpseudacorus1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

4 Petals
aethionemacfloarmenumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

5 Petals
anemonecflo1hybridafoord1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Above 5
anemonecflo1blandafoord1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

Flower Shape - Simple

Stars
anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Bowls
 

1

Cups and Saucers
euphorbiacflo1wallichiigarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Globes
paeoniamlokosewitschiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Goblets and Chalices
paeoniaveitchiiwoodwardiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Trumpets
acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Funnels
stachysflotmacrantha1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Bells
digitalismertonensiscflorvroger1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Thimbles
fuchsiaflotcalicehoffman1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Urns
ericacarneacflosspringwoodwhitedeeproot1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Salverform

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

Flower Shape - Elaborated

Tubes, Lips and Straps
prunellaflotgrandiflora1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets
aquilegiacfloformosafoord1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Hats, Hoods and Helmets
acanthusspinosuscflocoblands1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Standards, Wings and Keels
lathyrusflotvernus1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Discs and Florets
brachyscomecflorigidulakevock1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Pin-Cushions
echinaceacflo1purpurealustrehybridsgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Tufts
centaureacfloatropurpureakavanagh1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Cushion
androsacecforyargongensiskevock1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Umbel
agapanthuscflos1campanulatusalbidusgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Buttons
argyranthemumflotcmadeiracrestedyellow1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Pompoms
armeriacflomaritimakevock1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

Natural Arrangements

Bunches, Posies, Sprays
bergeniamorningredcforcoblands1a1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Columns, Spikes and Spires
ajugacfloreptansatropurpurea1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Whorls, Tiers and Candelabra
lamiumflotorvala2a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Plumes and Tails
astilbepurplelancecflokevock1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Chains and Tassels
 

1

Clouds, Garlands and Cascades
 

1

Spheres, Domes (Clusters), Plates and Drumsticks
androsacecfor1albanakevock1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Shrub, Tree Shape

Columnar
ccolumnarshape1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Oval
covalshape1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Rounded or Spherical
croundedshape1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Flattened Spherical
cflattenedsphericalshape1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Conical / Narrow Pyramidal
cnarrowconicalshape1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Conical / Broad Pyramidal
cbroadpyramidalshape1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Ovoid /
Egg-Shaped

ceggshapedshape1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Ovoid
cbroadovoidshape1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Vase-shaped / Inverted Ovoid
cnarrowvaseshapedshape1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Fan-Shaped /Vase-Shaped
cfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Fan-Shaped / Broad Vase-Shaped
cbroadfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Weeping
cnarrowweepingshape1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Weeping
cbroadweepingshape1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Palm

1

 

Conifer Cone

1

 

Form

Arching

1

Climbing

1

Clump-Forming

1

Mat-Forming

1

Mound-Forming

1

Prostrate

1

Spreading

1

Stemless

1

Upright

1

 

Poisonous Plant

1

 

STAGE 1
GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY

 

Fragrant Plants adds the use of another of your 5 senses in your garden:-
Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark
1
, 2, 3

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3

Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
1
, 2

Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
1
, 2, 3

Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2

Night-scented Flowering Plants
1
, 2

Scented Aquatic Plants
1


Plants with Scented Fruits
1


Plants with Scented Roots
1
, 2

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood
1


Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums
1


Scented Cacti and Succulents
1


Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell
1
, 2
 

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERY 3

Fan-trained Shape
fantrainedshape2a1a1a1a

From Rhododendrons, boxwood, azaleas, clematis, novelties, bay trees, hardy plants, evergreens : novelties bulbs, cannas novelties, palms, araucarias, ferns, vines, orchids, flowering shrubs, ornamental grasses and trees book, via Wikimedia Commons

 

Ramblers Scramblers & Twiners by Michael Jefferson-Brown (ISBN 0 - 7153 - 0942 - 0) describes how to choose, plant and nurture over 500 high-performance climbing plants and wall shrubs, so that more can be made of your garden if you think not just laterally on the ground but use the vertical support structures including the house as well.

The Gardener's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Climbers & Wall Shrubs - A Guide to more than 2000 varieties including Roses, Clematis and Fruit Trees by Brian Davis. (ISBN 0-670-82929-3) provides the lists for 'Choosing the right Shrub or Climber' together with Average Height and Spread after 5 years, 10 years and 20 years.

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3


Gardening with Alpines by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club.
Published in 1962. It provides most of the data about the Alpines.

Plant Solutions 1000+ suggestions for every garden situation by Nigel Colborn ISBN
13:978
0 00 719312 7, provides many of the plants for the pages in these Galleries.

Essential Annuals The 100 Best for Design and Cultivation. Text by Elizabeth Murray. Photography by Derek Fell. ISBN 0-517-66177-2, provides data about annuals.

Indoor Bulb
Growing by
Edward Pearson
. Published by Purnell & Sons, Ltd in 1953. It provides the data about Indoor Bulbs and Bulbs in
Window-boxes.

Colour All The
Year In My Garden
: A selection of choice varieties - annuals, biennials, perennials, bulbs, climbers and trees and shrubs - that will give a continuity of colour
in the garden throughout the year. Edited by C.H. Middleton. Gardening Book
from Ward, Lock & Co published in 1938, provides plant data for a calendar of plants in bloom throughout the year and for those in the smallest garden.
The Book of Bulbs by S. Arnott, F.R.H.S. Printed by
Turnbull & Spears, Edinburgh in 1901. This provides data about Hardy Bulbs, Half-Hardy Bulbs, Greenhouse and Stove Bulbs.

Collins Guide to
Bulbs by Patrick
M. Synge
. ISBN
0 00 214016-0
First Edition 1961, Second Edition 1971, Reprinted 1973. This provides data on bulbs for bedding, bulbs in the border, bulbs naturalised in grass, bulbs in the woodland garden, bulbs in the rock garden, bulbs in pans in the alpine house, bulbs in the greenhouse, bulbs in bowls and the bulb frame.

Annuals & Biennials, the best annual and biennial plants and their uses in the garden by Gertrude Jekyll published in 1916 and
republished by Forgotten Books in 2012
(Forgotten Books
is a London-based book publisher specializing in the restoration of old books, both fiction and non-fiction. Today we have
372,702 books available to read online, download as ebooks, or
purchase in print.).

Cut Flowers All The Year from The New Illustrated
Gardening Encyclopedia
by Richard Sudell, printed before May 1935 for the plant names in each month, followed by details for culture and propagation.

Mr. Middleton's Garden Book by
Daily Express Publication,
reprinted 1941
for the individual
cultivar names with evergreen/
deciduous, flower colour, flower month and height.

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Tree and Shrubs in Garden Design -

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Clay Soils (neutral to slightly acid)

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Dry Acid Soils

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Shallow Soil over Chalk

Trees and Shrubs tolerant of both extreme Acidity and Alkalinity

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Damp Sites

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Industrial Areas

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Cold Exposed Areas

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Seaside Areas

Shrubs suitable for Heavy Shade

Shrubs and Climbers suitable for NORTH- and EAST-facing Walls

Shrubs suitable for Ground Cover

Trees of Pendulous Habit

Trees and Shrubs of Upright or Fastigiate Habit

Trees and Shrubs with Ornamental Bark or Twigs

Trees and Shrubs with Bold Foliage

Trees and Shrubs for Autumn Colour

Trees and Shrubs with Red or Purple Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Golden or Yellow Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Grey or Silver Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Variegated Foliage

Trees and Shrubs bearing Ornamental Fruit

Trees and Shrubs with Fragrant or Scented Flowers

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Foliage

Flowering Trees and Shrubs for Every Month:-
Jan
, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec