Ivydene Gardens Stage 2 - Infill2 Plants Index Gallery:
Alpine - Alpines and Walls (For Dry Shady Walls and For Conifers) Page 1

Ivydene Gardens Stage 2 - Infill2 Plants Index Gallery:
Alpine - Alpines and Walls (For Dry Shady Walls and For Conifers) - Page 1

Botanical Plant Name

with link to
UK or
European Union
mail-order supplier for you to contact to buy this plant

Flower Colour

Sun Aspect of Full Sun,
Part Shade, Full Shade

with link to external website for photo/data

Flowering Months

with row in each month that it flowers in that colour in
STAGE 4A
12 BLOOM COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY
/

with link to
USA or
Canada
mail-order supplier

Height with Spacings or Width (W) in inches (cms)

1 inch =
2.5 cms
12 inches = 30 cms
40 inches = 100 cms

Foliage Colour


with row in relevant pages that it has foliage of that colour in
STAGE 4B
12 FOLIAGE COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY

or
Background Colour nearest to middle-aged leaf colour from 212 foliage colours /

followed by
Soil Moisture:-
Dry,
Moist,
Wet

with link to Australia or New Zealand mail-order supplier

 

with data for rows in
STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY and
STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Pages

Plant Type is:-

A for Aquatic
Ann for Annual / Biennial
Ba for Bamboo
Bu for Bulb
Cl for Climber
Co for Conifer
F for Fern
G for Grass
H for Herb
P for Perennial
Rh for Rhodo-dendron, Azalea, Camellia
Ro for Rose
Sh for Shrub
So for Soft Fruit
To for Top Fruit
Tr for Tree
V for Vegetable
W for Wildflower

followed by:-
E for Evergreen,
D for Deciduous,
H for Herbaceous,
Alpine for being an Alpine as well as being 1 of above Plant Type /

 
Acid for Acidic,
Alk for Alkaline,
Any for AnySoil
 

with links to
STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES
1
, 2, 3
and
STAGE 3
ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERIES
1
, 2
pages
 

Comments

A plant of first-class merit, suggested as 'First Choices'

Adjacent Planting

Plant Associations

It is sad to reflect that in England so few gardens open to the public label their plants or label them so that the label is visible when that plant is in flower, so that visitors can identify; and then later locate and purchase that plant.

Few mail-order nurseries provide the detail as shown in my rose or heather galleries.

If you want to sell a product, it is best to display it. When I sold my Transit van, I removed its signage, cleaned it and took photos of the inside and outside before putting them onto an advert in Autotrader amongst more than 2000 other Transit vans - it was sold in 20 minutes.

If mail-order nurseries could put photos to the same complexity from start of the year to its end with the different foliage colours and stages of flowering on Wikimedia Commons, then the world could view the plant before buying it, and idiots like me would have valid material to work with.

I have been in the trade (until ill health forced my Sole Trader retirement in 2013) working in designing, constructing and maintaining private gardens for decades and since 2005 when this site was started, I have asked any nursery in the world to supply photos. R.V. Roger in Yorkshire allowed me to use his photos from his website in 2007 and when I got a camera to spend 5 days in July 2014 at my expense taking photos of his roses growing in his nursery field, whilst his staff was propagating them. I gave him a copy of those photos.

 

Botanical Plant Name

Exposure

Flower Colour and
Flowering Months

Height in inches (cms)

1 inch =
2.5 cms
12 inches = 30 cms
40 inches = 100 cms

Soil Preference

 

 

 

 

 

Alpines for Dry Shady Walls

Asplenium trichomanes (Maidenhair Spleenwort, Common Spleenwort is a member of the Wildflower Polypody Family)

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Supplier in USA - Judith has over 1000 taxa of ferns in her personal collection and is happy to answer questions about identification, cultural requirements, and other fern related trivia.

Part Shade

......

4 (10)

Moist but well-drained

F E

Cultivation of hardy species - These should be grown in a soil containing equal parts of peat, loam, leaf-mould and sand, and old mortar rubble. Scale, Wall-rue and Maidenhair Spleenwort can be grown on old walls. The Lady Fern likes moist, shady borders. The other species can be grown on ordinary rock gardens. All can be propagated by spores sown in sandy peat, any time when they are available, and also by division of the roots in April.

Culture - Compost: equal parts loam, peat, leaf-mould and sand. Repot, spring. Shady position.
Propagation - by spores, sown in sandy peat.

A small and beautiful semi evergreen fern often found growing in walls where it will slowly form a thick colony. Tolerant of full sun and very dry conditions once established.

aspleniumcflostrichomaneswoodcottagenursery
Photo of Asplenium trichomanes from Wood Cottage Nursery

Calceolaria biflora (Lady's Purse, Slipper Flower)

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Part Shade

Golden yellow pouch flowers marked with tiny red spots, with 2 flowers on each stem, hence the name bi-flora.

10 (25)

Moist but well-drained soil, especially a rock garden alpine trough, or gravel scree. Prefers lightly shaded conditions and slightly moist soil that doesn't dry out.

Treat as annual although it is a tender perennial

Seed freely set, save July and August, store until December, sow peaty seed soil, prick out into same mixture in February, pot when they are growing fast, ready to plant May. Seed, and plants need a minimum of 45 degrees Fahrenheit (7 degrees Celsius) to grow well. A good plant for a moist position in semi-shade, pot stocks need a peat plunge through the summer.

There are other calceolaria used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

calceolariacforbiflorawikimediacommons

Calceolaria biflora - From Teno Lake on the Chile-Argentine border. A species of the southern Andes. By Dick Culbert from Gibsons, B.C., Canada via Wikimedia Commons.

Calceolaria darwinii (Darwin's Slipper Flower, Calceolaria uniflora)

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Chile and Argentina, in southern Patagonia and Fuegia, in coastal and riverine sands and rocks, clearings in scrubland, peaty alpine fescue moorland, feldmark, clifftops and steppe, often in very exposed, well-drained sites from sea level to 1200m. Well-ventilated conditions avoiding sun-scorch or undue air stagnation, or winter damp are imperative in cultivation. Alpine house cultivation and acid leafmould compost give the best options.

The flowers are a compound of yellow, white and brownish red.

4 (10)

The plant comes from the southernmost tip of South America, not far from Antarctica.  The climate there is cool all year.  I recommend growing it at temperatures between 30 and 70 or 75 degrees F (-1 to 23°C), with a drop in temperature at night.  I have no information on how it will fare outside that temperature range.  It grows well in a small pot in rich, well-draining soil, such as half potting soil and half sand.  The plants have a shallow root system and should be kept from drying out.  They prefer mostly sunny conditions, but protect them from strong afternoon sun.

P E

Sow in February in 3.5 inch (8.75 cms) pots, with about quarter of the pot full of crocks, and a mixture of 2 parts loam, 2 leafmould, 1 crushed tufa and 1 of sharp sand, the loam and leafmould sterilised to kill the weeds, but at least 5 weeks before, to let the bacteria steady down. The seed should go on the damp surface of the soil very thinly, after the pan has been soaked, and stood in a cool green-house. Watch for the roots, using a good lens, and as soon as the radicle appears, sift a thin covering of fine sand over the surface, after this the pan can be watered in the normal way but only if it gets dry. The seedlings can be moved to a cold frame in April, giving a further sifting of sand when they have got the true leaves showing. Once they are up do not get water on the foliage, water gently from the lip of the pan; an ordinary spoted tea-pot is ideal, failing a florist's watering can.
Lift the seedlings when they have 4 true leaves, with as much soil on the roots as possible, and pot in the same mixture as the seeds were sown in, using long thumbs, and grow on in a shaded frame plunged in ash, until September, when they can be made up into pans from the alpine-house, one that shaded glass in summer.
The plant hates winter damp, and summer drought, and is devoured freely by slugs, so it is only worth growing in the open in occasional very fortunate gardens, success is a matter of real luck.

C. darwinii, 3 inches (7.5 cms) high. Matfoliage, with single pouched flowers, orange-maroon, with white band, June.

 

Calceolaria polyrrhiza (Calceolaria acutifolia)

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At the Slack Top Alpine Nursery we have a beautiful naturalistic alpine garden, begun in 1980 and spanning a quarter acre, which is probably one of the best in the UK. It has lovely setting overlooking the moors, and features rock and scree beds, a 100ft planted wall, ponds, large crevice bed, containers and troughs. The Nursery and Garden are open from 10am-5pm on Friday, Saturday and Sunday from March to the end of August.

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Bright yellow, purple spotted flowers

Jun-Oct

6-8 (15-20)

Well-drained, Acidic ,Sandy, Humus-rich, Semi-moist. Dislikes wet conditions in winter.

P E
Mat-forming

Divide March or April according to season, when the plant begins to make new growth. Plant direct or pot peaty soil. Pot stocks should be kept in peat plunge as they must not get dry during the growing period. Seed if available should be sown in January in peaty soil in a cool green-house.

C. polyrrhiza, 6 inches (15 cms) high. Bright yellow, purple spotted flowers, June, July. this and C. darwinii are best for sheltered gardens.

calceolariacforpolyrrhizawikimediacommons

Calceolaria polyrrhiza - Known in Patagonian Argentina as Zapatito. By Dick Culbert from Gibsons, B.C., Canada via Wikimedia Commons.

Cardamine trifolia (Three-leaf Cardamine)

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Light, open, dappled, or deep shade

White

Mar-Apr

0-6 (0-15)

Moist soil in Border or Rock Garden

P E

Sow February, ready to pot peaty soil April, plant September or spring. Division also in July, ready to plant spring, or can be replanted direct.

Evergreen groundcover. Once Cardamine trifolia is established it will tolerate drought conditions and dry shade.

 

cardaminecfortrifoliawikimediacommons

Cardamine trifolia, Tscheppaschlucht, Karawanken, Carinthia. By Griensteidl via Wikimedia Commons.

Cortusa matthioli (Primula matthioli, Alpine Bells)

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Part Shade

Purple bells

Mar

6-9 (15-23)

In the wild it grows in moist damp woodlands and mountain meadows in north eastern Europe, where it produces attractive clumps of jagged-edged leaves and self-seeds readily. It will do the same in the garden provided it has shade and good damp organic soil to grow in.

P H

Sow peaty mixture in March, pot normal soil, ready to plant September. Can also be sown in August, to make plants by late spring. Division of roots in March, planting direct or potting.

There are other primula used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery and over 2 pages in Gardening with Alpines by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club. Published in 1962.

 

Primula World was created in 2000 by Pam Eveleigh. The heart of the website is the Species Gallery which shows several thousand images of Primula species, relevant links to herbarium specimens and notes. The Home Page Blog documents the various sources of information and tidbits of information gleaned in the search for the exact definition of each species.

cortusacformatthioliwikimediacommons

Italiano: Cortusa_matthioli (Cortusa di Matthioli) Località "Giardino Botanico delle Alpi Orientali", Monte Faverghera (BL), 1500 m s.l.m. By Enrico Blasutto via Wikimedia Commons.

Epimedium (yin yang huo (Chinese: 淫羊藿))

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Supplier in USA - Garden Vision Epimediums, established in 1997 and featuring the best selection of Bishops caps, Barrenworts and Fairy wings in the United States. Epimediums make the perfect addition to your woodland shade garden.

 

 

 

 

 

E. alpinum. Divide September, or April, pot leafy soil, ready for planting 4 to 8 weeks. Shade-loving plants for leafy soils.

E. grandiflorum violaceum, x E. rubrum, x E. versicolor sulphueum, x E. Youngianum niveum. Increase as above.

Alpine rhizomatous herbs, attractive for their foliage and panicles of flowers appearing in May to June. Appreciate shade, well-drained, humus-rich soil. Propagated by division, September.
E. alpinum, 6-9 inches (15-22.5 cms) high. Slipper-shaped, red and yellow flowers.
E. pinnatum, 8-12 inches (20-30 cms) high. Bright yellow flowers.
E. x rubrum, 6 inches (15 cms) high. More robust crimson and yellow flowering than E. alpinum.
E. x youngianum, 6-12 inches (15-30 cms) high. Bell-like greenish-white flowers; pure white in var. niveum, and mauve in roseum.

epimediumcflosniveumwoodcottagenursery
Photo of Epimedium niveum from Wood Cottage Nursery

Haberlea

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Supplier in USA - We grow thousands of species and varieties of alpine plants. Our mail order catalogue lists over 600 alpines which we ship to enthusiasts throughout Canada and the United States.

Haberlea rhodopensis details.

Part Shade

Violet-blue

June

6 (15)

Stemless, evergreen perennial found in north-facing rocky habitats in moist, well-drained soil

P E

A good plant for a wall in shady conditions.

This genus which closely resembles Ramonda is most easily increased from seed, which is gathered when ripe and sown 14 days afterwards. This period seems necessary for the seed to accustom itself to separate existence, unlike other plants such as Lewisias and some Primulas which need to be sown when still sticky from the pod. Use a mixture of 2 parts each leafmould and loam, 1 part each peat, sand and crushed pot, sterilising all but the last 2 ingredients. Keep the pan in a cold frame through the winter, preventing it from becoming utterly dry, but avoiding over-watering. In January bring into a temperature of 50 to 55 degrees Fahrenheit (10 to 13 degrees Celsius) and the seedlings will be up in a few weeks and will never look back (I must admit I did not know that seedlings knew front and back!). Earlier germination is not desired, as the seedlings may vanish in the winter. Pot in Kew No. 1 (see below) or standard leafy, with an additional part of crock chips, when the seedlings have become definite small four- to six-leaved rosettes. They will be ready to plant the following September or spring, grow on in a shady frame.
Like Ramondas they scorch easily as seedlings, so soak the pan from below in bright weather; they need a considerable amount of water once potted, but good drainage in the frame is advisable.
Leaf cuttings make a plant more rapidly. These are selected from the mid centre of the rosette, for the best result, though old leaves will root and increase the quality of plant raised, but lower the percentage struck. Insert in June or July, and treat exactly as Ramondas (see below); they should make good planting stuff in 15 months.
The species in cultivation are H. Ferdinandi-Coburgi, H. rhodopensis, and H. rhodopensis alba.

A genus of 2 tufted alpines, allied to Ramonda, which are invaluable for shade and a north aspect, planted in crevices between stones, with well-drained soil, enriched with peat or leaf-mould. Propagated by division after flowering.

H. ferdinandi-coburgi, 6-8 inches (15-20 cms) high. Basal rosette of deep green leaves, with stems bearing clusters of tubular open flowers of lavender to lilac, May-June.

H. rhodopensis, 4 inches (10 cms) high. Similar to above, but smaller, with flowers of rosy-lilac, May-June. Var. virginalis is a good pure white form.

 

There are other haberlea used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

haberleacforrhodopensiswikimediacommons

Haberlea rhodopensis (syn. H. ferdinandi-coburgi), Gesneriaceae, habitus; Botanical Garden KIT, Karlsruhe, Germany. By H. Zell via Wikimedia Commons.

Hutchinsia (Hornungia alpina, Alpine Cress)

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Full sunlight (cool areas) through to full shade (warm areas).

White

Apr-Jul

12 (30)

Good drainage. Soil pH 6.0 to 7.5. Moist soil. Provide a mulch to maintain soil moisture and to keep the soil cool. Regular watering during dry periods.

P

H. alpina. Divide March, April, plant direct or pot normal soil. Seed sown June makes plants by spring. Carpeter, paving and bulb cover.

H. alpina, 2 inches (5 cms) high. Tufted evergreen perennial, with feathery deep green leaves, covered with small white flowers in clusters, May to July. Sun or partial shade, any well-drained soil. Propagated by seed.

H. auerswaldii, 3-6 inches (7.5-15 cms) high, is very similar but somewhat larger, and needs similar culture.

hornungiacforalpinawikimediacommons

Hornungia alpina - Pritzelago alpina subsp. alpina', Traunstein, Upper Austria, Austria. By Tigerente via Wikimedia Commons.

Lobelia syphilitica 'Nana'

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Full Sun,
Part Shade

Blue

Aug-Sep

12 (30)

Fertile moist but not wet well-drained soil.

Found in Eastern North America in moist woodlands and swamps.

P H

Divide March, small offsets, plant direct or pot, leafy soil. Seed January. Needs winter protection in cold districts, a few potted in September, and kept in a cold frame till spring preserves the stock. Appreciates a moist position.

 

lobeliacforsiphiliticawikimediacommons

Lobelia siphilitica, Campanulaceae, Great Blue Lobelia, habitus. The whole, fresh plant is used in homeopathy as remedy: Lobelia siphilitica (Lob-s.). By H. Zell via Wikimedia Commons.

Mertensia echioides (Pseudo-mertensia echioides, Chinese Bluebells)

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Mertensia genus description by North American Rock Garden Society.

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Deep Blue

May-Jun

4-8 (10-20)

Native of mountain meadows and open spots in woods in China. Easily grown in any humus rich, well drained, always slightly moist soil in full sun.

P E

Divide July. Plant direct or pot peaty soil.

"Plant on the north-east side of the rock garden, where there is shelter from both the south sun and north wind, but open to the morning sun up to 10 o'clock, in a mixture of loam, peat, and sand in equal quantities. In spring, top-dress with leaf-mould and sand. Protect against slugs and snails with a zinc hoop or by a sprinkling of steel-turnings around the collar of the plant" from Page 78 of Alpine Plants, a practical manual for their culture by W.A. Clark. Published in 1907.

M. echioides, 6-9 inches (15-22.5 cms) high. Low-growing with soft, hairy, green foliage, with dark blue flowers in sprays, June-July. Excellent for shade, free-draining soil. Propagated by division, August-September.

There are other mertensia used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

mertensiacforechioideswikimediacommons

Mertensia echioides. Permission granted to use under GFDL by Kurt Stueber via Wikimedia Commons.

Omphalodes cappadocica (Blue-eyed Mary)

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Part Shade,
Full Shade

Bright Blue with white eyes

Mar-Jul

10 (25)

Navel-seed is a true perennial, and will last in the garden for many years, sometimes self seeding lightly. They are happiest in a rich, moist woodland setting, the dense mounds of deep green leaves are useful among shrubs, or in the rock garden.

P E

Divide July. Plant direct or pot peaty soil.

Valuable for shade or cool positions, well-drained soil. This plant is valued in cultivation as groundcover for moist, shady situations, such as woodland plantings.

O. cappadocica, 6 inches (15 cms) high. Tufted cordate green leaves from a rhizomatous root, with erect stems of forget-me-not-like blue flowers in loose racemes in June-August. Good for walls. Propagated by division in March.

O. luciliae, 3-6 inches (7.5-15 cms) high. Pearl-grey foliage, large lavender-blue flowers, June-August, with a white form, alba. Propagated by seed or division, August.

There is another omphalodes used as an alpine in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

omphalodescforcappadocicawikimediacommons

Photo of Omphalodes cappadocica at the University of California Botanical Garden. By Stan Shebs via Wikimedia Commons.

Ourisia macrophylla (Mountain Foxglove)

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This plant is further detailed by the Hebe Society - Although initially formed for those interested in hebes, the Society now supports the cultivation and conservation of all New Zealand plants.

This lovely plant is breathtaking in light shade in a moist spot when it will slowly spread to form a succulent carpet.

White

May-Jul

15 (38)

New Zealand; North Island, in damp places usually in the mountains or hills.

P H

Like the better-known species, this plant has creeping rhizomatous stems, branches thickened for food-storage purposes, but they are much thicker and more like true rhizomes than those of O. elegans or O. coccinea. They thrust out vigourously from the plant at ground level, rooting down firmly at every joint and even along the stem. In September, sections of these rhizomes 2 inches (5 cms) long, each with a growing point, are sliced off and either replanted direct in the bed of peat, sand and loam in which the plant grows best, or potted in 54s or 48s of standard leafy mixture (see below). The rhizome should sit on the surface of the soil with the upper part exposed.
The potted rhizomes should be grown through the winter in a cold frame for spring planting, and as Ourisia macrophylla is not hardy in exposed districts by reputation, it is as well to propagate a few each summer.

 

ourisiacformacrophyllawikimediacommons

Ourisia macrophylla, Plantaginaceae - . By 1910 Curtis's Botanical Magazine, London., vol. 136 [= ser. 4, vol. 6]: Tab. 8295 - [1]via Wikimedia Commons.

Primula, to choice

Supplier in France - Barnhaven Primroses - the world-renowned hardy primrose specialists.
Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA - seed and plant sources from American Primrose Society.

 

 

 

 

 

There are many pages about Primulas and their different propagation in The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950.

Sowing the seeds,
Growing ,
Dividing Primulas,
Pests and Diseases.
Primula World - a visual reference for the genus Primula.
The National Auricula & Primula Society can provide further details.

There are other primula used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

primulacflosvialiwoodcottagenursery
Photo of Primula 'Viali' from Wood Cottage Nursery

Pulmonaria angustifolia (Narrow-leaved lungwort, blue cowslip) and varieties

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It contains several potentially toxic substances which could harm your feline companion if it eats them or rubs against the leaves.

It is used for groundcover in moist soil with dappled shade.

Bright Blue tinged in pink

Mar-Apr

12 (30)

Shady woodland

P H

Divide September or plant direct in normal soil. Seed March or April, ready to plant following September.

Pulmonaria is a useful genus of hardy herbaceous perennials with hairy, white-spotted leaves that form dense tufts. They are useful for making pretty groups in shady woodland or for the mixed border. Increase by division or cuttings in spring or autumn and plant out in these seasons in permanent position in ordinary light rich garden soil.

P. angustifolia, of dwarfish habit with pretty violet-blue flowers in April and May, 9-inches (22.5 cms), and its bluer variety azurea.

pulmonariacforangustifoliawikimediacommons

Čeština: Dětaňský chlum (přírodní rezervace) - brzké jaro - Pulmonaria angustifolia L., plicník úzkolistý - status ohrožení v ČR: C2 (silně ohrožený). By Atriplexmedia via Wikimedia Commons.

Ramonda

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Evergreen perennials which form rosettes of crinkly leaves with nearly actinomorphic flowers, borne on leafless stems in spring

The easiest method of increase for all Ramondas, when stock is available, is from leaf cuttings; these are detached in June or July by pulling the leaves firmly downwards in order to secure the portion of the leaf that clasps the central stem. It is easiest to get the dormant bud, which may be only a depression between the hairs in the centre of this sheath, for if the leaf is removed without the clasping portion, it may root, but will produce no growing point.
Insert the leaf for one third of its length in the peat and shade frame; if they root rapidly they will be ready to pot in standard peaty soil 5 parts to 1 part crushed mortar rubble by the end of August, and will be ready for planting by the following autumn, otherwise pot in spring for plants to go out a year later. Do not remove the old leaf; it can supplement the food-gathering power of the young rosette of leave until it dies naturally.

Very beautiful alpines when happily planted in the right place, preferably in shade and in north-facing rock crevices, so set that their leaves are on rock and not the soil, with well-drained peaty soil in which to root. Propagated by division, September, but plants from seed, sown when fresh, may be slow.

R. myconi (R. pyrenaica), 3 inches (7.5 cms) high. A rosette of dark green, crinkly hairy leaves, with lilac-purple, lavender, pink or white, golden-centred, flowers on short stems, in May-June. Flower colour may be variable in seedling plants, but there are var. alba, white, and rosea, a lovely rose-pink.

R. nathaliae, 3 inches (7.5 cms) high, is similar but with bright glossy green leaves, and 4-parted, smaller but more numerous flowers, varying lavender, pink to white.

There are other ramonda used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

ramondacformyconiwikimediacommons

Ramonda myconi. By Ghislain118 via Wikimedia Commons.

Synthyris missurica var. stellata

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Supplier in USA - We grow hundreds of unusual alpine and rock garden plants, as well as woodland plants and Western natives.

Part Shade

Violet-blue

Mar

6 (15)

Moist, humus-rich soil

P H

Divide September or March, pot or plant direct normal soil.

Ideal for a wild flower or naturalistic area or in any shady border or rockery. Ideal in woodland situations or planted under shrubs.

There is another synthyris used as and alpine in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

 

Thalictrum kiusianum (Dwarf Meadow-rue)

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kiusanum is derived from Kyoshu (southernmost of the four main Japanese islands) where this plant is native.

Other features: Grows well in Ballyrobert - since Paul does everything and his sister does nothing, then I wonder what expense would be involved in owning that section of Ballyrobert Gardens where this plant grows well, since it might not grow well if it was bought and removed elsewhere!

Happiest in a lightly shaded rock garden, away from the competition of tree roots.

Mauve/ Lilac

Jun-Aug

4-6 (10-15)

Moist well-drained

P H

Divide March. Plant direct or pot in peaty soil. Shade-loving plants that go dormant in winter. Aso seed in February, sow peaty soil and with coal-dust.

Well suited to growing in mixed containers, or alpine troughs. Water during summer drought. Easily divided in early spring, every 3 to 4 years.

Small area ground cover for moist and shaded areas of rock gardens. Path edger. Spilling over walls.

T. kiusianum, 4-6 inches (10-15 cms) high. A charming herbaceous tuberous tooted perennial, with elegant, lobed, ferny foliage, and loose corymbs of rose-purple flowers, May-June. Partial shade. Well-drained, humus-rich soil. Propagated by division in March.

There are thalictrum used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

thalictrumcforkiusianumwikimediacommons

Thalictrum kiusianum

日本語: ツクシカラマツ

Place:Osaka Prefectural Flower Garden,Osaka,Japan. By KENPEI via Wikimedia Commons.

Viola (Pansy)

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Viola Jokes from education subsection of Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Today's spotlight (Thursday 5 January 2017) on Water Supply Chain , where MIT alum’s website helps companies find, ship, and recycle water, reducing environmental impact (I wonder if MIT is aware that removing water from one area to another increases not decreases the environmental impact on the area where that water came from). I must apogise, this has nothing to do with informing you about Viola plants.

 

 

 

 

 

There are many pages about Violas and their different propagation in The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950.

In horticulture the term "pansy" is normally used for those multi-coloured, large-flowered cultivars which are raised annually or biennially from seed and used extensively in bedding. The terms "viola" and "violet" are normally reserved for small-flowered annuals or perennials, including the species.

Culture - Violas grow well in any good garden soil, but amply repay a little special attention. Having grown them for over 30 years, the writer's advice (Mr. Middleton's Garden Book by Daily Express Publication, reprinted 1941 ) is to prepare the beds thoroughly in the autumn and plant early in March. In some districts where the soil is free and well drained, autumn planting can be carried out with success, especially with the hardier bedding varieties. In a very free or sandy soil, such as exists in the Royal Horticultural Society's gardens in Surrey, beds for violas want special preparation to get first-class results. Some 4-inches (10 cms) of the top soil should be tempoarily removed from the beds, and a layer 2-3 inches (5-7.5 cms) thick of old cow dung spread on the surface and forked in, after which the temporarily removed soil may be replaced. The roots soon go down and get hold of the manure, after which they grow amazingly. So much for a very free soil. On a medium or heavy soil the manure need only be thoroughly dug into the top spit. The plants should be set out in lines 12 inches (30 cms) apart, allowing 8 inches (20 cms) between the plants.

Propagation - Violas are the easiest things to propagate. A cold frame is best, but a shaded border does all right for the bedding varieties. In August or September young growths should be pulled out of the centres of the old plants - if a little piece or root is attached so much the better; if not, cut the growth cleanly across below the lowest joint. Dibble in sandy soil a few inches (cms) apart, and make very firm, sprinkling with water immediately, and later as required. In about 3 weeks they will have rooted. If in a frame with a sash over them, shade the glass with a little whitewash inside, and leave a little air on continuously.
Seed is easily saved from the best flowers if desired, or it can be purchased from any good seedsman. Sow in February in frame or cool greenhouse for late summer flowering. Sow in May or June for spring and early summer blooms. It is best to sow in a box of fine soil (or sow in Jiffy Pellets or Jiffy Pots instead) and cover the box with a sheet of glass till germination takes place. When the young plants have got 3 or 4 good leaves, transplant into larger boxes or a cold frame or even out of doors. If carefully looked after with water, and a little shade if necessary, they will grow rapidly. Transplant with all soil possible adhering to their roots when nice little bushes, and great will be the interest when they come into flower. If the flowering period is to extend, as is quite possible, from April to November, the dead flower heads must be regularly clipped off.

From a genus of over 400 species and many sub-species, most of which are of dwarf stature, selection must necessarily be somewhat arbitrary, and, here, is confined to those species and hybrids which are hardy, easy to grow, free-flowering and of some distinction for alpine gardening aims. Well-drained soils, enriched with leaf-mould or moist peat, and positions of good light, usually suit. Propagated by division, March or September, by cuttings, summer, or by seed, August.

V. cornuta, 4-9 inches (10-22.5 cms) high. Easily grown, tufted evergreen mats of oval leaves, with violet-blue flowers, freely borne, May-October; var. alba has white flowers.
Notable hybrids:
'Blue Carpet', purple-violet, white eye;
'White Perfection', pure white;
and the lovely race of Violetta, such as
'Buttercup', yellow,
'Hansa', violet-blue;
'Lorna', lavender-purple, and
'Northfield Gem', violet.

V. gracilis, 4-6 inches (10-15 cms) high. Neat mats of deep green foliage, producing large, deep violet flowers prodigally, May to September;
alba is a good clear white;
major, deep purple-blue; and
lutea, golden-yellow. The plant has also contributed to several somewhat coarser but very fine hybrids, such as
'Black Knight', dark purple;
'Grandeur', royal-purple;
'Jackanapes', yellow-chocolate;
'Little David', creamy-white;
'Moonlight', primrose-yellow; and
'Tom Tit', purplish-blue.

V. odorata, 4 inches (10 cms) high. Sweet Violet, is a tufted stemless plant, with heart- or kidney-shaped leaves, and the beloved sweet-scented deep violet flowers of early spring. There are many forms, and some of those which may be grown with justification in the rock garden are:
'Coeur d'Alsace', pink;
'John Raddenbury', china-blue, white-eyed;
'Marie Loise', double, rich blue;
sulphurea, creamy-yellow; and
'White Czar', pure white;
all scented.

V. saxatilis aetolica, 2 inches (5 cms) high. Prostrate miniature, with oval leaves, and small rich yellow flowers in May-June, for gritty soil, in the scree. Propagated and renewed best by seed, September.

V. septentrionalis, 3-4 inches (7.5-10 cms) high. Useful for damp spots, bearing white, veined violet, flowers freely in spring, and often seeding itself.

 

There are other viola used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Rock Gallery

violacflossororiafreckleswoodcottagenursery
Photo of Viola 'Sororia Freckles' from Wood Cottage Nursery

The standard potting and seed-soil recipes from The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills are alongside:

Normal Alpine Soil, potting and planting
7 parts loam
4 parts peat or leafmould
3 parts sharp sand

Lime-Lover's Mixture
7 parts loam
2 parts peat
3 parts sand
2 parts mortar rubble

Peaty Mixture
7 parts peat
4 parts sand
3 parts loam

Leafy Mixture
3 parts loam
4 parts sand
7 parts leafmould

Gritty Mixture
2 parts standard alpine soil
1 part pounded slate
1 part limestone chippings

Normal Seed Soil
2 parts loam
1 part sifted peat or leafmould
1 part sharp sand

Peaty Seed Soil
2 parts sifted peat of leafmould
1 part loam
1 part sharp sand

 

Many of the species described do best in the soil mixtures used at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, they can either be used only for the particular plants for which they are recommended, or adopted in place of normal alpine soil and standard leaf-compost.

Kew No 1 seed mixture can be used for all alpine seeds other than known lime-haters, woodland species, and others requiring large quantities of humus in the early stages. It is composed of:

  • 6 parts sandy loam
  • 4 parts sifted leafmould, oak for choice
  • 2 parts sharp sand
  • 1 part crushed tufa
  • 1 part crushed flower pot

Plants raised on this mixture should be potted in Kew No. 1 potting soil:

  • 6 parts sandy loam
  • 2 parts leafmould
  • 1 part sharp sand
  • 1 part crushed pot

Kew No. 2 seed mixture is used where membership of the order Ericaceae, or the plant collector's notes, give indication of a lime-hating or woodland species:-

  • 4 parts loam (lime-free if possible)
  • 4 parts sifted leaf-mould
  • 1 part peat
  • 4 parts sharp sand
  • 2 parts crushed pot

Kew No. 2 potting soil, for seeds raised in the compost alongside, is composed of:-

  • 6 parts lime-free loam
  • 4 parts leafmould
  • 1 part peat
  • 1 part sharp sand
  • 1 part crushed pot

The crushed pot is a very valuable ingredient, as it adds the power of retaining moisture to its mechanical properties as a grit, it is smashed or ground by a machine, about as fine as a good cutting sand, that is particles from the size of a radish seed down to dust. It can also be bought from flower-pot makers, they usually sell it to firms who lay down hard tennis courts. It should not be confused with normal hard tennis court dressing which is smashed bricks, mainly under-baked, and without the necessary angular shape.

catcomma1

 

The New Illustrated Gardening Encyclopedia by Richard Sudell, printed before May 1935 for the plant names, followed by details for culture and propagation.

Mr. Middleton's Garden Book by Daily Express Publication, reprinted 1941 for the individual cultivar names with evergreen/deciduous, flower colour, flower month and height.

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERY 2
PAGES

Site Map

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY PAGES Links to pages in Table alongside on the left with Garden Design Topic Pages

Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines

Plant Type
 

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 with its Cultivation Requirements

Alpines for Rock Garden (See Rock Garden Plant Flowers)

Alpine Shrubs and Conifers

The Alpine Meadow
Page 1
Page 2
Page 3

The Alpine Border
1
, 2

Alpine Plants for a Purpose

The Alpines that Dislike Lime 1, 2

Alpines and Walls
Dry Sunny Walls 1a, b
Tops of Walls 2a, b
Dry Shady and Conifers 3a, b

Alpines and
Paving
1
, 2

Sink and Trough gardens
1
, 2

Aquatic
(Water Plants) for

Anti-erosion River-bank

Marginal Plants (Bog Garden Plants)
1
, 2

Oxy-genating Weeds

Water Lilies

Floating Plants

Water-side Plants
and Plants for Dry Margins next to a Pond
1
, 2

Wildlife Pond Plants

Annual for

----------------



 

 

ANY PLANT TYPE for
Cut Flowers in
January 1, 2
February
March 1, 2
April
May 1, 2
June 1, 2
July 1, 2
August
September
October
November
December

Exposed Sites

Sheltered Sites with Green-house Annuals from 1916

Extra Poor Soil with Half-Hardy Annuals from 1916

Very Rich Soil with Biennials from 1916

Gap-filling in Mixed Borders with Hardy Annuals from 1916

Patio Con-tainers

Cut Flowers
1
, 2, 3 Ever-lasting Flowers with Red Flowers from 1916

Attract-ing bene-ficial insects
1
, 2

Scent / Fra-grance with Annuals for Cool or Shady Places from 1916

Low-allergen Gardens for Hay Fever Sufferers

Annual Plant Pairing Ideas and Colour Schemes with Annuals
1
, 2

Low-Growing Annuals
1
, 2

Medium-Growing Annuals

Tall-Growing Annuals with White Flowers from 1916

Black or Brown Flowers

Blue to Purple Flowers

Green Flowers with Annuals and Biennials from 1916

Red to Pink Flowers and Cut Flowers
Page
1
, 2, 3

White Flowers
1
, 2

Yellow or Orange Flowers
1
, 2

Dec-orative Foliage

Moist Soil

Shade
1
, 2

House-plants with Yellow Flowers from 1916

Edging Beds

Hanging Baskets

Vining Annuals

 

Bedding for

Spring Bedding

Summer Bedding

Autumn/ Winter Bedding

Bedding for Light Sandy Soil

Bedding for Acid Soil

Bedding for Chalky Soil

Bedding for Clay Soil

Black Flowers

Blue Flowers

Orange Flowers

Pink Flowers

Long Flowering

Coloured Leaves

Attract-ive to Wildlife including Bees, Butterflies and Moths

Purple Flowers

Red Flowers

White Flowers

Yellow Flowers

Multi-Coloured Flowers

Aromatic Foliage or Scented Flowers

Bedding Plant Use

Flowers with 2 Petals

Flowers with 3 Petals

Flowers with
4 Petals

Flowers with 5 Petals

Flowers with 6 Petals

Flowers with more than 6 Petals

Use in Hanging Baskets

Flower Simple Shape

Shape of
Stars

Shape of
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

Shape of
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

Shape of
Trumpets and Funnels

Shape of
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

Use in Pots and Troughs

Flower Elabo-rated Shape

Shape of
Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Shape of
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Shape of
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

 

Use in
Screen-ing

Use in
Window Boxes

Shape of
Stand-ards, Wings and Keels

Shape of
Discs and Florets

Shape of
Pin-Cushions and Tufts

Shape of
Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons

 

Use in Bedding Out

Use in
Filling In

Biennial for

Cottage and Other Gardens
1
, 2

Cut Flower with Biennials for Rock Work from 1916

Patio Con-tainers with Biennials for Pots in Green-house / Con-servatory

Bene-ficial to Wildlife with Purple and Blue Flowers from 1916

Scent with Biennials for Sunny Banks or Borders from 1916

 

 

Bulb for
--------------
Explan-ation Intro to Bulbs
--------------
725 Blue, White, Yellow, Unusual Colour, or Red-Purple-Pink flowering Bulbs in each month they flower.

Indoor Bulbs for
Dec-ember
January
February

Indoor Bulbs for
March
April
May

Indoor
Bulbs for
June
July
August

Indoor Bulbs for Sep-tember
October
November

Bulbs in Window-boxes
1
, 2

Bulbs in the Border

Bulbs natural-ised in Grass

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Dec-Jan
Feb-Mar

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Apr-May
Jun-Aug 1, 2, 3, 4

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Sep-Oct
Nov-Dec

Any Plant Type Blooming in Smallest of Gardens

Bulbs for the Bulb Frame

Bulbs in the Wood-land Garden

Bulbs in the Rock Garden

Bulbs in Green-house or Stove

Achi-menes, Alocasias, Amorpho-phalluses, Aris-aemas, Arums, Begonias, Bomar-eas, Calad-iums

Clivias,
Colo-casias, Crinums, Cyclam-ens, Cyrt-anthuses, Euchar-ises, Urceo-charis, Eurycles

Freesias, Gloxinias, Hae-manthus, Hipp-eastrums

Lachen-alias, Nerines, Lycorises, Pen-cratiums, Hymen-ocallises, Richardias, Sprekelias, Tuberoses, Vallotas, Watsonias, Zephy-ranthes

Bulbs in Bowls

Bulbs in the Alpine House

Hardy Bulbs

Aconitum, Allium, Alstroe-meria, Anemone 1, 1a

Amaryllis, Antheri-cum, Antholy-zas, Apios, Arisaema, Arum, Aspho-deline,

Aspho-delus, Belam-canda, Bloom-eria, Brodiae, Bulbo-codium

Calo-chorti, Cyclo-bothras, Camassia, Col-chicum, Con-vallaria,
Forcing Lily of the Valley, Corydalis, Crinum, Crosmia, Mon-tbretia , Crocus

Cyclamen, Dicentra, Dierama, Eranthis, Eremurus, Ery-thrnium, Eucomis

Fritillaria, Funkia, Gal-anthus, Galtonia, Gladiolus, Hemero-callis

Hya-cinth, Hya-cinths in Pots,
Scilla, Pusch-kinia, Chion-odoxa, Chiono-scilla, Muscari

Iris,
Kniphofia, Lapey-rousia, Leucojum

Lilium,

Lilium in Pots, Malvastrum, Merendera, Milla, Narcissus, Narcissi in Pots

Orni-thogalum, Oxalis, Paeonia, Ran-unculus, Romulea, Sanguin-aria,
Stern-bergia,
Schi-zostylis, Teco-philaea, Trillium

Tulip,
Zephy-ranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs

Acidan-thera, Albuca, Alstroe-meri, Andro-stephium, Bassers, Boussing-aultias, Bravoas, Cypellas, Dahlias, Galaxis,
Geis-sorhizas, Hesper-anthas

Gladioli, Ixias,
Sparaxises, Babianas, Morphixias, Tritonias

Ixio-lirions, Moraeas, Orni-thogal-ums, Oxalises, Phaedra-nassas,
Pan-cratiums, Tigridias, Zephyr-anthes, Cooper-ias

Bulbs for Bedding

Plant each Bedding Plant with a Ground, Edging or Dot Plant for
Spring
1
, 2
or
Summer
1
, 2

Climber 3 sector Vertical Plant System with

Any Plant Type flowers in
Jan,
Feb,
Mar,
Apr,
May 1, 2
Jun,
Jul,
Aug,
Sep,
Oct,
Nov,
Dec
 

----------
Choosing the right Plant

1a.
The Base -
Base of Wall Plants

1b.
Annuals

1c.
Herbs and Vege-tables

1d.
Cut
flowers, Cut Foliage

1e.
Scented flower or foliage

1f.
Foliage use only

 

2a. 1,2,3,4
The Prime - Wall Shrubs

2b.
Fruit trees

3a.
The Higher Reaches -
House-wall Ramblers

3b. 1,2
Non-House-Wall - Climbing Twiners

3c.
Non-House-Wall - Self-clinging Climbers

Raised
Bed
for Wheel-chair Users

Plants for Wildlife-Use as well

Fastest Covering

Least prot-ruding growth when fan-trained

1, 2
Evergreen

Use as
Hedge

Exposed Positions

Use as Ground-cover

1,2
Ornam-ental Fruit

Scented Flowers

1, 2
Autumn Foliage Colour

Winter Bark

Winter and Early Spring Flowers

Summer Colour or Shape of Foliage

Edible Fruit

Needs Conserv-atory or Green-house

Large
Pots and Con-tainers
1
, 2

Cut Flowers

Attractive to Bees

Climber - Simple Flower Shape

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a
Stars

geraniumflocineremuballerina1a1
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14k1a1a1a1a1a1a
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord2
Trumpets and Funnels

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming
Salver-form

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14q1a1a1a1a1a
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

 

Climber - Elabo-rated Flower Shape

prunellaflotgrandiflora
Tubes, Lips and Straps

aquilegiacfloformosafoord
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14u1a1a1a1a1a1
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14v1a1a1a1a1a1
Stand-ards, Wings and Keels

brachyscomecflorigidulakevock
Disks and Florets

andosacecforyargongensiskevock
Pin-cushions, Tufts, Petal-less and Cushions

armeriaflomaritimakevock
Umbels, Buttons and Pompoms

 

STAGE 4A 12 BLOOM COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Blue

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Mauve

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Purple

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Brown

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Cream

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Orange

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Pink

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Red

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
White

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1 Yellow

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Un-
usual

1
Multi-Colou-red

1
Each Flower Diff-

1
erent Colour

 

STAGE 4B 12 FOLIAGE COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY
Deciduous Shrubs or Trees, Herbaceous Perennials or Bulbs- if that changes from the main colour for instance to a different autumn colour, then it will be in this column and the relevant colour for those months of Win (Winter), Spr (Spring), Sum (Summer) or Aut (Autumn) group as well.
Evergreen Shrubs or Trees, Evergreen Perennials - if that changes from the main colour for instance to a different autumn colour, then it will be in this column and the relevant colour for those months of Win (Winter), Spr (Spring), Sum (Summer) or Aut (Autumn) group as well.

Jan Win

Feb Win

Mar Spr

Apr Spr

May Spr

Jun Sum

Jul Sum

Aug Sum

Sep Aut

Oct Aut

Nov Aut

Dec Win

Decid
Herba

Ever-green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Blue

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Mauve

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Purple

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Black

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Bronze

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Orange

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Pink

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Red

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Grey

1
White

1
Silver

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Yellow

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Un-
usual

1
Varie-gated

1

1

1

1

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677


Site design and content copyright ©July 2016.
Top menus revised June 2018. Chris Garnons-Williams.

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Scented Flora of the World by Roy Genders - was first published in 1977 and this paperback edition was published on 1 August 1994 ISBN 0 7090 5440 8:-
This comprehensive book looks at scented flowers and leaves of plants from all over the world. The work has been prepared to the standards of the Index Kewensis, and is filled with the most interesting facts about the scented flora of the world.

I am using the above book from someone who took 30 years to compile it from notes made of his detailed observations of growing plants in preference to
The RHS Companion to Scented Plants Hardcover – 16 Oct 2014 by Stephen Lacey (Author), Andrew Lawson (Photographer) ISBN 978-0-7112-3574-8 even though this is the only major reference work on scent and scented plants which is endorsed by the Royal Horticultural Society. See reasons for stopping infilling of previous Sense of Fragrance section on 28/07/2016 at end of Sense of Fragrance from Stephen Lacey Page.

The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950 by Faber and Faber Limited describes every method of propagation for 2,500 species. Unlike modern books published since 1980, this one states exactly what to do and is precisely what you require if you want to increase your alpines.

Topic
Case Studies
Companion Planting

...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design

...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
Garden Maintenance
Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary
Plants

...Poisonous Plants
Soil
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
Bulb
Climber

 

Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12

All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index

All Foliage 212
All Spring Foliage 212

All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212
Rock Plant Flowers 53

 

Your chosen Garden Style then changes your Plant Selection Process

Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...Infill2 Plants *
...Infill3 Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...
12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...All2 Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index

 

Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
Herb
Odds and Sods

Rhododendron
Rose
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Vegetable

Wild Flower

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly

 

STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY

 

Cultivation Requirements of Plant

Outdoor / Garden Cultivation

1

Indoor / House Cultivation

1

Cool Greenhouse (and Alpine House) Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter

1

Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year

1

Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

1

 

Sun Aspect

Full Sun

1

Part Shade

1

Full Shade

1

 

Soil Type

Any Soil

1

Chalky Soil

1

Clay Soil

1

Lime-Free Soil

1

Peaty Soil

1

Sandy Soil

1

Acid Soil

1

Alkaline Soil

1

Badly-drained Soil

1

 

Soil Moisture

Dry

1

Moist

1

Wet

1

 

Position for Plant

Back of Shady Border

1

Back of Shrub Border

1

Bedding

1

Bog Garden

1

Coastal Conditions / Seaside

1

Container in Garden

1

Front of Border

1

Ground Cover 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)

1

Ground Cover 24-72 inches (60-180 cms)

1

Ground Cover Over 72 inches (180 cms)

1

Hanging Basket

1

Hedge

1

Hedge - Thorny

1

Pollution Barrier

1

Pond

1

Pot in House, Greenhouse, Conservatory or Stovehouse

1

Raised Bed

1

Rest of Border

1

Rock Garden

1

Scree Bed

1

Speciman on Lawn

1

Sunny Border

1

Tree for Lawn

1

Tree/Shrub for Small Garden

1, 2,
3, 4,
5, 6,
7, 8,
9, 10,
11,12,
13,14,
15,16,
uses of tree/ shrub

Wildflower

1

Windbreak

1

Woodland

1

 

Use of Plant

Pollen or nectar for Bees

1

Hosts to Butterflies

1

Encouraging birds / wildlife, providing food and shelter

1

Bee-Pollinated plants for Hay Fever Sufferers

1

Berries / Fruit

1

Dry Site in Full Sun

1

Dry Shade

1

Filtering noise

1

Flower Arrange-ments

Growing Plants for the Church

1



1, 2,
3, 4,
5, 6,
7, 8,
9,10,
11,12,
13,14

Fragrant Flower

1

Language of Flowers

1

Low maintenance

1

Moist Shade

1

Moist and swampy Sites

1

Nitrogen fixing plants

1

Not Fragrant Flower

1

Rabbit-Resistant

1

Speciman Plant

1

Thornless

1

Tolerant of Poor Soil

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Plant Foliage

Aromatic Foliage

1

Autumn Foliage

1

Finely Cut Leaves

1

Large Leaves

1

Yellow Variegated Foliage

1

White Variegated Foliage

1

Red / Purple Variegated Foliage

1

Silver, Grey and Glaucous Foliage

1

Sword-shaped Leaves

1

 

 

Flower Shape

Number of Flower Petals

Petal-less
lessershapemeadowrue2a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

1 Petal

1

2 Petals

1

3 Petals
irisflotpseudacorus1a1a1a1a1a1

1

4 Petals
aethionemacfloarmenumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

5 Petals
anemonecflo1hybridafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Above 5
anemonecflo1blandafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

Flower Shape - Simple

Stars
anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Bowls
 

1

Cups and Saucers
euphorbiacflo1wallichiigarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Globes
paeoniamlokosewitschiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Goblets and Chalices
paeoniaveitchiiwoodwardiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Trumpets
acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Funnels
stachysflotmacrantha1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Bells
digitalismertonensiscflorvroger1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Thimbles
fuchsiaflotcalicehoffman1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Urns
ericacarneacflosspringwoodwhitedeeproot1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Salverform

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

Flower Shape - Elaborated

Tubes, Lips and Straps
prunellaflotgrandiflora1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets
aquilegiacfloformosafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Hats, Hoods and Helmets
acanthusspinosuscflocoblands1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Standards, Wings and Keels
lathyrusflotvernus1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Discs and Florets
brachyscomecflorigidulakevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Pin-Cushions
echinaceacflo1purpurealustrehybridsgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Tufts
centaureacfloatropurpureakavanagh1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Cushion
androsacecforyargongensiskevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Umbel
agapanthuscflos1campanulatusalbidusgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Buttons
argyranthemumflotcmadeiracrestedyellow1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Pompoms
armeriacflomaritimakevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

Natural Arrangements

Bunches, Posies, Sprays
bergeniamorningredcforcoblands1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Columns, Spikes and Spires
ajugacfloreptansatropurpurea1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Whorls, Tiers and Candelabra
lamiumflotorvala2a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Plumes and Tails
astilbepurplelancecflokevock1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Chains and Tassels
 

1

Clouds, Garlands and Cascades
 

1

Spheres, Domes (Clusters), Plates and Drumsticks
androsacecfor1albanakevock1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Shrub, Tree Shape

Columnar
ccolumnarshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Oval
covalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Rounded or Spherical
croundedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Flattened Spherical
cflattenedsphericalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Conical / Narrow Pyramidal
cnarrowconicalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Conical / Broad Pyramidal
cbroadpyramidalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Ovoid /
Egg-Shaped

ceggshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Ovoid
cbroadovoidshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Vase-shaped / Inverted Ovoid
cnarrowvaseshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Fan-Shaped /Vase-Shaped
cfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Fan-Shaped / Broad Vase-Shaped
cbroadfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Weeping
cnarrowweepingshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Weeping
cbroadweepingshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Palm

1

 

Conifer Cone

1

 

Form

Arching

1

Climbing

1

Clump-Forming

1

Mat-Forming

1

Mound-Forming

1

Prostrate

1

Spreading

1

Stemless

1

Upright

1

 

Poisonous Plant

1

 

STAGE 1
GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY

 

Fragrant Plants adds the use of another of your 5 senses in your garden:-
Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark
1
, 2, 3

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3

Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
1
, 2

Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
1
, 2, 3

Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2

Night-scented Flowering Plants
1
, 2

Scented Aquatic Plants
1


Plants with Scented Fruits
1


Plants with Scented Roots
1
, 2

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood
1


Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums
1


Scented Cacti and Succulents
1


Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell
1
, 2
 

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERY 3

Fan-trained Shape
fantrainedshape2a1a1a

From Rhododendrons, boxwood, azaleas, clematis, novelties, bay trees, hardy plants, evergreens : novelties bulbs, cannas novelties, palms, araucarias, ferns, vines, orchids, flowering shrubs, ornamental grasses and trees book, via Wikimedia Commons

 

Ramblers Scramblers & Twiners by Michael Jefferson-Brown (ISBN 0 - 7153 - 0942 - 0) describes how to choose, plant and nurture over 500 high-performance climbing plants and wall shrubs, so that more can be made of your garden if you think not just laterally on the ground but use the vertical support structures including the house as well.

The Gardener's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Climbers & Wall Shrubs - A Guide to more than 2000 varieties including Roses, Clematis and Fruit Trees by Brian Davis. (ISBN 0-670-82929-3) provides the lists for 'Choosing the right Shrub or Climber' together with Average Height and Spread after 5 years, 10 years and 20 years.

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3


Gardening with Alpines by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club.
Published in 1962. It provides most of the data about the Alpines.

Plant Solutions 1000+ suggestions for every garden situation by Nigel Colborn ISBN
13:978
0 00 719312 7, provides many of the plants for the pages in these Galleries.

Essential Annuals The 100 Best for Design and Cultivation. Text by Elizabeth Murray. Photography by Derek Fell. ISBN 0-517-66177-2, provides data about annuals.

Indoor Bulb
Growing by
Edward Pearson
. Published by Purnell & Sons, Ltd in 1953. It provides the data about Indoor Bulbs and Bulbs in
Window-boxes.

Colour All The
Year In My Garden
: A selection of choice varieties - annuals, biennials, perennials, bulbs, climbers and trees and shrubs - that will give a continuity of colour
in the garden throughout the year. Edited by C.H. Middleton. Gardening Book
from Ward, Lock & Co published in 1938, provides plant data for a calendar of plants in bloom throughout the year and for those in the smallest garden.

The Book of Bulbs by S. Arnott, F.R.H.S. Printed by
Turnbull & Spears, Edinburgh in 1901. This provides data about Hardy Bulbs, Half-Hardy Bulbs, Greenhouse and Stove Bulbs.

Collins Guide to
Bulbs by Patrick
M. Synge
. ISBN
0 00 214016-0
First Edition 1961, Second Edition 1971, Reprinted 1973. This provides data on bulbs for bedding, bulbs in the border, bulbs naturalised in grass, bulbs in the woodland garden, bulbs in the rock garden, bulbs in pans in the alpine house, bulbs in the greenhouse, bulbs in bowls and the bulb frame.

Annuals & Biennials, the best annual and biennial plants and their uses in the garden by Gertrude Jekyll published in 1916 and
republished by Forgotten Books in 2012
(Forgotten Books
is a London-based book publisher specializing in the restoration of old books, both fiction and non-fiction. Today we have
372,702 books available to read online, download as ebooks, or
purchase in print.).

Cut Flowers All The Year from The New Illustrated
Gardening Encyclopedia
by Richard Sudell, printed before May 1935 for the plant names in each month, followed by details for culture and propagation.

Mr. Middleton's Garden Book by
Daily Express Publication,
reprinted 1941
for the individual
cultivar names with evergreen/
deciduous, flower colour, flower month and height.

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Tree and Shrubs in Garden Design -

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Clay Soils (neutral to slightly acid)

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Dry Acid Soils

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Shallow Soil over Chalk

Trees and Shrubs tolerant of both extreme Acidity and Alkalinity

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Damp Sites

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Industrial Areas

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Cold Exposed Areas

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Seaside Areas

Shrubs suitable for Heavy Shade

Shrubs and Climbers suitable for NORTH- and EAST-facing Walls

Shrubs suitable for Ground Cover

Trees of Pendulous Habit

Trees and Shrubs of Upright or Fastigiate Habit

Trees and Shrubs with Ornamental Bark or Twigs

Trees and Shrubs with Bold Foliage

Trees and Shrubs for Autumn Colour

Trees and Shrubs with Red or Purple Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Golden or Yellow Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Grey or Silver Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Variegated Foliage

Trees and Shrubs bearing Ornamental Fruit

Trees and Shrubs with Fragrant or Scented Flowers

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Foliage

Flowering Trees and Shrubs for Every Month:-
Jan
, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec

The following table shows the linkages for the information about the plants
described in Sanders' Encyclopedia of Gardening in The Gardeners' Golden Treasury, revised by A. G. L Hellyer F.L.S, Editor of 'Amateur Gardening', (thirty-first impression of original published in 1895) was published in 1960 by W. H. & L. Collingridge Limited,
between:-

  • Stage 1 - Garden Style Index Gallery (in this Table) and Stage 1 Fragrant Plants (in Table on left), then
  • Stage 2 - 3 Infill Plants Index Galleries (in Table on right), then
  • Stage 3a - All Plants Index Gallery with each plant species in its own Plant Type Page followed by choice from Stage 4a, 4b, 4c and/or 4d REMEMBERING THE CONSTRAINTS ON THE SELECTION FROM THE CHOICES MADE IN STAGES 1 AND 2 (in this Table)
  • Stage 3b - All2 Plants Index Gallery for Alpines without a Garden for your health and productivity (in this Table)
  • Stage 4a - 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery (in Table on right)
  • Stage 4b - 12 Foliage Colours per Month Index Gallery (in Table on right) with
    column for Deciduous / Herbaceous plants with the same foliage colour during their growing season and
    column for Evergreen plants with the same foliage colour during the entire year
  • Stage 4c - Cultivation, Position, Use Index Gallery (in Table on left)
  • Stage 4d - Shape, Form Index Gallery (in Table on left)

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY
It would be useful if when you decide to change your garden that you use a uniform garden style throughout your garden and the GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY aims to provide pointers.
The new pages (April 2016) in the gallery will have a suitable list of plants on each page (as that plant gets further detailed in the ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY), then each row containing that plant name in the GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY will also be updated. I aim to input details of plants starting with A in alphabetical order to Z.

Private Garden Design:-
What is your Budget and What are the purposes for your garden?
Designing for a purpose: Areas which require answers before answering your Designing for a Purpose Questionaire.
Then, do the Site Survey with Photographs, before putting the Current Garden Design on paper or in your computer.
Using the Broad Design elements of Scale, which Garden Style to use:-
Low Maintenance Garden Style, Cottage Garden Style, Wildlife Garden Style or Japanese Garden Style and the
Hard and Soft Landscaping elements, create the Broad Proposed Design. Then, the Detailed Design of each Hard Landscaping item followed by the Soft Landscaping elements: The Soil, changing the Microclimate; and the
Plant Selection is influenced by the Colour Wheel, with Plant Quantities determined by time to establish versus width between plants and Companion Planting will provide helpful neighbouring plants
or
Click on text in cells below to jump to that page describing that data
.

 


Container

Gardening at my work-place

 

<----

 

Yes
|
v


Do you want to garden and grow plants?

 

No

Cannot be bothered.
If you wish to improve your productivity and health, then, plant an Alpine Pan in your work area or at home using the information within Alpines without a Garden by Lawrence D. Hills, using these pages:-


Potted
House-plant


<----
|
|
v


No
Garden

At Home with Gard-ening Area


Yes


---->

Balcony Garden or Roof Garden


Yes
---->

Grow flowers for flower arranging and vegetables on Balcony Garden or Roof Garden

Pan Plant Back-grou-nd Colour

STAGE 3b
ALL2 PLANTS INDEX GALLERY

|
v


Conservatory Gardening

|
<--
|

 

|
No
-->

Outside Garden
|
v

Pan, Trough and Window-Box Odds and Sods
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14,
15

The beginner's dozen for the small pan

Plants for the pan gar-den


Stovehouse for Tropical Plants

|
<--

An extra dozen for the larger pan

Kinds of Pan Plants that may be split up and tucked in Corners and Crevices

|
|
v

Miniature trees and shrubs for pan

The leafy soil pan

The gritty soil pan

The Limy Soil Plan

Blue Flower Colour Pan Plants

Lilac, Violet and Purple Flower Colour Pan Plants

Reds, Carm-ines Flower Colour Pan Plants

Pinks Flower Colour Pan Plants

White Flower Colour Pan Plants and Bicol-ored

Yellow Flower Colour Pan Plants

Blue Flower Colour Trough Plants

Violet, Lilac and Purple Flower Colour Trough Plants

|
|
v

Reds and Carm-ines Flower Colour Trough Plants

Pinks - all shades Flower Colour Trough Plants

Yellow Flower Colour Trough Plants

White and Cream Flower Colour Trough Plants

Bi-colour-ed Flower Colour Trough Plants

Feb Flower Season Pan

Mar Flower Season Pan

Apr Flower Season Pan

May Flower Season Pan

Jun Flower Season Pan

Jul Flower Season Pan

Aug Flower Season Pan

Sep Flower Season Pan

|
|
v

Oct Flower Season Pan

Nov Flower Season Pan

Pans for Semi-shade

Pans for In-doors

Mini-ature Pot

Feb Flower Season Trough

Mar Flower Season Trough

Apr Flower Season Trough

May Flower Season Trough

Jun Flower Season Trough

Jul Flower Season Trough

Aug Flower Season Trough

Sep Flower Season Trough

|
|
v

Oct Flower Season Trough

Nov Flower Season Trough

Dec Flower Season Trough

Bulb Pan

Bulb Cover-ing Carp-eters

Trough and Window-box plants 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Trough and Window-Box Background Colour

Pan Plant
Alpines without a Garden

ABC 1
Pan Plants

DEF 1
Pan Plants

GHI
Pan Plants

JKL 1
Pan Plants

|
|
v

MNO 1
Pan Plants

PQR 1
Pan Plants

STU 1
Pan Plants

V 1
Pan Plants

WXYZ 1
Pan Plants

You need to know the following:-
1. How much time per week are you prepared to look after your garden or prepared to pay someone else to do it for you?
2. How much are you are prepared to spend on creating your garden and then on its maintenance for its feeding and replacement of its plants and hard landscaping?
3. In order for you to go into your garden, there must be mystery in it, so that from any position in the house you cannot see all the garden, otherwise you will not be tempted to go out into it.
4. You must decide what garden style you are going to use THROUGHOUT the garden and make sure of using 3. the mystery in it as well.
5. What plants do you want to keep in your existing garden and incorporate into your new garden?
6. What Human Problems do you have and what Site Problems are there?

A) Bee Pollinated Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers List leads onto the
B) Bee Pollinated Bloom in Month galleries and
C) extra Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers.


<----

Human Prob-lems
v


---->

Blind,
Deaf,
in a Wheelchair, or
you cannot bend easily

 

 

 

Garden Style, which takes into account the Human Problems above

 

 

Classic Mixed Style


<----

Cottage Garden Style


<----

.
v


---->

Naturalistic Style

Formal English Garden

 

Mediterranean Style


<----

Meadow and Corn-field


<----

.
.
v


---->

Paving and Gravel inland,
Coastal Conditions near the sea, Seashore with shingle/sand

 

 

 

 

Problem Sites within your chosen Garden Style from the above

 

 

Exposure to Wind


<----

Excess Shade


<----

Exce-ssively Dry Shade


<----


<----

.
.
.
.
.
v


---->

Exce-ssively Hot, Sunny and Dry Site is suitable for Drought Resistant Plants

Excessively Wet Soil - especially when caused by poor drainage

Control of Pests (Aphids, Rabbits, Deer, Mice, Mole, Snails) / Disease by Companion Planting in Garden

Whether your Heavy Clay or Light Sandy / Chalk Soil is excessively Alkaline (limy) / Acidic or not, then there is an Action Plan for you to do with your soil, which will improve its texture to make its structure into a productive soil instead of it returning to being just sand, chalk, silt or clay.


<----

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
v


---->

Problems caused by builders:- 1. Lack of soil on top of builders rubble in garden of just built house.
2. Clay soil of Garden slopes towards house with no drainage of this rainwater by the house wall.

In planning your beds for your garden, before the vertical hard-landscaping framework and the vertical speciman planting is inserted into your soft landscaping plan, the following is useful to consider:-
1. The ground plan usually depends upon 1 or more unalterable existing features. The position of the doors of the house will dictate the positions of paths, the shortest route to the kitchen may indicate the best place for a paved area for eating and drinking out of doors, or the kept trees/shrubs may indicate what garden style is used.
2. Rules of Proportion -
A. A border should be roughly 1/2 as wide as the hedge or wall behind it.
B. The proportion of planted areas to paved or turfed areas should be 1/3 to 2/3, or a 1/4 to 3/4, not 1/2 and 1/2.
C. Within a bed or border, unless a 2-dimensional pattern on the ground is the objective, the height and bulk of the plants should be varied to avoid monotony; it is particularly important to provide strong planting, in terms of either height or bulk or both, at either end of a long bed.
D. The ground surface provides a background to the plants that is as important as the hedges, walls or fences that surround it. Grass is perhaps the most satisfying carpet to use, the cool green forming a restful antidote to the dancing colours of the flowers. Use different coloured pea-shingle inside Cedar Gravel for people in wheelchairs, or infirm in their legs or who suffer from Hay Fever.

Reasons for stopping infilling of Sense of Fragrance section on 28/07/2016 at end of Sense of Fragrance from Stephen Lacey Page. From September 2017 will be creating the following new pages on Sense of Fragrance using Scented Flora of the World by Roy Genders.
ISBN 0 7090 5440 8:-

 

 

 

|
v

 

 

 

 

 

After you have selected your vertical hard-landscaping framework and the vertical speciman plants for each bed or border, you will need to infill with plants taking the following into account:-

 

 

 

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark 1, 2, 3
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil 1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil 1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Sandy Soil 1
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves 1, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves 1, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit 1, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers 1, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants 1, 2
Scented Aquatic Plants.
Plants with Scented Fruits.
Plants with Scented Roots 1, 2
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood.
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums.
Scented Cacti and Succulents.
Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell 1, 2

Flower Perfume Group:-
Miscellaneous Group with scents - Balm, Brandy, Cedar, Cloying, Cowslip, Cucumber, Damask Rose, Daphne, Exotic, Freesia, Fur-like, Gardenia, Hay-like, Heliotrope, Honeysuckle, Hops, Hyacinth, Incense-like, Jasmine, Laburnham, Lilac, Lily of the Valley, Meadowsweet, Mignonette, Mint, Mossy, Muscat, Muscatel, Myrtle-like, Newly Mown Hay, Nutmeg, Piercing, Primrose, Pungent, Resinous, Sandalwood, Sassafras, Seductive, Slight, Soft, Stephanotis, Sulphur, Starch, Sweet, Sweet-briar, Tea-rose, Treacle and Very Sweet.

Flower Perfume Group:-
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group with scent - Hawthorn.
Heavy Group with scents -
Jonquil and
Lily.
Aromatic Group with scents - Almond,
Aniseed, Balsamic,
Carnation, Cinnamon, Clove,
Spicy and
Vanilla.
Violet Group.
Rose Group.
Lemon Group with scent -
Verbena.
Fruit-scented Group with scents -
Apricot,
Fruity,
Green Apple,
Orange, Pineapple,
Ripe Apple , Ripe Banana and
Ripe Plum.
 

Flower Perfume Group:-
Animal-scented Group with scents -
Cat,
Dog,
Ferret,
Fox,
Goat,
Human Perspiration,
Musk,
Ripe Apple and
Tom Cat.
Honey Group.
Unpleasant Smell Group with scents -
Animal,
Fetid,
Fishy,
Foxy,
Fur-like,
Garlic,
Hemlock,
Manure,
Nauseating,
Perspiration,
Petrol,
Putrid,
Rancid,
Sickly,
Skunk,
Stale Lint
Sulphur and
Urinous,

Leaf Perfume Group:-
Turpentine Group.
Camphor and Eucalyptus Group.
Mint Group.
Sulphur Group.
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group.
Heavy Group.
Aromatic Group.
Violet Group.
Rose Group.
Lemon Group.
Fruit-scented Group.
Animal-scented Group.
Honey Group.

Scent of Wood, Bark and Roots Group:-
Aromatic Group.
Turpentine Group.
Rose Group.
Violet Group.
Stale Perspiration Group.

 

Scent of Fungi Group:-
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group.
Sulphur Group.
Aromatic Group.
Rose Group.
Violet Group.
Fruit Group.
Animal Group.
Honey Group

Sense of Sight

Emotion of
Hot /Cool; Calm / Agitated

Emotion of
Low-key / High Key


<----

.
.
.
v

Emotion of
Inviting
/ Forbidding

Emotion of Intellectual versus Emotional

Sense of Touch

Sense of Taste

Sense of Sound

 

 

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 for
lists of plants of 1 plant type for 1 cultivation requirement is in Table on right

 

 

 

STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY
Click on Blue or underlined text to jump to page comparing flower thumbnails of that blue colour in the
Other Plant Photo Galleries. RedPP is Red, Pink, Purple and Other is Unusual or Other Flower Colour.

Plant Type
with links to Other Plant Photo Galleries

ABC

DEF

GHI

JKL

MNO

PQR

STU

VWX

YZ

Alpine in Evergreen Perennial,
Herbaceous Perennial and Rock Garden

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Aquatic

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Annual/ Biennial

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Bamboo

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Bedding, 25
RHS Mixed Border Beds 75 and
Flower Shape, Flower Colour and Bedding Plant Use

1

Blue

1

Green

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

Purple

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Bicolour

Other Flower Colours

White / Colour Bicolour

Bulb, 746 with Use, Flower Colour/Shape of
Allium / Anemone, Colchicum / Crocus, Dahlia, Gladiolus, Narcissus and Tulip

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Climber 71 Clematis, 58 other Climbers with Use, Flower Colour and Shape

1

Blue

1

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Conifer

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Deciduous Shrub 43 with Use and Flower Colour

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Deciduous Tree

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Evergreen Perennial 104 with Use, Flower Colour, Flower Shape and Number of Petals

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Evergreen Shrub 46, Semi-Evergreen Shrub and Heather 74 with Use and Flower Colour

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Evergreen Tree

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Fern with 706 ferns
within 21 types and 41 uses

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Grass

1

1

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

Herbaceous Perennial 91,
RHS Mixed Border Beds 176 and
Peonies 46 with Flower Colour/Shape

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Herb

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Odds and Sods

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Rhododendron, Azalea, Camellia

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Rose with 720 roses within Flower Colour, Flower Shape, Rose Petal Count and Rose Use

1

1

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

 

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Soft Fruit

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Sub-Shrub

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Top Fruit

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Vegetable

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Wildflower 1918 with
Plants used by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterflies in the UK
I am inserting the plants described in Sanders' Encyclopedia of Gardening into STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY

1

Blue

1

Green

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

Red

1

Purple

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Multi-colour

Cream

Mauve

Brown

Shrub and Small Tree

Botanical Names Page

Common Names Page

Finally, you might be advised to check that the adjacent plants to the one you have chosen for that position in a flower bed are suitable; by checking the entry in Companion Planting - like clicking A page for checking Abies - and Pest Control page if you have a pest to control in this part of the flower bed.
Companion Planting
- A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z
Pest Control using Plants

 

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY
The planning a Rose Garden chapter from Rose Gardens by Jane Fearnley-Whitingstall ISBN 0 7011 3344 9 and
Plant Solutions by Nigel Colborn provides information for this gallery.

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 Reference books for these galleries in Table on left

STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY
In addition to these 10 galleries, there are links to the Other Plant Photo Galleries in the table above like Bulb , which have plant descriptions accessed by clicking a flower thumbnail in its flower comparison page. Click the respective flower colour - like Green - to change page to that flower colour comparison page. Then, you can also choose these other plants.
It will also state the Plant Combinations for each plant from The Ulimate Visual Guide to Successful Plant Harmony - The Encyclopedia of Planting Combinations by Tony Lord ISBN 1-55209-623-8

STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY
Some extra details about the Cultivation Requirements of Plant:- Outdoor /Garden Cultivation, Indoor / House Cultivation, Cool Green-house Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter, Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year, and Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

Since 2006, I have requested photos etc from the Mail-Order Nurseries in the UK and later from the rest of the World. Few nurseries have responded.
I worked for a lady, who with her husband took 35 mm slides of plants in the 1960's and 1970's. She allowed me to digitise some of her Kodachrome slides, which I have used in my website. I discovered that at least the green colour of the foliage became very much darker over that period of years to 2008, by comparing wildflower photos from her slides with digital photos supplied by a current Wildflower mail-order nursery, so I stopped creating my Foliage Galleries.
I bought myself a camera some years ago and started taking photos, some of which have been put into the website. I started taking photos of the Heathers at the Royal Horticultural Society at Wisley garden. I have displayed the Heathers foliage in closeup since their leaves are 2mm long and in macro-scale in the Heather Galleries - sometimes the foliage colour at the terminal end of the foliage stem is only a few leaves, whereas others have the same foliage colour throughout the stem. I discovered that some of the heathers did not have the correct plant label, since the flower colour did not correspond with the flower colour in the literature. I was informed that since kids have free rein, that perhaps they move the plant labels. Since, I cannot rely that the heather plant label next to the heather plant is valid, I have stopped taking photos of those heathers.
This leaves a small problem, especially since very few gardens open to the public have their plants labelled so that the public can use the data on their label to buy that named plant from a nursery or garden centre. Currently (June 2018) I insert photos from Wikimedia Commons as well as my own.
I have found the above book - which does not contain any colour plant photos. Since it had the following experts help in creating it, I have decided to use its information in these 10 galleries to help the public:-

  • T.W. Sanders Editor of Amateur Gardening in 1895.
  • A.J Macself Editor of Amateur Gardening in 1926 - both Sanders and Macself had worked entirely to the handlists published by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • A.G.L. Hellyer in this work of revision and also in checking the all-important cultural notes sought the help of experts in the various classes of plant:-
    • Mr S.A. Pearce, Assistant Curator at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew undertook the revision of those genera of plants which in this country are mainly grown under glass.
    • Mr Will Ingwersen dealt with the Rock plants,
    • Mr N. Catchpole made himself responsible for trees and shrubs;
    • Mr G.A Phillips for herbaceous plants,
    • Mrs Francis Perry for water plants,
    • Mr A.J. Macself for ferns,
    • Mr E. Cooper for orchids,
    • Mr J.S Dakers for annuals,
    • Miss Doreen Crowther for fruit and vegetables

with the aid of further information from other books, magazines and cross-checking on the internet.
In this edition of the book Sander's Encyclopaedia, the individual soil mixtures to grow plants have been retained, for it was considered that many gardeners might still wish to use them in certain circumstances. The John Innes mixtures may be substituted wherever desired. Details of these individual mixtures will be put into these galleries.