Ivydene Gardens Stage 2 - Infill Plants Index Gallery:
The Alpine Meadow with Winter- and Spring-Flowering Bulbs Page 3

Botanical Plant Name

with link to
UK or
European Union
mail-order supplier for you to contact to buy this plant

Flower Colour

Sun Aspect of Full Sun,
Part Shade, Full Shade

with link to external website for photo/data

Flowering Months

with row in each month that it flowers in that colour in
STAGE 4A
12 BLOOM COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY
/

with link to
USA or
Canada
mail-order supplier

Height with Spacings or Width (W) in inches (cms)

1 inch =
2.5 cms
12 inches = 30 cms
40 inches = 100 cms

Foliage Colour


with row in relevant pages that it has foliage of that colour in
STAGE 4B
12 FOLIAGE COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY

or
Background Colour nearest to middle-aged leaf colour from 212 foliage colours /

followed by
Soil Moisture:-
Dry,
Moist,
Wet

with link to Australia or New Zealand mail-order supplier

 

with data for rows in
STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY and
STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Pages

Plant Type is:-

A for Aquatic
Ann for Annual / Biennial
Ba for Bamboo
Bu for Bulb
Cl for Climber
Co for Conifer
F for Fern
G for Grass
H for Herb
P for Perennial
Rh for Rhodo-dendron, Azalea, Camellia
Ro for Rose
Sh for Shrub
So for Soft Fruit
To for Top Fruit
Tr for Tree
V for Vegetable
W for Wildflower

followed by:-
E for Evergreen,
D for Deciduous,
H for Herbaceous,
Alpine for being an Alpine as well as being 1 of above Plant Type /

 
Acid for Acidic,
Alk for Alkaline,
Any for AnySoil
 

with links to
STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES
1
, 2, 3
and
STAGE 3
ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERIES
1
, 2
pages
 

Comments

Adjacent Planting

Plant Associations

It is sad to reflect that in England so few gardens open to the public label their plants or label them so that the label is visible when that plant is in flower, so that visitors can identify; and then later locate and purchase that plant.

Few mail-order nurseries provide the detail as shown in my rose or heather galleries.

If you want to sell a product, it is best to display it. When I sold my Transit van, I removed its signage, cleaned it and took photos of the inside and outside before putting them onto an advert in Autotrader amongst more than 2000 other Transit vans - it was sold in 20 minutes.

If mail-order nurseries could put photos to the same complexity from start of the year to its end with the different foliage colours and stages of flowering on Wikimedia Commons, then the world could view the plant before buying it, and idiots like me would have valid material to work with.

I have been in the trade (until ill health forced my Sole Trader retirement in 2013) working in designing, constructing and maintaining private gardens for decades and since 2005 when this site was started, I have asked any nursery in the world to supply photos. R.V. Roger in Yorkshire allowed me to use his photos from his website in 2007 and when I got a camera to spend 5 days in July 2014 at my expense taking photos of his roses growing in his nursery field, whilst his staff was propagating them. I gave him a copy of those photos.

Narcissus asturiensis (Pygmy daffodil syn. minimus)

Supplier in UK
 

The Mission of the American Daffodil Society is to be an internationally recognized nonprofit association of individuals, organizations, companies, and /or universities dedicated to the encouragement of widespread interest in daffodils, and to research and education with respect to their culture, breeding, preservation, diseases, pests, testing and exhibition.


Light yellow

Full Sun

Jan-Mar

4 x 4
10 x 10)

Well-drained Acicid Sand or Chalk

Moist. (Daffodils need lots of water while they are growing. Water immediately after planting and keep them moist until the rains come. Continue watering for three weeks or so after blooming time; then stop watering. The bulbs make their next year's bloom after flowering.)

Bu

Narcissus asturiensis (syn. minimus), 3 inches (7.5 cms) high, miature yellow trumpet flowered. Division 13 is Daffodils distinguished by Botanical Name

"Narcissus asturiensis is an almost perfect miniature form of the ever popular King Alfred daffodil and is one of the smallest daffodils. At a height of 2 ½ - 5 inches (10-12 cm) it needs careful placement in a regular garden to show to best effect. Wonderful in miniature bulb gardens and small containers. This tiny daffodil can easily be forced and is a good candidate for unusual small containers such as tea cups and miniature strawberry pots. It grows best in sandy, peaty soil which is not allowed to completely dry out in summer. Prefers full sun. Protect from slugs." from About.com.

There are other Narcissus used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

There are other Narcissus in Narcissus Gallery

narcissuscfloasturiensiswikimediacommons

Narcissus asturiensis. Sierra de la Peña de Francia, Salamanca, España. (Original: 461916175_ab48828065_b.jpg). By flickr-user Juan_Sanchez (Juan José Sánchez) via Wikimedia Commons.

Narcissus bulbocodium,
citrinus,
monophyllus,
obesus,
tenuifolius

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA


Yellow flowers with excellent weather resistance

Full Sun, Part Shade

Mar-Apr

8 x 4
(20 x 10)

It requires relatively dry conditions during the summer dormant period, so is suitable for planting beneath deciduous trees.[

Bu

Narcissus bulbocodium, Hoop Petticoat Daffodil, 6 inches (15 cms) high, yellow
Varieties
citrinus, pale yellow,
monophyllus (has become Narcissus foliosus), white, 4 inches (10 cms) high,white
obesus, 4 inches (10 cms) high, yellow
tenuifolius, 4 inches (10 cms), yellow

It can be naturalized in grass and used in the greenhouse, conservatory, cottage gardens, alpine & rockery, low maintenance garden, cut flower garden.

narcissuscflobulbocodiumwikimediacommons

Narcissus bulbocodium in a garden in Gradignan, Gironde, France on 25 March 2005. By ‪Jean-Jacques MILAN via Wikimedia Commons.

Narcissus 'Canaliculatus'
(tazetta daffodil)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Scented white petals with a yellow cup

Full Sun, Part Shade

Mar-Apr

6 x 3
(15 x 7)

Well-drained soil

Bu

Narcissus 'Canaliculatus', 6 inches (15 cms) high, miniature Polyanthus Daffodil, white, with yellow cup

Plant this at the front of your border, in a pot or in your windowboxes where you can enjoy the small, scented flowers up close. This variety produces several flowers on each stem so they are really colourful. Excellent cut flowers.

Goes well with Narcissus bulbocodium and Muscari armeniacum

Forces easily indoors like a paperwhite. This variety is a sleeper that should be more widely grown. Deer and rodent proof.

 

Narcissus juncifolius

Supplier in UK
 


Scented Golden Yellow

May-Jul

12 x
(30 x )

 

Bu

Narcissus juncifolius, Rush-leaved Daffodil, 4 inches (10 cms) high, rich yellow

 

 

Narcissus nanus (Narcissus pseudo-narcissus subsp. minor)

Supplier in UK - who also sell lupins and they have the National Collection of Lupins.
 

Photo from Lithuanian Rare Bulb Garden


Sulphur yellow tepals, light yellow cup

 

 

 

Bu

Narcissus nanus, 5 inches (12.5 cms) high, creamy-yellow, golden trumpet. Division 1b(A)

 

 

Narcissus rupicola

Supplier in UK - All our plants are grown by ourselves and we strive to propagate principally from seed to encourage generic diversity.
Supplier in UK


Scented Yellow flowers

Mar-Apr

4 x
(10 x )

Well-drained acid soil

Bu

Narcissus rupicola, 3-4 inches (7.5-10 cms) high, 3-sided leaves, bright yellow flowers

Mountains of central Spain and Portugal on acid soil among rocks.

This is a tiny Narcissus but it is perfectly hardy outside. Due to its small stature it is best grown in a trough or raised bed. It can be successfully pot grown in a cool greenhouse. Although the bulbs are small they should flower in the next spring. Plant 6cm deep in gritty soil in a sunny position and protect from slugs.

It is ideal for a pot in an alpine house. Plant the bulbs in a gritty, humus rich compost in the autumn. Summer dormant.

 

Narcissus triandrus albus - Having clicked this link, you can either
make a cup of tea, spread the scones with butter, jam, and cream and start your cream tea,
or
you can mix the ingredients for your scones and bake them;
during its pdf download of 16 pages of Miniature Daffodils by Alec Gray, Treswithian, Daffodil Farm, Camborne, Cornwall,
concolor,
'Hawera'

Supplier in UK
 

Part Shade

April

 

Well-drained soil

Bu

Narcissus triandrus albus, Angel's Tears Daffodil, 6 inches (15 cms) high, creamy-white nodding flowers in clusters.
Varieties
concolor, 9 inches (22.5 cms) high, soft yellow,
'Hawera', 8 inches (20 cms) high, soft yellow, blooms late

While the more typical of the triandrus group, the miniature daffodils, should be given a choice position in the rock garden, with a good loamy but well drained soil and light shade, the larger hybrids may be grouped in mixed borders or along the edges of woodland.

In the rock garden it is desirable to cover the groups of flowering bulbs with ground cover plants such as creeping thyme.

As for most miniature daffodils, Narcissus Triandus bulbs should be planted at a depth of 3 to 5 inches.

This variety of narcissus need not be lifted for several years if planted in a sunny spot - this miniature daffodil will slowly naturalize in the garden

Eventually the narcissus bulbs can be dug up to be divided.

All varieties of Narcissus Triandus can be grown indoors.

Plant bulbs in a bowl with leaf mould, sand and a little turf soil.

 

Narcissus
'W.P. Milner'

Supplier in UK
Supplier in UK
Supplier in Germany

Photo

Scented Sulphur yellow trumpet, white tepals

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Mar-Apr

8 x 4
(20 x 10)

Plant pointy end up, 10-15cm (4-6in) inches deep with 3-4 inches between each bulb.

Well-drained Sand, Chalk

Bu

Narcissus 'W.P. Milner', 8 inches (20 cms) high, small sulphur-yellow trumpet.

Narcissi make great cut flowers lasting up to a week in the vase. I love them jumbled up in large jugs on the table. Be careful mixing with other flower types as their stems give off a compound that is toxic to other flowers and soak their stems in warm water before displaying to stop the 'goo' from running out.

Suitable for garden or pots, strong and reliable.

Narcissus 'W.P. Milner' is one of the best ever daffs for growing right at the front of a border or in a prominent pot. It looks good for months, has handsome foliage and is neat and compact.

Makes it perfect for wilder style gardens and open woodland where it can be left to form large clumps.

Goes well with Crocus tommasianus, Chionodoxa luciliae and Anemone blanda 'Mixed'

 

Puschkinia scilloides (Puschkinia hyacinthoides Baker, Puschkinia libanotica Zucc., Russian Snowdrop,
Striped Squill),
alba

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA


Fragrant silver-blue, with darker blue lines

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Goes dormant by late spring.

Mar-Apr

6 x 2
(15 x 5)

Plant 5 - 10cm deep and a similar distance apart in autumn. Leave undisturbed and they will form good-sized clumps.

Moist well-drained sandy or gritty soil

Bu

Puschkinia scilloides (Puschkinia hyacinthoides Baker, Puschkinia libanotica Zucc.), 4 inches (10 cms) high, silver-blue, with darker blue lines;
variety
alba is a pure white form

Best naturalized in drifts in rock gardens, along walkways, in open woodland areas, meadows or in front of shrubs or under deciduous trees. Mixes well with other spring-flowering bulbs.

At roughly the same time in spring, the strappy upright(ish) foliage appears, almost seeming to stand guard at each side of the emerging flowerspike. This spike carries up to 10 near-white flowers, which often have a faint blue stripe down the length of each petal. It is very pretty when intermingled with Cyclamen or Fritillaria (the snake's head type), but avoid overcrowding as they like their space, and will naturalise areas under trees and shrubs if left undisturbed. They do well in pots too.

Goes well with
Aubretia 'Purple Cascade', Prunus 'Pandora',
Magnolia x soulangeana and Camellia japonica 'Margeret Davis'

Foliage should not be mowed or otherwise removed after bloom until it turns yellow.

puszkiniacforscilloideswikimediacommons

Puszkinia cebulicowata Puschkinia libanotica. By Barbara Wrzesińska via Wikimedia Commons.

Scilla bifolia (Alpine Squill),
rosea (Rosy Squill)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA


Starry Purple-blue

Full Sun in Winter,
Part Shade in Summer

Foliage will disappear by summer as plant goes dormant

Feb-Mar

6 x
(15 x )

Scilla bifolia bulbs should be planted 3" (8cm) deep and 2"-3" (5-8cm) apart where they can flower in the spring sun but then get summer shade

Well-drained sandy loam

Bu

Scilla bifolia, 4 inches (10 cms) high, sky-blue, star-like;
variety
rosea, pale pink - Photo

Resistant to deer and rodents.

It will naturalise under shrubs or in light grass to receive summer shade where the massed heads really create the purple haze.

Excellent edging plant. Provides colour and contrast to the woodland garden, rock garden and under deciduous trees or shrubs.

Companion plants - Helleborus Winter Jewels 'Golden Lotus',
Crocus tommasinianus 'Ruby Giant' and
Galanthus nivalis.
A lovely flower carpet with crocuses and scilla.

scillacforbifoliawikimediacommons

Polski: Cebulica dwulistna, Scilla bifolia. By Baczalak via Wikimedia Commons.

Scilla siberica (Siberian squill,
Othocallis siberica),
'Spring Beauty', alba

Supplier in UK
 

In the Midwestern United States it is becoming invasive in some situations.


Nodding, bell-shaped, Violet-blue

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Mar-Apr

After flowering, the flower stems become limp as capsules (pods) mature. At maturity, the capsules become purple and split open, releasing small, dark brown seeds. When the seeds are mature, the leaves wither and the plant goes dormant until the next spring.

8 x 2
(20 x 5)

Plant bulbs 8 - 10cm deep and 10cm apart in autumn, in naturalistic drifts where they can remain undisturbed for several years.

Humus-rich, moist, well-drained soil

Bu

Scilla siberica, 4 inches (10 cms) high, metallic blue,
softer in variety 'Spring Beauty'; while
alba is a pure white form

Dainty spikes of up to five nodding, bell-shaped, violet-blue flowers in March and April and slender, strap-shaped, glossy, mid-green leaves. Siberian squills are perfect for naturalising in areas of semi- shade underneath deciduous shrubs. To achieve a naturalistic display scatter bulbs in bold drifts on the ground, planting them where they fall. They originate from the area around the Black Sea so they are extremely robust.

Goes well with
Athyrium niponicum var. pictum and
Anemone coronaria 'Bordeaux'

scillacforsibericawikimediacommons

Polski: Cebulica dwulistna Othocallis siberica, Polska

English: Othocallis siberica, Poland. By ‪Nova via Wikimedia Commons.

Tulipa batalinii

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Supplier of tulipa batalinii cultivars in UK


Yellow flowers

Full Sun

Apr-May

4-20 x 4
(10-50 x 10)

Tulipa batalinii Honky Tonk produces small bulbs which should be planted about 3" (7cm) deep and 2"-3" (5-7cm) apart in sunny well drained soil to flower in late April and early May. Beware of squirrel or mice damage.

Well-drained Sand, Chalk

Bu

Tulipa batalinii, 4 inches (10 cms) high, creamy-yellow, May-flowering.

Tulipa batalinii Honky Tonk has pale yellow petals above grey green foliage with wavy edges. The "batalinii" group are closely related to the "linifolia" types and may be botanically indistinguishable.

Excellent for rock gardens, front of borders, forcing and containers.

There are other Tulipa used as alpines in Rock Garden Plants Suitable for Small Gardens in Colour Wheel Gallery

There are other Tulipa in Tulipa Gallery

 

Tulipa persica (Tulipa celsiana, Cel's Tulip, Persian Tulip, Tulipa syvestris subsp. australis)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in UK
 


Fragrant Open yellow flowers, tinged carmine outside

Full Sun

Apr-May

6 x
(15 x )

Plant in a well drained position, in full sun. Protect from extreme winter winds.

Bu

Tulipa persica (Tulipa celsiana, Tulipa syvestris subsp. australis), 6 inches (15 cms) high, scented, yellow and bronze. Division 15: Miscellaneous and Species (Botanical) - see Introduction Page of Tulip Bulb Gallery.

Excellent for the rock garden and wild garden.

tulipacflospersicawikimediacommons

Tulipes sauvages (Tulipa sylvestris subsp. australis) : Fontaine de Gerland - Vercors - France (38). By ‪Stef1432 via Wikimedia Commons.

Tulipa tarda

Supplier in UK
Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Scented central yellow eye and the tips of the petals are white

Full Sun

Apr

5 x
(12.5 x )

Tulip tarda bulbs should be planted 4" (10cm) deep, about 3" (7cm) apart in a situation that catches the April sunshine.

Plant in a well drained position, in full sun. Protect from extreme winter winds.

Bu

Tulipa tarda, 3 inches (7.5 cms) high, golden-yellow, white-tipped inside, greenish-purple and white outside, in clusters.

Tulip tarda is one of the most popular of the dwarf tulips and easy to cultivate in a sunny position. It has a rosette of narrow green leaves with up to five flowers on each stem, close enough together as to appear in a bunch, opening out flat in the sun with a honey scent. The Tulip tarda flower has a large central yellow eye and the tips of the petals are white. Externally there is a greenish suffusion. Best grown en masse in a sunny situation in rockery, a raised bed or in pots.

 

Tulipa urumiensis

Supplier in UK
Supplier in UK
Supplier who ships globally


Bright Yellow flowers tinged in bronze

Apr

7 x
(17.5 x )

Tulip urumiensis bulbs should be planted 4" (10cm) deep, about 3" (7cm) apart in a situation that catches the April sunshine.

Plant in a well drained position, in full sun. Protect from extreme winter winds.

Bu

Tulipa urumiensis, 6 inches (15 cms) high, golden-yellow, bronze outside

Excellent for the rock garden and wild garden.

tulipacforurumiensiswikimediacommons

Tulipa urumiensis. By BerndH via Wikimedia Commons.

 

Do you want to be able to identify wild plants correctly, to use a flora and to follow a botanical key?

This Identiplant (Plant identification course for beginners in serious botany by The Botanical Society of the British Isles) course could be the answer:-

Applications for the 2016 course are now closed as it is full, applications for the 2017 course will open on 1st December 2016.

It is a distance learning course with a difference – course units are delivered online but you practise real plant identification throughout the summer with the support of a tutor

• The course consists of 15 units delivered at fortnightly intervals

• It starts in February and finishes in August, tracking the flowering season

• Each unit concludes with a short question sheet, requiring you to find and examine wild plants

• You have your own tutor, who will correct your answers and give advice

• There are no grades or numerical marks

• The course can be completed in one year but you may continue into a second year if you wish

• YOU WILL NEED TO GO OUT TO FIND WILD PLANTS, BUT ONLY COMMON ONES

 

About Gardenia Creating Gardens website:-

"This site is for beginners, amateurs, as well as professionals who may be looking for inpiration or wish to share their gardening or horticultural projects and experiences with others. We do not sell products. We are simply a straightforward interface between you and the gardening world, trying to connect the dots between inspiration, products, nurseries and you!

The pages on the above website contain a great deal of information, which you will need to rewrite on your computer yourself, since a simple copy of a selection of text does not seem to work - I use a Mac with Safari (that is not a raincoat being used on a trip through the african bush to prevent sunburn!).

 

"Edgewood" The Lonsdale Garden is a private garden which has been evolving since the family's move from the UK to the US in 1995. It is home to several thousand hardy plants, trees and shrubs, grown in a variety of raised beds, woodland, greenhouses and other settings. Following The Garden link above takes you to a general description of the garden and climate.

Sharing over 10,000 digital images of the plants and garden at 'Edgewood' was the primary driver behind the development of this web site. The Plant Images Album displays images of individual plants, categorized by botanical hierarchy. The Garden Images Album takes you to a collection of images showing more general views, captured during the various seasons since fall 2000. There is also a Homeland Security album which contains pictures of all the family pets which are vital to keeping away all those critters which would otherwise consume the plants. Please see the Lectures and Sales page should you wish to obtain any of the original images. The Articles link will lead you to more specific articles about the cultivation and propagation techniques used at "Edgewood". Plants and seeds for sale or exchange can be viewed by following the Lectures & Sales link, which will also take you to a list of lectures offered by John, on a variety of themes, together with a short biography.

 

State of the World's Plants report released by Kew in 2016

 

The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew has released the first annual report on the State of the World’s Plants accompanied by the first international science and policy symposium on the topic.

The report provides a baseline assessment of current knowledge on the diversity of plants on earth, the global threats plants face, the policies in place and their effectiveness in dealing with threats. The report has taken a year to produce and involved more than 80 scientists.

This is the first ever global assessment on the state of the world’s plants. We already have a ‘State of the World’s …birds, sea-turtles, forests, cities, mothers, fathers, children even antibiotics’ but not plants. I find this remarkable given the importance of plants to all of our lives– from food, medicines, clothing, building materials and biofuels, to climate regulation. This report therefore provides the first step in filling this critical knowledge gap.

Professor Kathy Willis, Director of Science at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

The status of plants outlined in the report is based on the most up to date knowledge from around the world and covers the following topics:

• Naming and counting the world’s plants
• New plant species discovered in 2015
• Plant evolutionary relationships and plant genomes
• Useful plants
• Important plant areas
• Country focus: status of knowledge of Brazilian plants
• Climate change
• Global land-cover change
• Invasive species
• Plant diseases - state of research
• Extinction risk and threats to plants
• CITES and the prevention of illegal trade
• The Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit Sharing

 

To find out more and download the report visit:

 

Border ideas and collections from Pernewood Plants in Norfolk:-

Choosing and placing plants in the appropriate setting in order to get the most from a particular variety of plant can sometimes be daunting and confusing. To make things easier and hopefully to inspire your own ideas we’ve provided various border plans for a range of different scenarios. You may wish to follow one of our plans and order an entire collection, use this as inspiration in your own design or choose just a few perhaps to compliment an existing border.

 

 

The following is from Ashley Vale Allotments Association (with its hedge laying course) on the reason for using Garden Lime and Blood, Fish and Bone on allotments:-

"I have also acquired supplies of garden lime and of blood, fish and bone manure (organic) purchased from another allotment society with a surplus. These are in 20 kg bags which are £10 and £16 for the lime and BFB respectively. I can make up smaller bags of BFB if necessary. Regular liming is important to keep the PH (acidity level) of your soil in the range that most vegetables require. While some species react adversely to fresh lime (e.g. potatoes) all vegetables like a PH between 5 and 7 and also benefit for a supply of available calcium in the soil. Over time, most garden and urban soils slowly become more acid due to the effects of acid rain and other atmospheric pollutants. Blood fish and bone manure provides basic supplies of the three major plant nutrients – nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus – from organic sources, and is helpful wherever plants flag or soil is short of nutrients."

 

99 Roots:-

99roots is all about gardening. We’ll help you to be pro without turning into your parents. We have inspirational ideas, amazing gardening products, how-to guides on pruning, advice for taking care of your little loved ones (plants, that is). We also have a Q&A section for members and of course our massive database with all the info you could ever need to help you pick your perfect plants. If that’s not enough, we’ve grouped flowers and plants into inspirational sets with tagged photos, so you can see what you’re aiming for. Some are even ready to buy and grow.

  • Gardening Magazine - Lifestyle & Design Garden, Balcony and Indoors Health & Food
  • Know How - Pruning Plants Video How To Vegetable Gardening Flowers Gardening Advice
  • Shop - All Products
  • Plant Encyclopedia - Trees & Shrubs Flowers & Bulbs Fruits & Nuts Aquatic & Semiaquatic Grasses & Ferns Climbers Exotic Plants & House Plants Cacti & Succulents Vegetables & Herbs
  • Creative Categories - Kid Approved Simple Food Fast Growing For Beginners Fine Fragrants We love the Dark Show-Offs Colours Pond Plants For Birds & Bees Neighbour Repellant Roses & Classics Tough Survivors

 

The Hebe Society was founded in 1985 and is a British Registered Charity. It is affiliated to the Royal Horticultural Society, New Zealand Alpine Garden Society and Tatton Garden Society. Most members are in the British Isles, but some are in the rest of Europe, North America and New Zealand.

Although initially formed for those interested in hebes, the Society now supports the cultivation and conservation of all New Zealand plants.

National Collections at

  • Plumpton College, East Sussex and Threshfield, North Yorkshire

Other collections are at:

  • Victoria Park,
  • Haywards Heath and
  • Lovell Quinta Arboretum, Cheshire

Exhibits at the Arley Garden Festival, Cheshire (in June)

 

CROCUS Posted on August 30, 2013 by Rupert Foxton-Smythe in HousePlants Guru:-

"Plant bulbs from September to November 3 in. deep, in a rich sandy loam. Protect from birds by black cotton thread. Take bulbs up every third year after the leaves have withered, for division and transplanting.

The Large Dutch Crocuses are much better known than the wild or species crocus and their varieties which are described later. They should be planted in September or October 2 in. apart and about 3 in. deep. They are easily increased by separating the clusters of corms, though once planted they are best left undisturbed until the clumps show signs of deteriorating. The yellow varieties especially are liable to attacks by birds. The old method of stretching black cotton or thread over short sticks is still a good deterrent. If growing in pots or bowls indoors, plant more shallowly and closer — say 1 in. apart. Corms at least 9 in. in circumference are best. They should be plunged outdoors under a 4 in. layer of ashes for a month or so and brought indoors when about 1 in. of top growth is apparent. Crocuses must be grown cool and away from fire heat — the Golden Yellow variety cannot be generally recommended for bowls or pots, but all other kinds are usually very successful.

Choice of Varieties:

  • Amethyst: silvery amethyst-blue.
  • Enchantress: lilac-mauve.
  • Gladstone: deep purple.
  • Little Dorrit: silvery-lilac.
  • Mikado: silvery-grey with purple stripes.
  • Snowstorm: white.
  • Striped Beauty: ash-grey with mauve stripes.

Wild or Species Crocus:

Why so many amateurs neglect these small-flowering crocuses is difficult to understand. They are mostly very easy to grow, demanding the same conditions and treatment as the larger varieties and are by no means expensive. Their beauty is more subtle, more refined altogether than the fat and perhaps over-planted crocuses one sees in nearly every garden. Some species, notably Crocus tomasinianus, increase rapidly by means of self-sown seedlings. One can choose from species which flower in autumn, winter or early spring. Admittedly some flowers may be spoilt by bad weather but planting underneath trees or on a rockery alongside large stones will furnish shelter from cold winds and heavy rains. These crocuses are ideal subjects for window-boxes.

Autumn- Flowering:

  • C. asturicus atropurpureus: violet-purple. Late.
  • C. Karduchorum: pale lavender with a white throat. Early.
  • C. longiflorus: lilac with vivid scarlet stigmata. Fragrant. Late.
  • C. medius: bright purple. Late.
  • C. ochroleucus: creamy-white. Very effective naturalised in grass. Late. C. speciosus: the best-known of the autumn species and almost the earliest, flowering in September. The type is violet-blue but there are other forms in varying shades of blue as well as a white variety.

Winter-Flowering Species:

  • C. ancyrensis (Golden Bunch): tangerine-yellow, exceptionally free flowering, sometimes with 18 blooms to a corm.
  • C. imperati: violet.
  • C. laevigatus Fontenayi: pastel-lavender with a white throat.

Spring-Flowering Species:

The bulk of the wild crocuses bloom in early spring. C. Balansae: orange and mahogany-brown. C. biflorus (Scotch Crocus): white with blue stripes. Fragrant. C. chrysanthus: the various forms of this species are among the finest of all crocuses. They are first-rate rock plants, do well in bowls or pots and are delightful in window-boxes. Blue Beauty is a pleasing shade of pastel blue, darker towards the base of the petals, Blue Bird bluish-purple with brilliant orange-red stigmata, the blooms being very long-lasting, Cream Beauty, creamy-yellow and very attractive for decoration if grown in a shallow bowl, Snow Bunting, white, feathered indigo. E. A. Bowles is canary yellow with a bronze throat, the blooms standing up unusually well to wind and rain

  • C. dalmaticus: pale mauve-blue with yellow throat. The variety Firefly is a rosy colour with orange stamens. C. olivieri: deep orange-yellow.
  • C. sieberi: lavender-blue with yellow throat and orange stigmata. Excellent for bowls and window-boxes. C. susianus (Cloth of Gold): brown and yellow.
  • C. tomasinianus: first-rate for naturalizing in grass, and seeds freely on most soils. The type is usually described as sapphire-lavender but there are several attractive variants, all very free-flowering. Barr’s Purple is more lilac than purple, Taplow Ruby is dark ruby-purple."

Muscari armeniacum

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Fragrant Blue flowers with a thin white rim on each bell.

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Apr

Blooms for 4 weeks or more

6 x 4
(15 x 10)

Plant 4 inches apart and 3 inches deep in groups or drifts. Likes well-drained soil in full sun to part shade.

Bu

Muscari, Grape Hyacinths, are apt to seed too freely and leaves are in evidence a long time.
Muscari armeniacum, 6 inches (15 cms) high, deep blue, white-rimmed flowers, is good

Excellent for cutting. Use in pots or forcing - Making a plant flower at a predetermined time or under artificially imposed conditions is called forcing. Hardy bulbs are particularly suited for forcing indoors and offer a succession of color throughout the winter and spring months.

Muscari are great for borders, rock gardens, naturalizing, and planting with tulips or daffodils. Spectacular drifts of color when planted en masse.

muscaricforarmeniacumwikimediacommons

English: Muscari armeniacum

Polski: Szafirek armeński

Deutsch: Armenische Traubenhyazinthe

Čeština: Modřenec arménský

Hornjoserbsce: Armenska kitelnička

Svenska: Armenisk pärlhyacint. By ‪Fizykaa via Wikimedia Commons.

Muscari botryoides album

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Heavily scented Dense spikes of ivory pearl-like flowers

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Apr

Blooms for 4 weeks or more

6 x 4
(15 x 10)

Plant 4 inches apart and 3 inches deep in groups or drifts. Likes well-drained soil in full sun to part shade.

Bu

Muscari, Grape Hyacinths, are apt to seed too freely and leaves are in evidence a long time.
Muscari botryoides album, 4 inches (10 cms) high, is good

Muscari are great for borders, rock gardens, naturalizing, and planting with tulips or daffodils. Spectacular drifts of color when planted en masse. Use in pots or forcing.

Deer Resistant
Rabbit Resistant

All Muscari do well in the drier, sunny conditions provided under deciduous shrubs in spring, with dry summer shade, but also make delightful subjects for mixed spring containers.

muscaricforbotryoidesalbumwikimediacommons

Muscari botryoides cv. Album. By ‪Aha~commonswiki via Wikimedia Commons.

Muscari latifolium (Broad-leaved grape hyacinth)

Supplier in UK
Supplier in USA

Two-tone flowers: bright blue on top half of spike, deep grape-purple below

Full Sun,
Part Shade

Apr-May

Blooms for 4 weeks or more

12-15 x 4
(30-37.5 x 10)

Plant 4 inches apart and 3 inches deep in groups or drifts. Likes well-drained soil in full sun to part shade.

Bu

Muscari, Grape Hyacinths, are apt to seed too freely and leaves are in evidence a long time.
Muscari latifolium, 8 inches (20 cms) high, pale and dark blue, is good

Muscari are great for borders in a small group, rock gardens, naturalizing, and planting with tulips or daffodils. Spectacular drifts of color when planted en masse alongside miniature Narcissus (see Harts Nursery Care and Planting Guide) for a real colour contrast.

 

Muscari tubergenianum

Although 'Mount Hood' grape hyacinth is randomly listed as either Muscari armeniacum or M. aucheri, the Royal Horticultural Society plant database has tentatively settled on it being M. aucheri. It is more rarely listed as M. tubergenianum, which is an outdated synonym for M. aucheri.

 

 

 

 

 

Muscari, Grape Hyacinths, are apt to seed too freely and leaves are in evidence a long time.
Muscari tubergenianum, 6 inches (15 cms) high, pale and dark blue, is good

 

 

Visitors to the mountains of Switzerland and other alpine regions will know the delight of coming upon the glowing kaleidoscopic colour of an alpine meadow be-jewelled with flowering alpine in full bloom.
Reduced to garden context the alpine meadow becomes a lawn formed of dwarf, creeping or squat carpeting plants, which flower in due season and yet have the inestimable virtue of requiring no regular mowing.
It can be made as a separate and distinctive feature on its own:-

  • it makes a happy solution to the problem of clothing a small area that does not warrant grass and the expenditure on a lawn mower.
  • when a lawn is up to a house wall, your boundary fence, log roll fencing or surrounding a tree. Then, it is very difficult to cut all the grass adjacent to that fixed object. Replace a 6 inch (15 cms) width from that object to the lawn with an alpine meadow, and then mowing that adjacent lawn becomes much easier.
  • area under and adjacent to a picket fence, a post and rail fence or footpath demarcation where the lawn or the flower bed can be replaced by the alpine meadow.

But with equal facility, it can be adapted to quite large areas, becoming pleasant to walk upon and durable enough for most garden lawn purposes as an ornamental feature.
But the alpine meadow, like its natural counterpart, associates most beautifully with rock. It can be used to carpet a plateau within the rock garden or to clothe ground between related outcrops of rock. It is also the ideal way of merging a rock garden into the greater garden design and scene. In some instances, it may be necessary for want of space to confine the rock garden to its allotted space by placing a flagged or gravel path around its front edges. A better way is, where space allows, to let the foothills of the rock garden run out into an alpine meadow.
The site needs as careful preparation as the rock garden itself. Drainage must be excellent, and the ground dug and amended with grit, coarse sand and peat to give a free-draining rooting medium. Particulat attention should be given to the removal of every scrap of perennial weeds and their roots, especially the pernicious and invasive couch grass, bindweed, ground elder, oxalis, speedwells and thistles.
The soil should then be firmed well by walking on it with the heels, raking and tamping it down. On the heavier soils, it is well worth spreading an inch or 2 (2.5-5 cms) of coarse sand over the area. The next step is to put down stone flags as stepping-stones to give access to the rock garden and where there will be much wear. They should be spaced at easy stride distances, large enough to take both feet, and set almost flush with the soil surface. Their shape is not very material for their edges will soon be blurred by creeping plants, but they should harmonize with the stone used in the rock garden.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERY 1
PAGES

Site Map

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY PAGES Links to pages in Table alongside on the left with Garden Design Topic Pages

Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines

Plant Type
 

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 with its Cultivation Requirements

Alpines for Rock Garden (See Rock Garden Plant Flowers)

Alpine Shrubs and Conifers

The Alpine Meadow
Page 1
Page 2
Page 3

The Alpine Border
1
, 2

Alpine Plants for a Purpose

The Alpines that Dislike Lime 1, 2

Alpines and Walls
Dry Sunny Walls 1a, b
Tops of Walls 2a, b
Dry Shady and Conifers 3a, b

Alpines and
Paving
1
, 2

Sink and Trough gardens
1
, 2

Aquatic
(Water Plants) for

Anti-erosion River-bank

Marginal Plants (Bog Garden Plants)
1
, 2

Oxy-genating Weeds

Water Lilies

Floating Plants

Water-side Plants
and Plants for Dry Margins next to a Pond
1
, 2

Wildlife Pond Plants

Annual for

----------------



 

 

ANY PLANT TYPE for
Cut Flowers in
January 1, 2
February
March 1, 2
April
May 1, 2
June 1, 2
July 1, 2
August
September
October
November
December

Exposed Sites

Sheltered Sites with Green-house Annuals from 1916

Extra Poor Soil with Half-Hardy Annuals from 1916

Very Rich Soil with Biennials from 1916

Gap-filling in Mixed Borders with Hardy Annuals from 1916

Patio Con-tainers

Cut Flowers
1
, 2, 3 Ever-lasting Flowers with Red Flowers from 1916

Attract-ing bene-ficial insects
1
, 2

Scent / Fra-grance with Annuals for Cool or Shady Places from 1916

Low-allergen Gardens for Hay Fever Sufferers

Annual Plant Pairing Ideas and Colour Schemes with Annuals
1
, 2

Low-Growing Annuals
1
, 2

Medium-Growing Annuals

Tall-Growing Annuals with White Flowers from 1916

Black or Brown Flowers

Blue to Purple Flowers

Green Flowers with Annuals and Biennials from 1916

Red to Pink Flowers and Cut Flowers
Page
1
, 2, 3

White Flowers
1
, 2

Yellow or Orange Flowers
1
, 2

Dec-orative Foliage

Moist Soil

Shade
1
, 2

House-plants with Yellow Flowers from 1916

Edging Beds

Hanging Baskets

Vining Annuals

 

Bedding for

Spring Bedding

Summer Bedding

Autumn/ Winter Bedding

Bedding for Light Sandy Soil

Bedding for Acid Soil

Bedding for Chalky Soil

Bedding for Clay Soil

Black Flowers

Blue Flowers

Orange Flowers

Pink Flowers

Long Flowering

Coloured Leaves

Attract-ive to Wildlife including Bees, Butterflies and Moths

Purple Flowers

Red Flowers

White Flowers

Yellow Flowers

Multi-Coloured Flowers

Aromatic Foliage or Scented Flowers

Bedding Plant Use

Flowers with 2 Petals

Flowers with 3 Petals

Flowers with
4 Petals

Flowers with 5 Petals

Flowers with 6 Petals

Flowers with more than 6 Petals

Use in Hanging Baskets

Flower Simple Shape

Shape of
Stars

Shape of
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

Shape of
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

Shape of
Trumpets and Funnels

Shape of
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

Use in Pots and Troughs

Flower Elabo-rated Shape

Shape of
Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Shape of
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Shape of
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

 

Use in
Screen-ing

Use in
Window Boxes

Shape of
Stand-ards, Wings and Keels

Shape of
Discs and Florets

Shape of
Pin-Cushions and Tufts

Shape of
Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons

 

Use in Bedding Out

Use in
Filling In

Biennial for

Cottage and Other Gardens
1
, 2

Cut Flower with Biennials for Rock Work from 1916

Patio Con-tainers with Biennials for Pots in Green-house / Con-servatory

Bene-ficial to Wildlife with Purple and Blue Flowers from 1916

Scent with Biennials for Sunny Banks or Borders from 1916

 

 

Bulb for
--------------
Explan-ation Intro to Bulbs
--------------
725 Blue, White, Yellow, Unusual Colour, or Red-Purple-Pink flowering Bulbs in each month they flower.

Indoor Bulbs for
Dec-ember
January
February

Indoor Bulbs for
March
April
May

Indoor
Bulbs for
June
July
August

Indoor Bulbs for Sep-tember
October
November

Bulbs in Window-boxes
1
, 2

Bulbs in the Border

Bulbs natural-ised in Grass

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Dec-Jan
Feb-Mar

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Apr-May
Jun-Aug 1, 2, 3, 4

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Sep-Oct
Nov-Dec

Any Plant Type Blooming in Smallest of Gardens

Bulbs for the Bulb Frame

Bulbs in the Wood-land Garden

Bulbs in the Rock Garden

Bulbs in Green-house or Stove

Achi-menes, Alocasias, Amorpho-phalluses, Aris-aemas, Arums, Begonias, Bomar-eas, Calad-iums

Clivias,
Colo-casias, Crinums, Cyclam-ens, Cyrt-anthuses, Euchar-ises, Urceo-charis, Eurycles

Freesias, Gloxinias, Hae-manthus, Hipp-eastrums

Lachen-alias, Nerines, Lycorises, Pen-cratiums, Hymen-ocallises, Richardias, Sprekelias, Tuberoses, Vallotas, Watsonias, Zephy-ranthes

Bulbs in Bowls

Bulbs in the Alpine House

Hardy Bulbs

Aconitum, Allium, Alstroe-meria, Anemone 1, 1a

Amaryllis, Antheri-cum, Antholy-zas, Apios, Arisaema, Arum, Aspho-deline,

Aspho-delus, Belam-canda, Bloom-eria, Brodiae, Bulbo-codium

Calo-chorti, Cyclo-bothras, Camassia, Col-chicum, Con-vallaria,
Forcing Lily of the Valley, Corydalis, Crinum, Crosmia, Mon-tbretia , Crocus

Cyclamen, Dicentra, Dierama, Eranthis, Eremurus, Ery-thrnium, Eucomis

Fritillaria, Funkia, Gal-anthus, Galtonia, Gladiolus, Hemero-callis

Hya-cinth, Hya-cinths in Pots,
Scilla, Pusch-kinia, Chion-odoxa, Chiono-scilla, Muscari

Iris,
Kniphofia, Lapey-rousia, Leucojum

Lilium,

Lilium in Pots, Malvastrum, Merendera, Milla, Narcissus, Narcissi in Pots

Orni-thogalum, Oxalis, Paeonia, Ran-unculus, Romulea, Sanguin-aria,
Stern-bergia,
Schi-zostylis, Teco-philaea, Trillium

Tulip,
Zephy-ranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs

Acidan-thera, Albuca, Alstroe-meri, Andro-stephium, Bassers, Boussing-aultias, Bravoas, Cypellas, Dahlias, Galaxis,
Geis-sorhizas, Hesper-anthas

Gladioli, Ixias,
Sparaxises, Babianas, Morphixias, Tritonias

Ixio-lirions, Moraeas, Orni-thogal-ums, Oxalises, Phaedra-nassas,
Pan-cratiums, Tigridias, Zephyr-anthes, Cooper-ias

Bulbs for Bedding

Plant each Bedding Plant with a Ground, Edging or Dot Plant for
Spring
1
, 2
or
Summer
1
, 2

Climber 3 sector Vertical Plant System with

Any Plant Type flowers in
Jan,
Feb,
Mar,
Apr,
May 1, 2
Jun,
Jul,
Aug,
Sep,
Oct,
Nov,
Dec
 

----------
Choosing the right Plant

1a.
The Base -
Base of Wall Plants

1b.
Annuals

1c.
Herbs and Vege-tables

1d.
Cut
flowers, Cut Foliage

1e.
Scented flower or foliage

1f.
Foliage use only

 

2a. 1,2,3,4
The Prime - Wall Shrubs

2b.
Fruit trees

3a.
The Higher Reaches -
House-wall Ramblers

3b. 1,2
Non-House-Wall - Climbing Twiners

3c.
Non-House-Wall - Self-clinging Climbers

Raised
Bed
for Wheel-chair Users

Plants for Wildlife-Use as well

Fastest Covering

Least prot-ruding growth when fan-trained

1, 2
Evergreen

Use as
Hedge

Exposed Positions

Use as Ground-cover

1,2
Ornam-ental Fruit

Scented Flowers

1, 2
Autumn Foliage Colour

Winter Bark

Winter and Early Spring Flowers

Summer Colour or Shape of Foliage

Edible Fruit

Needs Conserv-atory or Green-house

Large
Pots and Con-tainers
1
, 2

Cut Flowers

Attractive to Bees

Climber - Simple Flower Shape

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a
Stars

geraniumflocineremuballerina1a1
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14k1a1a1a1a1a1a
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord2
Trumpets and Funnels

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming
Salver-form

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14q1a1a1a1a1a
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

 

Climber - Elabo-rated Flower Shape

prunellaflotgrandiflora
Tubes, Lips and Straps

aquilegiacfloformosafoord
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14u1a1a1a1a1a1
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14v1a1a1a1a1a1
Stand-ards, Wings and Keels

brachyscomecflorigidulakevock
Disks and Florets

andosacecforyargongensiskevock
Pin-cushions, Tufts, Petal-less and Cushions

armeriaflomaritimakevock
Umbels, Buttons and Pompoms

 

STAGE 4A 12 BLOOM COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Blue

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Mauve

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Purple

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Brown

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Cream

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Orange

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Pink

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Red

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
White

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1 Yellow

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Un-
usual

1
Multi-Colou-red

1
Each Flower Diff-

1
erent Colour

 

STAGE 4B 12 FOLIAGE COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY
Deciduous Shrubs or Trees, Herbaceous Perennials or Bulbs- if that changes from the main colour for instance to a different autumn colour, then it will be in this column and the relevant colour for those months of Win (Winter), Spr (Spring), Sum (Summer) or Aut (Autumn) group as well.
Evergreen Shrubs or Trees, Evergreen Perennials - if that changes from the main colour for instance to a different autumn colour, then it will be in this column and the relevant colour for those months of Win (Winter), Spr (Spring), Sum (Summer) or Aut (Autumn) group as well.

Jan Win

Feb Win

Mar Spr

Apr Spr

May Spr

Jun Sum

Jul Sum

Aug Sum

Sep Aut

Oct Aut

Nov Aut

Dec Win

Decid
Herba

Ever-green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Blue

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Mauve

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Purple

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Black

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Bronze

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Orange

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Pink

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Red

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Grey

1
White

1
Silver

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Yellow

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Un-
usual

1
Varie-gated

1

1

1

1

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677


Site design and content copyright ©April 2016.
Top menus revised June 2018. Chris Garnons-Williams.

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Scented Flora of the World by Roy Genders - was first published in 1977 and this paperback edition was published on 1 August 1994 ISBN 0 7090 5440 8:-
This comprehensive book looks at scented flowers and leaves of plants from all over the world. The work has been prepared to the standards of the Index Kewensis, and is filled with the most interesting facts about the scented flora of the world.

I am using the above book from someone who took 30 years to compile it from notes made of his detailed observations of growing plants in preference to
The RHS Companion to Scented Plants Hardcover – 16 Oct 2014 by Stephen Lacey (Author), Andrew Lawson (Photographer) ISBN 978-0-7112-3574-8 even though this is the only major reference work on scent and scented plants which is endorsed by the Royal Horticultural Society. See reasons for stopping infilling of previous Sense of Fragrance section on 28/07/2016 at end of Sense of Fragrance from Stephen Lacey Page.

The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950 by Faber and Faber Limited describes every method of propagation for 2,500 species. Unlike modern books published since 1980, this one states exactly what to do and is precisely what you require if you want to increase your alpines.

Ivydene Gardens Stage 2 - Infill Plants Index Gallery:
Alpine - The Alpine Meadow with Winter- and Spring-Flowering Bulbs Page 3

Topic
Case Studies
Companion Planting

...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design

...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
Garden Maintenance
Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary
Plants

...Poisonous Plants
Soil
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
Bulb
Climber

 

Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12

All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index

All Foliage 212
All Spring Foliage 212

All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212
Rock Plant Flowers 53

 

Your chosen Garden Style then changes your Plant Selection Process

Garden Style
...Infill Plants *
...Infill2 Plants
...Infill3 Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...
12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index
...All2 Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index

 

Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
Herb
Odds and Sods

Rhododendron
Rose
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Vegetable

Wild Flower

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly

 

STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY

 

Cultivation Requirements of Plant

Outdoor / Garden Cultivation

1

Indoor / House Cultivation

1

Cool Greenhouse (and Alpine House) Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter

1

Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year

1

Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

1

 

Sun Aspect

Full Sun

1

Part Shade

1

Full Shade

1

 

Soil Type

Any Soil

1

Chalky Soil

1

Clay Soil

1

Lime-Free Soil

1

Peaty Soil

1

Sandy Soil

1

Acid Soil

1

Alkaline Soil

1

Badly-drained Soil

1

 

Soil Moisture

Dry

1

Moist

1

Wet

1

 

Position for Plant

Back of Shady Border

1

Back of Shrub Border

1

Bedding

1

Bog Garden

1

Coastal Conditions / Seaside

1

Container in Garden

1

Front of Border

1

Ground Cover 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)

1

Ground Cover 24-72 inches (60-180 cms)

1

Ground Cover Over 72 inches (180 cms)

1

Hanging Basket

1

Hedge

1

Hedge - Thorny

1

Pollution Barrier

1

Pond

1

Pot in House, Greenhouse, Conservatory or Stovehouse

1

Raised Bed

1

Rest of Border

1

Rock Garden

1

Scree Bed

1

Speciman on Lawn

1

Sunny Border

1

Tree for Lawn

1

Tree/Shrub for Small Garden

1, 2,
3, 4,
5, 6,
7, 8,
9, 10,
11,12,
13,14,
15,16,
uses of tree/ shrub

Wildflower

1

Windbreak

1

Woodland

1

 

Use of Plant

Pollen or nectar for Bees

1

Hosts to Butterflies

1

Encouraging birds / wildlife, providing food and shelter

1

Bee-Pollinated plants for Hay Fever Sufferers

1

Berries / Fruit

1

Dry Site in Full Sun

1

Dry Shade

1

Filtering noise

1

Flower Arrange-ments

Growing Plants for the Church

1



1, 2,
3, 4,
5, 6,
7, 8,
9,10,
11,12,
13,14

Fragrant Flower

1

Language of Flowers

1

Low maintenance

1

Moist Shade

1

Moist and swampy Sites

1

Nitrogen fixing plants

1

Not Fragrant Flower

1

Rabbit-Resistant

1

Speciman Plant

1

Thornless

1

Tolerant of Poor Soil

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Plant Foliage

Aromatic Foliage

1

Autumn Foliage

1

Finely Cut Leaves

1

Large Leaves

1

Yellow Variegated Foliage

1

White Variegated Foliage

1

Red / Purple Variegated Foliage

1

Silver, Grey and Glaucous Foliage

1

Sword-shaped Leaves

1

 

 

Flower Shape

Number of Flower Petals

Petal-less
lessershapemeadowrue2a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

1 Petal

1

2 Petals

1

3 Petals
irisflotpseudacorus1a1a1a1a1a1

1

4 Petals
aethionemacfloarmenumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

5 Petals
anemonecflo1hybridafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Above 5
anemonecflo1blandafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

Flower Shape - Simple

Stars
anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Bowls
 

1

Cups and Saucers
euphorbiacflo1wallichiigarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Globes
paeoniamlokosewitschiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Goblets and Chalices
paeoniaveitchiiwoodwardiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Trumpets
acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Funnels
stachysflotmacrantha1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Bells
digitalismertonensiscflorvroger1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Thimbles
fuchsiaflotcalicehoffman1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Urns
ericacarneacflosspringwoodwhitedeeproot1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Salverform

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

Flower Shape - Elaborated

Tubes, Lips and Straps
prunellaflotgrandiflora1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets
aquilegiacfloformosafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Hats, Hoods and Helmets
acanthusspinosuscflocoblands1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Standards, Wings and Keels
lathyrusflotvernus1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Discs and Florets
brachyscomecflorigidulakevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Pin-Cushions
echinaceacflo1purpurealustrehybridsgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Tufts
centaureacfloatropurpureakavanagh1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Cushion
androsacecforyargongensiskevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Umbel
agapanthuscflos1campanulatusalbidusgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Buttons
argyranthemumflotcmadeiracrestedyellow1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Pompoms
armeriacflomaritimakevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

Natural Arrangements

Bunches, Posies, Sprays
bergeniamorningredcforcoblands1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Columns, Spikes and Spires
ajugacfloreptansatropurpurea1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Whorls, Tiers and Candelabra
lamiumflotorvala2a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Plumes and Tails
astilbepurplelancecflokevock1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Chains and Tassels
 

1

Clouds, Garlands and Cascades
 

1

Spheres, Domes (Clusters), Plates and Drumsticks
androsacecfor1albanakevock1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Shrub, Tree Shape

Columnar
ccolumnarshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Oval
covalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Rounded or Spherical
croundedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Flattened Spherical
cflattenedsphericalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Conical / Narrow Pyramidal
cnarrowconicalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Conical / Broad Pyramidal
cbroadpyramidalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Ovoid /
Egg-Shaped

ceggshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Ovoid
cbroadovoidshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Vase-shaped / Inverted Ovoid
cnarrowvaseshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Fan-Shaped /Vase-Shaped
cfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Fan-Shaped / Broad Vase-Shaped
cbroadfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Weeping
cnarrowweepingshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Weeping
cbroadweepingshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Palm

1

 

Conifer Cone

1

 

Form

Arching

1

Climbing

1

Clump-Forming

1

Mat-Forming

1

Mound-Forming

1

Prostrate

1

Spreading

1

Stemless

1

Upright

1

 

Poisonous Plant

1

 

STAGE 1
GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY

 

Fragrant Plants adds the use of another of your 5 senses in your garden:-
Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark
1
, 2, 3

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3

Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
1
, 2

Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
1
, 2, 3

Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2

Night-scented Flowering Plants
1
, 2

Scented Aquatic Plants
1


Plants with Scented Fruits
1


Plants with Scented Roots
1
, 2

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood
1


Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums
1


Scented Cacti and Succulents
1


Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell
1
, 2
 

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERY 3

Fan-trained Shape
fantrainedshape2a1a1a

From Rhododendrons, boxwood, azaleas, clematis, novelties, bay trees, hardy plants, evergreens : novelties bulbs, cannas novelties, palms, araucarias, ferns, vines, orchids, flowering shrubs, ornamental grasses and trees book, via Wikimedia Commons

 

Ramblers Scramblers & Twiners by Michael Jefferson-Brown (ISBN 0 - 7153 - 0942 - 0) describes how to choose, plant and nurture over 500 high-performance climbing plants and wall shrubs, so that more can be made of your garden if you think not just laterally on the ground but use the vertical support structures including the house as well.

The Gardener's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Climbers & Wall Shrubs - A Guide to more than 2000 varieties including Roses, Clematis and Fruit Trees by Brian Davis. (ISBN 0-670-82929-3) provides the lists for 'Choosing the right Shrub or Climber' together with Average Height and Spread after 5 years, 10 years and 20 years.

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3


Gardening with Alpines by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club.
Published in 1962. It provides most of the data about the Alpines.

Plant Solutions 1000+ suggestions for every garden situation by Nigel Colborn ISBN
13:978
0 00 719312 7, provides many of the plants for the pages in these Galleries.

Essential Annuals The 100 Best for Design and Cultivation. Text by Elizabeth Murray. Photography by Derek Fell. ISBN 0-517-66177-2, provides data about annuals.

Indoor Bulb
Growing by
Edward Pearson
. Published by Purnell & Sons, Ltd in 1953. It provides the data about Indoor Bulbs and Bulbs in
Window-boxes.

Colour All The
Year In My Garden
: A selection of choice varieties - annuals, biennials, perennials, bulbs, climbers and trees and shrubs - that will give a continuity of colour
in the garden throughout the year. Edited by C.H. Middleton. Gardening Book
from Ward, Lock & Co published in 1938, provides plant data for a calendar of plants in bloom throughout the year and for those in the smallest garden.
The Book of Bulbs by S. Arnott, F.R.H.S. Printed by
Turnbull & Spears, Edinburgh in 1901. This provides data about Hardy Bulbs, Half-Hardy Bulbs, Greenhouse and Stove Bulbs.

Collins Guide to
Bulbs by Patrick
M. Synge
. ISBN
0 00 214016-0
First Edition 1961, Second Edition 1971, Reprinted 1973. This provides data on bulbs for bedding, bulbs in the border, bulbs naturalised in grass, bulbs in the woodland garden, bulbs in the rock garden, bulbs in pans in the alpine house, bulbs in the greenhouse, bulbs in bowls and the bulb frame.

Annuals & Biennials, the best annual and biennial plants and their uses in the garden by Gertrude Jekyll published in 1916 and
republished by Forgotten Books in 2012
(Forgotten Books
is a London-based book publisher specializing in the restoration of old books, both fiction and non-fiction. Today we have
372,702 books available to read online, download as ebooks, or
purchase in print.).

Cut Flowers All The Year from The New Illustrated
Gardening Encyclopedia
by Richard Sudell, printed before May 1935 for the plant names in each month, followed by details for culture and propagation.

Mr. Middleton's Garden Book by
Daily Express Publication,
reprinted 1941
for the individual
cultivar names with evergreen/
deciduous, flower colour, flower month and height.

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Tree and Shrubs in Garden Design -

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Clay Soils (neutral to slightly acid)

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Dry Acid Soils

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Shallow Soil over Chalk

Trees and Shrubs tolerant of both extreme Acidity and Alkalinity

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Damp Sites

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Industrial Areas

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Cold Exposed Areas

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Seaside Areas

Shrubs suitable for Heavy Shade

Shrubs and Climbers suitable for NORTH- and EAST-facing Walls

Shrubs suitable for Ground Cover

Trees of Pendulous Habit

Trees and Shrubs of Upright or Fastigiate Habit

Trees and Shrubs with Ornamental Bark or Twigs

Trees and Shrubs with Bold Foliage

Trees and Shrubs for Autumn Colour

Trees and Shrubs with Red or Purple Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Golden or Yellow Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Grey or Silver Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Variegated Foliage

Trees and Shrubs bearing Ornamental Fruit

Trees and Shrubs with Fragrant or Scented Flowers

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Foliage

Flowering Trees and Shrubs for Every Month:-
Jan
, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec

The following table shows the linkages for the information about the plants
described in Sanders' Encyclopedia of Gardening in The Gardeners' Golden Treasury, revised by A. G. L Hellyer F.L.S, Editor of 'Amateur Gardening', (thirty-first impression of original published in 1895) was published in 1960 by W. H. & L. Collingridge Limited,
between:-

  • Stage 1 - Garden Style Index Gallery (in this Table) and Stage 1 Fragrant Plants (in Table on left), then
  • Stage 2 - 3 Infill Plants Index Galleries (in Table on right), then
  • Stage 3a - All Plants Index Gallery with each plant species in its own Plant Type Page followed by choice from Stage 4a, 4b, 4c and/or 4d REMEMBERING THE CONSTRAINTS ON THE SELECTION FROM THE CHOICES MADE IN STAGES 1 AND 2 (in this Table)
  • Stage 3b - All2 Plants Index Gallery for Alpines without a Garden for your health and productivity (in this Table)
  • Stage 4a - 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery (in Table on right)
  • Stage 4b - 12 Foliage Colours per Month Index Gallery (in Table on right) with
    column for Deciduous / Herbaceous plants with the same foliage colour during their growing season and
    column for Evergreen plants with the same foliage colour during the entire year
  • Stage 4c - Cultivation, Position, Use Index Gallery (in Table on left)
  • Stage 4d - Shape, Form Index Gallery (in Table on left)

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY
It would be useful if when you decide to change your garden that you use a uniform garden style throughout your garden and the GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY aims to provide pointers.
The new pages (April 2016) in the gallery will have a suitable list of plants on each page (as that plant gets further detailed in the ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY), then each row containing that plant name in the GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY will also be updated. I aim to input details of plants starting with A in alphabetical order to Z.

Private Garden Design:-
What is your Budget and What are the purposes for your garden?
Designing for a purpose: Areas which require answers before answering your Designing for a Purpose Questionaire.
Then, do the Site Survey with Photographs, before putting the Current Garden Design on paper or in your computer.
Using the Broad Design elements of Scale, which Garden Style to use:-
Low Maintenance Garden Style, Cottage Garden Style, Wildlife Garden Style or Japanese Garden Style and the
Hard and Soft Landscaping elements, create the Broad Proposed Design. Then, the Detailed Design of each Hard Landscaping item followed by the Soft Landscaping elements: The Soil, changing the Microclimate; and the
Plant Selection is influenced by the Colour Wheel, with Plant Quantities determined by time to establish versus width between plants and Companion Planting will provide helpful neighbouring plants
or
Click on text in cells below to jump to that page describing that data
.

 


Container

Gardening at my work-place

 

<----

 

Yes
|
v


Do you want to garden and grow plants?

 

No

Cannot be bothered.
If you wish to improve your productivity and health, then, plant an Alpine Pan in your work area or at home using the information within Alpines without a Garden by Lawrence D. Hills, using these pages:-


Potted
House-plant


<----
|
|
v


No
Garden

At Home with Gard-ening Area


Yes


---->

Balcony Garden or Roof Garden


Yes
---->

Grow flowers for flower arranging and vegetables on Balcony Garden or Roof Garden

Pan Plant Back-grou-nd Colour

STAGE 3b
ALL2 PLANTS INDEX GALLERY

|
v


Conservatory Gardening

|
<--
|

 

|
No
-->

Outside Garden
|
v

Pan, Trough and Window-Box Odds and Sods
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14,
15

The beginner's dozen for the small pan

Plants for the pan gar-den


Stovehouse for Tropical Plants

|
<--

An extra dozen for the larger pan

Kinds of Pan Plants that may be split up and tucked in Corners and Crevices

|
|
v

Miniature trees and shrubs for pan

The leafy soil pan

The gritty soil pan

The Limy Soil Plan

Blue Flower Colour Pan Plants

Lilac, Violet and Purple Flower Colour Pan Plants

Reds, Carm-ines Flower Colour Pan Plants

Pinks Flower Colour Pan Plants

White Flower Colour Pan Plants and Bicol-ored

Yellow Flower Colour Pan Plants

Blue Flower Colour Trough Plants

Violet, Lilac and Purple Flower Colour Trough Plants

|
|
v

Reds and Carm-ines Flower Colour Trough Plants

Pinks - all shades Flower Colour Trough Plants

Yellow Flower Colour Trough Plants

White and Cream Flower Colour Trough Plants

Bi-colour-ed Flower Colour Trough Plants

Feb Flower Season Pan

Mar Flower Season Pan

Apr Flower Season Pan

May Flower Season Pan

Jun Flower Season Pan

Jul Flower Season Pan

Aug Flower Season Pan

Sep Flower Season Pan

|
|
v

Oct Flower Season Pan

Nov Flower Season Pan

Pans for Semi-shade

Pans for In-doors

Mini-ature Pot

Feb Flower Season Trough

Mar Flower Season Trough

Apr Flower Season Trough

May Flower Season Trough

Jun Flower Season Trough

Jul Flower Season Trough

Aug Flower Season Trough

Sep Flower Season Trough

|
|
v

Oct Flower Season Trough

Nov Flower Season Trough

Dec Flower Season Trough

Bulb Pan

Bulb Cover-ing Carp-eters

Trough and Window-box plants 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Trough and Window-Box Background Colour

Pan Plant
Alpines without a Garden

ABC 1
Pan Plants

DEF 1
Pan Plants

GHI
Pan Plants

JKL 1
Pan Plants

|
|
v

MNO 1
Pan Plants

PQR 1
Pan Plants

STU 1
Pan Plants

V 1
Pan Plants

WXYZ 1
Pan Plants

You need to know the following:-
1. How much time per week are you prepared to look after your garden or prepared to pay someone else to do it for you?
2. How much are you are prepared to spend on creating your garden and then on its maintenance for its feeding and replacement of its plants and hard landscaping?
3. In order for you to go into your garden, there must be mystery in it, so that from any position in the house you cannot see all the garden, otherwise you will not be tempted to go out into it.
4. You must decide what garden style you are going to use THROUGHOUT the garden and make sure of using 3. the mystery in it as well.
5. What plants do you want to keep in your existing garden and incorporate into your new garden?
6. What Human Problems do you have and what Site Problems are there?

A) Bee Pollinated Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers List leads onto the
B) Bee Pollinated Bloom in Month galleries and
C) extra Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers.


<----

Human Prob-lems
v


---->

Blind,
Deaf,
in a Wheelchair, or
you cannot bend easily

 

 

 

Garden Style, which takes into account the Human Problems above

 

 

Classic Mixed Style


<----

Cottage Garden Style


<----

.
v


---->

Naturalistic Style

Formal English Garden

 

Mediterranean Style


<----

Meadow and Corn-field


<----

.
.
v


---->

Paving and Gravel inland,
Coastal Conditions near the sea, Seashore with shingle/sand

 

 

 

 

Problem Sites within your chosen Garden Style from the above

 

 

Exposure to Wind


<----

Excess Shade


<----

Exce-ssively Dry Shade


<----


<----

.
.
.
.
.
v


---->

Exce-ssively Hot, Sunny and Dry Site is suitable for Drought Resistant Plants

Excessively Wet Soil - especially when caused by poor drainage

Control of Pests (Aphids, Rabbits, Deer, Mice, Mole, Snails) / Disease by Companion Planting in Garden

Whether your Heavy Clay or Light Sandy / Chalk Soil is excessively Alkaline (limy) / Acidic or not, then there is an Action Plan for you to do with your soil, which will improve its texture to make its structure into a productive soil instead of it returning to being just sand, chalk, silt or clay.


<----

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
v


---->

Problems caused by builders:- 1. Lack of soil on top of builders rubble in garden of just built house.
2. Clay soil of Garden slopes towards house with no drainage of this rainwater by the house wall.

In planning your beds for your garden, before the vertical hard-landscaping framework and the vertical speciman planting is inserted into your soft landscaping plan, the following is useful to consider:-
1. The ground plan usually depends upon 1 or more unalterable existing features. The position of the doors of the house will dictate the positions of paths, the shortest route to the kitchen may indicate the best place for a paved area for eating and drinking out of doors, or the kept trees/shrubs may indicate what garden style is used.
2. Rules of Proportion -
A. A border should be roughly 1/2 as wide as the hedge or wall behind it.
B. The proportion of planted areas to paved or turfed areas should be 1/3 to 2/3, or a 1/4 to 3/4, not 1/2 and 1/2.
C. Within a bed or border, unless a 2-dimensional pattern on the ground is the objective, the height and bulk of the plants should be varied to avoid monotony; it is particularly important to provide strong planting, in terms of either height or bulk or both, at either end of a long bed.
D. The ground surface provides a background to the plants that is as important as the hedges, walls or fences that surround it. Grass is perhaps the most satisfying carpet to use, the cool green forming a restful antidote to the dancing colours of the flowers. Use different coloured pea-shingle inside Cedar Gravel for people in wheelchairs, or infirm in their legs or who suffer from Hay Fever.

Reasons for stopping infilling of Sense of Fragrance section on 28/07/2016 at end of Sense of Fragrance from Stephen Lacey Page. From September 2017 will be creating the following new pages on Sense of Fragrance using Scented Flora of the World by Roy Genders.
ISBN 0 7090 5440 8:-

 

 

 

|
v

 

 

 

 

 

After you have selected your vertical hard-landscaping framework and the vertical speciman plants for each bed or border, you will need to infill with plants taking the following into account:-

 

 

 

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark 1, 2, 3
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil 1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil 1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Sandy Soil 1
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves 1, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves 1, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit 1, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers 1, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants 1, 2
Scented Aquatic Plants.
Plants with Scented Fruits.
Plants with Scented Roots 1, 2
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood.
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums.
Scented Cacti and Succulents.
Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell 1, 2

Flower Perfume Group:-
Miscellaneous Group with scents - Balm, Brandy, Cedar, Cloying, Cowslip, Cucumber, Damask Rose, Daphne, Exotic, Freesia, Fur-like, Gardenia, Hay-like, Heliotrope, Honeysuckle, Hops, Hyacinth, Incense-like, Jasmine, Laburnham, Lilac, Lily of the Valley, Meadowsweet, Mignonette, Mint, Mossy, Muscat, Muscatel, Myrtle-like, Newly Mown Hay, Nutmeg, Piercing, Primrose, Pungent, Resinous, Sandalwood, Sassafras, Seductive, Slight, Soft, Stephanotis, Sulphur, Starch, Sweet, Sweet-briar, Tea-rose, Treacle and Very Sweet.

Flower Perfume Group:-
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group with scent - Hawthorn.
Heavy Group with scents -
Jonquil and
Lily.
Aromatic Group with scents - Almond,
Aniseed, Balsamic,
Carnation, Cinnamon, Clove,
Spicy and
Vanilla.
Violet Group.
Rose Group.
Lemon Group with scent -
Verbena.
Fruit-scented Group with scents -
Apricot,
Fruity,
Green Apple,
Orange, Pineapple,
Ripe Apple , Ripe Banana and
Ripe Plum.
 

Flower Perfume Group:-
Animal-scented Group with scents -
Cat,
Dog,
Ferret,
Fox,
Goat,
Human Perspiration,
Musk,
Ripe Apple and
Tom Cat.
Honey Group.
Unpleasant Smell Group with scents -
Animal,
Fetid,
Fishy,
Foxy,
Fur-like,
Garlic,
Hemlock,
Manure,
Nauseating,
Perspiration,
Petrol,
Putrid,
Rancid,
Sickly,
Skunk,
Stale Lint
Sulphur and
Urinous,

Leaf Perfume Group:-
Turpentine Group.
Camphor and Eucalyptus Group.
Mint Group.
Sulphur Group.
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group.
Heavy Group.
Aromatic Group.
Violet Group.
Rose Group.
Lemon Group.
Fruit-scented Group.
Animal-scented Group.
Honey Group.

Scent of Wood, Bark and Roots Group:-
Aromatic Group.
Turpentine Group.
Rose Group.
Violet Group.
Stale Perspiration Group.

 

Scent of Fungi Group:-
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group.
Sulphur Group.
Aromatic Group.
Rose Group.
Violet Group.
Fruit Group.
Animal Group.
Honey Group

Sense of Sight

Emotion of
Hot /Cool; Calm / Agitated

Emotion of
Low-key / High Key


<----

.
.
.
v

Emotion of
Inviting
/ Forbidding

Emotion of Intellectual versus Emotional

Sense of Touch

Sense of Taste

Sense of Sound

 

 

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 for
lists of plants of 1 plant type for 1 cultivation requirement is in Table on right

 

 

 

STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY
Click on Blue or underlined text to jump to page comparing flower thumbnails of that blue colour in the
Other Plant Photo Galleries. RedPP is Red, Pink, Purple and Other is Unusual or Other Flower Colour.

Plant Type
with links to Other Plant Photo Galleries

ABC

DEF

GHI

JKL

MNO

PQR

STU

VWX

YZ

Alpine in Evergreen Perennial,
Herbaceous Perennial and Rock Garden

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Aquatic

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Annual/ Biennial

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Bamboo

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Bedding, 25
RHS Mixed Border Beds 75 and
Flower Shape, Flower Colour and Bedding Plant Use

1

Blue

1

Green

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

Purple

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Bicolour

Other Flower Colours

White / Colour Bicolour

Bulb, 746 with Use, Flower Colour/Shape of
Allium / Anemone, Colchicum / Crocus, Dahlia, Gladiolus, Narcissus and Tulip

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Climber 71 Clematis, 58 other Climbers with Use, Flower Colour and Shape

1

Blue

1

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Conifer

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Deciduous Shrub 43 with Use and Flower Colour

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Deciduous Tree

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Evergreen Perennial 104 with Use, Flower Colour, Flower Shape and Number of Petals

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Evergreen Shrub 46, Semi-Evergreen Shrub and Heather 74 with Use and Flower Colour

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Evergreen Tree

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Fern with 706 ferns
within 21 types and 41 uses

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Grass

1

1

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

Herbaceous Perennial 91,
RHS Mixed Border Beds 176 and
Peonies 46 with Flower Colour/Shape

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Herb

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Odds and Sods

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Rhododendron, Azalea, Camellia

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Rose with 720 roses within Flower Colour, Flower Shape, Rose Petal Count and Rose Use

1

1

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

 

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Soft Fruit

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Sub-Shrub

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Top Fruit

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Vegetable

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Wildflower 1918 with
Plants used by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterflies in the UK
I am inserting the plants described in Sanders' Encyclopedia of Gardening into STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY

1

Blue

1

Green

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

Red

1

Purple

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Multi-colour

Cream

Mauve

Brown

Shrub and Small Tree

Botanical Names Page

Common Names Page

Finally, you might be advised to check that the adjacent plants to the one you have chosen for that position in a flower bed are suitable; by checking the entry in Companion Planting - like clicking A page for checking Abies - and Pest Control page if you have a pest to control in this part of the flower bed.
Companion Planting
- A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z
Pest Control using Plants

 

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY
The planning a Rose Garden chapter from Rose Gardens by Jane Fearnley-Whitingstall ISBN 0 7011 3344 9 and
Plant Solutions by Nigel Colborn provides information for this gallery.

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 Reference books for these galleries in Table on left

STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY
In addition to these 10 galleries, there are links to the Other Plant Photo Galleries in the table above like Bulb , which have plant descriptions accessed by clicking a flower thumbnail in its flower comparison page. Click the respective flower colour - like Green - to change page to that flower colour comparison page. Then, you can also choose these other plants.
It will also state the Plant Combinations for each plant from The Ulimate Visual Guide to Successful Plant Harmony - The Encyclopedia of Planting Combinations by Tony Lord ISBN 1-55209-623-8

STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY
Some extra details about the Cultivation Requirements of Plant:- Outdoor /Garden Cultivation, Indoor / House Cultivation, Cool Green-house Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter, Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year, and Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

Since 2006, I have requested photos etc from the Mail-Order Nurseries in the UK and later from the rest of the World. Few nurseries have responded.
I worked for a lady, who with her husband took 35 mm slides of plants in the 1960's and 1970's. She allowed me to digitise some of her Kodachrome slides, which I have used in my website. I discovered that at least the green colour of the foliage became very much darker over that period of years to 2008, by comparing wildflower photos from her slides with digital photos supplied by a current Wildflower mail-order nursery, so I stopped creating my Foliage Galleries.
I bought myself a camera some years ago and started taking photos, some of which have been put into the website. I started taking photos of the Heathers at the Royal Horticultural Society at Wisley garden. I have displayed the Heathers foliage in closeup since their leaves are 2mm long and in macro-scale in the Heather Galleries - sometimes the foliage colour at the terminal end of the foliage stem is only a few leaves, whereas others have the same foliage colour throughout the stem. I discovered that some of the heathers did not have the correct plant label, since the flower colour did not correspond with the flower colour in the literature. I was informed that since kids have free rein, that perhaps they move the plant labels. Since, I cannot rely that the heather plant label next to the heather plant is valid, I have stopped taking photos of those heathers.
This leaves a small problem, especially since very few gardens open to the public have their plants labelled so that the public can use the data on their label to buy that named plant from a nursery or garden centre. Currently (June 2018) I insert photos from Wikimedia Commons as well as my own.
I have found the above book - which does not contain any colour plant photos. Since it had the following experts help in creating it, I have decided to use its information in these 10 galleries to help the public:-

  • T.W. Sanders Editor of Amateur Gardening in 1895.
  • A.J Macself Editor of Amateur Gardening in 1926 - both Sanders and Macself had worked entirely to the handlists published by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • A.G.L. Hellyer in this work of revision and also in checking the all-important cultural notes sought the help of experts in the various classes of plant:-
    • Mr S.A. Pearce, Assistant Curator at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew undertook the revision of those genera of plants which in this country are mainly grown under glass.
    • Mr Will Ingwersen dealt with the Rock plants,
    • Mr N. Catchpole made himself responsible for trees and shrubs;
    • Mr G.A Phillips for herbaceous plants,
    • Mrs Francis Perry for water plants,
    • Mr A.J. Macself for ferns,
    • Mr E. Cooper for orchids,
    • Mr J.S Dakers for annuals,
    • Miss Doreen Crowther for fruit and vegetables

with the aid of further information from other books, magazines and cross-checking on the internet.
In this edition of the book Sander's Encyclopaedia, the individual soil mixtures to grow plants have been retained, for it was considered that many gardeners might still wish to use them in certain circumstances. The John Innes mixtures may be substituted wherever desired. Details of these individual mixtures will be put into these galleries.