Ivydene Gardens Stage 3a - All Plants Index Gallery:
Conifer Plants A-C Page 1

Ivydene Gardens Stage 3a - All Plants Index Gallery:
Conifer Plants A-C Page 1

Van den Berk on Trees . Second revised edition in 2004. Published by Van den Berk Nurseries in Holland. United Kingdom : ISBN 90-807408-8-8.
"In our capacity as growers we have for years wanted to put together a book containing the information we have always been searching for. It was to be a book that would provide answers to the many questions asked by our customers over a period of more than 50 years. You have the result in your hands" and information from it is used in this gallery.

The Hillier Manual of Trees & Shrubs. ISBN 0 7153 1073 9. Continuously in print since 1972 (this edition published 2002) and regularly revised and updated, its detailed descriptions of over 10,500 plants representing more than 650 genera, it is both an erudite source of reference and an invaluable look-up companion for every horticulturalist and gardener.

Botanical Plant Name

with link to
UK or
European Union
mail-order supplier for you to contact to buy this plant

Cone Colour

Sun Aspect of Full Sun,
Part Shade, Full Shade

with link to external website for photo/data

Flowering Months

with row in each month that it flowers in that colour in
STAGE 4A
12 BLOOM COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY
/

with link to
USA or
Canada
mail-order supplier

 

American Conifer Society - The purpose of the ACS is to promote the use of conifers in the garden and landscape and to educate the public about their care and conservation.

Height with Spacings or Width (W) in inches (cms)

1 inch =
2.5 cms
12 inches = 30 cms
40 inches = 100 cms

Foliage Colour


with row in relevant pages that it has foliage of that colour in
STAGE 4B
12 FOLIAGE COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY

or
Background Colour nearest to middle-aged leaf colour from 212 foliage colours /

followed by
Soil Moisture:-
Dry,
Moist,
Wet

with link to Australia or New Zealand mail-order supplier

 

with data for rows in
STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY and
STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Pages

Plant Type is:-

A for Aquatic
Ann for Annual / Biennial
Ba for Bamboo
Bu for Bulb
Cl for Climber
Co for Conifer
F for Fern
G for Grass
H for Herb
P for Perennial
Rh for Rhodo-dendron, Azalea, Camellia
Ro for Rose
Sh for Shrub
So for Soft Fruit
To for Top Fruit
Tr for Tree
V for Vegetable
W for Wildflower

followed by:-
E for Evergreen,
D for Deciduous,
H for Herbaceous,
Alpine for being an Alpine as well as being 1 of above Plant Type /

 
Acid for Acidic,
Alk for Alkaline,
Any for AnySoil
 

with links to
STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES
1
, 2, 3
and
STAGE 3
ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERIES
1
, 2
pages
 

Abies alba
(Abies pectinata, Abies nobilis, Abies picea, Abies excelsa, Silver Fir , European Silver Fir)
The wood is white, leading to the species name "alba".

Photo

Photos of trees

Supplier from France
Supplier from England with the following:- "PROVENANCE  
All our hedging, fruit and ornamental trees come from UK sources unlike our humour which comes from mostly age and cynicism."

Cones starting
Green; maturing to red-brown

Full Sun

abiesccone71albawikimediacommons

 

abiesccone72albawikimediacommons

 

Photo

Flowers from April-May, cones mature in September

Supplier - Kigi Nursery is hosting Garden Parties

A very large tree which is one of the least satisfactory species for the southern counties of the British Isles - from The Hillier Manual of Trees & Shrubs, Consultant Editors John Hillier & Allen Coombes, First published in 1972; this edition published by David & Charles 2002

600-1000 x 200-320 (1500-2500 x 500-800)

abiescbark7albawikimediacommons

Plant in mixed woods of firs, Norway spruce and beeches as shelter for game.

Dark Green needles, silvery underneath
Moist Soil - increased soil moisture on slopes increases diameter of trunk and depth of clay soil its height

Photos of top of needle and its underside

Supplier

abiescfol71albawikimediacommons
 

Co E
Clay - silty clay with negligible amounts of sand. Should not be planted on peats or very dry soils and does not tolerate very poor soils or heather competition. Use as a shade tolerant component of Continuous Cover Forestry stands.

abiescfor7albawikimediacommons

All Plants Index
 

Abies amabilis (Pacific Fir, Beautiful Fir, Pacific silver fir, red fir, white fir, Picea amabilis, Pinus amabilis)

Supplier

amabilis means "lovely".

Violet-blue
Full Sun

abiesccone71amabiliswikimediacommons

 

abiesccone72amabiliswikimediacommons

Sep
Autumn

Native to Canada.
Found with Abies lasiocarpa, Abies grandis and Abies procera, Picea sitchensis, Pseudotsuga menziesii, Tsuga heterophylla, Tsuga mertensiana, and Cupressus nootkatensis; as well as douglas fir.

600 x 160-200 (1500 x 400-500)

abiesctrunk7amabiliswikimediacommons

The most common understory shrub is Vaccinium alaskaense. Among the most shade-tolerant of all conifers.

Dark Green needles, banded with white underneath. Foliage smelling of oranges when crushed.
Moist Soil

Supplier
 

abiescfol7amabiliswikimediacommons

Co E Sand, Acid

All Plants
Index

abiescfor7amabiliswikimediacommons

Unsuitable for dry or chalky soils. Spire form. Thrives in coastal forests with back huckleberry and mountain-heathers.

Abies amabilis 'Spreading Star' (Spreading Star Pacific Fir)
Abies amabilis means lovely and pleasing, probably because of the amabilis fir’s thick and shiny foliage.

Supplier

Violet-blue

Photo of Male pollen cones

Full Sun in cooler climates, Part Shade in warmer areas

Sep-Nov Autumn.

Wholesale Supplier with its Companion Plants Page and Companion Trees Page for Conifers in USA

Wholesale Supplier in Canada
Supplier in USA

36 x 72
(90 x 180)
Grows
3-6 inches (7.5-15cms)
a year as a low-growing spreader , ground-cover ,
Low maintenance , alongside rock garden , prostrate

Dark Green needles, white beneath
Moist Soil

Photo of underneath of needle

Supplier

Co E
Sand, Acid

Tree for small garden

All Plants
Index

Wide-spreading, horizontally arranged branches

Abies balsamea 'Hudsonia'
(Hudson fir
, Hudsonia Balsam Fir)

Photo of bun-shaped tree

Supplier in UK
Supplier in Russia
Supplier in Australia
Available in New Zealand
Available in Sweden

Cherry-red tubular blossom

Never bears cones

Full Sun in morning, but best protected from the hot afternoon sun. Tolerates Part Shade.

Attracts birds and deer resistant.

...

Available from Grown in the UK

24-40 x 24-40 (60-100 x 60-100)

Dwarf: 1 to 6 inches (2.5 - 15 cm) per year / 1 to 5 feet (0.3 - 1.5 m) after 10 years.

Grey-green needles, silvery beneath with typical balsam odour (See Fragrant Plants by Type - Trees)


Moist Soil

Co E
Rich Well-drained, Clay, Sand, Acid, Neutral.
Mound-forming,
Low maintenance , rock garden , scree garden, speciman, Container in Garden

All Plants
Index

Abies bracteata (Abies venusta, Bristle Cone Fir, Santa Lucia Fir)

Because of its rare location and requirements, it is not normally grown in nurseries, except by Conifers Garden - We in Hungary undertake to send and fulfill your order anywhere in the world and we also take care of the necessary phytosanitary permits and the customs clearance.

Golden-brown

Part Shade

abiesccone71bracteatawikimediacommons

 

abiesccone72bracteatawikimediacommons

Deer resistant.

Flowers in late May; cones mature in late August-October. Autumn

May be available from wholesale Stanley and Sons Nursery - They sell only true dwarf and miniature conifers for shipping in the USA and Canada to wholesale nurseries and garden centers.

960 x 240 (2400 x 600)

Pyramid shape. Endangered species.

Dark Green, silvery green beneath
Dry Soil

abiescfol71bracteatawikimediacommons

A popular ornamental, it can be seen in many arboreta.

Co E
On very rocky slopes and the moist bottoms of rocky canyons, which prevent fallen needles from staying under the tree. Succeeds on deep soil over chalk.

All Plants
Index

abiescfor71bracteatawikimediacommons

abiescfor7bracteatawikimediacommons

English: Photo of Abies bracteata at the Regional Parks Botanic Garden, Berkeley, California

By Stan Shebs via Wikimedia Commons.

abiespfol71bracteatawikimediacommons

English: Photo of Abies bracteata at the Regional Parks Botanic Garden, Berkeley, California

By Stan Shebs via Wikimedia Commons.

abiespcone71bracteatawikimediacommons

Abies bracteata upper crown with cones, Bottcher's Gap, California, USA

By Silversyrpher (very busy at the moment) from Scotland, UK via Wikimedia Commons.

abiespcone72bracteatawikimediacommons

Abies bracteata foliage and cone, Cone Peak, California, 1965. A narrow endemic of San Luis Obispo and Monterey Counties. Has that strange cone, and a remarkable habit, you can recognize it from far away by the long, narrow crown. Hasselblad camera.

By aroid from San Luis Obispo, CA, USA via Wikimedia Commons.

Abies cephalonica (Greek Fir)

Supplier

Greenish-Brown
Full Sun ,
Part Shade

abiesccone7cephalonicawikimediacommons

Autumn

It is also grown as an ornamental tree in parks and large gardens, though in areas that often get late frosts it is prone to frost damage, as it is one of the first conifers to open fresh growth in spring.

800-1200 x 200-400 (2000-3000 x 500-1000)

Upright broadly pyramidal conifer with horizontal branches, which grows best on cool, wet mountain-sides.

Deep Green with whitish-green beneath
Moist Soil

abiescfol7cephalonicawikimediacommons

Use as windbreak or specimen tree.

Co E
Well-drained Sand. One of the best species for chalky soils.

All Plants
Index

abiescfor72cephalonicawikimediacommons

abiespfor71cephalonicawikimediacommons

English: Abies cephalonica in spring snow. Petrouli, Thessalia, Greece, 39°33'26"N 21°30'21"E, 1170m altitude.

By gterez at Flickr via Wikimedia Commons.

abiespfor72cephalonicawikimediacommons

Deutsch: Griechische Tanne (Abies cephalonica), Standort: Neuer Botanischer Garten Marburg, Hessen, Deutschland.
English: Greek Fir (Abies cephalonica), Location: New Botanical Garden Marburg, Hesse, Germany

By Willow via Wikimedia Commons.

abiespcone7cephalonicawikimediacommons

English: Abies cephalonica cones
Ελληνικά: Γύρη κώνοι της ελάτης Abies cephalonica

By Gepsimos (Permission in Reusing this file is CC-BY-SA-3.0; Released under the GNU Free Documentation License) via Wikimedia Commons.

abiespfol7cephalonicawikimediacommons

Abies cephalonica : twigs

By JFKCom via Wikimedia Commons.

Abies concolor (Colorado White Fir, concolor fir, Blue Fir, Silver Fir, White Fir)

concolor means that both upper and lower needle surfaces are the same color.

Supplier

Yellowish green with purplish bloom ages to brown upright cylindrical cones. Cones are produced after tree is over 40 years old
Full Sun ,
Part Shade
Photo

abiesccone7concolorwikimediacommons

Sep-Nov Autumn. The winged seeds provide food for songbirds and small mammals; deer eat the foliage, and porcupines the bark.

Supplier

480-840 x 240-360 (1200-2100 x 600-900)
 

Upright narrow pyramidal conifer with grey bark

Use as a Park tree, in Industrial areas, does not stand up to hard surfaces on the ground above its roots

Blue-grey needles
Moist Soil


Supplier to the Nursery Industry in New Zealand

abiescfol7concolordenverbotanicgardens
It has a dark, dense crown.

Co E
Gravelly-Sand, Chalk, tolerates dry, poor soil. Dislikes heavy clay. Well-drained soil; tolerates heat and drought

abiescfor72concolordenverbotanicgardens

All Plants Index
 

Abies concolor 'Compacta'
(Abies concolor 'Glauca Compacta', Compact White Fir)

concolor means that both upper and lower needle surfaces are the same color.

Supplier

Brown cones held upwards on top of the branches after several decades of growth.

Full Sun ,
Part Shade

Autumn

Thrives in areas with long winters followed by cool summer climates. Perfect for city gardens, scree gardens and small gardens. No pruning required.

72 x 80-120 (200 x 200-300)

Ultimate height and spread 250 x 250 cms after 10-20 years

Oval shape.

Steel-Blue needles. Glaucous particularly in the period of new growth, May-July
Moist Soil

 

Photo of tree

Co E
Well-drained Clay, Sand, Acid, Neutral. Use as isolated lawn speciman tree ,
Low maintenance , large rock garden, Container in Garden

All Plants
Index

Abies firma (Abies bifida, Japanese Fir, momi fir)

 

Supplier


Green maturing yellow-brown

Full Sun ,
Part Shade

Photos

Cones disintegrate in October

1200 x 240 (3000 x 600)


Deep Green needles, which are extremely sharp to the touch

Dry Soil and
Moist Soil
Supplier

Co E Sand

Susceptible to spring frost damage

All Plants Index

Abies fraseri (Fraser Fir, Southern Balsam Fir, Southern Fir)

Supplier


Green to Dark Purple ripening to Brown

Full Sun ,
Part Shade

Autumn


Supplier in USA

720 x 240 (1800 x 600)


Mid to Dark Green with 2 broad silvery bands on the underside

Moist Soil

Co E Sand

All Plants Index

Abies grandis
(Giant Fir, Grand Fir, lowland white fir)

There are 2 varieties -
Abies grandis var. grandis - Coast grand fir
Abies grandis var. idahoensis - Interior grand fir

Supplier


Greenish-brown to yellowish-brown cones
Full Sun,
Part Shade in light woodland, Full Shade in deep woodland
Photo

Sep-Nov Autumn. Woodpigeons nest in this tree because of its pleasant aroma.

Native to Canada.

Supplier

3000 x 320 (7500 x 800)

Photo

 

abiesctrunk7grandisdenverbotanicgardens

Column-shaped with Upright Form.
 

Use in parks as a specimen and in moist conifer forests

Glossy Dark Green needles, underside with 2 greyish-white stripes
Moist Soil

Supplier to the Nursery Industry in New Zealand
abiescfol7grandisdenverbotanicgardens

Photo

Photo

(See Fragrant Plants by Type - Trees)

Co E Sand, Chalk, Peaty
Coast grand fir habitat is coastal lowland forests (Coastal Conditions).
Interior grand fir habitat is interior forests from 900-1800 metres altitude. Found alongside streams and lower slopes in Canada.

All Plants Index
abiescfor7grandisdenverbotanicgardens

Abies homolepis (Abies brachyphylla, Nikko Fir, Manchurian Fir)

Supplier


Violet-blue turning Brown with age

Full Sun ,

 

Supplier

600 x 240 (1500 x 600)


Pale Green needles, silver beneath
Moist Soil
 

Co E Sand

All Plants Index

Abies lasiocarpa (Rocky Mountain Fir, Subalpine fir, Alpine Fir, Western balsam fir, caribou fir) Abies lasiocarpa comes from the Greek lasios, meaning shaggy/woolly, and karpos, meaning fruit; the word refers to the alpine fir’s cone scales, which are covered in fine hairs.


turn from dark Purple to Brown as they ripen

Full Sun

A popular Christmas tree.

Subalpine fir is a forest pioneer on severe and disturbed sites. Grows with Douglas fir, Engelmann spruce and blue spruce.

Autumn

Native to Canada.
Supplier in
USA

Tall, narrow, pyramid in habit, the trees are able to resist limb breakage from the snow.
Cool summers, cold winters, and deep winter snowpacks are important.

400-600 x 120-160 (1000-1500 x 300-400)

 

abiesctrunk7lasiocarpadenverbotanicgardens


Chalk-white bark

Grey or Blue-Green needles with bluish stripes on both sides
Moist Soil

Erect branches makes an attractive specimen tree.
 

abiescfol7lasiocarpadenverbotanicgardens

Co E Sand

All Plants Index

abiescfor7lasiocarpadenverbotanicgardens

Moderately lime-tolerant.

It is commonly found at and immediately below the tree line.

Abies lasiocarpa var. arizonica (Corkbark Fir)

Photo

Supplier

Full Sun

Supplier in USA

Slow grower 4-6 inches (10-15 cms) per year reaching 72-96 inches (180-2400 cms) in 10 years


Baby Blue
Silver-gray needles
Moist Soil
 

Photo

Co E - Well-drained soil, Sand

Tree for small garden

All Plants Index

Abies lowiana (Sierra fir)

Full Sun

 

1600-2000 x (4000-5000 x )

Grey-Green needles
Moist Soil


Supplier to the Nursery Industry in New Zealand

Co E Sand

Drought tolerant.

All Plants Index

Abies
nordmanniana (Nordman Fir), Caucasian Fir)

Supplier


Often planted to replace the disease-prone Silver Fir - Abies alba


upright green cones, then turn brown

Full Sun

Photo

Sep-Nov Autumn.
Siskin and Crossbill birds use it for nesting and to feed on the insects and cones

Supplier

320 x 120
(800 x 300) after 10 years
600 x 160 (1500 x 400) after 20 years, ultimate height in 20-50 years


Dark Green needles, underside with 2 white stripes
Moist well-drained Soil

Photo of juvenile needles and mature top of needles,
Photo of underside

Supplier to the Nursery Industry in New Zealand

Co E Clay, Sand, Acid, Neutral. Intolerant of alkaline soils, chalk Soils, dry soils; wind.

All Plants Index

Abies pinsapo (Spanish Fir)

Supplier


Purplish- brown

Full Sun

Autumn

960 x 180 (2400 x 450)


Dark Green needles


Supplier to the Nursery Industry in New Zealand

Co E Sand

Slow growing, but tolerates very dry and exposed conditions.

All Plants Index

Abies pinsapo 'Glauca'
(Blue Spanish Fir)

Photo of potted tree for sale

Supplier


Purplish- brown

Full Sun

Autumn


Supplier in USA

Will reach 180 inches (450 cms) in 10 years maturing to 720 inches (1800 cms) tall with 360 inches (900 cms) spread


Sky Blue
Grey-blue needles

Photo of foliage

Supplier

Co E
Well-drained Chalk, Sand, Acid, Alkaline

Very lime-tolerant

Abies procera, (Abies nobilis, Noble Fir)

Supplier


Barrel-shaped Green cones, then turn purplish-brown

Full Sun ,
Part Shade

Autumn


Supplier in USA

600 x 200 (1500 x 500)


Baby Blue
Grey-green or bright Blue-grey needles, banded gray underneath
Moist well-drained Soil

Photo

Co E Sand,
Acid,
Use as
speciman tree

All Plants Index

Abies spectabilis (Abies Webbiana, West Himalayan fir)


Violet-blue

Full Sun
Part Shade in light woodland, Full Shade in deep woodland

Seeds ripen from October-November

1200 x
(3000 x )


Dark Green needles,
Moist Soil


Supplier to the Nursery Industry in New Zealand

Co E
Sand, can grow in heavy Clay

Growing well in New Zealand

All Plants Index

Abies veitchii (Veitch's fir, Veitch's silver fir)

Supplier


Bright gray-blue cones ripen to Brown

Full Sun ,
Part Shade

Autumn

720 x 240 (1800 x 600)

Upright conifer,


Dark Green needles, silvery beneath
Moist well-drained Soil

Co E Sand,
Acid,
Use as
speciman tree
 

All Plants Index

 

 

 

 

 

 

Abies balsamea, (Balsam Fir, Dwarf Balsam Fir, Balm of Gilead, Canadian Fir)

Supplier

The foliage has also induced contact dermatitis.

Thrives in cool, damp, places; very shade tolerant.

Dark violet turns gray-Brown

Full Sun

abiesccone71balsameawikimediacommons

 

abiesccone72balsameawikimediacommons

September Summer-Autumn
White-tailed Deer and Moose eat the foliage in the winter, Red Squirrels eat the seeds, Porcupines feed on the bark. It provides food and breeding habitat for birds.
Native to Canada.
Supplier

Flowering in May, fruiting August-September; seeds are dispersed in late September.

540-900 x 240-300 (1350-2500 x 600-750)

Narrow Pyramidal form.
Grows with Black Spruce, (Picea mariana), White Spruce (Picea glauca) , Picea rubens and Trembling Aspen (Populus tremuloides).
Used as Christmas tree in the garden, since it does not hold its needles very long in a dry house.

Dark Green needles, whitish beneath with typical balsam odour (See Fragrant Plants by Type - Trees)


Moist Soil

abiescfol7balsameawikimediacommons

Sweet, turpentine smell created by the abundant resin in its bark and needles.

Co E
Sand, Acid , can grow on wet, peaty soil


Use as
speciman tree and in
Coastal Conditions.

All Plants
Index

abiescfor7balsameawikimediacommons

Habitat is Forests, swamps, and wetland margins (edges of wetlands)

abiespfor7balsameawikimediacommons

Abies balsamea tree, Sherburne National Wildlife Refuge, Minnesota - US FWS photo

By This image or recording is the work of a U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service employee, taken or made as part of that person's official duties. via Wikimedia Commons.

abiespfol7balsameawikimediacommons

Abies balsamea (L.) P. Mill.
English: Balsam Fir. Branch.

By Robert H. Mohlenbrock @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database / USDA NRCS. 1995. Northeast wetland flora: Field office guide to plant species. Northeast National Technical Center, Chester, PA. via Wikimedia Commons.

abiespcone71balsameawikimediacommons

English: Abies balsamea pollen cones.

By Joseph O'Brien, USDA Forest Service, United States via Wikimedia Commons.

abiespcone72balsameawikimediacommons

Français : Cones de Abies balsamea sur l'Île Niapiskau, Réserve de parc national de l'Archipel-de-Mingan, Québec, Canada

English: Abies balsamea cones on Niapiskau island, Mingan Archipelago National Park Reserve, Quebec, Canada.

By Cephas via Wikimedia Commons.

 

 

 

 

 

 

All Plants
Index

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Van den Berk on Trees by Van den Berk Nurseries in The Netherlands. Published by Boomkwekerif Gebr. Van den Berk B.V. in 2004. - " In our capacity as growers we have for years wanted to put together a book containing the information we have always been searching for. It was to be a book that would provide answers to many of the questions asked by our customers over a period of more than 50 years, and as entrepreneurs we wanted to make it a book that we could put our name to. You have the result in your hands."

 

American Conifer Society:-

"The purpose of the ACS is to promote the use of conifers in the garden and landscape and to educate the public about their care and preservation.

Our mission is:

• to promote the development, propagation and conservation of conifers
• to encourage the appreciation and use of conifers in the landscape
• to educate the public and professionals about conifers
• to spread the joy, knowledge and diversity of conifers across the world!"

 

From page 7 (of 1187 pages ) of Manual of Woody Landscape Plants Their Identification, Ornamental Characteristics, Culture, Propagation and Uses by Michael A. Dirr, Department of Horticulture, University of georgia, Athens, Georgia, USA. Fifth Edition Revised 1998 ISBN 0-87563-795-7:-

"For cultivars of Abies and other conifers, I highly recommend the reference 'Conifers: The Illustrated Encyclopedia 1996. Timber Press. Great photographs and a sufficient captioned text by van Gelderen and van Hoey Smith to realize that experts have assembled the treatise."

Ivydene Gardens Stage 3a - All Plants Index Gallery:
Conifer Plants A-C Page 1

Hardiness Zones in the United Kingdom - Based on the minimum ten-year average winter temperatures, plant hardiness zone maps have been progressively developed, first by the Department of Argiculture (USDA) for the United States and then more or less applied to the rest of the planet. The purpose of these hardiness zones is to identify how well plants will withstand the cold winter temperatures of these zones. If you know your hardiness zone, find the best plants for your climate area.

Botanical Plant Name

with link to
UK or
European Union
mail-order supplier for you to contact to buy this plant

Description and Classification

Cultivation

Propagation

Species Cultivated

Abies (Fir)
Genus name is an ancient Latin name for a tree described by Pliny around 77 A.D.

The name Abies is derived from the Latin abeo meaning "to rise" and refers to the great height attained by some species. Fir is derived from the Old English furh or fyrh or the Danish fyrr, meaning "fire", from its use as firewood.

Hardy coniferous evergreen trees of pyramidal habit. First introduced early seventeenth century

Outdoor Cultivation:
Soil, sandy loam. Position, cool humid areas with a good depth of soil. Plant October or April. Abies alba, is a good species to plant in mixed woods as shelter for game. Timber valuable for joists, rafters and floor boards. Grows rapidly after first few years.

By seeds sown 1/8 inch (3mm) deep in sandy loam in temperature 55 degrees Fahrenheit (13 degrees Celsius) in March, or outdoors in April.

alba (syn Abies pectinata), 'Silver Fir', 100-120 feet (3000-3600 cms) high Narrow Pyramidal

balsamea, 'Balsam Fir', 70-80 feet (2100-2400 cms)
Narrow Pyramidal

 

Abies alba selections include:
'Green Spiral',
'Pendula',
'Pyramidalis' and
'Tortuosa'.

Polski: Młoda jodła pospolita (Abies alba) w Pieninach, w Polsce.

English: Young european silver fir (Abies alba), Pieniny, Poland.

By Crusier via Wikimedia Commons.

abiespfor7albawikimediacommons

English: Abies alba lower crown foliage. Pyrenees.

By Pastilletes on Flickr via Wikimedia Commons.

The light green foliage is the new spring foliage of the year that this photo was taken.

abiespfol71albawikimediacommons

Polski: Kora jodły pospolitej (Abies alba) w Beskidzie Śląskim, w Polsce.

English: Silver Fir (Abies alba) bark, Silesian Beskids, Poland

By Crusier via Wikimedia Commons.

abiespbark7albawikimediacommons

File:Abies alba 3.jpg -
aspect des aiguilles, avec les deux lignes caractérist-iques

By Gerriet Olivier from projet ID-Bio Fournier via Wikimedia Commons.

abiespfol72albawikimediacommons

Abies alba cones

By Jerzy Opioła via Wikimedia Commons.

abiespcone71albawikimediacommons

Juvenile cones

Abies alba (habitat: Pieniny (Nowa Góra (Poland))

By Jerzy Opioła via Wikimedia Commons.

abiespcone72albawikimediacommons

Mature cones

"Both male pollen cones and female seed cones are on the same tree near the top although female cones are higher up in the crown.
Fir needles and twigs have also been used as a moth repellent.
Firs are not very drought tolerant so ensure the base is well mulched, but not the trunk."

Larch Cottage Nurseries in the UK has many cultivars of Abies which are small enough for small british gardens. They sell over 15,000 varieties of plants.

 

"Abies balsamea is a constituent of coniferous forests with Picea spp., Pinus strobus, Tsuga canadensis and sometimes Pinus banksiana, or it grows mixed with broad-leaved trees such as Populus tremuloides, Betula spp. and, further south, Acer spp., Fagus grandifolia and Betula alleghaniensis. Taxus canadensis is the most common conifer shrub in these mixed forests."

balsamea var. hudsonia
2 feet (60 cms) Flattened Spherical

bracteata, 100-150 feet
(3000-4500 cms)
Narrow Pyramidal

cephalonica, 80-100 feet (2400-3000 cms) Narrow Pyramidal

Abies concolor (Colorado White Fir, concolor fir, Blue Fir, Silver Fir, White Fir)

From ©Denver Botanic Gardens.

The 3 images in the next 2 rows come from same webpage of Denver Botanic Gardens

 

Outdoor Cultivation:
Soil, sandy loam. Position, cool humid areas with a good depth of soil. Plant October or April.

By seeds sown 1/8 inch (3mm) deep in sandy loam in temperature 55 degrees Fahrenheit (13 degrees Celsius) in March, or outdoors in April.

concolor, 80-100 feet (2400-3000 cms) - There are at least 20 cultivars of this Abies concolor. Narrow Pyramidal dark dense Crown, use in large garden / parks as a large speciman and as Christmas Tree,

 

concolor var. compacta, low rounded bush

abiespfor71concolordenverbotanicgardens

Form from image 8

abiespfor72concolordenverbotanicgardens

Form from image 3

abiespfol7concolordenverbotanicgardens

Foliage from image 6

Abies concolor foliage and disintegrating mature cones.

By Dave Powell, USDA Forest Service via Wikimedia Commons.

abiespcone7concolorwikimediacommons

 

 

 

 

firma, 120-150 feet (3600-4500 cms)

 

fraseri, 30-40 feet (900-1200 cms) Narrow Pyramidal Crown.
Has been designated the Cadillac of Christmas Trees - 2 cultivars:- Abies fraseri 'Klein's Nest', Abies fraseri 'Prostrata'

Abies grandis
(Giant Fir, Grand Fir, lowland white fir)

There are 2 varieties -
Abies grandis var. grandis - Coast grand fir
Abies grandis var. idahoensis - Interior grand fir

Supplier

 

 

 

grandis, 246 feet (7500 cms) Narrow Pyramidal dark dense Crown, later Column-shaped, Upright Form, Coastal Conditions, use in parks and moist conifer forests and as Christmas Tree, it cannot tolerate atmos-pheric pollution.

From ©Denver Botanic Gardens.

The 3 images in the next 2 rows come from same webpage of Denver Botanic Gardens

abiespfor7grandisdenverbotanicgardens

Form from image 1

abiesptrunk7grandisdenverbotanicgardens

Trunk from image 4

abiespfol7grandisdenverbotanicgardens

Foliage from image 2

 

 

 

 

homolepis
(syn Abies brachyphylla) , 120 feet (3600 cms) Narrow Pyramidal Crown, later Column-shaped,

Abies lasiocarpa

 

Outdoor Cultivation:
Soil, sandy loam. Position, cool humid areas with a good depth of soil. Plant October or April.

By seeds sown 1/8 inch (3mm) deep in sandy loam in temperature 55 degrees Fahrenheit (13 degrees Celsius) in March, or outdoors in April.

lasiocarpa, 'Rocky Mountain Fir', 100 feet (3000 cms) Narrow Pyramidal Crown

lasiocarpa var. arizonica, slow growing, grey foliage

lowiana, 200 feet (6000 cms)

From ©Denver Botanic Gardens.

The 3 images in the next 2 rows come from same webpage of Denver Botanic Gardens

abiespfor7lasiocarpadenverbotanicgardens

Form from image 1

abiesptrunk7lasiocarpadenverbotanicgardens

Trunk from image 1

abiespfol7lasiocarpadenverbotanicgardens

Foliage from image 1

 

 

 

 

nordman-niana,
480 x 280 inches
(1200 x 700 cms) Broad Pyramidal dark dense Crown later Oval,
Upright Form, use in parks, speciman tree and as Christmas Tree , low maintenance

 

 

 

 

pinsapo, 60-100 feet (1800-3000 cms) Narrow Pyramidal Crown

pinsapo 'Glauca' with gray-blue needles

procera, (syn Abies nobilis), 200 feet (6000 cms) Narrow Pyramidal dense Crown

 

 

 

 

spectabilis, (syn Abies Webbiana), 80-150 feet (2400-4500 cms) Broad Pyramidal

 

veitchii, 50-70 feet (1500-2100 cms) Broad Pyramidal

Abies amabilis (Pacific Fir, Beautiful Fir, Pacific silver fir, red fir, white fir)

Supplier

 

 

 

amabilis, 100-250 feet (3000-7500 cms)
Narrow Pyramidal

abiespfor7amabiliswikimediacommons

English: In the Marble Mountain Wilderness, a wide variety of terrain can be witnessed. Pacific Silver Fir Abies amabilis, pictured here in the southern part of the wilderness (specifically the Salmon Mountains), reaches the southern extent of its range near English Peak (also pictured).
By michael_kauffmann@yahoo.com via Wikimedia Commons.

abiesptrunk7amabiliswikimediacommons

 

Description: Pacific Silver Fir (Abies amabilis) bark with pitch blisters and lichen. Its diameter is about 0.25 m.
Viewpoint location: Kachess Ridge Trail 1315. Kachess Ridge is located in Wenatchee National Forest, Washington, USA, about 26 km southeast of Snoqualmie Pass.
By ©2005 Walter Siegmund via Wikimedia Commons.

abiespcone71amabiliswikimediacommons

Abies amabilis
English: Pacific Silver Fir
By Walter Siegmund via Wikimedia Commons.

abiespcone72amabiliswikimediacommons

Abies amabilis
English: Pacific Silver Fir
MPF who comments, "it is two aborted cones (probably caught by a late frost), the bracts develop before the seed scales in early spring."
By Walter Siegmund via Wikimedia Commons.

abiespfol7amabiliswikimediacommons

Description: Pacific Silver Fir foliage (Abies amabilis) foliage

Viewpoint location: French Creek trail 1595. The trail is in the Wenatchee Mountains, an eastern spur of the Cascade Range, located in Wenatchee National Forest, Washington, USA, about 21 km south of Stevens Pass. The trailhead is near the Cle Elum River.

By Walter Siegmund via Wikimedia Commons.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

From The Gymnosperm Database:-

"Welcome to the Gymnosperm Database, the web's premier source of information on conifers and their allies. Since we went online on 1997, the Database has attracted worldwide attention as a readily accessible, scientifically accurate source of information on the classification, description, ecology and uses of this culturally and ecologically important group of plants. This home page gives some hints about how to navigate the Database, as well as providing background information for the curious.

There are four major sections of the site:

Species - In-depth descriptions of all the families, genera, and species of gymnosperms. For each species I provide information on classification, description, ecology, ethnobotany, and various other topics of interest. This section comprises about 90% of the site.

Topics - Things that are not strictly tied to a particular species. For instance, it includes pages on the gymnosperms of Australia, the oldest trees in the world, and accounts of some of my field excursions. If you are interested in exploring the site, I encourage you to check out Topics.

Bookstore - Most of the books sold here are linked through Amazon, and if you buy them through this site, the price is the same to you but some of the proceeds come to me, to help support the Database. Some books aren't available through Amazon but I list them anyway, because in the Bookstore I try to give you access to every important gymnosperm publication currently in print."

Tree Canada:-

"For over twenty years, Tree Canada has engaged communities, governments, corporations, and individuals in the pursuit of a greener and healthier living environment for Canadians. Under the direction of our volunteer board of directors, we provide Canadians with education, technical expertise, and resources to plant and care for urban and rural trees. We’ve planted nearly 80 million trees and greened more than 550 schoolyards across the country.

Planting trees beautifies and rejuvenates backyards, city streets, and parks. It nurtures Canada’s heritage of biodiversity and multifaceted landscape. Not only that – it cleans the air (other Benefits of Trees). Canadians can breathe easier knowing that every tree planted helps to combat climate change, absorbing carbon dioxide emissions and producing oxygen. Trees naturally cool cities during the summer months, providing shade in scorching heat and habitats for wildlife. A charitable not-for-profit organization, Tree Canada is committed to working with its corporate, government, and individual partners on tree-planting programs, including providing “ReLeaf” to areas suffering damage from natural disasters, offering funding to communities for fruit-bearing trees, greening school grounds, and more. The trees we plant are a living legacy that benefits communities for decades to come.

25 top plants, which have been shown to be effective in removing common pollutants from indoor air including formaldehyde, benzene and carbon monoxide:-

Common Name

Scientific Name

Anthurium
Areca palm
Benjamin Weeping Fig
Boston fern
Chinese Evergreen
Corn Plant
Croton
Date palm
Dieffenbachia
English Ivy
Fig 'Alii'
Gerbera Daisy
Golden pothos
Janet Craig
Marginata
Norfolk Island Pine
Peace Lily
Potted Mum
Ponytail palm
Prayer plant (Calathea)
Rubber plant
Snake plant
Warneckii
Zebra plant
ZZ plant

Anthurium andraeanum Chrysalidocarpus lutescens
Ficus benjamina
Nephrolepis exaltata
Aglaonema modestum
Dracaena massangeana
Codiaeum variegatum
Phoenix roebelenii
Dieffenbachia bowmannii
Hedera helix
Ficus macleilandii 'Alii'
Gerbera jamesonii
Epipremnum aureum
Dracaena "Janet Craig"
Dracaena marginata
Araucaria Hetrophylla
Spathiphyllum "Mauna Loa" Chrysantheium morifolium Beaucarnea recurvata
Maranta leuconeura erythroneura Ficus elastica
Sansevieria laurentii
Dracaena "Warneckii"
Aphelandra squarrosa
Zamioculcas

 

 

"

STAGE 3a
ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY
PAGES

Site Map

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY PAGES Links to pages in Table alongside on the left with Garden Design Topic Pages

Website Structure Explanation and User Guidelines

Plant Type
 

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 with its Cultivation Requirements

Alpines for Rock Garden (See Rock Garden Plant Flowers)

Alpine Shrubs and Conifers

The Alpine Meadow
Page 1
Page 2
Page 3

The Alpine Border
1
, 2

Alpine Plants for a Purpose

The Alpines that Dislike Lime 1, 2

Alpines and Walls
Dry Sunny Walls 1a, b
Tops of Walls 2a, b
Dry Shady and Conifers 3a, b

Alpines and
Paving
1
, 2

Sink and Trough gardens
1
, 2

Aquatic
(Water Plants) for

Anti-erosion River-bank

Marginal Plants (Bog Garden Plants)
1
, 2

Oxy-genating Weeds

Water Lilies

Floating Plants

Water-side Plants
and Plants for Dry Margins next to a Pond
1
, 2

Wildlife Pond Plants

Annual for

----------------



 

 

ANY PLANT TYPE for
Cut Flowers in
January 1, 2
February
March 1, 2
April
May 1, 2
June 1, 2
July 1, 2
August
September
October
November
December

Exposed Sites

Sheltered Sites with Green-house Annuals from 1916

Extra Poor Soil with Half-Hardy Annuals from 1916

Very Rich Soil with Biennials from 1916

Gap-filling in Mixed Borders with Hardy Annuals from 1916

Patio Con-tainers

Cut Flowers
1
, 2, 3 Ever-lasting Flowers with Red Flowers from 1916

Attract-ing bene-ficial insects
1
, 2

Scent / Fra-grance with Annuals for Cool or Shady Places from 1916

Low-allergen Gardens for Hay Fever Sufferers

Annual Plant Pairing Ideas and Colour Schemes with Annuals
1
, 2

Low-Growing Annuals
1
, 2

Medium-Growing Annuals

Tall-Growing Annuals with White Flowers from 1916

Black or Brown Flowers

Blue to Purple Flowers

Green Flowers with Annuals and Biennials from 1916

Red to Pink Flowers and Cut Flowers
Page
1
, 2, 3

White Flowers
1
, 2

Yellow or Orange Flowers
1
, 2

Dec-orative Foliage

Moist Soil

Shade
1
, 2

House-plants with Yellow Flowers from 1916

Edging Beds

Hanging Baskets

Vining Annuals

 

Bedding for

Spring Bedding

Summer Bedding

Autumn/ Winter Bedding

Bedding for Light Sandy Soil

Bedding for Acid Soil

Bedding for Chalky Soil

Bedding for Clay Soil

Black Flowers

Blue Flowers

Orange Flowers

Pink Flowers

Long Flowering

Coloured Leaves

Attract-ive to Wildlife including Bees, Butterflies and Moths

Purple Flowers

Red Flowers

White Flowers

Yellow Flowers

Multi-Coloured Flowers

Aromatic Foliage or Scented Flowers

Bedding Plant Use

Flowers with 2 Petals

Flowers with 3 Petals

Flowers with
4 Petals

Flowers with 5 Petals

Flowers with 6 Petals

Flowers with more than 6 Petals

Use in Hanging Baskets

Flower Simple Shape

Shape of
Stars

Shape of
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

Shape of
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

Shape of
Trumpets and Funnels

Shape of
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

Use in Pots and Troughs

Flower Elabo-rated Shape

Shape of
Tubes, Lips and Lobes

Shape of
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

Shape of
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

 

Use in
Screen-ing

Use in
Window Boxes

Shape of
Stand-ards, Wings and Keels

Shape of
Discs and Florets

Shape of
Pin-Cushions and Tufts

Shape of
Rosettes, Buttons and Pompons

 

Use in Bedding Out

Use in
Filling In

Biennial for

Cottage and Other Gardens
1
, 2

Cut Flower with Biennials for Rock Work from 1916

Patio Con-tainers with Biennials for Pots in Green-house / Con-servatory

Bene-ficial to Wildlife with Purple and Blue Flowers from 1916

Scent with Biennials for Sunny Banks or Borders from 1916

 

 

Bulb for
--------------
Explan-ation Intro to Bulbs
--------------
725 Blue, White, Yellow, Unusual Colour, or Red-Purple-Pink flowering Bulbs in each month they flower.

Indoor Bulbs for
Dec-ember
January
February

Indoor Bulbs for
March
April
May

Indoor
Bulbs for
June
July
August

Indoor Bulbs for Sep-tember
October
November

Bulbs in Window-boxes
1
, 2

Bulbs in the Border

Bulbs natural-ised in Grass

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Dec-Jan
Feb-Mar

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Apr-May
Jun-Aug 1, 2, 3, 4

Any Plant Type (some grown in Cool Green-house) Bloom-ing in
Sep-Oct
Nov-Dec

Any Plant Type Blooming in Smallest of Gardens

Bulbs for the Bulb Frame

Bulbs in the Wood-land Garden

Bulbs in the Rock Garden

Bulbs in Green-house or Stove

Achi-menes, Alocasias, Amorpho-phalluses, Aris-aemas, Arums, Begonias, Bomar-eas, Calad-iums

Clivias,
Colo-casias, Crinums, Cyclam-ens, Cyrt-anthuses, Euchar-ises, Urceo-charis, Eurycles

Freesias, Gloxinias, Hae-manthus, Hipp-eastrums

Lachen-alias, Nerines, Lycorises, Pen-cratiums, Hymen-ocallises, Richardias, Sprekelias, Tuberoses, Vallotas, Watsonias, Zephy-ranthes

Bulbs in Bowls

Bulbs in the Alpine House

Hardy Bulbs

Aconitum, Allium, Alstroe-meria, Anemone 1, 1a

Amaryllis, Antheri-cum, Antholy-zas, Apios, Arisaema, Arum, Aspho-deline,

Aspho-delus, Belam-canda, Bloom-eria, Brodiae, Bulbo-codium

Calo-chorti, Cyclo-bothras, Camassia, Col-chicum, Con-vallaria,
Forcing Lily of the Valley, Corydalis, Crinum, Crosmia, Mon-tbretia , Crocus

Cyclamen, Dicentra, Dierama, Eranthis, Eremurus, Ery-thrnium, Eucomis

Fritillaria, Funkia, Gal-anthus, Galtonia, Gladiolus, Hemero-callis

Hya-cinth, Hya-cinths in Pots,
Scilla, Pusch-kinia, Chion-odoxa, Chiono-scilla, Muscari

Iris,
Kniphofia, Lapey-rousia, Leucojum

Lilium,

Lilium in Pots, Malvastrum, Merendera, Milla, Narcissus, Narcissi in Pots

Orni-thogalum, Oxalis, Paeonia, Ran-unculus, Romulea, Sanguin-aria,
Stern-bergia,
Schi-zostylis, Teco-philaea, Trillium

Tulip,
Zephy-ranthus

Half-Hardy Bulbs

Acidan-thera, Albuca, Alstroe-meri, Andro-stephium, Bassers, Boussing-aultias, Bravoas, Cypellas, Dahlias, Galaxis,
Geis-sorhizas, Hesper-anthas

Gladioli, Ixias,
Sparaxises, Babianas, Morphixias, Tritonias

Ixio-lirions, Moraeas, Orni-thogal-ums, Oxalises, Phaedra-nassas,
Pan-cratiums, Tigridias, Zephyr-anthes, Cooper-ias

Bulbs for Bedding

Plant each Bedding Plant with a Ground, Edging or Dot Plant for
Spring
1
, 2
or
Summer
1
, 2

Climber 3 sector Vertical Plant System with

Any Plant Type flowers in
Jan,
Feb,
Mar,
Apr,
May 1, 2
Jun,
Jul,
Aug,
Sep,
Oct,
Nov,
Dec
 

----------
Choosing the right Plant

1a.
The Base -
Base of Wall Plants

1b.
Annuals

1c.
Herbs and Vege-tables

1d.
Cut
flowers, Cut Foliage

1e.
Scented flower or foliage

1f.
Foliage use only

 

2a. 1,2,3,4
The Prime - Wall Shrubs

2b.
Fruit trees

3a.
The Higher Reaches -
House-wall Ramblers

3b. 1,2
Non-House-Wall - Climbing Twiners

3c.
Non-House-Wall - Self-clinging Climbers

Raised
Bed
for Wheel-chair Users

Plants for Wildlife-Use as well

Fastest Covering

Least prot-ruding growth when fan-trained

1, 2
Evergreen

Use as
Hedge

Exposed Positions

Use as Ground-cover

1,2
Ornam-ental Fruit

Scented Flowers

1, 2
Autumn Foliage Colour

Winter Bark

Winter and Early Spring Flowers

Summer Colour or Shape of Foliage

Edible Fruit

Needs Conserv-atory or Green-house

Large
Pots and Con-tainers
1
, 2

Cut Flowers

Attractive to Bees

Climber - Simple Flower Shape

anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a
Stars

geraniumflocineremuballerina1a1
Bowls, Cups and Saucers

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14k1a1a1a1a1a1a
Globes, Goblets and Chalices

acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord2
Trumpets and Funnels

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming
Salver-form

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14q1a1a1a1a1a
Bells, Thimbles and Urns

 

Climber - Elabo-rated Flower Shape

prunellaflotgrandiflora
Tubes, Lips and Straps

aquilegiacfloformosafoord
Slippers, Spurs and Lockets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14u1a1a1a1a1a1
Hats, Hoods and Helmets

berberisdarwiniiflower10h3a14v1a1a1a1a1a1
Stand-ards, Wings and Keels

brachyscomecflorigidulakevock
Disks and Florets

andosacecforyargongensiskevock
Pin-cushions, Tufts, Petal-less and Cushions

armeriaflomaritimakevock
Umbels, Buttons and Pompoms

 

STAGE 4A 12 BLOOM COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Blue

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Mauve

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Purple

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Brown

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Cream

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Orange

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Pink

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Red

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
White

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1 Yellow

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Un-
usual

1
Multi-Colou-red

1
Each Flower Diff-

1
erent Colour

 

STAGE 4B 12 FOLIAGE COLOURS PER MONTH INDEX GALLERY
Deciduous Shrubs or Trees, Herbaceous Perennials or Bulbs- if that changes from the main colour for instance to a different autumn colour, then it will be in this column and the relevant colour for those months of Win (Winter), Spr (Spring), Sum (Summer) or Aut (Autumn) group as well.
Evergreen Shrubs or Trees, Evergreen Perennials - if that changes from the main colour for instance to a different autumn colour, then it will be in this column and the relevant colour for those months of Win (Winter), Spr (Spring), Sum (Summer) or Aut (Autumn) group as well.

Jan Win

Feb Win

Mar Spr

Apr Spr

May Spr

Jun Sum

Jul Sum

Aug Sum

Sep Aut

Oct Aut

Nov Aut

Dec Win

Decid
Herba

Ever-green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Blue

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Mauve

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Purple

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Black

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Bronze

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Green

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Orange

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Pink

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Red

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Grey

1
White

1
Silver

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Yellow

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1
Un-
usual

1
Varie-gated

1

1

1

1

Ivydene Horticultural Services logo with I design, construct and maintain private gardens. I also advise and teach you in your own garden. 01634 389677


Site design and content copyright ©March 2016.
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DISCLAIMER: Links to external sites are provided as a courtesy to visitors. Ivydene Horticultural Services are not responsible for the content and/or quality of external web sites linked from this site.  

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Scented Flora of the World by Roy Genders - was first published in 1977 and this paperback edition was published on 1 August 1994 ISBN 0 7090 5440 8:-
This comprehensive book looks at scented flowers and leaves of plants from all over the world. The work has been prepared to the standards of the Index Kewensis, and is filled with the most interesting facts about the scented flora of the world.

I am using the above book from someone who took 30 years to compile it from notes made of his detailed observations of growing plants in preference to
The RHS Companion to Scented Plants Hardcover – 16 Oct 2014 by Stephen Lacey (Author), Andrew Lawson (Photographer) ISBN 978-0-7112-3574-8 even though this is the only major reference work on scent and scented plants which is endorsed by the Royal Horticultural Society. See reasons for stopping infilling of previous Sense of Fragrance section on 28/07/2016 at end of Sense of Fragrance from Stephen Lacey Page.

The Propagation of Alpines by Lawrence D. Hills. Published in 1950 by Faber and Faber Limited describes every method of propagation for 2,500 species. Unlike modern books published since 1980, this one states exactly what to do and is precisely what you require if you want to increase your alpines.

Topic
Case Studies
Companion Planting

...A, B, C, D, E,
...F, G, H, I, J, K,
...L, M, N, O, P, Q,
...R, S, T, U, V, W,
...X, Y, Z
...Pest Control
...using Plants

Garden Construction
Garden Design

...How to Use the Colour Wheel Concepts for Selection of Flowers, Foliage and Flower Shape
...RHS Mixed Borders
......Bedding Plants
......Her Perennials
......Other Plants
Garden Maintenance
Glossary
Home
Library
Offbeat Glossary
Plants

...Poisonous Plants
Soil
...Soil Nutrients
Tool Shed
Useful Data

Topic - Plant Photo Galleries
Aquatic
Bamboo
Bedding
Bulb
Climber

 

Colour Wheels with number of colours
All Flowers 53

All Flowers per Month 12

All Bee-Pollinated Flowers per Month 12
...Index

All Foliage 212
All Spring Foliage 212

All Summer Foliage 212
All Autumn Foliage 212
All Winter Foliage 212
Rock Plant Flowers 53

 

Your chosen Garden Style then changes your Plant Selection Process

Garden Style
...Infill Plants
...Infill2 Plants
...Infill3 Plants
...12 Bloom Colours per Month Index
...
12 Foliage Colours per Month Index
...All Plants Index *
...All2 Plants Index
...Cultivation, Position, Use Index
...Shape, Form
Index

 

Conifer
Deciduous Shrub
Deciduous Tree
Evergreen Perennial
Evergreen Shrub
Evergreen Tree
Fern
Grass
Hedging
Herbaceous Perennial
Herb
Odds and Sods

Rhododendron
Rose
Soft Fruit
Top Fruit
Vegetable

Wild Flower

Topic - Wildlife on Plant Photo Gallery
Butterfly

 

STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY

 

Cultivation Requirements of Plant

Outdoor / Garden Cultivation

1

Indoor / House Cultivation

1

Cool Greenhouse (and Alpine House) Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter

1

Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year

1

Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

1

 

Sun Aspect

Full Sun

1

Part Shade

1

Full Shade

1

 

Soil Type

Any Soil

1

Chalky Soil

1

Clay Soil

1

Lime-Free Soil

1

Peaty Soil

1

Sandy Soil

1

Acid Soil

1

Alkaline Soil

1

Badly-drained Soil

1

 

Soil Moisture

Dry

1

Moist

1

Wet

1

 

Position for Plant

Back of Shady Border

1

Back of Shrub Border

1

Bedding

1

Bog Garden

1

Coastal Conditions / Seaside

1

Container in Garden

1

Front of Border

1

Ground Cover 0-24 inches (0-60 cms)

1

Ground Cover 24-72 inches (60-180 cms)

1

Ground Cover Over 72 inches (180 cms)

1

Hanging Basket

1

Hedge

1

Hedge - Thorny

1

Pollution Barrier

1

Pond

1

Pot in House, Greenhouse, Conservatory or Stovehouse

1

Raised Bed

1

Rest of Border

1

Rock Garden

1

Scree Bed

1

Speciman on Lawn

1

Sunny Border

1

Tree for Lawn

1

Tree/Shrub for Small Garden

1, 2,
3, 4,
5, 6,
7, 8,
9, 10,
11,12,
13,14,
15,16,
uses of tree/ shrub

Wildflower

1

Windbreak

1

Woodland

1

 

Use of Plant

Pollen or nectar for Bees

1

Hosts to Butterflies

1

Encouraging birds / wildlife, providing food and shelter

1

Bee-Pollinated plants for Hay Fever Sufferers

1

Berries / Fruit

1

Dry Site in Full Sun

1

Dry Shade

1

Filtering noise

1

Flower Arrange-ments

Growing Plants for the Church

1



1, 2,
3, 4,
5, 6,
7, 8,
9,10,
11,12,
13,14

Fragrant Flower

1

Language of Flowers

1

Low maintenance

1

Moist Shade

1

Moist and swampy Sites

1

Nitrogen fixing plants

1

Not Fragrant Flower

1

Rabbit-Resistant

1

Speciman Plant

1

Thornless

1

Tolerant of Poor Soil

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Plant Foliage

Aromatic Foliage

1

Autumn Foliage

1

Finely Cut Leaves

1

Large Leaves

1

Yellow Variegated Foliage

1

White Variegated Foliage

1

Red / Purple Variegated Foliage

1

Silver, Grey and Glaucous Foliage

1

Sword-shaped Leaves

1

 

 

Flower Shape

Number of Flower Petals

Petal-less
lessershapemeadowrue2a1a1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

1 Petal

1

2 Petals

1

3 Petals
irisflotpseudacorus1a1a1a1a1a1

1

4 Petals
aethionemacfloarmenumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

5 Petals
anemonecflo1hybridafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Above 5
anemonecflo1blandafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

Flower Shape - Simple

Stars
anthericumcfloliliagofoord1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Bowls
 

1

Cups and Saucers
euphorbiacflo1wallichiigarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Globes
paeoniamlokosewitschiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Goblets and Chalices
paeoniaveitchiiwoodwardiiflot1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Trumpets
acantholimoncfloglumaceumfoord1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Funnels
stachysflotmacrantha1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Bells
digitalismertonensiscflorvroger1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Thimbles
fuchsiaflotcalicehoffman1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Urns
ericacarneacflosspringwoodwhitedeeproot1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Salverform

phloxflotsubulatatemiskaming1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

Flower Shape - Elaborated

Tubes, Lips and Straps
prunellaflotgrandiflora1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Slippers, Spurs and Lockets
aquilegiacfloformosafoord1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Hats, Hoods and Helmets
acanthusspinosuscflocoblands1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Standards, Wings and Keels
lathyrusflotvernus1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Discs and Florets
brachyscomecflorigidulakevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Pin-Cushions
echinaceacflo1purpurealustrehybridsgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Tufts
centaureacfloatropurpureakavanagh1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Cushion
androsacecforyargongensiskevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Umbel
agapanthuscflos1campanulatusalbidusgarnonswilliams1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Buttons
argyranthemumflotcmadeiracrestedyellow1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Pompoms
armeriacflomaritimakevock1a1a1a1a1a1

1

 

Natural Arrangements

Bunches, Posies, Sprays
bergeniamorningredcforcoblands1a1a1a1a1a1

1

Columns, Spikes and Spires
ajugacfloreptansatropurpurea1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Whorls, Tiers and Candelabra
lamiumflotorvala2a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Plumes and Tails
astilbepurplelancecflokevock1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

Chains and Tassels
 

1

Clouds, Garlands and Cascades
 

1

Spheres, Domes (Clusters), Plates and Drumsticks
androsacecfor1albanakevock1a1a1a1a1a1a

1

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Shrub, Tree Shape

Columnar
ccolumnarshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Oval
covalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Rounded or Spherical
croundedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Flattened Spherical
cflattenedsphericalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Conical / Narrow Pyramidal
cnarrowconicalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Conical / Broad Pyramidal
cbroadpyramidalshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Ovoid /
Egg-Shaped

ceggshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Ovoid
cbroadovoidshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Vase-shaped / Inverted Ovoid
cnarrowvaseshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Fan-Shaped /Vase-Shaped
cfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Fan-Shaped / Broad Vase-Shaped
cbroadfanshapedshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Narrow Weeping
cnarrowweepingshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Broad Weeping
cbroadweepingshape1a1a1a1a1

1

Palm

1

 

Conifer Cone

1

 

Form

Arching

1

Climbing

1

Clump-Forming

1

Mat-Forming

1

Mound-Forming

1

Prostrate

1

Spreading

1

Stemless

1

Upright

1

 

Poisonous Plant

1

 

STAGE 1
GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY

 

Fragrant Plants adds the use of another of your 5 senses in your garden:-
Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark
1
, 2, 3

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil
1
, 2, 3, 4

Shrubs bearing Scented leaves for a
Sandy Soil
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3

Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves
1
, 2, 3

Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves
1
, 2

Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5

Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit
1
, 2, 3

Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers
1
, 2

Night-scented Flowering Plants
1
, 2

Scented Aquatic Plants
1


Plants with Scented Fruits
1


Plants with Scented Roots
1
, 2

Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood
1


Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums
1


Scented Cacti and Succulents
1


Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell
1
, 2
 

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERY 3

Fan-trained Shape
fantrainedshape2a1a1a

From Rhododendrons, boxwood, azaleas, clematis, novelties, bay trees, hardy plants, evergreens : novelties bulbs, cannas novelties, palms, araucarias, ferns, vines, orchids, flowering shrubs, ornamental grasses and trees book, via Wikimedia Commons

 

Ramblers Scramblers & Twiners by Michael Jefferson-Brown (ISBN 0 - 7153 - 0942 - 0) describes how to choose, plant and nurture over 500 high-performance climbing plants and wall shrubs, so that more can be made of your garden if you think not just laterally on the ground but use the vertical support structures including the house as well.

The Gardener's Illustrated Encyclopedia of Climbers & Wall Shrubs - A Guide to more than 2000 varieties including Roses, Clematis and Fruit Trees by Brian Davis. (ISBN 0-670-82929-3) provides the lists for 'Choosing the right Shrub or Climber' together with Average Height and Spread after 5 years, 10 years and 20 years.

 

STAGE 2
INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3


Gardening with Alpines by Stanley B. Whitehead. Garden Book Club.
Published in 1962. It provides most of the data about the Alpines.

Plant Solutions 1000+ suggestions for every garden situation by Nigel Colborn ISBN
13:978
0 00 719312 7, provides many of the plants for the pages in these Galleries.

Essential Annuals The 100 Best for Design and Cultivation. Text by Elizabeth Murray. Photography by Derek Fell. ISBN 0-517-66177-2, provides data about annuals.

Indoor Bulb
Growing by
Edward Pearson
. Published by Purnell & Sons, Ltd in 1953. It provides the data about Indoor Bulbs and Bulbs in
Window-boxes.

Colour All The
Year In My Garden
: A selection of choice varieties - annuals, biennials, perennials, bulbs, climbers and trees and shrubs - that will give a continuity of colour
in the garden throughout the year. Edited by C.H. Middleton. Gardening Book
from Ward, Lock & Co published in 1938, provides plant data for a calendar of plants in bloom throughout the year and for those in the smallest garden.
The Book of Bulbs by S. Arnott, F.R.H.S. Printed by
Turnbull & Spears, Edinburgh in 1901. This provides data about Hardy Bulbs, Half-Hardy Bulbs, Greenhouse and Stove Bulbs.

Collins Guide to
Bulbs by Patrick
M. Synge
. ISBN
0 00 214016-0
First Edition 1961, Second Edition 1971, Reprinted 1973. This provides data on bulbs for bedding, bulbs in the border, bulbs naturalised in grass, bulbs in the woodland garden, bulbs in the rock garden, bulbs in pans in the alpine house, bulbs in the greenhouse, bulbs in bowls and the bulb frame.

Annuals & Biennials, the best annual and biennial plants and their uses in the garden by Gertrude Jekyll published in 1916 and
republished by Forgotten Books in 2012
(Forgotten Books
is a London-based book publisher specializing in the restoration of old books, both fiction and non-fiction. Today we have
372,702 books available to read online, download as ebooks, or
purchase in print.).

Cut Flowers All The Year from The New Illustrated
Gardening Encyclopedia
by Richard Sudell, printed before May 1935 for the plant names in each month, followed by details for culture and propagation.

Mr. Middleton's Garden Book by
Daily Express Publication,
reprinted 1941
for the individual
cultivar names with evergreen/
deciduous, flower colour, flower month and height.

 

STAGE 4D
SHAPE, FORM INDEX GALLERY

Tree and Shrubs in Garden Design -

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Clay Soils (neutral to slightly acid)

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Dry Acid Soils

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Shallow Soil over Chalk

Trees and Shrubs tolerant of both extreme Acidity and Alkalinity

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Damp Sites

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Industrial Areas

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Cold Exposed Areas

Trees and Shrubs suitable for Seaside Areas

Shrubs suitable for Heavy Shade

Shrubs and Climbers suitable for NORTH- and EAST-facing Walls

Shrubs suitable for Ground Cover

Trees of Pendulous Habit

Trees and Shrubs of Upright or Fastigiate Habit

Trees and Shrubs with Ornamental Bark or Twigs

Trees and Shrubs with Bold Foliage

Trees and Shrubs for Autumn Colour

Trees and Shrubs with Red or Purple Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Golden or Yellow Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Grey or Silver Foliage

Trees and Shrubs with Variegated Foliage

Trees and Shrubs bearing Ornamental Fruit

Trees and Shrubs with Fragrant or Scented Flowers

Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Foliage

Flowering Trees and Shrubs for Every Month:-
Jan
, Feb, Mar, Apr, May, Jun, Jul, Aug, Sep, Oct, Nov, Dec

The following table shows the linkages for the information about the plants
described in Sanders' Encyclopedia of Gardening in The Gardeners' Golden Treasury, revised by A. G. L Hellyer F.L.S, Editor of 'Amateur Gardening', (thirty-first impression of original published in 1895) was published in 1960 by W. H. & L. Collingridge Limited,
between:-

  • Stage 1 - Garden Style Index Gallery (in this Table) and Stage 1 Fragrant Plants (in Table on left), then
  • Stage 2 - 3 Infill Plants Index Galleries (in Table on right), then
  • Stage 3a - All Plants Index Gallery with each plant species in its own Plant Type Page followed by choice from Stage 4a, 4b, 4c and/or 4d REMEMBERING THE CONSTRAINTS ON THE SELECTION FROM THE CHOICES MADE IN STAGES 1 AND 2 (in this Table)
  • Stage 3b - All2 Plants Index Gallery for Alpines without a Garden for your health and productivity (in this Table)
  • Stage 4a - 12 Bloom Colours per Month Index Gallery (in Table on right)
  • Stage 4b - 12 Foliage Colours per Month Index Gallery (in Table on right) with
    column for Deciduous / Herbaceous plants with the same foliage colour during their growing season and
    column for Evergreen plants with the same foliage colour during the entire year
  • Stage 4c - Cultivation, Position, Use Index Gallery (in Table on left)
  • Stage 4d - Shape, Form Index Gallery (in Table on left)

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY
It would be useful if when you decide to change your garden that you use a uniform garden style throughout your garden and the GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY aims to provide pointers.
The new pages (April 2016) in the gallery will have a suitable list of plants on each page (as that plant gets further detailed in the ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY), then each row containing that plant name in the GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY will also be updated. I aim to input details of plants starting with A in alphabetical order to Z.

Private Garden Design:-
What is your Budget and What are the purposes for your garden?
Designing for a purpose: Areas which require answers before answering your Designing for a Purpose Questionaire.
Then, do the Site Survey with Photographs, before putting the Current Garden Design on paper or in your computer.
Using the Broad Design elements of Scale, which Garden Style to use:-
Low Maintenance Garden Style, Cottage Garden Style, Wildlife Garden Style or Japanese Garden Style and the
Hard and Soft Landscaping elements, create the Broad Proposed Design. Then, the Detailed Design of each Hard Landscaping item followed by the Soft Landscaping elements: The Soil, changing the Microclimate; and the
Plant Selection is influenced by the Colour Wheel, with Plant Quantities determined by time to establish versus width between plants and Companion Planting will provide helpful neighbouring plants
or
Click on text in cells below to jump to that page describing that data
.

 


Container

Gardening at my work-place

 

<----

 

Yes
|
v


Do you want to garden and grow plants?

 

No

Cannot be bothered.
If you wish to improve your productivity and health, then, plant an Alpine Pan in your work area or at home using the information within Alpines without a Garden by Lawrence D. Hills, using these pages:-


Potted
House-plant


<----
|
|
v


No
Garden

At Home with Gard-ening Area


Yes


---->

Balcony Garden or Roof Garden


Yes
---->

Grow flowers for flower arranging and vegetables on Balcony Garden or Roof Garden

Pan Plant Back-grou-nd Colour

STAGE 3b
ALL2 PLANTS INDEX GALLERY

|
v


Conservatory Gardening

|
<--
|

 

|
No
-->

Outside Garden
|
v

Pan, Trough and Window-Box Odds and Sods
1
, 2, 3, 4, 5,
6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
11, 12, 13, 14,
15

The beginner's dozen for the small pan

Plants for the pan gar-den


Stovehouse for Tropical Plants

|
<--

An extra dozen for the larger pan

Kinds of Pan Plants that may be split up and tucked in Corners and Crevices

|
|
v

Miniature trees and shrubs for pan

The leafy soil pan

The gritty soil pan

The Limy Soil Plan

Blue Flower Colour Pan Plants

Lilac, Violet and Purple Flower Colour Pan Plants

Reds, Carm-ines Flower Colour Pan Plants

Pinks Flower Colour Pan Plants

White Flower Colour Pan Plants and Bicol-ored

Yellow Flower Colour Pan Plants

Blue Flower Colour Trough Plants

Violet, Lilac and Purple Flower Colour Trough Plants

|
|
v

Reds and Carm-ines Flower Colour Trough Plants

Pinks - all shades Flower Colour Trough Plants

Yellow Flower Colour Trough Plants

White and Cream Flower Colour Trough Plants

Bi-colour-ed Flower Colour Trough Plants

Feb Flower Season Pan

Mar Flower Season Pan

Apr Flower Season Pan

May Flower Season Pan

Jun Flower Season Pan

Jul Flower Season Pan

Aug Flower Season Pan

Sep Flower Season Pan

|
|
v

Oct Flower Season Pan

Nov Flower Season Pan

Pans for Semi-shade

Pans for In-doors

Mini-ature Pot

Feb Flower Season Trough

Mar Flower Season Trough

Apr Flower Season Trough

May Flower Season Trough

Jun Flower Season Trough

Jul Flower Season Trough

Aug Flower Season Trough

Sep Flower Season Trough

|
|
v

Oct Flower Season Trough

Nov Flower Season Trough

Dec Flower Season Trough

Bulb Pan

Bulb Cover-ing Carp-eters

Trough and Window-box plants 1, 2, 3, 4, 5

Trough and Window-Box Background Colour

Pan Plant
Alpines without a Garden

ABC 1
Pan Plants

DEF 1
Pan Plants

GHI
Pan Plants

JKL 1
Pan Plants

|
|
v

MNO 1
Pan Plants

PQR 1
Pan Plants

STU 1
Pan Plants

V 1
Pan Plants

WXYZ 1
Pan Plants

You need to know the following:-
1. How much time per week are you prepared to look after your garden or prepared to pay someone else to do it for you?
2. How much are you are prepared to spend on creating your garden and then on its maintenance for its feeding and replacement of its plants and hard landscaping?
3. In order for you to go into your garden, there must be mystery in it, so that from any position in the house you cannot see all the garden, otherwise you will not be tempted to go out into it.
4. You must decide what garden style you are going to use THROUGHOUT the garden and make sure of using 3. the mystery in it as well.
5. What plants do you want to keep in your existing garden and incorporate into your new garden?
6. What Human Problems do you have and what Site Problems are there?

A) Bee Pollinated Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers List leads onto the
B) Bee Pollinated Bloom in Month galleries and
C) extra Plants for Hay Fever Sufferers.


<----

Human Prob-lems
v


---->

Blind,
Deaf,
in a Wheelchair, or
you cannot bend easily

 

 

 

Garden Style, which takes into account the Human Problems above

 

 

Classic Mixed Style


<----

Cottage Garden Style


<----

.
v


---->

Naturalistic Style

Formal English Garden

 

Mediterranean Style


<----

Meadow and Corn-field


<----

.
.
v


---->

Paving and Gravel inland,
Coastal Conditions near the sea, Seashore with shingle/sand

 

 

 

 

Problem Sites within your chosen Garden Style from the above

 

 

Exposure to Wind


<----

Excess Shade


<----

Exce-ssively Dry Shade


<----


<----

.
.
.
.
.
v


---->

Exce-ssively Hot, Sunny and Dry Site is suitable for Drought Resistant Plants

Excessively Wet Soil - especially when caused by poor drainage

Control of Pests (Aphids, Rabbits, Deer, Mice, Mole, Snails) / Disease by Companion Planting in Garden

Whether your Heavy Clay or Light Sandy / Chalk Soil is excessively Alkaline (limy) / Acidic or not, then there is an Action Plan for you to do with your soil, which will improve its texture to make its structure into a productive soil instead of it returning to being just sand, chalk, silt or clay.


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Problems caused by builders:- 1. Lack of soil on top of builders rubble in garden of just built house.
2. Clay soil of Garden slopes towards house with no drainage of this rainwater by the house wall.

In planning your beds for your garden, before the vertical hard-landscaping framework and the vertical speciman planting is inserted into your soft landscaping plan, the following is useful to consider:-
1. The ground plan usually depends upon 1 or more unalterable existing features. The position of the doors of the house will dictate the positions of paths, the shortest route to the kitchen may indicate the best place for a paved area for eating and drinking out of doors, or the kept trees/shrubs may indicate what garden style is used.
2. Rules of Proportion -
A. A border should be roughly 1/2 as wide as the hedge or wall behind it.
B. The proportion of planted areas to paved or turfed areas should be 1/3 to 2/3, or a 1/4 to 3/4, not 1/2 and 1/2.
C. Within a bed or border, unless a 2-dimensional pattern on the ground is the objective, the height and bulk of the plants should be varied to avoid monotony; it is particularly important to provide strong planting, in terms of either height or bulk or both, at either end of a long bed.
D. The ground surface provides a background to the plants that is as important as the hedges, walls or fences that surround it. Grass is perhaps the most satisfying carpet to use, the cool green forming a restful antidote to the dancing colours of the flowers. Use different coloured pea-shingle inside Cedar Gravel for people in wheelchairs, or infirm in their legs or who suffer from Hay Fever.

Reasons for stopping infilling of Sense of Fragrance section on 28/07/2016 at end of Sense of Fragrance from Stephen Lacey Page. From September 2017 will be creating the following new pages on Sense of Fragrance using Scented Flora of the World by Roy Genders.
ISBN 0 7090 5440 8:-

 

 

 

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v

 

 

 

 

 

After you have selected your vertical hard-landscaping framework and the vertical speciman plants for each bed or border, you will need to infill with plants taking the following into account:-

 

 

 

Sense of Fragrance from Roy Genders

Fragrant Plants:-
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Leaves 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Trees and Shrubs with Aromatic Bark 1, 2, 3
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for an
Acid Soil 1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Chalky or Limestone Soil 1
, 2, 3, 4
Shrubs bearing Scented Flowers for a
Sandy Soil 1
, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3
Herbaceous Plants with Scented Leaves 1, 2, 3
Annual and Biennial Plants with Scented Flowers or Leaves 1, 2
Bulbs and Corms with Scented Flowers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Scented Plants of Climbing and Trailing Habit 1, 2, 3
Winter-flowering Plants with Scented Flowers 1, 2
Night-scented Flowering Plants 1, 2
Scented Aquatic Plants.
Plants with Scented Fruits.
Plants with Scented Roots 1, 2
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Wood.
Trees and Shrubs with Scented Gums.
Scented Cacti and Succulents.
Plants bearing Flowers or Leaves of Unpleasant Smell 1, 2

Flower Perfume Group:-
Miscellaneous Group with scents - Balm, Brandy, Cedar, Cloying, Cowslip, Cucumber, Damask Rose, Daphne, Exotic, Freesia, Fur-like, Gardenia, Hay-like, Heliotrope, Honeysuckle, Hops, Hyacinth, Incense-like, Jasmine, Laburnham, Lilac, Lily of the Valley, Meadowsweet, Mignonette, Mint, Mossy, Muscat, Muscatel, Myrtle-like, Newly Mown Hay, Nutmeg, Piercing, Primrose, Pungent, Resinous, Sandalwood, Sassafras, Seductive, Slight, Soft, Stephanotis, Sulphur, Starch, Sweet, Sweet-briar, Tea-rose, Treacle and Very Sweet.

Flower Perfume Group:-
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group with scent - Hawthorn.
Heavy Group with scents -
Jonquil and
Lily.
Aromatic Group with scents - Almond,
Aniseed, Balsamic,
Carnation, Cinnamon, Clove,
Spicy and
Vanilla.
Violet Group.
Rose Group.
Lemon Group with scent -
Verbena.
Fruit-scented Group with scents -
Apricot,
Fruity,
Green Apple,
Orange, Pineapple,
Ripe Apple , Ripe Banana and
Ripe Plum.
 

Flower Perfume Group:-
Animal-scented Group with scents -
Cat,
Dog,
Ferret,
Fox,
Goat,
Human Perspiration,
Musk,
Ripe Apple and
Tom Cat.
Honey Group.
Unpleasant Smell Group with scents -
Animal,
Fetid,
Fishy,
Foxy,
Fur-like,
Garlic,
Hemlock,
Manure,
Nauseating,
Perspiration,
Petrol,
Putrid,
Rancid,
Sickly,
Skunk,
Stale Lint
Sulphur and
Urinous,

Leaf Perfume Group:-
Turpentine Group.
Camphor and Eucalyptus Group.
Mint Group.
Sulphur Group.
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group.
Heavy Group.
Aromatic Group.
Violet Group.
Rose Group.
Lemon Group.
Fruit-scented Group.
Animal-scented Group.
Honey Group.

Scent of Wood, Bark and Roots Group:-
Aromatic Group.
Turpentine Group.
Rose Group.
Violet Group.
Stale Perspiration Group.

 

Scent of Fungi Group:-
Indoloid Group.
Aminoid Group.
Sulphur Group.
Aromatic Group.
Rose Group.
Violet Group.
Fruit Group.
Animal Group.
Honey Group

Sense of Sight

Emotion of
Hot /Cool; Calm / Agitated

Emotion of
Low-key / High Key


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Emotion of
Inviting
/ Forbidding

Emotion of Intellectual versus Emotional

Sense of Touch

Sense of Taste

Sense of Sound

 

 

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 for
lists of plants of 1 plant type for 1 cultivation requirement is in Table on right

 

 

 

STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY
Click on Blue or underlined text to jump to page comparing flower thumbnails of that blue colour in the
Other Plant Photo Galleries. RedPP is Red, Pink, Purple and Other is Unusual or Other Flower Colour.

Plant Type
with links to Other Plant Photo Galleries

ABC

DEF

GHI

JKL

MNO

PQR

STU

VWX

YZ

Alpine in Evergreen Perennial,
Herbaceous Perennial and Rock Garden

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Aquatic

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Annual/ Biennial

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Bamboo

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Bedding, 25
RHS Mixed Border Beds 75 and
Flower Shape, Flower Colour and Bedding Plant Use

1

Blue

1

Green

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

Purple

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Bicolour

Other Flower Colours

White / Colour Bicolour

Bulb, 746 with Use, Flower Colour/Shape of
Allium / Anemone, Colchicum / Crocus, Dahlia, Gladiolus, Narcissus and Tulip

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Climber 71 Clematis, 58 other Climbers with Use, Flower Colour and Shape

1

Blue

1

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Conifer

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Deciduous Shrub 43 with Use and Flower Colour

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Deciduous Tree

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Evergreen Perennial 104 with Use, Flower Colour, Flower Shape and Number of Petals

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Evergreen Shrub 46, Semi-Evergreen Shrub and Heather 74 with Use and Flower Colour

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Evergreen Tree

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Fern with 706 ferns
within 21 types and 41 uses

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Grass

1

1

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

Herbaceous Perennial 91,
RHS Mixed Border Beds 176 and
Peonies 46 with Flower Colour/Shape

1

Blue

1

1

1

1

RedPP

1

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Herb

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Odds and Sods

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Rhododendron, Azalea, Camellia

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Rose with 720 roses within Flower Colour, Flower Shape, Rose Petal Count and Rose Use

1

1

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

RedPP

1

 

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Other

Soft Fruit

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Sub-Shrub

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Top Fruit

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Vegetable

1
 

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

Wildflower 1918 with
Plants used by Egg, Caterpillar, Chrysalis and Butterflies in the UK
I am inserting the plants described in Sanders' Encyclopedia of Gardening into STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY

1

Blue

1

Green

1

Orange

1

Pink

1

Red

1

Purple

1

White

1

Yellow

1

Multi-colour

Cream

Mauve

Brown

Shrub and Small Tree

Botanical Names Page

Common Names Page

Finally, you might be advised to check that the adjacent plants to the one you have chosen for that position in a flower bed are suitable; by checking the entry in Companion Planting - like clicking A page for checking Abies - and Pest Control page if you have a pest to control in this part of the flower bed.
Companion Planting
- A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z
Pest Control using Plants

 

STAGE 1 GARDEN STYLE INDEX GALLERY
The planning a Rose Garden chapter from Rose Gardens by Jane Fearnley-Whitingstall ISBN 0 7011 3344 9 and
Plant Solutions by Nigel Colborn provides information for this gallery.

STAGE 2 INFILL PLANT INDEX GALLERIES 1, 2, 3 Reference books for these galleries in Table on left

STAGE 3a ALL PLANTS INDEX GALLERY
In addition to these 10 galleries, there are links to the Other Plant Photo Galleries in the table above like Bulb , which have plant descriptions accessed by clicking a flower thumbnail in its flower comparison page. Click the respective flower colour - like Green - to change page to that flower colour comparison page. Then, you can also choose these other plants.
It will also state the Plant Combinations for each plant from The Ulimate Visual Guide to Successful Plant Harmony - The Encyclopedia of Planting Combinations by Tony Lord ISBN 1-55209-623-8

STAGE 4C CULTIVATION, POSITION, USE GALLERY
Some extra details about the Cultivation Requirements of Plant:- Outdoor /Garden Cultivation, Indoor / House Cultivation, Cool Green-house Cultivation with artificial heating in the Winter, Conservatory Cultivation with heating throughout the year, and Stovehouse Cultivation with heating throughout the year for Tropical Plants

Since 2006, I have requested photos etc from the Mail-Order Nurseries in the UK and later from the rest of the World. Few nurseries have responded.
I worked for a lady, who with her husband took 35 mm slides of plants in the 1960's and 1970's. She allowed me to digitise some of her Kodachrome slides, which I have used in my website. I discovered that at least the green colour of the foliage became very much darker over that period of years to 2008, by comparing wildflower photos from her slides with digital photos supplied by a current Wildflower mail-order nursery, so I stopped creating my Foliage Galleries.
I bought myself a camera some years ago and started taking photos, some of which have been put into the website. I started taking photos of the Heathers at the Royal Horticultural Society at Wisley garden. I have displayed the Heathers foliage in closeup since their leaves are 2mm long and in macro-scale in the Heather Galleries - sometimes the foliage colour at the terminal end of the foliage stem is only a few leaves, whereas others have the same foliage colour throughout the stem. I discovered that some of the heathers did not have the correct plant label, since the flower colour did not correspond with the flower colour in the literature. I was informed that since kids have free rein, that perhaps they move the plant labels. Since, I cannot rely that the heather plant label next to the heather plant is valid, I have stopped taking photos of those heathers.
This leaves a small problem, especially since very few gardens open to the public have their plants labelled so that the public can use the data on their label to buy that named plant from a nursery or garden centre. Currently (June 2018) I insert photos from Wikimedia Commons as well as my own.
I have found the above book - which does not contain any colour plant photos. Since it had the following experts help in creating it, I have decided to use its information in these 10 galleries to help the public:-

  • T.W. Sanders Editor of Amateur Gardening in 1895.
  • A.J Macself Editor of Amateur Gardening in 1926 - both Sanders and Macself had worked entirely to the handlists published by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
  • A.G.L. Hellyer in this work of revision and also in checking the all-important cultural notes sought the help of experts in the various classes of plant:-
    • Mr S.A. Pearce, Assistant Curator at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew undertook the revision of those genera of plants which in this country are mainly grown under glass.
    • Mr Will Ingwersen dealt with the Rock plants,
    • Mr N. Catchpole made himself responsible for trees and shrubs;
    • Mr G.A Phillips for herbaceous plants,
    • Mrs Francis Perry for water plants,
    • Mr A.J. Macself for ferns,
    • Mr E. Cooper for orchids,
    • Mr J.S Dakers for annuals,
    • Miss Doreen Crowther for fruit and vegetables

with the aid of further information from other books, magazines and cross-checking on the internet.
In this edition of the book Sander's Encyclopaedia, the individual soil mixtures to grow plants have been retained, for it was considered that many gardeners might still wish to use them in certain circumstances. The John Innes mixtures may be substituted wherever desired. Details of these individual mixtures will be put into these galleries.